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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246385, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339384

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Resumo A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p < 0,001). A maioria (17, 40,5%) dos pacientes positivos para M. pneumoniae está na faixa etária de 41-50 anos, seguida por 10 (23,8%) pacientes na faixa etária de 61-70 anos e 2 (4,8%) pacientes tinham > 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Mycoplasma Infections/diagnosis , Mycoplasma Infections/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin M , Prevalence , Antibodies, Bacterial , Mycoplasma pneumoniae
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the consistency between nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in pathogen detection in children with pneumonia@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of pathogens detected in 533 children with pneumonia from February 2017 to March 2020. The paired McNemar's test was used to compare the difference in pathogen detection between NPA and BALF groups. The @*RESULTS@#NPA had a sensitivity of 28%, a specificity of 74%, a positive predictive value of 14%, and a negative predictive value of 91% in detecting bacteria, and a @*CONCLUSIONS@#There is poor consistency between NPA and BALF in the detection of bacteria and viruses, and clinicians should be cautious in diagnosing lower respiratory tract infection based on bacteria or viruses detected in NPA. There is moderate consistency between NPA and BALF in the detection of


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Respiratory Tract Infections , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of @*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 228 children with MPP alone and 28 children with MPP and ADV infection. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory results, and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the MPP group, the MPP+ADV group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay, a significantly higher proportion of patients with severe lesions (erosion and exfoliation) of the airway mucosa under bronchoscopy, a significantly higher clinical pulmonary infection score, and a significantly higher proportion of patients requiring oxygen therapy (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with children with MPP alone, children with MPP and ADV infection tend to have more severe clinical manifestations and airway mucosal lesions and are more likely to require oxygen therapy, but most of the laboratory markers lack specificity.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae Infections , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the drug resistance of @*METHODS@#BALF specimens were collected from 245 children with RMPP who were admitted to the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from March 2016 to December 2020. A rapid cultured drug sensitivity assay was used to detect the resistance of MP isolates to nine commonly used antimicrobial drugs. The real-time PCR was used to measure MP DNA. The direct sequencing was used to detect gene mutations in MP 23SrRNA V region central ring.@*RESULTS@#Among the 245 BALF specimens, 207 tested positive for MP DNA, with a positive rate of 84.5%. The results of drug susceptibility test showed that the children with RMPP had a resistance rate of > 70% to macrolide antimicrobial drugs, with the highest resistance rate to clarithromycin, followed by roxithromycin, clindamycin, acetylspiramycin, erythromycin, and azithromycin, and these children had a resistance rate of < 5% to quinolone antimicrobial drugs. Among the 207 MP DNA-positive specimens, 41 (19.8%) had no drug-resistance gene mutations and 166 (80.2%) had drug-resistance gene mutations, among which 154 (74.4%) had an A→G mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring, 7 (3.4%) had an A→G mutation at 2064 locus, and 5 (2.4%) had mutations in both 2063 and 2064 loci. Among the 166 specimens with point mutations of the MP 23SrRNA gene, 159 (95.8%) had point mutations at 2063 locus. The A→G point mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring had a great impact on resistance to macrolide antimicrobial drugs. There was a significant difference in the distribution of alleles at 2063 locus between the children with resistance to clarithromycin, roxithromycin, clindamycin, acetylspiramycin, erythromycin, and azithromycin (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MP in the BALF of children with RMPP has a relatively high resistance rate to macrolide antimicrobial drugs. Resistance to macrolide antimicrobial drugs is closely associated with the A→G point mutation in the 23SrRNA gene, and the point mutation at 2063 locus of 23SrRNA V region central ring may affect the drug-resistance mechanism of MP.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genetics , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of chitinase-like protein YKL-40 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for predicting refractory @*METHODS@#A total of 50 children with common @*RESULTS@#Compared with the common MPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher incidence rates of fever, shortness of breath, lung consolidation, and pleural effusion (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is an increase in the level of YKL-40 in BALF in children with RMPP, and the level of YKL-40 in BALF has a certain value for predicting RMPP.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1 , Chitinases , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with @*METHODS@#A total of 310 MPP children who were hospitalized and underwent bronchoalveolar lavage from June 2018 to June 2019 were enrolled and divided into two groups: simple MPP group with 241 children (without peripheral lymphocytopenia) and MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group with 69 children. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the simple MPP group, the MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay and significant increases in C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and @*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with MPP and peripheral lymphocytopenia tend to have more severe immunologic injury. Peripheral blood lymphocyte count may be used to evaluate the severity of MPP.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Lymphopenia/etiology , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 347-352, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126171

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La infección por Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mypn) podría estar ocurriendo a edades más tempranas, debido a fenómenos sociales como concurrencia a centros de cuidado diurno en forma más frecuente y precoz. Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de anticuerpos anti-Mypn en niños de 0-12 años, y explorar si la edad, asistencia a centro de cuidados diurnos/escuela, hacinamiento o convivencia con niños incrementan el riesgo de seropositividad. Pacientes y Método: Estudio transversal incluyendo niños de 0-12 años de edad que requirieron extracciones de sangre para control, por lo demás sanos. En todos los casos se consignaron las variables mencionadas y se determinó IgG anti-Mypn mediante enzimoinmunoanálisis. Se evaluó la asociación entre predictores y seropositividad en un modelo de regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron 232 pacientes (edad promedio 56,4 ± 40,0 meses). El 56,9% concurría a centro de cuidado diurno/escuela, 63,8% convivían con menores de 12 años y 15,9% presentaban hacinamiento. El 14,6% presentaba anticuerpos anti-Mypn. Los niños seroposi- tivos no mostraron diferencias significativas con aquellos seronegativos en relación a edad (63,1 ± 40,7 vs. 55,4 ± 41,3 meses), escolaridad (64,7% vs 55,5%), hacinamiento (14,7% vs 14,9%), ni con vivencia con menores (64,7% vs 63,6%). La edad tampoco se mostró como predictor independiente de seropositividad en el modelo multivariado. Conclusión: La prevalencia de anticuerpos anti-Mypn fue 14,6%. La edad no fue predictor de seropositividad.


Abstract: Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mypn) infection could be occurring at an earlier age due to social pheno mena such as attending daycare centers more frequently and earlier than decades ago. Objective: to estimate the prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies in children aged 0-12 years, and to explore whether age, attendance to daycare center/school, overcrowding or the presence of children aged below 12 years in the households increase the risk of seropositivity. Patients and Method: Cross-sectional stu dy including healthy children aged 0-12 years which required blood draws for routine laboratory tests. In all cases, the aforementioned variables were recorded and anti-Mypn IgG was determined by enzyme immunoassay. The association between predictors and seropositivity was assessed in a logistic regression model. Results: We included 232 patients (average age 56.4 ± 40.0 months). 56.9% attended a daycare center/school, 63.8% co-habited with children under 12 years old, and 15.9% lived in overcrowded households. The prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies was 14.6%. There were no significant differences between seropositive and seronegative children regarding age (63.1 ± 40.7 vs. 55.4 ± 41.3 months), school/day-care attendance (64.7% vs. 55.5%), overcrowding (14.7% vs. 14.9%), or co-habiting with children (64.7% vs. 63.6%). Age was not an independent predictor of seropositivity in the multivariate model. Conclusion: The prevalence of anti-Mypn antibodies in children was 14.6% and age was not a predictor of seropositivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/epidemiology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/immunology , Argentina/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/blood , Schools , Biomarkers/blood , Crowding , Logistic Models , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Child Day Care Centers , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876401

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Erythema multiforme has been known as an infection or drug-associated mucocutaneous eruption characterized by target lesions. A clinical entity, known as Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis seen mostly in the pediatric population is emerging and may be associated with atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This presents with features overlapping with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum but with a different trigger, prognosis, and recurrence rate. Case summary: Target lesions in the clinical setting are usually characteristically associated with erythema multiforme, a mucocutaneous condition associated with an underlying infectious trigger. We present a case of a 10-year-old Filipino boy who was initially diagnosed with erythema multiforme major. Eventual testing for the etiology of the underlying infection, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, proved to be a useful diagnostic that gave a better grasp on the case’s mechanism, sequela, and prognosis. The patient was admitted for pneumonia and his presenting mucositis was severe. Cutaneously, he had atypical target and few target lesions on the trunk and extremities. He was diagnosed as a case of Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis (MIRM) and treated with antibiotics and systemic steroids for which he recovered fully in three weeks. MIRM should be separated from erythema multiforme, Stevens Johnsons syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis as it follows a different disease course. Conclusion: Mycoplasma-induced rash and mucositis is now considered a distinct entity despite it having overlapping features with erythema multiforme and SJS-TEN spectrum. It presents usually in the younger age group with absent to sparse atypical vesiculobullous or targetoid lesions, significant mucosal involvement, and confluent necrosis on histology. It is important to identify it as a trigger because of its more frequent and severe mucosal sequelae. Management includes symptomatic relief, antibiotic therapy with a macrolide in the presence of pneumonia and systemic steroids when mucositis is severe. Majority of patients achieve full recovery.


Subject(s)
Erythema Multiforme , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mucositis , Exanthema
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the respiratory pathogens and clinical features in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma.@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 225 children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, aged <14 years, who attended the outpatient service or were hospitalized from August 2017 to August 2019. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect 12 pathogens, i.e., respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human rhinovirus (HRV), influenza virus A (IFVA), influenza virus B (IFVB), parainfluenza virus types 1-3 (PIV1-3), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), adenovirus (ADV), Bordetella pertussis (BP), Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP).@*RESULTS@#The overall detection rate of virus was 46.2% (104/225), and 7 kinds of viruses were detected, i.e., HRV (19.6%, 44/225), ADV (16.0%, 36/225), IFVB (5.8%, 13/225), RSV (4.9%, 11/225), IFVA (3.6%, 8/225), PIV3 (1.8%, 4/225), and HMPV (0.4%, 1/225). Of all pathogens, BP had the highest detection rate of 28.4% (64/225), and the detection rates of MP and CP were 16.4% (37/225) and 0.4% (1/225), respectively. The mild exacerbation group had a higher detection rate of BP than the severe exacerbation group (P<0.05), while the severe exacerbation group had significantly higher detection rates of RSV and MP than the mild exacerbation group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the proportion of children with paroxysmal cough, spasmodic cough, fever, lung rales and abnormal lung imaging findings among the simple BP infection, simple virus infection and simple MP infection groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BP, HRV, and MP are common respiratory pathogens detected in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, and respiratory virus infection is an important pathogen of acute exacerbation of asthma in children. Acute exacerbation of asthma caused by different pathogens has different clinical features and severities.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma/diagnosis , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influencing factors for the clinical effect of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and atelectasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 75 children with MPP and atelectasis were divided into a good response group with 51 children and a poor response group with 24 children according to the clinical effect of BAL treatment. LASSO logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the factors influencing the clinical effect of BAL treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and restricted cubic spline model analysis were used to evaluate the value of the course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment in predicting the clinical effect of BAL treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good response group, the poor response group had a significantly lower percentage of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, a significantly higher proportion of children with atelectasis of two or more lung lobes or stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening caused by inflammation, and a significantly longer course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment and azithromycin treatment (P<0.05). The LASSO logistic regression analysis showed that a prolonged course of the disease at the time of BAL treatment (OR=1.23), atelectasis of two or more lung lobes (OR=11.99), and stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening caused by inflammation (OR=5.31) were independent risk factors for poor clinical effect of BAL treatment (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the course of disease of ≥11.5 days at the time of BAL treatment suggested a poor clinical effect of BAL treatment, with a sensitivity of 91.7% and a specificity of 54.9%. The restricted cubic spline model analysis showed that there was a non-linear dose-response relationship between the course of disease at the time of BAL treatment and the clinical effect of BAL treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early BAL treatment may have a good clinical effect in children with MPP and atelectasis. Atelectasis of two or more lung lobes and inflammation-induced stenosis of the bronchial cavity or opening shown under bronchoscope may indicate a poor clinical effect of BAL treatment.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Pulmonary Atelectasis
11.
Medwave ; 20(7): e8006, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122649

ABSTRACT

Una de las principales causas de neumonía en niños entre 5 y 15 años es el Mycoplasma pneumoniae, una bacteria que causa manifestaciones clínicas atípicas como la miositis y encefalitis. Reportamos un caso de una niña de cinco años que presentó limitación funcional en extremidades inferiores precedida por una infección respiratoria superior. Posteriormente, se complicó con neumonía y encefalitis. Se administraron antibióticos y antivirales debido al deterioro clínico del paciente. La serología de inmunoglobulinas para Mycoplasma pneumoniae fue positiva; mientras que los demás estudios virales fueron negativos. El curso clínico fue favorable con disminución progresiva de la dificultad respiratoria, trastorno del sensorio y mejoría en la limitación funcional en las extremidades inferiores a los 15 días de tratamiento.


One of the leading causes of pneumonia in children between 5 to 15 years is Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a bacterium that causes atypical clinical manifestations such as myositis and encephalitis. We report a 5-year-old girl who presented functional limitations of the lower extremities preceded by an upper respiratory infection. Later on, she developed pneumonia and encephalitis. Antibiotics and antivirals were administered due to the clinical deterioration of the patient. IgM serology for Mycoplasma pneumoniae was positive, while the other viral studies were negative. The clinical course was favorable with a progressive decrease in respiratory distress, sensorial disorder, and improvement in the functional limitations of the lower limbs after 15 days of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Encephalitis/diagnosis , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Myositis/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/microbiology , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy , Acute Disease , Encephalitis/microbiology , Encephalitis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Myositis/microbiology , Myositis/drug therapy
12.
Afro-Egypt. j. infect. enem. Dis ; 1(3): 182-189, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258723

ABSTRACT

Background: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is an important cause of pediatric community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of M. pneumoniae in pediatric community acquired pneumonia and to determine the most frequent clinical findings of M. pneumoniae CAP. Methods: A total of 83 pediatric CAP patients were subjected to history taking, clinical examination, chest X-ray, CBC, CRP and serum antimycoplasma pneumonia IgM and IgA by ELISA. Results: Twenty-nine (34.9%) out of 83 patients were positive for M. pneumoniae Ig M while 2 (3.4%) patients were positive for M. pneumoniae Ig A. There were more infection (54%) in age group (5-9 years; p value = <0.001). M. pneumoniae pneumonia infected patients were presented with cough (29/29; 100%), fever (29/29; 100%), malaise (18/29; 43.8%), headache (16/29; 33.8%), wheeze (21/29; 52.5%), chest discomfort (13/29; 44.8%), sore throat (13/29; 46.4%), rhinitis (8/29; 27.5%) and pharyngitis (6/29; 24%). The most frequent X ray findings in M. pneumoniae pneumonia was air space pneumonia (71%); segmental more than lobar form (p-value = < 0.0001). Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight the clinical significance of M pneumoniae in pediatric community acquired pneumonia


Subject(s)
Egypt , Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia , Residence Characteristics
13.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 35(1): 25-30, Ene-Jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120640

ABSTRACT

El Síndrome de Guillain Barré (SGB) se caracteriza por la manifestación de manera aguda o subaguda de un conjunto de signos y síntomas que demuestran la afectación del sistema nervioso periférico, expresada en parálisis fláccida y arreflexia, que eventualmente pueden complicarse amenazando la vida y/o posteriormente cronificarse si no se instauran tratamientos específicos de manera oportuna. Las causas más importantes del SGB se atribuyen a agentes infecciosos los cuales desencadenan un mecanismo de respuesta autoinmune que afectan tanto la mielina como el axón. La presente investigación caracterizó el SGB en los pacientes ingresados en el Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga entre los años 2010 y 2016(AU)


Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS) is characterized by acute or subacute manifestation of peripheral nervous system alterations such as flaccid paralysis and arreflexia, which can eventually be life-threatening and/or become chronic if specific treatments are not established in a timely manner. The main causes of GBS are attributed to infectious agents which trigger an autoimmune response that affect both the myelin and the axon. GBS is the most frequent cause of flaccid paralysis in the pediatric population. The present investigation characterized the GBS in patients admitted to the Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga in the period 2010 to 2016(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Demyelinating Diseases , Peripheral Nervous System , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/physiopathology , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pediatrics , Enterovirus , Cytomegalovirus , Zika Virus
14.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(2): 153-156, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013366

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un niño de 5 años sin antecedentes de enfermedad, que se internó en terapia intensiva por convulsiones tónico-clónicas focalizadas en la cara y en el hemicuerpo derecho, con documentación de temperatura axilar de 37,4°C. Se descartó la presencia de gérmenes comunes y la etiología viral a través de estudios de muestras de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR). Se sospechó la presencia de Mycoplasma pneumoniae por comprobarse inmunofluorescencia positiva en suero para anticuerpos de clase IgM. El diagnóstico se confirmó mediante la detección del ADN de dicho patógeno sobre la biopsia cerebral efectuada por el método de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) y una histología compatible con encefalomielitis aguda diseminada. El paciente recibió tratamiento con claritromicina y su evolución fue favorable. Al menos dentro de nuestros conocimientos, este es el primer caso en el que se detectó ADN de M. pneumoniae en una biopsia cerebral por el método de PCR.


We present here the case of a previously healthy 5 year-old boy hospitalized in an intensive care unit due to tonic-clonic seizures focused on the face and right side of the body, and axillary temperature of 37.4 °C. Common bacterial and viral etiology was ruled out through studies of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. Mycoplasma pneumoniae was suspected by a positive immunofluorescence serum test for IgM class antibodies. Finally, with a brain biopsy, M. pneumoniae was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis by pathological anatomy. The patient was treated with clarithromycin and had an uneventful evolution. At least to our knowledge, this is the first case in which M. pneumoniae DNA was detected by PCR in a brain biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/diagnosis , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/therapy , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Biopsy/methods , Immunoglobulin M , Cerebrospinal Fluid/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719524

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical usefulness of serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels in Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (M. pneumonia) and viral pneumonia in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 348 patients admitted between June 2015 and December of 2015. There were 162 patients with M. pneumonia without virus coinfection (group 1) and 186 patients with viral pneumonia (group 2). All subjects had radiographic evidence of pneumonia with available specimens for both M. pneumonia and viral testing, and levels of serum PCT, white blood cell counts (WBC), neutrophil portion, and C-reactive protein (CRP). Fifty-eight children who performed follow-up sampling at the time of no fever for more than 48 hours were subdivided into group 3 (M. pneumonia with follow-up sampling, n=41) and group 4 (viral pneumonia with follow-up sampling, n=17). RESULTS: No difference was noted in the levels of serum PCT (P=0.168), CRP (P=0.296), WBC (P=0.732), and neutrophil proportion (P=0.069) between groups 1 and 2, after adjusting for age. Serial changes in serum PCT levels between the first and second samples were significant in group 3 (P=0.046). Serial changes in serum CRP levels between the first and second samples were significant in group 4 (P=0.008). CONCLUSION: Serum PCT and CRP levels may change differently after infection according to the etiology of pneumonia.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Child , Coinfection , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Medical Records , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Neutrophils , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Pneumonia, Viral , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760898

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Early detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae is important for appropriate antimicrobial therapy in children with pneumonia. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a rapid antigen test kit in detecting M. pneumoniae from respiratory specimens in children with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). METHODS: A total of 215 nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) were selected from a pool of NPAs that had been obtained from children admitted for LRTI from August 2010 to August 2018. The specimens had been tested for M. pneumoniae by culture and stored at −70°C until use. Tests with Ribotest Mycoplasma® were performed and interpreted independently by two investigators who were blinded to the culture results. RESULTS: Among the 215 NPAs, 119 were culture positive for M. pneumoniae and 96 were culture negative. Of the culture-positive specimens, 74 (62.2%) were positive for M. pneumoniae by Ribotest Mycoplasma®, and 92 of the 96 (95.8%) culture-negative specimens were negative for M. pneumoniae by Ribotest Mycoplasma®. When culture was used as the standard test, the sensitivity and specificity of Ribotest Mycoplasma® were 62.2% and 95.8%, respectively. Additionally, the positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall agreement rates with Ribotest Mycoplasma® were 94.9%, 67.2%, and 77.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A positive test result of Ribotest Mycoplasma® suggests a high likelihood of culture-positive M. pneumoniae infection. However, a negative test result should be interpreted with caution because nearly one-third of negative test results reveal culture-positive M. pneumoniae infections.


Subject(s)
Child , Diagnosis , Humans , Chromatography, Affinity , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Point-of-Care Systems , Research Personnel , Respiratory Tract Infections , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 57-64, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760461

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most common bacterial strain causing atypical pneumonia in children and adolencents. Although it is known to cause mild symptoms, it can also cause severe pulmonary or extrapulmonary complications in rare cases. Necrotizing pneumonia (NP) is often reported as a complication of Streptococcus pneumoniae and is very rarely caused by M. pneumoniae. We report a case in which a 5-year-old boy was diagnosed with lobar pneumonia with symptoms that aggravated even with macrolide antibiotic treatment. Anti-mycoplasma pneumoniae Ig-M test yielded high values, and direct polymerase chain reaction results were also positive. NP caused by M. pneumoniae was confirmed on computed tomography. After treatment involving tosufloxacin and systemic steroid, the lesion decreased in size and improved gradually when followed-up for more than 1 year. The patient did not have any predisposing or risk factors for NP.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Streptococcus pneumoniae
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760216

ABSTRACT

Although Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) has been generally susceptible to macrolides, the emergence of macrolide-resistant MPP (MRMP) has made its treatment challenging. MRMP rapidly spread after the 2000s, especially in East Asia. MRMP is more common in children and adolescents than in adults, which is likely related to the frequent use of macrolides for treating M. pneumoniae infections in children. MRMP is unlikely to be related to clinical, laboratory, or radiological severity, although it likely prolongs the persistence of symptoms and the length of hospital stay. Thereby, it causes an increased burden of the disease and poor quality of life for the patient as well as a societal socioeconomic burden. To date, the only alternative treatments for MRMP are secondary antimicrobials such as tetracyclines (TCs) or fluoroquinolones (FQs) or systemic corticosteroids; however, the former are contraindicated in children because of concerns about potential adverse events (i.e., tooth discoloration or tendinopathy). A few guidelines recommended TCs or FQs as the second-line drug of choice for treating MRMP. However, there have been no evidence-based guidelines. Furthermore, safety issues have not yet been resolved. Therefore, this article aimed to review the benefits and risks of therapeutic alternatives for treating MRMP in children and review the recommendations of international or regional guidelines and specific considerations for their practical application.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adult , Child , Drug Resistance , Far East , Fluoroquinolones , Humans , Length of Stay , Macrolides , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Quality of Life , Risk Assessment , Tetracycline , Tetracyclines , Tooth Discoloration
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741870

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between cytokine and chemokine levels and the clinical severity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory parameters were performed. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-18, interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), macrophage inflammatory protein-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured. The severity of patients' clinical course and radiologic findings were also assessed. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients (35 males and 37 females) with a median age of 3.9 years (range, 1–16 years) were enrolled. Patients with lobar pneumonia (n=29) had significantly higher C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and IL-18 values than those with broncho-interstitial pneumonia (n=43). However, the cytokine and chemokine values did not differ between the group that was treated with corticosteroids (n=31) and the one that was not (n=41). The CRP, ESR, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), IL-18, and IP-10 values showed positive correlations with fever duration prior to admission. The CRP and ESR values were positively correlated with IL-18, and LDH, with IP-10 levels. CONCLUSIONS: CRP, ESR, LDH, IL-18, and IP-10 values were associated with the severity of the disease, manifesting lobar pneumonia or prolonged fever duration prior to admission.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Chemokines , Child , Cytokines , Fever , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-18 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Macrophages , Male , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Necrosis , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741869

ABSTRACT

Antiphospholipid antibodies may be produced in cases involving autoimmune diseases and can sometimes be caused by infections, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. However, antiphospholipid antibodies causing thrombosis associated with M. pneumoniae pneumonia in children have rarely been reported. We report a case of an 8-year-old boy with M. pneumoniae pneumonia with antiphospholipid antibodies, complicated by brachial artery thrombosis. He was found to have antiphospholipid antibodies and low protein S levels. The brachial artery thrombus was removed via thrombectomy. The titers of antiphospholipid antibodies turned normal within 5 months. This is a rare case of M. pneumoniae infection with brachial artery thrombosis associated with transient antiphospholipid antibodies.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Autoimmune Diseases , Brachial Artery , Child , Humans , Male , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Protein S , Thrombectomy , Thrombosis
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