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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prognostic factors of AML children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive treated in our hospital from May 2012 to June 2018 were selected, the clinical data and curative were analyzed and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Five-year OS and 5-year EFS rate of CBFβ/MYH11 positive AML children was 76.8% and 64.0% efficacy, respectively. Univariate analysis results showed that the OS rate of CBFβ/MYH11 positive AML children with WBC<60.0×10@*CONCLUSION@#WBC level and XRCC-Thr241Met genotype at initial diagnosis are the major affecting factors for prognosis of AML children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Inversion , Genotype , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Prognosis
2.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 59-68, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without apparent cardiac justification. Sudden cardiac death may be the first manifestation of the disease. It occurs mainly in adulthood and can be seen in childhood and adolescence where genetic origin predominates. Primary HCM (“familial”) is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern in the 25 subtypes informed in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. The proteins encoded by the mutated genes are part of the sarcomere in the cardiac cells, being the thick filament the most frequently affected, with the worst prognosis. In the present article, we describe the Mendelian inheritance of the disease and the two most associated genes with sudden death: MYBPC3 and MYH7.


Resumen La miocardiopatía hipertrófica (MCH) es el aumento de grosor de la pared ventricular izquierda no relacionada con otras alteraciones cardíacas. Es una enfermedad que puede presentar como primera manifestación clínica la muerte súbita y de ahí su relevancia clínica. Aunque se presenta sobre todo en la edad adulta, puede aparecer durante la infancia y adolescencia, en las que predominan los casos de origen hereditario. La MCH primaria, de causa genética, muestra en particular un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante en los 25 subtipos reconocidos en OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). Las proteínas codificadas por los genes mutantes forman parte del sarcómero en células musculares cardíacas, y las variantes patogénicas de filamentos gruesos son las de mayor frecuencia y peor pronóstico. En este artículo se describen la herencia mendeliana de la enfermedad y la relación con muerte súbita de los genes más frecuentemente encontrados en ella: MYBPC3 y MYH7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/physiopathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828161

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the role of miR-130a-3p in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and its underlying mechanisms. Pressure-overload induced myocardial hypertrophy mice model was constructed by thoracic aortic constriction (TAC). , norepinephrine (NE) was used to stimulate neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) and H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes to induce hypertrophic phenotypes. The expression of miR-130a-3p was detected in mice hypertrophic myocardium, hypertrophic NRCMs and H9c2 cells. The mimics and inhibitors of miR-130a-3p were transfected into H9c2 cells to observe the role of miR-130a-3p on the hypertrophic phenotype change of cardiomyocytes separately. Furthermore, whether miR-130a-3p regulated hypertrophic related signaling pathways was explored. The results showed that the expression of miR-130a-3p was significantly decreased in hypertrophic myocardium, hypertrophic NRCMs and H9c2 cells. After transfection of miR-130a-3p mimics, the expression of hypertrophic marker genes, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), and the cell surface area were notably down-regulated compared with the control group (mimics N.C. + NE group). But after transfection of miR-130a-3p inhibitor, the expression of ANP, BNP and β-MHC in H9c2 cells increased significantly, and the cell area increased further. By Western blot, it was found that the protein phosphorylation level of Akt and mTOR were down-regulated after over-expression of miR-130a-3p. These results suggest that miR-130a-3p mimics may alleviate the degree of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, meanwhile its inhibitor can further aggravate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Over-expression of miR-130a-3p may attenuate cardiomyocytes hypertrophy by affecting the Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Cardiomegaly , Mice , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Myocardium , Pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Pathology , Myosin Heavy Chains , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Rats
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for a pedigree affected with May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected and subjected to DNA extraction. Exons 1, 10, 16, 24, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 38 and 40 and flanking sequences of the MYH9 gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. Changes in protein expression were determined by an indirect immunofluorescence assay. Platelet aggregation function of the proband was assessed by thromboelastogram.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his second son both carried a heterozygous 5521G>A (GAG to AAG) missense variant in exon 38 of the MYH9 gene, leading to p.Glu1841Lys substitution at position 1841 of amino acid sequence. Immunofluorescence showed inclusions containing NMMHC-II A. Thromboelastogram suggested enhanced platelet aggregation function of the proband.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.5521G>A variant of MYH9 gene has co-segregated with the phenotype of MHA in this pedigree. To assess the aggregation function of platelet by thromboelastogram can predict the risk of bleeding in MHA patients.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the mutation type of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) gene and investigate the clinical features of a pedigree affected with MYH9 gene-related disease.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the proband and his family members were collected. Routine blood tests were performed, which included platelet counting and Wright's staining to observe the granulocyte inclusions and giant platelets. PCR was used to amplify exons 2, 17, 27, 31, 39 and 41 of the MYH9 gene, and the mutation site was determined by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#All patients from the pedigree presented a typical triad of thrombocytopenia, giant platelets, and inclusion bodies in leukocytes. In addition, two patients had nephritis and cataract. All affected members carried a heterozygous missense mutation of c.5521G>A (p.glu1841Lys) in exon 39 of the MYH9 gene. The same mutation was not found among healthy members of the pedigree and the controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.5521G>A (p.Glu1841Lys) mutation in the MYH9 gene probably underlies the MYH9-related disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Thrombocytopenia
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774511

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of aconitine(AC) on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced H9 c2 cell hypertrophy and explore its mechanism of action. The model of hypertrophy was induced by Ang Ⅱ(1×10-6 mol·L-1),and cardiomyocytes were incubated with different concentrations of AC. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP),β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC),and α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA). Real-time quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the mRNA expression levels of cardiac hypertrophic markers ANP,BNP and β-MHC. In addition,the fluorescence intensity of the F-actin marker,an important component of myofibrils,was detected by using laser confocal microscope. AC could significantly reverse the increase of total protein content in H9 c2 cells induced by Ang Ⅱ; qRT-PCR results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC mRNA up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. Western blot results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC protein up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. In addition,F-actin expression induced by Ang Ⅱ could be inhibited by AC,and multiple indicators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by Ang Ⅱ could be down-regulated,indicating that AC may inhibit cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the expression of hypertrophic factors,providing new clues for exploring the cardiovascular protection of AC.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Pharmacology , Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin II , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiac Myosins , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Hypertrophy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on the negatively regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of HS with miRNA-133a-mediated Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.@*METHODS@#Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expression of brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), cystathionase (CSE), miRNA-133a, calcineurin (CaN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of CaN、nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATc4) were detected by Western blot. The concentration of HS in the cardiomyocyte was detected by Elisa. The concentration of intracellular calcium was measured by calcium imaging using confocal microscope. The nuclear translocation of NFATc4 was checked by immuno-fluorescence cell staining technique.@*RESULTS@#①The level of system of CSE/HS and expression of miRNA-133a were significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Pretreatment with NaHS increased the concentration of HS and the expression of miRNA-133a mRNA in cardiomyocytes, and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ②The concentration of intracellular calcium, the expression of CaN and nulear protein NFATc4 were significantly increased, and the nuclear translocation of NFATc4 were obviously enhanced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. NaHS pretreatment markedly inhibited these effects of ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ③Application of antagomir-133a reversed the inhibitory effects of NaHS on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and increased the influx of intracellular calcium, and elevated the expression of CaN and nuclear protein NFATc4, and enhanced the nuclear translocation of NFATc4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effects might be associated with HS increasing expression of miRNA-133a and inhibiting inactivation of Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcineurin , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1457-1464, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688097

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Outflow tract (OFT) septation defects are a common cause of congenital heart disease. Numerous studies have focused on the septation mechanism of the OFT, but have reported inconsistent conclusions. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the septation of the aortic sac and the OFT in the early embryonic human heart.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Serial sections of 27 human embryonic hearts from Carnegie stage (CS) 10 to CS19 were immunohistochemically stained with antibodies against α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and myosin heavy chain.</p><p><b>Results</b>At CS10-CS11, the OFT wall was an exclusively myocardial structure that was continuous with the aortic sac at the margin of the pericardial cavity. From CS13 onward, the OFT was divided into nonmyocardial and myocardial portions. The cushion formed gradually, and its distal border with the OFT myocardium was consistently maintained. The aortic sac between the fourth and sixth aortic arch arteries was degenerated. At CS16, the α-SMA-positive aortopulmonary septum formed and fused with the two OFT cushions, thus septating the nonmyocardial portion of the OFT into two arteries. At this stage, the cushions were not fused. At CS19, the bilateral cushions were fused to septate the myocardial portion of the OFT.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Data suggest that the OFT cushion is formed before the aortopulmonary septum is formed. Thus, the OFT cushion is not derived from the aortopulmonary septum. In addition, the nonmyocardial part of the OFT is septated into the aorta and pulmonary trunk by the aortopulmonary septum, while the main part of the cushion fuses and septates the myocardial portion of the OFT.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Aorta , Embryology , Heart , Embryology , Heart Valves , Embryology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335128

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study genetic mutations and clinical features of a pedigree affected with MYH9-related disorders from Guangxi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood platelets were counted with a hemocytometer. Blood smear was carried out to detect the inclusion body in peripheral blood neutrophils. DNA and mRNA samples were extracted from blood samples from the members of the pedigree. Fragments of the MYH9 gene were amplified with PCR and directly sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The affected individuals presented with a triad of giant platelets, decreased platelet count and inclusion bodies in the neutrophils with variable expressivity. A heterozygous deletional mutation (c.5803delG) in exon 41 of the MYH9 gene was found in all of the 8 affected individuals, which led to a frame-shift and change of 26 amino acids at the C-end of the tail domain of nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA) (p.Ala1935Profs*12). The same mutation was not found among healthy members of the pedigree.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The c.5803delG mutation probably underlies the MYH9-related disorders in this pedigree. The mutation has altered the C-end of the tail domain of the NMMHC-IIA protein, resulting in mild clinical symptoms in the affected individuals.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Base Sequence , China , Female , Humans , Male , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Sequence Deletion , Thrombocytopenia , Diagnosis , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335093

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the phenotype-genotype correlation of MYH7-V878A mutation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exonic amplification and high-throughput sequencing of 96-cardiovascular disease-related genes were carried out on probands from 210 pedigrees affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). For the probands, their family members, and 300 healthy volunteers, the identified MYH7-V878A mutation was verified by Sanger sequencing. Information of the HCM patients and their family members, including clinical data, physical examination, echocardiography (UCG), electrocardiography (ECG), and conserved sequence of the mutation among various species were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A MYH7-V878A mutation was detected in five HCM pedigrees containing 31 family members. Fourteen members have carried the mutation, among whom 11 were diagnosed with HCM, while 3 did not meet the diagnostic criteria. Some of the fourteen members also carried other mutations. Family members not carrying the mutation had normal UCG and ECG. No MYH7-V878A mutation was found among the 300 healthy volunteers. Analysis of sequence conservation showed that the amino acid is located in highly conserved regions among various species.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MYH7-V878A is a hot spot among ethnic Han Chinese with a high penetrance. Functional analysis of the conserved sequences suggested that the mutation may cause significant alteration of the function. MYH7-V878A has a significant value for the early diagnosis of HCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Cardiac Myosins , Genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Genetics , Female , Genetic Association Studies , Methods , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype , Young Adult
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 546-551, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103595

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old female presented to our hospital with a history of bleeding episodes (excessive bleeding after tooth extraction, gum bleeding, easy bruising, and excessive menstruation) and severe thrombocytopenia (2,000/µL). She had no family history of bleeding tendency or thrombocytopenia. No peripheral lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly was noted. The patient's white blood cell count was normal; hemoglobin was 9.7 g/dL. A peripheral blood smear showed markedly decreased platelets, with occasional giant or large platelets. Bone marrow examination found increased megakaryocytes. The patient also complained of hearing difficulty; a hearing test indicated sensory-neural hearing impairment. Her thrombocytopenia was refractory to treatment with glucocorticosteroids, intravenous gamma-globulin, and danazol. In the 13 years following her initial presentation, the patient required anti-hypertensive treatment, a hearing-aid for progressive hearing loss, and started maintenance kidney dialysis. Her clinical history of refractory thrombocytopenia, progressive hearing impairment, and renal failure suggested myosin heavy chain 9 gene-related congenital syndrome (Epstein syndrome), which was confirmed by the presence of a heterozygous deletion mutation, c.221_223del, (p.Lys74del) in peripheral leukocyte deoxyribonucleic acid.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow Examination , Danazol , Dialysis , DNA , Female , gamma-Globulins , Gingiva , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing Tests , Hemorrhage , Humans , Kidney , Leukocyte Count , Leukocytes , Lymphatic Diseases , Megakaryocytes , Myosin Heavy Chains , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sequence Deletion , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Tooth Extraction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297173

ABSTRACT

Microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the MYO5B or STX3 gene. Refractory diarrhea and malabsorption are the main clinical manifestations. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and MYO5B gene mutations of an infant with MVID. A 21-day-old female infant was referred to the hospital with the complaint of diarrhea for 20 days. On physical examination, growth retardation of the body weight and length was found along with moderately jaundiced skin and sclera. Breath sounds were clear in the two lungs and the heart sounds were normal. The abdomen was distended and the veins in the abdominal wall were observed. The liver and spleen were not palpable. Biochemical analysis revealed raised serum total bile acids, bilirubin, transaminases and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase while decreased levels of serum sodium, chloride, phosphate and magnesium. Blood gas analysis indicated metabolic acidosis. The preliminary diagnosis was congenital diarrhea, and thus parenteral nutrition was given along with other symptomatic and supportive measures. However, diarrhea, metabolic acidosis and electrolyte disturbance were intractable, and the cholestatic indices, including transaminases, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, bilirubin and total bile acids, remained at increased levels. One month later, the patient was discharged and then lost contact. On genetic analysis, the infant was proved to be a compound heterozygote of the c.310+2Tdup and c.1966C>T(p.R656C) variants of the gene MYO5B, with c.310+2Tdup being a novel splice-site mutation. MVID was thus definitely diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Malabsorption Syndromes , Diagnosis , Genetics , Microvilli , Genetics , Pathology , Mucolipidoses , Diagnosis , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Myosin Type V , Genetics
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(3): 257-265, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796035

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Mutations in sarcomeric genes are found in 60-70% of individuals with familial forms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, this estimate refers to northern hemisphere populations. The molecular-genetic profile of HCM has been subject of few investigations in Brazil, particularly in the south of the country. Objective: To investigate mutations in the sarcomeric genes MYH7, MYBPC3 and TNNT2 in a cohort of HCM patients living in the extreme south of Brazil, and to evaluate genotype-phenotype associations. Methods: Direct DNA sequencing of all encoding regions of three sarcomeric genes was conducted in 43 consecutive individuals of ten unrelated families. Results: Mutations for CMH have been found in 25 (58%) patients of seven (70%) of the ten study families. Fourteen (56%) individuals were phenotype-positive. All mutations were missense, four (66%) in MYH7 and two (33%) in MYBPC3. We have not found mutations in the TNNT2 gene. Mutations in MYH7 were identified in 20 (47%) patients of six (60%) families. Two of them had not been previously described. Mutations in MYBPC3 were found in seven (16%) members of two (20%) families. Two (5%) patients showed double heterozygosis for both genes. The mutations affected different domains of encoded proteins and led to variable phenotypic expression. A family history of HCM was identified in all genotype-positive individuals. Conclusions: In this first genetic-molecular analysis carried out in the south of Brazil, we found mutations in the sarcomeric genes MYH7 and MYBPC3 in 58% of individuals. MYH7-related disease was identified in the majority of cases with mutation.


Resumo Fundamento: Mutações em genes do sarcômero são encontradas em 60-70% dos indivíduos com formas familiares de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica. (CMH). Entretanto, essa estimativa refere-se a populações de países do hemisfério norte. O perfil genético-molecular da CMH foi tema de poucos estudos no Brasil, particularmente na região sul do país. Objetivo: Realizar a pesquisa de mutações dos genes sarcoméricos MYH7, MYBPC3 e TNNT2 numa coorte de CMH estabelecida no extremo sul do Brasil, assim como avaliar as associações genótipo-fenótipo. Métodos: Sequenciamento direto do DNA de todas as regiões codificantes dos três genes sarcoméricos foi realizada em 43 indivíduos consecutivos de dez famílias não-relacionadas. Resultados: Mutações para CMH foram encontradas em 25 (58%) indivíduos de sete (70%) das dez famílias estudadas, sendo 14 (56%) deles fenótipo-positivos. Todas as mutações eram missense, quatro (66%) no gene MYH7 e duas (33%) no gene MYBPC3. Não foram encontradas mutações no gene TNNT2. Mutações em MYH7 foram identificadas em 20 (47%) indivíduos de seis (60%) famílias. Duas delas não haviam sido previamente relatadas. Mutações de MYBPC3 foram detectadas em sete (16%) membros de duas (20%) famílias. Dois (5%) indivíduos apresentaram dupla heterozigose com mutações em ambos os genes. As mutações acometeram distintos domínios das proteínas codificadas e produziram expressão fenotípica variável. História familiar de CMH foi identificada em todos os indivíduos genótipo-positivos. Conclusões: Nessa primeira análise genético-molecular da CMH realizada no sul do Brasil, foram encontradas mutações nos genes sarcoméricos MYH7 e MYBPC3 em 58% dos indivíduos. Doença relacionada ao gene MYH7 foi identificada na maioria dos casos com mutação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Mutation , Phenotype , Sarcomeres/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Troponin T/genetics
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(2): 147-153, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal life could affect the cardiac function in later life. The mechanism underlying this action in fetal hypothyroidism (FH) in rats has not been elucidated thus far. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluation the effect of FH on cardiac function in male rats and to determine the contribution of α-myosin heavy chain (MHC) and β-MHC isoforms. Methods: Six pregnant female rats were randomly divided into two groups: The hypothyroid group received water containing 6-propyl-2-thiouracil during gestation and the controls consumed tap water. The offspring of the rats were tested in adulthood. Hearts from the FH and control rats were isolated and perfused with langendroff setup for measuring hemodynamic parameters; also, the heart mRNA expressions of α- MHC and β-MHC were measured by qPCR. Results: Baseline LVDP (74.0 ± 3.1 vs. 92.5 ± 3.2 mmHg, p < 0.05) and heart rate (217 ± 11 vs. 273 ± 6 beat/min, p < 0.05) were lower in the FH rats than controls. Also, these results showed the same significance in ±dp/dt. In the FH rats, β-MHC expression was higher (201%) and α- MHC expression was lower (47%) than control. Conclusion: Thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal life could attenuate normal cardiac functions in adult rats, an effect at least in part due to the increased expression of β-MHC to α- MHC ratio in the heart.


Resumo Fundamento: Deficiência de hormônio da tireoide durante vida fetal pode afetar a função cardíaca no futuro. O mecanismo subjacente dessa ação em hipotireoidismo fetal (HF) em ratos ainda não tem explicação. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo é avaliar o efeito de HF na função cardíaca em ratos macho e determinar a contribuição da α-miosina de cadeia pesada (α-MCP) e de isoformas β-MCP. Métodos: Seis ratos fêmea gestantes foram aleatoriamente divididas em dois grupos. O grupo do hipotireoidismo recebeu água contendo 6-propil-2-tiouracil durante a gestação, e os ratos no grupo de controle receberam água de torneira. Os filhotes dos ratos foram testados quando atingiram idade adulta. O coração dos ratos HF e controle foram isolados e submetidos a perfusão pelo método de Langendorff para medição de parâmetros hemodinâmicos. Também foram medidas as expressões de mRNA do coração de α-MCP e β-MCP por qPCR. Resultados: PVED de base (74,0 ± 3,1 vs. 92,5 ± 3,2 mmHg, p < 0,05) e pressão arterial (217 ± 11 vs. 273 ± 6 batidas/min, p < 0,05) mostraram-se mais baixas em ratos HF do que em ratos controle. Além disso, esses resultados mostraram a mesma significância em ±dp/dt. Em ratos HF, a expressão de β-MCP foi mais alta (201%) e a de α-MCP foi mais baixa (47%) do que em ratos controle. Conclusão: Deficiência de hormônio da tireoide durante a vida fetal pode enfraquecer funções cardíacas normais em ratos adultos, efeito devido em parte à expressão aumentada de β-MCP em relação a α-MCP no coração.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Body Weight/drug effects , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Congenital Hypothyroidism/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Propylthiouracil , Antithyroid Agents , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/blood , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure , DNA, Complementary/metabolism , Congenital Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Congenital Hypothyroidism/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Rate
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(6): e5273, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951687

ABSTRACT

The present study tested the hypotheses that i) transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) enhances differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) towards the cardiomyogenic phenotype and ii) intramyocardial implantation of the TGF-β1-treated MSCs improves cardiac function in heart failure rats. MSCs were treated with different concentrations of TGF-β1 for 72 h, and then morphological characteristics, surface antigens and mRNA expression of several transcription factors were assessed. Intramyocardial implantation of these TGF-β1-treated MSCs to infarcted heart was also investigated. MSCs were initially spindle-shaped with irregular processes. On day 28 after TGF-β1 treatment, MSCs showed fusiform shape, orientating parallel with one another, and were connected with adjoining cells forming myotube-like structures. Immunofluorescence revealed the expression of cardiomyocyte-specific proteins, α-sarcomeric actin and troponin T, in these cells. The mRNA expression of GATA4 and Nkx2.5 genes was slightly increased on day 7, enhanced on day 14 and decreased on day 28 while α-MHC gene was not expressed on day 7, but expressed slightly on day 14 and enhanced on day 28. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the induced cells had myofilaments, z line-like substances, desmosomes, and gap junctions, in contrast with control cells. Furthermore, intramyocardial implantation of TGF-β1-treated MSCs to infarcted heart reduced scar area and increased the number of muscle cells. This structure regeneration was concomitant with the improvement of cardiac function, evidenced by decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, increased left ventricular systolic pressure and increased maximal positive pressure development rate. Taken together, these results indicate that intramyocardial implantation of differentiated MSCs enhanced by TGF-β1 improved cardiac function in heart failure rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Heart Failure/surgery , Time Factors , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Cell Differentiation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Myosin Heavy Chains/analysis , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , GATA4 Transcription Factor/analysis , Homeobox Protein Nkx-2.5/analysis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical manifestations and mutation of MYH9 gene in a large Chinese family affected with MYH9-related thrombocytopenia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After informed consent was obtained; clinical examination and history investigation was performed on 29 members of the family. DNA was extracted using a standard method, then exons 1 to 40 and their corresponding exon-intron junctions of the MYH9 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to Sanger sequencing. The results were compared to reference sequence from the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) to screen the mutation. PCR and Sanger sequencing was performed on genome DNA of all family members to confirm the identified mutation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical manifestations of family members were prominently heterogeneous. Four affected members showed hearing loss or deafness, two affected members showed nephritis or kidney failure, and other affected members was only characterized by mild bleeding or with no obvious symptoms. A heterozygous missense mutation c.4270G>A (p.Aspl841Asn) in exon 30 of the MYH9 gene was identified in all affected members from this family, which also co-segregated with the phenotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A missense mutation c.4270G>A (p.Aspl841Asn) within the exon 30 of the MYH9 gene was identified to be associated with MYH9-related thrombocytopenia in a Chinese family.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ethnology , Genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation, Missense , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Thrombocytopenia , Ethnology , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345361

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features and mutations of MYO5B gene in a family affected with microvillus inclusion disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of an infant affected with microvillus inclusion disease was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the patient and her parents. PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing were performed to analyze all the exons and their flanking sequences of the MYO5B gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient presented with complicated manifestations including respiratory distress syndrome, dehydration, acidosis, bowel dilatation, liver and kidney dysfunction, and severe and intractable diarrhea. A compound mutation of the MYO5B gene, i.e., IVS37-1G>C/c.2729_2731delC (p.R911Afs916X), was discovered in the patient. The former was a splice-site mutation inherited from the mother, while the latter was a frameshift mutation inherited from the father. Both were not reported previously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the clinical and molecular evidence, the patient was diagnosed with microvillus inclusion disease. Above finding has expanded the mutation spectrum of the MYO5B gene, which can provide valuable information for genetic counseling for the family.</p>


Subject(s)
Family , Female , Genetic Testing , Methods , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Malabsorption Syndromes , Genetics , Male , Microvilli , Genetics , Pathology , Mucolipidoses , Genetics , Mutation , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Myosin Type V , Genetics , Phenotype
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 50-54, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317647

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between electrocardiographic (ECG) and genetic mutations of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and early ECG changes in HCM patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical, 12-lead ECG and echocardiographic examination as well as genetic examinations were made in a three-generation Chinses HCM pedigree with 8 family members (4 males). The clinical characterization and ECG parameters were analyzed and their relationship with genotypes in the family was explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four missense mutations (MYH7-H1717Q, MYLK2-K324E, KCNQ1-R190W, TMEM70-I147T) were detected in this pedigree. The proband carried all 4 mutations and 5 members carried 2 mutations. Corrected QTc interval of KCNQ1-H1717Q carriers was significantly prolonged and was consistent with the ECG characterization of long QT syndrome. MYLK2-K324E and KCNQ1-R190W carriers presented with Q wave and(or) depressed ST segment, as well as flatted or reversed T waves in leads from anterolateral and inferior ventricular walls. ECG results showed ST segment depression, flat and inverted T wave in the gene mutation carriers with normal echocardiographic examination results. ECG and echocardiographic results were normal in TMEM70-I147T mutation carrier.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combined mutations of the genes associated with cardiac ion channels and HCM are linked with the ECG phenotype changes in this HCM pedigree. The variations in ECG parameters due to the genetic mutation appear earlier than the echocardiography and clinical manifestations. Variation in ECG may become one of the indexes for early diagnostic screening and disease progression of the HCM gene mutation carriers.</p>


Subject(s)
Brugada Syndrome , Cardiac Conduction System Disease , Cardiac Myosins , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Exons , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , KCNQ1 Potassium Channel , Long QT Syndrome , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Myosin Heavy Chains , Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase , Pedigree , Phenotype
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264037

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a MYH9 gene knockout model in MGC803 cell line using transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) and observe its effect on cell cycle and apoptosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to FastTALE(TM) TALEN Kit, we designed TALEN pairs and constructed the plasmids targeting to MYH9 gene. After detecting their activity in MGC803 cells by plasmid transfection, DNA sequencing, RT-PCR and western blot, we selected the monoclonal cells and studied the changes in the cell cycle and apoptosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MYH9 gene could not be knocked out but knocked down in selected MGC803 monoclonal cells, which caused cell cycle arrested at G2/M phase (P<0.05) and a significant increase in the cell number with early apoptosis (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We successfully generated a MYH9 knockdown model in MGC803 cell lines by TALEN, which could be in favor of MYH9 function study in gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Plasmids , Stomach Neoplasms , Transfection
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether phenotypic modulation of bladder smooth muscle occurs in diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly assigned into diabetic group and control group. Diabetic rat models were established by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Nine weeks later, the bladder tissues of the rats were examined for structural changes using HE and Masson's trichrome staining , and the expressions of myocardin, α-SMA, and SMMHC in bladder smooth muscles were detected with RT-PCR and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the diabetic rats showed obvious polydipsia and polyuria with significantly increased collagenous fibers and lowered expressions of myocardin, α-SMA, and SMMHC in the bladder tissue (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>s In rats at 9 weeks after diabetic model establishment, phenotypic transition of the bladder smooth muscles occurs to cause bladder contractile dysfunction, which may play an important role in the pathology of diabetic bladder dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Nuclear Proteins , Metabolism , Phenotype , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Trans-Activators , Metabolism , Urinary Bladder
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