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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(3): 47-55, 20230921.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511063

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar uma revisão integrativa a respeito da função pulmonar e da força muscular respiratória nos músicos de instrumentos de sopro. A relação da função respiratória com a utilização de instrumentos musicais de sopro é uma área do conhecimento ainda pouco explorada. Métodos: Realizada a revisão bibliográfica nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, PeDro, BVS, Scopus, Web of Science e SciELO, através da combinação das palavras-chave "respiratory function test", "wind instrument", musician, "pulmonary ventilation" e "Lung Function Test". Resultados: Inicialmente foram encontrados 108 artigos, sendo que destes foram selecionados 11, totalizando 596 músicos instrumentistas de sopro, que fizeram parte dos grupos de estudo. Na maioria dos estudos os músicos apresentaram valores menores do volume expirado no primeiro segundo (VEF1) e da capacidade vital forçada (CVF) na espirometria que o grupo controle. No entanto, sem diferença quanto a relação VEF1/CVF. Assim como não há diferença na força muscular respiratória ou relação com doenças respiratórias. Conclusão: Os estudos atuais a respeito da consequência do instrumento de sopro em indivíduos não são capazes de evidenciar impactos positivos ou negativos na saúde respiratória desta população.


Objective: To conduct an integrative review of lung function and respiratory muscle strength in wind instrument musicians. The relationship between respiratory function and the use of wind musical instruments is an area of knowledge that has not been extensively explored. Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out in the MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, PeDro, BVS, Scopus, Web of Science, and SciELO databases by combining the keywords "respiratory function test", "wind instrument", musician, "pulmonary ventilation" and "Lung Function Test". Results: Initially, 108 articles were found, of which 11 were selected, totaling 596 wind instrumentalists who were part of the study groups. In most studies, musicians showed lower values of expired volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) in spirometry than in the control group. However, there was no difference regarding the FEV1/FVC ratio, just as there was no difference in respiratory muscle strength or relationship with respiratory diseases. Conclusion: Current studies regarding the effect of wind instruments on individuals are unable to show positive or negative impacts on the respiratory health of this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscle Strength , Singing
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 698-705, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529936

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the correlation between posttreatment trunk range of motion (ROM) and isometric strength (TIS) and pain and disability in patients who underwent multimodal rehabilitation for low back pain (LBP). Methods In this prospective cohort study, 122 patients undergoing multimodal rehabilitation for LBP were analyzed. The pre- and posttreatment numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores, as well as trunk ROM and TIS were compared. The Pearson correlation was used to determine correlation between posttreatment clinical outcomes and ROM and TIS. Results At the end of treatment, the mean NPRS (p< 0.0001) and ODI (p< 0.0001) scores, mean trunk extension (p< 0.0001), and flexion (p< 0.0001) ROMs improved significantly. Similarly, posttreatment, the mean extension (p< 0.0001) and flexion (p< 0.0001) TISs improved significantly. There was a weak correlation between the NPRS score and ROM extension (r = -0.24, p= 0.006) and flexion strength (r = -0.28, p= 0.001), as well as between the ODI score and TIS extension (r = -0.30, p= 0.0007) and flexion (r = -0.28, p= 0.001). Conclusion Despite significant improvement in pain, disability, trunk ROM, and TIS with multimodal treatment, there was a weak correlation between posttreatment pain and function and trunk ROM and TIS. Improvement in pain and function with physical rehabilitation treatment for LBP is a complex phenomenon and needs further investigation.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a correlação entre a amplitude de movimento (ADM) do tronco pós-tratamento e a força isométrica do tronco (FIT) e a dor e a incapacidade em pacientes submetidos à reabilitação multimodal para dor lombar (DL). Métodos Neste estudo de coorte prospectiva, 122 pacientes submetidos à reabilitação multimodal para DL foram analisados. Foram comparados os escores de escala numérica de dor pré- e pós-tratamento (END) e do índice de incapacidade Oswestry (Oswestry disability index - ODI), a ADM do tronco e a FIT. A correlação de Pearson foi utilizada para determinar a correlação entre desfechos clínicos e a ADM e a FIT pós-tratamento. Resultados Ao final do tratamento, as médias de ADM (p< 0,0001) e ODI (p< 0,0001), as ADMs médias de extensão (p< 0,0001) e a flexão (p< 0,0001) do tronco melhoraram significativamente. Da mesma forma, a FIT pós-tratamento, as FITs médias de extensão (p< 0,0001) e flexão (p< 0,0001) melhoraram significativamente. Houve uma correlação fraca entre o escore do END e a ADM de extensão (r = -0,24, p= 0,006) e força de flexão (r = -0,28, p= 0,001) pós-tratamento, assim como entre o escore de ODI e FIT de extensão (r = -0,30, p= 0,0007) e flexão (r = -0,28, p= 0,001) pós-tratamento. Conclusão Apesar da melhora significativa da dor, capacidade, ADM do tronco e FIT com tratamento multimodal, houve uma fraca correlação entre dor pós-tratamento e função e ADM e FIT de tronco. A melhora da dor e da função com o tratamento de reabilitação física para DL é um fenômeno complexo e precisa de uma investigação mais aprofundada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Diseases/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/rehabilitation , Low Back Pain/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Muscle Strength
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1118-1122, ago. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514334

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The evaluation of the invertor and evertor muscle strength and proprioception are important in terms of determining the risk of injury in handball players. The aim of this study was to determine the isokinetic strength and proprioception profile of the ankle invertor and evertor muscles of elite female handball players. Fifteen elite female handball players were included. Ankle invertor and evertor muscle strength and proprioception were evaluated using the isokinetic system. The isokinetic strength test was performed in concentric mode at 30°/s (5 repetitions) and 120°/s (10 repetitions). Proprioception sense was evaluated as active joint position sense. There was no statistically significant difference between the dominant and nondominant sides in terms of invertor and evertor muscle strength, evertor/invertor (Ever/Inver) ratio, and active joint position sense at both angular speeds (p>0.05). The Ever/Inver ratio on both sides was lower than normal values. It was concluded that the female handball players showed bilateral symmetry in the invertor and evertor muscles. However, the fact that the Ever/Inver strength ratio was lower than normal values on both sides suggested that caution should be exercised in terms of risks such as ankle sprain or chronic ankle instability. Pre-season evaluations should be made and it would be beneficial to add strengthening exercises to related muscle groups in training programs to normalize the unilateral ratios in these athletes.


La evaluación de la fuerza muscular inversora y eversora y la propiocepción son importantes para determinar el riesgo de lesión en los jugadores de balonmano. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la fuerza isocinética y el perfil de propiocepción de los músculos inversores y eversores del tobillo de jugadoras de balonmano de élite. Se incluyeron 15 jugadoras de élite de balonmano. La fuerza muscular inversora y eversora del tobillo y la propiocepción se evaluaron mediante el sistema isocinético. El test de fuerza isocinética se realizó en modo concéntrico a 30º/s (5 repeticiones) y 120º/s (10 repeticiones). El sentido de propiocepción se evaluó como sentido activo de posición articular. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los lados dominante y no dominante en términos de fuerza muscular inversora y eversora, relación eversor/inversor (Ever/ Inver) y sentido activo de la posición de la articulación en ambas velocidades angulares (p>0.05). La relación Ever/Inver en ambos lados fue inferior a los valores normales. Se concluyó que las jugadoras de balonmano presentaron simetría bilateral en los músculos inversores y eversores. Sin embargo, el hecho de que la relación de fuerza Ever/Inver fuera inferior a los valores normales en ambos lados sugirió que se debe tener precaución en términos de riesgos como el esguince de tobillo o la inestabilidad crónica de tobillo. Se deben realizar evaluaciones de pretemporada y sería beneficioso agregar ejercicios de fortalecimiento a los grupos musculares relacionados en los programas de entrenamiento para normalizar las proporciones unilaterales en estas atletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Proprioception , Sports , Muscle Strength , Ankle/physiology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1254-1260, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514348

ABSTRACT

La evaluación de la calidad y la arquitectura muscular son importantes para comprender y cuantificar los cambios musculares asociados con el envejecimiento y el estilo de vida sedentario, además nos facilita información de la capacidad del músculo para generar fuerza, potencia o funcionalidad. los objetivos del estudio fueron (I) determinar la asociación entre los parámetros de la arquitectura muscular y el índice de calidad muscular (MQI) y (II) determinar la asociación entre los parámetros de la arquitectura muscular y la potencia media relativa del sit to stand test (STS). Únicamente el grosor muscular (MT) mostró una asociación moderada con el MQI (r = 0,545). En contraste, tanto la longitud del fascículo (FL) como el ángulo de penación (PA) exhibieron asociaciones "muy bajas", las cuales no resultaron significativas con el MQI. Al examinar la relación de los parámetros de la arquitectura muscular con la potencia media relativa de STS, MT presentó una asociación "moderada" (r = 0,444). Sin embargo, tanto FL como PA mostraron asociaciones "muy bajas" y "bajas", respectivamente, con la potencia media relativa al STS. En conclusión, estos hallazgos refuerzan la idea de que MT puede ser un indicador relevante de la calidad muscular y la capacidad de generar potencia en la prueba de STS. Específicamente, se observó que un aumento en MT estaba asociado con una mejora en MQI y la potencia media relativa de STS.


SUMMARY: Assessment of muscle quality and architecture is important for understanding and quantifying muscle changes associated with aging and a sedentary lifestyle and provides information on the muscle's ability to generate strength, power, or function. The aims of the study were (I) to determine the association between muscle architecture parameters and muscle quality index (MQI) and (II) to determine the association between muscle architecture parameters and mean relative power in the sit-to-stand test (STS). Only muscle thickness (MT) showed a moderate association with MQI (r = 0.545). In contrast, both fascicle length (FL) and penile angle (PA) exhibited "very low" associations, which were not significant with the MQI. When examining the relationship between muscle architecture parameters and mean relative STS power, MT presented a "moderate" association (r = 0.444). However, both LF and PA showed "very low" and "low" associations, respectively, with a mean power relative to STS. In conclusion, these findings reinforce the idea that MT may be a relevant indicator of muscle quality and ability to generate power in the STS test. Specifically, an increase in MT was associated with an improvement in MQI and mean power relative to STS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Sedentary Behavior
5.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(2): 81-86, abr-jun. 2023. tab, tab, tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427638

ABSTRACT

Contexto e objetivo: Diversos benefícios são advindos da prática da atividade física durante o envelhecimento, porém poucos são os achados que apresentem os dados ao longo do tempo. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a estabilidade das variáveis da aptidão física e capacidade funcional de mulheres adultas praticantes de atividade física em um período de 10 anos. Desenho e local: Estudo longitudinal com mulheres de São Caetano do Sul. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 157 mulheres com idade entre 45 e 86 anos (65,7 ± 6,7), analisadas em quatro intervalos de tempo: baseline, 6, 8 e 10 anos, todas praticantes de atividade física. A avaliação incluiu variáveis antropométricas, neuromotoras e de capacidade funcional. A análise estatística utilizada foi o teste t de Student, correlação de Spearman Rho e delta percentual. O nível de significância adotado foi de P < 0,01. Resultados: Os resultados apresentaram correlações de estabilidade alta e significante (rho = 0,64 a 0,87) nos três grupos nas variáveis índice de massa corporal, adiposidade, força de membros superiores, flexibilidade e agilidade. O acompanhamento de 6 a 10 anos evidenciou diferenças significantes de força de membros superiores, inferiores, agilidade e equilíbrio, sendo expressa pela redução da força de membros superiores de 8% a 13%, força de membros inferiores de 18% a 21%, agilidade de 18% a 19% e equilíbrio de 28% a 34%. Conclusão: Houve estabilidade das variáveis antropométricas, neuromotoras, capacidade funcional e equilíbrio de mulheres adultas praticantes de atividade física, mesmo apresentando redução significativa nas variáveis citadas anteriormente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Time Factors , Body Weights and Measures , Longitudinal Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Muscle Strength/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 18-23, jun 22, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442770

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Força de Preensão Manual (FPM) é um indicador de saúde e funcionalidade do idoso, que diminui com o passar do tempo, impactada por aspectos como mudanças na composição corporal. Objetivo: investigar a associação entre o Ângulo de Fase Padronizado (AFP) e FPM em idosos comunitários da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS). Metodologia: estudo transversal, com pessoas de 60 anos ou mais, atendidos na APS. A variável dependente foi a FPM medida com dinamômetro e a independente principal foi o AFP com base no sexo e faixa etária, calculado a partir do ângulo de fase obtido pela bioimpedância. Foi realizada a regressão logística com entrada por bloco, sendo incluídas no modelo as variáveis que apresentaram associação com nível crítico menor do que 10%. Resultados: dos 296 indivíduos avaliados, 28,0% exibiram baixa FPM e 15,9% apresentaram AFP < ­ 1,65°. As variáveis inseridas no modelo final de regressão logística, juntamente com o AFP, foram sexo, faixa etária, Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e Circunferência da Panturrilha (CP). A análise mostrou que o AFP < ­ 1,65° aumenta a chance do idoso apresentar baixa FPM, tanto na análise sem ajuste (OR = 2,71; IC 95% 1,43-5,15), quanto no modelo final (OR = 2,35; IC 95% 1,14-4,87). Conclusão: o AFP mostrou-se associado à FPM, independentemente da interação com sexo, faixa etária, IMC e CP. A sua utilização pode contribuir na avaliação de idosos, especialmente quando a aferição da FPM não for possível.


Introduction: Handgrip Strength (HGS) is an indicator of health and functionality of the older adults, which decreases over time, impacted by aspects including changes in body composition. Objective: to investigate the association between the Standardized Phase Angle (SPA ) and HGS in community-dwelling older adults in Primary Health Care (PHC). Methodology: cross-sectional study, with people aged 60 or over, assisted in the PHC. The dependent variable was the HGS measured using a dynamometer. The main independent variable was the SPA based on gender and age range, calculated from the phase angle obtained by bioimpedance. Block-by-block logistic regression was performed, including variables that were associated with a critical level lower than 10% in the model. Results: of the 296 individuals assessed, 28.0% had low HGS and 15.9% had SPA < ­ 1.65°. The variables inserted in the final logistic regression model, together with the SPA , were gender, age group, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Calf Circumference (CC). The analysis showed that SPA < ­ 1.65° increases the chance of the older adults having low HGS, both in the unadjusted analysis (OR = 2.71; 95% CI 1.43-5.15) and in the final model (OR = 2.35; 95%CI 1.14-4.87). Conclusion: the SPA was associated with HGS, regardless of the interaction with sex, age group, BMI and CC. Its use can contribute to the evaluation of the older adults, especially when HGS measurement is not possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Muscle Strength , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Impedance
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 37-46, jun 22, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442836

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e a sarcopenia são condições prevalentes e inter-relacionadas, figurando como importantes causas de limitações funcionais. Objetivo: avaliar critérios de sarcopenia, e suas relações com parâmetros cardiometabólicos, em pacientes de 40 a 64 anos hospitalizados por IC. Metodologia: estudo de corte transversal com caráter analítico envolvendo indivíduos com IC confirmada. A massa muscular apendicular (MMA) foi avaliada através da absorciometria por raios-X de dupla energia (DXA), considerando-se baixa MMA mulheres com MMA/altura² <5,5 kg/m² ou MMA/índice de massa corporal (IMC) <0,512 e homens com MMA/altura² <7,0 kg/m² ou MMA/IMC <0,789. Baixa força de preensão manual (FPM) foi considerada quando <16 kg em mulheres e <27 kg em homens. Resultados: avaliou-se 109 pacientes (50,5% mulheres), com mediana de idade de 58 anos. Constatou-se baixa MMA em 41,3% e baixa FPM em 64,2%, não havendo correlação significativa entre FPM e MMA em nenhum dos gêneros. Baixa MMA se associou ao gênero masculino (68,9% versus 35,9%; p=0,001), a maiores idades (60,0 [53,0-63,0] versus 57,0 [51,3-60,0] anos; p=0,039) e maiores níveis séricos de paratormônio (48,0 [30,5-94,4] versus 29,9 [23,0-54,1] pg/mL; p=0,009). Baixa FPM se associou a maior sintomatologia cardíaca (75,7% com baixa FPM tinham classificação funcional da New York Heart Association III-IV, versus 51,3% daqueles com FPM normal; p=0,009). Conclusões: há uma relevante prevalência de sarcopenia em pacientes de 40 a 64 anos hospitalizados por IC, observando-se maior frequência de baixa MMA nos homens, associação entre baixa FPM e sintomatologia cardíaca, e maiores níveis de paratormônio naqueles com perda muscular.


Introduction: heart failure (HF) and sarcopenia are prevalent and interrelated conditions, being important causes of functional limitations. Objective: to evaluate sarcopenia criteria, and their relationship with cardiometabolic parameters, in patients aged 40­64 years hospitalized for HF. Methodology: Cross-sectional study including patients with established HF. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM) was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), considering low ASMM women with ASMM/height² <5.5 kg/m² or ASMM/body mass index (BMI) <0.512 and men with ASMM/height² <7.0 kg/m² or ASMM/BMI <0.789. Low handgrip strength (HGS) was considered when <16 kg in women and <27 kg in men. Results: we evaluated 109 patients (50.5% women), with a median age of 58 years. Low ASMM was found in 41.3% and low HGS in 64.2%, with no significant correlation between HGS and ASMM in either gender. Low ASMM was associated with male gender (68.9% versus 35.9%; p=0.001), older age (60.0 [53.0-63.0] versus 57.0 [51.3-60, 0] years; p=0.039) and higher serum parathyroid hormone (48.0 [30.5-94.4] versus 29.9 [23.0-54.1] pg/mL; p=0.009). Low HGS was associated with greater cardiac symptoms (75.7% with low HGS had a New York Heart Association III-IV functional classification, versus 51.3% of those with normal HGS; p=0.009). Conclusions: there is a relevant prevalence of sarcopenia in patients aged 40­64 years hospitalized for HF, observing a higher frequency of low ASMM in men, an association between low HGS and cardiac symptoms, and higher levels of parathyroid hormone in those with muscle wasting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Middle Aged , Muscle Strength , Sarcopenia , Heart Failure , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 52-57, jun 22, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442845

ABSTRACT

Rationale: the use of anti-TNFα therapy, such as Infliximab (IFX), in patients with Chron's disease (CD) can lead to changes in body composition. Objective: to evaluate the body composition and functional capacity of patients with CD. Method: Cross-sectional study with patients with CD in clinical remission using IFX. For anthropometric evaluation, it was measured: weight, height and waist circumference; functional capacity by the hand grip strength test and body composition by bioelectric impedance. After that, the fat-free mass index and body fat index were calculated. Continouns variables were analyzed by Pearson or Spearman coefficient. For the multiple linear regression model, the time of use of IFX was used as a dependent variable and waist circumference, fat-free mass index, phase angle and handgrip strength were used as independent variables. Results: forty-three patients were evaluated, with an average of 43.1± 13.5 years of age. Of the total, 44.2% were overweight and 44.2% had increased waist circumference, 58.1% were classified with high to very high fat-free mass, 30.2% were below the adequacy parameter for fat-free mass index and 11.6% had reduced functional capacity. Conclusion: overweight, as well as increased waist circumference and body fat, is common in CD patients in clinical remission using Infliximab. Most patients had preserved functional capacity, however there wasn't association with time of use of IFX.


Introdução: o uso de terapia anti-TNFα, como o Infliximabe (IFX), em pacientes com doença de Chron (DC) pode levar a alterações na composição corporal. Objetivo: avaliar a composição corporal e capacidade funcional de pacientes com DC. Metodologia: estudo transversal com pacientes com DC em remissão clínica, em uso de IFX. Foi realizada avaliação antropométrica (peso, estatura e circunferência da cintura); avaliação de capacidade funcional (teste de força de pressão manual); e avaliação de composição corporal (impedância bioelétrica) com cálculo do índice de massa livre de gordura e índice de gordura corporal. Variáveis contínuas foram analisadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson ou Spearman. Para o modelo de regressão linear múltipla, o tempo de uso do IFX foi utilizado como variável dependente e circunferência da cintura, índice de massa magra, ângulo de fase e força de preensão manual foram utilizados como variáveis independentes. Resultados: foram avaliados 43 pacientes, com média de idade de 43,1± 13,5 anos. 44,2% estavam acima do peso e 44,2% possuíam circunferência da cintura aumentada, 58,1% foram classificados com índice de gordura corporal de alto a muito alto, 30,2% estavam abaixo do parâmetro de adequação para o índice de massa livre de gordura e 11,6% apresentaram capacidade funcional reduzida. Conclusão: o excesso de peso e o aumento de circunferência da cintura e gordura corporal é frequente em pacientes com DC em remissão clínica e em uso de IFX. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou capacidade funcional preservada, porém não houve associação com o tempo de uso do IFX.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Body Composition , Crohn Disease , Muscle Strength , Infliximab , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516911

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O treinamento de força tem sido recomendado na reabilitação clínica, bem como no condicionamento físico de atletas. Não é incomum, em ambos os casos, a presença de dor durante a prática; no entanto, até o momento, não há informação consensual em relação aos efeitos da dor muscular aguda nas adaptações ao treinamento de força. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo piloto foi avaliar os efeitos da dor induzida experimentalmente na adaptação da força muscular após um período de treinamento de 8 semanas. MÉTODO: O estudo incluiu cinco voluntários saudáveis do sexo masculino e não treinados. Os participantes foram submetidos a um protocolo de treinamento de força (3x/semana durante 8 semanas) para os músculos flexores do cotovelo. A dor muscular aguda foi induzida no início de cada sessão de treinamento, por meio de infusão intramuscular de 2,5 ml de solução salina hipertônica (6%) no ventre do músculo bíceps braquial. A força dinâmica máxima (1RM) e a contração isométrica voluntária máxima (CIVM) foram medidas antes e após quatro e oito semanas de treinamento. RESULTADOS: A força dinâmica máxima aumentou, em média, 37,3% e 78,4% após quatro e oito semanas, respectivamente. Entretanto, pouca ou nenhuma diferença foi encontrada na CIVM (-1,7% e -3,0% após quatro e oito semanas, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: Após 24 sessões de treinamento de força, com dor muscular aguda induzida a cada sessão, voluntários saudáveis aumentaram sua capacidade de produzir força dinâmica máxima em mais de 75%; entretanto, a força isométrica apresentou apenas pequenas variações negativas.


INTRODUCTION: Strength training has been recommended in clinical rehabilitation, as well as in the physical conditioning of athletes. It is not uncommon, in both cases, the presence of pain during practice; however, to date, there is no consensual information about the effects of acute muscle pain on strength training adaptations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of experimentally induced pain on muscle strength adaptation after an 8-week training period. METHOD: The study included five untrained, healthy male volunteers. Participants were submitted to a strength training protocol (3x/week for 8 weeks) for the elbow flexor muscles. Acute muscle pain was induced at the beginning of each training session through an intramuscular infusion of 2.5 ml of hypertonic saline (6%) into the biceps brachii muscle belly. Maximal dynamic strength (1RM) and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) were measured at pre- and after four and eight weeks of training. RESULTS: Maximal dynamic strength increased, on average, 37.3% and 78.4% after four and eight weeks, respectively. However, little, if any, difference was found in MVIC (-1.7% and ­ 3.0% after four and eight weeks, respectively). CONCLUSION: After 24 strength training sessions, with acute muscle pain induced every session, healthy volunteers increased their ability to produce maximal dynamic strength by more than 75%; however, isometric strength presented only small negative changes.


Subject(s)
Myalgia , Rehabilitation , Muscle Strength
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 36-41, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study is to determine whether previous shoulder and knee injuries were associated with isokinetic fatigue index and agonist/antagonist ratio of shoulder internal/external rotators and knee flexors/extensors in male volleyball athletes. Methods The current study is a cross-sectional investigation of 49 male elite volleyball players competing at a high level in Brazil. Isokinetic fatigue index and agonist/antagonist profiles were assessed during the preseason. Additionally, in order to record previous injuries, the athletes answered a standardized questionnaire. We conducted a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to determine the association strength and the clinically relevant cut-off point for variables presenting statistical significance for the area under the curve (AUC) (α = 0.05). An independent t-test was used to compare isokinetic variables between athletes with and without previous injury (α = 0.05). Results The results of the ROC curve analysis indicated that hamstring fatigue index values at 300o/s were associated with the presence of previous knee injury (area under the curve [AUC] = 73%, p= 0.004), and shoulder external rotators fatigue index values at 360°/s were not associated with the presence of previous shoulder injury (AUC = 68%, p= 0.053). Conclusions Elite volleyball athletes who reported previous knee injuries were prone to a higher fatigue index than those reporting no injuries. Knee flexor resistance training might be useful for those athletes who reported knee injuries in the previous season.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é determinar se lesões prévias de ombro e joelho estavam associadas ao índice de fadiga isocinética e razão agonista/antagonista dos rotadores internos/externos do ombro e flexores/extensores do joelho em jogadores de voleibol. Métodos Esta é uma investigação transversal com 49 jogadores de voleibol de elite que competem em alto nível no Brasil. O índice de fadiga isocinética e os perfis de agonistas/antagonistas foram avaliados durante a pré-temporada. Além disso, para registro de lesões anteriores, os atletas responderam a um questionário padronizado. Conduzimos uma análise da curva de característica de operação do receptor (receiver operating characteristic, ROC) para determinar a força de associação e o ponto de corte clinicamente relevante de variáveis com significância estatística na área sob a curva (AUC) (α = 0,05). Um teste t independente comparou as variáveis isocinéticas entre atletas com e sem lesão prévia (α = 0,05). Resultados Os resultados da análise da curva ROC indicam que os valores do índice de fadiga dos isquiotibiais a 300o/s foram associados à presença de lesão prévia no joelho (área soba a curva [AUC] = 73%, p= 0,004), enquanto os valores do índice de fadiga dos rotadores externos do ombro a 360°/s não foram associados à presença de lesão prévia no ombro (AUC = 68%, p= 0.053). Conclusões Atletas de voleibol de elite que relataram lesões anteriores no joelho estavam propensos a um índice de fadiga maior do que aqueles que não relataram lesões. O treinamento de resistência de flexores do joelho pode ser útil para atletas com relatos de lesões no joelho na temporada anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscle Strength , Volleyball , Athletes , Shoulder Injuries , Knee Injuries
11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 434-446, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415106

ABSTRACT

Durante a prática de taekwondo com movimentos repetitivos, sistematizados e com certa sobrecarga de treino, o indivíduo pode gerar possíveis adaptações orgânicas que resultam em problemas posturais com grandes chances de desencadear desequilíbrio muscular. Objetivo: Verificar a presença de desequilíbrio entre os grupos musculares agonistas e antagonistas da articulação do joelho e entre membros dominantes e não dominantes de praticantes de taekwondo por meio da dinamometria isocinética. Método: Estudo transversal, observacional e descritivo realizado com nove praticantes de taekwondo do sexo masculino. Utilizou-se um dinamômetro isocinético para investigar o pico de torque, pico de torque por peso corporal, trabalho total, potência média, relação agonista/antagonista e índice de fadiga. Os dados dos membros dominante e não dominante foram comparados por meio do teste t-student para amostras pareadas. Foram calculados o intervalo de confiança de 95% da diferença média, o tamanho de efeito e o poder das análises. Resultados: Os músculos extensores dos membros dominante e não dominante apresentaram diferença média significante de 15,49 Nm (IC95% 7,27; 23,70; p=0,002) para pico de torque e de 22,64% (IC95% 11,83; 33,46; p=0,001) para pico de torque por peso corporal a 60°/s, representando tamanho de efeito médio. Conclusão: Os atletas de taekwondo apresentaram maior pico de torque e maior pico de torque por peso corporal dos músculos extensores do joelho a 60º/s no lado dominante. A relação agonista/ antagonista foi inferior a 60% e mais da metade dos atletas apresentaram uma diferença maior que 10% no pico de torque flexor no lado não dominante.


During taekwondo practice with the repetitive motions, systematized and with certain training overload, the person can generate possible organic adaptations that result in postural problems with a great chances of triggering muscle imbalance. Objective: To verify the presence of imbalance between agonist and antagonist muscle groups of knee joint and between dominant and non-dominant limbs through isokinetic dynamometry. Methods: Cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study realized with nine male taekwondo practitioners. An isokinetic dynamometer was used to investigate the peak torque, peak torque by body weight, total work, average power, agonist/antagonist ratio and fatigue index. Data from the dominant and non-dominant limbs were compared by t-student test for pared samples. The 95% confidence interval of the mean difference, the effect size and the power of analyses power were calculated. Results: The extensor muscles of the dominant and non-dominant limbs showed mean difference of 15,49 Nm (IC95% 7,27; 23,70; p=0,002) for peak torque and of 22,64% (IC95% 11,83; 33,46; p=0,001) for peak torque by body weight at 60°/s, representing average effect size. Conclusion: The taekwondo athletes had higher peak torque and higher peak torque by body weight of the knee extensors muscles in the dominant side. The agonist/ antagonist ratio was less than 60% and more than half of the athletes showed a difference greater than 10% in the peak flexor torque on the non-dominant side.


Durante la práctica de taekwondo con los movimientos repetitivos, sistematizados y con cierta sobrecarga de entrenamiento, la persona puede generar posibles adaptaciones orgánicas que deriven en problemas posturales con grandes posibilidades de desencadenar desequilibrios musculares. Objetivo: Verificar la presencia de desequilibrio entre grupos musculares agonistas y antagonistas de la articulación de la rodilla y entre miembros dominantes y no dominantes mediante dinamometría isocinética. Métodos: Estudio transversal, observacional y descriptivo realizado con nueve practicantes masculinos de taekwondo. Se utilizó un dinamómetro isocinético para investigar el par máximo, el par máximo por peso corporal, el trabajo total, la potencia media, la relación agonista/antagonista y el índice de fatiga. Los datos de las extremidades dominantes y no dominantes se compararon mediante la prueba t- student para muestras de pared. Se calcularon el intervalo de confianza del 95% de la diferencia media, el tamaño del efecto y la potencia de los análisis. Resultados: Los músculos extensores de los miembros dominantes y no dominantes mostraron una diferencia media de 15,49 Nm (IC95% 7,27; 23,70; p=0,002) para el par máximo y de 22,64% (IC95% 11,83; 33,46; p=0,001) para el par máximo por peso corporal a 60°/s, lo que representa el tamaño medio del efecto. Conclusiones: Los atletas de taekwondo presentaron un mayor par máximo y un mayor par máximo por peso corporal de los músculos extensores de la rodilla en el lado dominante. La relación agonista/antagonista fue inferior al 60% y más de la mitad de los atletas mostraron una diferencia superior al 10% en el pico de par flexor en el lado no dominante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Martial Arts/physiology , Postural Balance/physiology , Athletes , Knee Joint/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Strength Dynamometer
12.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 34: e3401, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440393

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Devido à pandemia da COVID-19, os projetos de orientação de atividade física (AF) tiveram que adaptar suas atuações para o formato remoto. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de uma intervenção remota de AF no risco cardiovascular e na aptidão física em participantes desses projetos. Para isso, 29 participantes do Projeto Exercício e Coração (66±5 anos) foram orientados a realizar, 2 caminhadas, 1 videoaula de exercícios aeróbicos e 2 videoaulas de exercícios de força muscular por semana, sendo cada atividade realizada por 30 min e em intensidade moderada. No início e após 8 semanas, foram medidos marcadores de risco cardiovascular e de aptidão física, que foram comparados por testes t-student ou Wilcoxon, considerando-se p≤0,05. Comparando-se as avaliações pré e pós-intervenção, houve redução da circunferência da cintura (95,9±11,3 vs. 94,7±11,3 cm, p=0,013) e aumento da capacidade cardiorrespiratória (117±21 vs. 123±23 passos, p=0,019), da força dos membros superiores (23±6 vs. 25±6 repetições, p=0,003), da resistência abdominal (20±9 vs. 22±10 repetições, p=0,002) e da aptidão física geral (-0,04±3,55 vs. 1,30±4,10, p=0,000). Em conclusão, a intervenção remota aumentou a aptidão física geral, aumentando a capacidade cardiorrespiratória, a força e a resistência muscular, além de reduzir a obesidade central.


ABSTRACT Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the projects that offer guidance for physical activity (PA) had to be adapted to the remote format. This study aimed at assessing the effects of a remote PA intervention on the cardiovascular risk and physical fitness of the individuals engaged in these projects. Thus, 29 participants of the Brazilian project known as Projeto Exercício e Coração (Exercise and Heart Project) (66±5 years) were instructed to perform 2 walking sessions, 1 aerobic exercise video class and 2 muscle strength video classes per week with each activity lasting 30 min and performed at moderate intensity. At baseline (pre) and after 8 weeks (post), markers of cardiovascular risk and physical fitness were evaluated and compared by using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed rank tests considering p≤0.05. When comparing pre- and post-intervention evaluations, there was a significant reduction in waist circumference (95.9±11.3 vs. 94.7±11.3 cm, p=0.013) and significant increases in cardiorespiratory fitness (117±21 vs. 123±23 steps, p=0.019), upper limb strength (23±6 vs. 25±6 repetitions, p=0.003), abdominal endurance (20±9 vs. 22±10 repetitions, p= 0.002) and overall physical fitness (-0.04±3.55 vs. 1.30±4.10, p=0.000). In conclusion, the remote intervention improved general physical fitness, increasing cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and endurance, in addition to reducing central obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged/physiology , Exercise , Physical Fitness/physiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Exercise/physiology , Muscle Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Internet-Based Intervention/trends
13.
Clin. biomed. res ; 43(2): 109-115, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517468

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A fisioterapia na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) apresenta como objetivo utilizar estratégias de mobilização precoce a fim de reduzir o impacto da fraqueza muscular adquirida na UTI. Logo, este estudo apresenta como objetivo avaliar a efetividade de um plano de metas fisioterapêuticas para pacientes internados em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva.Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo e prospectivo comparativo realizado em uma UTI de um hospital público de Porto Alegre. Foram incluídos pacientes internados entre os meses de janeiro e junho de 2019, maiores de 18 anos e que tiveram alta da UTI. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de informações e relatório que constam no prontuário eletrônico utilizado na Instituição. Foi analisado o desfecho das metas estabelecidas na admissão para sentar fora do leito e deambular.Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes foi do sexo masculino (57,5%). A média de idade foi de 60,52 ± 17,64 anos. A maioria das metas estabelecidas, tanto para sentar fora do leito como para deambular, foram atingidas (89% e 86,9%, respectivamente). Houve correlação significativa entre o alcance de meta para deambulação e ganho de força muscular pelo escore MRC (p = 0,041) e ganho de força muscular quando comparada admissão e alta da UTI (p = 0,004).Conclusão: Este estudo observou que estabelecer metas para sentar fora do leito e deambular para pacientes internados em UTI é efetivo.


Introduction: Physiotherapy in the intensive care unit (ICU) aims to use early mobilization strategies in order to reduce the impact of muscle acquired weakness in the ICU. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a physiotherapeutic goal plan for patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit. Methods: Retrospective and comparative prospective cohort study carried out in an ICU of a public hospital in Porto Alegre. Patients hospitalized between January and June 2019, over 18 years old and discharged from the ICU were included. Data collection was carried out through information and report contained in the electronic medical record used in the Institution. The outcome of goals established at admission for sitting out of bed and walking was analyzed. Results: Most patients were male (57.5%). The mean age was 63.2 ± 16.2 years. Most established goals, both for sitting out of bed and walking, were achieved (89% and 86.9%, respectively). There was a significant correlation between reaching the ambulation goal and muscle strength gain by the MRC score (p= 0.041) and muscle strength gain when comparing admission and discharge from the ICU (p = 0.004). Conclusion: This study observed that establishing goals for sitting out of bed and walking for ICU patients is effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Early Ambulation/statistics & numerical data , Muscle Strength , Early Goal-Directed Therapy/organization & administration , Bedridden Persons , Physical Therapy Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Intensive Care Units/organization & administration
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 912-916, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535622

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the lower limb strength in both untreated and surgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and examine its correlation with the distance covered in a six-minute walking test (6MWT). Methods A total of 88 participants (n = 30 pre-surgery AIS patients, n = 30 postsurgical AIS patients, and n = 28 control) underwent a 6MWT and a muscle strength assessment. The lower limb strength was measured at the knee joint using the knee extension (KE) and knee flexion (KF) peak torque (PT) measurements. Results The control group covered a greater distance in the TC6 compared to both the pre-surgical (534 ± 67 m) and post-surgical (541 ± 69 m) groups, with a distance of 612 ± 70 m (p < 0.001). No differences were observed in KE PT (pre: 2.1 ± 0.63, post: 2.1 ± 0.7, control: 2.2 ± 0.7 Nm.kg-1, p = 0.67) or KF PT (pre: 1.0 ± 0.3, post: 1.1 ± 0.3, control: 1.1 ± 0.5 Nm.kg-1, p = 0.46). A moderate positive correlation was observed between KE PT and 6MWT distance (r = 0.53, p < 0.001), as well as a low positive correlation for KF PT (r = 0.37, p = 0.003) with 6MWT distance. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of lower limb maximal strength in the functionality of AIS patients. Our findings suggest that exercise programs aimed at enhancing lower limb strength, especially the KE, could improve the walking capacity of AIS patients. These results provide useful information for designing purposeful exercise programs for AIS patients with walking deficits.


Resumo Objetivos Analisar a força dos membros inferiores em pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA) submetidos ou não ao tratamento cirúrgico e examinar sua correlação com a distância percorrida em um teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6). Métodos Um total de 88 participantes (n = 30 pacientes com EIA pré-operatório, n = 30 pacientes com EIA pós-operatório e n = 28 controles) foram submetidos ao 6MWT e à avaliação da força muscular. A força dos membros inferiores foi medida na articulação do joelho usando os valores de pico de torque (PT) de extensão do joelho (EJ) e flexão do joelho (FJ). Resultados O grupo controle percorreu uma distância maior no TC6 em comparação aos grupos pré-operatório (534 ± 67 m) e pós-operatório (541 ± 69 m), com distância de 612 ± 70 m (p < 0,001). Não foram observadas diferenças em PT EJ (pré: 2,1 ± 0,63, pós: 2,1 ±0,7, controle: 2,2±0,7 Nm.kg-1, p = 0,67) ou PT FJ (pré: 1,0±0,3, pós: 1,1 ±0,3, controle: 1,1 ±0,5 Nm.kg-1, p = 0,46). Houve uma correlação positiva moderada entre PT EJ e a distância do TC6 (r = 0,53, p<0,001), assim como uma correlação positiva baixa entre PT FJ (r = 0,37, p = 0,003) e a distância do TC6. Conclusão Este estudo destaca a importância da força máxima dos membros inferiores na funcionalidade de pacientes com EIA. Nossos achados sugerem que programas de exercícios destinados a aumentar a força dos membros inferiores, especialmente de EJ, podem melhorar a capacidade de caminhada de pacientes com EIA. Esses resultados fornecem informações úteis para o projeto de programas de exercícios intencionais para pacientes com EIA e déficits de marcha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Scoliosis/surgery , Exercise Test , Muscle Strength
15.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1317-1324, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998866

ABSTRACT

@#Associated with aging, sarcopenia is characterized by a decline in skeletal muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, eventually resulting in reduced physical capability, disability, poor quality of life, mortality in older people and high health care expenditure. The prevalence varies significantly by population characteristics, disease status, diagnostic criteria and measurement tools. It is essential to achieve an accurate diagnosis of sarcopenia for the management plan to be effective. This review briefly discusses the essential steps in diagnosing sarcopenia: Find – Assess – Confirm - Severity.


Subject(s)
Sarcopenia , Muscle Strength
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 539-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010235

ABSTRACT

The primary cause of injury and death in the elderly has been reflected in fall the elderly, so the application of reasonable and effective prevention strategies has great significance in reducing the risk of fall in the elderly. The research progress of virtual reality technology applied in preventing fall in the elderly at home and abroad over the years was systematically reviewed in this study. The mechanism of the technology in preventing fall in the elderly was mainly elaborated from five aspects of improving balance ability, gait disturbance, cognitive impairment, muscle strength and the fear psychology of falling. The purpose of this thesis is to broaden the research ideas of medical personnel on the prevention of fall of the elderly, provide more effective clinical practice plans, reduce the occurrence of fall, and guarantee the safety of the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Gait , Muscle Strength , Technology , Virtual Reality
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1118-1122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training on the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy were randomized into an observation group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Chize (LU 5), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35),Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc. on the affective side in the two groups. After 30 min, the needles of the knee joint area were withdrew, while the needle at elbow was continuously retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training, and the control group was given conventional acupuncture exercise therapy. The treatment was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as one course, and totally 4 courses were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the knee joint Lysholm score, the knee joint isokinetic muscle strength flexion/extension ratio (H/Q), joint position sense measurement (JPS) and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the knee joint Lysholm scores and H/Q were increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), and the knee joint Lysholm score and H/Q in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001); the JPS and HAMA scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), the JPS and HAMA score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training can effectively improve the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Meniscectomy , Resistance Training , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Exercise Therapy , Muscles , Muscle Strength , Acupuncture Points
18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1212-1217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the effect of early systematic rehabilitation on muscle strength and prognosis of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU).@*METHODS@#Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP database (VIP) and Wanfang database were searched by computer for randomized controlled trial (RCT) on early systematic rehabilitation of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU published from the establishment of the database to October 2022. The observation group was given early systematic rehabilitation, while the control group was given routine activities. The outcome indicators included Medical Research Council muscle strength score (MRC score), incidence of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), 36-item short form health survey scale (SF-36), length of hospital stay, and hospital mortality. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature to conduct a Meta-analysis of the studies that met the quality criteria. Funnel plot was used to analyze the publication bias of each study.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 articles were enrolled, 13 in English and 1 in Chinese. A total of 1 835 patients were involved, including 922 cases in the observation group and 913 cases in the control group. The overall literature quality was good. Compared with the control group, the incidence of ICU-AW in the observation group was significantly reduced [relative risk (RR) = 0.78, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.62-0.98, P < 0.05], but the MRC score was not significantly increased [weighted mean difference (WMD) = 2.51, 95%CI was 0.77-4.25, P = 0.05]. There were no significant differences in ICU mortality (RR = 1.05, 95%CI = 0.59-1.87, P > 0.05), hospital mortality (RR = 1.15, 95%CI was 0.76-1.74, P > 0.05), length of ICU stay (WMD = -3.02, 95%CI was -7.29-1.24, P > 0.05), total length of hospital stay (WMD = -3.67, 95%CI was -8.04-0.70, P > 0.05), and physical component summary (PCS; WMD = 1.83, 95%CI was -0.28-3.93, P > 0.05) and mental component summary (MCS; WMD = 1.72, 95%CI was -0.76-4.20, P > 0.05) of SF-36 scale at 6 months after discharge between the two groups. It was shown by funnel plot that the publication bias of each literature was relatively small, manifested as the effect points included in the literature were basically in a "inverted funnel" shape and symmetrical, in terms of MRC score, incidence of ICU-AW, mortality, length of hospital stay and scores of SF-36 scale.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early systematic rehabilitation can significantly reduce the incidence of ICU-AW, without increasing the mortality, and has no significant improvement on muscle strength and physical function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Incidence , Muscle Strength
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 137-143, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the changes of elbow flexor muscle strength after musculocutaneous nerve injury and its correlation with needle electromyography (nEMG) parameters.@*METHODS@#Thirty cases of elbow flexor weakness caused by unilateral brachial plexus injury (involving musculocutaneous nerve) were collected. The elbow flexor muscle strength was evaluated by manual muscle test (MMT) based on Lovett Scale. All subjects were divided into Group A (grade 1 and grade 2, 16 cases) and Group B (grade 3 and grade 4, 14 cases) according to their elbow flexor muscle strength of injured side. The biceps brachii of the injured side and the healthy side were examined by nEMG. The latency and amplitude of the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) were recorded. The type of recruitment response, the mean number of turns and the mean amplitude of recruitment potential were recorded when the subjects performed maximal voluntary contraction. The quantitative elbow flexor muscle strength was measured by portable microFET 2 Manual Muscle Tester. The percentage of residual elbow flexor muscle strength (the ratio of quantitative muscle strength of the injured side to the healthy side) was calculated. The differences of nEMG parameters, quantitative muscle strength and residual elbow flexor muscle strength between the two groups and between the injured side and the healthy side were compared. The correlation between elbow flexor manual muscle strength classification, quantitative muscle strength and nEMG parameters was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After musculocutaneous nerve injury, the percentage of residual elbow flexor muscle strength in Group B was 23.43% and that in Group A was 4.13%. Elbow flexor manual muscle strength classification was significantly correlated with the type of recruitment response, and the correlation coefficient was 0.886 (P<0.05). The quantitative elbow flexor muscle strength was correlated with the latency and amplitude of CMAP, the mean number of turns and the mean amplitude of recruitment potential, and the correlation coefficients were -0.528, 0.588, 0.465 and 0.426 (P<0.05), respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The percentage of residual elbow flexor muscle strength can be used as the basis of muscle strength classification, and the comprehensive application of nEMG parameters can be used to infer quantitative elbow flexor muscle strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Elbow , Electromyography , Musculocutaneous Nerve , Elbow Joint/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscle Strength , Peripheral Nerve Injuries
20.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 827-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the synergistic interaction between the deltoid muscle and the rotator cuff muscle group in patients with rotator cuff tears (RCT), as well as the impact of the critical shoulder angle (CSA) on deltoid muscle strength.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 42 RCT patients who met the selection criteria and were treated between March 2022 and March 2023. There were 13 males and 29 females, with an age range of 42-77 years (mean, 60.5 years). Preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 6.0±1.6. CSA measurements were obtained from standard anteroposterior X-ray films before operation, and patients were divided into two groups based on CSA measurements: CSA>35° group (group A) and CSA≤35° group (group B). Handheld dynamometry was used to measure the muscle strength of various muscle group in the shoulder (including the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid). The muscle strength of the unaffected side was compared to the affected side, and muscle imbalance indices were calculated. Muscle imbalance indices between male and female patients, dominant and non-dominant sides, and groups A and B were compared. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between muscle imbalance indices and CSA as well as VAS scores.@*RESULTS@#Muscle strength in all muscle groups on the affected side was significantly lower than on the unaffected side ( P<0.05). The muscle imbalance indices for the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid were 14.8%±24.4%, 5.9%±9.7%, 7.2% (0, 9.1%), 17.2% (5.9%, 26.9%), 8.3%±21.3%, and 10.2% (2.8%, 15.4%), respectively. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus were significantly lower in male patients compared to female patients ( P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between male and female patients or between the dominant and non-dominant sides ( P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of infraspinatus and VAS score ( P<0.05), and a positive correlation between CSA and the muscle imbalance indices of middle bundle of deltoid ( P<0.05). There was no correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of other muscle groups and VAS score or CSA ( P>0.05). Preoperative CSA ranged from 17.6° to 39.4°, with a mean of 31.1°. There were 9 cases in group A and 33 cases in group B. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid was significantly lower in group A compared to group B ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between group A and group B ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with RCT have a phenomenon of deltoid muscle strength reduction, which is more pronounced in the population with a larger CSA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Muscle Strength , Deltoid Muscle
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