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1.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(1): 113-120, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287186

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentaron dos pacientes a las cuales se les realizó una miomectomía en los meses de enero y marzo de 2017, en la localidad de Luanda, Angola. Ambas fueron atendidas en la consulta de Ginecología por: aumento de volumen del abdomen, sangramiento genital durante la menstruación y fuera de ella, síntomas compresivos caracterizados por urgencia miccional y estreñimiento, además de infertilidad. Se les realizaron: exámenes de laboratorio, ultrasonido ginecológico y renal, así como histerosalpingografía. Después del análisis de estos exámenes se les diagnosticó una miomatosis uterina múltiple; fueron remitidas al salón de operaciones con previo consentimiento informado y se les practicó una miomectomía múltiple sin complicaciones transoperatorias. Se conservó el útero en ambas pacientes, las cuales tuvieron una recuperación postoperatoria satisfactoria. Una de estas pacientes logró un embarazo cinco meses después de la cirugía.


ABSTRACT We present two patients who had a myomectomy in January and March 2017, in Luanda, Angola. Both were treated in the Gynecology consultation due to increased abdominal volume, genital bleeding during and between periods, compressive symptoms characterized by urinary urgency, constipation and infertility. Laboratory tests, gynecological and renal ultrasound, as well as hysterosalpingography were performed. After the analysis of these tests, they were diagnosed with multiple uterine myomas, referred to the operating room with prior informed consent and underwent a multiple myomectomy without transoperative complications. The uterus was preserved in both patients, who had a satisfactory postoperative recovery. One of these patients got pregnant five months after surgery.


Subject(s)
Uterine Myomectomy , Infertility , Infertility, Female , Leiomyoma , Myoma
2.
Clinics ; 76: e2145, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Arterial embolization of myomas (AEM) is controversial because of the changes that occur in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the endometrium and its effect on gestational success in infertile patients desiring reproductive capability. Therefore, we performed this study on the expression of genes in the ECM of the endometrium, such as those coding metalloproteinases (MMP), before and 6 months after embolization of the uterine arteries. METHODS: Seven women with leiomyomas were evaluated, and MMP3 and MMP10 levels were measured. The women underwent pelvic nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), examination, and endometrial biopsy between the 20th and 24th day of the menstrual cycle, and pre- and post-AEM (after 6 months). For data analysis, the Cq comparative method, also known as the 2-ΔΔCT method, was used to calculate the relative quantities of MMP gene expression among the samples collected. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease by 9.52 times in the expression of MMP3 (p=0.007), and a non-significant change in the expression of MMP10 (p=0.22) in post-AEM-treated women than pre-AEM-treated women. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that ECM continues to undergo tissue remodeling 6 months after AEM, at least with regard to MMP3 expression, suggesting that AEM affects the ECM for at least 6 months after the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometrium , Myoma , Metalloproteases , Extracellular Matrix , Uterine Artery
3.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 215-218, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249986

ABSTRACT

Los miomas uterinos son neoplasias bastante comunes, se clasifican según su localización en el miometrio; subseroso, intramural, transmural y submucoso. A su vez existen diferentes variantes morfológicas y cambios degenerativos que son un fenómeno frecuente en los miomas, especialmente entre mayor tamaño tenga éste: como la apoplejía, atrofia, hialinización, degeneración roja, quística, calcificación periférica, necrosis, degeneración hidrópica y la degeneración maligna o sarcomatosa. Se expone el caso de una paciente de 53 años sometida a una laparotomía donde se identificó una masa tumoral de 8150 gramos, que dio como resultado anatomopatológico un leiomioma gigante con 3 diversos tipos de degeneración: roja, hidrópica y quística. Se informa este caso por la rareza en su conformación y debido a la falta de reportes en la literatura mundial, siendo este el primer caso presentando y permitiendo realizar algunos comentarios sobre la patología.


Uterine myomas are quite common neoplasms. They are classified according to their location in the myometrium; subserosa, intramural, transmural and submucosal; At the same time, there are different morphological variants and degenerative changes that are a frequent phenomenon in myomas, especially the larger it is: as the apoplexy, atrophy, hyalinization, red degeneration, cystic, peripheral calcification, necrosis, hydropic degeneration and malignant degeneration or sarcomatous. We present the case of a 53-year-old patient who underwent a laparotomy where a tumor mass of 8150 grams was identified, which resulted in a pathological result of a giant leiomyoma with 3 different types of degeneration: red, hydropic and cystic. This case is reported due to the rarity of its conformation and due to the lack of reports in the world literature, this being the first case presenting and allowing some comments on the pathology.


Subject(s)
Myoma , Neoplasms , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742005

ABSTRACT

In the reproductive age, many women have several uterine myomas and present with abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and occasionally infertility. There are three surgical approaches to perform myomectomy, including robotic-assisted, laparoscopic, and abdominal myomectomy. Compared to laparoscopic procedures, robotic myomectomy allows free approach of myoma bases using fine instruments and endoscopes. Fine uterine wall sutures can be performed layer-by-layer with robots. However, robotic surgery is difficult to perform because there is no sense of touch during the operation. We report two clinical myomectomy cases with replaced lack of haptic feedback during robot surgery. The patients received robotic myomectomy with/without right ovarian cystectomy and adhesiolysis. Sixty-five leiomyomas were removed in case 1. Forty-six leiomyomas were removed in case 2. Lack of haptic feedback is replaced by more developed visual sense during robot myomectomy of multiple tiny intramural myomas, and robotic surgery can be performed much more effectively even in complicated cases.


Subject(s)
Cystectomy , Dysmenorrhea , Endoscopes , Female , Humans , Infertility , Leiomyoma , Myoma , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Sutures , Uterine Hemorrhage , Uterine Myomectomy
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Scarce literature about myoma removal without anesthesia has been published. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility of a new alternative for a hysteroscopic myomectomy in a conventional office setting, without need for anesthesia. METHODS: Step-by-step description of the surgical technique has been provided, based on video images. An office hysteroscopy was performed in a Gynecological Endoscopy Department of a tertiary European hospital. RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman was referred for management of severe hypermenorrhea. Consent and approval were received from the patient and the institutional review board, respectively. The introduction of a Truclear® hysteroscopic polyp morcellator of 5.5 mm with optic of 0 degrees into the uterine cavity did not require any kind of anesthesia or cervical dilatation. The use of saline flow helped distend the cavity and identify a submucosal myoma. Under direct vision, a full myomectomy was performed via mechanical energy with continuous cutting movements, without any complication. After the procedure was completed, the excised material was aspirated through the device into a collecting pouch. A successful complete morcellation of a Type-0 submucosal leiomyoma with a polyp morcellator device was performed in an outpatient setting. Good medical results, good tolerance by the patient besides lower surgical risks due to mechanical instead of electrical energy are shown. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this video demonstrates that a hysteroscopic myomectomy can be performed successfully in office with lower risk of complications from the procedure and without use of general anesthesia besides good tolerance by the patient.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Endoscopy , Ethics Committees, Research , Female , Humans , Hysteroscopy , Labor Stage, First , Leiomyoma , Menorrhagia , Middle Aged , Morcellation , Myoma , Outpatients , Polyps , Pregnancy , Uterine Myomectomy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764962

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Little research based on the artificial neural network (ANN) is done on preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor and birth) and its major determinants. This study uses an ANN for analyzing preterm birth and its major determinants.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Conization , Diabetes Mellitus , Female , Forests , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Logistic Models , Machine Learning , Mass Screening , Myoma , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Parity , Parturition , Placenta Previa , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Seoul
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Uterine sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, which is usually diagnosed in postmenopausal women. These sarcomas are occasionally misdiagnosed as uterine fibroids, thereby leading to delayed diagnosis in the advanced stages. We analyzed the sonographic and clinical characteristics of unexpected uterine sarcomas detected after surgery in women in the late reproductive age.METHODS: The medical records of 61 patients preoperatively diagnosed with uterine leiomyomas through sonography but confirmed as uterine sarcomas after surgery from January 2005 to December 2018 at Asan Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed. We evaluated the clinical symptoms, sonographic findings, and Doppler indexes, and investigated whether there were any significant characteristics that could clearly differentiate uterine sarcoma from fibroids.RESULTS: The most common clinical finding was increased mass size (15 patients, 24.6%), while 9 patients (14.8%) showed no symptoms. Ultrasonography showed that the maximum diameter of most fibroids was > 5 cm (49 patients, 80.3%), and the average diameter was 75.6 ± 36.3 mm. All the patients showed heterogeneous echogenicity in sonographic imaging. Secondary degeneration of the myomas was reported in 36 patients (59%), and approximately 90% (32/36, 88.9%) showed cystic changes. Of the 40 patients who underwent the evaluation of vascularity, 35 showed increased vascularity of the mass.CONCLUSIONS: In this study, sarcomas misdiagnosed as leiomyomas were usually > 5 cm, and ultrasonography showed heterogeneous echogenicity and irregular cystic degeneration. No definite clinical symptoms were helpful; a thorough evaluation is necessary to rule out uterine sarcomas in women having uterine mass with these characteristics.


Subject(s)
Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Humans , Leiomyoma , Medical Records , Myoma , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma , Ultrasonography
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study is to compare the baseline characteristics and symptoms between groups with leiomyoma only (group M; myoma group), adenomyosis only (group A; adenomyosis group), and leiomyoma and adenomyosis together (group B; group for both disease). METHODS: Selected patients were who received total abdominal hysterectomy, laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, or total laparoscopic hysterectomy from January 2014 to December 2015, and whose pathology result showed leiomyoma (n=74), adenomyosis (n=27), or both (n=63). Baseline characteristics and symptoms were reviewed from the medical records. Researched characteristics included patients' age, degeneration of leiomyoma, endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, weight of the removed uterus, menopause before the surgery, method of the surgery, necessity for blood transfusion before and after the surgery, difference of hemoglobin level before and after the surgery, and number of gravida, para, and abortion. RESULTS: Eleven symptoms were checked. Thirty-eight point four percent of total subject had uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis at the same time. Number of abortion was higher in the group B. The group B showed a tendency of presenting more menorrhagia, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, acute lower abdominal pain, and urinary frequency. Symptoms related to mass effect seem to be relative to uterine leiomyoma, and symptoms related to menorrhagia seems to be relative to adenomyosis. The group M showed suddenly growing mass symptoms, and was more likely to have massive hemorrhage during the surgery. It is hard to differentiate coexistence of uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis from each disease. CONCLUSION: Coexistence of two disease exhibits mixed symptoms of each disease, but shows different tendency.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adenomyosis , Blood Transfusion , Endometrial Hyperplasia , Endometriosis , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hysterectomy , Hysterectomy, Vaginal , Leiomyoma , Medical Records , Menopause , Menorrhagia , Methods , Metrorrhagia , Myoma , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Uterus
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical usefulness and diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic measurement of endometrial thickness (ET) in women with endometrial hyperplasia or cancer (EH+). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 29,995 consecutive women who underwent transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) for an incidental finding of a thickened endometrium at the health screening and promotion center at Asan Medical Center between 2006 and 2010. Among 959 patients with endometrial abnormalities, 92 patients were included in this study. A total of 867 patients were excluded: 416 were lost to follow-up; 263 did not undergo endometrial biopsy; 155 had endometrial polyps; 17 had submucosal myomas; and 16 had insufficient tissue samples. Endometrial histology was the reference standard for calculating accuracy. RESULTS: Of the 92 patients, 78 (84.8%) had normal pathology, while 14 (15.2%) had endometrial pathology (EH+), including 5 patients (35.7%) with simple hyperplasia without atypia, 3 (21.4%) with complex hyperplasia, and 6 (42.9%) with endometrial carcinoma, all stage Ia. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.75 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.593–0.906). The cut-off value for ET was 8 mm, indicating that TVS ET had a fair accuracy in diagnosing carcinoma, had a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI, 62.9–100.0%) and a specificity of 24.3% (95% CI, 15.2–36.3%). CONCLUSION: TVS is useful for detecting EH+, with a cut-off value for ET of 8 mm having a high sensitivity for detecting endometrial pathologies and the ability to identify women highly unlikely to have EH+, thereby avoiding more invasive endometrial biopsy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Endometrial Hyperplasia , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrium , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia , Incidental Findings , Lost to Follow-Up , Mass Screening , Myoma , Pathology , Polyps , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at identifying a correlation between polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) and the severity of primary dysmenorrhea in young Korean women. METHODS: A total of 592 patients who visited a tertiary hospital from March 2008 to March 2015 for dysmenorrhea were examined. After excluding those with secondary causes of menstrual pain (for example, myoma, adenomyosis, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease), 361 women were recruited and retrospectively analyzed. Severe dysmenorrhea was defined as a visual analog scale (VAS) score ≥6. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 23.0±4.0 years, the average menstrual cycle length was 34.4±23.7 days, and the average pain intensity was VAS 6.7±0.1 at baseline. PCOM was assessed by ultrasound in 54 women (15%). Patients with severe menstrual pain were more likely to have irregular menstrual cycles (P=0.03) and heavy menstrual flow (P=0.01) than those with mild menstrual pain. After adjusting for weight, height, menstrual cycle interval, and menstrual flow in the logistic regression analysis, PCOM (odds ratio [OR], 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05–4.97; P=0.04) and heavy menstrual flow (OR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.05–3.28; P=0.04) were found to be significant independent factors influencing pain. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that PCOM may have a correlation with the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. Since PCOM may play a role in the development of menstrual pain, patients with PCOM should be under active surveillance with resources for prompt pain management readily available. It may also be necessary to further investigate the molecular mechanisms of pain development in primary dysmenorrhea.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Dysmenorrhea , Endometriosis , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Menstrual Cycle , Menstruation Disturbances , Myoma , Pain Management , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Ultrasonography , Visual Analog Scale
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of robotic single-site myomectomy (RSSM). METHODS: Medical records of 355 consecutive women who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics were compared between multi-site and single-site systems. After 1:1 propensity score matching for the total myoma number, largest myoma size, and total tumor weight (105 women in each group), surgical outcomes were also compared between the 2 systems. RESULTS: A total of 105 (29.6%) and 250 (70.4%) women underwent RSSM and robotic multi-site myomectomy (RMSM), respectively. RSSM was more commonly performed in women with lower body mass index (21.6 vs. 22.5 kg/m2, P=0.014), without peritoneal adhesions (7.6% vs. 24.8%, P < 0.001), and less (2.6 vs. 4.6, P < 0.001) and smaller (6.3 vs. 7.7 cm, P < 0.001) myomas compared to RMSM. After propensity score matching, the largest myoma size (P=0.143), total myoma number (P=0.671), and tumor weight (P=0.510) were not significantly different between the 2 groups. Although the docking time was significantly longer in the RSSM group (5.1 vs. 3.8 minutes, P=0.005), total operation time was similar between RSSM and RMSM groups (145.9 vs. 147.3 minutes, P=0.856). Additionally, hemoglobin decrement was lower in the RSSM group than in the RMSM group (1.4 vs. 1.8 g/dL, P=0.009). No surgical complication was observed after RSSM, while 1 ileus and 2 febrile complications occurred in women that underwent RMSM (0% vs. 2.9%, P=0.246). CONCLUSION: Although RMSM is preferred for women with multiple large myomas in real clinical practice, RSSM seems to be a feasible surgical method for less complicated cases, and is associated with minimal surgical morbidity.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Ileus , Medical Records , Methods , Myoma , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Tumor Burden
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719670

ABSTRACT

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a newly described adverse effect possibly associated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy. We report a case of PRES after 2 doses of depot GnRH agonists in a 44-year-old woman with a huge myoma uteri and iron-deficiency anemia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal lesions in both occipital lobes on fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) images, compatible with PRES. After treatment with anticonvulsant, she recovered both radiographically and clinically. The association between PRES and GnRH agonist use is still enigmatic, and thus should be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Brain , Brain Diseases , Female , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Leuprolide , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myoma , Occipital Lobe , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome , Uterus
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: There are many drugs for of symptomatic fibroids. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are the well known drugs. Also, aromatase inhibitors are effective. All published studies surveyed the effect of one of these two drugs. In this study as the first study decided to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of GnRH agonists + aromatise inhibitor on the uterine fibroids. METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective case series study was performed on 10 known cases of uterine fibroids late perimenopause, at least 3 myomas >5 cm, abnormal uterine bleeding and anemia due to fibroids, candidate for hysterectomy, no tendency to surgery. A single dose of Diphereline 11.25 mg, SR plus 2.5 mg of Letrozole daily for 4 weeks with add-back therapy + calcium carbonate were used. The second dose of Diphereline 11.25 mg, SR was used 3 months after the first injection. The patients were followed until 3 years. RESULTS: The mean age of the study group was 49.90 ± 1.66. The mean fibroid size reduced from 15.05 ± 57.20 cm to 13.56 ± 39.39 cm (P = 0.012) and fibroid volume reduced from 72.78 ± 110.6 to 50.96 ± 64.2 (P = 0.116). There was no signification changes in the serum level of hormones at the end of six months. Eight cases were menopause at the end of the study and hypoestrogenism symptoms did not happened in none of the cases until the end of 24 months. Except in one case, there was no need to do surgery on others. CONCLUSIONS: Combination of Diphereline + Letrozole probably could prevent surgery in cases that have multiple fibroids, perimenopause, anemic and candidate for surgery.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Aromatase Inhibitors , Aromatase , Calcium Carbonate , Female , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Hysterectomy , Leiomyoma , Menopause , Myoma , Perimenopause , Prospective Studies , Uterine Hemorrhage
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Uterine myoma is the most common benign gynecologic tumor in reproductive-aged women. During myomectomy for women who want to preserve fertility, it is advisable to detect and remove all myomas to decrease the risk of additional surgery. However, finding myomas during surgery is often challenging, especially for deep-seated myomas. Therefore, three-dimensional (3D) preoperative localization of myomas can be helpful for the surgical planning for myomectomy. However, the previously reported manual 3D segmenting method takes too much time and effort for clinical use. The objective of this study was to propose a new method of rapid 3D visualization of uterine myoma using a uterine template. METHODS: Magnetic resonance images were listed according to the slide spacing on each plane of the multiplanar reconstruction, and images that were determined to be myomas were selected by simply scrolling the mouse down. By using the selected images, a 3D grid with a slide spacing interval was constructed and filled on its plane and finally registered to a uterine template. RESULTS: The location of multiple myomas in the uterus was visualized in 3D and this proposed method is over 95% faster than the existing manual-segmentation method. Not only the size and location of the myomas, but also the shortest distance between the uterine surface and the myomas, can be calculated. This technique also enables the surgeon to know the number of total, removed, and remaining myomas on the 3D image. CONCLUSION: This proposed 3D reconstruction method with a uterine template enables faster 3D visualization of myomas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Fertility , Humans , Leiomyoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Mice , Myoma , Uterine Myomectomy , Uterus
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We compared the expression levels of Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS)/anti-Müllerian hormone type II receptor (AMHRII) in uterine myoma and adenomyosis to evaluate the possibility of using MIS/anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) as a biological regulator or therapeutic agent in patients with uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis. METHODS: We studied normal uterine myometrium, leiomyoma, endometrial tissue, and adenomyosis from 57 patients who underwent hysterectomy for uterine leiomyoma (22 cases) or adenomyosis (28 cases) and myomectomy for uterine myoma (7 cases). Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the MIS/AMHRII protein expression level in each tissue. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to quantify MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression. RESULTS: The MIS/AMHRII protein was more strongly expressed in uterine myoma (frequency of MIS/AMHRII expressing cells: 51.95%±13.96%) and adenomyosis (64.65%±4.85%) tissues than that in the normal uterine myometrium (3.15%±1.69%) and endometrium (31.10%±7.19%). In the quantitative analysis of MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression, MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression levels in uterine myoma (mean density: 4.51±0.26) and adenomyosis (6.84±0.20) tissues were higher than that in normal uterine myometrial tissue (0.08±0.09) and endometrial tissue (1.63±0.06). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that MIS/AMHRII was highly and strongly expressed on uterine myoma and adenomyosis. Our data suggest that MIS/AMH may be evaluated as a biological modulator or therapeutic agent on MIS/AMHRII expressing uterine myoma and adenomyosis.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Animals , Endometrium , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Leiomyoma , Mice , Myoma , Myometrium , RNA, Messenger
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy in multiple myomas over 10. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for 662 patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy and open myomectomy by a single operator in a tertiary university hospital. RESULTS: A total of 30 women underwent removal of 10 or more uterine myomas by robotics and 13 patients were selected for this study. The average number of myomas removed was 13.7 (range 10–20). The maximum diameter of the myomas was 6.8 cm (range 5.0–10.0 cm). The sum of the diameters of each myoma was 34.7 cm (range 20.0–54.5 cm) and the mass of resected myomas for each case was 229.1 g (range 106.8–437.9 g). In no case was the robotic procedure converted into conventional laparoscopy or laparotomy, and all patients recovered without any major complications. In comparison with 13 cases of open myomectomy during the same period, robotic surgery took longer time than open surgery (360.5 vs. 183.8 minutes; P=0.001) but had shorter postoperative hospital days after surgery (mean 2.5 vs. 3.5 days; P=0.003). CONCLUSION: Robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy could be an alternative to laparotomic myomectomy for numerous myomas over 10 in number.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Myoma , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Uterine Myomectomy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716659

ABSTRACT

Although gravid uterine incarceration is typically diagnosed during the early second trimester, we encountered two unusual cases in early pregnancy. A 34-year-old multiparous woman with adenomyosis presented at 7 + 2 weeks of gestation with increased urinary frequency and a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. The uterine incarceration was successfully reduced by manual reduction and pessary insertion, and she delivered a normal infant at term. In the second case, a 31-year-old nulliparous woman with a large myoma complained of dysuria, acute urinary retention, and intense back pain at 6 weeks of gestation. Manual reduction was successful in the knee-chest position. Subsequent pessary insertion failed; however, a slight reduction in pain was achieved. After a week, the fetus spontaneously aborted. In summary, gravid uterine incarceration is a rare but potentially fatal condition for the fetus, and a suspicion of this condition in patients with urinary symptoms, especially urinary retention and pelvic pain, is important in the early gestation period.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Adult , Back Pain , Dysuria , Female , Fetus , Humans , Infant , Knee-Chest Position , Myoma , Pelvic Pain , Pessaries , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Sensation , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Retention , Uterine Diseases , Uterus
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) and benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) are uncommon variants of benign uterine leiomyomas with extrauterine manifestations. Categorizing the extent of disease allows clinicians to delineate the clinical spectrum and the level of sophistication for complete surgical resection. METHODS: Twelve patients with IVL and BML were reviewed. They were divided into early versus late stage disease groups, and initial manifestation, clinical characteristics, laboratory values, surgical pathology, and follow up data were summarized. RESULTS: Patients were mostly pre- or peri-menopausal and parous. Patients with late stage disease were more likely to present with cardiac symptoms or abnormal findings on chest X-ray, whereas those with early stage disease presented with classical leiomyoma symptoms including heavy menstrual bleeding, increased myoma size, or lower abdominal discomfort. Tumor marker levels were within normal ranges. A trend of higher neutrophil to leukocyte ratio was observed in the late versus the early stage group (10.4 vs. 1.51, P=0.07); the platelet leukocyte ratio was statistically higher in patients with late stage IVL (0.23 vs. 0.13, P=0.04). The overall recurrence rate was 25%. No recurrence was observed in stage I or stage III IVL groups, while 50% of the stage II IVL group showed recurrence in the pelvic cavity. CONCLUSION: IVL and BML are benign myoma variants with paradoxically metastatic clinical presentation. Careful inquiry of systemic symptoms, the presence of underlying systemic inflammation, and a high index of suspicion are required for preoperative diagnosis. Furthermore, a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to improve outcomes of surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Inflammation , Leiomyoma , Leiomyomatosis , Leukocytes , Myoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neutrophils , Pathology, Surgical , Recurrence , Reference Values , Smooth Muscle Tumor , Thorax
20.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 43(3): 152-156, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-901322

ABSTRACT

Los leiomiomas, también llamados miomas o fibromas, son tumores del músculo liso que puede localizarse en cualquier parte del cuerpo, pero más comúnmente en los tractos genital y gastrointestinal. El objetivo del trabajo es presentar un caso de mioma vaginal en una mujer de 42 años. La paciente acudió a la consulta por presentar, desde hace varios meses, una masa redondeada, indolora y de crecimiento gradual, a nivel del introito vaginal. Se constata, mediante examen clínico e imagenológico, la presencia de una tumoración redondeada de implantación sésil, en la cara anterior de la vagina. Fue realizada la exéresis quirúrgica, la cual se envió para un estudio histopatológico. Se comprobó que se trataba de un leiomioma de la vagina. La paciente no presentó complicaciones posoperatorias(AU)


Leiomyomas, also called myomas or fibroids, are smooth muscle tumors that can be located anywhere in the body, but more commonly in the genital and gastrointestinal tracts. The objective of the paper is to present a case of vaginal myoma in a 42-year-old woman. This patient came to the consultation for presenting a painless gradually-growing round mass at the level of the vaginal introitus, for several months. The presence of a rounded mass of sessile implantation on the anterior side of the vagina is confirmed by clinical and imaging examination. Surgical exeresis was performed, which was histopathologically studied. It was found to be a vagina leiomyoma. The patient did not present postoperative complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Myoma/surgery , Myoma/diagnosis , Myoma/pathology , Myoma/diagnostic imaging
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