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1.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 75(1): 31-40, ene.-feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-951289

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los estudios de imagen, como la tomografía simple y contrastada, son la primera aproximación diagnóstica para detectar la recurrencia de tumores musculoesqueléticos. El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo fue demostrar la utilidad de la gammagrafía acoplada a tomografía computarizada por emisión de fotón único (SPECT/CT) con talio-201(201Tl) en la valoración de tumores musculoesqueléticos malignos con sospecha de recurrencia o enfermedad metastásica. Métodos: Se realizaron 72 estudios gammagráficos y de SPECT/CT para la valoración de la recurrencia locorregional y a distancia, al menos 8 semanas tras la última terapia, en 42 pacientes con diferentes tipos de tumores musculoesqueléticos malignos, como osteosarcoma, sarcoma de Ewing, rabdomiosarcoma, retinoblastoma, sarcoma sinovial y tumor de Wilms en el Hospital Infantil de México. Se calcularon el valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y el intervalo de confianza del gammagrama y de la SPECT/CT en comparación con el resultado del análisis histopatológico y el seguimiento clínico y radiológico para identificar la recurrencia. Resultados: La gammagrafía fue anormal en 30 (71.4%) de los 42 pacientes. Se detectaron 33 lesiones (30 pacientes) por gammagrafía y 25 (21 pacientes) por telerradiografía de tórax y tomografía de dos regiones. La SPECT/CT se realizó en 30 pacientes y se detectaron 12 lesiones adicionales al rastreo planar. El VPP con la gammagrafía fue del 82%, y con la SPECT/CT, del 100%. Conclusión: La gammagrafía con 201Tl puede considerarse un estudio adecuado para identificar los sitios de viabilidad tumoral, con alto grado de certeza diagnóstica al complementar con SPECT/CT.


Abstract Background: Imaging studies, particularly simple and contrast-enhanced tomography, constitute the first diagnostic approach to detect recurrence of musculoskeletal tumors. The aim of the present retrospective study was to demonstrate the usefulness of scintigraphy plus SPECT/CT (single photon emission computed tomography) with thallium-201 (201Tl) in the evaluation of malignant musculoskeletal tumors with suspicion of recurrence or metastatic disease. Methods: Eight weeks after the last therapy, 72 scintigraphy and SPECT/CT studies were performed to assess regional recurrence and metastatic disease in 42 patients with different types of malignant musculoskeletal tumors, such as osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, retinoblastoma, synovial sarcoma, and Wilms tumor at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. The positive predictive value (PPV) and the confidence interval of the scintigraphy and SPECT/CT were calculated when compared with the results of the histopathological analysis and the clinical and radiological follow-up for the identification of recurrence. Results: Scintigraphy was abnormal in 30 (71.4%) of the 42 patients; 33 lesions (30 patients) were detected by scintigraphy and 25 lesions (21 patients) by chest X-ray and tomography of two regions. The SPECT/CT was performed on 30 patients, where 12 lesions were detected in addition to the planar scintigraphy. Scintigraphy showed a PPV of 82%; SPECT/CT, 100%. Conclusion: 201Tl-scintigraphy can be considered as an adequate study to identify the sites of tumor viability with a high degree of diagnostic certainty combined with the SPECT/CT technique.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Muscle Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Thallium Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Muscle Neoplasms/pathology , Mexico , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
2.
Indian J Cancer ; 2010 Jul-Sept; 47(3): 280-286
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144351

ABSTRACT

Aims: Various features have been described in the literature to differentiate benign from malignant lesions. The aim of the present study was to study the accuracy of each of these features and that of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing malignant lesions. Materials and Methods: Fifty-five consecutive patients presenting with neoplastic (both benign and malignant) lesions diagnosed clinically and on ultrasound were studied and their MRI features were compared with the findings on surgical exploration and histopathologic examination. Results: There were 32 (58%) benign and 23 (42%) malignant masses. Malignant masses were more common in patients older than 20 years (83%), and these had symptoms of less than 6 months duration (75%), as against benign lesions. The swelling was painful in 8 malignant masses and these were more common in the upper limbs (61%). Various features of malignant lesions were size more than 5 cm in 83%, change in signal intensity from homogenous on T1-weighted images to heterogenous on T2-weighted images in 74%, irregular margins in 74%, and heterogenous contrast enhancement in 91%. The accuracy of these features was 76%, 58%, 78%, and 60%, respectively. Most benign and malignant lesions were intramuscular in location. A significant number (38%) of benign lesions were located in the intermuscular facial plane. Definitive diagnosis was made in 42% of the lesions. Conclusions: MRI is an excellent modality for evaluating soft tissue neoplasms; however, prediction of a specific diagnosis and differentiation of malignant and benign lesions is not always possible.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Feasibility Studies , Female , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/diagnosis , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/pathology , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/physiopathology , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Muscle Neoplasms/diagnosis , Muscle Neoplasms/pathology , Muscle Neoplasms/physiopathology , Muscle Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/physiopathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
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