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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 33-40, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352903

ABSTRACT

El estado mutacional del KRAS ha sido considerado como biomarcador para tratamientos biológicos tras varios ensayos clínicos realizados en pacientes con cáncer colorrectal metastásico. Reportes recientes indican que las frecuencias de mutación del gen KRAS en pacientes con CCR de Asia, Europa y Latinoamérica están entre el 24%, 36% y 40%, respectivamente. Paraguay no cuenta con este tipo de informes, a pesar de registrar anualmente en promedio 75 nuevos casos de pacientes diagnosticados con CCR sólo en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Central del Instituto de Previsión Social (IPS). El presente trabajo ha implementado este análisis de rutina, prerrequisito obligatorio para la administración de fármacos basados en anticuerpos terapéuticos, y revelado una frecuencia de mutación del gen KRAS del 34% en pacientes paraguayos con CCR que acuden a los Servicios del Hospital Central del IPS


The mutational status of the KRAS has been consider as a biomarker for biological treatments after several clinical trials carried out in patient with metastatic colorectal cancer. Recent reports indicate that the KRAS gene mutation frequencies in CRC patients from Asia, Europe, and Latin America are between 24%, 36%, and 40%, respectively. Paraguay does not have this kind of reports, despite registering an average of 75 new cases of patients diagnosed with CRC per year only in the General Surgery Service of the "Central Hospital - Instituto de Prevision Social (IPS)". The present work has implemented this routine analysis, a mandatory prerequisite for the administration of drugs based on therapeutic antibodies and revealed a KRAS gene mutation frequency of 34% in Paraguayan patients with CRC who attend the IPS Central Hospital Services


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Mutation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Determination , Genes
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 791-799, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351053

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mutación puntual V600E del gen BRAF juega un papel fundamental en la tumorigénesis de muchos gliomas. La inhibición de su producto forma parte de terapias innovadoras emergentes en los últimos años. Conocer el rol de estos tratamientos resulta imprescindible. El objetivo del trabajo fue describir la respuesta clínico-radiológica en niños con gliomas BRAF V600E mutado tratados con inhibidores BRAF. Para ello se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo en pacientes menores de 16 años con gliomas BRAF V600E mu tado que recibieron vemurafenib o dabrafenib en el Hospital Garrahan. Trece pacientes tratados en los últimos 7 años fueron incluidos: 9 gliomas de bajo grado y 4 de alto grado. La mediana de edad al diagnóstico fue 8.6 años (0.89-14.04) y del comienzo del inhibidor 11.62 años (3.64-15.42). Inicialmente, todos habían realizado tratamiento quirúrgico, y 12/13 recibieron previamente otra terapia: 11 quimioterapia (eventualmente hasta 4 líneas distintas) y 4 radioterapia. Con la terapia dirigida, 10 pacientes tuvieron una disminución tumoral mayor o igual al 25%, quedando evidenciada en 7 niños la mejor respuesta dentro de los 6 meses del inicio. Hubo 4 progresados intratratamiento (todos alto grado), y 2 progresados prontamente luego de suspender el inhibidor (ambos bajo grado). Cinco presentaron efectos adversos grado 3-4, con recuperación ad-integrum. Se describe una buena y sostenida respuesta clínico-radiológica, con tolerancia aceptable, en pacientes con gliomas de bajo grado BRAF V600E mutado tratados con inhibidores BRAF V600E . En contraste, la respuesta en pacientes con gliomas de alto grado fue intermedia y de poca duración, con progresión tumoral precoz.


Abstract The BRAF V600E point mutation plays a key role in the tumorigenesis of many gliomas. Inhibiting its product is part of the innovative therapies emerging in recent years. Knowing the role of these treatments is essential. The aim of this experience was to describe the clinical-radiological response of pediatric BRAF V600E mutated gliomas treated with BRAF inhibitors. To this end, a descriptive and retrospective study was performed in patients under 16 years of age with BRAF V600E gliomas, who received vemurafenib or dabrafenib at Hospital Garrahan. Thirteen patients treated in the last 7 years were included: 9 were low-grade and 4 high-grade gliomas. The median age at diagnosis was 8.6 years (0.89-14.04) and at start of targeted therapy was 11.62 years (3.64-15.42). All patients had previously a surgical procedure, and 12/13 had received another therapy prior BRAF inhibition: 11 chemotherapy (in one case, up to 4 different protocols) and 4 radiotherapy. Under targeted therapy, tumour response was obtained in 10 patients (size reduction equal to or greater than 25%), and best response was observed in the first 6 months of treatment in 7 children. Four patients progressed under treatment (all high-grade gliomas) and 2 progressed shortly after stopping the inhibitor (both low-grade gliomas). Five patients had grade 3-4 toxicity, with subsequent full recovery. A good and sustained clinical-radiological response, with acceptable tolerance, is described in patients with BRAF V600E mutated low-grade gliomas treated with BRAF V600E inhibitors. In contrast, the response in patients with high-grade gliomas was intermediate and of short duration, with early tumour progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/antagonists & inhibitors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Glioma/genetics , Glioma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals , Mutation
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 645-648, ago. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346519

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease with an autosomal dominant heredity pattern, due to mutations in the gene encoding the C1 esterase inhibitor. The onset of symptoms usually occurs during childhood. Clinically, it is characterized by repeated episodes of angioedema that may affect the skin, abdomen and larynx/pharynx. The occurrence of attacks and their severity are unpredictable and can be fatal without the appropriate treatment. We present the case of an asymptomatic 65-year-old woman, with a history of three adult children diagnosed with HAE. Despite the high probabilities of being a carrier of the mutation, she had not been previously studied. Diagnosis of HAE in a family member would require screening of all at-risk relatives. Early diagnosis is essential to establish a correct and timely therapeutic strategy in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease.


Resumen El angioedema hereditario (HAE) es una enfermedad rara, con un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante, debida a mutaciones en el gen que codifica el inhibidor de la C1 esterasa. El inicio de los síntomas suele ocurrir durante la infancia. Clínicamente se caracteriza por episodios recurrentes de angioedema que pueden afectar la piel, el abdomen y la laringe/faringe. La ocurrencia de los ataques y su gravedad son imprevisibles, y puede resultar fatal sin el tratamiento apropiado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 65 años de edad, asintomática, con antecedente de tres hijos adultos con diagnóstico de HAE, quién pese a la alta probabilidad de ser portadora de la mutación, no había sido estudiada previamente. El diagnóstico de HAE en un integrante de la familia obligaría a realizar estudios de cribado en todos los familiares en riesgo. El diagnóstico temprano resulta fundamental para establecer una estrategia terapéutica correcta y oportuna, disminuyendo así la morbimortalidad asociada a la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Angioedemas, Hereditary/diagnosis , Angioedemas, Hereditary/genetics , Angioedema , Family , Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein , Mutation
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e340-e344, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281780

ABSTRACT

La acrodisostosis es una displasia esquelética rara, de herencia autosómica dominante, que se caracteriza por la presencia de disostosis facial y periférica, talla baja y diferentes grados de obesidad. La acrodisostosis de tipo 1, secundaria a la mutación heterocigota en el gen PRKAR1A (17q24.2), se caracteriza por la asociación de resistencia hormonal múltiple con anomalías esqueléticas. Su incidencia está infradiagnosticada debido a que comparte rasgos clínicos y de laboratorio con otras entidades como el seudohipoparatiroidismo. Presentamos el caso de una niña de 8 años, con acrodisostosis tipo 1, confirmada mediante estudio genético. Además del fenotipo característico descrito, la talla baja y la resistencia hormonal, la paciente presentó una afectación progresiva de la función pulmonar: un patrón pulmonar obstructivo no reversible. En la literatura revisada, no se han encontrado otros casos que describan esta asociación entre acrodisostosis y afectación respiratoria.


Acrodysostosis is a rare skeletal displasia, of autosomal dominant inheritance, characterized by the presence of facial and peripheral dysostosis, short stature and obesity. Type 1 acrodysostosis is secondary to a mutation in the PRKAR1A (17q24.2) gene, which results in multi hormonal resistance and skeletal anomalities. This syndrome is under-diagnosed as it shares analytical and clinical characteristics with other entities, such as pseudohypoparathyroidism. We report the case of an eight-year-old girl with genetically confirmed type 1 acrodysostosis. In addition to the characteristic phenotype described, the short stature and the hormonal resistance, the patient suffered a progressive lung function deterioration: an irreversible pulmonary obstructive pattern. We have not found in previous literature cases reporting an association between acrodysostosis and lung function impairement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Osteochondrodysplasias/complications , Dysostoses/complications , Lung Diseases, Obstructive/complications , Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics , Osteochondrodysplasias/diagnostic imaging , Spirometry , Diagnosis, Differential , Dysostoses/genetics , Dysostoses/diagnostic imaging , Dyspnea/complications , Mutation/genetics
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 59-66, July. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283592

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many human genetic diseases arise from point mutations. These genetic diseases can theoretically be corrected through gene therapy. However, gene therapy in clinical application is still far from mature. Nearly half of the pathogenic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are caused by G:C>A:T or T:A>C:G base changes and the ideal approaches to correct these mutations are base editing. These CRISPR-Cas9-mediated base editing does not leave any footprint in genome and does not require donor DNA sequences for homologous recombination. These base editing methods have been successfully applied to cultured mammalian cells with high precision and efficiency, but BE4 has not been confirmed in mice. Animal models are important for dissecting pathogenic mechanism of human genetic diseases and testing of base correction efficacy in vivo. Cytidine base editor BE4 is a newly developed version of cytidine base editing system that converts cytidine (C) to uridine (U). RESULTS: In this study, BE4 system was tested in cells to inactivate GFP gene and in mice to introduce single-base substitution that would lead to a stop codon in tyrosinase gene. High percentage albino coat-colored mice were obtained from black coat-colored donor zygotes after pronuclei microinjection. Sequencing results showed that expected base changes were obtained with high precision and efficiency (56.25%). There are no off-targeting events identified in predicted potential off-target sites. CONCLUSIONS: Results confirm BE4 system can work in vivo with high precision and efficacy, and has great potentials in clinic to repair human genetic mutations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adenosine Deaminase , Cytosine , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Gene Editing/methods , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Models, Animal , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mutation
6.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(2): 109-116, 20210630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348661

ABSTRACT

O surgimento de variantes do SARS-CoV-2 (Coronavírus-2 da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave) em diversos países gera preocupação para as autoridades de saúde do mundo. As variantes do SARS-CoV-2 apresentam mutações, principalmente na proteína S, que estão relacionadas a maior transmissibilidade, tornando-se dominantes em determinadas regiões em curto espaço de tempo. Essas mutações parecem estar associadas também a maior virulência, resistência aos anticorpos tanto monoclonais quanto produzidos em resposta a infecção prévia ou vacina, além da maior frequência de reinfecções. Nesta revisão, foram descritas as variantes Alfa, Beta, Gama, Delta, Zeta e Lambda classificadas como variantes de preocupação e de interesse, segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde. Estas variantes foram notificadas no Brasil até o momento, e a revisão aborda suas principais características e os possíveis impactos sobre a saúde humana.


The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) variants in a lot of countries raises concern for health authorities around the world. The SARS-CoV-2 variants present mutations, mainly in the S protein, which are related to increase transmissibility, becoming dominant in certain regions in a short time. These mutations also seem to be associated with higher virulence, resistance to both monoclonal antibodies and those produced in response to previous infection or vaccine and to the most frequency of re-infections. In this review, the Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Zeta and Lambda variants classified as concern and interest variants, according to the World Health Organization, was described. These variants have been reported in Brazil until now, and the review addresses their main characteristics and possible impacts on human health.


Subject(s)
Brazil , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Mutation
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289427

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La leucemia linfoide crónica es un trastorno linfoproliferativo caracterizado por la acumulación de linfocitos pequeños de aspecto maduro en sangre periférica, médula ósea y tejidos linfoides con un período de vida prolongado. Presenta una gran variabilidad clínica y genética. Objetivo: Describir los aspectos citogenéticos y moleculares de la leucemia linfoide crónica. Métodos: Se realizó revisión de la literatura en inglés y español, a través del sitio web PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google académico, de artículos publicados en los últimos 5 años. Se hizo un análisis y resumen de la bibliografía revisada. Desarrollo: En la leucemia linfoide crónica están presentes alteraciones citogenéticas frecuentes como la deleción de los cromosomas 13q, 11q y 17p, así como la trisomía 12, que unido al conocimiento del estado mutacional del gen de la región variable de la cadena pesada de la inmunoglobulina, y otras mutaciones somáticas en diferentes genes, así como a variables clínicas y de laboratorio permiten la estratificación pronóstica de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico a través de los estudios citogenéticos convencionales estimulados con mitógenos, la hibridación in situ por fluorescencia y la secuenciación génica permite una mayor comprensión de la biología de la enfermedad, así como tomar decisiones terapéuticas más personalizadas(AU)


Introduction: Chronic B lymphoid leukemia is a lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by the accumulation of small, mature-looking lymphocytes in peripheral blood, bone marrow and lymphoid tissues with a long life span. It has great clinical and genetic variability. Objective: To describe the cytogenetic and molecular aspects of the disease. Methods: A review of the literature in English and in Spanish was carried out, in the PubMed website and using the search engine of Google Scholar, for articles published in the last five years. We performed analysis and summary of the reviewed bibliography. Development: In chronic lymphoid leukemia, frequent cytogenetic alterations are present such as deletion of chromosomes 13q, 11q and 17p, as well as trisomy 12, which together with the knowledge of the mutational status of the gene for the variable region of the immunoglobulin heavy chain and other somatic mutations in different genes, as well as clinical and laboratory variables allows prognostic stratification of patients. Conclusions: Diagnosis through conventional mitogen-stimulated cytogenetic studies, fluorescence in situ hybridization and gene sequencing allow a better understanding of the biology of the disease, as well as making more personalized therapeutic decisions(AU)


Subject(s)
Biology , Genetic Therapy , Leukemia, Lymphoid/genetics , In Situ Hybridization , Cytogenetics , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Mutation
10.
Vive (El Alto) ; 4(10): 128-142, abr. 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292927

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la Leucemia Mieloide Aguda es la neoplasia hematológica más común, caracterizada por una proliferación incontrolada de células madre hematopoyéticas. La mutación FLT3/ITD se presenta en aproximadamente el 30% de todos los pacientes con ésta patología, se asocia con mayor riesgo de recaída y menor supervivencia. El FLT3-ITD puede usarse como un factor pronóstico de la gravedad de ésta patología, importante para predecir los resultados clínicos en pacientes con LMA. OBJETIVO: el objetivo de este estudio fue relacionar la mutación FLT3/ITD con variables hematológicas y clínicas en pacientes diagnosticados con Leucemia Mieloide Aguda atendidos en la Sociedad de Lucha contra el Cáncer (SOLCA) de la ciudad de Cuenca, periodo 2013 ­2020. MÉTODOS: se obtuvieron los datos a partir de registros secundarios registrados una base de datos del hospital, el universo de la muestra lo constituyeron 63 pacientes, diagnosticados con LMA, se les analizó la mutación FLT3/ITD por PCR Convencional. RESULTADOS: se encontró la presencia de la mutación en un 9.5% y una asociación significativamente estadística con alteraciones hematológicas relacionados con niveles de hemoglobina anormal (p=0,037) y ratio 6,63 y LDH elevada en 1,21 veces (p=0,024); recuento elevado de leucocitos y blastos (p=0,031). Los individuos portadores de la mutación se presentó con mayor incidencia en el sexo masculino y grupo etario adulto mediano (45-64 años). CONCLUSIONES: la literatura internacional afirma que la mutación FLT3/ITD en un importante marcador pronóstico; debido a su baja frecuencia, no se pudo determinar una relación estadísticamente significativa con otras variables clínicas en este estudio.(AU)


INTRODUCTION: acute Myeloid Leukemia is the most common hematological neoplasm, characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells. The FLT3 / ITD mutation occurs in approximately 30% of all patients with this pathology, it is associated with a higher risk of relapse and lower survival. FLT3-ITD can be used as a poor prognostic factor, important for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with AML. OBJECTIVE: the objective of this study was to characterize the FLT3 / ITD mutation and its relationship with hematological and clinical variables in patients diagnosed with Acute Myeloid Leukemia treated at SOLCA in the city of Cuenca, period 2013-2020. METHODS: data were obtained from secondary records in a hospital database, the universe of the sample was made up of 63 patients, diagnosed with AML, and the FLT3 / ITD mutation was analyzed by Conventional PCR. RESULTS: the presence of the mutation was found in 9.5% and a statistically significantly association with hematological alterations related to abnormal hemoglobin levels (p = 0.037) and ratio 6.63 and LDH elevated in 1.21 times (p =0.024); Elevated leukocyte and blast count (p = 0.031). Individuals carrying the mutation had a higher incidence in males and in the middle adult age group (45-64 years). CONCLUSIONS: the international literature affirms that the FLT3 / ITD mutation is an important prognostic marker; Due to its low frequency, it was not possible to determine a statistically significant relationship with other clinical variables in our study, for which it is suggested to expand the unirverse of the sample.(AU)


INTRODUÇÃO: a Leucemia Mielóide Aguda é a malignidade hematológica mais comum, caracterizada pela proliferação descontrolada de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. A mutação FLT3/ITD está presente em aproximadamente 30% de todos os pacientes com esta patologia, e está associada a um maior risco de recaída e menor sobrevida. O FLT3-ITD pode ser usado como um fator prognóstico para a gravidade desta patologia, importante para prever os resultados clínicos em pacientes com LMA. OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo foi relacionar a mutação FLT3/ITD com variáveis hematológicas e clínicas em pacientes diagnosticados com leucemia mielóide aguda tratados na Sociedade de Luta contra o Câncer (SOLCA) na cidade de Cuenca, período 2013 - 202020. Métodos. Os dados foram obtidos de registros secundários registrados em um banco de dados hospitalar, o universo da amostra consistiu de 63 pacientes diagnosticados com AML, eles foram analisados para a mutação FLT3/ITD por PCR convencional. RESULTADOS: a presença da mutação foi encontrada em 9,5% e uma associação estatística significativa com alterações hematológicas relacionadas a níveis anormais de hemoglobina (p=0,037) e relação 6,63 e LDH elevada em 1,21 vezes (p=0,024); contagem elevada de leucócitos e explosões (p=0,031). Os individuos portadores da mutação ocorreram com maior incidência no sexo masculino e na faixa etária média adulta (45-64 anos). CONCLUSÕES: a literatura internacional afirma que a mutação FLT3/ITD em um marcador prognóstico importante; devido a sua baixa freqüência, uma relação estatisticamente significativa com outras variáveis clínicas não pôde ser determinada neste estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mutation , Neoplasms
13.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mar. 24, 2021. 9 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151432

ABSTRACT

A la fecha, 141 los países/territorios han detectado casos de infección por alguna de las tres variantes de preocupación (VOC) reconocidas actualmente por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). De ese total, 32 países/territorios corresponden a la Región de las Américas.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/genetics , DNA, Viral/genetics , Coronavirus Infections/genetics , Pandemics/prevention & control , Epidemiological Monitoring , Betacoronavirus/immunology , Mutation , Americas/epidemiology
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 112-115, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155784

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 71 year-old male with a history of multiple excisions of an initial Clark's level V melanoma of the breast followed by combined radiation and interferon treatment, as well as a recurrence, 3 years later, of a BRAF-positive tumor of the shoulder, with subsequent therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib, presented again with progressive intracardiac masses causing significant right ventricular outflow obstruction. Additionally, the patient complained of dyspnea and fatigue on exertion, thus he was scheduled for surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/drug therapy , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
15.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 18 jan. 2021. 1-5 p. mapas.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1146977

ABSTRACT

A pandemia desencadeada pela disseminação do novo coronavírus tornou-se uma grande e constante preocupação para a população, governos e serviços de saúde do mundo inteiro. Devido aos inúmeros impactos que atingiram diferentes setores da sociedade, todos os temas referentes ao SARS-CoV-2 atraem muita atenção e, recentemente, o assunto que trata das novas variantes deste agente etiológico tornou-se bastante frequente em diferentes veículos de comunicação. Os vírus são organismos que constantemente sofrem mudanças por meio de mutações e, portanto, o surgimento de novas variantes é um evento esperado


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Mutation/immunology
16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 29-38, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880916

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancers in North American men. While androgen deprivation has remained as the cornerstone of prostate cancer treatment, resistance ensues leading to lethal disease. Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) encodes a pioneer factor that induces open chromatin conformation to allow the binding of other transcription factors. Through direct interactions with the Androgen Receptor (AR), FOXA1 helps to shape AR signaling that drives the growth and survival of normal prostate and prostate cancer cells. FOXA1 also possesses an AR-independent role of regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In prostate cancer, mutations converge onto the coding sequence and cis-regulatory elements (CREs) of FOXA1, leading to functional alterations. In addition, FOXA1 activity in prostate cancer can be modulated post-translationally through various mechanisms such as LSD1-mediated protein demethylation. In this review, we describe the latest discoveries related to the function and regulation of FOXA1 in prostate cancer, pointing to their relevance to guide future clinical interventions.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Epigenesis, Genetic , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-alpha/metabolism , Histone Demethylases/metabolism , Histones/metabolism , Humans , Male , Mutation , Prostate/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Binding , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription, Genetic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility of detecting maternal hereditary mitochondrial tRNA@*METHODS@#We performed sequence analysis of mitochondrial DNA in blood samples from 2070 cases of maternal hereditary mitochondrial disease in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, and identified 3 patients with m.15927G>A mutation.Buccal swabs and blood samples were obtained from the 3 patients (mutation group) and 3 normal volunteers (control group).After extracting whole genomic DNA from all the samples, the DNA concentration and purity were analyzed.The PCR products were subjected to dot blot hybridization, Southern blot hybridization, and DNA sequencing analysis to verify the feasibility of detecting m.15927G>A mutation using buccal swabs.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in DNA concentration extracted from buccal swabs and blood samples in either the mutation group or the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Buccal swabs collection accurate is an accurate and sensitive method for the detection of m.15927G>A mutation.


Subject(s)
DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Humans , Mitochondria , Mutation , RNA, Transfer , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880693

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) can effectively inhibit the growth of EGFR-dependent mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unfortunately, NSCLC patients often develop severe drug resistance after long-term EGFR-TKI treatment. Studies have shown that the disorder of energy metabolism in tumor cells can induce EGFR-TKI resistance. Due to the drug action, gene mutation and other factors, tumor cells undergo metabolic reprogramming, which increases the metabolic rate and intensity of tumor cells, promotes the intake and synthesis of nutrients (such as sugar, fat and glutamine), forms a microenvironment conducive to tumor growth, enhances the bypass activation, phenotype transformation and abnormal proliferation of tumor cells, and inhibits the activity of immune cells and apoptosis of tumor cells, ultimately leading to drug resistance of tumor cells to EGFR-TKI. Therefore, targeting energy metabolism of NSCLC may be a potential way to alleviate TKI resistance.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880678

ABSTRACT

Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is an extremely rare autosomal dominant genetic disease due to BRAF and other gene mutations. The main characteristics of the patients are craniofacial deformities, cardiac malformations, skin abnormalities, delay of language and motor development, gastrointestinal dysfunction, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. In this case, the child has a typical CFC syndrome face and developmental delay. The gene results of the second-generation sequencing technology showed that there was a mutation site c.1741A>G (p. Asn581Asp) (heterozygous) in exon 14 of the BRAF (NM_004333.5) gene. The mutation was not observed in the child's parents. The above-mentioned mutation may be a de novo mutation. There is no effective therapy for this disease so far.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Child , Ectodermal Dysplasia/genetics , Facies , Failure to Thrive , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880650

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a kind of autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disease which seriously endangers human health. Genetic factors play a key role in the pathogenesis of SLE. This study aims to investigate a novel phospholipase D2 (PLD2) mutation associated with familial SLE, and further explore the underlying mechanism of the mutation in SLE.@*METHODS@#The blood samples from a SLE patient, the patient's parents, and 147 normal controls were collected and DNA was extracted. Whole genome high-throughput sequencing was performed in the patient and her parents and the results were further analyzed by various bioinformatics methods. The wild type (wt), mutant type (mu), and negative control PLD2 plasmids were further constructed and transfected into 293 cells. The expression level of HRAS protein in 293 cells was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In this SLE family, the female SLE patient and her mother, 1 in generation II and 1 in generation III had typical clinical manifestations of SLE, and all of them had lupus nephritis at early stage. The genetic characteristics are consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. A novel PLD2 heterozygous mutation (c.2722C>T) was found in the patient and her mother, but not in her father and other normal controls. Compared with wtPLD2 plasmid and negative control PLD2 plasmid, the expression of HRAS in 293 cells transfected with muPLD2 plasmid was significantly up-regulated (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#PLD2 c.2722C>T mutation may be one of the pathogeny of SLE in this family.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Lupus Nephritis , Mutation , Phospholipase D
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