Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.330
Filter
1.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília; 03 jan. 2023. 134 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, PIE | ID: biblio-1412008

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A Promoção de Saúde engloba "um conjunto de estratégias e formas de produzir saúde, no âmbito individual e coletivo, que se caracteriza pela articulação e cooperação intrassetorial e intersetorial e pela formação da Rede de Atenção à Saúde, buscando se articular com as demais redes de proteção social, com ampla participação e amplo controle social". Políticas de saúde são essenciais para responder às necessidades de saúde da população, porém sua implementação em nível local pode ser dificultada por diversos tipos de entraves. Informações sobre como países com sistemas de saúde públicos e/ou universais caracterizam e operacionalizam políticas nacionais de promoção da saúde podem ser de grande valia para tomadores de decisão no contexto brasileiro. Pergunta: Quais são os países com sistemas públicos e universais de saúde, exceto Brasil, que possuem políticas e programas de promoção da saúde e quais são suas características? Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão rápida com base em protocolo de pesquisa previamente definido. A busca de estudos foi realizada em outubro de 2022 na base de dados PubMed e sites governamentais. Resultados: Dentre 1.235 registros recuperados da base de dados, 53 foram selecionados. Os dados extraídos apresentam informações sobre programas e políticas de promoção da saúde da África do Sul, Arábia Saudita, Austrália, Botsuana, Canadá, Cuba, Dinamarca, Espanha, Finlândia, Irlanda, Islândia, Malta, Noruega, Nova Zelândia, Portugal, Reino Unido, San Marino, Sri Lanka, Suécia. Esses estudos abordam os seguintes temas: Doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (n=9), Estilo de vida (n=7), Atividade física (n=6), Promoção da saúde e prevenção de doenças (n=5), Saúde mental (n=5), Saúde da criança e da mulher (n=4), Saúde escolar (n=4), Tabagismo (n=3), Saúde bucal (n=3), Saúde do idoso (n=2), Saúde sexual e HIV (n=2), Alimentação saudável (n=1), Saúde ocular (n=1), Saúde do homem (n=1). Dados adicionais foram obtidos em sites governamentais de Bahrein, Brunei, Butão, Geórgia, Grécia, Itália, Kuwait, Malásia, Maldivas, Omã, Taiwan, Trindade e Tobago e Ucrânia. Considerações finais: Os estudos revelam a importância de se realizar monitoramento e avaliação de políticas e programas para conhecer o processo de implementação em diferentes contextos, o alcance em termos da população-alvo, o impacto sobre indicadores de saúde, além da percepção de profissionais de saúde e usuários. Tal conhecimento é fundamental para se decidir sobre a expansão ou necessidade de ajustes dos programas de saúde.


Context: Health Promotion encompasses "a set of strategies and ways of producing health, at the individual and collective level, which is characterized by intrasectoral and intersectoral articulation and cooperation and by the formation of the Health Care Network, seeking to articulate with the other social protection networks, with broad participation and broad social control". Health policies are essential to respond to the health needs of the population, but their implementation at the local level can be hampered by various types of barriers. Information on how countries with public and/or universal health systems characterize and operationalize national health promotion policies can be of great value to decision makers in the Brazilian context. Question: What are the countries with public and universal health systems, except Brazil, that have health promotion policies and programs and what are their characteristics? Methods: A rapid review was carried out based on a previously defined research protocol. The search for studies was carried out in October 2022 in the PubMed database and government websites. Results: Among 1,235 records retrieved from the database, 53 were selected. The extracted data provide information on health promotion programs and policies in South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Botswana, Canada, Cuba, Denmark, Spain, Finland, Ireland, Iceland, Malta, Norway, New Zealand, Portugal, United Kingdom , San Marino, Sri Lanka, Sweden. These studies address the following topics: Non-communicable chronic diseases (n=9), Lifestyle (n=7), Physical activity (n=6), Health promotion and disease prevention (n=5), Mental health ( n=5), Child and women's health (n=4), School health (n=4), Smoking (n=3), Oral health (n=3), Elderly health (n=2), Health Sexuality and HIV (n=2), Healthy eating (n=1), Eye health (n=1), Men's health (n=1). Additional data was obtained from government websites in Bahrain, Brunei, Bhutan, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Kuwait, Malaysia, Maldives, Oman, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago and Ukraine. Final considerations: The studies reveal the importance of monitoring and evaluating policies and programs to learn about the implementation process in different contexts, the reach in terms of the target population, the impact on health indicators, in addition to the perception of health professionals. health and users. Such knowledge is fundamental for deciding on the expansion or need for adjustments in health programs.


Subject(s)
Health Policy , Health Promotion , National Health Programs , Review , Universal Access to Health Care Services
2.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 113(1): 24-30, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1412845

ABSTRACT

Background. Many patients have their healthcare needs met at primary healthcare (PHC) clinics in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), without having to travel to a hospital. Doctors form part of the teams at many PHC clinics throughout KZN, offering a decentralised medical service in a PHC clinic. Objectives. To assess the benefit of having a medical doctor managing patients with more complex clinical conditions at PHC clinic level in uMgungundlovu District, KZN. Two key questions were researched: (i) were the patients whom the clinic doctors managed of sufficient clinical complexity that they warranted a doctor managing them, rather than a PHC nurse clinician? and (ii) what was the spectrum of medical conditions that the clinic doctors managed? Methods. Doctors collected data at all medical consultations in PHC clinics in uMgungundlovu during February 2020. A single-page standardised data tool was used to collect data at every consultation. Results. Thirty-five doctors were working in 45 PHC clinics in February 2020. Twenty-six of the clinic doctors were National Health Insurance (NHI)-employed. The 35 doctors conducted 7 424 patient consultations in February. Staff in the PHC clinics conducted 143 421 consultations that month, mostly by PHC nurse clinicians. The doctors concluded that 6 947 (93.6%) of the 7 424 doctor consultations were of sufficient complexity as to warrant management by a doctor. The spectrum of medical conditions was as follows: (i) consultations for maternal and child health; n=761 (10.2%); (ii) consultations involving non-communicable diseases (NCDs), n=4 372 (58.9%) ­ the six most common NCDs were, in order: hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, epilepsy, mental illness and renal disease; (iii) consultations involving communicable diseases constituted 1 745 (23.5%) of cases; and (iv) consultations involving laboratory result interpretation 1 180 (15.9%).Conclusion. This research showed that at a PHC clinic the more complex patient consultations did indeed require the skills and knowledge of a medical doctor managing these patients. These data support the benefit of a doctor working at every PHC clinic: the doctor is a 'must-have' member of the PHC clinic team, offering a regular, reliable and predictable medical service.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Delivery of Health Care , Ambulatory Care Facilities , National Health Programs , Personnel, Hospital
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227259, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393334

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study analyzes factors associated with dimensions of health literacy (HL) functional, communicative and critical among public health service users with chronic non-communicable diseases. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical research was carried out in Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, with adults and older adults attending Family Health Units (FHU). Data were collected by oral exam (CPOD and CPI) and a questionnaire on systemic conditions, sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and HLS (HLS-14). The outcomes consisted of functional, communicative, and critical HL dimensions dichotomized by median (high and low), which were analyzed by chi-square test (p<0.05) to find associations with the variables studied. Results: The study sample comprised 238 FHU users with 62.7 (± 10.55) mean age, of which 47.5% (n=113) showed high functional HL, 50.0% (n=119) high communicative HL, and 46.2% (n=110) high critical HL. High functional HL was associated with men (p<0.05). Functional and communicative HL were associated with having higher education (p<0.001 and p=0.018, respectively). High communicative and critical HL were associated with regular use of dental and medical services (p<0.05). Individuals with low functional HL were more likely to present poor tooth brushing (p=0.020). High HL (in all three dimensions) was associated with regular flossing and having more teeth (p<0.05). Conclusion: Functional, communicative and critical HL were associated with health behaviors and clinical outcomes, whereas the functional dimension was also associated with sociodemographic factors. HL dimensions allowed to differentiate health-related factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Unified Health System , Oral Health , Chronic Disease , Health Literacy , Sociodemographic Factors , National Health Programs
4.
São Paulo; BIREME/OPAS/OMS; Set 2022. 27 p. gráficoss pdf.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, PIE | ID: biblio-1412292

ABSTRACT

O mapa apresenta uma visão geral das evidências sobre avaliações de políticas de saúde com o objetivo de identificar, categorizar e facilitar a visualização dos métodos e estratégias de avaliação de políticas de saúde. A partir de uma ampla busca bibliográfica foram selecionados e incluídos neste mapa de evidências 51 estudos de revisão, dos quais 43 revisões sistemáticas, 6 metanálises, 1 revisão de escopo e 1 revisão narrativa. Com base na ferramenta AMSTAR, foi avaliado o nível de confiança para a evidência reportada nestes estudos, resultando em 26 revisões de nível alto, 9 revisões de nível moderado e 16 revisões de nível baixo. Principais Achados: ● As revisões analisaram 5 tipos de avaliações: de custo-benefício, de eficácia e efetividade, de impacto, de implementação e de viabilidade. Estas avaliações foram relacionadas à Políticas, Práticas, Programas, Serviços e Intervenções Públicas em Saúde. ● As avaliações foram associadas a 28 desfechos (outcomes) de saúde distribuídos em 5 grupos: Atenção à Saúde, Assistência à Saúde, Promoção da Saúde, Políticas de Saúde, Planejamento e Administração em Saúde. ● No total foram 64 associações entre avaliações e desfechos, com destaque para as avaliações de impacto, de eficiência e econômicas (23, 24 e 14 associações respectivamente). As avaliações de implementação e viabilidade apareceram em apenas 3 associações (2 e 1 associação respectivamente). Quase metade das avaliações está relacionada a Programas de Saúde (31 associações). As avaliações de políticas aparecem com 18 associações e avaliações de intervenções públicas com 11 associações. ● A maioria das associações foi para dois grupos de desfechos para saúde: "atenção à saúde" e "promoção da saúde" (21 e 18 associações respectivamente). ● Dentre os desfechos, destaque para: saúde mental; alimentação e nutrição; e consumo de álcool e drogas (9, 7 e 7 associações respectivamente). Implicações para a gestão: Devido à variedade de metodologias aplicadas nos 51 estudos de avaliação de políticas, não foi possível identificar o efeito para as 64 associações entre avaliação de política e desfecho para saúde. Entretanto, para a maioria dos estudos foi possível identificar se o método aplicado na avaliação foi adequado (40 estudos), inadequado (1 estudo) ou inconclusivo (8 estudos). As avaliações de viabilidade e implementação, assim como de avaliações de serviços e práticas em saúde aparecem em minoria dentre os estudos incluídos neste mapa, o que pode indicar um gap de evidências sobre avaliação de políticas de saúde.


The map presents an overview of the evidence on health policy evaluations with the aim of identifying, categorizing and facilitating visualization of health policy evaluation methods and strategies. From a wide bibliographic search, 51 review studies were selected and included in this evidence map, of which 43 were systematic reviews, 6 meta-analyses, 1 scope review and 1 narrative review. Based on the AMSTAR tool, the confidence level for the evidence reported in these studies was assessed, resulting in 26 high-level reviews, 9 moderate-level reviews, and 16 low-level reviews. Main Findings: ● The reviews analyzed 5 types of evaluations: cost-benefit, effectiveness and effectiveness, impact, implementation and feasibility. These evaluations were related to Policies, Practices, Programs, Services and Public Interventions in Health. ● The assessments were associated with 28 health outcomes (outcomes) distributed into 5 groups: Health Care, Health Care, Health Promotion, Health Policies, Health Planning and Administration. ● In total, there were 64 associations between assessments and outcomes, with emphasis on impact, efficiency and economic assessments (23, 24 and 14 associations respectively). Implementation and feasibility assessments appeared in only 3 associations (2 and 1 association respectively). Almost half of the evaluations are related to Health Programs (31 associations). Policy evaluations appear with 18 associations and public intervention evaluations with 11 associations. ● Most associations were for two groups of health outcomes: "health care" and "health promotion" (21 and 18 associations respectively). ● Among the outcomes, highlight for: mental health; food and nutrition; and consumption of alcohol and drugs (9, 7 and 7 associations respectively). Decision making implications: Due to the variety of methodologies applied in the 51 policy evaluation studies, it was not possible to identify the effect for the 64 associations between policy evaluation and health outcome. However, for most studies it was possible to identify whether the method applied in the evaluation was adequate (40 studies), inadequate (1 study) or inconclusive (8 studies). Feasibility and implementation assessments, as well as assessments of health services and practices, appear in a minority among the studies included in this map, which may indicate a gap in evidence on the assessment of health policies.


Subject(s)
Health Programs and Plans , Health Policy , National Health Programs , Evaluation Studies as Topic
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(1): 70-77, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389620

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In Chile, an eventual implementation of a plan with universal health coverage is a challenge. The already implemented explicit health guarantees plan (GES) could be a benchmark. For this reason, it is important to obtain information about the results of its implementation. AIM: To identify the social determinants of health that influence the access to GES. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The National Socioeconomic Characterization Survey performed in 2017 was used as a data source. The beneficiaries of 20 diseases covered by GES and inquired in the survey were considered for the present study. RESULTS: People with the higher probability of access to GES plan belong to the lowest income quintiles, are nationals, live in the central-southern metropolitan Santiago, have lower education, have a public health insurance program (FONASA) and are aged mostly over 60 years. The diseases with the highest probability of access to the program are primary arterial hypertension, type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, acute myocardial infarction, moderate and severe bronchial asthma, breast cancer, colon cancer, and bipolar disorder. CONCLUSIONS: The access probability to the GES program is in line with the epidemiological profile of the Chilean population, and with a greater social vulnerability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Social Determinants of Health , Health Services Accessibility , National Health Programs/organization & administration , Socioeconomic Factors , Chile , Universal Health Insurance/organization & administration
6.
Ghana med. j ; 56(3 suppl): 85-95, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1399888

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore governance, coordination and implementation actors, structures and processes, facilitators, and barriers within local government and between central and local government in Ghana's COVID-19 response during the first wave of the outbreak. Design: Cross-sectional single case study. Data collection involved a desk review of media, policy and administrative documents and key informant in-depth interviews. Setting: Two municipalities in the Greater Accra region of Ghana Participants: Local government decentralised decision makers and officials of decentralised departments. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: None Results: Coordination between the national and local government involved the provision of directives, guidelines, training, and resources. Most of the emergency response structures at the municipal level were functional except for some Public Health Emergency Management Committees. Inadequate resources challenged all aspects of the response. Coordination between local government and district health directorates in risk communication was poor. During the distribution of relief items, a biased selection process and a lack of a bottom-up approach in planning and implementation were common and undermined the ability to target the most vulnerable beneficiaries. Conclusions: Adequate financing and equipping of frontline health facilities and workers for surveillance, laboratory and case management activities, transparent criteria to ensure effective targeting and monitoring of the distribution of relief items, and a stronger bottom-up approach to the planning and implementation of interventions need to be given high priority in any response to health security threats such as COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Local Health Systems , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Disease Management , COVID-19 , National Health Programs , Local Government
7.
Babcock Univ. Med. J ; 5(2): 1-7, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400527

ABSTRACT

Objective: Knowledge of provisions of the National Health Act among physicians and stakeholders is pivotal to its successful implementation. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of the National Health Act (NHA) among Physicians in two tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Southern Nigeria. The consecutively recruited eligible respondents were assessed for knowledge of NHA using a 24-item self administered close-ended structured questionnaire. The total obtainable score was 26. Those with <13 points had poor knowledge, 13-21 points had good knowledge and >21 points had excellent knowledge. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software. P-value of < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: One hundred and ninety-five doctors with a male: female ratio of 1.9:1 participated in the study. The majority (91.8%) were ≤40 years and 129(66.2%) of the participants were ≤ 10 years post qualification. The frequency of correctly answered questions ranged between 7.7% - 89.2%. According to overall knowledge scores; 64.6% had poor knowledge; 35.4% had good knowledge and none had excellent scores. There was no statistically significant association between knowledge of NHA and gender, age, and number of years post qualification (p > 0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that only about a third of the participants had good knowledge of key provisions of the NHA. We strongly recommend that relevant sections of the Act should be incorporated into the medical curriculum both at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Knowledge , Curriculum , Scientific and Technical Activities , Tertiary Care Centers , National Health Programs , Physicians , Methods
8.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1359339

ABSTRACT

Background. National response mechanisms, including lockdown regulations and financial and food aid, have exacerbated adversity and provided support. They have also exposed existing inequalities, with individuals and families able to cope and recover to varying degrees. Families with young children, specifically those under the age of 5, are rarely the focus of outreach, although they care for the most vulnerable group in our society. Objective. To rapidly gather as much nationally representative information as possible on the challenges experienced by families with children under 5 years of age and the support they most urgently require. Methods. A short online survey was launched in late 2020 on a zero­cost mobile application reaching over 2 million users. A total of 15 912 individuals were eligible for participation and 13 224 parents (caring for 18 858 children under 5 years) were included in the analytic sample. Outcomes were grouped by (a) negative impacts of the pandemic, including disruptions in childcare, missed clinic visits, feeding challenges, difficulties in showing affection, behavioural challenges, and violence in the home; and (b) support received and required by the family. Chi­squared tests examined outcomes across the socio­demographic variables and standardised adjusted residuals were calculated to measure strength of differences. Results. Fathers made up 30% of the sample. Just over half of parents cared for one child under 5 and 41% for 2 ­ 3 children under 5. More than three­quarters (82%) of parents reported experiencing at least one challenge, with the most common being disruptions in childcare (69%), difficulties feeding their child (50%) and showing affection (41%). The main underlying factors were fear of infection, lack of money and negative affect in the household including stress, tension and a sense of hopelessness and depression. Fathers and families living in rural areas reported the most challenges. They were more likely to report difficulties showing affection, struggles in providing meals for young children, and higher levels of violence towards children in the home. Although needs considerably outweighed support received, government compared with civil society organisations and communities had the highest penetration of support to families, reaching between a quarter and a third of families. Conclusion. Families with young children face many challenges with little outside support for their material and psychosocial needs. It is essential that those mandated with ensuring the wellbeing of young children understand the needs of families and have the capacity to reach them in general, and particularly during times of crisis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Social Support , Family Characteristics , Delivery of Health Care , COVID-19 , Gender Equity , National Health Programs
9.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 17(1): 26-27, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379412

ABSTRACT

Las pandemias siempre han perturbado los sistemas de atención de salud, incluida la prevención y el control de enfermedades endémicas. Esta alteración ha dado lugar a un aumento de la carga de enfermedad en los períodos posteriores a una pandemia. La crisis de salud y económica creada por la actual pandemia COVID-19, así como las medidas de salud pública para detener su propagación, pueden tener un impacto en la transmisión, diagnóstico, tratamiento, prevención y control de la tuberculosis (TBC). Los niños son un grupo vulnerable especialmente propenso a sufrir parte del daño. Es necesario recuperar cuanto antes las actividades de pesquisa, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la TBC de manera de disminuir el impacto que la pandemia por Covid19 tendrá en la morbimortalidad por TBC.


Pandemics have always disrupted health care systems, including the prevention and control of endemic diseases. This alteration has led to an increased burden of disease in the aftermath of a pandemic. The health and economic crisis created by the current COVID-19 pandemic, as well as public health measures to stop its spread, may have an impact on the transmission, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of tuberculosis. Children are a vulnerable group especially prone to suffering as part of the harm. It is necessary to recover as soon as possible the activities of investigation, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in order to reduce the impact that the Covid19 pandemic will have on TB morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , COVID-19 , National Health Programs/organization & administration , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Pandemics
10.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 125 f p. graf, tab, fig.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396323

ABSTRACT

O principal objetivo deste estudo é documentar o processo de transição do modelo de financiamento federal da APS implantado pelo programa Previne Brasil no período 2019-2021 e as iniciativas da SES-RJ e do COSEMS-RJ frente aos potenciais reflexos na (re)organização da APS nos municípios do estado do Rio de Janeiro. A metodologia proposta é a de estudo de caso de caráter exploratório, descritivo com a combinação de diferentes métodos de pesquisa, fazendo uso de pesquisa bibliográfica e documental e de dados primários e secundários. Este estudo tem como recorte para análise dois aspectos do programa Previne Brasil: a Capitação Ponderada e o Componente Pagamento por Desempenho. A transferência regular do PAB fixo, de base per capita, foi considerada inovadora por ser a primeira prevista no SUS não atrelada à produção. Considerada alinhada com o princípio da universalidade e com a diretriz da descentralização presentes no regramento legal do SUS, suas transferências eram garantidas independentemente do modelo adotado para organização da APS pelos municípios. Sua substituição pela transferência atrelada a cadastro, prevista no Componente Capitação Ponderada do Previne Brasil pode ser vista como um retrocesso, pois nesse formato o custeio está atrelado ao cadastro realizado pelas equipes existentes em cada território, o que pode não refletir a totalidade da população nele residente. A absorção pelo componente Capitação Ponderada dos recursos do PAB variável referentes ao custeio da eSF, eAP, incremento para contratação de gerentes nas unidades básicas de saúde (UBS) e das equipes de NASF-AB provoca uma reflexão sobre a descontinuidade dos processos relevantes para a organização da APS, relacionados à continuidade do cuidado. No estado do Rio de Janeiro, um movimento sinérgico foi iniciado pelo COSEMS-RJ e pela SAPS/SES, no sentido de compreender como a nova proposta de financiamento da APS impactaria nos recursos a serem destinados aos municípios do estado em 2020. Neste sentido, foi criado um grupo de trabalho, com representantes das duas estruturas, para a discussão do Previne Brasil, que permanece ativo. Uma das iniciativas mais importantes desse grupo se dá com a confecção de Notas Técnicas, que começaram a ser produzidas ainda em 2019 para apoiar os municípios do estado na transição do financiamento federal da APS. Mesmo com toda a excepcionalidade de 2020, que foi marcado pela bem-vinda extensão dos prazos previstos, foi possível vislumbrar como teria sido esta mudança para o estado do Rio de Janeiro, já que podemos estudar os resultados numéricos alcançados em 2020 nos componentes de Capitação Ponderada e Pagamento por Desempenho e que não se refletiram em perda de recursos.


The main goal of this study is to document the process of federal financing of APS through the Previne Brasil program from the period of 2019-2021 and the initiatives from SES-RJ and COSEMS-RJ through the potential repercussions on the re-organization of APS in the Rio de Janeiro State's cities. The proposed methodology is one of a case study in exploratory and descriptive character along with a combination of different research methods, using bibliographic and documental research as well as primary and secondary data. It is emphasized that this study has as delimitation for analysis two aspects of the Previne Brasil: the Pondered Capacitation and the Component of Payment by Performance. The regular transference of fixated PAB, of per capita base was considered innovative, since it was the first provided by SUS not linked to production. Considered aligned to the principles of universality, with the directive of decentralization present in the legal regulation, as its transferences were guaranteed regardless of the adopted models for the APS' organization through the cities. It's substitution for the transference linked to registration, provided in Previne Brasil's Component of Pondered Capacitation, can be understood as a regression as in such format the cost is linked to the registration done by the existing themes in each territory, something that cannot reflect the integrality of the resident population. Absorbing the Component of Pondered Capacitation's PAB's variable resources referring to the cost of eSF, eAP, increment for the hiring of basic health units' management and the NASF-AB's teams provokes a reflection over the discontinuations of relevant processes for the APS' organization, related to the continuity of care. In Rio de Janeiro State, a synergetic movement was initiated by the COSEMS-RJ and SAPS/SES in a way of comprehending how the new financing proposal by APS would impact the resources to be destined to the state's cities in 2020. So, a work group was created, with representatives of the two structures, for the discussion of Previne Brasil, which remains active. One of the most important initiatives in such group is the creation of Technical Notes, that started being produced in 2019, to support the state's cities in the transition of APS' federal financing. Despite all exceptionality in 2020, which was well-marked by the welcome extension of provided deadlines, it was possible to glimpse how such change would have been for Rio de Janeiro State, since we can study the numerical results reached in 2020 in the components of Pondered Capacitation and Payment by Performance, and that it did not reflect on loss of resources.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Regional Health Planning , Health Expenditures , Healthcare Financing , National Health Programs , Brazil
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210114, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1350749

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo avaliar a descentralização do Programa de Controle da Hanseníase (PCH) em Governador Valadares. Método o referencial teórico-metodológico foi a Avaliação de Quarta Geração, de abordagem qualitativo-participativa. O estudo envolveu 30 sujeitos divididos em quatro grupos: gestores do PCH; profissionais do Centro de Referência (CR); profissionais da atenção básica e usuários. Os dados foram coletados por entrevistas, utilizando-se a técnica do Círculo Hermenêutico-Dialético. Posteriormente, realizaram-se três oficinas de validação e negociação dos dados. Utilizou-se o Método Comparativo Constante para a análise. Resultados evidenciou-se a manutenção do modelo vertical de atenção à hanseníase, sustentado por determinantes sócio-histórico-culturais que se expressam: na permanência da porta de entrada à demanda espontânea no CR; no encaminhamento rotineiro do usuário para a atenção secundária; na ineficiência da contrarreferência; na centralização da poliquimioterapia; na crença na necessidade do atendimento especializado e no estigma. Evidenciaram-se fragilidades no vínculo com a atenção primária. Conclusão a descentralização do PCH envolve a tensão entre os atores de cada ponto de atenção à saúde, gerando disputas de saberes e práticas de saúde. Implicações para a prática a sustentabilidade da descentralização requer envolvimento político e institucional focado no fortalecimento da atenção primária, na reorientação do papel dos serviços na rede de atenção à hanseníase e na educação em saúde.


Resumen Objetivo evaluar la descentralización del Programa de Control de la Lepra (PCL) en Governador Valadares. Método el marco teórico-metodológico fue la Evaluación de Cuarta Generación, con un enfoque cualitativo-participativo. El estudio involucró a 30 sujetos, divididos en cuatro grupos: gerentes del PCL; profesionales del Centro de Referencia (CR); profesionales de atención primaria y usuarios. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas, utilizando la técnica del Círculo Hermenéutico-Dialéctico. Posteriormente se realizaron tres talleres de validación y negociación de los datos. Para el análisis se utilizó el Método Comparativo Constante. Resultados se evidenció el mantenimiento del modelo vertical de atención a la lepra, sustentado en determinantes socio-histórico-culturales que se expresan en la permanencia del ingreso a la demanda espontánea en el CR; en la derivación rutinaria del usuario a atención secundaria; en la ineficiencia de la contrarreferencia; en la centralización de la poliquimioterapia; en la creencia en la necesidad de atención especializada y en el estigma. Se evidenciaron debilidades en el vínculo con la atención primaria. Conclusión la descentralización del PCH involucra la tensión entre los actores en cada punto de la atención en salud, generando disputas sobre conocimientos y prácticas de salud. Implicaciones para la práctica la sostenibilidad de la descentralización requiere de una participación política e institucional, enfocada en el fortalecimiento de la atención primaria, reorientando el rol de los servicios en la red de atención a la lepra y en la educación para la salud.


Abstract Objective to evaluate the decentralization of the Leprosy Control Program (LCP) in Governador Valadares. Method the theoretical and methodological framework was the Fourth Generation Evaluation, with a qualitative-participatory approach. The study involved 30 subjects divided into four groups: managers of the LCP; professionals of the Reference Center (RC); primary care professionals and users. Data were collected through interviews, using the Hermeneutic-Dialectic Circle technique. Subsequently, three workshops were held for data validation and negotiation. The Constant Comparative Method was used for the analysis. Results the maintenance of the vertical model of leprosy care was evidenced, sustained by social-historical-cultural determinants that are expressed in: the permanence of the gateway to spontaneous demand in the RC; the routine referral of the user to secondary care; the inefficiency of counter-reference; the centralization of multidrug therapy; the belief in the need for specialized care, and stigma. Weaknesses in the link with primary care were evidenced. Conclusion and implications for practice The sustainability of decentralization requires political and institutional involvement focused on strengthening primary care, reorienting the role of the services in the leprosy care network, and health education. The decentralization of the LCP involves tension between the actors of each health care point, generating disputes of knowledge and health practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Health Evaluation , Leprosy/prevention & control , National Health Programs , Referral and Consultation , Secondary Care , Brazil , Health Personnel , Qualitative Research , Social Stigma
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(supl.2): e00263321, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394204

ABSTRACT

O artigo tem como objetivo fazer uma discussão teórica e política do conceito do Complexo Econômico-Industrial da Saúde (CEIS), atualizando a visão para o contexto contemporâneo de transformação tecnológica e dos desafios para os sistemas universais de saúde e do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), em particular. Em um contexto de globalização assimétrica, de emergência de uma revolução tecnológica e de (re)colocação de barreiras estruturais que trancam a sociedade brasileira em seu movimento histórico de desigualdade, vulnerabilidade e exclusão, necessitamos repensar a saúde, retomando e atualizando uma agenda que privilegia os fatores histórico-estruturais da sociedade brasileira, a inserção internacional do País e sua relação com uma difusão extremamente assimétrica do progresso técnico, do conhecimento e do aprendizado, dissociados das necessidades sociais e ambientais locais. Mediante uma metodologia que envolve a análise da resposta brasileira à COVID-19, da balança comercial do CEIS e do acesso a vacinas para COVID-19, o artigo evidencia que a saúde é parte central da estrutura econômica e social e reproduz as características do padrão de desenvolvimento nacional em seu interior. Uma sociedade equânime, com qualidade de vida, comprometida com os direitos sociais e o meio ambiente é condicionada pela existência de uma base econômica e material que lhe dê sustentação. Essa visão sistêmica e dialética é a principal contribuição teórica e política pretendida pelo artigo, que procura contribuir para uma abordagem de saúde coletiva integrada com uma visão de economia política.


The article aims to make a theoretical and political discussion of the concept of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (CEIS), updating the concept to a contemporary context of technological transformation and of challenges for universal health systems, particular the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). In a context of asymmetric globalization, of emergence of a technological revolution, and of the (re)placement of structural barriers that keeps Brazilian society in its historical movement of inequality, vulnerability, and exclusion, we need to rethink healthcare by resuming and updating an agenda that privileges the historical-structural factors of Brazilian society, the international insertion of the country, and its relationship with an extremely asymmetric diffusion of technical progress, knowledge, and learning, dissociated from local social and environmental needs. With a methodology that involves the analysis of the brazilian response to COVID-19, the commercial balance of the CEIS, and the access to COVID-19 vaccines, the study shows that health is a central part of the economic and social structure and reproduces the characteristics of the national development pattern within it. An equitable society, with quality of life, committed to social rights and the environment is structurally conditioned by the existence of an economic and material basis that supports it. This systemic and dialectical view is the main theoretical and political contribution intended by our study, which seeks to contribute to a collective health approach integrated with a political economy view.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo plantear una discusión teórica y política del concepto de Complejo Económico-Industrial de la Salud (CEIS), actualizando la visión para el contexto contemporáneo de transformación tecnológica y de los desafíos para los sistemas universales de salud y el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), en particular. En un contexto de globalización asimétrica, de emergencia de una revolución tecnológica y de (re)colocación de barreras estructurales que encierran a la sociedad brasileña en su movimiento histórico de desigualdad, vulnerabilidad y exclusión, necesitamos repensar la salud, retomando y actualizando una agenda que privilegia los factores histórico-estructurales de la sociedad brasileña, la inserción internacional del País y su relación con una difusión extremadamente asimétrica del progreso técnico, del conocimiento y del aprendizaje, disociados de las necesidades sociales y ambientales locales. Por medio de una metodología que implica el análisis de la respuesta brasileña a la COVID-19, la balanza comercial del CEIS y el acceso a las vacunas contra la COVID-19, este artículo pone de manifiesto que la salud es parte central de la estructura económica y social y reproduce las características del estándar de desarrollo nacional en su interior. Una sociedad equitativa, con calidad de vida, comprometida con los derechos sociales y el medio ambiente está condicionada estructuralmente por la existencia de una base económica y material que la sustente. Esta visión sistémica y dialéctica es el principal aporte teórico y político pretendido por el artículo, que busca contribuir a un abordaje de la salud colectiva integrado con una visión de economía política.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , National Health Programs , Quality of Life , Brazil , COVID-19 Vaccines , Health Policy
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(6): e00167721, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384265

ABSTRACT

Políticas públicas que atendam a população de doenças raras no Brasil são cada vez mais discutidas, seja para acesso aos medicamentos, para atenção multidisciplinar, alternativas terapêuticas ou representatividade. Apesar de o Ministério da Saúde ter publicado em 2014 a Portaria nº 199, que instituiu a Política Nacional de Atenção Integral às Pessoas com Doenças Raras, aprovando as Diretrizes para Atenção Integral às Pessoas com Doenças Raras no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), essa população segue desamparada frente às peculiaridades de seus tratamentos. Neste cenário, associações de pacientes passaram a buscar espaços de representação política, provocando cada vez mais iniciativas legislativas no Congresso Nacional com vistas a alternativas para os milhões de brasileiros que vivem ou convivem com doenças raras. Por meio de uma pesquisa documental qualitativa, o artigo considera todos os projetos apresentados até agosto de 2020 com foco neste tema, identificando os principais parlamentares que atuam nele, as características biográficas comuns entre eles, em qual etapa do ciclo de políticas públicas o tema está no Congresso Nacional e, com isso, pretende identificar um possível caminho para a consolidação de uma política. Observou-se que a atuação em doenças raras independe de alinhamento político partidário, sendo uma pauta compartilhada por grupos antagônicos, mas que enfrenta o desafio de apenas 18 parlamentares terem sidos os responsáveis por 50% de todas as matérias legislativas já apresentadas sobre isso. Além disso, observou-se também que os parlamentares preferem impulsionar o debate e dar visibilidade ao tema do que investir em novas tentativas de mudanças legais e regulatória.


Public policies that serve the Brazilian population with rare diseases are increasingly discussed, either regarding access to medicines, multidisciplinary care, therapeutic alternatives, or representativeness. Although the Brazilian Ministry of Health published in 2014 the Ordinance n. 199, which instituted the Brazilian National Policy of Integral Care for People with Rare Diseases and approving the Guidelines for Integral Care to People with Rare Diseases under the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS), this population remains unaided regarding the peculiarities of their treatments. In this scenario, patient associations began to seek spaces for political representation, increasingly provoking legislative initiatives in the Brazilian National Congress, seeking for alternatives for the millions of Brazilians living with rare diseases. By using a qualitative documentary research, the study considers all projects presented until August 2020 on this topic, identifying the main parliamentarians involved, their biographical characteristics, and at which stage of the public policy cycle this topic is in the Brazilian National Congress; thus, identifying a possible path for the consolidation of a policy. We observed that the actions regarding rare diseases are independent of any political party alignment, being an agenda shared by antagonistic groups. This agenda, however, faces the challenge of having only 18 parliamentarians responsible for 50% of all the legislative matters already presented. Furthermore, we also observed that parliamentarians prefer to boost the debate and give visibility to the subject than to invest in new attempts at legal and regulatory changes.


Las políticas públicas que asisten a la población que sufre enfermedades raras en Brasil son cada vez más discutidas, ya sea en cuanto al acceso a medicamentos, a la atención multidisciplinaria, a alternativas terapéuticas o a la representatividad. Aunque el Ministerio de Salud brasileño publicó la Ordenanza nº 199 en el 2014, que estableció la Política Nacional de Atención Integral a las Personas con Enfermedades Raras, y aprobando las Directrices para la Atención Integral a las Personas con Enfermedades Raras en el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), esta población permanece impotente ante las peculiaridades de sus tratamientos. En este escenario, las asociaciones de pacientes comenzaron a buscar espacios de representación política, dando lugar a cada vez más iniciativas legislativas en el Congreso Nacional brasileño con vistas a alternativas para los millones de brasileños que viven o conviven con enfermedades raras. Por medio de una investigación documental cualitativa, este artículo considera todos los proyectos presentados hasta agosto del 2020 centrados en este tema, identificando a los principales parlamentarios que actúan en él, las características biográficas comunes entre ellos, en qué etapa del ciclo de políticas públicas se encuentra el tema en el Congreso Nacional brasileño y, con ello, identificar un posible camino para la consolidación de una política. Se observó que la actuación relacionada con enfermedades raras no depende de la alineación político-partidista, ya que es una agenda compartida por grupos antagónicos, pero que se enfrenta al desafío de que solo 18 parlamentarios hayan sido los responsables del 50% de todos los asuntos legislativos que ya se presentaron al respecto. Además, también se observó que los parlamentarios prefieren impulsar el debate y dar visibilidad al tema que invertir en nuevos intentos de cambios legales y regulatorios.


Subject(s)
Rare Diseases/therapy , National Health Programs , Public Policy , Brazil , Government Programs , Health Policy
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(6): e00114721, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374855

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi analisar e comparar a prevalência, a forma de obtenção e os fatores associados ao acesso a medicamentos entre usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no Brasil. Foram analisados os dados das edições 2013 e 2019 da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, estudo de abrangência nacional e representativo da população brasileira. Os desfechos foram: (1) a obtenção total, por meio do SUS, dos medicamentos prescritos em atendimentos em saúde realizados no próprio SUS nas duas semanas anteriores à entrevista, e (2) a obtenção total dos medicamentos independentemente da fonte. Características demográficas e socioeconômicas foram incluídas como variáveis independentes. Em 2019, observou-se que 29,7% dos entrevistados obtiveram no SUS todos os medicamentos prescritos, que 81,8% tiveram acesso total aos medicamentos quando consideradas todas as fontes de obtenção e que 56,4% pagaram algum valor pelos medicamentos. A proporção de pessoas que não obtiveram nenhum medicamento no SUS e que efetuaram algum desembolso direto aumentou entre 2013 e 2019. A probabilidade de obter todos os medicamentos no SUS foi maior entre os mais pobres, e de consegui-los, independentemente da fonte, foi maior entre os mais ricos. Dentre as pessoas que não conseguiram acesso a todos os medicamentos, aproximadamente duas em cada três indicaram como principal motivo dificuldades de obtenção encontradas em serviços financiados pelo setor público. Verificou-se ampliação do desembolso direto para compra de medicamentos no Brasil e redução de acesso pelo SUS entre usuários do sistema.


The study aimed to analyze and compare the prevalence of access to medicines and associated factors among users of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). The authors analyzed data from the 2013 and 2019 editions of the Brazilian National Health Survey, a nationwide health study, representative of the Brazilian population. The outcomes were: (1) obtaining from the SUS all the medicines prescribed during care received in the SUS itself in the two weeks prior to the interview (2) and obtaining all the medicines, regardless of the source. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were included as independent variables. In 2019, 29.7% of the interviewees obtained all the prescribed medicines from the SUS, 81.8% obtained all the medicines in general (considering all sources), and 56.4% paid some amount for the medicines. The proportion who did obtain any medicine from the SUS and that made some out-of-pocket payment increased from 2013 to 2019. The likelihood of obtaining all the medicines in the SUS was higher among the poorest, and that of obtaining the medicines regardless of source was higher among the wealthiest. Approximately two out of three persons that were unable to access all the medicines reported difficulties obtaining them in services funded by the public sector. There was an increase in out-of-pocket expenditure on medicines in Brazil and a reduction in access through the SUS, among users of the system.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar y comparar la prevalencia, la forma de obtención y los factores asociados al acceso a los medicamentos entre los usuarios del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) en Brasil. Se analizaron los datos de las ediciones 2013 y 2019 de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud, un estudio de cobertura nacional y representativo de la población brasileña. Los resultados fueron: (1) la obtención total, a través del SUS, de los medicamentos prescritos en los servicios de salud realizados en el propio SUS en las dos semanas anteriores a la entrevista, y (2) la obtención total de los medicamentos independientemente de la fuente. Las características demográficas y socioeconómicas se incluyeron como variables independientes. En 2019 se observó que el 29,7% de los entrevistados obtuvo todos los medicamentos prescritos en el SUS, que el 81,8% tuvo acceso total a los medicamentos al considerar todas las fuentes de obtención y que el 56,4% pagó por los medicamentos. La proporción de personas que no obtuvieron ningún medicamento en el SUS y que realizaron algún gasto directo aumentó entre 2013 y 2019. Entre los pobres, la probabilidad de obtener todos los medicamentos del SUS fue mayor, y entre los más ricos también fue mayor esta obtención independientemente de la fuente. Entre las personas que no pudieron acceder a todos los medicamentos, aproximadamente dos de cada tres indicaron como razón principal las dificultades que se encuentran en los servicios financiados con fondos públicos. Hubo un aumento del gasto directo para la compra de medicamentos en Brasil y una reducción del acceso a través del SUS entre los usuarios del sistema.


Subject(s)
National Health Programs , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Services Accessibility
16.
Brasília, DF; Ministério da Saúde; 2022. 178 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, ECOS, BIGG, CONASS, PIE | ID: biblio-1402185

ABSTRACT

Esta obra visa reconhecer o empenho da Atenção Primária à Saúde em fazer a diferença no território com a melhoria dos indicadores de saúde, trazendo impacto positivo diretamente na saúde da população.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Program Development , National Health Programs
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 723-727, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350352

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The personal frequency modulation system is an assisted technology resource used in the accessibility of individuals with hearing impairment, being very important in the school environment. Ordinance number 1274/2013 included this device into the Brazilian unified health system. Objective: To analyze the distribution the personal frequency modulation system concession in the national territory by the Brazilian unified health system from 2013 to 2017. Methods: This is an ecological study that uses the 27 federation units and the five geographic regions as analysis units. The population involved students in the age range of 5-17 years who reported severe hearing impairment. The data sources were the ambulatory information system/Brazilian unified health system, the Brazilian institute of geography and statistics and the report no. 58 of the national commission for the incorporation of technologies into Brazilian unified health system, national commission of technologies incorporation of the ministry of health. The spatial analysis was carried out through the percentage of coverage of the frequency modulation system concession per federation unit; the data were then unified in the five geographic regions and descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results: Between the first and second years, there was an increase of almost 50% in the quantity dispensed, however, there was a progressive decline in the following years. The average coverage of the frequency modulation system in Brazil was 33.4%. The spatial exploratory analysis showed there is a low and uneven distribution in the territory, as the South and Southeast regions had the highest coverage and the North and Northeast regions the lowest, except for the Rio Grande do Norte unit. Conclusion: The frequency modulation system concession was below that stipulated by the ministry of health and from 2014 to 2017, the dispensed quantity progressively decreased. There is an unequal distribution in the territory that can be explained by the geographic disposition of hearing health services.


Resumo Introdução: O sistema de frequência modulada pessoal é um recurso de tecnologia assistida usado na acessibilidade das pessoas com deficiência auditiva, é muito importante no ambiente escolar. A portaria n◦ 1.274/2013 inseriu esse dispositivo no Sistema Único de Saúde. Objetivo: Analisar a distribuição no território nacional da concessão do sistema de frequência modulada pessoal pelo Sistema Único de Saúde no período de 2013 a 2017. Método: Estudo ecológico que usa como unidade de análise as 27 unidades de federação e as cinco regiões geográficas. A população foram os estudantes na faixa de 5 a 17 anos que referiram ter deficiência auditiva com comprometimento severo. As fontes de dados foram o Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais/Sistema Único de Saúde, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística e o relatório n◦ 58 da Comissão Nacional de Incorporação de Tecnologias no Sistema Único de Saúde do Ministério da Saúde. Foi feita a análise espacial, através da porcentagem da cobertura da concessão do sistema frequência modulada por unidade de federação e em seguida, os dados foram unificados nas cinco regiões geográficas e foi feita a análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: Entre o primeiro e segundo ano foi observado um aumento de quase 50% da quantidade dispensada, porém nos anos seguintes constatamos um declínio progressivo. A média da cobertura do sistema frequência modulada no Brasil foi de 33,4%. Na análise exploratória espacial observamos que existe uma baixa e desigual distribuição no território, as regiões Sul e Sudeste apresentaram as maiores coberturas e as regiões Norte e Nordeste as menores, exceto para a unidade do Rio Grande do Norte. Conclusões: A concessão do sistema frequência modulada foi abaixo do estipulado pelo Ministério da Saúde e de 2014 a 2017 o quantitativo dispensado diminuiu progressivamente. Existe uma distribuição desigual no território que pode ter explicado a disposição geográfica dos serviços de saúde auditiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Brazil , Hearing , National Health Programs
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 44-52, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346347

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are cardiovascular diseases commonly characterized by the development of atheromatous plaques associated with major complications and high mortality rates. Objective To identify an epidemiological trend in hospitalizations due to stroke and AMI and to analyze the relationship between health programs applied in Primary Health Care, gender and the Federative Unit. Methods Ecological study with a time series design between 1998 and 2018, collecting data from all federal units in Brazil stratified by, gender and place of residence. There were analyzed Hospitalization Authorizations (AIH) for stroke and MI, consulting the Hospital Admissions System (SIH) of the Informatics Department of the National Health Service with p <0.05. Results From 1998 to 2018, the rate of hospitalization for AMI increased in Brazil approximately 42.58 events per 100 thousand inhabitants annually (p<0.001), while hospitalizations for stroke declined 32.17 cases (p=0.03). This pattern was observed in both sexes in AMI and stroke. There is also evidence of the effect of the Hiperdia (p<0.001) and Mais Médicos (p=0.001) program in reducing stroke and Hiperdia cases in mitigating the evolution of AMI cases (p = 0.0001). Conclusion Although these diseases remain as an important cause of death, stroke hospitalization has reduced significantly in the period evaluated. National programs as the Hiperdia and Mais Médicos showed an impact in the acute cases of strokes and AMI.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Stroke/prevention & control , Stroke/epidemiology , Health Consortia , Hospitalization , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Ecological Studies , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , National Health Programs
20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(10): 4715-4726, out. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345709

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar e analisar o perfil de governança institucional das 434 comissões intergestores regionais em funcionamento em 25 estados da federação brasileira. Os dados são da Pesquisa Nacional das Comissões Intergestores Regionais (CIR), um estudo censitário realizado nos anos de 2017 e 2018, e foram coletados por meio de um questionário aplicado aos coordenadores/diretores/presidentes das CIR. A composição do perfil das CIR foi realizada empregando uma matriz de análise especificamente desenvolvida para este estudo, que combina 23 variáveis organizadas em cinco atributos da governança interna dessas instâncias: legitimidade institucional, adesão e regularidade de funcionamento, qualidade da estrutura e condições de funcionamento, equilíbrio federativo e qualidade do processo decisório. Os resultados mostram, por um lado, um sistema de governança institucional intergestores consolidado em todo o território nacional, com significativa adesão das esferas estadual e municipal e regras de funcionamento definidas e publicizadas. Por outro, um complexo de instâncias caracterizadas por expressivas limitações de recursos financeiros, humanos e de infraestrutura de gestão e atuação concentrada em problemas emergenciais da gestão da rede de ações e serviços de saúde.


Abstract The scope of this article is to present and analyze the institutional governance profile of the 434 regional interagency committees operating in 25 states of the Brazilian Federation. The data were taken from the National Survey of Regional Interagency Committees (CIR), a census conducted in the years 2017 and 2018, and were collected through a questionnaire applied to the coordinators/directors/presidents of the CIR. The composition of the CIR profile was carried out using an analysis matrix specifically developed for this study, which combines 23 variables organized in five dimensions of institutional governance: institutional legitimacy, compliance and consistency of operation, quality of structure and operating conditions, federative equilibrium and quality of decision-making. The results show, on the one hand, an interagency institutional governance system consolidated throughout the national territory, with significant acceptance by the state and municipal spheres and clearly defined and publicized operating rules. On the other hand, it reveals a complex of levels characterized by marked limitations in financial and human resources and management infrastructure, in addition to action concentrated on emergency problems in the management of the network of health care and services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Policy , National Health Programs , Brazil , Delivery of Health Care , Health Facilities
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL