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1.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 583-587, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Several airway complications can occur during shoulder arthroscopy including airway obstruction, pleural puncture, and subcutaneous emphysema. It was hypothesized that the irrigation fluid used during a shoulder arthroscopic procedure might increase the cuff pressure of the endotracheal tube, which can cause edema and ischemic damage to the endotracheal mucosa. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between irrigation fluid and endotracheal tube cuff pressures. Methods Forty patients aged 20 to 70 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score I or II, scheduled for elective arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia, participated in our study. We recorded endotracheal tube cuff pressures and neck circumferences every hour from the start of the operation. We also recorded the total duration of the anesthesia, operation, and the total volume of fluid used for irrigation. Results A positive correlation was shown between endotracheal tube cuff pressures and the amount of irrigation fluid (r = 0.385, 95% CI 0.084 to 0.62, p = 0.0141). The endotracheal tube cuff pressure significantly increased at 2 and 3 hours after starting the operation (p = 0.0368 and p = 0.0245, respectively). However, neck circumference showed no significant difference. Conclusions Endotracheal tube cuff pressures increased with operation time and with increased volumes of irrigation fluid used in patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopy. We recommend close monitoring of endotracheal tube cuff pressures during shoulder arthroscopy, especially during long operations using a large amount of irrigation fluid, to prevent complications caused by raised cuff pressures.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Diversas complicações das vias aéreas podem ocorrer durante a artroscopia do ombro, incluindo obstrução das vias aéreas, punção pleural e enfisema subcutâneo. Levantou‐se a hipótese de que o fluido de irrigação utilizado durante artroscopia do ombro possa aumentar a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal, podendo causar edema e lesão isquêmica na mucosa traqueal. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a relação entre o fluido de irrigação e a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal. Métodos Participaram do estudo 40 pacientes com idades entre 20 e 70 anos com classificação do estado físico I ou II da American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), programados para cirurgia artroscópica do ombro, eletiva e sob anestesia geral. Registramos as pressões do balonete do tubo endotraqueal e as circunferências do pescoço a cada hora, a partir do início da cirurgia. Também registramos a duração anestésica e cirúrgica, assim como o volume total de líquido de irrigação empregado. Resultados Foi encontrada correlação positiva entre a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal e a quantidade de líquido de irrigação (r = 0,385; 95% IC 0,084 a 0,62; p = 0,0141). A pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal registrou aumento significante 2 e 3 horas após o início da cirurgia (p = 0,0368 e p = 0,0245, respectivamente). No entanto, a circunferência do pescoço não mostrou diferença significante. Conclusões As pressões do balonete do tubo endotraqueal aumentaram com o tempo de cirurgia e com o aumento do volume de líquido de irrigação utilizado em pacientes submetidos a artroscopia do ombro. Recomendamos a monitorização rigorosa da pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal durante artroscopia do ombro, especialmente nos procedimentos longos em que grandes volumes de fluido de irrigação são empregados, para evitar complicações causadas por pressões elevadas do balonete.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Pressure/adverse effects , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Time Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Operative Time , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Therapeutic Irrigation/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/statistics & numerical data , Neck/anatomy & histology
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 44-48, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089370

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The anatomical complexity of the jugular foramen makes surgical procedures in this region delicate and difficult. Due to the advances in surgical techniques, approaches to the jugular foramen became more frequent, requiring improvement of the knowledge of this region anatomy. Objective To study the anatomy of the jugular foramen, internal jugular vein and glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves, and to identify the anatomical relationships among these structures in the jugular foramen region and lateral-pharyngeal space. Methods A total of 60 sides of 30 non-embalmed cadavers were examined few hours after death. The diameters of the jugular foramen and its anatomical relationships were analyzed. Results The diameters of the jugular foramen and internal jugular vein were greater on the right side in most studied specimens. The inferior petrosal sinus ended in the internal jugular vein up to 40 mm below the jugular foramen; in 5% of cases. The glossopharyngeal nerve exhibited an intimate anatomical relationship with the styloglossus muscle after exiting the skull, and the vagal nerve had a similar relationship with the hypoglossal nerve. The accessory nerve passed around the internal jugular vein via its anterior wall in 71.7% of cadavers. Conclusion Anatomical variations were found in the dimensions of the jugular foramen and the internal jugular vein, which were larger in size on the right side of most studied bodies; variations also occurred in the trajectory and anatomical relationships of the nerves. The petrosal sinus can join the internal jugular vein below the foramen.


Resumo Introdução A complexidade anatômica do forame jugular torna a realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos nessa região delicada e difícil. Devido aos avanços obtidos nas técnicas cirúrgicas, as abordagens do forame jugular têm sido feitas com maior frequência, o que requer uma melhoria correspondente no conhecimento de sua anatomia. Objetivo Estudar a anatomia do forame jugular, da veia jugular interna e dos nervos glossofaríngeo, vago e acessório, assim como as relações anatômicas entre estas estruturas na região do forame jugular e no espaço parafaríngeo. Método Foram examinados 60 lados de 30 cadáveres frescos algumas horas após a morte. Os diâmetros e suas relações anatômicas foram analisados. Resultados Os diâmetros do forame jugular e da veia jugular interna foram maiores no lado direito na maioria dos espécimes estudados. O seio petroso inferior terminava na veia jugular interna até 40 mm abaixo do forame jugular, em 5% dos casos. O nervo glossofaríngeo exibiu uma relação íntima anatômica com o músculo estiloglosso após a sua saída do crânio e o nervo vago exibiu uma relação semelhante com o nervo hipoglosso. O nervo acessório passou em torno da veia jugular interna via sua parede anterior em 71,7% dos cadáveres. Conclusão Foram encontradas variações anatômicas nas dimensões do forame jugular e da veia jugular interna, que apresentaram tamanhos maiores à direita na maioria dos espécimes estudados; variações também ocorreram na trajetória e nas relações anatômicas dos nervos. O seio petroso pode se unir à veia jugular interna abaixo do forame.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anatomic Variation/physiology , Jugular Foramina/anatomy & histology , Neck/anatomy & histology , Vagus Nerve/anatomy & histology , Dissection , Glossopharyngeal Nerve/anatomy & histology , Accessory Nerve/anatomy & histology , Jugular Veins/anatomy & histology
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1353-1360, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040137

ABSTRACT

The myodural bridge (MDB) is confirmed that connecting the most of suboccipital muscles to the cervical dura mater through the posterior intervertebral spaces and widely exists in mammals and birds. In order to reveal whether the MDB is universally existing in amniota of vertebrates, we explored the existence and the morphological features of the MDB in the Trachemys scripta elegans. Twenty fresh red-eared slider specimens were observed by the gross anatomy dissection and histological analysis. In the results, three kind of muscles in the postoccipital region of the red-eared slider were found. The rectus capitis dorsum minor muscle originated from the posterior margin of the occiput (C0) and terminated at the spinous process of the atlas (C1). The transversospinales muscle was attached to the vertebral arch and the postzygapophysis of the atlas and extended to the spinous process of the axis (C2). The C2-C3 intertransversales muscle were extended from the postzygapophysis of C2 and the one of C3. The three muscles covered the dorsal interspaces among C0-C3, and meantime they were closely connected with dense connective tissues, which filled in these interspaces. Each of these thick dense connective tissue membranes sent off several short and strong fibrous bundles ventrally to merge with the cervical spinal dura mater. Furthermore the connective tissues connecting these muscles with cervical spinal dura mater directly were revealed under the microscopy and they consisted of parallel and intensive collagen fibers with orientation from dorsal to ventral. In conclusion, this study for the first time demonstrated the existence of the MDB in the testudines, in all of the dorsal atlantooccipital, atlantoaxial and C2-C3 intervertebral spaces. Based on our results and comparative anatomical evidences in recent year, it could be inferred that the MDB might be its highly conserved structure in the evolution of amniota.


Se confirma que el puente miodural (PMD) conecta la mayoría de los músculos suboccipitales con la duramadre cervical a través de los espacios intervertebrales posteriores y existe ampliamente en mamíferos y aves. Para revelar si el MDB existe universalmente en la amniota de vertebrados, exploramos la existencia y las características morfológicas del PMD en Trachemys scripta elegans. Veinte muestras se observaron mediante disección anatómica y análisis histológico. En los resultados, se encontraron tres tipos de músculos en la región occipital. El músculo recto capitis dorsum minor se originó en el margen posterior del occipital (C0) y terminó en el proceso espinoso del atlas (C1). El músculo transverso espinal se unió al arco vertebral y el proceso del atlas y se extendió al proceso espinoso del axis (C2). El músculo intertransversario C2-C3 se extendió entre los procesos transversos de C2 y el de C3. Los tres músculos cubrían los espacios intermedios dorsales entre C0-C3 y, mientras tanto, estaban estrechamente conectados con tejidos conectivos densos, que rellenaban estos espacios. Cada una de estas membranas densas de tejido conectivo envían varios haces fibrosos cortos y fuertes ventralmente para fusionarse con la duramadre espinal cervical. Además, los tejidos conectivos que conectan estos músculos con la duramadre cervical y espinal se revelaron directamente bajo microscopía y consistían en intensas fibras de colágeno, paralelas, con orientación desde dorsal a ventral. En conclusión, este estudio demostró por primera vez la existencia del PMD en los estudios de prueba, en todos los espacios dorsales atlantooccipital, atlantoaxial e intervertebral C2-C3. Sobre la base de nuestros resultados y las evidencias anatómicas comparativas de los últimos años, se podría inferir que el PMD podría ser una estructura altamente conservada en la evolución de la amniota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Turtles/anatomy & histology , Dura Mater/anatomy & histology , Biological Evolution , Head/anatomy & histology , Neck/anatomy & histology
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 28-33, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance, especially that induced by obesity, plays a central role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Although the evaluation of overweight patients is important, the nutritional assessment tools used in clinical practice have limitations. Neck circumference (NC), from this, becomes a viable and low-cost alternative, which seems to be related to the accumulation of fat in the hepatic tissue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between NC and metabolic alterations in patients with non- alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study performed in 82 patients, of whom 76 underwent liver biopsy. We performed weight, height, abdominal circumference and NC measures. Values of NC ≥42 cm and ≥36 cm were considered as altered for men and women, respectively. Laboratory tests and liver biopsy result were collected in the participants' charts. We evaluated fasting blood glucose levels, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), ferritin, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyltransferase, albumin, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and the HOMA-IR index. RESULTS: We evaluated eighty-two patients. Patients with altered NC had increased body mass index (P=0.043), abdominal circumference (P=0.007), insulin (P=0.003) and HOMA-IR (P=0.029) when compared to those with adequate NC. NC was significantly correlated with reduced levels of high-density cholesterol (HDL-C) in men (r= -042, P<0.05), increased insulin levels in men and female (rs=0.47; P<0.05 and rs=0.51; P<0.01, respectively), as well as higher HOMA-IR index both males (rs=0.49; P<0.01) and female (rs=0.30; P<0.05). There was no significant association between NC and liver outcomes (r=0.145; P=0.36). CONCLUSION: NC is associated with the HOMA-IR index in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. NC can be used in the screening of insulin resistance in these patients, considering that insulin resistance plays a key role in the progression of the disease.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A resistência à insulina, em especial a induzida pela obesidade, desempenha papel central no desenvolvimento da doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA). Embora seja importante a avaliação de pacientes com excesso de peso, as ferramentas de avaliação nutricional utilizadas na prática clínica apresentam limitações. A circunferência do pescoço, a partir disso, torna-se uma alternativa viável e de baixo custo, a qual parece estar relacionada ao acúmulo de gordura no tecido hepático. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre a circunferência do pescoço (CP) e as alterações metabólicas em pacientes com DHGNA. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado em 82 pacientes, dos quais 76 foram submetidos à biópsia hepática. Foram realizadas as medidas de peso, altura, circunferência abdominal e CP. Valores de CP ≥42 cm e ≥36 cm foram considerados alterados para homens e mulheres, respectivamente. Os exames laboratoriais e o resultado da biópsia hepática foram coletados dos prontuários dos participantes. Foram avaliados os níveis glicêmicos em jejum, insulina, hemoglobina glicosilada, triglicerídeos, colesterol total, lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL-C), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-C), ferritina, fosfatase alcalina, gama glutamiltransferase, albumina, bilirrubina total, bilirrubina direta, transaminase glutâmico-oxalacética, transaminase glutâmico-pirúvica e o índice HOMA-IR. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 82 pacientes. Os pacientes com CP alterada apresentaram aumento do índice de massa corporal (P=0,043), circunferência abdominal (P=0,007), insulina (P=0,003) e HOMA-IR (P=0,029) quando comparados àqueles com CP adequada. A CP foi significativamente correlacionada com níveis reduzidos de colesterol de alta densidade (HDL-C) em homens (r= -042, P<0,05), aumento dos níveis de insulina em homens e mulheres (rs=0,47, P<0,05 e rs = 0,51; P<0,01, respectivamente), bem como maior índice HOMA-IR, tanto do sexo masculino (rs=0,49; P<0,01) quanto do feminino (rs=0,30; P<0,05). Não houve associação significativa entre CP e os desfechos hepáticos (r=0,145, P=0,36). CONCLUSÃO: A CP está associada com o índice HOMA-IR em pacientes com DHGNA. A CP pode ser utilizada no rastreamento da resistência à insulina nesses pacientes, considerando que a resistência à insulina desempenha um papel fundamental na progressão da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Neck/anatomy & histology , Biopsy , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Homeostasis/physiology , Insulin/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Liver/pathology , Middle Aged
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 10-14, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001326

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with the development of gastric adenocarcinoma. Currently, the prevalence in developed countries is 40%, but this value increases considerably in developing countries, which can reach rates bigger than 90%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the mean and annual prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients from Itajaí during the period from July 1992 to April 2016, as well as the gender and age groups most affected. METHODS: After consent of the clinical director of the Gastroclinica Itajaí and confidentiality commitment about the research, the database of the Endoscopy Service of the clinic was evaluated. All the patients who underwent their first upper digestive endoscopy with urease test and/or histological analysis were included. The data were submitted to statistical analysis of prevalence by gender, age group and years of study, with subsequent correction through the confidence interval. RESULTS: The mean prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection thru all years of study was 50.07%. With the calculation of the annual prevalences, it was evident the gradual reduction of infection in the population of Itajaí, that was 81.3% in 1992, declining to 33% in the year of 2016. When classifying the prevalence of infection by gender, it was higher in males (53.59%), and gender distribution by age group showed no statistically significant difference among genders between the ages of 40 and 80 years. In relation to the age group, the highest prevalence was in the group between 40 and 49 years. CONCLUSION: Although this study is retrospective and based on endoscopic database analysis, without access to clinical data of patients such as prior use of proton pump inhibitor and antibiotics to endoscopy, its results are important because they may reflect the current panorama of Helicobacter pylori infection in the city under study, where it has been presenting a gradual reduction of prevalence over the years, with current rates similar to that of developed countries (33%). Future studies are needed to confirm our data.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A bactéria Helicobacter pylori associa-se fortemente ao desenvolvimento do adenocarcinoma gástrico. Atualmente, a prevalência em países desenvolvidos é de 40%, porém esse valor cresce consideravelmente em países em desenvolvimento, que chegam a alcançar taxas de até 90%. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar a prevalência média e anual da infecção por Helicobacter pylori nos pacientes de Itajaí durante o período de julho de 1992 a abril de 2016, assim como o sexo e as faixas etárias mais acometidas. MÉTODOS: Após consentimento do diretor técnico da Gastroclínica Itajaí e comprometimento de sigilo em relação à pesquisa, foi avaliada a base de dados do Serviço de Endoscopia da clínica. Foram selecionados todos os pacientes que realizaram pela primeira vez o exame de endoscopia digestiva alta com teste da urease e/ou análise histológica. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística de prevalência por sexo, faixa etária e anos do estudo, com posterior correção dos dados através do intervalo de confiança. RESULTADOS: A prevalência média da infecção por Helicobacter pylori em todos os anos de estudo foi de 50,07%. Com o cálculo das prevalências anuais, ficou evidente a redução gradual da infecção na população de Itajaí, que era de 81,3% em 1992, passando a 33% no ano de 2016. Ao classificar a prevalência da infecção por gênero, foi maior no sexo masculino (53,59%) e a distribuição dos gêneros por faixa etária não mostrou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os sexos entre as idades de 40 a 80 anos. Em relação à faixa etária, a maior prevalência foi no grupo entre 40 e 49 anos. CONCLUSÃO: Embora este estudo seja retrospectivo e baseado em análise de banco de dados de endoscopias digestivas, sem acesso a dados clínicos de pacientes como uso prévio de nibidor de bomba de próton e antibióticos à endoscopia, seus resultados são importantes, pois podem refletir o panorama atual da infecção por Helicobacter pylori no município em estudo, que vem apresentando uma redução gradual da prevalência ao longo dos anos, com taxas atuais semelhantes às dos países desenvolvidos (33%). Estudos futuros são necessários para confirmar nossos dados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Neck/anatomy & histology , Biopsy , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Homeostasis/physiology , Insulin/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Liver/pathology , Middle Aged
9.
Clinics ; 74: e560, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the changes in the body composition of morbidly obese patients induced by a very low-calorie diet. METHODS: We evaluated 120 patients selected from a university hospital. Body composition was assessed before and after the diet provided during hospitalization, and changes in weight, body mass index, and neck, waist and hip circumferences were analyzed. Bioimpedance was used to obtain body fat and fat-free mass values. The data were categorized by gender, age, body mass index and diabetes diagnosis. RESULTS: The patients consumed the diet for 8 days. They presented a 5% weight loss (without significant difference among groups), which represented an 85% reduction in body fat. All changes in body circumference were statistically significant. There was greater weight loss and a greater reduction of body fat in men, but the elderly showed a significantly higher percentage of weight loss and greater reductions in body fat and fat-free mass. Greater reductions in body fat and fat-free mass were also observed in superobese patients. The changes in the diabetic participants did not differ significantly from those of the non-diabetic participants. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a VLCD before bariatric surgery led to a loss of weight at the expense of body fat over a short period, with no significant differences in the alteration of body composition according to gender, age, body mass index and diabetes status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Body Composition , Obesity, Morbid/diet therapy , Weight Loss/physiology , Diet, Reducing/methods , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Preoperative Care/methods , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Prospective Studies , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/diet therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Waist Circumference , Hip/anatomy & histology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Neck/anatomy & histology
10.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 30(2): 140-150, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052714

ABSTRACT

Deep neck infections (DNIs) are special entities among infectious diseases for their versatility and potential for severe complications. Complex head and neck anatomy often makes early recognition of DNIs challenging, and a high index of suspicion is necessary to avoid any delay in treatment. The diagnosis is made by clinical history, physical examination findings and imaging studies. The treatment consists in securing the airway, intravenous antibiotics and surgical drainage, when needed. To make decisions the surgeon must understand the anatomy of the region, the etiology of infection, appropriate diagnostic tools, and medical and surgical management. This article provides a review of these pertinent topics. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neck/anatomy & histology , Neck/physiopathology , Neck/microbiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Carotid Artery Injuries , Lemierre Syndrome , Mediastinitis
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(1): 54-62, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896412

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To critically analyze articles on the relation between neck circumference (NC) in adolescents and: body mass index, fat distribution, metabolic syndrome and its individual components, and cardiovascular risk. Method: Systematic review undertaken by two independent researchers using the Pubmed/Medline, Lilacs/Medline, Scielo and Cochrane databases in English, Spanish and Portuguese in the period comprising the past 5 years. Results: Eighteen (18) articles were selected. The articles show an association between NC in adolescents and body fat (BMI), central fat distribution (WC), metabolic syndrome and several of its individual components, and cardiovascular risk. Some values are proposed for NC cutoff points as a diagnostic tool for nutritional status, high blood pressure and pre-hypertension, cardiovascular risk, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. We identified a percentile curve constructed for Brazilian adolescents. Conclusion: There is a shortage of studies with representative samples, variety at the NC measurement sites, and the age of the participants, which makes it difficult to establish definitive landmarks.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar criticamente artigos referentes à relação entre a circunferência do pescoço (CP) de adolescentes e: índice de massa corporal, distribuição de gordura, síndrome metabólica e seus componentes individuais e risco cardiovascular. Método: Revisão sistemática realizada por dois pesquisadores independentes nas bases de dados Pubmed/Medline, Lilacs/Medline, Scielo e Cochrane nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português nos últimos 5 anos. Resultados: Foram selecionados 18 artigos. Os artigos demonstram a associação entre CP de adolescentes e gordura corporal (IMC), distribuição central gordura (CC), síndrome metabólica e vários de seus componentes individuais, e risco cardiovascular. Existem propostas de pontos de corte da CP para o diagnóstico do estado nutricional, hipertensão e pré-hipertensão, risco cardiovascular, resistência insulínica e síndrome metabólica. Foi identificada ainda uma curva de percentis construída para adolescentes brasileiros. Conclusão: Há escassez de estudos com amostras representativas, variedade nos locais de medição da CP e na idade dos participantes, o que dificulta estabelecimento de referências definitivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Neck/anatomy & histology , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Waist Circumference
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(8): e00060916, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952341

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study focused on the correlation between neck circumference and other anthropometric measurements and cardiovascular risk factors and insulin resistance in the elderly in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional study in 411 patients seen in primary care. Anthropometric measurements including neck circumference, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were recorded. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) estimated the percentage of total body fat (%TBF). Insulin resistance was estimated by HOMA-IR (homeostasis model assessment IR index). The data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test and the correlation between numerical variables by Spearman's test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was used to assess the anthropometric measurements' predictive capacity to diagnosis insulin resistance. Neck circumference was positively correlated with WC, BMI, WHR, %TBF, and HOMA-IR in both sexes. In women, neck circumference showed higher AUC (area under the curve) for insulin resistance. In men, WC showed higher AUC, followed by BMI and neck circumference. The current study in Southeast Brazil suggests that neck circumference can predict insulin resistance, an important marker of cardiovascular risk in the elderly population treated in primary care.


Resumo: O presente estudo investigou a correlação da circunferência do pescoço (CP) e outras medidas antropométricas com os fatores de risco cardiovasculares e resistência insulínica (RI) em idosos de Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Foi realizado estudo transversal com 411 pacientes na atenção primária de saúde. Medidas antropométricas como CP, índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência da cintura (CC) e razão cintura-quadril (RCQ) foram aferidas. A bioimpedância elétrica (BIA) estimou o percentual da gordura corporal total (%GC). A resistência à insulina foi estimada pelo HOMA-IR (homeostasis model assessment IR index). Os dados foram analisados utilizando o teste de Mann-Whitney e a correlação entre as variáveis numéricas pelo teste de Spearman. A curva ROC (receiver operating characteristic) foi utilizada para avaliar a capacidade preditiva das medidas antropométricas no diagnóstico de RI. A CP foi positivamente correlacionada com a CC, o IMC, RCQ, %TBF e com o HOMA-IR em ambos os sexos. Nas mulheres, a CP apresentou a maior AUC (área sob a curva) para RI. Nos homens, a CC apresentou a maior AUC, seguido pelo IMC e CP. O presente estudo realizado no Sudeste do Brasil sugere que a CP pode predizer a RI, importante marcador de risco cardiovascular, na população idosa atendida na atenção primária de saúde.


Resumen: El presente estudio investigó la correlación de la circunferencia del cuello (CP) y otras medidas antropométricas con los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares y resistencia a la insulina (RI) en ancianos de Niterói, Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Fue realizado estudio transversal con 411 pacientes en la atención primaria de salud. Medidas antropométricas como CP, índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia de la cintura (CC) y razón cintura-cadera (RCC) fueron tomadas con precisión. La bioimpedancia eléctrica (BIA) estimó el porcentaje de la grasa corporal total (%GC). La resistencia a la insulina se estimó por el HOMA-IR (homeostasis model assessment IR index). Los datos se analizaron utilizando el test de Mann-Whitney y la correlación entre las variables numéricas por el test de Spearman. La curva ROC (receiver operating characteristic) fue utilizada para evaluar la capacidad predictiva de las medidas antropométricas en el diagnóstico de RI. La CP fue positivamente correlacionada con la CC, el IMC, RCC, %TBF y con el HOMA-IR en ambos sexos. En las mujeres, la CP presentó la mayor AUC (área bajo la curva) para RI. En los hombres, la CC presentó la mayor AUC, seguido por el IMC y CP. El presente estudio realizado en el sudeste de Brasil sugiere que la CP puede predecir la RI, importante marcador de riesgo cardiovascular, en la población anciana atendida en la atención primaria de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Insulin Resistance , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Neck/anatomy & histology , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Metabolic Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 95-103, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To investigate the impact of neck circumference (NC) in the treatment of bening prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients with metabolic syndrome (MtS). Additionally, we determined dose response to alpha-blockers and cut-off values for NC and waist circumference (WC), in these patients. Materials and Methods Non-randomized, open-labelled, and multi-centre study was conducted between March 2014 and September 2015. The BPH patients were enrolled and were divided into 2 groups: with MtS (Group 1; n=94) and without MtS (Group 2; n=103). Demographic data, anthropometric measurements, blood analyses, uroflowmetric parameters, post voiding residual urine (PVR), prostate volume, quality of life (QoL) index, NC and WC were recorded. Both groups were administered oral alpha-blockers and response to treatment was evaluated. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were obtained and significant p was p<0.05 . Results In total, 197 patients were enrolled with mean age of 60.5±8.1 years. Mean NC and WC were higher in MtS patients (p<0.001). Uroflowmetry parameters and QoL indexes were comparable between groups before treatment. International prostate symptom score, uroflowmetry parameters, and QoL significant improved in Group 2 than Group 1, at 1 st and 6 th months of treatment with alpha-blockers. Success rate of treatment was significant higher in Group 2 than Group 1 (p<0.001). Cut-off values were 42.5cm and 113.5cm for NC and WC respectively, for response to alpha-blockers in BPH patients with MtS. Conclusions MtS can be related with BPH and can negatively affect the response to alpha-blocker treatment. NC can be used for predicting response to alpha-blocker treatment in BPH patients with MtS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia/physiopathology , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Waist Circumference/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology , Quality of Life , Reference Values , Body Mass Index , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Body Size/physiology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Middle Aged
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(6): 519-527, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-846267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In elderly people, measurement of several anthropometric parameters may present complications. Although neck circumference measurements seem to avoid these issues, the cutoffs and cardiovascular risk factors associated with this parameter among elderly people remain unknown. This study was developed to identify the cutoff values and cardiovascular risk factors associated with neck circumference measurements among elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in two community centers for elderly people. METHODS: 435 elderly adults (371 women and 64 men) were recruited. These volunteers underwent morphological evaluations (body mass index and waist, hip, and neck circumferences) and hemodynamic evaluations (blood pressure values and heart rate). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were used to determine the predictive validity of cutoff values for neck circumference, for identifying overweight/obesity. Multivariate analysis was used to identify cardiovascular risk factors associated with large neck circumference. RESULTS: Cutoff values for neck circumference (men = 40.5 cm and women = 35.7 cm), for detection of obese older adults according to body mass index, were identified. After a second analysis, large neck circumference was shown to be associated with elevated body mass index in men; and elevated body mass index, blood pressure values, prevalence of type 2 diabetes and hypertension in women. CONCLUSION: The data indicate that neck circumference can be used as a screening tool to identify overweight/obesity in older people. Moreover, large neck circumference values may be associated with cardiovascular risk factors.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Em idosos, diversas ferramentas antropométricas podem apresentar complicações durante a mensuração. Embora a circunferência do pescoço pareça evitar tais problemas, os pontos de corte e fatores de risco cardiovascular associados a essa ferramenta em idosos permanecem desconhecidos. Este estudo foi desenvolvido para identificar os valores de ponto de corte e fatores de risco cardiovascular associados à circunferência do pescoço em idosos. DESENHO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal, realizado em dois centros comunitários para idosos. MÉTODOS: 435 idosos (371 mulheres e 64 homens) foram recrutados. Os voluntários foram submetidos a avaliação morfológica (índice de massa corporal e cintura, quadril, e circunferência do pescoço) e hemodinâmica (valores da pressão arterial e frequência cardíaca). A análise pela curva receiver operating characteristic foi usada para determinar o valor preditivo dos valores de ponto de corte da circunferência do pescoço para identificação de sobrepeso/obesidade. Análise multivariada foi usada para identificar os fatores de risco cardiovascular associados com circunferência do pescoço larga. RESULTADOS: Os valores de corte para circunferência do pescoço (homens = 40,5 cm e mulheres = 35,7 cm) para detectar adultos idosos obesos, de acordo com o índice de massa corporal, foram identificados. Depois da segunda análise, circunferência do pescoço larga foi associada com elevado índice de massa corporal em homens e mulheres e elevados valores de pressão arterial, prevalência de diabetes mellitus tipo II e hipertensão em mulheres. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados indicam que a circunferência do pescoço pode ser utilizada como ferramenta de rastreio para identificar sobrepeso/obesidade em idosos. Ademais, altos valores de circunferência do pescoço podem estar associados com fatores de risco cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Risk Assessment/methods , Body Size/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology , Obesity/complications , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Sex Factors , Anthropometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Age Factors
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(3): 266-270, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Epicardial fat is an upper body visceral fat depot that may play a significant role in the development of adverse metabolic and cardiovascular risk profiles. There is a significant direct relationship between the amount of epicardial fat and general body adiposity (body mass index, BMI), but data regarding subcutaneous adiposity is limited. Objective: We conducted a study to determine the association between neck circumference and epicardial fat thickness in healthy young male individuals, and assess their individual correlations with general body adiposity and cardiometabolic risk factors. Methods: One hundred consecutive male patients aged 18 years or older with no known major medical conditions were included in the study. All participants underwent detailed physical examination including measurement of blood pressure, weight, height, waist/hip ratio, and neck circumference. Blood was collected to determine fasting glucose and lipid parameters. A standard echocardiographic examination was performed with additional epicardial fat thickness determination. Results: Among 100 study participants, neck circumference correlated significantly with weight, waist circumference, BMI, blood glucose, serum total cholesterol, low-density (LDL)-cholesterol, and triglycerides levels. No significant correlation was found between neck circumference and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels. Neck circumference correlated moderately and positively with echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness. Conclusion: Among patients with low cardiometabolic risk, increased neck circumference was associated with increased epicardial fat thickness.


Resumo Fundamentos: A gordura epicárdica é um depósito de gordura visceral na parte superior do organismo que pode desempenhar um papel importante no desenvolvimento de perfis cardiovasculares e metabólicos adversos. Há uma relação direta significativa entre a quantidade de gordura epicárdica e a adiposidade corporal geral (índice de massa corporal, IMC), mas dados sobre a adiposidade subcutânea são limitados. Objetivos: Realizamos um estudo para determinar a associação entre a circunferência do pescoço e a espessura da gordura epicárdica em jovens saudáveis do sexo masculino, além de avaliar as suas correlações individuais com a adiposidade corporal geral e fatores de risco cardiometabólicos. Métodos: Cem pacientes consecutivos do sexo masculino com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos e sem nenhuma condição médica importante e conhecida foram incluídos no estudo. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a um exame físico detalhado que incluiu medida da pressão arterial, peso, altura, razão cintura/quadril e circunferência do pescoço. Sangue foi coletado para determinação da glicemia de jejum e parâmetros lipídicos. Um exame ecocardiográfico padrão foi realizado com determinação adicional da espessura da gordura epicárdica. Resultados: Entre os 100 participantes do estudo, a circunferência do pescoço mostrou correlação significativa com o peso, circunferência de cintura, IMC, glicemia e níveis séricos de colesterol total, lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-colesterol) e triglicerídeos. Não foi observada correlação significativa entre a circunferência do pescoço e níveis de colesterol de alta densidade (HDL-colesterol). A circunferência do pescoço correlacionou moderadamente e positivamente com a espessura da gordura epicárdica à ecocardiografia. Conclusão: Entre pacientes com baixo risco cardiometabólico, o aumento da circunferência do pescoço foi associado a um aumento da espessura da gordura epicárdica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Pericardium/diagnostic imaging , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Body Size/physiology , Adiposity/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology , Pericardium/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Cholesterol/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Men's Health , Metabolic Diseases/etiology
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(2): 94-102, fev. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-777397

ABSTRACT

O jacaré-do-pantanal (Caiman yacare) é uma espécie abundante no ecossistema do Pantanal. Sua exploração comercial está regulamentada desde 1990 e se tornou um agronegócio em expansão. Para atender essa demanda, uma unidade processadora instalada em Mato Grosso, vem comercializando carne de jacaré em diferentes cortes, entre os quais o filé de dorso, oriundo do pescoço, nos últimos quatro anos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi descrever os músculos e correspondentes bases ósseas desse corte. Para a descrição de ossos, utilizaram-se seis carcaças desossadas de exemplares juvenis de jacaré-do-pantanal, além de um exemplar adulto obtido após morte do animal, por doação, do Zoológico da UFMT. Os ossos foram macerados em água corrente, clareados com solução de água oxigenada a 10 volumes, e seus detalhes anatômicos foram descritos. Para descrever o músculo, 24 exemplares juvenis foram obtidos após abate e esfola, conservados em freezer e descongelados quando utilizados, sem qualquer fixação. Após a evisceração, foram dissecados em ambos os antímeros, para verificação de simetria de ocorrência, fixações musculares, relacões de sintopia, forma e arquitetura muscular. Verificou-se que a coluna cervical em C. yacare apresenta nove vértebras cervicais (VC), associadas com as respectivas costelas, que servem de base principal ao filé de dorso, que é constituído pela musculatura cervical, exceto os músculos intertransversais cervicais e intercostais cervicais externos.


The yacare Caiman (Caiman yacare) is an abundant species in the Pantanal ecosystem. Commercial exploitation was regulated in 1990 and has become a thriving business. In order to fulfill this demand, a processing plant settled in Mato Grosso state, Brazil, has been supplying for the last four years different cuts of Pantanal Caiman meat, including the "filé de dorso" (back sirloin) obtained from the neck. The aim of this study was to describe the muscles and corresponding bones related to this cut. To describe the bones, we used six boned carcasses from juvenile yacare Caiman, as well as an adult specimen obtained after animal death, by donation from the Federal University of Mato Grosso Zoo. The bones were macerated in water, bleached with 10 volume-hydrogen-peroxide solution, and their anatomical details were recorded. In order to describe the muscles, 24 juvenile specimens were obtained after slaughter and skinning, preserved in a freezer at -20oC, and thawed at the time of use, without any fixation. After evisceration, the specimens were dissected on both sides to verify symmetry of structures, muscle attachments, sintopy relations, shape, and muscular architecture. The cervical spine of C. yacare features nine cervical vertebrae (CV) associated to their ribs, serving as the main base for the back sirloin cut, which is formed by neck muscles, except for the intertransverse cervical and external intercostal cervical muscles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cervical Rib/anatomy & histology , Alligators and Crocodiles/anatomy & histology , Neck Muscles/anatomy & histology , Thoracic Vertebrae/anatomy & histology , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Neck/anatomy & histology
17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(4): 461-467, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-827421

ABSTRACT

Introduction: An approach based on multiple anatomical structures and the use of different surgical strategies seems to achieve more lasting results in cervical rejuvenation surgery. Thus, extended cervicoplasty is an option with favorable results and low complication rates. However, little has been published regarding the durability of the results. This study aimed to objectively evaluate the long-term results obtained with extended cervicoplasty in difficult cases. Methods: Twenty patients, classified as having a "difficult neck," underwent extended cervicoplasty and were followed for 5 years. The results at 1- and 5-year post-operative follow-up were evaluated by eight plastic surgeons, using six objective criteria based on a theoretically ideal neck. The comparison of the results obtained at these time points was performed using a paired Student's t-test, with a level of significance of 5%. Results: There was no significant difference in five of the six items evaluated (p-value ranging from 0.137 to 1.000), in the comparison between the first and fifth postoperative years. Subhyoid depression displayed a significantly better mean score in the fifth evaluation year than that observed in the first year after surgery (p = 0.039): from 5.80 ± 0.25 points (mean ± standard error of the mean) in the first year, to 6.45 ± 0.30 points in the fifth postoperative year. Conclusion: Extended cervicoplasty is an important alternative in the treatment of the neck region, and even provides lasting results in difficult cases.


Introdução: A abordagem de múltiplas estruturas anatômicas e a utilização de diferentes estratégias cirúrgicas parece contribuir para a obtenção de resultados mais duradouros na cirurgia do rejuvenescimento cervical. Para isso, a cervicoplastia ampliada é uma opção com resultados agradáveis e baixos índices de complicações. A durabilidade dos resultados obtidos é, no entanto, pouco discutida na literatura. O objetivo desse estudo é avaliar objetivamente a manutenção dos resultados a longo prazo obtidos com a cervicoplastia ampliada aplicada em casos difíceis. Métodos: Vinte pacientes, classificadas como "pescoço difícil", foram submetidas à cervicoplastia ampliada e acompanhadas por 5 anos. Os resultados do pós-operatório de 1 e de 5 anos foram avaliados por oito cirurgiões plásticos, por meio de seis critérios objetivos vinculados a um teórico pescoço ideal. A comparação entre os resultados obtidos nestes momentos foi realizada por meio do teste t-student pareado, considerando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa em cinco dos seis itens avaliados (valor de p variando entre 0,137 a 1,000), na comparação entre o primeiro e o quinto ano de pós-operatório. A depressão subhioideia apresentou pontuação média na avaliação do quinto ano significativamente melhor do que aquela observada no primeiro ano após a cirurgia (p = 0,039), passando de 5,80 ± 0,25 pontos (média ± erro padrão da média) no primeiro ano, para 6,45 ± 0,30 pontos no quinto ano de pós-operatório. Conclusão: A cervicoplastia ampliada se valida como alternativa importante no tratamento da região cervical mesmo em casos difíceis, proporcionando a obtenção de resultados duradouros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Rejuvenation , Rhytidoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Cervicoplasty , Head , Neck , Neck Muscles , Rejuvenation/psychology , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Cervicoplasty/methods , Head/anatomy & histology , Head/surgery , Neck/anatomy & histology , Neck/surgery , Neck Muscles/anatomy & histology , Neck Muscles/surgery
18.
Salud colect ; 11(3): 445-454, jul.-sep. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-761812

ABSTRACT

Esta entrevista a Pascale Molinier se realizó en Buenos Aires, en octubre del 2014, en el contexto de las actividades organizadas por el Programa de Salud y Trabajo del Departamento de Salud Comunitaria de la Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina. La entrevista aborda la relación entre trabajo y subjetivación, examinando el rol del trabajo tanto en la estructuración psíquica, como en la dinámica placer-sufrimiento y en la construcción de las identidades de género. Se examina el trabajo del cuidado "feminizado" -enfermeras, cuidadoras, mucamas, etc.- desde la perspectiva del "care", analizando su invisibilidad intrínseca y la imposibilidad de ser cuantificado y medido, lo que constituye un importante desafío para las lógicas de gestión y de management.


This interview with Pascale Molinier was carried out in Buenos Aires in October 2014, in the context of activities organized by the Health and Work Program at the Department of Community Health of the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina. The interview explores the relationship between work and subjectivation, examining the role of work in the structuring of the psyche, in the dynamics of pleasure and suffering, and in the construction of gender identities. "Feminized" work - that of nurses, caregivers and maids, among others - is examined from a "care" perspective, analyzing its intrinsic invisibility and impossibility of being quantified and measured, which makes it a challenge to management-based logic.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cervical Vertebrae/anatomy & histology , Dinosaurs/anatomy & histology , Movement/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology , Biological Evolution , Cervical Vertebrae/physiology , Dinosaurs/physiology , Fossils , Neck/physiology , Paleontology , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology
19.
Clinics ; 70(6): 435-440, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To analyze angiotomographic parameters of juxtarenal aneurysms to assess the applicability of an endograft model to patients and to create in vitro and in vivo models to assess the new endograft. METHODS: A total of 49 patients with juxtarenal aneurysms were submitted to angiotomographic evaluation, and parameters such as the aortic diameter, the length of the neck, and the angulations of the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery and renal arteries; the distances between them; and anatomic variations were analyzed. Based on these parameters, an endograft model was developed and tested in a newly created in vitro model of juxtarenal aneurysm. An experimental model of juxtarenal aneurysm was then established in six pigs weighing 50-60 kg to assess the new endograft model. RESULTS: The angiotomographic parameters of juxtarenal aneurysm measured in this study were similar to those reported in the literature and allowed the development of an endograft based on the hourglass concept, which was applicable to 85.8% of the patients. The in vitro model of juxtarenal aneurysm evidenced good radiopacity and functionality and permitted adjustments in the new device and technical improvements in the procedures for treating these aneurysms. In addition, the porcine model of juxtarenal aneurysm was successfully created in all six animals using a bovine pericardial patch, and use of the new endograft in three pilot procedures evidenced its feasibility. CONCLUSIONS: The Hourglass endograft was rendered applicable to treatment of the majority of patients with juxtarenal aneurysms simply by changing its diameter. Moreover, the new in vitro and in vivo models were shown to be effective for assessing both the presented endograft and experiments assessing the endovascular treatment of juxtarenal aneurysms. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Design , Aorta/anatomy & histology , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Models, Animal , Neck/anatomy & histology , Pilot Projects , Renal Artery/anatomy & histology , Stents , Swine
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(2): 415-419, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-755487

ABSTRACT

La posición cráneo-cervical representa un factor importante en el diagnostico morfológico de discrepancias óseas, articulares y miofuncionales. En base a las diversas clases esqueletales se observan diferencias en la ubicación de puntos craneométricos que resultan determinantes en el diagnóstico del equilibrio ortostático del cráneo con la porción cervical de la columna vertebral. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar y comparar la posición cráneo-cervical en clases esqueletales II y III. Se recolectaron 114 radiografías laterales de cráneo, se analizaron y compararon los puntos craneométricos por medio de cefalometría con la Técnica de Rocabado. Los resultados muestran diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las posiciones craneales para cada clase esquelética tanto en distancias como rotación entre cráneo y porción cervical de la columna vertebral.


The skull-cervical position is an important factor in the morphological diagnosis of bone, joint and myofunctional discrepancies. Based on the various classes skeletal differences are observed in the locations that are critical points Craneometric diagnosis of orthostatic balance skull with the cervical portion of the spine. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare Skull-cervical position in skeletal class II and III. Hundred fourteen lateral skull radiographs were collected, analyzed and compared the craniometric points through cephalometric with Rocabado technique. The results show a statistically significant difference in the positions for each skeletal cranial both class distances as rotation between the skull and cervical portion of the spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Neck/anatomy & histology , Skull/anatomy & histology , Cephalometry
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