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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246460, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350310


Abstract Field survey study was conducted season (2017). Soybeans and weeds were weekly sampled randomly. Thrips adults were identified and counted. Detection of the virus isolate and the natural incidence was determined using; Mechanical transmission, host range, DAS-ELISA, RT-PCR. The natural incidence thrips individuals was detected depending on the SVNV% in thrips individuals and weeds hosts. Ten thrips species were associated with soybean plants in the field. The most abundant species was T. tabaci, average 256.5 average no.of individuals, followed by F. occidentalis (142.5 average no. of individuals), then N. variabilis (86.6/ average no. of individuals). Fourteen thrips species occurred on 5 legumes field crops and 41 weed plant species within soybean field. The highest average number 40.6.of individuals were recorded on Ammi majus. While the lowest one 3.3 average no. of individuals were on Urtica urens. Only 21diagnostic plant species were susceptible to infection with SVNV. G. max and Vigna radiate, were the highest percentage of infection 80% followed by V. unguilata & N. benthamiana, 75%. Egyptian isolate of Soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) in this study showed a high degree of similarity and it is closely related to TSWV from Egypt (DQ479968) and TCSV from USA (KY820965) with nucleotide sequence identity of 78%. Four thrips species transmitted SVNV (F. fusca 4.0%, F. schultzei 4.3%, F. tritici 3.3% and N. variabilis 68.0% transmission). Both C. phaseoli and M. sjostedti can acquire the virus but unable to transmit it. The following species; T. tabaci, F. occidentalis, S. dorsallis and T. palmi cannot acquire or transmit SVNV. The incidence of SVNV in the field started by the end of July then increased gradualy from 12.7 to 71.3% by the end of the season. In conclusion, few thrips individuals invaded soybean crops are enough to transmit high rate of SVNV within the crop. Furthermore, several vector species are also abundant on weeds, which are the major sources of soybean viruses transmitted to the crops. This information might be important for control and reduce the incidence of SVNV infection.

Resumo O estudo de pesquisa de campo foi realizado na temporada (2017). A soja e as ervas daninhas foram amostradas semanalmente de forma aleatória. Tripes adultos foram identificados e contados. A detecção do vírus isolado e a incidência natural foram determinadas usando transmissão mecânica, gama de hospedeiros, DAS-ELISA, RT-PCR. A incidência natural de tripes em indivíduos foi detectada dependendo da % de SVNV em tripes e hospedeiros infestantes. Dez espécies de tripes foram associadas a plantas de soja no campo. A espécie mais abundante foi T. tabaci, com média de 256,5 número médio de indivíduos, seguida por F. occidentalis (142,5) e N. variabilis (86,6 / número médio de indivíduos). Catorze espécies de tripes ocorreram em 5 culturas de leguminosas e 41 espécies de plantas daninhas dentro de campos de soja. O maior número médio de 40,6 indivíduos foi registrado em Ammi majus. Enquanto o mais baixo, 3,3 número médio de indivíduos, foi no Urtica urens. Apenas 21 espécies de plantas diagnosticadas foram suscetíveis à infecção com SVNV. G. max e Vigna radiate foram os maiores percentuais de infecção, 80%, seguidos por V. unguilata e N. benthamiana, 75%. O isolado egípcio neste estudo mostrou um alto grau de similaridade e está intimamente relacionado ao TSWV do Egito (DQ479968) e ao TCSV dos EUA (KY820965), com identidade de sequência de nucleotídeos de 78%. Quatro espécies de tripes transmitiram SVNV (F. fusca 4,0%, F. schultzei 4,3%, F. tritici 3,3% e N. variabilis 68,0% de transmissão). Tanto C. phaseoli quanto M. sjostedti podem adquirir o vírus, mas não podem transmiti-lo. As seguintes espécies, T. tabaci, F. occidentalis, S. dorsallis e T. palmi não podem adquirir ou transmitir SVNV. A incidência de SVNV no campo, iniciada no final de julho, aumentou gradativamente de 12,7 para 71,3% no final da temporada. Em conclusão, poucos indivíduos de tripes invadiram a cultura da soja e são suficientes para transmitir alta taxa de SVNV dentro da cultura. Além disso, várias espécies de vetores também abundam em ervas daninhas, que são as principais fontes dos vírus da soja transmitidos às lavouras. Essas informações podem ser importantes para controlar e reduzir a incidência de infecção por SVNV.

Humans , Tospovirus , Plant Diseases , Soybeans , Incidence , Urticaceae , Egypt/epidemiology , Plant Weeds , Necrosis
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 565-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986928


Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment experiences and prognostic factors for descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 22 patients with DNM diagnosed and treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to August 2022, including 16 males and 6 females, aged 29-79 years. After admission, all patients underwent CT scanning of the maxillofacial, cervical, and thoracic regions to confirm their diagnoses. Emergency incision and drainage were performed. The neck incision was treated with continuous vacuum sealing drainage. According to the prognoses, the patients were divided into cure group and death group, and the prognostic factors were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the clinical data. Rusults: The main complaints were dysphagia (45.5%, 10/22) and dyspnea (50.0%, 11/22). Odontogenic infection accounted for 45.5% (10/22) and oropharyngeal infection accounted for 54.5% (12/22). There were 16 cases in the cured group and 6 cases in the death group, with a total mortality rate of 27.3%. The mortality rates of DNM typeⅠand typeⅡwere respectively 16.7% and 40%. Compared with the cured group, the death group had higher incidences for diabetes, coronary heart disease and septic shock (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between the cure group and the death group in procalcitonin level (50.43 (137.64) ng/ml vs 2.92 (6.33) ng/ml, M(IQR), Z=3.023, P<0.05) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score (16.10±2.40 vs 6.75±3.19, t=6.524, P<0.05). Conclution: DNM is rare, with high mortality, high incidence of septic shock, and the increased procalcitonin level and APACHE Ⅱ score combined diabetes and coronary heart disease are the poor prognostic factors for DNM. Early incision and drainage combined with continuous vacuum sealing drainage technique is a better way to treat DNM.

Male , Female , Humans , Mediastinitis/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Procalcitonin , Prognosis , Drainage/adverse effects , Necrosis/therapy
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986890


The patient was a 55-year-old man who was admitted to hospital with "progressive myalgia and weakness for 4 months, and exacerbated for 1 month". Four months ago, he presented with persistent shoulder girdle myalgia and elevated creatine kinase (CK) at routine physical examination, which fluctuated from 1 271 to 2 963 U/L after discontinuation of statin treatment. Progressive myalgia and weakness worsened seriously to breath-holding and profuse sweating 1 month ago. The patient was post-operative for renal cancer, had previous diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease medical history, had a stent implanted by percutaneous coronary intervention and was on long-term medication with aspirin, atorvastatin and metoprolol. Neurological examination showed pressure pain in the scapularis and pelvic girdle muscles, and V- grade muscle strength in the proximal extremities. Strongly positive of anti-HMGCR antibody was detected. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted image and short time inversion recovery sequences (STIR) showed high signals in the right vastus lateralis and semimembranosus muscles. There was a small amount of myofibrillar degeneration and necrosis, CD4 positive inflammatory cells around the vessels and among myofibrils, MHC-Ⅰ infiltration, and multifocal lamellar deposition of C5b9 in non-necrotic myofibrils of the right quadriceps muscle pathological manifestation. According to the clinical manifestation, imageological change, increased CK, blood specific anti-HMGCR antibody and biopsy pathological immune-mediated evidence, the diagnosis of anti-HMGCR immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy was unequivocal. Methylprednisolone was administrated as 48 mg daily orally, and was reduced to medication discontinuation gradually. The patient's complaint of myalgia and breathlessness completely disappeared after 2 weeks, the weakness relief with no residual clinical symptoms 2 months later. Follow-up to date, there was no myalgia or weakness with slightly increasing CK rechecked. The case was a classical anti-HMGCR-IMNM without swallowing difficulties, joint symptoms, rash, lung symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, heart failure and Raynaud's phenomenon. The other clinical characters of the disease included CK as mean levels >10 times of upper limit of normal, active myogenic damage in electromyography, predominant edema and steatosis of gluteus and external rotator groups in T2WI and/or STIR at advanced disease phase except axial muscles. The symptoms may occasionally improve with discontinuation of statins, but glucocorticoids are usually required, and other treatments include a variety of immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate, rituximab and intravenous gammaglobulin.

Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Necrosis/pathology , Muscular Diseases/drug therapy
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 276-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986849


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and summarize the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC).@*METHODS@#The data of thirteen cases of MTSCC were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical and pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical expression were summarized, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was detected.@*RESULTS@#Among the thirteen patients, four were males and nine females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶2.25. The average age was 57.1 years, ranging from 39 to 78 years. The maximum diameter of the tumor was 2-12 cm. All cases had no symptoms, and were accidentally discovered, 3 cases underwent partial renal resection, 10 cases underwent radical renal resection, 9 cases were located in the left kidney, and 4 cases were located in the right kidney. Most of the cases showed the classical morphological changes, with 11 cases of nuclear grading [World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system] being G2 and 2 cases being G3. There were 6 cases of stage PT1a, 3 cases of PT1b, 2 cases of PT2a, and 1 case of PT2b and 1 case of PT3a. The positive rates of immunohistochemical staining were: vimentin, AE1/AE3, α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (αMACR) and cytokeratin (CK) 8/18, 100% (13/13); CK7, 92.3% (12/13); epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), 92.3% (12/13); CK20, 46.2% (6/13); CD10, 30.8% (4/13); synaptophysin (Syn), 7.7% (1/13); chromogranin A (CgA), CD57, WT1 and Ki-67, 0 (0/13), and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that no trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 17 were observed in any of the cases. The follow-up period was 6 months to 7 years and 6 months, 2 cases died after lung metastasis (one with ISUP/WHO grade G3, one with necrosis), and the remaining 11 cases had no recurrence and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#MTSCC is a unique type of low-grade malignancy kidney tumor, occurs predominantly in females, widely distributed in age, the current treatment method is surgical resection, and cases with necrosis and high-grade morphology are prone to recurrence and metastasis, although most cases have a good prognosis, but they still need close follow-up after surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Prognosis , Necrosis
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2343-2351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310


This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.

Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 65-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971151


Objective: To explore the clinical effects of island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps in the repair of sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter. Methods: The retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to December 2021, 23 patients with sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Ganzhou People's Hospital, including 16 males and 7 females, aged 45 to 86 years. The size of pressure ulcers in ischial tuberosity ranged from 1.5 cm×1.0 cm to 8.0 cm×5.0 cm, and the size of pressure ulcers in greater trochanter ranged from 4.0 cm×3.0 cm to 20.0 cm×10.0 cm before debridement. After treatment of underlying diseases, debridement and vacuum sealing drainage for 5 to 14 days were performed. All the wounds were repaired by island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps, with area of 4.5 cm×3.0 cm-24.0 cm×12.0 cm, pedicle width of 3-5 cm, pedicle length of 5-8 cm, and rotation radius of 30-40 cm. Most of the donor site wounds were sutured directly, and only 4 donor site wounds were repaired by intermediate thickness skin graft from the contralateral thigh. The survival of composite tissue flaps, wound healing of the donor and recipient sites and the complications were observed. The recurrence of pressure ulcers, and the appearance and texture of flaps were observed during follow-up. Results: A total of 32 wounds in 23 patients were repaired by island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps (including 3 fascio subcutaneous flaps, 24 fascial flaps+fascio subcutaneous flaps, 2 fascial flaps+fascial dermal flaps, 2 fascial flaps+fascio subcutaneous flaps+femoral biceps flaps, and one fascial flap+fascio subcutaneous flap+gracilis muscle flap). Among them, 31 composite tissue flaps survived well, and a small portion of necrosis occurred in one fascial flap+fascio subcutaneous flap post surgery. The survival rate of composite tissue flap post surgery was 96.9% (31/32). Twenty-nine wounds in the recipient sites were healed, and 2 wounds were torn at the flap pedicle due to improper postural changes, and healed one week after bedside debridement. One wound was partially necrotic due to the flap bruising, and healed 10 days after re-debridement. Thirty-one wounds in the donor sites (including 4 skin graft areas) were healed, and one wound in the donor site was torn due to improper handling at discharge, and healed 15 days after re-debridement and suture. The complication rate was 12.5% (4/32), mainly the incision dehiscence of the flap pedicle and the donor sites (3 wounds), followed by venous congestion at the distal end of flap (one wound). During the follow-up of 3 to 24 months, the pressure ulcers did not recur and the flaps had good appearance and soft texture. Conclusions: The island posterior femoral composite tissue flaps has good blood circulation, large rotation radius, and sufficient tissue volume. It has a high survival rate, good wound healing, low skin grafting rate in the donor site, few postoperative complications, and good long-term effect in the repair of sinus cavity pressure ulcers in the areas of ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter.

Male , Female , Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Pressure Ulcer/etiology , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Skin Transplantation , Femur/surgery , Necrosis/surgery , Perforator Flap
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 15-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971145


Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanism of interleukin-4-modified gold nanoparticle (IL-4-AuNP) on the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice. Methods: Experimental research methods were adopted. Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) and IL-4-AuNP were synthesized by improving the methods described in published literature. The morphology of those two particles were photographed by transmission electron microscopy, and their particle sizes were calculated. The surface potential and hydration particle size of the two particles were detected by nanoparticle potentiometer and particle size analyzer, respectively. The clearance rate of IL-4-AuNP to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion was measured by hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion kits, respectively. Mouse fibroblast line 3T3 cells were used and divided into the following groups by the random number table (the same below): blank control group, hydrogen peroxide alone group treated with hydrogen peroxide only, hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group treated with IL-4-AuNP for 0.5 h and then treated with hydrogen peroxide. After 24 h of culture, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels of cells were detected by immunofluorescence method; cell count kit 8 was used to detect relative cell survival rate. The macrophage Raw264.7 mouse cells were then used and divided into blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group that treated with IL-4-AuNP. After 24 h of culture, the expression of arginase 1 (Arg-1) in cells was observed by immunofluorescence method. Twelve male BALB/c mice (mouse age, sex, and strain, the same below) aged 8 to 10 weeks were divided into IL-4-AuNP group and blank control group, treated accordingly. On the 16th day of treatment, whole blood samples were collected from mice for analysis of white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), urea, or creatinine. The inflammation, bleeding, or necrosis in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney tissue of mice were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE). Another 36 mice were selected to make diabetic model, and the full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of these mice. The wounds were divided into blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group, with 12 mice in each group, and treated accordingly. On the 0 (immediately), 4th, 9th, and 15th day of treatment, the wound condition was observed and the wound area was calculated. On the 9th day of treatment, HE staining was used to detect the length of neonatal epithelium and the thickness of granulation tissue in the wound. On the 15th day of treatment, immunofluorescence method was used to detect ROS level and the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wound tissue. The number of samples was 6 in all cases. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, corrected t test, Tukey test, or Dunnett T3 test. Results: The size of prepared AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were uniform. The particle size, surface potential, and hydration particle size of AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were (13.0±2.1) and (13.9±2.5) nm, (-45.8±3.2) and (-20.3±2.2) mV, (14±3) and (16±4) nm, respectively. For IL-4-AuNP, the clearance rate to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion were (69±4)% and (52±5)%, respectively. After 24 h of culture, the ROS level of 3T3 in hydrogen peroxide alone group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (q=26.12, P<0.05); the ROS level of hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly lower than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (q=25.12, P<0.05) and close to that in blank control group (P>0.05). After 24 h of culture, the relative survival rate of 3T3 cells in hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (t=51.44, P<0.05). After 24 h of culture, Arg-1 expression of Raw264.7 cells in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (t'=8.83, P<0.05).On the 16th day of treatment, there were no significant statistically differences in WBC, RBC, hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of AST, ALT, urea, or creatinine of mice between blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group (P>0.05). No obvious inflammation, bleeding or necrosis was observed in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney of important organs in IL-4-AuNP group, and no significant changes were observed compared with blank control group. On the 0 and 4th day of treatment, the wound area of diabetic mice in blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group had no significant difference (P>0.05). On the 9th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 9.45 and 14.87, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=5.42, P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 4.84 and 20.64, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=15.80, P<0.05); moreover, inflammations such as redness and swelling were significantly reduced in IL-4-AuNP group compared with the other two groups. On the 9th day of treatment, compared with blank control group and AuNP alone group, the length of neonatal epithelium in the wound of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly longer (all P<0.05), and the thickness of the granulation tissue in the wound was significantly increased (with q values of 11.33 and 9.65, respectively, all P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, compared with blank control group, ROS levels in wound tissue of diabetic mice in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wounds of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly more than that in blank control group and AuNP alone group, respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions: IL-4-AuNP is safe in vivo, and can improve the oxidative microenvironment by removing ROS and induce macrophage polarization towards M2 phenotype, thus promote efficient diabetic wound healing and regeneration of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice.

Mice , Male , Animals , Interleukin-4 , Gold/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Creatinine , Hydrogen Peroxide , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxides , Metal Nanoparticles , Soft Tissue Injuries , Antibodies , Inflammation , Necrosis , Hemoglobins
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 33-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970170


Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of various types of infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) and the prognosis of different treatment methods in the imaging classification of IPN proposed. Methods: The clinical data of 126 patients with IPN admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 70 males(55.6%) and 56 females(44.4%), with age(M(IQR)) of 44(17)years (range: 12 to 87 years). There were 67 cases(53.2%) of severe acute pancreatitis and 59 cases (46.8%) of moderately severe acute pancreatitis. All cases were based on the diagnostic criteria of IPN. All cases were divided into Type Ⅰ(central IPN)(n=21), Type Ⅱ(peripheral IPN)(n=23), Type Ⅲ(mixed IPN)(n=74) and Type Ⅳ(isolated IPN)(n=8) according to the different sites of infection and necrosis on CT.According to different treatment strategies,they were divided into Step-up group(n=109) and Step-jump group(n=17). The clinical indicators and prognosis of each group were observed and analyzed by ANOVA,t-test,χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in mortality, complication rate and complication grade in each type of IPN(all P>0.05). Compared with other types of patients, the length of stay (69(40)days vs. 19(19)days) and hospitalization expenses(323 000(419 000)yuan vs. 60 000(78 000)yuan) were significantly increased in Type Ⅳ IPN(Z=-4.041, -3.972; both P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Type Ⅳ IPN was significantly higher than that of other types (χ2=16.350,P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the mortality of patients with different types of IPN between different treatment groups. The length of stay and hospitalization expenses of patients in the Step-up group were significantly less than those in the Step-jump group(19(20)days vs. 33(35)days, Z=-2.052, P=0.040;59 000(80 000)yuan vs. 122 000(109 000)yuan,Z=-2.317,P=0.020). Among the patients in Type Ⅳ IPN, the hospitalization expenses of Step-up group was significantly higher than that of Step-jump group(330 000(578 000)yuan vs. 141 000 yuan,Z=-2.000,P=0.046). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Step-up group(17.4%(19/109)) was significantly lower than that of Step-jump group(10/17)(χ2=11.980, P=0.001). Conclusions: Type Ⅳ IPN is more serious than the other three types. It causes longer length of stay and more hospitalization expenses. The step-up approach is safe and effective in the treatment of IPN. However, for infected lesions which are deep in place,difficult to reach by conventional drainage methods, or mainly exhibit "dry necrosis", choosing the step-jump approach is a more positive choice.

Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Disease , Intraabdominal Infections/complications , Necrosis/complications , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 604-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982640


OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the preparation methods of four rat models of liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and to determine a liver IRI animal model that is consistent with clinical conditions, has stable pathological and physiological injury, and is easy to operate.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups using an interval grouping method: 70% IRI (group A), 100% IRI (group B), 70% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group C), and 100% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group D), with 40 rats in each group. Each model was further divided into sham operation group (S group) and ischemia groups of 30, 60, and 90 minutes, with 10 rats in each group. After surgery, the survival status and awakening time of the rats were observed, and the liver lobectomy weight, bleeding volume, and hemostasis time of groups C and D were recorded. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture after 6 hours of reperfusion for determination the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) in the serum to assess liver and kidney function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining of macrophages were performed to analyze the liver tissue structure damage from a pathological perspective.@*RESULTS@#Rats in group A exhibited earlier awakening and acceptable mental status, while rats in the other groups showed delayed awakening and poor mental status. The hemostasis time in group D was approximately 1 second longer than that in group C. The mortality of rats subjected to 60 minutes of 70% hepatic ischemia was 0. Compared to the sham operation group, rats in each experimental group showed significant increases in serum levels of AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT, indicating impaired liver and kidney function in the rat models of liver IRI. In groups A, B, and C, the 90-minute ischemia subgroup exhibited more pronounced elevation in AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT levels compared to the 30-minute ischemia subgroup [AST (U/L): group A, 834.94±56.73 vs. 258.74±18.33; group B, 547.63±217.40 vs. 277.67±57.92; group C, 930.38±75.48 vs. 640.51±194.20; ALT (U/L): group A, 346.78±25.47 vs. 156.58±13.25; group B, 408.40±138.25 vs. 196.80±58.60; group C, 596.41±193.32 vs. 173.76±72.43; ALP (U/L): group A, 431.21±34.30 vs. 315.95±15.64; group B, 525.88±62.13 vs. 215.63±17.31; group C, 487.53±112.37 vs. 272.46±92.33; BUN (U/L): group A, 18.35±5.63 vs. 14.32±2.30; group B, 30.21±4.55 vs. 17.41±8.14; group C, 20.50±3.64 vs. 15.93±3.22; SCr (U/L): group A, 27.47±8.91 vs. 22.37±5.66; group B, 43.60±15.57 vs. 36.80±7.95; group C, 63.81±20.24 vs. 42.47±7.03; γ-GT (U/L): group A, 15.64±3.57 vs. 6.82±1.48; group B, 9.28±1.91 vs. 5.62±1.21; group C, 10.98±3.18 vs. 5.67±1.10; all P < 0.05]. The 100% IRI 90-minute group and 100% IRI 90-minute group with 30% hepatectomy exhibited more pronounced increases in the above-mentioned indicators compared to the corresponding 70% IRI control group, indicating increased liver and kidney damage in rats subjected to combined blood flow occlusion and hepatectomy. HE staining showed clear liver tissue structure with intact and orderly arranged cells in the sham operation group, while the experimental groups exhibited cell structure damage, including cell rupture or collapse, cell swelling, nuclear pyknosis, deep cytoplasm staining, cell shedding, and necrosis. The interstitium showed infiltration of inflammatory cells. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a higher number of macrophages in the experimental groups compared to the sham operation group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four models of liver IRI in rat were successfully established. As the duration and severity of hepatic ischemia increased, liver cell ischemia worsened, leading to increased hepatocellular necrosis and exhibiting characteristic features of liver IRI. These models can effectively simulate liver IRI following liver trauma, with the group subjected to 100% ischemia and 30% hepatectomy showing the most severe liver injury. The designed models are reasonable, easy to perform, and exhibit good reproducibility. They can be used for investigating the mechanisms, therapeutic efficacy, and diagnostic methods related to clinical liver IRI.

Rats , Male , Animals , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Liver , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Ischemia , Disease Models, Animal , Necrosis
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e305, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1505951


La esofagitis necrotizante aguda es un trastorno poco común que puede ser causa de hemorragia digestiva alta. Predomina en el sexo masculino en la sexta década de la vida. El diagnóstico es endoscópico y muestra una mucosa esofágica de apariencia negra que afecta al esófago distal en toda su circunferencia y se detiene abruptamente en la unión gastroesofágica. Clínicamente suele presentarse con hematemesis y melenas, shock hipovolémico por sangrado masivo, siendo otras manifestaciones el dolor epigástrico, molestia retroesternal y disfagia. Se vincula a pacientes con antecedentes de enfermedad cardiovascular, alcoholismo, diabetes mellitus, desnutrición, hernia hiatal, estenosis gastroduodenal, cáncer, así como pacientes en shock, traumatizados, sometidos a cirugía mayor e inmunosuprimidos. El tratamiento se basa en fluidoterapia, inhibidores de la bomba de protones y suspensión de la vía oral, siendo controvertido el uso de antibioticoterapia. Su pronóstico es malo y dependerá de la gravedad de la enfermedad esofágica y del terreno del paciente, con una mortalidad de hasta el 36 %. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente de 81 años, hipertenso, que presenta hematemesis, confirmándose en la endoscopía una esofagitis necrotizante aguda, que evoluciona favorablemente con tratamiento médico.

Acute necrotizing esophagitis is a rare disorder that can cause upper gastrointestinal bleeding. It predominates in males in the sixth decade of life. The diagnosis is endoscopic and shows a black-appearing esophageal mucosa that affects the entire circumference of the distal esophagus and stops abruptly at the gastroesophageal junction. Usually, patients present with hematemesis and melena, with other manifestations such as epigastric pain, retrosternal discomfort, dysphagia, and hypovolemic shock. Almost all patients reported comorbidities: cardiovascular disease, alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, hiatal hernia, gastroduodenal stenosis, and malignant neoplasia; is related as well to patients with shock, trauma, undergoing major surgery, and immunosuppression. The treatment is based on fluid reposition, proton pump inhibitors and suspension of the oral route, the use of antibiotic therapy being controversial. Its prognosis is poor and will depend on the severity of the esophageal disease and the patient comorbidities, with a mortality rate up to 36 %. Case: A 81-year-old male patient with hypertension, who presented hematemesis, confirmed by endoscopy as acute necrotizing esophagitis, whose evolution was favorable with medical treatment.

A esofagite necrosante aguda é uma doença rara que pode causar hemorragia digestiva alta. Predomina no sexo masculino na sexta década de vida. O diagnóstico é endoscópico e mostra uma mucosa esofágica circunferencial difusa com aspecto preto que envolve quase universalmente o esôfago distal e para abruptamente na junção gastroesofágica. Clinicamente, geralmente se apresenta com hematêmese e melena, com outras manifestações sendo dor epigástrica, desconforto retroesternal, disfagia e choque hipovolêmico. Está relacionado a pacientes com histórico de doenças cardiovasculares, alcoolismo, diabetes mellitus, desnutrição, hérnia hiatal, estenose gastroduodenal e neoplasia maligna, bem como pacientes em choque, trauma, cirurgia de grande porte e imunossupressão. O tratamento é a medicação dietética higiênica baseada em fluidoterapia, inibidores da bomba de prótons e suspensão da via oral, sendo o uso de antibioticoterapia controverso. Seu prognóstico é ruim e dependerá da gravidade da doença esofágica e do terreno do paciente, com mortalidade de até 36 %. Apresentamos o caso clínico de um paciente hipertenso de 81 anos que apresentou hematêmese, confirmada por endoscopia como esofagite necrosante aguda, que evoluiu favoravelmente com tratamento higiênico-dietético e medicamentoso.

Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Esophagitis/drug therapy , Esophagitis/diagnostic imaging , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Fluid Therapy , Hematemesis/etiology , Acute Disease , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Treatment Outcome , Esophagitis/complications , Octogenarians , Necrosis/etiology
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e387223, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519883


Purpose: To assess the effect of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of three species of plants from the Piperaceae family on reducing necrosis and enhancing wound healing in an animal model of degloving injuries. Methods: The animals were divided into six groups, each consisting of six animals: sham, negative control, EEPA (Piper amalago ethanolic extract), EEPG (Piper glabratum ethanolic extract), EEPV (Piper vicosanum ethanolic extract), and positive control receiving hyperbaric oxygenation. The animals underwent surgery to induce excision wounds, and the extent of cutaneous necrosis was evaluated using graphic software, while wound healing was assessed through histopathology. Results: Skin necrosis percentage area was: sham group = 62.84% 6.38; negative control group = 63.03% 4.11; P. vicosanum = 40.80% 4.76 p < 0.05; P. glabratum 32.97% 4.01 p < 0.01; P. amalago = 32.40% 4.61 p < 0.01; hyperbaric oxygenation = 33.21% 4.29 p < 0.01. All treated groups showed higher collagen deposition and less intense, plus predominantly mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate, suggesting improved healing process. Conclusions: The three tested extracts demonstrated efficacy in reducing the extent of cutaneous necrosis caused by degloving injuries and also showed evidence of improvement in the wound healing process.

Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries , Plant Extracts , Piperaceae , Ethanol , Degloving Injuries , Necrosis
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(4): 378-387, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1423868


Objetivos: presentar un caso de necrosis uterina tras técnica de sutura hemostática por hemorragia posparto y hacer una revisión de la literatura para determinar la técnica de sutura utilizada, los hallazgos clínicos, la técnica diagnóstica y el tratamiento realizado en los casos clínicos descritos. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una mujer de 34 años que consultó por dolor abdominal al octavo día tras cesárea por placenta previa, que precisó sutura de B-Lynch por atonía uterina y cuyo diagnóstico fue necrosis uterina. La paciente requirió histerectomía abdominal total, con evolución satisfactoria. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía Pubmed, Embase y Web of Science. Se buscaron series y reportes de casos y cohortes de mujeres con necrosis uterina posterior al uso de suturas de compresión uterina para control de hemorragia posparto. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas al diagnóstico, técnica de sutura, pruebas diagnósticas y tratamiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 23 estudios con 24 pacientes. El 83 % de las necrosis ocurrieron tras cesárea. La técnica más utilizada fue B-Lynch (66 %), seguida de Cho (25 %). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron fiebre y dolor abdominal. La prueba diagnóstica más utilizada fue la tomografía computarizada (9 de 24 casos). En la mayoría de casos se realizó histerectomía (75 %). Conclusiones: la necrosis de la pared uterina es una complicación infrecuente pero grave. Sería recomendable el diseño de cohortes de seguimiento de mujeres sometidas a estos procedimientos para determinar la incidencia de complicaciones asociadas.

Objectives: To present a case of uterine necrosis following hemostatic suturing to control postpartum bleeding, and to review the literature in order to identify the suture techniques employed, clinical findings, diagnostics and treatment in the clinical cases described. Materials and Methods: A 34-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain eight days after cesarean delivery due to placenta previa who required B-Lynch compression suture due to uterine atony, and who was diagnosed with uterine necrosis. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with a satisfactory recovery. A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline vía Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science databases. The search included case series and reports, and cohorts of women with uterine necrosis following the use of uterine compression sutures for postpartum bleeding. The analysis included sociodemographic and clinical variables at the time of diagnosis, suturing technique, diagnostic tests and treatment. Results: Overall, 23 studies with 24 patients were included. Of all necrosis cases, 83% occurred following cesarean section. B-Lynch was the suturing technique most frequently used (66 %), followed by the Cho suture (25 %). The most frequent symptoms were fever and abdominal pain. The most commonly used diagnostic test was computed tomography (9/24 cases). Hysterectomy was performed in the majority of cases (75 %). Conclusions: Although rare, uterine wall necrosis is a serious complication. It would be advisable to design follow-up cohort studies of women undergoing these procedures in order to determine the incidence of associated complications.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterus , Hemostatic Techniques , Necrosis , Cesarean Section , Suture Techniques , Aftercare , Postpartum Hemorrhage
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 807-814, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407695


Abstract Objective The present study analyzed the incidence of epiphyseal avascular necrosis in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treated using a modified Dunn technique. In addition, this study determined the correlation of other variables with this incidence and described treatment complications. Methods This is a retrospective study with 20 patients treated by the same surgical team from 2009 to 2019 and followed up for 2 to 12 years. The analysis included general features, time from presentation to surgical procedure, classification, and intraoperative blood perfusion of the epiphysis, as well as complications and their treatment. Results All cases were severe; 65% were acute on chronic, and 55% of the SCFEs were unstable. Our complication rate was 45%, with 5 cases of avascular necrosis, 2 cases of deep infection, 1 case of material failure, and 1 case of joint instability. The statistical analysis revealed that the risk of necrosis was higher when the surgery occurred after a long hospitalization time and there was no intraoperative epiphyseal perfusion. Four necrosis cases happened within the first 5 years, and 1 case in the last 5 years of the study. Conclusion Our study showed that necrosis was the most common complication. It also revealed that surgery delay and lack of intraoperative epiphysis perfusion potentially predispose to avascular necrosis. Although with no statistical significance, coxofemoral instability occurred in chronic SCFE, and surgical fixation with threaded wires was less effective than fixation with a cannulated screw. The modified Dunn procedure should be reserved for severe cases in which other techniques are not feasible and performed by an experienced, trained, and qualified team.

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a incidência da necrose avascular da epífise no tratamento do escorregamento da epífise proximal do fêmur pela técnica de Dunn modificada, correlacionando-a com outras variáveis. Como objetivo secundário, descrevemos outras complicações encontradas. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com 20 pacientes tratados entre 2009 e 2019, com seguimento de 2 a 12 anos, tratados pela mesma equipe cirúrgica. A análise incluiu características gerais, tempo entre apresentação e procedimento cirúrgico, classificação, presença de perfusão sanguínea intraoperatória da epífise, avaliação das complicações e seus respectivos tratamentos. Resultados Todos os casos eram graves, 65% crônicos agudizados e 55% dos escorregamentos eram instáveis. Nossa taxa de complicações foi de 45%, sendo 5 casos de necrose avascular, 2 de infecção profunda, uma falha do material e uma instabilidade articular. Pacientes operados com maior tempo após a internação e os sem perfusão intraoperatória da epífise tiveram maior risco de necrose na análise estatística. Considerando o tempo do estudo, tivemos 4 casos de necrose nos primeiros 5 anos e 1 caso nos últimos 5 anos. Conclusão Nosso estudo demonstrou que a necrose foi a complicação mais comum e que o atraso para a realização da cirurgia e a ausência de perfusão da epífise no intraoperatório podem predispor à necrose avascular. Embora não estatisticamente significante, a instabilidade coxofemoral foi observada na forma de apresentação crônica e a fixação cirúrgica com fios rosqueados se mostrou menos eficaz que a fixação com parafuso canulado. Este procedimento deve ser reservado para casos graves nos quais outras técnicas não sejam possíveis e realizado por equipe experiente, treinada e capacitada.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Osteotomy , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses/complications , Necrosis
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(3)set. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401951


Giant Cell Arteritis is a vasculitis that mainly affects women over 50. The most common manifestations are headache, jaw claudication, and amaurosis. If not diagnosed early, it can lead to rare irreversible ischemic consequences, with tongue necrosis being one of these. We report a case of a previously undiagnosed patient with lateral tongue necrosis who responded well to oral corticosteroid treatment. The diagnosis is clinical, laboratory and histological and may be aided by imaging exams. Initial treatment is with oral corticosteroids, with methotrexate and tocilizumab as alternatives. Diagnostic suspicion and quick start of treatment favorably influence the prognosis of the disease (AU)

Apresentamos um caso de arterite de células gigantes com amaurose, seguida de necrose da língua, diagnosticado clinicamente com boa resposta terapêutica ao corticoide oral. Salientamos que os casos de necrose da língua são extremamente raros. A suspeita diagnóstica de arterite de células gigantes é de fundamental importância e mesmo na impossibilidade de realizar a biópsia de artéria temporal, não se deve retardar o início do tratamento sob pena de acarretar sequelas definitivas ou manifestações mais graves da doença (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Giant Cell Arteritis , Tongue/pathology , Vasculitis , Necrosis
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(2): 172-176, jun. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1387601


RESUMEN La nutrición enteral es parte importante del soporte vital avanzado en el paciente crítico, y ha demostrado ser más fisiológica, económica y con resultados superiores a la nutrición parenteral. La yeyunostomía para alimentación enteral está indicada cuando no es posible la alimentación por vía oral y está contraindicada la utilización de una sonda nasogástrica o nasoyeyunal de alimentación. Es una vía de alimentación con escasa morbilidad, aunque no está exenta de complicaciones, y algunas de ellas pueden ser graves. Comunicamos un caso de necrosis intestinal vinculado a la alimentación enteral por yeyunostomía en un paciente sometido a una gastrectomía oncológica.

ABSTRACT Enteral nutrition is an important component of advanced life support in the critically ill patient, and has demonstrated to be more physiologic, cheaper and with better results than parenteral nutrition. Jejunostomy for enteral nutrition is indicated when the oral route is impossible and the use of a nasogastric or nasojejunal feeding tube is contraindicated. Although the rate of complications associated with enteral nutrition through jejunostomy is low, they may occur and be serious. We report a case of bowel necrosis associated with a jejunostomy performed for enteral nutrition in a patient who underwent oncologic gastrectomy.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Jejunostomy/adverse effects , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Intestines/pathology , Peritonitis/surgery , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrectomy , Laparotomy , Necrosis/diagnosis
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1470, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1422467


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar os efeitos adversos locorregionais da administração da terapêutica oncológica endovenosa em mulheres com câncer de mama avançado. Metodo: revisão integrativa da literatura, que utilizou as bases de dados PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS e EMBASE, sem recorte temporal, além de busca reversa dos artigos selecionados, atualizada até maio de 2022 A população contemplou mulheres com câncer de mama avançado submetidas à intervenção com terapêutica oncológica endovenosa com quimioterapia ou hormonioterapia ou anticorpo monoclonal, e o desfecho avaliou efeitos adversos locorregionais Resultados: identificaram-se 2.789 estudos, e a amostra final foi composta por 8 ensaios clínicos e 1 estudo observacional retrospectivo, sendo todos estudos internacionais e publicados no período de 1986 a 2018. Predominantemente, as pacientes tinham câncer de mama em estádio IV, idade de 50 anos ou mais e múltiplas metástases. Os efeitos adversos locorregionais foram: flebite, ulceração e/ou necrose, dor, eritema e reação no local da injeção não especificada. Os estudos não trazem detalhamento do tipo de cateter venoso, osmolaridade dos fármacos e cuidados preventivos para diminuição desses efeitos adversos. Conclusão: as evidências desses artigos mostraram que os efeitos adversos locorregionais estão presentes em estudos de eficácia dos fármacos oncológicos em mulheres com câncer de mama avançado. No entanto, destaca-se que a segurança da administração dos fármacos oncológicos não se apresenta elucidada nessa revisão, indicando necessidade de estudos de acompanhamento dos efeitos adversos.

RESUMEN Objetivo: identificación de los efectos adversos locorregionales de la administración de la terapia oncológica intravenosa en mujeres con cáncer de mama avanzado. Método: revisión bibliográfica integradora, que utilizó las bases de datos PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS y EMBASE, sin corte de tiempo, además de una búsqueda inversa de los artículos seleccionados, actualizada hasta mayo de 2022 La población incluyó mujeres con cáncer de mama avanzado, sometidas a intervención con terapia oncológica endovenosa con quimioterapia u hormonoterapia o anticuerpo monoclonal y el resultado evaluó los efectos adversos locorregionales Resultados: se identificaron 2.789 estudios y la muestra final se compuso de ocho ensayos clínicos, un estudio observacional retrospectivo, todos estudios internacionales, publicados desde 1986 hasta 2018. Predominantemente, las pacientes tenían cáncer de mama en estadio IV, edad de 50 años o más y metástasis múltiples. Los efectos adversos locorregionales fueron flebitis, ulceración y/o necrosis, dolor, eritema y reacción en el lugar de la inyección no especificada. Los estudios no detallan el tipo de catéter venoso, la osmolaridad de los fármacos y los cuidados preventivos para reducir estos efectos adversos. Conclusión: las pruebas de estos artículos mostraron que los efectos adversos locorregionales están presentes en los estudios de eficacia de los fármacos oncológicos en mujeres con cáncer de mama avanzado. Sin embargo, cabe destacar que la seguridad de la administración de los fármacos contra el cáncer no se dilucida en esta revisión, lo que indica la necesidad de realizar estudios de seguimiento sobre los efectos adversos.

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the locoregional adverse effects of administering intravenous oncologic therapy in women with advanced breast cancer. Method: this was an integrative literature review using the PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, and EMBASE databases, without a time cut, in addition to a reverse search of the selected articles updated until May 2022. The population included women with advanced breast cancer undergoing intervention with intravenous oncologic therapy with chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or monoclonal antibody, and the outcome assessed locoregional adverse effects. Results: 2,789 studies were identified, and the final sample consisted of 8 clinical trials and 1 retrospective observational study, all of which were international studies published from 1986 to 2018. Predominantly, patients with stage IV breast cancer, were aged 50 years or older, and had multiple metastases. Locoregional adverse effects were phlebitis, ulceration and/or necrosis, pain, erythema, and unspecified injection site reaction. The studies did not detail the type of venous catheter, the osmolarity of the drugs, and preventive care to reduce these adverse effects. Conclusion: the evidence from these articles showed that locoregional adverse effects are present in efficacy research of oncologic drugs in women with advanced breast cancer. Nonetheless, the safety of administering cancer drugs is not elucidated in this review, indicating the need for follow-up studies of adverse effects.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Neoplasms/nursing , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Phlebitis/complications , Erythema/complications , Evidence-Based Practice , Necrosis/complications
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408228


Introducción: La necrosectomía pancreática abierta es una técnica quirúrgica empleada en la infección de la necrosis. Objetivo: Identificar los factores relacionados con el pronóstico en pacientes operados con el diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda necrotizante. Método: Se realizó una cohorte prospectiva en enfermos operados con el diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda necrotizante, en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital General Universitario "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" de Bayamo, Granma, en el período 2018 - 2020. Se incluyeron 61 pacientes con este diagnóstico. Se estudiaron variables demográficas, clínicas, humorales y quirúrgicas. Se utilizó una estrategia bivariado y multivariado. Resultados: En el análisis bivariado se destacó la influencia de la edad (RR 3,34 IC 95 por ciento 0,17-0,68) y el índice de severidad tomográfica (RR 1,85 IC 95 por ciento 0,66-2,37), la disfunción múltiple de órganos (RR 5,06 IC 95 por ciento 1,08-2,15), la cirugía precoz (2,78 IC 95 por ciento 1,00-3,34) y la infección de la necrosis (RR 6,60 IC 95 por ciento 1,01-5,23). En el modelo de regresión logística multivariado quedaron incluidos como variables independientes asociadas al pronóstico la disfunción múltiple de órganos (RR 6,58 IC 95 por ciento 2,40-18,08) y la infección de la necrosis (RR, 14,20 IC 95 por ciento 5,93 -34,01) Conclusiones: El análisis de la mortalidad evidenció que los factores que demostraron asociación significativa fueron la disfunción múltiple de órganos y la infección de la necrosis(AU)

Introduction: Open pancreatic necrosectomy is a surgical technique used in necrosis infection. Objective: To identify the factors related to prognosis in patients operated on under the diagnosis of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out in patients operated on under the diagnosis of acute necrotizing pancreatitis, in the intensive care unit of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes General University Hospital of Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, in the period 2018-2020. Sixty-one patients with this diagnosis were included. Demographic, clinical, humoral and surgical variables were studied. A bivariate and multivariate strategy was used. Results: In the bivariate analysis, the influence of age (relative risk [RR]=3.34; 95 percent confidence interval [CI]: 0.17-0.68) and tomographic severity index (RR=1.85; 95 percent CI: 0.66-2.37), as well as multiple organ dysfunction (RR=5.06; 95 percent CI: 1.08-2.15), early surgery (RR=2.78; 95 percent CI: 1.00-3.34) and necrosis infection (RR=6.60; 95 percent CI: 1.01-5.23) were highlighted. In the multivariate logistic regression model, multiple organ dysfunction (RR=6.58; 95 percent CI: 2.40-18.08) and infection of necrosis (RR=14.20; 95 percent CI: 5.93-34.01) were included as independent variables associated with prognosis. Conclusions: Mortality analysis evidenced that the factors that showed significant association were multiple organ dysfunction and necrosis infection(AU)

Humans , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Intensive Care Units , Necrosis/mortality , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 541-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940999


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factor analysis of necrotizing pneumonia in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was used to analyze the case data of 218 children with severe pneumonia hospitalized in the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2016 to January 2020, and they were divided into 96 cases in the necrotizing pneumonia group (NP group) and 122 cases in the non-necrotizing pneumonia group (NNP group) according to whether necrosis of the lung occurred. The differences in clinical characteristics (malnutrition, fever duration, hospitalization time, imaging performance, treatment and regression follow-up), laboratory tests [leukocytes, neutrophil ratio, platelet (PLT), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), D-dimer, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)] and bronchoscopic performance between the two groups were compared, and Logistic regression analysis of clinical risk factors associated with necrotizing pneumonia was performed to further determine the maximum diagnostic value of each index by subject operating characteristic curve (ROC). The critical value of each index was further determined by the ROC.@*RESULTS@#The differences in age, gender, pathogenic classification, and bronchoscopic presentation between the two groups of children were not statistically significant (P>0.05); whereas the imaging uptake time of the children in the NP group was higher than that in the NNP group (P < 0.05). The differences in malnutrition, fever duration, length of stay, white blood cell count, neutrophil ratio, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were statistically significant between the two groups (P < 0.05). The imaging uptake time was lower in children under 6 years of age than in those over 6 years of age, and the imaging uptake time for bronchoalveolar lavage within 10 d of disease duration was lower than that for those over 10 d; the imaging uptake time was significantly longer in the mixed infection group than that in the single pathogen infection group. Logistic regression analysis of the two groups revealed that the duration of fever, hospital stay, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were risk factors for secondary pulmonary necrosis (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P=0.013, P=0.001, respectively). The ROC curves for fever duration, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were plotted and found to have diagnostic value for predicting the occurrence of pulmonary necrosis when fever duration >11.5 d, CRP >48.35 mg/L, and D-dimer > 4.25 mg/L [area under ROC curve (AUC)=0.909, 0.836, and 0.747, all P < 0.001].@*CONCLUSION@#Children with necrotizing pneumonia have a longer heat course and hospital stay, and the imaging uptake time of mixed pathogenic infections is significantly longer than that of single pathogenic infections. Children with necrotizing pneumonia under 6 years of age have more advantageous efficacy of electronic bronchoscopic alveolar lavage within 10 d of disease duration compared with children in the group over 6 years of age and children in the group with disease duration >10 d. Inflammatory indexes CRP, PCT, and D-dimer are significantly higher. The heat course, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer are risk factors for secondary lung necrosis in severe pneumonia. Heat course >11.5 d, CRP >48.35 mg/L, and D-dimer >4.25 mg/L have high predictive value for the diagnosis of necrotizing pneumonia.

Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Malnutrition , Necrosis , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Necrotizing , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors