Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(2): 480-487, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902301

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se estima que al menos del 5 al 10 % de todas las lesiones traumáticas del organismo afectan el cuello. En el 30 % de los casos se afecta alguna estructura importante de esta zona del cuerpo humano. Las estructuras vasculares aparecen lesionadas en el 20 % mientras que las estructuras aerodigestivas en un 10%. Las lesiones de la zona I por diversas razones anatómicas y los órganos que incluye son de difícil manejo. Se presentan dos pacientes con lesiones vasculares de la zona I del cuello. Se realizó una revisión del tratamiento de las lesiones traumáticas del cuello con especial énfasis en las de la zona I. Se abordan diferentes tendencias actuales en el manejo de estos pacientes (AU).


ABSTRACT It is appraised that at least 5 to 10 % of all the organism trauma lesions involve the neck. In 30 % of the cases, any main structure of this zone is hurt. Vascular structures are damaged in 20 % while airway-digestive structures are injured in 10 %. The zone I lesions are difficult to handle because of several anatomic reasons and the organs they include. The cases of two patients with vascular lesions in the neck zone I are presented. A review of the treatment of neck trauma lesions was carried out, making special emphasis on the ones in zone I. Several current tendencies in these patients handling are dealt with (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neck Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/history , Neck Injuries/prevention & control , Neck Injuries/therapy , Neck Injuries/epidemiology , Vascular System Injuries , Physical Examination , Wounds and Injuries/mortality , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Diagnostic Tests, Routine
2.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2017. 70 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-905374

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo clínico randomizado boca dividida foi avaliar longitudinalmente a efetividade de restaurações de resina composta de lesões cervicais não cariosas realizadas pelas técnicas direta e semidireta. Foram selecionados 30 pacientes voluntários com necessidade de restaurações cervicais do tipo classe V. Cada paciente recebeu duas restaurações, uma realizada pela técnica direta e outra através da técnica semidireta, totalizando 60 restaurações. Após a realização das restaurações, foi feita uma avaliação inicial imediata (baseline), após 7 dias, 6, 12 e 24 meses, por meio dos critérios USPHS modificado. Cada paciente foi avaliado a cada retorno por dois examinadores calibrados. A análise dos dados foi realizada através de estatística descritiva por meio de porcentagem de sucesso das restaurações de acordo com os critérios estudados e os escores obtidos. Para análise inferencial foi realizado o teste T Student para avaliar as diferenças entre extensão, profundidade e tempo. Os testes Qui-Quadrado/Fisher foram utilizados para comparação das taxas entre os grupos após cada período (p<0,05). Os resultados obtidos foram avaliados por testes de sobrevida e taxa anual de falha (Kaplan-Meier). Em relação ao tempo, foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante, sendo a técnica direta 21,8 min (± 14,50) mais rápida que a técnica semi direta 35,3 min (± 19,89). Das 60 restaurações realizadas, 1 restauração direta foi perdida por falha de retenção e nenhum paciente faltou ao retorno em 7 dias. Com 6 meses, 4 restaurações foram perdidas por falta de retenção na técnica direta e 5 restaurações foram perdidas pelo mesmo motivo na técnica semi-direta. Somente 1 paciente se ausentou. No retorno de 12 meses, 2 restaurações foram perdidas e 2 pacientes ausentaram-se em ambas as técnicas. E com 24 meses, 2 pacientes não compareceram ao retorno e nenhuma restauração falhou pelo critério retenção pela técnica direta. Na técnica semi-direta, 1 paciente ausentou-se e 1 restauração foi perdida por falta de retenção. O sucesso cumulativo da técnica direta foi de 99%, 93,1%, 88,5% e 88,5% nos períodos de 7 dias, 6, 12 e 24 meses respectivamente. Na técnica semi-direta o sucesso cumulativo foi de 100%, 92,8%, 88,4% e 83,7% nos períodos de 7 dias, 6, 12 e 24 meses respectivamente. Conclui-se que, independente da técnica empregada, ambas são boas opções restauradoras e possuem altas taxas de sucesso cumulativo nos períodos estudados. O tempo de trabalho foi superior na técnica semidireta que na técnica direta. Com o passar do tempo houve redução da sensibilidade dental em ambas as técnicas. Houve trauma gengival imediatamente após os procedimentos restauradores realizados com as duas técnicas, porém houve redução do mesmo no decorrer dos períodos avaliados(AU)


The purpose of this randomized split-mouth clinical study was to longitudinally evaluate the effectiveness of composite resin restorations of non-carious cervical lesions performed by direct and semi-direct techniques. A total of 30 volunteers with a need for class V cervical restorations were selected. Each patient received two restorations, one performed by the direct technique and the other by the direct-indirect technique, totaling 60 restorations. Assessment at baseline, 7 days, 6, 12 and 24 months, we performed using the modified USPHS criteria. Each patient was evaluated at return by two calibrated examiners. Data analysis was performed through descriptive statistics analysis using percentage of success of the restorations according to the criteria studied and scores obtained. For inferential analysis, the Student T test was used to evaluate the differences between extension, depth and time. Chi-Square/Fisher tests were used to compare rates between groups after each period (p <0.05). The results were evaluated by survival and annual failure rates (Kaplan-Meier). Differences were detected regarding to time, in which direct and direct-indirect procedures last 21.8(± 14.50) and 35.3 (± 19.89) minutes, respectively. Of the 60 restorations performed, 1 direct restoration was lost due to retention failure and no patient was missing the return in 7 days. At 6 months, 4 restorations were lost due to lack of retention in the direct technique and 5 restorations were lost for the same reason in the direct-indirect technique. Only 1 patient was absent. At 12 months return, 2 restorations were lost and 2 patients were absent in both techniques. And at 24 months, 2 patients did not attend the return and no restoration failed by the retention criterion by the direct technique. In the direct-indirect technique, 1 patient was absent and 1 restoration was lost due to lack of retention. The cumulative success of the direct technique was 99%, 93.1%, 88.5% and 88.5% in the 7-day, 6th, 12th and 24thmonths periods respectively. In the direct-indirect technique, cumulative success was 100%, 92.8%, 88.4% and 83.7% in the 7-day, 6, 12 and 24-month periods, respectively. It is concluded that, regardless of the technique employed, both are good restorative options and have high cumulative success rates in the studied periods. Working time was longer in the direct-indirect technique than in the direct technique. There was reduction of dental sensitivity in both techniques. There was gingival trauma immediately after the restorative procedures performed by the two techniques, with trauma reduction with the along the evaluated periods (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins , Clinical Protocols/standards , Neck Injuries/diagnosis
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 87 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867912

ABSTRACT

A saliva é um fluido biológico com importante papel nos fenômenos que ocorrem na cavidade bucal. O efeito da sua composição sobre as perdas de estruturas dentais de origem não cariosa, como o desgaste dental, tem sido estudado. No entanto, há conflitos nos resultados apresentados por esses estudos, mostrando uma dificuldade em identificar os fatores salivares que possam proteger ou intensificar a evolução do processo. Assim, o presente estudo se propôs a analisar as características clínicas, comportamentais e de alguns parâmetros salivares em dois grupos experimentais: pacientes que apresentam lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) (n=20) e um grupo controle (n=20). Foram coletados dados clínicos e comportamentais através de um exame clínico e de uma entrevista, a seguir amostras de saliva estimulada e não-estimulada foram coletadas e analisados: pH, capacidade tampão, fluxo salivar, concentração de proteínas totais, atividade da amilase salivar, concentração de ureia salivar e a concentração dos íons sódio, fósforo, potássio, magnésio e cálcio. A capacidade tampão foi medida pela titulação da saliva com uma solução de HCL 0,01N; o fluxo salivar se deu pela relação entre o volume de saliva e o tempo de coleta (ml/min); as concentrações de proteínas totais, ureia e a atividade da amilase foram determinadas por método colorimétrico; as concentrações dos íons cálcio, fósforo, magnésio, potássio e sódio foram determinadas por espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma acoplado indutivamente (ICP-OES).


Os resultados foram submetidos aos testes Qui-quadrado, teste t e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05). As características relacionadas aos hábitos de higiene dental, dieta ácida, hábitos parafuncionais, presença de distúrbios gástricos, secura bucal e prévio tratamento periodontal, não mostraram relação com a presença de lesões cervicais não cariosas. Os pacientes portadores de LCNCs se queixaram mais de sensibilidade dental (p=0,0014). Foi observado um maior número de lesões cervicais de pequena profundidade (79%), em formato de cunha (72%), apresentando hipersensibilidade dentinária (HD) (86%), localizados nos dentes posteriores (88,18%) e na maxila (66,14%), sendo os pré-molares os dentes mais afetados (56,69%). Os níveis de cálcio na saliva não-estimulada do grupo de pacientes com LCNCs foi significativamente maior em relação ao controle (p=0,041). A concentração de potássio na saliva estimulada foi significativamente maior no grupo controle (p=0,028). As variáveis fluxo salivar, pH, capacidade tampão, concentração de proteínas totais, ureia, amilase, sódio, magnésio e fósforo não mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos. Conclui-se que os fatores comportamentais não interferiram no aparecimento das lesões cervicais não cariosas. As LCNCs são pouco profundas, em formato de cunha, acometem mais dentes superiores e pré-molares e são acompanhadas de HD. As concentrações de cálcio e potássio podem interferir na formação das LCNCs.


Saliva is a biological fluid with an important role in the phenomena that occur in the oral cavity. The effect of salivary composition in loss of tooth structure with no carious origin, such as tooth wear, has been studied. However, there are conflicts in the results presented by studies showing a difficulty in identifying the salivary factors which may protect or intensify the development of tooth wear process. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical, behavioral and some salivary parameters into two groups: patients with non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) (n=20) and a control group (n=20). Clinical and behavioral data were collected through a clinical examination and an interview. Saliva samples stimulated and unstimulated were collected and analyzed: pH, buffer capacity, flow rate, total protein, amylase activity, urea, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium. The buffer capacity was measured by titration of saliva samples using 0.01N HCl solution; flow rate was the relationship between the volume of saliva and the collection time (ml/min); the concentrations of total protein, urea and amylase activity were determined by colorimetric method; concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and sodium were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results were tested to the chi-square test, t-test and Mann-Whitney U test (p<0.05).


The characteristics related to dental hygiene, acidic diet, parafunctional habits, presence of gastric disorders, dry mouth, and previous periodontal treatment did not show relationship to the presence of non-carious cervical lesions. Patients with non-carious cervical lesions complained over tooth sensitivity (p=0.0014). It observed an increased number of cervical lesions small depth (79%), wedge-shaped (72%), with dentin hypersensitivity (86%), located the posterior teeth (88,18%) and maxilla (66,14%), the premolars being the most affected teeth (56,69%). The concentration of calcium in unstimulated saliva of patients with NCCLs was significantly higher compared to control (p=0.041). The concentration of potassium was significantly higher in stimulated saliva in the control group (p=0.028). The results flow rate, pH, buffer capacity, total protein, urea, amylase, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus showed no significant differences between the two groups. It is concluded that behavioral factors do not interfere in the presence of non-carious cervical lesions. The NCCLs are shallow, wedge-shaped, affecting more maxilla and premolars and are accompanied by DH. The calcium and potassium concentrations may interfere with the formation of NCCLs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Erosion/complications , Tooth Erosion/diagnosis , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Neck Injuries/complications , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Saliva/metabolism , Saliva , Dentin Sensitivity/complications , Dentin Sensitivity/diagnosis
4.
Arch. med. interna (Montevideo) ; 36(2): 89-95, jul. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-754156

ABSTRACT

En el manejo agudo del paciente con politrauma se afirma que cualquier individuo que haya sufrido un traumatismo por encima del nivel de las clavículas, debe considerarse que potencialmente tiene un trauma de raquis cervical (TRM). Sin embargo, es claro que menos de un 3% de los mismos tienen un riesgo seguro de tener efectivamente un TRM. En agudo, estos pacientes deben manejarse con inmovilización cervical y luego habrá que decidir a que pacientes solicitar estudios de imagen y que estudio solicitar. Dado que mas del 95% de los estudios radiológicos solicitados a pacientes con potencial TRM son normales, es lógico intentar racionalizar el uso de los mismos, pero manteniendo siempre la seguridad para el paciente. Basados en una extensa revisión bibliográfica los autores proponen un algoritmo de manejo clínico y paraclínico para los pacientes que potencialmente han sufrido un TRM...


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnostic Imaging , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(6): 1478-1482, Dec. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-660213

ABSTRACT

Relatou-se um caso clínico de dermatite multifatorial em cão, envolvendo Demodex canis, Sporothrix schenckii e bactérias dos gêneros Staphylococcus e Streptococcus. O animal, macho, da raça Pit Bull, com um ano e três meses de idade, apresentou lesões úmidas, hiperêmicas, descamativas e ulcerativas nas regiões do pescoço e do tórax. Exames laboratoriais confirmaram o diagnóstico de infecção concomitante por fungo, bactéria e parasito. A terapia antimicrobiana com moxidectina, itraconazol e amoxicilina foi efetiva, com remissão dos sinais clínicos após 30 dias de tratamento. Este relato salienta a importância do diagnóstico de certeza, que foi determinante para estabelecimento da terapêutica adequada e recuperação do animal.


A clinical case of dermatitis multifactorial in a dog was reported, involving Demodex canis, Sporothrix schenckii, and bacteria of the genera Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. The animal, male, Pit Bull, with a year and three months of age had soaked lesions, was hyperemic, scaly and had an ulcer in the neck and chest. Laboratory tests confirmed the diagnosis of concomitant infection by fungi, bacteria and parasites. Antimicrobial therapy with moxidectin, itraconazol and amoxicillin was effective, with remission of clinical signs after 30 days of treatment. This report emphasizes the importance of an accurate diagnosis, which was crucial to establish the correct treatment and recovery of the animal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dermatitis/epidemiology , Dermatitis/therapy , Dermatitis/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Skin Diseases , Infections/veterinary , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/veterinary , Sporothrix , Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/veterinary
6.
Acta odontol. venez ; 50(2)2012. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-676732

ABSTRACT

La abfracción es una lesión por pérdida del tejido duro en la unión amelo cementaría del diente en vestibular o lingual, acompañada generalmente de sensibilidad. El estrés emocional, la acción de fuerzas excéntricas generadas por interferencias oclusales, el bruxismo, pueden ser considerados factores predisponentes; por ello se planteó un estudio observacional descriptivo con componente analítico, el objetivo fue determinar la prevalencia de abfracciones, para luego asociarlas con el estrés emocional en 110 pacientes de 15 a 59 años en edad en la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción y una clínica privada en el año 2008. Para determinar el nivel de estrés emocional se utilizó un cuestionario, Maslach Burnout Inventory, valorado en una escala de alto/moderado, leve y bajo, se utilizó la inspección clínica y el sondeo para diagnosticar la abfracción. Se encontró una prevalencia de abfracción de 44%, de los cuales el 49% correspondió al sexo masculino. El diente más afectado fue el primer premolar inferior izquierdo (9,9%). El 100% de los pacientes presentaban estrés y hubo asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la abfracción y el bruxismo 0,004 p<0,005(F), también con el estado civil de los pacientes 0,001 p<0,005(F) entre los que prevalecían los casados 59%. Un alto porcentaje de pacientes presentaban abfracciones y estrés, pero no hubo asociación estadísticamente significativa p=0,3(F).


Abfraction is a lesion due to hard tissue loss at the cementoenamel junction either on buccal or lingual surface of a tooth, generally accompanied by sensitivity. Emotional estrés, eccentric forces generated by occlusal interferences, bruxism can be considered as predisposing factors, therefore an observational descriptive study with an analytic component was set out in order to determine the prevalence of abfractions and to relate them to emotional estrés in 110 patients ages 15 - 59 at the Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción as well as at a private clinic in 2008. In order to determine emotional estrés, a questionnaire by Maslach Burnout Inventory was used, ranging from high, moderate, mild and low. Clinical checkup and probing were the means to diagnose abfraction. A prevalence of 44% was found, 49% of which were males. The most affected tooth was lower left first premolar (9.9%). 100% presented estrés and there was statistically significant relationship between abfraction and bruxism 0,004 p<0,005(F), also regarding marital status, there was more prevalence among married patients (59%). A high percentage of patients presented both abfraction and estrés, but there was no statistically significant association p=0,3(F).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Bruxism/pathology , Dental Occlusion , Stress, Psychological/pathology , Soft Tissue Injuries/diagnosis , Soft Tissue Injuries/pathology , Neck Injuries/diagnosis
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2012. 75 p. ilus, tab, graf. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-866269

ABSTRACT

As lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) são caracterizadas pela perda de estrutura dental no terço cervical dos dentes, que se origina a partir de mecanismos não relacionados com o processo de cárie. Este trabalho buscou investigar a correlação das LCNCs (severidade e acometimento), com os seguintes fatores: idade, sexo, dieta, hábitos parafuncionais, hábitos de higiene dental, distúrbios gástricos e aspectos oclusais. Foram estudados cinquenta pacientes (36 mulheres e 14 homens), com idades entre 20 e 62 anos (média de 40.9 anos). A avaliação consistiu na aplicação de questionários e exame clínico intraoral. Um índice de desgaste dental foi utilizado para classificação da severidade das LCNCs e do desgaste da borda incisal/face oclusal. Os resultados mostraram que os primeiros pré-molares (20,5%), segundos pré-molares (19,5%), caninos (14%), primeiros molares (13,9%) e segundos molares (11,6%) foram os dentes mais acometidos pelas LCNCs. Foi constatada correlação positiva entre idade e o percentual de dentes acometidos, ou seja, quanto maior a idade do paciente, maior foi o percentual de dentes acometidos com LCNC (p=0,003).


Foi constatado que os pacientes com ingestão diária de alimentos e bebidas ácidas apresentaram relação significante com a severidade das LCNCs (p=0,038) e também apresentaram maior percentual de dentes acometidos pelas LCNCs (p=0,014). Não foi verificada relação significante entre as LCNCs (severidade e percentual de dentes acometidos) com o sexo dos pacientes, número de escovações diárias, apertamento dental, bruxismo, distúrbios gástricos, força durante a escovação e tipo de cerdas da escova. Quanto aos aspectos relacionados à oclusão, foi observada pequena correlação (r=0,079) entre o desgaste cervical e o desgaste da borda incisal/face oclusal. Em nenhum caso foi observada diferença estatística significante da severidade das LCNCs entre dentes que participam ou não do movimento de lateralidade.


Noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) are characterized by loss of tooth structure in the cervical area, and originated by mechanisms unrelated to dental caries process. This study investigated the correlation of NCCL (severity and involvement) with the following factors: age, gender, diet, parafunctional habits, dental hygiene, gastric disorders and occlusal aspects. Fifty patients (36 female and 14 male) aged between 20 and 62 years (mean age of 40.9 years) were evaluated. The evaluation consisted of questionnaires and intraoral clinical examination. A Tooth Wear Index was used to classify the severity of NCCL and wear of the incisal/ occlusal surface. Results indicate that first premolars (20,5%), second premolars (19,5%), canine (14%), first molars (13,9%) and second molars (11,6%) were the teeth most affected by NCCL.


There was correlation between the age of patients and the percentage of teeth affected, meaning that the older the patient, the higher the percentage of teeth affected with NCCL (p=0,003). Patients with daily intake of acidic foods and beverages presented a significant relationship with the severity of NCCL (p=0,038) and also a higher percentage of teeth affected by NCCL (p=0,014). There was no significant relationship between NCCL (severity and percentage of affected teeth) and gender of patients, number of daily brushings, teeth clenching, bruxism, gastric disorders, force applied during toothbrushing and characteristics of the toothbrushes. There was a small correlation (r=0,079) between NCCL and the wear of incisal/occlusal surface. Regarding the severity of NCCL, no significant statistical differences were observed between the teeth involved or not in the lateral excursive movement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bruxism/diagnosis , Dental Enamel , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Pathology, Oral
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 96(10): 687-692, dic. 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-591669

ABSTRACT

This is a revision based in a personal experience of the penetrating wounds of the neck, describing the diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Care , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Penetrating/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Patient Care Team , Reference Standards/prevention & control , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/therapy
9.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 2007 Oct-Dec; 25(4): 191-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114910

ABSTRACT

Although the injuries of child abuse are many and varied, several types of injuries are common to abuse. Many of these injuries are within the scope of dentistry or easily observed by the dental professional in the course of routine dental treatment. The authors present a case of child abuse with multiple bruises. The child had been spanked in the previous night and the morning of the attendance by his mother. This case emphasized that all practitioners should be vigilant when patients present with abnormal injuries which may be the result of abuse and further investigation should be instigated.


Subject(s)
Arm Injuries/diagnosis , Back Injuries/diagnosis , Buttocks/injuries , Child , Child Abuse/diagnosis , Contusions/diagnosis , Dentists , Facial Injuries/diagnosis , Humans , Leg Injuries/diagnosis , Male , Neck Injuries/diagnosis
10.
West Indian med. j ; 56(3): 288-293, Jun. 2007.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-476307

ABSTRACT

Vascular injuries from penetrating trauma to the base of the neck are accompanied by significant morbidity and potential mortality. These injuries require several diagnostic adjuncts in order to facilitate early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Herein reported is the case of a patient who sustained penetrating injury to the thoracic inlet but had a fortuitous anomaly that prevented vascular injury and its attendant complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Subclavian Artery/pathology , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Neck Injuries/etiology
11.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 139-142, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152030

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a patient who developed an unusual combination of central retinal artery occlusion with ophthalmoplegia following spinal surgery in the prone position. METHODS: A 60-year-old man underwent a cervical spinal surgery in the prone position. Soon after recovery he could not open his right eye and had ocular pain due to the general anesthesia. Upon examination, we determined that he had a central retinal artery occlusion with total ophthalmoplegia. RESULTS: Despite medical treatment, optic atrophy was still present at the following examination. Ptosis and the afferent pupillary defect disappeared and ocular motility was recovered, but visual loss persisted until the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: A prolonged prone position during spinal surgery can cause external compression of the eye, causing serious and irreversible injury to the orbital structures. Therefore, if the patient shows postoperative signs of orbital swelling after spinal surgery the condition should be immediately evaluated and treated.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Male , Humans , Visual Acuity , Severity of Illness Index , Retinal Artery Occlusion/complications , Postoperative Complications , Ophthalmoplegia/complications , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Laminectomy/adverse effects , Fundus Oculi , Follow-Up Studies , Fluorescein Angiography , Diagnosis, Differential , Cervical Vertebrae/injuries , Blindness/etiology
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Cir. Plást., (1986) ; 18(3): 27-38, Sept.-Dec. 2003. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-357661

ABSTRACT

Deep burns to the anterior portion of the neck frequently cause significant deformities. The objective of this study is to describe a new surgical procedure for deep cervical burns, which tries to reduce the incidence of cervical retraction and improve the cervicomandibular angleOver 5 years, 24 victims of deep cervical burns were treated surgically with the same technique, which consisted in debriding necrosed tissue, incising the platysma muscle at the laryngeal prominence from one angle to the other of the mandible and grafting with thick skin according to the position of normal skin..The author concluded that this is a simple and safe procedure that provides good functional and esthetical results, is not costly, and prevents retracting sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Burns , Neck Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cervical Vertebrae/injuries , Methods , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
13.
Radiol. bras ; 33(6): 317-325, nov.-dez. 2000. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-309943

ABSTRACT

O espaço carotídeo ocupa situação lateral no pescoço, estendento-se desde a base do crânio até o mediastino superior, atravessando tanto o pescoço supra-hióideo quanto a infra-hióideo. Seu conteúdo inclui as artérias carótidas comum e interna, a veia jugular interna, os linfonodos da cadeia jugular interna, o nervo vago (X) e, na sua porção superior, os nervos glossofaríngeo (IX), espinal acessório (XI) e hipoglosso (XII), que podem ser sede de doenças como anomalias vasculares, processos inflamatório-infecciosos e neoplasias. Os autores, por meio de análise bibliográfica e de estudo iconográfico, procedem à revisão de sua anatomia, relação com os espaços vizinhos, doenças mais freqüentes e métodos de diagnóstico por imagem que permitem sua avaliação, particularmente a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carotid Body/anatomy & histology , Carotid Body/physiopathology , Carotid Body/pathology , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging/methods
15.
An. méd. Asoc. Méd. Hosp. ABC ; 45(1): 6-12, ene.-mar. 2000. tab, ilus, CD-ROM
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-292201

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En los últimos años, el manejo del trauma penetrante de cuello ha sido motivo de controversia. Históricamente, todas estas lesiones se exploraban, por lo que la frecuencia de exploraciones quirúrgicas negativas era muy alta. Durante los últimos cinco años, numerosos informes han apoyado el manejo selectivo de estas lesiones, por implicar una baja morbilidad y menor mortalidad. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad de la exploración física en el manejo de las lesiones penetrantes de cuello. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal y descriptivo en el Hospital Universitario del Valle "Evaristo García", de la ciudad de Santiago de Cali, Colombia, durante los meses de julio y agosto de 1999. Se incluyeron 40 pacientes con trauma penetrante de cuello. A todos se les realizó exploración física, enfocándose en signos y síntomas que sugirieran lesiones del tracto digestivo, vía aérea, sistema vascular y sistema neurológico. La sensibilidad, la especificidad, el valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y el valor predictivo negativo (VPN) de la exploración física fueron evaluados. Resultados: La sensibilidad y la especificidad de la exploración física para el diagnóstico de lesión vascular fueron de 80 y 72 por ciento, respectivamente, con VPP de 33 por ciento y VPN de 75 por ciento. La sensibilidad para lesión esofágica fue del 100 por ciento y la especificidad del 30 por ciento, con VPP de 22 por ciento y VPN de 100 por ciento. Para lesiones de la vía aérea, la exploración física tuvo una sensibilidad del 100 por ciento, especificidad del 40 por ciento, VPP de 70 por ciento y VPN de 100 por ciento. Conclusión: El examen físico es altamente sensible para diagnosticar lesiones de la vía aérea, del tracto digestivo y sistema vascular en el trauma penetrante de cuello. La evaluación clínica continua es indispensable para detectar a tiempo lesions que no se hayan observado en la evaluación inicial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Craniocerebral Trauma , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Head Injuries, Penetrating/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Angiography/statistics & numerical data , Ultrasonics
16.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2000 Jan; 54(1): 14-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-69291

ABSTRACT

In the present paper, a complete case is discussed, that is from the crime upto judgement in the court of law, from the Forensic point of view. The postmortem examination was conducted by the author in which a metallic fragment of size of a mustard seed was found in a incised wound. On chemical analyzers examination, the metal fragment matched with the suspected weapon, in respect of spectrochemical contents. This evidence became an important part in the investigation for conviction of the accused in the court of law. This indicates that when-ever any foreign body, whatever it may be or of whatever size, should not be neglected while examining the injury before death of after death, since it can become an important piece of evidence.


Subject(s)
Autopsy , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnosis , Fatal Outcome , Foreign Bodies/complications , Humans , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Risk Assessment , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis
17.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 10(3): 210-5, 1999. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-274452

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas alineadas y las luxofracturas cervicales están asociadas a un compromiso medular ya establecido o a un daño potencial de la médula. En el manejo agudo del politraumatizado, con un problema de vía aérea y/o un trastorno ventilatorio, se enfatiza la protección cervical en el momento de establecer una vía aérea definitiva (ya sea con intubación oro o naso-traqueal, o por vía quirúrgica), aún cuando no haya evidencias de fractura cervical o de lesión medular. En los casos de una fractura cervical inestable conocida, con o sin lesión medular asociada, en que existe indicación de una fijación quirúrgica, el manejo de la vía aérea y las alternativas para la intubación traqueal son importantes durante el acto anestésico. Se presenta un caso clínico de Luxofractura C5, con lesión medular parcial, sometido a una fijación por una vía anterior. Se analiza el manejo de la vía aérea y las diferentes técnicas de intubación traqueal en estos pacientes, enfatizando el uso de la intubación vigil, mediante fibra óptica, especialmente en los enfermos que están con inmovilización o tracción cervical


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck Injuries/therapy , Airway Obstruction/therapy , Neck Injuries/complications , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/surgery , Optical Fibers , Paresis/etiology , Spinal Cord Injuries/etiology
19.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Fac. Med. Univ. Säo Paulo ; 53(5): 234-41, set.-out. 1998. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-236669

ABSTRACT

Os ferimentos penetrantes da regiao cervical apresentam, ainda nos dias atuais, controversias em relacao a como eles devem ser tratados nos casos em que sua existencia nas estruturas contidas nesse segmento anatomico e duvidosa. A demora na adocao da conduta de exploracao cirurgica pode acarretar sequelas graves na eventualidade de ter ocorrido lesoes esofagicas e/ou traqueais, pois a infeccao, propagando-se pelo mediastino, certamente causara o obito. Este trabalho teve por objetivo identificar e analisar os varios parametros que pudessem sugerir o tratamento mais indicado para pacientes com ferimentos penetrantes da regiao cervical. O estudo foi prospectivo, nao randomizado, e compreendeu 53 vitimas de ferimentos penetrantes da regiao cervical atendidas no Servico de Cirurgia e Emergencia do Hospital das Cinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, no periodo de outubro de 1990 a setembro de 1993...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Child, Preschool , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Trauma Severity Indices , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Clinical Protocols , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagus/injuries , Esophagus , Neck , Prospective Studies , Homeopathic Therapeutic Approaches , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL