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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 133-135, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280114

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objetive: To evaluate the success rate of initial and repeated probing as treatment approach for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in children between 2 and 46 months. Methods: A restrospective review of 73 children diagnosed with CNLDO who underwent probing of the NLD from March 2010 to 2020 was conducted. Data were colected from Hospital Oftalmológico de Anápolis in Anápolis, Goiás. Results: The procedure was performed in 90 eyes. The study sample was constituted of 36 males and 37 females. Bilateral involvement occurred in 18 (24.6%) children whereas 55 (75.3%) of them were unilaterally affected. The age ranges of the patients were divided into 4 groups: A - up to 6 months old (5.5% of the eyes), B - 7 to 12 months (27.5%), group C - 13 to 24 months (39.5%) and group D - older than 24 months (26.4%). The mean age of the sample was 18.6 months. Initial probing obtained an overall success rate of 88.8% and group B showed the best percentage (96%) from all age ranges. The second intervention had a lower outcome, successfuly in 55.5% of the cases. Conclusion: All age ranges showed high success rates for initial probing, although there was a decrease in subsequent procedures outcomes. Our results demonstrate that the success rate for primary probing is not affected by age.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a taxa de sucesso de sondagem inicial e de repetição como abordagem de tratamento para obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal em crianças entre 2 e 46 meses. Métodos: conduziu-se uma revisão retrospectiva de 73 crianças diagnosticadas com obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal que se submeteram à sondagem do ducto nasolacrimal de março de 2010 a 2020. Os dados foram coletados no Hospital Oftalmológico de Anápolis em Anápolis, Goiás. Resultados: o procedimento foi realizado em 90 olhos. A amostra do estudo constitui-se em 36 pacientes do sexo masculino e 37 do sexo feminino. O acometimento foi bilateral em 18 crianças, enquanto 55 (75,3%) delas foram afetadas de forma unilateral. Os pacientes foram divididos em 4 grupos, de acordo com a faixa etária: A- até 6 meses de vida (5,5% dos olhos); B- 7 a 12 meses (27,5%); grupo C- 13 a 24 meses (39,5%) e grupo D- mais que 24 meses (26,4). A média de idade de amostra foi de 18,6 meses. A sondagem inicial teve uma taxa de sucesso global de 88,8%, e o grupo B mostrou a melhor porcentagem (96%) de todas as faixas etárias. A segunda intervenção teve uma taxa de sucesso menor, de 55,5% dos casos. Conclusão: todas as faixas etárias mostraram altas taxas de sucesso na sondagem, embora tenha havido um decréscimo nos resultados dos procedimentos subsequentes. Nossos resultados demonstram que a taxa de sucesso na sondagem primária não é afetada pela idade


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/congenital , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Intubation/methods , Therapeutic Irrigation , Nasolacrimal Duct/abnormalities
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 91-98, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153095

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Lacrimal probing is the treatment of choice for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction that does not have a spontaneous resolution; however, there is no consensus about the best time for probing and if it is superior to other therapies. The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of lacrimal probing compared with other treatments/no intervention to treat congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Methods: A systematic review of literature in PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, clinicaltrials.gov, and LILACS databases up to December 2019 was performed. Randomized clinical trials that enrolled children diagnosed with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction and undergoing lacrimal probing were considered. Data extraction and a risk of bias assessment were conducted independently and in duplicate. The overall quality of evidence for each outcome was conducted using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation classification system. Results: Four randomized clinical trials involving 423 participants were eligible. No statistically significant differences were observed in resolution rates between early probing and observation/late probing (two studies; risk ratio 1.00 [95% confidence interval 0.76-1.33]; p=0.99; low certainty evidence). One study reported better resolution rates with bicanalicular silicone stent intubation compared with late probing in the complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction cases subgroup (risk ratio 0.56 [95% confidence interval 0.34-0.92]; p=0.02; moderate certainty evidence). Conclusions: Low certainty evidence suggests that early probing has the same success rate as late probing. Evidence of moderate certainty suggests that late probing has a lower success rate than bicanalicular silastic intubation in patients with complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstructione.


RESUMO Objetivo: A sondagem lacrimal tem sido o tratamento de escolha para a obstrução lacrimonasal congênita que não apresenta resolução espontânea. Contudo, não há consenso sobre qual é a melhor época para a realização da sondagem e se ela é melhor do que outras terapias. O objetivo foi avaliar a efetividade da sondagem lacrimal no tratamento da obstrução lacrimonasal congênita. Método: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura foi realizada usando as plataformas eletrônicas PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, clinicaltrials.gov e LILACS até o período de dezembro de 2019. Foram considerados ensaios clínicos randomizados envolvendo crianças com obstrução lacrimonasal congênita submetidas a sondagem lacrimal. A extração dos dados e avaliação do risco de viés foram feitas por dois autores independentemente. A análise da qualidade da evidência para cada desfecho foi realizada por meio do sistema GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation). Resultados: Quatro ensaios clínicos randomizados foram incluídos, envolvendo 423 participantes. A metanálise mostrou que não houve diferença estatística na resolução da obstrução lacrimonasal congênita entre o grupo submetido à sondagem lacrimal precoce e o submetido à observação/sondagem tardia (2 estudos; risco médio 1.00 [intervalo de confiança de 95% 0.76, 1.33] p=0,99, I2=79%, baixa certeza de evidência). Um estudo evidenciou melhores resultados da intubação bicanalicular com silicone em comparação a sondagem tardia no subgrupo das obstruções lacrimonasais congênitas complexas, (1 estudo; risco médio 0.56 [intervalo de confiança de 95% 0.34, 0.92] p=0,02, moderada certeza de evidência). Conclusões: Há evidências de baixa qualidade de que a sondagem precoce tem a mesma taxa de sucesso que a sondagem tardia. Evidências de moderada certeza sugerem que a sondagem tardia tem menor chance de sucesso do que a intubação bicanalicular com silicone em casos de obstruções lacrimonasais congênitas complexas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intubation , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 332-334, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Dacryocystocele is a rare benign facial abnormality of the nasolacrimal system, which may be detected at the antenatal workup during the third trimester of pregnancy. Ultrasound is the method of choice for this examination. However, magnetic resonance imaging may also be used in selected cases. Dacryocystocele is mostly a transient finding; it may resolve spontaneously in utero or postnatally. When the defect is bilateral and persists in neonatal life, it may lead to respiratory complications. We report a case of a fetus with bilateral dacryocystocele diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound at the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy with spontaneous postpartum resorption.


RESUMO A dacriocistocele é uma anormalidade facial benigna rara do sistema nasolacrimal, que pode ser detectada na rotina pré-natal durante o terceiro trimestre da gravidez. O ultrassom é o método de escolha, mas a ressonância magnética também pode ser usada em casos específicos. Na maioria das vezes, a dacriocistocele é um achado temporário, que pode se resolver espontâneamente ainda no útero ou após o nascimento. Quando a anormalidade é bilateral e persiste na vida neonatal, pode levar a complicações respiratórias. Este é o relato do caso de um feto com dacriocistocele bilateral diagnosticada por ultrassom pré-natal no início do terceiro trimestre da gravidez, com reabsorção espontânea após o nascimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cysts , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Pregnancy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Nasolacrimal Duct/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 229-235, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Mitomycin C has been used in ophthalmic surgery to mitigate postoperative scarring. However, the outcomes of endoscopic-assisted probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction with adjunctive mitomycin C in children remain unknown. Our study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive application of mitomycin C after endoscopic-assisted probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in children. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review performed in a tertiary eye care hospital involving children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing from October 2013 to August 2015. We compared children who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing with mitomycin C (mitomycin C group) versus others who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing without mitomycin C (endoscopic-assisted probing group). The mitomycin C group received 0.2 mg/ml within 4 min to the nasolacrimal duct ostium using a cotton tip applicator immediately after probing. Probing was considered successful when patient complaints of tearing were reduced or the results of the dye disappearance test were normal. Demographic data, clinical features, and intraoperative and postoperative variables were correlated to the success rate. Results: The study sample comprised 68 lacrimal vies. The majority of children had bilateral obstruction and no previous history of probing. The mean age of the patients was approximately 4 years. Most obstructions were considered complex. The success rates were high in both groups (p>0.05). There were no adverse events related to the use of mitomycin C (p>0.05). Conclusions: Although mitomycin C has no adverse effects when applied to the opening of the nasolacrimal duct, its use after lacrimal probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction does not improve the chance of success.


RESUMO Objetivo: A mitomicina C tem sido usada em cirurgia oftálmica para reduzir cicatrizes pós-operatórias. Entretanto, os resultados da sondagem endoscópica assistida para o tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal com mitomicina C adjuvante em crianças permanecem desconhecidos. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia e a segurança da aplicação da mitomicina C após a sondagem endoscópica assistida para o tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal em crianças. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão retrospectiva de prontuários, realizads em um hospital terciário de oftalmologia, envolvendo crianças com obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal, submetidas à sondagem endoscópica de Outubro de 2013 a Agosto de 2015. Comparamos crianças submetidas à sondagem endoscópica com mitomicina C (grupo mitomicina C) versus outros que foram submetidos à sondagem endoscópica sem mitomicina C (grupo de sondagem endoscópica). O grupo mitomicina C recebeu 0,2 mg/ml em 4 min para o óstio do ducto nasolacrimal usando um aplicador de ponta de algodão imediatamente após a sondagem. A sondagem foi considerada bem-sucedida quando as queixas de lacrimejamento dos pacientes foram reduzidas ou os resultados do teste de desaparecimento do corante foram normais. Dados demográficos, sinais clínicos, variáveis intra e pós-operatórias foram correlacionados com a taxa de sucesso. Resultados: A amostra do estudo foi composta por 68 vias lacrimais. A maioria das crianças apresentava obstrução bilateral e sem histórico prévio de sondagem. A média de idade dos pacientes era de aproximadamente 4 anos. A maioria das obstruções foi considerada complexa. As taxas de sucesso foram altas nos dois grupos (p>0.05). Não houve efeitos adversos relacionados ao uso da mitomicina C (p>0.05). Conclusões: Apesar a mitomicina C não tenha efeitos adversos quando aplicada à abertura do ducto nasolacrimal, seu uso após sondagem lacrimal no tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal não melhora a chance de sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Retrospective Studies , Mitomycin
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 1-4, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088953

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the reliability of the endoscopic dye transit test for the prediction of functional success after dacryocystorhinostomy. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 50 patients who underwent external dacryocystorhinostomy Group or transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy Group and had anatomically patent ducts during irrigation, with a minimum 6-month follow-up. The external dacryocystorhinostomy, defined as the time from instillation of the dye into the conjunctival sac until its flow from the rhinostomy site, was performed in all patients. Positive predictive value of the endoscopic dye transit test to assess functional success was analyzed. The cutoff point was determined using a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Of the 50 patients, 44 (88%) exhibited subjective improvement or complete resolution of epiphora (functional success). The best cutoff point for the endoscopic dye transit test was 60 s. Of 39 patients with endoscopic dye transit test £60 s, 38 (97.4%) exhibited functional success, demonstrating a 97.4% positive predictive value. Conclusion: The endoscopic dye transit test £60 s is a reliable tool to predict functional success and good prognosis after external or laser transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a confiabilidade do teste endoscópico do corante na predição do sucesso funcional após dacriocistorrinostomia. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 50 pacientes submetidos ao grupo de dacriocistorrinostomia externa ou grupo dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular e que possuíam dutos anatomicamente patentes pela irrigação, com seguimento mínimo de 6 meses. A dacriocistorrinostomia externa, definida como o tempo desde a instilação do corante no saco conjuntival até o fluxo do local da rinostomia, foi realizada em todos os pacientes. O valor preditivo positivo do teste endoscópico do corante para avaliar o sucesso funcional foi analisado. O ponto de corte foi determinado usando uma curva característica de operação do receptor. Resultados: Dos 50 pacientes, 44 (88%) apresentaram melhora subjetiva ou resolução completa da epífora (sucesso funcional). O melhor ponto de corte para o teste endoscópico do corante foi de 60 s. Dos 39 pacientes com teste endoscópico do corante £60 s, 38 (97,4%) apresentaram sucesso funcional, demonstrando um valor preditivo positivo de 97,4%. Conclusão: O teste en­doscópico do corante £60 s é uma ferramenta confiável para predizer o sucesso funcional e o bom prognóstico após dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular externa ou a laser.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dacryocystorhinostomy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasolacrimal Duct/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Contrast Media , Endoscopy/methods
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 33-37, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092652

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar a taxa de sucesso da intubação monocanalicular ou bicanalicular em pacientes com obstrução congênita do ducto lacrimonasal (OCDLN), levando-se em consideração a taxa de sucesso, a dificuldade do procedimento e o custo dos tubos. Métodos: Foram analisados retrospectivamente 54 prontuários, totalizando 58 vias lacrimais com diagnóstico de OCDLN, que realizaram intubação das vias lacrimais monocanalicular ou bicanalicular com tubos de silicone. Anamnese, exame oftalmológico geral, testes específicos, como o Teste do Desaparecimento do Corante (TDC) e Teste de Observação de Fluoresceína na Orofaringe (TOFO), e, caso necessário, exames complementares como a dacriocistografia, foram utilizados para diagnóstico e inclusão na pesquisa. Foram tratados com intubação os pacientes sem resposta adequada ao tratamento prévio, ou seja, que permaneceram com sintomas de secreção e epífora contínua após a realização de massagem de Crigler e sondagem. Resultados: A intubação monocanalicular foi realizada em 27 vias lacrimais e a intubação bicanalicular, em 31 vias lacrimais. A taxa de sucesso foi alta em ambos os métodos, com melhora em 26 (96,3%) vias lacrimais com sonda monocanalicular e em 30 (96,8%), com sonda bicanalicular (p=0,718). As duas técnicas apresentaram 100% de sucesso nos pacientes com até 2 anos e acima de 4 anos de idade (p=1). A taxa de sucesso entre os 2 e 4 anos de idade foi de 91,5% para as monocanaliculares e 87,5% para as bicanaliculares, (p=0,652). Conclusão: o presente estudo não mostrou diferença significativa no sucesso da intubação quando utilizando sondas mono ou bicanaliculares. A intubação monocanalicular mostrou-se de mais fácil execução, ao passo que o tubo bicanalicular possui menor custo.


Abstract Objective: to evaluate and to compare the success rate of monocanalicular or bicanalicular intubation in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNDO) carriers in terms of success rate, difficulty of the procedure, and cost of the tubes. Methods: fifty-four CNDO carriers with 58 obstructed lacrimal vies (LV) who were submitted to lacrimal system intubation using mono or bicanalicular stent had their medical records analyzed. A clinical history, a general ophthalmologic examination, specific tests such as the fluorescein dye disappearance test (FDDT) and observation test of fluorescein in the oropharynx (OTFO) were used for diagnosis and inclusion in the study. Patients who continued exhibiting discharge and continuous epiphora after previous treatment, Crigler massage and probing, were treated surgically with intubation. Results: Monocanalicular intubation was performed on 27 LV and bicanalicular intubation was performed on 31 LV. High success rates were observed, with improvement in 26 (96.3%) with monocanalicular intubation and in 30 LV (96.8%) with bicanalicular intubation (p=0.718). Furthermore, both techniques were 100% successful in patients up to 2 and over 4 years of age (p=1). The success rates between 2-4 years of age were 91.6% in monocanalicular intubation and 87.5% in bicanalicular intubation (p=0.652). Conclusion: The success rate using monocanalicular or bicanalicular intubation to treat CNDO had no significant difference in the studied children. Furthermore, the monocanalicular tube was easier to use, while the bicanalicular tube had a lower cost.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Stents , Intubation/instrumentation , Intubation/methods , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy , Nasolacrimal Duct/abnormalities , Silicones , Comparative Study , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conservative Treatment , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/congenital , Nasolacrimal Duct/surgery
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2422-2428, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hasner valve incision has been recently introduced as a new treatment for ophthalmic patients with epiphora symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine whether surgical outcomes of Hasner valve incision for inferior nasolacrimal duct obstruction were different between pediatric and adult patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 53 eyes of 52 patients who underwent Hasner valve incision in the Beijing Tongren Hospital from October 2016 to November 2019 were retrospectively observed. Patients were divided into two groups, including pediatric group (23 eyes of 22 patients,  0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hasner valve incision was effective for both adult and children with inferior nasolacrimal duct obstruction, with no difference in surgical outcomes between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Humans , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 191-195, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015264

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Bilateral simultaneous endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endo-DCR) has received little attention in the literature, thus many surgeons continue to address bilateral nasolacrimal duct obstruction at two stages, rather than in the same setting. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and the outcome of simultaneous bilateral Endo- DCR and its impact on the quality of life of the patients. Methods: We have conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent bilateral simultaneous endo-DCR between March 2013 and February 2017 at our tertiary care institution. The reviewed data included clinical presentation; operative details; success rate; pre and postoperative evaluation of the symptoms of the patients, using the Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Symptom Score Questionnaire; satisfaction of the patients, and improvement in the quality of life, assessed by the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) questionnaire. Results: Out of 128 cases in which endo-DCRs were performed, 13 were bilateral (26 sides). Postoperative success was documented in 24 of the 26 sides (92.3%), with a mean follow-up duration of 16.2 months. The two failed sides were reported in the same case. The preoperative symptom score ranged between 12 and 80 (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 38.23 ± 15.7). The postoperative symptom score was significantly lower (mean ± SD: 5.4 ± 12.9). The success rates in unilateral and bilateral cases were comparable, with no statistically significant difference. A notable improvement in the quality of life of the patients was also reported, with a mean GBI score of 81.38 ± 12.37. Conclusion: Our results support that a simultaneous bilateral endo-DCR is a safe procedure that offers a high success rate, spares the patient from the stress of a second surgery, provides the patient with a bilateral resolution of the symptoms, and confers an immediate improvement in the quality of life of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Dacryocystorhinostomy/methods , Endoscopy , Postoperative Care , Preoperative Care , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/surgery , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/pathology , Nasolacrimal Duct/pathology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760022

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of ocular diseases in infants visiting the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the department of ophthalmology, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, from January 2015 to May 2016. The study included 377 infants ranging in age from 1 day to less than 1 year who were, selected by a nonprobability consecutive sampling technique. A detailed history was taken, and a complete ocular examination was performed. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation for age. Frequencies were calculated for ocular diseases along with the percentages. Outcome variables included various congenital and acquired diseases such as conjunctivitis, congenital cataract, glaucoma, nasolacrimal duct blockage, squint, trauma, and fundus abnormalities. RESULTS: The mean age of infants was 5.0 ± 3.7 months. There were 196 (52%) males and 181 (48%) females. The sample included 330 (87.5%) full term infants. Acquired ocular diseases occurred in 230 (61%) infants; and congenital diseases, in 147 (39%). The most common ocular disease was conjunctivitis, which occurred in 173 (46%) infants, followed by congenital blocked nasolacrimal duct, which occurred in 57 (15 %) infants. Conjunctivitis was more common among neonates than infants. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired ocular diseases were more common than congenital ocular diseases. The most common ocular pathology was conjunctivitis, followed by congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, in infants. Conjunctivitis was more common in neonates than infants.


Subject(s)
Cataract , Conjunctivitis , Female , Glaucoma , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Nasolacrimal Duct , Ophthalmology , Pathology , Strabismus , Tertiary Healthcare
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766887

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and factors affecting the success rates of nasolacrimal probing and silicone intubation (SI) in patients with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients including 69 eyes of 59 patients who received probing and 61 eyes of 49 patients who received SI. In patients with probing, the age, sex, and history of conservative treatment were analyzed in the success and failure groups, and a success rate comparison was conducted by dividing these values into postnatal group 1 ( 12 months, the success rate of probing was lower than in patients 12 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intubation , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Nasolacrimal Duct , Retrospective Studies , Silicon , Silicones
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760124

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various surgical approaches have been employed for the complete resection of inverted papilloma (IP) of the nose and paranasal sinus. Sacrificing the inferior turbinate (IT) and nasolacrimal duct (NLD) is often unavoidable due to the anatomy of maxillary sinus. However, the prelacrimal recess approach (PLRA) provides a wider entrance to the maxillary sinus without the ablation of NLD and IT. We present seven cases of IP successfully treated by the PLRA. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We collected data from seven different cases involving patients who underwent resection of IP by means of the PLRA from 2016 to 2017. If the lesion could not be removed first via middle meatal antrostomy (MMA), then PLRA was attempted. The surgical specimens were all confirmed to be IP. RESULTS: Preoperative imaging studies demonstrated that the lesions of IP were located mainly in the maxillary sinus. All of the seven patients had unilateral lesions and all tumors were completely resected via PLRA. The follow-up ranged from 3 to 24 months, during which no recurrence or complications were observed in any of the seven patients. CONCLUSION: PLRA provides an adequate operation field without unfavorable scars. It allows the preservation of sinus structure and function. PLRA is feasible and can be used for the diffuse maxillary sinus IP.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , Methods , Nasolacrimal Duct , Nose , Papilloma, Inverted , Recurrence , Turbinates
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741316

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and mono-canalicular intubation in patients with total obstruction of one canalicus. METHODS: Sixteen eyes of 16 patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction and a single canaliculus obstruction who had undergone external DCR and monocanalicular intubation of the intact canaliculus were retrospectively included in the present study. The monocanalicular tube (Mini Monoka) was left in place for at least two months. Munk epiphora grading for the evaluation of epiphora and irrigation was performed both preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 46 ± 14.2 (range, 18 to 76) years. The inferior canaliculus was obstructed in nine eyes (group A) and the superior canaliculus was obstructed in seven eyes (group B), respectively. Eight eyes had chronic dacryocystitis and two of these eyes also had a history of acute dacryocystitis attack. Mean preoperative Munk scores were 3.89 in group A and 4.0 in group B. Ocular surface irritation occurred in one eye in group A. Artificial eye drops were prescribed and early tube removal was not performed. Spontaneous tube dislocation was recorded in one eye in group B. No other corneal, punctal, or canalicular complications were found. At six months, irrigation of intact canaliculus was patent in all eyes. Mucoid discharge, conjunctival hyperemia, and chronic conjunctivitis were also resolved. Postoperative Munk scores were 1.11 ± 0.9 in group A and 0.86 ± 0.9 in group B. Of note, preoperative and postoperative Munk scores were significantly different in both groups (group A, p = 0.006; group B, p = 0.017). The postoperative Munk scores were not statistically different between the two groups (p = 0.606). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction and a total of one canaliculus obstruction, external DCR and monocanalicular intubation of the intact canaliculus is an effective surgical option.


Subject(s)
Conjunctivitis , Dacryocystitis , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Joint Dislocations , Eye, Artificial , Humans , Hyperemia , Intubation , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785306

ABSTRACT

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare multisystemic disorder that is characterized by mental retardation, prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, limb anomalies, and distinctive facial features, which include arched eyebrows that often meet in the middle (synophrys), long eyelashes, low-set ears, small and widely spaced teeth, and a small and upturned nose. Ophthalmic manifestations include long eyelashes, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, myopia, ptosis, and strabismus. There has been no report of surgical treatment for esotropia and unilateral ptosis in patients with CdLS in Korea. I report a patient with CdLS who underwent surgical treatment for esotropia and unilateral ptosis with a good surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
De Lange Syndrome , Ear , Esotropia , Extremities , Eyebrows , Eyelashes , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Korea , Myopia , Nasolacrimal Duct , Nose , Strabismus , Tooth
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738597

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Congenital double puncta are usually unilateral, and the accessory punctum exists on the medial side in a slit configuration that is distinct from the shape of the normal punctum. We report a case of an unusual case of double lacrimal puncta which the lateral, rather than the medial, punctum was judged to be the accessory punctum. CASE SUMMARY: A 39-year-old male patient with no underlying disease and no ophthalmologic history visited our clinic with right eye epiphora of 2 weeks duration. On slit lamp examination, double puncta were observed in the right lower eyelid and the remaining puncta were normal. On lacrimal syringing test and dacryocystography were performed and revealed incomplete obstruction with partial narrowing of the nasolacrimal duct. Silicone tube intubation was performed through the right lower medial punctum and symptoms improved postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: The present case is an unusual case of double lacrimal puncta which has not been reported in Korea. Unlike the previous literature, the lateral, rather than the medial, punctum was judged to be the accessory punctum. Because accessory punctm can be present on the lateral side, it is necessary to distinguish between the accessory punctm and the main punctum through the accurate dacryocystography and lacrimal syringing test for the treatment of the patient.


Subject(s)
Adult , Eyelids , Humans , Intubation , Korea , Lacrimal Apparatus , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Male , Nasolacrimal Duct , Silicon , Silicones , Slit Lamp
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738589

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of acute dacryocystitis diagnosed with abscess and rupture of lacrimal sac and fistula to posterior orbit during the operation. CASE SUMMARY: A 71-year-old woman visited our clinic with edema and pain in the eyelid from three days ago. For past four months, there was viscous of the left eye and tears. The patient had severe conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia, compared with the left eyelid edema and redness. Orbital CT scan showed orbital cellulitis, which was followed by systemic antibiotics and steroid therapy. On the 4th day of therapy, orbital abscess formation was observed in orbit MRI and surgical drainage was planned. During surgery, we found rupture of the posterior part of lacrimal sac and fistula to posterior orbit. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was identified in the bacterial cultures, and after the administration of appropriate antibiotics, the disease showed improved progress, and then additional dacryocystorhinostomy was performed. CONCLUSIONS: In our case, acute dacryocystitis rarely spread in orbit, which may lead to delayed diagnosis, orbital cellulitis and abscess, resulting in serious complications of vision threat. So, we think that it is necessary to consider surgical treatment more actively in the stage of chronic dacryocysitis.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Dacryocystitis , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Delayed Diagnosis , Drainage , Edema , Eyelids , Female , Fistula , Humans , Hyperemia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nasolacrimal Duct , Orbit , Orbital Cellulitis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Rupture , Tears , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(2): 635-641, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954165

ABSTRACT

Primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction is greater in women over 40 years and has been associated with morphometric variations in the osseous nasolacrimal duct, which varies according to age and sex. The objective is to determine variations regarding sex and age of the nasolacrimal duct and osseous fossa for lacrimal gland. One hundred sixteen dry orbits from Mexican population were analyzed; subdivided into four groups based on age and sex. The length, transverse and anteroposterior diameters of the bone entrance of the nasolacrimal duct, and the length and width of the fossa for lacrimal gland were determined. Statistical tests were applied to determine the significance of the differences found between groups. The nasolacrimal duct in women had shorter length than men in both age groups. The entrance had a wider transverse diameter in women than men independently of age and its anteroposterior diameter was shorter in men under 40 years than over 40 years. The fossa for lacrimal gland was larger in women under 40 years than in men of same age group and women over 40 years old. The lower third of the was wider in women under 40 years than in women over 40 years. Our study confirms significant differences between sex and age groups in some of the morphometric measurements of bony nasolacrimal duct and fossa for lacrimal gland in Mexican population. Comparative studies with and without clinical illness are needed to clarify if the bony characteristics of those structures participate in the etiopathogenesis and distribution differences observed in sex, age and ethnicity of thisillness.


La obstrucción de la vía lagrimal inferior es mayor en mujeres mayores de 50 años y se ha asociado a variaciones morfométricas en la entrada ósea del conducto nasolagrimal (CNL), las cuales varían según edad y sexo. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar las variaciones respecto a sexo y edad de los diámetros de la entrada ósea del CNL, longitud del CNL y fosa de la glángula lagrimal (FL) ósea. Se analizaron 116 órbitas secas de población mexicana, los cuales a su vez fueron subdivididos en dos subgrupos en base a la edad y sexo. Se determinaron los diámetros transverso y anteroposterior de la entrada ósea del CNL, la longitud del CNL y la longitud y anchura de la FL. Se aplicaron pruebas estadísticas para determinar la significancia de las diferencias entre los grupos de estudio. La longitud del CNL fue menor en mujeres que en hombres en ambos grupos de edad. En cuanto a la entrada ósea del CNL, el diámetro transverso de fue significativamente menor en hombres que en mujeres independientemente de la edad y el diámetro anteroposterior fue menor en hombres < 40 que en > 40. La longitud de la FL fue mayor en mujeres < 40 años que en hombres del mismo rango de edad y que en mujeres > 40 años. La anchura de la FL en el tercio inferior fue menor en mujeres > 40 años que < 40 años. El resto de las mediciones de la FL no presentó diferencias significativas por sexo ni grupo de edad. Nuestro estudio confirmó que existen diferencias entre sexo y grupo de edad en algunas mediciones morfométricas del CNL y FL óseas en población mexicana. Se necesitan estudios comparativos entre personas con y sin obstrucción clínica de vía lagrimal inferior para esclarecer si las características óseas de estas estructuras participan o no en la etiopatogenia y las diferencias de distribución en género, edad y etnia de esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anatomic Variation , Nasolacrimal Duct/anatomy & histology , Age Factors , Sex Characteristics , Mexico
19.
Rev. odontol. Univ. Cid. São Paulo (Online) ; 30(1): 47-53, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus., tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-965201

ABSTRACT

O ducto nasolacrimal é um canal que tem início na porção medial anterior do assoalho da órbita e que deságua na cavidade nasal, no meato inferior. Por meio desse ducto a lágrima é recolhida e drenada da órbita para a cavidade nasal. A obstrução do ducto nasolacrimal pode apresentar diferentes etiologias, podendo ser doenças ou alterações anatômicas. Alterações no padrão de normalidade da relação entre o ducto nasolacrimal e o septo podem favorecer a obstrução do ducto. Com isso, faz-se necessário avaliar a distância normal entre o septo nasal e o ducto nasolacrimal, por meio de tomografia computadorizada de modo a conhecermos o padrão de distância comumente encontrado e analisar alterações desse padrão e a contribuição do desvio que possam levar à perda da saúde nessa região. Neste trabalho, foi utilizada uma amostra contendo 51 exames de tomografia computadorizada helicoidal da face, de ambos os gêneros, sendo 22 homens (43,13%), faixa etária entre 18 e 96 anos, e 29 mulheres (56,87%), faixa etária entre 20 e 73 anos. A análise das imagens foi feita em duas alturas, sendo a primeira ao nível da órbita e a segunda ao nível da raiz da concha nasal inferior e, então, foram mensurados, pelo programa Microdicon®, o comprimento e a largura do canal nasolacrimal e sua distância ao septo nasal. Em seguida, sofreram tratamento estatístico com técnicas não paramétricas. Devido ao desvio de septo das amostras, as distâncias entre o ducto nasolacrimal e o septo nas duas alturas apresentaram discrepância entre os valores. E a largura na altura da concha nasal inferior também apresentou discrepância, entretanto o valor de p foi 0,51, sugerindo que o resultado seja consequência do acaso. Com isso, não obtivemos resultados que possam correlacionar as dimensões do canal nasolacrimal com a direção do desvio do septo e a obstrução do ducto.


The nasolacrimal duct is a canal that begins in the anterior medial portion of the floor of the orbit and drains into the nasal cavity in the inferior meatus. Through this duct the tear is collected and drained from the orbit into the nasal cavity. The obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct may present different etiologies, including diseases and anatomical alterations. Changes in the normality of the relationship between the nasolacrimal duct and the septum may favor the duct obstruction. Thus, it is necessary to evaluate the normal distance between the nasal septum and the nasolacrimal duct by means of computerized tomography in order to know the distance pattern commonly found and to analyze changes in this pattern and the contribution of the deviation that could lead to health loss in this region. In this study, a sample containing 51 helicoidal computerized tomography (CT) examinations of both genders was used: 22 men (43.13%), aged between 18 and 96 years old, and 29 women (56.87%), aged between 20 and 73 years old. The images were analyzed at two different heights, the first at orbit level and the second at the root level of the inferior turbinate, and then, measured by the Microdicon® program, the length and width of the nasolacrimal canal and its distance to the nasal septum. Afterwards, they underwent statistical treatment with non-parametric techniques. Due to the septal deviation of the samples, the distances between the nasolacrimal duct and the septum at both heights presented a discrepancy between the values. And the width at the height of the inferior turbinate also presented a discrepancy, however the p value was 0.51, suggesting that the result is a consequence of chance. With this, we did not obtain results that could correlate the dimensions of the lacrimonasal canal with the direction of the septal deviation and the duct obstruction.


Subject(s)
Tomography, Spiral Computed , Nasal Septum , Nasolacrimal Duct
20.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2018; 28 (3): 210-213
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-163440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the state of refraction in children with bilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction [CNLDO]


Study Design: Descriptive study


Place and Duration of Study: Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from April 2014 to April 2016


Methodology: Children with bilateral CNLDO were studied. Patients' refractive status were evaluated by performing cycloplegic refraction, followed by appropriate management plan. The refractive errors of both eyes were noted and compared for any significant anisometropia


Results: One hundred and seventeen [n=117] children with median age [IQR] of 32 [12] months having bilateral CNLDO were enrolled. Children with bilateral CNLDO had insignificant interocular difference in terms of spherical equivalent [SE] and cylindrical refractive errors [p>0.05]. The rate of the anisometropia [>/=1 D difference between the two eyes] was 5.98% [n=7] in children with bilateral CNLDO


Conclusion: Performing cycloplegic refraction routinely in patients with bilateral CNLDO is not as urgent as compared to ones with unilateral CNLDO. Further, avoidance of early surgical intervention in children with bilateral CNLDO will spare the parents from the emotional trauma and positively influence the health economics worldwide


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Refractive Errors , Nasolacrimal Duct/abnormalities , Nasolacrimal Duct/pathology , Child
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