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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135487


Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of nasal septum perforation associated to Histoplasma sp. Material and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted with patients who developed nasal septum perforation associated to histoplasmosis. The diagnosis was made based on clinical manifestations and confirmed with mycological direct examination with Giemsa stain, culture, serologic tests (immunodiffusion method), and histopathology with hematoxylin-eosin, Grocott methenamine (GMS) and Periodic Acid-Schiff stain (PAS). Results: Out of 1654 medical records reviewed with diagnosis of histoplasmosis in the study period, we found 22 cases with nasal septum perforation. Autoimmune disease was present in 6 patients; all six were on immunosuppressive treatment. Two patients had HIV/AIDS, one of them had also paracoccidiodomycoses and the remaining had no apparent underlying disease or conditions. Conclusion: Physicians of endemic areas such as Venezuela, must consider this entity in the differential diagnosis with other diseases.

Humans , Male , Female , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Nasal Septal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Mycoses/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Venezuela/epidemiology , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(2): e2018070, Abr.-Jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-994653


Esophageal infection by Candida spp. is a common opportunistic entity in immunocompromised hosts; however, systemic fungal dissemination due to perforation or transmural necrosis, also known as necrotizing Candida esophagitis (NCE), is rare. We report the case of a 61-year-old male patient with diagnosed ankylosing spondylitis, severe arteriosclerosis, and vasculitis under immunosuppressive therapy who presented NCE with fungal and bacterial septicemia diagnosed at autopsy. Necrotizing esophagitis is a rare manifestation of Candida infection, which may be a final complication in severely ill patients. Unfortunately, it may be underdiagnosed, and we call attention to this devastating complication in patients with leukocytoclastic cutaneous vasculitis and ankylosing spondylitis.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophagitis/pathology , Candidiasis, Invasive/pathology , Mycoses/pathology , Necrosis , Autopsy , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Fatal Outcome , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/complications , Sepsis/complications
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1313-1321, Nov. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895376


As enfermidades fúngicas são diagnósticos diferenciais de diversas morbidades de caráter infeccioso, degenerativo ou proliferativo neoplásico, principalmente em gatos, que é a espécie mais suscetível a estas. Este trabalho descreve os achados anatomopatológicos de doenças fúngicas em gatos no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2015 pelo SPV-UFRGS. Foram revisados 1.274 protocolos de necropsia e encontrou-se 17 casos de micoses, correspondendo a 1,33% dos diagnósticos. Quanto às amostras provenientes de biopsias, foram verificados 2.615 protocolos e detectou-se 59 casos de doenças fúngicas, totalizando 2,25% dos diagnósticos, sendo revisados seus achados macroscópicos, microscópicos, colorações especiais e cultivo micológico. O principal diagnóstico encontrado foi esporotricose com 34 casos de biópsia e cinco de necropsia. Criptococose obteve seis diagnósticos na necropsia e 13 na biópsia. O pseudomicetoma dermatofítico possui cinco casos de biópsia e dois de necropsia. Histoplasmose obteve um diagnóstico na necropsia e dois na biópsia. Aspergilose teve dois casos diagnosticados na necropsia. Candidíase e feo-hifomicose obtiveram um caso cada. Em quatro ocasiões, não se pode identificar o agente envolvido na lesão e foram classificados conforme a alteração morfológica em: dermatite fúngica, enterite fúngica, rinite micótica e dermatite e osteomielite fúngica. Através deste trabalho, pode-se identificar que a esporotricose foi o diagnóstico de doença fúngica mais frequente em felinos, seguido da criptococose e pseudomicetoma dermatofítico.(AU)

Fungal disease is included in the differential diagnosis of a wide range of disorders in cats. At the Department of Veterinary Pathology of Federal University Federal of Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS), evaluation of records data of cats from January 2005 to December 2015 were examined. A total of 1,274 necropsy have been reviewed from which 17 cases of fungal infection was revealed accounting for 1.33%, and a total of 2,615 biopsies have been reviewed from which 59 cases of fungal infection was revealed, accounting for 2.25%. We retrospectively analyzed the gross and microscopic findings and the yield of additional diagnostic approaches employed. Sporotrichosis was the most common diagnosis with 34 cases found in biopsy and five necropsies. Cryptococcosis obtained six diagnoses through necropsy and 13 through biopsy. Dermatophytic pseudomycetoma was found in five cases in biopsy and two necropsies. Histoplasmosis diagnosis was obtained in one necropsy and two biopsies. Aspergillosis had two cases diagnosed in necropsy. Candidiase and phaeo-hyphomycosis accounted for one case each. In four occasions, it was not possible to identify the agent involved and the diagnosis was made regarding the morphological changes: fungal dermatitis, fungal enteritis, mycotic rhinitis, and fungal dermatitis and osteomyelitis. In this study, sporotrichosis could be identified as the most frequent diagnosis of fungal disease in cats, followed by cryptococcosis and dermatophytic pseudomycetoma.(AU)

Animals , Cats , Cryptococcosis/veterinary , Mycoses/microbiology , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Aspergillosis/veterinary , Candidiasis/veterinary , Histoplasmosis/veterinary , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(1): 17-22, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782616


Sinus mycetoma is a dense accumulation of hyphae that form a rounded mass within the mucosal confines of a paranasal sinus. The aim of this study was to present a case series of three patients with maxillary sinus mycetoma and to describe their radiographic presentations. Three cases are presented. The first two, a 44-year-old woman and an 88 year-old man, both diabetics, were referred to maxillofacial treatment by other specialties. They both had a bad odor of unknown origin on the facial level and their respective computerized tomographies revealed a unilateral opacification of the maxillary sinus with a region of greater radio-opacity. The third case is a 31-year-old woman with a history of a severe facial trauma who had undergone surgery and for whom orthognathic surgery had been planned to correct side effects. In addition to the orthognathic surgery, the removal of the lesion that appeared opacified in the pre-surgery scan was planned. She showed opacification of the maxillary sinus and during the intraoperative stage, tissue of a whitish-gray appearance was detected on the maxillary sinus. The lesion was completely removed and the result of the histopathological study was sinus mycetoma. The patients evolved favorably and the symptomatology disappeared completely. The growing occurrence of mycetoma and the lack of information on it make publicizing this pathology fundamental so it can be considered as a differential imaging, clinical, and pathological diagnosis and in that way receive adequate and opportune treatment.

El micetoma sinusal es una patología de origen fúngico, que afecta a pacientes inmunocomprometidos, capaz de desorientar en su diagnóstico por su clínica y expresión imagenológica particular. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una serie de tres casos con micetoma en el seno maxilar y describir su presentación imagenológica. Se presentan tres casos. Los dos primeros, una mujer de 44 años y un hombre de 88 años, ambos diabéticos y derivados a atención maxilofacial por otras especialidades. Coincidía un mal olor expelido de origen desconocido a nivel facial y en sus respectivas tomografías computarizadas se observó velamiento unilateral del seno maxilar con una zona de mayor hiperdensidad. El tercer caso corresponde a una mujer de 31 años con antecedente de trauma facial severo operado, a la cual se le planificó cirugía ortognática para corregir secuelas. En conjunto con la cirugía ortognática, se planificó la biopsia excisional de una lesión hiperdensa que se presentó en el escáner pre-quirúrgico; en el intraoperatorio se pesquisó tejido de aspecto blanquecino grisáceo en el seno maxilar. A todos los pacientes se les realizó la exéresis total de la lesión y el estudio histopatológico dio como resultado micetoma sinusal. Los pacientes evolucionaron favorablemente, desapareciendo por completo la sintomatología. La creciente incidencia del micetoma y el desconocimiento sobre el mismo hacen que sea fundamental la difusión de esta patología para ser considerada como diagnóstico diferencial clínico y patológico, y realizar así un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Mycetoma/diagnostic imaging , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/diagnostic imaging , Sinusitis/pathology , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 18(3): 231-235, May 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750652


Background The incidence of invasive mycoses is increasing worldwide. PCR-RFLP was applied to the identification of 10 reference strains and 90 cultures of agents of invasive mycoses. In addition, the new approach was applied to detect fungal agents in 120 biological samples (blood, cerebrospinal fluid and bone marrow). PCR-RFLP results were compared with the ones obtained with conventional methods (culture, microscopy, and biochemical testing). Results The assays carried out with the reference strains (Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei, Candida guilliermondii, Cryptococcus neoformans, Cryptococcus gattii and Histoplasma capsulatum), demonstrated that the RFLP profiles were correctly predicted by the in silico investigation and allowed unequivocal identification of all chosen reference strains. The PCR-RFLP also identified 90 cultures of agents of invasive mycoses correctly, 2.5 times faster than the conventional assays. Evaluating PCR-RFLP with biological samples it was observed that the PCR was found to be 100% accurate and the RFLP profiles allowed the identification of the etiological agents: C. neoformans (n = 3) and C. gattii (n = 1) in CSF samples, H. capsulatum (n = 1) in bone marrow and C. albicans (n = 2) in blood cultures. The detection and identification by PCR-RFLP were found to be between two to ten times faster than the conventional assays. Conclusion The results showed that PCR-RFLP is a valuable tool for the identification of invasive mycoses that can be implemented in hospital laboratories, allowing for a high number of clinical analyses per day.

Fungi/isolation & purification , Mycoses/diagnosis , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnosis , Fungi/genetics , Mycoses/pathology
Dermatol. argent ; 21(4): 264-271, 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784777


Las micosis superficiales son patologías frecuentes en la consulta dermatológica. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), alrededor del 20-25% de la población mundial padece micosis superficiales. Existe poca información de las mismas y en especial de zonas periurbanas. Nuestro objetivo fue obtener datos epidemiológicos acerca de las micosis superficiales e identificar sus agentes etiológicos que afectan piel, pelo y uñas en los pobladores de la comuna de Villa del Prado. El estudio fue descriptivo, prospectivo y transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 2 años, con lesiones cutáneas y anexialesque sugirieron micosis superficiales, excluyéndose menores de 2 años, con hepatopatía previa al estudio y embarazadas. El proyecto del área de Responsabilidad Social Universitaria se realizó en los períodos lectivos 2008-2010. Los pacientes fueron atendidosen el dispensario de esa localidad por médicos dermatólogos y residentes. Las bioquímicas micólogas con alumnos de 4º año de la carrera de Bioquímica indicaban la preparación para la toma de muestra y extracción de la misma. Los análisis micológicos se llevarona cabo por metodología clásica. Se realizaron 41 viajes a dicha comunidad, 248 consultas dermatológicas y se atendieron 142 pacientes. Se detectaron 22 pacientes con lesiones micológicas y 19 concurrieron a la toma de muestras. El examen directo resultó positivo en 14 de ellos, uno de los cuales fue Malassezia spp. Los cultivos dieron positivo en 14 pacientes, dos de ellos con dos agentes etiológicos. Se obtuvieron: cuatro Trichophyton rubrum, tres Trichophyton mentagrophytes, cinco Candida albicans, una Candida tropicalis, un Epidermophyton floccosum, un Trichophyton interdigitale y unMicrosporum canis. La mayoría de los aislamientos pertenece al grupo de los dermatofitos, en segundo lugar levaduras del género Candida, y se detectó Malassezia spp.

Superficial mycosis are common dermatologic complaints. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) about 20-25% of the world population suffers from superficial mycosis.There is little information about them especially in peri-urban areas. Our aim was toobtain epidemiological data about superficial mycosis and to identify their etiologicalagents affecting the skin, hair and nails in the population of Villa del Prado community.Our study was descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional. We included patients olderthan 2 years old presenting skin and adnexal lesions suggesting superficial mycosis.Children under 2 years of age, with previous hepatic disease and pregnant women were excluded. The University Social Responsibility project was carried out during 2008-2009-2010 school years. Patients were assisted in Villa del Prado health care center by dermatologists and medical residents. Biochemists specialized in Mycology indicated the preparationfor taking samples to their fourth year students of the Career in Biochemistry.Mycological analyses were performed following the classical methodology. The team went41 times to the community receiving 248 dermatologic consultations; 142 patients wereassisted. In 22 patients mycological lesions were detected; 19 of them went to sampletaking. Direct testing was positive in 14 patients, Malassezia spp being one of them. Cultures were positive in 14 patients, two of them with 2 aethiological agents. 4Trichophyton rubrum, 3 Trichophyton mentagrophytes, 5 Candida albicans, 1 Candida tropicalis,1 Epidermophyton floccosum, 1 Trichophyton interdigitale y 1 Microsporum canis wereobtained. Most isolates belong to the dermatophytes group followed by yeasts of thegenus Candida and Malassezia spp was also detected.

Humans , Mycoses/diagnosis , Mycoses/pathology , Hair , Nails , Skin/injuries
Kasmera ; 40(2): 161-171, jul. 2012. ilus, graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-698169


Objetivo: caracterizar desde el punto de vista clínico, epidemiológico y de tratamiento, los pacientes con diagnóstico de paracoccidioidomicosis evaluados en la Consulta Externa de la Sección de Micología Médica del IMT-UCV y procedentes de otros hospitales del área de la Gran Caracas, cuyas muestras fueron procesadas en dicha Sección, entre los años 2001-2011. Métodos: estudio descriptivo de registros, donde se tomaron en cuenta las historias de los pacientes con diagnóstico de paracoccidioidomicosis. Resultados: la relación hombre:mujer obtenida fue de 6,5:1, sólo el 29,16% de los pacientes tenían ocupaciones agrícolas. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron tos (50%) y pérdida de peso (45,06%) y los signos más comunes fueron lesiones en orofaringe (53,6%) y adenopatías (27,2%). 7,65% cursaron concomitantemente con infección por VIH/SIDA, 5,61% con tuberculosis y 6,63% con histoplasmosis. En cuanto al diagnóstico, el examen directo fue positivo en 87,5% de los casos, el cultivo en el 62,90% y la serología en el 88,46%. La mortalidad general fue de 4,11%. Discusión: La paracoccidioidomicosis es una enfermedad que puede ocurrir en pacientes inmunocompetentes e inmunocomprometidos; tiende a observarse ahora con mayor frecuencia en los pacientes con SIDA. El número de casos entre los pacientes del sexo femenino ha aumentado. La investigación acerca del lugar de origen, de la procedencia y la ocupación del paciente es importante a la hora de plantearse el diagnóstico. Esto debe ser tomado en consideración en un país endémico como el nuestro. Su diagnóstico es relativamente fácil en manos de personal entrenado.

Objective: to characterize from the clinical, epidemiological and treatment viewpoints, patients diagnosed with paracoccidioidomycosis and evaluated in the outpatient clinic of the Medical Mycology Section, at the IMT-UCV and from other hospitals in the greater Caracas area, whose samples were processed in this section between 2001-2011. Methods: descriptive study of records, taking into account the histories of patients diagnosed with paracoccidioidomicosis. Results: the male:female ratio obtained was 6.5:1; only 29.16% of the patients had agricultural occupations. The most common symptoms were cough (50%) and weight loss (45.06%), and the most common signs were oropharyngeal lesions (53.6%) and adenopathy (27.2%). Concomitantly, 7.65% had HIV/AIDS infection, 5.61% tuberculosis and 6.63% histoplasmosis. In terms of diagnosis, the direct exam was positive in 87.5% of cases, the culture in 62.90% and serology in 88.46%. Overall mortality was 4.11%. Discussion: paracoccidioidomycosis is a disease that can occur in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients; currently, it tends to appear more frequently in patients with AIDS. The number of cases among female patients has increased. Research about the place of birth, the origin and the occupation of the patient is important when considering the diagnosis; this should be taken into consideration in an endemic country like Venezuela. Its diagnosis is relatively easy in the hands of trained personnel.

Humans , Mycoses/pathology , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/epidemiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/therapy
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Oct-Dec; 29(4): 439-442
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143876


Schizophyllum commune is widely distributed in the nature, but it rarely causes human infection. We have isolated this mould in a 46-year-old immunocompetent, non-diabetic patient with chronic sinusitis, previously treated with multiple antibiotics and topical steroid nasal drops with no response. Materials obtained from the nasal sinus during the endoscopic surgery, on KOH mount and histopathological study revealed broad septed hyaline hyphae. Growth on the Sabouraud's dextrose agar and potato dextrose agar produced white moulds with microscopic and macroscopic characters of S. commune. Till date there are few reports of S. commune sinusitis in immunocompetent individuals Worldwide. This is the first reported case in India to the best of our knowledge.

Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Culture Media/chemistry , Female , Histocytochemistry , Humans , India , Microscopy , Middle Aged , Mycology/methods , Mycoses/diagnosis , Mycoses/pathology , Schizophyllum/cytology , Schizophyllum/growth & development , Schizophyllum/isolation & purification , Sinusitis/microbiology , Sinusitis/pathology
Annals Abbassi Shaheed Hospital and Karachi Medical and Dental College. 2009; 14 (2): 97-101
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-111141


The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of fungal infection in nasal polyps and highlight the role of fungal culture in comparison with the histological evaluation in identifying fungal infections This was a descriptive study conducted over a period of one year from 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2008 during which consecutive samples of nasal polyps were examined. Only those samples were included in the study which were received in two containers, containing 10% formalin and normal saline, for histopathological examination and microbiological evaluation respectively. Results were recorded on a proforma containing age, sex, histological findings and results of culture. A total of 42 samples were studied. Nasal polyps were found to be more common in males as compared to females. They were predominantly common in adults with mean age of 23.7 years. Positive culture for fungus was seen in 25 cases with Aspergillus spp was the most common isolate seen in 19 cases. Out of 25 culture positive cases, only 12 were identified on histology slides using special stains. There was increased prevalence of fungal infections in nasal polyps and this may explain the etiology as well as the frequent recurrences associated with nasal polyps. The importance of fungal culture has been highlighted in final identification of fungus. So it is recommended that all nasal polyps be simultaneously examined both histopathologically and microbiologically for effective clinical management

Humans , Male , Female , Mycoses/epidemiology , Nasal Polyps/complications , Recurrence , Mycoses , Culture Media , Mycoses/pathology
JPAD-Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists. 2007; 17 (3): 204-208
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-104658


Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic cutaneous and subcutaneous mycotic infection caused mostly by traumatic implantation of pigmented saprophytic moulds ubiquitous in the environment. If not diagnosed earlier, it has a chronic evolutional course that may cause several problems. We present two cases [father and a son] who were simultaneously infected with this uncommon fungal infection. Both had extensive face involvement. Diagnosis was considerably delayed and they were subjected to a myriad of empirical treatments

Humans , Male , Chromoblastomycosis/complications , Chromoblastomycosis/etiology , Chromoblastomycosis/pathology , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Phialophora , Mycoses/complications , Mycoses , Mycoses/pathology , Cladosporium , Itraconazole , Fluorouracil , Cryosurgery , Microscopy
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 24(4): 350-355, dic. 2004. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-422517


La conidiobolomicosis es una micosis subcutánea que se localiza generalmente en la línea media facial; es causada por un hongo saprófito de suelos y vegetales secos, propio de regiones intertropicales, que afecta principalmente a hombres adultos. El agente etiológico C onidiobolus coronatus pertenece a la clase de los Zigomicetos, orden Entomoftorales; se caracteriza por hifas cortas y gruesas, generalmente aseptadas, que crece entre 30°C y 37°C y produce granulomas nasales. Se informan a continuación los hallazgos histológicos de un caso de conidiobolomicosis en un paciente de 31 años de raza negra, natural y procedente de la región de Urabá, quien presentaba deformidad mediofacial con edema de nariz, labio superior e imágenes polipoides en senos maxilares con destrucción del tabique nasal. La biopsia demostró inflamación granulomatosa necrosante difusa en la dermis profunda e hipodermis asociada con eosinófilos y fenómeno de Splendore-Hoeppli, en cuya zona central se ubicaban espacios aparentemente vacíos que contenían el hongo que no se tiñó con HE, pero que sí lo hizo con las coloraciones de PAS y Grocott lo cual permitió la observación de hifas de paredes gruesas y rígidas, con torsión central y extremos cónicos

Male , Conidiobolus/pathogenicity , Entomophthora/pathogenicity , Entomophthora/ultrastructure , Zygomycosis , Mycoses/etiology , Mycoses/pathology
Actas odontol ; 1(1): 53-62, ene.-jun. 2004.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-520834


La candidiasis oral (CO) es una infección frecuente de la mucosa bucal provocada por hongos la familia de la Cándida spp. Estoshongos son integrantes de la flora bucal habitual pero, por diferentes factores locales y sistémicos, pueden transformarse en lainfección denominada CO.En este trabajo se presentan los factores locales y sistémicos que favorecen la infección por Cándida spp, se revisan las diferentesformas clínicas de presentación y los métodos de diagnóstico más empleados. Se presentan, además, las características especialesde esta infección en los pacientes VIH - SIDA.

Oral candidiasis (OC) is a frequent infection of the oral cavity due to fungus of the Candida spp. Those microorganisms aremembers of bucal flora but local and systemic factors collaborates to produce an infection called Oral candidiasis.We review those factors; the clinical forms of presentation of the OC and the laboratories diagnostic methods. Also, the presentationof this infection in HIV – AIDS patients are reviewed.

Humans , Candidiasis, Oral/diagnosis , Candidiasis, Oral/etiology , Candidiasis, Oral/pathology , Candidiasis, Oral/therapy , HIV Infections/complications , Mycoses/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/microbiology
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2003 Jul; 46(3): 450-1
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-73875


Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis is a unique disorder characterised by specific immunological hypersensitivity to certain fungal antigens usually presenting with nasal polyps and characteristic CT findings. It is a noninvasive disease and on histopathology shows formation of allergic mucin containing numerous eosinophils, charcot leyden crystals and scattered fungal hyphae. Many cases have been reported in western journals but it has been rarely reported in Indian literature. This case is probably the first case in India. It is presented here for its rarity.

Adult , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinusitis/pathology , Mycoses/pathology , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial/pathology
J Environ Biol ; 2001 Apr; 22(2): 83-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113197


Trianthema portulacastrum is a noxious weed which spreads rapidly in the field. Pathogen Alternaria alternata was observed on this host for three years continuously i.e. 1997 to 1999. The incidence of the pathogen depended on rainfall and temperature.

Agriculture , Alternaria/pathogenicity , Incidence , Mycoses/pathology , Pest Control , Plants , Rain , Recurrence , Temperature
Bol. venez. infectol ; 9(2): 1-4, dic. 1999.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-721168


Se discute la casuística de las micosis sistémicas en pacientes con SIDA diagnosticadas por métodos inmulogógicos desde 1986 hasta 1997. En 12 años se procesaron 590 serologías para el inmunodiagnóstico de micosis sistémicas en pacientes con infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Doscientas veinte (37,3 por ciento) serologías procedían de pacientes con SIDA y 370 (62,7 por ciento) de pacientes asintomáticos portadores del VIH. El inmunodiagnóstico se realizó por las pruebas de inmunodifusión doble en gel de agarosa y aglutinación de latex para Crytococcus neoformans. De 220 muestras procedentes de pacientes con SIDA 46 (20,9 por ciento) resultaron positivas. La distribución por micosis fué: histoplasmosis 34 (73,9 por ciento), criptococcosis 6 (13 por ciento), paracoccidioidomicosis 5 (10,9 por ciento) Y coccidioidomicosis 1 (2,2 por ciento). En 370 muestras procedentes de pacientes portadores del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) asintomáticos no se detectó ninguna de las patologías antes mencionadas. Se demostró que la micosis sistémica más frecuente en pacientes con SIDA fue la micosis, cuyo agente etiológico Histoplasma capsulatum es de distribución mundial y frecuente en nuestro medio. Se recomienda el uso de la prueba de inmunodifusión doble en gel (serología para hongos) como alternativa en el diagnóstico de micosis sistémicas por su sensibilidad y especificidad.

Humans , Male , Female , HIV , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Histoplasmosis/etiology , Histoplasmosis/pathology , Opportunistic Infections/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/physiology , Agglutination Tests/methods , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/pathology , Infectious Disease Medicine , Microbiology , Mycology , Mycoses/pathology
Alergia (Méx.) ; 46(4): 145-50, jul.-ago. 1999. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-258940


La sinusitis alérgica micótica es una enfermedad de la nariz y senos paranasales de reporte relativamente reciente. Desde los primeros estudios efectuados por Lamb y Katzenstein se ha generado una gran controversia en relación con su diagnóstico y manejo. Hace poco se sugirieron criterios diagnóstico y manejo. Hace poco se sugirieron criterios diagnósticos que para nuestro juicio tienen un alto grado de especificidad. La alergia a los elementos micóticos es esencial para el mismo. En la actualidad, el manejo quirúrgico consiste en crear una aireación adecuada de la nariz y los senos paranasales, seguida del uso de esteroides por vía oral e inhalados. La inmunoterapia es motivo de controversia y, mientras no existan estudios prospectivos que las avalen, deberá recurrirse a ella con cautela

Humans , Hypersensitivity/complications , Mycoses/diagnosis , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/physiopathology , Sinusitis/etiology , Sinusitis/therapy
An. otorrinolaringol. mex ; 44(3): 167-72, jun.-ago. 1999. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-276932


Introducción. Las micosis de senos paranasales se han clasificado en invasiva y no invasiva; el tipo de micosis y su comportamiento clínico depende de la interacción entre la competencia inmunológica del paciente y la patogenicidad del microorganismo, en un determinado micro ambiente. Material y Métodos. Se realizó un estudio clínico prospectivo para evaluar las características de pacientes con sinusitis micótica. Se presentan todos los pacientes diagnosticados y tratados como sinusitis micótica en el periodo de 1994-1997. Resultados. Se encontraron 10 pacientes que correspondieron al 6 por ciento de los casos de sinusitis crónica tratados quirúrgicamente; Todos los pacientes con mucormicosis aguda invasiva recibieron tratamiento medico con anfotericina B, Insulina y refección quirúrgica con debridación extensa del tejido necrótico, resultando en control de la enfermedad subyacente y sobrevida del 50 por ciento de los pacientes. Conclusión. Es necesario diagnosticar precozmente, y dar tratamiento multi disciplinario médico y quirúrgico para lograr una mejor supervivencia de los pacientes

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/epidemiology , Mucormycosis/pathology , Mycoses/epidemiology , Mycoses/pathology , Sinusitis/etiology , Paranasal Sinuses/microbiology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology