Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 271
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e89-e92, abril 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363982

ABSTRACT

ElsíndromedeDownpredisponeatrastornosmieloproliferativos. Se estima que del 5 % al 30 % de los neonatos con esta condición desarrollarán mielopoyesis anormal transitoria. El tratamiento no está estandarizado; la exanguinotransfusión y la citarabina podrían ser efectivos. Se describen dos casos de pacientes con síndrome de Down, quienes durante el período neonatal presentaron leucemia mieloide aguda y mielopoyesis anormal transitoria, los tratamientos utilizados y sus desenlaces. Se considera que la sospecha y el diagnóstico temprano de esta entidad son factores determinantes en el pronóstico.


Down syndrome predisposes to haematological disorders. It is estimated that 5-30% of neonates with this condition will develop transient abnormal myelopoiesis. Treatment is not standardized; exchange transfusion and the use of cytarabine could be effective. We present two clinical cases of patients with Down syndrome, who during the neonatal period showed acute myeloid leukemia and transient abnormal myelopoiesis, the treatments used and their outcomes. Suspicion and early diagnosis of this entity are considered determining factors in prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Down Syndrome/complications , Down Syndrome/diagnosis , Leukemoid Reaction/diagnosis , Leukemoid Reaction/etiology , Leukemoid Reaction/therapy , Myeloproliferative Disorders/complications , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 430-436, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: In Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) models, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are elevated and have been implicated in genomic instability, JAK2/STAT signaling amplification, and disease progression. Although the potential effects of ROS on the MPN phenotype, the effects of ruxolitinib treatment on ROS regulation have been poorly explored. Herein, we have reported the impact of ruxolitinib on redox signaling transcriptional network, and the effects of diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), a pan NOX inhibitor, in JAK2V617F-driven cellular models. Method: Redox signaling-related genes were investigated in SET2 cells upon ruxolitinib treatment by RNA-seq (GEO accession GSE69827). SET2 and HEL cells, which represent JAK2V617F-positive MPN cellular models with distinct sensitivity to apoptosis induced by ruxolitinib, were used. Cell viability was evaluated by MTT, apoptosis by annexin V/PI and flow cytometry, and cell signaling by quantitative PCR and Western blot. Main results: Ruxolitinib impacted on a network composed of redox signaling-related genes, and DUOX1 and DUOX2 were identified as potential modulators of ruxolitinib response. In SET2 and HEL cells, DPI reduced cell viability and, at low doses, it significantly potentiated ruxolitinib-induced apoptosis. In the molecular scenario, DPI inhibited STAT3, STAT5 and S6 ribosomal protein phosphorylation and induced PARP1 cleavage in JAK2V617F-positive cells. DPI combined with ruxolitinib increased PARP1 cleavage in SET2 cells and potentiated ruxolitinib-reduced STAT3, STAT5 and S6 ribosomal protein in HEL cells. Conclusion: Our study reveals a potential adaptation mechanism for resistance against ruxolitinib by transcriptionally reprogramming redox signaling in JAK2V617F cells and exposes redox vulnerabilities with therapeutic value in MPN cellular models.


Subject(s)
Janus Kinase 2 , Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases/drug therapy , Oxidation-Reduction , NADPH Oxidases , Dual Oxidases , Myeloproliferative Disorders
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1540-1547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the disease types, clinical manifestations, efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and provide a reference for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of MPN.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, therapeutic efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant MPN were analyzed comprehensitively by combining a clinical case diagnosed and treated in our hospital with literature cases from CNKI and PubMed databases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 38 related literatures were retrieved from the two databases by searching "JAK2 V617F" and "BCR-ABL" as key words from 1990 to 2019, and 59 cases were involved. Among all the 60 cases, 41 were males (68.3%) with a median age of 61 (32-77) years old, while 19 were females (31.7%) with a median age of 58 (21-82) years old. The BCR-ABL fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation were found simultaneously in 21 cases (35%), 19 cases (31.7%) with JAK2 V617F mutation were found during the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Ph@*CONCLUSION@#As cases of BCR-ABL and JAK2 V617F double-mutant MPN are reported, simultaneous detection of JAK2 V617F mutation and BCR-ABL fusion gene in MPN patients is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Young Adult
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1533-1539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between JAK2 gene mutation and clinical indicators in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).@*METHODS@#122 MPN patients in the Department of Hematology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from September 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between JAK2 gene mutation and sex, age, peripheral blood cell count, splenomegaly, and thrombosis and bleeding events were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 122 patients with MPN, the patients with polycythemia vera (PV) accounted for 36 (29.5%), the patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) accounted for 56 (45.9%), the patients with myelofibrosis (MF) accounted for 30 (24.6%). The JAK2 gene mutation rate in MPN patients was 64.6% (79/122), and the JAK2 gene mutation rate in PV, ET and MF groups were 77.7% (28/36), 60.7% (34/56) and 56.7% (17/30), the JAK2 gene mutation rate of the patients in PV group was statistically significant as compared with those in the ET group (P<0.05). The hemoglobin (Hb) count of the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group was higher than those in wild-type group [(150.0±39.6)g/L vs (129.4±38.9)g/L, P<0.05]; the white blood cell (WBC) count of the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group was higher than those in the wild type group [(9.5±4.7)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The mutation rate of JAK2 gene in MPN patients is higher, and the mutation rate of JAK2 gene in PV patients is higher than that in ET and MF patients; JAK2 gene mutations in MPN patients are related to hemogram index; the incidence of splenomegaly is the highest in MF patients, and splenomegaly is related to the occurrence of JAK2 gene mutations in MF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Mutation Rate , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1869-1874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the overview of thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) patients, and to explore the risk factors of thrombosis at diagnosis and during follow-up.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 388 MPN patients treated in our hospital were collected. The patients were followed up by outpatient and phone. The risk factors of thrombosis were analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Among 388 MPN patients, 161 patients (41.49%) showed thromboses at diagnosis or during follow-up. Among them, 92.55% were arterial thromboses, 146 cases (96.27%) were complicated with thromboses at diagnosis, and 36 cases (11.46%) showed newly thromboses or progression of previous thromboses among the 314 received full follow-up patients. Age (P<0.001, HR:1.033, 95%CI:1.016-1.051), JAK2V617F mutation (P=0.037, HR:1.72, 95%CI: 1.033-2.862), hypertension (P<0.001, HR:2.639, 95%CI:1.659-4.197) and hyperlipidemia (P<0.001, HR:2.659, 95%CI:1.626-4.347) were the independent risk factors affecting thrombosis at diagnosis of the patients. During the follow-up, age (P=0.016, HR:1.032, 95%CI: 1.006-1.059) and previous thrombosis history (P=0.019, HR:2.194, 95%CI: 1.135-4.242) were the independent risk factors affecting the progression of thrombosis at different sites or on the basis of the previous thrombosis in the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with advanced age, JAK2V617F mutation or complicated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia shows a higher risk of thrombosis at diagnosis, while the patients with advanced age or previous thrombosis history shows a higher risk of progression of thrombosis during the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Philadelphia Chromosome , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To deeply understand the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of an eight p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) with rare phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics and the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were summarized in 1 rare EMS case involving T/B/myeloid cells. Meanwhile, 2 similar cases in the previous literature were also discussed.@*RESULTS@#The bone marrow examination indicated that the patient with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The lymph node biopsy showed that the patient was T lymphoblastic/myeloid lymphoma. The 8p11 abnormality was found by the examination of bone marrow chromosomes. The RT-PCR examination showed that the BCR-ABL fused gene was negtive. The FGFR1 breakage was found by using the FISH with FGFR1 probe in lymph node. The Mutation of FMNL3, NBPF1 and RUNX1 genes was found by using the whole exome sequencing. The patient received allo-HSCT under CR2. By the follow-up till to September 2019, the patient survived without the above-mentioned disease.@*CONCLUSION@#EMS manifest as neoplasms involving T-lineage, B-lineage, and myeloid-lineage simultaneously is extremely rare. Although the FGFR1 gene-targeted therapy can be conducted, allo-HSCT should be actively considered.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Formins , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Phenotype , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1242-1246, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression level of ETV6-ABL fusion gene in different cell populations in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) and therapeutic effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).@*METHODS@#A 42-year-old man who presented with fever, marked leukocytosis and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) like MPN was reported. ETV6-ABL fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR and confirmed by direct sequencing. ETV6-ABL mRNA expression in each cell population sorted from peripheral blood by flow cytometry was detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#ETV6-ABL fusion gene was found out in bone marrow cells and confirmed as type A by direct sequencing. ETV6-ABL fusion gene transcript level in polymorphonuclear cells was nearly 3.6-fold relative to that in total cells, which was significantly higher than that in T cell, B cell and monocyte subsets. The complete blood count (CBC) returned to normal level after treatment with imatinib (400 mg) daily for three months. After TKI treatment for 6 months, the ratio of ETV6-ABL/ABL decreased from 174.1% to 1.9%.@*CONCLUSION@#ETV6-ABL fusion gene positive MPN may have a CML clinical presentation and is sensitive to TKI. ETV6-ABL fusion gene is specifically expressed in polymorphonuclear cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Genes, abl , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Male , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1236-1241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the comprehensive laboratory test data of BCR-ABL1 fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation co-expressed in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients, and investigate its relative clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Data of 1 332 MPN patients were comprehensively analyzed, BCR-ABL1 (P190/P210/P230) fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation were detected by real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique, the CALR, MPL, JAK2 12 and 13 exon mutations were detected by the First Generation Sequencing, the bone marrow cell morphology and pathological characteristics were evaluated by bone marrow smear and biopsy technique, the immune phenotypes of bone marrow cells were evaluated by flow cytometry, the chromosome karyotypes of bone marrow cells were analyzed by chromosome G banding technique.@*RESULTS@#Four of the 1 332 patients were found to have the co-existence of BCR-ABL1 fusion gene and the JAK2 V617F mutation, with a 0.3% incidence and a median age of 70 years old, including 2 cases of polycythemia vera, 1 case of primary myelofibrosis, and 1 case of chronic myeloid leukemia-accelerated phase. The clues of double positive genes of such patients at the time of initial diagnose could not be cued only by age, physical signs and cell morphology, they should be analyzed by comprehensive test data.@*CONCLUSION@#The co-existence of BCR-ABL1 fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation in the same case is a kind of disease with special clinical significance. The application of multiple detection methods can improve the detection of this disease, which is conducive to early detection, reasonable diagnosis and treatment by clinicians.


Subject(s)
Aged , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Laboratories , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera
10.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(3): 238-244, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The classical BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are Polycythemia Vera (PV), Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) and Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF). In developing countries, there are few reports that truly reveal the clinical setting of these patients. Therefore, we aimed to characterize a single center MPN population with a special focus on the correct diagnosis based on the recent review of the WHO criteria for the diagnosis of myeloid neoplasms. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed data from medical records of patients with classical BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs diagnosed from January 1997 to October 2017 and followed at the University Hospital of Ribeirão Preto Medical School. Results: A total of 162 patients were assessed, 61 with PV, 50 with ET, and 51 with PMF. The mutational status analysis revealed that 113 (69.3%) harbored the JAK2V617F mutation, 23 (14.1%), the CALR mutation, and 12 (7.4%) had a triple-negative status. None of the patients were found to have mutations on the thrombopoietin receptor gene (MPL), including some ET and PMF patients who were not tested. Among the PV patients, 57 (93.5%) were positive for the JAK2V617F mutation, one (1.6%) presented an in-frame deletion JAK2 exon 12 mutation and one (1.6%) presented a missense JAK2 exon 9 mutation, not previously described. The overall survival was lower in the triple-negative patients with PMF, when compared to the JAK2V617F or CALR-mutated (p= 0.002). Conclusion: The frequency of somatic mutations and survival in our cohort, stratified according to the respective disease, was consistent with the literature data, despite some limitations. Further prospective epidemiological studies of MPN cohorts are encouraged in developing countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Polycythemia Vera , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative , Primary Myelofibrosis , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Myeloproliferative Disorders
11.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(3): 195-199, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134039

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The novel coronavirus has swept across the world in 2020 and ushered a new era. In the current scenario, it is not clear how patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (including chronic myelogenous leukemia) should be managed, considering the risk of therapy, the need for social distancing and the risk of untimely therapy discontinuation of delay. This guideline aims to give providers a sense of direction in order to better take care of patients and prioritize care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Myeloproliferative Disorders/therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1059-1063, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827161

ABSTRACT

Abstract  Single cell sequencing technology is different from traditional sequencing method, which is based on population cell average level. It has been widely used in many fields and made great progress in the application of malignant hematological diseases. In this review, the principle, methodology and application of single cell sequencing technology in malignant hematological diseases are summarized briefly, including the study of the pathogenesis in myelodysplastic syndrome, the mechanism of transformation into leukemia, accurate diagnosis and classification, differential diagnosis, evaluation of targeted drug therapeutic efficacy and exploration of biomarkers; specific diagnostic indicators for myeloproliferative diseases, progression of disease monitoring and epidemiological studies; moreover, the pathogenesis and drug resistance of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which can provide reference for the diagnosis and research of malignant hematological diseases.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Diseases , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Sequence Analysis
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1998-2003, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the proformance of multiplex PCR and capillary electrophoresis(MPCE) in the detection of JAK2V617F and CALR mutation in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN).@*METHODS@#The specificity primers of JAK2617F gene mutation and the primers of CALR gene were designed at the same time. The JAK2V617F and CALR gene primers were labeled with Cy5 fluorescence, all the primers were mixed in one tube for multiplex PCR and the PCR prodcuts were analysised by capillary electrophoresis. Then detection limit and sensitivity of MPCE were evaluated, and compared with comercial diagnostic kit.@*RESULTS@#JAK2V617F and CALR gene mutations could be detect by MPCE in one PCR test. JAK2V617F mutation could be detected at 0.01 ng genomic DNA, double positive JAK2V617F and CLAR gene mutations could be detected at 0.1 ng genomic DNA, at least 0.1% JAK2V617F positive mutation could be detected. The consistency between MPCE and commercial diagnostic gene mutation kit was 100%.@*CONCLUSION@#It is developed that a new gene mutation detection method of JAK2 V617F and CLAR gene based on MPCE in our experiment and it can be used as a new reagent for molecular diagnosis of MPN patients.


Subject(s)
Calreticulin/genetics , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Patients , Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical and molecular characteristics of a patient with myeloid neoplasm and co-existence of t(7;11)(p15;p15) and t(5;12)(q33;p13) translocations.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patient was collected. Conventional karyotyping, reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR and next generation sequencing (NGS) were carried out to delineate its genetic features.@*RESULTS@#The patient has featured recurrent rash, fatigue, loss of appetite and splenomegaly. Laboratory test suggested hyperleukocytosis of FAB-M2-subtype. Neither eosinophilia nor basophilia was presented. NUP98/HOXA9 and ETV6/PDGFRB fusion genes were detected by RT-PCR. NGS and DNA-PCR showed the co-existence of WT1 p.C423Y, KRAS p.G12D and DNMT3A p.R882C mutations. The patient achieved morphological remission after imatinib plus coventional chemotherapy (standard IAC regimen). However, the disease has relapsed shortly after. Treatment was switched to HHT-Ara-C-Acla regimen, no hematological response was observed. The ETV6/PDGFRB fusion gene was undetectable in bone marrow sample, though strong expression of NUP98/HOXA9 was detectable throughout the whole course.@*CONCLUSION@#Acute myeloid leukemia in association with the co-existence of NUP98/HOXA9 and ETV6/PDGFRB fusion genes have unique clinical and genetic features. Imatinib seems to have no impact on the overall survival in such cases.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Translocation, Genetic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776763

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a system for rapid detection of JAK2 V617F mutation among patients with myeloproliferative diseases.@*METHODS@#Specific primers and TagMan probes were designed for the mutant and wild type alleles based on the principle of real-time PCR. A complete system including the method for detection and product for quality control were established through the evaluation of sensitivity and accuracy of the method, double-blind trial, and preparation of negative and positive controls through site-directed mutagenesis and molecular cloning.@*RESULTS@#A system for rapid detection of the JAK V617F mutation has been developed. Compared with Sanger sequencing, the sensitivity and specificity of the method have both reached 100%. Meanwhile, 1000 normal samples and 1 case with the JAK2 V617F mutation were detected, which gave a population rate of 1‰.@*CONCLUSION@#The system was fast, accurate, cheap, high throughput, and easy to use. It can be utilized as a routine test. Although the JAK2 V617F mutation is rare in the population, it should be screened among myeloproliferative neoplasm patients.


Subject(s)
Alleles , DNA Mutational Analysis , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1574-1579, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the polymorphism of TET2 gene SNP rs3733609 and JAK2V617F allele burden in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).@*METHODS@#The exon 9 of TET2 gene was amplified by RT-PCR, and the nucleotide sequence of SNP rs3733609 site was analyzed by gene sequencing. The MGB Taqman probe PCR method was used to detect the JAK2V617F allele burden. The correlation of TET2 gene SNP rs3733609 C/T with the JAK2V617F allele burden and clinical parameters was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#TET2 gene rs3733609 C/T heterozygosity (normal T/T) could be detected in 19 cases of 85 cases of JAK2V617F positive MPN (22.4%) patients, while the TET2 gene rs3733609 C/T heterozygosity could be detected only in 9 of the 106 healthy volunteers, and the incidence was only 8.5% (9/106). Compared with the negative group (TET2 rs3733609 T/T), there was no significant difference in the median age, hemoglobin level and platelet count in the patients with TET2 gene SNP rs3733609 (CT/TC) positive, but the WBC count of peripheral blood and JAK2V617F allele burden significantly increased. In JAK2V617F high allele burden group, TET2 gene SNP rs3733609 was positive in 7 cases (36.8%, 7/19), the ratio was higher than that in the low allele burden group(18.2%, 12/66).@*CONCLUSION@#TET2 SNP rs3733609 C/T may be a new susceptible allelee, which affects the clinical characteristics and clonal evolution of MPN patients.


Subject(s)
Alleles , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Exons , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics , Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the incidence, hemogram, genetics, clinical manifestations, therapeutic efficacy and outcome of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) so as to provide much more therapeutic basis for clinically studying the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment as well as evaluating the prognosis of MPN patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and related laboratory test results in 208 cases of BCR/ABL fusion gene regative MPN were collected and analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The MPN could occur at any age, but the highest incidence was observed in patients aged 40-79. Among 208 patients with MPN, the patients with essential thrombocythemia(ET) accounted for 48.56%(101/208), the patients with polycythemia vera(PV) accounted for 25.96%(54/208), and the patients with primary myelofibrosis(PMF) accounted for 25.48(53/208). The clinical manifestation of MPN varied, the first manifestations was no-specific, onset of disease presented slow. The JAK2V617F gene mutation existed in 130 out of 208 patients with MPN, total mutation rate was 62.5%;JAK2V617F mutation rate in PV patients was 81.5%(44/54), while that in ET and PMF patients was 58.4%(59/101) and 50.9%(27/53) respectively, the detected rate of this mutation in PV patients was significantly higher than that in ET and PMF patients (P0.05). In PV group, the WBC count of JAK2V617F positive patients was significantly enhanced (P0.05); in ET and PMF groups, the JAK2V617F positive patients had a higher WBC count and hemoglobin level(P0.05). The most common vascular event in patients with MPN was ischemic cerebrovascular disease. The JAK2V617F mutation related with risk of thrombosis (OR=2.222, 95% CI=1.101 to 4.486). The difference in the incidence of vascular event between ET and PV patients was no statistically significant (P>0.05), but the incidence of vascular event in ET and PV patients was higher than that in PMF patients(P<0.05). The disease conversion much more easily happened in JAK2V617F positive patients. After treatment, the MPN could be controlled, yet the maintained treatment is needed.@*CONCLUSION@#The MPN can occur almost at any age, but more commonly occures in middle-aged and elderly persons. The onset of MPN varies, the clinical manifestation was similar, a high detected rate of JAK2V617F mutation is observed in MPN patients and relates closely with onset of MPN; moreover, JAK2V617F mutation rate relates with type of MPN. The MPN patients with JAK2V617F mutation have higher WBC count and higher incidence of thrombosis. After treatment, the MPN can be better controlled, and need maintenance treatment. So as to avoid the reccurence of disease, control the complications and obtain the longterm survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Middle Aged , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Retrospective Studies
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8194, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984032

ABSTRACT

Cytogenetics is essential in myeloid neoplasms (MN) and pre-analytical variables are important for karyotyping. We assessed the relationship between pre-analytical variables (time from collection to sample processing, material type, sample cellularity, and diagnosis) and failures of karyotyping. Bone marrow (BM, n=352) and peripheral blood (PB, n=69) samples were analyzed from acute myeloid leukemia (n=113), myelodysplastic syndromes (n=73), myelodysplastic syndromes/myeloproliferative neoplasms (n=17), myeloproliferative neoplasms (n=137), and other with conclusive diagnosis (n=6), and reactive disorders/no conclusive diagnosis (n=75). The rate of unsuccessful karyotyping was 18.5% and was associated with the use of PB and a low number of nucleated cells (≤7×103/µL) in the sample. High and low cellularity in BM and high and low cellularity in PB samples showed no metaphases in 3.9, 39.7, 41.9, and 84.6% of cases, respectively. Collecting a good BM sample is the key for the success of karyotyping in MN and avoids the use of expensive molecular techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Specimen Handling/methods , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Leukemia, Myeloid/genetics , Karyotyping/methods , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Specimen Handling/standards , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid/diagnosis , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis
20.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 30(3): 207-217, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051370

ABSTRACT

V617F mutation in exon 14 of Janus Kinase 2 gene (jak-2) is used as a molecular marker for the diagnosis of Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Phi-) such as Polycythemia Vera (PV), Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) and Primary Myelofibrosis (MFP). To detect this mutation, we used conventional polymerase chain reaction technique (PCR), a simple and inexpensive technique, however, has some drawbacks that current technology allows to solve. During the last years, more sensitive molecular techniques have been incorporated in clinical practice to support the diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up of hematological patients. For its implementation in the clinical routine should be considered technical and economic aspects, so in this work, we evaluate the Real Time PCR technique as a diagnostic method for the detection of the Jak-2-V617F mutation, using in house primers design. Our result show that the technique implemented has a concordance index of 0.87 with the conventional PCR used in the molecular diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms. In addition, it has the same specificity, greater sensitivity and, shorter execution time in relation to conventional PCR. The implementation of this diagnostic method in our Hospital is technically possible and commercially convenient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Janus Kinase 2/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/trends
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL