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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 53-59, 30 junio 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292851

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La fosa pterigopalatina es una zona anatómica de difícil acceso, que al presentar masas tumorales genera un alto riesgo de morbimortalidad en población juvenil y adulta, que precisa determinar las complicaciones asociadas a cirugía. OBJETIVO. Evaluar los tipos de abordaje quirúrgico, complicaciones e identificar la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pte-rigopalatina. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población y muestra conocida de 29 Historias Clínicas de pacientes con hallazgos de imagen e histopatológico de tumores con invasión a fosa pterigopalatina divididos en dos grupos: A) resección de masa tumoral y B) biopsia de masa tumoral, operados en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período de enero 2017 a diciembre de 2020. RESULTADOS. El 82,76% (24; 29) fueron hombres, con promedio de edad de 30,6 años. El 82,76% (24; 29) de las masas tumorales se originaron en nasofaringe; no se reportaron casos primarios. El tumor más frecuente fue el Angio-fibroma Nasofaringeo Juvenil 68,97% (20; 29), seguido por los tumores malignos con el 20,69% (6; 29), siendo usual el carcinoma adenoideo quístico. En el 62,07% (18; 29) el tumor invadió Fosa Infratemporal y en el 44,83% (13; 29) hacia esfenoides. En el grupo A, el abordaje quirúrgico empleado en el 20,83% (5; 24) fue mediante técnica abierta y en el 79,17% (19; 24) con técnica endoscópica, tanto uni 31,58% (6; 19) como multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). La complicación fue la hiposensibilidad facial en el 12,5% (3; 24), todos en abordajes abiertos. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evaluó los tipos abordaje quirúrgico y se identificó la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pterigopalatina


INTRODUCTION. The pterygopalatine fossa is an anatomical area of difficult access, which when presenting tumor masses generates a high risk of morbimortality in the juvenile and adult popula-tion, which needs to determine the complications associated with surgery. OBJECTIVE. To eva-luate the types of surgical approach, complications and identify the histologic type of pterygopala-tine fossa tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population and known sample of 29 Clinical Histories of patients with imaging and histopathological findings of tumors with invasion to pterygopalatine fossa divided into two groups: A) resection of tumor mass and B) biopsy of tumor mass, operated at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital in the period from january 2017 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 82,76% (24; 29) were men, with an average age of 30,6 years. 82,76% (24; 29) of the tumor masses originated in nasopharynx; no primary cases were reported. The most frequent tumor was juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma 68,97% (20; 29), followed by malignant tumors with 20,69% (6; 29), being usual the adenoid cystic carcinoma. In 62,07% (18; 29) the tumor invaded the Infratemporal Fossa and in 44,83% (13; 29) into the sphenoid. In group A, the surgical approach used in 20,83% (5; 24) was by open technique and in 79,17% (19; 24) by endoscopic technique, both uni 31,58% (6; 19) and multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). The complication was facial hyposensitivity in 12,5% (3; 24), all in open approaches. CONCLUSION. The types of surgical approach were evaluated and the histologic type of pterygo-palatine fossa tumors was identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction , Nose Neoplasms , Angiofibroma , Pterygopalatine Fossa , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Biopsy , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Surgical Wound
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 331-338, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292091

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obstrucción nasal (ON) es el síntoma más molesto de la rinitis crónica (RC). Los estudios que correlacionaron métodos subjetivos y objetivos de ON realizados en niños y adultos produjeron resultados contradictorios. Objetivos. Analizar la correlación entre escalas subjetivas de ON con determinaciones de pico flujo inspiratorio nasal (PFIN) y comparar la valoración subjetiva de la ON y el PFIN en niños según su edad. Población y métodos. Participaron pacientes con RC. Se estimó la correlación entre la evaluación subjetiva de la ON mediante una escala visual análoga (ON-EVA, por su sigla en inglés) y la Escala de evaluación de los síntomas de obstrucción nasal (NOSE, por su sigla en inglés) y medición del flujo aéreo nasal pre- y posvasoconstrictor, mediante PFIN. Se analizaron las diferencias entre los grupos de 8 a 11 años y los de 12 a 15 años para la valoración subjetiva de la ON y PFIN. Resultados. Se incluyeron 79 pacientes entre 8 y 15 años. No se comprobó correlación entre ON-EVA y PFIN antes y después del vasoconstrictor (r = -0,19; p = 0,11 y r = -0,18; p = 0,15 respectivamente) ni entre NOSE y PFIN basal (r = -0,23; p = 0,07). Hubo diferencias en el PFIN entre niños de 8-11 años y 12 a 15 años (p = <0,0001), pero no se demostraron diferencias en la percepción subjetiva por ON-EVA (p = 0,7591). Conclusión. No se demostró correlación entre puntajes subjetivos de ON y PFIN en niños y adolescentes con RC. Los niños mayores perciben menos la ON que los de menor edad. Las escalas subjetivas de ON no reemplazan su medición con PFIN en pacientes con rinitis.


Introduction. Nasal obstruction (NO) is the most irritating symptom of chronic rhinitis (CR). The results of studies that correlated subjective and objective methods of NO in children and adults were contradictory. Objectives. To analyze the correlation between subjective NO scales and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements and compare the subjective NO assessment and PNIF in children by age. Population and methods. Participants were patients with CR. The correlation between the subjective NO assessment using a visual analog scale (NO-VAS) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and nasal airflow measurement pre- and post-vasoconstrictor administration using the PNIF was estimated. The differences in the subjective NO assessment and PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years were analyzed. Results. A total of 79 patients aged 8-15 years were included. No correlation was established between the NO-VAS and the PNIF before and after vasoconstrictor administration (r = -0.19; p = 0.11 and r = -0.18; p = 0.15 respectively) or between the NOSE and the baseline PNIF (r = -0.23; p = 0.07). Differences were observed in the PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years (p = < 0.0001), but there were no differences in the subjective perception assessed with the NO-VAS (p = 0.7591). Conclusion. No correlation was demonstrated between the subjective NO score and the PNIF in children and adolescents with CR. Older children have a lower perception of NO than younger ones. Subjective NO scales cannot replace the PNIF measurement in patients with rhinitis


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Visual Analog Scale
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e36-e40, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147255

ABSTRACT

El hemangioma fusocelular es una neoplasia vascular benigna infrecuente. Afecta la dermis y la hipodermis de la parte distal de las extremidades; la afectación de la cabeza y el cuello es muy poco frecuente y nunca se informó compromiso de los senos paranasales. Este es el caso de un lactante de 4 meses con obstrucción nasal desde las 2 semanas debido a un tumor en los senos etmoidales que obstruía las fosas nasales. Se diagnosticó hemangioma fusocelular y se extirpó parcialmente el tumor. A los seis meses de seguimiento, se observó una regresión mínima con lesiones residuales. A los 30 meses, se observó que el tumor residual había desaparecido. El hemangioma fusocelular es infrecuente en cabeza y cuello y, a veces, la presentación no es indicativa del diagnóstico. El examen histopatológico ayuda con el diagnóstico diferencial y el tratamiento. La sensibilización sobre el hemangioma fusocelular podría aumentar los casos informados.


Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH) is a benign unusual vascular neoplasm. It does not have gender predilection and can occur at all ages. The disease affects dermis and subcutis of distal extremities predominantly; head and neck involvement is very rare, paranasal sinus involvement has not been reported before. Herein we present a 4-month-old infant with nasal obstruction since two weeks of age due to a mass in ethmoid sinus obliterating the nasal passage. After the histopathological diagnosis of SCH, the tumor was partially resected. In the sixth month follow-up, there was minimal regression of residual lesions. In the imaging studies performed 30 months after the surgery, the residual mass was found to be disappeared. SCH is not frequent in the head and neck, and presentation of some patients may not suggest the diagnosis. Histopathology is important for differential diagnosis and to orientate treatment. Awareness of SCH may increase the reported cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Paranasal Sinuses , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Hemangioma/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880624

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the operation time, subjective and objective outcomes of septoplasty with three high-tension line resection and two high-tension line resection.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted to identify patients with septal deviation and symptomatic nasal obstruction. The patients were classified into a three high-tension line resection and senior physician group (Group A), a two high-tension line resection and senior physician group (Group B), a three high-tension line resection and junior physician group (Group C), a two high-tension line resection and junior physician group (Group D). In addition, according to whether there were the anterior deviation, some of patients were also divided into a three high-tension line resection and anterior deviation group (Group E) and a two high-tension line resection and anterior deviation group (Group F). The operation time was recorded. The patients completed the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) Scale (subjective symptom), nasal endoscopy (bodily sign) and rhinomanometry (objective examination) before and 6 months after septoplasty. The operation time and the efficacy were compared between three high-tension line resection operation and two high-tension line resection operation.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the operation time between the Group A and the Group B (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of septoplasty with two high-tension line resection is as good as septoplasty with three high-tension line resection. The septoplasty with two high-tension line resection is more suitable to junior physician because it is easier and the operation time is shorter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Prospective Studies , Rhinoplasty , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1503-1508, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143639

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effects of nasal aspiration with Proetz® in peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) in pediatric sinusitis (PS) patients with nasal obstruction. METHODS: This is a non-randomized descriptive-analytical clinical trial with a quantitative approach. The sample comprised 30 children. Initially, the PNIF was measured and the Visual Analogical Scale (VAS) was used for nasal obstruction, followed by the nasal aspiration procedure. The SNOT-22 questionnaire was applied to the legal guardian of each child, and one week later, it was reapplied for the sake of follow-up. RESULTS: 16 (53.3%) patients were females and 14 (46.7%) were males, with an average age of 6.4±1.8 years (between 4 and 10 years of age). Analyses of the VAS for obstruction before the intervention revealed that 10 of the participants (33.3%) presented moderate levels, and 20 of them (66.7%) severe levels. However, after the Proetz® method was applied, all the samples (n=30) had mild levels. The PNIF significantly increased after the technique was used, with an improvement of 23.4% in mean values. There was no significant correlation between the VAS and the PNIF. CONCLUSION: Nasal aspiration with the Proetz® method significantly improved the clinical condition of sinusitis patients with nasal obstruction according to the visual analogical scale, the PNIF, and the SNOT-22 questionnaire. No correlation between the VAS and the PNIF could be found. The study confirms the importance of non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of sinusitis in children, thus resulting in an improvement in their quality of life.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os efeitos da aspiração nasal com Proetz® no pico do fluxo inspiratório nasal (Pnif) em pacientes com sinusite pediátrica (SP) com obstrução nasal. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um ensaio clínico analítico descritivo, não randomizado, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 30 crianças. Inicialmente, o Pnif foi medido e a escala visual analógica (EVA) foi utilizada para obstrução nasal, seguida do procedimento de aspiração nasal. O questionário Snot-22 foi aplicado ao responsável legal de cada criança e, uma semana depois, foi reaplicado para fins de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Dezesseis (53,3%) pacientes eram do sexo feminino e 14 (46,7%) do sexo masculino, com idade média de 6,4±1,8 anos (entre 4 e 10 anos). A análise da EVA para obstrução antes da intervenção revelou que dez dos participantes (33,3%) apresentaram níveis moderados e 20 deles (66,7%), níveis graves. No entanto, após a aplicação do método Proetz®, todas as amostras (n=30) apresentaram níveis leves. O Pnif aumentou significativamente após a utilização da técnica, com uma melhoria de 23,4% nos valores médios. Não houve correlação significativa entre EVA e Pnif. CONCLUSÃO: A aspiração nasal com o método Proetz® melhorou significativamente o quadro clínico de pacientes com sinusite com obstrução nasal, de acordo com a escala visual analógica, o Pnif e o questionário Snot-22. Não foi encontrada correlação entre EVA e Pnif. O estudo confirma a importância de intervenções não farmacológicas no tratamento da sinusite em crianças, resultando em melhoria na sua qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Sinusitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Nasal Obstruction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Visual Analog Scale
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 579-586, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132629

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasal obstruction is one of the most prevalent complaints in the population. The main causes of nasal obstruction are inflammatory, infectious or anatomical alterations. Anatomical alterations include nasal septum deviation, turbinate hypertrophy, and nasal valve insufficiency (external and/or internal). The diagnosis of nasal valve insufficiency remains a clinical one and is based on inspection and palpation of the nose, evaluating both its static and dynamic functions. The literature presents several options for the correction of external nasal valve insufficiency. These are chosen according to the choice and experience of each surgeon. Objective: To create a practical algorithm for the treatment of external nasal valve insufficiency that can guide nasal surgeons in their choice of treatment for the different anatomical alterations found in patients with these disorders. Methods: We used the treatment options found in the literature and correlated them with our surgical options for each type of anatomical alteration found. Therefore, we used basically three parameters related to physical examination findings (degree of insufficiency and characteristics of the lower lateral cartilage) and the patient's complaint (present or absent aesthetic complaint regarding the nasal tip). Result: A practical algorithm was developed for the treatment of external nasal valve insufficiency according to the degree of insufficiency (mild-to-moderate or severe), aesthetic complaint of the nasal tip (present or absent) and characteristics of the lower lateral cartilage (size and orientation). Conclusion: Through this simple algorithm, one can use each type of graft and/or maneuver according to the patients' complaints and the anatomical alterations found.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução nasal é uma das queixas mais prevalentes na população. As principais causas de obstrução nasal são inflamatórias, infecciosas ou alterações anatômicas. As alterações anatômicas incluem: desvio do septo nasal, hipertrofia de conchas nasais e insuficiência da válvula nasal (externa e/ou interna). O diagnóstico da insuficiência de válvula nasal permanece clínico e baseado na inspeção e palpação do nariz, avaliado em funções estática e dinâmica. Temos na literatura diversas opções de correção da insuficiência de válvula nasal externa. Essas são escolhidas de acordo com a opção e experiência de cada cirurgião. Objetivo: Criar um prático algoritmo para o tratamento da insuficiência de válvula nasal externa, que oriente os cirurgiões de nariz na escolha do tratamento para as diferentes alterações anatômicas encontradas nos pacientes portadores dessas alterações. Método: Utilizamos as opções de tratamento encontradas na literatura e relacionamos com as nossas opções cirúrgicas para cada tipo de alteração anatômica encontrada. Dessa forma, utilizamos basicamente três parâmetros relacionados aos achados de exame físico (grau de insuficiência e características da cartilagem lateral inferior) e à queixa do paciente (queixa estética da ponta nasal presente ou ausente). Resultado: Um algoritmo prático para o tratamento da insuficiência de válvula nasal externa, de acordo com o grau da insuficiência (leve-moderada ou severa), a queixa estética da ponta nasal (presente ou ausente) e as características da cartilagem lateral inferior (tamanho e orientação). Conclusão: Através desse simples algoritmo, podemos utilizar cada tipo de enxerto e/ou manobra de acordo com as queixas dos pacientes e as alterações anatômicas encontradas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty , Nasal Obstruction , Algorithms , Nose Deformities, Acquired , Nasal Septum
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 360-366, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144901

ABSTRACT

Resumen La obstrucción nasal es una de las causas más frecuentes de consulta otorrinolaringológica general. Diversas estructuras juegan un rol en la mantención de una adecuada función respiratoria nasal, incluyendo el tabique, los cornetes, las paredes laterales y las alas nasales. La cirugía del tabique y de los cornetes inferiores son los procedimientos más comúnmente realizados y aunque son efectivos en un gran porcentaje de los casos, en ocasiones se deben intervenir otras estructuras nasales para corregir adecuadamente la obstrucción. La cirugía con fines primariamente funcionales de las válvulas nasales externa e interna, de la punta y/o de la pirámide ósea se ha denominado "rinoplastía funcional". Dada la importancia de estas estructuras para la recuperación de una adecuada permeabilidad nasal estática y dinámica, el diagnóstico y manejo quirúrgico de estas condiciones debe ser de dominio del otorrinolaringólogo.


Abstract Nasal obstruction is one of the most frequent complaints in general otorhinolaryngology practice. Different structures have a role in maintaining an adequate nasal breathing function, including the septum, turbinates, lateral sidewalls and nasal alae. Surgery of the nasal septum and inferior turbinates are the most commonly performed procedures and, although effective in most cases, occasionally other nasal structures must be intervened to correctly address the sites of obstruction. The term "functional rhinoplasty" has been coined for surgery of the external and internal nasal valves, nasal tip and/or bony pyramid, with primarily functional objectives. Given the importance of these structures for restoring an adequate static and dynamic nasal patency, diagnosis and management of these conditions must be dominion of the otorhinolaryngologist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Turbinates/surgery , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 450-455, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132625

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Mucosal contact headache is a referred pain that arises from contact between the nasal septum and the lateral nasal wall. Evidence supports the role of substance P in a contact headache such that release of substance P from sensory nerve endings causes inflammation and allergy. Objectives This study aimed to determine possible differences in substance P levels in inferior turbinate hypertrophy creating a contact headache. Methods 28 patients who had contact headaches (study group) and 16 volunteers with no complaints were included in the study. Substance P levels in the inferior turbinate tissue samples were quantified using a commercially available substance P EIA kit. Results In the study group average substance P levels were 2.65 ± 0.27 pg/mg tissue (range: 0.61-5.44) and in the control group it was 1.77 ± 0.27 pg/mg tissue (range: 0.11-4.35). The difference was statistically significant between the two groups (p = 0.0215). Average preoperative headache group visual analog scale scores was 5.93 ± 0.38 (2-9) and the turbinate volume was 6.56 ± 0.35 cm3 (3.50-10.30). The control group turbinate volume was 4.71 ± 0.39 cm3 (2.50-7.70). We found a correlation between the visual analog scale scores and substance P levels such that substance P levels were higher in visual analog scale scores above 5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion This study demonstrates the relationship between intranasal contact headaches and increased mucosal substance P levels. We also found that there is no correlation with substance P levels and volume of the inferior turbinate.


Resumo Introdução A cefaleia por ponto de contato da mucosa é uma dor direcionada que surge do contato entre o septo nasal e a parede nasal lateral. Evidências corroboram o papel da substância P na cefaleia de contato, de tal forma que a liberação da mesma a partir de terminações nervosas sensoriais possa causar inflamação e alergia. Objetivo Determinar possíveis diferenças nos níveis da substância P na hipertrofia de conchas inferiores em relação à cefaleia de contato. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 28 pacientes que apresentaram cefaleia por ponto de contato (Grupo Estudo) e 16 voluntários sem queixas. Os níveis de substância P nas amostras de tecido da concha inferior foram quantificados com um kit substância P EIA, comercialmente disponível. Resultados No grupo do estudo, os níveis médios de substância P foram 2,65 ± 0,27 pg/mg de tecido (variação: 0,61-5,44) e no grupo controle foram de 1,77 ± 0,27 pg/mg de tecido (variação: 0,11-4,35) e a diferença foi estatisticamente significante entre os dois grupos (p = 0,0215). O escore médio da escala visual analógica do grupo de cefaleia pré-operatória foi de 5,93 ± 0,38 (2-9) e o volume das conchas foi de 6,56 ± 0,35 cm3 (3,50-10,30). O volume da concha do grupo controle foi de 4,71 ± 0,39 cm3 (2,50 ± 7,70). Encontramos uma correlação entre o escore da escala visual analógica e os níveis de substância P, de modo que os níveis de substância P foram maiores nos escores da escala visual analógica acima de 5 (p = 0,001). Conclusão Este estudo demonstra a relação entre cefaleias por contato intranasais e níveis aumentados de substância P nas mucosas. Também observamos que não há correlação com os níveis de substância P e o volume da concha inferior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Headache , Turbinates , Substance P , Nasal Obstruction , Hypertrophy , Nasal Septum
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 343-350, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132596

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasal obstruction is one of the most frequent otolaryngologic complaints; and the collapse of the internal nasal valve is one the main causes of the nasal air flow obstruction. Objective: We aimed to evaluate internal nasal valve by using reformatted CT-scans pre- and post- rhinoplasty at 3 months and to assess its correlation to symptomatic improvement of nasal obstruction using the NOSE scale. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted between March 2017-May 2018 in a tertiary care otorhinolaryngology center. We included patients suffering from nasal obstruction secondary to internal nasal angle collapse and nasal deformity. Patients with sinusitis, nasal polyposis, and nasal masses were excluded. Results: Twenty consecutive patients underwent rhinoplasty, with a mean age (22.2 ± 2.8), with majority of males (n = 14; 70%). There was no significant correlation between pre- and post- CT-scans of the internal nasal valve angle/area and NOSE scores. A high significant difference was detected between mean pre- and post- NOSE scores (p < 0.0001), which was absent in CT-scan results. Conclusion: Reformatted CT-scans measurements of internal nasal valve area and angle were not of value. NOSE scores pre- and post- rhinoplasty had a significant value to determine degree of obstructive symptom improvement.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução nasal é uma das queixas otorrinolaringológicas mais comuns, e o colapso ou obstrução da válvula nasal interna é a principal causa da obstrução das vias aéreas nasais. Objetivo: Objetivamos avaliar a válvula nasal interna pré, e 3 meses pós-rinoplastia utilizandotomografias computadorizadas reformatadas e avaliar sua correlação com a melhora do sintoma obstrutivo utilizando a escala NOSE, do Inglês Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation. Método: Um estudo observacional prospectivo foi realizado entre março de 2017 e maio de 2018 em um centro de otorrinolaringologia de atenção terciária. Foram incluídos pacientes que apresentavam obstrução nasal secundário a colapso da valva nasal interna e deformidade nasal. Pacientes com sinusite, polipose nasal e tumores nasais foram excluídos. Resultados: Vinte pacientes consecutivos, a maioria do sexo masculino (n = 14; 70%) com média de idade de 22,2 ± 2,8 anos, foram submetidos a rinoplastia eincluídos no estudo. Não houve correlação significante entre as avaliações tomográficas pré / pós cirúrgicas do ângulo/área da valva nasal interna e os escores NOSE. Foi detectada uma diferençã altamente significante entre os escores médios da escala NOSE entre o pré e pós-operatório (p < 0,0001), mas não nos resultados da avaliação por tomografia computadorizada. Conclusão: As medidas reformatadas de tomografias computadorizadas da área e ângulo da valva nasal interna pré e pós cirúrgicas não tiveram valor. Entretanto, os escores da escala NOSE pré e pós-rinoplastia mostraram uma diferença significante ao determinar o grau de melhora do sintoma obstrutivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Rhinoplasty/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Nasal Septum/diagnostic imaging
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 47-54, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179305

ABSTRACT

La rinoplastia es una de las cirugías estéticas más realizadas en el mundo y entre las complicaciones más frecuentes está el colapso valvular por la excesiva resección del cartílago alar. La parálisis facial, así como el envejecimiento pueden colapsar la pared lateral en inspiración por disfunción del músculo nasal, al provocar debilitamiento del tejido fibroalveolar de la pared lateral nasal, existiendo también causas genéticas que producen colapso valvular. Actualmente se practican diversas técnicas para mejorar el colapso valvular y ninguna es cien por ciento efectiva, la mayor parte se centran en corregir la propia válvula nasal o el cartílago triangular, lo que indica que se fijan en un solo factor y no en la etiología multifactorial que la produce. Este estudio revisa la evidencia clínica que guía a un diagnóstico correcto y al manejo efectivo de la disfunción de la válvula nasal externa, mediante el uso de diversas técnicas que se emplean actualmente para perfeccionar el colapso valvular nasal.


Rhinoplasty is one of the most frequent cosmetic surgeries in the world and among the most common complications is valve collapse due to excessive resection of the alar cartilage. Facial paralysis, as well as aging, can collapse the lateral wall in inspiration due to dysfunction of the nasal muscle, causing weakening of the fibroalveolar tissue of the nasal lateral wall, and there are also genetic causes that produce valve collapse. Currently, various techniques are practiced to improve valve collapse and none are one hundred percent effective, most of them focus on correcting the nasal valve itself or the triangular cartilage, which indicates that they are fixed on a single factor and not on multifactorial etiology that produces it. This study reviews the clinical evidence that guides a correct diagnosis and effective management of external nasal valve dysfunction, using various techniques that are currently used to improve nasal valve collapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Obstruction , Nose/surgery
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(1): 79-84, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099206

ABSTRACT

La atresia congénita de coanas se caracteriza por la presencia de placas que obliteran la comunicación entre la cavidad nasal y la nasofaringe desde el nacimiento. Se considera como incompatible con la vida cuando la condición es bilateral. El siguiente es el caso de una paciente femenina, de 17 años, sin síndromes asociados, con obstrucción y descarga nasal anterior bilateral, asociado a respiración oral desde el periodo neonatal. El diagnóstico de atresia bilateral de coanas fue confirmado por medio de endoscopía nasal y tomografía computarizada (TC). La imagen confirmó la presencia de placas atrésicas de composición mixta. La paciente recibió tratamiento quirúrgicamente por vía transnasal con resección de las placas y modelado de neocoana.


Congenital choanal atresia is characterized by the presence of plates obliterating the communication between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx from birth. If bilateral, this condition is incompatible with life. This following is the case of a 17-year-old female patient, without associated syndromes, with bilateral nasal obstruction and anterior discharge, associated to oral breathing, starting in her neonatal period. The diagnosis of bilateral choanal atresia was confirmed by nasal endoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan, due to the presence of atretic plates of mixed composition. The patient was surgically treated with plate resection and modeling of a neochoana by means of a transnasal surgical approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Choanal Atresia/surgery , Choanal Atresia/diagnosis , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Choanal Atresia/complications , Endoscopy
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 99-104, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089377

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Isotretinoin (13 cis-retinoic acid) is the most effective treatment for acne vulgaris and is the only treatment option that can provide either remission or a permanent cure. Objective The aim of this study was to use both subjective and objective methods to assess the nasal complaints of patients with severe acne who received oral isotretinoin therapy. Methods Fifty-four subjects were enrolled in the study. All the subjects were assessed with subjective (NOSE and VAS questionnaires) and objective (rhinomanometry and saccharine) tests to determine the severity of their nasal complaints. Results The mean severity scores (min: 0; max: 100) for nasal dryness/crusting and epistaxis were 0.47 ± 1.48 (0-5); 0.35 ± 1.30 (0-5) at admission, 3.57 ± 4.45 (0-10); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the first month, and 4.28 ± 6 (0-20); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the third month of the treatment respectively. Total nasal resistance of 0.195 ± 0.079 (0.12-0.56) Pa/cm3/s at admission, 0.21 ± 0.084 (0.12-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the first month, and 0.216 ± 0.081 (0.14-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the third month. Conclusion Oral isotretinoin therapy can cause the complaint of nasal obstruction. In addition, nasal complaints, such as dryness/crusting and epistaxis, significantly increase in patients during the therapy schedule.


Resumo Introdução A isotretinoína (ácido-13 cis-retinóico) é o tratamento por via oral mais eficaz para acne vulgar e é a única opção de tratamento que pode produzir remissão ou cura permanente. Objetivo Usar métodos subjetivos e objetivos para avaliar as queixas nasais de pacientes com acne grave que receberam terapia com isotretinoína oral. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 54 indivíduos. Todos os indivíduos foram avaliados por meio de testes subjetivos (questionários NOSE e escala EVA) e objetivos (rinomanometria e teste de sacarina) para determinar a gravidade de suas queixas nasais. Resultados Os escores médios de gravidade (min: 0; max: 100) para ressecamento/crostas e epistaxe nasal foram de 0,47 ± 1,48 (0-5); 0,35 ± 1,30 (0-5) no início, 3,57 ± 4,45 (0-10); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no primeiro mês e 4,28 ± 6 (0-20); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no terceiro mês do tratamento, respectivamente. A resistência nasal total foi de 0,195 ± 0,079 (0,12 a 0,56) Pa/cm3/s no início, 0,21 ± 0,084 (0,12 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no primeiro mês e 0,216 ± 0,081 (0,14 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no terceiro mês. Conclusão A terapia com isotretinoína por via oral pode resultar em queixa de obstrução nasal. Além disso, queixas nasais, tais como ressecamento/formação de crostas e epistaxe, aumentam significativamente nos pacientes durante o esquema terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Isotretinoin/pharmacology , Dermatologic Agents/pharmacology , Nasal Cavity/drug effects , Saccharin , Sweetening Agents , Severity of Illness Index , Isotretinoin/adverse effects , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Rhinomanometry , Dermatologic Agents/adverse effects , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Symptom Assessment
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 63-73, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The types of allergic rhinitis are roughly classified based on the causative antigens, disease types, predilection time, and symptom severity. Objective To examine the clinical typing and individualized treatment approach for allergic rhinitis and to determine the optimal treatment method for this disease using various drug combination therapies. Methods A total of 108 participants with allergic rhinitis were divided into three groups based on symptoms. Subsequently, each group was further categorized into four subgroups based on the medications received. The efficacy of the treatments was evaluated using the visual analog scale VAS scores of the total and individual nasal symptoms, decline index of the symptom score, histamine and leukotriene levels, and mRNA and protein expression levels of histamine 1 and cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptors. Results Loratadine + mometasone furoate and loratadine + mometasone furoate + montelukast significantly improved the sneezing symptom and reduced the histamine levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, montelukast + mometasone furoate and montelukast + mometasone furoate + loratadine considerably improved the nasal obstruction symptom and decreased the leukotriene D4 levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion Clinical symptom evaluation combined with experimental detection of histamine and leukotriene levels can be an objective and accurate method to clinically classify the allergic rhinitis types. Furthermore, individualized treatment based on allergic rhinitis classification can result in a good treatment efficacy.


Resumo Introdução A rinite alérgica é basicamente classificada de acordo com os antígenos causadores, tipos de doença, peridiocidade e gravidade dos sintomas. Objetivo Avaliar os tipos clínicos e a abordagem terapêutica individualizada para cada tipo de rinite alérgica e determinar o método de tratamento ideal utilizando várias terapias de combinação de fármacos. Método Um total de 108 participantes com rinite alérgica foram divididos em três grupos com base nos sintomas. Posteriormente, cada grupo foi subsequentemente categorizado em quatro subgrupos com base nos medicamentos recebidos. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada utilizando os escores da escala visual analógica EVA dos sintomas nasais totais e individualmente, índice de declínio do escore de sintomas, níveis de histamina e leucotrienos e níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína dos receptores de histamina 1 e cisteinil-leucotrieno 1. Resultados As associações entre loratadina + furoato de mometasona, assim como a de loratadina + furoato de mometasona + montelucaste melhoraram significativamente o sintoma de espirros e reduziram os níveis de histamina em comparação às outras terapias combinadas (p < 0,05). Por outro lado, a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasona, assim como a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasone + loratadina melhoraram consideravelmente o sintoma de obstrução nasal e diminuíram os níveis de leucotrieno D4 em comparação com as outras combinações (p < 0,05). Conclusão A avaliação clínica dos sintomas combinada com a detecção experimental dos níveis de histamina e leucotrieno pode ser um método objetivo e preciso para classificar clinicamente os tipos de rinite alérgica. Além disso, o tratamento individualizado baseado na classificação da rinite alérgica pode resultar no aumento da eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Histamine/blood , Leukotriene D4/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Precision Medicine/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/blood , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Sneezing , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, Histamine H1/genetics , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Leukotriene/genetics , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use , Acetates/therapeutic use , Nasal Mucosa
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 380-386, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114911

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de nuestro estudio de tipo longitudinal prospectivo simple de medidas repetidas fue determinar la variación del flujo aéreo nasal medido con un flujómetro nasal portátil, en niños entre 6 y 14 años de edad con compresión maxilar, después de la expansión rápida del maxilar (ERM). El trabajo constó de 16 niños diagnosticados con compresión maxilar y a quienes se les indicó una disyunción maxilar rápida. Los valores de la cantidad de expansión fueron registrados y la medición del flujo inspiratorio nasal máximo (FINM) se realizó antes de la ERM (T1), inmediatamente después (T2) y al cabo de 3 meses del período de retención (T3), manteniendo las mismas condiciones iniciales. El valor máximo y el promedio de las mediciones del FINM en T2 fueron significativamente mayores que en T1 (p-valor, 0,0056) y (p-valor 0,0062) respectivamente, mientras que entre T2 y T3 no existieron tales diferencias (p-valor: 0,3021) y (p-valor: 0,3315) respectivamente. Existe un aumento significativo en los valores del FINM inmediatamente después de la expansión rápida del maxilar que se mantienen en un período de tiempo de 3 meses.


The objective of our simple prospective longitudinal type study of repeated measures, was to determine the variation of nasal airflow measured with a portable nasal flow meter, in children between 6 and 14 years of age with maxillary compression, after rapid maxillary expansion (RME). The study consisted of 16 children diagnosed with maxillary compression and those who were identified with a rapid maxillary disjunction. The values of the amount of expansion were recorded and the measurement of the peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) was performed before the ERM (T1), immediately after (T2) and after 3 months of retention period (T3), maintaining the same initial conditions. Results: the value maximum and average measurements of FINM in T2 were greater than in T1 (p-value, 0.0056) and (p-value 0.0062) respectively, while between T2 and T3 there were no differences (p value: 0.3021) and (p value: 0.3315) respectively. There is a significant increase in PNIF values immediately after rapid maxillary expansion that is in a period of 3 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Inhalation/physiology , Nose/physiology , Malocclusion/therapy , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Palatal Expansion Technique , Flowmeters
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876439

ABSTRACT

@#Objective: To compare subjective nasal airflow and overall pain score (as well as safety and added cost of) using an improvised nasal airway tube (nasogastric tube) versus nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Methods: Design: Quasi - Experimental Prospective Cohort Study Setting: Tertiary Government Training Hospital Participants: Twenty-six (26) consecutive patients aged 18 to 77 years old diagnosed with CRSwNP who underwent ESS were alternately assigned to an experimental group (A) of 13, where an improvised nasal airway (nasogastric) tube was placed in addition to the nasal pack or a control group (B) of 13 with nasal packing alone. Results: There was a significant difference in subjective nasal airflow between experimental (A) and control (B) groups during the immediate postoperative period where the mean subjective airflow was 8.07 and 0.00 over 10.00, respectively. No significant difference was noted between the groups in terms of age, gender, severity of polyposis and overall pain score. No complications such as bleeding, Toxic Shock Syndrome, vestibular or alar injury and septal necrosis were noted immediately post-op and after one week follow-up in both groups. An approximate cost of PhP 25 was added to group A. Conclusion: An improvised nasal airway using a nasogastric tube provides adequate airflow without additional pain in the immediate postoperative period. It is safe to use and an affordable option for patients in need of nasal airway stents residing in areas where a preformed nasal packing with incorporated tube stent is not available.


Subject(s)
Stents , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Polyps , Sinusitis
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 437-441, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058720

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El melanoma mucoso maligno es un tumor neuroectodérmico de menos del 5% de las neoplasias nasosinusales. Es un tumor de mal pronóstico clásicamente su promedio de supervivencia a cinco años es cercano al 28% y 17,5% a diez años, siendo aún peor cuando existe metástasis en cuello. Se presentan a continuación dos casos de melanoma mucoso en cavidad nasal y senos paranasales, el primero mujer 58 años con melanoma septal llevada a septotomía abierta más quimioterapia y radioterapia adyuvante, con recurrencia en cuello submaxilar derecho tratada con vaciamiento supraomohioideo actualmente sin recurrencia; el segundo hombre de 40 años con antecedente de resección melanoma septal quien presenta nuevo melanoma región etmoidal izquierda luego de su primera cirugía y es llevado a resección endoscópica transnasal sin tratamiento adyuvante por decisión del paciente.


ABSTRACT Sinonasal mucosal melanoma is a neuroectodermic tumor account less 5% of nasosinusal tumors. It has a poor prognosis with a five-year average survival near 28% and 17.5% to 10 years; if neck metastasis is even worst. Here we present two clinical cases. First one a woman 58 years old with septal melanoma who receives an open septectomy with chemotherapy and radiotherapy with submaxillary recurrence treated with supraomohyoid neck dissection. The second case, a man 40 years old with previous septal melanoma surgery who has an ethmoid sinus recurrence and receives transnasal endoscopic surgery without adjuvant therapy by patient desire.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Melanoma/pathology , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/therapy , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Melanoma/therapy , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 448-452, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058722

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Paciente de 32 años que acudió a consultas por epistaxis intermitente. A la exploración, se evidenció una masa proveniente del septum en fosa nasal izquierda no sospechosa, que a la biopsia demostró ser un angiofibroma. Se describe el abordaje terapéutico de un angiofibroma extranasofaríngeo septal y una revisión de la literatura.


ABSTRACT A 32-year-old patient attended our department for intermittent epistaxis. Upon examination, a non-suspicious mass coming from the septum was found in the left nostril, which at biopsy proved to be an angiofibroma. We describe the therapeutic approach of a septal extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma and a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiofibroma/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 698-704, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sinonasal organising haematoma is a recently described, rare, benign inflammatory condition, which closely resembles malignancy in its clinical presentation. Objective: To describe the clinical features of organising haematoma and to review the evolution of surgical options successfully used. Methods: A retrospective review of charts of all patients with a histopathological diagnosis of sinonasal organising haematoma was performed. Results: Six (60%) of the 10 patients were male with a mean age of 47.4 years. All patients had unilateral disease with recurrent epistaxis as the presenting symptom. Maxillary sinus was the most commonly involved sinus. There was no history of trauma in any of the patients. Hypertension (80%) was the most commonly associated comorbidity. Contrast-enhanced CT scan of the paranasal sinuses showed heterogeneous sinus opacification with/without bone erosion. Histopathological examination was diagnostic. Complete endoscopic excision was done in all patients resulting in resolution of the disease. Conclusion: Awareness of this relatively new clinical entity and its evaluation and treatment is important for otolaryngologists, maxillofacial surgeons and pathologists alike. Despite the clinical picture of malignancy, histopathological features of benign disease can safely dispel such a diagnosis.


Resumo Introdução: Hematoma nasossinusal em organização é uma condição inflamatória benigna rara, recentemente descrita, que se assemelha a lesões malignas em sua apresentação clínica. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas do hematoma em organização e analisar a evolução das opções cirúrgicas usadas com sucesso. Método: Foi feita a revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos os pacientes com diagnóstico histopatológico de hematoma nasossinusal em organização. Resultados: Seis (60%) dos 10 pacientes eram do sexo masculino, com média de 47,4 anos. Todos os pacientes apresentavam doença unilateral com epistaxe recorrente como sintoma de apresentação. O seio maxilar era o mais comumente afetado. Não havia histórico de trauma em qualquer dos pacientes. Hipertensão (80%) foi a comorbidade mais comumente associada. A tomografia computadorizada dos seios paranasais com contraste mostrou opacificação heterogênea do seio com/sem erosão óssea. O exame histopatológico foi diagnóstico. A excisão endoscópica completa foi feita em todos os pacientes, resultou na resolução da doença. Conclusão: A conscientização a respeito dessa entidade clínica relativamente nova e sua avaliação e tratamento são importantes para os otorrinolaringologistas, cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais e patologistas. Apesar do quadro clínico de malignidade, as características histopatológicas da doença benigna podem descartar com segurança esse diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Hematoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/diagnostic imaging , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/surgery
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 565-570, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039277

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The most common cause of septoplasty failure is inferior turbinate hypertrophy that is not treated properly. Several techniques have been described to date: total or partial turbinectomy, submucosal resection (surgical or with a microdebrider), with turbinate outfracture being some of those. Objective: In this study, we compared the pre- and postoperative lower turbinate volumes using computed tomography in patients who had undergone septoplasty and compensatory lower turbinate turbinoplasty with those treated with outfracture and bipolar cauterization. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 66 patients (37 men, 29 women) who were admitted to our otorhinolaryngology clinic between 2010 and 2017 because of nasal obstruction and who were operated on for nasal septum deviation. The patients who underwent turbinoplasty due to compensatory lower turbinate hypertrophy were the turbinoplasty group; Outfracture and bipolar cauterization were separated as the out fracture group. Compensatory lower turbinate volumes of all patients participating in the study (mean age 34.0 ± 12.4 years, range 17-61 years) were assessed by preoperative and postoperative 2 month coronal and axial plane paranasal computed tomography. Results: The transverse and longitudinal dimensions of the postoperative turbinoplasty group were significantly lower than those of the out-fracture group (p = 0.004). In both groups the lower turbinate volumes were significantly decreased (p = 0.002, p < 0.001 in order). The postoperative volume of the turbinate on the deviated side of the patients was significantly increased: tubinoplasty group (p = 0.033). Conclusion: Both turbinoplasty and outfracture are effective volume-reduction techniques. However, the turbinoplasty method results in more reduction of the lower turbinate volume than outfracture and bipolar cauterization.


Resumo Introdução: A causa mais comum de falha da septoplastia é a hipertrofia das conchas inferiores não tratada adequadamente. Diversas técnicas foram descritas até o momento: turbinectomia total ou parcial, ressecção da submucosa (cirúrgica ou com microdebridador) e a fratura lateral. Objetivo: Neste estudo, comparamos os volumes pré e pós-operatório da concha inferior com hipertrofia compensatória com o uso de tomografia computadorizada entre pacientes submetidos a septoplastia e turbinoplastia ou fratura lateral com cauterização bipolar. Método: Este estudo retrospectivo incluiu 66 pacientes (37 homens e 29 mulheres) internados em nosso serviço de otorrinolaringologia entre 2010 e 2017 por obstrução nasal e submetidos à cirurgia por desvio de septo nasal. Os pacientes submetidos à turbinoplastia devido à hiperplasia compensatória da concha inferior formaram o grupo turbinoplastia; aqueles submetidos à fratura lateral e cauterização bipolar foram separados, formaram o grupo fratura lateral. Os volumes compensatórios da concha inferior de todos os pacientes que participaram do estudo (idade média de 34,0 ± 12,4 anos, faixa de 17 a 61 anos) foram avaliados por tomografia computadorizada dos seios paranasais nos planos axial e coronal no pré-operatório e aos dois meses do pós-operatório. Resultados: As dimensões transversais e longitudinais do grupo turbinoplastia no pós-operatório foram significantemente menores do que as do grupo de fratura lateral (p = 0,004). Em ambos os grupos, os volumes da concha inferior diminuíram significantemente (p = 0,002, p < 0,001, respectivamente). O volume pós-operatório da concha do lado do desvio aumentou significantemente no grupo turbinoplastia (p = 0,033). Conclusão: Tanto a turbinoplastia como a fratura lateral são técnicas efetivas de redução de volume. No entanto, a turbinoplastia causa maior redução do volume da concha inferior do que a fratura lateral com cauterização bipolar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Turbinates/surgery , Turbinates/pathology , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Preoperative Period , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods , Hypertrophy
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