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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2066-2072, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887661

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mortality rate among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has improved significantly with the advent of chemoradiotherapy strategies. However, distant metastasis remains problematic. Tumor-specific reactivity in cancer patients has been detected exclusively in CD39+ T cells, particularly in CD39+CD103+ T cells. Circulating cancer-specific T cells are important for protecting against metastasis. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of circulating CD39+CD8+ T cells for metastasis in patients with NPC.@*METHODS@#We performed a cross-sectional, longitudinal study of 55 patients with newly diagnosed NPC of stage III-IVa. All patients were initially treated with standard combined chemoradiotherapy. Blood samples were obtained from 24 patients before and at 1 month and 6 months after treatment. T cell expression of CD39 and CD103, together with the markers of T cell exhaustion programmed death-1 (PD-1)/T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (Tim-3) and markers of cell differentiation CD27/CC-chemokine receptor 7/CD45RA, was examined by flow cytometry. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test analysis was used to analyze the differences between two groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for analysis of progression-free survival (PFS).@*RESULTS@#The expression of circulating CD39+CD8+ and CD39+CD103+ CD8+ T cells was significantly higher in patients without distant metastasis (CD39+CD8+: 6.52% [1.24%, 12.58%] vs. 2.41% [0.58%, 5.31%], Z=-2.073, P=0.038 and CD39+CD103+CD8+: 0.72% [0.26%, 2.05%] vs. 0.26% [0.12%, 0.64%], Z=-2.313, P = 0.021). Most CD39+ T cells did not express PD-1 or Tim-3. Patients with high expression of CD39+CD103+CD8+ T cells had better PFS than patients with low expression (log rank value = 4.854, P = 0.028). CD39+CD8+ T cells were significantly elevated at 1-month post-treatment (10.02% [0.98%, 17.42%] vs. 5.91% [0.61%, 10.23%], Z = -2.943, P = 0.003). The percentage of advanced differentiated CD8+ T cells also increased at 1-month post-treatment compared with pre-treatment (33.10% [21.60%, 43.05%] vs. 21.00% [11.65%, 43.00%], Z = -2.155, P = 0.031). There was a significant correlation between elevated CD39+CD8+ T cells and increased effector memory T cells (intermediate stage: r = 0.469, P = 0.031; advanced stage: r = 0.508, P = 0.019).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CD39+CD8+ circulating T cells have preserved effector function, contributing to an improved prognosis and a reduced risk of metastasis among NPC patients. These cells may thus be a useful predictive marker for a better prognosis in patients with NPC.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Chemoradiotherapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880659

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a definite tumorigenic virus, is closely related to the development of nasopharyngeal cancer, gastric cancer, lymphoma and other tumors. EBV encodes a total of 44 mature microRNAs, which can regulate the expression of virus and host genes. EBV-encoded microRNAs and their regulated target molecules participate in the biological functions of tumor apoptosis, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis during tumorigenesis and development, and play an important role in the development of tumor.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Whether the developed new type of radiotherapy auxiliary fixation device compatible with the head and neck joint coil can improve the quality of magnetic resonance images in radiotherapy and verify whether it can be applied to clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical trial selected patients with brain metastases and nasopharyngeal cancer patients, using thermoplastic film and head and shoulder molds for posture fixation, and treatment on the ELekta Versa accelerator. SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data. The measurement data were expressed by @*RESULTS@#Considering the influence of the outer contour of the device, the target dose meets the clinical requirements. The setting error is less than 2 mm in the three translation directions, and the rotation error is less than 2@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no statistical difference between the treatment results of patients using the new type of fixation device and the conventional method. The target area threatens the organ dose, and the positioning error meets the treatment requirements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neck , Posture
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 676-686, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Three-weekly cisplatin dose is accepted for standard treatment for concurrent chemo-radiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, different chemotherapy schedules are presented in the literature. Objective: We intend to compare toxicity and outcomes of high dose 3-weekly cisplatin versus low dose weekly-cisplatin and cumulative dose of cisplatin in the patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: 98 patients were included in the study, between 2010 and 2018. Cumulative doses of cisplatin (≥200 mg/m2 and <200 mg/m2) and different chemotherapy schedules (weekly and 3-weekly) were compared in terms of toxicity and survival. Besides prognostic factors including age, gender, T category, N category and radiotherapy technique were evaluated in uni-multivariate analysis. Results: Median follow-up time 41.5 months (range: 2-93 months). Five year overall survival, local relapse-free survival, regional recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival rates were; 68.9% vs. 90.3% (p = 0.11); 66.2% vs. 81.6% (p = 0.15); 87.3% vs. 95.7% (p = 0.18); 80.1% vs. 76.1% (p = 0.74) for the group treated weekly and 3 weekly, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between groups. Five year overall survival, local relapse-free survival, regional recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival rates were; 78.2% vs. 49.2% (p = 0.003); 75.8% vs. 47.9% (p = 0.055); 91% vs. 87.1% (p = 0.46); 80% vs. 72.2% (p = 0.46) for the group treated ≥200 mg/m2 and <200 mg/m2 cumulative dose cisplatin. There was statistically significant difference between groups for overall survival and there was close to being statistically significant difference between groups for local relapse-free survival. Age, gender, T category, N category, chemotherapy schedules were not associated with prognosis in the uni-variety analysis. Radiotherapy technique and cumulative dose of cisplatin was associated with prognosis in uni-variate analysis (HR = 0.21; 95% CI: 0.071-0.628; p = 0.005 and HR = 0.29; 95% CI: 0.125-0.686; p = 0.003, respectively). Only cumulative dose of cisplatin was found as an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (HR = 0.36; 95% CI: 0.146-0.912; p = 0.03). When toxicities were evaluated, such as hematological toxicity, dermatitis, mucositis, nausea and vomiting, there were no statistically significant differences between cumulative dose of cisplatin groups (<200 mg/m2 and ≥200 mg/m2) and chemotherapy schedules (3-weekly and weekly). But malnutrition was statistically significant higher in patients treated with 3-weekly cisplatin compared with patients treated with weekly cisplatin (p = 0.001). Conclusion: A cisplatin dose with ≥200 mg/m2 is an independent prognostic factor for overall survival. Chemotherapy schedules weekly and 3-weekly have similar outcomes and adverse effects. If patients achieve ≥200 mg/m2 dose of cumulative cisplatin, weekly chemotherapy schedules may be used safely and effectively in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.


Resumo Introdução: Três doses semanais de cisplatina com quimiorradioterapia concomitante são aceitas como o tratamento-padrão para carcinoma nasofaríngeo. No entanto, diferentes esquemas quimioterápicos são recomendados na literatura científica. Objetivo: Comparar a toxicidade e os resultados de 3 doses altas semanais de cisplatina versus dose baixa semanal de cisplatina em pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo e verificar a dose cumulativa de cisplatina. Método: Foram incluídos 98 pacientes, entre 2010 e 2018. As doses cumulativas de cisplatina (≥ 200 mg/m2 e < 200 mg/m2) e diferentes esquemas de quimioterapia (semanal e a cada 3 semanas) foram comparadas em termos de toxicidade e sobrevida. Além disso, fatores prognósticos, inclusive idade, sexo, categoria T, categoria N e técnica de radioterapia, foram avaliados na análise uni-multivariada. Resultados: O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 41,5 meses (intervalo: 2-93 meses). Sobrevida global de cinco anos, sobrevida livre de recidiva local, sobrevida livre de recidiva regional e sobrevida livre de metástases a distância foram: 68,9% vs. 90,3% (p = 0,11); 66,2% vs. 81,6% (p = 0,15); 87,3% vs. 95,7% (p = 0,18); e 80,1% vs. 76,1% (p = 0,74) para os grupos tratados semanalmente e 3 x/semana, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos. Taxas de sobrevida global, sobrevida livre de recidiva local, sobrevida livre de recidiva regional e sobrevida livre de metástases a distância em cinco anos foram; 78,2% vs. 49,2% (p = 0,003); 75,8% vs. 47,9% (p = 0,055); 91% vs. 87,1% (p = 0,46); 80% vs. 72,2% (p = 0,46) para o grupo tratado com ≥ 200 mg/m2 e < 200 mg/m2 de dose cumulativa de cisplatina. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para sobrevida global e houve uma diferença quase estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para sobrevida livre de recidiva local. Idade, sexo, categoria T, categoria N e esquemas de quimioterapia não foram associados ao prognóstico na análise univariada. A técnica de radioterapia e dose cumulativa de cisplatina foram associadas ao prognóstico na análise univariada (HR = 0,21; IC 95%: 0,071 ± 0,628; p = 0,005 e HR = 0,29; IC 95%: 0,125 ± 0,686; p = 0,003, respectivamente). Apenas a dose cumulativa de cisplatina foi considerada um fator prognóstico independente na análise multivariada (HR = 0,36; IC 95%: 0,146 ± 0,912; p = 0,03). Quando as toxicidades foram avaliadas, como toxicidade hematológica, dermatite, mucosite, náusea e vômito, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre a dose cumulativa dos grupos cisplatina (< 200 mg/m2 e ≥ 200 mg/m2) e esquemas de quimioterapia (semanal e a cada 3 semanas). Entretanto, a desnutrição foi estatisticamente maior em pacientes tratados com cisplatina a cada 3 semanas em comparação com pacientes tratados com cisplatina semanalmente (p = 0,001). Conclusão: Uma dose de cisplatina ≥ 200 mg/m2 é fator prognóstico independente para sobrevida global. Os esquemas de quimioterapia semanais e a cada 3 semanas têm resultados e efeitos adversos semelhantes. Se os pacientes atingirem uma dose cumulativa ≥ 200 mg/m2 de cisplatina, os esquemas semanais de quimioterapia podem ser usados com segurança e eficácia em pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cisplatin , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Chemoradiotherapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 617-625, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, an epithelial-derived malignant tumor which because of its anatomical location and atypical early symptoms, when diagnosed invasion and metastasis often have occurred. This requires a better understanding of the development mechanism, identifying diagnostic markers, and developing new treatment strategies. Objective: To study the relationship of LMP1 and Cripto-1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: The expression of LMP1 and Cripto-1 in specimens obtained from nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients (n = 42) and nasopharyngitis patients (n = 22) were examined. The expression of LMP1 and Cripto-1 in LMP1-negative and LMP1-positive (CNE1-LMP1) cells were also examined. Results: The expression of LMP1 and Cripto-1 was significantly higher in nasopharyngeal carcinoma than in nasopharyngitis (p < 0.05). Their expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma with metastasis were significantly higher than that without metastasis (p < 0.05), which was correlated with TNM staging (p < 0.05). High Cripto-1 expression and high proliferation rate were seen in CNE1-LMP1 cells. Conclusions: The expression of LMP1 and Cripto-1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma is positively related. Their co-expression might contribute to the proliferation and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma nasofaríngeo é um tumor maligno derivado do epitélio de localização anatômica recôndita e sintomas iniciais atípicos; quando diagnosticado, frequentemente invasão e metástases já ocorreram. Isso requer uma melhor compreensão do seu mecanismo de desenvolvimento, identificação dos marcadores diagnósticos e desenvolvimento de novas estratégias de tratamento. Objetivo: Estudar a relação de LMP1 e Cripto-1 no carcinoma nasofaríngeo. Método: A expressão de LMP1 e Cripto-1 em espécimes obtidos de pacientes com carcinoma de nasofaringe (n = 42) e pacientes com nasofaringite (n = 22) foi analisada. A expressão de LMP1 e Cripto-1 em células LMP1-negativas e LMP1-positivas (CNE1-LMP1) também foi analisada. Resultados: A expressão de LMP1 e Cripto-1 foi significantemente maior na presença de carcinoma nasofaríngeo do que na nasofaringite (p < 0,05). Sua expressão em carcinomas com metástase foi significantemente maior do que em casos sem metástase (p < 0,05), o que se correlacionou com o estadiamento TNM (p < 0,05). Uma alta expressão de Cripto-1 e alta taxa de proliferação foram observadas nas células CNE1-LMP1. Conclusões: A expressão de LMP1 e Cripto-1 é positivamente relacionada com carcinoma nasofaríngeo. Sua coexpressão pode ser atribuída à proliferação e metástase do tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins , Viral Matrix Proteins , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 312-315, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144895

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los plasmocitomas solitarios son una rara forma de presentación de neoplasias de células plasmáticas. Deben ser diferenciados del mieloma múltiple en el momento del diagnóstico y realizar un seguimiento estricto por el riesgo de transformación a mieloma. La localización de los mismos en la laringe es muy inusual, dado que sólo se han publicado 56 casos. Se presenta el caso de una paciente con un plasmocitoma extramedular de laringe que se trató mediante cirugía y radioterapia. Se revisan los criterios diagnósticos y los problemas terapéuticos.


Abstract Solitary plasmacytomas are a rare form of plasma cell neoplasms. They should be differentiated from multiple myeloma at the time of diagnosis and strictly monitored for the risk of transformation to myeloma. Their location in the larynx is very unusual, since only 56 cases have been published. We present the case of a patient with extramedullary plasmacytoma of the larynx that has been treated with surgery and radiotherapy. We reviewed the literature for diagnostic criteria and therapeutic problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Plasmacytoma/radiotherapy , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy
8.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (27): 31-34, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282791

ABSTRACT

Reporte de caso de un paciente con antecedentes de Fibroangioma Nasofaringeo (FANF), que fue sometido a múltiples cirugías. Entre ellas se realizó una maxilectomía parcial izquierda en otra institución. El paciente fue examinado por los equipos de Cirugía General (Cabeza y Cuello y Plástica), Oftalmología e Ingeniería clínica para eventual tratamiento reconstructivo mediante prótesis 3D. Los huesos maxilares, proveen soporte entre la base del cráneo y los arcos dentales, separan cavidades y determinan la proyección facial. Para la rehabilitación de las secuelas mencionadas anteriormente, la alternativa quirúrgica reconstructiva se perfila como la mejor opción. La rehabilitación con prótesis 3D requiere un enfoque multidisciplinario y tiene como objetivo restaurar el contorno facial y la rehabilitación funcional del macizo facial.


Subject(s)
Prosthesis Design , Maxillary Diseases , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Maxillofacial Prosthesis Implantation
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(7): e9029, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132531

ABSTRACT

This study examined the expression and potential mechanism of microRNA (miRNA)-424-5p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). NPC tissues were collected from 40 patients who were enrolled in the study, and skin samples were collected from 26 healthy subjects during plastic surgery as controls. We performed various in vitro assays using miR-424-5p to examine its function in primary NPC-1 cells. Bioinformatics was employed to analyze potential target genes and signaling pathways of miR-424-5p. We found that miR-424-5p expression in NPC tissues is downregulated and negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis and clinical staging. Expression of miR-424-5p in NPC cells was also downregulated, and transfection with miR-424-5p mimics inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC-1 cells. Bioinformatics identified the AKT3 gene as a potential target of miR-424-5p and dual luciferase assays confirmed this finding. Upregulation of AKT3 expression rescued the inhibitory effect of miR-424-5p on the proliferation, migration, and invasion. Our results suggest that miR-424-5p inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells by decreasing AKT3 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Blotting, Western , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878349

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine based on latent membrane protein 2 (LMP2) modified dendritic cells (DCs) that boosts specific responses of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to LMP2 before and after intradermal injection in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*Methods@#DCs were derived from peripheral blood monocytes of patients with NPC. We prepared LMP2-DCs infected by recombinant adenovirus vector expressing LMP2 (rAd-LMP2). NPC patients were immunized with 2 × 10 @*Results@#We demonstrated that DCs derived from monocytes displayed typical DC morphologies; the expression of LMP2 in the LMP2-DCs vaccine was confirmed by immunocytochemical assay. Twenty-nine patients with NPC were enrolled in this clinical trial. The LMP2-DCs vaccine was well tolerated in all of the patients. Boosted responses to LMP2 peptide sub-pools were observed in 18 of the 29 patients with NPC. The follow-up data of 29 immunized patients from April, 2010 to April 2015 indicated a five-year survival rate of 94.4% in responders and 45.5% in non-responders.@*Conclusion@#In this pilot study, we demonstrated that the LMP2-DCs vaccine is safe and effective in patients with NPC. Specific CTLs responses to LMP2 play a certain role in controlling and preventing the recurrence and metastasis of NPC, which warrants further clinical testing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , China , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy/methods , Injections, Intradermal , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/therapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Viral Matrix Proteins/therapeutic use , Young Adult
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the application value of CT-based radiomics features for the ascending and descending types of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*METHODS@#A total of 217 NPC patients (48 ascending type and 169 descending type), who obtained CT images before radiotherapy in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University from February 2015 to October 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were randomly divided into a training set (=153) and a test set (=64). Gross tumor volume in the nasopharynx (GTVnx) was selected as regions of interest (ROI) and was analyzed by radiomics. A total of 1 300 radiomics features were extracted via IBEX. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression was performed to choose the significant features. Support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF) classifiers were built and verified.@*RESULTS@#Six features were selected by the LASSO from 1 300 radiomics features. Compared with SVM classifier, RF classifier showed better classification performance. The area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.989, 0.941, 1.000, and 0.924, respectively for the training set; 0.994, 0.937, 1.000, and 0.924, respectively for the validation set.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CT-based radiomics features possess great potential in differentiating ascending and descending NPC. It provides a certain basis for accurate medical treatment of NPC, and may affect the treatment strategy of NPC in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of exosomes derived from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells on lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NPC.@*METHODS@#Exosomes from NP69 cells and EBV-positive HK1 (HK1-EBV) cells were obtained by ultracentrifugation and identified by Western blotting and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Dio dye phagocytosis test was performed to observe exosome uptake by lymphatic endothelial cells. Lymphatic endothelial cells were treated with exosomes from nasopharyngeal epithelium (NP69), HK1-EBV, and C666-1 cells or exosome-free supernatant of HK1-EBV and C666-1 cells, and tube formation and migration of the cells were observed. In a nude mouse model of popliteal lymph node metastasis of NPC, the effects of normal saline, NP69 cell-derived exosomes, HK1-EBV cell-derived exosomes, exosome-free supernatant of HK1-EBV cells, and HK1-EBV exosome-free supernatant protein on lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of the tumor were observed.@*RESULTS@#The exosomes obtained by ultracentrifugation contained abundant exosome-specific proteins and showed a normal size range. The exosomes from NPC cells and NP69 cells could be taken up by lymphatic endothelial cells. Compared with the blank control and exosomes form NP69 cells, exosomes derived from HK1-EBV and C666-1 cells significantly promoted tube formation and migration of lymphatic endothelial cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exosomes from EBV-positive NPC cells can significantly promote lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NPC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Endothelial Cells , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Exosomes , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphangiogenesis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the accuracy of automatic segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) in radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*METHODS@#The CT image data of 147 NPC patients with manual segmentation of the OARs were randomized into the training set (115 cases), validation set (12 cases), and the test set (20 cases). An improved network based on three-dimensional (3D) Unet was established (named as AUnet) and its efficiency was improved through end-to-end training. Organ size was introduced as a priori knowledge to improve the performance of the model in convolution kernel size design, which enabled the network to better extract the features of different organs of different sizes. The adaptive histogram equalization algorithm was used to preprocess the input CT images to facilitate contour recognition. The similarity evaluation indexes, including Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC) and Hausdorff Distance (HD), were calculated to verify the validity of segmentation.@*RESULTS@#DSC and HD of the test dataset were 0.86±0.02 and 4.0±2.0 mm, respectively. No significant difference was found between the results of AUnet and manual segmentation of the OARs (@*CONCLUSIONS@#AUnet, an improved deep learning neural network, is capable of automatic segmentation of the OARs in radiotherapy for NPC based on CT images, and for most organs, the results are comparable to those of manual segmentation.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/radiotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Organs at Risk , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 705-715, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055510

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3, a serine/threonine kinase that functions downstream of the PI3K signaling pathway, plays a critical role in neoplastic processes. It is expressed by various tumors and contributes to carcinogenesis. Objective: The objective was to investigate serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, to study the anti-tumor effects of serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA by inhibiting its expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and to discuss the potential implications of our findings. Methods: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 protein expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1, and SUNE-1) and the human immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelium cell line NP69 were assayed by western blotting. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in 42 paraffin-embedded nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues were performed by immunohistochemistry. MTT assay, flow cytometry, and scratch tests were performed after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the best serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA plasmid selected by western blotting using lipofectamine to study its effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. Results: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 was overexpressed in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and cells. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression decreased markedly after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA, leading to strong inhibition of cell proliferation and migration. In addition, the apoptosis rate increased in CNE-2 cells after serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 knockdown. Conclusion: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression was more frequently observed as the nasopharyngeal epithelium progresses from normal tissue to carcinoma. This suggests that serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 contributes to the multistep process of NPC carcinogenesis. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 represents a target for nasopharyngeal carcinoma therapy, and a basis exists for the further investigation of this adjuvant treatment modality for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, uma serina/treonina quinase que funciona downstream da via de sinalização PI3K, desempenha um papel crítico nos processos neoplásicos. É expressa por vários tumores e contribui para a carcinogênese. Objetivo: Investigar a expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide no carcinoma nasofaríngeo, estudar os efeitos antitumorais do shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, que inibem sua expressão em células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo, e discutir as implicações potenciais de nossos achados. Método: A expressão de proteína quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em linhagens de células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1 e SUNE-1) e a linhagem de células humanas imortalizadas do epitélio nasofaríngeo NP69 foram avaliadas por Western blot. A expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em 42 tecidos de CNF embebidos em parafina foi feita por imuno-histoquímica. Testes com MTT, citometria de fluxo e testes de raspagem foram feitos após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o melhor plasmídeo shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide selecionado por Western blot, com o uso de lipofectamina para estudar seu efeito na proliferação, apoptose e migração celular. Resultados: Foi observada uma sobre-expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em tecidos e células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo humanas. A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide diminuiu acentuadamente após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, conduzindo a forte inibição de proliferação e migração celular. Além disso, a taxa de apoptose aumentou nas células CNE-2 após o knockdown da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide. Conclusão: A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide foi observada com maior frequência à medida que o epitélio nasofaríngeo progride de tecido normal para carcinoma. Isso sugere que a quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide contribui para o processo multietapas da carcinogênese do carcinoma nasofaríngeo. A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide representa um alvo para a terapia do carcinoma nasofaríngeo e há uma base para a investigação adicional dessa modalidade de tratamento adjuvante para o carcinoma nasofaríngeo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Immediate-Early Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Movement/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngitis/metabolism , Nasopharyngitis/pathology , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Immediate-Early Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 481-485, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In direct proportion to the increasing rate of nasopharynx examinations applied, the early diagnosis and treatment of lesions in this region is possible. At times the clinical findings and the biopsy results are not consistent, so biopsies may have to be repeated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of pathology test results obtained from cases of nasopharynx biopsy, to determine with which methods determination most often was made, and to investigate which kinds of cases required the biopsy to be repeated. Methods: The study included a total of 1074 patients (500 female, 574 male) who underwent nasopharyngeal biopsy in our clinic between June 2011 and June 2017. Data were obtained from patient records of age, gender, clinical findings, imaging findings if available and pathological diagnosis. The pathological diagnoses were separated into 3 main groups as chronic nasopharyngitis, benign cytology and malignant cytology. Results: The examinations resulted in 996 cases reported as chronic nasopharyngitis, 47 as benign cytology and 31 as malignant cytology. Of the 31 malignant lesions, diagnosis was made in 15 patients (48.4%) with a single biopsy, and in 16 patients (51.6%), as a result of the pathology report when 2 or more biopsies were taken. In the comparison of the benign and malignant lesions in respect of the need for repeated biopsies, the cases determined with malignancy were found to have a statistically significantly higher rate of repeated biopsy (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In comparison with cases of benign tumor, a statistically significantly greater number of repeated biopsies were required in cases diagnosed as malignant tumors to confirm the pathological diagnosis or when there was continued suspicion of malignancy. Therefore, when there is clinical suspicion, even if there are no findings of malignancy on the first biopsy, the biopsy should be repeated expeditiously.


Resumo Introdução: Em proporção direta à taxa crescente de exames de nasofaringe que são feitos, o diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento de lesões nessa região têm sido possíveis. Nem sempre os achados clínicos e os resultados da primeira biópsia são consistentes, levando à necessidade de biópsias repetidas. Objetivos: Avaliar a distribuição dos resultados dos testes histopatológicos obtidos pela biópsia de nasofaringe, determinar quais métodos foram mais frequentemente usados na identificação e investigar os casos nos quais a biópsia precisou ser repetida. Método: O estudo incluiu 1.074 pacientes (500 mulheres, 574 homens) submetidos a biópsia de nasofaringe em nossa clínica entre junho de 2011 e junho de 2017. Os dados foram obtidos dos prontuários dos pacientes e incluíram idade, sexo, achados clínicos, achados de imagem e diagnóstico histopatológico. Os diagnósticos histopatológicos foram separados em três grupos principais como nasofaringite crônica, citologia benigna e citologia maligna. Resultados: Os exames resultaram em 996 casos laudados como nasofaringite crônica, 47 como citologia benigna e 31 como citologia maligna. Das 31 lesões malignas, o diagnóstico foi feito em 15 (48,4%) com uma única biópsia e em 16 (51,6%), quando duas ou mais biópsias foram feitas. Na comparação das lesões benignas e malignas em relação à necessidade de biópsias repetidas, os casos determinados como malignos mostraram uma taxa estatisticamente maior de biópsia repetida (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Em comparação com os casos de tumores benignos, um número estatisticamente maior de biópsias repetidas foi necessário em casos diagnosticados como tumores malignos, para confirmação do diagnóstico histopatológico ou na suspeita continuada de malignidade. Portanto, quando há suspeita clínica, mesmo que não haja achados de malignidade na primeira biópsia, ela deve ser repetida tão logo seja possível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Biopsy/methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Biol. Res ; 52: 31, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the methylation status of the DACT1 gene on the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. METHODS: The levels of methylation and expression of the DACT1 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and CNE2 cells were determined by methylation-specific PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. CNE2 cells were treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, and the variation in the methylation status of the DACT1 gene was detected, as well as the influence of methylation on invasiveness of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. RESULTS: The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 44 of 62 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 32 of 38 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, and the DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 7 of 24 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma without lymph node metastasis. The DACT1 mRNA level was weakly expressed or not expressed in all nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with hyper-methylated DACT1 genes; however, the DACT1 mRNA level was highly expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with low expression of the methylated DACT1 gene. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated and not expressed in CNE2 cells that did not have 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment. After 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment, the DACT1 gene was demethylated and the expression of DACT1 was restored. Moreover, the invasion ability was inhibited in CNE2 cells treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine. CONCLUSION: The expression of DACT1 was related to the methylation status. High expression of DACT1 may inhibit the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Methylation/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/secondary , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , DNA Methylation/physiology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763134

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to report the clinical outcomes following selective neck irradiation (SNI) with lower elective radiation therapy (RT) dose in treating nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 347 NPC patients received definitive RT according to our SNI policy and were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical target volumes (CTVs) were subdivided into CTV at high risk (CTV-HR) and CTV at low risk (CTV-LR). The typical doses to gross tumor volume (GTV), CTV-HR, and CTV-LR were 68.4-70.0 Gy, 54.0-60.0 Gy, and 36.0 Gy. RESULTS: With the median follow-up of 68.1 months (range, 2.3 to 197.1 months), the 5-year rates of loco-regional control and progression-free survival in all the patients were 85.0% and 70.8%, respectively. Thirty patients developed regional failure and the regional control rates at 3 and 5 years were 92.6% and 91.4%, respectively. The sites of regional failure in relation to the target volume were exclusively inside GTV/CTV-HR in 20, inside and outside GTV/CTVHR in three, and exclusively outside GTV/CTV-HR in seven, which were 5.7%, 0.9%, and 2.0% of total patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: The clinical outcomes by the current SNI policy were feasible and comparable to those following classic elective nodal irradiation policy.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphatic Irradiation , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Nasopharynx , Neck , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761005

ABSTRACT

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) has played the most important and central role in the definitive therapy for the patients with locoregionally advanced stage nasopharynx cancer. The addition of induction chemotherapy (IC) or adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) to CCRT have been widely accepted with the rationale of improving distant control in the clinical practices. This review article investigated the role of IC and AC based on 11 recent meta-analysis publications, and found that the clinical benefits obtained by the additional IC or AC to CCRT, at the cost of the increased risks of more frequent and more severe side effects, seemed not big enough. More intervention is not always better, however, less seems frequently good enough. The author would speculate that ‘less is more’ and would advocate CCRT alone as the current standard.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719723

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hospital case volume on clinical outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 1,073 patients with cT1-4N0-3M0 NPC were collected from a multi-institutional retrospective database (KROG 11-06). All patients received definitive radiotherapy (RT) either with three-dimensional-conformal RT (3D-CRT) (n=576) or intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) (n=497). The patients were divided into two groups treated at high volume institution (HVI) (n=750) and low volume institution (LVI) (n=323), defined as patient volume ≥ 10 (median, 13; range, 10 to 18) and < 10 patients per year (median, 3; range, 2 to 6), respectively. Endpoints were overall survival (OS) and loco-regional progression-free survival (LRPFS). RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 56.7 months, the outcomes were significantly better in those treated at HVI than at LVI. For the 614 patients of propensity score-matched cohort, 5-year OS and LRPFS were consistently higher in the HVI group than in the LVI group (OS: 78.4% vs. 62.7%, p < 0.001; LRPFS: 86.2% vs. 65.8%, p < 0.001, respectively). According to RT modality, significant difference in 5-year OS was observed in patients receiving 3D-CRT (78.7% for HVI vs. 58.9% for LVI, p < 0.001) and not in those receiving IMRT (77.3% for HVI vs. 75.5% for LVI, p=0.170). CONCLUSION: A significant relationship was observed between HVI and LVI for the clinical outcomes of patients with NPC. However, the difference in outcome becomes insignificant in the IMRT era, probably due to the standardization of practice by education.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813251

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation of quality of life with self-care efficacy and social support in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy.
 Methods: A total of 179 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma at 3 months after radiotherapy were surveyed using self-designed general information questionnaire, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 (EORTC QLQ-C30 V3.0), Chinese-version of Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (C-SUPPH), and Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS).
 Results: The score of cognitive function was the highest, while the score of social function was the lowest. The score of related symptoms was 22.21±10.24, the overall score for quality of life was 52.46±17.96, the score of self-care efficacy was 62.14±14.50, and the score of social support was 56.03±7.63. Self-care efficacy of patients with nasopharyngeal cancer after radiotherapy was positively correlated with 5 functional areas of quality of life and overall quality of life, and negatively correlated with relevant symptoms (P<0.01). Social support was positively correlated with physical function, social function and overall quality of life (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with relevant symptoms (P<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that self-care efficacy could predict 5 functional areas of life quality, relevant symptoms, overall quality of life and social support predicted social function in quality of life.
 Conclusion: Self-care efficacy and social support for patients with nasopharyngeal cancer after radiotherapy can affect their quality of life. Nursing staff should pay attention to improving the self-care efficacy of patients, guide them to actively seek or obtain social support, and in turn to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Radiotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Quality of Life , Self Care , Social Support
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