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Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213736, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253012


Although Spondias mombin L. extract has an excellent antimicrobial effect against oral microorganisms, it should be clarified how it affects enamel surface properties. Aim: To evaluate the color change, wettability/contact angle, surface roughness and morphology of bovine enamel submitted to the Spondias mombin L. extract. Methods: Thirty bovine teeth were distributed into the following groups: 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate, 1:32 Spondias mombin L. extract and distilled water. Color change (CC) was evaluated after immerging specimens into the solutions for 14 days. Surface roughness (Ra) was measured using a roughness meter; wettability/contact angles (CA) were determined by the sessile drop method, and scanning electron microscopy images were obtained to characterize the morphology (SMA). The pH of the solutions was evaluated using a pHmeter. The Ra, CA, and CC data were parametric (Kolmogorov-Smirnov; p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA (for Ra and CA) and one-way ANOVA (for CC) with Tukey's posthoc tests at a significance level of 5% were used. SMA was analyzed descriptively. Results: The Spondias mombin L. extract revealed an acidic pH, and when in contact with the bovine teeth, it increased the wettability, but it did not cause statistically significant differences in the Ra. Spondias mombin L. extract caused the highest color change. The SEM images showed differences in the specimens' surface submitted to the extract compared to the other groups. Conclusion: Spondias mombin L. extract provided negative effects on bovine enamel's surface, including a high color change and a more wettable substrate

Animals , Cattle , Surface Properties , Anacardiaceae , Dental Enamel , Phytotherapy , Mouthwashes
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219320, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253013


Aim: This study analyzed the effect of whitening mouth rinses on water sorption (WS), solubility (SL), color change, and surface roughness of a nanofilled composite. Whitening perceptibility and acceptability (WID) were also studied. Methods: Forty specimens of Filtek Z350XT, shade EA2 were produced and randomly distributed (n=8) to AS ­ artificial saliva (control); LWE ­ Listerine Whitening Extreme; CLW ­ Colgate Luminous White; LCM ­ Listerine Cool Mint; and CP ­ Colgate Plax. They were immersed in the mouth rinses 2x/day, for one minute, during 28 days. The color was assessed using an Easyshade spectrophotometer (CIE-L*a*b* system). Surface roughness (Ra-µm) was measured with three parallel measures, using an RP-200 roughness meter. The WS and SL (µg/mm-3) were analyzed based on the ISO 4049 recommendations. The data were analyzed using one- and two-way ANOVA/Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results: Surface roughness significantly increased after immersion in AS and LCM, with no significant differences between the groups either before or after immersion. The ΔE* was not significantly different between the groups. All substances produced a ΔWID higher than the 50%:50% perceptibility and acceptability thresholds. The WS and SL were not significantly affected by the mouth rinses. Conclusion: Whitening mouth rinses did not affect WS, SL, surface roughness, and color stability of a nanofilled composite, regardless of the presence of ethanol in the composition

Color , Composite Resins , Nonprescription Drugs , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Mouthwashes
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213867, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254427


Aim: This study aimed to compare the microbiological potential and gustatory perception of essential oils (EO) mouthrinses containing and not containing alcohol. Methods: Twenty healthy adult volunteers rinsed with 10mL of the following test solutions: EO with alcohol, EO without alcohol, or a control solution (saline solution with mint essence). A washout period of at least seven days was adopted after a single-use protocol of the respective solution. All participants used all three tested substances. Antimicrobial potential was assessed by counting salivary total viable bacteria both before and after each rinse. Gustatory perception was evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Multiple comparisons were performed with the Wilcoxon test, using Bonferroni correction. Results: Both EO solutions presented a higher antimicrobial potential in comparison to the control solution (p<0.017). However, no significant difference in antimicrobial potential was observed between EO containing or not containing alcohol (p=0.218). VAS of EO with alcohol (median: 2.7) was similar to control solution (median: 1.6) (p=0.287). A better gustatory perception was observed of the EO without alcohol (median 7.6) when compared to the control solution (p<0.0001). When EO groups were compared, EO without alcohol also demonstrated a significantly better gustatory perception (p=0.001). Conclusion: Mouthrinse containing EO without alcohol presented a better taste perception when compared to the EO with alcohol, but no difference was observed in the antimicrobial potential of both EO solutions after a single rinse protocol

Humans , Male , Female , Bacteria , Oils, Volatile , Alcohols , Taste Perception , Mouthwashes
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 45-54, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345520


Abstract The ability of mouth rinses, available in the international market, to form reaction products on demineralized enamel (bioavailability test) was evaluated in vitro. Nine mouth rinses purchased in Chile were evaluated; eight formulated with NaF (one containing 100 µg F/mL and seven containing 226) and one with Na2FPO3 (226 µg F/mL as ion F). Demineralized enamel slabs (n=15 per mouth rinse) were sectioned; one half was subjected to the assigned mouth rinse treatment for 10 min and the other half was used to obtain baseline data. Loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride formed on enamel were determined with an ion-specific electrode and the values were expressed in µg F/cm2. The concentration of fluoride and the pH of the mouth rinses were previously determined. Concentrations of loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride formed on enamel were independently analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). The loosely bound and firmly bound fluoride concentrations (µg F/cm2) formed ranged from 3.2 to 36.2 and 0.4 to 1.7, respectively. Loosely bound fluoride formed on enamel was significantly more effective in discriminating the effect of different commercial mouth rinses than firmly bound fluoride. Mouth rinses with 226 ppm F as NaF and low pH presented significantly greater bioavailability of fluoride on enamel than those with higher pH or lower NaF concentration. The mouth rinse with Na2FPO3 showed low reactivity. Although further studies are necessary, the findings showed that commercial fluoride-containing mouth rinses have important variations in enamel fluoride bioavailability, which may result in differences on anticaries efficacy.

Resumo Os enxaguatórios bucais comerciais fluoretados diferem na concentração e tipo de sal de fluoreto, no pH e têm alguns ingredientes que podem interferir na reatividade do fluoreto com o esmalte desmineralizado. A capacidade de enxaguatórios bucais comerciais de formar produtos de reação em esmalte desmineralizado (teste de biodisponibilidade) foi avaliada in vitro. Nove enxaguatórios bucais adquiridos no Chile foram avaliados, oito formulados com NaF (um contendo 100 µg F/mL e sete contendo 226) e um com Na2FPO3 (226 µg F/mL como íon F). Os blocos de esmalte desmineralizados (n=15 por grupo) foram seccionados, uma metade foi submetida ao tratamento com o enxaguatório designado por 10 min e a outra metade foi usada para dados baseline. Fluoreto fracamente e firmemente ligados formados no esmalte foram determinados com um eletrodo íon-específico e os valores foram expressos em µg F /cm2. A concentração de fluoreto e o pH dos enxaguatórios foi previamente determinada. As concentrações de fluoreto tipo fluoreto fracamente ligado e fortemente ligado formadas no esmalte foram analisadas independentemente por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α=5%). As concentrações de fluoreto fracamente ligado e fortemente ligado formados variaram de 3,2 a 36,2 e 0,4 a 1,7, respectivamente. O fluoreto fracamente ligado formado no esmalte foi significativamente mais eficaz para discriminar o efeito dos diferentes enxaguatórios bucais comerciais do que o fluoreto firmemente ligado. Enxaguatórios bucais com 226 ppm F na forma de NaF e baixo pH apresentaram significativamente maior biodisponibilidade de fluoreto no esmalte do que aqueles com maior pH ou menor concentração de NaF. O enxaguatório com Na2FPO3 apresentou reatividade muito baixa. Embora mais estudos sejam necessários, os resultados mostraram que os enxaguatórios bucais comerciais contendo fluoreto apresentam variações importantes na biodisponibilidade do fluoreto, o que poderia resultar em diferenças na eficácia anticárie.

Fluorides , Mouthwashes , Sodium Fluoride , Biological Availability , Dental Enamel
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 272-286, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284577


Introdução:A terapia de bochecho com óleos vegetais é uma cultura tradicional na Índia com intuito de prevenir afecções bucais, como cárie e doença periodontal. Atualmente, com as mudanças nos padrões alimentares da sociedade, tem-se empregado com maior valor o uso de óleos naturais, já que estudos demonstram sua importância para saúde.Objetivo:Esta revisão integrativa teve como objetivo selecionar evidências que mostrassem a utilização de óleos vegetais, com ação antimicrobiana, no controle do biofilme dental. Metodologia:O levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado nos meses de julho e agosto de 2020, por meio de pesquisa por via eletrônica, consultando-se o banco de dados Pubmed e SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online). Foram utilizados os descritores: Óleos vegetais, agentes antimicrobianos, Placa dental, Odontologia preventiva e Odontologia, os descritores foram usados separadamente e em cruzamento com o operador boleano AND. Utilizou-se os seguintes critérios de inclusão: Estudos clínicos, artigos completos e disponíveis gratuitamente, publicados no período de 2010 a 2020 em português e/ou inglês, e indexados nas bases de dados já citadas. Foram excluídos os trabalhos de conclusão de curso, dissertações, teses, livros e capítulos de livros, além de artigos duplicados e que não abordaram o tema do estudo.Resultados:Atenderam os critérios da pesquisa 04 estudos do tipo clínico randomizado, os quais mostraram eficiência dos óleos vegetais utilizados no controle do biofilme dental. A realização de pesquisas envolvendo e motivando a industrialização de produtos naturaiscontribui para a Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares.Conclusões:Os artigos analisados mostraram eficácia na utilização de óleos vegetais no controle do biofilme dental, sendo esses aplicados clinicamente,não mostrando prejuízo aos participantes e indicados como coadjuvante na manutenção da saúde bucal (AU).

Introduction:Mouthwash therapy with vegetable oils is a traditional culture in India with the aim of preventing oral diseases, such as caries and periodontal disease. Currently, with the changes in the dietary patterns of society, the use of natural oils has been used with greater value, since studies demonstrate its importance for health.Objective:This integrative review aimed to select evidence that showed the use of vegetable oils, with antimicrobial action, in the control of dental biofilm. Methodology:Thebibliographic survey was carried out in July and August 2020, through electronic research, consulting the Pubmed and SciELO database (Scientific Electronic Library Online). The descriptors were used: Vegetable oils, antimicrobial agents, dental plaque, preventive dentistry and dentistry, the descriptors were used separately and in cross-section with the Boolean operator AND. The following inclusion criteria were used: Clinical studies, complete and freely available articles, published between 2010 and 2020in Portuguese and / or English, and indexed in the databases already cited. Course completion papers, dissertations, theses, books and book chapters were excluded, as well as duplicate articles that did not address the subject of the study. Results:Four studies of randomized clinical type met the research criteria, which showed efficiency of vegetable oils used in the control of dental biofilm. Conducting research involving and motivating the industrialization of natural products contributes to the National Policy on Integrative and Complementary Practices.Conclusions:The analyzed articles showed efficacy in the use of vegetable oils in the control of dental biofilm, which were applied clinically without showing any harm to the participants and indicatedas an adjunct in maintaining oral health (AU).

Introducción: La terapia de enjuague bucal con aceites vegetales es una cultura tradicional en India con el objetivo de prevenir enfermedades bucales, como caries y enfermedad periodontal. Actualmente, con los cambios en los patrones dietéticos de la sociedad, se ha utilizado con mayor valor el uso de aceites naturales, ya que los estudios demuestran su importancia para la salud. Objetivo: Esta revisión integradora tuvo como objetivo seleccionar evidencias que mostraran el uso de aceites vegetales, con acción antimicrobiana, en el control del biofilm dental.Metodología: El relevamiento bibliográfico se realizó en julio y agosto de 2020, mediante investigación electrónica, consultando la base de datos Pubmed y SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online). Se utilizaron los descriptores: Aceites vegetales, agentes antimicrobianos, placa dental, odontología preventiva y odontología, los descriptores se utilizaron por separado y en corte transversal con el operador booleano AND. Se utilizaron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: Estudios clínicos, artículos completos y de libre acceso, publicados entre 2010 y 2020 en portugués y / o inglés, e indexados en las bases de datos ya citadas. Se excluyeron trabajos de finalización de curso, disertaciones, tesis, libros y capítulosde libros, así como artículos duplicados que no abordaran el tema de estudio. Resultados: Cuatro estudios de tipo clínico aleatorizado cumplieron con los criterios de investigación, los cuales mostraron la eficiencia de los aceites vegetales utilizados enel control del biofilm dental. Realizar investigaciones que involucren y motiven la industrialización de productos naturales contribuye a la Política Nacional de Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias.Conclusiones: Los artículos analizados mostraron eficacia en el uso de aceites vegetales en el control del biofilm dental, los cuales fueron aplicados clínicamente sin mostrar daño a los participantes e indicados como coadyuvante en el mantenimiento de la salud bucal (AU).

Plant Oils , Oral Health , Dental Plaque/pathology , Anti-Infective Agents/immunology , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Biofilms
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e211955, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249701


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the color of different orthodontic resin bonding agents exposed to three antiseptic mouthrinses for a prolonged time interval (10-year aging simulation). Methods: 160 specimens were distributed into four groups, according to the orthodontic resin bond agent (Concise, Transbond XT, Transbond Plus Color Change, and Natural Ortho). Each group was exposed to different antiseptic mouthrinses: alcohol-based (Listerine®), alcohol-free (Oral-B®), chlorhexidine (Periogard®) and distilled water as the control. Specimens were submitted to two cycles of staining and artificial aging. Color was evaluated by means of a digital spectrophotometer at the beginning of the experiment and after every cycle. The system used to assess color changes was the CIE L*a*b*. Data was analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. Results: After simulation of 10 years of aging, Transbond XT and Natural Ortho composites presented no statistically significant differences in ∆E when exposed to different mouthrinses. The Concise composite specimens exposed to alcohol-free mouthrinse presented a significant difference when compared with specimens from the same group exposed to other antiseptic mouthrinses. Transbond Plus Color Change specimens exposed to chlorhexidine mouthrinse and to alcohol-containing mouthrinse presented a significant difference when compared with the specimens from the group exposed to water and alcohol-free antiseptic. Conclusion: All orthodontic resin bonding agents tested presented clinically perceptible color changes when exposed to at least one of the mouthrinses, except for the Natural Ortho composite. The Concise composite exposed to the alcohol-free solution was the resin that presented the highest color change values.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a cor de diferentes resinas ortodônticas expostas a três enxaguantes bucais, por um intervalo de tempo prolongado (simulação de 10 anos de envelhecimento). Métodos: 160 espécimes foram distribuídos em quatro grupos, de acordo com a resina de colagem ortodôntica (Concise, Transbond XT, Transbond Plus Color Change e Natural Ortho). Cada grupo foi exposto a diferentes tipos de enxaguantes bucais: à base de álcool (Listerine®), isento de álcool (Oral-B®), clorexidina (Periogard®) ou água destilada, como controle. Os espécimes foram submetidos a dois ciclos de manchamento e envelhecimento artificial. A cor foi avaliada por meio de um espectrofotômetro digital no início do experimento e após cada ciclo. O sistema utilizado para avaliar as alterações de cor foi o CIE L*a*b*. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se o teste ANOVA e o teste post-hoc de Tukey. Resultados: Após a simulação de 10 anos de envelhecimento, as resinas Transbond XT e Natural Ortho não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas no ∆E, quando expostas a diferentes enxaguantes bucais. Os espécimes do grupo Concise expostos ao enxaguante bucal sem álcool apresentaram diferença significativa quando comparados aos espécimes do mesmo grupo expostos aos outros enxaguantes bucais. Os espécimes do grupo Transbond Plus Color Change expostos à clorexidina e ao enxaguante bucal à base de álcool apresentaram diferença significativa quando comparados aos espécimes dos grupos expostos à água e ao enxaguante bucal sem álcool. Conclusão: Todas as resinas ortodônticas avaliadas apresentaram alterações de cor clinicamente perceptíveis quando expostas a pelo menos um dos enxaguantes bucais, com exceção da resina ortodôntica Natural Ortho. A resina Concise exposta à solução isenta de álcool foi a que apresentou os maiores valores de alteração de cor.

Chlorhexidine , Orthodontic Brackets , Composite Resins , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Mouthwashes
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e083, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285729


Abstract For fluoride to be effective in controlling caries, it should be bioavailable in commercial products, so that it can be released into the mouth in the products it contains. We chemically determined the available fluoride and pH in nine mouth rinses marketed in Chile, and eleven, in Brazil, and then discussed the legislation in force in both countries, regarding the anticaries potential of these oral hygiene products. The fluoride was analyzed with an ion-selective electrode (F-ISE), using the direct technique. The determinations were made in duplicate, and the results were expressed in ppm F (μg F/mL). The total fluoride concentration found in all the mouth rinses evaluated ranged from 94.7 to 233.5 ppm F, and closely matched what was declared by the manufacturers (100.0 to 226.2 ppm F). However, some mouth rinses showed lower fluoride concentrations (90 and 180 ppm F) in both countries. A Na2FPO3-formulated mouth rinse was found only in Chile, with 216.8 ppm F as the FPO32- ion, and 4.9 ppm F as the F-. The findings show that fluoride was potentially bioavailable in all the mouth rinses evaluated. Regarding the national legislations, although the mouthwashes sold in Brazil comply with the Brazilian legislation, discrepancies were found for Chile. However, neither country had a legislation matching the best available evidence on fluoride mouthwash efficacy for caries control. Thus, some products with low fluoride concentrations (below 226 ppm F), or manufactured with a fluoride salt other than NaF (Na2FPO3) are being sold in the Brazilian and Chilean markets.

Humans , Chile , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Brazil , Fluorides/analysis , Mouthwashes
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178369


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of four different mouthrinses on the surface roughness of two nanohybrid resin composites. Material and Methods: Fifty samples were prepared for each of the resin composites (2x8 mm) and a profilometer was used to determine the initial surface roughness (Ra) of each sample. Then, they were divided into 5 subgroups (n= 10), and exposed to the following mouthrinses (12h, 37 ºC): containing alcohol and essential oils; alcohol and chlorhexidine; alcohol-free and essential oils; alcohol free and cetil prydinium chlorite; or distilled water (control). The surface roughness of each sample was measured again. Statistical analyses of the data were performed via two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni tests. Results: Overall, statistically significant differences were not found between the resin composites (p> 0.05), but significant differences were found among the mouthrinses (p< 0.05). Interactions between the mouthrinses and the resin composites was statistically significant (p< 0.05). Both of the resin composites had the highest surface roughness after exposure to mouthrinse with alcohol and essential oils (p< 0.05), followed by mouthrinse with alcohol and chlorhexidine. Both alcohol-free mouthrinses caused surface roughness either similar to distilled water (p> 0.05) or lower than distilled water (p< 0.05) on the nanohybrid resin composites used. Conclusion: The mouthrinses affected the surface roughness of the resin composites in different ways. This was dependent on mouthrinse contents and the chemical structure of the resin composites. Alcohol-containing mouthrinses caused the most changes in the surface roughness of both resin composites (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de quatro diferentes enxaguatórios bucais sobre a rugosidade superficial de duas resinas compostas nano-híbridas. Material e Métodos: Cinquenta amostras foram preparadas para cada uma das resinas compostas (2x8 mm) e um perfilômetro foi utilizado para determinar a rugosidade superficial inicial (Ra) de cada amostra. Em seguida, foram divididos em 5 subgrupos (n = 10) e expostos aos seguintes enxaguatórios (12h, 37 ºC): contendo álcool e óleos essenciais; álcool e clorexidina; Óleos sem álcool e essenciais; sem álcool e cloreto de cetilpridínio; ou água destilada (controle). A rugosidade da superfície de cada amostra foi medida novamente. As análises estatísticas dos dados foram realizadas por meio de ANOVA de dois fatores e testes de Bonferroni. Resultados: No geral, não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as resinas compostas (p> 0,05), mas diferenças significativas foram encontradas entre os enxaguatórios bucais (p <0,05). As interações entre os enxaguatórios bucais e as resinas compostas foram estatisticamente significativas (p <0,05). Ambas as resinas compostas apresentaram maior rugosidade superficial após exposição ao enxaguatório bucal com álcool e óleos essenciais (p <0,05), seguido do enxaguatório com álcool e clorexidina. Ambos os enxaguatórios bucais sem álcool causaram rugosidade superficial semelhante à da água destilada (p> 0,05) ou menor do que a água destilada (p <0,05) nas resinas compostas nano-híbridas usadas. (AU)

Oils, Volatile , Chlorhexidine , Composite Resins , Mouthwashes
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 513-518, dic. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134529


ABSTRACT: COVID-19 pandemic has infected millions of people around the world. Due to its large accumulation in the nasopharyngeal region and transmission through respiratory fluids, its spread among people is extremely high. Considering the needed time for treatments and vaccine development, the research of preventive methods, such as the use of mouthwash and nasal spray, that could decrease the viral load in the nasopharyngeal region, and thus the spread of SARS-CoV-2, becomes fundamental. The evidence has shown that there are compounds with antiviral capacity that could be used for this purpose, among which are povidone-iodine, hydrogen peroxide, cyclodextrins, and the synthetic drug PUL-042. Currently, there is no clinical evidence that proves the effectiveness of these substances against SARS-CoV-2. Nevertheless, there are ongoing clinical trials to prove it and generate methods that could help to prevent or, at least, decrease its spread among the population and stop this pandemic.

RESUMEN: La pandemia de COVID-19 ha infectado a millones de personas en el mundo. Su extremadamente alta capacidad de propagación se debe a la gran acumulación en la región nasofaríngea y su transmisión vía fluidos respiratorios.Considerando el tiempo necesario para desarrollar vacunas y tratamientos, se vuelve fundamental la investigación de métodos preventivos como el uso de enjuague bucal y spray nasal, que puedan disminuir la carga viral en la zona nasofaríngea y así también la capacidad de propagación de SARS-CoV-2La evidencia presenta compuestos con capacidad antiviral como la povidona iodada, peróxido de hidrógeno, ciclodextrinas y la droga sintética PUL-042, que podrían ser usados para dicho propósito. Actualmente no existe evidencia clínica que demuestre la efectividad de estas sustancias contra SARS-Cov-2, sin embargo, se están desarrollando estudios clínicos para probarlos y generar métodos que ayuden a disminuir o prevenir su transmisión en la población, y así detener esta pandemia.

Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Nasal Sprays , Mouthwashes/administration & dosage
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 544-547, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134535


RESUMEN: La utilización de enjuagues antisépticos previo a la atención odontológica favorecería la disminución del virus en la cavidad oral. Se ha planteado el uso de peróxido de hidrógeno preconsulta dental. Se revisaron las bases de datos PubMed, Cochrane y Elsevier publicados desde Enero 2019 a junio 2020. Los estudios que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión fueron revisados por 2 autores individualmente. Se realizó una revisión cualitativa de los datos. No existen ensayos controlados aleatorios o estudios de observación clínica sobre el efecto curativo o preventivo del peróxido de hidrógeno contra el COVID-19, pero si protocolos de ensayos clínicos que están en proceso de reclutamiento. El enjuague bucal con peróxido de hidrógeno podría ser una solución viable pre consulta dental que debe ser estudiada para reducir la carga viral del COVID-19.

ABSTRACT: The use of antiseptic rinses prior to dental care would favor the reduction of the virus in the oral cavity. The use of hydrogen peroxide prior to dental consultation has been proposed. PubMed, Cochrane and Elsevier databases published from January 2019 to June 2020 were reviewed. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed by 2 authors individually. A qualitative review of the data was performed. There are no randomized controlled trials or clinical observation studies on the curative or preventive effect of hydrogen peroxide against COVID-19, but there are clinical trial protocols that are in the process of recruitment. Hydrogen peroxide mouthwash could be a viable solution prior to dental consultation that should be studied, to reduce COVID-19 viral load.

Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use , Dental Care , Viral Load , Hydrogen Peroxide/administration & dosage , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 13-17, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150415


La acción terapéutica favorable que los antirresortivos (bifosfonatos BPs, denosumab DS) y drogas antiangiogénicas ocasionan en el tejido óseo en aquellos pacientes que presentan como causa etiológica cáncer o discrasias óseas incluyen hipercalcemias malignas o ­si requieren el consumo de dicha droga a baja concentración­ como ser: osteoporosis, osteopenia, enfermedad de Paget, displasia fibrosa, Osteogénesis Imperfecta. (1) La presente actualización pretende relacionar el tratamiento odontológico con prescripción crónica y drogas antirresortivas, para lo cual American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons AAOMS: define el concepto de Osteonecrosis Maxilar Asociada a drogas Antirresortivas (MRONJ) como: «Área ósea necrótica expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en presencia de tratamiento crónico con bifosfonatos en ausencia de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello¼. La AAOMS estableció los siguientes grupos de acuerdo con sus características clínicas en 4 estadios (0, 1 ,2 y 3) de acuerdo con el aspecto clínico y radiológico de la lesión osteonecrótica. Estadío 0: lesión osteonecrótica sin evidencia de hueso necrótico en pacientes bajo consumo de drogas antirresortivas. Estadío 1: lesión osteonecrótica con signos clínicos y ausencia de sintomatología clínica. Estadío 2: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología clínica evidente. Estadío 3: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología evidente que compromete a estructuras nobles: fracturas patológicas, anestesia del nervio dentario inferior, comunicación buco-nasal, comunicación buco-sinusal, fístulas cutáneas (2) (AU)

It is known the favourable action which antiresorptive (Bisphosphonates BPs, Denosumab: DS) and Antiangiogenic drugs produce in bone tissue. High concentrations are primarily used as an effective treatment in the management of cancer-related disorders, including hypercalcemia of malignant. Besides, low concentrations are used for other metabolic bone diseases including Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Paget's Disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, Imperfect Osteogenesis. (1) The update relate relationship between dentistry and chronic treatment with antiresorptive drugs. According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS), MRONJ is defined as exposed or necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region that has persisted for more than 8 weeks in association with current or previous BPs or DS therapy and with a lack of head and neck radiotherapy. AAOMS divided the MRONJ into 4 stages (0,1, 2 and 3) according to the clinical and radiological aspect of the osteonecrotic lesion: Stage 0: osteonecrotic lesion without sign-pathognomonic evidence of osteonecrosis. Stage 1: osteonecrotic lesion with clinical signs and absence of clinical symptoms. Stage 2: osteonecrotic lesion with sign and evident clinical symptoms. Stage 3: osteonecrotic lesion with signs and evident symptoms that involve noble structures: pathological fractures, anaesthesia of the lower dental nerve, oral-nasal communication, oral-sinus communication, skin fistulas (2) (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Bone Resorption , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Bone Diseases , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Denosumab , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 247-251, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146814


Introducción: Se ha documentado que, para tener mejores resultados en el control del biofilm oral, es necesario el uso de controles químicos, antes o después del cepillado dental. Entre éstos, encontramos los enjuagues de aceites esenciales. Objetivo: Determinar la actividad del enjuague con aceites esenciales antes o después del cepillado, en el control del biofilm dental. Material y métodos: El estudio se realizó con 27 voluntarios. Los participantes fueron seleccionados y agrupados. El grupo 1 fue el control, que empleó su técnica de cepillado habitual y dos grupos experimentales que, además del cepillado con dentífrico, usaron un enjuague de aceites esenciales durante ocho días, ya sea antes (grupo 2) o después del cepillado dental (grupo 3). La cuantificación del número de superficies teñidas en los tres grupos, tanto el estado inicial como posterior al uso de los enjuagues, se hizo con el índice de O'Leary y un revelador de placa tritonal, el cual permitió la observación del biofilm de forma clínica, así como su grado de patogenicidad. Resultados y conclusión: El análisis estadístico estableció que no existe diferencia significativa entre no usar y usar el enjuague con aceites esenciales antes o después del cepillado (AU)

Introduction: It has been documented that, to have better results in the control of oral biofilm, it is necessary to use chemical control, before or after tooth brushing. Among these, we find the essential oil rinses. Objective: To determine the activity of the rinse with essential oils before or after brushing, in the control of the dental biofilm. Material and methods: The study was conducted with 27 volunteers. The participants were selected and grouped. Group 1 was the control, which used its usual brushing technique and two experimental groups that, in addition to brushing with toothpaste, used a mouthwash of essential oils, for eight days, either before (group 2) or after tooth brushing (group number 3). For the quantification of the number of stained surfaces in the three groups, to record both the initial and subsequent state of the use of the rinses, it was done with the O'Leary index and a tritonal developer, which allowed the observation of the biofilm of clinical form, as well as its degree of pathogenicity. Results and conclusion: The statistical analysis established that there is no significant difference between not using and using the rinse with essential oils before or after brushing (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Oils, Volatile , Biofilms , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Toothbrushing , Oral Hygiene Index , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Dental Plaque , Mexico
Univ. salud ; 22(3): 280-287, set.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1139849


Resumen Introducción: Actualmente, los efectos del enjuague bucal con carbohidratos sobre el rendimiento son controvertidos, algunos estudios plantean efectos ergogénicos, mientras que otros no han reportado efecto luego de suministrar enjuague bucal con carbohidratos. Objetivo: Determinar si existe evidencia científica que avale los distintos protocolos de enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos y su efecto sobre el rendimiento deportivo en carreras de ciclismo contrarreloj. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica entre el 2015 y 2019 en las bases de datos Medline, Biblioteca Cochrane y Scopus utilizando los términos Carbohydrates, Mouth rinse y Athletic performance. Resultados: Se revisaron 96 estudios y se seleccionaron 7 en diversos grupos poblacionales, con diferentes métodos de evaluación y diversas dosis de enjuague con carbohidratos. Los resultados obtenidos fueron controversiales, en algunos casos se demostró efecto ergogénico y en otros no. Conclusiones: Los efectos de los enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos son controvertidos, por lo que no se puede asegurar que provoquen mejoras de rendimiento en carreras de ciclismo contrarreloj. Se requiere de más estudios aleatorizados controlados que logren homogeneizar e identificar los mecanismos de acción específicos mediante el cual los enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos actúan sobre distintas poblaciones de estudio.

Abstract Introduction: Currently, the effects of carbohydrate mouthwash use on sports performance are controversial. While some studies have shown ergogenic effects, others have not demonstrated any advantage. Objective: To determine whether there is scientific evidence to support the different protocols for carbohydrate mouthwashes use and their effect on sports performance in cycling races time trial. Materials and methods: A search of literature published between 2015 and 2019 was conducted in the Medline, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases using the terms Carbohydrates, Mouth rinses and Athletic performance. Results: 7 out of 96 reviewed studies were selected, which included different population groups, evaluation methods, and doses of rinsing carbohydrates. The results obtained on the impact of carbohydrate mouthwashes on sport performance were controversial as only some studies demonstrated an ergogenic effect. Conclusions: As the effects of carbohydrate mouthwashes are debatable, it cannot be assured that they improve performance in different cycling races time-trial. More randomized controlled studies are required to homogenize and identify the specific action mechanisms through which carbohydrate mouthwashes act on different study populations.

Sports Medicine , Mouthwashes , Carbohydrates , Dietary Supplements , Athletic Performance
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(Suppl 2): 96-101, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136393


SUMMARY COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, can present respiratory complications that often lead patients to depend on mechanical ventilation (MV) for several days. It is known that Pneumonia Associated with Mechanical Ventilation (PAMV) is frequent in patients who use this equipment for a long time. As a consequence of COVID-19, its prolonged use can lead to a worse prognosis for the patients. For this reason, in addition to the insufficiency of devices for mechanical ventilation to meet the current demand, it is necessary to adopt measures aimed at preventing complications that may aggravate the patient's clinical condition and, consequently, increase the average hospital stay and the respective hospital care costs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to discuss, in a concise and practical way, and based on the available literature, the importance of adopting adequate oral hygiene protocols for patients on mechanical ventilation. Based on the data obtained, it was identified that the adoption of effective oral hygiene measures, especially under the supervision of dental professionals, can contribute to the reduction of morbidity and mortality associated with MV, resulting in greater availability of mechanical ventilation equipment. Since such equipment is in great demand during the COVID-19 pandemic, the knowledge and implementation of effective oral hygiene measures will undoubtedly have an impact on improving the quality of care offered to patients, therefore benefiting all those in critical health conditions and assisted in ICUs.

RESUMO A COVID-19, causada pelo Sars-CoV-2, pode apresentar complicações respiratórias que, muitas vezes, levam o paciente a depender da ventilação mecânica por vários dias. Sabe-se que a Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica (PAVM) é frequente nos pacientes que utilizam esse equipamento por um longo período de tempo e que sua ocorrência, consequente à COVID-19, pode cursar com um pior prognóstico para o paciente. Por esse motivo, e somado à insuficiência de aparelhos para atendimento da demanda atual, faz-se necessária a adoção de medidas que visem à prevenção de complicações que possam agravar o quadro clínico do paciente e, consequentemente, aumentar o tempo médio de internação e os respectivos custos da assistência. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi discorrer de forma concisa e prática, com base na literatura disponível, sobre a importância da adoção de protocolos adequados de higiene oral nos pacientes em ventilação mecânica. Com base nos dados obtidos, identificou-se que a adoção de medidas efetivas de higiene oral, principalmente sob a supervisão do profissional dentista, pode contribuir para a redução da morbimortalidade associada à PAVM, resultando em maior disponibilidade de equipamentos de ventilação mecânica. Desde que tais equipamentos estão sendo muito demandados durante a pandemia da COVID-19, o conhecimento e a implantação de medidas efetivas de higiene oral, indubitavelmente, repercutirão na melhoria da qualidade da assistência oferecida aos pacientes, portanto, beneficiando todos aqueles em situação crítica de saúde e assistidos em UTIs.

Humans , Oral Hygiene , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Quality of Health Care , Toothbrushing/methods , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Intensive Care Units , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135535


Abstract Objective: To evaluate in vitro the antimicrobial effect of Listerine-green tea mouthwash on Streptococcus mutans (SM) in comparison with 0.12% Chlorhexidine (CHX) and Listerine-Zero. Material and Methods: The sensitivity and growth inhibition of SM bacterial species were evaluated and compared between Listerine-green tea, 0.12% CHX and Listerine-Zero mouthwashes. Sixty plates containing SM colonies were prepared in three groups (n=20), and growth inhibition zones were measured using the disk diffusion agar test in mm. Data were analyzed with SPSS 21. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the efficacy of the three mouthwashes tested. Post hoc Tukey tests were used for two-by-two comparisons. Statistical significance was defined at P<0.05. Results: Analysis of data showed significant differences between the three groups (p<0.001); 0.12% CHX was the most effective mouthwash, and Listerine-Zero exhibited the least effect on the growth inhibition of SM (p<0.004). Conclusion: All three mouthwashes were significantly effective in inhibiting the growth of SM. The effect of Listerine-green tea mouthwash was higher than that of Listerine-Zero and less than that of 0.12% CHX.

Streptococcus mutans , Tea , In Vitro Techniques , Microbiological Techniques/methods , Mouthwashes/analysis , Chlorhexidine , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Agar , Iran/epidemiology
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e208569, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152218


Aim: Bulk Fill composite resins were released on the market in order to reduce the time in clinical sessions by using increments of up to 5.0 mm thickness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rinsing solutions on the surface roughness of the conventional composite and Bulk fill composite resins. Methods:40 specimens were prepared from a 4.0mm x 10.0mm teflon matrix and photoactivated for 20 seconds, with 20 specimens made of Filtek Bulk-Fill composite resin (3M ESPE) and 20 specimens made with Filtek™ Z350 XT composite resin (3M ESPE). Each group was subdivided into 2 subgroups: G1 (Filtek™ Z350 XT-3M ESPE-immersed in Colgate PlaxWhitening®); G2 (Filtek™ Z350 XT-3M ESPE-immersed in PlaxFreshMint®); G3 (Filtek™ Bulk-Fill-3M ESPE-immersed in Colgate PlaxWhitening®) and G4 (Filtek™ Bulk-Fill-3M ESPE-immersed in Colgate PlaxFreshMint®). The surface roughness test was performed initially and after immersion in rinses by the Time Group Inc.-TR200® rugosimeter apparatus and the data were submitted to statistical analysis (two-way repeated measures ANOVA). Results: Surface roughness values of the Filtek™ Bulk-Fill composite resin (3M ESPE) were significantly higher than the Filtek™ Z350 XT composite resin (3M ESPE) (P <0.0001). However, no differences were identified before and after immersion in rinses with or without alcohol. Conclusion: The use of mouthwashes does not interfere with the surface roughness of the tested resins, but the composite resin Filtek Z350 XT (3M ESPE) presents a surface with less roughness

Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Mouthwashes
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e206779, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116431


Regardless of the extensive availability of mouth rinses that claim to whiten teeth, evidence of achievement of such effect is still missing. Aim: Therefore, this study assessed in vitro the whitening effectiveness of whitening mouth rinses. Methods: Sixty intact bovine incisors were embedded in acrylic resin and had their buccal surface flattened and polished. Then, the specimens were randomly allocated to three conventional (Colgate Plax, Cepacol and Listerine Cool Mint) and three whitening mouth rinse groups (Colgate Luminous White, Cepacol Whitening and Listerine Whitening Extreme) (n=10). Following, the specimens were immersed twice a day in the mouth rinses for one minute for 28 days. In between each immersion period, the specimens remained in artificial saliva at 37oC. Color was measured at baseline, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days using a portable spectrophotometer (Easyshade, Vita Zahnfabrik, Germany) with a 6 mm of diameter probe. Color change was analyzed considering the parameters of ∆L*, ∆a*, ∆b* and, ultimately, ∆E*. The whitening efficacy of the mouth rinses was analyzed using the Whiteness Index for Dentistry (WID). Data of ∆s was analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: The type of mouth rinse affected significantly all the ∆ parameters (p<0.05). A non-whitening (conventional) mouth rinse produced the highest ΔE*, followed by the three whitening mouth rinses. The application time also affected ΔE* (p<0.05), with emphasis on the third week of treatment. Only the hydrogen peroxide-containing mouth rinse (Listerine Whitening Extreme) presented a whitening effect, with an increasing trend over time. Conclusion: Although the overall color change was not different when comparing conventional and whitening mouth rinses, the hydrogen peroxide-containing whitening mouth rinse produces an increasing whitening trend over time. Not every mouth rinse that claims to whiten teeth produces the desired effect

Tooth Bleaching , Color , Nonprescription Drugs , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Mouthwashes , Hydrogen Peroxide