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2.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1620, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408456

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad tromboembólica venosa es una complicación frecuente en las hemopatías malignas, con incidencia similar a la observada en tumores sólidos de alto riesgo trombótico. Objetivo: Describir la influencia de factores de riesgo y biomarcadores de la enfermedad tromboembólica venosa asociada a hemopatías malignas y su aplicación en el diseño de modelos de evaluación de riesgo para la prevención de esta enfermedad. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión exhaustiva en la literatura especializada de artículos publicados sobre la temática a través de las bases de datos: PubMed, SciELO, ScienceDirect, Medline y el motor de búsqueda Google académico. Análisis y síntesis de la información: En pacientes con hemopatías malignas han sido descritos múltiples factores de riesgo para la ocurrencia de eventos tromboembólicos venosos: moleculares, relacionados con el paciente, la enfermedad y el tratamiento, así como biomarcadores de riesgo. Basados en ellos, varias investigaciones han sido desarrolladas para elaborar y validar modelos predictivos de enfermedad tromboembólica venosa que guíen la estratificación del riesgo y el tratamiento profiláctico de esta enfermedad en hemopatías malignas, aunque aún son insuficientes. Enfermedades como los linfomas y el mieloma múltiple tienen más investigaciones en esta área que el resto de las hemopatías malignas. Conclusión: Se necesita diseñar nuevos modelos de riesgo y validar los existentes en un mayor número de casos; así como desarrollar estudios prospectivos en pacientes con riesgo de eventos tromboembólicos y hemopatías malignas, para realizar una estrategia de prevención primaria personalizada con estratificación de la tromboprofilaxis(AU)


Introduction: Venous thromboembolic disease is a frequent complication in hematologic malignancies with incidence similar to that observed in solid tumors with high thrombotic risk. Objective: To describe the influence of risk factors and biomarkers of venous thromboembolic disease associated with hematologic malignancies and their application in the design of risk assessment models for the prevention of this disease. Methods: An exhaustive review was carried out in the specialized literature of articles published on the subject using the following databases: PubMed, SciELO, ScienceDirect, Medline and the academic Google search engine. Analysis and synthesis of the information: Multiple risk factors for the occurrence of venous thromboembolism have been described in patients with hematologic malignancies: patient-related, disease-related, treatment-related and molecular, as well as biomarkers of risk. Based on these, several investigations have been developed to elaborate and validate predictive venous thromboembolism models to guide risk stratification and prophylactic treatment of venous thromboembolic disease in hematologic malignancies, although they are still insufficient. Lymphomas and multiple myeloma have more research in this area than other hematologic malignancies. Conclusion: There is a need to design new risk models and validate existing ones in a larger number of cases, as well as to develop prospective studies in patients at risk of thromboembolic events and hematologic malignancies, to carry out a personalized primary prevention strategy with thromboprophylaxis stratification(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Prevention , Biomarkers , Risk Assessment , Hematologic Neoplasms/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/complications , Multiple Myeloma , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 222-228, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366039

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: In this era of target therapies, novel data on the correlation between response endpoints and survival outcomes in multiple myeloma have arisen. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of quality of response on clinical outcomes, using first-line treatment, and identify risk factors influencing progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) among myeloma patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis on myeloma patients who were treated at the Clinic of Hematology and Clinical Immunology, University Clinical Centre, Niš, Serbia, over a four-year period. METHODS: A total of 108 newly diagnosed patients who received first-line therapy consisting of conventional chemotherapy or novel agent-based regimens were included in this analysis. RESULTS: The quality of response to first-line therapy for the whole cohort was classified as follows: complete response (CR) in 19%; very good partial response (VGPR) in 23%; partial response (PR) in 38%; and less than PR for the remaining patients. After a median follow-up of 25.4 months, the three-year PFS and OS for the entire study population were 47% and 70%, respectively. Achievement of CR was the main factor associated with significantly prolonged PFS and OS, in comparison with patients who reached VGPR and PR. Likewise, addition of the new drugs bortezomib and thalidomide to standard chemotherapy led to considerably extended PFS and OS, compared with conventional therapy alone. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis demonstrated that the quality of response after application of first-line treatment using novel agent-based regimens among multiple myeloma patients was a prognostic factor for PFS and OS, which are the most clinically relevant outcomes.


Subject(s)
Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Serbia , Bortezomib/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 199-205, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodesoxyglucose positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (PET-CT) has a high sensitivity and specificity to detect medullary and extramedullary lesions in multiple myeloma (MM). AIM: To describe the findings of PET-CT in extramedullary multiple myeloma (EMM) at diagnosis and at relapse, and correlate its results with clinical variables, response to treatment and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of medical records and PET-CT reports of 39 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who had at least one PET-CT study, treated between January 1, 2015, and January 1, 2019 at a clinical hospital. RESULTS: The Standard Uptake Values for each hypermetabolic lesion were not described in PET-CT reports. Fifteen patients had an EMM and in eight, without a previous clinical suspicion, PET-TC lead to the diagnosis. The mortality rate in the 39 patients with MM was 46%. Sixty seven percent of deaths occurred in patients with EMM. CONCLUSIONS: PET-TC was useful to diagnose EMM. However, a standardization in PETCT reports would be required to unify criteria. As previously reported, EMM had a greater aggressiveness and lower survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Radiopharmaceuticals , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
6.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(2)Abr.-Jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377692

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O mieloma múltiplo é caracterizado como uma neoplasia maligna plasmocitária com a proliferação anormal de plasmócitos clonais na medula óssea de etiologia desconhecida. Objetivo: Caracterizar os pacientes com mieloma múltiplo atendidos no Setor de Estômato-Odontologia e Prótese do INCA, por meio de dados sociodemográficos, clínicos, laboratoriais e radiográficos. Método: Estudo transversal retrospectivo de pacientes com diagnóstico de mieloma múltiplo, no período de 2000 a 2018, que realizaram radiografia panorâmica no período do diagnóstico da doença. Os dados sociodemográficos e clínico-radiográficos da população em estudo foram coletados nos prontuários dos pacientes, armazenados em banco de dados, analisados de forma descritiva e submetidos ao teste não paramétrico X2 (qui-quadrado). Resultados: Na amostra final, foram totalizados 163 casos. A maioria era de homens (56,4%), brancos (55,8%), com idade ≤55 anos (54%), ensino fundamental incompleto (30,7%), não fumantes (54,6%) e não bebedores (54,6%). Havia lesões líticas em 46 pacientes (28,2%) com predileção pela mandíbula (82,6%; p=0,000). Houve maior frequência de margens parcialmente definidas (50,0%), não escleróticas (78,2%) e de aspecto unilocular (43,5%). Dos 46 pacientes que apresentaram lesão lítica maxilomandibular, 27 pacientes tinham >55 anos (p=0,042). Conclusão: Há maior ocorrência de lesões ósseas na mandíbula quando comparada à maxila


Introduction: Multiple myeloma is defined as a plasma cells malignant neoplasm with abnormal proliferation of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow of unknown etiology. Objective: To characterize patients with multiple myeloma treated at INCA's Department of Stomato-Dentistry and Prosthodontics, utilizing sociodemographic, clinical, laboratory and radiographic data. Method: Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma from 2000 to 2018 who underwent panoramic radiography at the diagnosis of the disease. The sociodemographic and clinical-radiographic data of the study population were collected from the patients' medical records stored in a database, analyzed descriptively and submitted to the X2 non-parametric test (chisquare). Results: In the final sample, 163 cases were totaled, mostly men (56.4%), white (55.8%), aged ≤55 years (54%), with incomplete elementary education (30.7%), non-smokers (54.6%), and non-alcoholics (54.6%). There were lytic lesions in 46 patients (28.2%) concentrated in the mandible (82.6%; p=0.000). Higher frequency of partially defined margins (50.0%), non-sclerotic (78.2%) and unilocular aspect (43.5%) were found. Of the 46 patients who presented with a maxillomandibular lytic lesion, 27 were older than 55 years (p=0.042). Conclusion: There was higher occurrence of bone lesions in the mandible when compared to the maxila


Introducción: El mýeloma multiple se caracteriza por ser una neoplasia maligna de células plasmáticas con proliferación anormal de células plasmáticas clonales en la médula ósea de etiología desconocida. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con mýeloma multiple atendidos en el Departamento de Estomato-Odontología y Prostodoncia del INCA, utilizando datos sociodemográficos, clínicos, de laboratorio y radiográficos. Método: Estudio transversal retrospectivo de pacientes diagnosticados de mýeloma multiple de 2000 a 2018 a los que se les realizó una radiografía panorámica durante el período de diagnóstico de la enfermedad. Los datos sociodemográficos y clinicorradiográficos de la población de estudio fueron recolectados de la historia clínica de los pacientes, almacenados en una base de datos, analizados descriptivamente y sometidos a la prueba no paramétrica X2 (chi-cuadrado). Resultados: En la muestra final, había un total de 163 casos, en su mayoría hombres (56,4%), blancos (55,8%), edad ≤55 años (54%), con educación primaria incompleta (30,7%), no fumadores (54,6%) y no bebedores (54,6) %). Hubo lesiones líticas en 46 pacientes (28,2%) con predilección por la mandíbula (82,6%; p=0,000). Hubo una mayor frecuencia de márgenes parcialmente definidos (50,0%), no escleróticos (78,2%) y de apariencia unilocular (43,5%). De los 46 pacientes que tenían lesión lítica maxilomandibular, 27 pacientes tenían >55 años (p=0,042). Conclusión: Existe una mayor ocurrencia de lesiones óseas en la mandíbula en comparación con el maxilar


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Mandible , Maxilla , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO4457, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360407

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe of the translation from English to Portuguese and adaption process of subitems of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Multiple Myeloma. Methods In the first phase, translations from English into Portuguese of two subitems of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Multiple Myeloma were performed. Subsequently, a consensus and back translation were conducted, and, finally, translation and back translations were reviewed by four independent bilingual experts. In the second phase, the translated subitems were applied, along with a questionnaire, to 10 native Portuguese speakers patients with multiple myeloma. Results There was a recognition of the translation process in its first version applied to 10 patients with multiple myeloma, whose reported no difficult to understand the translated and validated instrument. Patients also did not find the content irrelevant or offensive, and they did not suggested changes. Conclusion The subitems of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Multiple Myeloma were translated from English into Portuguese following the proposed methodology and there was not need of readjustments. This process allowed this instrument of quality of life, which is widely known to be beneficial in the management of patients with multiple myeloma, to be used among our population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Portugal , Quality of Life , Translations , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Cultural Characteristics
8.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 79 f p. graf, tab, fig.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396326

ABSTRACT

Com o objetivo de contribuir para a gestão do Sistema único de Saúde (SUS) no que se refere às neoplasias hematológicas (NH), este trabalho apresenta a elaboração de dois estudos: (a) analise de custos por hospitalização por NH, e (b) avaliação de custo-efetividade da adição de daratumumabe ao esquema de tratamento do Mieloma Múltiplo (MM) em pacientes não elegíveis para transplante autológico de células tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH). Por meio da extração de dados do sistema de internações hospitalares do SUS, desenvolveu-se uma análise retrospectiva descritiva de frequências e custos das internações por NH de acordo com sua distribuição temporal, espacial (por estados e regiões), e por patologia, na década compreendida entre os anos de 2010 e 2019. Foram também calculados custo médio pro procedimento e taxa de acesso. Foi observado que houve uma tendência de crescimento estável das frequências e dos custos ao longo do período analisado. Além disso, contatou-se uma significativa discrepância na frequência dos procedimentos entre as regiões Norte e Sudeste, que registraram o menor e o maior número de procedimentos, respectivamente. Observou-se também eu a frequência das internações por patologia não refletiu a incidência estimada pela literatura no país para cada uma das patologias avaliadas. Para o estudo de custo-efetividade, foi desenvolvido um modelo de simulação de sobrevida particionado para a adição do daratumumabe ao esquema de tratamento composto por bortezomibe, melfalano e prednisona (VMP). O horizonte temporal de 30 anos e a perspectiva de análise do SUS, foram usados. Com base nos dados da literatura foi possível observar que a adição deste medicamento ao VMP no tratamento desses pacientes pode aumentar a sobrevida global e a sobrevida livre de progressão. Considerados os custos relacionados a esta tecnologia e ao manejo do paciente no cenário brasileiro, no entanto, a inclusão do daratumumabe está aparentemente acima do limiar de aceitabilidade adotado pelo SUS. Para que esta estratégia seja custo-efetiva no cenário observado, a tecnologia precisaria sofrer uma redução de quase 50% no custo. O estudo, portanto, não recomenda a adição do daratumumabe ao VMP no tratamento do MM em pacientes não elegíveis para TCTH.


Aiming to contribute to the management of the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) regarding hematologic malignances (NH), this work presents the development of two studies: (a) cost analysis per hospitalization for NH, and (b) cost-effectiveness evaluation of adding daratumumab to the treatment scheme for Multiple Myeloma (MM) in patients not eligible for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (TCTH). By extracting data from the SUS hospital admissions system, we developed a retrospective descriptive analysis of frequencies and costs of NH admissions according to their temporal, spatial distribution (by states and regions), and by pathology, in the decade between the years 2010 and 2019. Average cost per procedure and access rate were also estimated. It was observed that there was a stable growth trend in frequencies and costs over the analyzed period. Furthermore, a significant discrepancy in the procedure frequency was found between the North and Southeast regions, which recorded the lowest and highest number of procedures, respectively. It was also observed that the frequency of hospitalizations per pathology did not reflect the incidence estimated by the literature in the country for each of the pathologies evaluated. For the cost-effectiveness study, a partitioned survival simulation model was developed for the inclusion of daratumumab in the treatment scheme consisting of bortezomib, melphalan, and prednisone (VMP). A 30-year time horizon and the perspective of the SUS were used for the analysis. Based on literature data, it was possible to observe that the inclusion of this drug to VMP in the treatment of these patients can increase overall survival and progression-free survival. Considering the costs related to this technology and patient management in the Brazilian scenario, however, the inclusion of daratumumab is seemingly above the threshold of acceptability adopted by SUS. For this strategy to be cost-effective in the observed scenario, the technology would require a cost reduction of almost 50%. The study, therefore, does not recommend the inclusion of daratumumab to VMP in the treatment of MM in patients not eligible for TCTH.


Subject(s)
Health Evaluation , Unified Health System , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Health Expenditures , Hematologic Neoplasms , Multiple Myeloma , Brazil , Health Management
9.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(7): e00286121, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394189

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo do tipo caso-controle pareado com o objetivo de verificar a associação entre ocupações e cânceres linfohematopoiéticos em um hospital público de referência no Estado do Ceará, Brasil, durante 2019-2021. O grupo caso foi constituído por pacientes hematológicos que apresentavam mieloma múltiplo, leucemias ou linfomas não Hodgkin, acompanhados pelo serviço social de uma unidade hospitalar de transplante de medula óssea (n = 114), enquanto indivíduos comparáveis de unidade hospitalar distinta constituíram o grupo controle (n = 114), formando pares 1:1. O diagnóstico foi efetuado por equipe médica e as variáveis foram aferidas por acesso aos registros hospitalares. Comparamos os grupos em regressão logística condicional bivariada e ajustada por região de residência. Entre os resultados, destacamos que o câncer de maior prevalência no grupo caso foi o mieloma múltiplo (43,9%), seguido pelas leucemias (43%) e por linfomas não Hodgkin (13,2%). Proporções de ocupações, zona de residência, abastecimento de água e Superintendência Regional de Saúde de residência apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos caso e controle. Verificamos que trabalhadores rurais possuíam maiores chances de apresentar os cânceres estudados (ORbruto = 5,00, IC95%: 1,91; 13,06 e ORajustado = 3,38, IC95%: 1,20; 9,54), enquanto trabalhadores do comércio apresentaram menores chances (ORbruto = 0,26, IC95%: 0,10; 0,70 e ORajustado = 0,30, IC95%: 0,10; 0,88). Os achados deste estudo possibilitam reflexões sobre o processo de adoecimento dos trabalhadores rurais e refletem o potencial dos serviços de saúde em contribuir com investigações sobre exposições ocupacionais.


This is a paired case-control study that sought to verify the association between professions and lymphohematopoietic cancers in a public reference hospital in the State of Ceará, Brazil, during 2019-2021. Case group consisted of hematological patients with multiple myeloma, leukemias or non-Hodgkin lymphomas, monitored by the social service of a bone marrow transplant hospital unit (n = 114), whereas comparable individuals from a different hospital unit made up the control group (n = 114), forming 1:1 pairs. Diagnosis was performed by a medical team and the variables were measured by accessing hospital records. Group comparison was conducted using bivariate conditional logistic regression and adjusted by region of residence. Results show that multiple myeloma (43.9%), leukemias (43%) and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (13.2%) were the cancer with the highest prevalence in the case group. Proportions of jobs, area of residence, water supply and Regional Superintendence of Health showed statistically significant difference between the case and control groups. Rural workers were more likely to present the cancers studied (ORraw = 5.00, 95%CI: 1.91; 13.06 and ORadjusted = 3.38, 95%CI: 1.20; 9.54), whereas trade workers had lower odds (ORraw = 0.26, 95%CI: 0.10; 0.70 and ORadjusted = 0.30, 95%CI: 0.10; 0.88). The findings allow us to reflect on the process of illness among rural workers and illustrate the potential of health services to contribute to investigations on occupational exposures.


Se trata de un estudio del tipo caso control apareado con el objetivo de verificar la asociación entre ocupaciones y cánceres linfohematopoyéticos en un hospital público de referencia en el estado de Ceará, Brasil, durante el período 2019-2021. El grupo caso estaba formado por pacientes hematológicos que presentaban mieloma múltiple, leucemias o linfomas no Hodgkin, bajo seguimiento por parte del servicio social de una unidad hospitalaria de trasplante de médula ósea (n = 114), mientras que individuos comparables de otra unidad hospitalaria constituyeron el grupo control (n = 114), formando pares 1:1. El diagnóstico fue realizado por un equipo médico, y las variables se midieron accediendo a los registros hospitalarios. Comparamos los grupos en regresión logística condicional bivariada y ajustada por región de residencia. Entre los resultados, destacamos que el cáncer de mayor prevalencia en el grupo caso fue el mieloma múltiple (43,9%), seguido de las leucemias (43%) y los linfomas no Hodgkin (13,2%). Las proporciones de ocupaciones, zona de residencia, abastecimiento de agua y Superintendencia Regional de Salud de residencia presentaron diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos caso y control. Constatamos que los trabajadores rurales tenían más probabilidades de padecer los cánceres estudiados (ORcrudo = 5,00, IC95%: 1,91; 13,06 y ORajustado = 3,38, IC95%: 1,20; 9,54), mientras que los trabajadores del comercio presentaron menos posibilidades (ORcrudo = 0,26, IC95%: 0,10; 0,70 y ORajustado = 0,30, IC95%: 0,10; 0,88). Los hallazgos de este estudio permiten reflexiones sobre el proceso de enfermedad de los trabajadores rurales y reflejan el potencial de los servicios de salud para contribuir a las investigaciones sobre exposiciones ocupacionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/epidemiology , Leukemia/epidemiology , Multiple Myeloma/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Hospitals
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936194

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment methods and outcomes of extramedullary plasmacytoma of the head and neck. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 10 cases with extramedullary plasmacytoma of the head and neck who were admitted to Henan Tumor Hospital from January 2005 to January 2020. Among the 10 patients, 6 were male and 4 were female. The average age at diagnosis was 56.3 years old (34-74 years old). Among them, 3 cases were located in the nasal cavity, 2 cases in the nasopharynx, 1 case in the sinuses, 2 cases in the larynx, 1 case in the oropharynx, and 1 case in the cervical lymph nodes. Treatments were administered according to tumor size and resection extent. Complete surgical excision (negative margins) was preferred, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of EMP were analyzed. Results: The patients' symptoms were not specific, frequently with local obstruction symptom and localized masses. All patients were confirmed pathologically as suffering from monoclonal plasmacytoma, with negative bone marrow biopsy and negative skeletal survey. Five patients received surgery, 3 received radiotherapy, and 2 received surgery with additional radiation. The follow-up time was 16-125 months, with a median of 92 months. Two patients developed into multiple myeloma. One patient who received radiotherapy after surgery relapsed after 7 years of follow-up and again received surgical treatment, with no evidence of second recurrence. The remaining patients had no recurrence or progression. Conclusion: Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the head and neck has a good prognosis. Surgical treatment can be considered for completely resectable lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928770

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a kind of hematologic malignancy occurring in plasma cells. Cytogenetic technique plays an important role in risk stratification of MM. 1q21 amplification is one of the common chromosomal abnormalities in MM. Studies have shown that 1q21 amplification is associated with poor prognosis in MM patients. At present, with the development of new drugs, cellular immunotherapy, and improvement of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation technology, the remission depth and survival time of MM significantly increased. Rapid and accurate identification of high-risk patients and individualized treatment according to the patient's condition is the key to improve the therapeutic effect of MM. This article reviews the mechanism of 1q21 amplification in MM and the efficacy of new drugs in the treatment of MM with 1q21 chromosome amplification.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Prognosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928763

ABSTRACT

With the progress of medical technology, cloning hematopoietic was found to be widely exist in normal people. Because of its clinical significance and prognosis is unclear, it is named clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential(CHIP), which has been detected in blood diseases such as myelodysplastic syndrome and lymphoma, and proven to be related to poor prognosis. Recently, CHIP has been also detected in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). In this article, the definition and influencing factors of CHIP, clinical significance, prognosis and treatment in MM were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Clonal Hematopoiesis , Hematopoiesis , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the change of serum C1q in the course of multiple myeloma (MM) and its correlation with clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#A total of 138 newly diagnosed MM patients in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2016 to December 2019 were selected as research objects, during the same period 50 age-matched anemia patients, 50 lymphoma patients, 50 leukemia patients, and 50 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients were selected as control groups. All the patients met WHO disease classification, and were definitely diagnosed by pathology or bone marrow smear/biopsy. The changes of C1q between MM patients and control group, as well as in different therapeutic responses of MM patients before and after treatment were compared, also the difference of clinical characteristics among MM patients with different C1q level, so as to analyze risk factors which led to C1q decline.@*RESULTS@#The average value of C1q in MM patients was (128.18±51.24) mg/L, which was significantly lower than control group (P<0.01). The levels of white blood cell, platelet (PLT), hemoglobin (Hb), serum calcium, albumin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in newly diagnosed high C1q group were significantly higher than those in low C1q group (P<0.05). Logistic analysis showed that the levels of PLT, Hb, albumin, and LDH in newly diagnosed high C1q group were higher than those in low C1q group (r=0.248, r=0.394, r=0.405, r=0.295). After treatment, the levels of C1q in MM patients with complete remission and very good partial remission were significantly higher than before treatment (P<0.05), while those with partial remission and stable disease also increased but not significantly (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The C1q level in MM patients is significantly lower than that in patients with other hematologic system diseases, and it increases with the remission of the disease after treatment.


Subject(s)
Albumins , Bone Marrow , Complement C1q , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) in the diagnosis, efficacy monitoring and prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#Fifty newly diagnosed MM patients before and after chemotherapy and 50 hematological outpatients from October 2018 to May 2020 were selected. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum HMGB1 and sRAGE levels of the patients. ROC was used to further analyze the efficacy of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE levels on the diagnosis of MM. At the same time, the serum levels of HMGB1 and sRAGE before and after chemotherapy were compared, and their values in the evaluation of curative effect of MM patients were analyzed. According to the mean values of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE, all the patients were divided into different groups, the clinical characteristics and survival status of the patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#Before treatment the serum HMGB1 level of the patients in MM group was higher than that in control group, while sRAGE level was lower (t=11.363,6.127, P<0.001). The AUC of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE in the MM patients was 0.955 and 0.811, respectively. After 3 courses of chemotherapy, HMGB1 level of the patients in CR group was lower than before chemotherapy, while in PD group was higher, as well as sRAGE level of the patients in PR group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in R-ISS stage, HGB, CRP, ESR, CD56, CD117, D13S319 deletion between HMGB1 high expression group and HMGB1 low expression group (χ2=3.920, 6.522, 6.65, 4.16, 3.945, 6.65, 4.16, P<0.05), while there were significant differences in ISS stage, CRP and CD56 between sRAGE low expression group (28 cases) and sRAGE high expression group (22 cases) (χ2=4.565, 4.711, 5.547, P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the patients in HMGB1 low expression group had better survival condition, for PFS Tlow>Thigh (χ2=9.470, P<0.05), and for OS Tlow>Thigh (χ2=7.808, P<0.05); there was no difference in the survival of sRAGE high expression group and low expression group, for PFS Tlow<Thigh (χ2=1.661, P>0.05), and for OS Tlow<Thigh (χ2=2.048, P>0.05). Cox analysis showed that LDH and HMGB1 were the factors affecting the prognosis of the patients, and both of them affected PFS (HR=2.771, 95% CI: 1.002-7.662, P=0.049; HR=6.022, 95% CI: 1.689-21.470, P=0.006), while HMGB1 also affected OS (HR=4.275, 95% CI: 1.183-15.451, P=0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum HMGB1 and sRAGE have certain auxiliary value for the diagnosis and curative effect monitoring of newly diagnosed MM patients, and serum HMGB1 is expected to be an auxiliary detection index for the prognosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , HMGB1 Protein/blood , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and analyze the effect of doxycycline (DOX) on the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MM cells.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood and bone marrow samples of MM patients were collected, and the patients were divided into three groups: newly diagnosed group, remission group and relapsed/refractory group, while the peripheral blood samples of 34 health people and the bone marrow samples of 17 IDA patients were selected as normal control and control group. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were detected by ELISA. The protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in H929 cells treated by different concentrations of DOX were analyzed by Western blot. After H929 cells was treated by Akt inhibitor MK-2206 2HCl in combination with DOX, Western blot was used to detect the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9.@*RESULTS@#The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in newly diagnosed MM patients were higher than those in control (P<0.05), while for the patients in the remission group were decreased, but still higher than those in control. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased again for the patients in relapsed/refractory group, and showed no significant difference as compared with those in newly diagnosed group. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 could be inhibited by 10 mg/L and 15 mg/L DOX treated by H929 cell. The protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 showed no altered in H929 cells treated by 5 nmol/L MK-2206 2HCl alone. DOX exerted more profound inhibitory effect to MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression in H929 cells when Akt inhibitor MK-2206 2HCl was combined with DOX.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 are increased in MM patients and related to the disease status of MM. DOX can inhibit the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MM cells, and antagonizing its activation of Akt signaling pathway can further enhance the inhibitory effect.


Subject(s)
Doxycycline/pharmacology , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of hemopoietic scoring system composed of hemoglobin (HB), platelet count (PLT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in MM patients and its correlation with curative effect.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 172 newly diagnosed MM patients treated by bortezomib as the first-line regimen in our hospital from May 2014 to December 2019 were collected, three variables (HB≤100 g/L, PLT≤150×109/L, MCV≥96 fl) were introduced, each variable was distributed 1 score, the patients were divided into four groups (0, 1, 2 and 3 points in group 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively), and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients in the four groups were analyzed. The initial efficacy evaluation after 3-4 courses of treatment was carried out, and the curative effect of the patients in the different hematopoiesis score groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median OS time of the patients in group 1, 2, 3 and 4 was 27.0, 22.5, 20.7 and 18.1 months, while the median PFS time were 23.0, 19.0, 18.0 and 14.0 months, respectively. The OS and PFS of the patients in low score group were significantly better than those in high score group (P=0.045, P=0.048). There was no significant difference in the curative effect of the patients treated by bortezomib after 3-4 courses (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoiesis score can preliminarily predict the overall survival of newly diagnosed MM patients, but there is no significant difference between different scoring groups in the initial curative effect.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of two different approaches ERRα strategy on the apoptosis in multiple myeloma cell line MM.1S.@*METHODS@#For the one strategy, shRNA was mediated by lentivirus. Stable cell clones were established by transfecting the lentivirus into MM.1S cells and screened by puromycin. For the other strategy, XCT790, a specific reverse agonist of ERRα, was used to treat MM.1S cells. The apoptosis of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after ERRα was down-regulated. Western blot assay was used to detect the apoptosis of related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The knocked down ERRα was achieved, lentivirus with shERRα were successfully infected into MM.1S and ERRα was reduced significantly. Knockdown of ERRα could induce MM.1S cell apoptosis dramatically. Meanwhile, the expression of cleaved PARP (a kind of apoptosis related markers) was significantly increased following depletion of ERRα in MM.1S cells. XCT790 could significantly down-regulate the expression of ERRα protein in MM.1S cells, which was consistent with the effect caused by shRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Interference the expression of ERRα by shRNA or XCT790 can induce apparent apoptosis in MM.1S cells, which indicating that ERRα is crucial for the survival of myeloma cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lentivirus , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Receptors, Estrogen
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the toxicity management and efficacy evaluation of BCMA-chimeric antigen receptor T cells(CART) in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The efficacy and adverse reactions of 21 patients with MM who received BCMA-CART treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from December 2017 to September 2020 were evaluated, and the efficacy assessment and survival analysis for high-risk patients and non-high-risk patients were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After infusion of BCMA-CART cells in 21 MM patients, the number of effective cases was 17, of which the complete remission (sCR/CR) was 10, and the partial remission (VGPR/PR) was 7. The median OS time for all patients was 19.4 months, and the median PFS time was 7.9 months. The number of patients with extramedullary disease(EMD), high-risk genetics, and ISS stage Ⅲ were 5, 15 and 8, and the effective number was 3, 11 and 6, respectively. The treatment of 3 patients without high-risk factors was effective. The median OS and median PFS of patients with EMD were 14.2 and 2.5 months, respectively, which were shorter than those of patients without EMD (19.4 months and 8.9 months, respectively). The median OS and median PFS of patients with high-risk cytogenetic factors and ISS Ⅲ were not significantly different from those of non-high-risk patients. Cytokine release syndrane (CRS) occurred in 20 patients, of which 14 cases were Grade 1 CRS, while 6 were Grade 2, no CRS of Grade 3 or above occurred. IL-6 receptor inhibitors were used in 9 patients. All CRS were controlled effectively, and no patients had neurological toxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#BCMA-CART is a certain curative effect in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma, and the adverse reactions can be well controlled through close monitoring and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
B-Cell Maturation Antigen , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/adverse effects , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Remission Induction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of miR-424 and miR-765 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The eighty-one MM patients admitted to Sanya Central Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were divided into phase Ⅰ (n=16), phase Ⅱ (n=25) and phase Ⅲ (n=40) according to the international staging system, while they were divided into IgG type (n=46), IgA type (n=19), light chain type (n=10) and non secretory type (n=6) according to the results of immunotyping. Another 50 healthy normal persons in the same period were selected as the control group. The levels of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cystatin C (Cys-C) were measured in each group. The diagnostic value of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM was estimated by ROC curve. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between serum levels of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM patients.@*RESULTS@#The serum levels of miR-424 (2.74±1.30 vs 0.85±0.26), miR-765 (2.05±0.82 vs 0.63±0.17) and Cys-C [(2.18±0.86 vs 0.72±0.15) mg/L] in MM group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 (5.08±2.36 vs 1.12±0.34, 2.24±0.93), miR-765 (3.50±1.52 vs 0.74±0.20, 1.78±0.65) and Cys-C [(3.81±1.30 vs 0.92±0.24, 1.68±0.55) mg/L] in MM patients at stage Ⅲ were significantly higher than those in patients at stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ (P<0.001). Also the serum levels of the three molecules in phase II were significantly higher than those in phase I (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients at IgG type were significantly higher than those at IgA, light chain and non secretory types (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (0.952,95%CI: 0.890-0.993) was greatest for the combination of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C for diagnosis of MM, and its sensitivity and specificity were 95.0% and 87.2%. The results of correlation analysis showed that the serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 were positively correlated with Cys-C (r=0.795,r=0.760).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients are significantly increased in the pattern increasing with the progression of MM stage. Combined with Cys-C, miR-424 and miR-765 have high value in the diagnosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , MicroRNAs , Multiple Myeloma , ROC Curve
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