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Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(1): 8-12, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392203


Durante los últimos años, la cirugía endoscópica transesfenoidal se ha convertido en el procedimiento quirúrgico de elección para el tratamiento de tumores hipofisarios. La técnica de abordaje actual es el resultado de una evolución histórica de vía por craneotomía a vía endonasal con ingreso a través del seno esfenoidal. Aunque la cirugía de tumores hipofisarios vía transesfenoidal endoscópica ha permitido disminuir las complicaciones graves asociadas a los abordajes externos, no está exenta de complicaciones, como la fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo. A nivel del abordaje nasal, hay escasas descripciones de complicaciones y el compromiso del cartílago septal con deformidad en silla de montar no es una complicación documentada. Se presenta un caso de rinodeformidad en silla de montar poscirugía transesfenoidal de hipófisis en una paciente de 32 años a quien se le practicó una reconstrucción nasal con cartílago costal autólogo. En nuestra búsqueda bibliográfica es el primer caso registrado en Iberolatinoamérica

In recent years, transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery has become the surgical procedure of choice for the treatment of pituitary tumors. The current approach technique is the result of an historical evolution from craniotomy surgery to an endonasal procedure with entry through the sphenoid sinus. Although endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery has made it possible to reduce serious complications associated with external approaches, it is not without complications, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistula. At the level of the nasal approach, there are few descriptions of complications and involvement of the septal cartilage with saddle deformity is not a documented complication. We present a case of saddle rhinodeformity after transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in a 32-year-old patient who underwent nasal reconstruction with autologous costal cartilage. In our bibliographic search, it is the first case registered in IberoLatin America.

Humans , Female , Adult , Pituitary Diseases/complications , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Transplantation, Autologous , Nose/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Costal Cartilage/transplantation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943026


In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has been widely used in surgery of colorectal cancer. The rapid development of NOSES is mainly attributed to its own great advantages and values, including the reduction of surgical trauma, the acceleration of postoperative recovery and the reduction of adverse psychological reactions for patients. These advantages of NOSES are also important embodiment and perfect interpretation of the organ functional protection. Organ functional preservation is a hot topic in surgery today, and it is also an inevitable requirement for minimally invasive surgery. Essentially, NOSES and organ functional preservation are proposed in the same background, and the goals are highly compatible. NOSES is an important practitioner of organ functional preservation, and organ functional preservation is also the vane of the development of the theoretical system of NOSES. These two items complement each other and together constitute the important element in the development of modern minimally invasive surgery. In order to comprehensively discuss the relationship between NOSES and organ functional protection, we elaborate the important role and value of functional protection in NOSES from five key procedures of colorectal surgery, namely surgical approach, extent of resection, lymph node dissection, digestive tract reconstruction and specimen extraction.

Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Specimen Handling , Treatment Outcome
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 51-58, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362225


Introduction The purpose of this study was to define the anatomical relationships of the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) and its operative implications in skull base surgical approaches. Methods Ten cadaveric heads were dissected at the Dianne and M Gazi Yasargil Educational Center MicrosurgicaLaboratory, in Little Rock, AK, USA. The PPF was exposed through an extended dissection with mandible and pterygoid plate removal. Results The PPF has the shape of an inverted cone. Its boundaries are the pterygomaxillary fissure; themaxilla, anteriorly; themedial plate of the pterygoid process, and greater wing of the sphenoid process, posteriorly; the palatine bone,medially; and the body of the sphenoid process, superiorly. Its contents are the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve and its branches; the pterygopalatine ganglion; the pterygopalatine portion of the maxillary artery (MA) and its branches; and the venous network. Differential diagnosis of PPF masses includes perineural tumoral extension along the maxillary nerve, schwannomas, neurofibromas, angiofibromas, hemangiomas, and ectopic salivary gland tissue. Transmaxillary and transpalatal approaches require extensive resection of bony structures and are narrow in the deeper part of the approach, impairing the surgical vision and maneuverability. Endoscopic surgery solves this problem, bringing the light source to the center of the surgical field, allowing proper visualization of the surgical field, extreme close-ups, and different view angles. Conclusion We provide detailed information on the fossa's boundaries, intercommunications with adjacent structures, anatomy of the maxillary artery, and its variations. It is discussed in the context of clinical affections and surgical approaches of this specific region, including pterygomaxillary disjunction and skull base tumors.

Pterygopalatine Fossa/anatomy & histology , Pterygopalatine Fossa/surgery , Pterygopalatine Fossa/injuries , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Dissection/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Microsurgery/methods
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 82-85, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362242


Introduction The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETA) is routinely used to treat sellar and suprasellar tumors. It provides safe and direct access to tumors in these locations, with wide visualization of anatomical landmarks and great surgical results. With the COVID-19 pandemic, despite the high risk of transmission involved, various surgical procedures cannot be postponed due to their emergency. Case Report A 62-year-old female presented in the previous two months with headaches, followed by bilateral severe visual loss. In 2016, she was submitted to subtotal resection of a non-secretorymacroadenoma. Because of the progressive visual deficits, the EETA was used to the resect the pituitary adenoma. Technical Note We developed a low-cost adaptation to the surgical fields, covering the patient's head and superior trunk with a regular surgicalmicroscope bag with a tiny slit to enable the endoscope and surgical instruments to enter the nose, thus protecting the personnel in the operating room from the aerosolization of particles. This makes surgery safer for the surgical team and for the patient. Conclusion In view of the lack of literature on this subject, except for some reports of experiences from some services around the world, we describe the way we have adjusted the EETA in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , COVID-19/transmission , Pituitary Gland/surgery , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/prevention & control
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 185-188, 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125800


La cirugía endoscópica transluminal a través de orificios naturales (NOTES) ha sido aplicada por primera vez por K. Witzel en el año 2008, introduciendo el abordaje transoral para la patología tiroidea en cadáveres y puercos. En el año 2016, A. Anuwong publicó la primera serie de casos en seres humanos por abordaje vestibular. Referimos en esta ocasión el caso de una paciente de 37 años, quien acudió a la consulta por presentar una tumoración cervical anterior de dos meses de evolución. Ecografía tiroidea con bocio polinodular. Punción aspiración con aguja fina: lesión con hiperplasia folicular en lóbulo derecho e izquierdo. Se decide realizar tiroidectomía transoral endoscópica por abordaje vestibular. La duración de la intervención fue de 180 minutos, la pérdida sanguínea fue de 20 mL. El dolor, escaso y el tiempo de internación, 36 horas. En el presente trabajo se propone el desarrollo de esta técnica y la experiencia en nuestro primer caso de tiroidectomía total en patología tiroidea benigna.

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) was applied for the first time by K. Witzel in 2008, introducing the transoral endoscopic resection of the thyroid gland in human cadavers and living pigs. In 2016, A. Anuwong published the first case series using the vestibular approach in humans. We report the case of a 37-year-old female patient with a mass in the anterior aspect of the neck which appeared two months before consultation. The thyroid ultrasound reported multinodular goiter. The fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy reported hyperplastic follicular nodule in both lobes. The patient underwent transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by vestibular approach. Operative time was 180 minutes and blood loss was 20 mL. Pain was minimal and hospital stay was 36 hours. We report our first experience with total thyroidectomy in a patient with benign thyroid nodules.

Humans , Female , Adult , Thyroidectomy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 440-444, Out.-Dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024425


Introduction: Middle ear surgeries, including myringoplasty, have increasingly utilized endoscopes as an adjunct to or as a replacement for the operative microscope. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the graft uptake rate and to evaluate the hearing results. Methods: This is a prospective study. We have analyzed 139 patients who underwent surgery for chronic otitis media (COM) of the mucosal type. All of the surgeries were performed exclusively under total endoscopic transcanal approach using tragal cartilage as graft, underlay technique. We have evaluated the postoperative graft uptake and performed a hearing evaluation at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks, and at 6 months. Results: During the study period, 139 patients were included, out of which 13 were lost to follow-up; therefore, only 126 patients were assessed. All of the cases were performed under total endoscopic approach. As for the surgical outcome at the postoperative otoscopy, 3 cases had initial uptake at 3 months and failed later; therefore, complete closure of the perforation was observed in 97.6% ( n = 123) of the patients 6 months after the intervention. Four patients presented with preoperative anacusis; therefore, only 122 patients were included for hearing evaluation. The preoperative air conduction threshold (ACT) and airbone gap (ABG) were 43.34 ± 11.53 and 24.73 ± 7.89, respectively. Postoperatively, the ACT and ABG closure were 28.73 ± 15.75 and 11.91 ± 8.41, respectively. This difference was statistically significant ( p < 0.001). Conclusion: The endoscopic approach for myringoplasty offers excellent visualization; avoids postaural approach, enables a faster recovery, requires less hospital stay, with excellent graft closure rate and improved functional outcomes (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Ear Cartilage/transplantation , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Myringoplasty/methods , Otitis Media , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hearing Tests
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 228-236, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001551


Abstract Introduction: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. Objective: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. Methods: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented. Suspected areas (90 samples/44 patients) were biopsied under the guidance of narrow-band imaging and white light and sent for frozen section. Results: Our study revealed that 75 of 90 (83.3%) white light and narrow-band imaging-guided samples were histopathologically positive: 30 (40%) were confirmed as carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma and 45 (60%) as moderate to severe dysplasia. In 6 patients mucosa was suspected only in narrow-band imaging, with no suspicion under white light. Thus, in these 6 patients 18/90 (20%) samples were taken. In 5/6 patients 16/18 (88.8%) samples were positive in frozen section: in 6/18 (33.3%) carcinoma (2 patients), 10/18 (66.6%) severe dysplasia was confirmed (3 patients). In 1 patient 2/18 (11.1%) samples were negative in frozen section. Presented analysis showed, that sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of white light was 79.5%, 20% and 71.1% respectively, while narrow-band imaging was 100%, 0.0% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The intraoperative use of narrow-band imaging proved to be valuable in the visualization of suspect areas of the mucosa. Narrow-band imaging confirms the suspicions undertaken in white light and importantly, it showed microlesions beyond the scope of white light.

Resumo Introdução: A microcirurgia transoral a laser é uma técnica bem estabelecida para o tratamento de câncer de laringe inicial e moderadamente avançado. Objetivo: Verificar a utilidade da imagem de banda estreita na avaliação intraoperatória da mucosa laríngea na especificação das margens cirúrgicas. Método: Foram avaliados 44 cânceres glóticos T1-T2 consecutivos, tratados com cordectomia Tipo I-VI, por microcirurgia transoral a laser. As áreas suspeitas (90 amostras/44 pacientes) foram submetidas a biopsia e avaliadas através de imagens de banda estreita e luz branca e enviadas para cortes por congelação. Resultados: Nosso estudo revelou que 75 (83,3%) das 90 amostras apresentaram histopatologia positiva na análise com luz branca e imagens de banda estreita: 30 (40%) foram confirmadas como carcinoma in situ ou carcinoma invasivo e 45 (60%) como displasia moderada a grave. Em seis pacientes, a mucosa apresentou-se suspeita apenas na imagem de banda estreita, sem suspeita sob luz branca. Assim, nesses seis pacientes 18/90 (20%) amostras foram colhidas. Em 5/6 pacientes, 16/18 (88,8%) amostras mostraram resultado positivo na análise de congelação: em 6/18 (33,3%) amostras foi confirmado carcinoma (dois pacientes) e em 10/18 (66,6%) foi confirmada displasia grave (três pacientes). Em um paciente, 2/18 (11,1%) as amostras mostraram resultado negativo na congelação. A análise apresentada mostrou que a sensibilidade, a especificidade e a acurácia da luz branca foram de 79,5%, 20% e 71,1%, respectivamente, enquanto a imagem de banda estreita apresentou como resultados 100%, 0,0% e 85,7%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O uso intraoperatório de imagem de banda estreita provou ser valioso na identificação de áreas suspeitas da mucosa, confirmou as suspeitas verificadas na análise com luz branca e, o que é mais importante, identificou microlesões além do alcance da luz branca.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Laser Therapy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Margins of Excision , Intraoperative Period
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e737, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093150


RESUMEN El objetivo del trabajo es profundizar en los diferentes aspectos cognoscitivos sobre las nuevas evidencias concernientes al tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda y comparar los resultados obtenidos con las diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas empleadas actualmente y el tratamiento conservador. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica y se seleccionaron artículos en las fuentes electrónicas: Web of Science, Scielo, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline y Google, publicadas en la presente centuria en idiomas español e inglés. La apendicetomía mediante laparotomía ha sido siempre la regla de oro para el tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda. En 1982, se introdujo el acceso laparoscópico que ha demostrado ser tan seguro y eficiente como el convencional. En 2004, la cirugía endoscópica a través de orificios naturales; en 2007 por un solo puerto y en 2015 mediante endoscopia retrógrada. La evolución del cuadro clínico es variable por lo que se han propuesto estrategias como la cirugía ambulatoria, el tratamiento conservador seguido o no de cirugía de intervalo, a fin de evitar intervenciones innecesarias con morbilidad y mortalidad similares a las realizadas con urgencia. La apendicetomía mediante laparotomía o laparoscopia aun es la regla de oro del tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda, aunque se impone el acceso laparoscópico, han surgido nuevas técnicas invasivas y la cirugía ambulatoria. La antibioticoterapia es esencial y como tratamiento único tiene como objetivo disminuir los costos y la morbilidad asociada a la cirugía; por tanto, actualmente el tratamiento adecuado de esta enfermedad es controversial y dependerá de los protocolos de actuación establecidos, el estado del paciente y los recursos disponibles(AU)

ABSTRACT The objective of this work is to study in depth the different cognitive aspects about the new evidences concerning the treatment of acute appendicitis and to compare the results obtained with the different surgical techniques currently used and the conservative treatment. A bibliographic review was carried out and articles were chosen from the electronic sources Web of Science, Scielo, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline, and Google, published in this century in Spanish and in English. Appendectomy by laparotomy has always been the gold standard for the treatment of acute appendicitis. In 1982, laparoscopic access was introduced, which has proven safe and efficient as conventional access. In 2004, endoscopic surgery through natural orifices was used; in 2007, it was performed by a single port, and in 2015, through retrograde endoscopy. The evolution of the clinical picture is variable so strategies have been proposed such as ambulatory surgery, conservative treatment followed or not by interval surgery, in order to avoid unnecessary interventions with morbidity and mortality similar to those performed with urgency. Appendectomy by laparotomy or laparoscopy is still the golden standard of the treatment of acute appendicitis, although laparoscopic access is required, new invasive techniques and outpatient surgery have emerged. Antibiotic therapy is essential and, as a single treatment, aims to reduce costs and morbidity associated with surgery; therefore, the adequate treatment of this disease is currently controversial and will depend on the established protocols of action, patient condition, and the available resources(AU)

Humans , Appendicitis/therapy , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(4): 362-366, 15/12/2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362630


Foramen magnum (FM) tumors represent one of the most complex cases for the neurosurgeon, due to their location in a very anatomically complex region surrounded by the brainstem and the lower cranial nerves, by bony elements of the craniocervical junction, and by the vertebrobasilar vessels. Currently, the open approach of choice is a lateral extension of the posteriormidline approach including far lateral, and extremelateral routes. However, the transoraltranspharyngeal approach remains the treatment of choice in cases of diseases affecting the craniocervical junction. For very selective cases, the endoscopic endonasal route to this region is another option.We present a case of a ventral FM meningioma treated exclusively with the endoscopic endonasal approach.

Humans , Female , Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Foramen Magnum/pathology , Meningioma/surgery , Skull Base Neoplasms/complications , Meningioma/complications
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 565-570, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978031


Introducción: El abordaje de elección de la glándula tiroides y paratiroides, desde su descripción, ha sido la cervicotomía transversal. En el hiperparatiroidismo, con la optimización de los métodos de localización preoperatoria de las glándulas anómalas, se han creado técnicas abiertas mínimamente invasivas, con un mejor resultado estético y un menor tiempo de recuperación. Con el objetivo de eliminar las cicatrices externas se ha implementado una nueva técnica quirúrgica que utiliza abordajes endoscópicos a través de orificios naturales (NOTES). En los últimos años se ha hecho conocida una técnica de tiroidectomía y paratiroidectomía transoral endoscópica a través de incisiones en el vestíbulo oral. Caso clínico: Paciente de 65 años con hiperparatiroidismo primario con nódulo hiperfuncionante superior derecho que se somete a una paratiroidectomía parcial transoral endoscópica por abordaje vestibular. Resultados: El procedimiento se realiza sin incidentes con buena evolución posoperatoria de la paciente. Discusión: La paratiroidectomía transoral endoscópica por abordaje vestibular (TOEPVA) ha demostrado ser una técnica bastante segura, con resultados similares a los de la técnica abierta, pero sin dejar cicatrices visibles.

Introduction: The approach of choice of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, since its description, has been the transverse cervicotomy. In hyperparathyroidism, with the optimization of the preoperative localization methods of the anomalous glands, minimally invasive open techniques have been created, with a better aesthetic result and a shorter recovery time. With the aim of eliminating external scars, a new surgical technique has been implemented that uses endoscopic approaches through natural orifices (NOTES). In recent years, a transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy technique through incisions in the oral vestibule has been known. Clinical case: A 65-year-old patient with primary hyperparathyroidism with right upper hyperfunctioning nodule who underwent partial transoral endoscopic parathyroidectomy due to vestibular approach. Results: The procedure is performed without incidents with good postoperative evolution of the patient. Discussion: Transoral endoscopic parathyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOEPVA) has proven to be a fairly safe technique, with results similar to open technique, but without leaving visible scars.

Humans , Female , Aged , Parathyroidectomy/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Parathyroid Glands/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 99-103, mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902821


RESUMEN La cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal es un procedimiento frecuente en la práctica otorrinolaringológica, y en la última década se han introducido nuevas técnicas para ayudar a la resección de tumores en regiones tradicionalmente consideradas de difícil acceso. Una de estas técnicas es el abordaje transeptal, que permite el abordaje de la pared anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, así como el trabajo a cuatro manos para el abordaje de estos tumores. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir el abordaje endoscópico transeptal, como técnica complementaria en la cirugía endoscópica de tumores nasales benignos, específicamente de papiloma invertido y angiofibroma nasofaríngeo juvenil.

ABSTRACT Endoscopic sinus surgery is a frequent procedure in Otorhinolaryngology practice, in the last decade new techniques have been introduced to help the resection of tumors in regions traditionally considered of difficult access. One of these techniques is the trans-septal approach, which allows the approach of the anterior and lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as four-handed work for approach of these tumors. The aim of this review is to describe the transeptal endoscopic approach as a complementary technique in the endoscopic surgery of benign nasal tumors, specifically inverted papilloma and juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma.

Humans , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Nasal Septum/surgery
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(5): e1951, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976926


RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar a experiência inicial no Brasil com a tireoidectomia transoral endoscópica por abordagem vestibular (TOETVA). Métodos: estudo prospectivo de pacientes submetidos à TOETVA no Serviço de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Regional do Oeste, Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Foram candidatos para o estudo os pacientes entre 18 e 65 anos de idade, ASA I e II, com volume glandular de até 35cm3e nódulos de até de 4cm. Dados dos pacientes, dos nódulos, tempo cirúrgico, complicações, e tempo de internação foram registrados. Resultados: nove pacientes foram operados entre maio de 2017 e abril de 2018. Todos eram mulheres, com idades entre 33 e 64 anos. O tamanho do nódulo variou de 1cm a 4cm. Dois pacientes eram portadores de neoplasia maligna e a tireoidectomia total foi feita em oito casos. Sete pacientes tiveram uma internação de apenas um dia. Um paciente sofreu uma complicação menor na pele, mas não ocorreram lesões dos nervos laríngeos recorrentes ou hipoparatireoidismo definitivo. Conclusão: a TOETVA é uma técnica segura para pacientes bem selecionados, com condições favoráveis e com especial preocupação com resultados estéticos.

ABSTRACT Objective: to present the initial experience in Brazil with transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOETVA). Methods: prospective study of patients undergoing TOETVA in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery of Hospital Regional do Oeste, Chapecó, Santa Catarina. Patients between 18 and 65 years of age, ASA I and II, with maximum glandular volume of 35cm3 and nodules up to 4cm were candidates for the study. Data of the patients, nodules, surgical time, complications, and length of hospital stay were recorded. Results: nine patients were operated between May 2017 and April 2018. All were women, aged 33-64 years. The size of the nodule ranged from 1cm to 4cm. Two patients had malignant neoplasia and total thyroidectomy was performed in eight cases. Seven patients were hospitalized for only one day. One patient had a minor complication on skin, but there were no lesions of the laryngeal recurrent nerves or definitive hypoparathyroidism. Conclusion: TOETVA is a safe technique for well-selected patients, with favorable conditions and special concern for aesthetic results.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005294


INTRODUCCIÓN: La orbitopatía tiroidea es una de las manifestaciones extratiroideas más frecuentes de la enfermedad de graves. El diagnóstico es clínico y con estudios de imágenes. El tratamiento depende de la etapa en que se encuentre la enfermedad, pudiendo ser conservador o quirúrgico, siendo la descompresión orbitaria el pilar del tratamiento. OBJETIVOS: Describir la técnica quirúrgica y las complicaciones más frecuentes. Comprobar los beneficios en la reducción del exoftalmos, la mejoría de la agudeza visual y la descompresión del nervio óptico...

INTRODUCTION: Thyroid orbitopathy is one of the most frequent extra thyroid manifestations of Graves' disease. The diagnosis is clinical and with imaging studies. The treatment depends on the stage in which the disease is found; can be conservative or surgical, the orbital decompression is the pillar of the treatment. OBJECTIVES: Describe the surgical technique and the most frequent complications checking the benefits in the reduction of exophthalmos, the improvement of visual acuity and decompression of the optic nerve…

INTRODUÇÃO: A orbitopatia tireoidiana é uma das manifestações extra tireóides mais freqüentes da doença de graves. O diagnóstico é clínico e com estudos de imagem. O tratamento depende da fase em que a doença é encontrada; podendo ser conservador ou cirúrgico, sendo a descompressão orbital o pilar do tratamento. OBJETIVOS: Descreva a técnica cirúrgica e as complicações mais frequentes. Verificar os benefícios na redução do exoftalmos, a melhora da acuidade visual e descompressão do nervo óptico...

Humans , Male , Adult , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Graves Ophthalmopathy/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Graves Ophthalmopathy/complications , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(6): 677-682, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889333


Abstract Introduction: Nasal polyposis is often found in patients with cystic fibrosis. Objective: To assess the incidence of nasal polyposis, the response to medical treatment, recurrence and the need for surgical intervention in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis during a three-year follow-up. Methods: Clinical symptoms (pulmonary, pancreatic insufficiency, malnutrition, nasal obstruction), two positive sweat chloride tests, and genotype findings in 23 patients with cystic fibrosis were analyzed. All patients underwent nasal endoscopy every 12 months from January 2005 to December 2007, to assess the presence and grade of Nasal Polyps. Nasal polyposis, when present, were treated with topical corticosteroids for 6-12 months, with progress being evaluated within the 3 years of follow-up. Results: In the first evaluation, nasal polyposis was diagnosed in 30.43% of patients (3 bilateral and 4 unilateral), recurrent pneumonia in 82.6%, pancreatic insufficiency in 87%, and malnutrition in 74%. The presence of nasal polyposis was not associated with chloride values in the sweat, genotype, clinical signs of severity of cystic fibrosis, or nasal symptoms. In the three-year period of follow up, 13 patients (56.52%) had at least one event of polyposis, with the youngest being diagnosed at 32 months of age. Only one patient underwent surgery (polypectomy), and there was one diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Conclusion: The study showed a high incidence of nasal polyposis. Monitoring through routine endoscopy in patients with cystic fibrosis, even in the absence of nasal symptoms, is highly recommended. The therapy with topical corticosteroids achieved good results. Thus, an interaction between pediatricians and otolaryngologists is necessary.

Resumo Introdução: A polipose nasal é frequentemente encontrada em pacientes portadores de fibrose cística. Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de polipose nasal, a resposta ao tratamento clínico, a recorrência e a necessidade de intervenção cirúrgica em crianças e adolescentes com fibrose cística durante um seguimento de 3 anos. Método: Os sintomas clínicos (pulmonar, insuficiência pancreática, desnutrição, obstrução nasal), duas pesquisas de cloro no suor positivas e genótipo de 23 pacientes com fibrose cística foram descritos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à endoscopia nasal a cada 12 meses de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2007, para avaliação de presença e grau de polipose nasal. A polipose nasal, quando presente, foi tratada com corticosteroide tópico de 6 a 12 meses e avaliada a evolução nos 3 anos de seguimento. Resultados: Na primeira avaliação, a polipose nasal foi diagnosticada em 30,43% dos pacientes (três bilaterais e quatro unilaterais), pneumonia recorrente em 82,6%, insuficiência pancreática em 87% e a desnutrição em 74%. A presença de polipose nasal não se associou aos valores de cloro no suor, genótipo, sinais clínicos de gravidade da fibrose cística ou sintomas nasais. Nos três anos de seguimento, 13 pacientes (56,52%) apresentaram pelo menos um evento de polipose, o mais jovem foi diagnosticado aos 32 meses. Apenas um paciente foi submetido à cirurgia (polipectomia) e houve um diagnóstico de carcinoma da nasofaringe. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou alta incidência de polipose nasal. O acompanhamento por meio de exames endoscópicos de rotina em pacientes fibrocisticos, mesmo na ausência de sintomas nasais, é altamente recomendado. A terapia com corticoide tópico mostrou bons resultados. Assim, faz-se necessária a interação entre pediatras e otorrinolaringologistas.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Nasal Polyps/epidemiology , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Recurrence , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Nasal Polyps/complications , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Nasal Polyps/drug therapy , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 36(3): 160-166, 08/09/2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911201


Cavernous sinus surgery has always represented a surgical challenge due to the great importance of the surrounding anatomical structures and to the high morbidity associated to it. Although the anatomy of this region has been extensively described, controversy remains related to the best treatment and approaches for different kinds of lesions. In this article, a literature review was performed on the surgical anatomy and approaches to the cavernous sinus.

A cirurgia da região do seio cavernoso sempre representou um desafio devido à grande importância das estruturas anatômicas e às altas taxas de morbidade associadas. Embora a anatomia da região tenha sido extensivamente descrita, permanece controverso o melhor tratamento e o acesso para diferentes tipos de lesão que acometem a região. Neste artigo foi realizada uma revisão de literatura focando a anatomia cirúrgica e os acessos à região do seio cavernoso.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cavernous Sinus/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Microsurgery
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 43(1): 53-58, July 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869779


A pesar del desarrollo de las técnicas quirúrgicas de base de cráneo, los meningiomas petroclivales constituyen un reto para el neurocirujano debido a su localización y relación con estructuras neurológicas y vasculares críticas. Se reportan 2 pacientes con diagnóstico de meningioma petroclival que recibieron tratamiento por etapas incluyendo derivación ventrículo peritoneal asistida por endoscopia para la hidrocefalia, abordaje endonasal endoscópico (AEE) extendido al ápex petroso, keyhole subtemporal y retromastoideo con remoción de la lesión. La evolución fue satisfactoria. Se concluyó que los abordajes endoscópicos y por etapas constituyen una excelente opción en el tratamiento de los meningiomas petroclivales.

In spite of the development of the skull base surgery techniques, petroclival meningiomas are a challenge for neurosurgeon due to their localization and relationship with neurovascular structures. Those are two patient with diagnostic of petroclival meningioma whom received treatment step by step included ventricle peritoneal shunt with endoscopic guide for hydrocephalus, extended endonasal approach to petrous apex, subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole. The endoscopic approach is an excellent option in the treatment of petroclival meningioma.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Petrous Bone/pathology , Meningioma/surgery , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt , Brain Neoplasms , Skull Base/surgery , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure , Hypertension , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Osteotomy/methods , Paresis , Radiosurgery/methods , Tomography, Spiral Computed/methods