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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0162, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394829

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although the current method of muscle stretching in gymnastics teaching in colleges and universities can reduce sports fatigue, it has been shown to have little effect on the well-being of athletes because it requires a long recovery time from psychological fatigue. Progressive muscle relaxation training is a method that uses the basic principle of sympathetic nerve activity to reduce the impact of negative emotions psychologically and relieve fatigue physiologically, requiring a further study of its impact on muscle protein. Objective: Explore the effect of high-intensity gymnastics on skeletal muscle protein and study the progressive muscle relaxation training method post-workout adjustment. Methods: After three weeks of training, excluding the standard deviations in the experimental data caused by the athletes' irregular movements, the athletes' blood lactate content and heart rate were counted and recorded. The collected data were analyzed using Excel software to integrate and compare the data using the T-test method. Results: After exercise training, the skeletal muscle function indices of the subjects increased to different degrees. From the point of view of heart rate recovery efficiency, the rate of heart rate decline of progressive relaxation training was higher than that of the two groups, and the degree of fluctuation was lower than that of the two groups, indicating that the level of recovery in heart rate of progressive relaxation training was better. Conclusion: The action of the high-intensity gymnastics team has a good effect on improving the athletes' skeletal muscle and skeletal muscle proteins. Post-exercise conditioning training plays an important role in athletes' physical recovery. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Embora o método de alongamento muscular atual no ensino de ginástica em faculdades e universidades consiga reduzir a fadiga esportiva, tem se mostrado pouco eficaz no bem-estar dos atletas por exigir grande tempo de recuperação da fadiga psicológica. O treinamento progressivo de relaxamento muscular é um método que usa o princípio básico da atividade nervosa simpática para reduzir o impacto das emoções negativas psicologicamente e aliviar a fadiga fisiologicamente, necessitando de mais estudos do seu impacto sobre a proteína muscular. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito da ginástica de alta intensidade sobre as proteínas musculares esqueléticas e estudar o método de treinamento progressivo de relaxamento muscular no ajuste pós-treino. Métodos: Após 3 semanas de treinamento, excluídos os desvios-padrão nos dados experimentais causados pelos movimentos irregulares dos atletas, foram contabilizados e registrados os conteúdos de lactato sanguíneo e frequência cardíaca dos atletas. Analisou-se os dados coletados, com o software Excel, para integrar e comparar os dados pelo método de teste-T. Resultados: Após o treinamento do exercício, os índices de função muscular esquelética dos sujeitos aumentaram em diferentes graus. Do ponto de vista da eficiência da recuperação da frequência cardíaca, a taxa de declínio da frequência cardíaca do treinamento de relaxamento progressivo foi maior do que a dos dois grupos, o grau de flutuação foi menor do que o dos dois grupos, indicando que o nível de recuperação na frequência cardíaca do treinamento de relaxamento progressivo foi melhor. Conclusão: A ação da equipe de ginástica de alta intensidade tem um bom efeito na melhoria do músculo esquelético e das proteínas musculares esqueléticas dos atletas. O treinamento de condicionamento pós-exercício desempenha um papel importante na recuperação física dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Aunque el método actual de elongación muscular en la enseñanza de la gimnasia en colegios y universidades consigue reducir la fatiga deportiva, se ha demostrado que tiene poco efecto en el bienestar de los atletas porque requiere un largo tiempo de recuperación de la fatiga psicológica. El entrenamiento de la relajación muscular progresiva es un método que utiliza el principio básico de la actividad nerviosa simpática para reducir el impacto de las emociones negativas desde el punto de vista psicológico y aliviar la fatiga desde el punto de vista fisiológico, lo que requiere un estudio más profundo de su impacto en la proteína muscular. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto de la gimnasia de alta intensidad sobre la proteína del músculo esquelético y estudiar el método de entrenamiento de relajación muscular progresiva en el ajuste posterior al entrenamiento. Métodos: Después de 3 semanas de entrenamiento, excluyendo las desviaciones estándar en los datos experimentales causadas por los movimientos irregulares de los atletas, se contó y registró el contenido de lactato en sangre y la frecuencia cardíaca de los atletas. Los datos recogidos se analizaron, con el programa informático Excel, para integrar y comparar los datos mediante el método de la prueba T. Resultados: Tras el entrenamiento con ejercicios, los índices de función del músculo esquelético de los sujetos aumentaron en diferentes grados. Desde el punto de vista de la eficacia de la recuperación de la frecuencia cardíaca, el índice de disminución de la frecuencia cardíaca del entrenamiento de relajación progresiva fue mayor que el de los dos grupos, el grado de fluctuación fue menor que el de los dos grupos, lo que indica que el nivel de recuperación de la frecuencia cardíaca del entrenamiento de relajación progresiva fue mejor. Conclusión: La acción del equipo de gimnasia de alta intensidad tiene un buen efecto en la mejora del músculo esquelético y de las proteínas del músculo esquelético de los atletas. El entrenamiento de acondicionamiento posterior al ejercicio desempeña un papel importante en la recuperación física de los deportistas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/chemistry , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Muscle Proteins/analysis , Body Composition , Case-Control Studies
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 674-677, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385677

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Anatomic variation of the biceps brachii muscle (BBM) is frequently observed; its pattern is diverse and clinically important. During the educational dissection of a 78-year-old Korean male cadaver, six additional asymmetrical heads of the biceps brachii muscle (BBM) were found on both sides. On the right side, two additional heads originated from the humerus; the musculocutaneous nerve passed between these heads and the short head of the BBM. Four additional heads were found on the left side, anterior to the BBM, one of which originated from the pectoralis major muscle. Posterior to the BBM, two heads of tendons originated from the coracobrachialis muscle and one head of the muscle belly originated from the humerus. The left musculocutaneous nerve pierced the coracobrachialis muscle and continued distally passing between the short head of the BBM and the additional heads located posterior to the BBM. It then gave off the variant musculocutaneous nerve to the median nerve. On both sides, the short and long heads of the BBM had normal origins, insertions, and courses. This novel variation has various clinical and embryological implications.


RESUMEN: Con frecuencia se observa una variación anatómica del músculo bíceps braquial (MBB); su patrón es diverso y clínicamente importante. Durante la disección de un cadáver masculino coreano de 78 años, se encontraron seis cabezas asimétricas adicionales del músculo bíceps braquial en ambos lados. En el lado derecho, dos cabezas adicionales se originaban en el húmero; el nervio musculocutáneo atravesaba entre estas cabezas y la cabeza corta del MBB. Se encontraron cuatro cabezas adicionales en el lado izquierdo, anterior al MBB, una de las cuales se originaba en el músculo pectoral mayor. Posterior al MBB, dos cabezas tendinosas se originaban en el músculo coracobraquial y una cabeza de vientre muscular se originaba en el húmero. El nervio musculocutáneo izquierdo perforaba el músculo coracobraquial y continuaba distalmente pasando entre la cabeza corta del MBB y las cabezas adicionales ubicadas por detrás del MBB. Luego emitía la variante el nervio musculocutáneo al nervio mediano. En ambos lados, las cabezas corta y larga del MBB tenían orígenes, inserciones y trayectos normales. Esta nueva variación tiene varias implicaciones clínicas y embriológicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Anatomic Variation , Musculocutaneous Nerve/anatomy & histology , Cadaver
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 557-561, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385667

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Tissue clearing techniques are frequently used in the observation and description of anatomical structures and pathways without altering the three-dimensional layout of the anatomical specimen. Tissue optical clearing promotes preservation of three-dimensional structures, which allows the study of the internal anatomy in its original position and original spatial interaction. Among these techniques, Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) maceration clearing is one of the most widely used. However, the histological changes of tissue after KOH maceration have yet to be fully understood. Our aim is to describe the microscopical differences between macerated and normal tissue. To better understand said changes, two human fetuses with a gestation period of 16 to 28 weeks were cleared and processed for histological analysis. Microtome slides of the fetuses' lower limbs were obtained and stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin, Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS), and Masson's trichrome with the purpose of observing the histological and macromolecule composition changes in cleared tissue. Remarkable differences at a histological level regarding the composition of the cellular structures, since diaphanized tissues showed a predominance of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers with the absence of most of the nucleated cellular tissue. Phospholipid's saponification, nucleic acids degradation and a change on proteins structural properties are the main factors inducing clearing. At the same time, molecular stability of collagen in alkaline conditions allows the specimen to maintain its shape after the process.


RESUMEN: Las técnicas de limpieza de tejido se utilizan con frecuencia en la observación y descripción de estructuras y vías anatómicas sin alterar el diseño tridimensional de la muestra anatómica. El aclaramiento óptico de tejidos promueve la preservación de estructuras tridimensionales, lo que permite el estudio de la anatomía interna en su posición original y la interacción espacial original. Entre estas técnicas, el aclarado por maceración con Hidróxido de Potasio (KOH) es una de las más utilizadas. Sin embargo, los cambios histológicos del tejido después de la maceración con KOH aún no se han entendido por completo. Nuestro objetivo es describir las diferencias microscópicas entre el tejido macerado y el normal. Para entender mejor dichos cambios, dos fetos humanos con un período de gestación de 16 a 28 semanas fueron aclarados y procesados para análisis histológicos. Se obtuvieron microtomos de las extremidades inferiores de los fetos y se tiñeron con hematoxilina y eosina, ácido peryódico de Schiff (PAS) y tricrómico de Masson con el fin de observar los cambios histológicos y de composición de macromoléculas en el tejido aclarado. Diferencias notables a nivel histológico en cuanto a la composición de las estructuras celulares, ya que los tejidos diafanizados mostraban un predominio de matriz extracelular compuesta por fibras de colágeno con ausencia de la mayor parte del tejido celular nucleado. La saponificación de los fosfolípidos, la degradación de los ácidos nucleicos y un cambio en las propiedades estructurales de las proteínas son los principales factores que inducen la depuración. Al mismo tiempo, la estabilidad molecular del colágeno en condiciones alcalinas permite que la muestra mantenga su forma después del proceso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissues/anatomy & histology , Histological Techniques/methods , Tissues/ultrastructure , Transillumination , Muscle, Skeletal , Fetus , Microscopy
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 851-854, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385663

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The plantaris muscle is located between the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles, within the posterior calf group. Due to degeneration and its loss of plantar-flexion function, the muscle is vestigial in human beings, but it retains clinical significance. Few cases of variation in the plantaris muscle have been reported, and this, therefore, appears to be rare. Nonetheless, absence of this muscle was identified via the dissection of a left lower limb (male), which also indicated the absence of an attachment in the usual position. The present report, which addresses such variation, may provide both inspiration and reference points for the clinical treatment of so-called "tennis leg", and for the use of plantaris muscle for the purposes of clinical, autologous graft repair.


RESUMEN: El músculo plantar se ubica entre los músculos sóleo y gastrocnemio, dentro del grupo posterior de la pierna. Debido a la degeneración y la pérdida de la función de flexión plantar, el músculo es un vestigio en los seres humanos, pero conserva su importancia clínica. Se han informado pocos casos de variación en el músculo plantar y, por lo tanto, esto parece ser raro. No obstante, se observó la ausencia de este músculo durante la disección de un miembro inferior izquierdo (masculino). El presente informe, que aborda dicha variación, puede proporcionar puntos de referencia para el tratamiento clínico de la llamada "pierna de tenista" y para el uso del músculo plantar con fines de reparación clínica con injerto autólogo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 640-649, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385658

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To describe the physical therapy protocols used in critically ill patients to attenuate skeletal muscle atrophy. We conducted a search in PubMed and Embase from inception to November 2020. Observational or experimental studies published in English or Spanish that evaluated the effect of physical therapy protocols on the attenuation of skeletal muscle atrophy in critically ill patients through muscle strength or mass measurement were considered eligible. Studies were only included if they reported a detailed description of the dosing of the interventions. Seventeen studies met the eligibility criteria. We included randomised clinical trials (n = 16) and observational studies (n = 1). The total population of the included studies was 872 critically ill patients. The studies aimed to evaluate the reliability, safety or effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (n = 10) protocols, early mobilisation (n = 3), ergometer training (n = 2), transfers in tilt table (n = 1), and blood flow restriction (n = 1). Physical therapy protocols are part of the critically ill patient's integral management. Strategies such as passive mobilisation, in-bed and out-of-bed transfers, gait training, ergometer training, and neuromuscular electrical stimulation substantially impact critically ill patients' prognoses and quality of life after hospital discharge.


RESUMEN: Describir los protocolos de terapia física usados en pacientes críticos para atenuar la atrofia muscular esquelética. Realizamos una búsqueda en PubMed y Embase desde el inicio hasta noviembre de 2020. Se consideraron los estudios observacionales o experimentales publicados en inglés o español que evaluaron el efecto de los protocolos de terapia física en la atenuación de la atrofia del músculo esquelético en pacientes críticos a través de la medición de la fuerza o la masa muscular. Los estudios solo se incluyeron si informaron una descripción detallada de la dosificación de las intervenciones. Diecisiete estudios cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos aleatorizados (n = 16) y estudios observacionales (n = 1). La población total de los estudios incluidos fue de 872 pacientes en estado crítico. Los estudios tuvieron como objetivo evaluar la confiabilidad, seguridad o efectividad de los protocolos de estimulación eléctrica neuromuscular (n = 10), movilización temprana (n = 3), entrenamiento con ergómetro (n = 2), transferencias en mesa basculante (n = 1) y restricción del flujo sanguíneo (n = 1). Los protocolos de terapia física forman parte del manejo integral del paciente crítico. Es- trategias como la movilización pasiva, los traslados dentro y fuera de la cama, el entrenamiento de la marcha, el entrenamiento con ergómetro y la estimulación eléctrica neuromuscular tienen un impacto sustancial en el pronóstico y la calidad de vida de los pacientes críticos después del alta hospitalaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscular Atrophy/therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Bed Rest/adverse effects , Muscular Atrophy/etiology , Muscular Atrophy/rehabilitation , Clinical Protocols , Critical Illness , Intensive Care Units
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1209-1218, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405272

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is among the most common plasticizer additives that humans are in contact with daily. DEHP can be released from plastic and enter the human body, whereby it is metabolized and transformed into oxidative hydrophilic molecules. Clinical follow-ups in patients exposed to this phthalate and investigations in cultures of several cell types have provided information on its effects. For example, it is associated with inhibition of diploid human cell development and morphological changes in cultured germ cells. Although skeletal muscle represents around 50 % of the human body mass, knowledge about the effects of DEHP on this tissue is poor. Cultured skeletal muscle cells were exposed to DEHP (1 mM) for 13 days with the aim of exploring and evaluating some of the potential morphological effects. Three culture development parameters and nine cell characteristics were monitored during the bioassay. At 13 days, growth area, cell viability, and concentration of total proteins were lower in DEHP exposed than in control cells. Cell width and area, as well as the diameter of the nucleus and nucleolus, were greater in exposed cells than in control cells. These are interpreted as signs of cytotoxicity and suggest potential adverse effects on the development of skeletal muscle cells from DEHP exposure, as reported for other cell types.


RESUMEN: Diariamente los seres humanos tenemos contacto con aditivos plastificantes, el di-(2-etilhexil) ftalato (DEHP) se encuentra entre los más comunes. El DEHP puede liberarse del plástico e ingresar al cuerpo humano, donde es metabolizado y transformando en moléculas hidrofílicas oxidativas. Seguimientos en pacientes expuestos a este ftalato e investigaciones en cultivos de varios tipos celulares han aportado información sobre sus efectos. El DEHP es asociado con la inhibición del desarrollo de células humanas diploides y cambios morfológicos en células germinales en cultivo. Sin embargo, aún es poco lo que se sabe sobre los efectos en el músculo esquelético, a pesar de que este tejido representa alrededor del 50 % de la masa corporal del humano. Para explorar y evaluar algunos efectos morfológicos en células de músculo esquelético, cultivos primarios fueron expuestos a DEHP (1 mM) durante 13 días. Se dio seguimiento a tres parámetros de desarrollo del cultivo y nueve características celulares. Al término de 13 días de exposición, los valores del área de crecimiento, viabilidad celular y concentración de proteínas totales fueron inferiores con respecto a los cultivos control. Se observaron cambios morfométricos en las células expuestas. Particularmente, el ancho y área celular, así como los diámetros del núcleo y nucleolos, fueron mayores a los registros en las células control. Estos resultados se interpretan como signos de citotoxicidad y sugieren efectos potencialmente adversos en el desarrollo de las células del músculo esquelético ante una exposición al DEHP, como se ha registrado para otros tipos celulares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasticizers/toxicity , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Diethylhexyl Phthalate/toxicity , Biological Assay , Muscle, Skeletal/cytology , Environmental Pollutants , Primary Cell Culture
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1354-1360, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405286

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las lesiones del nervio fibular común y/o sus ramos derivados trae como consecuencia, pérdida total o parcial de la capacidad para realizar flexión dorsal del complejo tobillo-pie, una opción viable para tratar esta patología es la transferencia nerviosa, que consiste en utilizar un nervio donante para restaurar la función de un nervio dañado. Es frecuente la utilización del nervio para el músculo sóleo (NS) como donante para restaurar la función del nervio fibular común o profundo, por lo cual es indispensable conocer en detalle la anatomía de este nervio. Se utilizaron 22 miembros inferiores pertenecientes a las Unidades de Anatomía de las Universidades de Chile y de Santiago, Chile. Se realizó disección del nervio para el músculo sóleo, se observó número de ramos principales y secundarios, así como también se registró su origen y la longitud de ellos, además se dividió a la pierna en cuadrantes para determinar la localización de los puntos motores. El nervio para el músculo sóleo en la mayoría de los casos (95,4 %) es único y se origina desde el nervio tibial o en tronco común con otro ramo muscular. La distancia promedio entre el origen de NS y la línea biepicondilar fue de 28,77 mm; la longitud promedio de NS hasta su división en ramos secundarios o penetración directa fue de 52 mm. El NS se dividió en ramos secundarios (RS), observándose que en 12 casos fue en 2 RS, en 3 casos en 3 RS y en 7 casos no hubo RS. Los puntos motores se localizaron en el quinto proximal de la pierna, 23 casos en el primer cuadrante lateral y 4 casos en el primer cuadrante medial; en el cuarto proximal de la pierna, 7 casos en el segundo cuadrante lateral y 4 casos en el segundo cuadrante medial. Los datos obtenidos serán un aporte al conocimiento anatómico y a la cirugía reconstructiva de los nervios de la región.


SUMMARY: Injuries to the common fibular nerve and/or its derived branches result in total or partial loss of the ability to dorsiflex the ankle-foot complex. A viable option to treat this pathology is nerve transfer, which consists of using a donor nerve to restore function to a damaged nerve. The use of the nerve for the soleus muscle (SN) is frequent as a donor to restore the function of the common or deep fibular nerve, for which it is essential to know in detail the anatomy of this nerve. Twenty-two lower limbs belonging to the anatomy units of the Universities of Chile and Santiago were used. Dissection was performed until the SN was reached, the number of main and secondary branches (SB) was observed, as well as their origin and length, and the leg was divided into quadrants to determine the location of the motor points. The SN in most cases (95.4 %) is unique and originates from the tibial nerve or from the common trunk with another muscular branch. The average distance between the origin of the NS and the biepicondylar line was 28.77 mm; the average length of NS until its division into SB or direct penetration was 52 mm. The NS was divided into SB, observing that in 12 cases it was in 2 branches, in 3 cases in 3 branches and in 7 cases there were no SB. The motor points were located in the proximal fifth of the leg, 23 cases in the first lateral quadrant and 4 cases in the first medial quadrant; in the proximal quarter of the leg, 7 cases in the second lateral quadrant and 4 cases in the second medial quadrant. The data obtained will be a contribution to anatomical knowledge and reconstructive surgery of the nerves of the region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibial Nerve/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Cadaver
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 880-882, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405257

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The variations in the serratus anterior (SA) muscle are common. Here, we report a rare variation of the muscle origin with a potentially great clinical implication. We found an aberrant SA variation in an 81-year-old Korean male cadaver during a routine dissection for medical students. Additional slip (AS) of the SA originated from the clavipectoral fascia and the pectoralis minor. It traveled inferiorly and merged to the typical SA part. Precise knowledge about SA variations is clinically valuable; therefore, clinicians should be aware of the possible variation.


RESUMEN: Las variaciones en el músculo serrato anterior (MSA) son comunes. En este trabajo informamos una variación rara del origen muscular con una implicación clínica potencialmente importante. Encontramos una variación aberrante del MSA en un cadáver masculino, coreano de 81 años, durante una disección de rutina para estudiantes de medicina, con un fascículo adicional del MSA originado en la fascia clavipectoral y el músculo pectoral menor. Este fascículo se dirigió inferiormente y se fu- sionó con la parte común de MSA. El conocimiento preciso sobre las variaciones de MSA es útil clínicamente; por lo tanto, los médicos deben ser conscientes de esta posible variación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation , Cadaver , Fascia
9.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 35: e220015, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394674

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the nutritional and functional status, swallowing disorders, and musculoskeletal manifestations of patients with Post-Covid-19 Syndrome, stratified by the Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass Index. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with patients diagnosed with Post-Covid-19 Syndrome after discharge from the intensive care unit of a university hospital. The evaluated outcomes were: nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment, bioimpedance and anthropometry), swallowing disorders (Dysphagia Risk Evaluation Protocol), functional status (Post-Covid-19 Functional Status Scale), and musculoskeletal manifestations. According to the Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass Index, patients were stratified in terms of loss or not loss of muscle mass. Results Thirty-eight patients were included in the study, 20 stratified into the no loss of muscle mass group (17 females; 49.45±12.67 years) and 18 into the loss of muscle mass group (18 males; 61.89±12.49 years). Both groups were at risk of malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment scores between 17-23.5 points; No Loss of Muscle Mass Group: 21.82±3.93; Loss of Muscle Mass Group: 23.33±3.41) and obesity (No Loss of Muscle Mass Group: 33.76±6.34; Loss of Muscle Mass Group: 30.23±3.66). The groups differed in terms of bioimpedance parameters (except fat mass) and age. However, there were no differences in swallowing alterations, functional status, and musculoskeletal manifestations. Conclusion Patients with Post-Covid-19 Syndrome, stratified according to the Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass Index, were at risk of malnutrition and obesity. The persistence of fatigue, weakness, myalgia and arthralgia at 6 months after hospital discharge is noteworthy. These findings emphasize the importance of comprehensive care for patients with Post-Covid-19 Syndrome.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o estado nutricional, status funcional, alterações de deglutição e manifestações musculoesqueléticas de pacientes com Síndrome Pós-Covid-19, estratificados pelo Índice de Massa Muscular Esquelética Apendicular. Métodos Estudo transversal composto por pacientes diagnosticados com a Síndrome Pós-Covid-19 que estiveram internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva de um hospital universitário. Os desfechos avaliados foram: estado nutricional (Mini Avaliação Nutricional; bioimpedância e antropometria), alterações de deglutição (Protocolo Fonoaudiológico de Avaliação do Risco de Disfagia), status funcional (Post-Covid-19 Functional Status Scale) e manifestações musculoesqueléticas. Os pacientes foram classificados, quanto à perda de massa muscular conforme o Índice de Massa Muscular Esquelética Apendicular, em grupo sem e com perda de massa muscular. Resultados Foram inseridos no estudo 38 pacientes, 20 no grupo sem perda de massa muscular (17 deles do sexo feminino; 49,45±12,67 anos) e 18 no grupo com perda de massa muscular (todos do sexo masculino; 61,89±12,49 anos). Os pacientes de ambos os grupos apresentaram risco de desnutrição (escores Mini Avaliação Nutricional entre 17-23.5 pontos; Grupo Sem Perda de Massa Muscular: 21,82±3,93; Grupo Com Perda de Massa Muscular: 23,33±3,41) e obesidade (Grupo Sem Perda de Massa Muscular: 33,76±6,34; Grupo Com Perda de Massa Muscular: 30,23±3,66). Os grupos diferiram quanto aos parâmetros da bioimpedância (exceto massa gorda) e idade. Entretanto, não foram observadas diferenças na deglutição, status funcional e manifestações musculoesqueléticas. Conclusão Os pacientes com Síndrome Pós-Covid-19, estratificados conforme o Índice de Massa Muscular Esquelética Apendicular, apresentaram risco de desnutrição e obesidade. Destaca-se a persistência de fadiga, fraqueza, mialgia e artralgia após seis meses da alta hospitalar. Esses achados ressaltam a importância do cuidado integral ao paciente com a Síndrome Pós-Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology , Malnutrition/physiopathology , COVID-19/complications , Obesity/physiopathology , Deglutition Disorders/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Functional Status , Hospitals, University , Intensive Care Units
10.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 54 p. graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396676

ABSTRACT

Skeletal muscle is an important metabolic tissue in glucose uptake and thus in glycemic homeostasis. Evidence suggests that phenolic compounds may exert beneficial health effects against metabolic disorders associated to obesity including its state of peripheral insulin resistance. The objective of this work was to investigate the role of phenolic compounds present in two Brazilian native fruits, cambuci (Campomanesia phaea Berg.) and jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg), on the insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle of obese mice fed a high-fat-sucrose diet (HFS). For this, two independent experimental protocols were used for each fruit, where male C57BL/6J mice fed the HFS diet for the induction to obesity were used. Once the condition of obesity was established, animals started to receive daily oral administration (by gavage) of extracts enriched in phenolic compounds obtained from each fruit, in doses reachable through the diet. At the end of the experiments, the animals were euthanized and their tissue and organs collected. The animals receiving extracts of jaboticaba and cambuci, regardless of the dose, presented lower body weight gain in relation to the HFS group. The results for weekly fasting glycemia and glucose tolerance of the animals that received the phenolic extracts of both fruits showed an improvement in glycemic homeostasis even when fed with the deleterious diet. In the gastrocnemius muscle of the animals was demonstrated that cambuci and jaboticaba extracts significantly increased the content of glucose transporter protein 4 (GLUT-4) and AMPactivated protein kinase (AMPK-Thr172), which has a broad role in metabolic regulation. Regarding inflammation, the administration of extracts from both fruits favored the reduction of phosphorylation and activation of the nuclear factor-κe (NF-κB) and the expression of some genes such as IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and JNK, whose increase has been associated with insulin resistance. In conclusion, this study suggests that the phenolics present in both native fruits may be important therapeutic agents in the reduction of muscle insulin resistance and inflammation associated with obesity


O músculo esquelético é um tecido metabólico importante na captação de glicose e, portanto, na homeostasia glicêmica. Evidências sugerem que compostos fenólicos podem exercer efeitos benéficos à saúde contra distúrbios metabólicos associados à obesidade incluindo o seu quadro de resistência à insulina. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o papel dos compostos fenólicos presentes em dois frutos nativos brasileiros, cambuci (Campomanesia phaea Berg.) e jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg), na resistência à insulina no músculo esquelético de camundongos obesos alimentados com dieta rica em gorduras e sacarose (HFS, high-fat highsucrose diet). Para tal, foram utilizados dois protocolos experimentais independentes para cada fruto, onde foram usados camundongos machos C57BL/6J alimentados com dieta HFS para indução à obesidade. Uma vez instaurado o quadro de obesidade, os animais passaram a receber a administração diária, por gavagem, de extratos enriquecidos em compostos fenólicos obtidos a partir dos frutos, em doses atingíveis através da dieta. Ao final do período experimental os animais foram eutanasiados e seus tecidos e órgãos coletados. Os animais tratados com os extratos de jaboticaba e cambuci, independente da dose, apresentaram menor ganho de massa corporal em relação ao grupo HFS. Os resultados para glicemia de jejum semanal e a tolerância à glicose dos animais que receberam os extratos fenólicos de ambos os frutos demonstraram melhora na homeostase glicêmica, mesmo alimentados com a dieta deletéria HFS. No músculo gastrocnemius dos animais foi demonstrado que os extratos de cambuci e jaboticaba aumentaram significativamente o conteúdo da proteína transportadora de glicose 4 (GLUT-4) e da proteína quinase ativada por AMP (AMPK-Thr172), que possui um papel amplo na regulação metabólica. No que tange à inflamação, a administração dos extratos de ambos os frutos favoreceu a diminuição da fosforilação e ativação do fator nuclear-κB (NF-κB) e a expressão de alguns genes como IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, e JNK cujo aumento tem sido associado com a resistência à insulina. Deste modo, este estudo sugere que os fenólicos presentes em ambos os frutos nativos podem ser agentes terapêuticos importantes na atenuação da resistência à insulina muscular e da inflamação associada à obesidade


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Muscle, Skeletal , Phenolic Compounds , Fruit/anatomy & histology , Insulin/pharmacology , Myrtaceae/classification , Mice, Obese , Obesity/chemically induced
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928327

ABSTRACT

As an important exercise and energy metabolism organ of the human body, the normal maintenance of skeletal muscle mass is essential for the body to perform normal physiological functions. The autophagy-lysosome (AL) pathway is a physiological or pathological mechanism that is ubiquitous in normal and diseased cells. It plays a key role in the maintaining of protein balance, removing damaged organelles, and the stability of internal environment. The smooth progress of the autophagy process needs to go through multiple steps, which are completed under the coordinated action of multiple factors. Autophagy maintains the muscle homeostasis of a healthy body by removing cell components such as damaged myofibrils and isolated cytoplasmic proteins. Autophagy could also provide the initial energy required for cell proliferation, promote muscle regeneration and remodeling after injury. At the same time, autophagy disorder is also an important cause of age-related skeletal muscle atrophy. Autophagy could affect the response of skeletal muscle to exercise, and increasing the level of basic autophagy is beneficial to improve the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to exercise. This article summarizes the role and pathways of autophagy in the maintenance of skeletal muscle quality, in order to provide effective rehabilitation strategies for clinical prevention and treatment of muscle atrophy.


Subject(s)
Autophagy/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Muscular Atrophy/pathology , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928309

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupotomy on the morphology and ultrastructure of rectus femoris muscle in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis and to reveal the possible therapeutic mechanism involved in the effect of acupotomology on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis(KOA).@*METHODS@#Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits aged 6 months and weighed (2.0±0.5) kg were randomly divided into blank group, model group and acupotomy group, 8 rabbits in each group. KOA model was established by modified Videman method with left hind limb extended plaster immobility for 6 weeks. In acupotomy group, the transfascial focal points of quadriceps femoris muscle were released by acupotomy under the guidance of Jingjin theory for 4 times and once a week, and the treatment points include Hedingci, Binwaixia, Binneixia. Blank group and model group were fed normally without intervention. One week after the end of the intervention, the pennation angle(PA), muscle thickness(MT), cross-sectional area(CSA) and strain ratio(SR) of rectus femoris were measured by ultrasound. HE staining was used to observe the changes of the tissue morphology, the number of muscle fibers and the average area of muscle fibers. The myofibril of rectus femoris, sarcomere and myofilament were observed by transmission electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#The PA of rectus femoris muscle in the blank group was (9.05±0.21)°. The MT was(1.09±0.09) cm and the CSA was(1.30±0.01) cm2. The PA of rectus femoris muscle in the model group was (3.06±0.15)°. The MT was (0.71±0.02) cm and the CSA was(0.77±0.02) cm2. The PA of rectus femoris muscle in the acupotomy group was (6.94±0.28)°. The MT was (0.80±0.05) cm and the CSA was(0.94±0.03) cm2. The muscle PA, MT and CSA of rectus femoris in the model group were significantly smaller than those in the blank group (P<0.05). Those in acupotomy group were significantly increased compared with those in model group (P<0.05). The SR of rectus femoris muscle was 1.19±0.02 in the blank group, 3.50±0.05 in the model group and 1.99±0.07 in the acupotomy group. The elastic SR of the model group was significantly higher than that of the blank group (P<0.05). These in acupotomy group was significantly lower than that in model group(P<0.05). The results of HE staining showed:in blank group, the fascicles of rectus femoris were arranged neatly, the number of beam of muscle fibers within the fixed visual field was 94.38±3.50 and the average CSA was(0.75±0.22) mm2. In model group, the fascicles of rectus femoris with different sizes were disorganized with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the number of beam of muscle fibers within the fixed visual field was 196.63±2.62 and the average CSA was(0.26±0.03) mm2. Compared to the blank group, a significant increase in the number of muscle fibers in the fixed field in the model group (P<0.05) and the average CSA decreased significantly(P<0.05). In acupotomy group, the rectus femoris fascicles in the acupotomy group tended to be arranged in a more orderly manner, with the inflammatory cells decreased, the number of beam of muscle fibers within the fixed visual field was 132.88±4.61 and the average CSA was(0.70±0.07) mm2. Compared to the model group, a significant decrease in the number of muscle fibers in the fixed field in the model group(P<0.05) and the average CSA increased significantly(P<0.05). The results of transmission electron microscope showed:compared with the blank group, the overall arrangement of the myofibrils of the rectus femoris in the model group was less structured. There was fracture between the muscle fibers and the sarcomere, the myofilaments were disordered, and the fracture of the Z line was discontinuous. Compared with the model group, the myofibrillar texture of rectus femoris in acupotomy group was clearer, and the Z line was more continuous.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the jingjin theory, the release of quadriceps femoris by acupotomy can effectively improve the morphology and structure of rectus femoris, and promote the repair and reconstruction of chronic skeletal muscle injury in rabbits with KOA, which may be one of the mechanisms of acupotomy in the treatment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Humans , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Quadriceps Muscle , Rabbits , Ultrasonography
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928265

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of suture of pronator muscle on forearm function after modified Henry approach for distal radius fractures.@*METHODS@#from January 2018 to December 2020, 220 patients with distal radius fractures were treated with open reduction and locking plate internal fixation through the modified Henry approach. They were divided into two groups according to different suture methods. There were 112 cases in the intraoperative suture group, including 35 males and 77 females;The age ranged from 37 to 65(48.5±7.4) years;AO classification of fracture, 46 cases of type B and 66 cases of type C;After fracture reduction and locking plate fixation, the pronator muscle was opened and sutured. There were 108 cases in the non suture group, 32 males and 76 females;The age ranged from 34 to 67(47.6±7.8) years;There were 41 cases of fracture type B and 67 cases of fracture type C;After fracture reduction and locking plate fixation, the open pronator muscle was not sutured, and it was laid on the surface of the plate in situ. The range of wrist motion (pronation, supination, palmar inclination and dorsiflexion), the score of disability of arm shoulder and hand dash and visual analog scale(VAS) were compared between the two groups at 6 weeks and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 220 patients were followed up for 6 to 18 (8.5±1.3) months. There was no significant difference in the range of motion and DASH score of forearm and wrist between the two groups 6 weeks after operation (P>0.05);There was significant difference in VAS score between suture group (2.6±1.2) and non suture group (5.8±2.3)(P<0.05). Six months after operation, there was no significant difference in the range of motion, DASH score and VAS score of forearm and wrist between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The modified Henry approach has no obvious advantages in the range of wrist movement and upper limb function, but the intraoperative suture of pronator can reduce the early postoperative pain. It is suggested that the pronator should be sutured during the operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Forearm , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928203

ABSTRACT

At present, fatigue state monitoring of upper limb movement generally relies solely on surface electromyographic signal (sEMG) to identify and classify fatigue, resulting in unstable results and certain limitations. This paper introduces the sEMG signal recognition and motion capture technology into the fatigue state monitoring process and proposes a fatigue analysis method combining an improved EMG fatigue threshold algorithm and biomechanical analysis. In this study, the right upper limb load elbow flexion test was used to simultaneously collect the biceps brachii sEMG signal and upper limb motion capture data, and at the same time the Borg Fatigue Subjective and Self-awareness Scale were used to record the fatigue feelings of the subjects. Then, the fatigue analysis method combining the EMG fatigue threshold algorithm and the biomechanical analysis was combined with four single types: mean power frequency (MPF), spectral moments ratio (SMR), fuzzy approximate entropy (fApEn) and Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC). The test results of the evaluation index fatigue evaluation method were compared. The test results show that the method in this paper has a recognition rate of 98.6% for the overall fatigue state and 97%, 100%, and 99% for the three states of ease, transition and fatigue, which are more advantageous than other methods. The research results of this paper prove that the method in this paper can effectively prevent secondary injury caused by overtraining during upper limb exercises, and is of great significance for fatigue monitoring.


Subject(s)
Electromyography/methods , Fatigue , Humans , Muscle Fatigue , Muscle, Skeletal , Upper Extremity
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928201

ABSTRACT

Lower limb ankle exoskeletons have been used to improve walking efficiency and assist the elderly and patients with motor dysfunction in daily activities or rehabilitation training, while the assistance patterns may influence the wearer's lower limb muscle activities and coordination patterns. In this paper, we aim to evaluate the effects of different ankle exoskeleton assistance patterns on wearer's lower limb muscle activities and coordination patterns. A tethered ankle exoskeleton with nine assistance patterns that combined with differenet actuation timing values and torque magnitude levels was used to assist human walking. Lower limb muscle surface electromyography signals were collected from 7 participants walking on a treadmill at a speed of 1.25 m/s. Results showed that the soleus muscle activities were significantly reduced during assisted walking. In one assistance pattern with peak time in 49% of stride and peak torque at 0.7 N·m/kg, the soleus muscle activity was decreased by (38.5 ± 10.8)%. Compared with actuation timing, the assistance torque magnitude had a more significant influence on soleus muscle activity. In all assistance patterns, the eight lower limb muscle activities could be decomposed to five basic muscle synergies. The muscle synergies changed little under assistance with appropriate actuation timing and torque magnitude. Besides, co-contraction indexs of soleus and tibialis anterior, rectus femoris and semitendinosus under exoskeleton assistance were higher than normal walking. Our results are expected to help to understand how healthy wearers adjust their neuromuscular control mechanisms to adapt to different exoskeleton assistance patterns, and provide reference to select appropriate assistance to improve walking efficiency.


Subject(s)
Aged , Ankle/physiology , Ankle Joint/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Electromyography , Exoskeleton Device , Gait/physiology , Humans , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Walking/physiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1847-1858, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927822

ABSTRACT

Myostatin gene (MSTN) encodes a negative regulator for controlling skeletal muscle growth in animals. In this study, MSTN-/- homozygous mutants with "double muscle" phenotypic traits and stable inheritance were bred on the basis of MSTN gene editing rabbits, with the aim to establish a method for breeding homozygous progeny from primary MSTN biallelic mutant rabbits. MSTN-/- primary mutant rabbits were generated by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology. The primary mutant rabbits were mated with wild type rabbits to produce F1 rabbits, whereas the F2 generation homozygous rabbits were bred by half-sibling mating or backcrossing with F1 generation rabbits of the same mutant strain. Sequence analysis of PCR products and its T vector cloning were used to screen homozygous rabbits. The MSTN mutant rabbits with 14-19 week-old were weighed and the difference of gluteus maximus tissue sections and muscle fiber cross-sectional area were calculated and analyzed. Five primary rabbits with MSTN gene mutation were obtained, among which three were used for homozygous breeding. A total of 15 homozygous rabbits (5 types of mutants) were obtained (M2-a: 3; M2-b: 2; M3-a: 2; M7-a: 6; M7-b: 2). The body weight of MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits aged 14-19 weeks were significantly higher than that of MSTN+/+ wild-type rabbits of the same age ((2 718±120) g vs. (1 969±53) g, P < 0.01, a 38.0% increase). The mean cross sections of gluteus maximus muscle fiber in homozygous mutant rabbits were not only significantly higher than that of wild type rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (1 274.8±327.3) μm2, P < 0.01), but also significantly higher than that of MSTN+/- hemizygous rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (2 610.4±604.4) μm2, P < 0.05). In summary, five homozygous mutants rabbits of MSTN-/- gene were successfully bred, which showed a clear lean phenotype. The results showed that the primary breeds were non-chimeric mutant rabbits, and the mutant traits could be inherited from the offspring. MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits of F2 generation could be obtained from F1 hemizygous rabbits by inbreeding or backcrossing. The progenies of the primary biallelic mutant rabbits were separated into two single-allelic mutants, both of which showed a "double-muscle" phenotype. Thus, this study has made progress in breeding high-quality livestock breeds with gene editing technology.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Mutation , Myostatin/metabolism , Phenotype , Rabbits
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 201-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927595

ABSTRACT

The shivering and nonshivering thermogenesis in skeletal muscles is important for maintaining body temperature in a cold environment. In addition to nervous-humoral regulation, adipose tissue was demonstrated to directly respond to cold in a cell-autonomous manner to produce heat. However, whether skeletal muscle can directly respond to low temperature in an autoregulatory manner is unknown. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 are two important cold sensors. In the current study, we found TRPM8 was expressed in mouse skeletal muscle tissue and C2C12 myotubes by RT-PCR. After exposure to 33 °C for 6 h, the gene expression pattern of C2C12 myotubes was significantly changed which was evidenced by RNA-sequencing. KEGG-Pathway enrichment analysis of these differentially expressed genes showed that low temperature changed several important signaling pathways, such as IL-17, TNFα, MAPK, FoxO, Hedgehog, Hippo, Toll-like receptor, Notch, and Wnt signaling pathways. Protein-protein interaction network analysis revealed that IL-6 gene was a key gene which was directly affected by low temperature in skeletal muscle cells. In addition, both mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 were increased by 33 °C exposure in C2C12 myotubes. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that skeletal muscle cells could directly respond to low temperature, characterized by upregulated expression of IL-6 in skeletal muscle cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cold Temperature , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Temperature
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of mibefradil on skeletal muscle mass, function and structure in obese mice.@*METHODS@#Fifteen 6-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomized equally into normal diet group (control group), high-fat diet (HFD) group and high-fat diet +mibefradil intervention group (HFD +Mibe group). The grip strength of the mice was measured using an electronic grip strength meter, and the muscle content of the hindlimb was analyzed by X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels of the mice were measured with GPO-PAP method. The cross-sectional area of the muscle fibers was observed with HE staining. The changes in the level of autophagy in the muscles were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay, and the activation of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway was detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice in HFD group had a significantly greater body weight, lower relative grip strength, smaller average cross sectional area of the muscle fibers, and a lower hindlimb muscle ratio (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay revealed a homogenous distribution of LC3 emitting light red fluorescence in the cytoplasm in the muscle cells in HFD group and HFD+Mibe group, while bright spots of red fluorescence were detected in HFD group. In HFD group, the muscular tissues of the mice showed an increased expression level of LC3 II protein with lowered expressions of p62 protein and phosphorylated AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05). Mibefradil treatment significantly reduced body weight of the mice, lowered the expression level of p62 protein, and increased forelimb grip strength, hindlimb muscle ratio, cross-sectional area of the muscle fibers, and the expression levels of LC3 II protein and phosphorylated AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mibefradil treatment can moderate high-fat diet-induced weight gain and improve muscle mass and function in obese mice possibly by activating AKT/mTOR signal pathway to improve lipid metabolism and inhibit obesityinduced autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat , Mibefradil/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939768

ABSTRACT

The accelerometry(AMG) muscle relaxant monitor is the most widely used quantitative muscle relaxant monitor to assess the degree of neuromuscular at present. In this study, the ulnar nerve was stimulated by using train of four stimulation(TOF) mode of the AMG muscle relaxant monitor, and the movement of the adductor pollicis muscle was monitored. In this way, the distribution range of key parameters (acceleration peak value, response time, and TOF ratio) of the adductor pollicis muscle during the use of muscle relaxant in clinical practice is analyzed and will provide a practical basis for the development and improvement of the muscle relaxant monitor.


Subject(s)
Electric Stimulation , Muscle, Skeletal , Neuromuscular Blockade , Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents , Ulnar Nerve/physiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935742

ABSTRACT

Objective: To simulate and evaluate the scraping and grinding work of workers with different spinal anteversion angles, and to explore the effects of different anteversion angles on the erector spinae muscles of scrapers. Methods: In November 2019, 16 male college student volunteers were recruited to simulate workers' scraping and grinding work. The parameters were 25°, 15 times/min, 15°, 30 times/min, 5°, 60 times/min respectively. The surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to collect the electromyographic signals of the erector spinae muscles, and the surface electromyographic characteristics of the erector spinae muscles were evaluated with Borg Scale. Results: There were significant differences between the maximum voluntary contraction percentage (MVE%) of the left and right erector spinae muscles groups in the three groups with different spinal anteversion angles (F(left)=13.41, P(left)<0.001; F(right)=4.74, P(right)=0.005) , and the EMG amplitude was higher at 25°, 15 times/min. At 15°, 30 times/min, MVE% of the left side was significantly higher than that of the right side (t=2.58, P=0.021) . There was significant difference in the mean power frequency (MPF) of the right erector spinae muscle in the three groups (F=9.42, P<0.001) , but there was no significant difference in the MPF of the left erector spinae muscle (F=0.30, P=0.823) . The fitting line showed that the left erector spinae muscle showed a downward trend at 5°, 60 times/min (t=-5.39, P=0.012) . Conclusion: Scrapers are less likely to be fatigued when the posture is 15°, 30 times/min, but they are more likely to be fatigued when working at 5°, 60 times/min.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Humans , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Muscles/physiology , Posture/physiology
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