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Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO5510, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360408


ABSTRACT Objective To present the frequency and species diversity of non-tuberculous mycobacteria, estimate the prevalence of non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease, describe the epidemiological profile, and determine the follow-up of patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease living in a region with a high burden of tuberculosis. Methods This a retrospective cohort observational study using data records obtained from the Instituto Adolfo Lutz - Santos and from the São Paulo Sistema de Vigilância de Tuberculose do Estado de São Paulo in the period between 2000 and 2009. The studied variables were: socio-demographic characteristics, current and past history of tuberculosis, aspects related to diagnosis, and treatment and associated diseases. Results We included 319 non-tuberculous mycobacteria isolates in the study, corresponding to 257 patients. The species Mycobacterium kansasii (28.5%) and Mycobacterium fortuitum (16.6%) presented the higher occurrence. In 10.9% (24) of the patients, there was a criterion for confirming a case of pulmonary disease due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria. In relation to gender and age, male and individuals over 50 years old were the most frequent. Considering the confirmed cases, 47.8% had a past history of tuberculosis. Conclusion The lack of information about the cases is evident, since pulmonary disease due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria is not mandatory. The therapeutic regimen according to the identified species is fundamental for success in combating the infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Besides that, information about the regional epidemiology of pulmonary disease caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria and the search for associations with other comorbidities are important to establish the correct treatment. In order to improve surveillance of pulmonary diseases by non-tuberculous mycobacteria, we suggest the implantation of a sentinel surveillance and of population-based studies.

Humans , Male , Lung Diseases/epidemiology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Middle Aged , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 527-538, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345138


Abstract Non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis, previously known as atypical, anonymous, opportunistic, or unclassified mycobacteriosis, refers to pathogenic mycobacterioses other than those caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. These mycobacteria are known for their environmental distribution, mainly in water and soil. The incidence of non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis has been increasing in all countries and skin infections are being increasingly studied, mainly with the increase in immunosuppressive conditions and the development of new medications that affect immunological function. In the present article, a detailed narrative review of the literature is carried out to study the main non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis that cause diseases of the skin and appendages. The article also aims to present a historical context, followed by epidemiological, microbiological, and clinical characteristics of these diseases. Practical considerations about the diagnosis and treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis are detailed.

Humans , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/diagnosis , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/epidemiology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/epidemiology , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Skin
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 511-513, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130905


Abstract The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacterial infections is increasing worldwide; by 2017, more than 190 species and subspecies have been documented. Although classically associated with immunosuppression, the recognition of these etiological agents in diseases affecting immunocompetent individuals and in healthcare-associated infections, such as after surgical and cosmetic procedures, makes the study of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of these microorganisms relevant in medical practice. Mycobacterium lentiflavum is slow-growing and rarely affects the skin. A case of cutaneous mycobacteriosis caused by M. lentiflavum is reported in an immunocompetent patient after subcutaneous injection of a lipolytic compound, treated with clarithromycin and levofloxacin.

Humans , Bacterial Infections , Mycobacterium , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Injections, Subcutaneous , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(1): 124-126, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098346


Abstract Urinary tract infection is a serious public health issue that predominantly affects women. In men, it is more often associated with prostatic hyperplasia and bladder catheterization. Urogenital tuberculosis presents with nonspecific with nonspecific symptoms and the diagnosis can be made in the presence of sterile leukocyturia and recurrent infection with acid urine. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria or other non-tuberculosis mycobacteria are opportunistic pathogens that inhabit the soil, water or environment surfaces, and usually cause diseases in immunocompromised individuals. Mycobacterium abscessus is an agent that causes lung, skin and soft tissue hospital infections. Urinary tract infections by this pathogen are rare.

Resumo Infecção do trato urinário é um sério problema de saúde pública que acomete predominantemente as mulheres. Em homens, está mais relacionada com hiperplasia prostática e cateterismo vesical. A tuberculose urogenital cursa com sintomas inespecíficos e o diagnóstico pode ser aventado na presença de leucocitúria estéril, e infecção recorrente com urina ácida. Micobactérias não tuberculosas ou mycobacteria other than tuberculosis são patógenos oportunistas que habitam o solo, a água ou superfícies do meio ambiente, e geralmente causam doenças em imunodeprimidos. Mycobacterium abscessus é um agente que causa infecções nosocomiais, pulmonares, de pele e de tecidos moles. Infecção urinária decorrente desse patógeno é considerada rara.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Mycobacterium abscessus/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Amikacin/administration & dosage , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/microbiology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829006


Objective@#Moxifloxacin (MFX) shows good activity against and can be a possible antibiotic therapy to treat infection; however, other studies have shown a lower or no activity. We aimed to evaluate MFX activity against using zebrafish (ZF) model .@*Methods@#A formulation of labeled with CM-Dil was micro-injected into ZF. Survival curves were determined by recording dead ZF every day. ZF were lysed, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were enumerated. Bacteria dissemination and fluorescence intensity in ZF were analyzed. Inhibition rates of MFX and azithromycin (AZM, positive control) were determined and compared.@*Results@#Significantly increased survival rate was observed with different AZM concentrations. However, increasing MFX concentration did not result in a significant decrease in ZF survival curve. No significant differences in bacterial burdens by CFU loads were observed between AZM and MFX groups at various concentrations. Bacterial fluorescence intensity in ZF was significantly correlated with AZM concentration. However, with increasing MFX concentration, fluorescence intensity decreased slightly when observed under fluorescence microscope. Transferring rates at various concentrations were comparable between the MFX and AZM groups, with no significant difference.@*Conclusion@#MFX showed limited efficacy against using ZF model. Its activity needs to be confirmed.

Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Pharmacology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Drug Therapy , Mycobacterium abscessus , Zebrafish
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200211, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136883


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species, as human pathogens, are increasing in the world, as is the difficulty of accurately identifying them. Differential diagnosis, especially between the M. tuberculosis complex and NTM species, and the characterization of NTM species is important. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of a molecular system based on multiplex real-time PCR with high-resolution melting (HRM) for the identification and differentiation of NTM species of clinical importance of an endemic area for tuberculosis in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: The technical protocol of the molecular system was based on multiplex real-time PCR-HRM, and evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the detection of NTM species in mycobacterial clinical isolates from the studied region. The gold standard method was specific gene sequencing. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of multiplex real-time PCR-HRM modified for differentiation between NTM and M. tuberculosis were 90% and 100%, respectively. The PCR-HRM sensitivities for the characterization of NTM species (M. kansasii, M. abscesses, M. avium, and M. fortuitum) were 94.59%, 80%, 57.14%, and 54%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The multiplex real-time PCR-HRM modified assay has the potential to rapidly and efficiently identify nontuberculous mycobacteria of clinical importance, which is crucial for immediate implementation of the appropriate therapy and thus avoiding complications and sequelae in patients.

Humans , Tuberculosis , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Brazil , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria/genetics
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200241, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136836


Abstract The incidence and prevalence of lung disease caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM-LD) has increased worldwide and its diagnosis represents a complex challenge. This article aims to review the tomographic findings of NTM-LD in order to facilitate their definitive diagnosis. The search for publications on the subject was performed in PMC and Scielo using the keywords 'non-tuberculous mycobacteria', 'lung disease and computed tomography (CT)' and 'radiological findings'. The radiological findings described by 18 articles on mycobacteriosis were reviewed. In addition, CT images of patients diagnosed with NTM-LD were considered to represent radiological findings. Eighteen publications were used whose main findings were pulmonary cavitation (88.9%), bronchiectasis (77.8%), and pulmonary nodules (55.6%). Despite the overlaps in imaging-related analysis of myocobacterioses with other pulmonary infections, such as tuberculosis, the predominant involvement of the middle lobe and lingula should raise suspicion for NTM-LD.

Humans , Lung Diseases , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Iran , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(6): e20190345, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134909


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar características clínicas, tomográficas e microbiológicas dos pacientes com doença pulmonar causada pela M. kansasii (DPMK) atendidos em unidade ambulatorial no período 2006-2016. Métodos Estudo descritivo, em que foram analisados 38 pacientes. Foram analisadas as características demográficas, clínico-radiológicas, laboratoriais e terapêuticas. Resultados A média de idade foi 64 anos (DP=10,6; IIQ=57-72; mediana=65,0) e 22 (57,9%) eram pacientes do sexo masculino. Comorbidade pulmonar estava presente em 89,5%. A comorbidade mais frequente foi a bronquiectasia (78,9%). Tratamento anterior para tuberculose pulmonar (TBP) foi relatado em 65,9%. O esquema terapêutico mais utilizado foi rifampicina, isoniazida e etambutol (44,7%). A tomografia de tórax (TCT) mostrou bronquiectasia (94,1%), distorção arquitetural (76,5%), espessamento de septo (67,6%) e cavidades (64,7%). A doença foi bilateral em 85,2%. Houve 10,7% de resistência à rifampicina, 67,9% resistentes ao etambutol e sensibilidade à claritromicina. Conclusão Em pacientes com doença pulmonar estrutural, é importante a busca de DPMNT, principal diagnóstico diferencial com TBP. TC de tórax demonstra diferentes padrões que se sobrepõem ao de doença estrutural causada por TBP ou outras enfermidades pulmonares. Destaca-se a resistência ao etambutol, fármaco componente do esquema preconizado.

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate clinical, tomographic, and microbiological characteristics of pulmonary disease caused by M. kansasii (MKPD) in patients treated at an outpatient unit from 2006-2016. Methods We studied thirty eight patients, and analyzed socio-demographic, clinical-radiological, laboratory, and therapeutic characteristics. Results The mean age was 64 years (SD = 10.6; IIQ = 57-72; median = 65.0), and 22 (57.9%) male patients. Pulmonary comorbidity was present in 89.5% of the patients. The most frequent comorbidity was bronchiectasis (78.9%). Previous treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) was found in 65.9%. The most used therapeutic regimen was rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol (44.7%). Chest tomography (CT) showed bronchiectasis (94.1%), architectural distortion (76.5%), septum thickening (67.6%), and cavities (64.7%). Disease was bilateral in 85.2%. We observed 10.7% resistance to rifampicin, 67.9% resistance to ethambutol, and sensitivity to clarithromycin. Conclusion In patients with structural lung disease, it is important to search for NTM, the main differential diagnosis with PTB. Chest CT showed different patterns that overlapped with structural disease caused by PTB or other lung diseases. We observed resistance to ethambutol, a drug component of the recommended regimen.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium kansasii/isolation & purification , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/drug therapy , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/epidemiology , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Ethambutol/therapeutic use , Isoniazid/therapeutic use , Lung Diseases/microbiology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(2): e20190184, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134864


ABSTRACT Objective: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a heterogeneous group of bacteria that are widely distributed in nature and associated with opportunistic infections in humans. The aims of this study were to identify NTM in patients with suspected tuberculosis who presented positive cultures and to evaluate the genetic diversity of strains identified as Mycobacterium avium. Methods: We studied pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples obtained from 1,248 patients. The samples that tested positive on culture and negative for the M. tuberculosis complex by molecular identification techniques were evaluated by detection of the hsp65 and rpoB genes and sequencing of conserved fragments of these genes. All strains identified as M. avium were genotyped using the eight-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem-repeat method. Results: We found that NTM accounted for 25 (7.5%) of the 332 mycobacteria isolated. Of those 25, 18 (72%) were M. avium, 5 (20%) were M. abscessus, 1 (4%) was M. gastri, and 1 (4%) was M. kansasii. The 18 M. avium strains showed high diversity, only two strains being genetically related. Conclusions: These results highlight the need to consider the investigation of NTM in patients with suspected active tuberculosis who present with positive cultures, as well as to evaluate the genetic diversity of M. avium strains.

RESUMO Objetivo: As micobactérias não tuberculosas (MNT) são um grupo heterogêneo de bactérias amplamente distribuídas na natureza e relacionadas com infecções oportunistas em seres humanos. Os objetivos deste estudo foram identificar MNT em pacientes com suspeita de tuberculose e culturas positivas e avaliar a diversidade genética de cepas identificadas como Mycobacterium avium. Métodos: Foram estudadas amostras pulmonares e extrapulmonares provenientes de 1.248 pacientes. As amostras que apresentaram resultado positivo em cultura e negativo para o complexo M. tuberculosis na identificação molecular foram avaliadas por meio da detecção dos genes hsp65 e rpoB e de sequenciamento de fragmentos conservados desses genes. Todas as cepas identificadas como M. avium foram genotipadas pelo método mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem-repeat com oito loci. Resultados: Das 332 micobactérias isoladas, 25 (7,5%) eram MNT. Dessas 25, 18 (72%) eram M. avium, 5 (20%) eram M. abscessus, 1 (4%) era M. gastri e 1 (4%) era M. kansasii. As 18 cepas de M. avium apresentaram alta diversidade, e apenas duas eram geneticamente relacionadas. Conclusões: Esses resultados mostram a necessidade de considerar a investigação de MNT em pacientes com suspeita de tuberculose ativa e culturas positivas e de avaliar a diversidade genética de cepas de M. avium.

Humans , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium avium/genetics , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Genetic Variation , Brazil , DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/genetics , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Chaperonin 60/genetics , Mycobacterium avium/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/microbiology
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(6): 778-783, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058111


Resumen Comunicamos seis casos de mujeres quienes, tras la aplicación mediante mesoterapia con plasma rico en plaquetas, así como de un material de relleno intradérmico de origen desconocido, desarrollaron una infección en los sitios de inyección asociada a Mycobacterium massiliense, así como granulomas con reacción a cuerpo extraño. Aunque los cultivos fueron negativos, se logró la identificación del microorganismo por extracción de ADN de tejidos blandos obtenido por biopsia y posterior secuenciación del producto obtenido. Debido a la gran similitud en los cultivos de M. massiliense con la especie relacionada Mycobacterium abscessus, y a que tienen diferente respuesta terapéutica, las técnicas moleculares de diagnóstico son una opción real a considerar para administrar en forma precoz el tratamiento específico contra el patógeno y evitar la progresión de la infección.

We report six cases of female patients who, after the application by mesotherapy with platelet-rich plasma, as well as of an intradermal filler material of unknown origin, developed infection at the injection sites associated to Mycobacterium massiliense, as well as granuloma with reaction to foreign body. Although the cultures were negative, the identification of the microorganism was achieved by extraction of soft tissue DNA obtained by biopsy and sequencing the obtained product, with which the therapy was redirected against the particular species. Due to the great similarity in the culture between M. massiliense with the related species M. abscessus, to the required time for its growth, and to the different therapeutic response of each strain, molecular diagnostic techniques are a real option to consider to administer in an early way the appropriate treatment against the pathogen and prevent infection progression.

Humans , Beauty , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy , Injections, Intradermal , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190039, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041600


Abstract INTRODUCTION: The growing incidence of post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis (PSAM) may be related to the increased use of low- and medium-complexity video-assisted surgery. METHODS: Between April 2007 and June 2009, 125 patients were referred from the State Health Department of Rio de Janeiro for the treatment of confirmed, probable, or suspected PSAM. RESULTS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure (48.8%) among patients. Clarithromycin, ethambutol, and terizidone were used to treat 113 patients for a mean duration of 226 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the need for multidrug therapy and long treatment duration, most included patients adhered to treatment and experienced cure without relapse.

Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Video-Assisted Surgery/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ethambutol/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(2): e20180278, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002433


ABSTRACT Objective: Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infections are caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), the microbiological diagnosis of which involves the isolation and identification of the same species in at least two sputum samples, one BAL fluid sample, or one lung biopsy sample. The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency at which the various NTM species are identified among selected individuals and in potential cases of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of the data on species isolated from respiratory specimens collected from 2,843 individuals between 2011 and 2014. Potential NTM infection cases were identified on the basis of the international microbiological criteria adopted in the state of São Paulo. Results: A total of 50 species were identified using the molecular method PCR-restriction enzyme analysis. Samples collected from 1,014 individuals were analyzed in relation to the microbiological criteria, and 448 (44.18%) had a presumptive diagnosis of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection, the species identified most frequently being, in descending order, Mycobacterium kansasii, M. abscessus, M. intracellulare, M. avium, and M. szulgai. Conclusions: Although various NTM species were identified among the individuals studied, those presumptively identified most frequently on the basis of the microbiological criteria adopted in the state of São Paulo were the ones that are most commonly associated with pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection worldwide or in specific geographic regions.

RESUMO Objetivo: As micobacterioses pulmonares são doenças causadas por micobactérias não tuberculosas (MNTs), cujo diagnóstico microbiológico envolve o isolamento e a identificação da mesma espécie a partir de pelo menos duas amostras de escarro, uma de lavado brônquico ou uma de biópsia pulmonar. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar as frequências das diferentes espécies de MNTs em indivíduos selecionados e em potenciais casos de micobacterioses pulmonares. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos dados de identificação de espécies isoladas a partir de espécimes clínicos pulmonares de 2.843 indivíduos incluídos no estudo entre 2011 e 2014. A identificação dos potenciais casos baseou-se nos critérios microbiológicos internacionais adotados no estado de São Paulo. Resultados: Um total de 50 espécies foi identificado utilizando-se o método molecular PCR-restriction enzyme analysis. Dos 1.014 indivíduos analisados quanto aos critérios microbiológicos, 448 (44,18%) tiveram o diagnóstico presuntivo de micobacteriose pulmonar, sendo as maiores frequências de casos, em ordem decrescente, Mycobacterium kansasii, M. abscessus, M. intracellulare, M. avium e M. szulgai. Conclusões: Embora tenham sido identificadas diversas espécies de MNTs entre os indivíduos estudados, as que tiveram as maiores frequências de casos presuntivamente identificados pelos critérios microbiológicos adotados no estado de São Paulo foram as que mais frequentemente estão associadas a micobacterioses pulmonares mundialmente ou em várias regiões geográficas.

Humans , Male , Female , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Restriction Mapping , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Lung/microbiology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/epidemiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765088


Para-Bombay phenotypes are rare blood groups that have inherent defects in producing H antigens associated with FUT1 and/or FUT2. We report the first case of para-Bombay blood type in a Southeast Asian patient admitted at a tertiary hospital in Korea. A 23-year-old Indonesian man presented to the hospital with fever and was diagnosed with a disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterium infection and anemia. During blood group typing for blood transfusion, cell typing showed no agglutination with both anti-A and anti-B reagents. Serum typing showed strong reactivity against B cells and trace agglutination pattern with A1 cells. His red blood cells failed to react with anti-H reagents. Direct sequencing of FUT1 and FUT2 revealed a missense variation, c.328G>A (p.Ala110Thr, rs56342683, FUT1*01W.02), and a synonymous variant, c.390C>T (p.Asn130=, rs281377, Se³⁵⁷), respectively. This highlights the need for both forward and reverse grouping.

ABO Blood-Group System , Agglutination , Anemia , Asians , B-Lymphocytes , Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Fever , Humans , Indicators and Reagents , Korea , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Phenotype , Tertiary Care Centers , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776043


Objective To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the prognosis of disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacteria(NTM)diseases in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)negative patients. Methods Cases of disseminated NTM disease were retrospectively collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to October 2018.Clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,treatment,and prognosis of these cases were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. Results Among the 23 HIV negative patients with disseminated NTM disease,21 had underlying diseases,with rheumatoid immune disease(n=7)as the most common one.The main clinical manifestation was fever(n=23).Laboratory tests showed anemia [hemoglobin(85.78±25.47)g/L],hypoalbuminemia [albumin 29(27-32)g/L],elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(85.73±43.78)mm/h] and hypersensitive C-reactive protein [(112.00±70.90)mg/L],and reduction of lymphocyte count [0.69(0.29-2.10)×10 /L].Lymphocyte subset analysis indicated reduction in CD4 T cells [213(113-775)/μl],CD8 T cells [267(99-457)/μl],B cells [39(4-165)/μl],and NK cells [88(32-279)/μl] and elevation of human leukocyte antigen-D related(HLA-DR),and CD38 expression in CD8 T cells [HLA-DR CD8 /CD8 ,60(40-68)%;CD38 CD8 /CD8 ,81(65-90)%].The most common species of NTM was Mycobacterium intracellular(n=6).Lymphocyte,CD8 T cell,B cell,and NK cell counts were significantly lower in dead patients than surviving patients(P =0.045,P=0.045,P=0.032,and P=0.010,respectively). Conclusions Disseminated NTM disease in HIV negative patients is mainly manifested as fever,anemia,hypoalbuminemia,and elevated inflammatory indicators.It is more likely to occur in immunocompromised patients.Patients with decreased lymphocytes,CD8 T cells,B cells and NK cells tend to have a poor prognosis.

Anemia , B-Lymphocytes , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Fever , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Killer Cells, Natural , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813284


To analyze the clinical characteristics and drug resistance in patients with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary disease in Changsha Central Hospital of Hunan Province in recent three years.
 Methods: The clinical data of 153 patients with NTM pulmonary disease, who were diagnosed in Changsha Central Hospital of Hunan Province from February 2014 to May 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the concentration of drug sensitivity test, the patients were divided into a low concentration group and a high concentration group. The status of drug sensitivity and drug resistance were examined.
 Results: Among 153 patients, 79 patients (51.63%) were male, 74 patients (48.37%) were female. The mean ages were (60.27±19.46) years. The NTM pulmonary disease mainly occurred in the individuals with bronchiectasis, and the course of disease was long (mean 7.8 years). The clinical symptoms were not specific and mostly misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis (92.81%). Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (56.21%) and mycobacterium chelonae-abscess (20.92%) were the majority. The drug-resistance rate of the first-line and second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs was high. The majority was resistant to more than eight drugs, 38.56% patients in the low concentration group were resistant to total drugs, and 25.49% patients in the high concentration group were resistant to total drugs.
 Conclusion: The NTM pulmonary disease is easily misdiagnosed, and the drug resistance rate is high. Identification of mycobacterium species and detection of drug sensitivity play an important role in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Retrospective Studies
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 743-745, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949943


Abstract: Atypical mycobacterial infections are caused by mycobacteria other than those from the M. tuberculosis complex and M. leprae. Its incidence has increased progressively, with considerable increase of scientific publications on the subject. Only 10% of the cases present with cutaneous infections, most of them related to surgical interventions and aesthetic procedures. We present a case of mycobacteriosis due to automotive accident that presented a diagnostic challenge due to its clinical presentation with lesions of sporotrichoid progression in the lymphatic system.

Humans , Male , Adult , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Accidents, Traffic , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/pathology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/pathology , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/microbiology , Medical Illustration , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/complications