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1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(3): e503, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093116

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una serie de breves periodos de isquemias a distancia pueden limitar el daño miocárdico producido por la isquemia/reperfusión. Objetivo: Analizar las diferencias entre los dos grupos (control y estudio) teniendo en cuanta el consumo de inotrópicos y/o vasopresores durante los períodos intra y posoperatorio, así como, incidencia de eventos adversos cardiacos mayores y mortalidad en el postoperatorio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, explicativo, comparativo con control histórico, en dos grupos de 247 pacientes, propuestos para revascularización coronaria. Se colocó un torniquete en el brazo derecho, en el grupo estudio, alternando 3 insuflaciones con 3 desinsuflaciones con una presión de 200 mmHg, manteniéndola 5 min cada una. Este proceder se realizó previo, durante y después del evento isquémico mayor, provocado por el pinzamiento de la arteria coronaria. Resultados: Se logró una disminución significativa del consumo de drogas inotrópicas y vasoactivas. Se comprobó además, la disminución en la incidencia de bajo gasto cardiaco reversible, fibrilación ventricular, nuevo infarto agudo de miocardio. Conclusiones: El condicionamiento isquémico a distancia es una importante herramienta a tener en cuenta para la protección cardiaca perioperatoria en la revascularización coronaria(AU)


Introduction: A series of brief distant ischemia periods can limit myocardial damage produced by ischemia or reperfusion. Objective: To analyze the differences between the two groups (control and study) taking into account the consumption of inotropics and/or vasopressors during the intraoperative and postoperative periods, as well as the incidence of major cardiac adverse events and mortality in the postoperative period. Methods: A quasiexperimental, explanatory and comparative study with historical control was conducted on two groups of 247 patients proposed for coronary revascularization. A tourniquet was placed to the right arm, in the study group, alternating three insufflations with three dessufflations with a pressure of 200 mmHg, keeping each for five minutes. This procedure was performed before, during and after the major ischemic event, caused by pinching of the coronary artery. Results: A significant decrease in the consumption of inotropic and vasoactive drugs was achieved. The decrease in the incidence of low reversible cardiac output, ventricular fibrillation, and new acute myocardial infarction was also proven. Conclusions: Distant ischemic conditioning is an important tool to be taken into account for perioperative cardiac protection in coronary revascularization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion , Ischemic Postconditioning/methods , Ischemia/prevention & control , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
2.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(4): 356-361, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047212

ABSTRACT

O desenvolvimento das salas cirúrgicas híbridas permitiu que operações de abordagem cirúrgica convencional pudessem ser realizadas e complementadas com a abordagem percutânea e endovascular, criando uma nova forma de tratar os pacientes por meio de cirurgias híbridas. Os procedimentos híbridos permitem que cirurgiões e cardiologistas intervencionistas possam associar suas expertises para tratar, da melhor forma possível, os pacientes com doenças cada vez mais complexas e avançadas, com melhores resultados, reduzindo a morbidade e mortalidade perioperatória e permitindo recuperação mais rápida


The development of hybrid operating rooms allowed that conventional surgical approach operations could be performed and complemented with the percutaneous and endovascular approach, creating a new way of treating patients through hybrid surgeries. Hybrid procedures allow surgeons and interventional cardiologists to combine their expertise to best treat patients with increasingly complex and advanced diseases, with better outcomes, reducing perioperative morbidity and mortality and allowing faster recovery


Subject(s)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Operating Rooms , Aorta, Thoracic , Prostheses and Implants , Aortography/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 299-306, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La cirugía sin circulación extracorpórea (CEC) es una variante de la técnica convencional. Existe controversia sobre sus beneficios, seguridad y resultados a largo plazo. OBJETIVO: Describir resultados inmediatos y alejados (a 5 años) de cirugía sin CEC y compararlos a cirugía con CEC. MATERIALES y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo-analítico, con revisión de base de datos del equipo, protocolos quirúrgicos, fichas clínicas, seguimiento clínico y/o entrevista telefónica y en registro civil de pacientes operados entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2008. Total 658 cirugías coronarias aisladas, 466 (70,8%) con CEC y 192 (29,2%) sin CEC. Se realizó técnica de Propensity Score Matching para identificar grupos de pacientes similares y comparar resultados entre ambas técnicas. RECSULTADOS: Mortalidad operatoria en 1,0% en el grupo sin CEC y 2,1% en el grupo con CEC (p = 0,411). En seguimiento alejado: Supervivencia a 1, 3 y 5 años de 97,4%, 95,3% y 92,2% respectivamente sin CEC vs 97,9%, 96,3% y 92,7% respectivamente con CEC (p = 0,824). Mayor-Adverse-Cardiac-and-Cerebrovascular-Events (MACCE) 28 (17,3%) sin CEC vs 26 (16,0%) (p = 0,71). Infarto agudo al miocardio (IAM) 3 (1,9%) sin CEC vs 6 (3,7%) (p = 0,33), accidente vascular encefálico (AVE) 6 (3,7%) sin CEC vs 3 (1,9%) (p = 0,3) y reintervención 4 (2,5%) sin CEC vs 3 (1,9%) (p = 0,703). Recurrencia de angina 9 (5,6%) sin CEC vs 10 (6,2%) (p = 0,813). CONCLUSIONES: En nuestra serie de paciente ambas técnicas fueron comparables en resultados inmediatos y alejados.


INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without extracorporeal circulation (off pump) is a technical alternative to conventional surgery. There is ongoing controversy about its benefits, safety and results. AIM: To describe immediate and late results of off pump CABG and compare it with conventional surgery. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Descriptive-analytic, study with review of surgical protocols, clinical charts, civil registry for survival and telephonic follow up of patient who underwent CABG in our center between January 2006 and December 2008. In total 658 isolated CABG cases, 466 (70.8%) on pump and 192 (29.2%) off pump. A Propensity Score Matching was used to match off pump CABG patients with those undergoing On Pump CABG. RESULTS: Mortality was 1.0% in off pump and 2.1% in on pump patients (p = 0.411). At follow up: 1.3 and 5 year survival was 97.4%, 95.3% and 92.2% respectively in off pump patients and 97.9%, 96.3% and 92.7% respectively in On Pump patients (p = 0.824). Mayor-adverse-Cardiac-and-Cerebrovascular-events (MACCE) in 28 (17.3%) off pump vs 26 (16.0%) (p = 0.71) on pump, myocardial infarction in 3 (1.9%) off pump vs 6 (3.7%) on pump (p = 0.33), stroke in 6 (3.7%) off pump vs 3 (1.9%) on pump (p = 0.3) and coronary reintervention in 4 (2.5%) off pump vs 3 (1.9%) on pump patients (p = 0.703). Recurrence of angina in 9 (5.6%) off pump vs 10 (6.2%). CONCLUSIONS: In our experience both techniques had similar results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Propensity Score , Survival Analysis , Interviews as Topic , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/mortality , Extracorporeal Circulation , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 269-273, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002229

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart failure is a chronic and degenerative disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world. Coronary artery bypass grafting is indicated as elective treatment and may cause a catabolic state that depletes energy reserves. Data on body composition evaluation in the postoperative period of major cardiac surgery are limited. Objective: To evaluate the influence of elective coronary artery bypass grafting on body composition on the seventh postoperative day of patients with ischemic heart failure. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in which eighteen volunteers with New York Heart Association Class II and III heart failure underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The energy and protein reserves of the participants were evaluated by anthropometry in the preoperative and on the seventh postoperative day. Paired t-Test or Mann-Whitney test was used if applicable. A significance level was considered at p value < 0.05. Results: A significant loss of muscle mass was observed through the reduction of arm muscle circumference after surgery (4.2%, p 0.007). Major surgery causes hypermetabolic state and systemic inflammatory stimulus, due to the release of hormones and cytokines that may justify the observed loss of muscle mass. Conclusion: Coronary artery bypass grafting had an impact on muscle mass reduction seven days after surgery in patients with ischemic heart failure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Postoperative Period , Body Composition , Coronary Artery Bypass , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry/methods , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Abdominal Circumference , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Obesity
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(1): e489, ene.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093094

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una serie de breves períodos de isquemias a distancia, previo al evento isquémico mayor, pueden limitar el daño miocárdico producido por la isquemia/reperfusión. Objetivo: Evaluar la utilidad del condicionamiento isquémico a distancia, en pacientes programados para procedimientos quirúrgicos de revascularización coronaria. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, explicativo, comparativo con control histórico, en dos grupos de 247 pacientes, propuestos para revascularización coronaria. Se colocó un torniquete en el brazo derecho, en el grupo estudio, alternando 3 insuflaciones con 3 desinsuflaciones con una presión de 200 mmHg, manteniéndola 5 min cada una. Este proceder se realizó previo, durante y después del evento isquémico mayor, provocado por el pinzamiento de la arteria coronaria. Resultados: Se logró una disminución significativa de los parámetros enzimáticos. No se encontraron diferencias significativas (p>0,05) según un conjunto de variables que representan el estado inicial de los pacientes(AU)


Introduction: A series of short periods of distant ischemia, prior to the major ischemic event, can limit the myocardial damage produced by ischemia or reperfusion. Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of remote ischemic conditioning in patients scheduled for surgical procedures of coronary revascularization. Methods: A quasi-experimental, explanatory, comparative study with historical control was conducted in two groups of 247 patients proposed for coronary revascularization. A tourniquet was placed in the right arm in the study group, alternating 3 insufflations with 3 dessufflations with a pressure of 200 mmHg, keeping each for 5 minutes. This procedure was performed before, during and after the major ischemic event, caused by the impingement of the coronary artery. Results: A significant decrease in enzymatic parameters was achieved. No significant differences were found (p>0.05) according to a set of variables that represent the initial state of the patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/ethics , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Anesthesia, Inhalation/methods
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 104-109, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987738

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery where there is a compromise in one or more coronary arteries, with the objective of restoring function to the areas that have been compromised in the heart, possibly leading to respiratory compromise and postoperative complications. The return time of the pulmonary function to the preoperative condition is still indeterminate in the literature. Objective: To describe the behavior of pulmonary function after hospital discharge in patients submitted to CABG. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. Only patients undergoing MRI, whose lung function was evaluated preoperatively, at hospital discharge and 30 days after surgery, were evaluated. This evaluation consisted of maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) and expiratory (MEP), vital capacity (VC) and expiratory flow peak (EFP). Results: A total of 30 patients were evaluated, of which 18 (60%) were males, mean age 62 ± 9 years. A reduction in lung function from preoperative time to hospital discharge was observed in all variables. There was improvement in MIP (88 ± 9 vs 109 ± 5, p < 0.001), MEP (67 ± 10 for 90 ± 8, p < 0.001) and EFP (310 ± 59 for 390 ± 32, p < 0.001), high for review. At the time of the review, no variables returned to their preoperative value: MIP (116 ± 5 for 109 ± 5, p = 0.43), MEP (111 ± 8 for 90 ± 8, p < 0.001), VC (45 ± 12 for 39 ± 7, p = 0.33) and EFP (430 ± 40 for 390 ± 32, p < 0.001). Conclusion: It is concluded that MRI surgery reduces lung function and is not reestablished after 30 days of the procedure. Being the expiratory muscular force and the peak of expiratory flow the most affected


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Patient Discharge , Coronary Artery Bypass , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Brazil , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Coronary Vessels , Lung , Myocardial Infarction
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 319-325, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003042

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Treatment of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) relies on improved prognosis and relief of symptoms. National and international guidelines on CAD support the indication of revascularization in patients with limiting symptoms and refractory to optimal medical treatment, as well as in clinical situations where there is a prognostic benefit of interventional treatment. Most of the studies that support the guidelines for indication of revascularization date back to the 1980s and1990s of the last century. Recent studies have revisited the theme and brought a new breath. The present review provides a critical analysis of classic indications for revascularization, reviewing evidence from the studies of the 1970s to the recent controversial ORBITA study.


RESUMO O tratamento da doença arterial coronariana estável (DAC) se baseia na melhora do prognóstico e alívio de sintomas. Diretrizes nacionais e internacionais sobre a DAC respaldam a indicação de revascularização em pacientes com sintomas limitantes e refratários ao tratamento medicamentoso, bem como em situações clínicas nas quais há benefício prognóstico do tratamento intervencionista. Grande parte dos estudos que norteiam as diretrizes de indicação de revascularização data das décadas de 1980 e 1990. Estudos recentes têm revisitado o tema e trazido novo fôlego. A presente revisão faz uma análise crítica das indicações clássicas de revascularização, revisando a evidência desde os estudos da década de 1970 ao recente e polêmico estudo Orbita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/standards , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Clinical Decision-Making , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 28-34, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981527

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an important treatment option for obstructive coronary artery disease, but it represents a high expense for paying sources.The complications of CABG impose an additional expense to the procedure that is not yet clearly established. Objective: To determine the economic impact of postoperative complications of CABG during hospitalization in a hospital of the unified health system (SUS). Methods: This is an observational study involving 240 patients undergoing isolated CABG in a reference hospital in cardiology in 2013. Patients aged over 30 years with proven coronary artery disease and indication to perform CRVM were included. Patients who performed CRVM associated with other procedures were excluded. Results: The average cost of hospitalization was R$ 22,647.24 (SD = R$ 28,105.66). In 97 patients who presented some complication the average cost was R$ 35,400.28 (SD = R$ 40,509.47), and in the 143 patients without complications the average cost was R$ 13,996.57 (SD = R$ 5,800.61) (p < 0.001). Expenditures ranged from R$ 17,344.37 in patients with one complication up to R$ 104,596.52 in patients with five complications (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The occurrence of complications during hospitalization for CABG dignificantly increases the costs of the procedure, but the magnitude of this increase depends on the type of complication developed, and higher expenses related to cardiovascular complications, infections and bleeding. With this information, managers can improve the allocation of resources to health


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hospitalization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Postoperative Care/methods , Unified Health System , Coronary Artery Disease , Cardiovascular Diseases/economics , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cross Infection , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance
11.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(1): 6-13, jan.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969855

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares são a maior causa de morbimortalidade no mundo. A prevenção primária, por meio do diagnóstico precoce, é necessária para possibilitar o tratamento adequado e controlar a evolução da doença, reduzindo a mortalidade e os gastos em saúde pública. Correlacionar aterosclerose em artéria carótida (avaliada pelo Eco Doppler) e disfunção ventricular esquerda (avaliada pelo ecocardiograma), além de correlacionar tais achados com o risco cardiovascular dos pacientes estudados. Método: Foram analisados 286 prontuários de pacientes que realizaram os exames Eco Doppler carotídeo e ecocardiograma transtorácico. Os dados analisados foram: presença de placa aterosclerótica e grau de estenose, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e presença de alterações contráteis difusas ou segmentares do ventrículo esquerdo. Resultados: Dos 238 laudos de Eco Doppler carotídeo, 18 tinham estenose maior que 70% em artéria carótida e 14 destes apresentavam alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (p = 0,045). Dos pacientes que tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto, 61 apresentavam estenose em artéria carótida (p < 0,001); 51 pacientes com risco cardiovascular muito alto apresentavam alteração contrátil (p < 0,001). Dos 266 laudos de ecocardiograma, 37 registravam fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo reduzida. Desses, 25 tinham risco cardiovascular muito alto (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve relação positiva entre estenose de artéria carótida, redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e alteração contrátil do ventrículo esquerdo (difusa ou segmentar) com risco cardiovascular muito alto. Também foi possível correlacionar a estenose carotídea com alteração contrátil, apesar deste estudo não demonstrar correlação entre estenose carotídea e redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Primary prevention, through early diagnosis, is necessary to enable proper treatment and control disease progression, reducing mortality and public health expenditures. Objective: Correlate carotid artery atherosclerosis (evaluated by Doppler echocardiography) and left ventricular dysfunction (evaluated by echocardiography) and to correlate the findings with the patients' cardiovascular risk. Method: A total of 286 medical records of patients who underwent carotid Doppler echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were analyzed. The data analyzed were: presence of atherosclerotic plaque and degree of stenosis, left ventricular ejection fraction and presence of diffuse or segmental left ventricular contractile disorders. Results: Of the 238 reports of carotid Doppler echocardiography, 18 had stenosis greater than 70% in the carotid artery and 14 of those had left ventricular contractile disorders (p = 0.045). Of the patients with very high cardiovascular risk, 61 had carotid artery stenosis (p < 0.001); 51 patients with very high cardiovascular risk had contractile disorders (p < 0.001). Of the 266 echocardiography reports, 37 had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Of these, 25 had very high cardiovascular risk (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was a positive relationship between carotid artery stenosis, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular (diffuse or segmental) contractile disorder with very high cardiovascular risk. It was also possible to correlate carotid stenosis with contractile disorder, although this study did not demonstrate any correlation between carotid stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Echocardiography/methods , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnosis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Primary Prevention/methods , Stroke Volume , Vertebral Artery , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Carotid Stenosis/complications , Carotid Stenosis/diagnosis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(6): 567-572, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977470

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study we try to observe the fate of the left internal thoracic artery grafts that were bypassed to left anterior descending artery with moderate stenosis identified with fractional flow reserve (FFR) technique. Doppler ultrasonography was chosen as a noninvasive screening method. Methods: A total of 30 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting depending on results of the fractional flow reserve between January 2007 and January 2012, were subjected to transthoracic color Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation irrespective of the presence of symptoms, and the presence of a systolic-diastolic flow pattern was investigated using the supraclavicular approach. Results: The left internal thoracic artery graft was found to be functional in 63.3% of patients within a mean period of 35.1±19.7 months between coronary bypass and color Doppler ultrasonography. This period was found to be 29.4±19.6 months in the functional graft group, and 44.7±16.6 months in the dysfunctional graft group (P=0.046). Preoperative complaints of angina were reported to fall from 88.9% to 16.7% in the functional graft group, when compared to the postoperative period (P<0.001), but fell from 90.9% to 36.4% in the dysfunctional graft group (P=0.034). Conclusion: Functional left internal thoracic artery graft rates of the study population were found to be lower than the studies reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thoracic Arteries/transplantation , Coronary Stenosis/surgery , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Graft Survival
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(4): 479-486, out.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977993

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a força da musculatura respiratória e periférica após cirurgia cardíaca, e comparar as modificações nestas variáveis no terceiro e no sexto dias pós-operatórios. Métodos: Recrutaram-se 46 pacientes, dos quais 29 eram homens, com média de idade de 60,50 anos (DP = 9,20). Foram submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio 36 pacientes, cinco pacientes foram submetidos à substituição de válvula aórtica, e outros cinco à substituição da válvula mitral. Resultados: Observaram-se redução significante da força da musculatura respiratória e periférica, e significante aumento da intensidade da dor no terceiro e no sexto dias pós-operatórios (p < 0,05), exceto para a variável pressão inspiratória máxima. No sexto dia pós-operatório, os valores da pressão inspiratória máxima já tinham nível similar aos do período pré-operatório e aos valores previstos (p > 0,05). Ocorreu associação entre a força da musculatura periférica, especificamente entre a pressão expiratória máxima no pré-operatório (rs = 0,383; p = 0,009), no terceiro dia pós-operatório (rs = 0,468; p = 0,001) e no sexto dia pós-operatório (rs = 0,311; p = 0,037). Os tamanhos de efeitos foram coerentes em nível moderado à grande para força muscular respiratória, escores segundo a escala Medical Research Council e a Escala Visual Analógica, em particular entre a avaliação pré-operatória e a do sexto dia pós-operatório. Conclusão: Após cirurgia cardíaca, ocorre diminuição da força muscular respiratória e periférica. Além disto, a pressão expiratória máxima é a variável mais associada com a força muscular periférica. Essas variáveis, especialmente a força muscular respiratória e periférica, devem ser consideradas pelos profissionais que atuam no ambiente de terapia intensiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate respiratory and peripheral muscle strength after cardiac surgery. Additionally, we compared the changes in these variables on the third and sixth postoperative days. Methods: Forty-six patients were recruited, including 17 women and 29 men, with a mean age of 60.50 years (SD = 9.20). Myocardial revascularization surgery was performed in 36 patients, replacement of the aortic valve in 5 patients, and replacement of the mitral valve in 5 patients. Results: A significant reduction in respiratory and peripheral muscle strength and a significant increase in pain intensity were observed on the third and sixth postoperative days (p < 0.05), except for the variable maximal inspiratory pressure; on the sixth postoperative day, maximal inspiratory pressure values were already similar to the preoperative and predicted values (p > 0.05). There was an association between peripheral muscle strength, specifically between maximal expiratory pressure preoperatively (rs = 0.383; p = 0.009), on the third postoperative day (rs = 0.468; p = 0.001) and on the sixth postoperative day (rs = 0.311; p = 0.037). The effect sizes were consistently moderate-to-large for respiratory muscle strength, the Medical Research Council scale and the visual analog scale, in particular between preoperative assessment and the sixth postoperative day. Conclusion: There is a decrease in respiratory and peripheral muscle strength after cardiac surgery. In addition, maximal expiratory pressure is the variable that is most associated with peripheral muscle strength. These variables, especially respiratory and peripheral muscle strength, should be considered by professionals working in the intensive care setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/epidemiology , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Muscle Strength/physiology , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Muscles/metabolism , Longitudinal Studies , Preoperative Period , Maximal Respiratory Pressures , Middle Aged
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(4): 542-550, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973779

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There are limited data on the prognosis of deferral of lesion treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) based on fractional flow reserve (FFR). Objectives: To provide a systematic review of the current evidence on the prognosis of deferred lesions in ACS patients compared with deferred lesions in non-ACS patients, on the basis of FFR. Methods: We searched Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between January 2000 and September 2017 that compared prognosis of deferred revascularization of lesions on the basis of FFR in ACS patients compared with non-ACS patients. We conducted a pooled relative risk meta-analysis of four primary outcomes: mortality, cardiovascular (CV) mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) and target-vessel revascularization (TVR). Results: We identified 7 studies that included a total of 5,107 patients. A pooled meta-analysis showed no significant difference in mortality (relative risk [RR] = 1.44; 95% CI, 0.9-2.4), CV mortality (RR = 1.29; 95% CI = 0.4-4.3) and TVR (RR = 1.46; 95% CI = 0.9-2.3) after deferral of revascularization based on FFR between ACS and non-ACS patients. Such deferral was associated with significant additional risk of MI (RR = 1.83; 95% CI = 1.4-2.4) in ACS patients. Conclusion: The prognostic value of FFR in ACS setting is not as good as in stable patients. The results demonstrate an increased risk of MI but not of mortality, CV mortality, and TVR in ACS patients.


Resumo Fundamento: Existem dados limitados sobre o prognóstico do adiamento do tratamento das lesões em pacientes com síndrome coronária com base na reserva de fluxo fracionada (FFR). Objetivos: Realizar uma revisão sistemática da evidência atual sobre o prognóstico do adiamento do tratamento de lesões em pacientes com SCA com base na FFR, comparando-o com o prognóstico em pacientes sem SCA. Métodos: Pesquisamos as bases de dados do Medline, EMBASE, e Cochrane Library por estudos publicados entre janeiro de 2000 e setembro de 2017 que compararam o prognóstico do adiamento da revascularização das lesões com base na FFR em pacientes com SCA em comparação a pacientes sem SCA. Conduzimos uma metanálise do risco relativo de quatro desfechos primários: mortalidade, mortalidade cardiovascular, infarto do miocárdio (IM) e revascularização do vaso-alvo (TVR). Resultados: Identificamos sete estudos que incluíram um total de 5107 pacientes. A metanálise mostrou que não houve diferença quanto à mortalidade [risco relativo (RR) = 1,44; IC95%, 0,9-2,4), mortalidade cardiovascular (RR = 1,29; IC95% = 0,4-4,3) e TVR (RR = 1,46; IC95% = 0,9-2,3) após adiamento da revascularização com base na FFR entre pacientes com SCA e pacientes sem SCA. Tal adiamento foi associado com risco adicional de IM (RR = 1,83; IC95% = 1,4-2,4) em pacientes com SCA. Conclusão: O valor prognóstico da FFR na SCA não é tão bom como em pacientes estáveis. Os resultados mostram um risco aumentado de IM, mas não de mortalidade, mortalidade cardiovascular, e TVR em pacientes com SCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial/physiology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Time Factors , Risk Assessment , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality
15.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(4)Out.- Dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-964027

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Ocorre modificação no fluxo da artéria torácica interna, após sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da ligadura dos ramos proximais da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior, quanto às velocidades e à reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (> 50%). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo > 50% revascularizados. O Grupo I foi formado por 25 pacientes com ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna antes de sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior, e o Grupo II por 28 pacientes sem ligadura. Registrou-se o Doppler em nível proximal da artéria torácica interna no pré-operatório, pós-operatório precoce e no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Foram mensurados os picos de velocidade sistólica e diastólica, e as velocidades médias sistólica e diastólica. A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano foi obtida durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Resultados: No pós-operatório precoce, o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica diminuíram, enquanto aumentaram o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Do pós-operatório precoce para o tardio em 6 meses, apenas o pico de velocidade diastólica se modificou, diminuindo nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina, o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica aumentaram (p < 0,05), e os grupos não diferiram, mas o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica aumentaram apenas no Grupo II (p < 0,05). A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano dos grupos calculada pelo pico de velocidade diastólica (Grupo I = 2,17 ± 0,64 e Grupo II = 2,28 ± 0,63) e pela velocidade média diastólica (Grupo I = 2,27 ± 0,54 e Grupo II = 2,5 ± 0,79) não diferiu. Conclusão: Em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, a ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior não compromete a reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, mas determina limitação no aumento das velocidades sistólicas


Introduction: Modification of internal thoracic artery flow occurs after its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Objective: To evaluate the effect of ligation of the proximal branches of anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow on the left anterior descending in relation to velocities and coronary flow velocity reserve in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction preserved (> 50%). Methods: Prospective study of patients with left ventricular ejection fraction > 50% and revascularized. Group I was composed of 25 patients with ligation of the major branches of the internal thoracic artery flow before its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery, and Group II was composed of 28 patients without ligation. Doppler was recorded at the proximal level of internal thoracic artery flow in the preoperative, early postoperative and 6 months later. The systolic peak velocity and diastolic, and systolic mean velocity and diastolic were measured. Coronary flow velocity reserve was obtained during dobutamine stress echocardiography in postoperative period 6 months later. Results: In the postoperative, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity decreased while increasing the diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity in the groups (p < 0.05). From the postoperative to the postoperative period 6 months later, only the diastolic peak velocity modified, occurring its decrease in the groups (p < 0.05). During the dobutamine stress echocardiography, diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity increased (p < 0.05) and groups did not differ, however, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity increased only in Group II (p < 0.05). The coronary flow velocity reserve of the groups calculated by diastolic peak velocity (Group I = 2.17 ± 0.64 and Group II =2.28 ± 0.63) and diastolic mean velocity (Group I = 2.27 ± 0.54 and Group II = 2.5 ± 0.79) did not differ. Conclusion: In patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, the ligation of the large branches of the anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow into the left anterior descending coronary artery does not compromise the coronary flow velocity reserve, but determines limitation in the increase of the systolic velocities


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Atropine/administration & dosage , Stroke Volume , Transplantation , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Dobutamine/administration & dosage , Heart Ventricles
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-914830

ABSTRACT

The primary goal of coronary artery bypass grafting is to achieve complete revascularization with grafts that will remain patent throughout the patient's lifetime. This study investigated the association between bypass graft patency and comorbidity burden determined by Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) among patients with previous bypass operation who underwent a control angiography. One-hundred and two patients who had undergone CABG in the past were included to the study. Critical stenosis was defined as 50% or greater coronary luminal obstruction of any coronary vessel or its lateral branch. Patients were divided into 2 groups group 1; critical graft stenosis; (54 pts; 41M, mean age 66.5 ± 7.8 years), group 2; graft patent (48 pts; 31M, mean age; 65.9 ± 8.2 years). Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and modified CCI scores were used for detecting comorbidities. The comparison of continuous variables between the control and critical CAD groups was performed by the independent sample test. A p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The two groups were statistically similar with respect to demographic properties, time since bypass operation, cardiovascular risk factors, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, medications used, complete blood counts parameters, and lipid profiles. CCI was significantly higher in Group 1 compared to Group 2 (7.14 ± 2.02 vs4.72 ± 1.58; p < 0.001). Modified CCI scores were also higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (6.14 ± 2.02 vs 3.73 ± 1.60; p < 0.001). Graft occlusion was more common among patients with a high comorbidity burden. CCI scoring system may be helpful for determining patients at increased risk at both the preoperative and postoperative periods


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Angiography/methods , Comorbidity , Diabetes Mellitus , Echocardiography/methods , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Period , Risk Factors , Statistical Analysis , Transplantation, Autologous , Vascular Patency
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(9): 783-786, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976863

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction concomitant with the presence of multivessel disease has been studied in several recent studies with the purpose of defining the need, as well as the best moment to approach residual lesions. However, such studies included only stable patients. The best therapeutic approach to cardiogenic shock secondary to acute coronary syndrome, however, remains controversial, but there are recommendations from specialists for revascularization that include non-event related injuries. Recently published, the CULPRIT-SHOCK study showed benefit of the initial approach only of the injury blamed for the acute event, in view of the multivessel percutaneous intervention, in the context of cardiogenic shock. In this perspective, the authors discuss the work in question, regarding methodological questions, limitations and clinical applicability.


RESUMO O tratamento de pacientes com infarto do miocárdio com elevação do segmento ST concomitante à presença de doença multiarterial tem sido estudado em vários estudos recentes com o objetivo de definir a necessidade, bem como o melhor momento, de abordagem das lesões residuais. No entanto, tais estudos incluíam apenas pacientes estáveis. A melhor abordagem terapêutica do choque cardiogênico secundário à síndrome coronariana aguda, no entanto, ainda permanece controversa, havendo porém recomendação de especialistas para uma revascularização que inclua as lesões não relacionadas ao evento. Publicado recentemente, o estudo CULPRIT-SHOCK mostrou benefício da abordagem inicial apenas da lesão culpada pelo evento agudo, perante a intervenção percutânea multiarterial, no contexto do choque cardiogênico. No presente ponto de vista, os autores discutem o trabalho em questão, no que concerne a questões metodológicas, limitações e aplicabilidade clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Cardiogenic/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Europe , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(4): 1817-1824, Jul.-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the intervening factors in the process of reference and counter-reference of the individual with heart disease in the scenario of high complexity in the health care network. Method: Research anchored in the Grounded Theory (Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados). It totaled 21 participants. The data collection scenario was a cardiovascular reference hospital in the south of Brazil and occurred between March and June 2014. Results: The intervening factors in the reference process were the difficulty to access the points of the network and telemedicine and the central to manage the flow of patients in the network. In the counter-reference, there was a link with the hospital and the lack of communication among network professionals. Conclusion: It reveals the need to reorganize the service flow in HCN, enhancing PHC, expanding the performance of medium complexity and increasing the capacity of high complexity in order to carry out the process of reference and counter-reference.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comprender los factores interventores en el proceso de referencia y contrarreferencia del individuo con cardiopatía en el escenario de la alta complejidad en la red de atención a la salud. Métodos: Investigación anclada en la Teoría Fundamentada en Datos. Totalizó a 21 participantes. El escenario de recolección de datos fue un hospital referencia cardiovascular en el sur de Brasil y ocurrió entre marzo y junio de 2014. Resultados: Se evidencia como factores interventores en el proceso de referencia la dificultad del acceso a los puntos de la red y la telemedicina y la central de regulación para gestión del flujo de pacientes en la red. En la contrarreferencia, el vínculo con el hospital y la ausencia de comunicación entre los profesionales de la red. Conclusión: Se revela la necesidad de reorganización del flujo de atención en la RAS, potenciando la APS, expandiendo la actuación de la media complejidad y ampliando la capacidad de la alta complejidad a fin de ejecutar el proceso de referencia y contrarreferencia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender os fatores interventores no processo de referência e contrarreferência do indivíduo com cardiopatia no cenário da alta complexidade na rede de atenção à saúde. Métodos: Pesquisa ancorada na Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. Totalizou 21 participantes. O cenário de coleta de dados foi um hospital referência cardiovascular no sul do Brasil e ocorreu entre março e junho de 2014. Resultados: Evidencia-se como fatores interventores no processo de referência a dificuldade de acesso aos pontos da rede e a telemedicina e a central de regulação para gestão do fluxo de pacientes na rede. Na contrarreferência, o vínculo com o hospital e a ausência de comunicação entre os profissionais da rede. Conclusão: Revela a necessidade de reorganização do fluxo de atendimento na RAS, potencializando a APS, expandindo a atuação da média complexidade e ampliando a capacidade da alta complexidade a fim de efetivar o processo de referência e contrarreferência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Revascularization/adverse effects , Myocardial Revascularization/psychology , Brazil , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/standards , Coronary Artery Bypass/psychology , Continuity of Patient Care/standards , Qualitative Research , Grounded Theory , Health Services Accessibility , Myocardial Revascularization/methods
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(3): 258-263, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-908909

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A doença arterial coronariana é a principal causa de morte no mundo, e a idade é fator de risco independente de mortalidade em pacientes submetidos à revascularização cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores preditores de risco de óbito em pacientes submetidos à revascularização miocárdica com mais de 70 anos. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva de banco de dados de cirurgia cardíaca. Foi utilizada a regressão logística para avaliar os preditores independentes de óbito. Resultados: Foram 372 pacientes submetidos à revascularização cirúrgica de 2004 a 2012. O principal fator de risco cardiovascular foi a hipertensão arterial sistêmica, seguida do diabetes melito. A mortalidade em 30 dias foi de 19,35%. A presença de doença vascular periférica (OR: 2,47), cirurgia de emergência (OR: 4,86) e procedimento valvular combinado (OR: 3,86) foram os preditores independentes de óbito. Conclusão: O procedimento cirúrgico em pacientes idosos apresentou mortalidade maior que da população geral. Doença vascular periférica, cirurgia de emergência e procedimento valvular combinado aumentaram o risco de óbito nesses pacientes


Background: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, with age being an independent risk factor for mortality in patients submitted to surgical revascularization. Objective: To evaluate the mortality risk predictors in patients older than 70 years submitted to myocardial revascularization. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of a cardiac surgery database. Logistic regression was used to assess independent death predictors. Results: A total of 372 patients submitted to surgical revascularization from 2004 to 2012 were assessed. The main cardiovascular risk factor was hypertension, followed by diabetes mellitus. Mortality at 30 days was 19.35%. The presence of peripheral vascular disease (OR: 2,47), emergency surgery (OR: 4,86) and combined valve procedure (OR: 3,86) were independent predictors of death. Conclusion: The surgical procedure in elderly patients showed a higher mortality than in the general population. Peripheral vascular disease, emergency surgery and combined valve procedures increased the risk of death in these patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged , Epidemiologic Methods , Epidemiology , Age Factors , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Statistical Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Hospitals, Special , Hypertension
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 135-142, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958387

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate early clinical outcomes and echocardiographic measurements of the left ventricle in patients who underwent left ventricular aneurysm repair using two different techniques associated to myocardial revascularization. Methods: Eighty-nine patients (74 males, 15 females; mean age 58±8.4 years; range: 41 to 80 years) underwent post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair and myocardial revascularization performed between 1996 and 2016. Ventricular reconstruction was performed using endoventricular circular patch plasty (Dor procedure) (n=48; group A) or linear repair technique (n=41; group B). Results: Multi-vessel disease in 55 (61.7%) and isolated left anterior descending (LAD) disease in 34 (38.2%) patients were identified. Five (5.6%) patients underwent aneurysmectomy alone, while the remaining 84 (94.3%) patients had aneurysmectomy with bypass. The mean number of grafts per patient was 2.1±1.2 with the Dor procedure and 2.9±1.3 with the linear repair technique. In-hospital mortality occurred in 4.1% and 7.3% in group A and group B, respectively (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results of our study demonstrate that post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm repair can be performed with both techniques with acceptable surgical risk and with satisfactory hemodynamic improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Heart Aneurysm/surgery , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Reference Values , Stroke Volume/radiation effects , Time Factors , Echocardiography , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Risk Assessment , Heart Aneurysm/mortality , Heart Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality
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