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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 201-206, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: We applied three-dimensional gait analysis to assess the effects of enhanced active contraction of the transversus abdominis (EACTA) during walking. We sought to evaluate the effect of EACTA during walking in order to improve walking quality. Methods: Thirty college students were recruited and trained to perform EACTA during walking. We examined gait parameters under different conditions, including EACTA and habitual ACTA (natural walking with mild contraction of the feedforward mechanism of ACTA, HACTA) during walking using three-dimensional gait analysis. We compared differences in gait parameters under the two walking conditions using SPSS 16.0 statistical software. Results: The following gait parameters were significantly lower under EACTA conditions than under HACTA conditions (P < 0.05): stance phase, 59.151% ± 1.903% vs. 59.825% ± 1.495%; stride time, 1.104 s ± 0.080 s vs. 1.134 s ± 0.073 s:; stance time, 0.656 s ± 0.057 s vs. 0.678 s ± 0.053 s; and swing time, 0.447 s ± 0.028 s vs. 0.454 s ± 0.031 s, respectively. Gait parameters single support phase and mean velocity were significantly higher for EACTA than for HACTA conditions (both P < 0.05). Conclusions: Overall, the results revealed that EACTA during walking can improve gait. This method is simple, and EACTA training during walking to improve gait quality in daily life could provide a positive basis for people to strengthen the transverse abdominal muscle. Level of evidence III; Retrospective comparative study .


RESUMEN Introducción: Aplicamos el análisis tridimensional de la marcha para evaluar los efectos del aumento de la contracción activa del músculo transverso del abdomen (EACTA) durante la caminata. Buscamos evaluar el efecto del EACTA durante la caminata para mejorar su calidad. Métodos: Treinta estudiantes universitarios fueron reclutados y entrenados para realizar el EACTA durante la caminata. Examinamos los parámetros de la marcha en diferentes condiciones, incluyendo EACTA y ACTA habitual (caminata natural con leve contracción del mecanismo de feedforward del ACTA, HACTA) durante la caminata usando análisis tridimensional de la marcha. Comparamos las diferencias en los parámetros de la marcha en las dos condiciones de caminata en el software estadístico SPSS 16.0. Resultados: Los siguientes parámetros de marcha fueron significativamente más bajos en la condición EACTA que en condiciones HACTA (P <0,05): fase de apoyo 59,151 ± 1,903% vs 59,825 ± 1,495%, tiempo de zancada 1,104 s ± 0,080 s vs 1,134 s ± 0,073 s, tiempo de apoyo 0,656 s ± 0,057 s vs 0,678 s ± 0,053 s y tiempo de balance 0,447 s ± 0,028 s vs 0,454 s ± 0,031 s, respectivamente. Los parámetros de la marcha, fase de apoyo simple y velocidad promedio fueron significativamente mayores en el EACTA que en las condiciones HACTA (ambos P <0,05). Conclusiones: En general, los resultados revelaron que el EACTA durante la caminata puede mejorar la marcha. Este método es simple, y el entrenamiento del EACTA durante la caminata para mejorar la calidad de la marcha en la vida diaria puede ser una base positiva para el fortalecimiento del músculo transverso del abdomen. Nivel de evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo comparativo .


RESUMO Introdução: Aplicamos a análise tridimensional da marcha para avaliar os efeitos do aumento da contração ativa do músculo transverso do abdome (EACTA) durante a caminhada. Procuramos avaliar o efeito do EACTA durante a caminhada para melhorar sua qualidade. Métodos: Trinta estudantes universitários foram recrutados e treinados para realizar o EACTA durante a caminhada. Examinamos os parâmetros da marcha em diferentes condições, incluindo EACTA e ACTA habitual (caminhada natural com leve contração do mecanismo de feedforward do ACTA, HACTA) durante a caminhada usando análise tridimensional da marcha. Comparamos as diferenças nos parâmetros da marcha nas duas condições de caminhada no software estatístico SPSS 16.0. Resultados: Os seguintes parâmetros da marcha foram significativamente mais baixos na condição EACTA do que em condições HACTA (P < 0,05): fase de apoio 59,151 ± 1,903% vs. 59,825 ± 1,495%, tempo de passada 1,104 s ± 0,080 s vs. 1,134 s ± 0,073 s, tempo de apoio 0,656 s ± 0,057 s vs. 0,678 s ± 0,053 s e tempo de balanço 0,447 s ± 0,028 s vs. 0,454 s ± 0,031 s, respectivamente. Os parâmetros da marcha fase de apoio simples e velocidade média foram significativamente maiores no EACTA do que nas condições HACTA (ambos P < 0,05). Conclusões: No geral, os resultados revelaram que o EACTA durante a caminhada pode melhorar a marcha. Esse método é simples, e o treinamento do EACTA durante a caminhada para melhorar a qualidade da marcha na vida diária pode ser uma base positiva para o fortalecimento do músculo transverso do abdome. Nível de evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo comparativo .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Abdominal Muscles/physiology , Gait , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Gait Analysis
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 98-102, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156116

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction When a person is in a standing position, the plantar flexor muscles are involved in most static and dynamic body movements. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the trial to trial and factorial reliability of measuring the contractile characteristics of PF muscles using a simple novel field test. Methods The sample consisted of 452 healthy subjects, 120 male and 332 female. The research was conducted by means of the trial to trial testing method, using isometric dynamometry performed in field conditions. ANOVA was used to estimate the differences among the trials, Cronbach's alpha and interclass correlation to estimate the correlations among the trials, and principal component analysis to evaluate the contribution of each trial to overall variability. Results The main findings of this study are that trials differed significantly (p<0.000) for maximal force (Fmax) and maximal rate of force development (RFDmax), indicating that the three procedural trials were necessary. The trials were highly correlated (Fmax, RFDmax, r>0.9), proving that measuring was reliable, and the factorial analysis separated the second and third trials, the second trial accounting for most of the total variability. Conclusions The simple novel field test for the measurement of plantar flexor contractile characteristics recommended by this study proved to be as highly reliable as laboratory testing, but was easy to perform in conditions outside of scientific or diagnostic institutions, which greatly facilitates the work of scientists, coaches and professionals. Level of Evidence II; Diagnostic Studies - Investigating a diagnostics test.


RESUMO Introdução Quando uma pessoa está em pé, os músculos flexores plantares são envolvidos na maioria dos movimentos corporais estáticos e dinâmicos. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a confiabilidade teste-reteste e fatorial da mensuração das características contráteis dos músculos plantares, usando um novo teste de campo simples. Métodos A amostra consistiu em 452 indivíduos saudáveis, 120 homens e 332 mulheres. O estudo foi realizado pelo método de teste-reteste, com dinamometria isométrica conduzida em condições de campo. Empregou-se a ANOVA para estimar a diferença entre os testes o alfa de Cronbach e a correlação interclasse para estimar a correlação entre os testes e análise de componentes principais , para avaliar a contribuição de cada teste para a variabilidade global. Resultados Os principais achados deste estudo são que os testes diferiram significativamente (p < 0,000) para a força máxima (Fmáx) e a taxa máxima de desenvolvimento de força (TDFmáx), indicando que os três testes de procedimento foram necessários. Os testes foram altamente correlacionados (Fmáx, TDFmáx, r > 0,9), provando que a medição era confiável, e a análise fatorial separou o segundo e o terceiro testes, sendo que o segundo teste apresentou a maior parte da variabilidade total. Conclusões O novo teste de campo simples para medição das características contráteis dos flexores plantares recomendado por este estudo provou ser tão confiável quanto os testes de laboratório e, ao mesmo tempo, mais fácil de realizar fora das instituições científicas ou de diagnóstico, o que facilita muito o trabalho de cientistas, treinadores e profissionais. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos Diagnósticos - Investigação de um exame para diagnóstico.


RESUMEN Introducción Cuando una persona está de pie, los músculos flexores plantares son involucrados en la mayoría de los movimientos corporales estáticos y dinámicos. Objetivos El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la confiabilidad test-retest y factorial de la medición de las características contráctiles de los músculos plantares, usando un nuevo test de campo simple. Métodos La muestra consistió en 452 individuos saludables, 120 hombres y 332 mujeres. El estudio fue realizado a través del método de test-retest, con dinamometría isométrica conducida en condiciones de campo. Se empleó ANOVA para estimar la diferencia entre los tests, alpha de Crombach y la correlación interclase para estimar la correlación entre los tests y el análisis de componentes principales, para evaluar la contribución de cada test para la variabilidad global. Resultados Los principales hallazgos de este estudio son que los tests difirieron significativamente (p<0,000) para la fuerza máxima (Fmáx) y la tasa máxima de desarrollo de fuerza (TDFmáx) indicando que los tres tests de procedimiento fueron necesarios. Los tests fueron altamente correlacionados (Fmáx, TDFmáx, r>0,9) probando que la medición era confiable, y el análisis factorial separó el segundo y tercer test, siendo que el segundo test presentó la mayor parte de variabilidad total. Conclusiones El nuevo test de campo simple para medición de las características contráctiles de los flexores plantares recomendado por este estudio probó ser tan confiable como los tests de laboratorio y, al mismo tiempo, más fácil de realizar fuera de las instituciones científicas o de diagnóstico, lo que facilita mucho el trabajo de científicos, entrenadores y profesionales. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios diagnósticos - Investigación de un examen para diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance
3.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 133(1): 12-20, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097697

ABSTRACT

La rigidez cadavérica (rigor mortis) es un proceso no muy bien comprendido por la mayoría de los médicos. El conocimiento de la intimidad del proceso de la rigidez cadavérica es de vital importancia ya que es una de las variables que junto con las livideces (livor mortis) y la temperatura (algor mortis) del cadáver ayudan a determinar el cronotanatodiagnóstico, tanatocronodiagnóstico o intervalo postmortal del período inmediato de la muerte. Para entender el mecanismo de la rigidez y el espasmo cadavérico es preciso hacer un repaso de la contracción muscular fisiológica en el vivo. Hay que tener presente que el tipo de fibra muscular predominante modificará las características de la contracción muscular fisiológica en el vivo, y también la rigidez y el espasmo cadavérico. (AU)


The cadaveric rigidity (rigor mortis) is a process which is not very well understood by the majority of the doctors. The knowledge of the intimacy of the cadaveric stiffness process is of vital importance since it is one of the variables that, as well as the postmortem lividity (livor mortis) and the body temperature post mortem (algor mortis) help determine the chronotanatodiagnostic, tanatochronodiagnostic or postmortal interval of the immediate period of death. In order to understand the mechanism of stiffness and cadaveric spasm, it is necessary to review the physiological muscle contraction in vivo. We should keep in mind that the predominant type of muscle fiber will modify the characteristics of physiological muscle contraction in vivo, as well as stiffness and cadaveric spasm. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rigor Mortis/physiopathology , Spasm/physiopathology , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/classification , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/physiology , Time Factors , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Muscle Relaxation/physiology
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1196-1203, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims: Radical prostatectomy (RP) can result in urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED), which negatively impact quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a perioperative pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program versus usual care on early recovery of urinary continence and erectile function after RP. Materials and Methods: Of 59 eligible men, 31 were randomly allocated into 2 groups: Group 1 (Control, N=15) received usual post-RP care; and Group 2 (Physical therapy, N=16) received two pre-RP physical therapist-guided PFMT sessions, including exercises and electromyographic biofeedback, and verbal and written instructions to continue PFMT until RP, which was then resumed after urethral catheter removal. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the 5-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire were used to evaluate UI and ED, respectively. Results: Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Three months after RP, the UI rate was 72.7% and 70.0% in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P >0.05). The severity and frequency of UI and its impact on QoL were evaluated by the ICIQ-Short Form, with scores of 6.9±6.26 in Group 1 and 7.0±5.12 in Group 2 (P >0.05). The IIEF-5 scores were similar in Groups 1 and 2 (5.73±7.43 vs. 6.70±6.68, respectively) (P >0.05). Conclusion: Our pre-RP protocol of two physical therapist-assisted sessions of PFMT plus instructions did not significantly improve urinary continence or erectile function at 3 months after RP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/rehabilitation , Urinary Incontinence/rehabilitation , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Perioperative Care/methods , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/rehabilitation , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Neurofeedback , Neoplasm Grading , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 317-321, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040028

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chewing and swallowing are physiologically interconnected functions, which share motor structures and supranuclear regions of the central nervous system (CNS), involving a sensorimotor synchrony. Objective To analyze the influence of masticatory behavior on muscular compensations in the oral phase of swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Methods A cross-sectional study comparing smokers and nonsmokers composed of 24 participants in each group. The aspects of food crunching, masticatory pattern, masticatory speed, atypical muscular contractions, and lip closure were analyzed during mastication. In swallowing, aspects of contraction of the orbicular and mental muscles, head movement and presence of deglutition, mastication, smoking, and of stomatognathic system of residues after swallowing were characterized. Results Statistically significant differences were identified between the study groups related to food grinding pattern, masticatory velocity, and mental contraction during swallowing. There was no significant association between masticatory function and compensations during swallowing. Conclusion Differences were observed in the pattern of chewing and swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers, but no influence of masticatory performance was observed in the presence of muscle compensations during the oral phase of swallowing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Deglutition/physiology , Mastication/physiology , Masticatory Muscles/physiology , Stomatognathic System/physiology , Comparative Study , Cross-Sectional Studies , Smokers , Muscle Contraction/physiology
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 335-341, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Malignant hyperthermia is an autosomal dominant pharmacogenetic disorder, characterized by hypermetabolic crisis triggered by halogenated anesthetics and/or succinylcholine. The standard method for diagnosing malignant hyperthermia susceptibility is the in vitro muscle contracture test in response to halothane-caffeine, which requires muscle biopsy under anesthesia. We describe a series of anesthetic procedures without triggering agents in malignant hyperthermia, comparing peripheral nerve block and subarachnoid anesthesia. Method We assessed the anesthetic record charts of 69 patients suspected of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility who underwent muscle biopsy for in vitro muscle contracture in the period of 7 years. Demographic data, indication for malignant hyperthermia investigation, in vitro muscle contracture test results, and surgery/anesthesia/recovery data were analyzed. Results Sample with 34 ± 13.7 years, 60.9% women, 65.2% of in vitro muscle contracture test positive. Techniques used: peripheral nerve blocks — lateral femoral and femoral cutaneous, latency 65 ± 41 min — (47.8%); subarachnoid anesthesia (49.3%), and total venous anesthesia (1.4%). There was 39.4% failure of peripheral nerve block and 11.8% of subarachnoid anesthesia. Adverse events (8.7%) occurred only with subarachnoid blockade (bradycardia, nausea, and transient neurological syndrome). All patients remained in the post-anesthesia care unit until discharge. Age and weight were significantly higher in patients with blockade failure (ROC cut-off point of 23.5 years and 59.5 kg) and blockade failure was more frequent in the presence of increased idiopathic creatine kinase. Conclusion Anesthesia with non-triggering agents has been shown to be safe in patients with malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. Variables such as age, weight, and history of increased idiopathic creatine kinase may be useful in selecting the anesthetic technique for this group of patients.


Resumo Introdução Hipertermia maligna é uma doença farmacogenética autossômica dominante, caracterizada por crise hipermetabólica desencadeada por anestésicos halogenados e/ou succinilcolina. O padrão para diagnóstico da suscetibilidade à hipertermia maligna é o teste de contratura muscular in vitro em resposta ao halotano-cafeína, para o qual é necessária biopsia muscular sob anestesia. Descrevemos uma série de anestesias sem agentes desencadeantes na hipertermia maligna e comparamos bloqueios de nervo periférico e anestesias subaracnóideas. Método Foram analisados os prontuários/fichas anestésicas de 69 pacientes suspeitos de susceptibilidade à hipertermia maligna, submetidos à biópsia muscular para teste de contratura muscular in vitro durante sete anos. Analisamos dados demográficos, indicação para investigação de hipertermia maligna, resultado do teste de contratura muscular in vitro e dados da cirurgia/anestesia/recuperação. Resultados Amostra com 34 ± 13,7 anos, 60,9% mulheres, 65,2% de teste de contratura muscular in vitro positivos. Técnicas empregadas: 47,8% bloqueios de nervo periférico (femoral e cutâneo femoral lateral, latência 65 ± 41 minutos), 49,3% anestesias subaracnóideas e 1,4% anestesia venosa total. Falha em 39,4% dos bloqueios de nervo periférico e 11,8% das anestesias subaracnóideas. Eventos adversos (8,7%) como bradicardia, náuseas e síndrome neurológica transitória só ocorreram com bloqueio subaracnóideo. Todos os pacientes permaneceram na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica até liberação. Idade e peso foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com falha no bloqueio (ponto de corte da curva ROC de 23,5 anos e 59,5 Kg) e esta foi mais frequente na presença de aumento idiopático de creatinoquinase. Conclusão Anestesia com agentes não desencadeantes mostrou-se segura em pacientes suscetíveis à hipertermia maligna. Variáveis como idade, peso e antecedente de aumento idiopático de creatinoquinase podem ser úteis para selecionar a técnica anestésica nesse grupo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Anesthesia/methods , Malignant Hyperthermia/diagnosis , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Nerve Block/methods , Biopsy/methods , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Disease Susceptibility , Halothane/administration & dosage , Middle Aged , Muscles/metabolism
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 152-159, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003412

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Malignant hyperthermia is an autosomal dominant hypermetabolic pharmacogenetic syndrome, with a mortality rate of 10%-20%, which is triggered by the use of halogenated inhaled anesthetics or muscle relaxant succinylcholine. The gold standard for suspected susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia is the in vitro muscle contracture test in response to halothane and caffeine. The determination of susceptibility in suspected families allows the planning of safe anesthesia without triggering agents for patients with known susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia by positive in vitro muscle contracture test. Moreover, the patient whose suspicion of malignant hyperthermia was excluded by the in vitro negative muscle contracture test may undergo standard anesthesia. Susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia has a variable manifestation ranging from an asymptomatic subject presenting a crisis of malignant hyperthermia during anesthesia with triggering agents to a patient with atrophy and muscle weakness due to central core myopathy. The aim of this study is to analyze the profile of reports of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia confirmed with in vitro muscle contracture test. Method: Analysis of the medical records of patients with personal/family suspicion of malignant hyperthermia investigated with in vitro muscle contracture test, after given written informed consent, between 1997 and 2010. Results: Of the 50 events that motivated the suspicion of malignant hyperthermia and family investigation (sample aged 27 ± 18 years, 52% men, 76% white), 64% were investigated for an anesthetic malignant hyperthermia crisis, with mortality rate of 25%. The most common signs of a malignant hyperthermia crisis were hyperthermia, tachycardia, and muscle stiffness. Susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia was confirmed in 79.4% of the 92 relatives investigated with the in vitro muscle contracture test. Conclusion: The crises of malignant hyperthermia resembled those described in other countries, but with frequency lower than that estimated in the country.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: Hipertermia maligna é uma síndrome farmacogenética hipermetabólica, autossômica dominante, com mortalidade entre 10%-20%, desencadeada por uso de anestésico inalatório halogenado ou relaxante muscular succinilcolina. O padrão-ouro para pesquisa de suscetibilidade à hipertermia maligna é o teste de contratura muscular in vitro em resposta ao halotano e à cafeína. A determinação da suscetibilidade nas famílias suspeitas permite planejar anestesias seguras sem agentes desencadeantes para os pacientes confirmados como suscetíveis à hipertermia maligna pelo teste de contratura muscular in vitro positivo. Além disso, o paciente no qual a suspeita de hipertermia maligna foi excluída pelo teste de contratura muscular in vitro negativo pode ser anestesiado de forma convencional. Suscetibilidade à hipertermia maligna tem manifestação variável, desde indivíduo assintomático que apresenta crise de hipertermia maligna durante anestesia com agentes desencadeantes, até paciente com atrofia e fraqueza muscular por miopatia central core disease. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o perfil dos relatos de suscetibilidade à hipertermia maligna confirmados com teste de contratura muscular in vitro. Método: Análise das fichas de notificação dos pacientes com suspeita pessoal/familiar de hipertermia maligna investigados com teste de contratura muscular in vitro, após assinatura do termo de consentimento, entre 1997-2010. Resultados: Dos 50 eventos que motivaram a suspeita de hipertermia maligna e a investigação familiar (amostra com 27 ± 18 anos, 52% homens, 76% brancos), 64% foram investigados por crise de hipertermia maligna anestésica, com mortalidade de 25%. Sinais mais comuns da crise de hipertermia maligna foram hipertermia, taquicardia e rigidez muscular. Suscetibilidade à hipertermia maligna foi confirmada em 79,4% dos 92 parentes investigados com teste de contratura muscular in vitro. Conclusão: Crises de hipertermia maligna assemelharam-se às descritas em outros países, porém com frequência inferior à estimada no país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Malignant Hyperthermia/diagnosis , Muscle Contraction/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Brazil , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Family Health , Retrospective Studies , Anesthetics, Inhalation/administration & dosage , Halothane/administration & dosage , Malignant Hyperthermia/physiopathology , Malignant Hyperthermia/prevention & control , Middle Aged , Muscle Contraction/physiology
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4602, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the results of the standard urotherapy alone and associated with pelvic floor muscle training alone, and in combination with oxybutynin in treatment of nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Methods A total of 38 children aged 5 to 10 years were randomized into three groups: Group I (n=12) that was submitted to standard urotherapy; Group II (n=15), standard urotherapy associated with pelvic floor muscle training; and Group III (n=11), standard urotherapy associated with pelvic floor muscle training and oxybutynin; the treatment lasted 12 weeks. The assessment tools used were playful bladder diary, and a 48-hour bladder diary, before and after treatment. After 2 years, patients were assessed by telephone using a standardized questionnaire. Results The data of children from the three groups were homogeneous at baseline. After 12-week treatment, all children showed improved symptoms and signs of nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis, but the differences were not significant among the groups. After 2 years, the three groups showed maintenance of treatment results, but no differences among them. Conclusion All treatment modalities were effective regarding improved enuresis and lower urinary tract symptoms, but the sample was not large enough to show differences among groups.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados da uroterapia padrão isolada e associada ao treinamento dos músculos do assoalho pélvico isoladamente e em combinação com a oxibutinina no tratamento da enurese noturna não monossintomática. Métodos Trinta e oito crianças entre 5 e 10 anos de idade foram randomizadas em três grupos: Grupo I (n=12) realizou uroterapia padrão; Grupo II (n=15) realizou uroterapia padrão associada ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico; e Grupo III (n=11) realizou uroterapia padrão associada ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico e oxibutinina. O tratamento teve duração de 12 semanas. Os instrumentos de avaliação foram diário miccional lúdico e diário miccional de 48 horas, antes e depois do tratamento. Após 2 anos, os pacientes foram avaliados por telefone, usando um questionário padronizado. Resultados Os dados das crianças dos três grupos eram homogêneos no início do estudo. Após 12 semanas de tratamento, todas as crianças apresentaram melhora em relação aos sinais e sintomas de enurese noturna não monossintomática, mas as diferenças não foram significativas entre os grupos. Depois de 2 anos, os resultados do tratamento se mantiveram nos três grupos, mas não houve diferenças entre os grupos. Conclusão As três modalidades de tratamento foram eficazes na melhora da enurese e dos sintomas do trato urinário inferior, mas o tamanho da amostra não foi grande o suficiente para mostrar diferenças entre os grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Urinary Incontinence , Pelvic Floor/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Nocturnal Enuresis/therapy , Urological Agents/therapeutic use , Mandelic Acids/therapeutic use , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy , Nocturnal Enuresis/physiopathology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(12): 1134-1138, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976815

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The present quasi-experimental study aimed to assess the transversus abdominis (TrA), internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) thickness in healthy subjects with the proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training in abdominal wall muscles. A sample of 41 healthy participants (age: 31.9 ± 4.5 y; height: 1.7 ± 0.1 m; weight: 68.3 ± 13.1 kg; body mass index, BMI: 22.9 ± 2.7 kg/m2) were recruited to participate in this study. Ultrasound images of the EO, IO, TrA, rectus anterior (RA) and interrecti distance (IRD) were measured and analyzed by the ImageJ software. Measurements were made at rest and during the abdominal drawing-maneuver (ADIM) developed by the patients with the Stabilizer™ located in the low back holding 40 mmHg for 10 seconds with a visual stimulus provided by a circular pressure marker. Ultrasound measurements for the abdominal wall muscles showed statistically significant differences (Π < .05) for a thickness decrease of the EO, IO and a thickness increase of TrA. A proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training produced a thickness increase in TrA muscle and a thickness decrease in EO and IO muscles in healthy subjects. These findings suggest that a proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training could be useful in individuals with low back pain and lumbopelvic pain.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o transverso abdominal (TrA), o oblíquo interno (OI) e a espessura oblíqua externa (EO) em indivíduos saudáveis com o treinamento proprioceptivo Stabilizer™ nos músculos da parede abdominal. Uma amostra de 41 participantes saudáveis (idade: 31,9±4,5 y, altura: 1,7±0,1 m; peso: 68,3±13,1 kg; índice de massa corporal, IMC: 22,9±2,7 kg / m2) foram recrutados para participar deste estudo. As imagens de ultrassom do EO, IO, TrA, reto anterior (RA) e distância interrecti (IRD) foram medidas e analisadas pelo software ImageJ. As medidas foram feitas em repouso e durante a manobra de desenho abdominal (Adim) desenvolvida pelos pacientes com o StabilizerTM localizado na parte inferior das costas segurando 40 mmHg por 10 segundos com um estímulo visual fornecido por um marcador de pressão circular. As medidas de ultrassom para os músculos da parede abdominal apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (P<0,05) para uma diminuição da espessura do EO, IO e um aumento de espessura do TrA. Um treinamento proprioceptivo Stabilizer™ produziu um aumento de espessura no músculo TrA e uma diminuição da espessura nos músculos EO e IO em indivíduos saudáveis. Esses achados sugerem que um treinamento de Stabilizer™ proprioceptivo poderia ser útil em indivíduos com dor lombar e dor lombo-pélvica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities/instrumentation , Abdominal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Wall/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Abdominal Muscles/anatomy & histology , Abdominal Muscles/physiopathology , Abdominal Wall/anatomy & histology , Abdominal Wall/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(10): 936-941, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976776

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The purpose of this study was to assess and compare with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) the perimuscular connective tissue (PMCT) and interrecti distance (IRD) between elite and amateur basketball players. A sample of 22 healthy basketball players was included and divided into two groups: elite basketball players from Spanish 1st division (n = 11) and amateur basketball players from an entertainment Spanish division (n = 11). Ultrasound images of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrAb), rectus anterior (RA) and IRD PMCT were measured and analysed by the ImageJ software. Measurements of abdominal wall muscles PMCT present statistically differences (P < .05) for an increase of perimuscular connective tissue of external oblique (PMCTEO), perimuscular connective tissue of transversus abdominis (PMCTTA) of the left side and an increase of PMCTEO on the right side in favor of the elite group. Rather, the study showed statistically differences (P < .05) for a decrease of perimuscular connective tissue between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis (PMCTIO-TA), and a decrease in PMCT total summation of the left side with elite group in respect to amateur group. This study reported an increase of left PMCTEO, left PMCTTAA, right PMCTEO as well as a decrease of left PMCTIO-TA and in PMCT total summation on the left side.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar com ultrassonografia de reabilitação (IUR) o tecido conjuntivo perimuscular da parede abdominal (PMPA) e interrecti distância (IRD) entre elite e jogadores de basquete amadores. Uma amostra de 22 jogadores de basquete saudáveis foi incluída e dividida em dois grupos: jogadores de basquete de elite da 1ᵃ divisão espanhola (n=11) e jogadores de basquete amadores de uma divisão de entretenimento espanhol (n=11). As imagens de ultrassom do oblíquo externo (OE), oblíquo interno (OI), transverso abdominal (TrAb), recto anterior (RA) e IRD PMPA foram medidas e analisadas pelo software ImageJ. Medições dos músculos da parede abdominal O PMPA apresentam diferenças estatisticamente (P<0,05) para o aumento do tecido conjuntivo perimuscular de oblíquo externo (PMOE), tecido conjuntivo perimuscular de transverso abdominal (PMTA) do lado esquerdo e aumento do PMOE do lado direito a favor do grupo de elite. Em vez disso, o estudo mostrou diferenças estatisticamente (P<0,05) para uma diminuição do tecido conjuntivo perimuscular entre o oblíquo interno e transverso abdominário (PMOI-TA) e uma diminuição no somatório total de PMTA do lado esquerdo do grupo de elite em relação ao amador grupo. Este estudo relatou um aumento do PMTOE esquerdo, PMTA esquerdo, PMCTOE direito, bem como uma diminuição do PMCTOI-TA esquerdo e no somatório total do PMTA no lado esquerdo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Basketball , Abdominal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Connective Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Ultrasonography , Abdominal Muscles/physiology , Connective Tissue/physiology
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(6): 549-553, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956486

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe and correlate the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and superficial fascia thickness assessed by ultrasonography (US) with the lumbar erector spinae muscles contractile properties evaluated by tensiomyography (TMG). METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with 50 healthy participants was performed. The point of maximum lordosis in the lumbar region of the right erector spinae was evaluated by US and TMG. First, the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and superficial fascia thicknesses (cm) were assessed by US. Second, the five contractile TMG parameters were analyzed from the right erector spinae muscles belly displacement-time curves: maximal radial displacement (Dm), contraction time (Tc), sustain time (Ts), delay time (Td), and half-relaxation time (Tr). Finally, correlation analyses using Pearson (r for parametric data) and Spearman (rs for non-parametric data) coefficients were performed. RESULTS: A strong negative correlation was shown between Dm and subcutaneous tissue thickness (rs=-0.668; P<.001). Furthermore, moderate negative correlations were observed between Dm and skin thickness (r=-0.329; P=0.020) as well as Tr and subcutaneous tissue thickness (rs=-0.369; P=0.008). The rest of the parameters did not show statistically significant correlations (P >.05). CONCLUSION: Therefore, the lumbar erector spinae contractile properties during TMG assessments, especially Dm and Tr, may be widely correlated by the skin and subcutaneous tissue thickness.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O estudo foi elaborado para descrever e correlacionar a pele, o tecido subcutâneo e a espessura da fascia superficial avaliados pelo ultrassom (EUA) com as propriedades contráteis do músculo eretor da coluna lombar avaliadas por tensiomiografia (TMG). MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo transversal com 50 participantes saudáveis. O ponto de lordose máxima na região lombar da coluna ereta direita foi avaliado pelos EUA e TMG. Primeiro, a pele, o tecido subcutâneo e as espessuras da fáscia superficial (cm) foram avaliadas pelos EUA. Em segundo lugar, os cinco parâmetros TMG contráteis foram analisados a partir das curvas de deslocamento-tempo da barriga do músculo eretor da espinha direita: deslocamento radial máximo (Dm), tempo de contração (Tc), tempo de sustentação (Ts), tempo de atraso (Td) e meio tempo de relaxamento (Tr). Finalmente, foram realizadas análises de correlação usando os coeficientes Pearson (r para dados paramétricos) e Spearman (rs para dados não paramétricos). RESULTADOS: Uma correlação forte negativa foi mostrada entre Dm e espessura subcutânea do tecido (rs = −0,668; P < 0,001). Além disso, foram observadas correlações moderadas negativas entre Dm e espessura da pele (r = −0,329; P = 0,020), bem como a espessura subcutânea do tecido (rs = −0,369; P = 0,008). O restante dos parâmetros não mostrou correlações estatisticamente significativas (P > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Portanto, as propriedades contráteis do eretor da espinha lombar durante as avaliações TMG, especialmente Dm e Tr, podem ser amplamente correlacionadas com a pele e a espessura subcutânea do tecido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Skin/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Myography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Back Muscles/physiology , Lumbosacral Region/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Muscle Contraction/physiology
12.
Clinics ; 73: e303, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952785

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze the extent of motor adaptation in ankle plantar flexors and dorsiflexors among older drivers during clinical isokinetic testing. METHODS: One hundred older adults (70.4±5.7 years) participated in two bilateral ankle plantar flexor and dorsiflexor isokinetic assessments at 30°/sec. Peak torque (PTQ), PTQ adjusted for body weight (PTQ/BW), and total work (TW) were analyzed. RESULTS: On the dominant side, PTQ/BW and TW were significantly greater for the second plantar flexion test than were those for the first such test (p<0.001), whereas PTQ, PTQ/BW, and TW (p<0.001) were significantly greater for the second dorsiflexion test than were those for the first such test. On the non-dominant side, plantar flexion PTQ and TW were significantly lower for the second test than were those for the first test (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Older drivers demonstrated better performance with the dominant limb on the second test. The low variability in test execution showed the existence of a motor adaptation effect for the tested movements, despite the short recovery period between the assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Automobile Driving , Adaptation, Physiological/physiology , Ankle Joint/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology , Reference Values , Body Weight/physiology , Aging/physiology , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Torque , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
13.
Clinics ; 73: e453, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to assess the influence of dental occlusion on body posture and the competitive performance of young elite rowers. METHOD: Dental occlusion disturbance devices were used to simulate dental malocclusions. We assessed the influence of malocclusion on the body balance, paravertebral muscle contraction symmetry, and muscular power of young elite rowers. A nonparametric permutation test for repeated measures ANOVA, a Cochran's Q test for paired data and a paired Student's t-test were used in order to statistically evaluate the influence of artificial occlusal disturbance on each factor. A force platform and a Dyno Concept 2 machine were used as measuring instruments. RESULTS: A total of 7 members of the "Pôle France Aviron" (age range of 15-17 years) were enrolled in the study. None of the body balance parameters was significantly influenced by the artificial occlusal disturbance. The interposition of an occlusal silicone splint significantly increased the proportion of athletes presenting asymmetric muscular contractions from 14.3% to 85.7% (p=0.025) and induced a significant 17.7% decrease in the athletes' muscular power (p=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the negative impacts of an occlusal disturbance on the athletic performance of young elite rowers. The detection of malocclusion traits by regular occlusal monitoring would be of great interest in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Posture/physiology , Athletic Performance/physiology , Water Sports/physiology , Malocclusion/physiopathology , Reference Values , Pilot Projects , Analysis of Variance , Occlusal Splints , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cross-Over Studies , Dental Occlusion , Postural Balance/physiology , Exercise Test , Muscle Contraction/physiology
15.
Clinics ; 72(5): 272-275, May 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations between maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs and body composition for subjects with severe obesity. METHODS: Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. One hundred thirty-two patients were enrolled (100 females and 32 males). Eighty-seven patients had a body mass index between 40 and 49.9 kg/m2 (the A group), and 45 patients had a body mass index between 50 and 59.9 kg/m2 (the B group). RESULTS: Absolute extension and flexion torques had weak associations with fat-free mass but a moderate association with absolute extension torque and fat-free mass of the lower limbs. There were no significant differences between the A and B groups with respect to absolute extension and flexion torques. For the A group, absolute extension and flexion torques were moderately associated with fat-free mass and with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. For the B group, there were only moderate associations between absolute extension and flexion torques with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that both groups exhibited similar absolute torque values. There were weak to moderate associations between absolute extension and flexion torques and fat-free mass but a moderate association with fat-free mass of the lower limbs. Individuals with severe obesity should strive for greater absolute torques, fat-free mass and especially fat-free mass of the lower limbs to prevent functional limitations and physical incapacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Composition/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Obesity, Morbid/physiopathology , Anthropometry , Electric Impedance , Lower Extremity/physiopathology , Muscle Strength Dynamometer , Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Torque
16.
Clinics ; 72(4): 202-206, Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of motor learning on knee extension-flexion isokinetic performance in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six middle-aged and older sedentary individuals (111 women, 64.3±9.9 years) with knee osteoarthritis (130 patients with bilateral) and who had never performed isokinetic testing underwent two bilateral knee extension-flexion (concentric-concentric) isokinetic evaluations (5 repetitions) at 60°/sec. The tests were first performed on the dominant leg with 2 min of recovery between test, and following a standardized warm-up that included 3 submaximal isokinetic repetitions. The same procedure was repeated on the non-dominant leg. The peak torque, peak torque adjusted for the body weight, total work, coefficient of variation and agonist/antagonist ratio were compared between tests. RESULTS: Patients showed significant improvements in test 2 compared to test 1, including higher levels of peak torque, peak torque adjusted for body weight and total work, as well as lower coefficients of variation. The agonist/antagonist relationship did not significantly change between tests. No significant differences were found between the right and left legs for all variables. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that performing two tests with a short recovery (2 min) between them could be used to reduce motor learning effects on clinical isokinetic testing of the knee joint in knee osteoarthritis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Knee Joint/physiopathology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/physiopathology , Practice, Psychological , Age Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Torque
17.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2017; 27 (1): 38-43
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185679

ABSTRACT

Myofibroblast-mediated contraction is viewed as a cycle of four steps. The first step is stimulation of myofibroblasts by lysophospholipids leading to the activation of G proteins and ending with contraction of the actin-myosin complex. The next step is the transmission of the intracellular contractile force at the focal adhesions of myofibroblasts; a step that involves talin, vinculin, paxillin, Hic-5, and the integrin receptors. In the third step, fibronectin will act as the extracellular link between the integrin receptors and the extracellular collagen. Finally, "sensing" tension and the maintenance of myofibroblast activity represent the fourth step. The clinical relevance of each step is then discussed in the form of modalities to prevent excessive scarring/fibrosis


Subject(s)
Wound Healing/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(11): e5996, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888948

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between aerobic capacity and pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function in adult women. Women aged 18 or over and without urinary dysfunction or other chronic diseases were eligible to participate. They completed the habitual physical activity (HPA) questionnaire, underwent a PFM functional evaluation by palpation and perineometry, and performed a submaximal (between 75 and 85% of maximum heart rate) cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) test to determine the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT). Forty-one women were included (35±16 years, 75% physically active, 17% very active, and 8% sedentary and 17% presented grade 1 PFM contraction, 31.8% grade 2, 26.8% grade 3, and 24.4% grade 4, according to the modified Oxford Scale). The average PFM contraction pressure obtained by perineometer was 53±26 cmH2O and the average oxygen consumption at VAT (VO2VAT) obtained from CPX was 14±2 mL·kg-1·min-1. Significant correlations were found between PFM contraction pressure and VO2VAT (r=0.55; P<0.001); between PFM contraction pressure and HPA score (r=0.38; P=0.02); between age and VO2VAT (r=-0.25; P=0.049); and between VO2VAT and HPA score (r=0.36; P=0.02). An age-adjusted multiple linear regression equation (R2=0.32) was derived to estimate VO2VAT from the contraction value obtained by perineometer, so that the PFM contraction pressure was able to predict VO2VAT. The equation was validated using data from another group of 20 healthy women (33±12 years; PFM contraction: 49±23 cmH2O) and no significant difference was found between actual VO2VAT and predicted VO2VAT (13.1±1.9 vs 13.8±2.0 mL·kg-1·min-1). In conclusion, PFM function is associated with aerobic capacity in healthy women and PFM contraction pressure may be used to estimate VO2VAT in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Pressure , Reference Values , Linear Models , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age Factors , Pelvic Floor , Statistics, Nonparametric , Exercise Test , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(7): 635-640, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829521

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction: Digital palpation and manometry are methods that can provide information regarding maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and endurance of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM), and a strong correlation between these variables can be expected. Objective: To investigate the correlation between MVC and endurance, measured by digital palpation and manometry. Method: Forty-two women, with mean age of 58.1 years (±10.2), and predominant symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), were included. Examination was firstly conducted by digital palpation and subsequently using a Peritron manometer. MVC was measured using a 0-5 score, based on the Oxford Grading Scale. Endurance was assessed based on the PERFECT scheme. Results: We found a significant positive correlation between the MVC measured by digital palpation and the peak manometric pressure (r=0.579, p<0.001), and between the measurements of the endurance by Peritron manometer and the PERFECT assessment scheme (r=0.559, P<0.001). Conclusion: Our results revealed a positive and significant correlation between the capacity and maintenance of PFM contraction using digital and manometer evaluations in women with predominant symptoms of SUI.


Resumo Introdução: a palpação digital e a manometria são métodos capazes de fornecer informações sobre contração voluntária máxima (CVM) e endurance da musculatura do assoalho pélvico (MAP), e pode-se esperar uma forte correlação entre essas variáveis. Objetivo: investigar a correlação entre CVM e endurance, avaliados por palpação digital e manometria. Método: incluíram-se 42 mulheres, com idade média de 58,1 anos (±10,2) e sintomas predominantes de incontinência urinária de esforço (IUE). Realizou-se primeiramente o exame digital, seguido pela manometria (Peritron®). Mensuraram-se a CVM de acordo com a escala de Oxford (0-5 pontos) e o endurance pelo esquema PERFECT. Resultados: encontrou-se correlação positiva entre CVM mensurada por palpação digital e pressão manométrica de pico (r=0,579; p<0,001), e entre as medições do endurance avaliado pelo Peritron e o esquema PERFECT (r=0,559; p<0,001). Conclusão: os resultados revelaram correlação positiva e significativa entre a capacidade e a manutenção de contração dos MAP por meio das avaliações digital e manométrica em mulheres com IUE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Palpation/methods , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/physiopathology , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Pelvic Floor/innervation , Manometry/methods , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Physical Endurance/physiology , Pressure , Reference Values , Vagina/physiology , Middle Aged
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(5): 1018-1027, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796875

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of neuronal nitric oxide synthase on the striated urethral sphincter and the urinary bladder. Materials and Methods: A coaxial catheter was implanted in the proximal urethra and another one in the bladder of female rats, which were anesthetized with subcutaneous injection of urethane. The urethral pressure with saline continuous infusion and bladder isovolumetric pressure were simultaneously recorded. Two groups of rats were formed. In group I, an intrathecal catheter was implanted on the day of the experiment at the L6-S1 level of the spinal cord; in group II, an intracerebroventricular cannula was placed 5-6 days before the experiment. Results: It was verified that the group treated with S-methyl-L-thio-citrulline, via intrathecal pathway, showed complete or partial inhibition of the urethral sphincter relaxation and total inhibition of the micturition reflexes. The urethral sphincter and the detrusor functions were recovered after L-Arginine administration. When S-methyl-L-thio-citrulline was administered via intracerebroventricular injection, there was a significant increase of urethral sphincter tonus while preserving the sphincter relaxation and the detrusor contractions, at similar levels as before the use of the drugs. Nevertheless there was normalization of the urethral tonus when L-Arginine was applied. Conclusions: The results indicate that, in female rats anaesthetized with urethane, the nNOS inhibitor administrated through the intrathecal route inhibits urethral sphincter relaxation, while intracerebroventricular injection increases the sphincter tonus, without changing bladder function. These changes were reverted by L-Arginine administration. These findings suggest that the urethral sphincter and detrusor muscle function is modulated by nitric oxide.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Thiourea/analogs & derivatives , Urethra/drug effects , Urination/drug effects , Urinary Bladder/drug effects , Citrulline/analogs & derivatives , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I/pharmacology , Arginine/pharmacology , Pressure , Reference Values , Thiourea/pharmacology , Time Factors , Urethane/pharmacology , Urethra/physiology , Urination/physiology , Urinary Bladder/physiology , Injections, Spinal , Citrulline/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Muscle Contraction/drug effects , Muscle Contraction/physiology
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