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1.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 10(1): [P74-P79], mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1087935

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de mortalidad y morbilidad en el mundo actualmente, lo que obliga a la realización de los continuos avances en las estrategias diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento con el fin de mejorar el pronóstico y disminuir la mortalidad. Sin duda esto abre las puertas al campo de la investigación y en los últimos años aparecen los llamados biomarcadores séricos y entre ellos los microARN (miARN) que juegan un papel fundamental tanto en el desarrollo y como en la regulación del sistema cardiovascular. Los microARN tienen un tamaño de 19-25 nucleótidos, son el grupo de ARN de pequeño tamaño que ha atraído mayor atención durante los últimos años. Hasta la fecha, se han identificado aproximadamente unos 2500 miARN en el genoma humano. Los miARN desempeñan un papel en la regulación de diversos procesos biológicos, como la embriogénesis, la proliferación y diferenciación celular, la apoptosis o la tumorogénesis. En el sistema cardiovascular, los miARN controlan el crecimiento y la contractilidad de los cardiomiocitos, el desarrollo y mantenimiento del ritmo cardíaco, la formación de la placa arterioesclerótica, el metabolismo de los lípidos y la angiogénesis. Además están vinculados en la fisiopatología de varias enfermedades cardiovasculares, fundamentalmente la insuficiencia cardiaca, el infarto de miocardio, la enfermedad coronaria, la ateroesclerosis, y las cardiomiopatías de diversas etiologías, de allí que su determinación en la circulación podría ser de utilidad en la práctica clínica como potencial biomarcador diagnóstico y pronóstico de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Palabras clave: Micro RNA; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Biomarcadores séricos.


Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world today, which forces the continuous progress in early diagnosis and treatment strategies in order to improve the prognosis and decrease mortality. Undoubtedly this opens the doors to the field of research and in recent years there are the so-called serum biomarkers and among them microRNAs (miRNAs) that play a fundamental role both in the development and in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. The microRNAs are 19 to 25 nucleotides in size, they are the small group of RNA that has attracted the most attention in recent years. To date, approximately 2,500 miRNAs have been identified in the human genome. The miRNAs play a role in the regulation of various biological processes, such as embryogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis or oncogenesis. In the cardiovascular system, miRNAs control the growth and contractility of cardiomyocytes, the development and maintenance of heart rhythm, the formation of atherosclerotic plaque, lipid metabolism and angiogenesis. They are also linked in the pathophysiology of several cardiovascular diseases, mainly heart failure, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and cardiomyopathies of various etiologies, hence their determination in circulation could be useful in clinical practice as a potential biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases. Keywords: Micro RNA; Cardiovascular diseases; Serum biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , MicroRNAs , RNA , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/etiology , Heart Failure , Myocardial Infarction
2.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although current guidelines recommend noninvasive stress tests prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unknown whether antecedent exercise stress test (EST) affects the outcomes of patients undergoing PCI for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes in patients undergoing elective PCI with or without EST.METHODS: We studied 2,674 patients undergoing elective PCI using drug-eluting stents for SIHD. Patients were divided into the 2 groups: the test group underwent EST with a positive result within 180 days prior to PCI (n = 668), whereas the non-test group did not undergo any noninvasive stress tests (n = 2,006). The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI).RESULTS: Over 5 years after the index PCI, the risk of all-cause death or MI was significantly lower in the test group than in the non-test group in overall population (3.3% vs. 10.9%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22–0.55; P < 0.001), and in propensity score-matched population (668 pairs) (3.3% vs. 6.3%; adjusted HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.30–0.89; P = 0.018). However, the incidence of any revascularization was similar between the 2 groups in overall (16.7% vs. 16.8%; adjusted HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.79–1.25; P = 0.962) and matched population (16.7% vs. 18.3%; adjusted HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.70–1.19; P = 0.509).CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent elective PCI with EST had a reduced risk of all-cause death or MI than those undergoing PCI without stress tests.


Subject(s)
Angina, Stable , Drug-Eluting Stents , Exercise Test , Humans , Incidence , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Ischemia , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 120-128, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782200

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is influenced by many factors. Using a contemporary registry, we evaluated variables associated with the use of warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants (OACs).MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the prospective multicenter CODE-AF registry, 10529 patients with AF were evaluated. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify variables associated with the use of anticoagulants.RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 66.9±14.4 years, and 64.9% were men. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores were 2.6±1.7 and 1.8±1.1, respectively. In patients with high stroke risk (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2), OACs were used in 83.2%, including direct OAC in 68.8%. The most important factors for non-OAC treatment were end-stage renal disease [odds ratio (OR) 0.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.19–0.40], myocardial infarct (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40–0.72), and major bleeding (OR 0.57; 95% CI: 0.39–0.84). Female sex (OR 1.40; 95% CI: 1.21–1.61), cancer (OR 1.78; 95% CI: 1.38–2.29), and smoking (OR 1.60; 95% CI: 1.15–2.24) were factors favoring direct OAC use over warfarin. Among patients receiving OACs, the rate of combined antiplatelet agents was 7.8%. However, 73.6% of patients did not have any indication for a combination of antiplatelet agents.CONCLUSION: Renal disease and history of valvular heart disease were associated with warfarin use, while cancer and smoking status were associated with direct OAC use in high stroke risk patients. The combination of antiplatelet agents with OAC was prescribed in 73.6% of patients without definite indications recommended by guidelines.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Atrial Fibrillation , Female , Heart Valve Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Infarction , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Prospective Studies , Smoke , Smoking , Stroke , Warfarin
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762461

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is critical for initiating effective treatment and achieving better prognosis. We investigated the performance of copeptin for early diagnosis of AMI, in comparison with creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 271 patients presenting with chest pain (within six hours of onset), suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, at an emergency department (ED). Serum CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin levels were measured. The diagnostic performance of CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin, alone and in combination, for AMI was assessed by ROC curve analysis by comparing the area under the curve (AUC). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of each marker were obtained, and the characteristics of each marker were analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were diagnosed as having ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; N=43), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI; N=25), unstable angina (N=78), or other diseases (N=125). AUC comparisons showed copeptin had significantly better diagnostic performance than TnI in patients with chest pain within two hours of onset (AMI: P=0.022, ≤1 hour; STEMI: P=0.017, ≤1 hour and P=0.010, ≤2 hours). In addition, TnI and copeptin in combination exhibited significantly better diagnostic performance than CK-MB plus TnI in AMI and STEMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TnI and copeptin improves AMI diagnostic performance in patients with early-onset chest pain in an ED setting.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angina, Unstable , Area Under Curve , Chest Pain , Creatine Kinase , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Troponin I
5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 120-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31–3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stents , Stroke , Thrombosis
7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 133-144, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786225

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between operator volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between operator PCI volume and in-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI.METHODS: Among the total of 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the Korean nationwide, retrospective registry (K-PCI registry), 8,282 patients treated with PCI for STEMI by 373 operators were analyzed. PCI volumes above the 75th percentile (>30 cases/year), between the 75th and 25th percentile (10–30 cases/year), and below the 25th percentile (<10 cases/year) were defined as high, moderate, and low-volume operators, respectively. In-hospital outcomes including mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, stroke, and urgent repeat PCI were analyzed.RESULTS: The average number of primary PCI cases performed by 373 operators was 22.2 in a year. In-hospital mortality after PCI for STEMI was 571 cases (6.9%). In-hospital outcomes by operator volume showed no significant differences in the death rate, cardiac death, non-fatal MI, and stent thrombosis. However, the rate of urgent repeat PCI tended to be lower in the high-volume operator (0.6%) than in the moderate-(0.7%)/low-(1.5%) volume operator groups (p=0.095). The adjusted odds ratios for adverse in-hospital outcomes were similar in the 3 groups. Multivariate analysis also showed that operator volume was not a predictor for adverse in-hospital outcomes.CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI were not associated with operator volume in the K-PCI registry.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Death , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Infarction , Odds Ratio , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Stroke , Thrombosis , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786215

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The impact of SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery score (SS) and SS II in patients who receive percutaneous coronary intervention with second-generation everolimus-eluting stents (EES) has not been fully validated.METHODS: The SS, SS II were calculated in 1,248 patients with left main and/or 3-vessel disease treated with EES. Patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE; all-cause death, any myocardial infarction (MI), any revascularization) and target lesion failure (TLF: cardiac death, target-vessel MI, target lesion revascularization) were analyzed.RESULTS: The mean SS was 21.1±9.6. Three-year POCE increased according to the SS group (15.2% vs. 19.9% vs. 27.4% for low (≤22), intermediate (≥23, ≤32), high (≥33) SS groups, p<0.001). By multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, SS group was an independent predictor of 3-year POCE (hazard ratio, 1.324; 95% confidence interval, 1.095–1.601; p=0.004). The receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the SS II was superior to the SS for 3-year POCE prediction (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.611 vs. 0.669 for SS vs. SS II, p=0.019), but not for 3-year TLF (AUC: 0.631 vs. 0.660 for SS vs. SS II, p=0.996). In subgroup analysis, SS II was superior to SS in patients with cardiovascular clinical risk factors, and in those presenting as stable angina.CONCLUSIONS: The usefulness of SS and SS II was still valid in patients with left main and/or 3-vessel disease. SS II was superior to SS for the prediction of patient-oriented outcomes, but not for lesion-oriented outcomes.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00698607ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01605721


Subject(s)
Angina, Stable , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Stents , Taxus , Thoracic Surgery
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antiarrhythmic effect of renal denervation (RDN) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of RDN on ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after AMI in a porcine model.METHODS: Twenty pigs were randomly divided into 2 groups based on RDN (RDN, n=10; Sham, n=10). After implanting a loop recorder, AMI was induced by occlusion of the middle left anterior descending coronary artery. Catheter-based RDN was performed for each renal artery immediately after creating AMI. Sham procedure used the same method, but a radiofrequency current was not delivered. Electrocardiography was monitored for 1 hour to observe VA. One week later, the animals were euthanized and the loop recorder data were analyzed.RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation event rate and the interval from AMI creation to first VA in acute phase were not different between the 2 groups. However, the incidence of premature ventricular complex (PVC) was lower in the RDN than in the Sham. Additionally, RDN inhibited prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval after AMI. The frequency of non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia, arrhythmic death was lower in the RDN group in the early period.CONCLUSIONS: RDN reduced the incidence of PVC, inhibited prolongation of the QTc interval, and reduced VA in the early period following an AMI. These results suggest that RDN might be a therapeutic option in patients with electrical instability after AMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Autonomic Denervation , Coronary Vessels , Denervation , Electrocardiography , Humans , Incidence , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Renal Artery , Swine , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Ventricular Fibrillation , Ventricular Premature Complexes
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: 2018 ESC/ESH Hypertension guideline recommends 2-drug combination as initial anti-hypertensive therapy. However, real-world evidence for effectiveness of recommended regimens remains limited. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of first-line anti-hypertensive treatment combining 2 out of the following classes: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin-receptor blocker (A), calcium channel blocker (C), and thiazide-type diuretics (D).METHODS: Treatment-naïve hypertensive adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) who initiated dual anti-hypertensive medications were identified in 5 databases from US and Korea. The patients were matched for each comparison set by large-scale propensity score matching. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events as a composite outcome comprised the secondary measure.RESULTS: A total of 987,983 patients met the eligibility criteria. After matching, 222,686, 32,344, and 38,513 patients were allocated to A+C vs. A+D, C+D vs. A+C, and C+D vs. A+D comparison, respectively. There was no significant difference in the mortality during total of 1,806,077 person-years: A+C vs. A+D (hazard ratio [HR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97−1.20; p=0.127), C+D vs. A+C (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.87−1.01; p=0.067), and C+D vs. A+D (HR, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.95−1.47; p=0.104). A+C was associated with a slightly higher risk of heart failure (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.01−1.18; p=0.040) and stroke (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01−1.17; p=0.040) than A+D.CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in mortality among A+C, A+D, and C+D combination treatment in patients without previous CVD. This finding was consistent across multi-national heterogeneous cohorts in real-world practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Antihypertensive Agents , Calcium Channel Blockers , Calcium Channels , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Diuretics , Heart Failure , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Propensity Score , Stroke
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786075

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Aspects of disease severity that are associated with heightened inflammation, such as during atherosclerosis or after myocardial infarction, are correlated with macrophage activation and macrophage polarization of the transcriptome and secretome. In this setting, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) may be as abundant as protein-coding genes and are increasingly recognized as significant modulators of macrophage gene expression and cytokine secretion, although the functions of most ncRNAs—and in particular, long non-coding RNAs—remain unknown. Herein, we discuss a subset of specific ncRNAs of interest in macrophages in atherosclerosis and during myocardial inflammation.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Cardiovascular Diseases , Gene Expression , Inflammation , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Untranslated , Transcriptome
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 36-43, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-787276

ABSTRACT

We evaluated whether thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces adverse clinical outcomes within 30-days and 1-year periods. There is no well-designed, Korean data about the clinical impact of intracoronary TA during primary PCI in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 3749 patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI within 12 hours (60.8±12.9 years, 18.7% women) with pre-procedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow 0, 1 in coronary angiography were enrolled between November 2011 and December 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: PCI with TA (n=1630) and PCI alone (n=2119). The primary end-point was major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiovascular death (CVD), recurrent MI and stroke for 30-days and 1-year. TA did not diminish the risk of MACE, all-cause mortality and CVD in all patients during 30-days or 1-year. After performing the propensity score matching, TA also did not reduce the risk of MACE (Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI):1.187 [0.863-1.633], p value=0.291), all-cause mortality (HR with 95% CI: 1.130 [0.776-1.647], p value=0.523) and CVD (HR with 95% CI: 1.222 [0.778-1.920], p value=0.384) during the 1-year period. In subgroup analysis, there was no benefit of clinical outcomes favoring PCI with TA. In conclusion, primary PCI with TA did not reduce MACE, all-cause mortality or CVD among the Korean patients with STEMI and pre-procedural TIMI flow 0, 1 during the 30-day and 1-year follow ups.


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Stroke , Thrombectomy , Thrombosis
16.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 55-61, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-787273

ABSTRACT

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute MI. A total of 625 patients with acute MI from 14 teaching hospitals in Korea were divided into 2 groups according to the dose of nebivolol (nebistol®, Elyson Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea): low-dose group (1.25 mg daily, n=219) and usual- to high-dose group (≥2.5 mg daily, n=406). The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, composite of death from any cause, non-fatal MI, stroke, repeat revascularization, rehospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure) at 12 months. After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, the rates of MACCE were not different between the low-dose and the usual- to high-dose groups (2.8% and 3.1%, respectively; hazard ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 2.24, p=0.860). The low-dose nebivolol group showed higher rates of MI than the usual- to high-dose group (1.2% and 0%, p=0.008). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (1.1% and 0.3%, p=0.273), stroke (0.4% and 1.1%, p=0.384), repeat PCI (1.2% and 0.8%, p=0.428), rehospitalization for unstable angina (1.2% and 1.0%, p=0.743) and for heart failure (0.6% and 0.7%, p=0.832). In patients with acute MI, the rates of MACCE for low-dose and usual- to high-dose nebivolol were not significantly different at 12-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Nebivolol , Observational Study , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta , Seoul , Stroke
17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 317-327, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, Genoss drug-eluting stent (DES)™ stent comprising cobalt-chromium platform with an ultrathin strut thickness, sirolimus, and an abluminal biodegradable polymer was developed. Owing to the lack of substantial evidence for the safety and efficacy of this stent, we report 12-month results of the Genoss DES™ stent.METHODS: We analyzed subjects who were eligible for a 12-month follow-up from the ongoing Genoss DES™ registry, which is a prospective, single-arm, observational, multicenter trial to investigate the clinical outcomes after the successful Genoss DES™ stent implantation among all-comers. The primary endpoint was a device-oriented composite outcome, defined as cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization at 12-month follow-up.RESULTS: Among 622 subjects, the mean age of subjects was 66.5±10.4 years, 70.6% were males, 67.5% had hypertension, and 38.3% had diabetes. The implanted stent number, diameter, and length per patient were 1.5±0.8, 3.1±0.4 mm, and 36.0±23.3 mm, respectively. At 12-month clinical follow-up, the primary endpoint occurred only in 4 (0.6%) subjects.CONCLUSIONS: The novel Genoss DES™ stent exhibited excellent safety and efficacy in real-world practice.


Subject(s)
Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Prospective Studies , Registries , Sirolimus , Stents
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 330-342, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is insufficient evidence regarding the optimal treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis.METHODS: Bayesian cross-design and network meta-analyses were performed to compare the safety and efficacy among carotid artery stenting (CAS), carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and medical treatment (MT). We identified 18 studies (4 randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and 14 nonrandomized, comparative studies [NRCSs]) comparing CAS with CEA, and 4 RCTs comparing CEA with MT from MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases.RESULTS: The risk for periprocedural stroke tended to increase in CAS, compared to CEA (odds ratio [OR], 1.86; 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.62–4.54). However, estimates for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) were quite heterogeneous in RCTs and NRCSs. Despite a trend of decreased risk with CAS in RCTs (OR, 0.70; 95% CrI, 0.27–1.24), the risk was similar in NRCSs (OR, 1.02; 95% CrI, 0.87–1.18). In indirect comparisons of MT and CAS, MT showed a tendency to have a higher risk for the composite of periprocedural death, stroke, MI, or nonperiprocedural ipsilateral stroke (OR, 1.30; 95% CrI, 0.74–2.73). Analyses of study characteristics showed that CEA-versus-MT studies took place about 10-year earlier than CEA-versus-CAS studies.CONCLUSIONS: A similar risk for periprocedural MI between CEA and CAS in NRCSs suggested that concerns about periprocedural MI accompanied by CEA might not matter in real-world practice when preoperative evaluation and management are working. Maybe the benefits of CAS over MT have been overestimated considering advances in medical therapy within10-year gap between CEA-versus-MT and CEA-versus-CAS studies.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Myocardial Infarction , Stents , Stroke
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 220-233, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811357

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies.METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.RESULTS: At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19–0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54–13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67–9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68–31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10–7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI.CONCLUSIONS: SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Creatinine , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Shock, Cardiogenic
20.
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