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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939690


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-203/CREB1 signaling regulation mediated by DNA methylation on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cells.@*METHODS@#The methylation level of miR-203 in the RPMI 8226 cells was detected by bisulfite sequcucing polymerase chain reaction (BSP). The mRNA expression of miR-203 was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RPMI 8226 cells were treated with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR). The miR-203 mimic in MM cell line RPMI 8226 was transfected to establish overexpressed miR-203 cell. The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of RPMI 8226 cell was detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell, and flow cytometry, respectively. The targeting relationship between miR-203 and CREB1 was verified by double luciferase report assay. Western blot was used to detect the expression of CREB1 protein.@*RESULTS@#Hypermethylation of miR-203 promoter region and low expression level of miR-203 mRNA were detected in the RPMI 8226 cells, which showed that demethylation could induce the expression of miR-203. The proliferation and invasion ability of RPMI 8226 cells after treated by 5-Aza-CdR were inhibited, and showed statistical significance as compared with blank control group (both P<0.05),while the apoptosis rate was promoted (P<0.05). The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of overexpressed miR-203 were the same as the demethylation group. Double luciferase report assay confirmed that CREB1 was the direct target of miR-203. The protein level of CREB1 was inhibited by demethylation and showed statistical significance as compared with control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-203 targeting CREB1 mediated by DNA methylation leads to maintain the malignant biological behaviors of MM cells.

Humans , Apoptosis , Azacitidine/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929628


Objective: To investigate the influence of the number of high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (HRCA) on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: A total of 360 patients with newly diagnosed MM admitted to Jiangsu Province Hospital between November 2013 and September 2020 were included in this study. Cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) was used to detect HRCA. Cytogenetic abnormalities were combined with clinical characteristics and outcomes for further analysis. Results: Among the 360 patients, 120 patients (33.3%) presented with no HRCAs, and 175 (48.6%) , 61 (16.9%) , and four (1.1%) patients had one, two, and three HRCA (s) , respectively. Patients were divided into three groups, including the no-HRCA group, one-HRCA group, and ≥two-HRCA group, according to the number of HRCAs. There were significant differences in the R-ISS stage, hemoglobin level, albumin level, and the proportion of bone marrow plasma cells among the three groups (P<0.05) . The COX proportional-hazards model identified extramedullary disease (P=0.018) , HRCA ≥ 2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P<0.001) as independent risk factors for progression free survival (PFS) and identified lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≥ 220 U/L (P<0.001) , HRCA ≥2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P=0.005) as independent risk factors for overall survival (OS) . The median PFS was 28 months, 22 months, and 14 months (P=0.005) for the three cohorts, and their OS was not reached,60 months, and 30 months (P=0.001) , respectively. Conclusions: HRCA ≥ 2 is an independent risk factor for decreased survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM. More HRCAs result in heavier tumor burden, as well as a higher risk of disease progression and death.

Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928736


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of CXCR4 on the treatment response and prognosis of Carfilzomib (CFZ) in multiple myeloma.@*METHODS@#Dataset GSE69078 based on microarray data from two CFZ-resistant MM cell lines and their corresponding parental cell lines (KMS11-KMS11/CFZ and KMS34-KMS34/CFZ) were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, and Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was established to identify the key genes involved in CFZ resistance acquisition. Finally, the prognostic roles of the CFZ risistance key genes in MM using MMRF-CoMMpass data study was verified.@*RESULTS@#44 up-regulated and 46 down-regulated DEGs were identified. Top 10 hub genes (CCND1, CXCR4, HGF, PECAM1, ID1, HEY1, TCF4, HIST1H4J, HIST1H2BD and HIST1H2BH) were identified via Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. The CoMMpass data showed that high CXCR4 expression showed correlation to relative higher relapse and progress rates and the overall survival was significant decreased in high CXCR4 patients (P=0.013).@*CONCLUSION@#CXCR4 perhaps plays a crucial role in CFZ acquired resistance, which might help identifying potential CFZ-sensitive patients before treatment and providing a new therapeutic target in CFZ-resistant MM.

Humans , Histones , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Receptors, CXCR4
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928687


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation and overexpression in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells from 208 NDMM patients were collected and analyzed. The gene mutation of 28 genes and overexpression of 6 genes was detected by DNA sequencing. Chromosome structure abnormalities were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#Gene mutations were detected in 61 (29.33%) NDMM patients. Some mutations occurred in 5 or more cases, such as NRAS, PRDM1, FAM46C, MYC, CCND1, LTB, DIS3, KRAS, and CRBN. Overexpression of six genes (CCND1, CCND3, BCL-2, CCND2, FGFR3, and MYC) were detected in 83 (39.9%) patients, and cell cycle regulation gene was the most common. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) changes were detected in 169 (81.25%) patients, the TP53 P72R gene SNP (70.17%) was the most common. Abnormality in chromosome structure was correlated to gene overexpression. Compared to the patients with normal chromosome structure, patients with 14q32 deletion showed higher proportion of CCND1 overexpression. Similarly, patients with 13q14 deletion showed higher proportion of FGFR3 overexpression, whereas patients with 1q21 amplification showed higher proportion of CCND2, BCL-2 and FGFR3 overexpression.@*CONCLUSION@#There are multiple gene mutations and overexpression in NDMM. However, there is no dominated single mutation or overexpression of genes. The most common gene mutations are those in the RAS/MAPK pathway and the genes of cyclin family CCND are overexpression.

Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Mutation
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1680-1684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922317


Some non-coding RNAs (ncRNA), as functional RNA molecules, lack potential to encode proteins, but can affect gene expression and disease progression through a variety of mechanisms. In multiple myeloma (MM), cardiovascular disease is one of the most common complications, which may be related to a variety of factors, including patient's own factors, disease-related factors, drug factors, etc. Non-coding RNA is considered to be an important regulator of cardiovascular event risk factors and cell function, and an important candidate target for improving the condition and prognostic assessment. This article briefly summarized the role of non-coding RNA in cardiac amyloidosis caused by MM, damage to the heart by inflammatory factors, and heart disease caused by chemotherapy drugs in recent years.

Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Diseases , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Untranslated/genetics
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1946-1951, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879997


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the non-genetic factors of overall survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Kaplan-Meier survival curve, Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used to carry out univariate and multivariate retrospective analysis on clinical and laboratory parameters of 51 patients who were newly diagnosed with MM and had complete follow-up data in the Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2011 to October 2019.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-one patients included 29 males and 22 females. Followed up to December 2019, 21 cases died and 30 cases survived. The univariate analysis showed that the overall survival time of the patients was influenced by age, disease stage, standard treatment, new drugs, maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia, globulin, albumin, and hemoglobin. The overall survival time of patients with age <65 years old, ISS stage I and II, standardized treatment, new drugs, normal or below normal blood calcium, normal or below normal globulin, albumin ≥35 g/L or hemoglobin ≥100 g/L was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia (≥2.6 mmol/L), and hemoglobin (<100 g/L) were independent risk factors influencing the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with blood calcium ≥2.6 mmol/L, hemoglobin <100 g/L, and who do not undergo regular maintenance therapy show a poor prognosis.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Patients , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(3): e1067, jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093277


Introducción: El mieloma múltiple (MM) es una enfermedad que va precedida por una fase previa conocida como gammapatía monoclonal de significado incierto (GMSI); en esta última existen varias anormalidades citogenéticas, que permiten la progresión a MM, entre estas encontramos reordenamientos primarios del gen de la cadena pesada de la inmunoglobina (IGH), además de células hiperdiploides. Desarrollo: Las alteraciones cromosómicas en el MM se pueden clasificar en dos grupos principales: las que involucran las translocaciones del locus IGH ubicado en el cromosoma 14q32 y cuyos principales reordenamientos se dan entre las regiones cromosómicas 11q13, 16q23, 4p16.3, 6p21 y, un segundo grupo caracterizado por los desequilibrios genómicos. Los pacientes con translocaciones de la IGH, muestran un pronóstico diferente en dependencia del tipo de reordenamiento cromosómico. La t(4;14)(p16;q32) y t(14;16)(q32;q23) se asocian a un mal pronóstico, mientras que los pacientes con t(11;14) (q13;q32) tiene un buen pronóstico de la enfermedad en ausencia de otras anormalidades genéticas. En el grupo con desequilibrio genómico se encuentran deleciones, amplificaciones, y células con números anormales de cromosomas (hiperdiploidas y no hiperdiploides); casi siempre asociadas a mal pronóstico ya que muchas de estas alteraciones involucran perdida de material genómico relacionado con el control de ciclo celular y progresión de la enfermedad, como son las deleciones de los cromosomas 1,13 y 17. Los pacientes con trisomías de los cromosomas impares 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19,21 suelen tener un mejor pronóstico y una tasa mayor de sobrevivencia(AU)

Introduction: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease that is preceded by a previous phase known as monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS); in this latter there are several cytogenetic abnormalities, which allow the progression to MM, among these we find primary rearrangements of the heavy chain gene of the immunoglobin (IGH), in addition to hyperdiploid cells. Development: Chromosomal alterations in MM can be classified into two main groups, those involving the translocations of the IGH locus located on chromosome 14q32 and whose main rearrangements occur between the chromosomal regions 11q13, 16q23, 4p16.3, 6p21, and a second group which is characterized by genomic imbalances. Patients with translocations of the IGH, show a different prognosis depending on the type of chromosomal rearrangement, the t(4; 14)(p16; q32) and t(14; 16)(q32; q23) are associated with a poor prognosis while patients with t(11; 14)(q13; q32) have a good prognosis of the disease in the absence of other genetic abnormalities. Within the genomic imbalances we find deletions, amplifications, and cells with abnormal numbers of chromosomes (hyperdiploids and not hyperdiploid), these almost always associated with poor prognosis since many of these alterations involve loss of genomic material related to cell cycle control and progression of the disease, such as deletions of chromosomes 1,13 and 17. Patients with trisomies of odd chromosomes 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19,21 usually have a better prognosis and a higher survival rate(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Prognosis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/epidemiology , Paraproteinemias/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Disease Progression , Cytogenetic Analysis/methods , Bortezomib/therapeutic use
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 61-64, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043152


Background: Cytogenetic abnormalities observed in the bone marrow of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are an important prognostic factor for risk stratification. Aim: To investigate karyotype characteristics and frequency of the high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities t(4;14), t(14;16) and del(17p) in Chilean patients with MM. Material and Methods: We studied 30 patients with MM by conventional cytogenetics (CC) and fluorescent in situ hybridization of plasma cells selected using cytoplasmic immunoglobulin staining (cIg-FISH). Results: Overall, the two techniques in combination allowed us to identify clonal genetic abnormalities in 47% of patients. The t(4;14) abnormality was observed in 19% of patients, del(17p) was observed in 10% of patients, and t(14;16) was not detected. Conclusions: Our results showed frequencies of high-risk abnormalities similar to those reported abroad. Cytogenetic studies should be performed routinely for all MM patients at the moment of diagnosis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chromosome Aberrations , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Reference Values , Chile , Risk Factors , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Risk Assessment/methods , Cytogenetic Analysis/methods , Karyotype
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(3): 222-226, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894461


Los estudios de secuenciación masiva realizados recientemente en un gran número de pacientes con mieloma múltiple han permitido profundizar el conocimiento genómico de la enfermedad. La identificación de mutaciones driver como potenciales dianas terapéuticas ofrece una oportunidad para explorar estrategias de tratamiento dirigido a nivel molecular en el mieloma. Por ello, nos encontramos a las puertas de la medicina personalizada, cuyo objetivo fundamental es administrar el tratamiento adecuado a cada paciente según las características concretas de su enfermedad. Este cambio de paradigma es prometedor, aunque a la par surgen nuevos desafíos. A lo largo de esta revisión se describirán los retos fundamentales a afrontar al aplicar la medicina personalizada en mieloma. Además se mencionarán los resultados más relevantes de estudios tanto preclínicos como clínicos con terapias dirigidas en mieloma. Finalmente, se destacará la necesidad de llevar a cabo estudios prospectivos aleatorizados con el fin de evaluar la eficacia de las nuevas terapias dirigidas, así como validar biomarcadores de respuesta que permitan seleccionar los candidatos idóneos para recibir dichos tratamientos, todo ello con el fin de mejorar la supervivencia y calidad de vida de los pacientes con mieloma.

In the last few years, next-generation sequencing studies have provided insights into the mutational landscape of multiple myeloma. The identification of actionable mutations might give a precious opportunity for exploring new targeted therapies. Thus, the implementation of promising precision medicine strategies seems to be closer than ever. Throughout this review we describe the main challenges that should to be dealt with in this new era, in order to achieve the main goal of precision medicine, namely matching patients with their right drug. In addition, we provide a review of the most significant preclinical and clinical studies supporting the implementation of precision medicine nowadays. Finally, we highlight the need of clinical trials to evaluate the security and efficacy of these targeted therapies, as well as to validate predictive biomarkers that may allow an appropriate best-candidate selection and improvement of myeloma patients' survival and quality of life.

Humans , Precision Medicine , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Mutation , Biomarkers, Tumor , Drug Therapy, Combination , Multiple Myeloma/classification
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(supl.1): 39-43, Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829564


ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to investigate the association between oxidative stress and DNA damage with grafting time in patients submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). The study included 37 patients submitted to autologous HSCT diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma (MM) and lymphoma (Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s). Biomarkers of oxidative stress and DNA damage index (DI) were performed at baseline (pre-CR) of the disease and during the conditioning regimen (CR), one day after the HSCT, ten days after HSCT and twenty days after HSCT, as well as in the control group consisting of 30 healthy individuals. The outcomes showed that both groups of patients had an hyperoxidative state with high DI when compared to baseline and to the control group and that the CR exacerbated this condition. However, after the follow-up period of the study, this picture was re-established to the baseline levels of each pathology. The study patients with MM showed a mean grafting time of 10.75 days (8 to 13 days), with 10.15 days (8 to 15 days) for the lymphoma patients. In patients with MM, there was a negative correlation between the grafting time and the basal levels of GPx (r = -0.54; p = 0.034), indicating that lower levels of this important enzyme are associated with a longer grafting time. For the DI, the correlation was a positive one (r = 0.529; p = 0.030). In the group with lymphoma, it was observed that the basal levels of NOx were positively correlated with grafting time (r = 0.4664, p = 0.032). The data indicate the potential of these biomarkers as predictors of toxicity and grafting time in patients with MM and Lymphomas submitted to autologous HSCT.

RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a associação entre estresse oxidativo e dano ao DNA com o tempo de enxertia em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas autólogo (TCTH). Participaram do estudo 37 pacientes submetidos ao TCTH autólogo com diagnóstico de mieloma múltiplo (MM) e Linfomas (Hodgkin e não Hodgkin). Biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo e índice de dano ao DNA (ID) foram determinados no estado basal (Pré-RC) das doenças e durante o regime de condicionamento (RC), um dia após o TCTH, dez dias após o TCTH e vinte dias após o TCTH e no grupo controle composto por 30 individuos saudáveis. Os resultados demonstraram que os dois grupos de pacientes apresentaram um estado hiperoxidativo com elevado ID quando comparados ao estado basal e ao grupo controle e que o RC exacerbou essa condição. No entanto, após o tempo de acompanhamento do estudo, esse quadro foi reestabelecido ao estado basal de cada patologia. Os pacientes do estudo com MM apresentaram uma média do tempo de enxertia de 10,75 dias (8 a 13 dias), e de 10,15 dias (8 a 15 dias) para o grupo Linfoma. Nos pacientes com MM houve uma correlação negativa entre o tempo de enxertia e os níveis basais de GPx (r=-0,54; p=0,034), indicando que níveis mais baixos de GPx estão relacionados a um maior tempo de enxertia, e para o ID, a correlação foi positiva (r=0,529; p=0,030). No grupo com Linfoma, observou-se que os níveis basais de NOx correlacionaram-se positivamente com o tempo de enxertia (r= 0,4664; p=0,032). Os dados apontam para o potencial desses biomarcadores como preditores da toxicidade e do tempo de enxertia em pacientes com MM e Linfomas submetidos ao TCTH autólogo

Humans , Male , Female , DNA Damage/physiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Lymphoma/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/surgery , Reference Values , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Lymphoma/genetics , Lymphoma/metabolism , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(supl.1): 25-28, Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829563


ABSTRACT The hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative alternative for Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), but many patients are not eligible for this treatment, as there are several limiting factors, especially in the case of patients with low-risk MDS. The aim of this study is to discuss the factors that can guide the decision-making on referring or not a patient to HSCT. Three cases of MDS, two of which were submitted to HSCT are presented. We intend to report the difficulties in referring patients with MDS to transplant and the prognostic factors that contribute to define eligibility.

RESUMO O transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas (TCTH) é a única alternativa curativa para Síndrome Mielodisplásica (SMD), porém muitos pacientes não são elegíveis para esta opção, pois existem diversos fatores limitantes, principalmente no caso de pacientes com SMD de baixo risco. O objetivo do estudo é discutir os fatores que podem orientar a decisão no encaminhamento ou não para o TCTH. São apresentados três casos de SMD, dos quais dois foram submetidos ao TCTH. Nos propomos a relatar as dificuldades no encaminhamento dos pacientes com SMD ao transplante e os fatores prognósticos que contribuem para definir a elegibilidade.

Humans , Male , Female , DNA Damage/physiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Lymphoma/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/surgery , Reference Values , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Lymphoma/genetics , Lymphoma/mortality , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(5): e5034, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778344


Genetic abnormalities are critical prognostic factors for patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM). This retrospective, multicenter study aimed to contribute with the genetic and clinical characterization of MM patients in a country with continental dimensions such as Brazil. Genetic abnormalities were assessed by cIg-fluorescent in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) in a series of 152 MM patients (median age 55 years, 58.5% men). Overall, genetic abnormalities were detected in 52.7% (80/152) of patients. A 14q32 rearrangement was detected in 33.5% (n=51), including t(11;14), t(4;14) and t(14;16) in 18.4, 14.1, and 1% of cases, respectively. del(13q) was identified in 42.7% (n=65) of patients, of whom 49.2% (32/65) presented a concomitant 14q32 rearrangement. del(17p) had a frequency of 5.2% (n=8). del(13q) was associated with high plasma cell burden (≥50%, P=0.02), and del(17p) with advanced ISS stages (P=0.05) and extramedullary disease (P=0.03). t(4;14) was associated with advanced Durie-Salmon stages (P=0.008), renal insufficiency (P=0.01) and was more common in patients over 60 years old. This study reports similar frequencies of genetic abnormalities to most series worldwide, whereas the t(14;16) and del(17p), two high risk factors for newly diagnosed patients, exhibited lower frequencies. Our results expand the knowledge on the molecular features of MM in Brazil, a country where innovative therapies that could overcome a poor prognosis for some genetic abnormalities are not always available.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chromosome Aberrations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Plasma Cells/pathology , Cytogenetic Analysis , Flow Cytometry , Oligonucleotide Probes/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 696-702, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728643


PURPOSE: To explore the mechanism of resistance to IKKβ inhibitor in multiple myeloma (MM) cells and uncover novel therapeutic targets for MM. METHODS: We downloaded the microarray data (GSE8476) from GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) database. The data were derived from the human MM cells lines (L363 cells) treated with IKKβ inhibitor MLN120b (MLN) for eight, 12 and 24 hours. Furthermore, we applied the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) and Expression Analysis Systematic Explorer (EASE) database to construct protein-protein interaction networks and identified over-represented pathway among DEGs (differentially expressed genes). RESULTS: We obtained 108 DGEs in 8h vs. 12h group and 101 ones in 8h vs. 24h group. Most of DGEs were found to be involved in biological regulation. The significant pathways were Ig A pathway and the CAMs pathways. In addition, 24 common DGEs were found in the networks of the two groups such as ICAM 3 and SELL. CONCLUSION: Intercellular adhesion molecule 3 and SELL may be potential targets in multiple myeloma treatment in the future. .

Humans , Gene Targeting/methods , I-kappa B Kinase/antagonists & inhibitors , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line, Tumor , Cluster Analysis , I-kappa B Kinase/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 73(4): 369-375, jul.-ago. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-694796


Los estudios genéticos han alcanzado un papel central en el estudio del mieloma múltiple (MM), al convertirse en un componente crítico en la estratificación basada en el riesgo de la enfermedad. Se han hecho grandes esfuerzos para identificar cambios genéticos que puedan predecir el resultado clínico e incluirlos en la práctica clínica diaria. La hibridización in situ fluorescente (FISH) es todavía la técnica genética más utilizada en la práctica clínica, mayormente debido a su sencilla implementación y su simplicidad para el análisis de datos. El advenimiento de la genómica (hibridización genómica comparativa, secuenciación exónica o genómica completa) y del transcriptoma de alta resolución (perfiles de expresión de genes - GEP y secuenciación de ARNm) proveen un análisis exhaustivo de los ya definidos factores pronósticos genéticos y son herramientas útiles para la identificación de potenciales nuevos marcadores pronósticos de enfermedad en el clon tumoral de MM. Más aún, GEP ha sido exitosamente implementado en MM como una herramienta de estratificación de riesgo, siendo la de mayor poder de discriminación de resultados. De todas maneras, algunos aspectos técnicos y logísticos complejos (necesidad de una elevada purificación del clon tumoral, costo de los ensayos y complejidad en los análisis de los datos) deben ser considerados antes de la incorporación definitiva de estas tecnologías de alto rendimiento dentro de los ensayos clínicos de rutina. Hasta entonces, FISH continúa siendo la herramienta estándar para la detección de anormalidades genéticas y de valoración pronóstico de enfermedad.

Genetic studies have a central role in the study of multiple myeloma (MM), as they become a critical component in the risk-based stratification of the disease. Significant efforts have been made to identify genetic changes and signatures that can predict clinical outcome and include them in the routine clinical care. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) still remains the most used genetic technique in clinical practice, mostly due to its very straightforward implementation and the simplicity of data analysis. The advent of high-resolution genomics (i.e. array CGH, exome and whole genome sequencing) and transcriptomics tests (i.e. gene expression profiling - GEP, and mRNA sequencing) provide a comprehensive analysis of the already defined genetic prognostic factors and are helpful tools for the identification of potential novel disease markers on the MM tumor clone. Indeed, GEP has been successfully implemented in MM as a risk-stratification tool, holding the greatest power in outcome discrimination. Nevertheless, some technical and logistic intricacies (need of a highly purified tumor clone, cost of the assay and complexity of data analysis) need to be considered before the definitive incorporation of high-throughput technologies in routine clinical tests. Until then, FISH remains the standard tool for genomic abnormality detection and disease prognostication.

Humans , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Risk Assessment/methods , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Translocation, Genetic
Clinics ; 66(12): 2055-2061, 2011. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-609002


OBJECTIVES: Cytotoxic agents and steroids are used to treat lymphoid malignancies, but these compounds may exacerbate chronic viral hepatitis. For patients with multiple myeloma, the impact of preexisting hepatitis virus infection is unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics and outcomes of myeloma patients with chronic hepatitis virus infection. METHODS: From 2003 to 2008, 155 myeloma patients were examined to determine their chronic hepatitis virus infection statuses using serologic tests for the hepatitis B (HBV) and C viruses (HCV). Clinical parameters and outcome variables were retrieved via a medical chart review. RESULTS: The estimated prevalences of chronic HBV and HCV infections were 11.0 percent (n = 17) and 9.0 percent (n = 14), respectively. The characteristics of patients who were hepatitis virus carriers and those who were not were similar. However, carrier patients had a higher prevalence of conventional cytogenetic abnormalities (64.3 percent vs. 25.0 percent). The cumulative incidences of grade 3-4 elevation of the level of alanine transaminase, 30.0 percent vs. 12.0 percent, and hyperbilirubinemia, 20.0 percent vs. 1.6 percent, were higher in carriers as well. In a Kaplan-Meier analysis, carrier patients had worse overall survival (median: 16.0 vs. 42.4 months). The prognostic value of carrier status was not statistically significant in the multivariate analysis, but an age of more than 65 years old, the presence of cytogenetic abnormalities, a beta-2-microglobulin level of more than 3.5 mg/L, and a serum creatinine level of more than 2 mg/ dL were independent factors associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Myeloma patients with chronic hepatitis virus infections might be a distinct subgroup, and close monitoring of hepatic adverse events should be mandatory.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Bilirubin/blood , Carrier State , Chronic Disease , Cytogenetic Analysis , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Virus Activation
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 46(4): 301-308, ago. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-557123


INTRODUÇÃO E OBJETIVO: O mieloma múltiplo (MM) é uma doença maligna incurável caracterizada pela proliferação de um único clone de plasmócitos na medula óssea. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência e o valor prognóstico da expressão dos fenótipos aberrantes em pacientes com MM por meio de citometria de fluxo multiparamétrica. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi realizado no Hospital São Paulo/Disciplina de Hematologia e Hemoterapia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), sendo analisados de maneira prospectiva 30 pacientes portadores de MM ao diagnóstico. Na tentativa de identificar as células mielomatosas por citometria de fluxo (FACScalibur, BD), foram utilizados anticorpos monoclonais anti-CD138, anti-CD38, anti-CD45 específicos para seleção dos plasmócitos. O grupo controle consistiu em quatro doadores saudáveis de medula óssea. RESULTADOS: Todos os plasmócitos mielomatosos expressaram pelo menos um fenótipo aberrante, e CD56+++, CD117++, CD33++, CD13++, CD28++ foram os marcadores mais frequentes, observados em 88 por cento dos pacientes. Os marcadores linfoides foram encontrados nos casos com maior número de fenótipos aberrantes. DISCUSSÃO: Os antígenos CD56+++ e CD28++ apresentaram altos níveis de β2-microglobulina, sendo estes associados a estágios mais agressivos da doença e maior massa tumoral. A ausência da molécula de adesão CD56 foi relacionada com altos níveis de β2M e de cálcio iônico, mostrando que este achado pode ter valor prognóstico. CONCLUSÃO: A partir deste estudo concluiu-se que os fenótipos aberrantes estão presentes na maioria dos casos de MM e que a imunofenotipagem por citometria de fluxo multiparamétrica é uma boa ferramenta para distinguir células plasmáticas normais dos plasmócitos mielomatosos.

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignancy characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells in bone marrow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and prognostic value of the expression of aberrant phenotypes in patients with multiple myeloma by multiparametric flow cytometry. METHODS: The study was carried out at Department of Hematology and Hemotherapy of Federal University of São Paulo and 30 patients with MM were analyzed prospectively. In an attempt to identify myeloma cells by flow cytometry (FACSCalibur, BD), specific monoclonal antibodies anti-CD138, anti-CD38 and anti-CD45 were used for the selection of plasma cells. The control group comprised four healthy bone marrow donors. RESULTS: All myeloma plasma cells expressed at least one aberrant phenotype and CD56+++, CD117++, CD33++, CD13++ and CD28++ markers were more frequently observed in 88 percent of patients. Lymphoid markers were found in cases with a higher number of aberrant phenotypes. DISCUSSION: CD56+++ and CD28++ antigens showed high levels of β2-microglobulin, which are associated with more aggressive stages of the disease and larger tumor mass. The absence of adhesion molecule CD56 was associated with high levels of β2M and calcium ion, showing that this finding may have prognostic value. CONCLUSION: From this study it was concluded that the aberrant phenotypes are present in most cases of MM, and immunophenotyping by multiparametric flow cytometry is a useful tool to distinguish normal plasma cells from myeloma plasma cells.

Humans , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping/methods , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Phenotype , Plasma Cells , Prognosis
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139131


Multiple myeloma is a disease of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. Interaction of malignant plasma cells with the bone marrow microenvironment plays a key role in the pathogenesis of the disease. The introduction of two new classes of molecules, namely immunomodulators (e.g. thalidomide, lenalidomide), and proteasome inhibitors (e.g. bortezomib) has led to improvement in the management of myeloma. Induction therapy with these novel drugs in combination with dexamethasone is associated with higher response rates including complete response in one-fourth of patients with bortezomib combinations. Further consolidation with intensive chemotherapy supported by autologous stem cell transplant in young, eligible patients results in complete response in 50%–70% of patients with improved survival. Simplified criteria for staging, uniform response criteria, more sensitive methods for detection of residual disease (immunofixation and free light chain assay), and recognition of potential adverse cytogenetic and genomic abnormalities have further refined the management of patients with myeloma. Along with earlier diagnosis, improved treatment and better management of complications have resulted in longer disease control and survival with a better quality of life.

Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Clinical Trials as Topic , Cytogenetics , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Prognosis , Stem Cell Transplantation
Rev. méd. Chile ; 137(4): 552-558, abr. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-518591


The search for prognostic factors in multiple myeloma has identified the genetic profile of the tumor as the main determinant of patient survival and response to treatment. There is an association between a dismal prognosis and the presence of t(4:14) translocations or 17p deletion, determined by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) or the detection of chromosome 13 deletion using conventional cytogenetic techniques. These alterations define a subpopulation that comprises 25% of patients with a bad prognosis even if they are treated with high dose chemotherapy. These patients should be early derived to more specific therapies. In the other hand, the other 75% of patients without a genetic risk factor, have a higher probability of success with conventional treatment.

Humans , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Gene Deletion , Genetic Markers/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Translocation, Genetic/genetics
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 43(1): 17-23, fev. 2007.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-448530


Este estudo objetivou detectar as alterações genéticas em pacientes com mieloma múltiplo (MM), usando o método de hibridação in situ por fluorescência em interfases (FISH interfásico). Para detectar as alterações numéricas foram usadas sondas multicentroméricas e para os rearranjos mais freqüentemente observados na doença foram utilizadas as sondas lócus específicas para IGH, P53, ciclina D1 e RB1. Foram estudados 34 pacientes com MM em estágio avançado, ainda que recém-diagnosticados, 97 por cento dos quais apresentaram anormalidades numéricas detectadas por FISH, sendo 75 por cento hiperdiplóides, 18 por cento hipodiplóides e 3 por cento tri/tetraplóides. Em relação às demais anormalidades, a deleção 13q foi encontrada em 30 por cento dos casos e o rearranjo IGH, em 25 por cento. Agrupando os pacientes com hipodiploidia e com deleção 13q14 (grupo desfavorável) e comparando-os com os demais (grupo não-desfavorável), houve tendência a pacientes jovens no grupo desfavorável (p = 0,06) e níveis de hemoglobina (Hb) significativamente mais baixos (< 8,5 g/dl, p = 0,03).

This study aimed to characterize genetic alterations by interphase multicentromeric FISH focusing on chromosomal numerical abnormalities and using some locus specific probes for the most frequent aberrations found in the disease, in a homogeneous cohort of 34 advanced stage, but recently diagnosed MM patients; 97 percent had numerical chromosomal abnormalities detected by FISH, being 75 percent hyperdiploid, 18 percent hypodiploid and 3 percent tri/tetraploid. Using locus specific probes, we found 13q deletion in 30 percent and IGH rearrangement in 25 percent of cases. Grouping hypodiploid patients together with del13q (unfavorable group) and comparing them to the remaining cases (non unfavorable group) we found a trend towards younger patients presenting more unfavorable abnormalities (p = 0.06) and significant lower hemoglobin level (Hb < 8.5 mg/dl, p = 0.03).

Humans , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis