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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 857-860, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351062

ABSTRACT

Resumen El sarcoma de Ewing es una neoplasia rara y altamente agresiva que afecta con cierta predilección adolescentes varones. La incorporación de terapia neoadyuvante y nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas ha mejorado la supervivencia. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 41 años con sarcoma de Ewing de pared torácica, quien recibió tratamiento multimodal consistente en quimio-radioterapia concurrente y tratamiento qui rúrgico, y alcanzó respuesta patológica completa. El sarcoma de Ewing rara vez se presenta en la edad adulta y, cuando lo hace, suele tener mal pronóstico. El tratamiento multimodal de pacientes mayores de 40 años ha probado mejorar los resultados oncológicos.


Abstract Ewing sarcoma is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm that occurs most frequently in male adolescents. The incorporation of neoadjuvant therapy and new surgical techniques has improved survival. We present the case of a 41-year-old man diagnosed with Ewing sarcoma of the chest wall, whose tumor showed a pathological complete response to a multimodal treatment consisting of concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgical resection. Ewing sarcoma rarely occurs in adults, who generally have a worse prognosis. A multimodal approach for the treatment of patients older than 40 years has proven to improve oncological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sarcoma, Ewing/therapy , Sarcoma, Ewing/diagnostic imaging , Combined Modality Therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 565-573, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346508

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer de ovario ocupa el tercer lugar en frecuencia entre los cánceres ginecológicos en Argentina. Existe un déficit de información de esta enfermedad en nuestro país respecto al tratamiento y evolución oncológica de las pacientes. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue evaluar los resultados perioperatorios y oncológicos, en pacientes con tumor epitelial de ovario con estadios avanzados. Presentamos una cohorte retrospectiva en la que se evaluó la supervivencia libre de enfermedad y la supervivencia global en pacientes con tumores epiteliales de ovario tratadas en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires entre junio del 2009 a junio del 2017. De 170 pacientes incluidas en el estudio, 72 (42.4%) fueron tratadas con una cirugía de citorreducción primaria (CCP), mientras que 98 (57.6%) recibieron neoadyuvancia y luego cirugía del intervalo (CI). La tasa de citorreducción óptima fue de 75% y de 79% respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias en los resultados perioperatorios, ni en las complicaciones graves entre ambos grupos. La mediana de SLE en el grupo de CCP fue de 2.5 años (IC 95% 1.6-3.1) mientras que en el grupo de CI fue de 1.4 (IC 95% 1.2-1.7) p < 0.001. La mediana de supervivencia global fue de 5.8 años en CCP, y de 3.5 años en CI. En pacientes adecuadamente seleccionadas la CCP presenta mejores resultados oncológicos a la neoadyuvancia y CI. La selección correcta de las pacientes para tratamiento primario es fundamental para definir la conducta terapéutica.


Abstract Ovarian cancer represents the third gynecological cancer in frequency in Argentina. There is a lack of information on this pathology in our country regarding the treatment and evolution of patients who suffer it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative and oncological results in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian tumor. We present a retrospective cohort in which we evaluated disease-free survival and overall survival in patients with epithelial ovarian tumor treated at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between June 2009 and June 2017. Of 170 patients included in the study, 72 (42.4%) received primary debulking surgery (CCP), while 98 (57.6%) received neoadjuvant therapy and interval surgery (CI). The optimal cyto-reduction rate was 75% and 79% respectively. No differences were found in perioperative outcomes, or in severe complications between the two groups. The median disease-free survival in the CCP group was 2.5 years (95% CI 1.6-3.1) while in the CI group it was 1.4 (95% CI 1.2-1.7) p < 0.001. The median overall survival was 5.8 years in CPP, and 3.5 years in CI. Faced with a meticulous selection by a group of experts, patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with CCP present better oncological results than those who received neoadjuvant therapy and CI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/therapy , Hospitals , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 81-98, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1291292

ABSTRACT

Introducción: actualmente la quimioterapia neoadyuvante ha ampliado sus indicaciones en el tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Se observó variabilidad en la expresión de biomarcadores postneoadyuvancia que pueden acompañarse de cambios en el tratamiento adyuvane. Objetivos: el objetivo principal fue evaluar la variabilidad de biomarcadores pre y post neoadyuvancia. Los objetivos secundarios fueron determinar qué subtipo inmunohistoquímico tumoral alcanzó más frecuentemente la respuesta patológica completa (PCR), si la variación en los biomarcadores derivó en un cambio de inmunofenotipo y posteriormente en una modificación del tratamiento adyuvante. Material y método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo observacional de las pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer de mama que realizaron neoadyuvancia en el servicio de mastología del Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires entre enero 2009 y junio 2019. Resultados: se incluyeron 127 pacientes. La variabilidad observada para receptores de estrógeno (RE) fue de 7,6%, resultando no estadísticamente significativo. Para receptores de progesterona (RP) fue de 28,3% y para HER2 fue de 13,1%, estos cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos. El inmunofenotipo tumoral que alcanzó más frecuentemente la PCR fue el grup RH-/HER2+. Hubo cambios en el inmunofenotipo tumoral en 17 casos y modificaciones al tratamiento adyuvante en 5 de estos. Conclusiones: en este estudio observamos una variabilidad estadísticamente significativa en la expresión de RP y HER2 posteriormente al tratamiento neoadyuvante. En cambio la variabilidad de RE no es estadísticamente significativa. Estos cambios determinan modificaciones en el inmunofenotipo tumoral y en el tratamiento adyuvante en el 29,4% de estos casos (5,4% del total de la serie), justificando la reevaluación de biomarcadores en la pieza quirúrgica. La tasa de PCR fue del 27,6%. Se observó con mayor frecuencia en el grupo RH-/HER2+ alcanzando un valor de 83,3%.


Introduction: nowadays neoadjuvant chemotherapy has extended its indications in breast cáncer treatment. A variantion in tumoral biomark expression has been observed after neoadjuvant treatment, this can be accompanied by a modification in adjuvant treatment. Objetives: to evaluate the variability in biomarkers before and after neoajuvant chemotherapy. To observe which inmunehistochemical subtype reache most frequently pathologic complete response, to determine if changes in biomarkers derived in a change in adjuvant treatment. Material and method: this is an observational retrospective study on patients with breast cáncer diagnosis who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy in Buenos Aires British Hospital between 2009 and june 2019. Results: the variability observed for estrogen receptor was 7,6%, not statistically significant; for progesterone receptor was 28,3%, for HER2 13,1%, these modifications were statistically significant. Pathologic complete response was achieved most frequently by RH-/HER2+ carcinomas. We observed changes in subtype in 17 cases ant modifications to adjuvant treatment in 5 cases. Conclusions: in this study we observed modifications in progesterone receptors and HER2 expression before and after neoadjuvant treatment, these were statistically significan. The modifications in estrogen receptors expression were not statistically significant. They led to changes in tumoral subtype and in the adjuvant treatment in 29,4% of the cases. This justifies retesting tumoral biomarkers after the neadjuvant setting. The rate of pathologic complete response was of 27,6%, mainly given by RH-/HER2 + tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Biomarkers , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Drug Therapy
4.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 99-138, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1291293

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama localmente avanzado (CMLA) se manifiesta con grandes tumores (T3-4) y/o gran carga adenopática (N 1-2-3), sin metástasis a distancia e incluye estadios clínicos: II b, III a, III b y III c. La quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) es el tratamiento inicial para gran parte de las pacientes con CMLA y está indicada en pacientes con cáncer de mama operable e inoperable. Este tratamiento presenta algunas ventajas como la reducción del tamaño del tumor primario (downstaging) y de ganglios positivos, permitiendo así más cirugías conservadoras, y la medición directa de la sensibilidad de las células tumorales. Un rol similar cumple la terapia endocrina neoadyuvante en tumores con receptores de estrógeno (RE) y receptores de progesterona (RP) positivos, al demostrar beneficios en reducción del volumen tumoral. Los anticuerpos monoclonales anti Her2 asociados a la QTNA aumentan la efectividad de esta última. La respuesta del CMLA a la neoadyuvancia se evalúa con la clínica y el estudio histológico de la pieza quirúrgica, con esta última, se monitorea enfermedad residual a través de la respuesta patológica completa (RCp) que es un importante factor pronóstico de la sobrevida libre de enfermedad (SLE) como de la sobrevida global (SG). El carcinoma mamario inflamatorio (CMI) posee distintas características clínicas, epidemiológicas y biológicas donde el tratamiento de inicio es la QTNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
5.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(146): 87-118, mar. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1337984

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los cánceres de mama triple negativos representan el 10-15% de los tumores de la mama y se caracterizan por presentar un mal pronóstico y evolución. Debido a que son negativos para los receptores hormonales y el receptor Her2, no presentan un tratamiento específico y es la quimioterapia la principal opción de tratamiento. Objetivos: el desarrollo de este trabajo es describir los últimos hallazgos moleculares y genéticos de los tumores triple negativos y la evolución del tratamiento sistémico en estos tumores. Desarrollo: debido a la heterogeneidad de los tumores triple negativos y el advenimiento de los estudios genéticos y moleculares, se han realizado numerosos intentos para lograr determinar marcadores biológicos que nos permitan predecir el pronóstico de esta enfermedad. Los últimos hallazgos nos muestran que los triples negativos presentan una amplia variedad de marcadores, que nos podrían permitir determinar las vías metabólicas para establecer terapias dirigidas. Sin embargo, hasta el momento, la herramienta principal en el tratamiento sistémico sigue siendo la quimioterapia basada en antraciclinas y taxanos. Existe una variedad de terapéuticas opcionales basadas en las posibles mutaciones genéticas asociadas a los triples negativos, y en el rol del sistema inmune. Conclusiones: posiblemente la determinación de blancos moleculares y mutaciones genéticas en el cáncer de mama triple negativo nos permitirá en un futuro determinar blancos terapéuticos para un mejor control de la enfermedad y determinación de su pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Neoadjuvant Therapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 81-100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878274

ABSTRACT

The incidence of pancreatic cancer has increased in recent years, and the mortality has ranked the third among malignant tumors. Advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer in the past decade, however, the current situation is still severe due to the uneven medical level in different regions of China. In 2018, Pancreatic Cancer Committee of Chinese Anti-cancer Association formulated the "Chinese comprehensive guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer (2018 version)", with the view for standardizing and improving the level of diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer in China. In 2020, the committee worked out the latest version of "Chinese comprehensive guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer (2020 version)", based on the development in the past two years. These updates were mainly reflected in the following aspects: breakthroughs in targeted therapy and immunotherapy, and genetic screening and genetic sequencing has been firstly applied in the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer. The practicability and accuracy of the 8th edition of AJCC-TNM staging system for pancreatic cancer has been validated in multi-center of China and has been used in clinical practice. Preoperative neoadjuvant therapy has become the standard treatment for borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic cancer, and it is gradually applied to the resectable pancreatic cancer. The surgical exploration after neoadjuvant therapy is particularly important. Chemotherapy-based systemic treatment modality, including targeted therapy and immunotherapy, has been carried out in clinical trial setting, and the benefits of maintenance therapy have been confirmed in advanced pancreatic cancer. The multi-disciplinary and multi-regional collaborative diagnosis and treatment pattern is widely popularized in China and runs through the entire diagnosis and treatment process. The development of domestic clinical trials and multi-center, cross-regional cooperation provides high-level evidence of evidence-based medicine for the new drug development and regimen optimization of pancreatic cancer. By incorporating the above latest advances into the new guideline, we aim to provide further guidance for the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer in China.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , China , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/therapy
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 70 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1348850

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante (QRTN) consolidou-se como a principal estratégia para o tratamento do câncer de reto localmente avançado (CRLA). No entanto, respostas heterogêneas são observadas com o tratamento neoadjuvante, com apenas 15-20% dos pacientes com resposta patológica completa (RPC). Diante da necessidade de estratificar os pacientes em respondedores e não respondedores à QRTN antes do seu início, com o objetivo de aprimorar a seleção daqueles com maior probabilidade de obter uma RPC, vários estudos avaliam a identificação de possíveis biomarcadores. O objetivo primário deste estudo prospectivo foi analisar se a ausência da expressão do homólogo B de RAD23 (RAD23B) e da timidilato sintase (TYMS) nas células tumorais circulantes (CTCs) se correlacionaria com a RPC para os pacientes submetidos à QRTN e, assim, identificar possíveis respondedores ao tratamento. Os desfechos secundários foram avaliar a cinética das CTCs antes (C1) e após QRTN (C2), além da correlação da expressão de marcadores de resposta imune, como o Tumor Growth Factor ß Receptor I (TGF-ßRI) e Programmed Death ligand-1 (PD-L1) com a sobrevida livre de doença (SLD) e sobrevida global (SG). MÉTODOS: Entre 2016 e 2020, 63 pacientes com CRLA (cT3/T4 e/ou N+) submetidos a QRTN foram incluídos no estudo. As CTCs foram isoladas por ISET e avaliadas por imunocitoquímica. A expressão de RAD23B, TYMS, PD-L1 e TGF-ßRI foi avaliada nesta ordem de prioridade de acordo com o objetivo primário do estudo em cada momento de coleta e a disponibilidade de células (contagem de CTCs > 0) na amostra. RESULTADOS: Em C1, RAD23B foi detectado em 54,1% dos pacientes sem RPC e sua ausência em 91,7% dos pacientes com RPC (p = 0,014); Na segunda coleta, dos 13 pacientes com RPC, 10 não apresentaram expressão de RAD23B nas CTCs. Para os pacientes que não obtiveram RPC com QRTN, 51,7% apresentavam a expressão de RAD23B em CTC em C2 (p = 0,06). Na análise univariada (OR =0,077;IC 95%, 0,009-0,661; p = 0,019) e multivariada (OR= 0,064;CI 95%, 0,006-0,75; p = 0,029) para RPC, observamos que a expressão de RAD23B foi associado com menor chance de resposta em comparação com os pacientes com a ausência da expressão do RAD23B na C1. A ausência da expressão da TYMS foi observado em 90% dos pacientes com RPC e sua expressão em 51,7% sem RPC (p = 0,057). Na avaliação da cinética da CTCs pacientes com CTC2> CTC1 (cinética desfavorável) tiveram pior SLD (p = 0,00025) e SG (p = 0,0036) em comparação com aqueles com CTC2 ≤CTC1 (cinética favorável). A expressão de TGF-ßRI em qualquer momento das coletas correlacionou-se com pior SLD (p = 0,059). CONCLUSÃO: Demonstramos uma possível correlação entre a ausência de expressão de RAD23B e TYMS nas CTCs com a RPC, sendo um resultado importante para identificar os respondedores ao tratamento neoadjuvante, ajudando individualizar a abordagem terapêutica. Além disso, a cinética desfavorável e a expressão de TGF-ßRI nas CTCs se correlacionaram com pior sobrevida


INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) has established itself as the main strategy for the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). However, heterogeneous responses are observed with neoadjuvant treatment, with only 15-20% of patients with complete pathological response (pCR). Given the need to stratify patients into responders and non-responders to NCRT prior to its initiation, in order to improve the selection of those most likely to obtain a pCR, several studies have assessed the identification of potential biomarkers capable of stratifying and monitoring the patient's response. The primary objective of this prospective study was to analyze whether the absence of RAD23 homolog B expression (RAD23B) and thymidylate synthase (TYMS) in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) would correlate with pCR for patients undergoing NCRT and thus identify possible responders to treatment. The secondary outcomes were to evaluate the kinetics of CTCs before (C1) and after NCRT (C2), in addition to the correlation of the expression of immune response markers, such as Tumor Growth Factor ß Receptor I (TGF-ßRI) and Programmed Death ligand- 1 (PD-L1) with clinical outcomes such as disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: Between 2016 and 2020, 63 patients (pts) with LARC (cT3 / T4 or N +) submitted to NCRT were included in the study. CTCs were isolated by ISET and evaluated by immunocytochemistry (protein expression). The expression of RAD23B, TYMS, PD-L1 and TGF-ßRI was evaluated in this order of priority according to the primary objective of the study at each time of collection (C1, C2 and C3) and the availability of cells (CTC count> 0) in the sample. RESULTS: In C1, RAD23B was detected in 54.1% of patients without pCR and its absence in 91.7% of patients with pCR (p = 0.014). In the second collection, of the 13 patients with pCR, 10 did not show RAD23B expression in the CTCs. For patients who did not obtain pCR with NCRT, 51.7% had RAD23B expression in CTC in C2 (p = 0.06). In the univariate (OR = 0.077; 95% CI, 0.009-0.661; p = 0.019) and multivariate (OR = 0.064; 95% CI, 0.006-0.75; p = 0.029) logistic regression models for pCR, we observed that the expression of RAD23B was associated with a lower chance of response compared to patients with the absence of RAD23B expression in C1. The absence of TYMS expression was observed in 90% of patients with pCR and its expression in 51.7% without pCR (p = 0.057). In the evaluation of CTCs kinetics patients with CTC2> CTC1 (unfavorable kinetics) had worse DFS (p = 0.00025) and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.0036) compared with those with CTC2 ≤CTC1 (favorable kinetics). TGF-ßRI expression at any time of the collections was correlated with worse DFS (p = 0.059). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated a possible correlation between the absence of RAD23B and TYMS expression in CTCs with pCR, being an important result to identify respondents to neoadjuvant treatment, helping to individualize the therapeutic approach. In addition, the unfavorable kinetics and expression of TGF-ßRI in CTCs correlated with worse survival.


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Immunohistochemistry , Chemoradiotherapy
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202723, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: the surgical approach persists as the main treatment for esophageal cancer. This study compares the patients of the same institution over time at three different times. Methods: this is a retrospective, observational, descriptive study comparing the surgical outcomes obtained by the Division of Surgical Oncology of Erasto Gaertner Hospital. The sample was divided into Period 1 (1987-1997), Period 2 (1998-2003) and Period 3 (2007-2015). Survival rates and disease-free survival were estimated by the Kaplan-Maier method. Survival predictors were identified with Cox regression. ANOVA test was used for comparison between groups. Data were analyzed with SPSS 25.0 and STATA 16, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: a total of 335 patients underwent esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy. When the clinical characteristics of the 3 groups were compared, there was no statistically significant difference. Neoadjuvance was significantly higher in Period 3 (55.4% of patients). We found a histological change in the diagnosis over time, with a significant increase in adenocarcinoma. Morbidity and mortality rates were higher in Period 3. The main complications were pulmonary and anastomotic fistulas. Overall survival in 5 years increased over time, reaching 59.7% in Period 3. Conclusions: better neoadjuvant treatment contributed to increase the global survival of patients, despite greater rate of immediate complications to surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo: A abordagem cirúrgica persiste como tratamento principal para o câncer de esôfago. O presente estudo compara as casuísticas da mesma instituição ao longo do tempo, em três momentos diferentes. Métodos: Estudo descritivo retrospectivo comparativo observacional dos resultados cirúrgicos obtidos pelo Serviço de Cirurgia Oncológica do Hospital Erasto Gaertner. A amostra foi dividida em: Período 1 (1987-1997), Período 2 (1998-2003) e Período 3 (2007-2015). Taxas de sobrevida e sobrevida livre de doença foram estimadas pelo método de Kaplan-Maier. Preditores de sobrevida foram identificados com regressão de Cox. Para a comparação entre os grupos foi utilizado teste ANOVA. Os dados foram analisados com os programas SPSS 25.0 e STATA 16, sendo p<0,05 considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Ao todo, 335 doentes foram submetidos a esofagectomia ou esofagogastrectomia. Quando comparadas as características clínicas dos 3 grupos não houve diferença estatística significativa. A realização de neoadjuvância foi significativamente maior no Período 3 (55,4% dos pacientes). Verificamos uma mudança histológica do diagnóstico no decorrer do tempo, com um aumento significativo do adenocarcinoma. As taxas de morbimortalidade foram superiores no Período 3. As principais complicações foram pulmonares e de fistulas anastomóticas. A sobrevida global em 5 anos foi aumentando no decorrer do tempo, atingindo 59,7% no Período 3. Conclusões: Melhor tratamento neoadjuvante contribuiu para aumentar a sobrevida global dos pacientes, apesar de maior incidência de complicações imediatas à cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Brazil , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Esophagectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2142, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess miRNA-195 expression in the tumor tissues from a cohort of Brazilian female breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and evaluate its correlation with various clinicopathological markers. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to evaluate the miRNA-195 expression in tumor tissues from a cohort of female breast cancer patients undergoing NAC. This expression was then correlated with the occurrence of several distinct breast cancer molecular subtypes and other clinicopathological variables. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients were included in this study, 28 (50.9%) of whom were treated using NAC. Tumor miRNA-195 expression was suppressed in breast cancer patients, regardless of their exposure to systemic treatments, histological grade, size, nodal status, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging. This was more pronounced in luminal and triple-negative patients, and patient's response to NAC was correlated with an increase in miRNA-195 expression. CONCLUSION: miRNA-195 is downregulated in the tumor tissues of Brazilian breast cancer patients regardless of NAC exposure; this reinforces its role as a tumor suppressor and a potential biomarker for chemotherapy response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prognosis , Brazil , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical surgery has become the treatment model for locally advanced rectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of postoperative mFOLFOX6 regimen chemotherapy for locally resectable advanced rectal cancer.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective study. A total of 82 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer admitted to Affiliated Nanhua Hospital, University of South China from February 2015 to December 2017 were selected as the subjects. The patients received 4 courses of mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy and underwent surgery within 4-6 weeks after chemotherapy. The incidences of chemotherapy-related adverse reactions, postoperative complications, and clinical pathological reactions were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the period from mFOLFOX6 chemotherapy to preoperative, 82 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer was reported chemotherapy-related adverse reactions, including Grade 4 neutropenia (2.4%), catheter related infection (2.4%), and anorexia (2.4%), Grade 3 nausea (2.4%) and anorexia (2.4%), Grade 2 neutropenia (14.6%) and peripheral neuropathy (7.3%). Finally, 76 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer completed surgery, including 56 (73.7%) with anterior rectum resection, 16 (21.1%) with abdominal perineal resection, and 72 (94.7%) with pelvic nerve preservation. A total of 22 (28.9%) patients had surgical complications, including 8 (10.5%) with complications of Grade 3 or above. The complications with high incidence were intestinal obstruction, anastomotic leakage, and sepsis. Among the 76 patients who completed chemotherapy and surgery, T stage was decreased in 28 (36.8%) and N stage was decreased in 44 (57.9%); forty-two (55.3%) were in pathological Stage I, 20 (26.3%) in Stage IIA, 12 (15.8%) in Stage IIB, and 2 (2.6%) in Stage IIIA. Ten patients were suspected of tumor invasion of surrounding organs before chemotherapy, of which 4 patients did not need to extend the resection of surrounding organs after chemotherapy and achieved R0 resection of tumor; 2 in T@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preoperative mFOLFOX6 regimen chemotherapy for locally resectable advanced rectal cancer is a safe and feasible treatment strategy, and it is worthy of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , China , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Appl. cancer res ; 40: 1-9, Oct. 19, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1281398

ABSTRACT

Background: Ovarian cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy. In patients with advanced ovarian cancer, some biological parameters have prognostic implementations. P27kip1 is an inhibitor of a cycline-dependent kinase, its loss, can contribute to tumor progression. Objective: This study aimed to examine the importance of P27KIP1 protein in predicting the prognosis and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced ovarian epithelial cancer and to compare the outcomes of immunohistochemistry with Quantitative Real-time PCR. Patients and methods: We have studied P27KIP1expression by both immunohistochemistry and Quantitative Realtime PCR from 88 patients with advanced ovarian carcinomas undergone radical debulking surgery and received Paclitaxel followed by Cisplatin every 3 weeks for a total of 6 cycles. We also studied their association with both chemotherapy response and patient survival. Results: Nuclear expression of p27KIP1 protein was intense in 86 normal ovarian tissues and 42 of 88 carcinomas. The P27kip1mRNA expression level by qRT-PCR was very low in ovarian cancer tissues relative to its adjacent normal tissues. The results were statistically significant by both methods of determination. p27KIP1 expression was significantly related to good prognostic parameters as low stage tumors, differentiated tumors, absence of ascites, residual disease < 2 cm, and response to chemotherapy but not with histopathological type in case of determination by immunohistochemistry. Comparison of P27kip1 by both immunohistochemistry and qRTPCR with different prognostic parameters revealed no significant difference between both methods in the assessment of these parameters. In 4 years of follow-up, 20.5% of patients were alive without evidence of disease. 6.8% were alive with disease. The disease-related four -year survival rate for the whole group was 28.2%. In multivariate analysis, residual disease, histological type, tumor differentiation, ascites was of independent prognostic significance. Conclusion: In ovarian cancer, patients with loss of p27KIP1 expression are at a greater likelihood of disease progression, p27KIP1 may be used as a molecular marker to predict response to chemotherapy and prognosis. Both immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR have equal reliability in the determination of p27 KIP1


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/drug therapy , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 39(143): 29-47, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1120617

ABSTRACT

Introducción La quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTn) es una herramienta de uso cada vez más frecuente en el tratamiento del cáncer de mama. su repercusión es objetivada a partir de parámetros clínicos (examen físico y estudios por imagen) y parámetros anatomo-patológicos sobre la pieza quirúrgica. Existe variabilidad en el impacto de la Qt según el subtipo molecular. Este estudio evalúa el grado de respuesta (clínica y patológica) a la QTn de las pacientes con cáncer de mama subtipo luminal y la tasa de cirugías conservadoras en este subgrupo. Objetivo Describir la tasa de respuesta clínica y patológica obtenida en el subgrupo de pacientes luminales y evaluar la tasa de conversión a cirugía conservadora luego del tratamiento neoadyuvante. Material y método Se analizaron 220 historias clínicas pertenecientes a pacientes que realizaron neoadyuvancia en el periodo 2014-2017 en el Servicio de Patología Mamaria del Hospital Oncológico Marie Curie. Se incluyeron 78 pacientes con diagnóstico de carcinoma invasor subtipo luminal A y B, Her 2 negativas. Se evaluó la tasa de respuesta clínica, patológica y la tasa de cirugía conservadora. Resultados Se clasificaron como Luminal A el 26.9% (n=21) de las 78 pacientes, y Luminal B el 73.1% (n=57). La distribución por tamaño tumoral fue: T1 en el 1.25% (n= 1); T2 en 46.1% (n= 36); T3 en 37.2% (n=29) y T4 en el 15.4% (n=12) de los casos. No presentaban compromiso axilar (N0) el 24.3% de las pacientes (n=19), y se vio afectación ganglionar el 75.5 % (n= 59). El Estadio clínico más frecuente fue el III A (32% = 25 pacientes). El 60.3% (47 pacientes) de los casos tenía indicación de mastectomía de inicio y el 39.7% (41 pacientes) eran candidatas a cirugía conservadora. Posterior a la quimioterapia, se indicaron cirugías conservadoras en el 52.6 % (n=41) y mastectomía en el 47.4% (n=37), con una tasa de conversión a cirugía conservadora del 24.4%. La respuesta clínica completa fue del 28.2% (n=22) y la respuesta patológica completa del 16.6%. Conclusión Se observó una respuesta clínica y patológica acorde a la experiencia de otros centros, sobre todo en el subtipo luminal B, con una alta tasa de conversión a cirugía conservadora del 24.4%. Esto nos permite considerar la quimioterapia neoadyuvante como una opción de tratamiento válida para aquellas pacientes con cáncer de mama subtipo luminal B- Her 2 negativa.


Introduction Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (QTn) is a tool that is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer. its repercussion is objectified based on clinical parameters (physical examination and imaging studies) and anatomo-pathological parameters on the surgical specimen. There is variability in the impact of Qt according to the molecular subtype. This study evaluates the degree of response (clinical and pathological) to the QTn of patients with luminal subtype breast cancer and the rate of conservative surgeries in this subgroup. Objective To describe the clinical and pathological response rate in the subgroup of luminous patients and to evaluate the conversion rate in a conservative surgery after neoadjuvant treatment. Material and method We will analyze 220 clinical records belonging to patients that developed during the 2014-2017 period in the Breast Pathology Service of the Marie Curie Oncology Hospital. We included 78 patients with a diagnosis of invasive carcinoma luminal subtype A and B, their 2 negative. The clinical and pathological response rate and the rate of conservative surgery in each group were evaluated. Results Luminal A was classified as 26.9% (n = 21) of the 78 patients, and Luminal B was 73.1% (n = 57). The distribution by tumor size was: T1 at 1.25% (n = 1); T2 at 46.1% (n = 36); T3 in 37.2% (n = 29) and T4 in 15.4% (n = 12) of the cases. There is no axillary involvement (N0) in 24.3% of the patients (n = 19), and the ganglion was affected 75.5% (n = 59). The most frequent clinical stage was III A (32% = 25 patients). Sixty-three percent (47 patients) of the cases had an initial mastectomy indication and 39.7% (41 patients) were candidates for conservative surgery. After chemotherapy, conservative surgeries were indicated in 52.6% (n = 41) and mastectomy in 47.4% (n = 37), with a conversion rate to conservative surgery of 24.4%. The complete clinical response was 28.2% (n = 22) and the complete pathological response was 16.6%. Conclusion A clinical and pathological response was observed according to the experience of other centers, especially in luminal subtype B, with a high conversion rate to conservative surgery of 24.4%. This allows us to consider neoadjuvant chemotherapy as a valid treatment option for those patients with luminal B-Her 2 negative breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Drug Therapy
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 278-299, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer and is associated with a high lethality rate. Treatment is multidisciplinary, and neoadjuvant chemoradiation is recommended in locally advanced rectal cancer. About 15% of patients answer favorably to neoadjuvant chemoradiation, so it is important to determine the predictors of response. Objective: To review the results of studies that analyzes the predictors of complete pathological response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Search methods: We searched for eligible articles in data bases Pubmed and Scopus, between the 12th and the 20th of March 2020. The following key words were used: "predictors of response", "chemoradiation" and "locally advanced rectal cancer". Selection criteria: Inclusion criteria: Studies including patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiation as treatment, studies including predictors of response to neodjuvant chemoradiation, overall survival as an outcome and regarding language restrictions, only articles in English were accepted, only studies published until the 31st of December 2019 were accepted. Main results: Fourteen studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Thirteen are cohort studies and one is a clinical trial. Four groups of predictors were defined: blood markers, tumors, histopathological and patients' characteristics. Author's conclusions: During the analysis of the articles, there were several predictors identified as potential candidates for clinical practice, such as high pre neoadjuvant chemoradiation Carcinoembryonic Antigen levels and small post neoadjuvant chemoradiation tumor size. Nevertheless, it is difficult to make definitive conclusions about the most reliable predictors. That is why it is crucial to initiate further studies with standardized cut-off values and a methodology homogenization.


Resumo Introdução: O cancro colorretal é um dos cancros mais prevalentes em Portugal e tem associada uma alta taxa de letalidade. Atualmente, o tratamento é multidisciplinar, e a quimioradioterapia neoadjuvante está indicada no Cancro do Reto Localmente Avançado. Sabe-se que cerca de 15% dos doentes responde favoravelmente à quimioradioterapia neoadjuvante, sendo por isso importante determinar quais os preditores de resposta a este tipo de tratamento. Objetivo: Rever os resultados dos estudos que analisam os preditores de resposta completa à quimioradioterapia em pacientes com Cancro do Reto Localmente Avançado. Métodos de pesquisa: Pesquisamos artigos elegíveis nos bancos de dados Pubmed e Scopus, desde o dia 12 a 20 de Março de 2020. Foram utilizadas as seguintes palavras chave: "preditores de resposta", "quimioradioterapia neoadjuvante" e "Cancro do Reto Localmente Avançado". Critérios de seleção: Critérios de inclusão: Estudos que incluam pacientes com Cancro do Reto Localmente Avançad, pacientes sujeitos a quimioradioterapia neoadjuvante, preditores de resposta à quimioradioterapia, que avaliem a sobrevivência como outcome, escritos em inglês e publicados até dia 31 de Dezembro de 2019. Resultados principais: Catorze estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. De todos os artigos, treze são Cohort e um é Clinical Trial. Foram definidos quatro grupos de preditores: marcadores de sangue e caraterísticas do tumor, histopatológicas e dos pacientes. Conclusões dos autores: Durante a análise dos artigos, foram identificados vários preditores como potenciais candidates para a prática clínica, tais como o valor elevado de antigénio carcinoembrionário pré- quimioradioneoaajuvância e tamanho reduzido. Contudo, é arriscado elaborar conclusões concretas relativamente aos preditores mais confiáveis. Por isso, é crucial iniciar novos estudos com valores de cut-off estandardizados e métodos com maior homogeneidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Neoplasms , Chancre/drug therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Forecasting
14.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(2): 112-119, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Standard of care for locally advanced rectal cancer is neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery. This study identified predictive factors for tumour response in our series. Patients and methods Between January 2005 and December 2018, 292 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated by preoperative chemo-radiation before surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The radiation dose was 50.4 Gy with fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy regimens. Patients-tumour and treatment-factors were tested for influence on tumour down staging and regression grade using Mandard scoring system on surgical specimens (TRG). Results Median age was 69 years (range 39-87); 33.9% of patients was Stage II and 54.5% Stage IIIB. Tumour down staging occurred in 211 patients (73%), including 63 patients (21.6%) with ypT0 (documented T0 at surgery) and 148 patients (50.7%) with a satisfactory tumour regression grade defined as TRG2­3. Upper rectal tumours were identified to predictive factors for pathologic complete response by univariate analysis (p = 0.002). TRG1­3 was associated with intervals from chemo-radiation to surgery (p = 0.004); TRG1­3 rates were higher with longer intervals: 1.71% in ≤ 5 weeks, 23.63% in 6-8 weeks and 46.9% in ≥ 9 weeks; and PTV 50.4 ≥ 800cc (p = 0.06); 3 and 5 years survivals were 85% and 90% for the group as a whole. Among ypT0 cases, the overall survival was 91.1% without significantly different (p = 0.25) compared with the remaining group, 87.2%. Among ypT0 cases, the relapse-free survival was 94.5%, with significantly different (p = 0.03) compared with the remaining group 78.2%. There were no treatment-associated fatalities. Thirty-two patients (10.96%) experienced Grade III/IV toxicities (proctitis, ephitelitis and neutropenia). Conclusions Tumour localization was identified as predictive factors of pathologic complete response for locally advanced rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemo-radiation. Upper rectal tumours are more likely to develop complete responses. Delay in surgery was identified as a favorable predictive factor for TRG1­3. The relapse-free survival in pathologic complete response group was higher compared with non-pathologic complete response.


RESUMO Objetivo O tratamento padrão para o câncer retal localmente avançado é a quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante, seguida de cirurgia. Este estudo identificou fatores preditivos de resposta tumoral em nossa série. Pacientes e métodos Entre janeiro de 2005 e dezembro de 2018, 292 pacientes com câncer retal localmente avançado, tratados com quimiorradiação pré-operatória, foram retrospectivamente analisados. O tratamento quimioterápico foi à base de fluoropirimidina e a dose de radiação foi de 50,4 Gy. Os tumores dos pacientes e os fatores do tratamento foram testados quanto à influência no estadiamento do tumor e no grau de regressão usando o sistema de classificação de Mandard em espécimes cirúrgicos (TRG). Resultados A mediana das idades foi 69 anos (variação de 39 a 87); 33,9% dos pacientes estavam no estágio II e 54,5% no estágio IIIB. O estadiamento do tumor ocorreu em 211 pacientes (73%), incluindo 63 pacientes (21,6%) com ypT0 (T0 documentado na cirurgia) e 148 pacientes (50,7%) com grau satisfatório de regressão do tumor, definido como TRG1­3. Os tumores retais superiores foram identificados como fatores preditivos de resposta patológica completa por análise univariada p = 0,002. TRG1­3 foi associado aos intervalos entre a quimioterapia e a cirurgia p = 0,004; As taxas de TRG1­3 foram maiores com intervalos mais longos: 1,71% em ≤ 5 semanas, 23,63% em 6-8 semanas e 46,9% em ≥ 9 semanas; e PTV 50,4 ≥ 800cc (p = 0,06); as sobrevidas de 3 e 5 anos foram de 85% e 90% para o grupo em geral. Entre os casos de ypT0, a sobrevida global foi de 91,1%, sem diferença significativa (p = 0,25) na comparação com o grupo restante (87,2%). Entre os casos de ypT0, a sobrevida livre de recidiva foi de 94,5%, com diferença significativa (p = 0,03) na comparação com o grupo restante (78,2%). Não houve fatalidades associadas ao tratamento. Trinta e dois pacientes (10,96%) apresentaram toxicidade de grau III/IV (proctite, efitelite e neutropenia). Conclusões A localização do tumor foi identificada como fator preditivo de resposta patológica completa para o câncer retal localmente avançado tratado com quimiorradiação pré-operatória. Os tumores retais superiores têm mais probabilidade de desenvolver respostas completas. O atraso da cirurgia foi identificado como um fator preditivo favorável para o TRG1­3. A sobrevida livre de recidiva no grupo com resposta patológica completa à quimiorradioterapia pré-operatória foi maior comparado ao grupo com resposta patológica incompleta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Rectal Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2552-2557, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of cancer with poor prognosis and outcomes. This study aimed to investigate clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, and treatments among Chinese patients diagnosed with IBC.@*METHODS@#We collected data of 95 patients with IBC who were treated by members of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, from January 2017 to December 2018. The data, including demographic characteristics, pathological findings, surgical methods, systemic treatment plans, and follow-up, were obtained using a uniform electronic questionnaire. The clinicopathological features of different molecular types in patients without distant metastases were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis (H) test followed by post hoc analyses.@*RESULTS@#Lymph node metastasis was noted in 75.8% of all patients, while distant metastasis was noted in 21.4%. Pathological findings indicated invasive ductal and lobular carcinomas in 86.8% and 5.3% of cases, respectively. Hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) (41.5%) and HR-/HER2+ (20.1%) were the most common biologic subtypes, followed by HR+/HER2+ (19.1%) and HR-/HER2- (19.1%). Stage III IBC was treated via pre-operative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 87.7% of the cases, predominantly using anthracycline and taxanes. A total of 91.9% of patients underwent surgical treatment. Among them, 77.0% of the patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, 8.1% of whom also underwent immediate breast reconstruction. The Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that the efficacy of chemotherapy significantly differed among those with HR+/HER2- and HR-/HER2- tumors (adjusted P = 0.008), and Ki-67 expression significantly differed in HR-/HER2+ and HR+/HER2+ molecular subtypes (adjusted P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides novel insight into clinicopathological characteristics and treatment status among patients with IBC in China, and might provide a direction and basis for further studies.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, No. ChiCTR1900027179; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=45030.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 657-667, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828745

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the overall treatment level of pancreatic cancer in China, Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery in China Society of Surgery of Chinese Medical Association and Pancreatic Disease Committee of China Research Hospital Association have formulated the guideline for neoadjuvant therapy of pancreatic cancer in China (2020 edition). Based on the GRADE system, the guideline has conducted a discussion on the indication, regimen selection, therapeutic effect evaluation, pathological diagnosis and surgery strategy, etc. This guideline has quantified the evidence level of the current clinical researches and provided recommendations for the clinical practice in the neoadjuvant therapy of pancreatic cancer. The guideline has highlighted the role of multiple disciplinary team and represented the conversion of treatment concept in pancreatic cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy has prolonged the survival of the part of pancreatic cancer patients. However, more high-quality clinical researches are in urgent need to improve the level of evidence, optimize the clinical practice and improve the survival of patients.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827424

ABSTRACT

For resectable gastric cancer, although radical surgery is still the main treatment, methods of operation and the curative effect of operation are still in the stage of exploration for metastatic gastric cancer. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and molecular targeted therapy also play an important role in prolonging the survival period of patients with gastric cancer. Postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy can prolong the survival time, but for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, the preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy can also further improve the survival period of patients compared with direct operation. In addition, with the development and using of molecular targeted drugs, such as antiangiogenic agents, immunosuppressive drugs and so on, the survival period of patients with gastric cancer has been further extended.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Gastrectomy , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Splenic Neoplasms , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 75 p. figuras, tabelas.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1102483

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A incidência e o impacto preditivo e prognóstico da expressão de PD-L1 por imunoistoquimica em pacientes com câncer gástrico submetidos a tratamento perioperatório é incerto. Também não há dados concretos sobre o efeito da quimioterapia neoadjuvante sobre esta expressão. Nesta coorte objetivamos determinar a expressão de PD-L1 pelo Combined Positive Score (CPS) em amostras de biópsias de neoplasias gástricas pré-neoadjuvância e em peças cirúrgicas após este tratamento e correlacionar estes achados com a resposta à quimioterapia pré-operatória e com os resultados de sobrevida observados. Método: Esta é uma coorte retrospectiva de pacientes com câncer gástrico e de transição gastro-esofágica que receberam tratamento neoadjuvante e cirurgia com intuito curativo no A.C.Camargo Cancer Center de 2007 a 2017. Pacientes submetidos à esofagectomia como procedimento principal, com tumores de coto gástrico e com histologias mistas foram excluídos. Dados clínicos foram coletados dos prontuários e de banco de dados prospectivo mantido pelo Núcleo de Cirurgia Abdominal. Amostras da biópsia pré tratamento e de áreas representativas da neoplasia colhidas das peças cirúrgicas após a neoadjuvância e representadas em TMA foram analisadas por IHQ utilizando-se o anticorpo 22C3 PharmDx da DAKO com os resultados analisados pelo CPS. A sobrevida global e livre de doença foram calculadas pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e a regressão de Cox foi usada para calcular os HR crus e ajustados para fatores prognósticos. Resultado: Duzentos e setenta pacientes foram incluídos, com mediana de idade de 58,9 anos, 51,5% estadiados como cT3-T4N+, 45% com histologia difusa, sendo que 87,8% completaram o tratamento neoadjuvante. A análise patológica pós-neoadjuvância revelou 13% de casos com resposta completa e 53% com regressão tumoral inferior a 50%. Com um seguimento mediano de 60,3 meses, as sobrevidas global e livre de doença medianas não foram atingidas. O porcentual de casos PD-L1 positivos nas biópsias foi 11,4% e em peças cirúrgicas foi 18,6% com CPS mediano de 3 (IQR 2,0 ­ 7,5) e 9 (IQR 5,0 ­ 20,0) respectivamente. Em 18,9% dos casos com amostras pareadas, as mesmas foram classificadas como PD-L1 negativas nas biópsias e positivas na peça cirúrgica pós-neoadjuvância. A expressão proteica do PD-L1 não esteve associada nem à resposta patológica nem aos resultados de sobrevida. Conclusão: A expressão proteica de PD-L1 em pacientes com câncer gástrico e de TEG submetido à quimioterapia perioperatória é baixa e significativamente diferente quando analisada nas biópsias pré-tratamento e nas peças cirúrgicas. Em nossa casuística, esta expressão não apresentou impacto na resposta patológica e nos resultados de sobrevida observados (AU)


Background. The incidence, prognostic and predictive impacts of PD-L1 IHC expression in locally advanced gastric cancer is uncertain as well as the effect of preoperative treatment on this expression. We aimed to determine the expression of PD-L1 by CPS in the pre-treatment biopsy and surgical specimens of patients with gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy and its association with pathological response and survival outcomes. Method. Retrospective cohort of patients treated at a cancer center from 2007 to 2017. Patients with confirmed gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma who received neoadjuvant treatment and curative-intent surgery were included. Gastric stump tumors and those who had a total esophagectomy were excluded. Clinical data were obtained from medical charts. Biopsy samples and a tissue microarray with the most representative areas of the surgical specimen were used to evaluate PD-L1 IHC expression with 22C3 phamDx antibody. Results were analyzed using the CPS score. Overall and DFS survival included the Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimator and a Cox regression was used to obtain crude and adjusted HR for prognostic factors. Results. 270 patients were included: median age was 58.9 years, most (51.5%) had cT3-T4N+ stages, 45% had diffuse histology and 87.8% completed the preoperative regimen. 13% had a pCR, while 53% had minimal tumor regression. With a median follow-up of 60.3 months (CI 95% 54.7 ­ 65.8), the median OS and DFS were not reached. 11.4% of biopsies and 18.6% of surgical specimens had positive CPS, with a median score of 3 (IQR 2,0 ­ 7,5) and 9 (IQR 5.0 ­ 20.0) respectively. In 18.9% of paired samples the PD-L1 expression was found to be negative in the biopsy sample and positive in the surgical specimen. PD-L1 expression was neither associated with pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, nor with survival outcomes. Conclusion. PD-L1 expression on the setting of locally advanced gastric cancer was low and it was different when biopsy and surgical specimens were compared. No impact on survival results could be detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Neoadjuvant Therapy
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4990, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium-90 microspheres is a palliative locoregional treatment, minimally invasive for liver tumors. The neoadjuvant aim of this treatment is still controversial, however, selected cases with lesions initially considered unresectable have been enframed as candidates for curative therapy after hepatic transarterial radioembolization. We report three cases in which the hepatic transarterial radioembolization was used as neoadjuvant therapy in an effective way, allowing posterior potentially curative therapies.


RESUMO A radioembolização transarterial hepática com microesferas de ítrio-90 é uma modalidade paliativa de tratamento locorregional minimamente invasiva. O objetivo neoadjuvante deste tratamento ainda é controverso, mas casos selecionados de lesões consideradas inicialmente irressecáveis reenquadram-se como candidatos à terapia curativa após a radioembolização transarterial hepática. Relatamos três casos em que a radioembolização transarterial hepática foi utilizada como terapia neoadjuvante de forma efetiva possibilitando aplicação posterior de terapias potencialmente curativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Cholangiocarcinoma/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Yttrium Radioisotopes , Treatment Outcome , Disease Progression , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Middle Aged
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