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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 194-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was conducted to explore the mechanism of intestinal inflammation and barrier repair in Crohn's disease (CD) regulated by moxibustion through bile acid (BA) enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor (FXR).@*METHODS@#Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, CD model group, mild moxibustion group and herb-partitioned moxibustion group. CD model rats induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid were treated with mild moxibustion or herb-partitioned moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6). The changes in CD symptoms were rated according to the disease activity index score, the serum and colon tissues of rats were collected, and the pathological changes in colon tissues were observed via histopathology. Western blot, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the improvement of moxibustion on intestinal inflammation and mucosal barrier in CD by the BA-FXR pathway.@*RESULTS@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion improved the symptoms of CD, inhibited inflammation and repaired mucosal damage to the colon in CD rats. Meanwhile, moxibustion could improve the abnormal expression of BA in the colon, liver and serum, downregulate the expression of interferon-γ and upregulate the expression of FXR mRNA, and inhibit Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) mRNA. The IHC results showed that moxibustion could upregulate the expression of FXR and mucin2 and inhibit TLR4 expression. Western blot showed that moxibustion inhibited the protein expression of TLR4 and MyD88 and upregulated the expression of FXR. Immunofluorescence image analysis showed that moxibustion increased the colocalization sites and intensity of FXR with TLR4 or nuclear factor-κB p65. In particular, herb-partitioned moxibustion has more advantages in improving BA and upregulating FXR and TLR4 in the colon.@*CONCLUSION@#Mild moxibustion and herb-partitioned moxibustion can improve CD by regulating the enterohepatic circulation stability of BA, activating colonic FXR, regulating the TLR4/MyD88 pathway, inhibiting intestinal inflammation and repairing the intestinal mucosal barrier. Herb-partitioned moxibustion seems to have more advantages in regulating BA enterohepatic circulation and FXR activation. Please cite this article as: Shen JC, Qi Q, Han D, Lu Y, Huang R, Zhu Y, Zhang LS, Qin XD, Zhang F, Wu HG, Liu HR. Moxibustion improves experimental colitis in rats with Crohn's disease by regulating bile acid enterohepatic circulation and intestinal farnesoid X receptor. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 194-204.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Crohn Disease/pathology , Moxibustion/methods , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Colitis , Inflammation , Enterohepatic Circulation , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 223-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To re-evaluate the systematic review/Meta-analysis of acupuncture and moxibustion for childhood autism (CA), aiming to provide decision-making basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The systematic review and/or Meta-analysis of acupuncture and moxibustion for CA were searched in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to May 5th, 2022. PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) was used to evaluate the report quality, and AMSTAR 2 (a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews 2) was used to evaluate the methodological quality, bubble map was used to construct the evidence map and GRADE was used to evaluate the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 systematic reviews were included. The PRISMA scores ranged from 13 to 26. The report quality was low, and there was a serious lack in the aspects of program and registration, search, other analysis and funding. The main problems in methodology included not making prespecified protocol, incomplete retrieval strategy, not providing a list of excluded literatures, and incomplete explanation on heterogeneity analysis and bias risk. The evidence map showed that 6 conclusions were valid, 2 conclusions were possible valid and 1 conclusion was uncertain valid. The overall quality of evidence was low, and the main factors leading to the downgrade were limitations, followed by inconsistency, imprecision and publication bias.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion has a certain effect for CA, but the quality of reporting, methodology and evidence in included literature need to be improved. It is suggested to perform high-quality and standardized research in the future to provide evidence-based basis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Autistic Disorder , Moxibustion/methods , Publication Bias , Research Design , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 177-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion on the stem cell factor (SCF)/tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit) signaling pathway and immune function in rats with diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Among 52 young rats born from 6 healthy pregnant SPF rats, 12 rats were randomly selected into the normal group, and the remaining 40 rats were treated with the three-factor combination method of maternal separation, acetic acid enema and chronic restraint stress to establish the IBS-D rat model. Thirty-six rats with successful IBS-D model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, and a medication group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspension moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37); the rats in the medication group were treated with intragastric administration of rifaximin suspension (150 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 7 consecutive days. The body mass, loose stool rate (LSR), the minimum volume threshold when abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scored 3 were measured before acetic acid enema (35 days old), after modeling (45 days old), and after intervention (53 days old). After intervention (53 days old), HE staining was used to observe the morphology of colon tissue, and spleen and thymus coefficients were measured; ELISA method was used to detect serum inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor a [TNF-a], interleukin [IL]-10, IL-8), T-lymphocyte subsets (CD+4, CD+8, CD+45), value of CD+4/CD+8 and immune globulin (IgA, IgG, IgM); real-time PCR method and Western blot method was used to detect the expression of SCF, c-kit mRNA and protein in colon tissue; immunofluorescence staining method were used to detect positive expression of SCF and c-kit.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, in the model group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were decreased (P<0.01), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were increased (P<0.01), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were decreased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group and the medication group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+8, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were increased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, in the moxibustion group, the level of serum CD+4 was decreased (P<0.05), the value of CD+4/CD+8 was increased (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference in other indexes (P>0.05). The expression of SCF and c-kit mRNA was positively correlated with the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with remaining indexes (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce visceral hypersensitivity, improve symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D rats, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway and improvement of IBS-D immune function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-8 , Maternal Deprivation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Diarrhea , Signal Transduction , Homeostasis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 67-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in bone marrow cell in mice with bone marrow inhibition, and to explore the possible mechanism of wheat-grain moxibustion in treating bone marrow inhibition.@*METHODS@#Forty-five SPF male CD1(ICR) mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group and a wheat-grain moxibustion group, 15 mice in each group. The bone marrow inhibition model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 80 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide (CTX). The mice in the wheat-grain moxibustion group were treated with wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), 3 moxa cones per acupoint, 30 s per moxa cone, once a day, for 7 consecutive days. The white blood cell count (WBC) was measured before modeling, before intervention and 3, 5 d and 7 d into intervention. After intervention, the general situation of mice was observed; the number of nucleated cells in bone marrow was detected; the serum levels of interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured by ELISA; the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc in bone marrow cells was measured by Western blot and real-time PCR method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the mice in the model group showed sluggish reaction, unstable gait, decreased body weight, and the WBC, number of nucleated cells in bone marrow as well as serum levels of IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF were decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the mice in the wheat-grain moxibustion group showed better general condition, and WBC, the number of nucleated cells in bone marrow as well as serum levels of IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc was increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat-grain moxibustion shows therapeutic effect on bone marrow inhibition, and its mechanism may be related to activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in bone marrow cells, improving bone medullary hematopoiesis microenvironment and promoting bone marrow cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , beta Catenin/metabolism , Bone Marrow/physiopathology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-3/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice, Inbred ICR , Moxibustion/methods , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Triticum , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Hematopoiesis
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 380-389, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928235

ABSTRACT

Ginger moxibustion has the effect of regulating zang-fu organs and activating qi and blood circulation. When used, ginger paste is required to be close to human skin. Currently, the ginger box used clinically in the hospital can't meet the requirement of large area fitting human skin, and the efficacy of ginger moxibustion is significantly reduced. In this study, a flexible ginger paste box was proposed, which was composed of flexible components polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), spring and wire netting. The large flexibility of the structure made it fit well with human skin. Finite element method was used to study the fitting degree between ginger paste box and waist soft tissue. Finite element models of flexible ginger paste box and waist soft tissue were established based on Hypermesh and Abaqus software. The equivalent contact area between the flexible ginger paste box and waist was obtained by numerical simulation under different PDMS unilateral thickness, spring wire diameter, wire netting diameter and ginger paste layer thickness. The four parameters were taken as the influencing factors, and the equivalent contact area was taken as the optimization objective. The typical value analysis and variance analysis of S/N were performed by Taguchi method, and the results showed that among the four influencing factors, the wire netting diameter had the largest influence on equivalent contact area and its contribution rate reached 41.98%. The contribution rates of PDMS unilateral thickness, spring wire diameter and ginger paste layer thickness reached 36.48%, 13.97% and 6.50%, respectively. The optimized PDMS unilateral thickness, spring wire diameter, wire netting diameter and ginger paste layer thickness were 1.5, 0.4, 0.15, 35 mm, respectively, and the equivalent contact area was 95.60 cm 2. The optimized flexible ginger paste box with great fitting performance can improve the effect of ginger moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Finite Element Analysis , Ginger/chemistry , Moxibustion/methods , Skin
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 595-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 559-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927424

ABSTRACT

"Unblocking fu organs" is one of the essential principles of Ma's warm moxibustion technique, characterized as "dredging" and "harmonizing" for either deficiency or excess condition. Under the guidance of this therapeutic thought, the acupoints for moxibustion are mainly selected from the middle and lower parts of the body. Regarding the therapeutic approach, the acupoint prescription for moxibustion should be formed in line with warming and promoting circulation of fu organs; the moxibustion degree should be specially considered, in which, the mild moxibustion is recommended to induce promoting action; and the systematic moxibustion technique should be the root for dredging fu organs and regulating zang organs. Ma's mild moxibustion technique stresses on removing the obstruction of fu organs and emphasizes promoting the qi activity of sanjiao (triple energizer) and regulating the balance of five zang organs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ethnicity , Hyperplasia , Moxibustion/methods
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 473-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To rank the effectiveness of various moxibustion methods on the quality of life in tumor patients, and explore the best treatment plan of moxibustion for improving the quality of life in tumor patients from the perspective of evidence-based medicine.@*METHODS@#The Chinese and English literature of randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the effect of moxibustion on the quality of life in tumor patients were searched in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to October 31, 2020. The R3.6.2 and Stata15.0 software were used for network Meta-analysis based on Bayesian model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 30 Chinese RCTs were included, including 2 169 patients, involving 16 interventions. In terms of the effectiveness of improving quality of life, the top three treatments were special moxibustion plus other therapies 1 (either of tendon acupuncture, acupoint pressing, acupoint injection, etc.), wheat-grain moxibustion and mild moxibustion. The special moxibustion methods were the combination of fire-dragon moxibustion, thunder-fire moxibustion, fuyang fire moxibustion and moxa salt-bag moxibustion. The number of literature of these four moxibustion methods was small. Considering the clinical application of moxibustion, it was concluded that wheat-grain moxibustion ranked first.@*CONCLUSION@#The adjuvant treatment of wheat-grain moxibustion is more effective than other moxibustion methods on improving the quality of life in tumor patients, but the results needed to be further verified because the bias risk of RCT included in this study is high and the sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Neoplasms/therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 291-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) on acetylcholine (Ach), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and muscarinic-type choline receptor (M2) and purine receptor P2X3 in bladder tissue in the rats with neurogenic bladder (NB) of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and explore the underlying mechanism of moxibustion for promoting detrusor contraction.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a model preparation group (n=45) and a sham-operation group (n=15). In the model preparation group, the modified Hassan Shaker spinal cord transection method was used to prepare the model of NB. In the sham-operation group, the spinal cord transection was not exerted except laminectomy and spinal cord exposure. Among the rats with successfully modeled, 30 rats were selected and divided randomly into a model group and a moxibustion group, with 15 rats in each one. On the 15th day after the operation, moxibustion was applied at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) in the moxibustion group, 10 min at each acupoint, once a day. The consecutive 7-day treatment was as one course and the intervention for 2 courses was required. Urodynamic test was adopted to evaluate bladder function in rats. Using HE staining, the morphological changes in bladder tissue were observed. The content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was measured with biochemical method, and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors in bladder tissue were detected with Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantification PCR method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the maximum bladder capacity, leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity, the leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were decreased in the rats of the moxibustion group (P<0.05). In the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged irregularly, bladder epithelial tissues were not tightly connected and cell arrangement was disordered, combined with a large number of vacuolar cells. In the moxibustion group, compared with the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged regularly, bladder epithelial cells were well distributed and vacuolar cells were reduced. Compared with the sham-operation group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was decreased (P<0.05), the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were reduced (P<0.05) in the model group. In the moxibustion group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was increased (P<0.05) and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were increased (P<0.05) as compared with the model group.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) may effectively improve bladder function in the rats with NB of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and its underlying mechanism is related to promoting the release of Ach and up-regulating the expression of M2 receptor, thereby enhancing the release of ATP and increasing the expression of P2X3 receptor. Eventually, detrusor contraction is improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Purinergic P2X3/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 696-700, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939518

ABSTRACT

Based on the community research experience of heat-sensitive moxibustion, this study explained technical recommendations for pragmatic randomized controlled trials (pRCTs) of heat-sensitive moxibustion in community from 7 aspects: selection of community research sites, ethical approval and registration, patient recruitment, training of standard operating procedures, ensuring patient compliance, quality control of follow-up visits and patient safety, which aimed to reduce the difficulty of research execution and improve the quality of pRCTs implementation and follow-up visits of heat-sensitive moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Hot Temperature , Moxibustion/methods , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 9(1)ene.-mar. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-575768

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal sobre la evolución del tratamiento con moxibustión en 150 pacientes con sacrolumbalgia aguda que fueron diagnosticados en la consulta de Medicina natural y tradicional (MNT) del Policlínico Mantilla, durante el primer semestre del año 2008, con el objetivo de determinar su estado evolutivo según criterio clínico al cabo de la décima sesión, caracterizarlos en cuanto a edad, sexo y ocupación, y describir las manifestaciones clínicas de interés antes de someterse a la primera sesión y después de culminada la última. Se midieron las variables: edad, sexo, ocupación, realización de esfuerzo físico, dolor, intensidad, inflamación e irradiación. Se realizaron entrevistas para corroborar los aspectos cualitativos en la aplicación del tratamiento empleado y con los datos obtenidos se confeccionaron tablas para su mejor comprensión. Como resultado más relevante se obtuvo que 90 por ciento de los pacientes que llegaron a la consulta con dolor, refirieran no sentir dolor alguno al finalizar el tratamiento. Los resultados que se derivan de esta investigación se están utilizando en la preparación y actualización del personal médico y de enfermería en la Atención Primaria de Salud(AU)


It was carried out an observational, descriptive and longitudinal study on the evolution of the treatment with moxibustion in 150 patients with sharp sacrolumbalgy that were diagnosed in the consultation of natural and traditional Medicine of the Policlinic Mantilla, during the first semester of the year 2008 with the objective of determining their evolutionary state according to clinical approach after the tenth session, to characterize them as for age, sex and occupation, and to describe the clinical manifestations of interest before undergoing the first session and after having culminated the last one. The variables were measured: age, sex, and occupation, realization of physical effort, pain, intensity, inflammation and irradiation. They were carried out interviews to corroborate the qualitative aspects in the application of the used treatment and with the obtained data charts were made for their best understanding. As a result more excellent it was obtained that 90 percent of the patients that arrived to the consultation with pain, referred not to feel pain some when concluding the treatment. The results that they are derived of this investigation they are using in the preparation and the medical personnel's bring up to date and of infirmary in the primary attention of health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Medicine, Traditional , Low Back Pain/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 30(4)jul.-ago. 2008. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-532243

ABSTRACT

En este estudio se seleccionaron 30 pacientes con el diagnóstico de bursitis aguda de hombro no traumática compatible con un síndrome Bi por frío en medicina tradicional asiática, que acudieron al cuerpo de guardia del Instituto Superior de Medicina Mlitar (ISMM) Luis Díaz Soto en el período comprendido de julio de 1998 a noviembre de 1999. A los mismos se les realizó un diagnóstico tradicional así como una valoración cualitativa del dolor y la movilidad articular antes y después de recibir el tratamiento con moxibustión. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo observacional analítico y se le aplicó el test de Wilcoxon. Todo se realizó con un nivel de significación µ = 0,05 (con un 95 de compatibilidad). Se hizo una evaluación de la respuesta terapéutica, comprobándose la efectividad de la moxibustión en el hombro doloroso, por lo que hubo modificación del dolor en la mayoría de los casos, aumentando el ángulo de abducción la mayor cantidad de pacientes, terminando con evolución satisfactoria el 83,33 de los casos.


We chose 30 patients diagnosed with non-traumatic acute bursitis of the shoulder, compatible with a Bi Syndrome by cold in Asiatic Traditional Medicine, assisting the High Institute of Military Medicine Luis Díaz Soto from July 1998 to November 1999. They were diagnozed in traditional way, and pain and articular mobility were qualitative evaluated before and after being treated with moxibustion. An analitic, observational, prospective study was carried out and the Wilcoxon´s test was applied. Everithing was made with a signification level ? = 0,05 (95 percent of compatibility). We evaluated the therapeutic answer, proving the efectiveness of moxibustion in painly shoulder. There was a pain modification in most of the cases; in most of the patients the abduction angle was increased. 83.33 percent of the cases showed a satisfactory evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bursitis/diagnosis , Bursitis/therapy , Statistics, Nonparametric , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Moxibustion/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 29(5)sept.-oct. 2007. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-488361

ABSTRACT

La enuresis es uno de los problemas más desconcertantes en la consulta del pediatra y el médico general integral. La bibliografía revisada plantea que ésta resuelve, en algunos casos, con la terapia occidental, aunque esta última ha perdido valor, porque un por ciento no soluciona el problema. Se ha aplicado la Medicina Natural y Tradicional (MNT) en diferentes formas y ha resultado eficaz en la eliminación de la enuresis. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal, con los pacientes que presentaron enuresis del policlínico José Antonio Echeverría, de Cárdenas, durante el año 2003. Hicimos un estudio para comparar los resultados obtenidos con los dos tipos de tratamiento; precisar el umbral de sensibilidad a la exposición de la moxa y determinar el tiempo más efectivo de tratamiento para la eliminación de la enuresis. Se escogieron 25 niños de 5 a 14 años de forma aleatoria como muestra, se dividieron en tres grupos, por condiciones del local, y se aplicó moxa indirecta. Todos estos niños fueron tratados previamente con terapia occidental. Los resultados obtenidos con ambos tratamientos, recogidos de las historias clínicas, fueron procesados en una Pentium 4 utilizando frecuencia absoluta y frecuencia porcentual. Encontramos que los niños de piel más oscura resisten más tiempo el calor, mayor frecuencia de la enuresis en el sexo masculino, una buena respuesta al tratamiento, con desaparición o mejoría de la misma al aplicar la moxibustión, en un período más corto que cuando se usa la terapia occidental en todos los casos estudiados.


The enuresis is one of the most disconcerting problems at the paediatric and integral general doctor's consult. The reviewed bibliography states that this is solved, in some cases, with the western therapy, although this therapy has lost value, because it does not solve the problem in some percentage of cases. Natural and traditional medicine has being applied in different ways, and it has being efficacious in the enuresis elimination. We made a longitudinal, prospective study of the patients presenting enuresis at the policlinic “José Antonio Echeverría”, of Cárdenas, during 2003. We made a study to compare the obtained results with both kinds of treatment; to precise the sensibility threshold to the moxa exposition and to determine the most effective treatment time for the enuresis elimination. As sample we chose 25 5-to-14-years-old children, divided in three groups, in dependence of the treatment place. Indirect moxa was applied. All of these children were previously treated with western therapy. The obtained results with both treatments, registered in the clinical records, were processed in a Pentium 4, using absolute and percentage frequency. We found that darker skin children resist heat more time; enuresis is more frequently in male sex; a good answer to the treatment, with enuresis disappearing or bettering when applying moxibustion, in a shorter period than when the western therapy is used in all the studied cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Enuresis/therapy , Medicine, Traditional , Moxibustion/methods
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