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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 951-964, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358387

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A sobrecarga corporal devida à obesidade contribui no surgimento de alterações no sistema musculoesquelético e respiratório. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências científicas referentes à influência da obesidade sobre a postura do tronco, a resposta cinético-funcional do diafragma e a função pulmonar em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura, utilizando as bases de dados Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs e Web of Sciences, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, nos últimos 10 anos. Foram utilizados os descritores: "obesidade', "postura", "diafragma", "função pulmonar", "adolescentes", "adultos jovens". Os critérios de exclusão foram: estudos que abordaram distúrbios neuromusculares associados, cifoescoliose, fibrose cística, enfisema pulmonar, asma e DPOC e artigos não disponíveis na íntegra. Resultados: Foram identificados 226 estudos, porém 10 foram analisados. Os resultados apontaram que a postura do tronco nos obesos é hipercifótica, hiperlordótica e com anteversão pélvica, além de apontar indícios de repercussão na dinâmica respiratória, com redução da mobilidade do diafragma e dos volumes e capacidades pulmonares. Conclusão: A obesidade contribui para a ocorrência de hipercifose, hiperlordose e anteversão da pelve, bem como na diminuição da atividade do diafragma e função pulmonar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Posture , Diaphragm , Torso , Musculoskeletal System , Obesity , Child , Adolescent
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 1-13, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365754

ABSTRACT

Abstract Skeletal muscle tissue has the largest mass in the human body, accounting for 45% of the total weight. Muscle injuries can be caused by bruising, stretching or laceration. The current classification divides these injuries into mild, moderate and severe. The signs and symptoms of grade I lesions are edema and discomfort; grade II, loss of function, gaps and possible ecchymosis; and grade III, complete rupture, severe pain and extensive hematoma. The diagnosis can be confirmed by ultrasound, which is dynamic and cheap, but examiner dependent; and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which provides better anatomical definition. The initial phase of the treatment consists in protection, rest, optimal use of the affected limb, and cryotherapy. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), ultrasound therapy, strengthening and stretching after the initial phase and range of motion without pain are used in the clinical treatment. On the other hand, surgery has precise indications: hematoma drainage and muscle-tendon reinsertion and reinforcement.


Resumo O tecido muscular esquelético possui a maior massa do corpo humano, correspondendo a 45% do peso total. As lesões musculares podem ser causadas por contusões, estiramentos ou lacerações. A atual classificação separa as lesões entre leves, moderadas e graves. Os sinais e sintomas das lesões grau I são edema e desconforto; grau II, perda de função, gap e equimose eventual; grau III, rotura completa, dor intensa e hematoma extenso. O diagnóstico pode ser confirmado por ultrassom (dinâmico e barato, porém examinador-dependente); e ressonância magnética (RM) (maior definição anatômica). A fase inicial do tratamento se resume à proteção, ao repouso, ao uso otimizado do membro afetado e crioterapia. Anti-inflamatórios não hormonais (AINHs), ultrassom terapêutico, fortalecimento e alongamento após a fase inicial e amplitudes de movimento sem dor são utilizados no tratamento clínico. Já o cirúrgico possui indicações precisas: drenagem do hematoma, reinserção e reforço musculotendíneos.


Subject(s)
Athletic Injuries , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Musculoskeletal System/surgery , Musculoskeletal System/physiopathology , Musculoskeletal System/injuries
3.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1328, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357297

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante el envejecimiento se observa involución de algunos sistemas corporales. Entre estos cambios, los que afectan al sistema osteomuscular como la sarcopenia y la debilidad muscular, pueden alterar el desarrollo de actividades de la vida diaria, y por lo tanto, afectar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la fuerza de prensión manual y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en personas mayores. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional. Evaluó 79 personas mayores (63 mujeres y 16 hombres) entre 65 y 78 años, de tres organizaciones sociales de la ciudad de Talca, Chile, seleccionados a través de un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Para medir la fuerza de prensión manual se utilizó un dinamómetro de mano y el cuestionario SF-36 fue usado para valorar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. Resultados: Se observaron relaciones significativas entre la fuerza de prensión manual y las dimensiones de la calidad de vida función física (p = 0,03; r = 0,76), dolor corporal (p = 0,01; r = 0,44) y salud general (p = 0,05; r = 0,48). Conclusiones: Existe relación entre la fuerza de prensión manual y tres dimensiones de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de personas mayores. Estos hallazgos corroboran la relevancia de evaluar la fuerza muscular en personas mayores como un marcador de salud y calidad de vida en estas(AU)


Introduction: During aging, involution of some body systems is observed. Among these changes, those that affect the musculoskeletal system such as sarcopenia and muscle weakness can alter the development of activities of daily life, and therefore affect health-related quality of life. Objective: to determine the relationship between hand grip strength and quality of life in elderly. Methods: Cross-sectional study. A total of 79 elderly (63 women and 13 men) between 65 and 78 years of age from three social organizations of Talca, Chile was included. A non-probabilistic convenience sample was used. To measure manual grip strength and the SF-36 questionnaire was used. Results: Significant relationships between hand grip strength and dimensions of quality of life, physical function (p = 0,03; r = 0,76), body pain (p = 0,01; r = 0,44) and general health (p = 0,05; r = 0,48) were observed. Conclusions: There is a relationship between hand grip strength and three measurements of quality of life in elderly. These findings corroborate the relevance of evaluating muscle strength in older people as a marker of health and quality of life in elderly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Sarcopenia/complications , Musculoskeletal System , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hand Strength/physiology , Muscle Weakness
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 843-852, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285273

ABSTRACT

Maneuvers to activate the equine's core can make a difference in their physical and psychic health. Although these activities are recommended and practiced, there is little research proving their effectiveness. This article aims to describe, through surface electromyography, the occurrences, durations and sequences activity of longissimus dorsi, rectus abdominis and gluteus medius during thoracolumbar flexion (TLF), lumbar and lumbosacral flexion (LLSF), global flexion (GF), which is the combination of TLF and LLSF, and tail traction (TT). Seven healthy adult horses of three different breeds performed five repetitions of these movements for five seconds (sec). Electromyographic activity was captured with non-invasive superficial sensors positioned in the skin regions covering these muscles. The sequence was performed once per animal, muscle activity captured by surface electromyography, data from two replicates of each animal were selected, analyzed on matLab software and data tabulation were described during each maneuver. These maneuvers provoked punctual and transient activation of muscles mentioned above, confirming the ability to activate equine core muscles. However, responses were not standardized, which means there were variations of occurrence, duration and sequence, suggesting that for practical application of those maneuvers it is necessary to perform more repetitions with longer durations to activate more muscles.(AU)


Manobras para ativação da musculatura do core equino podem ser diferenciais para saúde física e psíquica dos animais, sendo recomendadas e praticadas, mas existem poucas pesquisas comprovando a eficácia delas. Este artigo tem como objetivo descrever, por meio da eletromiografia de superfície, as ocorrências, as durações e as sequências temporais da atividade muscular do longuíssimo dorsal, do reto abdominal e do glúteo médio durante a realização das manobras de flexão toracolombar, flexão lombar e lombossacra, flexão global (toracolombar e lombossacra) e tração de cauda. Para isso, sete equinos adultos e hígidos de três raças realizaram esses quatro movimentos clássicos para ativar o core equino, com cinco repetições e manutenção do estímulo reflexivo por cinco segundos. Durante a realização, a atividade eletromiográfica foi capturada com a utilização de sensores superficiais posicionados de forma não invasiva em regiões cutâneas referentes a cada músculo. O protocolo completo de manobras foi realizado uma vez por cada animal enquanto a atividade muscular era capturada. Posteriormente, duas repetições de cada animal foram triadas e submetidas ao software matLab para análise. Com base na tabulação dos dados, foram descritas as variáveis eletromiográficas de presença ou ausência de ativação muscular, a duração média dos picos eletromiográficos superiores ao RMS (root mean square) e a sequência da atividade muscular observada durante cada manobra. Essas manobras provocaram ativações pontuais e transitórias nos três músculos, o que confirma a capacidade de excitar músculos do core equino. Contudo, as respostas não foram padronizadas, sugerindo que, na prática dessa atividade, devem-se realizar mais repetições com durações superiores a cinco segundos, a fim de se buscarem maiores ativações.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Exercise Movement Techniques/veterinary , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Horses/physiology , Musculoskeletal System/anatomy & histology , Electromyography/veterinary , Warm-Up Exercise
5.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 469-485, Jul 15, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290549

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Em dezembro de 2019, surgiu na China um novo coronavírus chamado SARS-CoV-2. A doença nomeada de COVID-19 rapidamente tornouse uma pandemia. Sabe-se que, a longo prazo, os pacientes no período mais agudo da doença podem apresentar síndromes que desencadeiem fadiga, dor e dispneia. Objetivo: O trabalho objetivou realizar uma revisão integrativa acerca das alterações neuromusculares em pacientes com COVID-19. Métodos: O estudo aconteceu em novembro e dezembro de 2020, sem limitação de ano e idioma. Foram utilizadas as bases de dados: PubMed, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (Lilacs) e Google Acadêmico. Resultados: Foram identificados 19.316 estudos, sendo 15 selecionados após a leitura de títulos e resumos. Após remoção das duplicatas, 13 artigos foram lidos na íntegra. Por fim, 7 artigos foram selecionados após a exclusão dos que não atendiam aos critérios de elegibilidade. Os participantes dos estudos tinham faixa etária entre 42 e 90 anos, todos com COVID-19 e patologias neuromusculares associadas: disfunção neuromuscular, mialgia, síndrome de Guillain-Barré, miopatia e fraqueza muscular geral. O maior índice álgico referido foi no sistema musculoesquelético (membro superior, inferior e região lombar). Conclusão: A COVID-19 pode levar a complicações neuromusculares. (AU)


Introduction: In December 2019, a new coronavírus called SARS-CoV-2 appeared in China. The disease named COVID-19 quickly became a pandemic. It is known that, in the long term, patients in the most acute period of the disease, may present syndromes that cause fatigue, pain and dyspnea. Objective: The study aimed to carry out an integrative review about neuromuscular changes in patients with COVID-19. Methods: The study took place in October and November 2020, without limitation of year and language. The following databases were used: PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (Lilacs), and Google Scholar. Results: 19,316 studies were identified, 15 of which were selected after reading titles and abstracts. After removing duplicates, 13 articles were read in full. Finally, 7 articles were selected after excluding those that did not meet the eligibility criteria. Study participants were between 42 and 90 years old, all with COVID-19 and associated neuromuscular pathologies: neuromuscular dysfunction, myalgia, Guillain-Barré syndrome, myopathy and general muscle weakness. The highest pain index reported was in the musculoskeletal system (upper, lower limb and lumbar region). Conclusion: COVID-19 can lead to neuromuscular complications. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Neuromuscular Diseases , Musculoskeletal System
6.
Biociencias ; 16(1): [24-44], 20210601.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291170

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:el objetivo del estudio fue identificar la relación entre los resultados de las pruebas saltabilidad horizontal y vertical con la incidencia las lesiones musculoesqueléticas de miembros inferiores en futbolistas de un club de la liga profesional colombiana. Materiales y métodos:se realizó un estudio analítico, exploratorio, en 30 futbolistas de la nómina profesional del Club Deportivo Atlético Junior F.C. Al inicio de la temporada se evaluaron las características antropométricas, así mismo como la saltabilidad y asimetrías funcionales de las extremidades inferiores a través de pruebas de saltos verticales (CMJ y CMJs) y horizontales (3-Hop Test). El análisis consistió en la comparación los registros de las variables estudiadas entre los futbolistas con (lesionados n=11) y sin lesión (no lesionados n=19) en el transcurso del primer semestre dela temporada 2019. Resultados:en los hallazgos no se encontraron diferencias estadísticas entre los grupos en las características biológicas, antropométricas y de composición corporal (p>0,05). Derivado de los hallazgos en la saltabilidad vertical, no se observaron diferencias significativas en las asimetrías funcionales entre grupos (p>0,05), sin embargo, si se encontraron diferencias en las pruebas de saltabilidad horizontal entre lesionados y no lesionados (p<0,01). Conclusión:de este estudio podemos concluir que, en comparación a los futbolistas profesionales sin lesiones, se encontraron significativamente mayores asimetrías funcionales detectadas a través de la prueba de saltabilidad horizontal en los deportistas con lesión.


Objetives:the goal of the study was to identify the relationship between horizontal and vertical jumping tests with the incidence of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries in soccer players of a professional league club in Colombia. Materials and methods:an analytical, prospective study was carried out on 30 players from the professional roster of Club Deportivo Atlético Junior F.C. At the beginning of the season the anthropometric characteristics and body composition were evaluated, as well as jumping and functional asymmetries of the lower extremities through vertical (CMJ and CMJs) and horizontal (3-Hop-Test) jumping tests. The analysis consisted in comparing the records of the variables studied between the players with (injured n=11) and without injury (not-injured n=19) during the first semester of the 2019 season. Results:no statistical differences were found between the groups in the biological, anthropometric and body composition characteristics (p> 0.05). Derived from the vertical jumping findings, no significant differences were observed in the asymmetries between groups (p> 0.05), however, significant asymmetries were found in the horizontal jumping tests between injured and uninjured players (p <0.01). Conclusion: from this studywe can conclude that unlike uninjured professional soccer players, there were significantly greater functional asymmetries identified through the horizontal jumping test in athletes with injuries


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities , Musculoskeletal System
7.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 52-56, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341360

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Contextualizar una receta médica de comienzos del siglo XIX en el Nuevo Reino de Granada, en la cual se prescribe el guaco para disminuir síntomas generados por afecciones del sistema músculo-esquelético. De igual forma, analizar, en función de los conocimientos actuales, cómo actúa la fórmula sobre mecanismos fisiopatológicos de la enfermedad, explicando la reducción del dolor y las secuelas asociadas. Material y método: Búsqueda documental en el Archivo Histórico Cipriano Rodríguez Santamaría, de la Biblioteca Octavio Arizmendi Posada, de la Universidad de La Sabana. Se analizó el documento denominado Reumatismo. Posteriormente se realizó una revisión de la literatura entre 1999-2018, en las bases de datos ScienceDirect/ClinicalKey/Scielo. Conclusiones: Existe evidencia científica que podría explicar la efectividad del guaco, usado en el Nuevo Reino de Granada por sus propiedades antiinflamatorias y analgésicas aportadas por componentes como la cumarina y los flavonoides. Sin embargo, una descripción vaga en la posología del guaco, signos, síntomas y comorbilidades que no se mencionan en la receta, dificulta analizar la eficacia del tratamiento y cómo lograba disminuir o controlar específicamente los síntomas dados por afecciones del sistema musculoesquelético con su aplicación. Esta tradición, en consecuencia, carece de sustento propiamente científico para el tratamiento médico de enfermedades osteomusculares.


ABSTRACT Objective: To contextualize a medical prescription of the early 19th century in the New Kingdom of Granada, in which guaco was prescribed to reduce symptoms caused by musculoskeletal system disorders, which were ill-defined at the time. Similarly, based on current knowledge, to analyse the manner in which the formula acts on pathophysiological mechanisms of rheumatic diseases, in order to explain the reduction of pain, and associated sequelae. Material and method: Documentary research into the Cipriano Rodríguez Santamaría Historical Archive of the Octavio Arizmendi Library of the University of La Sabana, in Chía, Colombia. The document analysed was called Rheumatism. Subsequently, a review of the literature was carried out in Science Direct / Clinical Key / Scielo databases in the period from 1999 to 2018. Conclusions: There is scientific evidence that supports the efficiency of guaco used in the Kingdom of New Granada due its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. However, a vague description of the dosage of the guaco, signs, symptoms, and comorbidities, which are not mentioned in the prescription, hinders the understanding of its application and the thorough effectiveness of the treatment in order to control the symptoms of musculoskeletal system conditions. This tradition, consequently, lacks proper scientific support for the medical treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatic Diseases , Mikania , Musculoskeletal System , Therapeutics , Knowledge
8.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 678-684, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1178212

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a ocorrência de óbitos pós-cirúrgicos em recém-nascidos com malformação do aparelho digestivo ou osteomuscular em uma maternidade de referência. Método: Estudo exploratório, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado em uma maternidade de referência localizada em Teresina ­ PI. Os dados foram coletados do Tabwin e de fichas de investigação de óbito infantil de neonatos nascidos em 2016 e 2017 e analisados no software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Resultados: O tipo de malformação mais prevalente do aparelho digestivo e osteomuscular entre os neonatos que foram a óbito após cirurgia foi o ânus imperfurado (41%) e a gastrosquise (64,2%), respectivamente. O choque séptico, seguido da insuficiência renal aguda foram os fatores determinantes dos óbitos analisados. Conclusão: O diagnóstico precoce é o fator primordial para redução da morbimortalidade de neonatos acometidos por malformações congênitas, uma vez que contribui para o direcionamento e planejamento dos cuidados imprescindíveis a esses pacientes


Objective: To analyze the occurrence of post-surgical deaths in newborns with malformation in the digestive or musculoskeletal systems in a reference maternity hospital. Method: This is an exploratory and retrospective study, with a quantitative approach, conducted in a reference maternity located in Teresina ­ PI. Data were collected from Tabwin and infant death investigation forms of neonates born in 2016 and 2017 and analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software. Results: The most prevalent type of malformation of the digestive and musculoskeletal systems among neonates who died after surgery was the imperforate anus (41%) and gastroschisis (64.2%), respectively. Septic shock, followed by acute kidney failure, constituted the determining factors of the analyzed deaths. Conclusion: Early diagnosis is the key factor for reducing morbidity and mortality in neonates affected by congenital malformations, as it contributes to the targeting and planning of care actions essential for these patients


Objetivo: Analizar la ocurrencia de muertes post-quirúrgicas en recién nacidos con malformación digestiva o musculoesquelética en una maternidad de referencia. Método: Estudio exploratorio, retrospectivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en una maternidad de referencia ubicada en Teresina - PI. Los datos se recopilaron de Tabwin y de registros de investigación de muerte infantil de neonatos en 2016 y 2017 y se analizaron utilizando el programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Resultados: El tipo de malformación digestiva y musculoesquelética más frecuente entre los neonatos que murieron después de la cirugía fue el ano imperforado (41%) y la gastrosquisis (64,2%), respectivamente. El shock séptico, seguido de insuficiencia renal aguda, constituyeron los factores determinantes de las muertes analizadas. Conclusión: El diagnóstico temprano es el factor principal para reducir la morbimortalidad en los neonatos afectados por malformaciones congénitas, ya que contribuye a la dirección y planificación de la atención esencial para estos pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Anus, Imperforate/complications , Congenital Abnormalities/surgery , Gastroschisis/complications , Perinatal Death , Infant Death , Postoperative Care/adverse effects , Shock, Septic , Infant Mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Early Diagnosis , Digestive System/pathology , Renal Insufficiency , Acute Kidney Injury , Musculoskeletal System/pathology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882164

ABSTRACT

@#PURPOSE: This study was done to explore the experiences of young adult males with below-knee amputation at surgical wards and clinics in Teaching Hospital, Kurunegala, Sri Lanka. DESIGN: The study used the phenomenology design of qualitative research. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted for data collection using a theme list with a saturation point reached at 16 participants. The duration of an interview was 30-45 minutes and was recorded on audiotape and transcribed later. Phases of familiarization with the data, coding, searching for themes, reviewing themes, defining and naming themes, and writing up were conducted accordingly to thematic analysis. FINDINGS: The young adult male below-knee amputees showed changes in lifestyle with dependence on others, supporting aids, and experiencing discomfort. They showed mental distress with dissatisfaction with life and suffering of life. Additionally, they lacked power with identity changes and encounter economic problems in their lives. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: It is essential to give special education to the staff caring for the below-knee amputees to minimize their unpleasant and challenging experiences. Health staff can motivate family members and friends for individuals' mental adjustment to their new life. Additionally, the social attitude of the community should be changed positively regarding amputated patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Sri Lanka , Disarticulation , Musculoskeletal System
10.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(3): 161-165, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251654

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La identificación temprana de trastornos del sistema musculoesquelético (SME) en pediatría permite realizar enfoque y tratamiento adecuado. pGALS (pediatric Gait, Arms, Legs and Spine) es una herramienta utilizada en la evaluación de niños con enfermedad osteomuscular previa. En la literatura revisada no se encontraron en Colombia estudios que apliquen pGALS como prueba de tamizaje. Objetivos: Identificar la utilidad de pGALS como prueba de tamizaje en niños y adolescentes en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que incluyó niños y adolescentes de 6 a 16 anos sin diagnóstico previo de enfermedad osteomuscular de etiología inflamatoria o autoinmune, a quienes se evaluó con pGALS en sus viviendas y sus colegios durante septiembre y octubre de 2018. Resultados: Se incluyeron 169 pacientes, edad promedio de 9,43 años. Se encontraron alteraciones en pGALS en el 66,85% de los participantes. La respuesta positiva a la primera pregunta de la exploración tuvo una sensibilidad del 91,3%, una especificidad del 53%, una razón de verosimilitud positiva de 1,9 y una razón de verosimilitud negativa de 0,16 para identificar alteraciones en el SME. La respuesta positiva a cualquiera de las tres preguntas tuvo asociación estadísticamente significativa para encontrar pGALS alterado (p = 0,001), sensibilidad 58%, especificidad 94%, razón de verosimilitud positiva de 9,3 y razón de verosimilitud negativa de 0,44. La aceptación de los pacientes de pGALS fue del 95,3%. El tiempo promedio en el que se realizó la prueba fue de 2:27 min. Conclusiones: PGALS es una herramienta de aplicación rápida y fácil, bien tolerada por los pacientes y que permite identificar trastornos del SME en la población pediátrica.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The early identification of disorders of the musculoskeletal system in paediatrics should be of use in their approach and treatment. pGALS (paediatric Gait, Arms, Legs and Spine) is a tool used for evaluation of children with previous musculoskeletal disease. No studies were found in the literature reviewed that used pGALS as a screening test in pGALS Colombia. Objective: To identify the usefulness of pGALS as a screening test in children and adolescents in Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study, which included children and adolescents, aged 6 to 16 years without a previous diagnosis of inflammatory or autoimmune skeletomuscular disease, who were evaluated with pGALS in their homes and in their schools during September and October 2018. Results: The study included 169 patients, with a mean age of 9.43years. Changes in pGALS were observed in 66.85% of the participants. The positive response to the first question in the examination had a sensitivity of 91.3%, a specificity of 53%, a positive likelihood ratio of 1.9, and negative likelihood ratio of 0.16 to identify changes in the musculoskeletal system. The positive response to any of the three questions had a statistically significant association to find altered pGALS (P = .001), sensitivity 58%, specificity 94%, positive likelihood ratio of 9.3, and negative likelihood ratio of 0.44. The acceptance by pGALS patients was 95.3%. The mean time to perform the test was 2:27 minutes. Conclusions: PGALS is a quick and easy tool that is well tolerated by patients, and helps in the identification of musculoskeletal system disorders in the paediatric population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Diagnosis , Musculoskeletal System , Therapeutics , Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Methods
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1154-1162, July-Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131491

ABSTRACT

This study set out to determine normal values for acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography of the superficial digital flexor tendon, deep digital flexor tendon, accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon and suspensory ligament in horses. Twenty-four horses were submitted to conventional sonographic assessment and elastography imaging (quantitative ARFI method) of distal forelimb tendons and ligaments at nine anatomical regions. Elastograms depicted tendons and ligaments in orange to red tones consistent with greater stiffness. Shear wave velocity was higher in the longitudinal compared to the cross-sectional plane but did not differ significantly between the left and right forelimbs. The suspensory ligament was stiffer compared to remaining structures in the cross-sectional plane. Ligaments were stiffer than tendons and the deep digital flexor tendon was stiffer than the superficial digital flexor tendon in the longitudinal plane. Target structures were stiffer in male compared to female horses and stiffness tended to increase with age. ARFI elastography proved to be a feasible and reproducible imaging modality for assessment of distal forelimb tendons and ligaments in horses. Qualitative features derived from stiffness quantification in these structures can be applied to horses with musculoskeletal disorders, as well as to other animal species.(AU)


Este trabalho objetivou estabelecer valores de referência por meio da elastografia ARFI ("Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse") do tendão flexor digital superficial, tendão flexor digital profundo, ligamento acessório inferior e ligamento suspensor do boleto em equinos hígidos. Vinte e quatro equinos foram submetidos aos exames ultrassonográfico e elastográfico (método ARFI quantitativo) dos tendões e ligamentos da porção distal do membro torácico, em nove regiões anatômicas diferentes. Os elastogramas mostraram tendões e ligamentos de coloração alaranjada a vermelha, que representam maior rigidez. Não houve diferenças em relação ao membro avaliado; as velocidades de cisalhamento foram maiores nos planos longitudinais. No plano transversal, os ligamentos suspensores foram mais rígidos em comparação aos demais. No plano longitudinal, os ligamentos mostraram-se mais rígidos que os tendões, e o tendão flexor digital profundo, mais rígido que o tendão flexor digital superficial. As estruturas mostraram-se mais rígidas nos machos, e houve uma tendência à maior rigidez em animais mais velhos. A elastografia ARFI comprovou ser um método viável e reprodutível para avaliação dos tendões e ligamentos dos membros torácicos de equinos. As características qualitativas obtidas a partir da rigidez dessas estruturas podem ser utilizadas para testes em equinos com distúrbios musculoesqueléticos e também em outras espécies animais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/veterinary , Horses , Ligaments/diagnostic imaging , Musculoskeletal System/diagnostic imaging
12.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(2): 113-116, maio-ago. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116374

ABSTRACT

O estudo da Anatomia Humana (AH) é parte integrante e de relevância inquestionável na graduação dos cursos da saúde. Com a constante redução na carga horária destinada à AH e diante dos debates sobre os novos métodos de ensino, o uso do código de quick response (código QR) se mostrou promissor. Nesse sentido, foi desenvolvido no Departamento de Anatomia da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL) o processo de catalogação das estruturas anatômicas com o uso do código QR, sendo nosso objetivo relatar esta experiência. Neste processo, as estruturas dissecadas no Laboratório de Anatomia da UEL foram catalogadas com base em uma planilha contendo a correlação entre estruturas e números e, as informações de cada estrutura transcritas em um código QR através de um gerador eletrônico, sendo então impresso, plastificado e anexado à peça anatômica. As marcações foram realizadas por meio da sutura de etiquetas enumeradas. Dentro da discussão dos métodos alternativos de ensino há como exemplos a plastinação, a projeção em três dimensões e a prospecção. Em destaque neste relato, o uso do código QR mostrou-se como uma alternativa válida na agregação de conhecimento nos currículos acadêmicos. Por meio das atividades empreendidas no processo de catalogação, foi possível, além da aquisição de mais tempo dedicado ao conhecimento teórico-prático em AH, ampliar a independência no estudo e no desenvolvimento de pesquisas. Dessa forma, tem-se a oportunidade de se expandir as análises voltadas ao ensino da AH e aos novos métodos de aprendizado.


The study of human anatomy is a relevant part of the curriculum of health course graduation students. Given the constant reduction of hours destinated to the study of Anatomy and the debates regarding new teaching methods, the use of the Quick Response Code (QR code) has shown to be promising. Therefore, the Anatomy Department at the State University of Londrina (UEL) has developed a cataloging process concerning anatomical structures with the application of QR code, and this paper has the purpose of reporting on such experience. In the process, the structures dissected in UEL's Anatomy Laboratory were cataloged based on a spreadsheet which contained the correlation between these structures and numbers; the information regarding each structure was then transcribed into a QR code using a digital generator, with posterior printing, lamination and attachment to the body part. The labels were made by sewing the numbered tags onto the structures. Within the discussion regarding alternative teaching methods, examples can be given regarding lamination, three-dimension projection and prospection. The use of the QR code has proven to be a valid alternative in aggregating knowledge to academic curriculum. Through the activities performed in the process of cataloging, it was possible not only to dedicate more time to the theorical and practical learning of human anatomy, but also to increase the independence in studying and developing research. Furthermore, there is an opportunity to expand the analysis directed toward human anatomy teaching and toward new learning methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Educational Technology/methods , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Anatomy/education , Locomotion , Musculoskeletal System/anatomy & histology , Teaching Materials , Educational Technology/instrumentation , Dissection/methods
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1792-1803, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127041

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades musculoesqueléticas son las causas más frecuentes de incapacidad en el mundo, lo que afecta gravemente la capacidad de las personas para desarrollar sus actividades habituales. Objetivos: describir el comportamiento del proceso rehabilitador de pacientes con trastornos musculoesqueléticos. Materiales y Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el Servicio de Rehabilitación del Hospital Militar de Matanzas, desde julio 2017 hasta diciembre de 2017. Se estudiaron las variables: trastorno musculoesquelético diagnosticado, duración de la crisis dolorosa, presencia de vínculo laboral, incapacidad laboral asociada, inicio del tratamiento rehabilitador (precoz o tardío) y cantidad de sesiones de tratamiento fisiátrico Resultados: la sacrolumbalgia afectó al 22,4 % de los pacientes estudiados y la cervicalgia al 20,1 %. La duración media de estas afecciones fue de 14 días. El 64,7 % de los pacientes laboralmente activos presentó incapacidad temporal asociada. El 65 % de los pacientes se incorporó de forma tardía a la rehabilitación. Conclusiones: la sacrolumbalgia fue el diagnóstico más frecuente y con mayor incapacidad laboral asociada. La afección con la duración media más extensa fue la cervicalgia. La mayor parte de los pacientes se incorporó tardíamente al tratamiento fisiátrico (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: The muscle skeletal illnesses are the most frequent causes of inability in the world, what affects the capacity of people gravely to develop their habitual activities. Objective: To describe the behavior of the rehabilitative process of patient with muscle skeletal dysfunctions. Materials and methods: A descriptive study was carried out in the Service of Rehabilitation of the Military Hospital of Matanzas, from July 2017 until December of 2017. The variables studied were: muscle skeletal dysfunctions diagnosed duration of the painful crisis, presence of labor bond, associate labor inability, beginning of the rehabilitative treatment (precocious or late) and quantity of sessions of physiotherapy treatment. Results: The sacrolumbalgia affected to 22,4% of the studied patients and the cervicalgia to 20,1%. The half duration of these affections was of 14 days. 64,7% of the patients laborly assets presented associated temporary inability. 65% of the patients incorporated from a late way to the rehabilitation. Conclusions: The sacrolumbalgia was the most frequent diagnosis and with more associate labor inability. The affection with the most extensive half duration was the cervicalgia. Most of the patients incorporated from a late way to the rehabilitation (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Factors , Musculoskeletal Diseases/rehabilitation , Musculoskeletal System/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities , Musculoskeletal Diseases/diagnosis , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Sick Leave , Work Performance
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 124-132, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136184

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND Taekwondo is a martial art that emphasizes blows using the feet and fists, and it is characterized by direct and continuous body contact, which subjects their practitioners to a higher number of injuries. This study aimed to determine the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in Portuguese taekwondo athletes and analyze its associated factors. METHODS The sample included 341 taekwondo athletes, aged between 4 and 62 years (18.77±12.77 years), 237 (69.5%) were male, and 104 (30.5%) female. A questionnaire was administered at a national level in taekwondo training and competitions via interview. RESULTS One hundred and thirty-two (38.7%) taekwondo athletes reported having suffered an injury since they began their practice, totaling 294 injuries. Seventy-six (22.3%) athletes had an injury in the previous 12-months period, with a total of 112 injuries. There were 2.15 injuries per 1,000 hours of taekwondo training. The most common of all injuries was muscle injury (strain, contusion) (58.6%), in the foot and fingers (18.9%). The attack technique (28.8%) was the most prevalent injury mechanism. Adult athletes presented a higher risk of sustaining taekwondo-related injuries than adolescents (odds ratio = 3.91; 95%CI: 1.13-13.55; p=0.032), and athletes who trained more than 1 hour had a risk 4.20 times greater (95%CI: 1.44-12.29; p=0.009) than those who trained up to 1 hour per session. CONCLUSIONS Injuries were frequent among Portuguese taekwondo athletes, with specific body areas affected, mainly caused by the attack technique. It is necessary to create injury prevention strategies, including specific training and the use of protective equipment.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO O Taekwondo consiste numa arte marcial que enfatiza os golpes com os pés e punhos, sendo caracterizada pelo contato corporal direto e contínuo, fatores que podem ocasionar lesões. O objetivo do estudo foi determinar a incidência de lesões musculoesqueléticas em atletas portugueses de taekwondo e analisar os fatores associados. MÉTODOS A amostra foi constituída por 341 atletas de taekwondo, com idades entre 4 e 62 anos (18,77±12,77), sendo 237 (69,5%) do sexo masculino. O instrumento de medida consistiu num questionário, aplicado sob a forma de entrevista, em nível nacional. RESULTADOS Cento e trinta e dois (38,7%) atletas relataram terem sofrido lesões desde que iniciaram a prática, totalizando 294 lesões. Setenta e seis (22,3%) atletas referiram presença de lesões no período de 12 meses, totalizando 112 lesões. Foram registradas 2,15 lesões por 1.000 horas de treinamento de taekwondo. O tipo de lesão mais frequente foi a lesão muscular (57,7%) e as localizadas no pé e dedos (18,9%). A técnica de ataque (28,8%) foi o mecanismo de lesão mais prevalente. Os adultos apresentaram maior risco de sofrer lesões comparados aos adolescentes (odds ratio = 3,91; IC 95%: 1,13-13,55; p=0,032), e os atletas que treinaram mais de uma hora tiveram um risco de 4,20 (IC 95%: 1,44-12,29; p=0,009) do que aqueles que treinaram até uma hora por sessão. CONCLUSÕES Os dados do estudo revelaram que as lesões foram frequentes em atletas portugueses de taekwondo, com áreas corporais específicas afetadas, e causadas principalmente pela técnica de ataque. Torna-se necessário elaborar estratégias de prevenção de lesões, incluindo treinamentos específicos e uso de material de proteção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , Martial Arts/injuries , Musculoskeletal System/injuries , Portugal/epidemiology , Time Factors , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
15.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 71-77, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090411

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A sarcopenia é uma síndrome caracterizada pela perda progressiva de massa muscular e está associada a desfechos adversos na saúde de idosos. A atividade física tem sido apontada como uma importante ferramenta para a prevenção da sarcopenia. Diante disso, este estudo investigou a relação da duração e frequência da prática de atividade física com os indicativos de sarcopenia de idosos. Participaram deste estudo transversal 551 idosos praticantes de atividade física nas academias da terceira idade do município de Maringá (PR). Como instrumentos foram utilizados o international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) e o SARC-F. A análise dos dados foi conduzida por meio dos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, correlação de Spearman e a análise de equações estruturais (p<0,05). Os resultados evidenciaram que os idosos deste estudo realizam atividades físicas leves (Md=3) e moderadas (Md=2) semanalmente, mas não praticam atividades vigorosas (Md=0), e apresentam baixo indicativo de sarcopenia (Md=1). A análise de equações estruturais revelou que as variáveis de atividades leves e moderadas apresentaram associação significativa (p<0,05), e negativa com o escore de indicativo de sarcopenia, entretanto fraca (β<0,20), explicando 7% da sua variabilidade. Concluiu-se que a prática de atividades física leves e moderadas parece ser fator interveniente no indicativo de sarcopenia em idosos.


RESUMEN La sarcopenia es un síndrome caracterizada por la pérdida progresiva de masa muscular y que está asociada a resultados adversos en la salud de los ancianos. La actividad física ha sido señalada como una importante herramienta para la prevención de la sarcopenia. Por lo tanto, este estudio investigó la relación de la duración y frecuencia de la práctica de actividad física con los indicativos de sarcopenia de ancianos. En este estudio transversal participaron 551 ancianos practicantes de actividad física en las Academias de la tercera edad del municipio de Maringá (PR). Como instrumentos se utilizaron el International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) y el SARC-F. El análisis de los datos fue conducido por medio de las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, correlación de Spearman y el análisis de ecuaciones estructurales (p<0,05). Los resultados evidenciaron que los ancianos realizan actividades físicas leves (Md=3) y moderadas (Md=2) semanalmente, pero no actividades vigorosas (Md=0), además de bajo indicativo de sarcopenia (Md=1). El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales reveló que las variables de actividad leves y moderadas presentaron una asociación significativa (p<0,05) y negativa con la puntuación del indicativo de sarcopenia, sin embargo débil (β<0,20), explicando el 7% de su variabilidad. Se concluyó que la práctica de actividades físicas leves y moderadas parece ser un factor interviniente en el indicativo de sarcopenia en ancianos.


ABSTRACT Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and associated with adverse health outcomes in older adults. Physical activity has been pointed out as an important tool for its prevention. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship of sedentary lifestyle, duration and frequency of physical activity with the indicator of sarcopenia in older adults. Five hundred and fifty-one physically active older adults enrolled in senior fitness centers of Maringá (PR) participated in this cross-sectional study. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the SARC-F were the instruments used. Data analysis was conducted using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, Spearman correlation coefficient and the Structural Equation Analysis (p<0.05). Results showed that older adults participated in mild to moderate physical activities weekly, but not vigorous ones, besides exhibiting low sarcopenia indicators. Structural Equations analysis revealed that the variables of mild and moderate activity presented a significant (p<0.05) and negative correlations with the sarcopenia indicators score, however weak (β<0.20), explaining its 7% variability. It was concluded that the practice of mild and moderate physical activity affect sarcopenia indicators in older people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sarcopenia/physiopathology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Sedentary Behavior , Motor Activity/physiology , Aging/physiology , Exercise , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Walking/physiology , Jogging , Musculoskeletal System/physiopathology
16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020221, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131856

ABSTRACT

There is scant information about the comprehensive distribution of dystrophic muscles in muscular dystrophy. Despite different clinical presentations of muscular dystrophy, a recent multi-center study concluded that phenotypic distribution of dystrophic muscles is independent of clinical phenotype and suggested that there is a common pattern of involved muscles. To evaluate this possibility, the present case report used cadaveric dissection to determine the whole-body distribution of fat-infiltrated, dystrophic muscles from a 72-year-old white male cadaver with adult-onset, late-stage muscular dystrophy. Severely dystrophic muscles occupied the pectoral, gluteal and pelvic regions, as well as the arm, thigh and posterior leg. In contrast, muscles of the head, neck, hands and feet largely appeared unaffected. Histopathology and a CT-scan supported these observations. This pattern of dystrophic muscles generally conformed with that described in the multi-center study, and provides prognostic insight for patients and the physicians treating them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Muscular Dystrophies , Autopsy , Musculoskeletal System
17.
Biociencias ; 15(1): 29-39, jun.2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1122927

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la programación estructurada del entrenamiento físico contribuye a reducir las probabilidades de padecer enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, de igual manera aumenta la calidad de la salud de las personas, especialmente en los sistemas, cardiovascular, respiratoria, neuromuscular y musculoesquelético. Esto facilita la optimización de la condición física saludable, aspecto que favorece en el individuo el desarrollo de las actividades diarias con máxima funcionalidad, eficiencia y eficacia. Objetivo: Verificar los efectos de un programa estructurado de entrenamiento funcional sobre la resistencia muscular en adultos jóvenes. Materiales y Métodos: Tipo de estudio cuasi experimental, con evaluación pre intervención y post intervención en un grupo experimental. En 15 adultos jóvenes que asisten a un gimnasio de la ciudad de Barranquilla se aplicaron las pruebas: resistencia muscular del tren superior sin límite de tiempo, resistencia muscular del abdomen en 1 min, resistencia muscular de miembros inferiores y flexibilidad, la intervención se realizó con un programa estructurado de entrenamiento funcional comparando pre test y post test. Resultados: post intervención se presentaron cambios significativos comparando los resultados del pre test con los del post test, en resistencia muscular de miembros superiores (media: 33,29 vs 45,57) P: 0,04, flexibilidad (media: 13,57 vs 3,86) P: 0,05. Conclusiones: Se puede constatar que las capacidades de resistencia muscular y flexibilidad se pueden adaptar de manera positiva a través de una intervención con un programa estructurado de entrenamiento funcional, por 8 semanas, con una frecuencia de tres veces por semana por 45 minutos/día.


Introduction: the structured programming of physical training helps to reduce the chances of suffering from chronic noncommunicable diseases, in the same way it increases the quality of people's health, especially in the cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular and musculoskeletal systems. This facilitates the optimization of healthy physical condition, an aspect that favors the individual, the development of daily activities with maximum functionality, efficiency and effectiveness. Objective: To verify the effects of a structured program of functional training on muscular endurance in young adults. Materials and Methods: Type of quasi-experimental study, with pre intervention and post intervention evaluation in an experimental group. In 15 young adults attending a gym in the city of Barranquilla, the tests were applied: upper end muscle resistance without time limit, abdominal muscle resistance in 1 min, lower limb muscle resistance and flexibility, the intervention was performed with a structured program of functional training comparing pretest and postest. Results: significant changes were presented after the intervention, comparing the results of the pre-test with those of the post-test, in muscular resistance of the upper limbs (mean: 33.29 vs 45.57) P: 0.04, flexibility (mean: 13.57 vs. 3.86) P: 0.05. Conclusions: It can be seen that muscular endurance and flexibility capacities can be adapted in a positive way through an intervention with a structured program of functional training, for 8 weeks, with a frequency of three times per week for 45 minutes/day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Body Regions , Anatomic Landmarks , Musculoskeletal System
18.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 93-101, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372275

ABSTRACT

Introducción El tejido óseo es el segundo tejido más trasplantado en el ser humano. Los Ortopedistas y Odontólogos son los principales profesionales que lo utilizan en sus procedimientos. El objetivo de este trabajo fué caracterizar la actividad de los Bancos certificados del país para Tejido Osteomuscular. Materiales y Métodos Mediante encuesta realizada vía teleconferencia a cada Banco de tejidos, se evalúan ítems de donación, extracción, procesamiento, almacenamiento, distribución y capacidad de producción de los tejidos Osteomusculares. La información es complementada con actas de certificación de Buenas Prácticas del Invima (Instituto Nacional para la Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos) e información suministrada por el INS (Instituto Nacional de Salud) de las estadísticas reportadas por los bancos mensualmente. Resultados El tejido procesado procede de donantes de medicina legal 77%, IPS (Instituciones Prestadoras de Servicios de Salud) 5% y donantes vivos 17%. La edad de donación es de 45 a 70 años dependiendo de si es tejido estructural, género y condición del donante vivo/muerto. Las tecnologías para el control microbiológico son variadas, encontrando condiciones asépticas de procesamiento, antibióticos y radiación Gamma. Los productos finales ofrecidos son tejido fresco, liofilizado, pulverizado, decalcificado y matriz ósea desmineralizada. El periodo de almacenamiento máximo encontrado es de 5 años. Se estima que por donante real se obtendrían 67 unidades de implantes en Colombia. Discusión El desarrollo Tecnológico de los Bancos Colombianos de tejido Osteomuscular alcanza altos estándares internacionales, pudiéndose cubrir la variada demanda de productos internos necesarios para todas las especialidades, sin embargo se encuentra un rezago en los procesos de aprovechamiento suficiente de los tejidos procedente de los donantes y de la distribución de los mismos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV.


Background The bone is the second most transplanted tissue in humans. Orthopaedists and Dentists are the main professionals that use it in their procedures. The aim of this study was to describe the activity of the certified musculoskeletal tissue banks in Colombia. Methodology The extraction, processing, storage, distribution, and production capacity of musculoskeletal tissues donated to each Tissue Bank were evaluated using a questionnaire completed via teleconference. The information was supplemented with records of management certification of Good Practices, Invima registers, and information provided by the NHI (Colombian National Health Institute) statistics reported by tissue banks each month. Results The processed tissue comes from forensic donors (77%), IPS health care institutions (5%), and 17% from living donors. Donor age was 45 to 70 years, depending on whether it was structural tissue, gender, and condition of live / dead donor. Technologies for microbiological control varied, with aseptic processing, antibiotics, and gamma radiation being found. The final products offered are fresh tissue, lyophilised, pulverised, decalcified, and demineralized bone matrix. The maximum storage period found was 5 years. It is estimated that 67 tissue units could be obtained from each donor in Colombia. Discussion Technological development of Colombian musculoskeletal Tissue Banks is of the highest international standards, being able to meet the varied demand for domestic products necessary for all related medical fields. However, it was identified that there was a lag in the distribution process, as well as in usability and taking advantage of the availability, and use of tissues from donors. Evidence Level: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Tissue Banks , Musculoskeletal System , Tissue Donors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tissue Transplantation , Colombia
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826375

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence (AI) represents the latest wave of computer revolution and is considered revolutionary technology in many industries including healthcare. AI has been applied in medical imaging mainly due to the improvement of computational learning,big data mining,and innovations of neural network architecture. AI can improve the efficiency and accuracy of imaging diagnosis and reduce medical cost;also,it can be used to predict the disease risk. In this article we summarize and analyze the application of AI in musculoskeletal imaging.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Musculoskeletal System , Diagnostic Imaging , Neural Networks, Computer
20.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 33: e003308, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The impairment of muscle strength and fatigue in leprosy remains a problem that requires careful attention to avoid or minimize its progression, as well as prevention of disabilities and deformities. Objective: To investigate the maximum voluntary contraction and time to muscle fatigue in leprosy patients. Method: A total of 21 leprosy patients and 21 healthy subjects completed the sample. The method used to determine the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the handgrip followed the recommendation of the American Society of Hand Therapists with the use of a hydraulic hand grip dynamometer. The test was performed three times with each hand, with a time interval of 60 seconds between successive trials. The subject was instructed to perform a maximal isometric force against the dynamometer for 5 seconds. The peaks were recorded and used for the fatigue test. For the fatigue test, we recorded the electromyogram of the forearm muscles to offline determine the onset time for the muscle contraction (14 bits, Miograph 2 USB®, Miotec, Brazil). Results: Leprosy patients had lower MVC compared with healthy subjects (p > 0.05), both in the dominant and the non-dominant hands. The time to fatigue in the leprosy and control groups was similar (p < 0.05). We observed that leprosy patients had more contractions than the healthy subjects (22.6 ± 11.8 contractions for the leprosy group vs. 12.3 ± 6.9 contractions for the control group, p > 0.05). Conclusion: Multibacillary leprosy patients lost muscle force without modifying the resistance to fatigue.


Resumo Introdução: O comprometimento da força muscular e a fadiga na hanseníase continuam sendo problemas que requerem cuidadosa atenção para evitar ou minimizar sua progressão, bem como prevenir incapacidades e deformidades. Objetivo: Avaliar a força muscular e o tempo até a fadiga em pacientes com hanseníase Método: Vinte e um pacientes com hanseníase e 21 indivíduos saudáveis completaram a amostra. O método utilizado para determinar a contração voluntária máxima (CVM) da força de preensão palmar seguiu a recomendação da Sociedade Americana de Terapeutas da Mão com o uso de um dinamômetro de preensão manual. O teste foi realizado três vezes em cada mão, com intervalo de tempo de sessenta segundos entre tentativas sucessivas. O sujeito foi instruído a realizar força isométrica máxima contra o dinamômetro durante cinco segundos. Os picos foram registrados e usados para o teste de fadiga. Para o teste de fadiga, registrou-se o eletromiograma dos músculos do antebraço para determinar off-line o tempo de início da contração muscular (14 bits, Miograph 2 USB ® , Miotec, Brasil). Resultados: Os pacientes com hanseníase apresentaram menor CVM em relação aos saudáveis (p < 0,05) nas mãos dominante e não dominante. Não houve diferença no tempo de fadiga entre os grupos hanseníase e controle (p > 0,05). Foi observado que os pacientes com hanseníase tinham mais contrações do que os saudáveis (22,6 ± 11,8 contrações para o grupo com hanseníase vs. 12,3 ± 6,9 para o grupo controle, p < 0,05). Conclusão: Pacientes com hanseníase multibacilar apresentaram perda de força muscular sem modificação da resistência à fadiga.


Resumen Introducción: El compromiso de la fuerza muscular y la fatiga en la lepra sigue siendo un problema que requiere atención cuidadosa para evitar o minimizar su progresión, así como la prevención de incapacidades y deformidades. Objetivo: Evaluar la fuerza muscular y el tiempo hasta la fatiga de pacientes con lepra. Método: Veintiún pacientes con lepra y 21 sujetos sanos completaron la muestra. El método utilizado para determinar la contracción voluntaria máxima (CVM) de la fuerza de asimiento palmar siguió la recomendación de la Sociedad Americana de Terapeutas de la Mano con el uso de un dinamómetro de asimiento manual. La prueba se realizó tres veces con cada mano, con un intervalo de tiempo de 60 segundos entre intentos sucesivos. El sujeto fue instruido a realizar una fuerza isométrica máxima contra el dinamómetro durante 5 segundos. Los picos se registraron y se utilizaron para la prueba de fatiga. Para la prueba de fatiga, registramos el electromiograma de los músculos del antebrazo para determinar fuera de línea el tiempo de inicio de la contracción muscular (14 bits, Miograph 2 USB ® , Miotec, Brasil). Resultados: Los pacientes con lepra presentaron menor CVM con relación a los sanos (p < 0,05) en las manos dominante y no dominante. No hubo diferencia en el tiempo de fatiga entre los grupos de lepra y control (p > 0,05). Se observó que los pacientes con lepra tenían más contracciones que los sanos (22,6 ± 11,8 contracciones para el grupo con hanseniasis frente a 12,3 ± 6,9 para el grupo control, p < 0,05). Conclusión: Pacientes con hanseniasis multibacilar presentaron pérdida de fuerza muscular sin modificación de la resistencia a la fatiga.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Muscle Fatigue , Leprosy , Musculoskeletal System , Muscle Strength , Muscle Tonus
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