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1.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 32-35, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252431

ABSTRACT

O Granuloma Piogênico (GP) é uma lesão de caráter inflamatório originado da membrana mucosa ou do tecido conjuntivo, que possui predileção por pacientes leucodermas, do sexo feminino, entre 11 e 40 anos, especialmente durante a gravidez. Clinicamente apresentase preferencialmente na maxila, com forma irregular, consistente, pediculado, de crescimento lento e sem sintomatologia dolorosa. As principais causas do GP são os traumas ou irritantes locais associados à má higiene oral. Histologicamente apresenta-se bastante vascularizado, organizado em agregados lobulares. O tratamento cirúrgico de escolha é a exérese total da lesão. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de granuloma piogênico com características clínicas incomuns, tratado cirurgicamente... (AU)


Piogenic Granuloma (GP) is an inflammatory lesion originating from the mucous membrane or connective tissue, which is predilected by female patients, between 11 and 40 years old, especially during pregnancy. Clinically it presents preferably in the maxilla, with irregular shape, consistent, pediculated, slow-growing and without painful symptomatology. The main causes of GP are the traumas or local irritants associated with poor oral hygiene. Histologically, it is quite vascularized, organized in lobular aggregates. The surgical treatment of choice is the total exeresis of the lesion. The objective of this study is to report a case of pyogenic granuloma with unusual clinical features, treated surgically... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Granuloma, Pyogenic , Mucous Membrane
2.
Rev. patol. trop ; 50(3)2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292499

ABSTRACT

This study characterized and related yeasts of the genus Candida isolated from vaginal mucous membranes of women with lesions caused by high-risk HPV for cervical cancer. Forty-two women treated at the Lower Genital Tract Pathology Clinic of the University of São Paulo Medical School Hospital of Clinics were examined, with 30 high-grade (G1) uterine lesions with a mean age of 36.5 years ± 11. 1 and 12 with low grade (G2) uterine lesions with a mean age of 34.7 years ± 15.5. Clinical conditions and laboratory data on HPV were collected from patients' medical records; the socio-demographic data obtained from an appropriate questionnaire. For the study of association between the variables, Odds Ratio analysis was used from the STATA 13.1 program. Patients G1 had a higher prevalence for diabetes and the results indicated 27% prevalence of Candida spp. in vaginal mucosa, in G2 this was 33% in vaginal mucosa. Among the species found in vaginal mucosa of patients, Candida albicans was the most isolated with 88%, followed by C. tropicalis (8%) and C. glabrata (4%). The strains of C. albicans isolated from mucosa presented sensitivity to all antifungal agents tested, unlike the C. tropicalis strain isolated in G2 in vaginal mucosa, which presented a resistance profile to fluconazole. Thus, monitoring and supervision through clinical and laboratory testing of HPV patients is important, reinforcing the need for care, treatment and prevention of HPV-related infections and Candida spp.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Candida albicans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Mucous Membrane , Antifungal Agents
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200155, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1133824

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos selecionar os indicadores dos resultados de enfermagem Integridade tissular: pele e mucosas (1101) e Cicatrização de feridas: segunda intenção (1103) da Nursing Outcomes Classification e construir suas definições conceituais e operacionais para a avaliação de pacientes com lesão por pressão. Métodos estudo de consenso de especialistas realizado em hospital universitário em setembro/2018. Participaram no estudo 10 enfermeiros com experiência na utilização da Nursing Outcomes Classification e no cuidado ao paciente com lesão por pressão. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de encontro presencial com os especialistas. Resultados Foram selecionados 17 indicadores da Nursing Outcomes Classification para a avaliação do paciente com lesão por pressão, com uma concordância de 100% entre os especialistas. São eles: Branqueamento, Eritema, Sensibilidade, Perfusão tissular, Hidratação/ Descamação, Espessura, Necrose, Odor desagradável na ferida, Pele com bolhas, Pele macerada, Descolamento Sob as bordas da Ferida, Inflamação Da Ferida, Exsudato/Drenagem, Granulação, Tunelamento, Formação de cicatriz e Tamanho da ferida. Conclusão e implicações para a prática os indicadores selecionados permitiram a elaboração de um instrumento que auxiliará na avaliação de pacientes com lesão por pressão de forma acurada. Esse instrumento subsidiará o enfermeiro na tomada de decisão diagnóstica e terapêutica da lesão por pressão.


Resumen Objetivos seleccionar los indicadores de resultados de enfermería Integridad tisular: piel y membranas mucosas (1101) y Cicatrización de heridas: segunda intención (1103) de la Nursing Outcomes Classification, y construir sus definiciones conceptuales y operativas para la evaluación de los pacientes con lesiones por presión. Métodos estudio de consenso de expertos realizado en un hospital universitario en septiembre/2018. Participaron en el estudio diez enfermeras. La recolección de datos se realizó a través de reuniones cara a cara con los especialistas. Resultados Se seleccionaron 17 indicadores de la Nursing Outcomes Classification para la evaluación del paciente con una lesión por presión, con el 100% de acuerdo entre los especialistas. Son ellos: Blanqueamiento, Eritema, Sensibilidad, Perfusión tisular, Hidratación / Descamación, Espesor, Necrosis, Olor desagradable en la herida, Piel con burbujas, Piel macerada, Descamación debajo de los bordes de la herida, Inflamación de la herida, Exudado/Drenaje, Granulación, Túneles, Formación de cicatrices y Tamaño de la herida. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los indicadores seleccionados permitieron la elaboración de un instrumento que ayudará en la evaluación de los pacientes con lesiones por presión. Este instrumento subvencionará a las enfermeras en la toma de decisiones diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la lesión por presión.


Abstract Objectives to select the nursing outcome indicators Tissue integrity: skin and mucous membranes (1101) and Wound healing: second intention (1103) of the Nursing Outcomes Classification, and to construct their conceptual and operational definitions for the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries. Methods expert consensus study conducted at a university hospital in September 2018. Ten nurses with experience in using the Nursing Outcomes Classification and in caring for patients with pressure injuries participated in the study. Data collection took place through face-to-face meetings with the specialists. Results Seventeen indicators from the Nursing Outcomes Classification were selected for the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries, with 100% agreement among the specialists. That's them: Blanching, Erythema, Sensation, Tissue perfusion, Hydration, Thickness, Necrosis, Foul wound odor, Blistered skin, Macerated skin, Undermining, Wound inflammation, Exudate/drainage, Granulation, Tunneling, Scar formation, Decreased wound size. Conclusion and implications for practice the selected indicators allowed the elaboration of an instrument that will assist in the evaluation of patients with pressure injuries in an accurate way. This instrument will assist the nurses in the diagnostic and therapeutic decision making of the pressure injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/pathology , Wound Healing , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pressure Ulcer/nursing , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Pressure Ulcer/diagnosis , Mucous Membrane/pathology
4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 533-536, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156336

ABSTRACT

Resumen La esofagitis necrotizante aguda es una entidad poco común que afecta sobre todo a ancianos. La presentación clínica más común es hemorragia digestiva alta. El pronóstico depende de las enfermedades de base con una mortalidad de hasta el 50 %. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 77 años con historia de una semana de melena, 3 episodios de hematemesis y epigastralgia. La endoscopia digestiva alta reveló una mucosa con necrosis en parches y fibrina en el esófago medio y distal. La biopsia de esófago fue compatible con necrosis de mucosa.


Abstract Acute necrotizing esophagitis is a rare entity that affects mainly elderly patients. The most common clinical presentation is upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The prognosis depends on the underlying diseases, with a mortality of up to 50%. This is the case of a 77-year-old male patient who presented with melena, three episodes of hematemesis, and epigastric pain for a week. Upper endoscopy revealed mucosa with spotty necrosis and fibrin in the middle and distal esophagus. Esophageal biopsy was compatible with mucosal necrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Esophagus , Hemorrhage , Hematemesis , Melena , Mucous Membrane , Necrosis
5.
Infectio ; 24(3): 182-186, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114863

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: We aimed to describe the microbiological characteristics of infections in patients from an oncological center during 2.014-2.016. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, a total of 7.837 cultures corresponding to 1.216 patients were included. Microbiological and sociodemographic data were taken from cancer diagnosed patients admitted to Oncólogos de Occidente S.A. in Pereira, Armenia, Manizales and Cartago from January 2.014 to December 2.016. The bacterial resistance profiles were defined according to the CLSI guideline. Culture foci were blood, urine, tissue biopsies, skin and soft tissues, mucous membranes and feces. Results: The culture-positive rate was 27,94%. Amongst 2.190 isolates, Escherichia coli (22,42%) was the most frequent, followed by Klebsiella pneumonia (21,27%), Pseudomona aeruginosa (13,83%) and Staphylococcus aureus (5,11%). The most common mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negatives were Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (45,45%) and AmpC-type β-lactamases (37,71%). Discussion: Up to nearly one-third of our participants' cultures were positive and a vast majority were gram-negatives, provided with ESBLs or AmpCs which in oncological patients it is a catastrophic outcome. We recommend to establish antibiotic dispensing policies thus achieving a microbiological risk control and improve the epidemiological surveillance. Empirical use of beta-lactams with extended spectrum or cephalosporins of 1 to 3 generation is not recommended due to the high resistance found.


Resumen Objetivo: Describir las características microbiológicas de las infecciones en pacientes de un centro oncológico durante 2.014-2.016 Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal. Incluyó 7.837 cultivos de 1.216 pacientes. Se recolectaron variables microbiológicas y sociodemográficas de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer en las sedes de Pereira, Armenia, Manizales y Cartago de Oncólogos de Occidente S.A. durante 2.014 hasta 2.016. Los perfiles de resistencia bacteriana se definieron de acuerdo con la guía CLSI. Los focos de cultivo fueron sangre, orina, biopsias de tejidos, piel y tejidos blandos, membranas mucosas y heces. Resultados: La tasa de cultivo positivo fue del 27,94%. De 2.190 aislamientos, E. coli (22,42%) fue el más frecuente, seguido de K. pneumoniae (21,27%), P. aeruginosa (13,83%) y S. aureus (5,11%). Los principales mecanismos de resistencia identificados en Gram negativos fueron β-lactamasas de espectro extendido (45,45%) y β-lactamasa de tipo AmpC (37,71%). Discusión: Cerca de un tercio de los cultivos de los participantes fueron positivos y una vasta mayoría fueron gram negativos, provistos con ESBL o AmpC, lo que en pacientes oncológicos es un desenlace catastrófico. Recomendamos establecer políticas de dispensación de antibióticos, logrando así un control de riesgo microbiológico y mejorar la vigilancia epidemiológica. No se recomienda el uso empírico de betalactámicos con espectro extendido o cefalosporinas de 1 a 3 generación debido a la alta tasa de resistencia encontrada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Cross Infection , Oncologists , Neoplasms , Staphylococcus aureus , Biopsy , Cancer Care Facilities , Colombia , Diagnosis , Escherichia coli , Epidemiological Monitoring , Infections , Mucous Membrane
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 371-375, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138634

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las lesiones del tracto genital femenino tras relaciones sexuales son un problema frecuente en las urgencias de ginecología, pero poco estudiado salvo su aspecto médico-legal. Su incidencia es desconocida ya que muchas mujeres no llegan a consultar por miedo o pudor. El reconocimiento precoz de estas lesiones y su correcto tratamiento puede evitar la parición de secuelas que acompañarán a nuestra paciente durante el resto de su vida. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 18 años con un desgarro perineal con mucosa vaginal íntegra tras su primera relación sexual.


ABSTRACT Injuries to the female genital tract after sexual intercourse are a frequent problem in gynecological emergencies, but little studied except for their medico-legal aspect. Its incidence is unknown since many women do not go to their specialist out of fear or embarrassment. Early recognition of these injuries and their correct treatment may prevent the appearance of sequelae that will accompany our patient for the rest of her life. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient with a perineal tear with intact vaginal mucosa after her first sexual intercourse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Vagina/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Coitus , Vagina/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Lacerations , Mucous Membrane/surgery , Mucous Membrane/injuries
7.
J. nurs. health ; 10(2): 20102010, mai.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1104139

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a produção científica acerca do teste de micronúcleo como instrumento para detecção de instabilidade genômica e dos fatores de risco para lesão intraepitelial cervical em pacientes com papilomavírus humano. Método: revisão integrativa de publicações dos últimos 10 anos, realizada no período de agosto de 2017 a junho de 2018, através da Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e PubMed Central. Resultados: quatro artigos foram analisados em que o teste de micronúcleo foi utilizado para detectar instabilidade genômica e risco de lesão intraepitelial cervical e seis artigos como biomarcador em diferentes estágios pré-neoplásicos, neoplásicos em lesões intraepiteliais e fatores de risco para o câncer cervical. Conclusões: o teste de micronúcleo é um método simples, rápido, barato e importante para detectar instabilidade genômica em células intraepiteliais cervicais que apresentam lesão sugestiva para o câncer de colo uterino.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the scientific production about the micronucleus test as an instrument for detecting genomic instability and risk factors for cervical intraepithelial injury in patients with human papillomavirus. Method: integrative review of publications from the last 10 years, carried out from August 2017 to June 2018, through Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences and PubMed Central. Results: four articles were analyzed in which the micronucleus test was used to detect genomic instability and risk of cervical intraepithelial injury and in six articles as a biomarker in different pre-neoplastic stages, neoplastic in intraepithelial injuries and risk factors for cervical cancer. Conclusions: the micronucleus test is a simple, fast, inexpensive and important method to detect genomic instability in cervical intraepithelial cells that present lesions suggestive of cervical cancer.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la producción científica sobre la prueba de micronúcleos como instrumento para detectar la inestabilidad genómica y los factores de riesgo de lesión intraepitelial cervical en pacientes con virus del papiloma humano. Método: revisión integradora de publicaciones de los últimos 10 años, realizada desde agosto de 2017 hasta junio de 2018, a través de la Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y PubMed Central. Resultados: se analizaron cuatro artículos en los que se utilizó la prueba de micronúcleos para detectar la inestabilidad genómica y el riesgo de lesión intraepitelial cervical y en seis artículos como biomarcador en diferentes etapas preneoplásicas, neoplásico en lesiones intraepiteliales y factores de riesgo de cáncer cervical. Conclusiones: la prueba de micronúcleos es un método simple, rápido, económico e importante para detectar la inestabilidad genómica en células intraepiteliales cervicales que presentan lesiones sugestivas de cáncer cervical.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Uterine Neoplasms/genetics , Micronucleus Tests , Genomic Instability , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/virology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Risk Factors , Mucous Membrane/pathology
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 174-179, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136174

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Although estrogen therapy is widely used against post-menopausal symptoms, it can present adverse effects, including endometrial cancer. Soy isoflavones are considered a possible alternative to estrogen therapy. However, there are still concerns whether isoflavones exert trophic effects on the uterine cervix. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the histomorphometric and immunohistochemical alterations in the uterine cervix of ovariectomized rats treated with soy isoflavones (Iso). METHODS Fifteen adult Wistar rats were ovariectomized (Ovx) and divided into three groups: Group I (Ovx), administered with vehicle solution; Group II (OVX-Iso), administered with concentrated extract of Iso (150 mg/kg) by gavage; and Group III (OVX-E2), treated with 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg), subcutaneously. After 30 days of treatments, the uterine cervix was fixed in 10% formaldehyde and processed for paraffin-embedding. Sections were stained with Hematoxylin and eosin for morphological and morphometric studies or subjected to immunohistochemistry for detections of Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (Vegf-A). The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS We noted an atrophic uterine cervix in GI, whereas it was more voluminous in GII and even more voluminous in GIII. The thickness of the cervical mucosa was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to GI and GII. The cell proliferation (Ki-67) was significantly elevated in the estradiol and isoflavones treated groups, whereas Vegf-A immunoexpression was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to groups GII and GI. CONCLUSIONS Soy isoflavones cause less trophic and proliferative effects in the uterine cervix of rats as compared to estrogen.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO Embora a terapia estrogênica seja amplamente utilizada contra sintomas pós-menopausais, ela pode apresentar efeitos adversos, incluindo câncer de mama e endometrial. Assim, as isoflavonas da soja são consideradas uma alternativa possível à terapia estrogênica. No entanto, ainda há controvérsias se estes compostos exercem efeitos tróficos significativos no colo do útero. OBJETIVOS Avaliar as alterações histomorfométricas e imuno-histoquímicas no colo do útero de ratas ovariectomizadas tratadas com isoflavonas da soja (iso). MÉTODOS Quinze ratas Wistar adultas foram ovariectomizadas bilateralmente (Ovx) e separadas em três grupos: Grupo I (Ovx) - veículo (propilenoglicol); Grupo II (Ovx-Iso) - receberam extrato concentrado de Iso (150 mg/kg) e Grupo III (Ovx-E2) - tratado com 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg); as soluções foram administradas via gavagem por 30 dias consecutivos. Posteriormente, os colos uterinos foram retirados, fixados em formaldeído a 10% tamponado e processados para inclusão em parafina. Cortes (4 µm) foram coradas com hematoxilina e eosina para estudo morfológico e morfométricos, enquanto outros foram submetidos à imuno-histoquímica para detecção de Ki-67 e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular-A (Vegf-A). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística (p≤0,05). RESULTADOS Observamos a presença de colo uterino atrófico no GI (Ovx), sendo este mais volumoso no GII (Ovx+Iso) e ainda mais volumoso no GIII (Ovx+E2). A espessura da mucosa cervical foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GI (Ovx) e ao GII (Ovx-Iso). A proliferação celular (Ki-67) foi significativamente mais elevada nos grupos tratados com estradiol e isoflavonas, enquanto a imunoexpressão de Vegf-A foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GII (Ovx-Iso) e ao GI (Ovx-E2). CONCLUSÕES As isoflavonas da soja causam menos efeitos tróficos e proliferativos no colo do útero de ratas em comparação ao estrogênio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cervix Uteri/drug effects , Phytoestrogens/pharmacology , Estrogens/pharmacology , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Ovariectomy , Random Allocation , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Epithelium/drug effects , Mucous Membrane/drug effects
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787233

ABSTRACT

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male with a prior history of acute calculous cholangitis and perforated cholecystitis was admitted to the Kyungpook National University Hospital complaining of fever and nausea. He had an indwelling percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) catheter from the previous episode of perforated cholecystitis. An abdominal CT scan showed marked dilation of both the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Common bile duct cancer was confirmed histologically after an endobiliary biopsy. A surgical resection was considered to be the initial treatment option. During open surgery, multiple metastatic nodules were present in the small bowel mesentery and anterior abdominal wall. Resection of the tumor was not feasible, so endobiliary RFA was performed prior to biliary stenting. Cholecystectomy was required for the removal of the PTGBD catheter, but the surgical procedure could not be performed due to a cystic ductal invasion of the tumor. Instead, chemical ablation of the gallbladder (GB) with pure ethanol was performed to breakdown the GB mucosa. Palliative treatment for a biliary obstruction was achieved successfully using these procedures. In addition, a PTGBD catheter was removed successfully without significant side effects. As a result, an improvement in the patient's quality of life was accomplished.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Aged , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biopsy , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Ethanol , Fever , Gallbladder , Humans , Male , Mesentery , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Necrosis , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785339

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Osteitis refers to the development of new bone formation and remodeling of bone in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients; it is typically associated with eosinophilia, nasal polyps (NPs), and recalcitrant CRS. However, the roles of ossification in CRS with or without NPs remain unclear due to the lack of appropriate animal models. Thus, it is necessary to have a suitable animal model for greater advances in the understanding of CRS pathogenesis.METHODS: BALB/c mice were administered ovalbumin (OVA) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). The numbers of osteoclasts and osteoblasts and bony changes were assessed. Micro computed tomography (micro-CT) scans were conducted to measure bone thickness. Immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were performed to evaluate runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteonectin, interleukin (IL)-13, and RUNX2 downstream gene expression. Gene set enrichment analysis was performed in mucosal tissues from control and CRS patients. The effect of resveratrol was evaluated in terms of osteogenesis in a murine eosinophilic CRS NP model.RESULTS: The histopathologic changes showed markedly thickened bones with significant increase in osteoblast numbers in OVA/SEB-treated mice compared to the phosphate-buffered saline-treated mice. The structural changes in bone on micro-CT were consistent with the histopathological features. The expression of RUNX2 and IL-13 was increased by the administration of OVA/SEB and showed a positive correlation. RUNX2 expression mainly co-localized with osteoblasts. Bioinformatic analysis using human CRS transcriptome revealed that IL-13-induced bony changes via RUNX2. Treatment with resveratrol, a candidate drug against osteitis, diminished the expression of IL-13 and RUNX2, and the number of osteoblasts in OVA/SEB-treated mice.CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we found the histopathological and radiographic evidence of osteogenesis using a previously established murine eosinophilic CRS NP model. This animal model could provide new insights into the pathophysiology of neo-osteogenesis and provide a basis for developing new therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Computational Biology , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Enterotoxins , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-13 , Interleukins , Mice , Models, Animal , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nose , Osteitis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteonectin , Ovalbumin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sinusitis , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome
12.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 35(81): 41-50, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179866

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones del tejido blando periimplantar condicionan la apariencia estética y el pronóstico clínico de los implantes y son, en la actualidad, cada vez más diagnosticadas. Los defectos gingivales asociados a implantes dentales incluyen recesiones, fenestraciones o dehiscencias en la superficie mucosa vestibular, inflamación gingival, ausencia de encía insertada/queratinizada, falta de volumen y presencia de concavidades gingivales que generan sombras y oscuridad en la mucosa. La detección de éstas en forma temprana permite establecer un plan de tratamiento en busca de soluciones eficaces. Mediante la presentación de una serie de casos, abordaremos distintos procedimientos para aumento de los tejidos blandos periimplantarios y la corrección de defectos. La ganancia de encía queratinizada ha demostrado tener un impacto positivo en la estabilidad a largo plazo de todos los tejidos implantarios (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/transplantation , Gingival Diseases , Mucous Membrane , Surgical Flaps , Tooth Extraction , Oral Surgical Procedures
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762183

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study therefore aimed to assess the direct impact of PM with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) on the barrier function and TJ molecular expression of human nasal epithelial cells. METHODS: Air-liquid interface cultures were established with epithelial cells derived from noninflammatory nasal mucosal tissue collected from patients undergoing paranasal sinus surgery. Confluent cultures were exposed to 50 or 100 µg/mL PM2.5 for up to 72 hours, and assessed for 1) epithelial barrier integrity as measured by transepithelial resistance (TER) and permeability of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) 4 kDa; 2) expression of TJs using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining, and 3) proinflammatory cytokines by luminometric bead array or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Compared to control medium, 50 and/or 100 µg/mL PM2.5-treatment 1) significantly decreased TER and increased FITC permeability, which could not be restored by budesonide pretreatment; 2) significantly decreased the expression of claudin-1 messenger RNA, claudin-1, occludin and ZO-1 protein; and 3) significantly increased production of the cytokines interleukin-8, TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to PM2.5 may lead to loss of barrier function in human nasal epithelium through decreased expression of TJ proteins and increased release of proinflammatory cytokines. These results suggest an important mechanism of susceptibility to rhinitis and rhinosinusitis in highly PM2.5-polluted areas.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Budesonide , Claudin-1 , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Fluorescein , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Interleukin-8 , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Mucosa , Occludin , Particulate Matter , Permeability , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rhinitis , RNA, Messenger , Tight Junctions
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811262

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) are commonly performed for the treatment of gingival recession due to their high predictability. This study evaluated and histologically compared connective tissue grafts in terms of the presence of epithelial remnants and composition of the tissue types that were present (epithelium, lamina propria, and submucosa).METHODS: Ten patients underwent epithelium removal using 2 different techniques: the use of a blade (group B) and through abrasion (group A). Twenty samples were collected and each tissue type was analyzed histologically in terms of its area, thickness, and proportion of the total area of the graft.RESULTS: In 4 samples (40%) from group B (n=10) and 2 samples (20%) from group A (n=10), the presence of an epithelial remnant was observed, but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Likewise, no statistically significant differences were observed between the groups regarding the area, mean thickness, or proportion of the total area for any of the tissue types (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Histologically, SCTGs did not show statistically significant differences in terms of their tissue composition depending on whether they were separated from the epithelial tissue by abrasion or by using a blade.


Subject(s)
Connective Tissue , Epithelium , Gingival Recession , Humans , Mucous Membrane , Transplants
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted mandibular third molar surgery.METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 30 patients (16 women, 14 men) with bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars. Thirty subjects randomly received either the IO injection or conventional IANB at two successive appointments. A split-mouth design was used in which each patient underwent treatment of a tooth with one of the techniques and treatment of the homologous contralateral tooth with the other technique. The subjects received 1.8 mL of 2% articaine. Subjects' demographic data, pain levels during anesthesia induction, tooth extractions, and mouth opening on postoperative first, third, and seventh days were recorded. Pain assessment ratings were recorded using the 100-mm visual analog scale. The latency and duration of the anesthetic effect, complications, and operation duration were also analyzed in this study. The duration of anesthetic effect was considered using an electric pulp test and by probing the soft tissue with an explorer.RESULTS: Thirty patients aged between 18 and 47 years (mean age, 25 years) were included in this study. The IO injection was significantly less painful with lesser soft tissue numbness and quicker onset of anesthesia and lingual mucosa anesthesia with single needle penetration than conventional IANB. Moreover, 19 out of 30 patients (63%) preferred transcortical anesthesia. Mouth opening on postoperative first day was significantly better with intraosseous injection than with conventional IANB (P = 0.013).CONCLUSION: The IO anesthetic system is a good alternative to IANB for extraction of the third molar with less pain during anesthesia induction and sufficient depth of anesthesia for the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Appointments and Schedules , Carticaine , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Jupiter , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Needles , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Visual Analog Scale
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 522-526, dic. 28, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224620

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this case report is to describe the surgical removal of a mucocele and its histological analysis, in a child. Case Report: An 11-year-old female patient attended the Pediatric Dentistry clinic complaining of a lower lip lesion. During the anamnesis, the mother reported that the child had a habit of biting and sucking the spot frequently. Clinical examination showed the lesion was compatible with a mucocele. The proposed treatment was a complete enucleation of the lesion under local anesthesia. The incision and tissue divulsion were performed for maximum preservation of the mucosa, avoiding a possible recurrence. Total adjacent glands removal was also performed. The lesion was placed in 10% formaldehyde for histopathological analysis (H&E Staining), which showed dense connective tissue presenting chronic inflammatory infiltrate and extravasated mucin, presence of granulation tissue delimiting the area of extravasated mucin and presence of minor salivary glands. The patient was advised to quit the habit, and after seven days the sutures were removed. At the one-year follow-up there was no recurrence of the lesion. Conclusion: The proposed treatment proved to be effective without recurrence of the lesion.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este reporte de caso es describir la extirpación quirúrgica de un mucocele y su análisis histológico en un niño. Informe del caso: una paciente de 11 años de edad asistió a la clínica de Odontopediatria quejándose de una lesión en el labio inferior. Durante la anamnesis, la madre informó que el niño tenía la costumbre de morder y chupar el lugar con frecuencia. En el examen clínico, la lesión fue compatible con un mucocele. El tratamiento propuesto fue una enucleación completa de la lesión bajo anestesia local. La incisión y la divulgación del tejido se realizaron para la máxima preservación de la mucosa, evitando una posible recurrencia. También se realizó la extracción total de las glándulas adyacentes. La lesión se colocó en formaldehído al 10% para el análisis histopatológico (tinción H&E), que mostró tejido conectivo denso que presenta infiltrado inflamatorio crónico y mucina extravasada, presencia de tejido de granulación que delimita el área de mucina extravasada y presencia de glándulas salivales menores. Se aconsejó al paciente que abandonara el hábito, y después de siete días se retiraron las suturas. En el seguimiento de un año no hubo recurrencia de la lesión. Conclusión: El tratamiento propuesto demostró ser efectivo sin recurrencia de la lesión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Lip/surgery , Lip Diseases/surgery , Mucocele/surgery , Histological Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Pediatric Dentistry , Mucous Membrane
17.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(3): 39-43, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253811

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O lábio duplo é caracterizado por excesso de tecido na mucosa labial, de aspecto normal, podendo acometer o lábio superior, inferior ou ambos. Ocorre com maior incidência no lábio superior, de forma uni ou bilateral, podendo ser congênito ou adquirido. A alteração geralmente é perceptível em repouso, durante a fala ou sorriso. O tratamento cirúrgico pode ser necessário, caso o paciente apresente comprometimento estético e/ou funcional. Relato de caso: Neste trabalho, é descrito um caso clínico de lábio duplo, adquirido em paciente do sexo masculino de 40 anos de idade cujas queixas eram estéticas e funcionais. Considerações Finais: Foi realizada cirurgia para remoção do excesso tecidual com incisão por planos em forma de elipse, solucionando, assim, a deformidade... (AU)


Introduction: The double lip is characterized by excess of tissue in the labial mucosa, of normal aspect, being able to affect the upper lip, inferior or both. Occurring with greater incidence in the upper lip of uni or bilateral form, being able to be congenital or acquired. The change is usually noticeable at rest, during speech or smile. Surgical treatment may be necessary if the patient presents with aesthetic and/ or functional impairment. Case report: This paper describes a clinical case of double lip acquired in a 40-year-old male patient, whose complaints were aesthetic and functional. Final considerations: Surgery was performed to remove tissue excess with incision through ellipse-shaped planes, thus solving the deformity... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgery, Oral , Congenital Abnormalities , Lip , Lip Diseases , Smiling , Speech , Tooth Eruption , Lifting , Mucous Membrane
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 541-547, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002256

ABSTRACT

The structural characteristics of the skin, types and distribution of mucous cells of Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) were studied at the light microscope level, stained with Haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Alcian blue-periodie acid Schiff (ABPAS). The skin of both was composed of epidermis and dermis. The dermis was divided into stratum spongiosum and stratum compactum. The stained color of stratum compactum was stained more deeply than that of stratum spongiosum. The skin thickness displayed differences in the fish at different body positions. The thickest of epidermis layer was on the dorsal region for Yangtze sturgeon, reversely, the thinnest was the mandibular region; Stratum spongiosum on the mandibular region was the thickest, the stratum spongiosum of the maxillary region was not obvious. In summary, keratinized spines, a kind of keratin derivative, are widely distributed in the mandibular, ventral, dorsal, and caudal peduncle skin surface for Yangtze sturgeon, and some pit organs mainly present in the skin surface of the maxillary and ventral regions. In short, the small amount of mucous cells in the skin of Yangtze sturgeon and the type of mucous cell were main Type IV, nevertheless there was a distribution of a few Type III.


Se estudiaron las características estructurales de la piel, los tipos y la distribución de las células mucosas del esturión Yangtze (Acipenser dabryanus) con microscopio de luz, teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina (HE) y azul alcián-ácido de Schiff (AB-PAS). La piel estaba compuesta por epidermis y dermis. La dermis se dividía en estrato esponjoso y estrato compacto. El grosor de la piel mostró diferencias en los peces en diferentes posiciones del cuerpo. La capa más gruesa de la epidermis se observó en la región dorsal del esturión Yangtze; a la inversa, la más delgada en la región mandibular. El estrato esponjoso en la región mandibular era el más grueso, el estrato esponjoso de la región maxilar no era visualizado. En resumen, las espinas queratinizadas, un tipo derivado de la queratina, estaban ampliamente distribuidas en la superficie de la piel del pedúnculo mandibular, ventral, dorsal y caudal en el esturión Yangtze, y algunos órganos en fosas, presentes principalmente en la superficie de la piel de las regiones mandibular y ventral. En resumen, la pequeña cantidad de células mucosas en la piel del esturión Yangtze y el tipo de célula mucosa eran células principales tipo IV, sin embargo, se observaron algunas células tipo III.


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin/ultrastructure , Fishes/anatomy & histology , Mucous Membrane/ultrastructure , Dermis/ultrastructure , Epidermis/ultrastructure , Mucus/cytology
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(2): 197-201, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013936

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 74 años quien ingresó con síntomas de sangrado digestivo alto, se realizó una endoscopia de vías digestivas altas y se encontraron dos lesiones en el estómago: una elevada de centro ulcerado y otra subepitelial, lo que llevó a completar los estudios con una ecoendoscopia gástrica que mostró una lesión mucosa que infiltraba la submucosa sugestiva de cáncer gástrico temprano y otra lesión subepitelial dependiente de la muscular, sugestivas de un tumor gastrointestinal estromal (GIST); los estudios de estatificación no evidenciaron compromiso metastásico, por lo que se llevó al manejo quirúrgico con la posterior confirmación histológica de los hallazgos.


Abstract We present the case of a 74-year-old male patient who was admitted with symptoms of upper digestive bleeding. Endoscopy of his upper digestive tract found an ulcerated lesion and a subepithelial lesion in his stomach. Complete studies including gastric endoscopic ultrasound showed a mucosal lesion infiltrating the submucosa which was suggestive of early gastric cancer as well as a subepithelial lesion on the muscle that was suggestive of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Staging showed no metastatic compromise, so surgery was performed, and histology subsequently confirmed the findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Endosonography , Endoscopy , Mucous Membrane
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(4): 38-41, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253645

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Tumor de células granulares é uma lesão, que foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1926, por Abrikosoff, ocorrendo geralmente entre a segunda e a quinta década de vida, predominantemente em mulheres negras, sendo raro o acometimento em crianças. A característica clínica é de uma lesão séssil, não sangrante, coloração da mucosa, indolor, tamanho aproximado de 1,0 cm, firme à palpação. Relato de caso: Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar um relato de caso de um tumor de células granulares localizado no dorso da língua de uma criança. Foi realizado excisão cirúrgica. O paciente segue em acompanhamento de 3 anos, sem recidiva. Consideracões finais: É importante relatar que o TCG é uma lesão incomum em crianças. Apresenta-se como um tumor benigno, sendo raro o aparecimento da variante maligna. Recidiva é incomum. A remoção cirúrgica é o tratamento indicado... (AU)


Introduction: Granular cell tumor is an injury that was described for the first time in 1926 by Abrikosoff, a histologically similar tumor with skeletal muscle fibers. It is suggested that this lesion originates from the skeletal muscles, this type of lesion usually occurs between the second and fifth decade of life, occurs predominantly in women and blacks, and is uncommon in children, presents as a sessile, non-bleeding, painless mucosal color lesion, approximately 1.0 cm in size, firm the palpation and the skin covering the lesion remain intact without ulcerations. Case report: Thus, this work aims to present a case report of a surgical excision of a granular cell tumor located on the back of a child's tongue after incisional biopsy and with the histopathological result confirming that it was a granular cell tumor. Surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia, where it goes through 3 years of follow-up without relapse. Final considerations: It is important to report that GCT is an uncommon injury in children. It presents as a benign tumor, being rare the appearance of the malignant variant. Relapse is uncommon. Surgical removal is the indicated treatment... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Surgery, Oral , Tongue , Tongue/surgery , Granular Cell Tumor , Neoplasms , Biopsy , Anesthesia, General , Mucous Membrane
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