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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 217-220, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Melanonychia is the change in the coloration of the nail plate resulting from the deposition of melanin. Among its causes are melanocytic hyperplasia, melanocytic activation and nail melanoma. Subungual follicular inclusions are histological findings of unknown etiology, possibly related to trauma. We present three cases of melanonychia of different etiologies with subungual follicular inclusions, an association that has not been well described and with an indefinite pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Hair Follicle/pathology , Melanosis/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Ultrasonography , Hair Follicle/diagnostic imaging , Dermoscopy , Melanosis/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Nail Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Nails/pathology
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 344-347, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011119

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Of all nail disorders seen in dermatology offices, half of them are due to onychomycosis. The main differential diagnosis is nail psoriasis. The objective of this study was to compare the microscopic findings, other than the presence of fungi, in the clipping of onychomycosis versus normal nails and nail psoriasis. Methods: Cross-sectional study of onychomycosis cases, analyzed by clipping and compared with data on normal nails and those with nail psoriasis. Results: Sixty-two onychomycosis samples were compared with 30 normal nails and 50 nails with psoriasis. In onychomycosis, measurement of subungual region, serous lakes, neutrophils and number of layers of parakeratosis are more intense than in psoriasis. Onychocariosis is less common in psoriasis, while bacteria are more frequent. The nail transition zone is more commonly blurred and irregular in onychomycosis. Conclusion: Clipping helps in the differential diagnosis of onychomycosis and nail psoriasis and may be useful even when fungi are not found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Onychomycosis/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Nails/pathology , Parakeratosis , Psoriasis/microbiology , Psoriasis/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Onychomycosis/microbiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Nail Diseases/microbiology , Nails/microbiology , Neutrophils
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 214-216, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001138

ABSTRACT

Abstract Onychocytic matricoma is a newly described tumor of the nail matrix. Clinically, it presents with localized thickening of the nail plate and melanonychia. Histologically, it represents a benign acanthoma of onychocytes. There are 8 cases reported in the literature. A 12-year-old girl presented with localized melanonychia and concurrent thickening of the nail plate restricted to the area of pigmentation affecting the right thumb, with no history of trauma or pain. We report a case of this rare tumor occurring in late childhood and provide a comprehensive review of its clinical presentation and differential diagnosis. Both clinicians and dermatopathologists should be aware of the presentation of onychocytic matricoma and include it in their scope of diagnosis of longitudinal nail bands.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Acanthoma/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Thumb , Diagnosis, Differential , Nail Diseases/surgery
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 233-235, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001147

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of an 8-year-old child with subungual exostosis, whose diagnosis was suspected on the basis of dermoscopic findings and subsequently confirmed by X-ray and histopathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Exostoses/diagnostic imaging , Nail Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Radiography , Exostoses/pathology , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential , Onycholysis/diagnostic imaging , Nail Diseases/pathology
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 114-115, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887164

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Periungual basal cell carcinoma is rare and needs to be differentiated from other common diseases that affect this region. Several factors are associated with the development of this tumor, and sun damage seems to play an important role in its pathogenesis. Dermoscopy of clinically indolent lesions on the nail unit can shorten the diagnostic process and avoid destructive treatment and functional damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Basosquamous/diagnostic imaging , Nail Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Basosquamous/pathology , Dermoscopy , Nail Diseases/pathology
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 121-123, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838031

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is a benign soft tissue tumor most frequent between the third and fifth decades of life. It can mimic and make differential diagnoses with several hand tumors. Definitive diagnosis and the treatment of choice are reached with complete resection and histopathological examination. Here we describe a case with clinical presentation similar to that of a myxoid cyst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Ganglion Cysts/pathology , Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath/surgery , Nail Diseases/surgery
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 21-25, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838033

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The nail involvement in psoriasis is related to psoriatic arthritis and may represent a predictor of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To analyze, through nail clipping, clinically normal and dystrophic nails of patients with cutaneous psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional multicenter study, conducted between August 2011 and March 2012. Patients were divided into four groups: patients with cutaneous psoriasis and onychodystrophy, patients with cutaneous psoriasis and clinically normal nails, patients with psoriatic arthritis and onychodystrophy and patients with psoriatic arthritis and clinically normal nails. We calculated NAPSI (Nail Psoriasis Severity Index) of the nail with more clinically noticeable change. After collection and preparation of the nail clipping, the following microscopic parameters were evaluated: thickness of the nail plate and subungual region, presence or absence of parakeratosis, serous lakes, blood, and fungi. RESULTS: There were more layers of parakeratosis (p=0.001) and a greater thickness of the subungual region in patients with cutaneous psoriasis and onychodystrophy (p=0.002). Serous lakes were also more present in the same group (p=0.008) and in patients with psoriatic arthritis and normal nails (p=0.047). The other microscopic parameters showed no significant difference between normal and dystrophic nails or between patients with psoriatic arthritis or cutaneous psoriasis. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Small sample size and use of medications. CONCLUSIONS: Nail clipping is a simple and quick method to assess the nails of patients with nail psoriasis although does not demonstrate difference between those with joint changes or exclusively cutaneous psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Psoriasis/complications , Psoriasis/pathology , Nail Diseases/etiology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Nails, Malformed/etiology , Nails, Malformed/pathology , Arthritis, Psoriatic/complications , Arthritis, Psoriatic/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(6): 846-848, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038237

ABSTRACT

Abstract Subungual melanoma represents 20% of all melanomas in Hispanic population. Here, we report the outcome of 15 patients with in situ subungual melanoma treated with resection of the nail unit with a 5-mm margin without amputation, followed up for 55.93 ± 43.08 months. The most common complications included inclusion cysts and nail spicules. We found no evidence of local or distant recurrences at the last visit of our follow up. Functional outcome was good, with only one patient reporting persistent mild pain. These results support functional, non-amputative surgical management of in situ subungual melanomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Nail Diseases/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Time Factors , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dermoscopy , Melanoma/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(6): 817-819, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837969

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although subungual squamous cell carcinoma is rare, it is the most common primary malignant neoplasms in this location. The higher incidence occurs in the fingernails, but involvement of the toenails is also possible. Subungual squamous cell carcinoma often looks like other more common benign lesions, such as fungal infection, onychomycosis, or viral wart. These factors, together with a general lack of awareness of this disease among physicians, often result in delayed diagnosis. Therefore, it is underdiagnosed, with few reports in the literature. The authors present a case of a man with a diagnosis of subungual squamous cell carcinoma in the hallux, without bone involvement, which was submitted to the appropriate surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Toes/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Nail Diseases/surgery
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 116-118, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837951

ABSTRACT

Abstract Onychogryphosis is an acquired nail plate change. It often affects the toenail and is characterized by an opaque, yellow-brownish nail plate that is distorted, grossly thickened, elongated, and partly curved resembling a ram's horn. Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder associated with high rates of mental retardation, autism, cognitive impairment, behavioral problems, or seizures. Nail disease can also be associated, which is a concern to patients due to pain and nail distortion. We reported a typical tuberous sclerosis complex patient with distinctive clinical features of a ram's horn nails, which presented a great challenge to surgical treatment and nail restoration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberous Sclerosis/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Nails/pathology
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5): 639-641, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827765

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A 54 year-old woman with a 3-year history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) consulted us because of weight loss, fever and skin eruption. On physical examination, erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance were seen on the back of both shoulders. Histological examination was consistent with rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatosis (RND). After three days of prednisone treatment, the skin eruption resolved. RND is a rare cutaneous manifestation of seropositive RA, characterized by asymptomatic, symmetrical erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance. Histology characteristically reveals a dense, neutrophilic infiltrate with leucocitoclasis but without other signs of vasculitis. Lesions may resolve spontaneously or with RA treatment. This case illustrates an uncommon skin manifestation of active rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Papilloma/pathology , Darier Disease/pathology , Acitretin/therapeutic use , Keratolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Darier Disease/drug therapy , Nail Diseases/pathology
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 300-305, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787295

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that often progresses with nail alterations. It is suspected that there is a correlation between nail psoriasis and enthesitis of the distal interphalangeal joint, seeming to serve as a predictor. Objectives: To analyze the profile of patients with nail psoriasis and correlate the presence of nail alterations with psoriatic arthritis, quality of life, extent of psoriasis and the histopathology of the nail. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study with 40 patients with a diagnosis of psoriasis and without systemic treatment. The patient profile was researched, including quality of life and evaluated for the presence of psoriatic arthritis. The severity of the skin psoriasis and the presence of nail lesions were evaluated. Nail fragments were collected and analyzed through clipping. It obtained 100% of positivity for psoriasis in the histopathology exam of the nail plate. Results: Of the 40 patients, 65% were diagnosed with nail psoriasis. Suggestive findings of psoriatic arthritis in hands were present in 33%, being more frequent in those with nail alteration (p = 0.01). In 92.3% of patients diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis in the hands there was some nail injury. The most frequent injuries were pitting and onycholysis. Conclusions: Patients with nail psoriasis are usually men, with worse quality of life and higher chance of psoriatic arthritis. The correlation between the nail involvement of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in hands confirms the association between these two forms. The clinical diagnosis of nail psoriasis did not correlate with the histological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Nail Diseases/epidemiology , Parakeratosis/pathology , Psoriasis/pathology , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Arthritis, Psoriatic/complications , Arthritis, Psoriatic/epidemiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Onycholysis/epidemiology , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Nail Diseases/pathology
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(6): 897-899, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769510

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Clouston syndrome is a rare genodermatosis that affects skin and annexes. It is a form of ectodermal dysplasia characterized by generalized hypotrichosis, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis and nail dystrophy. This paper reports a 25-year follow-up of a patient with Clouston syndrome, from childhood to adulthood, monitoring diagnosis and clinical course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Ectodermal Dysplasia/pathology , Alopecia/pathology , Ectodermal Dysplasia/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Keratoderma, Palmoplantar/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(3): 314-319, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749664

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a disease of worldwide distribution with a prevalence of 1 to 3%. Nail psoriasis is estimated in 50% of patients with psoriasis, and in the presence of joint involvement, it can reach 80%. OBJECTIVE: To study the nail changes - and their clinical implications - presented by patients with psoriasis vulgaris under surveillance in a university hospital from the south of Brazil. METHODS: his cross-sectional study evaluated 65 adult patients from January 2012 to March 2013. Cutaneous severity was assessed according to the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). The Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) was used to evaluate patient's nails. The diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis was established according to the Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR). RESULTS: The prevalence of NP was 46.1%. These patients had a median [interquartilic range (IQR)] NAPSI of 1 (0-15). A total of 63.3% of patients reported aesthetic discomfort or functional impairment related to their nails. Onycholysis was the most common feature (80%). When compared with patients without nail involvement, patients with NP had lower mean age at psoriasis onset [21 (18-41) vs. 43 (30-56) years, p=0,001]; longer disease duration [15.5 (10-24) vs. 6 (2-12) years, p=0.001]; higher PASI [9.2 (5-17) vs. 3.7 (2-10), p=0.044], higher frequency of psoriatic arthritis (43.3 vs. 3.7, p = 0.002) and more often reported family history of psoriasis (40% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Onycholysis was the most frequent finding and most patients feel uncomfortable with the psoriatic nail changes that they experience. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nail Diseases/epidemiology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Psoriasis/pathology , Age Distribution , Age of Onset , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Nails/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Sex Distribution
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(4): 649-651, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715523

ABSTRACT

Phaeohyphomycosis is a disease caused by dematiaceous fungi with a worldwide geographic distribution and broad spectrum. It is most commonly found in adult individuals of both genders and all races. We report the case of a 57-year-old woman with phaeohyphomycosis in the ungual apparatus.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Nail Diseases/microbiology , Phaeohyphomycosis/microbiology , Skin/microbiology , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Nail Diseases/drug therapy , Nail Diseases/pathology , Phaeohyphomycosis/drug therapy , Phaeohyphomycosis/pathology , Skin/pathology , Treatment Outcome
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