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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 56-60, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360702

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the quantitative sensory testing for measuring the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle of individuals with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Thirty female participants were included, aged between 18 and 45 years and with bilateral myofascial trigger points, active and centrally located in the upper trapezius muscle. Two measurements with quantitative sensory testing were performed by each examiner at an interval of 1 week between them. RESULTS: We observed substantial reliability for the intra-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.876 and 0.896) and excellent reliability for the inter-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.917 and 0.954). CONCLUSION: The measurement of the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in individuals with chronic neck pain has acceptable reliability values, supporting the use of the quantitative sensory testing in the research setting and the clinical environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Neck Pain/epidemiology , Trigger Points/physiopathology , Superficial Back Muscles/physiopathology , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/diagnosis , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Chronic Pain , Middle Aged
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369271

ABSTRACT

Objective: Work related musculo skeletal disorders (WMSD) are very common among dental practitioners who use precise hand-wrist motions and prolonged static postures. The aim of this study was to develop an educative ergonomic plan and test its effectiveness in reducing symptoms of musculo-skeletal disorders among dental practitioners. Material and Methods: This study was conducted on a random sample of 50 dental practitioners of both genders (25 male, 25 female) practising for more than 4 years in urban Bengaluru, India and showing symptoms of neck pain, back pain or wrist pain. In the first round of the questionnaire data was collected from all 50 dentists. Next an educative ergonomic plan was developed which included simple exercises and recommendations in the form of do's and don'ts. The study population were asked to follow the guidelines given and perform the exercises given in the poster daily for a period of 3 months. Then, the questions were again asked. The differences in responses during the first stage and second stage were analyzed. Results: The use of the ergonomic plan led to a statistically significant improvement in certain ergonomic practises such as practise of changing their positions during clinical practice, keeping shoulders and arm at correct level while working and keeping instruments within hand reach. There was a statistically significant reduction in pain levels after the use of the ergonomic plan. Conclusion: The ergonomic plan in the form of recommendations and exercises were an effective tool in improving ergonomic practises and reducing the symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders among dental practitioners. (AU)


Objetivo: Distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho (DORT) são muito comuns entre os dentistas que usam movimentos precisos de mão e punho e posturas estáticas prolongadas. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver um plano ergonômico educativo e testar sua eficácia na redução de sintomas de distúrbios osteomusculares em dentistas. Material e Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado em uma amostra aleatória de 50 dentistas de ambos os sexos (25 homens, 25 mulheres) trabalhando há mais de 4 anos na área urbana de Bengaluru, Índia e apresentando sintomas de dor no pescoço, dor nas costas ou dor no punho. Na primeira etapa do questionário foram coletados dados de todos os 50 dentistas. Em seguida, foi desenvolvido um plano ergonômico educativo que incluía exercícios simples e recomendações na forma de fazer e não fazer. Os participantes foram solicitados a seguir as orientações dadas e realizar os exercícios indicados no pôster diariamente por um período de 3 meses. Em seguida, as perguntas foram feitas novamente. Foram analisadas as diferenças nas respostas durante a primeira etapa e a segunda etapa. Resultados: A utilização do plano ergonômico levou a uma melhora estatisticamente significativa em algumas práticas ergonômicas, como a prática de mudar de posição durante o atendimento clínico, manter ombros e braços no nível correto durante o trabalho e manter os instrumentos ao alcance das mãos. Houve redução estatisticamente significativa dos níveis de dor após a utilização do plano ergonômico. Conclusão: O plano ergonômico na forma de recomendações e exercícios foi uma ferramenta eficaz na melhoria das práticas ergonômicas e na redução dos sintomas de distúrbios osteomusculares entre os cirurgiões-dentistas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cumulative Trauma Disorders , Back Pain , Neck Pain , Musculoskeletal Pain , Ergonomics
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(8): 412-417, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358664

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar bajo y el dolor cervical con o sin irradiación son causas muy comunes de consulta a los médicos generalistas en los países desarrollados. La discopatía aguda y el dolor por estenosis del canal espinal son los diagnósticos más frecuentes. La postura tradicional ha sido la de administrar antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) para estas lumbalgias o cervicalgias agudas. Cuando existe irradiación neural por compresión radicular es usual asociar al AINE un corticoide a baja dosis, así como un antineurítico, para lograr un mejor resultado. Con el objeto de documentar la utilidad de esta práctica habitual, efectuamos en 142 pacientes ambulatorios un estudio multicéntrico randomizado que compara la efectividad y la tolerancia de una asociación a dosis fija de diclofenac, betametasona y cianocobalamina administrada por vía oral versus la administración de diclofenac como monofármaco en el tratamiento de la patología dolorosa de la columna lumbar y cervical asociada a compresión neural. La asociación demostró ser más eficaz en controlar el dolor y mejorar la funcionalidad de los pacientes que la administración de diclofenac en forma aislada y se asoció a escasos efectos colaterales, principalmente digestivos


Low back pain and neck pain with or without radiation are very common causes of consultation with general practitioners in developed countries. Acute discopathy and pain due to spinal canal stenosis are the most frequent diagnoses. The traditional approach has been to administer non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for these acute low back or cervical pain. When there is neural radiation due to root compression, it is usual to associate a low-dose corticosteroid with the NSAID, as well as an antineuritic, to achieve a better result. In order to document the usefulness of this routine practice, we conducted a randomized multicenter study in 142 outpatients that compared the effectiveness and tolerance of a fixed-dose combination of diclofenac, betamethasone, and cyanocobalamin administered orally versus the administration of diclofenac as Monopharmaceutical in the treatment of painful pathology of the lumbar and cervical spine associated with neural compression. The association proved to be more effective in controlling pain and improving the functionality of patients than the administration of diclofenac in isolation and was associated with few side effects, mainly digestive


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cats , Spinal Stenosis/therapy , Vitamin B 12/administration & dosage , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Diclofenac/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Neck Pain/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Drug Evaluation
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5215-5222, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345724

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los trastornos del cuello-hombro relacionados con el trabajo son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer el patrón de dolor y discapacidad cervical de trabajadores con pantallas de visualización de datos, así como determinar los factores que predominan en la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor de espalda. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra de 88 trabajadores usuarios de ordenadores de la Consellería de Sanidade (Xunta de Galicia). Los trabajadores respondieron los cuestionarios: "Neck Disability Index", "Escala analógica visual", "12-item Short Form Health Survey" y se realizó un análisis postural. Para el análisis comparativo se realizaron las pruebas T Student y U de Mann-Whitney. Un análisis de regresión logística binaria se utilizó para la extracción de un modelo predictivo de episodio de dolor cervical. El 58% refirieron dolor cervical. No existieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Las variables que mejor predicen la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor son el nivel de discapacidad y la calidad de vida física. Los resultados indican que un trabajador con altos niveles de discapacidad cervical y bajos valores de calidad de vida física, tiene mayor probabilidad de sufrir un episodio de dolor.


Abstract Work-related neck/shoulder disorders are considered an important health issue. This study is aimed at establishing the pain and cervical disability patterns of workers with visual display terminals, as well as at determining the factors that mostly affect the onset of a new episode of back pain. A descriptive, correlational study was carried out on a sample of 88 workers who use visual display terminals, of the Ministry of Health (Xunta de Galicia). The workers completed the following questionnaires: "Neck Disability Index Scale," "Visual Analog Scale," "12-item Short Form Health Survey," and an individual postural analysis was conducted. For the comparative analysis, the Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were performed. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to extract a predictive model of a cervical pain episode, and 58% reported cervical pain. There were no differences between men and women. The variables that best predict the onset of a new episode of pain are the level of disability, and the quality of physical life. Study results indicate that a worker who uses visual display terminals, with high levels of cervical disability and low values of physical quality of life, is more likely to suffer an episode of back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Data Visualization , Pain Measurement , Neck Pain , Disability Evaluation
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 857-861, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346918

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the correlation between tactile acuity, intensity of pain at rest, and movement and functional capacity in individuals with chronic neck pain. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study composed of two groups: individuals with chronic neck pain and individuals without neck pain. Evaluations were performed using the Numerical Rating Pain Scale at rest and movement, Neck Disability Index, and two-point discrimination test. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 100 volunteers, 50 in each group. The groups did not show significant differences (p>0.05) in personal characteristics. It was observed that volunteers with cervical pain presented alterations in tactile care, with a significant and clinical increase in the perceived distance (Median 6.66; 95%CI 6.29-7.02; Cohen's d 7.22; 95%CI 6.15-8.30), and yet, positive, moderate, and significant correlation between two-point discrimination test, intensity of pain at rest and movement, and neck disability index (r=0.778-0.789, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Tactile acuity is associated with pain intensity at rest and movement and functional capacity in individuals with chronic neck pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Touch Perception , Chronic Pain , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neck Pain , Movement
7.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 22-25, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253795

ABSTRACT

Desde la introducción de los teléfonos móviles en los años 80, el crecimiento de su uso ha sido continuo y con una tasa de crecimiento cada vez mayor. Este crecimiento ha generado preocupación a nivel mundial respecto de los efectos que sobre la salud provocan. Uno de ellos tiene que ver con los cambios adaptativos que surgen a nivel de la columna cervical, por la acción de inclinar la cabeza hacia adelante repetidas veces, con el objeto de visualizar la pantalla. Se ha descrito una estrecha relación entre la columna cervical y el completo cráneomandibular, por lo que se espera que los componentes de ambos sistemas tengan la capacidad potencial de influirse de manera recíproca. Se ha demostrado que distintas actitudes posturales derivan en características diversas de oclusión, por lo que una modificación de la posición craneocervical afectaría tanto a la oclusión dentaria de manera particular, como de forma general a la biomecánica mandibular. El propósito de este trabajo es informar sobre los efectos que las posturas inadecuadas que adopta la columna cervical al utilizar teléfonos móviles, pueden provocar a nivel del sistema estomatognático (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Posture , Posture/physiology , Stomatognathic System , Cervical Vertebrae/physiopathology , Neck Pain/etiology , Dental Occlusion
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteopathic Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Manipulation, Osteopathic/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/methods
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(1): 135-144, Fev. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253110

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A postura anterior da cabeça é considerada o desequilíbrio postural musculoesquelético mais comum, causando protrusão da cabeça anterior ao tronco. Os órgãos internos são interconectados e fixados posteriormente à coluna por meio das membranas de suporte. A tensão nessas membranas de suporte pode ainda causar restrições mecânicas, afetando a mobilidade do órgão visceral e a estrutura musculoesquelética associada em um mecanismo de mão dupla. OBJETIVO: Explorar o efeito da manipulação visceral específica de órgão na postura, incapacidade, força e dor em indivíduos com dor cervical crônica inespecífica. De acordo com a hipótese deste estudo, a manipulação visceral tem como objetivo explorar o efeito da manipulação da fáscia específica do órgão na postura, incapacidade, força e dor em indivíduos com dor cervical crônica inespecífica. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: cinco indivíduos com dor cervical inespecífica crônica com postura anterior da cabeça foram recrutados usando o método de amostragem de conveniência. Este estudo foi conduzido em um departamento de Fisioterapia de um hospital multi-especializado reconhecido, Mohali. Os indivíduos foram encaminhados após o diagnóstico de dor cervical crônica dos departamentos. Uma única sessão de manipulação visceral placebo foi administrada na primeira semana, seguida de uma única sessão de manipulação visceral da cúpula pleural e ligamentos pericárdicos na segunda semana. Aplicação móvel de tela de postura (postura), unidade de biofeedback de pressão (ativação muscular), Índice de Incapacidade Pescoço e Escalas Visuais Analógicas foram utilizados para medir os resultados pré e pós. RESULTADO: a comparação entre os grupos do desfecho mostrou diferença estatisticamente significativa na EAV (p = 0,001), aplicação da triagem postural (p = 0,02) e NDI (p = 0,07). Não foram observadas mudanças significativas no desfecho força. CONCLUSÃO: Sessão única de manipulação visceral da cúpula pleural e ligamentos pericárdicos pode se beneficiar na melhora da postura anterior da cabeça, incapacidade cervical e redução da dor.


INTRODUCTION: Forward head posture is considered to be the most common musculoskeletal postural imbalance causing protrusion of head anterior to trunk. Internal organs are interconnected and attached posteriorly to the spine through the support membranes. Tension in these support membranes may further cause mechanical restrictions, thereby affecting the mobility of the visceral organ and associated musculoskeletal structure in a two-way mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of organ-specific visceral manipulation on posture, disability, strength, and pain in subjects with chronic non-specific neck pain. According to this study hypothesis visceral manipulation aim to explore the effect of organ-specific fascia manipulation on posture, disability, strength, and pain in subjects with chronic non-specific neck pain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Five subjects with chronic non-specific neck pain with forwarding head posture were recruited using a convenience sampling method. This study was conducted in a Physiotherapy department of a recognized multispecialty hospital, Mohali. Subjects were referred after diagnosis from chronic neck pain from the departments. A single session of placebo visceral manipulation was administered in the first week, followed by a single session of visceral manipulation of the pleural dome and pericardial ligaments in the second week. Posture screen mobile application (posture), Pressure biofeedback unit (muscular activation), Neck Disability Index, and Visual Analog Scales were used to measure the pre and post outcomes. RESULT: Between-group comparison of the outcome showed a statistically significant difference in the VAS (p=0.001), Posture screening application (p=0.02), and NDI (p=0.07). No significant changes were observed in the strength outcome. CONCLUSION: Single session of visceral manipulation for the pleural dome and pericardial ligaments may benefit in improving the forward head posture, neck disability and reducing the pain.


Subject(s)
Chronic Pain , Neck Pain , Ligaments
10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 38-45, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a major public health problem. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of neck pain among high school students and to analyze associations with sociodemographic variables, use of electronic devices, habitual physical activity practices and mental health problems. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional epidemiological study on a sample of high school students in the city of Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: Participants were selected through cluster sampling in two stages and data were collected via face-to-face interviews. Data collection comprised the following steps: 1. sociodemographic characteristics; 2. use of electronic devices; 3. habitual physical activity levels; 3. mental health; and 4. neck pain. RESULTS: A total of 1,628 participants were interviewed. The prevalence of neck pain was 49.1% (95% confidence interval, CI 46.7 to 51.5), with 40.4% (95% CI 37.0 to 43.7) in men and 57.5% (95% CI 54.2 to 60.9) in women. The variables associated with in neck pain were: female (prevalence ratio, PR = 2.04), use of cell phone in standing posture (PR = 1.47), use of tablet in sitting posture (PR = 1.72), length of computer use greater than 3 hours/day (PR = 1.54), length of cell phone use greater than 3 hours/day (PR = 1.54), length of tablet use greater than 3 hours/ day (PR = 1.34) and mental health problems (PR = 1.56). CONCLUSION: There is high prevalence of neck pain among students and striking associations with female sex, use of electronic devices and mental health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students , Neck Pain/epidemiology , Schools , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between the curvature of the cervical spine and the degree of cervical disc bulging in young patients with cervical pain.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 539 young patients with neck pain from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 251 males and 288 females, aged 18 to 40 (32.2±6.3) years old. The cervical curvature and cervical disc bulging were measured by cervical X-ray and MRI. According to cervical curvature, the patients were divided into 175 cases of cervical lordosis group (cervical curvature > 7 mm), 163 cases of cervical erection group (0

Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Male , Neck Pain/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142107

ABSTRACT

La tendinitis calcificante del músculo largo del cuello es una patología subdiagnsoticada, de baja frecuencia, autolimitada. Se presenta clínicamente como una de las causas de odinofagia en la consulta médica. Se produce debido al depósito de cristales de hidroxiapatita en espacio retrofaríngeo, desencadenándose una respuesta inflamatoria local. En la TMLC el principal diagnóstico diferencial es el absceso retrofaríngeo, ya que puede presentarse clínicamente con odinofagia, disfagia , disminución de la movilidad del cuello y cervicalgia. En nuestro trabajo se analiza un caso clínico sobre dicha patología, en un hombre de 45 años; realizando un análisis de la sintomatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta entidad.


Calcific tendinitis of the long neck muscle is an underdiagnosed, low frequency, self-limited pathology. It is clinically presented as one of the causes of odynophagia in the medical consultation. It occurs due to the deposit of hydroxyapatite crystals in the retropharyngeal space, triggering a local inflammatory response. On This patholgy, the main differential diagnosis is retropharyngeal abscess, since it can present clinically with odynophagia, dysphagia, decreased mobility of the neck, and neck pain. In our work, a clinical case of this pathology is analyzed, in a 45-year-old man; performing an analysis of the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this entity.


A tendinite calcificante do músculo longo do pescoço é uma patologia subdiagnsoticada, de baixa frequência, autolimitada. Apresenta-se clinicamente como uma das causas de odinofagia na consulta médica. Ocorre devido ao depósito de cristais de hidroxiapatita em espaço retrofaríngeo, desencadeando-se uma resposta inflamatória local. Na TMLC o principal diagnóstico diferencial é o abscesso retrofaríngeo, já que pode apresentar-se clinicamente com odinofagia, disfagia , diminuição da mobilidade do pescoço e cervicalgia. Em nosso trabalho analisa-se um caso clínico sobre essa patologia, em um homem de 45 anos; realizando uma análise da sintomatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento desta entidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Atlas/pathology , Axis, Cervical Vertebra/pathology , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Tendinopathy/drug therapy , Tendinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Neck Muscles/pathology , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Neck Pain/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Analgesics/therapeutic use
13.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 52-57, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to discuss the three main surgical techniques currently applied in the treatment of degenerative cervical discopathy and their repercussions on patient quality of life. We considered the impact of the surgical techniques applied to the quality of life of 24 patients who underwent surgery during the period from 2010 to 2017 using the Oswestry and SF-36 scales. With the application of the questionnaires we observed, through the applicability and analysis of the quality of life results indicated in the questionnaires, that pain improvement and a reduction in work and daily activity disability were more effective with cervical arthroplasty. We concluded that with the individualization of surgical treatment, that is, through the choice of the surgical technique most appropriate for the clinical condition, the postoperative recovery and consequently the quality of life of the patient are enhanced. Level of evidence IV; Descriptive study.


RESUMO A presente pesquisa pretende discutir as três principais técnicas cirúrgicas aplicadas atualmente no tratamento da discopatia degenerativa cervical e a sua repercussão na qualidade de vida do paciente. Considerou-se o impacto das técnicas cirúrgicas aplicadas na qualidade de vida de 24 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia no período de 2010 a 2017, através da escala de Oswestry e do SF-36. Com a aplicação do estudo pudemos observar que através da aplicabilidade e análise dos resultados apontados nos questionários de qualidade de vida, a melhora da dor e a diminuição da incapacidade laboral e diária foram mais eficazes na artroplastia cervical. Concluiu-se que com a individualização do tratamento cirúrgico, ou seja, através da escolha da técnica cirúrgica mais apropriada ao quadro clínico, potencializa-se a recuperação pós-operatória e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida do paciente. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo Descritivo.


RESUMEN La presente investigación pretende discutir las tres principales técnicas quirúrgicas aplicadas actualmente en el tratamiento de la discopatía degenerativa cervical y su repercusión en la calidad de vida del paciente. Se consideró el impacto de las técnicas quirúrgicas aplicadas en la calidad de vida de 24 pacientes sometidos a cirugía en el período de 2010 a 2017, a través de la escala de Oswestry y del SF-36. Con la aplicación del estudio pudimos observar que a través de la aplicabilidad y análisis de los resultados apuntados en los cuestionarios de calidad de vida, la mejora del dolor y la disminución de la incapacidad laboral y diaria fueron más eficaces en la artroplastia cervical. Se concluyó que, con la individualización del tratamiento quirúrgico, o sea, a través de la elección de la técnica quirúrgica más apropiada al cuadro clínico, se potencializa la recuperación postoperatoria y, consiguientemente, la calidad de vida del paciente. Nivel de evidencia IV; Estudio descriptivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , General Surgery , Neck Pain , Spondylosis , Intervertebral Disc
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876441

ABSTRACT

@#Objective: This study aims to investigate which, if any head and neck symptoms (trismus, dysphagia, alterations in speech or facial movements, and dyspnea) might be good predictors of outcomes (mortality, tracheostomy, discharged, decannulated) and prognosis of tetanus patients. Methods: Design: Retrospective Cohort Study Setting: Tertiary National University Hospital Patients: Seventy-three (73) pediatric and adult patients diagnosed with tetanus and admitted at the emergency room of the Philippine General Hospital between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017. Demographic characteristics, incubation periods, periods of onset, routes of entry, head and neck symptoms, stage, and outcomes were retrieved from medical records and analyzed. Results: Of the 73 patients included, 53 (73%) were adults, while the remaining 20 (27%) were pediatric. The three most common head and neck symptoms were trismus (48; 66%), neck pain/ rigidity (35; 48%), and dysphagia to solids (31; 42%). Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only trismus (OR = 3.742, p = .015) and neck pain/ rigidity (OR = 4.135, p = .015) were significant predictors of decannulation. No dependent variable/symptoms had a significant effect in predicting discharge and mortality. Conclusion: Clinically diagnosed tetanus can be easily recognized and immediately treated. Most of the early complaints are head and neck symptoms that can help in early diagnosis and treatment resulting in better prognosis. In particular, trismus and neck pain/rigidity may predict the outcome of decannulation after early tracheotomy, but not of discharge and mortality.


Subject(s)
Tracheotomy , Tetanus , Trismus , Neck Pain , Muscle Rigidity
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis (CS) is a chronic pain condition, with an increasingly high incidence in the general population. Electroacupuncture is a common analgesic modality that has been widely applied in neck pain treatment. However, current electroacupuncture instruments used in the clinic have low intelligence levels and obscure parameter standards. We here designed this study for assessing the effect and safety of a new, intelligent electroacupuncture instrument, the CX-DZ-II, in treating neck pain.@*METHODS@#The present study is a prospective, two-center, randomized, controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial for CX-DZ-II on treating neck pain caused by CS. Totally 160 eligible patients will be included in this trial and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group in a 1:1 ratio. A semi-standard acupoint selection strategy will be employed. In the experimental group, selected acupoints will be stimulated by CX-DZ-II. Electroacupuncture treatment will be accomplished by a pre-existing electroacupuncture instrument in the control group. The duration of treatment will be 2 weeks. The primary outcome is the change of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score after one course of treatment. The secondary outcomes include the VAS scores after each treatment, the responder rate, drug-usage rate of non-steroidal antipyretic analgesics, the rate of adverse events occurrence, and the performance of instrument.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will evaluate the effect and safety of the CX-DZ-II intelligent electroacupuncture therapeutic instrument in comparison with a pre-existing non-intelligent instrument in the treatment of neck pain caused by CS. The results will hopefully demonstrate a more optimal electroacupuncture instrument for the treatment of neck pain. (Trial registration No. gov NCT03005301).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Equivalence Trials as Topic , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Neck Pain , Therapeutics , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Spondylosis , Therapeutics , Young Adult
17.
Salud colect ; 16: e2307, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139514

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la prevalencia del dolor cervical y los factores asociados entre agricultores que producen tabaco. Se realizó un estudio transversal en el que participaron 2.469 agricultores que producen tabaco en el sur de Brasil. Para la caracterización del dolor cervical se utilizó una adaptación del cuestionario nórdico para síntomas musculoesqueléticos. El análisis multivariante se realizó mediante la regresión de Poisson, siguiendo un modelo teórico jerárquico. La prevalencia del dolor cervical en el año previo entre la población estudiada fue del 7,4%. Las variables que se asociaron con el dolor cervical entre las mujeres trabajadoras fueron la edad, el consumo de tabaco, el enfardado del tabaco, el uso de motosierras pesadas, trabajar en un ritmo intenso o acelerado y la enfermedad del tabaco verde, mientras que, entre los varones, fueron la edad, el uso de motosierras pesadas, el trabajo sentado en el suelo, la intoxicación por plaguicidas y la enfermedad del tabaco verde. El estudio refuerza la importancia de las cargas de trabajo ergonómicas y fisiológicas en la determinación del dolor cervical. Se necesitan estudios futuros para comprender el papel de la exposición a los plaguicidas y a la nicotina en los problemas musculoesqueléticos. La mecanización de la cosecha del tabaco podría reducir la exposición ergonómica y química, mejorando así la salud de los agricultores.


ABSTRACT This study aims to assess neck pain prevalence and associated factors among tobacco farm workers. This is a cross-sectional study of 2,469 tobacco farm workers in southern Brazil. An adapted version of the Nordic Questionnaire of Musculoskeletal Symptoms was used to characterize neck pain. Multivariate analysis was performed using Poisson regression, following a hierarchical theoretical model. Neck pain prevalence in the last year among the population studied was 7.4%. Worker age, tobacco smoking, tobacco bundling, use of heavy chainsaws, working at an intense or accelerated pace and green tobacco sickness were variables associated with neck pain in females. Among males, age, use of heavy chainsaws, working in a sitting position on the ground, pesticide poisoning, and green tobacco sickness were associated with the outcome. The study reinforces the importance of ergonomic and physiological workloads in the determination of neck pain. Future studies are needed to understand the role of pesticides and nicotine exposures on musculoskeletal problems. The mechanization of tobacco harvesting could reduce ergonomic and chemical exposure, thereby improving farmers' health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pesticides , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/diagnosis , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/etiology , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/epidemiology , Tobacco , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Neck Pain/etiology , Neck Pain/epidemiology , Farmers
19.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; dez. 3, 2019. 34 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118203

ABSTRACT

O yoga caracteriza-se como uma prática integrativa de origem oriental que combina posições corporais, técnicas de respiração, meditação e relaxamento. É indicada no tratamento de sistemas musculoesquelético, endócrino, respiratório, além de outros agravos à saúde, e estimula as funções cognitivas. Qual a eficácia/efetividade e a segurança do yoga para tratamento da dor aguda ou crônica em população adulta? As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Pubmed, HSE-Health Systems Evidence, Epistemonikos, Portal Regional da BVS, HE-Health Evidence e Embase, em 27 de setembro de2019. Foram incluídas revisões sistemáticas (RS), com ou sem metanálises, publicadas em inglês, espanhol e português, e que que avaliavam o yoga no tratamento de dor crônica e aguda na população adulta e/ou idosa. Não houve restrição em relação ao ano de publicação. As estratégias de busca foram utilizadas com base na combinação de palavras-chave estruturadas a partir do acrônimo PICOS, usando os termos MeSH no Pubmed e DeCS na BVS, adaptando-os ao HSE, Epistemonikos, HE e Embase. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas selecionadas foi avaliada segundo a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews(AMSTAR 2). De 693 artigos identificados, dez revisões sistemáticas foram selecionadas, oito delas com meta-análises. Com relação à qualidade metodológica, três revisões foram consideradas de qualidade moderada, duas de baixa qualidade e cinco de qualidade criticamente baixa. Na lombalgia crônica, a prática de yoga, quando comparada a atividades passivas, cuidado habitual, educação, atendimento médico padrão, controle de atenção, lista de espera, sem exercícios físicos, mostrou ser eficaz na diminuição da dor em curto, médio e longo prazos. Os resultados são mais consistentes com relação aos efeitos em curto e médio prazos. Na comparação de yoga com exercícios físicos as evidências resultam de poucos estudos e são controversas, mostrando benefício em curto e médio prazos no controle de lombalgia ou diferenças estatisticamente não significantes. Yoga, em comparação a intervenções passivas, sem exercícios físicos, mostrou ser benéfico também para melhorar quadros de incapacidade específica relacionada à lombalgia, em curto, médio e longo prazos. Além disso, houve melhora clínica dos casos de lombalgia a favor de yoga em curto e médio prazos. Na dor cervical crônica, as revisões mostraram evidências de efeitos benéficos de yoga para redução da dor quando comparado a cuidados habituais ou exercícios, entretanto não houve diferença com pilates ou medicina complementar e alternativa Da mesma forma, yoga mostrou-se superior a cuidados habituais e exercícios na redução da incapacidade relacionada dor cervical. A qualidade de vida e o humor melhoraram com yoga em relação a cuidados habituais. Yoga parece trazer benefícios também para pessoas com quadros de dor relacionados a osteoartrite e artrite reumatoide, fibromialgia, síndromes do túnel do carpo e do intestino irritável. No entanto, os resultados são menos consistentes. Com relação à segurança da prática de yoga, as evidências mostraram eventos adversos em geral sem gravidade. E quando comparado a exercícios não houve diferença no relato de eventos adversos. As revisões sistemáticas apresentaram resultados favoráveis à prática de yoga em relação aos cuidados habituais, particularmente nos casos de dor lombar e cervical. Há menos evidências acerca da superioridade do yoga em comparação a intervenções ativas. Em outras situações estudadas, como a dor associada a fibromialgia, osteoartrite, artrite reumatoide, síndromes do túnel do carpo e do intestino irritável, as evidências são menos consistentes. É importante ressaltar que as revisões sistemáticas incluídas nesta revisão rápida foram consideradas de baixa confiança na avaliação com a ferramenta AMSTAR 2. Além disso, os resultados têm como base estudos primários com amostras pequenas, com heterogeneidade na aplicação das intervenções, e considerável risco de viés. Isso remete à necessidade de se realizar ensaios clínicos, bem como revisões sistemáticas, com melhor qualidade metodológica


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Yoga , Acute Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy
20.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 450-457, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041368

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To propose and analyze the test-retest reliability of an instrument to verify the presence and intensity of pain in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine in Brazilian young people. Methods: This reliability study enrolled a sample of 458 participants (13 to 20 years). Two groups were formed for each sex according to the range of days for the test-retest (10±3 and 28±2 days). For analysis of spinal pain, a drawing of the human body with cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine areas delimited was presented. The following question was presented: during a normal day, do you feel pain in any of these regions of your spine? If so, what is the intensity from 0 to 10 (mark on the line)? The starting point, with the number 0, corresponded to no pain, and the number 10 to severe pain. The agreement of frequency and of intensity of pain was verified by Kappa test and Bland-Altman plot, respectively. Results: Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.71 (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI - 0.59-0.79) to 0.94 (95%CI 0.90-0.96). The results concerning the agreement of pain scores showed the mean differences to be close to 0, and the largest mean difference was -0.40 (95%CI -5.14-4.34). The agreement in reported pain ranged from 72.2 (Kappa 0.43; 95%CI 0.28-0.58) to 90.1% (Kappa 0.76; 95%CI 0.60-0.92). Conclusions: This instrument was shown to be a reliable manner to verify the pain in different regions of the spine in Brazilian young people.


RESUMO Objetivo: Propor e analisar a reprodutibilidade de um instrumento para verificar a presença e a intensidade da dor na coluna cervical, torácica e lombar em jovens brasileiros. Métodos: Estudo de reprodutibilidade com uma amostra de 458 participantes (13 a 20 anos). Dois grupos foram formados para cada sexo de acordo com o intervalo de dias entre teste e reteste (10±3 e 28±2 dias). Para a análise da dor na coluna, foi apresentada a figura de um corpo humano com as áreas da coluna cervical, torácica e lombar delimitadas. A seguinte pergunta foi realizada: durante um dia comum, você sente dor em alguma dessas regiões da coluna? Se sim, qual é a intensidade de 0 a 10 (marque um traço)? A extremidade com o número 0 correspondia à ausência de dor e o número 10, à dor muito intensa. A concordância na frequência e intensidade da dor foi verificada por meio do teste Kappa e da plotagem de Bland-Altman, respectivamente. Resultados: Os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse variaram de 0,71 (intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% - 0,59-0,79) a 0,94 (IC95% 0,90-0,96). Os resultados relativos à concordância no escore de dor mostraram que as diferenças médias foram próximas de 0 e a maior diferença média foi de -0,40 (IC95% -5,14-4,34). A concordância no relato de dor variou de 72,2 (Kappa 0,43; IC95% 0,28-0,58) a 90,1% (Kappa 0,76; IC95% 0,60-0,92). Conclusões: O instrumento demonstrou ser uma forma reprodutível de verificar a dor em diferentes regiões da coluna vertebral em jovens brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Pain Measurement/methods , Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Spine , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results
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