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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 753-759, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The endoscopic methods are progressing and becoming more common in routine clinical diagnosis in the field of otorhinolaryngology. Relatively large amount of researches have proved high accuracy of narrow band imaging endoscopy in differentiating benign and malignant lesions within vocal folds. However, little is known about learning curve in narrow band imaging evaluation of laryngeal lesions. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the learning curve for the narrow band imaging evaluation of vocal folds pathologies depending on the duration of the procedure. Methods: Records of 134 narrow band imaging that were analyzed in terms of the duration of the procedure and the accuracy of diagnosis confirmed by histopathological diagnosis were enrolled in the study. The narrow band imaging examinations were performed sequentially by one investigator over a period of 18 months. Results: The average duration of narrow band imaging recordings was 127.82 s. All 134 studies were divided into subsequent series of several elements. An evident decrease in time of investigation was noticed between 13th and 14th series, when the examinations were divided into 5 elements series, which corresponds to the difference between 65th and 70th subsequent narrow band imaging examination. Parallel groups of 67 examinations were created. Group 1 included 1st to 67th subsequent narrow band imaging examination; Group 2 - 68th to 134th narrow band imaging examinations. The non-parametric U Mann-Whitney test confirmed statistically significant difference between the mean duration of narrow band imaging examination in both groups 160.5 s and 95.1 s, respectively (p < 10−7). Sensitivity and specificity of narrow band imaging examination in the first group were respectively: 83.7% and 76.7%. In the second group, these indicators amounted 98.1% and 80% respectively. Conclusions: A minimum of 65th-70th narrow band imaging examinations are required to reach a plateau phase of the learning process in assessment of glottis lesions. Analysis of learning curves is useful for the development of training programs and determination of a mastery level.


Resumo Introdução: Os métodos endoscópicos estão progredindo e se tornando comuns no diagnóstico clínico de rotina também na otorrinolaringologia. Um número relativamente grande de pesquisas demonstrou alta precisão na endoscopia com imagem de banda estreita na diferenciação de lesões benignas e malignas nas pregas vocais. Entretanto, pouco se sabe sobre a curva de aprendizado na avaliação da de banda estreita de lesões laríngeas. Objetivo: Determinar a curva de aprendizado para a avaliação por imagem de banda estreita das afecções das pregas vocais, de acordo com a duração do procedimento. Método: Foram incluídos no estudo 134 registros de imagens de banda estreita analisadas em termos da duração do procedimento e da acurácia do diagnóstico confirmado pelo diagnóstico histopatológico. Os exames com imagem de banda estreita foram feitos sequencialmente por um investigador por 18 meses. Resultados: A duração média dos registros de imagem de banda estreita foi de 127,82s. Todos os 134 estudos foram divididos em séries subsequentes de vários elementos. Uma evidente diminuição no tempo de investigação foi observada entre as séries 13 e 14, quando os exames foram divididos em séries de cinco elementos, o que corresponde à diferença entre o 65° e 70° exames de imagem de banda estreita subsequentes. Foram criados grupos paralelos de 67 exames. O grupo 1 incluiu o 1° ao 67° exame de imagem de banda estreita subsequente; Grupo 2 - o 68° ao 134° exame de imagem de banda estreita. O teste não paramétrico U de Mann-Whitney confirmou uma diferença estatisticamente significante entre a duração média do exame de imagem de banda estreita em ambos os grupos de 160,5s e 95,1s, respectivamente (p < 10-7). A sensibilidade e especificidade do exame de imagem de banda estreita no primeiro grupo foram, respectivamente: 83,7% e 76,7%. No segundo grupo, esses indicadores foram 98,1% e 80%, respectivamente. Conclusões: Um mínimo de 65 a 70 exames de imagem de banda estreita é necessário para se atingir a fase de estabilização (plateau) do processo de aprendizado na avaliação de lesões de glote. A análise das curvas de aprendizado é útil para o desenvolvimento de programas de treinamento e determinar o n.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Narrow Band Imaging , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Endoscopy , Learning Curve , Glottis/pathology , Glottis/diagnostic imaging
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 228-236, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. Objective: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. Methods: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented. Suspected areas (90 samples/44 patients) were biopsied under the guidance of narrow-band imaging and white light and sent for frozen section. Results: Our study revealed that 75 of 90 (83.3%) white light and narrow-band imaging-guided samples were histopathologically positive: 30 (40%) were confirmed as carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma and 45 (60%) as moderate to severe dysplasia. In 6 patients mucosa was suspected only in narrow-band imaging, with no suspicion under white light. Thus, in these 6 patients 18/90 (20%) samples were taken. In 5/6 patients 16/18 (88.8%) samples were positive in frozen section: in 6/18 (33.3%) carcinoma (2 patients), 10/18 (66.6%) severe dysplasia was confirmed (3 patients). In 1 patient 2/18 (11.1%) samples were negative in frozen section. Presented analysis showed, that sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of white light was 79.5%, 20% and 71.1% respectively, while narrow-band imaging was 100%, 0.0% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The intraoperative use of narrow-band imaging proved to be valuable in the visualization of suspect areas of the mucosa. Narrow-band imaging confirms the suspicions undertaken in white light and importantly, it showed microlesions beyond the scope of white light.


Resumo Introdução: A microcirurgia transoral a laser é uma técnica bem estabelecida para o tratamento de câncer de laringe inicial e moderadamente avançado. Objetivo: Verificar a utilidade da imagem de banda estreita na avaliação intraoperatória da mucosa laríngea na especificação das margens cirúrgicas. Método: Foram avaliados 44 cânceres glóticos T1-T2 consecutivos, tratados com cordectomia Tipo I-VI, por microcirurgia transoral a laser. As áreas suspeitas (90 amostras/44 pacientes) foram submetidas a biopsia e avaliadas através de imagens de banda estreita e luz branca e enviadas para cortes por congelação. Resultados: Nosso estudo revelou que 75 (83,3%) das 90 amostras apresentaram histopatologia positiva na análise com luz branca e imagens de banda estreita: 30 (40%) foram confirmadas como carcinoma in situ ou carcinoma invasivo e 45 (60%) como displasia moderada a grave. Em seis pacientes, a mucosa apresentou-se suspeita apenas na imagem de banda estreita, sem suspeita sob luz branca. Assim, nesses seis pacientes 18/90 (20%) amostras foram colhidas. Em 5/6 pacientes, 16/18 (88,8%) amostras mostraram resultado positivo na análise de congelação: em 6/18 (33,3%) amostras foi confirmado carcinoma (dois pacientes) e em 10/18 (66,6%) foi confirmada displasia grave (três pacientes). Em um paciente, 2/18 (11,1%) as amostras mostraram resultado negativo na congelação. A análise apresentada mostrou que a sensibilidade, a especificidade e a acurácia da luz branca foram de 79,5%, 20% e 71,1%, respectivamente, enquanto a imagem de banda estreita apresentou como resultados 100%, 0,0% e 85,7%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O uso intraoperatório de imagem de banda estreita provou ser valioso na identificação de áreas suspeitas da mucosa, confirmou as suspeitas verificadas na análise com luz branca e, o que é mais importante, identificou microlesões além do alcance da luz branca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Laser Therapy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Margins of Excision , Intraoperative Period
3.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 225-233, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764484

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type (chief cell predominant type) (GA-FG-CCP) was first reported as a rare adenocarcinoma found in the normal fundic mucosa. Recent studies have proposed the possibility that GA-FG-CCPs were also generated in the atrophic mucosa after Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication therapy. However, little is known on the endoscopic findings of GA-FG-CCP generated in the atrophic mucosa due to its extreme rarity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 8 patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal resection and were diagnosed with GA-FG-CCP generated in the HP-uninfected mucosa (4 cases, HP-uninfected group) or HP-eradicated atrophic mucosa (4 cases, HP-eradicated group) were retrospectively analyzed, and their endoscopic findings, including magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (M-NBI), and pathological features were compared. RESULTS: While GA-FG-CCPs in the 2 groups displayed similar macroscopic appearance, M-NBI demonstrated that characteristic microvessels (tapered microvessels like withered branches) were specifically identified in the HP-eradicated group. Pathological investigation revealed that a decreasing number of fundic glands and thinned foveolar epithelium covering tumor ducts were thought to lower the thickness of the covering layer over tumor ducts in the HP-eradicated group. Moreover, dilation of vessels just under the surface of the lesions contributed to the visualization of microvessels by M-NBI. CONCLUSIONS: The change in background mucosa due to HP infection influenced the thickness of the covering layer over the tumor ducts and M-NBI finding of GA-FG-CCP.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Endoscopy , Epithelium , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Microvessels , Mucous Membrane , Narrow Band Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
4.
Gut and Liver ; : 385-392, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716024

ABSTRACT

In the last few years, interest in the optical diagnosis of colorectal polyps has increased among gastroenterologists. Several studies have shown that the optical diagnosis of small colorectal polyps is safe and feasible in routine clinical practice and is comparable to histopathology. The Narrow-band Imaging International Colorectal Endoscopic Classification provides a validated criterion for the classification of neoplastic and nonneoplastic polyps as well as polyps with deep submucosal invasion using narrow band imaging during real-time colonoscopy. The aim of the present review is to assess the current evidence for and limitations of optical diagnosis and to propose a systematic approach for transferring research findings to patient care.


Subject(s)
Classification , Colonic Polyps , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Narrow Band Imaging , Optical Imaging , Patient Care , Polyps
5.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 527-533, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717977

ABSTRACT

There have been many advances in endoscopic imaging technologies. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging is an innovative optical technology that enables the precise discrimination of structural changes on the mucosal surface. Several studies have demonstrated its usefulness and superiority for tumor detection and differential diagnosis in the stomach as compared with conventional endoscopy. Furthermore, magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging has the potential to predict the invasion depth and tumor margins during gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection. Classifications of the findings of magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging based on microvascular and pit patterns have been proposed and have shown excellent correlations with invasion depth confirmed by microscopy. In terms of tumor margin prediction, magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging offers superior delineation of gastric tumor margins compared with traditional chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine. The limitations of narrow-band imaging, such as the need for considerable training, long procedure time, and lack of studies about its usefulness in undifferentiated cancer, should be resolved to confirm its value as a complementary method to endoscopic submucosal dissection. However, the role of magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging is expected to increase steadily with the increasing use of endoscopic submucosal dissection for the treatment of gastric tumors.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis, Differential , Discrimination, Psychological , Endoscopy , Indigo Carmine , Methods , Microscopy , Narrow Band Imaging , Stomach
6.
Intestinal Research ; : 628-634, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717941

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the magnified endoscopic findings in the diagnosis of follicular lymphoma in the small intestine in comparison with those of intestinal follicular lymphoma and lymphangiectasia. Four patients with follicular lymphoma and 3 with lymphangiectasia in the small intestine were retrospectively analyzed. A prototype magnifying singleballoon enteroscope was used. The findings of the intestinal follicular lymphoma and lymphangiectasia were retrospectively analyzed to determine the magnified endoscopic findings of follicular lymphoma in the small intestine. Opaque white granules were observed in 3 of the 4 patients with follicular lymphoma. Magnified narrow-band imaging (NBI) of the opaque white granules showed stretched microvessels, which had a diminutive tree-like appearance. The remaining patient had no opaque white granules and only displayed whitish villi. Magnified NBI observation of the whitish villi revealed the absence of marginal villus epithelium, which was confirmed by histology. The magnified NBI enteroscopy revealed the diminutive tree-like appearance on the opaque white granules and the absence of marginal villus epithelium of the whitish villi in intestinal follicular lymphoma. These findings may be useful in diagnosing follicular lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Epithelium , Humans , Intestine, Small , Lymphoma, Follicular , Microvessels , Narrow Band Imaging , Retrospective Studies
7.
Clinics ; 72(7): 438-448, July 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890709

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to compare the ability of narrow-band imaging to detect early and invasive lung cancer with that of conventional pathological analysis and white-light bronchoscopy. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Sinomed, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases for relevant studies. Meta-disc software was used to perform data analysis, meta-regression analysis, sensitivity analysis, and heterogeneity testing, and STATA software was used to determine if publication bias was present, as well as to calculate the relative risks for the sensitivity and specificity of narrow-band imaging vs those of white-light bronchoscopy for the detection of early and invasive lung cancer. A random-effects model was used to assess the diagnostic efficacy of the above modalities in cases in which a high degree of between-study heterogeneity was noted with respect to their diagnostic efficacies. The database search identified six studies including 578 patients. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of narrow-band imaging were 86% (95% confidence interval: 83-88%) and 81% (95% confidence interval: 77-84%), respectively, and the pooled sensitivity and specificity of white-light bronchoscopy were 70% (95% confidence interval: 66-74%) and 66% (95% confidence interval: 62-70%), respectively. The pooled relative risks for the sensitivity and specificity of narrow-band imaging vs the sensitivity and specificity of white-light bronchoscopy for the detection of early and invasive lung cancer were 1.33 (95% confidence interval: 1.07-1.67) and 1.09 (95% confidence interval: 0.84-1.42), respectively, and sensitivity analysis showed that narrow-band imaging exhibited good diagnostic efficacy with respect to detecting early and invasive lung cancer and that the results of the study were stable. Narrow-band imaging was superior to white light bronchoscopy with respect to detecting early and invasive lung cancer; however, the specificities of the two modalities did not differ significantly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Narrow Band Imaging , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 250-254, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888209

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND The diagnosis of corrosion cancer should be suspected in patients with corrosive ingestion if after a latent period of negligible symptoms there is development of dysphagia, or poor response to dilatation, or if respiratory symptoms develop in an otherwise stable patient of esophageal stenosis. Narrow Band Imaging detects superficial squamous cell carcinoma more frequently than white-light imaging, and has significantly higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with white-light. OBJECTIVE To determinate the clinical applicability of Narrow Band Imaging versus Lugol´s solution chromendoscopy for detection of early esophageal cancer in patients with caustic/corrosive agent stenosis. METHODS Thirty-eight patients, aged between 28-84 were enrolled and examined by both Narrow Band Imaging and Lugol´s solution chromendoscopy. A 4.9mm diameter endoscope was used facilitating examination of a stenotic area without dilation. Narrow Band Imaging was performed and any lesion detected was marked for later biopsy. Then, Lugol´s solution chromoendoscopy was performed and biopsies were taken at suspicious areas. Patients who had abnormal findings at the routine, Narrow Band Imaging or Lugol´s solution chromoscopy exam had their stenotic ring biopsied. RESULTS We detected nine suspicious lesions with Narrow Band Imaging and 14 with Lugol´s solution chromendoscopy. The sensitivity and specificity of the Narrow Band Imaging was 100% and 80.6%, and with Lugol´s chromoscopy 100% and 66.67%, respectively. Five (13%) suspicious lesions were detected both with Narrow Band Imaging and Lugol's chromoscopy, two (40%) of these lesions were confirmed carcinoma on histopathological examination. CONCLUSION Narrow Band Imaging is an applicable option to detect and evaluate cancer in patients with caustic /corrosive stenosis compared to the Lugol´s solution chromoscopy.


RESUMO CONTEXTO A suspeita do câncer de esôfago na lesão cáustica ocorre quando os pacientes com estenoses previamente estáveis, após um período latente sem sintomas, apresentam disfagia, baixa resposta as dilatações ou sintomas respiratórios. A cromoscopia com luz de banda estreita detecta o câncer superficial de esôfago mais frequentemente que a luz branca, com alta sensibilidade e acurácia. OBJETIVO Determinar a aplicabilidade clínica da luz de banda estreita versus a cromoscopia vital com Lugol na detecção do câncer precoce de esôfago em pacientes com lesões cáusticas. MÉTODOS Um total de 38 pacientes, entre 28 e 84 anos, foram alocados seguidamente e submetidos à cromoscopia com luz de banda estreita e com Lugol. Um gastroscópio de 4,9 mm de diâmetro foi usado para facilitar o exame da área estenosada, sem necessidade de dilatação. A cromoscopia com luz de banda estreita era realizada primeiro e as áreas suspeitas anotadas. Depois, a cromoscopia com Lugol era realizada e as áreas suspeitas biopsiadas. RESULTADOS Detectamos nove lesões suspeitas com a luz de banda estreita e 14 com o Lugol. A sensibilidade e especificidade da cromoscopia com luz de banda estreita foi de 100% e 80,6%, e a do Lugol foi de 100% e 66,67% respectivamente. Cinco (13%) lesões suspeitas foram detectadas coincidentemente pelos dois métodos, sendo duas (40%) com diagnóstico anatomopatológico de câncer de esôfago. CONCLUSÃO A cromoscopia com luz de banda estreita é opção concreta para o diagnóstico de câncer em pacientes com estenoses esofágicas por corrosões cáusticas, comparado a cromoscopia com Lugol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/chemically induced , Caustics/adverse effects , Esophagoscopy/methods , Coloring Agents , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Iodides , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cross-Over Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(2): 197-203, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902763

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años, se está utilizando la fibrolaringoscopía con imagen de banda estrecha (NBI) como técnica novedosa para observar el patrón específico de microvas-cularización de una lesión concreta a evaluar. Es conocida por su utilidad en el diagnóstico de otras lesiones de vías aerodigestivas superiores, fundamentalmente laríngea y digestiva. Los melanomas mucosos son tumores infrecuentes, que suelen localizarse a nivel del área rinosinusaly que comportan un manejo y pronóstico distinto con respecto a los melanomas cutáneos. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente mujer con anamnesis, exploración y fibrolaringoscopía con imagen de banda estrecha, compatible con melanoma mucoso de fosa nasal izquierda. El tratamiento realizado fue quirúrgico, sin necesidad de tratamiento coadyuvante, y no presenta evidencia de enfermedad al año postseguimiento.


In recent years, it is being used fibrolaryngoscopy with narrowband image (NBI) as a novel technique to observe the specific pattern of microvasculature of a particular lesion. NBI is known for its usefulness in the diagnosis of other lesions of the upper aerodigestive tract, (primarily laryngeal and digestive lesions). Mucosal melanomas are rare tumors, which are usually located at the level of rhino-sinusal area and involving a different prognosis and management regarding cutaneous melanomas. We report a female patient case with anamnesis, clinical examination and NBI compatible with mucosal melanoma of left nostril. Surgical treatmentwas performed without adjuvant therapy, and there is no evidence of disease at one year post-monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endoscopy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
10.
Intestinal Research ; : 228-235, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191816

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The indications for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) vary in clinical practice. To establish colorectal ESD as a standard treatment, standard indications are essential. For establishing standard indications for colorectal ESD, we surveyed the preferences and criteria of endoscopists for colorectal ESD in their practices. METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was sent to 27 members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy/ESD group. The indications of endoscopists for selecting ESD as a treatment for colorectal tumors ≥2 cm in diameter were surveyed. RESULTS: On the basis of the preprocedural assessment of histology, adenoma with high-grade dysplasia, mucosal cancer, and shallow submucosa invasive cancer were included in the indication for ESD. Based on gross morphology, laterally spreading tumor (LST) granular nodular mixed type, LST-nongranular (LST-NG) flat elevated type, and LST-NG pseudodepressed type were included. On the basis of the pit pattern by Kudo classification, types III, IV, and V-I were included. Based on the narrow band imaging pattern by Sano classification, types II and III-a were included. Other lesions, such as sporadic localized tumors in chronic inflammation and local residual early carcinoma after endoscopic resection, were also included in the indication for ESD. CONCLUSIONS: The indications of Korean endoscopists for colorectal ESD are broader than those in recent guidelines, and tend to include more benign-looking tumors. To find the appropriate indications for colorectal ESD, systematic data collection and analysis are required to reach a consensus in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Classification , Colorectal Neoplasms , Consensus , Data Collection , Inflammation , Narrow Band Imaging
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160323

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, cholangioscopy using narrow band imaging (NBI) has been used as a diagnostic modality for better visualization in hepatobiliary malignancies; however, there are few reports on it. Our aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of cholangioscopy using NBI in hepatobiliary malignancies. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2016, 152 cholangioscopies using percutaneous approach were conducted in total 123 patients. Among these, 36 patients were suspicious of hepatobiliary malignancies. Thirteen patients with an ambiguous margin on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), for whom NBI tipped the balance in diagnosis of lesion and decision of lesion extent by adding NBI, were involved in our study. RESULTS: Underlying diseases were all malignant in 13 patients (11 bile duct cancers, 1 liver cancer, 1 pancreas cancer with common bile duct invasion). In 7 cases with papillary type tumor, minute superficial spreading tumor was detected by NBI more easily, and NBI provided a better visualization of tumor vessel and margin evaluation in 4 cases with infiltrative tumor. In 2 cases with mucin-hypersecreting tumor, NBI showed better penetration through the mucin and gave us a much clearer image. Nine patients ultimately underwent surgical resection. The margins predicted by NBI cholangioscopy were consistent with the pathological margins on the resected specimens. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, cholangioscopy using NBI is very useful for evaluation of suspected hepatobiliary malignancies with an ambiguous margin on ERCP or MRCP. It can give us an accurate pathologic mapping, and this information seems to be essential before deciding on a treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Bile Duct Neoplasms , Cholangiography , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Common Bile Duct , Diagnosis , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Mucins , Narrow Band Imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms
12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 404-407, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205876

ABSTRACT

Globally white-light endoscopy with biopsy sampling is the gold standard diagnostic modality for esophageal, gastric, and colonic pathologies. However, there is overwhelming evidence to highlight the deficiencies of an approach based predominantly on eyeball visualization. Biopsy sampling is also problematic due in part to excessive sampling and hence attendant cost. Various innovations are currently taking place in the endoscopic domain to aid operators in diagnosis forming. These include narrow band imaging which aims to enhance the surface anatomy and vasculature, and confocal laser endomicroscopy which provides real time histological information. However, both of these tools are limited by the skill of the operator and the extensive learning curve associated with their use. There is a gap therefore for a new form of technology that relies solely on an objective measure of disease and reduces the need for biopsy sampling. Raman spectroscopy (RS) is a potential platform that aims to satisfy these criteria. It enables a fingerprint capture of tissue in relation to the protein, DNA, and lipid content. This focused review highlights the strong potential for the use of RS during endoscopic gastroenterological examination.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Colon , Colonic Diseases , Dermatoglyphics , Diagnosis , DNA , Endoscopy , Learning Curve , Narrow Band Imaging , Pathology , Spectrum Analysis, Raman
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341486

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the feasibility, safety and short-time efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) combined with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for treating gastric high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 78 patients with gastric HGIN diagnosed by gastroscope and pathology undergoing NBI combined with ESD at Wuxi No.2 People's Hospital and Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinicopathological and follow-up data were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 47 males and 31 females aged from 38 to 85 years old. Preoperative NBI showed that lesions of all the 78(100%) patients had clear resection margin, and 91%(71/78) lesions had abundant vessels in the central depression area. One case was converted to open abdominal operation due to intra-operational perforation, 77(98.7%) gastric HGIN lesions were successfully dissected under ESD, including 74 cases(94.9%) of en bloc dissection, and other 3 cases with severe adhesion of submucosa whose lesion wound after ESD was treated with argon plasma coagulation(APC). The mean maximum diameter of the lesion size was (1.2±0.8) cm. The average operation time was(48±21) minutes. Delayed hemorrhage occurred in 5 cases(6.4%) who were also treated successfully by endoscopic hemostasis. Postoperational pathology revealed en bloc dissection rate was 91.0%(71/78), positive rate of resection margin was 3.8%(3/78), and healing dissection rate was 89.7%(70/78). Thirty-two lesions (41.0%) remained the diagnosis as HGIN, 6 lesions(7.7%) were diagnosed as low grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and 40 lesions (51.3%) were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma. Fifty-seven cases were followed up for 12 months, 21 cases were followed up for 6 months, and there was no recurrence in those 3 patients with positive margin. Two cases (2.6%) relapsed and were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma by repeat pathology examination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NBI combined with ESD for diagnosis and treatment of gastric HGIN is safe and effective, and can achieve en bloc complete resection of the lesions with a low complication rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , General Surgery , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma in Situ , General Surgery , Dissection , Endoscopy , Female , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Narrow Band Imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25597

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related death in the world. In United States, gastric polyps are found in approximately 6% of upper endoscopy. The incidence of gastric polyps increased with widespread use of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and more liberal use of proton pump inhibitors. They are usually asymptomatic, but infrequently cause symptoms of bleeding, pain and gastric outlet obstruction. It is important to distinguish premalignant conditions and mimickers of malignancy. Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy leads to regression of hyperplastic polyps but it is not clear for adenoma. Endoscopy plays key role not only in diagnosis but also in surveillance. With narrow band imaging and chromo endoscopy, we are much better today in detecting and discerning these. Also, with endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection, we can manage these better. In this review article we will discuss the various diagnostic tools and therapeutic options for hyperplastic polyp, fundic gland polyp, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, adenoma, neuroendocrine tumor, linitis plastica, and intestinal metaplasia.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Carcinoid Tumor , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Endosonography , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Helicobacter pylori , Hemorrhage , Incidence , Linitis Plastica , Metaplasia , Narrow Band Imaging , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Polyps , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Stomach Neoplasms , United States
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of narrow band imaging (NBI) in early diagnosis of pharyngolaryngeal tumors.@*METHOD@#A total of 106 patients received NBI endoscopy in the endoscopic diagnosis. Lesions found under the white-light endoscopy mode and NBI endoscopy mode were compared in the morphology of capillaries on lesiorn surface and the clarity of lesion rim. Biopsy was performed in suspected areas with those two endoscopies for the lesions found under white-light endoscopy and NBI endoscopy, the morphology of capillaries on the surface of lesion and the clarity of lesion boundary were compared between both. Biopsy was performed for suspected areas under two modes, and specimens were preserved in 10% formaldehyde for pathological examination. The characteristic, position and endoscopic diagnosis under two modes were recorded. All the patients underwent corresponding laryngeal tumor resection according to the histopathological result of biopsy, and the histopathological result of resected tissues was taken as the gold standard for diagnosis. The biopsy detection rate and biopsy correct detection rate of malignant lesions in two groups were calculated and statistical compared.@*RESULT@#The diagnostic accuracy under white-light mode was 75.47%, while that under NBI mode was 96.23%, and the difference between them was statistically significant (χ² = 18.375, P < 0.01). The biopsy correct detection rate under white-light mode was 82.08%, while that under NBI mode was 95.28%, and the difference between them was statistically significant (χ² = 12.071, P < 0.01). The correct detection rate of malignant tumor under white-light mode was 48.15%, while that under NBI mode was 92.59%, and the difference between them was statistically significant (χ² = 10.083, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Using NBI endoscopy to observe the morphological changes of capillaries on the pharyngolaryneal mucosa surface can increase the detection rate of early pharyngolaryngeal tumors, so it is worth to be widely applied.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopy , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Larynx , General Surgery , Narrow Band Imaging , Pharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 532-541, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164322

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI) is a useful modality for the detailed visualization of microsurface (MS) and microvascular (MV) structures in the gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed to determine whether the MS and MV patterns in ME-NBI differ according to the histologic type, invasion depth, and mucin phenotype of early gastric cancers (EGCs). METHODS: The MS and MV patterns of 160 lesions in 160 patients with EGC who underwent ME-NBI before endoscopic or surgical resection were prospectively collected and analyzed. EGCs were categorized as either differentiated or undifferentiated and as either mucosal or submucosal, and their mucin phenotypes were determined via immunohistochemistry of the tumor specimens. RESULTS: Differentiated tumors mainly displayed an oval and/or tubular MS pattern and a fine network or loop MV pattern, whereas undifferentiated tumors mainly displayed an absent MS pattern and a corkscrew MV pattern. The destructive MS pattern was associated with submucosal invasion, and this association was more prominent in the differentiated tumors than in the undifferentiated tumors. MUC5AC expression was increased in lesions with either a papillary or absent MS pattern and a corkscrew MV pattern, whereas MUC6 expression was increased in lesions with a papillary MS pattern and a loop MV pattern. CD10 expression was more frequent in lesions with a fine network MV pattern. CONCLUSIONS: ME-NBI can be useful for predicting the histopathology and mucin phenotype of EGCs.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Mucins , Narrow Band Imaging , Phenotype , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64179

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to calculate the operating characteristics of narrowband imaging (NBI) cystoscopy versus traditional white light cystoscopy (WLC) in common clinical scenarios involving suspicion of bladder urothelial carcinoma (UC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three consecutive patients initially underwent WLC and then NBI in a single session for evaluation of microscopic hematuria (group I, n=20), gross hematuria (group II, n=19), and follow-up for prior UC (group III, n=24), by an experienced urologist. All lesions that were abnormal in contrast with adjacent normal mucosa were diagnosed as positive and biopsied. RESULTS: Sixty-six biopsies from 47 patients were performed. Pathologic examination showed 17 cases of UC from 21 sites. While the overall sensitivity of NBI was similar to that of WLC (100% vs. 94.1%), the specificity of NBI was significantly lower than that of WLC (50% vs. 86.9%, p < 0.001), particularly in group III (38.9% vs. 88.9%, p=0.004). Based on identification by NBI only, 23 additional biopsies from 18 cases were performed for identification of one patient with UC, who belonged to group III. In this group, to identify this specific patient, 15 additional biopsies were performed from 10 patients. All seven cases with positive findings from NBI within 2 months after the last intravesical therapy were histologically proven as negative. CONCLUSION: In evaluation for recurrence early after intravesical instillation, the decision based on NBI increased unnecessary biopsy in the absence of an established standard for judging NBI.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravesical , Biopsy , Cystoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Hematuria , Humans , Mucous Membrane , Narrow Band Imaging , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic laryngopharyngeal surgery (ELPS) is a minimally invasive transoral surgery that was developed to treat superficial larygo-pharyngeal cancer, in which a mucosal lesion is resected transorally while preserving deeper structures by subepithelial injection. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate voice outcome in patients who underwent ELPS for superficial hypopharyngeal cancer. As important structures in producing voice, such as intrinsic laryngeal muscles, their fascia, and recurrent laryngeal nerve, are located in the medial side of the piriform sinus and the postcricoid region of the hypopharynx, we focused on patients with cancer lesions involving these regions. METHODS: From April 2010 to March 2011, 25 consecutive patients with superficial laryngopharyngeal cancer were treated with ELPS at Kyoto University Hospital. Among the 25 patients, 11 patients with cancer lesions on the medial side of the piriform sinus or the postcricoid area were studied. Preoperative and postoperative voice functions including maximum phonation time (MPT), mean flow rate (MFR), jitter, shimmer, soft phonation index (SPI), and noise-to-harmonic ratio (NHR), were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: Five of 11 cancer lesions had submucosal invasion and no lesion had invaded the muscular layer pathologically. T stage was classified as Tis in 5 cases, T1 in 4 cases, and T2 in 2 cases. All lesions involved the medial side of the piriform sinus and 2 also involved the postcricoid area. Vocal fold movement was normal in all cases after the surgery. Average preoperative and postoperative values for MPT, MFR, jitter, shimmer, SPI, and NHR, were 22.7 seconds and 23.4 seconds, 165 mL/sec and 150 mL/sec, 1.53% and 1.77%, 3.82% and 5.17%, 35.5 and 36.6, and 0.13% and 0.14%, respectively. There was no statistical difference between preoperative and postoperative data for all values examined. CONCLUSION: ELPS is useful in preserving voice function in the treatment of superficial hypopharyngeal cancer. Preserving the deeper structures including intrinsic muscles and their fascia may be important for preserving voice function as long as the lesions are superficial.


Subject(s)
Fascia , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Hypopharynx , Laryngeal Muscles , Muscles , Narrow Band Imaging , Phonation , Pyriform Sinus , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Retrospective Studies , Vocal Cords , Voice
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(5): 404-406, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766258

ABSTRACT

Summary Swyer-James syndrome is a complication of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans that causes inflammation and fibrosis of the bronchial walls. There are two types: asymptomatic, with most cases diagnosed in adults during routine radiological examinations; and symptomatic, most commonly found in children. Here, we report the case of a 6-year-old child with recurrent dyspnea since the age of 3, who showed signs and symptoms of bronchiolitis obliterans and radiological signs of bronchial wall thickening and air trapping. The clinical and radiological findings led to the diagnosis of Swyer-James syndrome. Treatment of this syndrome is intended to reduce the pulmonary lesions and improve the patient's quality of life.


Resumo A síndrome de Swyer-James-Macleod é uma complicação da bronquiolite pós-infecciosa, ocasionando inflamação e fibrose das paredes dos bronquíolos. Pode se manifestar de duas formas: assintomática, sendo a maioria diagnosticada na fase adulta, quando o paciente se submete a exames radiológicos de rotina, e a forma sintomática, que é mais encontrada em crianças. Relatamos um caso de uma criança de 6 anos de idade com crises de dispneia de repetição desde os 3 anos, apresentando sinais e sintomas de bronquiolite obliterante e sinais radiológicos de espessamento brônquico e aprisionamento aéreo. Por meio da clínica e achados radiológicos, foi feito o diagnóstico de síndrome de Swyer-James-Macleod. O tratamento dessa síndrome visa a reduzir as lesões pulmonares e a melhorar a qualidade de vida do paciente.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Bronchiolitis Obliterans , Lung, Hyperlucent , Bronchiolitis Obliterans/complications , Dyspnea/etiology , Lung, Hyperlucent/complications , Narrow Band Imaging
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188230

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic assessment has a crucial role in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is particularly useful for the assessment of IBD disease extension, severity, and neoplasia surveillance. Recent advances in endoscopic imaging techniques have been revolutionized over the past decades, progressing from conventional white light endoscopy to novel endoscopic techniques using molecular probes or electronic filter technologies. These new technologies allow for visualization of the mucosa in detail and monitor for inflammation/dysplasia at the cellular or sub-cellular level. These techniques may enable us to alter the IBD surveillance paradigm from four quadrant random biopsy to targeted biopsy and diagnosis. High definition endoscopy and dye-based chromoendoscopy can improve the detection rate of dysplasia and evaluate inflammatory changes with better visualization. Dye-less chromoendoscopy, including narrow band imaging, iScan, and autofluorescence imaging can also enhance surveillance in comparison to white light endoscopy with optical or electronic filter technologies. Moreover, confocal laser endomicroscopy or endocytoscopy have can achieve real-time histology evaluation in vivo and have greater accuracy in comparison with histology. These new technologies could be combined with standard endoscopy or further histologic confirmation in patients with IBD. This review offers an evidence-based overview of new endoscopic techniques in patients with IBD.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Microscopy, Confocal , Molecular Probes , Mucous Membrane , Narrow Band Imaging , Optical Imaging
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