Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.900
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 855-859, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385666

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Gran parte de los pacientes con cáncer de colon (CC), son diagnosticados y tratados de forma electiva. Sin embargo, aproximadamente un 20 % de ellos debutará como una emergencia (obstrucción o perforación). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y supervivencia global (SVG) en pacientes resecados por CC perforado (CCP). Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes con CCP, sometidos a colectomía y linfadenectomía, de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor y Hospital de Temuco, Chile, entre 2010 y 2019. Las variables resultados fueron SVG y MPO. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, resecabilidad, número de linfonodos resecados, estancia hospitalaria, mortalidad operatoria, recurrencia y supervivencia libre de enfermedad (SLE). Los pacientes fueron seguidos de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión; y análisis de SV con curvas de Kaplan Meier. Se intervinieron 15 pacientes (60 % mujeres), con una mediana de edad de 62 años. La localización más frecuente fue sigmoides (6 casos; 40,0 %). La resecabilidad de la serie fue 100 %. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico, número de linfonodos resecados y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 80 min, 20 y 5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 26,7 % (4 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 36 meses, se verificó una recurrencia de 40,0 %. Por otra parte, la SVG y SLE a 5 años fue 46,7 % y 33,3 % respectivamente. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y SVG, fueron similares a series internacionales.


SUMMARY: Most patients with colon cancer (CC) are diagnosed and treated electively. However, a fifth of them will debut as an emergency (obstruction or perforation). The aim of this study was to determine postoperative morbidity (POM) and overall survival (OS) in patients resected by perforated CC (PCC). Retrospective case series of patients with PCC undergoing colectomy and lymphadenectomy, consecutively, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic and Temuco hospital, Chile, between 2010 and 2019. The outcome variable were POM and OS. Other variables of interest were surgical time, resectability, number of resected lymph nodes, hospital stay, mortality, recurrence, and disease-free survival (DFS). Patients were followed clinically. Descriptive statistics was used (measures of central tendency and dispersion), and OS analysis was applying Kaplan Meier curves.15 patients (60 % women) were intervened, with a median age of 62 years. The most frequent location was the sigmoid colon (6 cases, 40.0 %). Resectability of the series was 100 %. Median surgical time, number of lymph nodes resected, and hospital stay; they were 80 min, 20 and 5 days respectively. POM was 26.7 % (4 cases). With a median follow-up of 36 months, recurrence was 40.0 %. On the other hand, OS and DFS at 5 years were 46.7 % and 33.3 %, respectively. The observed results, in terms of POM and OS, were like international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Emergencies , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 161-167, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal is a rare entity. Previous studies have suggested predictors for tumor recurrence. However, most of the prognostic factors were from the clinicopathological aspect. Objective: This study aims to analyze the correlation between pre-operative peripheral inflammation markers and survival outcomes, in order to identify prognostic biomarkers for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal who underwent surgery at our institute. The pre-operative circulating inflammatory markers, such as the neutrophil, lymphocyte, platelet, and monocyte counts were measured and their ratios including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were calculated. The prognostic value of the measured hematologic parameters in relation to the survival outcomes was also evaluated. Results: A total of 83 patients were included, of which 26 patients showed tumor recurrence and 57 without recurrence. Neutrophil counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were closely connected with tumor stage. In the patients with recurrence, neutrophil counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were elevated (p< 0.0001, p< 0.0001 and p = 0.001), while lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were decreased (p = 0.013 and p = 0.016, respectively). The receiver operating curve analysis indicated that pre-operative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a potential prognostic marker for recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal (area under curve = 0.816), and the cut-off points was 2.325. Conclusions: Pre-operative neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte are significantly correlated with tumor recurrence in patients with external auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma. Furthermore, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be unfavorable prognostic factors of this disease.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo é uma doença rara. Estudos anteriores sugeriram preditores de recorrência do tumor. Entretanto, a maioria dos fatores prognósticos se originou do aspecto clínico-patológico. Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre marcadores inflamatórios periféricos pré-operatórios e os desfechos de sobrevida e identificar biomarcadores prognósticos para pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Método: Analisamos retrospectivamente pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo submetidos à cirurgia em nosso instituto. Os marcadores inflamatórios circulantes pré-operatórios, como as contagens de neutrófilos, linfócitos, plaquetas e monócitos, foram medidos e as suas relações calculadas, inclusive as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos. O valor prognóstico dos parâmetros hematológicos medidos em relação aos desfechos de sobrevida também foi avaliado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 83 pacientes, entre os quais 26 apresentaram recorrência tumoral e 57 não apresentaram. A contagem de neutrófilos e a relação neutrófilo/linfócito estavam intimamente associadas ao estágio do tumor. Nos pacientes com recorrência, a contagem de neutrófilos, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos e a relação plaquetas/linfócitos eram elevadas (p < 0,0001, p > 0,0001 e p = 0,001), enquanto a contagem de linfócitos e a relação linfócitos/monócitos estavam diminuídas (p = 0,012 ep = 0,016, respectivamente). A análise da curva, Receiver Operating Characteristic, indicou que a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pré-operatória era um potencial marcador prognóstico para a recorrência de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo (Área sob a curva = 0,816) e o ponto de corte foi de 2,325. Conclusão: A contagem pré-operatória de neutrófilos e linfócitos, as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos estão significativamente correlacionadas com a recorrência do tumor em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Além disso, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pode ser um fator prognóstico desfavorável dessa doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Ear Canal/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 263-274, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common oncologic disease among men. Radical treatment with curative intent provides good oncological results for PCa survivors, although definitive therapy is associated with significant number of serious side-effects. In modern-era of medicine tissue-sparing techniques, such as focal HIFU, have been proposed for PCa patients in order to provide cancer control equivalent to the standard-of-care procedures while reducing morbidities and complications. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available evidence about focal HIFU therapy as a primary treatment for localized PCa. Material and methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of focal HIFU therapy in the MEDLINE database (PROSPERO: CRD42021235581). Articles published in the English language between 2010 and 2020 with more than 50 patients were included. Results: Clinically significant in-field recurrence and out-of-field progression were detected to 22% and 29% PCa patients, respectively. Higher ISUP grade group, more positive cores at biopsy and bilateral disease were identified as the main risk factors for disease recurrence. The most common strategy for recurrence management was definitive therapy. Six months after focal HIFU therapy 98% of patients were totally continent and 80% of patients retained sufficient erections for sexual intercourse. The majority of complications presented in the early postoperative period and were classified as low-grade. Conclusions: This review highlights that focal HIFU therapy appears to be a safe procedure, while short-term cancer control rate is encouraging. Though, second-line treatment or active surveillance seems to be necessary in a significant number of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasound, High-Intensity Focused, Transrectal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Salvage Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(1): 92-96, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364301

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY We report a rare case of Cushing's syndrome in a 37-year-old female who initially presented with localized acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. In January 2014, she underwent a right parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation and adjuvant radiotherapy. In August 2018, she presented a histologically-proven local regional relapse. The patient was considered for salvage surgery with facial nerve sacrifice and remained with no evidence of disease. One year later the patient developed pulmonary dissemination and started to gain weight and developed facial plethora and acne on the face and upper trunk. In a physical examination, the patient presented moon face, buffalo hump, acne and stage 2 hypertension. Biochemical evaluation confirmed ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. IHC for ACTH in the lung biopsy revealed strong positive staining for ACTH confirming a diagnosis of ectopic ACTH secretion by a metastatic parotid acinic cell carcinoma. Ketoconazole (600 mg/d) was started to treat the CS. In addition, as chemotherapy was initiated to treat the metastatic disease. After the fifth cycle of chemotherapy, ketoconazole was suspended and the patient remained in remission of CS for four months, when CS recurred. A unique feature of this case is related to the clinical CS relapse associated with disease progression, which needed prompt treatment with ketoconazole, resulting in a significant improvement in the patient's condition. Although rare, should be attentive for possible CS features in patients with high-grade salivary gland carcinomas, since the diagnosis of ectopic secretion of ACTH may significantly impact their management and outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , ACTH Syndrome, Ectopic/complications , ACTH Syndrome, Ectopic/diagnosis , Parotid Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma/complications , Cushing Syndrome/diagnosis , Cushing Syndrome/etiology , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 199-205, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodesoxyglucose positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (PET-CT) has a high sensitivity and specificity to detect medullary and extramedullary lesions in multiple myeloma (MM). AIM: To describe the findings of PET-CT in extramedullary multiple myeloma (EMM) at diagnosis and at relapse, and correlate its results with clinical variables, response to treatment and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of medical records and PET-CT reports of 39 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who had at least one PET-CT study, treated between January 1, 2015, and January 1, 2019 at a clinical hospital. RESULTS: The Standard Uptake Values for each hypermetabolic lesion were not described in PET-CT reports. Fifteen patients had an EMM and in eight, without a previous clinical suspicion, PET-TC lead to the diagnosis. The mortality rate in the 39 patients with MM was 46%. Sixty seven percent of deaths occurred in patients with EMM. CONCLUSIONS: PET-TC was useful to diagnose EMM. However, a standardization in PETCT reports would be required to unify criteria. As previously reported, EMM had a greater aggressiveness and lower survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Radiopharmaceuticals , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 111-117, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928787

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related death world-wide. Therapy resistance and relapse are considered major reasons contributing to the poor survival rates of lung cancer. Accumulated evidences have demonstrated that a small subpopulation of stem-like cells existed within lung cancer tissues and cell lines, possessing the abilities of self-renewal, multipotent differentiation and unlimited proliferation. These lung cancer stem-like cells (LCSCs) can generate tumors with high effeciency in vivo, survive cytotoxic therapies, and eventually lead to therapy resistance and recurrence. In this review, we would like to present recent knowledges on LCSCs, including the origins where they come from, the molecular features to identify them, and key mechanisms for them to survive and develop resistance, in order to provide a better view for targeting them in future clinic.
.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplastic Stem Cells/pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928776

ABSTRACT

The rate of recurrence and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer after radical resection is still very high. The risk factors for recurrence and metastasis have been extensively studied, but the dynamic pattern of postoperative recurrence hazard over time is relatively lacking. The dynamic recurrence hazard rate curve is applied to describe the rate of recurrence at any point time among the "at-risk" patients. In this article, by reviewing the previous literature, the characteristics of the dynamic recurrence and metastasis pattern after radical resection of non-small cell lung cancer and the clinical factors affecting the recurrence and metastasis pattern are summarized, in order to screen out specific populations with high recurrence risk and give them personalized follow-up strategy and diagnosis and treatment.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of CXCR4 on the treatment response and prognosis of Carfilzomib (CFZ) in multiple myeloma.@*METHODS@#Dataset GSE69078 based on microarray data from two CFZ-resistant MM cell lines and their corresponding parental cell lines (KMS11-KMS11/CFZ and KMS34-KMS34/CFZ) were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, and Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was established to identify the key genes involved in CFZ resistance acquisition. Finally, the prognostic roles of the CFZ risistance key genes in MM using MMRF-CoMMpass data study was verified.@*RESULTS@#44 up-regulated and 46 down-regulated DEGs were identified. Top 10 hub genes (CCND1, CXCR4, HGF, PECAM1, ID1, HEY1, TCF4, HIST1H4J, HIST1H2BD and HIST1H2BH) were identified via Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. The CoMMpass data showed that high CXCR4 expression showed correlation to relative higher relapse and progress rates and the overall survival was significant decreased in high CXCR4 patients (P=0.013).@*CONCLUSION@#CXCR4 perhaps plays a crucial role in CFZ acquired resistance, which might help identifying potential CFZ-sensitive patients before treatment and providing a new therapeutic target in CFZ-resistant MM.


Subject(s)
Histones , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Receptors, CXCR4
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 97-101, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928516

ABSTRACT

To efficiently remove all recurrent lymph nodes (rLNs) and minimize complications, we developed a combination approach that consisted of 68Gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and integrated indocyanine green (ICG)-guided salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) for rLNs after radical prostatectomy (RP). Nineteen patients were enrolled to receive such treatment. 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT was used to identify rLNs, and 5 mg of ICG was injected into the space between the rectum and bladder before surgery. Fluorescent laparoscopy was used to perform sLND. While extensive LN dissection was performed at level I, another 5 mg of ICG was injected via the intravenous route to intensify the fluorescent signal, and laparoscopy was introduced to intensively target stained LNs along levels I and II, specifically around suspicious LNs, with 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT. Next, both lateral peritonea were exposed longitudinally to facilitate the removal of fluorescently stained LNs at levels III and IV. In total, pathological analysis confirmed that 42 nodes were rLNs. Among 145 positive LNs stained with ICG, 24 suspicious LNs identified with 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT were included. The sensitivity and specificity of 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT for detecting rLNs were 42.9% and 96.6%, respectively. For ICG, the sensitivity was 92.8% and the specificity was 39.1%. At a median follow-up of 15 (interquartile range [IQR]: 6-31) months, 15 patients experienced complete biochemical remission (BR, prostate-specific antigen [PSA] <0.2 ng ml-1), and 4 patients had a decline in the PSA level, but it remained >0.2 ng ml-1. Therefore, 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT integrating ICG-guided sLND provides efficient sLND with few complications for patients with rLNs after RP.


Subject(s)
Gallium Isotopes , Gallium Radioisotopes , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Ligands , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Salvage Therapy
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 820-827, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Till date, the optimal treatment strategy for delivering adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in localized and locally advanced prostate cancer (PCa), as a lower stage in PCa progression compared with metastatic PCa, is still unclear. This study compares the efficacy of castration alone with complete androgen blockade (CAB) as adjuvant ADT in patients with localized and locally advanced PCa undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP).@*METHODS@#Patients diagnosed with PCa, without lymph node or distant metastasis, who received RP in West China Hospital between January 2009 and April 2019, were enrolled in this study. We performed survival, multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression, and subgroup analyses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 262 patients were enrolled, including 107 patients who received castration alone and 155 patients who received CAB. The survival analysis revealed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (hazard ratios [HR] = 1.07, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] = 0.60-1.90, P = 0.8195). Moreover, the multivariable Cox model provided similarly negative results before and after adjustment for potential covariant. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the clinical recurrence between the two groups in both non-adjusted and adjusted models. Furthermore, our subgroup analysis showed that CAB achieved better biochemical recurrence (BCR) outcomes than medical castration alone as adjuvant ADT for locally advanced PCa (P for interaction = 0.0247, HR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.14-1.00, P = 0.0497).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined androgen blockade achieved better BCR outcomes compared with medical castration alone as adjuvant ADT for locally advanced PCa without lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Androgens , Castration , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Singapore medical journal ; : 209-213, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927275

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Usage of metformin is associated with improved survival in lung, breast and prostate cancer, and metformin has been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth and proliferation in in vitro studies. Given the lack of clinical data on metformin use in patients with bladder cancer, we aimed to evaluate the role of metformin in their oncological outcomes.@*METHODS@#Medication use data from a prospectively maintained database of 122 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), who were recruited under a randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial, was collected and analysed. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to assess overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS).@*RESULTS@#At a median follow-up duration of 102 (range 3-357) months, 53 (43.4%) patients experienced disease recurrence and 21 (17.2%) experienced disease progression. There was no significant difference in mortality between patients with and without diabetes mellitus. There was significant difference in OS between patients without diabetes mellitus, patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin and patients with diabetes mellitus but not on metformin (p = 0.033); patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin had the best prognosis. Metformin use was associated with significantly lower DSS (p = 0.042). Other oral hypoglycaemic agents, insulin or statins were not associated with disease recurrence or progression.@*CONCLUSION@#Metformin use was associated with improved oncological outcomes in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical BCG. Prospective studies with larger patient populations are needed to validate the role of metformin as potential therapy for bladder cancer.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Disease Progression , Humans , Male , Metformin/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927257

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) can cause breast asymmetry. Although contralateral breast surgery to achieve symmetry was offered to these patients, the uptake of symmetrisation was variable. We aimed to determine the factors that deter patients with breast cancer undergoing OBCS from opting for symmetrisation.@*METHODS@#All patients with breast cancer who underwent OBCS of displacement type with no symmetrisation were prospectively surveyed to explore the social, economic, psychological and physical reasons against symmetrisation.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients participated in a survey administered at a mean 21.6 (range 2-47) months after OBCS. A combination of factors, such as worry and desire to treat breast cancer first (67.9%), not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis (57.1%) and fear of pain from additional operation (28.6%), deterred patients from immediate symmetrisation. Worry and desire to treat breast cancer first was the most important single factor for 50% of the patients. Reasons for no delayed symmetrisation included not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis (70.4%), fear of breast cancer recurrence (48.1%) and being happy with current breast cosmesis (33.3%), with the former two reasons equally cited as the single most important deterrent by 30% of patients each.@*CONCLUSION@#A combination of factors may deter patients from symmetrisation. The most significant factors deterring OBCS among patients were worry and desire to treat breast cancer first for immediate symmetrisation, and not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis and fear of breast cancer recurrence for delayed symmetrisation. Reassuring these patients may increase their uptake of symmetrisation, thereby improving patient cosmesis and satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378011

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El lipoblastoma es una neoplasia benigna poco común que puede presentarse como un tumor localizado o difuso (lipoblastomatosis). Debido a su rareza, se han publicado, en su mayoría, solo reportes de casos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la tasa de recurrencia local y las complicaciones después de la resección marginal de lipoblastomas ubicados en extremidades y tronco. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva multicéntrica de los registros de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a extirpación quirúrgica de lipoblastomas en cuatro instituciones, entre 2008 y 2018. Se registraron las siguientes variables: datos demográficos, método diagnóstico, volumen de la lesión, tipo de biopsia, complicaciones, recurrencia y necesidad de procedimientos adicionales. Resultados: Durante el período de estudio, 17 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión para la evaluación. La media de la edad era de 3.9 años y el 65% eran varones. Las ubicaciones más frecuentes fueron: muslos (n = 9), columna lumbar (n = 2) y glúteos (n = 2). El volumen de masa preoperatorio medio fue de 305,5 cm3 (rango: 10,2-1745,8). La duración media del seguimiento fue de 2.8 años (rango: de 8 meses a 5.6 años). Hubo una recurrencia (5,9%) y una cicatriz retraída en el área glútea como complicación. Ninguno requirió una nueva intervención. Conclusión: La resección quirúrgica marginal de lipoblastomas localizados en el dorso o las extremidades genera una baja tasa de recurrencia a los 2.8 años de seguimiento y mínimas complicaciones. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: Lipoblastoma is a rare benign neoplasm that resembles white fat and can occur as a localized (lipoblastoma) or diffuse (lipoblastomatosis) tumor. Due to its rarity, the literature is mostly limited to case reports. The purpose of this study was to determine the local recurrence rate and complications after marginal resection of lipoblastomas located in the extremities or the back. Materials and methods: We performed a multicenter retrospective review of the records of pediatric patients who had undergone surgical excision of lipoblastomas at 4 tertiary care institutions from 2008 to 2018. We recorded the demographic data, diagnostic method, the volume of the lesion, type of biopsy, complications, recurrence, and the need for additional procedures. Results: Throughout the study, 17 patients met the inclusion criteria for evaluation. The average patient age was 3.9 years, and 65% were male. The most common locations included thighs (N 9), low back region (N 2), and buttocks (N 2). The mean preoperative mass volume was 305.5 cm3(range: 10.2 cm3 - 1745.8 cm3). The mean duration of follow-up was 2.8 years (range: 8 months to 5.6 years). One patient experienced recurrence (5.9%). One patient had a retracted skin scarring in the gluteal area. Conclusion: Marginal surgical resection of lipoblastomas located in the back or extremities showed a low recurrence rate at 2.8 years of follow-up and minimal complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Extremities , Torso , Lipoblastoma/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
14.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 19-22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359334

ABSTRACT

El cáncer papilar constituye aproximadamente el 80% de todos los casos de cáncer de tiroides y el 85% de los tumores diferenciados. La variante de células altas representa el 1,3 al 12% del cáncer papilar siendo la variante agresiva más común de estos tumores. Posee un comportamiento agresivo, con mayor incidencia de invasión extratiroidea, linfovascular y metástasis a distancia, responsables de tasas de recurrencia más altas y peor pronóstico. Los casos aquí reportados reflejan las características que hacen sospechar mayor agresividad tumoral, desde el diagnóstico. Describimos dos pacientes de sexo femenino, entre 40 y 50 años, con historia de corta evolución, cuya presentación fue con síntomas de compresión locorregional y adenopatías metastásicas en cuello. Con hallazgos ecográficos e intraoperatorios de relevancia en cuanto la agresividad tumoral que hicieron sospechar la presencia de una variante agresiva del cáncer papilar. La histopatología de la variante de células altas posee una base molecular diferente respecto al papilar clásico que le confiere mayor morbi-mortalidad, constituyendo un factor de pronóstico independiente para la recurrencia. El tratamiento quirúrgico es la tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento profiláctico de los ganglios linfáticos centrales y eventualmente vaciamiento lateral de cuello según valoración preoperatoria, con posterior ablación postoperatoria de restos tiroideos mediante yodo radiactivo.


Papillary cancer constitutes approximately 80% of all thyroid cancer cases and 85% of differentiated tumors. The tall cell variant represents 1.3 to 12% of papillary cancers, being the most common aggressive variant of these tumors. It has an aggressive behavior, showing a higher incidence of extrathyroid and lymphovascular invasion and distant metastasis, responsible for higher recurrence rates and a worse prognosis. The cases reported here reflect characteristics that make us suspect tumor aggressiveness. These are female patients, between 40 and 70 years old, with a history of short evolution. They present locoregional symptoms or metastatic adenopathies, with ultrasound and intraoperative findings of relevance in terms of tumor aggressiveness that led to the suspicion of the presence of an aggressive variant of papillary cancer. The histopathology of the tall cell variant has a different molecular basis that confers its own morbidity and mortality, being an independent prognostic factor for recurrence. Total thyroidectomy is recommended with prophylactic dissection of the central lymph nodes and eventually lateral neck dissection according to preoperative evaluation followed by postoperative ablation with radioactive iodine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnosis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936255

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety, efficacy, locally control and survival results of transoral Da Vinci robotic surgery for salvage treatment of locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: This retrospective study included 33 patients with locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (stage rT1-2, partial rT3) underwent transoral Da Vinci robotic surgery between October 2017 and January 2020. There were 20 males and 11 females, with an average age of (47.9±10.5) years. The lesions were localized in nasopharyngeal cavity in 14 cases, with extending to parapharyngeal space in 6 cases and the floor of sphenoid sinus in 13 cases. Transnasal endoscopy was used to assist surgery if necessary. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Transoral robotic nasopharyngectomy was successfully performed in all cases without conversion to open surgery, of which 13 cases were combined with transnasal endoscopic surgery. The average operation time was (126.2±30.0) min, ranging from 90 to 180 min. The postoperative pathological margin was R0 (31 cases) and R1 (2 cases), with no tumor residue. Complications of surgery mainly included symptoms of headache, nasal dryness and velopharyngeal insufficiency without nasopharyngeal hemorrhage. Follow-up time was from 3 to 54 months. One case had tumor recurrence 11 months after operation, 1 case had ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis 27 months after operation, 2 cases had distant metastasis and 1 case died of nasopharyngeal hemorrhage 3 months after operation. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rates were 97.0%, 96.0% and 92.9%, respectively and the local recurrence free rates were 97.0%, 95.7% and 91.7%, respectively. Conclusion: Transoral robotic nasopharyngectomy is safe and feasible for local recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma in selected patients, with higher local control rate and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the survival outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with salvage surgery for hypopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed, including 26 patients treated in Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015. All patients were males, aged 48-83 years, of whom 8 cases were local residual after radiotherapy alone, 8 cases were local recurrence after postoperative radiotherapy, 2 cases were residual of cervical lymph nodes after radiotherapy alone, 2 cases were recurrence of cervical lymph nodes after radiotherapy alone, 2 cases were recurrence of cervical lymph nodes after postoperative radiotherapy and 4 cases were recurrence of tracheal stoma. The salvage operations included: local resection, local resection with neck dissection, simple neck dissection, tumor resection of tracheostomy, and additional repair according to the defect. Chi square test was used for recurrence and metastasis analysis, Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis, Log-rank test for univariate analysis, and Cox regression model for multivariate analysis. Results: The complication rate of salvage surgery was 23.1% (6/26). The recurrence rate was 65.4% (17/26) and the distant metastasis rate was 42.3% (11/26) in the 5-year follow-up after salvage surgery. Patient's age and tumor invasion extent were correlated with recurrence. Initial treatment, tumor persistence or recurrence after radiotherapy, recurrence location and tumor invasion extent were correlated with distant metastasis (all P<0.05). Overall, 3 year and 5 year survival rates were 42.3% and 23.1% respectively. Age, recurrence location, surgical margin and tumor invasion extent were related to prognosis (χ²=6.56, 10.68, 9.32, and 7.90 respectively, all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that surgical margin and tumor invasion extent were independent risk factors for prognosis (OR (95%CI) = 3.19 (1.03-9.84), 14.37 (2.46-84.08), both P<0.05). Conclusion: Salvage surgery is the first choice for patients with recurrence after radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Safe surgical margin should be ensured, especially in tumors invading muscle, bone tissue or lymph node capsule.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the surgical methods and effects of transoral endoscopic resection of benign tumors in parapharyngeal space via medial pterygomandibular raphe approach. Methods: The clinical data of 23 patients who underwent resection of benign tumors in parapharyngeal space by endoscopic medial pterygomandibular raphe approach from January 2016 to July 2020 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were analyzed retrospectively. There were 14 males and 9 females with a median age of 43 years. The tumors were located in the anterior space of the styloid process in 13 cases and in the posterior space in 10 cases. The smallest tumor volume was 7.3 ml and the largest was 80.2 ml. The preoperative imaging features, the characteristics and risks of this approach in the operation were analyzed, and the feasible mode of operation was explored. Results: All patients completed the operation successfully. The intraoperative blood loss was 20 to 50 ml, with an average of 28.3 ml. The operation time was 40 to 110 min, with an average of 75.4 min. The incision length was 2 to 4 cm, with an average of 3.0 cm. The postoperative pain score was 2 to 4, with an average of 3.2. The postoperative hospital stay was 4 to 9 d, with an average of 6.7 d. Postoperative pathological diagnosis included pleomorphic adenoma (n=12), neurilemmoma (n=10) and basal cell adenoma (n=1). The patients were followed up for 6 to 60 months. There was no postoperative complication such as infection or serious bleeding, and there was no tumor recurrence after operation. Conclusion: Endoscopic resection of benign tumor in parapharyngeal space via medial pterygomandibular raphe approach is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive surgical method for the treatment of tumors in parapharyngeal space.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Parapharyngeal Space , Pharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Pharynx , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors in oral basaloid squamous cell carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of oral basaloid squamous cell carcinomas patients who underwent tumor resection during the period from January 2002 to December 2020 in the authors' hospital, especially the clinicopathologic characteristics of 28 cases with confirmed diagnosis and follow-up data. Immunohistochemistry was performed to define the helpful markers for differentiation diagnosis. The factors influencing the prognosis were evaluated based on Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#The tongue and mouth floor (11 cases, 39.3%) were the most frequently involved sites, followed by gingiva (6 cases, 21.4%), buccal (5 cases, 17.9%), palate (4 cases, 14.3%), and oropharynx (2 cases, 7.1%). The majority of basaloid squamous cell carcinomas were in advanced stage, with 12 cases in stage Ⅱ and 16 cases in stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ. Twelve of 28 patients were identified to have cervical lymph node metastasis, which was confirmed by histopathological examination. The incidence rate of lymph node metastasis was 42.9% (12/28). Nine tumors recurred, with one metastasized to the lung. At the meantime, the 28 conventional squamous cell carcinomas were matched with the same stage, among which 13 cases were identified with cervical lymph node metastasis. The incidence rate of lymph node metastasis was 46.4% (13/28). Five cases recurred, with two cases that metastasized to the lung and one to the brain. The 5-year overall survival rates of the basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and conventional squamous cell carcinoma patients were 54.6% and 53.8%, respectively. Histopathologically, basaloid cells consisted of tumor islands without evident keratinization but frequently with comedo-like necrosis within the tumor islands. CK5/6 and P63 exhibited strongly positive in all the 28 cases, whereas neuroendocrine markers, CgA and Syn, were negative. Eight cases positively expressed P16; one case showed focal SOX10 positive but CK7 negative.@*CONCLUSION@#The majority of oral basaloid squamous cell carcinomas present in advanced stage with a high tendency to lymph node metastasis, but the overall survival rates are not significantly different from conventional squamous cell carcinomas matched with the same stage. The human papilloma virus (HPV), as HPV-positivity rate is high, correlates to good prognosis. In addition, CK7 & SOX10 immunohistochemistry could contribute to differential diagnosis for basaloid squamous cell carcinoma with solid adenoid cystic carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936063

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer is widely used in rectal cancer, locally advanced colon cancer, and resectable metastatic and recurrent colorectal cancer. Mismatch repair deficient(dMMR) and microsatellite instablity-high (MSI-H) colorectal cancer patients who benefit from the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors are expected to further improve the efficacy of traditional neoadjuvant therapy based on radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In this paper, the current status of immunotherapy (with emphasis on immune checkpoint inhibitors) is elucidated, and the opportunities of its application in neoadjuvant therapy are analyzed, including poor sensitivity of dMMR tumors to traditional therapy, good immune response of early tumors, predictable, manageable and controllable toxicity of immune checkpoint inhibitors. Colorectal cancer patients have growing and diverse needs to be met. Current controversies and challenges are analyzed, and the future directions are pointed out, including active screening of benefit groups, exploration of efficacy prediction markers, optimization of neoadjuvant immunotherapy models, attention to efficacy evaluation and new therapeutic endpoints. Neoadjuvant therapy should be effective, moderate and accurate based on the treatment target. It is the prerequisite and basis to guarantee medical safety and improve therapeutic effect to attach importance to the standardization and safety of clinical research and to pay attention to patients' interests and legal and ethical demands.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Humans , Immunotherapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Rectal Neoplasms
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936043

ABSTRACT

The judgment of surgical resection margins is an important factor affecting local recurrence and distant metastasis of colorectal cancer, which is crucial to the prognosis of patients. How to select a standard and ideal surgical resection margin is a challenge for colorectal cancer surgeons. Surgical resection margins for colorectal cancer include longitudinal resection margin (LRM) and circumferential resection margin (CRM), and the distance of safe resection margins varies according to different guidelines. Surgical resection margins are mainly evaluated by preoperative imaging, operative experience, operative type, hyperspectral imaging (HPI) and fluorescence angiography (FA), and postoperative pathology. It is the constant pursuit of colorectal cancer surgeons to pay attention to the safe resection margins in colorectal cancer surgery to reduce local recurrence and distant metastasis.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Humans , Margins of Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL