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1.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(3): 45-51, dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100152

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las lesiones cardiacas son entidades desafiantes en la ci-rugía de emergencia, su alta mortalidad obliga a tomar decisiones rápidas y precisas. Metodología: serie de casos que analizó las historias clínicas de pacien-tes con trauma cardiaco atendidos en el Centro de Trauma y Emergencia del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso (HVCM) durante el período noviembre del 2015 ­ abril 2017. Objetivos: presentar el manejo de esta patología, así como su mortalidad en nuestro medio Resultados: durante el período analizado se atendieron 18 pacientes con trauma cardiaco, 12 por lesión penetrante, 2 iatrogénicas y 4 contusos. El sexo masculino fue el más expuesto a estas lesiones. Dentro de las lesiones por violencia la más frecuente fue: lesión por arma blanca 8 casos y fuego 4. La incisión más utilizada para la reparación cardiaca fue la toracotomía lateral izquierda. El ventrículo izquierdo fue el más afectado en 6 pacientes y el derecho en 5. La mortalidad en este grupo de pacientes fue del 17%. Conclusión: la mortalidad en esta serie de casos fue del 17%, el aborda-je quirúrgico fue preferentemente por toracotomía lateral izquierda en un 67%.(AU).


Introduction: cardiac injuries are challenging entities in emergency surgery, their high mortality forces to make prompt and precise decisions.Methodology: there was a series of cases that analyzed the medical records of patients with cardiac trauma treated at the Trauma and Emergency Center of the Vicente Corral Moscoso Hospital (HVCM) during the period November 2015 - April 2017.Objectives: to expose the management of this pathology, as well as its mortality in our environment Results: a total of 18 patients with cardiac trauma, 12 due to penetrating injury, 2 iatrogenic and 4 contusions were treated during the analyzed period. The male sex was the most exposed to these injuries. Among the violence injuries, the most frequent was: 8 white weapon injuries and 4 gunshot. The incision most used for cardiac repair was the left lateral thoracotomy. The left ventricle was the most affected in 6 patients and the right ventricle in 5 patients. The mortality in this group of patients was 17%.Conclusion: the mortality in these cases was 17%, the surgical approach was preferably by left lateral thoracotomy in 67%.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/complications
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 217-226, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002227

ABSTRACT

Myocardial revascularization surgery (MRS) is the most frequently performed cardiac surgery in Brazil. However, data on mortality rates among patients undergoing MRS in hospitals other than the main referral centers in the northern Brazil are scarce. Objective: To describe the clinical course of patients that submitted to MRS in the major public cardiology referral hospital in the Brazilian Amazon. Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis, by review of medical records of patients who had undergone MRS at Hospital das Clínicas Gaspar Vianna (FHCGV) from January 2013 to June 2014. Results: A total of 179 patients were evaluated. Mortality rate was 11.7% until 30 days after surgery. Waiting time for surgery ≥ 30 days (OR 2.59, 95%CI 1.02 - 6.56, p = 0.039), infection during hospitalization (OR 3.28, 95%CI 1.15 - 9.39, p = 0.021) and need for hemodialysis after surgery (OR 9.06 95%CI 2.07 - 39.54, p = 0.001) were predictors of mortality after CABG. Conclusion: A high mortality rate in the study population was found, higher than that reported in the literature and in other regions of Brazil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospitals, Public , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Observational Study , Infections/complications , Angina, Unstable/complications , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Infarction/complications
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 217-226, may.-june. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1005925

ABSTRACT

Background: Myocardial revascularization surgery (MRS) is the most frequently performed cardiac surgery in Brazil. However, data on mortality rates among patients undergoing MRS in hospitals other than the main referral centers in the northern Brazil are scarce.Objective: To describe the clinical course of patients that submitted to MRS in the major public cardiology referral hospital in the Brazilian Amazon.Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis, by review of medical records of patients who had undergone MRS at Hospital das Clínicas Gaspar Vianna (FHCGV) from January 2013 to June 2014. Results: A total of 179 patients were evaluated. Mortality rate was 11.7% until 30 days after surgery. Waiting time for surgery ≥ 30 days (OR 2.59, 95%CI 1.02 ­ 6.56, p = 0.039), infection during hospitalization (OR 3.28, 95%CI 1.15 ­ 9.39, p = 0.021) and need for hemodialysis after surgery (OR 9.06 95%CI 2.07 ­ 39.54, p = 0.001) were predictors of mortality after CABG. Conclusion: A high mortality rate in the study population was found, higher than that reported in the literature and in other regions of Brazil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospitals, Public , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Observational Study , Infections/complications , Angina, Unstable/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 357-367, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1004273

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el infarto agudo de miocardio es una de las formas más graves de cardiopatía isquémica. Representa un problema de salud de relevancia mundial. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo con el objetivo de determinar el comportamiento de pacientes portadores de infarto agudo del miocardio tratados por trombolisis en el Hospital Provincial Docente "Amalia Simoni", de Camagüey, en el período comprendido desde 2013 a 2015. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento de pacientes portadores de infarto agudo de miocardio, tratados por trombolisis en el Hospital Provincial Docente "Amalia Simoni", de Camagüey. Materiales y métodos: la muestra la conformó los 146 pacientes que ingresaron, en el período antes mencionado, en el Servicio de Gariatría, Hospital Provincial Docente "Amalia Simoni". Se emplearon métodos de estadística descriptiva y se determinó la frecuencia y el porcentaje. Resultados: reveló un predominio de hombres entre 60 y 79 años, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial y en un elevado porcentaje de fumadores, clasificados en Killip Kimball I y II, con excelentes resultados los tratados antes de las 3 h, y con complicaciones inmediatas sobre el músculo cardiaco. Conclusiones: el tratamiento trombólitico es muy efectivo en las 3 h primeras del comienzo de los síntomas.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the myocardial acute infarct is one of the forms of the ischemic heart disease, being a health problem around the world. The authors carried out a descriptive study with the objective of determining the behavior of patients suffering a myocardial acute infarct treated by thrombolysis in the Teaching Provincial Hospital "Amalia Simoni", of Camagüey, in the period from 2013 to 2015. Objective: to determine the behavior of patients suffering a myocardial acute infarct treated by thrombolysis in the Teaching Provincial Hospital "Amalia Simoni", of Camagüey. Material and methods: the simple was formed by all the 146 patients who entered the Teaching Provincial Hospital "Amalia Simoni" in the before-mentioned period with a diagnosis of myocardial acute infarct. Descriptive statistic methods were used and frequency and percentage were determined. Results: the study showed the predominance of men aged 60-79 years, with antecedents of arterial hypertension and a high number of cigarette smokers, classified in Killip&Kimball I and II. The patients treated before 3 hours passed showed excellent results, and with immediate complications on the heath muscle. Conclusions: thrombolytic treatment is very effective in the first 3 hours after the symptoms beginning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Streptokinase/therapeutic use , Thrombolytic Therapy/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 163-176, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-988222

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is less frequent in young individuals (≤ 45 years) than in older ones (> 45 years). Young AMI patients differ from older AMI patients in different ways. This article aims to assess the differences between young and older AMI patients. A search was made in the database of Cochrane Library, PubMed, BioMed Central and Embase, sence their establishment to December 2016, using the key words: risk factors, clinical characteristics, acute myocardial infarction and young. Meta-analysis was performed by using the Review Manager 5.3 software, pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess the strength of differences. Eight studies with fairly quality, enrolling 13,358 patients in the analysis. Compared with older AMI patients, young AMI patients had a higher rate of smoking and obesity (OR = 2.71,95%CI:1.87 to 3.92; OR = 1.76,95%CI:1.13 to 2.74), higher rate of family history of coronary artery disease and alcohol consumption (OR = 2.36,95%CI:1.22 to 4.59; OR = 1.76,95%CI:1.04 to 2.97). Moreover, Young AMI patients had a lower rate of hypertension and diabetes mellitus (OR = 0.52,95%CI:0.37 to 0.73; OR = 0.58,95%CI:0.50 to 0.67). No significant differences were observed in hyperlipidemia, a subgroup data-analysis showed a higher total cholesterol, triglyceride lipase, and low-density lipoprotein levels (p < 0.05), and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein (p < 0.01) in young AMI patients. Smoking, family history of coronary artery disease, obesity and alcohol consumption are the most main risk factors of AMI among young individuals, and young AMI patients have better prognosis than older ones


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Aged , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Smoking , Statistical Analysis , Age Factors , Coronary Angiography/methods , Meta-Analysis , Diabetes Mellitus , Young Adult , Hypertension , Obesity
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 163-176, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-989991

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is less frequent in young individuals (≤ 45 years) than in older ones (> 45 years). Young AMI patients differ from older AMI patients in different ways. This article aims to assess the differences between young and older AMI patients. A search was made in the database of Cochrane Library, PubMed, BioMed Central and Embase, sence their establishment to December 2016, using the key words: risk factors, clinical characteristics, acute myocardial infarction and young. Meta-analysis was performed by using the Review Manager 5.3 software, pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess the strength of differences. Eight studies with fairly quality, enrolling 13,358 patients in the analysis. Compared with older AMI patients, young AMI patients had a higher rate of smoking and obesity (OR = 2.71,95%CI:1.87 to 3.92; OR = 1.76,95%CI:1.13 to 2.74), higher rate of family history of coronary artery disease and alcohol consumption (OR = 2.36,95%CI:1.22 to 4.59; OR = 1.76,95%CI:1.04 to 2.97). Moreover, Young AMI patients had a lower rate of hypertension and diabetes mellitus (OR = 0.52,95%CI:0.37 to 0.73; OR = 0.58,95%CI:0.50 to 0.67). No significant differences were observed in hyperlipidemia, a subgroup data-analysis showed a higher total cholesterol, triglyceride lipase, and low-density lipoprotein levels (p < 0.05), and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein (p < 0.01) in young AMI patients. Smoking, family history of coronary artery disease, obesity and alcohol consumption are the most main risk factors of AMI among young individuals, and young AMI patients have better prognosis than older ones


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Smoking , Statistical Analysis , Age Factors , Coronary Angiography/methods , Meta-Analysis , Diabetes Mellitus , Young Adult , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Obesity
7.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(1 (Supl)): 97-99, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1015196

ABSTRACT

A dissecção aguda da aorta (DAA) é uma emergência cardiovascular que acarreta mortalidade alta, 50% a 68% em 48 horas e até 85% em um mês. Este caso refere-se a um homem com 65 anos, ex-tabagista, que teve precordialgia com queimação irradiada para membros superiores, associada a náuseas. O eletrocardiograma mostrou upradesnivelamento ST em parede inferolateral. Recebeu tratamento para infarto agudo do miocárdio com AAS, clopidogrel, enoxaparina e tenecteplase. O cateterismo cardíaco evidenciou DAA tipo A de Stanford e coronárias sem obstruções. O ecocardiograma transtorácico mostrou insuficiência aórtica moderada e dissecção estendendo-se da raiz da aorta até a porção descendente proximal. O paciente foi submetido à cirurgia de Bentall de Bono e enxerto safeno-coronário direito devido à obstrução durante a cirurgia, com boa evolução pós-operatória. A DAA continua a ser um desafio diagnóstico na sala de emergência. De acordo com International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection, os achados clínicos nas dissecções tipo A incluem dor torácica súbita e intensa (86%), irradiação dorsal (47%), sopro de insuficiência aórtica (44%), assimetria de pressão arterial (50%) e pulsos (30%), alargamento de mediastino à radiografia de tórax (63%) e supradesnivelamento de ST (4%), majoritariamente por oclusão de óstio da coronária direita. O caso destaca-se pela evolução favorável a despeito do tratamento com potencial catastrófico inicialmente direcionado para doença coronariana aguda aterotrombótica


Acute Aortic Dissection (AAD) is a cardiovascular emergency that entails high mortality - 50-68% in 48 hours and up to 85% in one month. This case involves a 65-year-old male ex-smoker who had onset of precordial pain with a burning sensation, radiating into the upper limbs, in combination with nausea. Electrocardiogram showed inferolateral wall ST elevation. He received treatment for acute myocardial infarction with acetylsalicylic acid, clopidogrel, enoxaparin and tenecteplase. Cardiac catheterization revealed Stanford type A AAD and unobstructed coronary arteries. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed moderate aortic regurgitation and aortic dissection extending from the aortic root to its proximal descending portion. The patient underwent a Bentall-De Bono procedure and right coronary artery bypass grafting using the saphenous vein due to obstruction during surgery, with good postoperative progress. AAD remains a diagnostic challenge in the emergency room. According to the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection, clinical findings in type A dissections include: sudden severe chest pain (86%), dorsal irradiation (47%), aortic regurgitation murmur (44%), asymmetric blood pressure (50%) or pulse (30%), mediastinal widening on chest radiograph (63%) and ST-segment elevation (4%), mainly due to right coronary ostium occlusion. The case is distinctive because of favorable progress in spite of the potentially catastrophic treatment initially targeting acute coronary atherothrombotic disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aorta , Dissection , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/complications , Aortography/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Electrocardiography/methods
8.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 18(32): 5-14, dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1005446

ABSTRACT

El infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) representa la tercera causa de morbimortalidad en el país. Tener datos sobre la realidad de esta entidad en la institución es de suma importancia como punto de partida para el desarrollo de políticas de prevención, así también mejorar el tratamiento, cuidado y calidad de atención al paciente. OBJETIVO: Determinar el perfil epidemiológico de la población que se les indica tratamiento con Tirofiban durante infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM)...


Acutemyocardialinfarction (AMI) represents the third cause ofmorbidity and mortality in the country. Having information about the reality of this entity in the institution is of the utmost importance as a starting point for the development of prevention policies, as well as improving the treatment, care and quality of patientcare. OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological profile of the population that is being treated with Tirofiban during acute myocardialinfarction (AMI)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Angioplasty , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/antagonists & inhibitors , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Nursing Care
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(3): e2018032, July-Sept. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-911898

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction can be missed if the pain is masked by postoperative analgesia and the possibility is not considered. This report is the case of a patient with a missed diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction. Myocardial injury and infarction from noncardiac surgery is currently the subject of intense interest and research. This report illustrates the importance of the diagnosis and suggests clues that can be used to make the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diagnostic Errors/prevention & control , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Autopsy , Cognitive Dysfunction , Fatal Outcome , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Perioperative Care
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-914814

ABSTRACT

With the advent of the antiretroviral therapy (ART), people infected with HIV are experiencing a significant increase in life expectancy. However, as this population ages, the morbidity and mortality due to events not related to HIV infection and/or treatment become increasingly clear. Cardiovascular diseases are among the major causes of death, and, thus, understanding the factors that trigger this situation is necessary. This review article will assess how the intrinsic and extrinsic factors related to HIV, ART and the associated risk factors can aid the epidemiological transition of mortality in this population. Moreover, we will present the studies on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of each clinical condition related to HIV-infected individuals, in addition to introducing the major markers of cardiovascular disease in this population. Finally, we will point the main issues to be addressed by health professionals for an adequate prognosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , HIV , Acute Retroviral Syndrome , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Hypertension/complications , Metabolic Syndrome , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Illicit Drugs/adverse effects , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Zidovudine/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 17(4): 591-602, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-978554

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Estudios epidemiológicos han señalado que la obesidad abdominal es el factor de riesgo más preponderante en los países latinoamericanos y el que mejor explica la ocurrencia de un primer infarto agudo de miocardio. Objetivo: Determinar el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular por la medición de la circunferencia abdominal en el Consultorio 22 del Policlínico Docente Aleida Fernández Chardiet del municipio La Lisa, La Habana, Cuba, en 2016. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal en personas mayores de 17 años de edad. El universo estuvo constituido por 538 personas. Se utilizaron distribuciones de frecuencias, cálculos porcentuales y el test de Chi Cuadrado. Resultados: De acuerdo con el valor de la circunferencia abdominal, 42,9 por ciento de las personas presentó un riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular incrementado. El riesgo incrementado predominó en el sexo masculino (48 por ciento). Solo el 16,5 por ciento de los pacientes diabéticos tuvo un riesgo bajo. El 50,6 por ciento de los pacientes con hipertensión arterial y 45,4 por ciento de los fumadores presentaron un riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular incrementado. Conclusiones: El riesgo incrementado de enfermedad cardiovascular, según la medida de la circunferencia abdominal, predominó en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados, fundamentalmente en los pacientes del sexo masculino, los diabéticos, los hipertensos y los fumadores. Se observó una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular, encontrado por la obesidad abdominal y la edad, el sexo, la Diabetes Mellitus y la hipertensión arterial(AU)


Introduction: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that abdominal obesity is the most important risk factor and the one that best explains the occurrence of a first acute myocardial infarction in Latin American countries. Objective: To determine the risk of cardiovascular disease by measuring the abdominal circumference in Doctor's Office 22 of Aleida Fernández Chardiet Teaching Polyclinic, La Lisa municipality, Havana, Cuba, in 2016. Material and Methods: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in people older than 17 years old. The universe of study was composed of 538 persons. Distributions of frequencies, percentage calculations, and the Chi-square test were used. Results: With regard to the value of abdominal circumference, 42,9 percent of people presented a high risk of cardiovascular disease, which predominated in the male sex (48,0 percent). Only 16,5 percent of diabetic patients presented a low risk. The 50,6 percent of patients with arterial hypertension, and the 45,4 percent of smokers presented a high risk. Conclusions: Regarding the evaluation of the abdominal circumference, a high risk of cardiovascular disease was observed in the majority of population studied, especially in the male sex, diabetics, hypertensive patients, and smokers. A statistically significant relationship was observed in patients with risk of cardiovascular disease due to abdominal obesity and age, sex, Diabetes Mellitus, and arterial hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Risk Assessment/methods , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Abdominal Circumference , Observational Study , Myocardial Infarction/complications
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:107-l:113, mar.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-881957

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute myocardial infarction is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, and one of the factors with the greatest prognostic impact is early specialist care, but there are still many factors that delay patient's arrival at the hospital. Objective: To correlate social, educational, cognitive and clinical factors with time to hospital arrival after the onset of acute myocardial infarction's first symptoms. Methods: Time interval to search for medical care was measured by patient's report of the onset of infarction's first symptoms and hospital admission verified through electronic medical data of the emergency service. The correlation between delta-T and other variables was performed through Kendall's correlation. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: There was no correlation between delta-T and scholarity, or between delta - T and Mini Mental State Examination performance, as well as no association between the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, family history, sedentary lifestyle or smoking with arrival time at the hospital. Comparisons between delta-T and marital status were also not statistically significant. Transfer from another health service and city of origin were the most determinant delay factors in our population's arrival at the hospital. Conclusion: The present study suggests that, in our population, educational, social and cognitive factors are not directly related to the delay in arriving at the hospital


Fundamentos: O infarto agudo do miocárdio se configura como uma das principais causas de morbimortalidade no mundo, e um dos fatores de maior impacto prognóstico é o atendimento especializado precoce, porém ainda existem inúmeros fatores que retardam a chegada do paciente até o hospital. Objetivo: Correlacionar fatores sociais, educacionais, cognitivos e clínicos com o tempo para a chegada no hospital após os primeiros sintomas de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos: O tempo para a busca de atendimento médico foi mensurado entre o início dos primeiros sintomas de infarto relatado pelo paciente e o registro da admissão hospitalar em prontuário eletrônico do serviço de emergência. A correlação entre o delta T e outras variáveis foi verificada por meio da correlação de Kendall. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Não houve correlação entre delta T e escolaridade, e nem entre delta T e desempenho no Mini-Exame do Estado Mental, assim como não houve associação entre a presença de hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes melito, dislipidemia, sedentarismo, história familiar ou tabagismo com o tempo de chegada no hospital. Comparações entre delta T e estado civil também não foram estatisticamente significativas. A transferência de outro serviço de saúde e a região de procedência foram os fatores que mais determinaram atraso no atendimento especializado de nossa população. Conclusão: Fatores educacionais, sociais e cognitivos não estiveram diretamente relacionados ao atraso na chegada ao hospital


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Risk Factors , Angina Pectoris/complications , Chest Pain/complications , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Hospital Mortality , Hypertension/complications , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Prospective Studies , Sedentary Behavior , Statistical Analysis
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): 107-113, mar.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-954091

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, and one of the factors with the greatest prognostic impact is early specialist care, but there are still many factors that delay patient's arrival at the hospital. Objective: To correlate social, educational, cognitive and clinical factors with time to hospital arrival after the onset of acute myocardial infarction's first symptoms. Methods: Time interval to search for medical care was measured by patient's report of the onset of infarction's first symptoms and hospital admission verified through electronic medical data of the emergency service. The correlation between delta-T and other variables was performed through Kendall's correlation. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: There was no correlation between delta-T and scholarity, or between delta - T and Mini Mental State Examination performance, as well as no association between the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, family history, sedentary lifestyle or smoking with arrival time at the hospital. Comparisons between delta-T and marital status were also not statistically significant. Transfer from another health service and city of origin were the most determinant delay factors in our population's arrival at the hospital. Conclusion: The present study suggests that, in our population, educational, social and cognitive factors are not directly related to the delay in arriving at the hospital


Subject(s)
Risk Factors , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Chest Pain/complications , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension/complications , Angina Pectoris/complications
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(1): f:22-l:25, jan.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-883663

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A atividade física reduz o risco de doença coronariana, uma das principais causas de morte no mundo. Objetivos: Este estudo pretende correlacionar as atividades físicas com variáveis clínicas de pacientes internados em hospitais públicos de Santa Catarina após o primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos: Os pacientes selecionados foram submetidos a questionário que engloba diferentes variáveis clínicas. A atividade física foi mensurada através do Escore de Baecke. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados através do software SPSS 13.0 for Windows. A avaliação da normalidade foi realizada pelo teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov. A correlação entre duas variáveis quantitativas foi avaliada pela Correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos valores de p < 0,05. Resultados: O estudo evidenciou uma correlação positiva fraca entre o escore de Baecke e anos de escolaridade com r = 0,361 (p = 0,001). Houve uma correlação negativa fraca entre o escore de Baecke e o escore de depressão PHQ9 com r = -0,252 (p = 0,009). O estudo também apresentou correlação negativa fraca entre o escore de depressão PHQ9 e o Mini Mental com r = -0,258 (p = 0,007), assim como uma correlação negativa fraca entre o PHQ9 e os anos de escolaridade com r = -0,199 (p = 0,039). Conclusões: Existe uma correlação positiva entre atividade física e anos de escolaridade em pacientes internados com o primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio. Há também uma correlação negativa entre atividade física e depressão nesses pacientes, assim como uma correlação negativa entre depressão e o Mini-Mental, e depressão e anos de escolaridade


Background: Physical activity reduces the risk of coronary heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in the world. Objectives: This study intends to correlate physical activity and clinical variables of the patients hospitalized in public hospitals of Santa Catarina after the first acute myocardial infarction. Methods: The selected patients answered a questionnaire on different clinical variables. Physical activity was measured using the Baecke's questionnaire. Data were tabulated and analyzed using the SPSS 13.0 for Windows software. Normality was assessed using the Kolmogorov­Smirnov test. Correlations between two quantitative variables were evaluated by Pearson's correlation. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: The study showed a weak positive correlation between the Baecke score and years of schooling (r = 0.361; p = 0.001). There was a weak negative correlation between the Baecke score and the PHQ9 depression score (r = ­0.252; p = 0.009). The study also showed a weak negative correlation between the PHQ9 depression score and the Mini Mental score (r = ­0.258; p = 0.007), as well as a weak negative correlation between PHQ9 and schooling years with (r = ­0.199, p = 0.039). Conclusions: There is a positive correlation between physical activity and years of schooling in hospitalized patients with first acute myocardial infarction. Negative correlations were found between physical activity and depression, between depression and the Mini­Mental State Examination, and between depression and years of schooling in these patients


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Exercise , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Patients , Physical Fitness , Cohort Studies , Coronary Artery Disease/prevention & control , Depression/complications , Echocardiography/methods , Educational Status , Electrocardiography , Risk Factors , Sedentary Behavior , Statistical Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(1): f:47-l:55, jan.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-883765

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A Doença Arterial Periférica (DAP) está associada a eventos cardiovasculares, podendo ser diagnosticada e estimada através do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial (ITB). Está bem estabelecido que o ITB é fator agravante na estratificação de risco cardiovascular, mas sua contribuição para definir a gravidade do acometimento arterial coronariano não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos: Estudo testou o valor do ITB com a gravidade da doença aterosclerótica coronariana pelo Escore de Syntax (ES) em pacientes com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo com medida do ITB de todos os pacientes internados com SCA no Hospital São Lucas da PUCRS, consecutivamente, de maio a setembro de 2016, e comparação de seu valor com o ES e tipos de SCA desses pacientes. As análises foram realizadas considerando-se o nível de confiança de 95% ( α = 5%). Resultados: 101 pacientes, com média de idade de 62,6±12,0 anos, 58 (57,4%) masculinos, 74 (82,2%) hipertensos, 33 (45,8%) diabéticos e 46 (45,5%) com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMCSST). A gravidade da DAP não teve relação com a gravidade anatômica da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Encontramos uma associação significativa de ES intermediário com infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMSSST) e de ES baixo com angina instável (AI) [OR (IC95%): 1,11 (1,03-1,20); p = 0,004], que se manteve após análise multivariada, ajustada para idade, tabagismo, história familiar de DAC e DAC prévia [OR (IC95%): 1,13 (1,02-1,25); p = 0,019]. Conclusões: Analisando nossos resultados, encontramos que pacientes com ITB < 0,9 não apresentaram associação com maior complexidade determinada pelo ES em pacientes com SCA. Os pacientes com IAMSSST estiveram mais associados com ES intermediário


DOI: 10.5935/2359-4802.20170094 47 International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences. 2018;31(1)47-55 ARTIGO ORIGINAL Correspondência: Andrea Mabilde Petracco Av. Ipiranga, 7464, sala 524. CEP: 91530-000, Jardim Botânico, Porto Alegre, RS ­ Brasil. E-mail: apetracco@terra.com.br; apetracco@cardiol.br Avaliação da Relação do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial com a Gravidade da Doença Arterial Coronária Assessment of the Relationship of Ankle-Brachial Index With Coronary Artery Disease Severity Andrea Mabilde Petracco, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Gustavo Farias Porciúncula, Gabriel Santos Teixeira, Denise de Oliveira Pellegrini, Luiz Claudio Danzmann, Ricardo Medeiros Pianta, João Batista Petracco Hospital São Lucas, da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS ­ Brasil Artigo recebido em 28/02/2017; revisado em 12/08/2017; aceito em 21/08/2017 Resumo Fundamento: A Doença Arterial Periférica (DAP) está associada a eventos cardiovasculares, podendo ser diagnosticada e estimada através do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial (ITB). Está bem estabelecido que o ITB é fator agravante na estratificação de risco cardiovascular, mas sua contribuição para definir a gravidade do acometimento arterial coronariano não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos: Estudo testou o valor do ITB com a gravidade da doença aterosclerótica coronariana pelo Escore de Syntax (ES) em pacientes com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo com medida do ITB de todos os pacientes internados com SCA no Hospital São Lucas da PUCRS, consecutivamente, de maio a setembro de 2016, e comparação de seu valor com o ES e tipos de SCA desses pacientes. As análises foram realizadas considerando-se o nível de confiança de 95% ( α = 5%). Resultados: 101 pacientes, com média de idade de 62,6±12,0 anos, 58 (57,4%) masculinos, 74 (82,2%) hipertensos, 33 (45,8%) diabéticos e 46 (45,5%) com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMCSST). A gravidade da DAP não teve relação com a gravidade anatômica da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Encontramos uma associação significativa de ES intermediário com infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMSSST) e de ES baixo com angina instável (AI) [OR (IC95%): 1,11 (1,03-1,20); p = 0,004], que se manteve após análise multivariada, ajustada para idade, tabagismo, história familiar de DAC e DAC prévia [OR (IC95%): 1,13 (1,02-1,25); p = 0,019]. Conclusões: Analisando nossos resultados, encontramos que pacientes com ITB < 0,9 não apresentaram associação com maior complexidade determinada pelo ES em pacientes com SCA. Os pacientes com IAMSSST estiveram mais associados com ES intermediário. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2018;31(1)47-55) Palavras-chave: Índice Tornozelo-Braço, Síndrome Coronariana Aguda, Doença da Artéria Coronariana, Índice de Severidade da Doença, Aterosclerose, Doença Arterial Periférica. Abstract Background: Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is associated with cardiovascular events and can be diagnosed and estimated by use of the Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI). ABI is a worsening factor in the stratification of cardiovascular risk, but its contribution to define the severity of coronary artery disease has not been well established. Objectives: To compare the ABI value with the coronary atherosclerotic disease severity by use of the Syntax Score (SS) in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Methods: This prospective study measured the ABI of all patients with ACS consecutively admitted to the São Lucas Hospital of PUCRS from May to September 2016, and compared the ABI values with the SS and ACS types of those patients. The analyzes were performed considering the 95%confidence interval ( α = 5%). Results: This study assessed 101 patients [mean age, 62.6 ± 12.0 years; 58 men (57.4%)], 74 (82.2%) were hypertensive, 33 (45.8%) had diabetes and 46 (45,5%) had ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). The PAD severity was not related to the anatomical severity of the coronary artery disease (CAD). We found a significant association of intermediate SS with non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and of low SS with unstable angina (UA) [OR (95% CI): 1.11 (1.03-1.20) (p = 0.004)], which remained after multivariate analysis adjusted to age, smoking, family history of CAD and previous CAD [(OR 95%): 1.13 (1.02-1.25) (p = 0.019)]. Conclusions: Patients with ABI < 0.9 showed no association with higher disease complexity determined by the SS in patients with ACS. Patients with NSTEMI were more associated with an intermediate risk on the SS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Analysis of Variance , Atherosclerosis/complications , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Chest Pain/complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Electrocardiography/methods , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Statistical Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications
18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-906759

ABSTRACT

O desenvolvimento da cinecoronariografia por Sones, no início da década de 1960, abriu caminho para a moderna cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio. Em 1967, Favarolo realizou as primeiras pontes de veia safena e a técnica se expandiu mundialmente. Apesar de seu começo empolgante, no início da década de 1970, estudos angiográficos mostraram taxas de oclusão dos enxertos venosos, no primeiro ano, entre 10 a 15%. Em 1986, Loop e colaboradores mostraram o aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes em 10 anos, quando utilizava-se a artéria torácica interna esquerda anastomosada na artéria descendente anterior. Lytle, em 1999, indicou que esse benefício era melhorado quando utilizava-se ambas as artérias torácicas internas. Paralelamente, novas técnicas também foram surgindo, como a cirurgia sem o uso da circulação extracorpórea e, também, a partir de 1995, a utilização de mini acesso. Durante todos esses anos, inúmeros estudos foram realizados, dentre eles podemos destacar: o estudo SYNTAX e sua grande contribuição com o desenvolvimento do syntax score ; o estudo Freedom, mostrando que pacientes diabéticos apresentam maior benefício com a cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio em comparação ao tratamento percutâneo. Em relação às lesões de tronco de coronária esquerda, dois grandes estudos (NOBLE e EXCEL) mostraram que o tratamento percutâneo, em pacientes com syntax score baixo, é uma boa opção terapêutica. Nas síndromes coronarianas agudas sem elevação do segmento ST no eletrocardiograma, a opinião do Heart Team é de extrema importância para decisão de qual tratamento realizar, seja ele clínico, percutâneo ou cirúrgico. Já nas SCA com elevação do segmento ST no eletrocardiograma, o tratamento por cateter, com a colocação de stent, é o preferencial, reservando o tratamento cirúrgico apenas para casos de falha no tratamento percutâneo ou quando há aparecimento de complicações mecânicas


The development of coronary angiography by Sones, in the early 1960s, opened the way for modern myocardial revascularization surgery. In 1967, Favarolo performed the first saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, and the technique expanded worldwide. Despite its exciting start, at the beginning of the 1970s, angiographic studies showed vein graft occlusion rates, in the first year, of between 10% and 15%. In 1986, Loop and colleagues showed increased 10-year patient survival when the left anastomosed internal thoracic artery was used in the left anterior descending artery. Lytle, in 1999, indicated that this benefit was improved when both internal thoracic arteries were used. Meanwhile, new techniques were also emerging, such as off-pump CABG and since 1995, the use of minimally invasive surgery. During these years, numerous studies were carried out, including: the SYNTAX Trial, with its major contribution with the development of the syntax score; and the Freedom Trial, which showed that diabetic patients still benefit most from myocardial revascularization surgery compared to percutaneous treatment. In relation to lesions of the left coronary trunk, two large studies (NOBLE and EXCEL) showed that percutaneous treatment in patients with a low syntax score is a good therapeutic option. In acute coronary syndromes without ST segment elevation in the electrocardiogram, the opinion of the Heart Team is extremely important for deciding on the best treatment, be it clinical, percutaneous, or surgical. In ACS with ST segment elevation in the electrocardiogram, catheter treatment with stent placement is the preferred choice, reserving surgical treatment only for cases of percutaneous treatment failure, or where there are mechanical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Vessels , Heart Failure/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug-Eluting Stents , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Risk Factors , Saphenous Vein , Transplants , Treatment Outcome
19.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018; 34 (1): 20-26
in English | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-151164

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Ventricular septal rupture [VSR] is one of the fatal complications of myocardial infarction [MI]. Surgery provides the maximum survival benefit. Our objective was to investigate the risk factors of surgical mortality and to do the survival analysis in the past six years at our hospital


Methods: All the patients operated at CPE Institute of Cardiology Multan Pakistan, between 2009 and 2015 for repair of post MI VSR were analysed retrospectively for demographics, comorbidities, operative and post operative outcomes. The primary outcome was 30 days mortality. The follow up was done till April 2017 and the follow up data was obtained from hospital records and by telephoning the patients. SPSS was used for statistical analysis. P value < 0.05 was considered significant


Results: A total of 31 patients were operated for VSR repair with a mean age of 57.19 +/- 7.73 years. Eighteen patients also had a concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]. The operative mortality in this series was 25.8% Univariate analysis showed that pre-operative ejection fraction [E.F] [p value 0.010] and cardiogenic shock [p value 0.031] were a significant risk factors for operative mortality while on logistic regression analysis only the cardiogenic shock was found to be an independent risk factor for operative mortality with the odds ratio of 2.17. Low ejection fraction only acted as a confounding variable. The mean survival at six years was 34 months with a survival rate of 28.6%. The additional CABG did not confer any survival benefit


Conclusion: The patients in cardiogenic shock pre-operatively have a high operative mortality. Low ejection fraction [E.F] acts as a confounding factor. Concomitant CABG does not confer any survival benefit


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Septal Rupture/mortality , Coronary Artery Bypass , Shock, Cardiogenic
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