Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 489
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 31-36, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) combined with prone positioning in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and atelectasis and its effect on pulmonary function.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted on 94 children with MPP and atelectasis who were hospitalized in Ordos Central Hospital of Inner Mongolia from November 2020 to May 2023. The children were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, with 47 children in each group. The children in the treatment group were given conventional treatment, BAL, and prone positioning, and those in the control group were given conventional treatment and BAL. The two groups were compared in terms of fever, pulmonary signs, length of hospital stay, lung recruitment, and improvement in pulmonary function.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the treatment group had significantly shorter time to improvement in pulmonary signs and length of hospital stay and a significantly higher rate of lung recruitment on day 7 of hospitalization, on the day of discharge, and at 1 week after discharge (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the treatment group had significantly higher levels of forced vital capacity (FVC) as a percentage of the predicted value, forced expiratory volume (FEV) in 1 second as a percentage of the predicted value, ratio of FEV in 1 second to FVC, forced expiratory flow at 50% of FVC as a percentage of the predicted value, forced expiratory flow at 75% of FVC as a percentage of the predicted value, and maximal mid-expiratory flow as a percentage of the predicted value on the day of discharge and at 1 week after discharge (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time for body temperature to return to normal between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the treatment of children with MPP and atelectasis, BAL combined with prone positioning can help to shorten the time to improvement in pulmonary signs and the length of hospital stay and promote lung recruitment and improvement in pulmonary function.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Prospective Studies , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Prone Position , Pulmonary Atelectasis/therapy , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Dimercaprol
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 248-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970372

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most common pathogen of respiratory tract infection in children and adults. Clinical observation shows that M. pneumoniae infection can cause massive mucus secretion in the respiratory tract, which makes the breathing of patients difficult. Studies have shown that M. pneumoniae infection can cause massive secretion of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC). Adhesin P1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of M. pneumoniae infection by mediating the adhesion of pathogens to host cells, and the C-terminal residues of P1 (P1-C) are immunogenic. This study investigated the molecular mechanism of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway inhibitor Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) in the secretion of MUC5AC in mouse airway epithelial cells (MAECs) induced by P1-C. Scanning electron microscope and hematoxylin-eosin staining were used to observe the effect of P1-C on mucus secretion of MAECs. Protein chip was used to detect the secretion of cytokines and analyse the enrichment of related signaling pathways induced by P1-C in MAECs. Periodic acid schiff stain (PAS) staining, Tunel staining and Masson staining were used to detect the damage of the lungs of mouse exposed to P1-C. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the secretion of MUC5AC expression, and Western blotting was used to reveal the molecular mechanism of DKK1-regulated secretion of MUC5AC induced by P1-C protein in MACES. The results showed that P1-C induced the massive secretion of mucus and inflammatory factors in MAECs. During P1-C infection, DKK1 down-regulated janus kinase 2 (JAK2), phosphorylation signaling and transcription activator 1 (p-STAT1) and phosphorylation signaling and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) expression. Overexpression of DKK1 significantly up-regulated the expression of MUC5AC repressor transcription factor fork-head box protein A2 (FOXA2). At the same time, the expression of MUC5AC induced by P1-C was inhibited significantly. It is speculated that DKK1 can effectively reduce the secretion of MUC5AC in MAECs induced by P1-C by inhibiting the JAK/STAT1-STAT3 signaling pathway and up-regulating the expression of FOXA2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epithelial Cells , Lung , Mucin 5AC/metabolism , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/metabolism , Signal Transduction
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 633-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the distribution characteristics of non-bacterial pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 788 CAP children admitted to Shenyang Children's Hospital from December 2021 to November 2022 were selected. Multiple RT-PCR and capillary electrophoresis were used to detect 10 viral pathogens and 2 atypical pathogens, and serum antibodies of Chlamydial pneumoniae (Ch) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) were detected. The distribution characteristics of different pathogens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 788 CAP children, 1 295 children were pathogen-positive, with a positive rate of 72.43% (1 295/1 788), including a viral pathogen positive rate of 59.68% (1 067/1 788) and an atypical pathogen positive rate of 22.04% (394/1 788). The positive rates from high to low were MP, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza B virus (IVB), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human rhinovirus (HRV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), influenza A virus (IVA), bocavirus (BoV), human adenovirus (HADV), Ch, and human coronavirus (HCOV). RSV and MP were the main pathogens in spring; MP had the highest positive rate in summer, followed by IVA; HMPV had the highest positive rate in autumn; IVB and RSV were the main pathogens in winter. The positive rate of MP in girls was higher than that in boys (P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in other pathogens between genders (P>0.05). The positivity rates of certain pathogens differed among age groups (P<0.05): the positivity rate of MP was highest in the >6 year-old group; the positivity rates of RSV and Ch were highest in the <1 year-old group; the positivity rates of HPIV and IVB were highest in the 1 to <3 year-old group. RSV, MP, HRV, and HMPV were the main pathogens in children with severe pneumonia, while MP was the primary pathogen in children with lobar pneumonia, and MP, IVB, HMPV, RSV, and HRV were the top 5 pathogens in acute bronchopneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MP, RSV, IVB, HMPV, and HRV are the main pathogens of CAP in children, and there are certain differences in the positive rates of respiratory pathogens among children of different ages, genders, and seasons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Pneumonia , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Antibodies , Community-Acquired Infections , Hospitalization , Influenza B virus , Mycoplasma pneumoniae
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-6, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468932

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Atherosclerosis/blood , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Prevalence , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246385, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339384

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Resumo A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p < 0,001). A maioria (17, 40,5%) dos pacientes positivos para M. pneumoniae está na faixa etária de 41-50 anos, seguida por 10 (23,8%) pacientes na faixa etária de 61-70 anos e 2 (4,8%) pacientes tinham > 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Mycoplasma Infections/diagnosis , Mycoplasma Infections/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin M , Prevalence , Antibodies, Bacterial , Mycoplasma pneumoniae
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985869

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the predictive factors for bronchitis obliterans in refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). Methods: A restrospective case summary was conducted 230 patients with RMPP admitted to the Department of No.2 Respiratory Medicine of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2013 to June 2017 were recruited. Clinical data, laboratory results, imaging results and follow-up data were collected. Based on bronchoscopy and imaging findings 1 year after discharge, all patients were divided into two groups: one group had sequelae of bronchitis obliterans (sequelae group) and the other group had not bronchitis obliterans (control group), independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used to compare the differences in clinical features between the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to explore the predictive value of Bronchitis Obliterans in RMPP. Results: Among 230 RMPP children, there were 115 males and 115 females, 95 cases had sequelae group, the age of disease onset was (7.1±2.8) years;135 cases had control group, the age of disease onset was (6.8±2.7) years. The duration of fever, C-reative protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, the proportion of ≥2/3 lobe consolidation, pleural effusion and the proportion of airway mucus plug and mucosal necrosis were longer or higher in the sequelae group than those in the control group ((17±9) vs. (12±3) d, (193±59) vs. (98±42) mg/L,730 (660, 814) vs. 486 (452, 522) U/L, 89 cases (93.7%) vs. 73 cases (54.1%), 73 cases (76.8%) vs.59 cases (43.7%), 81 cases (85.3%) vs. 20 cases (14.8%), 67 cases (70.5%) vs. 9 cases (6.7%), t=5.76, 13.35, Z=-6.41, χ2=14.64, 25.04, 22.85, 102.78, all P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the duration of fever ≥10 days (OR=1.200, 95%CI 1.014-1.419), CRP levels increased (OR=1.033, 95%CI 1.022-1.044) and LDH levels increased (OR=1.001, 95%CI 1.000-1.003) were the risk factors for sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. ROC curve analysis showed that CRP 137 mg/L had a sensitivity of 82.1% and a specificity of 80.1%; LDH 471 U/L had a sensitivity of 62.7% and a specificity of 60.3% for predicting the development of bronchitis obliterans. Conclusions: The long duration of fever (≥10 d), CRP increase (≥137 mg/L) may be used to predict the occurrence of sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. It is helpful for early recognition of risk children.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Disease Progression , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Fever
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1052-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for performing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and pulmonary consolidation, and to construct a predictive model for performing BAL in these children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 202 children with MPP who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics, Changzhou No. 2 People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, from August 2019 to September 2022. According to whether BAL was performed, they were divided into BAL group with 100 children and non-BAL group with 102 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for performing BAL in MPP children with pulmonary consolidation. Rstudio software (R4.2.3) was used to establish a predictive model for performing BAL, and the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve, C-index, and calibration curve were used to assess the predictive performance of the model.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the fever duration, C-reactive protein levels, D-dimer levels, and presence of pleural effusion were risk factors for performing BAL in MPP children with pulmonary consolidation (P<0.05). A nomogram predictive model was established based on the results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis. In the training set, this model had an area under the ROC curve of 0.915 (95%CI: 0.827-0.938), with a sensitivity of 0.826 and a specificity of 0.875, while in the validation set, it had an area under the ROC curve of 0.983 (95%CI: 0.912-0.996), with a sensitivity of 0.879 and a specificity of 1.000. The Bootstrap-corrected C-index was 0.952 (95%CI: 0.901-0.986), and the calibration curve demonstrated good consistency between the predicted probability of the model and the actual probability of occurrence.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The predictive model established in this study can be used to assess the likelihood of performing BAL in MPP children with pulmonary consolidation, based on factors such as fever duration, C-reactive protein levels, D-dimer levels, and the presence of pleural effusion. Additionally, the model demonstrates good predictive performance.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Pleural Effusion
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 378-388, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939871

ABSTRACT

Macrolide and corticosteroid resistance has been reported in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia (MPP). MP clearance is difficult to achieve through antibiotic treatment in sensitive patients with severe MPP (SMPP). SMPP in children might progress to airway remodeling and even bronchiolitis/bronchitis obliterans. Therefore, identifying serum biomarkers that indicate MPP progression and exploring new targeted drugs for SMPP treatment require urgency. In this study, serum samples were collected from patients with general MPP (GMPP) and SMPP to conduct proteomics profiling. The Fc fragment of the IgG-binding protein (FCGBP) was identified as the most promising indicator of SMPP. Biological enrichment analysis indicated uncontrolled inflammation in SMPP. ELISA results proved that the FCGBP level in patients with SMPP was substantially higher than that in patients with GMPP. Furthermore, the FCGBP levels showed a decreasing trend in patients with GMPP but the opposite trend in patients with SMPP during disease progression. Connectivity map analyses identified 25 possible targeted drugs for SMPP treatment. Among them, a mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) inhibitor, which is a macrolide compound and a cell proliferation inhibitor, was the most promising candidate for targeting SMPP. To our knowledge, this study was the first proteomics-based characterization of patients with SMPP and GMPP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biomarkers , Carrier Proteins , Immunoglobulin Fc Fragments , Immunoglobulin G , Macrolides , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy , Proteomics
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 765-770, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of autotaxin (an autocrine motility factor) level in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in predicting refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children and its correlation with interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and C-reactive protein (CRP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 238 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia who were admitted from January 2019 to December 2021. According to disease severity, they were divided into two groups: RMPP (n=82) and general Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (GMPP; n=156). The two groups were compared in terms of the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF to study the value of autotaxin level in serum and BALF in predicting RMPP in children, as well as the correlation of autotaxin level with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in children with RMPP.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the GMPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF (P<0.05). For the children with RMPP, the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF in the acute stage were significantly higher than those in the convalescent stage (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF had a good value in predicting RMPP in children, with an area under the curve of 0.874 (95%CI: 0.816-0.935) and 0.862 (95%CI: 0.802-0.924), respectively. The correlation analysis showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF was positively correlated with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP levels (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of autotaxin in serum and BALF increases and is correlated with the degree of disease recovery and inflammatory cytokines in children with RMPP. Autotaxin can be used as a predictive indicator for RMPP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Cytokines , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 528-537, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated changes in the intestinal flora of children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP).@*Methods@#Between September 2019 and November 2019, stool samples from 14 children with MPP from The Fourth Hospital of Baotou city, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, were collected and divided into general treatment (AF) and probiotic (AFY) groups, according to the treatment of "combined Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, and Bacillus cereus tablets live". High-throughput 16S rDNA sequencing was used to identify intestinal flora.@*Results@#Intestinal flora abundance and diversity in children with MPP were decreased. Both Shannon and Simpson indices were lower in the AF group when compared with healthy controls ( P < 0.05). When compared with healthy controls, the proportion of Enterorhabdus was lower in the AF group, while the proportion of Lachnoclostridium was higher ( P < 0.05). The proportion of Bifidobacteria and Akkermansia was lower in the AFY group but Enterococcus, Lachnoclostridium, Roseburia, and Erysipelatoclostridium proportions were higher. The proportion of Escherichia coli- Shigella in the AFY group after treatment was decreased ( P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The intestinal flora of children with MPP is disturbed, manifested as decreased abundance and diversity, and decreased Bifidobacteria. Our probiotic mixture partly improved intestinal flora disorders.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , DNA, Ribosomal , Escherichia coli , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Technology
11.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(4): 650-686, dic. 2021. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1396108

ABSTRACT

La neumonía adquirida en la comunidad es una enfermedad infecciosa común que causa una morbilidad y mortalidad sustanciales. Las personas mayores son las más frecuentemente afectadas, y se deben considerar varios aspectos relacionados con el cuidado de esta condición en los ancianos. El patógeno más común en esta patología sigue siendo Streptococcus pneumoniae, seguido de Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las características clínicas de adultos mayores con esta patología en el hospital "Alfredo Noboa Montenegro". Para las variables cualitativas fue empleada la frecuencia absoluta y el por ciento. Para la asociación entre variables cualitativas se utilizó la prueba Jicuadrado de independencia. En caso de las tablas de contingencia 2x2 cuando tuvo alguna celda con frecuencia esperada menor que 5 se utilizó el test exacto de Fisher. Más del 54% de los pacientes estudiados fue clasificado como grado II; de ellos el mayor porcentaje (66,7%) correspondió a los hombres. Le siguió en orden de frecuencia el grado III con 25% y alrededor del 83% fue del sexo femenino. No se obtuvo asociación estadística entre el sexo y el grado de los pacientes estudiados por lo que se pude afirmar que ambas variables fueron independientes. En la mayoría de casos los pacientes resultan infra diagnosticados desde los niveles primarios de atención al confundirlos con otro tipo de patologías, lo que provoca un retraso en la identificación y tratamiento del paciente que en el futuro influye en un pronóstico negativo de este(AU)


Community-acquired pneumonia is a common infectious disease that causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Elderly people are frequently affected, and several issues related to care of this condition in the elderly have to be considered. The most common pathogen in this pathology is still Streptococcus pneumoniae, followed by other pathogens such as Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumonia. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of older adults with this disease in hospital "Alfredo Noboa Montenegro". For the qualitative variables the absolute frequency and the percent were used. For the association between qualitative variables, the Chi-square independence test was used. In the case of the 2x2 contingency tables, when Fisher had an expected cell shorter than 5, Fisher's exact test was used. More than 54% of the patients studied were classified as grade II; of them, the highest percentage (66.7%) corresponded to men. Next in order of frequency was grade III with 25% and about 83% was female. There was no statistical association between sex and the degree of the patients studied, so we could say that both variables were independent. In the majority of cases, patients are diagnosed from the primary care levels when they are confused with other types of pathologies, which causes a delay in the identification and treatment of the patient that in the future influences a negative prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Primary Health Care , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Haemophilus influenzae , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Patients , Peru/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Hospitals
12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 552-558, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340160

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is a common respiratory infection in children. Tumor necrosis factor-cx (TNF-α), interleukin-17 (IL-17), and IL-6 have correlation with Mycoplasma pneumoniae lung infection and MPP pathogenesis. Method: miRNAs participate in the pathogenesis of various diseases by regulating the development and differentiation of the immune cell. Blood was collected and total RNA was isolated. miRNA microarrays were performed to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in MPP patients. The levels of relative miRNAs and mRNAs were evaluated by qRT-PCR. Results: There are 23 differentially expressed miRNAs in MPP children's plasma, 15 miRNAs had enhanced expression and 8 had depressed expression. MPP patients showed lower mir-1323 level in blood samples than healthy controls. MPP patients with pleural effusion had much higher Il6 and Il17a mRNA levels than those without pleural effusion. The expression level of Il6 had a negative correlation with miR-1323 level. In the human THP-1 cell line, the level of miR-1323 was significantly reduced through lipopolysaccharides treatment. In THP-1 cells, overexpression or silencing of miR-1323 significantly reduced or promoted Il6 expression. Conclusion: In conclusion, miR-1323 targets the mRNA of Il6 and inhibits the expression of Il6. The pathogenesis of MPP inhibits the expression of miR-1323 in macrophages, triggers the overexpression of Il6, and enhances inflammation response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Leukocyte Count , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 707-712, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the drug resistance of @*METHODS@#BALF specimens were collected from 245 children with RMPP who were admitted to the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from March 2016 to December 2020. A rapid cultured drug sensitivity assay was used to detect the resistance of MP isolates to nine commonly used antimicrobial drugs. The real-time PCR was used to measure MP DNA. The direct sequencing was used to detect gene mutations in MP 23SrRNA V region central ring.@*RESULTS@#Among the 245 BALF specimens, 207 tested positive for MP DNA, with a positive rate of 84.5%. The results of drug susceptibility test showed that the children with RMPP had a resistance rate of > 70% to macrolide antimicrobial drugs, with the highest resistance rate to clarithromycin, followed by roxithromycin, clindamycin, acetylspiramycin, erythromycin, and azithromycin, and these children had a resistance rate of < 5% to quinolone antimicrobial drugs. Among the 207 MP DNA-positive specimens, 41 (19.8%) had no drug-resistance gene mutations and 166 (80.2%) had drug-resistance gene mutations, among which 154 (74.4%) had an A→G mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring, 7 (3.4%) had an A→G mutation at 2064 locus, and 5 (2.4%) had mutations in both 2063 and 2064 loci. Among the 166 specimens with point mutations of the MP 23SrRNA gene, 159 (95.8%) had point mutations at 2063 locus. The A→G point mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring had a great impact on resistance to macrolide antimicrobial drugs. There was a significant difference in the distribution of alleles at 2063 locus between the children with resistance to clarithromycin, roxithromycin, clindamycin, acetylspiramycin, erythromycin, and azithromycin (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MP in the BALF of children with RMPP has a relatively high resistance rate to macrolide antimicrobial drugs. Resistance to macrolide antimicrobial drugs is closely associated with the A→G point mutation in the 23SrRNA gene, and the point mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring may affect the drug-resistance mechanism of MP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genetics , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1127-1131, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the consistency between nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in pathogen detection in children with pneumonia@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of pathogens detected in 533 children with pneumonia from February 2017 to March 2020. The paired McNemar's test was used to compare the difference in pathogen detection between NPA and BALF groups. The @*RESULTS@#NPA had a sensitivity of 28%, a specificity of 74%, a positive predictive value of 14%, and a negative predictive value of 91% in detecting bacteria, and a @*CONCLUSIONS@#There is poor consistency between NPA and BALF in the detection of bacteria and viruses, and clinicians should be cautious in diagnosing lower respiratory tract infection based on bacteria or viruses detected in NPA. There is moderate consistency between NPA and BALF in the detection of


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Respiratory Tract Infections , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1033-1037, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of @*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 228 children with MPP alone and 28 children with MPP and ADV infection. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory results, and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the MPP group, the MPP+ADV group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay, a significantly higher proportion of patients with severe lesions (erosion and exfoliation) of the airway mucosa under bronchoscopy, a significantly higher clinical pulmonary infection score, and a significantly higher proportion of patients requiring oxygen therapy (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with children with MPP alone, children with MPP and ADV infection tend to have more severe clinical manifestations and airway mucosal lesions and are more likely to require oxygen therapy, but most of the laboratory markers lack specificity.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adenoviridae Infections , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 471-474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of chitinase-like protein YKL-40 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for predicting refractory @*METHODS@#A total of 50 children with common @*RESULTS@#Compared with the common MPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher incidence rates of fever, shortness of breath, lung consolidation, and pleural effusion (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is an increase in the level of YKL-40 in BALF in children with RMPP, and the level of YKL-40 in BALF has a certain value for predicting RMPP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1 , Chitinases , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 74-77, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with @*METHODS@#A total of 310 MPP children who were hospitalized and underwent bronchoalveolar lavage from June 2018 to June 2019 were enrolled and divided into two groups: simple MPP group with 241 children (without peripheral lymphocytopenia) and MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group with 69 children. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the simple MPP group, the MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay and significant increases in C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and @*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with MPP and peripheral lymphocytopenia tend to have more severe immunologic injury. Peripheral blood lymphocyte count may be used to evaluate the severity of MPP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Lymphopenia/etiology , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 347-352, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126171

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La infección por Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mypn) podría estar ocurriendo a edades más tempranas, debido a fenómenos sociales como concurrencia a centros de cuidado diurno en forma más frecuente y precoz. Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de anticuerpos anti-Mypn en niños de 0-12 años, y explorar si la edad, asistencia a centro de cuidados diurnos/escuela, hacinamiento o convivencia con niños incrementan el riesgo de seropositividad. Pacientes y Método: Estudio transversal incluyendo niños de 0-12 años de edad que requirieron extracciones de sangre para control, por lo demás sanos. En todos los casos se consignaron las variables mencionadas y se determinó IgG anti-Mypn mediante enzimoinmunoanálisis. Se evaluó la asociación entre predictores y seropositividad en un modelo de regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron 232 pacientes (edad promedio 56,4 ± 40,0 meses). El 56,9% concurría a centro de cuidado diurno/escuela, 63,8% convivían con menores de 12 años y 15,9% presentaban hacinamiento. El 14,6% presentaba anticuerpos anti-Mypn. Los niños seroposi- tivos no mostraron diferencias significativas con aquellos seronegativos en relación a edad (63,1 ± 40,7 vs. 55,4 ± 41,3 meses), escolaridad (64,7% vs 55,5%), hacinamiento (14,7% vs 14,9%), ni con vivencia con menores (64,7% vs 63,6%). La edad tampoco se mostró como predictor independiente de seropositividad en el modelo multivariado. Conclusión: La prevalencia de anticuerpos anti-Mypn fue 14,6%. La edad no fue predictor de seropositividad.


Abstract: Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mypn) infection could be occurring at an earlier age due to social pheno mena such as attending daycare centers more frequently and earlier than decades ago. Objective: to estimate the prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies in children aged 0-12 years, and to explore whether age, attendance to daycare center/school, overcrowding or the presence of children aged below 12 years in the households increase the risk of seropositivity. Patients and Method: Cross-sectional stu dy including healthy children aged 0-12 years which required blood draws for routine laboratory tests. In all cases, the aforementioned variables were recorded and anti-Mypn IgG was determined by enzyme immunoassay. The association between predictors and seropositivity was assessed in a logistic regression model. Results: We included 232 patients (average age 56.4 ± 40.0 months). 56.9% attended a daycare center/school, 63.8% co-habited with children under 12 years old, and 15.9% lived in overcrowded households. The prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies was 14.6%. There were no significant differences between seropositive and seronegative children regarding age (63.1 ± 40.7 vs. 55.4 ± 41.3 months), school/day-care attendance (64.7% vs. 55.5%), overcrowding (14.7% vs. 14.9%), or co-habiting with children (64.7% vs. 63.6%). Age was not an independent predictor of seropositivity in the multivariate model. Conclusion: The prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies in children was 14.6% and age was not a predictor of seropositivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/epidemiology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/immunology , Argentina/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/blood , Schools , Biomarkers/blood , Crowding , Logistic Models , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Child Day Care Centers , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 59-62, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876401

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Erythema multiforme has been known as an infection or drug-associated mucocutaneous eruption characterized by target lesions. A clinical entity, known as Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis seen mostly in the pediatric population is emerging and may be associated with atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This presents with features overlapping with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum but with a different trigger, prognosis, and recurrence rate. Case summary: Target lesions in the clinical setting are usually characteristically associated with erythema multiforme, a mucocutaneous condition associated with an underlying infectious trigger. We present a case of a 10-year-old Filipino boy who was initially diagnosed with erythema multiforme major. Eventual testing for the etiology of the underlying infection, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, proved to be a useful diagnostic that gave a better grasp on the case’s mechanism, sequela, and prognosis. The patient was admitted for pneumonia and his presenting mucositis was severe. Cutaneously, he had atypical target and few target lesions on the trunk and extremities. He was diagnosed as a case of Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis (MIRM) and treated with antibiotics and systemic steroids for which he recovered fully in three weeks. MIRM should be separated from erythema multiforme, Stevens Johnsons syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis as it follows a different disease course. Conclusion: Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis is now considered a distinct entity despite it having overlapping features with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum. It presents usually in the younger age group with absent to sparse atypical vesiculobullous or targetoid lesions, significant mucosal involvement, and confluent necrosis on histology. It is important to identify it as a trigger because of its more frequent and severe mucosal sequelae. Management includes symptomatic relief, antibiotic therapy with a macrolide in the presence of pneumonia and systemic steroids when mucositis is severe. Majority of patients achieve full recovery.


Subject(s)
Erythema Multiforme , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mucositis , Exanthema
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 984-989, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influencing factors for the clinical effect of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and atelectasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 75 children with MPP and atelectasis were divided into a good response group with 51 children and a poor response group with 24 children according to the clinical effect of BAL treatment. LASSO logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the factors influencing the clinical effect of BAL treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and restricted cubic spline model analysis were used to evaluate the value of the course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment in predicting the clinical effect of BAL treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good response group, the poor response group had a significantly lower percentage of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, a significantly higher proportion of children with atelectasis of two or more lung lobes or stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening caused by inflammation, and a significantly longer course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment and azithromycin treatment (P<0.05). The LASSO logistic regression analysis showed that a prolonged course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment (OR=1.23), atelectasis of two or more lung lobes (OR=11.99), and stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening caused by inflammation (OR=5.31) were independent risk factors for poor clinical effect of BAL treatment (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the course of disease of ≥11.5 days at the time of BAL treatment suggested a poor clinical effect of BAL treatment, with a sensitivity of 91.7% and a specificity of 54.9%. The restricted cubic spline model analysis showed that there was a non-linear dose-response relationship between the course of disease at the time of BAL treatment and the clinical effect of BAL treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early BAL treatment may have a good clinical effect in children with MPP and atelectasis. Atelectasis of two or more lung lobes and inflammation-induced stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening shown under bronchoscope may indicate a poor clinical effect of BAL treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Pulmonary Atelectasis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL