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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 33-38, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427879

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A peri-implantite é uma condição patológica associada a placa que ocorre nos tecidos de suporte ao redor de implantes dentários. Se caracteriza pela presença de sinais clínicos proveniente de inflamação na mucosa periimplantar conhecido como mucosite e subsequente perda progressiva do osso de suporte denominado como periimplatite. Objetivo: Classificar os principais sinais e sintomas clínicos da doença periimplantar a fim de estabelecer um diagnóstico, apresentar quais fatores devem ser avaliados durante o planejamento e manutenções de implantes dentários, os fatores de risco locais e sistêmicos, o tratamento e a importância do implantodontista com o periodontista realizar planejamento correto visando um prognostico favorável. Metodologia: Revisão de literatura foi realizada no PubMed, buscando artigos dos anos de 2010 a 2021. Resultado: Os estudos mostraram que o acúmulo de placa bacteriana nos implantes resultará no desenvolvimento de mucosite e podendo posteriormente se estabelecer a peri-implantite. Uma história de doença periodontal, tabagismo e falta de terapia de suporte devem ser considerados como indicadores de risco para o desenvolvimento de peri-implantite. Conclusão: É de suma importância o trabalho simultâneo do implantodontista com o periodontista com o intuito de se obter um bom planejamento e consequentemente reduzir danos a curto e longo prazo nos tecidos periimplantares. O sucesso do tratamento de doenças periimplantares está na prevenção, envolvendo reforço de higiene oral e manutenções periódicas(AU)


Introduction: A peri-implantitis is a plaqueassociated pathological condition that occurs in the supporting tissues around dental implants. If indifferent to the presence of proven clinical signs of inflammation in the peri-implant mucosa known as mucosite and subsequent progressive loss of supporting bone termed as peri-implatite. Objective: To classify the main signs and clinical signs of peri-implant disease an objective to establish a diagnosis, present the factors to be adopted during the planning and maintenance of dental implants, the local and systemic risk factors, the treatment and the importance of the implantodontist with the periodontist carrying out correct planning, a favorable prognosis. Methodology: A literature review was performed in PubMed, looking for articles from 2010 to 2021. Results: Advanced studies show that the accumulation of bacterial plaque in implants will result in the development of mucositis and may subsequently establish peri-implantitis. A history of periodontal disease, smoking and lack of supportive therapy should be considered as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis. Conclusion: The simultaneous work of the implantodontist with the periodontist is of paramount importance in order to obtain a good planning and consequently reduce short and long-term damage to the peri-implant tissues. The successful treatment of peri-implant diseases lies in prevention, involving reinforcement of oral hygiene and periodic maintenance(AU)


Subject(s)
Dentists , Peri-Implantitis , Peri-Implantitis/diagnosis , Peri-Implantitis/therapy , Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Diseases , Tobacco Use Disorder , Dental Implants , Dental Plaque , Mucositis
2.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1): 153325, jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1452181

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mucositis is one of the main complications of cancer treatment, associated with several nutritional limitations and the ability to cause secondary infections. Cryotherapy is a low-cost treatment consistent with clinical practice guidelines for treating patients with mucositis. Objective: To develop and evaluate the acceptance of ice cream for the prevention and treatment of mucositis and nutritional support of pediatric cancer patients. Method: Based on knowledge about the side effects of chemotherapy (especially in oral and gastrointestinal mucositis) and the nutritional needs of pediatric cancer patients, a literature search for ingredients that could meet the study's objectives was undertaken. Food Technology Laboratory of the São Paulo State University (Unesp), Botucatu campus, and in partnership with Sorvetes Naturais ice cream shop in the municipality of Botucatu-SP, produced the ice cream. An acceptance test was applied in ten patients undergoing cancer treatment and 30 individuals in the control group using the 5-point mixed facial hedonic scale. Results: The final formula consisted of semi-skimmed lactose-free milk, extra virgin coconut oil, oat flour, honey, chamomile, Fortini food supplement, demerara sugar, and stabilizer/emulsifier. 90% of patients undergoing cancer treatment rated the final product as "liked" or "loved it," compared to 63% of the control group. Conclusion: Development of an ice cream that met the objectives of the study was possible through the choice of its composition. Honey and chamomile can favor the prevention of mucositis, and other ingredients offer the caloric density and protein supply.


Introdução: A mucosite é uma das principais complicações do tratamento oncológico, está associada a várias limitações nutricionais e é capaz de causar infecções secundárias. A crioterapia é uma forma de tratamento de baixo custo, consistente com as diretrizes de prática clínica para o cuidado de pacientes com mucosite. Objetivo: Desenvolver e avaliar a aceitação de um sorvete para prevenção e tratamento da mucosite e para suporte nutricional de pacientes pediátricos com câncer. Método: Baseado no conhecimento sobre os efeitos colaterais da quimioterapia (especialmente na mucosite oral e gastrointestinal) e nas necessidades nutricionais do paciente oncológico pediátrico, buscou-se, na literatura, por ingredientes que pudessem alcançar os objetivos do estudo. O sorvete foi produzido no Laboratório de Tecnologia de Alimentos da Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), campus de Botucatu, e em parceria com a sorveteria Sorvetes Naturais no município de Botucatu-SP. Foi realizado teste de aceitação com dez pacientes em tratamento oncológico e com 30 indivíduos do grupo controle usando a escala hedônica facial mista de 5 pontos. Resultados: A fórmula final consistiu em leite sem lactose semidesnatado, óleo de coco extravirgem, farinha de aveia, mel, camomila, suplemento alimentar Fortini, açúcar demerara e estabilizante/emulsificante. Dos pacientes em tratamento oncológico, 90% classificaram o produto final em "gostei" ou "adorei", comparado com 63% do grupo controle. Conclusão: O desenvolvimento de um sorvete que alcançasse os objetivos do estudo foi possível por meio da escolha da sua composição. O mel e a camomila podem favorecer a prevenção da mucosite, e outros ingredientes oferecem densidade calórica e oferta proteica.


Introducción: La mucositis es una de las principales complicaciones del tratamiento del cáncer, asociada a varias limitaciones nutricionales y la capacidad de causar infecciones secundarias. La crioterapia es una forma de tratamiento de bajo costo consistente con las guías de práctica clínica para el cuidado de pacientes con mucositis. Objetivo: Desarrollar y evaluar la aceptación de un helado para la prevención y tratamiento de la mucositis y para el apoyo nutricional de pacientes pediátricos con cáncer. Método: Con base en el conocimiento sobre los efectos secundarios de la quimioterapia (especialmente en la mucositis oral y gastrointestinal) y las necesidades nutricionales de los pacientes con cáncer pediátrico, buscamos en la literatura ingredientes que pudieran lograr los objetivos del estudio. El helado fue producido en el Laboratorio de Tecnología de Alimentos de la Universidad Estatal de São Paulo (Unesp), campus de Botucatu y en sociedad con la heladería Sorvetes Naturais del municipio de Botucatu-SP. Se realizó una prueba de aceptación con diez pacientes en tratamiento oncológico y 30 individuos del grupo control utilizando la escala hedónica facial mixta de 5 puntos. Resultados: La fórmula final estuvo compuesta por leche semidesnatada sin lactosa, aceite de coco virgen extra, harina de avena, miel, manzanilla, complemento alimenticio Fortini, azúcar demerara y estabilizante/emulsionante. El 90% de los pacientes en tratamiento contra el cáncer calificaron el producto final como "me gustó" o "me encantó", en comparación con el 63% del grupo de control. Conclusión: El desarrollo de un helado que cumpliera con los objetivos del estudio fue posible a través de la elección de su composición. La miel y la manzanilla pueden favorecer la prevención de la mucositis y otros ingredientes ofrecen densidad calórica y aporte proteico.


Subject(s)
Nutritional Status , Cryotherapy , Mucositis/prevention & control , Ice Cream , Neoplasms
3.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 141 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509350

ABSTRACT

O câncer de cabeça e pescoço (CCP) é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo mundo. Cirurgia, radioterapia (RT) e quimioterapia (QT) são os principais tratamentos empregados. Contudo, pacientes submetidos a RT e QT podem apresentar complicações como mucosite oral (MO). A terapêutica mais recomendada para MO é a fotobiomodulação (FTBM). Há diversas escalas para graduação da MO, entretanto elas apresentam limitações quando aplicadas em pacientes com CCP. Por esse motivo, foi desenvolvido uma revisão da literatura para descrever as escalas mais utilizadas e apontar as limitações. Microrganismos podem agravar a cicatrização da MO. Diante disso, a terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (aPDT), poderia complementar a ação da FTBM. Assim, foi realizado estudo comparativo entre o uso da FTBM isolada e FTBM + aPDT no tratamento da MO. Mudanças no microbioma oral induzidas pela RT e seu papel no agravamento das complicações, como MO, vem sendo descrito. Em razão disso, amostras da cavidade oral dos pacientes com CCP foram coletadas com swab antes da RT (T0), entre 12 e 16 Grays (Gy) (T1), entre 30 e 36 Gy (T2) e acima de 60 Gy (T3) para caracterização molecular por meio da amplificação e sequenciamento das regiões v1-v2 do gene 16S rRNA. As escalas da World Health Organization - WHO, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group - RTOG e National Cancer Institute ­ NCI foram as mais utilizadas e todas apresentaram limitações associadas principalmente com a dificuldade de diferenciar entre os sinais e sintomas da MO e os do tumor, como por exemplo a disfagia. O estudo comparativo (FTBM isolada X FTBM + aPDT) foi composto por 14 pacientes, com câncer de boca e orofaringe submetidos a RT e QT concomitantes, com 6 pacientes no grupo FTBM isolada e 8 no grupo FTBM + aPDT. A média de redução no tamanho da MO no grupo intervenção foi de 0,70 cm2 (±0,35) e 0,30 cm2 (±1,10) no grupo controle. A média de duração foi de 18,37 dias (±12,12) para o grupo intervenção e 23 dias (±14,78) para o grupo controle. O grupo intervenção teve redução média de 3,40 pontos na escala de dor (±2,44), enquanto o grupo controle teve 0,17 (±2,28). O estudo prospectivo que avaliou o microbioma oral (filo e gênero) ao longo da RT foi composto por 49 pacientes com CCP. Intrigantemente não foi observado diferença no microbioma oral dos pacientes que apresentaram MO (n=31) daqueles que não apresentaram (n=18). Interessantemente foi observado ao final da RT (T3) diminuição de Porphyromonas (p=<0.0001), Prevotella (p=0.010), Fusobacterium (p=<0.0001), gêneros associados ao câncer. Não há uma escala ideal para a avaliação da mucosite oral em pacientes com CCP. A mensuração das lesões de MO associada aos dados de dor e duração da MO pode ser uma forma mais eficaz de avaliação. A combinação de FTBM + aPDT parece ser uma abordagem promissora para descontaminar lesões de MO. Não foi observado diferença no microbioma oral de pacientes com e sem MO. Mudanças na composição do microbioma oral foram observadas durante a RT.


Head and neck cancer (HNC) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Surgery, radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) are the main treatments used. However, patients undergoing RT and CT may present complications such as oral mucositis (OM). The most recommended therapy for OM is photobiomodulation (PBM-T). There are several scales for grading OM, however they have limitations when applied to patients with HNC. For this reason, a literature review was developed to describe the most used scales and point out the limitations. Microorganisms can aggravate OM healing. Therefore, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could complement the action of PBM-T. Thus, a comparative study was carried out between the use of PBM-T alone and PBM-T + aPDT in the treatment of OM. RT-induced changes in the oral microbiome and its role in worsening complications such as OM have been described. For this reason, samples from the oral cavity of patients with HNC were collected with a swab before RT (T0), between 12 and 16 Grays (Gy) (T1), between 30 and 36 Gy (T2) and above 60 Gy (T3) for molecular characterization through amplification and sequencing of regions v1-v2 of the 16S rRNA gene. The World Health Organization - WHO, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group - RTOG and National Cancer Institute - NCI scales were the most used and all had limitations mainly associated with the difficulty of differentiating between the signs and symptoms of OM and those of the tumor, such as example dysphagia. The comparative study (isolated PBM-T X PBM-T + aPDT) consisted of 14 patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer who underwent concomitant RT and CT, with 6 patients in the isolated PBM-T group and 8 in the PBM-T + aPDT group. The mean reduction in OM size in the intervention group was 0.70 cm2 (±0.35) and 0.30 cm2 (±1.10) in the control group. The mean duration was 18.37 days (±12.12) for the intervention group and 23 days (±14.78) for the control group. The intervention group had an average reduction of 3.40 points on the pain scale (±2.44), while the control group had 0.17 (±2.28). The prospective study that evaluated the oral microbiome (phylum and genus) during RT consisted of 49 patients with HNC. Intriguingly, no difference was observed in the oral microbiome of patients who had OM (n=31) and those who did not (n=18). Interestingly, a decrease in Porphyromonas (p=<0.0001), Prevotella (p=0.010), Fusobacterium (p=<0.0001) was observed at the end of RT (T3), genera associated with cancer. There is no ideal scale for assessing oral mucositis in patients with HNC. Measurement of OM lesions associated with data on pain and duration of OM may be a more effective form of evaluation. The combination of PBM- T + aPDT appears to be a promising approach to decontaminate OM lesions. No difference was observed in the oral microbiome of patients with and without OM. Changes in oral microbiome composition were observed during RT.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy , Mucositis , Laser Therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e386723, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527586

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the long-chain fatty acid and major compounds levels in the feces after prophylactic oral use of Lacticaseibacillus casei in an experimental model of intestinal mucositis. Methods: Fifteen Swiss mice were randomly divided into three groups (n=5/group): The negative or positive control groups (n = 5) received saline orally for 18 days and an the intraperitoneal (i.p.) of saline or 5 Fluorouracil (450 mg/kg) in 15th day, respectability. L. casei group received oral concentration of L. casei (1x109 CFU/mL) for 18 days, the i.p. injection of 5-fluorouracil (450 mg/kg) in 15th days. Tissue samples from colon and each small intestine segment were collected for histopathological analysis. Stool samples were collected. Fecal composition of long-chain fatty acids and sterols were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry on the 15th and the 18th day. Results: The mucosa layer of all small intestine segments of animals from L. casei showed well preserved epithelium and glands, without necrosis signs, but Goblet cells number decreased. Several long-chain fatty acids and sterols have been identified before and after in the groups. L. casei administration after 5-FU treatment reduced concentrations of linoleic acid (18:2) (p < 0.001) and oleic acid (18:1) (p < 0.001) in feces. Conclusions: L. casei prevented the mucosal damage associated with 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis reduced long-chain fatty acid levels in the feces.


Subject(s)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mucositis , Fatty Acids , Lacticaseibacillus casei
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2793, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527922

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o impacto da mucosite hipofaríngea quimiorradioinduzida na deglutição e o seu manejo, a partir de uma revisão integrativa de literatura. Estratégia de pesquisa A busca e a seleção dos artigos foram realizadas nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, ScienceDirect e LILACS. Critérios de seleção Os termos de busca utilizados foram ''Pharyngeal Mucositis", ''Radiotherapy" e ''Esophagitis", com auxílio do operador booleano (AND). A equação de busca utilizada foi: ''Pharyngeal Mucositis" AND "Radiotherapy" AND "Esophagitis". A seguinte questão central orientou o estudo: "Qual a forma de avaliação e manejo da mucosite hipofaríngea induzida pela radiação na região de cabeça e pescoço e seu impacto na deglutição?". Resultados Foram identificados 75 estudos, sendo que 6 foram excluídos devido à duplicidade e 60 foram excluídos por não se encaixarem nos critérios de inclusão; os artigos restantes foram lidos na íntegra e 4 foram selecionados para fazerem parte desta revisão integrativa da literatura. Conclusão Apesar da escassa literatura e das poucas informações sobre os métodos de avaliação da mucosite hipofaríngea, os artigos apontam que, independentemente da dose de radiação, a radioterapia na região cervical causa mucosite hipofaríngea. A mucosite hipofaríngea provoca grande impacto na deglutição, resultando na necessidade de uso de via alternativa de alimentação. Além da ausência de informações quanto à avaliação e graduação da mucosite hipofaríngea, os estudos não discutem o tratamento direto ou a prevenção desse tipo de doença.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the impact of chemoradiation-induced hypopharyngeal mucositis on swallowing and its management, based on an integrative literature review. Research strategy Two researchers were responsible for the search and selection of articles, within the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Science Direct, and Lilacs. Selection criteria The search terms used were "Pharyngeal Mucositis", "Radiotherapy" and "Esophagitis", with the aid of the Boolean operator (AND). The search equation used was "Pharyngeal Mucositis" AND Radiotherapy AND Esophagitis. The following central question guided the study: "What is the assessment and management of radiation-induced hypopharyngeal mucositis in the head and neck region and its impact on swallowing?" Results 75 studies were identified, of which 6 were excluded due to duplicity and 60 were excluded for not meeting the inclusion criteria; the remaining articles were read in full and 4 were selected to be part of the integrative literature review. Conclusion Despite the scarce literature and little information on methods for evaluating hypopharyngeal mucositis, the articles point out that, regardless of the radiation dose, radiotherapy in the cervical region causes hypopharyngeal mucositis. Hypopharyngeal mucositis causes a great impact on swallowing, resulting in the need to use an alternative feeding route. In addition to the lack of information regarding the assessment and grading of hypopharyngeal mucositis, the studies do not discussitsdirect treatment or prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders , Mucositis , Chemoradiotherapy/adverse effects , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Hypopharynx , Quality of Life
6.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2023. 88 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1525566

ABSTRACT

A mucosite oral é um quadro clínico que acomete frequentemente pacientes sob terapia antineoplásica na região de cabeça e pescoço e caracteriza-se por ulcerações na mucosa que geram intensa dor local, odinofagia, aumento do risco de infecções, do uso de antibióticos e do tempo de hospitalização. A correlação entre mucosite oral, infecção fúngica e o potencial de disseminação fúngica sistêmica foi recentemente descrita. Apesar do impacto desse quadro clínico sobre a qualidade e tempo de vida dos pacientes oncológicos, não há consenso sobre a profilaxia e o protocolo terapêutico. O plasma de baixa temperatura sobre pressão atmosférica (LTAPP) apresenta efeito antimicrobiano, anti-inflamatório e reparador tecidual, o que sugere que possa ser promissor no tratamento da mucosite oral. Os objetivos gerais deste projeto foram divididos em dois subprojetos: 1) Definir os melhores parâmetros in vitro com efeito antifúngico e não tóxico e avaliar o LTAPP no tratamento de lesão de mucosite oral em modelo murino de mucosite por quimioterapia e 2) avaliar se o tratamento com LTAPP pode prevenir a disseminação fúngica sistêmica em ratos a partir de infecção experimental de lesões de mucosite oral por Candida albicans. Para tal, foram incluídos no estudo 100 ratos (Rattus norvegicus) com 90 a 100 dias de idade. No subprojeto 1, a lesão de mucosite oral foi induzida por administração de 5 fluorouracila (5-FU), enquanto no subprojeto 2, utilizou-se 5-FU associada à cisplatina ambas associadas à aplicação tópica de ácido acético 50%. Para o subprojeto 1, os animais foram randomicamente divididos em 2 grupos experimentais (n=30): a) Grupo mucosite; b) Grupo mucosite tratado com LTAPP, avaliados após 1, 5 e 12 dias do tratamento. Durante o período experimental, as lesões foram fotografadas e a gravidade da mucosite classificada por meio da atribuição de escores. Após a eutanásia e o processamento, os cortes histológicos corados por hematoxilina-eosina (HE) foram analisados microscopicamente. Para o subprojeto 2, o estudo de disseminação sistêmica fúngica nos grupos de mucosite infectada com C. albicans tratado ou não com LTAPP foi conduzido pelo isolamento fúngico a partir de amostras de sangue total e macerado dos órgãos. Para tanto foram estudados 2 grupos de ratos (n=20): c) Grupo mucosite infectado com C. albicans e d) Grupo mucosite infectado com C. albicans tratada com LTAPP, avaliados após 24 e 72 h do tratamento. Para ambos os projetos, o melhor parâmetro in vitro foi selecionado, isto é aquele com maior atividade antifúngica e baixa toxicidade. Dessa forma, as lesões foram expostas ao LTAPP de hélio por 5 min na distância de 1,5 cm na potência de 1 W. Os resultados in vitro mostraram que o LTAPP teve efeito antifúngico e baixa toxicidade para células de mamíferos. Os resultados in vivo mostraram que 5-FU afetou a saúde geral dos animais, evidenciada pela perda de peso corporal. Em ambos os grupos, houve reparo tecidual após 12 dias do tratamento, com resolução quase completa da lesão, o que foi corroborado pelos achados microscópicos. O grupo LTAPP exibiu uma tendência maior de redução da lesão, após 12 dias de tratamento. Além disso, o LTAPP apresentou efeito inibitório sobre C. albicans após 5 minutos, de exposição, com redução da recuperação fúngica da língua após 24 h (p<0.05). A disseminação fúngica sistêmica foi reduzida significativamente após 24 e 72 h do tratamento. Com base nos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que o LTAPP é uma ferramenta promissora para futura aplicação clínica em pacientes com mucosite oral. (AU)


Oral mucositis is a clinical condition that frequently affects patients undergoing antineoplastic therapy in the head and neck region and is characterized by mucosal ulcerations that generate intense local pain, odynophagia, increased risks of infections, use of antibiotics and the length of hospital stay. The correlation among oral mucositis, fungal infection and the potential for systemic fungal dissemination has recently been described. Despite the impact of this clinical condition on the quality and life expectancy of cancer patients, there is no consensus on prophylaxis and the therapeutic protocols. Low temperature atmospheric pressure plasma (LTAPP) has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and tissue repairing effects, which suggests that it can be promising in the treatment of oral mucositis. The general objectives of this project were divided into two subprojects: 1) Define the best antifungal and non-toxic in vitro parameters and to evaluate the application of LTAPP in the treatment of oral mucositis in murine model for chemotherapy, and 2) to evaluate whether treatment with LTAPP can prevent systemic fungal dissemination in rats from experimental infection of oral mucositis lesions by Candida albicans. A total of 100 rats (Rattus norvegicus) aged 90 to 100 days were included in the study. In subproject 1, oral mucositis lesion was induced by administration of only 5- fluorouracil (5-FU), while in subproject 2, administration and systemic administration of 5-FU associated with cisplatin, both associated with topical application of 50% acetic acid. For subproject 1, the animals were randomly divided into 2 experimental groups (n=30):a) Mucositis group and b) Mucositis group treated with LTAPP evaluated after 1, 5 and 12 days of treatment. During the experimental period, the lesions were photographed, and the severity of mucositis was classified into scores. After euthanasia and processing, the histological cuts stained by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) were analyzed. For subproject 2, the study of fungal systemic dissemination in groups of mucositis infected with C. albicans treated or not with LTAPP was conducted by fungal isolation from whole blood and macerated organs. Therefore, 2 groups of rats (n=20) were studied: c) Mucositis group infected with C. albicans and d) Mucositis group infected with C. albicans treated with LTAPP, evaluated after 24 and 72 h of treatment. For both subprojects, the best in vitro parameter was selected, that is, the one with the greatest antifungal effect and low toxicity. Thus, the lesions were exposed to helium LTAPP for 5 min at a distance of 1.5 cm at power of 1 W. In vitro results showed that LTAPP has an antifungal effect and low toxicity. In vivo results showed that 5-FU affected the general health of animals evidenced by body weight loss. In both groups, there was tissue repair after 12 days of treatment, with almost complete resolution of the lesion, which was corroborated by the microscopic findings. LTAPP group showed a greater trend of reduction of lesion, after 12 days of the treatment. Furthermore, LTAPP showed inhibitory effect on C. albicans after 5 min of exposition, with reduction in fungal recovery from the tongue after 24 h (p<0.05). Reduction in fungal dissemination was observed after 24 and 72 h of LTAPP treatment (p<0.05). Based on the obtained results, it was concluded that LTAPP is a promising tool for future clinical application in patients with oral mucositis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Mucositis , Plasma Gases
7.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 224-231, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396483

ABSTRACT

La OMS cataloga al cáncer como uno de los principales problemas en el ámbito mundial, los pacientes sometidos a terapia oncológica son más vulnerables a desarrollar complicaciones en los tejidos de la cavidad bucal entre las que tenemos: mucositis, infecciones, osteorradionecrosis. En el manejo endodóntico hay que tomar en consideración que los trata- mientos como yodoterapia, radioterapia y quimioterapia pueden generar efectos sobre el complejo dentinopulpar. El objetivo de este artículo es determinar el estatus del tejido pulpar postratamiento oncológico mediante la revisión sistemática en bases de datos de gran relevancia científica, como PubMed, Scielo, Medigraphic, Science direct. Se concluye que el sistema estomatognático es un receptor importante de estos efectos y secuelas en pacientes con terapia oncológica, el tejido pulpar no está libre de estas secuelas ya que genera daño celular, como la hipovascularidad, hipocelularidad e hipoxia la cual incrementa el riesgo de necrosis de la región (AU)


The WHO lists cancer as one of the main problems worldwide, patients undergoing oncological therapy are more vulnerable to developing complications in the tissues of the oral cavity among which we have: mucositis, infections, osteoradionecrosis. In endodontic management, it should be taken into consideration that treatments such as iodine therapy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy can generate effects on the dentin-pulp complex. This article aims to determine the status of the pulp tissue after oncologic treatment. Through a systematic review in databases of great scientific relevance, such as PubMed, Scielo, Medigrafhic, Science direct. It is concluded that the stomatognathic system is an important receptor of these effects and sequelae in patients with oncological therapy, the pulp tissue is not free of these sequelae as it generates cellular damage because of the hypo vascularity, hypocellularity, and hypoxia which increases the risk of necrosis of the region (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Dental Pulp/physiopathology , Dental Pulp Diseases/etiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Neoplasms/complications , Osteonecrosis , Mucositis , Hypoxia
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370204, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374066

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the protective effect of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. polysaccharides (PCCL) on 5-fluorouracil-(5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis (IM) in mice. Methods: PCCL was orally administered at a dose of 20 mg·kg­1 for 7 days and its protective effect on 5-FU-induced IM (5-FU, 50 mg·kg­1 for 5 days) was evaluated by monitoring changes in body weight, degree of diarrhea, levels of tissue inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6, and interleukin 1ß levels), apoptosis rates, and the expression levels of caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2. Results: The severity of mucosal injury (as reflected by body weight changes, degree of diarrhea, height of villi, and damage to crypts) was significantly attenuated by PCCL administration. PCCL also reduced the levels of tissue inflammatory factors, the apoptosis rate, and the expression of caspase-3 and Bax, and increased Bcl-2 expression. Conclusions: PCCL administration may be significantly protective against 5-FU-induced IM by inhibiting apoptosis and regulating the abnormal inflammation associated with it.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Polysaccharides/therapeutic use , Cuscuta/chemistry , Mucositis/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Protective Agents/analysis
9.
In. Graña, Andrea; Calvelo, Estela; Fagúndez, Yohana. Abordaje integral del paciente con cáncer: atención desde la medicina y especialidades. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.313-330, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1418051
10.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(4)dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408599

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Mycoplasma pneumoniae es una bacteria de distribución mundial que comúnmente ocasiona infecciones respiratorias en forma de traqueobronquitis y neumonía atípica, recientemente se ha descrito como etiología de una enfermedad denominada Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis. Caso clínico: Varón de 11 años, procedente del departamento de Tacna en Perú que se presentó con cuatro días de enfermedad caracterizado por fiebre, tos, disnea, conjuntivitis bilateral purulenta y lesiones erosivas muy dolorosas en mucosa yugal, lengua y labios, recibió tratamiento antibiótico, antiviral y antifúngico, evolucionando favorablemente. Se confirmó infección por Mycoplasma pneumoniae mediante serología IgM por ELISA. De nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer caso de Mucositis sin rash inducido por Mycoplasma pneumoniae reportado en Perú, el reconocimiento temprano de este síndrome permitirá un tratamiento más específico, evitando la restricción de fármacos apropiados(AU)


Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium of worldwide distribution which commonly causes respiratory infections such as tracheobronchitis and atypical pneumonia. It has recently been described as etiology of a disease called Mycoplasma pneumoniae-induced rash and mucositis. Objective: Present the first known report of Mycoplasma pneumoniae-associated mucositis in Peru, diagnosed by compatible clinical picture and confirmed by serology. Clinical case: A male 11-year-old patient from the Tacna Region in Peru presented with a clinical state of four days' evolution characterized by fever, coughing, dyspnea, bilateral purulent conjunctivitis and very painful erosive lesions on the jugal mucosa, tongue and lips. The patient received antibiotic, antiviral and antifungal treatment, to which he responded favorably. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection was confirmed by IgM ELISA serology. Conclusions: Early recognition of this syndrome will lead to a more specific treatment, avoiding the restriction of appropriate drugs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/etiology , Mucositis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis, Bacterial/complications , Mouth Mucosa/injuries
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3136, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347441

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los minitornillos de ortodoncia son dispositivos temporales de anclaje utilizados ampliamente en ortodoncia correctiva. Sin embargo, se ha reportado en la literatura que su tasa clínica de éxito no es completa debido a que pueden existir fallas relacionadas con la pérdida de su estabilidad. Varios factores pueden comprometer el anclaje y están relacionados con el tipo de implante, su manejo quirúrgico y el hospedero. Dentro de este último, se encuentra la inflamación del tejido periimplantario o mucositis que, aunque reversible, es necesario su tratamiento temprano para evitar su progresión a la afectación de tejido duro (periimplantitis). Objetivo: Describir un caso clínico de mucositis periimplantaria asociada a un dispositivo de anclaje ortodóntico temporal. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina que acudió a la consulta por presentar dolor en la zona anterior del maxilar superior. Durante el examen intraoral se observó que usaba aparatos de ortodoncia con mecanismo de anclaje: dos minitornillos de ortodoncia ubicados al nivel de los caninos superiores. Se realizó la remoción quirúrgica de los minitornillos de ortodoncia, se le indicó el uso de antibióticos y se realizó estudio histopatológico para descartar malignidad. Se diagnosticó con mucositis periimplantaria. Conclusiones: La remoción quirúrgica de los minitornillos de ortodoncia es una excelente alternativa para evitar la progresión de la lesión hacia los tejidos duros. A través de esta técnica lograron eliminar signos de dolor, enrojecimiento y sangrado(AU)


Introduction: Orthodontic miniscrews are temporary anchorage devices widely used in corrective orthodontics. However, it has been reported in the literature that their clinical success rate is not high, due to failures related to the loss of stability. Anchorage may be affected by factors associated to the type of implant, its surgical management and the host. Host-related factors include peri-implant tissue inflammation or mucositis, which though reversible, its early treatment is necessary to prevent expansion into and damage to the hard tissue (peri-implantitis). Objective: Describe a clinical case of peri-implant mucositis associated to a temporary orthodontic anchorage device. Case presentation: A female patient attends clinical consultation with pain in the anterior zone of her upper maxilla. Intraoral examination revealed the presence of orthodontic appliances with an anchorage mechanism: two orthodontic miniscrews located at the level of the upper canines. Surgical removal was performed of the orthodontic miniscrews, antibiotics were indicated and histopathological testing was conducted to rule out malignancy. The patient was diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis. Conclusions: Surgical removal of orthodontic miniscrews is an excellent alternative to prevent the progress of the lesion into hard tissues. Pain signs, reddening and bleeding were all eliminated with the technique applied(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Mucositis/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Orthodontic Appliances/adverse effects , Review Literature as Topic
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC5638, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249744

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Peri-implant diseases, caused by bacteria from biofilm related to dental implants, are one of the main causes of late loss of implants. In this sense, peri-implant diseases are divided into peri-implant mucositis, when it affects only the soft tissues, and peri-implantitis, when there is a bone involvement, which can lead to the failure of dental implant therapy. Thus, biofilm removal is essential for peri-implant health, allowing long-term success in implant therapy. To improve the visualization of oral biofilm, which is usually transparent or colorless, disclosing agents have been routinely used. However, disclosing agents have allergenic potential and can cause staining extrinsically in restorative and prosthetic materials, leading to aesthetic impairment. Thus, the use of fluorescence has been studied as an alternative for visualization of oral biofilm. Therefore, this report describes the use of wide-field optical fluorescence for visualization of oral biofilm associated with implants and teeth, in a routine appointment and follow-up of a partially edentulous patient with peri-implant mucositis. In addition, this report showed wide-field optical fluorescence can be used in a clinical routine of care of patients with dental implants. In this sense, wide-field optical fluorescence allowed easy and immediate visualization of the mature oral biofilm for its adequate removal, evaluation of the quality of restoration to sealing of screw access-hole of implant and identification of cariogenic lesions, without risk of allergic reactions or staining of prostheses and restorations.


RESUMO Doenças peri-implantares, causadas por bactérias de biofilme relacionadas a implantes dentários, são uma das principais causas de perda tardia de implantes. Nesse sentido, as doenças peri-implantares são divididas em mucosite peri-implantar, quando afeta apenas tecidos moles, e peri-implantite, quando há comprometimento ósseo, o que pode levar ao fracasso da terapia com implantes dentários. Assim, a remoção do biofilme é essencial para a saúde peri-implantar, permitindo sucesso a longo prazo na terapia com implantes. A fim de melhorar a visualização do biofilme oral, que geralmente é transparente ou incolor, agentes reveladores têm sido rotineiramente utilizados. No entanto, esses agentes têm potencial alergênico e podem causar manchas extrinsecamente em materiais restauradores e protéticos, levando a prejuízo estético. Assim, o uso da fluorescência tem sido estudado como alternativa para visualização do biofilme oral. Este relato descreve o uso da fluorescência óptica de campo amplo para visualização do biofilme oral associado a implantes e dentes em uma consulta de acompanhamento de rotina de uma paciente parcialmente edêntula com mucosite peri-implantar. Além disso, este relato evidenciou que a fluorescência óptica de campo amplo pode ser utilizada dentro da rotina clínica de atendimento de pacientes com implantes dentários. Nesse sentido, a fluorescência óptica de campo amplo permitiu a visualização fácil e imediata do biofilme oral maduro para sua remoção adequada, a avaliação da qualidade da restauração do selamento do orifício de acesso do parafuso do implante e a identificação de lesões cariogênicas, sem risco de reações alérgicas ou manchamento de próteses e restaurações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Mucositis , Peri-Implantitis/etiology , Peri-Implantitis/diagnostic imaging , Biofilms , Fluorescence
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; S1 Preecedings: 20-25, jul. 1, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145546

ABSTRACT

Peri-implantitis is one of the leading causes of implant failure and loss, and its early diagnosis is not currently feasible due to the low sensitivity of currents methods. In the current exploratory cross-sectional study, we explored the diagnostic potential of lymphocyte B and Th17-chemotactic cytokine levels in peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) in 54 patients with healthy, peri-mucositis, or peri-implantitis implants. Peri-implant crevicular fluid was collected, and the levels of the molecules under study were quantified by Luminex assay. The concentrations of CCL-20 MIP-3 alpha, BAFF/BLYS, RANKL and OPG concentration in PICF were analyzed in the context of patient and clinical variables (smoking status, history of periodontitis, periodontal diagnosis, implant survival, suppuration, bleeding on probing, periodontal probing depth, clinical attachment level, mean of implant probing depth, and plaque index). Patients with peri-implantitis, appear to have an overregulation of the RANKL/BAFF-BLyS axis. This phenomenon needs to be investigated in depth in further studies with a larger sample size.


La periimplantitis es una de las principales causas de falla y pérdida del implante, y su diagnóstico temprano no es factible debido a la baja sensibilidad de los métodos actuales. En este estudio transversal exploratorio, se estudió el potencial diagnóstico de los niveles de citocinas quimiotácticas de linfocitos B y Th17 en el líquido crevicular periimplantario (LCPI) en 54 pacientes con implantes sanos, peri-mucositis o periimplantitis. Se recogió líquido crevicular periimplantario y se cuantificaron los niveles de las moléculas estudiadas mediante Luminex assay. Las concentraciones de CCL-20 MIP-3 alfa, BAFF/BLYS, RANKL y la concentración de OPG en LCPI se analizaron en el contexto de las variables clínicas y del paciente (tabaquismo, antecedentes de periodontitis, diagnóstico periodontal, supervivencia del implante, supuración, sangrado al sondaje, profundidad de sondeo periodontal, nivel de inserción clínica, media de la profundidad de sondeo del implante e índice de placa). Los pacientes con periimplantitis parecen tener una sobrerregulación del eje RANKL/BAFF-BLyS. Este fenómeno debe investigarse en profundidad en futuros estudios con un tamaño de muestra mayor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Peri-Implantitis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Mucositis , RANK Ligand , Chemokine CCL20
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 310-318, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132308

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral mucositis is a common inflammatory complication among patients with cancer. This study evaluated the histopathological, stereological, and antioxidant markers of 2% eucalyptus extract in induced oral mucositis in male golden hamsters. In this animal study, oral mucositis was induced in 30 male golden hamsters by 5-FU (60 mg/kg) on days 0, 5, and 10 of the study. The cheek pouch was scratched with a sterile needle once daily on days 3 and 4. On days 14-17, 2% eucalyptus hydroalcoholic extract gel and Calendula officinalis extract gel groups were treated and then compared with a non-treated control group. The histopathological and stereological scores and the pouch content of malondialdehyde, as well as the activities of glutathione and myeloperoxidase in the pouch tissue, were evaluated. Histopathologic scores of oral mucositis were lower in the eucalyptus gel group than those of the calendula and control groups (p<0.05). Also, a lower malondialdehyde level and higher myeloperoxidase and glutathione activities were detected in the eucalyptus group in comparison to the calendula and control groups (p<0.001). The thickness of the mucosa and submucosa increased in the eucalyptus group. The numerical density of the fibroblast and the volume density of the collagen significantly increased in the eucalyptus group. In conclusion, the use of eucalyptus hydroalcoholic extract may be associated with reduced intensity of oral mucositis, diminished concentration of malondialdehyde, increased activity of myeloperoxidase and glutathione, increased volume of mucosa and submucosa, increased fibroblast and collagen in the induced oral mucositis in golden hamsters undergoing 5-FU consumption.


Resumo A mucosite oral é uma complicação inflamatória comum em pacientes com câncer. Este estudo avaliou os marcadores histopatológicos, estereológicos e antioxidantes de Eucalyptus 2% na mucosite oral induzida em hamsters dourados machos. Neste estudo em animais, a mucosite oral foi induzida em 30 hamsters golden masculinos por 5-FU (60 mg / kg) nos dias 0, 5 e 10 do estudo. A bolsa da bochecha foi arranhada com uma agulha estéril uma vez ao dia nos dias 3 e 4. Nos dias 14 a 17, os grupos de gel de eucalipto a 2% e curativos à base de gel foram tratados e comparados com um grupo controle. Foram avaliados os escores histopatológicos e estereológicos e o conteúdo de malondialdeído na bolsa, bem como as atividades de glutationa e mieloperoxidase no tecido da bolsa. Os escores histopatológicos de mucosite foram menores no grupo de gel de eucalipto a 2% do que os do gel e do grupo controle (p <0,05). Além disso, um nível mais baixo de malondialdeído e maiores atividades de mieloperoxidase e glutationa foram detectadas no grupo tratado com eucalipto em comparação aos grupos à base de gel e controle (p <0,001). A espessura da mucosa e submucosa aumentou no grupo Eucalyptus. A densidade numérica do fibroblasto e a densidade do volume do colágeno aumentaram significativamente nos grupos tratados com eucalipto. Em conclusão, o uso do extrato hidroalcoólico de Eucalyptus pode estar associado a menor intensidade de mucosite oral, diminuição da concentração de malondialdeído, aumento da atividade de mieloperoxidase e glutationa, aumento do volume de mucosa e submucosa, aumento de fibroblastos e colágeno na mucosite oral induzida em hamsters dourados em consumo de 5 UF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Stomatitis , Mucositis , Eucalyptus , Plant Extracts , Cricetinae , Mesocricetus , Fluorouracil , Mouth Mucosa
16.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2020. 71 p
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1416723

ABSTRACT

O ômega 3 é um ácido graxo poliinsaturado utilizado como agente terapêutico no tratamento de diversas doenças. Evidências sugerem efeito anti-inflamatório com sua utilização. A escolha do tratamento eficiente que minimize os efeitos adversos do tratamento oncológico tem sido desafiadora para a prática clínica. Dessa forma, ele seria interessante na prevenção e / ou tratamento da mucosite, uma inflamação que acomete as mucosas da boca ao ânus, decorrente da utilização de quimioterápico e radioterápico. As consequências deste agravo vão desde a perda de peso, anorexia e odinofagia, ao aumento do risco de translocação bacteriana, em virtude do aumento da permeabilidade intestinal (PI). Tais complicações podem levar à interrupção do tratamento quimioterápico até que o paciente se restabeleça. Trabalhos anteriores do nosso grupos de pesquisa demonstraram que o ômega 3 foi capaz de atenuar a perda de peso e reduzir a PI pela regulação da apoptose de células intestinais. Entretanto, possíveis efeitos da suplementação do ômega 3 no tumor não foram investigados. O presente estudo avaliou o efeito deste composto na mucosite induzida por quimioterápico em modelo de tumor de mama murino. Para tanto, camundongos Balb/c foram divididos nos grupos controle (CTL), controle tumor (CTLTU), tumor ômega 3 (TUW3), tumor 5-fluouracil (TU5FU) e tumor 5-fluouracil ômega 3 (TU5FUW3). Nos animais dos grupos com tumor foi realizada a inoculação das células tumorais (dia 1) e, uma vez que os tumores já se encontravam palpáveis (dia10), os grupos TUW3 e TU5FUW3 iniciaram a suplementação com ômega 3 pela ração por 10 dias, enquanto os demais animais receberam ração controle. Ao final desse período, os animais dos grupos TU5FU e TU5FUW3 receberam injeção intraperitoneal de 5-FU (300mg/kg) para indução da mucosite, enquanto os demais animais receberam a injeção de solução salina. Após 72 horas, os animais foram eutanasiados para coleta de dados. A suplementação com ômega 3 não foi capaz de prevenir a perda de peso em decorrência da mucosite. Entretanto, os animais do grupo TU5FUW3 apresentaram redução da PI por meio da recuperação das junções firmes ZO-1 e ocludina, além da preservação da arquitetura dos vilos. Os animais do grupo CTLTU também apresentaram aumento da PI e redução da expressão das proteínas de junção, provavelmente pela liberação de citocinas TNF-α e IL-1ß, conforme dosagem destas no baço. Nos animais suplementados com ômega 3 foi observado redução do tamanho do tumor e do número de metástases tumorais, além de redução da proliferação de células tumorais e aumento da afinidade das células tumorais ao quimioterápico, levando à apoptose destas. Este processo de citotoxicidade seletiva foi observado pela redução da toxicidade hepática. Diante desses resultados, pode-se concluir que a suplementação de ômega 3, por período de dez dias, foi capaz de atenuar os efeitos da mucosite induzida por quimioterápico, sem causar prejuízo à sua atividade antitumoral.


Omega 3 is a polyunsaturated fatty acid used as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of various diseases. It is widely accepted that its use can exert an anti-inflammatory effect. Thus, it would be interesting in the prevention and treatment of mucositis, which is described as an inflammation that affects mucosal membranes from the mouth to the anus, due to the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Patients who suffer from this outcome, usually presents weight loss, anorexia and odynophagia,also there is an increased risk of bacterial translocation, due to the increase of the intestinal permeability (IP). Such complications can lead to the interruption of chemotherapy treatment until the patient is recovered. Previous work has shown that omega 3 was able to reduce weight loss and reduce IP by reducing intestinal cell apoptosis. However, the effects of omega 3 supplementation from the diet on the tumor remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effect of this compound on chemotherapy-induced mucositis in the murine breast tumor model. For that, BALB/ c mice were divided into the control (CTL), tumor control (CTLTU), omega 3 tumor (TUW3), 5-fluouracil tumor (TU5FU) and 5-fluouracil omega 3 tumor (TU5FUW3) groups. Tumor cells were inoculated (day 1) and, since they were already palpable (day 10), groups TUW3 and TU5FUW3 started receiving the chow supplemented with omega 3 for 10 days, while the other animals received control chow. At the end of this period, animals from groups TU5FU and TU5FUW3 received an intraperitoneal injection of 5-FU (300mg / kg) to induce mucositis, while the other animals received an injection of saline. After 72 hours, all animals were euthanized for data collection. Omega 3 supplementation was not able to prevent weight loss due to mucositis. However, animals from TU5FUW3 group showed a reduction in IP by recovering the tight-junctions ZO-1 and occludin, and by preventing the mucosal damage. Animals from CTLTU group also showed increased PI and reduced expression of tight-junction proteins, probably due to the release of cytokines TNF-α and IL-1ß, according to their dosage in the spleen. In addition, our results have demonstrated that animals supplemented with omega 3, have shown a reduction in the size of the tumor and the number of metastasis in lungs. We have found that the reduction was mediated through a reduction in the proliferation of tumor cells and also by an increased affinity of tumor cells to the chemotherapeutic drug, leading to their apoptosis. This selective cytotoxicity process leads to the reduction of liver toxicity. Given these results, we can conclude that omega 3 supplementation, for ten days, was able to attenuate the effects of chemotherapy-induced mucositis, without causing damage to its antitumor activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Breast Neoplasms , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , alpha-Linolenic Acid , Mucositis
17.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 59-62, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876401

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Erythema multiforme has been known as an infection or drug-associated mucocutaneous eruption characterized by target lesions. A clinical entity, known as Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis seen mostly in the pediatric population is emerging and may be associated with atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This presents with features overlapping with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum but with a different trigger, prognosis, and recurrence rate. Case summary: Target lesions in the clinical setting are usually characteristically associated with erythema multiforme, a mucocutaneous condition associated with an underlying infectious trigger. We present a case of a 10-year-old Filipino boy who was initially diagnosed with erythema multiforme major. Eventual testing for the etiology of the underlying infection, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, proved to be a useful diagnostic that gave a better grasp on the case’s mechanism, sequela, and prognosis. The patient was admitted for pneumonia and his presenting mucositis was severe. Cutaneously, he had atypical target and few target lesions on the trunk and extremities. He was diagnosed as a case of Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis (MIRM) and treated with antibiotics and systemic steroids for which he recovered fully in three weeks. MIRM should be separated from erythema multiforme, Stevens Johnsons syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis as it follows a different disease course. Conclusion: Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis is now considered a distinct entity despite it having overlapping features with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum. It presents usually in the younger age group with absent to sparse atypical vesiculobullous or targetoid lesions, significant mucosal involvement, and confluent necrosis on histology. It is important to identify it as a trigger because of its more frequent and severe mucosal sequelae. Management includes symptomatic relief, antibiotic therapy with a macrolide in the presence of pneumonia and systemic steroids when mucositis is severe. Majority of patients achieve full recovery.


Subject(s)
Erythema Multiforme , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mucositis , Exanthema
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 332-338, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and investigate the effect of vertical soft tissue thickness on the peri-implant tissue condition and the prevalence of peri-implant disease in patients with history of periodontitis.@*METHODS@#Among 210 patients who showed initial interest of implant therapy, 92 patients were included in this study and received implant surgery during 2010 and 2015. Sixty-six patients with 66 implants finally came back for T2 evaluation. Prior to the implant therapy, all the patients had received periodontal treatment. During the implant placement surgery, the distance from palatal soft tissue edge to the alveolar crest, which was defined as vertical soft tissue thickness (VT), was measured after the buccal full thickness flap was elevated. According to the cut off point which was adopted from the operating characteristic curve, 66 implants within 66 patients were divided into two groups, which were called normal group (VT≤4.5 mm) and thick group (VT>4.5 mm), respectively. Information of the patient's general status, periodontal situation and implant information were recorded. After a follow-up period of 42.9 months, the parameters of peri-implant tissue and condition of peri-implant disease were recorded. Mann-Whitney U test as well as Chi-square test were used to compare the parameters between two groups. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier method was chosen to draw the event(peri-implantitis)-free survival curve.@*RESULTS@#The survival rate of the implants was 100%. At the end of the follow-up examination(T2), the parameters including max PDi, mean PDi, max BIi, mean BIi, mean MBL, MBL at distal side, MBL at mesial side, mean PLIi presented significantly higher values in thick group than in normal group (P < 0.05). Moreover, the prevalence of peri-implantitis and peri-implant disease (peri-implant mucositis & peri-implantitis) in thick group was respectively 34.8% and 73.9%, which was significantly higher than 2.3% and 48.8% respectively in normal group (P<0.05). The prevalence of peri-implant mucositis did not show significant difference in the two groups. In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that there was significant difference between the event-free survivals of the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The vertical soft tissue thickness around implants in patients with periodontitis has a significant effect on the health of the peri-implant tissue. Excessive vertical soft tissue thickness may result in deeper peri-implant probing depth as well as more peri-implant marginal bone loss, and eventually increase the risk of peri-implant disease. The vertical remodeling of soft tissue may be a new direction to indicate the role of periodontitis in peri-implant tissue condition. Moreover, the biological mechanism of the association between soft tissue thickness and peri-implantitis risk as well as effective approaches to prevent the adverse effect of excessive soft tissue thickness on peri-implant tissue is necessary to be investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Dental Implants , Mucositis , Peri-Implantitis , Periodontitis , Tooth
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3363, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1139216

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the effect of oral cryotherapy compared to physiological serum on the development of oral mucositis in outpatient cancer patients using the 5-fluorouracil antineoplastic agent. Method: this is a controlled, randomized, double-blind, and multi-center clinical trial, conducted with 60 patients undergoing chemotherapy. The experimental group (n=30) used oral cryotherapy during the infusion of the 5-FU antineoplastic agent, while the control group (n=30) performed mouthwash with physiological serum at their homes. The oral cavity of the participants was assessed at three times: before randomization, and on the 7th and 14th days after using 5-FU. For data analysis, descriptive analyses and the ANOVA, paired t, and McNemar tests were used. Results: there was no statistically significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the assessments regarding the grade of mucositis. However, cryotherapy presented the chance to reduce the presence of intragroup mucositis, between the first and second assessments (p=0.000126). Conclusion: cryotherapy did not obtain statistical significance in relation to oral hygiene with serum, but it proved to be effective intragroup. Record number: RBR-4k7zh3


Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da crioterapia oral em comparação ao soro fisiológico no desenvolvimento de mucosite oral em pacientes oncológicos ambulatoriais em uso de antineoplásico 5-fluorouracil. Método: trata-se de um ensaio clínico controlado, randomizado, duplo-cego, multicêntrico, realizado com 60 pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico. O grupo experimental (n=30) fez uso de crioterapia oral durante a infusão do antineoplásico 5-FU, ao passo que o grupo controle (n=30) realizou bochechos com soro fisiológico em domicílio. A cavidade oral dos participantes foi avaliada em três momentos: antes da randomização, no 7° dia e no 14° dia após o uso do 5-FU. Para a análise dos dados, utilizaram-se análises descritivas e os testes ANOVA, t pareado e McNemar. Resultados: não houve diferença estatística significante entre os grupos experimental e controle nas avaliações quanto ao grau de mucosite. No entanto, a crioterapia teve a chance de reduzir a presença de mucosite intragrupo, entre a primeira e segunda avaliação (p=0,000126). Conclusão: a crioterapia não obteve significância estatística em relação à higiene oral com soro, porém se mostrou efetiva intragrupo. Número de registro: RBR-4k7zh3


Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la crioterapia oral, comparándola con el suero fisiológico, sobre el desarrollo de mucositis oral en pacientes ambulatorios con cáncer en tratamiento con el antineoplásico 5-fluorouracilo. Método: se trata de un ensayo clínico controlado, aleatorizado, a doble ciego y multicéntrico, realizado con 60 pacientes en tratamiento de quimioterapia. El grupo experimental (n=30) utilizó crioterapia oral durante la administración del agente antineoplásico 5-FU, mientras que el grupo control (n=30) realizó enjuagues con suero fisiológico en su domicilio. La cavidad oral de los participantes se evaluó en tres momentos: antes de la aleatorización, y al 7º y 14º día después de la administración de 5-FU. Para el análisis de los datos, se utilizaron análisis descriptivos y las pruebas ANOVA, t pareada y McNemar. Resultados: en lo que respecta al grado de mucositis, no se registraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo experimental y el de control en las evaluaciones. Sin embargo, la crioterapia exhibió la posibilidad de reducir la presencia de mucositis intragrupo entre la primera y la segunda evaluación (p=0,000126). Conclusión: la crioterapia no alcanzó significancia estadística en comparación con la higiene oral con suero. Sin embargo, demostró ser efectiva intragrupo. Número de registro: RBR-4k7zh3


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Stomatitis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Hygiene , Control Groups , Cryotherapy , Drug Therapy , Disease Prevention , Mucositis , Fluorouracil , Antineoplastic Agents
20.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 17(2): 4-6, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129817

ABSTRACT

La mucositis es una respuesta inflamatoria del epitelio de la mucosa a los efectos citotóxicos de la quimioterapia y la radioterapia, que causan dolor y ulceración oral severa. En los estudios de los últimos años se ha propuesto el uso de la miel en el manejo de la mucositis oral inducida por quimioterapia y radioterapia en pacientes pediátricos. La miel reduce la severidad y duración de la mucositis, reduce el dolor y es un producto agradable a los niños. Por tanto, podría ser un producto eficaz tanto en la profilaxis como en el tratamiento de la mucositis oral. Sin embargo, la pequeña cantidad de investigaciones realizadas en humanos no es suficiente para establecer recomendaciones generalizadas. Por ello, se debe aumentar las investigaciones en este campo. Con ello se podrá examinar la eficacia y posibles complicaciones a corto y largo plazo, explorar su posible efecto sinérgico con otras terapias, analizar su rentabilidad económica y el tipo de miel más adecuado. De esta forma, los profesionales sanitarios podrán ofrecer a los pacientes pediátricos los mejores cuidados basados en las últimas evidencias científicas demostradas.


Mucositis is an inflammatory response of the mucosal epithelium to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, causing pain and severe oral ulceration. In the studies of recent years, the use of honey has been proposed in the management of oral mucositis induced by chemotherapy and radiotherapy in pediatric patients. Honey reduces the severity and duration of mucositis, reduces pain and is a child-friendly product. Therefore, it could be an effective product both in the prophylaxis and in the treatment of oral mucositis. However, the small amount of human research is not enough to establish widespread recommendations. Therefore, research in this field should be increased. With this, it will be possible to examine the efficacy and possible complications in the short and long term, explore its possible synergistic effect with other therapies, analyze its economic profitability and the most appropriate type of honey. In this way, healthcare professionals will be able to offer pediatric patients the best care based on the latest scientific evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Mucositis/therapy , Honey , Chemoradiotherapy/adverse effects , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy
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