Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 6.964
Filter
1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 393-400, junio 14, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378693

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trauma cervical penetrante es una entidad poco frecuente, con tendencia al alza, de considerable morbimortalidad. Es fundamental conocer su manejo por cirujanos en entrenamiento, quienes en su mayoría son comúnmente los proveedores del tratamiento en las áreas de urgencias. El objetivo de este estudio fue demostrar la experiencia de un centro de trauma en México en el tratamiento de trauma cervical penetrante administrado por cirujanos en entrenamiento. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con diagnóstico de trauma cervical penetrante sometidos a exploración cervical entre los años 2014 y 2019. Se identificaron 110 expedientes, se excluyeron 26 por falta de datos indispensables para la investigación y se analizaron los datos de 84 pacientes. Resultados. El 96,4 % de los pacientes fueron hombres, la mayoría entre 16 y 50 años (83,3 %) y la zona anatómica II fue la más comúnmente lesionada (65,4 %). Las etiologías más frecuentes fueron heridas por arma cortopunzante (67,9 %) y heridas por proyectil de arma de fuego (25 %). El 95 % de los procedimientos fueron realizados por residentes de cuarto y quinto año. La mediana de días de estancia hospitalaria fue de 2 días. La incidencia de complicaciones fue de 9,5 % y la mortalidad de 1,2 %. Conclusiones. Los cirujanos generales en etapa de formación entrenados en centros de trauma tienen la capacidad de tratar de forma óptima el trauma cervical penetrante sin modificación de las tasas de morbimortalidad descritas en la literatura internacional.


Introduction. Penetrating cervical trauma is a rare entity, with an upward trend, of considerable morbidity and mortality. It is essential to acknowledge its management by surgeons in training, who are usually the providers in the emergency areas. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the experience of a trauma center in Mexico in the treatment of penetrating cervical trauma by surgeons in training. Methods. This was a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with penetrating cervical trauma who underwent cervical examination between 2014 and 2019; 110 records were identified, 26 were excluded due to lack of essential data for the analysis, and the data of 84 patients were included. Results. 96.4% of the patients were men, the majority between 16 and 50 years old (83.3%) and the anatomic zone II was the most frequently injured (65.4%). The most common etiologies were stab wounds (67.9%) and gunshot wounds (25%). Ninety five percent of the procedures were performed by fourth- and fifth-year residents. The median number of days of hospital stay was 2 (2-4) days. The incidence of complications was 9.5% and mortality in 1.2%. Conclusions. General surgeons in the trauma training stage can optimally treat penetrating cervical trauma with the same morbidity and mortality rates described in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Trauma Centers , Wounds and Injuries , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mortality , Education, Medical, Graduate , Neck
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 499-504, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378846

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trauma penetrante de cuello representa un evento desafortunado de baja incidencia y alta complejidad diagnóstica y terapéutica, lo que supone un reto para el cirujano general.Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 20 años de edad, quien sufrió una herida cervical por proyectil de arma de fuego, desarrollando de forma secundaria una lesión aerodigestiva. Se realizó un tratamiento expectante en un hospital de alta complejidad, con una evolución favorable. Discusión. En la literatura existe un claro debate en cuanto al manejo de las lesiones penetrantes en cuello y la sospecha de lesión orgánica oculta. En nuestro paciente la lesión aerodigestiva fue tratada mediante observación y seguimiento clínico. Conclusiones. El manejo de un paciente con lesión aerodigestiva se puede corroborar mediante las imágenes diagnósticas y se puede tratar de forma expectante con un resultado exitoso, sin agregar morbilidad y con un impacto adecuado en el buen uso de los recursos disponibles


Introduction. Penetrating neck trauma represents an unfortunate event with a low incidence and high diagnostic and therapeutic complexity, which represents a challenge for the general surgeon. Clinical case. A 20-year-old female patient, who suffered a cervical wound from a firearm projectile, secondarily developing an aerodigestive lesion. An expectant treatment was carried out in a high complexity hospital, with a favorable evolution.Discussion. In the literature there is a clear debate regarding the management of penetrating neck injuries and suspected occult organic injury. In our patient, the aerodigestive injury was treated by observation and clinical follow-up.Conclusions. The management of a patient with aerodigestive injury can be corroborated by diagnostic images and can be treated expectantly with a successful result, without adding morbidity and with an adequate impact on the proper use of available resources


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Gunshot , Neck , Therapeutics , Wounds and Injuries , Observation , Diagnosis
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 174-185, Jan.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The practice of digestive endoscopy is a physically demanding activity, with musculoskeletal disorders present in 39 % to 89 % of endoscopists, associated with "excessive use" maneuvers. Due to a lack of knowledge of this problem in endoscopists in Colombia, the main objective is to determine the prevalence, types, and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders in specialists and graduate students. The secondary objective is to identify the occupational impact, treatments used, and importance of prevention and education in ergonomics. Materials and methods: Analytical cross-sectional observational study. Electronic survey methodology, open from June 1 to 30, 2021. Purposive sampling of 450 endoscopists from four scientific associations and eleven graduate programs, including 50 questions in six groups according to the objectives. We validated 203 responses, with 131 confirmations of musculoskeletal disorders, the group on which the analysis was performed. Results: Global prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of 64.5 % and prevalence in graduate students of 58.6 %. There was more significant involvement of the upper limbs (right shoulder, left thumb, right elbow), followed by lower back, neck, knees, and hips. Graduate students reported pain in the right hand/fingers (right thumb) and the lower back. There was no significant difference due to work factors, but there was a tendency for more reports when increasing the volume of procedures and years of professional practice. The labor impact showed 78 % absenteeism. The most used treatments were medication, physiotherapy, and rest; 93.8 % had not received ergonomic education. However, there is a positive perception (74.1 % to 90.9 %) of receiving formal training. Discussion: The prevalence reflected the health and safety problem for the endoscopist. Demographic risk factors plus those of the endoscopic practice give rise to an individualized risk framework that enables endoscopists to understand learning and training as a way to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in themselves and their work team.


Resumen Introducción: la práctica de la endoscopia digestiva es una actividad físicamente exigente, con trastornos musculoesqueléticos presentes en el 39 % a 89 %, asociados con maniobras de "uso excesivo". Debido al desconocimiento de este problema en endoscopistas de Colombia, el objetivo principal fue determinar la prevalencia, tipos y factores de riesgo del trastorno musculoesquelético en especialistas y estudiantes de posgrado. El objetivo secundario fue identificar el impacto laboral, los tratamientos utilizados y la importancia atribuida a la prevención y educación en ergonomía. Metodología: estudio observacional de corte transversal analítico. Metodología de encuesta electrónica, abierta del 1 al 30 de junio de 2021. Muestreo intencionado a 450 endoscopistas de 4 asociaciones científicas y 11 programas de posgrado, en el que se incluyeron 50 preguntas en 6 grupos según los objetivos. Se validaron 203 respuestas, con 131 confirmaciones de trastornos musculoesqueléticos, grupo al cual se le realizó el análisis. Resultados: prevalencia global de trastornos musculoesqueléticos de 64,5 % y prevalencia en estudiantes de posgrado de 58,6 %. Hubo mayor afectación de miembros superiores (hombro derecho, pulgar izquierdo, codo derecho); luego, en la espalda baja y cuello; y en las rodillas y caderas. En estudiantes de posgrado se registró dolor en la mano-dedos derechos (pulgar derecho) y en la espalda baja. No hubo diferencia significativa por aspectos laborales, pero hubo tendencia a un mayor reporte al aumentar el volumen de procedimientos y años de práctica profesional. El impacto laboral mostró 78 % de ausentismo laboral. Los tratamientos más empleados fueron medicamentos, fisioterapia y reposo. El 93,8 % no había recibido capacitación ergonómica y hay percepción positiva (74,1 % a 90,9 %) de recibir una didáctica formal. Discusión: la prevalencia evidenció el problema de salud y seguridad para el endoscopista. Los factores de riesgo demográficos más los propios de la práctica endoscópica generan un marco de riesgo individualizado que le permite al endoscopista entender el aprendizaje y la capacitación para prevenir trastornos musculoesqueléticos en sí mismo y su equipo de trabajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk , Risk Factors , Endoscopy , Fingers , Ergonomics , Occupational Groups , Pain , Specialization , Therapeutics , Thumb , Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Absenteeism , Equipment and Supplies , Hand , Neck
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 839-850, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385657

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Several studies have shown beneficial effects of platelet-rich plasma. However, there are very few studies investigating the effectiveness of PRP in the neck region. We aimed to assess the efficacy of PRP injection for neck rejuvenation in females aged 40-55. Fifty-two female consecutive participants had PRP injected and roller applied in three sessions at 3-week intervals. Evaluations were blindly performed by comparing the improvements from the pre- to post-application assessments of anatomical measurements of the neck area based on before and after photography of the participants by two anatomists and three medical aesthetic doctors. The Fitzpatrick Skin Scale, Fitzpatrick Goldman Scale, Wrinkle Assessment Scale (Dedo classification system) and patient satisfaction scale were used for assessment. Additionally, skin stiffness and elasticity, cervicomental angle and jawline angle measurements were performed to analyze anatomical changes in the neck area. The study enrolled 52 volunteers with a mean age of 48.60±5.35 years, mean body weight of 63.21±8.43 kg and mean height of 163.25±4.56 cm. Significant differences were found in the elasticity, jawline angle, cervicomental angle, wrinkling, elasticity G and patient satisfaction scores before and after the treatment. When the results of anatomical parameters and scales are compared, it was revealed that PRP is effective in neck rejuvenation.


RESUMEN: Varios investigaciones han demostrado los efectos beneficiosos del plasma rico en plaquetas. Sin embargo, existen muy pocos estudios que investiguen la efectividad del PRP en la región del cuello. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia de la inyección de PRP para el rejuvenecimiento del cuello en mujeres de 40 a 55 años. A cincuenta y dos mujeres participantes consecutivas se les inyectó PRP y se les aplicó rodillo en tres sesiones a intervalos de 3 semanas. Las evaluaciones se realizaron a ciegas comparando las mejoras de las evaluaciones previas y posteriores a la aplicación de las medidas anatómicas del área del cuello basadas en fotografías de antes y después de los participantes realizadas por dos anatomistas y tres médicos especialistas en cirugía estética. Para la evaluación se utilizaron la escala de piel de Fitzpatrick, la escala de Fitzpatrick Goldman, la escala de evaluación de arrugas (sistema de clasificación Dedo) y la escala de satisfacción del paciente. Además, se realizaron mediciones de rigidez y elasticidad de la piel, ángulo cervicomentoniano y ángulo de la línea de la mandíbula, para analizar los cambios anatómicos en el área del cuello. El estudio inscribió a 52 voluntarios con una edad media de 48,60±5,35 años, un peso corporal medio de 63,21±8,43 kg y una altura media de 163,25±4,56 cm. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en las puntuaciones de elasticidad, ángulo mandibular, ángulo cervicomentoniano, arrugas, elasticidad G y satisfacción del paciente antes y después del tratamiento. Cuando se compararon los resultados de los parámetros anatómicos y las escalas, se reveló que el PRP es eficaz en el rejuvenecimiento del cuello.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rejuvenation , Elasticity , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Neck , Skin Aging
5.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 103-109, 20220520. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379471

ABSTRACT

La COVID-19 es la enfermedad causada por el nuevo coronavirus conocido como SARS-CoV-2. Para finales del 2020, la FDA de los Estados Unidos aprobó la primera vacuna para su uso de emergencia contra el COVID-19, desarrollada por Pfizer y BioNTech (BNT162b2). Este nuevo tipo de vacuna utiliza ARN mensajero modificado, el cual le da instrucciones al organismo para generar un fragmento de la proteína espiga de la superficie del virus, y que por sí sola desencadena una respuesta inmunitaria que ayuda a proteger el organismo contra una infección por COVID-19. Dentro de los eventos adversos menos comunes reportados en los estudios clínicos iniciales está la linfadenopatía (0.3 %). Objetivo: reportar el caso de paciente masculino que acude a evaluación sonográfica por preocupación de nódulo palpable en región supraclavicular. Resultados: a la evaluación sonográfica se observa cadena ganglionar reactiva compatible con una linfadenopatía. Paciente reporta vacunación de refuerzo con la vacuna Pfizer 8 días antes de la evaluación, subsecuente a dos vacunas Coronavac, corroborando de que se trata de una linfadenopatía reactiva, secundaria a una respuesta inmune robusta al refuerzo con la vacuna Pfizer. Se realiza una medición de Anti-SARS-CoV-2 TrimericS IgG cuantitativa a los 15 días del refuerzo con Pfizer, reportando valores elevados de 10,600 BAU/mL. Se orientó al paciente a regresar en una semana para seguimiento ecográfico, el cual evidenció resolución espontánea sin secuelas. Conclusiones: los hallazgos de adenopatía axilar o supraclavicular unilateral subsecuentes a la vacunación por COVID-19 deben ser informados tanto a médicos como pacientes, como un efecto secundario temporal producto de la respuesta inmunológica post vacuna. Este hallazgo benigno no requiere seguimiento adicional de imágenes y mucho menos de procedimientos invasivos como biopsias, los cuales generan mucha ansiedad al paciente, además de ser muy costosos para los mismos


COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new coronavirus identified as SARS-CoV-2. Towards the end of 2020, the FDA of the United States approved the first vaccine for emergency use against COVID-19, which was developed by Pfizer and BioNTech (BNT162b2). This new type of vaccine uses a modified RNA Messenger, which gives instructions to the host cells of the vaccinated person to produce a fragment of the spike protein of the virus, which then generates an inmune response and protects the recipient of the vaccine against COVID-19. Among the adverse events less frequently reported in the initial clinical studies of the vaccine is lymphadenopathy which was reported by 0.3% of the participants. Objective: Presentation of a case report of a male subject that came to a ultrasound evaluation due to concern of a palpable nodule in the supraclavicular región. Results: Ultrasound exam showed reactive unilateral cervical and supraclavicular lymphadenopathy. Patient reports a third dose booster with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 (BNT162b2) vaccine, 8 days prior to the evaluation, after completing a two-dose vaccination schedule with the Coronavac/Sinovac vaccine, confirming a vigorous immune response to the mRNA anti-COVID vaccines. This response was validated by elevated Anti-SARS-CoV-2 TrimericS IgG (10,600 BAU/mL). Patient was informed to return in a week for an echography follow-up which showed spontaneous resolution without leaving sequelae. Conclusions: It is of great importance to inform this benign finding of supraclavicular or axillar adenopathy subsequent to COVID vaccination to the medical community and patients, to avoid unnecessary medical interventions such as imaging or biopsies, which generate anxiety to the patient as well as additional costs


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Immunization, Secondary , Lymphadenopathy/chemically induced , BNT162 Vaccine/adverse effects , Remission, Spontaneous , Clavicle , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/prevention & control , Lymph Nodes , Neck
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 136-145, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373083

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la Pandemia por SARS CoV ­ 2 (COVID ­ 19) tuvo un impacto significativo en el desarrollo de los servicios quirúrgicos en general y obligo a establecer protocolos de actuación para las distintas patologías a fin de cuidar al máximo los recursos humanos y la capacidad instalada de los hospitales para hacer frente a esta contingencia mundial. Objetivos: presentar una casuística de 7 pacientes con reconstrucción microquirúrgica de patología de cabeza y cuello en estadios avanzados y patología de miembros inferiores durante la pandemia por COVID - 19. Materiales y Métodos: trabajo retrospectivo, se revisaron las historias clínicas físicas y digitales. Se incluyeron 5 pacientes con patología avanzada de cabeza y cuello y 2 pacientes con patología de miembros inferiores. Resultados: cinco pacientes fueron operados por patología avanzada de cabeza y cuello: 3 pacientes con carcinomas escamosos de cavidad oral estadio IVa, 1 paciente con carcinoma escamoso de piel avanzado estadio IV y 1 paciente con fractura compleja de maxilar inferior por herida de arma de fuego con fistula oro-cutánea crónica, con exposición del material de osteosíntesis, mala oclusión y pérdida de peso importante por dificultad para alimentación. Dos pacientes fueron operados por patología de miembros inferiores en tercio inferior de pierna, uno por fractura expuesta grave con defecto de tejidos blandos y el otro por una ulcera arterial. Conclusión: la cirugía reconstructiva microquirúrgica puede realizarse con buenos niveles de seguridad para el personal de salud y para los pacientes afectados por patologías avanzadas de cabeza y cuello y otras patologías que requieran colgajos libres. Es fundamental respetar estrictamente los protocolos para evitar los contagios en el medio intrahospitalario, entendiendo que debe considerarse todo paciente que ingrese al hospital como COVID (+) hasta que se demuestre lo contrario


Introduction: the SARS CoV ­ 2 (COVID ­ 19) Pandemic had a significant impact on the development of surgical services in general and forced the establishment of action protocols for the different pathologies in order to take maximum care of human resources and capacity. installed in hospitals to deal with this global contingency. Objectives: to present a casuistry of 7 patients with microsurgical reconstruction of head and neck pathology in advanced stages and lower limb pathology during the COVID - 19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: retrospective work, physical and digital medical records were reviewed. Five patients with advanced head and neck disease and 2 patients with lower limb disease were included. Results: five patients underwent surgery for advanced head and neck disease: 3 patients with stage IVa squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, 1 patient with stage IV advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, and 1 patient with a complex fracture of the lower jaw due to a gunshot wound. with chronic oro-cutaneous fistula, with exposure of the osteosynthesis material, poor occlusion and significant weight loss due to difficulty feeding. Two patients underwent surgery for pathology of the lower limbs in the lower third of the leg, one for a severe open fracture with a soft tissue defect and the other for an arterial ulcer. Conclusion: microsurgical reconstructive surgery can be performed with good levels of safety for health personnel and for patients affected by advanced pathologies of the head and neck and other pathologies that require free flaps. It is essential to strictly respect the protocols to avoid contagion in the hospital environment, understanding that every patient who enters the hospital must be considered as COVID (+) until proven otherwise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Security Measures/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Clinical Protocols , Guidelines as Topic/prevention & control , Lower Extremity/surgery , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Head/surgery , Neck/surgery
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 213-221, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366050

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a public health problem worldwide. Neck circumference (NC) is a simple anthropometric adiposity parameter that has been correlated with cardiometabolic disorders like NAFLD. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between NC and NAFLD, considering their obesity-modifying effect, among participants from the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline study. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Cross-sectional study at the ELSA-Brasil centers of six public research institutions. METHODS: This analysis was conducted on 5,187 women and 4,270 men of mean age 51.8 (± 9.2) years. Anthropometric indexes (NC, waist circumference [WC] and body mass index [BMI]), biochemical and clinical parameters (diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia) and hepatic ultrasound were measured. The association between NC and NAFLD was estimated using multinomial logistic regression, considering potential confounding effects (age, WC, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia). Effect modification was investigated by including the interaction term NC x BMI in the final model. RESULTS: The frequency of NAFLD and mean value of NC were 33.6% and 33.9 (± 2.5) cm in women, and 45.8% and 39.4 (± 2.8) cm in men, respectively. Even after all adjustments, larger NC was associated with a greater chance of moderate/severe NAFLD (1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI] for women; 1.05, 95% CI for men; P < 0.001). Presence of multiplicative interaction between NC and BMI (P < 0.001) was also observed. CONCLUSION: NC was positively associated with NAFLD in both sexes, regardless of traditional adiposity indexes such as BMI and WC. The magnitude of the association was more pronounced among women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnostic imaging , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged , Neck
8.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 177-184, jan./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354485

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: explorar a percepção de um paciente cirúrgico queimado em relação à sede e seu manejo no período pré-operatório e pós-operatório imediato. Relato de caso: trata-se de um estudo com abordagem qualitativa, exploratória, do tipo estudo de caso. Os critérios de inclusão foram: paciente estar internado no centro de tratamento de queimados, ser submetido a procedimento cirúrgico ou balneoterapia, ter experenciado a sede no período pré-operatório ou pós-operatório e ter recebido o manejo da sede. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada, gravada e transcrita. Paciente do sexo feminino, de 32 anos, admitida com queimaduras de segundo grau em extensão de tórax, membros superiores e pescoço por tentativa de autoextermínio com álcool. Passou por seis procedimentos e esteve internada por 15 dias até o momento da coleta. Experienciou o desconforto sede durante o jejum pré-operatório e pós-operatório, considerado intenso e muito estressante durante sua internação. Conclusão: a partir da identificação do desconforto sede, utilizou-se como estratégia o picolé de gelo, que fez diferença em seu tratamento. O modelo de manejo da sede é pioneiro no cuidado ao paciente queimado e apresenta benefícios para minorar a sede.


Objective: explore thirst perception of a burnt surgical patient and its management in the preoperative and immediate postoperative period. Case report: study with a qualitative and exploratory approach, named as case study. Inclusion criteria were: inpatient at burnt treatment unit, undergone surgical procedure or balneotherapy, experienced thirst in the preoperative or postoperative period and received thirst management. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were performed, recorded and transcribed. Female patient, 32 years old, admitted with second degree burns in extension of thorax, upper limbs and neck due to attempted self-extermination with alcohol. Underwent six procedures and was hospitalized for 15 days until the data collection. Experienced thirst discomfort during preoperative and postoperative fasting, which was considered intense and very stressful during his hospitalization. Conclusion: since the identification of thirst discomfort, the ice popsicle was used as a strategy, which made difference in her treatment. The thirst management model is pioneer in care of burnt patients and has benefits to alleviate thirst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Patients , Thirst , Balneology , Burns , Ice , Postoperative Period , Therapeutics , Data Collection , Fasting , Preoperative Period , Hospitalization , Inpatients , Neck
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939651

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 11 years, was admitted due to intermittent fever for 15 days, cough for 10 days, and "hemoptysis" for 7 days. The boy had fever and cough with left neck pain 15 days ago, and antibiotic treatment was effective. During the course of disease, the boy developed massive "hemoptysis" which caused shock. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed a left pyriform sinus fistula with continuous bleeding. In combination with neck and vascular imaging examination results, the boy was diagnosed with internal jugular vein injury and thrombosis due to congenital pyriform sinus fistula infection and neck abscess. The boy was improved after treatment with temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation for the closure of pyriform sinus fistula, and no recurrence was observed during the follow-up for one year and six months. No reports of massive hemorrhage and shock due to pyriform sinus fistula infection were found in the searched literature, and this article summarizes the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this boy, so as to provide a reference for the early diagnosis of such disease and the prevention and treatment of its complications.


Subject(s)
Abscess/surgery , Cough , Fever/complications , Fistula/surgery , Hemoptysis/complications , Humans , Male , Neck , Shock
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939538

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor SHENG Can-ruo's experience in treatment of goiter with the combination of acupuncture and herbal medication. Professor SHENG believes that this disease is mostly related with emotional injury, improper diet and geographical and climatic factors, as well as body constitution. Qi stagnation, phlegm retention, blood stagnation and interaction of phlegm and stasis are the essential pathogenesis of goiter. Either acupuncture or herbal medication should focus on "phlegm and stasis" in treatment. Besides, the theory of western medicine should also be considered. In western medicine, thyroid enlargement is classified into Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ degrees of struma, thus, the pathogenesis and treatment with Chinese medicine should be adjusted accordingly. The created "four throat points", combined with acupuncture at distal points, relieve the local masses. The basic herbal formula is prepared and the couplet medicines are modified based on syndrome differentiation. The integrated acupuncture and herbal medication regulates emotions and provides a comprehensive treatment for goiter.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Goiter/drug therapy , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Neck
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 227-231, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935675

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, pathological phenotype, treatment and prognosis of Castleman's disease in children. Methods: Clinical data of 15 children diagnosed with Castleman's disease in Henan Provincial People's Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2010 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory examination and histopathological data were analyzed. Results: Among the 15 Castleman's disease patients, 12 were males and 3 females. The age of first visit was 12 (10, 15) years. The time from mass discovery to pathologic diagnosis was 9.0 (2.0, 13.0) months. The majority of patients were unicentric (13 cases), and the histopathological type was hyaline vascular (11 cases). Unicentric lesions were most common in the neck (11 cases), all 13 patients received complete surgical resection of the lesions, the follow-up time was 20.0 (13.5, 50.5) months, and the prognosis was good. Two cases were multicentric type, the pathological types were mixed variant, meeting the criteria of idiopathic Castleman's disease, the two children underwent partial surgical resection, one was treated with rituximab and prednisone and the other was treated with thalidomide and prednisone. The follow-up time was 32 months and 10 month, both of them had good prognosis. Conclusions: Most cases of Castleman's disease in children are diagnosed late, and the unicentric type is dominant. The most common pathological type is hyaline vascular, which is characterized by painless lymphadenopathy, while multicentric type has systemic symptoms and both of them have a good overall prognosis.


Subject(s)
Castleman Disease/therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Neck/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for two Chinese pedigrees affected with Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS).@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the probands. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of the probands and their family members.@*RESULTS@#The two probands were respectively found to harbor a heterozygous c.5467delG (p.Gly1823fs) variant and a heterozygous c.5584delA (p.Lys1862fs) variant of the ARID1B gene, which were both of de novo in origin and unreported previously. Based on the guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.5467delG (p.Gly1823fs) and c.5545delA (p.Lys1849fs) variants of the ARID1B genes probably underlay the CSS in the two probands. Above results have enabled genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis for the pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , China , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Hand Deformities, Congenital , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Micrognathism , Neck/abnormalities , Pedigree , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between cervical vertigo and vestibular function evaluated by vestibular evoked myogenic potentials(VEMPs) and analyze the correlations between cervical vertigo and vestibular dysfunction, discuss the related factors of cervical vertigo and guide the clinical treatment of patients with cervical vertigo.@*METHODS@#A total of 75 patients with cervical vertigo as the main complaint in the outpatient clinic of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from August 2019 to July 2020 were set as the diseased group, and 60 patients without cervical and vestibular related diseases in the hospital were selected to set as non-diseased group. The age of diseased group was 12 to 70 years with an average of (46.40±10.91) years, including 25 males and 50 females;and the age of non-diseased group was 22 to 60 years with an average of(43.78±7.75) years, including 19 males and 51 females. VEMPs were performed in the two groups. The data of VEMPs were collected and the results were compared and analyzed. The patients with abnormal cervical myogenic vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) were divided into light, moderate and severe groups. The correlation between VEMPs and cervical vertigo and its severity were analyzed by statistical method.@*RESULTS@#(1)The severity of cervical vertigo in diseased group:33 cases of mild, 34 cases of moderate, 8 cases of severe; cVEMP examination:62 cases were positive and 13 cases were negative, including 13 cases of mild, 33 cases of moderate, 16 cases of severe. The cVEMP of non-diseased group:4 cases were positive and 56 cases were negative.(2) The level of cVEMP in diseased group was higher than that in non-diseased group (P<0.001). It can be considered that there was a correlation between cervical vertigo and vestibular function.(3)The correlation between the level of cVEMP and the level of cervical vertigo in diseased group was analyzed. The Spearman rank sum test was used, and the correlation coefficient was 0.687, which was statistically significant (P<0.05). And it can be considered that the two indicators have a high degree of correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to evaluate the relationship between cervical vertigo and vestibular function by VEMPs. For patients with cervical vertigo, the higher the severity, the greater the positive rate of VEMPs, which indicates that it has a greater impact on vestibular function. The treatment of patients with cervical vertigo should be the combination of cervical rehabilitation and vestibular function.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neck , Vertigo , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/physiology , Young Adult
14.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 35: e210200, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387494

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The objective of the present study was to propose cutoff points of neck circumference for predicting overweight in Brazilian children. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study with 875 children from public schools in Brazil. Weight, height, and neck circumference were measured. Nutritional status and the risk of complications were assessed based on the values of body mass index and neck circumference. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to verify the cutoff points. Results The median age was eight years, and the majority of the children had normal weights by body mass index and had no risk of metabolic complications by neck circumference. There was a correlation between neck circumference and body mass index (k=0.689; p<0.005). The mean values proposed for overweight were 29.2 cm for girls and 29.1 cm for boys. Conclusion Neck circumference had a good correlation with body mass index, and the cutoff points proposed can identify overweight in Brazilian children.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi propor pontos de corte para circunferência do pescoço para predição de excesso de peso em crianças brasileiras. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado com 875 crianças. Foram mensurados peso, estatura e circunferência do pescoço. O diagnóstico do estado nutricional e risco de complicações foi realizado com base nos valores de índice de massa corporal e circunferência de pescoço. Para verificar os pontos de corte foi utilizada a curva Característica de Operação do Receptor. Resultados A mediana de idade foi de oito anos e a maioria das crianças apresentou eutrofia pelo índice de massa corporal e nenhum risco de complicações metabólicas. Observou-se correlação substancial entre a circunferência do pescoço com o índice de massa corporal (k=0,689; p<0,005). Os valores médios de circunferência de pescoço propostos para excesso de peso foi 29,2 cm para meninas e 29,1 cm para meninos. Conclusão A circunferência do pescoço possui boa correlação com o índice de massa corporal e os pontos de corte aqui propostos possuem força para identificar crianças brasileiras com excesso de peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status/ethnology , Overweight/ethnology , Neck , Brazil/ethnology , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 437-441, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399813

ABSTRACT

Atopic Dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is a complex systemic inflammatory disease with heterogeneous clinical morphologies. Common features are eczematous lesions, intense pruritus and chronic or relapsing disease course. Eczematous lesions typically show an age-related distribution. However, this disease can present different phenotypes, like follicular/papular dermatitis and prurigo nodularis. We reported a male, 22 years old, phototype IV, African descent, with personal and familial history of atopy. He reported pruritus, xerosis and lesions on skin since he was 2 years-old, with relapsing and chronic course. Clinical examination showed disseminated perifollicular accentuation and rough follicular papules. Extensor surfaces of the legs showed excoriated papules and nodules, beside generalized post-inflammatory hypopigmentation. He had lichenified plaques on the back, neck, hands and foot. Skin biopsy showed spongiosis, parakeratosis and irregular acanthosis at the epidermis. The diagnosis was late and occurred only in adulthood. Due to the extensive and relapsing presentation, he received Cyclosporin 3 mg/Kg/day, associated to steroids and emollients, with improvement of pruritus, xerosis and lechinification. But he maintained perifollicular accentuation. The patient presented common features of Atopic Dermatitis, like chronic and relapsing lesions, history of atopic, dry skin, pruritus, and early disease onset. However, atypical morphologies were presented, exemplified by prurigo nodularis and follicular/papular dermatitis. Other relevant finding it was the fact that the lesions occurred outside the classic areas, with prevalence on extensor surfaces and trunk. These atypical morphologies and unusual location of lesions are prevalent on adults with high phototypes, as seen in this case. It is essential to identify these challenging phenotypes, because the diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis is clinical. Given the diversity of clinical presentation and difficult to recognize some cases, this article will contribute to demonstrate atypical manifestations and common features in non-white patients, facilitating correct diagnosis and early treatment.


A dermatite atópica, também chamada de eczema atópico, é uma doença inflamatória sistêmica complexa, com morfologias clínicas heterogêneas. As características comuns são lesões eczematosas, prurido intenso e curso crônico ou recidivante. Lesões eczematosas geralmente mostram uma distribuição relacionada à idade. No entanto, essa doença pode apresentar diferentes fenótipos, como dermatite folicular/papular e prurigo nodular. Relatamos um homem, 22 anos, fototipo IV, afrodescendente, com história pessoal e familiar de atopia. Referia prurido, xerose e lesões na pele desde os 2 anos, com recidiva e curso crônico. O exame clínico mostrou acentuação perifolicular disseminada e pápulas foliculares ásperas. As superfícies extensoras das pernas apresentavam pápulas e nódulos escoriados, além de hipopigmentação pós-inflamatória generalizada. Notaram-se placas liquenificadas no dorso, pescoço, mãos e pés. A biópsia de pele demonstrou espongiose, paraqueratose e acantose irregular na epiderme. O diagnóstico foi tardio e ocorreu apenas na idade adulta. Devido ao quadro clínico extenso e recidivante, recebeu Ciclosporina 3 mg/Kg/dia, associada a esteroides e emolientes, com melhora de prurido, xerose e liquenificação, mas manteve a acentuação perifolicular. O paciente apresentava características comuns de dermatite atópica, como lesões crônicas e recidivantes, história de atopia, pele seca, prurido e início precoce da doença, no entanto, foram apresentadas morfologias atípicas, exemplificadas por prurigo nodular e dermatite folicular/papular. Outro achado relevante foi o fato das lesões localizarem-se em áreas não clássicas da doença, com predomínio nas superfícies extensoras e tronco. Essas morfologias atípicas e localizações incomuns são prevalentes em adultos com fototipos elevados, como visto neste caso. É essencial identificar esses fenótipos desafiadores, porque o diagnóstico de dermatite atópica é clínico. Devido à diversidade de apresentações clínicas e dificuldade de reconhecimento de alguns casos, este artigo contribuirá para demonstrar manifestações atípicas e características comuns em pacientes não brancos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Phenotype , Hypopigmentation , Blacks , Dermatitis, Atopic , Pruritus , Skin , Therapeutics , Back , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Torso , Foot , Hand , Neck
16.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 53-59, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368287

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Los linfangiomas son una malformación infrecuente a escala mundial y constituye una preocupación para los padres del infante; está asociado a problemas estéticos y a posibles efectos deletéreos debido a la obstrucción o compresión de órganos vitales. Se ha descrito a la escleroterapia como la mejor opción de tratamiento. OBJETIVO. Determinar la eficiencia del tratamiento con bleomicina en linfangiomas en la población pediátrica de 0 a 18 años. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal analítico retrospectivo. Población y muestra conocida de 20 datos de Historias Clínicas electrónicas de pacientes diagnosticados con linfangiomas y tratados con bleomicina en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, desde enero 2015 a enero 2018. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes de 0 a 18 años de edad con diagnóstico de linfangioma mediante ecografía y angiotomografía computarizada. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes mayores de 18 años de edad o sospecha diagnóstica de linfangioma sin estudios de imagen, y/o que no acudieron a la cita de control, pacientes diagnosticados de linfangioma que no recibieron bleomicina para su tratamiento, niños con otras malformaciones vasculares. El análisis de datos se realizó en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS. La mediana de edad en mujeres fue de 6,25 años y 3,8 años en hombres. 10 pacientes fueron hombres. El promedio de seguimiento fue de 26,86 +/- 16,78 meses. El tamaño promedio de los linfangiomas fue de 5,77 +/- 3,73 cm. La localización más frecuente fue cervical con un 52,38%. La mayoría fueron macronodulares con un 85,71%. La respuesta fue buena o excelente en el 81,00% de los casos con la primera infiltración y subió al 95,00% con la segunda y tercera, según requerimiento. CONCLUSIÓN. El tratamiento de los linfangiomas con bleomicina fue muy efectivo en la población estudiada.


INTRODUCTION. Lymphatic malformation is a rare malformation worldwide and is a concern for the parents of the infant; it is associated with aesthetic problems and possible deleterious effects due to obstruction or compression of vital organs. Sclerotherapy has been described as the best treatment option. OBJECTIVE. To determine the efficiency of bleomycin treatment in lymphangiomas in the pediatric population aged 0 to 18 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective analytical cross-sectional study. Population and known sample of 20 data from Electronic Medical Records of patients diagnosed with lymphangiomas and treated with bleomycin at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital, from January 2015 to January 2018. Inclusion criteria: patients aged 0 to 18 years with diagnosis of lymphangioma by ultrasound and computed angiotomography. Exclusion criteria: patients older than 18 years of age or diagnostic suspicion of lymphangioma without imaging studies, and/or who did not attend the control appointment, patients diagnosed with lymphangioma who did not receive bleomycin for treatment, children with other vascular malformations. Data analysis was performed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS. The median age in women was 6,25 years and 3,8 years in men. Ten patients were men. The average follow-up was 26,86 +/- 16,78 months. The average size of the lymphatic malformations was 5,77 +/- 3,73 cm. The most frequent location was cervical with 52,38%. Most were macronodular with 85,71%. The response was good or excellent in 81,00% of cases with the first infiltration and rose to 95,00% with the second and third, as required. CONCLUSION. The treatment of lymphangiomas with bleomycin was very effective in the population studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Bleomycin/therapeutic use , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lymphangioma/drug therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Axilla , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neck
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 655-660, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is a relatively rare type of disease in clinical practice, most occurring during childhood, but doctors have insufficient knowledge regarding this disease, easily misdiagnosing it. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of deep neck abscess due to congenital piriform sinus fistula in children. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 21 cases from January 2016 to August 2018 in our hospital. The onset age, clinical characteristics, auxiliary examination and clinical treatment of the patients was summarized to analyze the diagnosis, treatment characteristics and prognosis. Results: Children from 11 days to 12 years-old were enrolled, with an average age of 3.5 years. Twenty patients had left congenital piriform sinus fistula and 1 had right congenital piriform sinus fistula. Cervical enhanced computed tomography imaging showed gas-liquid equilibrium or air-shadow in the abscesses in 18 cases, and neck ultrasound demonstrated gas echo in the thyroid region in 10 cases. All patients underwent low temperature plasma to seal the internal fistula and returned to the hospital for electronic laryngoscope and neck ultrasound examination at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the surgery. No recurrence occurred in any patient. Conclusion: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is an important cause of deep neck abscess in children. The presence of purulent gas-liquid equilibrium or air shadow in cervical-enhanced computed tomography or ultrasound suggests a high possibility of the presence of an internal fistula, and endoscopic low temperature ablation can be done at the same time as the diagnostic endoscopy.


Resumo Introdução: A fístula congênita do seio piriforme é uma doença relativamente rara na prática clínica; a maioria se manifesta na infância; entretanto, os médicos geralmente têm conhecimento insuficiente sobre essa condição clínica e seu diagnóstico é facilmente feito de forma errônea. Objetivo: Identificar as características do abscesso cervical profundo devido à fístula congênita de seio piriforme em crianças. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 21 casos de janeiro de 2016 a agosto de 2018 em nosso hospital. Idade de início, características clínicas, exames auxiliares e tratamento clínico dos pacientes foram resumidos para analisar o diagnóstico, as características do tratamento e o prognóstico. Resultados: Foram incluídas crianças de 11 dias a 12 anos, com média de 3,5 anos. Vinte pacientes tinham fístula congênita de seio piriforme no lado esquerdo e um no lado direito; a tomografia computadorizada cervical com contraste mostrava distribuição líquido-gasosa ou sombra aérea nos abscessos em 18 casos. O ultrassom cervical demonstrou eco gasoso na região da tireoide em 10 casos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a plasma de baixa temperatura para queimar a fístula interna e retornaram ao hospital para exame com laringoscópio eletrônico e ultrassonografia cervical aos 3 meses, 6 meses e um ano após a cirurgia. Não houve recorrências. Conclusão: A fístula congênita de seio piriforme é uma causa importante de abscesso cervical profundo em crianças. A presença de conteúdo líquido-gasoso purulento ou sombra gasosa na tomografia computadorizada ou no ultrassom cervical sugere uma alta possibilidade da presença de uma fístula interna e a ablação endoscópica a baixa temperatura pode ser feita ao mesmo tempo que a endoscopia diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pyriform Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Fistula , Retrospective Studies , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Neck/diagnostic imaging
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 559-563, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To estimate the accuracy of neck circumference measurement as a method of diagnosing excess weight of six and seven-year-old children. Methods: 1026 six and seven-year-old children were included and anthropometric data were collected using cut-off points for the Body Mass Index (BMI) Z-score, in addition to the measurement of their neck circumference in centimeters. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between neck circumference and BMI. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve was used to measure the accuracy of neck circumference as a diagnostic method for excess weight. Results: A positive linear correlation value was observed between neck circumference and BMI 0.572 (p < 0.001). The accuracy value of the global ROC curve was 0.772 (p < 0.001). Sensitivity and specificity showed low values, but high positive predictive values were observed, especially between measures of 30 and 31 cm. Conclusion: Neck circumference showed accuracy of 77.2% as a diagnostic method for overweightness in six and seven-year-old children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Overweight/diagnosis , Neck , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Waist Circumference
20.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e700, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251505

ABSTRACT

Cervical kyphoscoliosis is an uncommon spinal deformity. Kyphosis or outward curvature of cervical-spine (Image A) has led to a fixed flexion state resulting in suspension of patient's head in the air while lying on the imaging table. Additionally, dextroscoliosis or rightward convexity of the cervical vertebral axis has resulted in a persistent leftward head tilt (Image B). Head and neck radiation and trauma can lead to cervical kyphoscoliosis. In addition to the cosmetic deformity, patients present with myelopathic sensorimotor symptoms such as weakness and tingling of upper extremities. The Poisson effect states that flexion of the spine lengthens and stretches the spinal canal, reduces its area and narrows its lumen. This causes spinal cord impingement and myelopathy.


La cifoescoliosis cervical es una deformidad de la columna vertebral poco frecuente. La cifosis o la curvatura hacia fuera de la columna cervical (imagen A) ha dado lugar a un estado de flexión fija que provoca la suspensión de la cabeza del paciente en el aire mientras está tumbado en la mesa de diagnóstico por imagen. Además, la dextroscoliosis o convexidad hacia la derecha del eje vertebral cervical ha dado lugar a una inclinación persistente de la cabeza hacia la izquierda (Imagen B). La radiación de cabeza y cuello y los traumatismos pueden provocar cifoescoliosis cervical. Además de la deformidad estética, los pacientes presentan síntomas sensoriomotores mielopáticos como debilidad y hormigueo en las extremidades superiores. El efecto Poisson establece que la flexión de la columna vertebral alarga y estira el canal espinal, reduce su área y estrecha su lumen. Esto provoca el pinzamiento de la médula espinal y la mielopatía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spine , Congenital Abnormalities , Paresthesia , Radiology , Spinal Canal , Cervical Vertebrae , Neck
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL