Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Rev. chil. infectol ; 33(1): 26-29, feb. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776956


Introduction: Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma spp. are microorganisms responsible for genitourinary and pregnancy pathologies. Nucleic acid amplification methods have shown several advantages, but have not been widely studied for the detection of these microorganisms. Aim: To implement a conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of the microorganisms and to compare its results versus the methods currently used at our laboratory. Material and Methods: 91 available samples were processed by PCR, culture (M. hominis y Ureaplasma spp.) and wet mount (T vaginalis). Results were compared and statistically analyzed by kappa agreement test. Results: 85, 80 and 87 samples resulted in agreement for the detection of M. hominis, Ureaplasma spp. y T. vaginalis, respectively. For M. hominis and Ureaplasma spp., agreement was substantial, whereas for T. vaginalis it was moderate, however, for the latter, PCR detected more cases than wet mount. Conclusion: We recommend the implementation of PCR for detection of T. vaginalis whereas culture kit is still a useful method for the other microorganisms.

Introducción: Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis y Ureaplasma spp. son microorganismos causantes de patología genito-urinaria y durante el embarazo. Los métodos de amplificación de ácidos nucleicos han demostrado numerosas ventajas, pero no han sido ampliamente estudiados para la detección de estos microorganismos. Objetivo: Implementar una reacción de polimerasa en cadena convencional (RPC) para su detección y comparar sus resultados con los métodos actuales de nuestro laboratorio. Material y Métodos: Se procesaron 91 muestras mediante RPC, cultivo (M. hominis y Ureaplasma spp.) y observación microscópica al fresco (T. vaginalis). Los resultados fueron comparados y analizados estadísticamente mediante el test de concordancia kappa. Resultados: 85, 80 y 87 muestras tuvieron resultados concordantes para la detección de M. hominis, Ureaplasma spp. y T. vaginalis, respectivamente. Para M. hominis y Ureaplasma spp. el nivel de concordancia fue considerable mientras que para T. vaginalis fue moderado; sin embargo, para esta última, la RPC detectó más casos que la microscopia al fresco. Conclusión: Se recomienda la implementación de la RPC para la detección de T. vaginalis. Para M. hominis y Ureaplasma spp. el kit de cultivo continúa siendo un buen método.

Female , Humans , Mycoplasma Infections/diagnosis , Mycoplasma hominis/genetics , Trichomonas Infections/diagnosis , Trichomonas vaginalis/genetics , Ureaplasma Infections/diagnosis , Ureaplasma/genetics , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification , Outpatients , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 239-242, 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709485


To evaluate the molecular mechanism of fluoroquinolones resistance in Mycoplasma hominis (MH) clinical strains isolated from urogenital specimens. 15 MH clinical isolates with different phenotypes of resistance to fluoroquinolones antibiotics were screened for mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of DNA gyrase (gyrA and gyrB) and topoisomerase IV (parC and parE) in comparison with the reference strain PG21, which is susceptible to fluoroquinolones antibiotics. 15 MH isolates with three kinds of quinolone resistance phenotypes were obtained. Thirteen out of these quinolone-resistant isolates were found to carry nucleotide substitutions in either gyrA or parC. There were no alterations in gyrB and no mutations were found in the isolates with a phenotype of resistance to Ofloxacin (OFX), intermediate resistant to Levofloxacin (LVX) and Sparfloxacin (SFX), and those susceptible to all three tested antibiotics. The molecular mechanism of fluoroquinolone resistance in clinical isolates of MH was reported in this study. The single amino acid mutation in ParC of MH may relate to the resistance to OFX and LVX and the high-level resistance to fluoroquinolones for MH is likely associated with mutations in both DNA gyrase and the ParC subunit of topoisomerase IV.

Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Fluoroquinolones/pharmacology , Mutation, Missense , Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/drug effects , Reproductive Tract Infections/microbiology , DNA Gyrase/genetics , DNA Topoisomerase IV/genetics , Mycoplasma hominis/genetics , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification