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1.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58157, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366147

ABSTRACT

Some mycoses are endemic. They develop through hematogenous spread, causing a generalized infection, usually with secondary mucosal involvement.The aim of this observational and retrospective study was to report the prevalence and characteristics of oral lesions in patients diagnosed with systemic fungal infections (SFI) over a 25-year period in southern Brazil. Demographic (age, sex, ethnicity, occupation) and clinical (anatomical location, symptoms,histopathological diagnosis and management) data from the medical records of patients with SFI were collected from 1995 to 2019. 34 cases of SFI were found, of which 31 (91.18%) were diagnosed as paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) and 3 (8.82%) as histoplasmosis. Men were much more affected (n = 31; 91.18%), with an average age of 46.9 years. Most patients (n = 18; 58.06%) were Caucasian; 48% (n = 15) were farm/rural workers and the most affected region was the jugal mucosa (n = 13; 25.49%) followed by the alveolar ridge (n = 12; 23.52%). All patients with histoplasmosis were immunocompetent men (mean age: 52.67 years), and the palate was the most affected. All patients underwent incisional biopsy and were referred to an infectologist. The dentist has an essential role in the recognition of SFI, whose oral manifestations may be the first sign. SFI should be included in differential diagnosis in patients from endemic areas. In addition, the inevitable human mobility and globalization make knowledge of these mycosesnecessary worldwide, especially since advanced cases in immunocompromised patients can be fatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Manifestations , Endemic Diseases/prevention & control , Mycoses , Palate/pathology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Tongue/pathology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Dentists/education , Alveolar Process/pathology , Health Services Research/statistics & numerical data , Histoplasmosis/pathology , Mucous Membrane/pathology
2.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 1(57): 147-157, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391490

ABSTRACT

A gengiva oral pode ser dividida em inserida ou livre. A gengiva inserida é queratinizada e apresenta grande importância na proteção do periodonto contra inflamações, sendo importante na proteção mecânica durante à escovação e ao acúmulo de biofilme. Uma faixa de gengiva queratinizada aderida é importante para a saúde dos tecidos periodontais. Os tecidos peri-implantares tem aspecto e estruturas parecidas com o epitélio ao redor dos dentes. A faixa de mucosa queratinizada ao redor da área peri-implantar de 1 a 2mm pode diminuir o acúmulo de placa e consequentemente a peri-implantite que é um dos fatores responsáveis pela perda de implantes. Diversas técnicas têm sido utilizadas para se ter um aumento dessa faixa de mucosa queratinizada favorecendo um aumento da taxa de sucesso instalações de implantes como: enxertos gengivais livres, de tecido conjuntivo, de matriz dérmica acelular, de matriz de colágeno, membranas e implantes imediatos ao invés da técnica comum. O objetivo do estudo foi discutir as características anatômicas da mucosa aderida ao redor de implantes e sua importância para saúde peri-implantar. Para o desenvolvimento do estudo proposto de revisão da literatura, foram realizadas pesquisas em diferentes plataformas de bases de dados bibliográficos sendo: Scielo (scientific Eletronic Library online), PubMed e Google Acadêmico e livros de referência na área da Periodontia. Com base, na revisão crítica realizada, conclui-se que, quando há a presença de uma mucosa queratinizada aderida ao redor do implante maior que 1mm, os implantes apresentam melhor selamento biológico, menor acúmulo de biofilme e baixo risco para a peri-implantite.


The oral gingiva can be divided into attached or free. The attached gingiva is keratinized and is of great importance in protecting the periodontium against inflammation, being also important in mechanical protection during brushing and biofilm accumulation. A range of keratinized mucosa is important for the health of periodontal tissues. Peri-implant tissues have an appearance and structures similar to the epithelium around the teeth. The keratinized mucosa range around the peri-implant area of ​​1 to 2 mm can reduce plaque accumulation and consequently peri-implantitis, which is one of the factors responsible for implant loss. Several techniques have been used to increase this range of keratinized gingiva, favoring an increase in the success rate of implant installations such as: free gingival grafts, connective tissue, acellular dermal matrix, collagen matrix, membranes, and immediate implants. instead of the common technique. The aim of the present study was to discuss, based on the scientific literature, the anatomical characteristics of the keratinized attached mucosa around implants and their importance for peri-implant health. For the development of the proposed study of literature review, searches were carried out on different platforms of bibliographic databases, namely: Scielo (scientific Electronic Library online), PubMed and Google Scholar and reference books in ​​Periodontics. Based on the critical review performed, it was concluded that when there is a keratinized mucosa adhered around the implant greater than 1mm, the implants present better biological sealing, less biofilm accumulation and low risk for peri-implantitis.


Subject(s)
Epithelium , Peri-Implantitis , Gingiva , Mucous Membrane
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363395

ABSTRACT

La leishmaniasis es una enfermedad protozoaria intracelular. Una de sus formas de presentación es la mucocutánea, que es secuela de la leishmania cutánea y solo se presenta en el 1 % al 5 % de quienes la padecen. Afecta la mucosa nasal, faríngea y laríngea, lo que ocasiona disnea y disfagia. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 76 años con síntomas obstructivos nasales, en quien se evidenciaron múltiples sinequias nasales y faringolaríngeas. Ante la sospecha clínica de la enfermedad, es importante recordar que el diagnóstico se realiza a través de la intradermorreacción de Montenegro o títulos de inmunofluorescencia indirecta superiores a 1:16, y su tratamiento incluye el antimonio pentavalente, uno de los más utilizados; sin embargo, este tiene alto grado de recurrencias y efectos secundarios, por lo que la anfotericina B se convierte en el tratamiento de elección. En algunos casos, el manejo quirúrgico puede ser de gran utilidad para la mejoría de síntomas y secuelas de la enfermedad. Entonces, la leishmania mucocutánea se convierte en una enfermedad de interés para los otorrinolaringólogos, quienes con el conocimiento de la historia natural de la misma pueden realizar un manejo temprano y la adecuada corrección de secuelas para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Leishmaniasis is an intracellular protozoan disease. One of its forms of presentation is mucocutaneous, which is sequela of cutaneous leishmania and only occurs in 1% to 5% of those who suffer it. It affects the nasal, pharyngeal and laryngeal mucosa, causing dyspnea and dysphagia. We presented a case of a 76-year-old patient with obstructive nasal symptoms, who evidenced multiple nasal and pharyngolaryngeal synechiae. Given the clinical suspicion of the disease, it is important to remember that the diagnosis is made through the Montenegro intradermal reaction and or indirect immunofluorescence titers greater than 1:16, and the treatment includes pentavalent antimonial, one of the most used; however, it has a high degree of recurrence and side effects, so amphotericin B becomes the treatment of choice. In some cases, surgical management can be very useful for the improvement of symptoms caused by the disease. Thus, mucocutaneous leishmania becomes a disease of interest for otorhinolaryngologists, who, with knowledge of its natural history, can carry out early management and adequate correction of sequelae to improve the patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leishmaniasis , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , Mucous Membrane
4.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 79-82, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372467

ABSTRACT

A periodontite apical assintomática consiste na inflamação e na destruição do periodonto apical em decorrência de uma infecção no sistema de canais radiculares, após a necrose do tecido pulpar. O tratamento proposto para manutenção dos dentes que apresentam essa patologia é o tratamento endodôntico que pode ser realizado em sessão única ou múltiplas sessões. O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso clínico de regressão de uma periodontite apical assintomática, no dente 37, realizada em sessão única, com acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico de 60 e 90 dias. O preparo químico- -mecânico foi realizado com o sistema Reciproc blue (25.08 e 40.06) e uso do hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5%, como substância química auxiliar. O acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico foi realizado 60 e 90 dias após o procedimento, no qual, foi possível verificar a ausência de sintomatologia dolorosa, edema ou fístula na região da mucosa. A imagem radiolúcida, na região periapical, apresentou uma redução progressiva, sugerindo a evolução do reparo tecidual. Dessa forma, dentes com periodontite apical assintomática, após uma efetiva limpeza química e mecânica, realizados em sessão única, apresentam redução nos sinais clínicos e radiográficos, podendo obter um reparo tecidual... (AU)


Asymptomatic apical periodontitis consists of inflammation and destruction of the apical periodontium due to an infection in the root canal system, after pulp tissue necrosis. The proposed treatment for the maintenance of teeth that present this pathology is endodontic treatment that can be performed in a single session or multiple sessions. The objective of this study is to report a clinical case of regression of an asymptomatic apical periodontitis, in tooth 37, performed in a single session, with clinical and radiographic follow-up for 60 and 90 days. The chemical-mechanical preparation was carried out with the Reciproc blue system (25.08 and 40.06) and the use of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite as an auxiliary chemical. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed 60 and 90 days after the procedure, in which it was possible to verify the absence of painful symptoms, edema or fistula in the mucosa region. The radiolucent image in the periapical region showed a progressive dimensional reduction, suggesting the evolution of tissue repair. Thus, teeth with asymptomatic apical periodontitis, after an effective chemical and mechanical cleaning, performed in a single session, present a reduction in clinical and radiographic signs, which can lead to tissue repair... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Periapical Periodontitis , Periapical Tissue , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Mucous Membrane
5.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2)abr.-maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369205

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar um caso clínico de tratamento de úlcera traumática labial utilizando protetor bucal em paciente internado em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Paciente do sexo feminino diagnosticada com uma doença neurodegenerativa apresentou uma lesão de aspecto ulcerado, de aproximadamente 12 mm na mucosa do lábio inferior. O diagnóstico foi de úlcera traumática decorrente de espasmos musculares involuntários em face. O tratamento proposto foi instalação de protetor bucal confeccionado a partir de uma moldeira pré-fabricada de EVA (etil-vinil-acetato) borrachóide associado à medicação tópica a base de corticosteroide sobre a lesão. Após 5 dias foi observada cicatrização completa da úlcera, dispensando o uso do dispositivo. Nos dias seguintes de internação não foram observadas novas lesões. O protetor bucal instalado mostrou-se efetivo no afastamento do tecido traumatizado de novos traumas, protegeu os tecidos não lesionados e proporcionou qualidade de vida e segurança à paciente. Este relato reforça a importância da Odontologia na assistência do paciente crítico... (AU)


The objective of this work is to report a clinical case of treatment of traumatic lip ulcers using mouth guard in a patient admitted to an Intensive Care Unit. Female patient diagnosed with a neurodegenerative disease presented with an ulcerated lesion, of approximately 12 mm in the mucosa of the lower lip. The diagnosis was a traumatic ulcer resulting from involuntary muscle spasms in the face. The proposed treatment was the installation of a mouthguard made from a prefabricated EVA (ethyl vinyl acetate) rubber mold associated with topical corticosteroid medication on the lesion. After 5 days, complete healing oh the ulcer was observed, dispensing with the use of the intraoral device. In the following days of hospitalization, no new injuries were observed. The installed mouthguard proved to be effective in removing traumatized tissue from new traumas, protecting uninjured tissues and providing quality of life and safety to the patient. This report reinforces the importance of Dentistry in the care of critical patients... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Dental Service, Hospital , Intensive Care Units , Lip/injuries , Mouth Protectors , Spasm , Wounds and Injuries , Lip , Mucous Membrane
6.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 94-100, abr.-maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369220

ABSTRACT

A Mucosite peri-implantar é considerada a precursora da peri-implantite, ela é uma lesão inflamatória da mucosa peri-implantar na ausência de perda óssea marginal contínua. O objetivo desse relato de caso, foi descrever o tratamento da mucosite periimplantar através da cirurgia de enxerto gengival livre. Foi proposto, portanto, um tratamento reabilitador envolvendo uma abordagem multidisciplinar de forma a resgatar e restabelecer estética, função e bem-estar através do enxerto gengival livre para melhorar as características de mucosa e viabilizar uma previsibilidade de uma prótese definitiva implantosuportada em condições teciduais mais estáveis. O uso do EGL para aumento da gengiva queratinizada na cirurgia de implantes em paciente idosos é uma solução prática e segura para a manutenção da saúde periodontal ao redor do implante... (AU)


Peri-implant mucositis is considered the precursor of peri-implantitis, it is an inflammatory lesion of the peri-implant mucosa in the absence of continuous marginal bone loss. The purpose of this case report was to describe the treatment of peri-implant mucositis through free gingival graft surgery. Therefore, a rehabilitation treatment involving a multidisciplinary approach was proposed in order to rescue and reestablish aesthetics, function and well-being through the free gingival graft to improve the characteristics of the mucosa and enable a predictability of a permanent implant prosthesis under more stable tissue conditions. The use of EGL to increase keratinized gingiva in implant surgery in elderly patients is a practical and safe solution for maintaining periodontal health around the implant... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periodontics , Prostheses and Implants , Peri-Implantitis , Stomatitis , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Gingiva , Gingival Recession , Mucous Membrane
7.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 32-35, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252431

ABSTRACT

O Granuloma Piogênico (GP) é uma lesão de caráter inflamatório originado da membrana mucosa ou do tecido conjuntivo, que possui predileção por pacientes leucodermas, do sexo feminino, entre 11 e 40 anos, especialmente durante a gravidez. Clinicamente apresentase preferencialmente na maxila, com forma irregular, consistente, pediculado, de crescimento lento e sem sintomatologia dolorosa. As principais causas do GP são os traumas ou irritantes locais associados à má higiene oral. Histologicamente apresenta-se bastante vascularizado, organizado em agregados lobulares. O tratamento cirúrgico de escolha é a exérese total da lesão. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de granuloma piogênico com características clínicas incomuns, tratado cirurgicamente... (AU)


Piogenic Granuloma (GP) is an inflammatory lesion originating from the mucous membrane or connective tissue, which is predilected by female patients, between 11 and 40 years old, especially during pregnancy. Clinically it presents preferably in the maxilla, with irregular shape, consistent, pediculated, slow-growing and without painful symptomatology. The main causes of GP are the traumas or local irritants associated with poor oral hygiene. Histologically, it is quite vascularized, organized in lobular aggregates. The surgical treatment of choice is the total exeresis of the lesion. The objective of this study is to report a case of pyogenic granuloma with unusual clinical features, treated surgically... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Granuloma, Pyogenic , Mucous Membrane
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2272-2282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887795

ABSTRACT

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are generally recognized as safe food-grade microorganisms and are widely used in food production, preservation, and as probiotics to promote human health. Given the need to develop effective drug delivery strategies, LAB have become attractive live vehicles for the oral, intranasal and vaginal delivery of therapeutic molecules. Being live and safe organisms, LAB are able to directly produce and deliver target proteins for therapeutic purpose, which remarkably reduces the cost for drug production. To date, LAB have been used to deliver a variety of functional proteins to mucosal tissues for the treatment of various diseases. This review summarized the development and application of LAB as mucosal delivery vectors in the last 20 years to provide references for future clinical research.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Lactobacillales , Mucous Membrane , Probiotics , Proteins
9.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(2): 35-46, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392565

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La disfonía por tensión muscular fue definida, desde 1983, como un desorden que ocasiona un desbalance en las fuerzas de tensión muscular laríngea sin evidencia de patología estructural o neurológica. Denominado también disfonía por tensión muscular, tipo 1, este desorden aún no tiene estandarizadas las características que en la práctica han sido consideradas parte de su diagnóstico.Objetivo. Revisar la información actual, no mayor a cinco años, sobre disfonía por tensión muscular para unificar criterios y diagnósticos actuales.Metodología. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática a través de las bases de datos PubMed, Google Scholar y Cochrane. Los términos MESH utilizados fueron: dis-fonía por tensión muscular, disfonía funcional, disfonía hipercinética y fatiga vocal. Criterios de inclusión: artículos publicados en revistas arbitradas, sin importancia del diseño y antigüedad no mayor a cinco años. Criterios de exclusión: artículos cuyo enfoque principal no fuera disfonía por tensión muscular y con idioma diferente al inglés o español.Resultados. Dos estudios refieren mayor patología en mujeres que hombres; cuatro investigaciones reportan presión subglótica aumentada (>90 mmHg); tres trabajos reportaron medidas fonatorias; un trabajo propone video de alta resolución como demostración de hiperfunción vocal; una investigación evaluó onda mucosa por elec-troglotografía; una investigación estudió el uso de resonancia magnética funcional; otro trabajo propuso un estudio piloto de evaluación de flujo sanguíneo de músculos infrahioideos. Otro trabajo hace una revisión del uso de métodos diagnósticos.Conclusiones. Los parámetros de mayor peso fueron pico cepstral y presión sub-glótica. Aún es necesario ampliar el conocimiento con nuevas investigaciones que permitan criterios universales


Introduction. Muscle tension dysphonia has been defined since 1983 as a disorder in which there is an imbalance in laryngeal muscle tension forces, without evidence of structural or neurological pathology; it has also been called type I muscle tension dysphonia. The characteristics that in practice have been considered part of the di-agnosis are not standardized.Objective. To review current information, not older than 5 years, on muscle tension dysphonia, unifying current diagnostic criteria.Methodology. A systematic search was carried out through the Pub Med, Google scholar and Cochrane databases. The MESH terms used were: muscle tension dys-phonia, functional dysphonia, hyperkinetic dysphonia, and vocal fatigue. Inclusion criteria: articles published in peer-reviewed journals, regardless of design and pub-lished no more than 5 years before. Exclusion criteria: articles whose main focus was not muscle tension dysphonia and with a language other than English or Spanish.Results. Two studies report more pathology in women than men; four investiga-tions report increased subglottic pressure (> 90 mmHg); three studies reported pho-natory measures; a work proposes high resolution video as a demonstration of vo-cal hyperfunction; an investigation evaluated mucosal wave by electroglottography; an investigation studied the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging; another work proposed a pilot study of infrahyoid muscle blood flow assessment: another work reviews the use of diagnostic methods.Conclusions. The parameters of greater weight were cepstral peak and subglottic pressure. It is still necessary to expand the knowledge with new research that allows universal criteria


Subject(s)
Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Dysphonia , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Vocal Cords/abnormalities , Voice , Voice/physiology , Laryngeal Muscles , Mucous Membrane , Muscle Tonus/physiology
10.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-5, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362813

ABSTRACT

Objective: Verify whether there was a relationship between the occurrence of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains and the length of stay in the preoperative period. Methods: Clinical samples of the oral surfaces of the teeth and/or cheek mucosa were collected in the oral cavity of 37 patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery in the preoperative period from May to July 2019. The clinical samples collected were subjected to identification of colonies and antimicrobial sensitivity tests. Results: We observed that the patients who stayed for more than 60 days in that hospital had 17 times more likely to develop multi-resistant strains (Multi-Rs) than those that have not remained. Conclusions: We realized that the longer the patient stays in the hospital, the greater the chances of bacterial strains Multi-Rs. Therefore, it is important to try to reduce the length of hospital stay so that there is no increase in the occurrence of multiresistant strains in these patients


Objetivo: Verificar se houve relação entre a ocorrência de cepas bacterianas multirresistentes e o tempo de internação no pré-operatório. Métodos: Amostras clínicas das superfícies orais dos dentes e / ou mucosa jugal foram coletadas na cavidade oral de 37 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca eletiva no período pré-operatório de maio a julho de 2019. As amostras clínicas coletadas foram submetidas à identificação de colônias e testes de sensibilidade antimicrobiana. Resultados: Observamos que os pacientes que permaneceram por mais de 60 dias naquele hospital tiveram 17 vezes mais chance de desenvolver cepas multirresistentes (Multi-Rs) do que os que não permaneceram. Conclusões: Percebemos que quanto mais tempo o paciente permanece internado, maiores são as chances de cepas bacterianas Multi-Rs. Portanto, é importante tentar reduzir o tempo de internação hospitalar para que não haja aumento na ocorrência de cepas multirresistentes nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Microbial , Patients , Residence Time , Microbiota , Hospitals , Anti-Infective Agents , Mouth , Mucous Membrane
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200155, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1133824

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos selecionar os indicadores dos resultados de enfermagem Integridade tissular: pele e mucosas (1101) e Cicatrização de feridas: segunda intenção (1103) da Nursing Outcomes Classification e construir suas definições conceituais e operacionais para a avaliação de pacientes com lesão por pressão. Métodos estudo de consenso de especialistas realizado em hospital universitário em setembro/2018. Participaram no estudo 10 enfermeiros com experiência na utilização da Nursing Outcomes Classification e no cuidado ao paciente com lesão por pressão. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de encontro presencial com os especialistas. Resultados Foram selecionados 17 indicadores da Nursing Outcomes Classification para a avaliação do paciente com lesão por pressão, com uma concordância de 100% entre os especialistas. São eles: Branqueamento, Eritema, Sensibilidade, Perfusão tissular, Hidratação/ Descamação, Espessura, Necrose, Odor desagradável na ferida, Pele com bolhas, Pele macerada, Descolamento Sob as bordas da Ferida, Inflamação Da Ferida, Exsudato/Drenagem, Granulação, Tunelamento, Formação de cicatriz e Tamanho da ferida. Conclusão e implicações para a prática os indicadores selecionados permitiram a elaboração de um instrumento que auxiliará na avaliação de pacientes com lesão por pressão de forma acurada. Esse instrumento subsidiará o enfermeiro na tomada de decisão diagnóstica e terapêutica da lesão por pressão.


Resumen Objetivos seleccionar los indicadores de resultados de enfermería Integridad tisular: piel y membranas mucosas (1101) y Cicatrización de heridas: segunda intención (1103) de la Nursing Outcomes Classification, y construir sus definiciones conceptuales y operativas para la evaluación de los pacientes con lesiones por presión. Métodos estudio de consenso de expertos realizado en un hospital universitario en septiembre/2018. Participaron en el estudio diez enfermeras. La recolección de datos se realizó a través de reuniones cara a cara con los especialistas. Resultados Se seleccionaron 17 indicadores de la Nursing Outcomes Classification para la evaluación del paciente con una lesión por presión, con el 100% de acuerdo entre los especialistas. Son ellos: Blanqueamiento, Eritema, Sensibilidad, Perfusión tisular, Hidratación / Descamación, Espesor, Necrosis, Olor desagradable en la herida, Piel con burbujas, Piel macerada, Descamación debajo de los bordes de la herida, Inflamación de la herida, Exudado/Drenaje, Granulación, Túneles, Formación de cicatrices y Tamaño de la herida. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los indicadores seleccionados permitieron la elaboración de un instrumento que ayudará en la evaluación de los pacientes con lesiones por presión. Este instrumento subvencionará a las enfermeras en la toma de decisiones diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la lesión por presión.


Abstract Objectives to select the nursing outcome indicators Tissue integrity: skin and mucous membranes (1101) and Wound healing: second intention (1103) of the Nursing Outcomes Classification, and to construct their conceptual and operational definitions for the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries. Methods expert consensus study conducted at a university hospital in September 2018. Ten nurses with experience in using the Nursing Outcomes Classification and in caring for patients with pressure injuries participated in the study. Data collection took place through face-to-face meetings with the specialists. Results Seventeen indicators from the Nursing Outcomes Classification were selected for the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries, with 100% agreement among the specialists. That's them: Blanching, Erythema, Sensation, Tissue perfusion, Hydration, Thickness, Necrosis, Foul wound odor, Blistered skin, Macerated skin, Undermining, Wound inflammation, Exudate/drainage, Granulation, Tunneling, Scar formation, Decreased wound size. Conclusion and implications for practice the selected indicators allowed the elaboration of an instrument that will assist in the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries in an accurate way. This instrument will assist the nurses in the diagnostic and therapeutic decision making of the pressure injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/pathology , Wound Healing , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pressure Ulcer/nursing , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Pressure Ulcer/diagnosis , Mucous Membrane/pathology
12.
Rev. patol. trop ; 50(3)2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292499

ABSTRACT

This study characterized and related yeasts of the genus Candida isolated from vaginal mucous membranes of women with lesions caused by high-risk HPV for cervical cancer. Forty-two women treated at the Lower Genital Tract Pathology Clinic of the University of São Paulo Medical School Hospital of Clinics were examined, with 30 high-grade (G1) uterine lesions with a mean age of 36.5 years ± 11. 1 and 12 with low grade (G2) uterine lesions with a mean age of 34.7 years ± 15.5. Clinical conditions and laboratory data on HPV were collected from patients' medical records; the socio-demographic data obtained from an appropriate questionnaire. For the study of association between the variables, Odds Ratio analysis was used from the STATA 13.1 program. Patients G1 had a higher prevalence for diabetes and the results indicated 27% prevalence of Candida spp. in vaginal mucosa, in G2 this was 33% in vaginal mucosa. Among the species found in vaginal mucosa of patients, Candida albicans was the most isolated with 88%, followed by C. tropicalis (8%) and C. glabrata (4%). The strains of C. albicans isolated from mucosa presented sensitivity to all antifungal agents tested, unlike the C. tropicalis strain isolated in G2 in vaginal mucosa, which presented a resistance profile to fluconazole. Thus, monitoring and supervision through clinical and laboratory testing of HPV patients is important, reinforcing the need for care, treatment and prevention of HPV-related infections and Candida spp.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Candida albicans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Mucous Membrane , Antifungal Agents
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(3): 350-355, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135027

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the differential expression of the thymic stromal lymphopoietin isoforms, short and long, and discern their biological implications under eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Methods: The expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin and its two isoforms in tissues was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in healthy controls (n = 24) and patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (n = 17). Results: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA was significantly reduced in eosinophilic gastroenteritis when compared with healthy controls (p < 0.0001). A significantly lower amount of short thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA was observed in eosinophilic gastroenteritis when compared with controls (p < 0.05), while a significantly higher amount of long thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA was observed in eosinophilic gastroenteritis when compared with controls (p < 0.05). Peak eosinophilic count is significantly positively correlated with the expression of long thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA in the gastrointestinal mucosal of patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (r s = 0.623, p < 0.005), while peak eosinophilic count is significantly negatively correlated with the expression of short thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA in the gastrointestinal mucosal of patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (r s = −0.4474, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Abnormal mucosal thymic stromal lymphopoietin expression may contribute to gastrointestinal mucosa damage in eosinophilic gastroenteritis.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar a expressão diferencial das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica, curta e longa, e discernir suas implicações biológicas na gastroenterite eosinofílica. Métodos: Avaliamos a expressão das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica e suas duas isoformas através da técnica RT-PCR quantitativa em tecidos de controles saudáveis (n = 24) e pacientes com gastroenterite eosinofílica (n = 17). Resultados: Demonstramos que o RNAm das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica estava significativamente reduzido na gastroenterite eosinofílica em comparação com os controles saudáveis (p < 0,0001). Também descobrimos uma quantidade significativamente menor de RNAm das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica curta na gastroenterite eosinofílica em comparação com os controles (p < 0,05) e uma quantidade significativamente maior de RNAm das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica longa na gastroenterite eosinofílica em comparação com os controles (p < 0,05). O pico da contagem eosinofílica está correlacionado positiva e significativamente com a expressão do RNAm das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica longa na mucosa gastrointestinal de pacientes com gastroenterite eosinofílica (rs = 0,623, p < 0,005), enquanto o pico de contagem eosinofílica está negativa e significativamente correlacionado com a expressão do RNAm das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica curta na mucosa gastrointestinal de pacientes com gastroenterite eosinofílica (rs = -0,4474, p < 0,05). Conclusões: A expressão anormal das isoformas da linfopoietina estromal tímica na mucosa pode contribuir para o dano da mucosa gastrointestinal na gastroenterite eosinofílica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteritis , Eosinophilia , Gastritis , Cytokines , Mucous Membrane
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2045-2052, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142299

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to morphometrically evaluate the ruminal mucosa and ruminal fluid characteristics of Santa Inês sheep fed different levels of spineless cactus as a replacement for Tifton grass hay. A total of 32 intact male Santa Inês sheep, approximately 180 days old and with a mean weight of 32.0±1.6kg, were studied in a completely randomized design with four treatments and eight replicates. The morphometric measurements evaluated in the ruminal epithelium (papilla height and surface area) were significantly affected (P< 0.05) by supplementation of the diet with spineless cactus, and these effects showed increasing linear trends. Evaluations of the ruminal fluid also showed a significant increasing linear effect (P< 0.05) for ammonia and a quadratic effect for microbial protein. The inclusion of spineless cactus in the sheep diet affects the ruminal epithelium morphology, including the papilla height and surface area, and favors the absorption process in the rumen. The diet containing higher levels of spineless cactus led to maximum microbial protein production. These results characterize spineless cactus as a feasible alternative for feeding sheep during periods of drought, when the typical food source is scarce.(AU)


O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar morfometricamente a mucosa ruminal e as características do líquido ruminal de ovinos Santa Inês alimentados com diferentes níveis de palma forrageira como substituta do feno de capim-Tifton. Um total de 32 ovinos, machos inteiros, da raça Santa Inês, com aproximadamente 180 dias de idade e peso médio de 32,0±1,6kg, foi estudado em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos e oito repetições. As medidas morfométricas avaliadas no epitélio ruminal (altura e área superficial da papila) foram significativamente afetadas (P<0,05) pela suplementação da dieta com palma forrageira, e esses efeitos mostraram tendências lineares crescentes. As avaliações do fluido ruminal também mostraram um efeito linear crescente significativo (P<0,05) para a amônia e um efeito quadrático para a proteína microbiana. A inclusão de palma forrageira na dieta de ovinos afeta a morfologia do epitélio ruminal, englobando a altura e a área da papila, e favorece o processo de absorção no rúmen. A dieta contendo níveis mais altos de palma forrageira levou à produção máxima de proteína microbiana. Esses resultados caracterizam a palma forrageira como uma alternativa viável para a alimentação de ovelhas durante períodos de seca, quando a fonte típica de alimento é escassa.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rumen/anatomy & histology , Sheep/anatomy & histology , Opuntia/chemistry , Mucous Membrane/anatomy & histology , Fatty Acids, Volatile
15.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 533-536, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156336

ABSTRACT

Resumen La esofagitis necrotizante aguda es una entidad poco común que afecta sobre todo a ancianos. La presentación clínica más común es hemorragia digestiva alta. El pronóstico depende de las enfermedades de base con una mortalidad de hasta el 50 %. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 77 años con historia de una semana de melena, 3 episodios de hematemesis y epigastralgia. La endoscopia digestiva alta reveló una mucosa con necrosis en parches y fibrina en el esófago medio y distal. La biopsia de esófago fue compatible con necrosis de mucosa.


Abstract Acute necrotizing esophagitis is a rare entity that affects mainly elderly patients. The most common clinical presentation is upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The prognosis depends on the underlying diseases, with a mortality of up to 50%. This is the case of a 77-year-old male patient who presented with melena, three episodes of hematemesis, and epigastric pain for a week. Upper endoscopy revealed mucosa with spotty necrosis and fibrin in the middle and distal esophagus. Esophageal biopsy was compatible with mucosal necrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Esophagus , Hemorrhage , Hematemesis , Melena , Mucous Membrane , Necrosis
16.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 4(4): 394-414, out.dez.2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382034

ABSTRACT

El angioedema hereditario (AEH) es una enfermedad genética rara, con una prevalencia aproximada entre 1 por cada 50.000 habitantes, caracterizada por episodios de edemas a nivel subcutáneo y de mucosas (abdominal, genitourinario, respiratoria), siendo potencialmente mortal cuando hay afectación de la laringe. En Perú se estiman 600 pacientes con AEH. El AEH se puede clasificar del siguiente modo: con deficiencia del inhibidor de C1 (tipos I y II), y sin deficiencia del inhibidor de C1 (denominado anteriormente tipo III). El diagnóstico de laboratorio incluye prueba de complemento C4, prueba cuantitativa y cualitativa para inhibidor de C1 esterasa, y estudios genéticos. Existen tratamientos específicos a nivel mundial para crisis agudas y profilaxis en AEH. Sin embargo, en Perú el único tratamiento registrado actualmente es el ecallantide, útil en crisis agudas; además, podemos utilizar tratamientos alternativos como el ácido tranexámico y el danazol. En esta segunda parte de la Guía de Práctica Clínica, presentamos las recomendaciones para el manejo y el tratamiento del AEH.


Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a genetic rare disease with a prevalence of approximately 1 per 50,000 inhabitants, characterized by episodes of edema at the subcutaneous level and mucous membranes (abdominal, genitourinary, respiratory), being potentially fatal when there is involvement of the larynx. In Peru, there are an estimated 600 patients with HAE. HAE can be classified as follows: with C1 inhibitor deficiency (types I and II), and without C1 inhibitor deficiency (previously called type III). Laboratory diagnosis includes C4 complement test, quantitative and qualitative test for C1 inhibitor esterase, and genetic studies. There are specific treatments worldwide for acute crises and prophylaxis in HAE; in Peru the only currently registered treatment is ecallantide, useful in acute crises; we can also use alternative treatments such as tranexamic acid and danazol. In this second part of the Clinical Practice Guide, we present the recommendations for the management and treatment of HAE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Therapeutics , Tranexamic Acid , Mass Screening , Angioedemas, Hereditary , Patients , Peru , Complement C4 , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnosis , Edema , Genetics , Mucous Membrane
17.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 4(4): 423-434, out.dez.2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382041

ABSTRACT

La contaminación ambiental, en todas sus vertientes, tiene un efecto de enormes dimensiones no sólo sobre la existencia del planeta, sino también sobre la salud de la humanidad. América Latina es una región privilegiada ambientalmente, debido a su gran acervo de patrimonio natural, biodiversidad y posibilidades de provisión de servicios ambientales. Pero, a su vez, es una de las regiones más urbanizadas del orbe, con las afectaciones y presión al medio ambiente que esto implica, principalmente en la calidad del aire que se respira, derivadas de antiguos patrones productivos y de ocupación territorial, que se han agudizado como consecuencia del modelo de desarrollo predominante. Los efectos sobre la salud humana de diversas sustancias contaminantes están relacionados a procesos inflamatorios sobre mucosas y al aumento de la morbimortalidad en personas con enfermedades preexistentes, principalmente de los sistemas neurológico, cardiaco y respiratorio, en particular las enfermedades alérgicas respiratorias. La región latinoamericana enfrenta importantes problemas ambientales, determinados por los patrones de uso de sus recursos naturales, los sistemas de producción, los hábitos de consumo de las poblaciones humanas y la regulación gubernamental ambiental, que en muchos casos es laxa o pobremente implementada por los gobiernos en turno.


Air quality, in all its dimensions, has a major effect not only on the existence of the planet, but also on human health. Latin America is an environmentally privileged region, due to its great wealth of natural heritage, biodiversity and possibilities of provision of environmental services. But, at the same time, it is one of the most urbanized regions in the world, with the effects and pressure on the environment that this implies, mainly in the air quality, due to patterns of production and of territorial occupation, which they have exacerbated as a result of the predominant development model. The effects of diverse pollutant substances on the human health are related to inflammatory processes on mucous membranes and to increased morbidity and mortality in people with pre-existing diseases, especially of the neurological, cardiac and respiratory systems, in particular respiratory allergic illnesses. The Latin American region faces important environmental problems determined by the patterns of use of its natural resources, systems of production, habits of consumption of the human populations, and environmental governmental regulation, which is often lax or poorly implemented by the local authorities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Health , Government Regulation , Air Pollution , Environmental Pollution , Allergy and Immunology , Latin America , Panama , Paraguay , Peru , Argentina , Population , Puerto Rico , Respiratory System , Trinidad and Tobago , Uruguay , Venezuela , Bolivia , Brazil , Chile , Colombia , Natural Resources , Costa Rica , Cuba , Biodiversity , Dominican Republic , Economics , Ecuador , El Salvador , Environment , Environmental Pollutants , Guatemala , Haiti , Honduras , Mexico , Mucous Membrane , Nicaragua
18.
Infectio ; 24(3): 182-186, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114863

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: We aimed to describe the microbiological characteristics of infections in patients from an oncological center during 2.014-2.016. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, a total of 7.837 cultures corresponding to 1.216 patients were included. Microbiological and sociodemographic data were taken from cancer diagnosed patients admitted to Oncólogos de Occidente S.A. in Pereira, Armenia, Manizales and Cartago from January 2.014 to December 2.016. The bacterial resistance profiles were defined according to the CLSI guideline. Culture foci were blood, urine, tissue biopsies, skin and soft tissues, mucous membranes and feces. Results: The culture-positive rate was 27,94%. Amongst 2.190 isolates, Escherichia coli (22,42%) was the most frequent, followed by Klebsiella pneumonia (21,27%), Pseudomona aeruginosa (13,83%) and Staphylococcus aureus (5,11%). The most common mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negatives were Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (45,45%) and AmpC-type β-lactamases (37,71%). Discussion: Up to nearly one-third of our participants' cultures were positive and a vast majority were gram-negatives, provided with ESBLs or AmpCs which in oncological patients it is a catastrophic outcome. We recommend to establish antibiotic dispensing policies thus achieving a microbiological risk control and improve the epidemiological surveillance. Empirical use of beta-lactams with extended spectrum or cephalosporins of 1 to 3 generation is not recommended due to the high resistance found.


Resumen Objetivo: Describir las características microbiológicas de las infecciones en pacientes de un centro oncológico durante 2.014-2.016 Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal. Incluyó 7.837 cultivos de 1.216 pacientes. Se recolectaron variables microbiológicas y sociodemográficas de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer en las sedes de Pereira, Armenia, Manizales y Cartago de Oncólogos de Occidente S.A. durante 2.014 hasta 2.016. Los perfiles de resistencia bacteriana se definieron de acuerdo con la guía CLSI. Los focos de cultivo fueron sangre, orina, biopsias de tejidos, piel y tejidos blandos, membranas mucosas y heces. Resultados: La tasa de cultivo positivo fue del 27,94%. De 2.190 aislamientos, E. coli (22,42%) fue el más frecuente, seguido de K. pneumoniae (21,27%), P. aeruginosa (13,83%) y S. aureus (5,11%). Los principales mecanismos de resistencia identificados en Gram negativos fueron β-lactamasas de espectro extendido (45,45%) y β-lactamasa de tipo AmpC (37,71%). Discusión: Cerca de un tercio de los cultivos de los participantes fueron positivos y una vasta mayoría fueron gram negativos, provistos con ESBL o AmpC, lo que en pacientes oncológicos es un desenlace catastrófico. Recomendamos establecer políticas de dispensación de antibióticos, logrando así un control de riesgo microbiológico y mejorar la vigilancia epidemiológica. No se recomienda el uso empírico de betalactámicos con espectro extendido o cefalosporinas de 1 a 3 generación debido a la alta tasa de resistencia encontrada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Cross Infection , Oncologists , Neoplasms , Staphylococcus aureus , Biopsy , Cancer Care Facilities , Colombia , Diagnosis , Escherichia coli , Epidemiological Monitoring , Infections , Mucous Membrane
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 371-375, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138634

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las lesiones del tracto genital femenino tras relaciones sexuales son un problema frecuente en las urgencias de ginecología, pero poco estudiado salvo su aspecto médico-legal. Su incidencia es desconocida ya que muchas mujeres no llegan a consultar por miedo o pudor. El reconocimiento precoz de estas lesiones y su correcto tratamiento puede evitar la parición de secuelas que acompañarán a nuestra paciente durante el resto de su vida. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 18 años con un desgarro perineal con mucosa vaginal íntegra tras su primera relación sexual.


ABSTRACT Injuries to the female genital tract after sexual intercourse are a frequent problem in gynecological emergencies, but little studied except for their medico-legal aspect. Its incidence is unknown since many women do not go to their specialist out of fear or embarrassment. Early recognition of these injuries and their correct treatment may prevent the appearance of sequelae that will accompany our patient for the rest of her life. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient with a perineal tear with intact vaginal mucosa after her first sexual intercourse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Vagina/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Coitus , Vagina/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Lacerations , Mucous Membrane/surgery , Mucous Membrane/injuries
20.
J. nurs. health ; 10(2): 20102010, mai.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1104139

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a produção científica acerca do teste de micronúcleo como instrumento para detecção de instabilidade genômica e dos fatores de risco para lesão intraepitelial cervical em pacientes com papilomavírus humano. Método: revisão integrativa de publicações dos últimos 10 anos, realizada no período de agosto de 2017 a junho de 2018, através da Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e PubMed Central. Resultados: quatro artigos foram analisados em que o teste de micronúcleo foi utilizado para detectar instabilidade genômica e risco de lesão intraepitelial cervical e seis artigos como biomarcador em diferentes estágios pré-neoplásicos, neoplásicos em lesões intraepiteliais e fatores de risco para o câncer cervical. Conclusões: o teste de micronúcleo é um método simples, rápido, barato e importante para detectar instabilidade genômica em células intraepiteliais cervicais que apresentam lesão sugestiva para o câncer de colo uterino.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the scientific production about the micronucleus test as an instrument for detecting genomic instability and risk factors for cervical intraepithelial injury in patients with human papillomavirus. Method: integrative review of publications from the last 10 years, carried out from August 2017 to June 2018, through Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences and PubMed Central. Results: four articles were analyzed in which the micronucleus test was used to detect genomic instability and risk of cervical intraepithelial injury and in six articles as a biomarker in different pre-neoplastic stages, neoplastic in intraepithelial injuries and risk factors for cervical cancer. Conclusions: the micronucleus test is a simple, fast, inexpensive and important method to detect genomic instability in cervical intraepithelial cells that present lesions suggestive of cervical cancer.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la producción científica sobre la prueba de micronúcleos como instrumento para detectar la inestabilidad genómica y los factores de riesgo de lesión intraepitelial cervical en pacientes con virus del papiloma humano. Método: revisión integradora de publicaciones de los últimos 10 años, realizada desde agosto de 2017 hasta junio de 2018, a través de la Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y PubMed Central. Resultados: se analizaron cuatro artículos en los que se utilizó la prueba de micronúcleos para detectar la inestabilidad genómica y el riesgo de lesión intraepitelial cervical y en seis artículos como biomarcador en diferentes etapas preneoplásicas, neoplásico en lesiones intraepiteliales y factores de riesgo de cáncer cervical. Conclusiones: la prueba de micronúcleos es un método simple, rápido, económico e importante para detectar la inestabilidad genómica en células intraepiteliales cervicales que presentan lesiones sugestivas de cáncer cervical.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Uterine Neoplasms/genetics , Micronucleus Tests , Genomic Instability , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/virology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Risk Factors , Mucous Membrane/pathology
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