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2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 766-771, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357129

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare pain, function, quality of life and adverse events of lumbar decompression and spinal fusion in patients with degenerative spinal pathologies who participated in a second opinion program for spinal surgeries with a 36-month followup. Methods The data for this retrospective cohort were withdrawn from a private healthcare system between June 2011 and January 2014. The study sample consisted of 71 patients with a lumbar spine surgical referral. The outcomes for the comparisons between lumbar decompression and spinal fusion were quality of life (evaluated through the EuroQoL 5D), pain (measured by the Numerical Rating Scale) and function (assessed through the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) measured at baseline, and at 12 and 36 months after the surgical procedures. The definitions of recovery were established by the minimal clinically important difference (MCID). The baseline differences between the groups were analyzed by non-paired t-test, and the differences in instrument scores between time points, by generalized mixed models. The results were presented as mean values adjusted by the models and 95% confidence intervals. Results Concerning the surgical techniques, 22 patients were submitted to spinal fusion and 49 patients, to lumbar decompression. As for the comparisons of the findings before and after the surgical interventions, the MCID was achieved in all outcomes regarding quality of life, pain and function at both time points when compared to baseline scores Moreover, concerning the complication rates, only lumbar decompression presented a surgical rate of 4% (n = 3) for recurrence of lumbar disc hernia. Conclusion Patients with degenerative spinal pathologies present improvements in long-term outcomes of pain, function and quality of life which are clinically significant, no matter the surgical intervention.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a dor, a função, a qualidade de vida e os eventos adversos da descompressão lombar e da fusão espinhal em pacientes com patologias degenerativas da coluna vertebral que participaram de um programa de segunda opinião para cirurgias de coluna com acompanhamento de 36 meses. Métodos Os dados desta coorte retrospectiva foram obtidos de um sistema de saúde privado entre junho de 2011 e janeiro de 2014. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 71 pacientes encaminhados para cirurgia de coluna lombar. Os desfechos para comparações entre a descompressão lombar e a fusão espinhal foram qualidade de vida (avaliada pelo questionário EuroQoL 5D), dor (medida pela Escala Numérica de Classificação de Dor) e função (avaliada pelo Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris) no início do estudo e aos 12 e 36 meses de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico. As definições de recuperação foram estabelecidas pela diferença mínima clinicamente importante (DMCI). As diferenças basais entre os grupos foram analisadas por teste t não pareado, e as diferenças nas pontuações dos instrumentos entre os momentos, por modelos mistos generalizados. Os resultados foram apresentados como valores médios ajustados pelos modelos e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Resultados No total, 22 pacientes foram submetidos à artrodese, e 49 pacientes, à descompressão lombar. Quanto às comparações de achados antes e depois das intervenções cirúrgicas, a DMCI foi alcançada em todos os desfechos de qualidade de vida, dor e função nos dois pontos de acompanhamento em relação aos escores basais Em relação às complicações, apenas a descompressão lombar apresentou 4% (n = 3) de taxa cirúrgica de recidiva da hérnia de disco lombar. Conclusão Pacientes com patologias espinhais degenerativas apresentam melhoras nos desfechos de dor, função e qualidade de vida em longo prazo que são clinicamente significativas e independentes da intervenção cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Arthrodesis , Quality of Life , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Retrospective Studies , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Back Pain , Decompression , Delivery of Health Care
3.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 290-298, 01/07/2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358442

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los escasos estudios sobre la salud de los cuidadores no profesionales se han enfocado más en las repercusiones del cuidado en su salud mental que en el estudio de lesiones musculoesqueléticas (LME), no obstante que el cuidado puede provocar el desarrollo de LME por las características personales del cuidador o debidas al medio que los rodea. Objetivo: identificar los factores asociados a LME en cuidadores adultos mayores en un hospital de segundo nivel en México y conocer su prevalencia. Material y métodos: estudio analítico observacional; se aplicó un cuestionario a 283 cuidadores adultos mayores y sus dependientes. El instrumento incluyó 62 variables relacionadas con los factores ambientales, inherentes al cuidado, personales y el sitio de lesión musculoesquelética. El análisis estadístico fue de tipo descriptivo y analítico (modelo multivariado). Resultados: la prevalencia de LME en cuidadores adultos mayores fue de 34.6%. Se encontraron como principales factores asociados ser del sexo femenino, tener alguna comorbilidad, duración del cuidado superior a 13 horas diarias por más de 13 meses, un área física reducida al brindar cui- dados y el aislamiento social; tales factores incrementaron entre 1.9 y 12 el riesgo de sufrir alguna lesión. Las LME se produjeron principalmente en el nivel lumbar de la columna vertebral. Conclusiones: este es el primer reporte en México que identifica tanto la prevalencia de LME en cuidadores adultos mayores como los factores asociados a ellas.


Background: The scarce studies regarding the non-professional caregivers health have focused more on the repercussions of care on their mental health than on the study of musculoskeletal injuries (MSI), despite the fact that care can cause the development of MSI, due to the personal characteristics of the caregiver or the environment that surrounds them. Objective: To identify the factors associated with MSI in elderly caregivers in a second-level hospital in Mexico and to know its prevalence. Material and methods: Analytical observational study; a questionnaire was administered to 283 elderly caregivers and their dependents. The survey included 62 variables related to environmental factors, factors inherent to care, and personal factors, in addition to the site of MSI; statistical analysis was descriptive and analytical (multivariate model). Results: Prevalence of MSI in older adult caregivers was 34.6%. Main factors associated were being female, having some comorbidity, duration of care greater than 13 hours a day for more than 13 months, a physical area reduced to provide care and social isolation. These factors increased between 1.9 and 12 the risk of suffering an MSI. Musculoskeletal injuries occurred mainly at the lumbar level of the spine. Conclusions: This is the first report in Mexico that identifies the prevalence of MSI in older adult caregivers and the factors associated with them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Health , Frail Elderly , Caregivers , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Mexico
4.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 67-73, 30 junio 2021. ilus.^eVIDEO: https://youtu.be/_ryPtLM9koM
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292873

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Los trastornos músculo esqueléticos son problemas de salud en el trabajo y causa de ausentismo laboral a nivel mundial, por lo que la valoración de los factores de riesgo laboral es necesaria para lograr prevención. OBJETIVO. Evaluar el nivel de riesgo ergonómico por posturas forzadas en los fisioterapeutas. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo transversal. Población de 35 y muestra de 31 fisioterapeutas del Área de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, agosto de 2020. Se aplicó el cuestionario nór-dico para conocer la percepción de la sintomatología osteomuscular; una lista de verificación rápida de condiciones de riesgo (ISO TR 12295); y, para medir el nivel de riesgo de posturas forzadas se aplicó los métodos OWAS REBA. RESULTADOS. El 96,77% (30; 31) tuvo sintomatología osteomuscular en los últimos 12 meses. Las zonas corporales con mayor afectación fueron: cuello 77,42% (24; 31), espalda alta 64,52% (20; 31), y espalda baja 58,06% (18; 31). REBA mujer: puntaje de 11; nivel de acción 4, riesgo muy alto; y, hombre: nivel de acción 3, riesgo alto. OWAS mujer: nivel 3; y, hombre: nivel 2. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evaluó el nivel de riesgo ergonómico por posturas forzadas en los fisioterapeutas. Existieron factores predisponentes para el desarrollo de trastornos músculo esqueléticos que han repercutido en el normal desarrollo de sus actividades. Las metodologías REBA y OCRA, evidenciaron que las actividades laborales presentaron un nivel de riesgo alto a muy alto, por lo que es necesaria la actuación en el mejoramiento del puesto de trabajo.


INTRODUCTION. Musculoskeletal disorders are occupational health problems and a cause of absenteeism worldwide, so occupational risk assessment is necessary to achieve prevention. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the level of ergonomic risk due to forced postures in physical therapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional descriptive study. Population of 35 and sample of 31 physical therapists of the Phy-sical Medicine and Rehabilitation Area of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hos-pital, august 2020. The nordic questionnaire was applied to know the perception of musculoskeletal symptomatology; a quick checklist of risk conditions (ISO TR 12295); and, to measure the level of risk of forced postures the OWAS REBA methods were applied. RESULTS. The 96,77% (30; 31) had musculoskeletal symptomatology in the last 12 months. The most affected body areas were: neck 77,42% (24; 31), upper back 64,52% (20; 31), and lower back 58,06% (18; 31). REBA female: score of 11; performance level 4, very high risk; and, male: performance level 3, high risk. OWAS woman: level 3; and, man: level 2. CONCLUSION. The level of ergonomic risk due to forced postures of physiotherapists was evaluated. There were predisposing factors for the development of musculoskeletal disorders that have impacted on the normal development of their activities. The REBA and OCRA methodologies showed that the work activities presented a high to very high level of risk, which is why it is necessary to revise the activities assigned to this job position.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Occupational Risks , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Postural Balance , Ergonomics , Occupational Medicine , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Health , Physical Therapy Modalities
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 195-200, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280068

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Basketball referees are the authorities responsible for ensuring that rules and regulations are followed and for making decisions. The ability of referees to respond to the physical and physiological demands imposed during the game is essential for good performance on the court. Objective: To understand the context in which health problems faced by basketball referees occur and to outline the epidemiological profile of musculoskeletal injuries. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in which basketball referees were evaluated using a standardized form. The participants were monitored online weekly for 12 weeks using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center questionnaire to assess health problems, such as diseases (affecting the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive or neurological systems) or musculoskeletal injuries (acute or from overuse). Results: The study sample consisted of 78 referees with a mean age of 36.5 (±9.8) years. Most referees (97.4%) found it important to implement a preventive program. In relation to the health problems reported during follow-up, there was an incidence rate of 23.7 injuries per 1000 hours of play (95% CI 19.5 - 27.9) and the mean weekly prevalence of diseases was 3.2 (95% CI 0.4 - 6.0) and of injuries was 17.4 (95% CI 16.5 - 18.3). Conclusion: Through this study, it was possible to conclude that there was an incidence rate of 23.7 injuries per 1000 hours of play (95% CI 19.5 - 27.9) and a mean prevalence of diseases of 3.2 (95% CI 0.4 - 6.0) and musculoskeletal injuries of 17.4 (95% CI 16.5 - 18.3). The most common health problems that affected basketball referees were musculoskeletal overuse injuries of the lower limbs. Level of evidence I; Prospective cohort study .


RESUMEN Introducción: Los árbitros de baloncesto son las autoridades responsables por garantizar que las reglas y los reglamentos sean cumplidos y por la toma de decisiones. La capacidad de respuesta de los árbitros a las demandas físicas y fisiológicas impuestas durante el juego es fundamental para un buen desempeño en campo. Objetivo: Comprender el contexto en el que ocurren los problemas de salud de los árbitros de baloncesto y trazar el perfil epidemiológico de las lesiones musculoesqueléticas. Métodos: Fue realizado un estudio de cohorte prospectivo en el que los árbitros de baloncesto fueron evaluados por medio de un formulario estandarizado. Los participantes fueron monitorizados semanalmente en línea durante 12 semanas, usándose el cuestionario de Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center para evaluar los problemas de salud, como enfermedades (que afectan a los sistemas respiratorio, cardiovascular, digestivo o neurológico) o lesiones musculoesqueléticas (agudas o por sobrecarga). Resultados: La muestra del estudio fue compuesta por 78 árbitros con promedio de edad de 36,5 (± 9,8) años. La mayoría de los árbitros (97,4%) consideró importante implementar un programa preventivo. Con relación a los problemas de salud durante el acompañamiento, hubo incidencia de 23,7 lesiones a cada 1000 horas de juego (IC 95%: 19,5 - 27,9) y la prevalencia promedio semanal de enfermedades fue de 3,2 (IC 95% 0,4 - 6,0) y de lesiones, 17,4 (IC 95% 16,5 - 18,3). Conclusión: Por medio de este estudio, fue posible concluir que hubo una tasa de incidencia de 23,7 lesiones a cada 1000 horas de juego (IC 95%: 19,5 - 27,9), y prevalencia promedio de enfermedades de 3,2 (IC 95% 0,4 - 6,0) y de lesiones musculoesqueléticas de 17,4 (IC 95% 16,5 - 18,3). Los problemas de salud más comunes que acometieron a los árbitros de baloncesto fueron las lesiones musculoesqueléticas de los miembros inferiores. Nivel de evidencia I, Estudio de cohorte prospectivo .


RESUMO Introdução: Os oficiais de quadra de basquetebol são considerados autoridades oficiais responsáveis pelo comprimento das regras e tomada de decisões. A capacidade de resposta dos oficiais às exigências físicas e fisiológicas impostas durante o jogo é fundamental para um bom desempenho em quadra. Objetivo: Compreender o contexto pelo qual ocorrem os problemas de saúde enfrentados por oficiais de quadra de basquetebol. E a partir disso, traçar o perfil epidemiológico de lesões musculoesqueléticas. Métodos: Estudo coorte prospectivo no qual foi realizado uma avaliação dos oficiais de quadra de basquetebol através de um instrumento de avaliação. Em seguida, foi realizado o acompanhamento semanal online por 12 semanas utilizando o questionário Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center para avaliar os problemas de saúde, sendo eles doenças (acometem sistema respiratório, cardiovascular, digestivo ou neurológico) e lesões musculoesqueléticas (agudas e sobrecarga). Resultados: A amostra foi composta de 78 oficiais de quadra com média de idade de 36,5 (±9,8) anos. A maioria dos oficiais (97,4%) consideram importante a implementação de um programa preventivo. Em relação aos problemas de saúde durante o acompanhamento, houve uma taxa de incidência de 23,7 lesões a cada 1000 horas de jogo (IC 95% 19,5 - 27,9) e uma prevalência média semanal de doenças foi de 3,2 (IC 95% 0,4 - 6,0) e de lesões foi de 17,4 (IC 95% 16,5 - 18,3). Conclusão: Por meio deste estudo, foi possível concluir que houve uma taxa de incidência de 23,7 lesões a cada 1000 horas de jogo (IC 95% 19,5 - 27,9) e prevalência média de doenças de 3,2 (IC 95% 0,4 - 6,0) e de lesões musculoesqueléticas de 17,4 (IC 95% 16,5 - 18,3). Os problemas de saúde mais comuns que acometeram os oficiais de quadra de basquetebol foram as lesões musculoesqueléticas por sobrecarga em membros inferiores. Nível de evidência I; Estudo de coorte prospectivo .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , Basketball/statistics & numerical data , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Incidence , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Musculoskeletal Diseases/prevention & control
7.
Med. lab ; 25(1): 419-440, 2021. tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292915

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El empleo del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) o plasma autólogo con una cifra de plaquetas superior a la del plasma basal, ha tomado un auge notorio para estimular la regeneración tisular en las afecciones musculoesqueléticas y de tejidos blandos. El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar sistemáticamente la eficacia del tratamiento con PRP en algunas lesiones musculoesqueléticas y de tejidos blandos en cirugía plástica y maxilofacial, así como en odontología y dermatología, con su nivel de evidencia y grado de recomendación. Metodología. Se utilizaron los buscadores PubMed, Google Académico y la Biblioteca Cochrane con terminología MeSH. Se analizaron un total de 44 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados. El análisis de los estudios encontró que el nivel de evidencia fue de 1 en el 75%, nivel 2 en el 15,9%, nivel 3 en el 6,8%, y nivel 4 en el 2,2%. El grado de recomendación se distribuyó entre bueno y favorable; el 40,9% de los estudios reflejaron grado A, 50% grado B y 9% grado C. No obstante, el 50% de los estudios reportaron en sus conclusiones que hay una deficiencia en el diseño metodológico, con inconsistencia en sus resultados. Conclusión. Estos hallazgos señalan que en la evidencia encontrada se observan resultados contradictorios, la mayoría de ellos no muestran una prueba firme que apoye el empleo rutinario del PRP, porque sus diseños y poder estadístico son de baja calidad. Hace falta unificar criterios y diseños de investigación con evidencia científica altamente recomendable, para que el uso del PRP como agente ortobiológico en estas patologías, pueda ser ampliamente aceptado


Introduction. The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), autologous plasma with a number of platelets higher than that of basal plasma, after having been subjected to some extraction and concentration process, has taken a noticeable rise to stimulate tissue regeneration in musculoskeletal and soft tissue disorders. The objective of this study is to systematically review the efficacy of treatment with PRP in some musculoskeletal and soft tissue injuries, in plastic and maxillofacial surgery, as well as in dentistry and dermatology, with their level of evidence and grade of recommendation. Methodology. The search was performed using MeSH terms in PubMed, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library. A total of 44 articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were analyzed. Results. Analysis of the studies found that the level of evidence was level 1 in 75%, level 2 in 15.9%, level 3 in 6.8%, and level 4 in 2.2%. The grade of recommendation was distributed between good and favorable; 40.9% reflected grade A, 50% grade B, and 9% grade C. However, 50% of the studies reported in their conclusions that there is a deficiency in the methodology, with inconsistency in their results. Conclusion. These findings indicate that the evidence found shows contradictory results, most of them do not show a firm proof that supports their routine use, because their designs and statistical power are of low quality. It is necessary to unify criteria and research designs with highly recommended scientific evidence, so that the use of PRP as an orthobiological agent in these pathologies could be widely accepted


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Osteoarthritis , Surgery, Oral , Surgery, Plastic , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Dermatology
8.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 81-86, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del siguiente estudio fue evaluar la influencia de la edad, el sexo, el índice de masa corporal y el hemograma previo de los pacientes en la composición final del PRP. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un análisis multivariado en trescientos pacientes para determinar la relación entre las mencionadas variables. Resultados: el número de plaquetas finales mostró una relación directa con las plaquetas basales (F (9.187) = 2.067, p = 0.034). Cuando las plaquetas basales aumentaron en una unidad, las plaquetas finales aumentan en promedio con un intervalo de valores de 0.236 a 4.618 (IC 95%, p = 0.00752). Discusión: el valor esperado medio de leucocitos para el protocolo "bajo" es de 1597 y para el nivel "rico" es de 9253, con un IC 95% se espera que el protocolo "rico" aumente en promedio la cantidad de leucocitos finales entre 280 y 785 % con respecto al protocolo "bajo" (p <0.001). Ninguna de las otras variables estudiadas tuvo una influencia significativa en la composición final del PRP. Conclusión: la cantidad de plaquetas en el hemograma basal afectó significativamente la concentración final de plaquetas en el PRP. Además, el protocolo de preparación afectó la concentración final de leucocitos, la que fue significativamente mayor en el protocolo de PRP rico en leucocitos que en el protocolo pobre en leucocitos. El sexo, el IMC y el HTO previo no influyeron significativamente en las concentraciones finales de plaquetas ni de leucocitos del PRP final. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The purpose of this study study was to evaluate the influence of age, sex, body mass index and previous blood count of patients on the final composition of the PRP. Material and methods: a multivariate analysis was performed in three hundred patients to determine the relationship between sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and the characteristics of the baseline blood count with the final composition of the PRP. Results: the number of final platelets showed a direct relationship with the basal platelets (F (9.187) = 2.067, p = 0.034). When the basal platelets increased by one unit, the final platelets increased on average with a range of values from 0.236 to 4.618 (95% CI, p = 0.00752).Discussion: the mean expected value of leukocytes for the "low" protocol is 1597 and for the "rich" level it was 9253, with a 95% CI the "rich" protocol is expected to increase on average the amount of final leukocytes between 280 and 785 % with respect to the "low" protocol (p <0.001). None of the other variables studied had a significant influence on the final composition of the PRP. Conclusion: the amount of platelets in the basal blood count significantly affected the final concentration of platelets in the PRP. Likewise, the preparation protocol affected the final leukocyte concentration, being the same significantly higher in the leukocyte-rich PRP protocol than in the leukocyte-poor protocol. Sex, BMI and previous HTO did not significantly influence the final platelet or leukocyte concentrations of the final PRP. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Blood Cell Count , Body Mass Index , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Platelet-Rich Plasma
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and analyze their associated factors in professionals from administrative sectors working predominantly in sitting position. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained from 451 workers from a federal public institution in Southern Brazil. The dependent variable was the number of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months, measured using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In the analyses, 19 independent variables were investigated, divided into four categories: sociodemographic, behavioral, occupational and health characteristics. Univariate analysis and multiple Poisson regression with robust variance were performed. The independent variables were inserted into blocks with stepwise backward criterion, considering the value for Wald statistics equal to 0.20. The effect measures were expressed in a relative increase (RI) in the mean value, and the data were analyzed for a 5% significance level. RESULTS The estimated prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months was 90% (confidence interval - 95%CI 87-93). In the final model of regression analysis, the variables female gender (RI = 14.75%), low (RI = 100.02%) and moderate (RI = 64.06%) work ability index, use of medications (RI = 48.06%) and waist circumference at risk (RI = 15.59%) had a significant association with the increase in the mean number of symptoms; schooling with technical education acted as a protective factor, reducing the mean by 36.46%. CONCLUSIONS The high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms found and the associated factors indicate the need to propose specific actions and care for this population, such as immediate treatment of symptoms and changes in the organization and work environment, to achieve balance and harmony in the demands of prolonged sitting work and avoid its impact effect of this condition on public health.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Estimar a prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares e analisar os fatores a eles associados em profissionais de setores administrativos que trabalham predominantemente na postura sentada. MÉTODOS Trata-se de estudo transversal com dados obtidos de 451 trabalhadores de instituição pública federal na região Sul do país. A variável dependente foi o número de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses, aferido utilizando-se o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares. Foram investigadas 19 variáveis independentes, divididas em quatro categorias: características sociodemográficas, comportamentais, ocupacionais e de saúde. Foi realizada análise univariada e, na sequência, regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta. As variáveis independentes foram inseridas em blocos com critério backward stepwise, considerando o valor para estatística de Wald igual a 0,20. As medidas de efeito foram expressas em aumento relativo (AR) no valor médio, sendo os dados analisados para um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS A prevalência estimada de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses foi de 90% (intervalo de confiança - IC95% 87-93). No modelo final da análise de regressão, as variáveis sexo feminino (AR = 14,75%), índice de capacidade para o trabalho baixo (AR = 100,02%) e moderado (AR = 64,06%), uso de medicamentos (AR = 48,06%) e circunferência da cintura em risco (AR = 15,59%) tiveram associação significativa com o aumento da média de sintomas; já a escolaridade com ensino técnico atuou como fator de proteção, reduzindo a média em 36,46%. CONCLUSÕES A alta prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares encontrada e os fatores associados indicam a necessidade de propor ações e cuidados específicos para essa população, como tratamento imediato dos sintomas e mudanças na organização e no ambiente laboral, a fim de alcançar equilíbrio e harmonia nas exigências do trabalho sentado prolongado e evitar o impacto dessa condição na saúde pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Administrative Personnel , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Sitting Position , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors
10.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 30: e20200494, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341745

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze prevalence and the factors associated with locomotive syndrome in community-dwelling older adults. Method: a cross-sectional study, developed in a municipal center for the care of older adults in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. The sample was for convenience and comprised 204 older adults aged 60 years or more, of both genders and with preserved cognitive capacity, according to parameters of the Mini Mental State Examination. Data collection occurred from March to November 2018, by applying a form for sociodemographic, clinical and falls occurrence characterization and the 25-item Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale. To measure the strength of the associations between the variables, odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were adopted. The statistical significance level was set at 5% for the analyses. Results: the prevalence of locomotive syndrome found was 37.2%. The factors associated with the presence of locomotive syndrome were individual monthly income (p=0.005); existence of one of the following comorbidities: systemic arterial hypertension (p=0.039), osteoporosis (p=0.016), arthrosis (p<0.001) or obesity (p=0.014); and history of hospitalization in the last year (p=0.007). Conclusion: the prevalence of locomotive syndrome found in this study was low and presented higher levels in older adults, with an individual monthly income of two to three minimum wages; who reported having hypertension, osteoporosis, arthrosis or obesity; and with a history of hospitalization in the last year. The health condition investigated showed to be related to aging, with significant repercussions on functionality.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al síndrome locomotor en adultos mayores de la comunidad. Método: estudio de tipo transversal, desarrollado en un centro de atención para adultos mayores de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. La muestra fue por conveniencia y estuvo compuesta por 204 adultos mayores de 60 o más años de edad, de ambos sexos y con capacidad cognitiva preservada, según parámetros del Mini Examen de Estado Mental. Los datos se recolectaron entre marzo y noviembre de 2018 aplicando un formulario para la caracterización sociodemográfica, clínica y de caídas y la Escala Geriátrica de la Función Locomotora de 25 ítems. Para medir la fuerza de las asociaciones entre las variables, se adoptaron odds ratios e intervalos de confianza del 95%. El nivel de significancia estadística se estableció en 5% para los análisis. Resultados: la prevalencia del síndrome locomotor fue del 37,2%. Los factores asociados a la presencia del síndrome locomotor fueron los siguientes: ingreso mensual individual (p=0,005); presencia de una de las comorbilidades: hipertensión arterial sistémica (p=0,039), osteoporosis (p=0,016), artrosis (p<0,001) u obesidad (p=0,014); y antecedentes de internación en el último año (p=0,007). Conclusión: la prevalencia del síndrome locomotor que se encontró en este estudio fue baja y demostró ser superior en adultos mayores, con ingresos mensuales individuales de de dos a tres salarios mínimos; que indicaron sufrir hipertensión, osteoporosis, artrosis u obesidad; y con antecedentes de internación en el último año. La condición de salud investigada demostró estar relacionada con el envejecimiento, con repercusiones significativas sobre la funcionalidad.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a prevalência e os fatores associados à síndrome locomotora em idosos comunitários. Método: estudo do tipo transversal, desenvolvido em núcleo de atenção ao idoso, em Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. A amostra foi por conveniência e constituída por 204 idosos com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, de ambos os sexos, com capacidade cognitiva preservada, segundo parâmetros do Mini Exame do Estado Mental. A coleta de dados ocorreu de março a novembro de 2018, por meio da aplicação de um formulário para caracterização sociodemográfica, clínica e de ocorrência de quedas e da Escala Geriátrica da Função Locomotora de 25 itens. Para aferição da força das associações entre as variáveis, adotaram-se razão de chances e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Nível de significância estatística estabelecido de 5% para as análises. Resultados: a prevalência da síndrome locomotora encontrada foi de 37,2%. Os fatores associados à presença da síndrome locomotora foram renda mensal individual (p=0,005); existência de uma das comorbidades: hipertensão arterial sistêmica (p=0,039), osteoporose (p=0,016), artrose (p<0,001) ou obesidade (p=0,014); e histórico de hospitalização, no último ano (p=0,007). Conclusão: a prevalência da síndrome locomotora encontrada no presente estudo foi baixa e apresentou-se maior em idosos, com renda mensal individual de dois a três salários mínimos; que referiram ter hipertensão, osteoporose, artrose ou obesidade; e com histórico de hospitalização, no último ano. A condição de saúde investigada se mostrou relacionada ao envelhecimento, com repercussões significativas sobre a funcionalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Syndrome , Aged , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Healthy Aging , Locomotion , Geriatric Nursing
12.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(3): 21-27, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1130697

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: los niveles no suficientes de vitamina D (VD) se han asociado a varias patologías no osteomusculares; sin embargo, es motivo de controversia si éstos se asocian a mayor prevalencia de síndrome metabólico (SM). Objetivo: determinar y comparar la frecuencia de insuficiencia y deficiencia de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25(OH)D) entre hombres jóvenes obesos no diabéticos y controles con peso normal, y su correlación con el estado de SM. Material y métodos: estudio de corte transversal, que incluyó 62 individuos con peso normal y 47 en obesidad, se determinaron los niveles séricos de 25(OH)D y se midieron parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos para establecer criterios de SM. Resultados: de los 47 sujetos con obesidad, 25 tenían SM, mientas que ninguno de los sujetos de peso normal cumplía con dichos criterios. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto a la presencia de síndrome en correlación con los niveles de vitamina D (p=0.94). La media de los niveles séricos de 25(OH)D para la población total fue 30.6±8.3 ng/ mL; en sujetos normopeso 30.8±8.5 ng/mL y entre los obesos con SM fue 30.1±9.2 ng/mL y sin SM de 30.6±7.5 ng/mL. Por otro lado no hubo una correlación significativa entre los parámetros individuales de síndrome metabólico y los niveles séricos de VD, tanto de manera global, como en el análisis por subgrupos. Conclusión: no hubo una correlación significativa entre los niveles séricos de 25(OH)D con el estado de SM, tampoco se identificó ningún tipo de correlación significativa entre éstos y los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos estudiados.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1323).


Abstract Introduction: insufficient levels of vitamin D (VD) have been associated with several non-musculoskeletal diseases. However, whether they are associated with a greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) is a matter of controversy. Objective: to determine and compare the frequency of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) insufficiency and deficiency in young, obese nondiabetic men and normal weight controls, and its correlation with metabolic syndrome. Material and methods: a cross-sectional study which included 62 normal weight and 47 obese individuals. Serum levels of 25(OH)D were ascertained and anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured to establish MS criteria. Results: of the 47 obese subjects, 25 had MS, while none of the normal weight subjects met the criteria. There were no statistically significant differences in the presence of the syndrome related to the vitamin D levels (p=0.94). The mean serum 25(OH)D level for the total population was 30.6±8.3 ng/mL; in normal weight subjects it was 30.8±8.5 ng/mL, in obese subjects with MS it was 30.1±9.2 ng/mL, and in obese subjects without MS it was 30.6±7.5 ng/mL. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between the individual MS parameters and serum VD, either globally or on subgroup analysis. Conclusion: there was no significant correlation between serum 25(OH)D levels and MS, nor was any significant correlation found between these and the anthropometric and biochemical parameters studied.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1323).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Vitamin D , Metabolic Syndrome , Insulin Resistance , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Obesity, Metabolically Benign , Obesity
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 222-235, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126157

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Están demostradas las ventajas de la cirugía laparoscópica para el paciente en términos de dolor, rápida recuperación y precisión quirúrgica, sin embargo, no existen estudios nacionales respecto al impacto en los cirujanos. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar un estudio prospectivo de evaluación ergonómica de ginecólogos que operan cirugía laparoscópica. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron métodos de evaluación específica por ergónomo experto y percepción de los participantes. Se evaluaron, carga global de trabajo (NASA-tlx), carga bio-mecánica (REBA) y la percepción de molestias músculo-esqueléticas (Escala de Discomfort Corporal). Se recogieron datos personales y de la cirugía, para explorar la existencia de dificultades técnicas. RESULTADOS: 86,7% de los ginecólogos evidenciaron altos niveles de carga global de trabajo, siendo las variables esfuerzo y rendimiento, las de mayor puntaje. El nivel de riesgo bio-mecánico, fue catalogado como medio en la totalidad de la población. 60% manifestó discomfort corporal durante la cirugía. En cuanto a las dificultades técnicas, el efecto fulcrum estuvo presente en el 46% de los cirujanos, el mismo porcentaje tuvo síntomas de ojo seco. El 68% alguna vez accionó el pedal equivocado y ha sentido parestesia del pulgar. CONCLUSIONES: La cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica, presenta una elevada carga global de trabajo. El ginecólogo percibe un importante discomfort corporal y algunas dificultades técnicas. Es necesario incorporar medidas ergonómicas, para minimizar y/o disminuir los factores de riesgo mental y físicos, y así prevenir el desgaste precoz y lesiones a futuro en los cirujanos.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic surgery had demonstrated advantages such as less pain, rapid recovery and surgical precision. There are no national data regarding the impact on surgeon's health. This is a prospective study on ergonomic evaluation and laparoscopic surgery performed by gynecologists. METHODS: Specific evaluation methods were used such as Global workload (NASA-tlx), bio-mechanical load (REBA) and the perception of musculoskeletal discomfort (Body Part Discomfort Scale). Personal opinions and surgery data were collected to explore the existence of technical difficulties. RESULTS: 86.7% of gynecologists cataloged surgery as high level of global workload. Effort and performance variables were most important. Bio-mechanical risk level was classified as medium in the entire population. 60% showed body discomfort during surgery. Regarding technical difficulties, fulcrum effect was present in 46% of surgeons, the same percentage had dry eye symptoms. 68% have a pedal error activation during surgery and felt paresthesia of the thumb. CONCLUSIONS: Gynecological laparoscopic surgery has a high overall workload. The gynecologist perceives an important body discomfort and some technical difficulties. It is necessary to incorporate ergonomic measures, to minimize and / or reduce mental and physical risk factors, and thus prevent early wear and future injuries in surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Ergonomics , Pain/epidemiology , Posture , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Dry Eye Syndromes , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Workload , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1792-1803, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127041

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades musculoesqueléticas son las causas más frecuentes de incapacidad en el mundo, lo que afecta gravemente la capacidad de las personas para desarrollar sus actividades habituales. Objetivos: describir el comportamiento del proceso rehabilitador de pacientes con trastornos musculoesqueléticos. Materiales y Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el Servicio de Rehabilitación del Hospital Militar de Matanzas, desde julio 2017 hasta diciembre de 2017. Se estudiaron las variables: trastorno musculoesquelético diagnosticado, duración de la crisis dolorosa, presencia de vínculo laboral, incapacidad laboral asociada, inicio del tratamiento rehabilitador (precoz o tardío) y cantidad de sesiones de tratamiento fisiátrico Resultados: la sacrolumbalgia afectó al 22,4 % de los pacientes estudiados y la cervicalgia al 20,1 %. La duración media de estas afecciones fue de 14 días. El 64,7 % de los pacientes laboralmente activos presentó incapacidad temporal asociada. El 65 % de los pacientes se incorporó de forma tardía a la rehabilitación. Conclusiones: la sacrolumbalgia fue el diagnóstico más frecuente y con mayor incapacidad laboral asociada. La afección con la duración media más extensa fue la cervicalgia. La mayor parte de los pacientes se incorporó tardíamente al tratamiento fisiátrico (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: The muscle skeletal illnesses are the most frequent causes of inability in the world, what affects the capacity of people gravely to develop their habitual activities. Objective: To describe the behavior of the rehabilitative process of patient with muscle skeletal dysfunctions. Materials and methods: A descriptive study was carried out in the Service of Rehabilitation of the Military Hospital of Matanzas, from July 2017 until December of 2017. The variables studied were: muscle skeletal dysfunctions diagnosed duration of the painful crisis, presence of labor bond, associate labor inability, beginning of the rehabilitative treatment (precocious or late) and quantity of sessions of physiotherapy treatment. Results: The sacrolumbalgia affected to 22,4% of the studied patients and the cervicalgia to 20,1%. The half duration of these affections was of 14 days. 64,7% of the patients laborly assets presented associated temporary inability. 65% of the patients incorporated from a late way to the rehabilitation. Conclusions: The sacrolumbalgia was the most frequent diagnosis and with more associate labor inability. The affection with the most extensive half duration was the cervicalgia. Most of the patients incorporated from a late way to the rehabilitation (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Factors , Musculoskeletal Diseases/rehabilitation , Musculoskeletal System/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities , Musculoskeletal Diseases/diagnosis , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Sick Leave , Work Performance
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 263-268, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Platelet-rich plasma is derived from centrifuging whole blood. There is increasing interest in the sports medicine and athlete community about providing endogenous growth factors directly to the injury site, using autologous blood products such as platelet-rich plasma. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association between research financing, conflict of interests, level of evidence and author affiliation with the interpretation of results in articles published on platelet-rich plasma therapy in musculoskeletal ailments. A review of the current literature was performed. The outcome was classified as favorable or unfavorable. The declaration of conflict of interests and the type of funding was extracted from each article. The financing was classified as industry-sponsored; not industry-sponsored; or unidentifiable. The level of evidence was categorized from I to IV. Higher positive outcomes were observed in 134 studies with industry sponsorship compared with not industry-sponsored studies (odds ratio [OR]: 0.26; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.08-0.85; p < 0.05). Compared with level of evidence I, levels II and IV increase the probability of positive outcomes by 12.42 times (p < 0.01) and 10.97 times (p < 0.01) respectively. Proportionally, industry-sponsored studies are more likely to present positive results, as well as articles with a lower quality of evidence.


Resumo O plasma rico em plaquetas é derivado da centrifugação do sangue total. Há um interesse crescente, na medicina esportiva e na comunidade atlética, no fornecimento de fatores de crescimento endógeno diretamente ao sítio da lesão, usando componentes sanguíneos autólogos, como o plasma rico em plaquetas. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a associação entre financiamento de pesquisa, conflito de interesses, nível de evidência e afiliação dos autores com a interpretação dos resultados em publicações sobre terapia com plasma rico em plaquetas nas doenças osteomusculares. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura atual. O desfecho foi classificado como favorável ou desfavorável. A declaração de conflito de interesses e o tipo de financiamento foram extraídos de cada artigo. O financiamento foi qualificado em patrocínio industrial; não patrocinado pela indústria; ou não identificável. O nível de evidência foi categorizado de I a IV. Foram obtidos os resultados positivos mais altos com 134 estudos financiados pelo setor industrial, em comparação com estudos não financiados pela indústria (razão de probabilidades [RP]: 0,26; intervalo de confiança de 95% [95%IC]: 0,08-0,85; p < 0,05). Em comparação com o nível de evidência I, os níveis II e IV aumentam a probabilidade de resultado positivo em 12,42 vezes (p < 0,01) e 10,97 vezes (p < 0,01), respectivamente. Demonstrou-se que, proporcionalmente, estudos patrocinados pela indústria têm maior probabilidade de apresentar resultados positivos, bem como artigos com menor qualidade de evidência.


Subject(s)
Plasma , Sports Medicine , Blood Platelets , Capital Financing , Conflict of Interest , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Ethics , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Industry
16.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 22-27, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090405

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to analyze association between stress perception and physical activity with the prevalence of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (SMSD) in police officers. The police officers (n=142) answered the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Pearson's linear correlation coefficient was used to measure strength and direction of relationship between PSS-10 and prevalence of SMSD and showed a positive correlation between variables in the last 7 days (r=0.34, p=0.00001) and in the last 12 months (r=0.40, p=0.00001). The mean prevalence of SMSD in the last 12 months was lower among police officers practicing physical activity (W=1888.5, p=0.04). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the practice of physical activities as well as efforts to reduce stress perception both decrease the odds of musculoskeletal disorders. This study indicated that stress level and physical activity practice influenced in prevalence of SMSD. Multidisciplinary interventions with actions to reduce stress level and encourage physical activity practice are needed to control SMSD prevalence.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre percepção de estresse e atividade física com a prevalência de sintomas de distúrbios musculoesqueléticos (SDM) em policiais. Os policiais (n=142) responderam à escala de estresse percebido-10 (EEP-10) e ao questionário nórdico-musculoesquelético. O coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson foi utilizado para mensurar a força e o sentido da relação existente entre EEP-10 e a prevalência de SDM e mostrou que existe uma correlação positiva entre as variáveis nos últimos 7 dias (r=0,34, p=0,00001) e nos últimos 12 meses (r=0,40, p=0,00001). A prevalência média de SDM nos últimos 12 meses é menor entre os policiais que praticam atividade física (W=1888,5, p=0,04). A análise de regressão logística múltipla mostrou que a prática de atividades físicas e a diminuição na percepção do estresse reduzem a prevalência de SDM. Este estudo indicou que o nível de estresse e a prática de atividade física influenciaram a prevalência de SDM. Intervenções multidisciplinares com ações para reduzir o nível de estresse e encorajar a prática de atividade física são necessárias para controlar a prevalência de SDM.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la asociación entre estrés percibido y actividad física con prevalencia de síntomas del trastorno musculoesquelético (STM) en los agentes de policía. Los oficiales de policía (n=142) respondieron la escala de estrés percibido-10 (EEP-10) y el Cuestionario nórdico-musculoesquelético. Coeficiente de correlación lineal de Pearson se utilizó para medir fuerza y dirección entre EEP-10 y prevalencia de STM y mostró que hubo una correlación positiva entre las variables últimos 7 días (r=0,34, p=0,00001) y últimos 12 meses (r=0,40, p=0,00001). La prevalencia promedio de STM en últimos 12 meses es menor entre los oficiales que realizan actividad física (W=1888,5, p=0,04). El análisis de regresión logística múltiple mostró que actividad física y disminución de percepción del estrés reducen prevalencia de STM. El presente estudio indicó que nivel de estrés y actividad física influyó en prevalencia de STM. Las intervenciones multidisciplinarias con acciones para reducir los niveles de estrés y fomentar la actividad física son necesarias para controlar la prevalencia de STM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Perception , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Stress/psychology , Motor Activity , Psychometrics/methods , Brazil , Occupational Risks , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Police
17.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 46, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Chronic low back pain (CLBP) represents a problem in the occupational environment, often associated with disability, sick-leave demands, loss of productivity, anxiety, depression and high socioeconomic cost. The emergence of functional neuroimaging allowed new insights into brain structure and physiology in normality and chronic pain. While occupational related aspects are recognized as important risk factors for chronicity there have not been thus far evaluated by fMRI experiments. The overall objective of this study is to compare the neuronal correlates between groups of individuals CLBP with or without sick-leave demands. Methods A total of 74 individuals were divided into three groups: chronic low back pain with sick-leave demands [CLBP_L]; chronic low back pain without sick-leave demands [CLBP_NL]; individuals without pain or sick-leave demands [Control]. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess brain function during moderate acute pain stimulation task (thumb controlled pressure). Results After acute painful stimulation, a higher brain response was found in the anterior cingulate and superior and medium frontal gyrus was observed in CLBP_NL vs. CLBP_L ( p < 0,001) and increased brain response in the frontal pole and paracingulate region in control vs. CLBP_L ( p < 0.001) during acute pain stimulation. Conclusion The modulation of acute pain participates in the mechanism propagating chronic pain perception. The lower activation in the superior frontal gyrus observed in the CLBP_L group compared to CLBP_NL, reinforces the idea of an already existing activation in this area.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Low Back Pain/complications , Sick Leave , Functional Neuroimaging/instrumentation , Neuronal Plasticity
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826299

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are dramatically increased in the world due to the advancement of technology and competitiveness of markets. There were limited studies carried out regarding WMSDs among bank workers in Africa particularly in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and associated factors among bank workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.@*METHODS@#Institution-based cross-sectional study design was employed in the study. Multi-stage sampling techniques were used to select 838 bank workers from 62 banks in Addis Ababa. Self-administered standard Nordic questionnaires were used as well. Multivariable binary logistic regression analyses were employed to identify factors associated with WMSDs. Moreover adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 95% confidence interval (CI) and p value < 0.05 was used to show the strength of association between explanatory variables and dependent variable.@*RESULTS@#Out of 838 total numbers of participants, 755 bank workers returned their questionnaires responding with a rate of 90%. Of these, 77.6% (N = 586) suffered WMSDs with a 95% CI [75-81%]. Based on the final multivariate logistic regression analysis being female [AOR = 2.98, 95% CI 1.91-4.65], sitting back in a twisted position [AOR = 3.59, 95% CI 2.13-6.08], sitting back bent [AOR = 4.06, 95% CI 2.48-6.66], work on fixed position [AOR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.17-2.71], no work time break [AOR = 3.33, 95% CI 1.44-7.71], type of chairs [AOR = 2.62, 95% CI 1.19-5.75] and job stress [AOR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.19-4.54] were factors significantly associated with WMSDs.@*CONCLUSION@#From the study's findings, the magnitude of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among bank workers was high. Being female, awkward posture, no work time break, fixed position, type of chairs, and job stress are the factors significantly associated with WMSDs. So bank workers should use proper types of chairs, practice proper work posture, increase healthy working conditions, and create awareness programs on how to maintain beneficial health conditions which may lead to increased leisure time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Banking, Personal , Cities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethiopia , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Epidemiology , Occupational Diseases , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827237

ABSTRACT

As an important tool for assessing musculoskeletal conditions, imaging plays an important role in assessing the risk of disease, judging disease and the progress of disease, and prognosis scores. Accompanied with the rapid development of artificial intelligence(AI) in the field of image detection and interpretation, some AI-assisted recognition studies involving musculoskeletal X-ray imaging have been examined and shown a high potential value, which can enhance various parts of the X-ray imaging value chain and guide clinicians by improving imaging efficiency, imaging quality, and diagnostic accuracy. At present, the development of AI-assisted imaging recognition technology is still at an early stage. AI algorithms need to be further improved and developed. Image data is still insufficient and the qualityis relatively heterogeneous. The long-term accuracy and stability of technical performance require further observation and research.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Orthopedics , X-Ray Film
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