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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013183

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and gene variants of 2 pedigrees of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related diseases (MYH9-RD) in children. Methods: The basic information, clinical features, gene variants and laboratory tests of MYH9-RD patients from 2 pedigrees confirmed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in November 2021 and July 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. "Non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related disease" "MYH9" and "children" were used as key words to search at Pubmed database, CNKI and Wanfang database up to February 2023. The MYH9-RD gene variant spectrum and clinical data were analyzed and summarized. Results: Proband 1 (male, 11 years old) sought medical attention due to epistaxis, the eldest sister and second sister of proband 1 only showed excessive menstrual bleeding, the skin and mucous membrane of the their mother were prone to ecchymosis after bumping, the uncle of proband 1 had kidney damage, and the maternal grandmother and maternal great-grandmother of proband 1 had a history of cataracts. There were 7 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that the proband 1 MYH9 gene had c.279C>G (p.N93K) missense variant, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the mother. A total of 4 patients including proband 1 and family members were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. The proband 2 (female, 1 year old) sought medical attention duo to fever and cough, and the father's physical examination revealed thrombocytopenia. There were 2 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that there was a c.4270G>A (p.D1424N) missense variant in the proband 2 MYH9 gene, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the father. A total of 2 patients including proband 2 and his father were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. A total of 99 articles were retrieved, including 32 domestic literatures and 67 foreign literatures. The MYH9-RD cases totaled 149 pedigrees and 197 sporadic patients, including 2 pedigrees in our study. There were 101 cases with complete clinical data, including 62 sporadic cases and 39 pedigrees. There were 56 males and 45 females, with an average age of 6.9 years old. The main clinical manifestations were thrombocytopenia, skin ecchymosis, and epistaxis. Most patients didn't receive special treatment after diagnosis. Six English literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.279C>G mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. Italy reported the highest number of cases (3 cases). Twelve literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.4270G>A mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. China reported the highest number of cases (9 cases). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of patients in the MYH9-RD pedigrees varied greatly. MYH9 gene c.279C>G and c.4270G>A mutations are the cause of MYH9-RD.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Female , Male , Child , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Ecchymosis , Epistaxis , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Muscular Diseases , Thrombocytopenia , Cytoskeletal Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1156-1160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical phenotype and genotype characteristics of children withcardiomyopathy (CM) associated with MYH7 gene mutation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the medical data of five children with CM caused by MYH7 gene mutation who were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Cardiology, Hebei Children's Hospital.@*RESULTS@#Among the five children with CM, there were three girls and two boys, all of whom carried MYH7 gene mutation. Seven mutation sites were identified, among which five were not reported before. Among the five children, there were three children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, one child with dilated cardiomyopathy, and one child with noncompaction cardiomyopathy. The age ranged from 6 to 156 months at the initial diagnosis. At the initial diagnosis, two children had the manifestations of heart failure such as cough, shortness of breath, poor feeding, and cyanosis of lips, as well as delayed development; one child had palpitation, blackness, and syncope; one child had fever, runny nose, and abnormal liver function; all five children had a reduction in activity endurance. All five children received pharmacotherapy for improving cardiac function and survived after follow-up for 7-24 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The age of onset varies in children with CM caused by MYH7 gene mutation, and most children lack specific clinical manifestations at the initial diagnosis and may have the phenotype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy or noncompaction cardiomyopathy. The children receiving early genetic diagnosis and pharmacological intervention result in a favorable short-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype , Genotype , Mutation , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnosis , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981974

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common monogenic inherited myocardial disease in children, and mutations in sarcomere genes (such as MYH7 and MYBPC3) are the most common genetic etiology of HCM, among which mutations in the MYH7 gene are the most common and account for 30%-50%. MYH7 gene mutations have the characteristics of being affected by environmental factors, coexisting with multiple genetic variations, and age-dependent penetrance, which leads to different or overlapping clinical phenotypes in children, including various cardiomyopathies and skeletal myopathies. At present, the pathogenesis, course, and prognosis of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations in children remain unclear. This article summarizes the possible pathogenesis, clinical phenotype, and treatment of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations, in order to facilitate the accurate prognostic evaluation and individualized management and treatment of the children with this disorder.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Phenotype , Troponin T/genetics , Mutation , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 527-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) in regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cisplatin sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#Six NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1299, H1975, SPCA1, H322, and H460) and a normal bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) were examined for MYH9 expression using Western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect MYH9 expression in a tissue microarray containing 49 NSCLC and 43 adjacent tissue specimens. MYH9 knockout cell models were established in H1299 and H1975 cells using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and the changes in cell proliferation cell were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and clone formation assays; Western blotting and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis of the cell models, and cisplatin sensitivity of the cells was evaluated using IC50 assay. The growth of tumor xenografts derived from NSCLC with or without MYH9 knockout was observed in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#MYH9 expression was significantly upregulated in NSCLC (P < 0.001), and the patients with high MYH9 expression had a significantly shorter survival time (P=0.023). In cultured NSCLC cells, MYH9 knockout obviously inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001), promoted cell apoptosis (P < 0.05), and increased their chemosensitivity of cisplatin. In the tumor-bearing mouse models, the NSCLC cells with MYH9 knockout showed a significantly lower growth rate (P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that MYH9 knockout inactivated the AKT/c- Myc axis (P < 0.05) to inhibit the expression of BCL2- like protein 1 (P < 0.05), promoted the expression of BH3- interacting domain death agonist and the apoptosis regulator BAX (P < 0.05), and activated apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and caspase-9 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High expression of MYH9 contributes to NSCLC progression by inhibiting cell apoptosis via activating the AKT/c-Myc axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
5.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 22(1): 1-12, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451260

ABSTRACT

El estudio de las fibras musculares permite comprender con mejor detalle la composición de los músculos y sus características funcionales. Además, facilita la aplicación de programas de entrenamiento y rehabilitación basados en las vías energéticas que regulan la contracción muscular. Su estudio generalmente va unido al análisis de las cadenas pesadas de miosina (MyHC), las que informan sobre las características y propiedades funcionales del músculo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue sintetizar la evidencia científica disponible sobre la distribución de fibras musculares y de isoformas de cadenas pesadas de miosina de los músculos intrínsecos de la laringe de seres humanos. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura mediante el análisis de artículos encontrados en las bases de datos PubMed, EBSCOHost y SciELO. Los hallazgos informan sobre la existencia de fibras tónicas lentas y tipo I, II, IIA y IIX/IIB. Además, se reconoce la presencia de las isoformas MyHC-I, MyHC-IIA, MyHC-IIX, MyHC-Fetal, MyHC-L y MyHC-IIB. En conclusión, los músculos intrínsecos de la laringe presentan una mezcla de fibras y de isoformas de MyHC lentas y rápidas,la que obedece a adaptaciones y cambios evolutivos que han permitido, por ejemplo, las características fonatorias que presenta la voz del ser humano.


The study of muscle fibers allows the composition of muscles and their functional characteristics to be understood in greaterdetail. In addition, it makes it possible to applytraining and rehabilitation programs based on the energypathways that regulatemuscle contraction. Studying muscle fibers is generally associated withthe analysis of myosin heavy chains (MHC) which provide information on the functional characteristics and properties of muscles. The objective of this study was to synthesize the available scientific evidence onthe distribution of muscle fibers and myosin heavy chain isoforms present in the intrinsic laryngeal muscles of human beings. A systematic reviewof the literature was carried outand articles found on PubMed, EBSCOHost,and SciELOwere analyzed.The findings showthe presenceof slow-tonic, type I, type II, type IIA, and type IIX/IIB fibers. Additionally,isoforms MHC-I, MHC-IIA, MHC-IIX, MHC-Fetal, MHC-L, and MHC-IIB canbe found. In conclusion, intrinsic laryngeal muscles are composed ofa combination of slow and fast fibers and MHC isoforms, derived from evolutionary adaptations and changes which have given way, among other things, to the phonetic characteristics ofthe human voice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phonation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Laryngeal Muscles/anatomy & histology
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 728-734, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385653

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The main objective of this study was to analyze by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) the expression patterns of the myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms (MHC-I, MHC-IIa, MHC-IIx) in the sphenomandibularis portion of the temporalis muscle. We expected to find differences between the sphenomandibularis and the other portions of the temporalis that could be related to the functional characteristics of the sphenomandibularis identified by electromyography. We dissected the right temporalis muscle of ten adult human individuals (five men and five women). Samples of the anterior and posterior temporalis and of the sphenomandibularis portion were obtained from each dissected muscle. These samples were analyzed by RT-qPCR to determine the percentages of expression of the MHC-I, MHC-IIa and MHC-IIx isoforms. No significant differences were identified between the anterior and the posterior temporalis in the expression patterns of the MHC-I, MHC-IIa and MHC-IIx isoforms. However, there were significant differences between the sphenomandibularis and the anterior temporalis. Specifically, the sphenomandibularis portion had a higher percentage of expression of the MHC-I isoform (P=0.04) and a lower percentage of expression of the MHC-IIx isoform (P=0.003). The pattern of expression that we observed in the sphenomandibularis reflects a greater resistance to fatigue, a lower contraction speed, and a lower capacity of force generation in the sphenomandibularis compared to the anterior temporalis. These characteristics are consistent with electromyographic findings on the functional differences between these two portions.


RESUMEN: El principal objetivo de este estudio fue analizar mediante real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) los patrones de expresión de las isoformas de la cadena pesada de la miosina (MHC-I, MHC-IIa y MHC-IIx) en la porción esfenomandibular del músculo temporal. Se esperó encontrar diferencias entre el esfenomandibular y las otras porciones del músculo temporal que se pudieran relacionar con las características funcionales del esfenomandibular, identificadas mediante electromiografía. Para obtener estos resultados, se diseccionó el músculo temporal derecho en diez humanos adultos (cinco hombres y cinco mujeres) y se obtuvieron muestras de la porción anterior y posterior del músculo temporal y de su porción esfenomandibular. Estas muestras fueron analizadas mediante RT-qPCR para determinar los porcentajes de expresión de las isoformas MHC-I, MHC- IIa y MHC-IIx. No se identificaron diferencias significativas de los patrones de expresión entre la porción anterior y la porción posterior del músculo temporal, pero sí que se observaron diferencias significativas entre la porción anterior del músculo temporal y su porción esfenomandibular. Concretamente, la porción esfenomandibular presentó un mayor porcentaje de expresión de la isoforma MHC-I (P=0.04) y un menor porcentaje de expresión de la isoforma MHC-IIx (P=0.003). El patrón de expresión que hemos observado en la porción esfenomandibular del músculo temporal refleja una mayor resistencia a la fatiga, una velocidad de contracción más lenta y una menor capacidad de generar fuerza si se compara esta porción con la porción anterior del músclo temporal. Estas características son consistentes con las diferencias funcionales que presentan estas dos porciones, que han sido descritas mediante electromiografía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Temporal Muscle/metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Sphenoid Bone , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Protein Isoforms , Electromyography , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 367-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22), and to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#AML patients with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22) and/or CBFβ-MYH11+ admitted to the Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2008 to October 30, 2019 were retrospective analyzed, the clinical and laboratory indicators, as well as treatment plans and efficacy evaluations of the patients were all recorded. Furthermore, related factors affecting the overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 151 AML patients with inv(16)/t(16;16) (p13.1;q22) and/or CBFβ-MYH11+, the percentage of additional chromosomal abnormalities was about 27.8%, and the most common additional chromosomal abnormality was +22 (33/151, 21.8%), followed by +8 (11/151, 7.3%). There were 112 patients with perfect NGS examination, and the result showed the most common accompanying gene mutations were KIT mutation (34/112, 30.4%) and FLT3 mutation (23/112, 20.5%). Univariate analysis showed that factors affecting EFS included: NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.006) and combined K-RAS mutation (P=0.002); Factors affecting OS included: Age≥50 years old (P<0.001) and NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.016). Multivariate analysis showed that NE≤0.5×109/L (P=0.019) was the risk factors affecting OS. The proportion of bone marrow eosinophilia (BME)≥10.00% (P=0.029) was the risk factors affecting EFS.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis for those newly diagnosed AML patients who were of advanced age, the high proportion of bone marrow eosinophils, K-RAS mutations, and agranulocytosis is poor. The treatment plans can be adjusted in the early stage to improve the prognosis of such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Chromosome Inversion , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(5): 1406-1411, oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385479

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Both the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles elevate the mandible, raising the lower jaw by acting simultaneously on the lateral and medial surfaces of the mandibular ramus. Nevertheless, electromyographic studies indicate that these muscles, as well as the superficial and deep heads of the masseter, act in a different way during mastication. We have analyzed by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) the expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms in the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles in humans in order to identify possible differences in the expression patterns that may be related to functional differences identified with electromyography. Our findings indicate that the expression pattern of MHC isoforms in the two muscles is characteristic of fast and powerful phasic muscles. We have also observed a high percentage of expression of the MHC-IIx isoform and the expression of the MHC-M isoform at the mRNA level in both muscles, an isoform that does not translate into protein in the masticatory muscles of humans. The high percentage of expression of the MHC-IIx isoform in humans can be related to a high contractile speed of the masseter and medial pterygoid in humans. On the other hand, the low percentage of expression of the MHC-M isoform at the mRNA level in both muscles can be related to the complex evolutionary process that has reduced the size and force of the masticatory muscles in humans.


RESUMEN: Los músculos masetero y pterigoideo medial elevan la mandíbula actuando de forma simultánea sobre las caras lateral y medial de su rama. Sin embargo, los estudios electromiográficos indican que estos dos músculos actúan de forma diferente durante la masticación, de la misma forma que lo hacen las porciones superficial y profunda del músculo masetero. En el presente estudio hemos analizado mediante PCR en tiempo real la expresión de las isoformas de la cadena pesada de la miosina o myosin heavy chain (MHC) en los músculos masetero y pterigoideo medial en humanos, con la finalidad de identificar diferencias en los patrones de expresión que se puedan relacionar con las diferencias funcionales identificadas con la electromiografía. Nuestros resultados indican que el patrón de expresión de las isoformas de la MHC en los dos músculos es la característica de los músculos rápidos y potentes. También hemos observado un elevado porcentaje de expresión de la isoforma MHC-IIx y la expresión a nivel de ARNm de la isoforma MHC-M en los dos músculos, una isoforma que no se detecta a nivel de proteína en los músculos masticadores humanos. El elevado porcentaje de expresión de la isoforma MHC-IIx que hemos observado se puede relacionar con una elevada velocidad de contracción de los músculos masetero y pterigoideo medial en los humanos. Por otro lado, el bajo porcentaje de expresión de la isoforma MHC-M a nivel de ARNm en ambos músculos se puede relacionar con los procesos evolutivos complejos que han reducido el tamaño y la fuerza de los músculos masticadores en los humanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pterygoid Muscles/metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Masseter Muscle/metabolism , Cadaver , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , RNA Isoforms/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 369-373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prognostic factors of AML children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive treated in our hospital from May 2012 to June 2018 were selected, the clinical data and curative were analyzed and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Five-year OS and 5-year EFS rate of CBFβ/MYH11 positive AML children was 76.8% and 64.0% efficacy, respectively. Univariate analysis results showed that the OS rate of CBFβ/MYH11 positive AML children with WBC<60.0×10@*CONCLUSION@#WBC level and XRCC-Thr241Met genotype at initial diagnosis are the major affecting factors for prognosis of AML children with CBFβ/MYH11 positive.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Chromosome Inversion , Genotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Prognosis
10.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 59-68, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without apparent cardiac justification. Sudden cardiac death may be the first manifestation of the disease. It occurs mainly in adulthood and can be seen in childhood and adolescence where genetic origin predominates. Primary HCM (“familial”) is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern in the 25 subtypes informed in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. The proteins encoded by the mutated genes are part of the sarcomere in the cardiac cells, being the thick filament the most frequently affected, with the worst prognosis. In the present article, we describe the Mendelian inheritance of the disease and the two most associated genes with sudden death: MYBPC3 and MYH7.


Resumen La miocardiopatía hipertrófica (MCH) es el aumento de grosor de la pared ventricular izquierda no relacionada con otras alteraciones cardíacas. Es una enfermedad que puede presentar como primera manifestación clínica la muerte súbita y de ahí su relevancia clínica. Aunque se presenta sobre todo en la edad adulta, puede aparecer durante la infancia y adolescencia, en las que predominan los casos de origen hereditario. La MCH primaria, de causa genética, muestra en particular un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante en los 25 subtipos reconocidos en OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). Las proteínas codificadas por los genes mutantes forman parte del sarcómero en células musculares cardíacas, y las variantes patogénicas de filamentos gruesos son las de mayor frecuencia y peor pronóstico. En este artículo se describen la herencia mendeliana de la enfermedad y la relación con muerte súbita de los genes más frecuentemente encontrados en ella: MYBPC3 y MYH7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/physiopathology
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 340-348, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828161

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the role of miR-130a-3p in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and its underlying mechanisms. Pressure-overload induced myocardial hypertrophy mice model was constructed by thoracic aortic constriction (TAC). , norepinephrine (NE) was used to stimulate neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) and H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes to induce hypertrophic phenotypes. The expression of miR-130a-3p was detected in mice hypertrophic myocardium, hypertrophic NRCMs and H9c2 cells. The mimics and inhibitors of miR-130a-3p were transfected into H9c2 cells to observe the role of miR-130a-3p on the hypertrophic phenotype change of cardiomyocytes separately. Furthermore, whether miR-130a-3p regulated hypertrophic related signaling pathways was explored. The results showed that the expression of miR-130a-3p was significantly decreased in hypertrophic myocardium, hypertrophic NRCMs and H9c2 cells. After transfection of miR-130a-3p mimics, the expression of hypertrophic marker genes, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), and the cell surface area were notably down-regulated compared with the control group (mimics N.C. + NE group). But after transfection of miR-130a-3p inhibitor, the expression of ANP, BNP and β-MHC in H9c2 cells increased significantly, and the cell area increased further. By Western blot, it was found that the protein phosphorylation level of Akt and mTOR were down-regulated after over-expression of miR-130a-3p. These results suggest that miR-130a-3p mimics may alleviate the degree of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, meanwhile its inhibitor can further aggravate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Over-expression of miR-130a-3p may attenuate cardiomyocytes hypertrophy by affecting the Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Cardiomegaly , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Myocardium , Pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Pathology , Myosin Heavy Chains , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Nonmuscle Myosin Type IIB , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 60-63, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for a pedigree affected with May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected and subjected to DNA extraction. Exons 1, 10, 16, 24, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 38 and 40 and flanking sequences of the MYH9 gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. Changes in protein expression were determined by an indirect immunofluorescence assay. Platelet aggregation function of the proband was assessed by thromboelastogram.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his second son both carried a heterozygous 5521G>A (GAG to AAG) missense variant in exon 38 of the MYH9 gene, leading to p.Glu1841Lys substitution at position 1841 of amino acid sequence. Immunofluorescence showed inclusions containing NMMHC-II A. Thromboelastogram suggested enhanced platelet aggregation function of the proband.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.5521G>A variant of MYH9 gene has co-segregated with the phenotype of MHA in this pedigree. To assess the aggregation function of platelet by thromboelastogram can predict the risk of bleeding in MHA patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 287-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941107

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the cardiac functional changes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM) patients with β-myosin heavy chain gene (MYH7) mutations by three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking imaging(3D-STI) and conventional echocardiography modalities, and then to explore the potential predictors of adverse cardiovascular events in these patients. Methods: A consecutive series of 192 HCM patients admitted in our center from October 2014 to October 2016 were genetically screened to identify MYH7 mutations in this retrospective study. A total of 43 HCM patients with MYH7 mutations were enrolled. The patients were divided into events group(n=13) and no event group(n=30) according to the presence or absence of adverse cardiovascular events(primary and secondary endpoints). All patients were followed up to January 2019 after comprehensive evaluation of 3D-STI, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. The adverse cardiovascular events were recorded. Results: The median follow up time was 1 012 (812, 1 330) days. During follow-up, 13 patients (30.2%) reached endpoints: 6 cases of the primary endpoints(2 cases of sudden cardiac death(SCD), 3 cases of survival after defibrillation, and 1 case of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator(ICD) discharge); 7 cases of the second endpoints(5 cases of heart failure hospitalization, 1 case of syncope and cardioversion due to supraventricular tachycardia, and 1 case of end-stage HCM). Patients with adverse cardiovascular events had higher prevalence of syncope and risk of SCD, enlarged left atrial volume index(LAVI) and reduced 3D left ventricular global longitudinal train (3D-GLS), as compared to those without adverse events(all P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that reduced 3D-GLS(HR=0.814, 95%CI 0.663-0.999, P=0.049) was an independent predictor for adverse cardiovascular events. The cutoff value of 3D-GLS≤13.67% was linked with significantly increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events in this patient cohort(AUC=0.753, 95%CI 0.558-0.948, sensitivity 86%, specificity 69%, P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that the patients with the 3D-GLS≤ 13.67% faced higher risk of death than those with 3D-GLS>13.67%. Conclusion: 3D-GLS is useful on predicting adverse cardiovascular events in HCM patients with MYH7 mutations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Echocardiography , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 352-356, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the mutation type of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) gene and investigate the clinical features of a pedigree affected with MYH9 gene-related disease.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the proband and his family members were collected. Routine blood tests were performed, which included platelet counting and Wright's staining to observe the granulocyte inclusions and giant platelets. PCR was used to amplify exons 2, 17, 27, 31, 39 and 41 of the MYH9 gene, and the mutation site was determined by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#All patients from the pedigree presented a typical triad of thrombocytopenia, giant platelets, and inclusion bodies in leukocytes. In addition, two patients had nephritis and cataract. All affected members carried a heterozygous missense mutation of c.5521G>A (p.glu1841Lys) in exon 39 of the MYH9 gene. The same mutation was not found among healthy members of the pedigree and the controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.5521G>A (p.Glu1841Lys) mutation in the MYH9 gene probably underlies the MYH9-related disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Genetic Testing , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Thrombocytopenia
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774511

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of aconitine(AC) on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced H9 c2 cell hypertrophy and explore its mechanism of action. The model of hypertrophy was induced by Ang Ⅱ(1×10-6 mol·L-1),and cardiomyocytes were incubated with different concentrations of AC. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP),β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC),and α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA). Real-time quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the mRNA expression levels of cardiac hypertrophic markers ANP,BNP and β-MHC. In addition,the fluorescence intensity of the F-actin marker,an important component of myofibrils,was detected by using laser confocal microscope. AC could significantly reverse the increase of total protein content in H9 c2 cells induced by Ang Ⅱ; qRT-PCR results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC mRNA up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. Western blot results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC protein up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. In addition,F-actin expression induced by Ang Ⅱ could be inhibited by AC,and multiple indicators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by Ang Ⅱ could be down-regulated,indicating that AC may inhibit cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the expression of hypertrophic factors,providing new clues for exploring the cardiovascular protection of AC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aconitine , Pharmacology , Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin II , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiac Myosins , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Cells, Cultured , Hypertrophy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 29-34, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on the negatively regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of HS with miRNA-133a-mediated Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.@*METHODS@#Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expression of brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), cystathionase (CSE), miRNA-133a, calcineurin (CaN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of CaN、nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATc4) were detected by Western blot. The concentration of HS in the cardiomyocyte was detected by Elisa. The concentration of intracellular calcium was measured by calcium imaging using confocal microscope. The nuclear translocation of NFATc4 was checked by immuno-fluorescence cell staining technique.@*RESULTS@#①The level of system of CSE/HS and expression of miRNA-133a were significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Pretreatment with NaHS increased the concentration of HS and the expression of miRNA-133a mRNA in cardiomyocytes, and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ②The concentration of intracellular calcium, the expression of CaN and nulear protein NFATc4 were significantly increased, and the nuclear translocation of NFATc4 were obviously enhanced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. NaHS pretreatment markedly inhibited these effects of ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ③Application of antagomir-133a reversed the inhibitory effects of NaHS on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and increased the influx of intracellular calcium, and elevated the expression of CaN and nuclear protein NFATc4, and enhanced the nuclear translocation of NFATc4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effects might be associated with HS increasing expression of miRNA-133a and inhibiting inactivation of Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Calcineurin , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1457-1464, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688097

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Outflow tract (OFT) septation defects are a common cause of congenital heart disease. Numerous studies have focused on the septation mechanism of the OFT, but have reported inconsistent conclusions. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the septation of the aortic sac and the OFT in the early embryonic human heart.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Serial sections of 27 human embryonic hearts from Carnegie stage (CS) 10 to CS19 were immunohistochemically stained with antibodies against α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and myosin heavy chain.</p><p><b>Results</b>At CS10-CS11, the OFT wall was an exclusively myocardial structure that was continuous with the aortic sac at the margin of the pericardial cavity. From CS13 onward, the OFT was divided into nonmyocardial and myocardial portions. The cushion formed gradually, and its distal border with the OFT myocardium was consistently maintained. The aortic sac between the fourth and sixth aortic arch arteries was degenerated. At CS16, the α-SMA-positive aortopulmonary septum formed and fused with the two OFT cushions, thus septating the nonmyocardial portion of the OFT into two arteries. At this stage, the cushions were not fused. At CS19, the bilateral cushions were fused to septate the myocardial portion of the OFT.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Data suggest that the OFT cushion is formed before the aortopulmonary septum is formed. Thus, the OFT cushion is not derived from the aortopulmonary septum. In addition, the nonmyocardial part of the OFT is septated into the aorta and pulmonary trunk by the aortopulmonary septum, while the main part of the cushion fuses and septates the myocardial portion of the OFT.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins , Metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Aorta , Embryology , Heart , Embryology , Heart Valves , Embryology , Immunohistochemistry , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism
18.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 546-551, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103595

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old female presented to our hospital with a history of bleeding episodes (excessive bleeding after tooth extraction, gum bleeding, easy bruising, and excessive menstruation) and severe thrombocytopenia (2,000/µL). She had no family history of bleeding tendency or thrombocytopenia. No peripheral lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly was noted. The patient's white blood cell count was normal; hemoglobin was 9.7 g/dL. A peripheral blood smear showed markedly decreased platelets, with occasional giant or large platelets. Bone marrow examination found increased megakaryocytes. The patient also complained of hearing difficulty; a hearing test indicated sensory-neural hearing impairment. Her thrombocytopenia was refractory to treatment with glucocorticosteroids, intravenous gamma-globulin, and danazol. In the 13 years following her initial presentation, the patient required anti-hypertensive treatment, a hearing-aid for progressive hearing loss, and started maintenance kidney dialysis. Her clinical history of refractory thrombocytopenia, progressive hearing impairment, and renal failure suggested myosin heavy chain 9 gene-related congenital syndrome (Epstein syndrome), which was confirmed by the presence of a heterozygous deletion mutation, c.221_223del, (p.Lys74del) in peripheral leukocyte deoxyribonucleic acid.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Bone Marrow Examination , Danazol , Dialysis , DNA , gamma-Globulins , Gingiva , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing Tests , Hemorrhage , Kidney , Leukocyte Count , Leukocytes , Lymphatic Diseases , Megakaryocytes , Myosin Heavy Chains , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sequence Deletion , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Tooth Extraction
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 352-356, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335128

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study genetic mutations and clinical features of a pedigree affected with MYH9-related disorders from Guangxi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood platelets were counted with a hemocytometer. Blood smear was carried out to detect the inclusion body in peripheral blood neutrophils. DNA and mRNA samples were extracted from blood samples from the members of the pedigree. Fragments of the MYH9 gene were amplified with PCR and directly sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The affected individuals presented with a triad of giant platelets, decreased platelet count and inclusion bodies in the neutrophils with variable expressivity. A heterozygous deletional mutation (c.5803delG) in exon 41 of the MYH9 gene was found in all of the 8 affected individuals, which led to a frame-shift and change of 26 amino acids at the C-end of the tail domain of nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA) (p.Ala1935Profs*12). The same mutation was not found among healthy members of the pedigree.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The c.5803delG mutation probably underlies the MYH9-related disorders in this pedigree. The mutation has altered the C-end of the tail domain of the NMMHC-IIA protein, resulting in mild clinical symptoms in the affected individuals.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Base Sequence , China , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Sequence Deletion , Thrombocytopenia , Diagnosis , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 514-518, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335093

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the phenotype-genotype correlation of MYH7-V878A mutation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exonic amplification and high-throughput sequencing of 96-cardiovascular disease-related genes were carried out on probands from 210 pedigrees affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). For the probands, their family members, and 300 healthy volunteers, the identified MYH7-V878A mutation was verified by Sanger sequencing. Information of the HCM patients and their family members, including clinical data, physical examination, echocardiography (UCG), electrocardiography (ECG), and conserved sequence of the mutation among various species were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A MYH7-V878A mutation was detected in five HCM pedigrees containing 31 family members. Fourteen members have carried the mutation, among whom 11 were diagnosed with HCM, while 3 did not meet the diagnostic criteria. Some of the fourteen members also carried other mutations. Family members not carrying the mutation had normal UCG and ECG. No MYH7-V878A mutation was found among the 300 healthy volunteers. Analysis of sequence conservation showed that the amino acid is located in highly conserved regions among various species.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MYH7-V878A is a hot spot among ethnic Han Chinese with a high penetrance. Functional analysis of the conserved sequences suggested that the mutation may cause significant alteration of the function. MYH7-V878A has a significant value for the early diagnosis of HCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian People , Genetics , Cardiac Myosins , Genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Methods , Genotype , Mutation , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype
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