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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225686, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366509


Aim: Tooth loss is very prevalent in Brazil, reflecting high demand for dental services, especially those related to oral rehabilitation. This study aimed to assess the quality of life in total edentulous patients rehabilitated with implants and fixed prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-two patients were evaluated before and after rehabilitation with dental implants and fixed prosthesis using the OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) after 6 months follow-up. Results:OHIP-14 revealed a significant improvement after treatment in all seven parameters and in the global score (P < 0.001). VAS presented positive results related to patient satisfaction regarding oral rehabilitation, except for the hygiene of the fixed dentures. Conclusion: At the end of this study, OHIP-14 scores decreased by 50% in most of the questions raised, and VAS presented positive results, except for hygiene of the fixed dentures, presenting an improvement in the quality of life of total edentulous patients after rehabilitation with implants and fixed prosthesis

Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Dental Implants , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Patient Satisfaction , Denture, Complete
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365238


Abstract Objective: To verify the association between impacts produced by tooth loss and sociodemographic variables in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the elderly. Material and Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out in the municipality of Vitória/ES, Brazil, which sample was composed of 402 older adults. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to measure the individuals' OHRQoL. For data analysis, descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed using the Fisher's exact test and the Mantel-Haenzsel test to assess the effects of combined dimensions. The significance level adopted was 5%. To assess the strength of association between independent variables and dimensions, Odds-Ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. Results: The prevalence of negative impact on OHRQoL in the elderly was 32.6%. The greatest impact perception was found in individuals with up to 10 years of schooling (p=0.021 and OR=1.602), with need for removable partial dentures (p=0.000 and OR=2.873) and those who did not accept the loss of dental elements (p=0.000 and OR=3.064). Conclusion: Older female adults with socioeconomic class C/D-E, with up to 10 years of schooling, who lost 11 or more teeth, who declared the need for removable partial dentures, suffered greater impacts caused by tooth loss on OHRQoL.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life/psychology , Aged , Oral Health/education , Dental Care for Aged , Tooth Loss/pathology , Sickness Impact Profile , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mouth, Edentulous , Denture, Partial, Removable
Medisan ; 25(3)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1287300


Introducción: El envejecimiento constituye la transformación demográfica más importante del mundo actual. La mayor proporción de personas de edad avanzada en la comunidad supone un reto de extraordinaria trascendencia en cuanto a la satisfacción de sus demandas sociales, sanitarias, económicas y culturales. Objetivo: Determinar los factores biopsíquicos relacionados con la rehabilitación protésica dental en ancianos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 60 ancianos pertenecientes a la Casa de Abuelos "Corazones contentos" del reparto Sueño -categorizados en adaptados y resistentes según factores psicológicos-, quienes acudieron al Departamento de Prótesis de la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde marzo del 2018 hasta enero de 2020. Resultados: En la serie primaron los pacientes de 80 y más años de edad y del sexo femenino. Como característica biológica relevante figuró el desdentamiento total y como enfermedad crónica no trasmisible fue más frecuente la diabetes mellitus. De igual modo, el mayor número de ancianos correspondió a la categoría psicológica de resistente. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los ancianos se caracterizaron por un perfil psicológico resistente, determinado por un estilo de afrontamiento pasivo, expresión emocional negativa e inexistencia de autonomía, lo que condicionaba una actitud dañina hacia su salud bucal.

Introduction: Aging constitutes the most important demographic transformation nowadays. The higher proportion of elderly in the community supposes a challenge of extraordinary transcendence as for the satisfaction of their social, sanitary, economic and cultural demands. Objective: To determine the biopsychic factors related to the dental prosthetics rehabilitation in elderly. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 60 elderly was carried out in "Corazones contentos" Home for the elderly at Sueño neighborhood -categorized in adapted and resistant according to psychological factors- who went to the Prosthesis Department of Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, from March, 2018 to January, 2020. Results: In the series there was prevalence of 80 years and over patients from the female sex. As outstanding biological characteristic there is the total dental loss and as chronic non transmissible disease the diabetes mellitus was more frequent. In a same way, the higher number of elderly corresponded to the psychological category of resistant. Conclusions: Most of the elderly are characterized by a resistant psychological profile, determined by a style of passive confrontation, negative emotional expression and lack of autonomy, what conditioned a harmful attitude toward their oral health.

Aged, 80 and over , Mouth, Edentulous , Dental Prosthesis/psychology , Oral Health , Homes for the Aged , Mouth Rehabilitation
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-8, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283264


Background: The corollary is not investigated in the completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the oral stereognostic ability in completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Material and Methods: Thirty-four completely edentulous patients aged 50 to 89 years were allocated to Group 1 (without palatal tori, n=18) and Group 2 (with palatal tori, n=16). The oral stereognostic test was conducted using 6 intraoral test pieces (circle/square/rectangle/triangle/plus/toroid) that were fabricated to standard dimensions using the light cure acrylic resin. Each test piece was placed in the patient's mouth and was asked to manipulate the test piece between the tongue and the palate. The patients identified the shapes by matching them on a shape chart. Each correct identification was assigned a score of 1. The response time taken to identify each shape was recorded. Statistical computation was done using a chi - square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Significant difference was observed in the overall scoring percentages between the 2 groups (p<0.05). Group 2 had lower oral stereognostic scores compared to group 1 (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean response time for identifying the shapes among the groups, however group 2 patients had longer response time. Conclusion: Oral stereognostic ability of the completely edentulous patients with torus palatinus was lower when compared to completely edentulous patients without tori.

Antecedentes: el corolario no se investiga en los pacientes completamente desdentados con toros palatinos. Objetivo:El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la capacidad estereognóstica oral en pacientes completamente edéntulos con toros palatinos. Material y Métodos: Treinta y cuatro pacientes completamente edéntulos de 50 a 89 años fueron asignados al Grupo 1 (sin toros palatinos, n = 18) y al Grupo 2 (con toros palatinos, n = 16). La prueba estereognóstica oral se realizó utilizando 6 piezas de prueba intraorales (círculo / cuadrado / rectángulo / triángulo / cruz / aro) que se fabricaron a dimensiones estándar utilizando la resina acrílica fotopolimerizable. Cada pieza de prueba se colocó en la boca del paciente y se le pidió que manipulara la pieza de prueba entre la lengua y el paladar. Los pacientes identificaron las formas haciéndolas coincidir en un gráfico de formas. A cada identificación correcta se le asignó una puntuación de 1. Se registró el tiempo de respuesta necesario para identificar cada forma. El cálculo estadístico se realizó mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa en los porcentajes de puntuación generales entre los 2 grupos (p<0,05). El grupo 2 tuvo puntuaciones estereognósticas orales más bajas en comparación con el grupo 1 (p<0,05). No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en el tiempo medio de respuesta para identificar las formas entre los grupos, sin embargo, los pacientes del grupo 2 tuvieron un tiempo de respuesta más largo.Conclusión: La capacidad estereognóstica oral de los pacientes completamente edéntulos con torus palatino fue menor en comparación con los pacientes completamente edéntulos sin torus.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Palate/pathology , Stereognosis , Exostoses , Mouth, Edentulous , Palate, Hard , Denture, Complete
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748


The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.

Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878437


When design an implant restoration for edentulous patients, many doctors ignore the sufficiency of the interarch distance (vertical distance) or horizontal distance of the patient to accommodate the superstructure and restoration before designing the implant plan. However, the connotation of measuring the interarch distance or horizontal distance has not been clarified in clinical practice. It is often based on visual estimation after operation, and the decision-making path of implant restoration is inverted, resulting in many mistakes regarding the restoration after implantation. The main reason is the lack of standardized paths and practical methods to use before surgery. This article recommended initially establishing a maxillo-mandibular relationship based on natural teeth, old dentures, or new ones and then using the height and horizontal distance or angle of the target restorative space, which was easier to grasp as the measured index. The minimum vertical distance (including the height of the gingival surface and the bone surface) and the horizontal distance (or the angle from the bone or gingival surface to the proposed occlusal plane) should be measured before operation. A decision tree of edentulous jaw restoration guided by the values of the repair space was established based on the measured values. This article clarified the measuring points and planes and thus provided a quantitative relationship basis for the design of implant restoration.

Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible , Mouth, Edentulous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878427


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate awareness of oral health care and health status among elderly people in nursing homes in Taiyuan. Strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and improving the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes were formulated on the basis of analyzed data.@*METHODS@#A total of 359 participants from 48 nursing homes in six districts were selected randomly. Awareness, attitude, and behavior with regard to oral health care among the elderly were investigated through a survey using questionnaires and oral health examinations. Data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0.@*RESULTS@#Among the elderly in the nursing homes in Taiyuan, awareness and behavior with regard to oral health care were deficient and inappropriate, and thus professional guidance was needed. In addition to method and time of brushing teeth and bad oral habits, the oral health status of the elderly was statistically affected by age and education. Compared with the data of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiological Investigation, the number of elderly people aged 55-64 or 65-74 years who brush their teeth every day and accept oral diagnosis and treatment was lower. However, the ratios of edentulous and missing teeth without treatment were higher than the national average level for the same age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The awareness and attitude of the elderly in nursing homes with regard to oral health care are unsatisfactory, and their oral health status is poor. Education on oral health care, development of good oral care habits, and regular oral health examination are essential to the maintenance of oral health in elderly people.

Aged , Health Status , Humans , Middle Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Nursing Homes , Oral Health , Quality of Life , Toothbrushing
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346680


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth loss and the use of removable dentures on chewing function and nutritional status of institutionalized elders. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 155 elders from seven long-stay institutions in João Pessoa, Brazil. The participants were classified according to the presence of reminiscent teeth and use of dentures in four levels: toothless, without denture (1); toothless with a complete denture (2); partial toothless without denture (3) and partial toothless with a partial denture (4). Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument and the Body Mass Index (BMI). Swallowing threshold was used for the assessment of masticatory function, using a portion of roasted peanuts (3.7 g). Comparisons among groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni adjustment, considering p<0.05. Results: MNA (p=0.702) and BMI (p=0.884) were not modified in relation to the presence of teeth and denture use. Toothless individuals without dentures had a lower swallowing threshold (p<0.001), whilst partial toothless with dentures had better masticatory function (p>0.05). Conclusion: The presence of reminiscent teeth and the use of dentures do not influence the nutritional status of the elders but interfere with the masticatory function. Prosthetic rehabilitation is desirable for complete toothless individuals.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Homes for the Aged , Mastication/physiology , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mouth, Edentulous , Statistics, Nonparametric
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 97-103, dic. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147414


Objetivo: Evaluar el porcentaje de implantes oseointegrados colocados en pacientes edéntulos para la confección de sobredentaduras inferiores, en el marco de la formación de recursos humanos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes que recibieron dos implantes dentales inferiores para la confección de sobredentaduras en el servicio de residentes de la carrera de Especialización en Cirugía y Traumatología Bucomaxilofacial de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, entre agosto de 2012 y diciembre de 2018. Se consideraron para el análisis el porcentaje de implantes oseointegrados y su relación con el tipo de operador (docente o residente), la situación del reborde óseo y el hábito de fumar. Resultados: De los 176 implantes colocados en 88 pacientes (edad promedio = 67 años), a los 3-4 meses el 98% (IC95: 94-99%) se hallaba oseointegrado. No se encontró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el tipo de operador y el fracaso (P>0,99) Conclusión: En un servicio de formación, la tasa de éxito, evaluada en la segunda cirugía, de dos implantes dentales colocados en el maxilar inferior para sobredentaduras fue de 98%. No se hallaron diferencias entre los resultados logrados por residentes y docentes del servicio (AU)

Aim: To evaluate the percentage of osseointegrated im- plants placed in edentulous patients to restore with mandib- ular overdentures, within the post graduate dental training framework. Materials and methods: Medical records of patients who received two dental implants in the mandible for the placement of overdentures in the resident clinic of the special- ization career in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Trauma- tology from the Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, between August 2012 and December 2018. The percentage of osseointegrated implants was analysed, and the association with the variables: operator (teacher or resident), mediate or immediate placement, and smoking. Results: 176 implants were placed in 88 patients with an average age of 67 years old. 98% (IC95: 94-99%) of the implants were osseointegrated at 3-4 months. No statistically significant association was detected between the type of oper- ator and implant failure (P>0.99). Conclusion: In the teaching dental training clinic, the success rate, evaluated at the second implant stage surgery, of two dental implants placed in the mandibule for overden- tures was 98%. No differences were found between the results achieved by residents and teachers (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Denture, Overlay , Education, Dental, Graduate , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Osseointegration , Treatment Outcome
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 457-463, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366985


Objective: The biggest problems of oral and dental health in Indonesia are the ignorance on the dental and oral hygiene leading to tooth loss, so can highly affect the nutritional status and dietary intake. To discover the relationship between the tooth loss and the hypertension case at Padongko health center of Barru regency. Methods: The research is analytic observation using cross-sectional method. The population of the research is the respondents suffering from the hypertension and tooth loss to determine their nutritional status and dietary intake. The population was the patients with primary hypertension, a purposive sampling technique was applied through path analysis test. Results: Based on the path analysis results, the relationship between nutritional status and hypertension revealed p value=0,562>α=0,05; dietary intake and hypertension showed p value=0,377>α=0,05; therefore, the Ha obtained indicated the existing relationship but not significant. The relationship between nutritional status and tooth loss obtained p value=0,065>α=0,05; dietary intake and tooth loss obtained p value=0,499, in which the Ha obtained had a relationship but not significant. Meanwhile, the relationship between hypertension and tooth loss was indicated by p value=0,001<α=0,05 showing a significant relationship. Conclusion: There is a relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake with tooth loss on hypertension patients, but insignificantly shown

Humans , Oral Hygiene/education , Oral Health , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mouth, Edentulous/complications , Eating , Hypertension/diet therapy
Medisan ; 24(3)mayo.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125118


Introducción: La pérdida dentaria tiene consecuencias en la apariencia y en la función fisiológica general del adulto mayor, lo cual constituye un problema aún no resuelto en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Objetivo: Describir la morbilidad en adultos mayores con pérdida de dientes permanentes. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y de corte transversal en la Clínica Simón Bolívar del municipio de Diego Ibarra, perteneciente al estado venezolano de Carabobo, desde enero hasta junio del 2016. El universo estuvo constituido por 100 adultos mayores de 60 años y más, ambos sexos y desdentados parciales o totales. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, higiene bucal, número de dientes permanentes perdidos, así como el tipo de aparatología protésica requerida. Se emplearon las frecuencias relativa y absoluta como medidas de resumen. Resultados: Se encontró que 73,0 % de los ancianos perdieron sus dientes por caries dental, siendo las féminas y el grupo de 60-64 años de edad el más afectado. Asimismo, predominaron la higiene bucal deficiente y la necesidad de prótesis parcial. Conclusiones: Existió una elevada morbilidad en los adultos mayores con pérdida dentaria, lo cual afectó su funcionalidad, estética y autoestima, que de no ser corregida pudiera provocar consecuencias importantes en la cavidad bucal y en el resto del cuerpo, sin olvidar la prevención o detección precoz de cualquier otra enfermedad bucal que la genere.

Introduction: Dental loss has consequences in the elderly general physiologic function and appearance, that constitutes an unsolved problem in the Bolivian Republic of Venezuela. Objective: To describe the morbidity in elderly with loss of permanent teeth. Method: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study was carried out in Simón Bolívar Clinic from Diego Ibarra municipality, belonging to Carabobo in Venezuela, from January to June, 2016. The universe was constituted by 100 elderly of 60 years and more from both sexes and partially or totally toothless. The analyzed variables were age, sex, oral hygiene, number of lost permanent teeth, as well as the type of prosthesis required. The relative and absolute frequencies were used as summary measures. Results: It was found that 73.0 % of the elderly lost their teeth due to dental decay, being women and the 60-64 age group the most affected one. Also, the poor oral hygiene and the necessity of partial prosthesis prevailed. Conclusions: A high morbidity existed in elderly with dental loss, which affected their functionality, aesthetics and self-esteem that could cause important consequences in the oral cavity and in the rest of the body if it is not corrected, without forgetting the prevention or early detection of any other oral disease that generates it.

Periodontal Diseases , Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Dental Caries , Dental Implantation , Venezuela , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827523


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of forward displacement of maxillary complete denture during centric occlusion, three different methods were used to record the changes of vertical overlap and the comfort level of patients before and after the selective grinding of the three dentures made according to maxillo-mandibular horizontal relationship record.@*METHODS@#Twelve edentulous patients with normal stomatognathic system were recruited in this study. Three types of complete dentures for these 12 edentulous patients were made according to their different maxilla-mandibular horizontal relationship record methods. The amount of displacement of the maxillary complete denture, the vertical overlap of the anterior teeth as well as patient comfort level were recorded before and after selective grinding. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 17.0 software package.@*RESULTS@#Before selective grinding, the amount of displacement of denture A was significantly larger than those of dentures B and C (P0.05). During selective grinding, the vertical overlap variation of denture A was significantly greater than those of dentures B and C (P0.05). After selective grinding, no statistical difference was found among the three dentures (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the complete dentures with anatomical teeth, the dentures whose horizontal relationship was recorded at 1 mm before the apex of the Gothic arch apex and with checkbite are more in line with clinical repair requirements. Complete dentures whose horizontal relationship was recorded at the apex of Gothic arch need to be adjusted with selective grinding to meet the clinical restoration requirements.

Dental Occlusion, Centric , Denture, Complete , Humans , Mandible , Maxilla , Mouth, Edentulous
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e046, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132661


Abstract We assessed the association between edentulism and all-cause mortality among community-dwelling older adults from São Paulo, Brazil, from 2006 to 2017. This prospective cohort study used data from the Health, Well-being and Aging Study (SABE, Portuguese acronym). Edentulism was evaluated by means of clinical oral examination and all-cause mortality data were obtained from state official records. Covariates included socioeconomic factors (age, sex, and schooling); health behavior (smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity); dental care (prostheses use); general health (multimorbidity); and nutritional status (underweight). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were stratified by edentulism and compared using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was applied to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between edentulism and mortality after adjusting for covariates. The study sample included 1,687 participants (age, 60-102 years; edentulous: 47.2%). In the 11 years of follow-up, we analyzed 10,494 person-years and 566 deaths. In bivariate analysis, edentulous older adults were found to be at a higher risk of dying from all causes than the dentate participants (HR: 1.81; 95%CI: 1.53-2.15). After sequential adjustment for socioeconomic factors, health behavior, dental care, general health, and nutritional status, this association was attenuated, but remained significant (HR: 1.34; 95%CI: 1.10-1.63). In conclusion, edentulism is a significant predictor of all-cause mortality among older adults.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cause of Death , Mouth, Edentulous/mortality , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Geriatric Assessment , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Independent Living/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e016, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089394


Abstract Horizontal bone loss after tooth extraction is a common finding that demands bone reconstruction in various cases. The aim of this study was to assess the horizontal alveolar status in partially and completely edentulous patients using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In total, 1516 CBCT scans of 1404 adult patients were analyzed. Assessment of the images was performed in accordance with the previously published horizontal alveolar change (HAC) classification, which categorizes horizontal bone defects into four classes: HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4 (from the least severe to the most severe condition). Analysis of 1048 scans from partially edentulous patients presented a distribution of 63.55%, 22.14%, 13.36% and 0.95% in HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4, respectively. Analysis of 468 scans from completely edentulous patient images presented a distribution of 19.87%, 28.63%, 41.67% and 9.83% in HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4, respectively. Based on these results, as in HAC 4, no cancellous bone was found between the cortical buccal and lingual/palatal bone plates, it seems reasonable to state that the absence of cancellous bone is higher in completely edentulous patients than in partially edentulous patients. Therefore, the absence of cancellous bone seems to be higher in completely edentulous than in partially edentulous patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Alveolar Bone Loss/epidemiology , Mouth, Edentulous/pathology , Mouth, Edentulous/epidemiology , Alveolar Process/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Mouth, Edentulous/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Cancellous Bone/pathology , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 5(2): 191-200, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267005


Objective: The aetiology of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is multifactorial and controversial. It is associated with pain, clicking sounds and structural derangement within the joints. TMDs are believed to be a complex interaction between the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, and possibly the occlusion of the teeth. The prevalence of TMDs in edentulous populations is similar to that in the dentate population. The objective of this study was to observe the effect of altering occlusal vertical dimension on the course of TMD and the overall rehabilitation of an edentulous patient. Clinical Case Report: This work reports a treatment protocol on a single edentulous woman with TMD. It was carried out at a tertiary centre in Kano, Nigeria. A misdiagnosed, and wrongly treated patient was referred to the prosthodontic clinic at this centre. Clinical and radiological assessments suggested a diagnosis of TMJ arthrosis secondary to neglected TMD. Gunning type splints were used to reduce pressure on the TMJs. Thereafter, conventional complete dentures were prescribed. The symptoms of TMD began to reduce after about 4 weeks and were self-reported to have completely disappeared after 12 weeks of treatment. Treatment with splint therapy was effective and patient was successfully rehabilitated. Conclusion: In this study, success was achieved with the use of splint therapy in the treatment of TMD. Gunning type splints are a viable option for splint therapy in the edentulous

Mouth, Edentulous , Nigeria , Patients , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258380


La prothèse amovible complète stabilisée sur implant constitue une option thérapeutique fréquente et reconnue pour son rendu esthétique fonctionnel et psychologique. Elle fait appel à des dispositifs de rétention sous forme d'attachement axiaux ou barre d'ancrage. L'attachement axial Locator® représente l'un des moyens les plus utilisés de part sa simplicité et ses nombreux avantages. Ainsi ce travail se propose de le décrire, de préciser ses particularités et d'exposer au travers d'une illustration clinique le procédé de sa mise en place en bouche

Denture, Complete , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Mouth, Edentulous
Rev. ADM ; 76(6): 310-314, nov.-dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053538


Introducción: La región anterior de la mandíbula, ubicada entre los agujeros mentonianos contiene conductos intraóseos con elementos vasculares y ramas nerviosas terminales provenientes del nervio alveolar inferior. El objetivo del trabajo es determinar las variantes anatómicas producidas en el conducto incisivo y las corticales superior, inferior, externa e interna en pacientes edéntulos con respecto a pacientes dentados en tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio comparativo, retrospectivo y observacional. Se estudiaron 50 tomografías en pacientes edéntulos y 50 en pacientes dentados de ambos sexos desde los 38 hasta los 81 años. En cada corte se realizó una medición en lo alto y ancho del conducto. También se determinó la posición del conducto incisivo mediante la realización de cuatro mediciones. Resultados: Se observaron diferencias significativas en lo que respecta al alto y ancho del conducto incisivo y también entre las distancias hacia la cortical vestibular, lingual, alveolar y basal entre pacientes dentados y desdentados. Conclusión: Se pudo comprobar una mayor resorción ósea en los pacientes desdentados, hallado entre el conducto incisivo y las corticales superior y vestibular y un menor calibre del conducto incisivo con respecto a los pacientes dentados (AU)

Introduction: The previous region of the mandible, located between the mental foramen, contains intraosseous ducts with vascular elements and terminal nervous branches from the inferior alveolar nerve. The objective of the work is to determine the anatomical variants produced in the incisive canal and the superior, inferior, external and internal cortices in edentulous patients with respect to dentate patients in cone beam computed tomography. Material and methods: A retrospective observation al comparative study was carried out. Fifty tomographies were studied in edentulous patients and 50 in dentate patients of both sex es from 38 to 81 years. In each cut a measure men twasmade in height and width of the conduit. The position of the incisive cannel was also determined by performing four measurements. Results: Significant differences were observed regarding the height and width of the incisal canal and also between the distances to the vestibular, lingual, alveolar and basal cortical area between dentate and edentulous patients. Conclusion: A greater bone reabsorption in thee dentulous patients found between the incisive canal and the superior and vestibular cortices and a smaller caliber of the incisive canal with respect to the dentate patient should be verified (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth, Edentulous , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/innervation , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Mandible/anatomy & histology
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3345-3356, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019660


Resumo A reabilitação protética foi prevista pela política nacional de saúde bucal em função da alta prevalência de perda de todos os dentes e do baixo uso de prótese dentária entre idosos. Há necessidade de se avaliar o impacto dessa política de reabilitação. Portanto, objetivou-se investigar se o tipo de serviço odontológico utilizado foi um dos fatores associados ao uso de prótese dentária total entre idosos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal conduzido em uma amostra probabilística de idosos (60 anos ou mais) residentes na zona urbana de um município brasileiro de pequeno porte populacional por examinadores calibrados. Realizaram-se análises descritiva, bivariada e múltipla (Regressão logística - odds ratio - OR). Participaram 287 idosos, destes, 186 (64,8%) faziam uso de prótese dentária total. O uso de prótese dentária total foi associado a maiores chances de uso de serviços odontológicos supletivos ou particulares (OR = 4,19; p < 0,001) e a presença de lesão no palato (OR = 7,52; p = 0,002) e, também, a menores chances em idades maiores ou iguais a 73 anos (OR = 0,52; p = 0,023) e entre os com comprometimento na dimensão incapacidade física do OHIP-14 (OR = 0,20; p = 0,002). O uso de prótese dentária total foi associado ao tipo de serviço odontológico entre idosos, sendo maior o uso entre usuários dos serviços supletivos ou particulares.

Abstract Oral rehabilitation with dental prosthesis was mandated by national oral health policy in Brazil, due to the high prevalence of total teeth loss and low use of dental prosthesis among the elderly. There is a pressing need to assess the impact of this rehabilitation policy. An attempt was therefore made to investigate if the dental service used was one of the factors associated with the use of total dental prosthesis among the elderly. To achieve this, a cross-sectional study using a probabilistic sample of elderly (60 years and above) urban-area residents of a small city was conducted by qualified examiners. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple (logistic regression/odds ratio - OR) analyses were conducted on 287 elderly people, of which 186 (64.8%) used dental prosthesis. The use of total dental prosthesis was associated with a higher probability of being attended by private dental services (OR = 4.19; p < 0.001) and the presence of lesions on the palate (OR = 7.52; p = 0.002). Conversely, it was associated with lower probability in ages greater than or equal to 73 years (OR = 0.52; p = 0.023) and among those with impairment of OHIP-14 (OR = 0.20; p = 0.002) in the physical disability dimension. The use of total dental prosthesis was associated with the type of dental service used by the elderly, it being greater among private service users.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Dentures/statistics & numerical data , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Dental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Urban Population/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Mouth, Edentulous/epidemiology , Health Policy , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772700


OBJECTIVE@#The accuracy of the occlusion vertical dimensions of edentulous Han patients from Yunnan province was compared and analyzed on the basis of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-synthesized cephalograms, closest speaking space method, and interocclusal distance.@*METHODS@#A database correlating the CBCT head lateral images of Han patients from Yunnan province with normal occlusal conditions was first constructed. Then, five edentulous Han patients aged 63-78 years old from Yunnan Province were selected. NNT.View software was used to measure and analyze hard tissue cephalometric radiographs that had been transformed by the CBCT marker. The radiographs were then combined with the normal population database for the assessment of occlusion vertical dimensions. The occlusion vertical dimensions determined on the basis of CBCT-synthesized cephalograms, the closest speaking space method, and the free-way space were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The closest speaking space method was used as the standard control group, the differences between seven methods and the closest speaking space method were analyzed. The seven methods include free-way space method and six CBCT-synthesized cephalograms methods (N-ANS/ANS-Me, S-Go/N-Me, ANS-Gn/N-ANS, ANS-FH/Me-FH, ANS-Xi-Pm, and CA/LA). The seven methods were highly consistent with the closest speaking space method (intraclass correlation coefficient>0.986). The absolute values of the differences between the methods of free-way space, N-ANS/ANS-Me, S-Go/N-Me and the closest speaking space method were lower than those of the other four groups (P<0.05), while the differences between ANS-FH/Me-FH and the closest speaking space method was higher than those other groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBCT-synthesized cephalograms, with the exception of ANS-FH/Me-FH, can provide references for the clinical evaluation of the occlusion vertical dimensions of patients with edentulous jaws.

Aged , Cephalometry , China , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Middle Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Vertical Dimension
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762776


Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressive necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia, caused by bacterial infection. Usually presenting in the extremities, trunk, or perineum, it is uncommon in the craniofacial or cervical area. Cervicofacial NF is a potentially fatal infection, which should be managed with early detection and intervention. Most cases have a primary odontogenic source of infection, especially when the masticator space is involved. We report a case of masticator space NF that developed without odontogenic origin in a 78-year old female who was treated with prompt surgical drainage and intravenous antibiotics.

Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Infections , Drainage , Extremities , Fascia , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Female , Humans , Mandible , Mouth, Edentulous , Necrosis , Osteomyelitis , Perineum , Subcutaneous Tissue