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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 135-139, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056411

ABSTRACT

La angiogénesis es el proceso por el cual se forman nuevos vasos sanguíneos a partir de otros ya existentes. Para que esto se lleve a cabo de forma correcta debe existir un balance entre los factores proangiogénicos y los factores antiangiogénicos dentro del microambiente tisular. Por otra parte, la existencia de productos químicos naturales como los polifenoles, que son capaces de adquirirse en la dieta, inducen a estos factores a intervenir en el proceso de angiogénesis. Se administraron los polifenoles en filtros de metilcelulosa sobre la membrana alantocoriónica de huevos White Leghorn, manteniendo el posterior desarrollo normal del feto. Se utilizaron 15 fetos de pollo fijados en formalina tamponada, a los cuales se extrajo el corazón. El procesamiento de las muestras de corazón se realizó a través de técnicas histológicas, histoquímicas e inmunohistoquímica. Finalmente se evaluó la presencia del VEGF y la capacidad de formar vasos sanguíneos bajo el tratamiento con los polifenoles. La inmunorreactividad fue cuantificada mediante Image J®. Los resultados indican que Ácido cafeico y Pinocembrina disminuyen la densidad microvascular y la expresión de VEGF en corazones de fetos de pollo tratados con estos polifenoles. Tanto el Ácido Cafeico como la Pinocembrina cumplen un rol inhibitorio en el proceso de angiogénesis fisiológica en corazón de pollo, pudiendo modular las vías de señalización mediadas por los VEGFR o modulando la disponibilidad de VEGF. Estos polifenoles podrían utilizarse para el estudio de otros tejidos asociados a angiogénesis patológica.


Angiogenesis is the process by which new blood vessels are formed from other existing ones. A balance between proangiogenic factors and anti-angiogenic factors within the microenvironment must exist for the process to be carried out correctly. Similarly, the existence of natural chemicals such as polyphenols, which are capable of being acquired in the diet, induce these factors in the angiogenic process. Polyphenols were administered in the methylcellulose filters on the of chorioallantoic membrane of White Leghorn eggs, maintaining the normal posterior development of the fetus. 15 chicken fetuses were fixed in buffered formalin, obtaining the hearts to histological processing, performing histological, histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. VEGF levels and the ability of the blood vessels growing under the stimulation of the polyphenols were evaluated. Immunoreactivity was quantified by Image J. The results indicate that caffeic acid and pinocembrin decreased microvascular density and VEGF expression in hearts stimulated with these polyphenols. Both the caffeic and pinocembrin acids play an inhibitory role in the physiological angiogenesis process in the chicken heart, which decrease the microvascular density and could act by modulating the signaling pathways mediated by the VEGFR or by modulating the availability of VEGF. The use of these polyphenols could be useful in studies of other tissues associated with pathological angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Chick Embryo , Polyphenols/pharmacology
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
3.
Clinics ; 74: e658, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors play important roles in angiogenesis. Melatonin plays an important role in gonadal development; thus, its effect on the reproductive system is evident. We investigated the influence of melatonin on the expression of VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR1) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), as well as on changes in oxidative stress markers and follicle numbers in rat ovaries. METHODS For this purpose, 45 Wistar rats were separated into the following groups: Group 1, control; Group 2, vehicle; and Group 3, melatonin. Rats in Group 3 were treated with melatonin at 50 mg/kg/day for 30 days. The effects of melatonin on the expression of VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were established by immunohistochemistry analysis. The effects of melatonin on antioxidant enzyme activities were demonstrated by spectrophotometric analysis. RESULTS Based on immunohistochemistry analysis, VEGFR2 was predominantly localized to theca cells in the ovary. Our data indicate that melatonin treatment can significantly increase VEGF and VEGFR1 expression in the ovary ( p <0.05). Additionally, the number of degenerated follicles significantly decreased with melatonin treatment ( p <0.05). Melatonin administration also led to significant increases in antioxidant enzyme levels in the ovary. CONCLUSION Melatonin treatment exerts protective effects on follicles against increased lipid peroxidation through modulating tissue antioxidant enzyme levels. These effects may be related to angiogenesis and antioxidant activities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Ovary/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Melatonin/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Ovary/enzymology , Ovary/blood supply , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Melatonin/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e059, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039303

ABSTRACT

Abstract We recently demonstrated that a co-culture system of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) could enhance angiogenesis ability in vitro. However, whether tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) could promote blood vessel formation during pulp regeneration remained unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TNF-α on the formation of endothelial tubules and vascular networks in a co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs. hDPSCs were co-cultured with HUVECs at a ratio of 1:5. The Matrigel assay was performed to detect the total tubule branching lengths and numbers of branches, and the Cell-Counting Kit 8 assay was performed to examine the effect of TNF-α on cell proliferation. Real-time polymerase chain reactions and western blot were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and protein expression. The Matrigel assay showed significantly greater total branching lengths and numbers of branches formed in the experimental groups treated with different concentrations of TNF-α compared with the control group. The decomposition times of the tubule structures were also significantly prolonged (P < 0.05). Treatment with 50 ng/ml TNF-α did not significantly change the proliferation of co-cultured cells, but it significantly increased the VEGF mRNA and protein expression levels (p < 0.05). In addition, the migration abilities of HUVECs and hDPSCs increased after co-culture with TNF-α (p < 0.05). TNF-α enhanced angiogenic ability in vitro in the co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Proteoglycans , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen , Laminin , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Drug Combinations , Cell Migration Assays , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 48-53, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990003

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los niveles de VEGF y su unión a sus receptores son etapas claves en la regulación de la angiogénesis. El ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS), ampliamente utilizado en tratamiento post infarto al miocardio ha mostrado poseer un efecto antiangiogénico en modelos tumorales. Este efecto potencialmente contraproducente requiere ser estudiado en miocardio. El objetivo del presente trabajo es cuantificar el efecto de AAS y de ácido salicílico (AS) sobre la vascularización en membrana alantocoriónica (MAC) y sobre los niveles de VEGF-A y VEGFR2 en miocardio de embriones de pollo. Para ello, treinta fetos de pollo White Leghorn fueron instilados a los 10 días de gestación con 60 µL de DMSO 0,1 % (control) o conteniendo además 0,3 µmol de AAS o AS. A las 48 horas se realizó procesamiento histológico de MAC para recuento de vasos sanguíneos y de tejido cardíaco para cuantificar VEGF-A y VEGFR2 por inmunohistoquímica. La inmunorreactividad fue cuantificada mediante Image J. Tanto AAS como AS disminuyeron la densidad microvascular de MAC. En miocardio, AAS aunque no AS, disminuyó la concentración de VEGFR2. No hubo efecto sobre VEGF-A. En nuestro modelo experimental, fetos de pollo a los 10 días de gestación también se observó el efecto inhibidor de AAS sobre la angiogénesis en MAC. La disminución de VEGFR2 en cardiomiocitos sugiere que AAS también afecta la angiogénesis en miocardio sano, modificando la disponibilidad del receptor a VEGF. Estos hallazgos nos permiten postular que AAS podría interferir con la regeneración de tejido, en situaciones como post infarto al miocardio.


SUMMARY: The VEGF levels and its binding to its receptors are key stages in the regulation of angiogenesis. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), widely used in post-myocardial infarction treatment, has been shown to have an anti-angiogenic effect in tumor models. This potentially counterproductive effect requires to be studied in myocardium. The aim of this study is to quantify the effect of ASA and salicylic acid (SA) on the vascularization in chick allantochorionic membrane (CAM) and on the levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR2 in myocardium of chicken embryos. Thirty White Leghorn chicken fetuses were instilled at 10 days of gestation with 60 mL of 0.1 % DMSO (control) or also containing 0.3 mmol of ASA or SA. After 48 hours, CAM histological processing was performed to count blood vessels and heart tissue to quantify VEGFA and VEGFR2 by immunohistochemistry. Immunoreactivity was quantified by Image J. Both ASA and SA decreased CAM microvascular density. In myocardium, AAS, although not SA, decreased the concentration of VEGFR2. There was no effect on VEGF-A. In our experimental model, chicken fetuses at 10 days of gestation, the inhibitory effect of ASA on angiogenesis in CAM were also observed. The decrease in VEGFR2 in cardiomyocytes suggests that ASA also affects angiogenesis in healthy myocardium, modifying the availability of the receptor to VEGF. These findings allow us to postulate that ASA could interfere with tissue regeneration, when it is required, as post myocardial infarction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo , Aspirin/pharmacology , Salicylic Acid/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Heart/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e092, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039296

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on the endodontic treatment of apical periodontitis (AP). AP was induced in 48 premolars of 6 dogs. After biomechanical preparation, the teeth were divided into 4 groups: Calcium-Hydroxide (CH)/120d and CH/180d: root canals filled with CH-based dressing for 15 days before obturation; aPDT/120d and aPDT/180d: conditioning with phenothiazine photosensitizer (10 mg/mL) for 1 minute and irradiation with diode laser in the same session as obturation. Root filling was performed with AH Plus sealer. After the experimental periods, animals were euthanized and teeth were submitted for histology. HE staining was performed for descriptive analysis of the periapical region, measurement of apical periodontitis and for inflammatory cells, and blood vessels count. Immunohistochemistry was performed for osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Data were analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and chi-square test (α = 5%). Teeth in Group CH/120d presented only a slightly enlarged periodontal ligament (PL) with advanced repair. Group aPDT/120d presented the PL moderately enlarged, with moderate inflammatory infiltrate and few collagen fibers. The same pattern was observed at 180 days. AP lesions in CH-treated groups were smaller than those in aPDT-treated groups (p < 0.001) with more blood vessels (p < 0.0001), regardless of the evaluation period, without significant differences in the number of inflammatory cells (p > 0.05). CH-treated groups showed significantly more intense immunostaining for ALP and OPN (p < 0.001) in both periods. Although aPDT stimulated angiogenesis and expression of bone formation markers, the two-session endodontic treatment with CH-based dressing promoted better apical periodontitis repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periapical Periodontitis/drug therapy , Photochemotherapy/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Evaluation Study
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170437, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893715

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tissue bioengineering has been applied to Endodontics to seek a more biological treatment. The presence of blood vessels is crucial for cell nutrition during tissue formation. Objective This study analysed the application of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the angiogenesis of mature root canals. Material and methods Upper first molars of twelve 13-week old Wistar male rats were used. The root pulp of the mesiobuccal canal was removed and the root canal instrumented with K-files up to size #25. Periapical bleeding was induced into the root canal by introducing a #15 K-file beyond the apex. The teeth on the right side of the arch were filled up with blood clot (G1), whereas those on the left side were filled up with blood clot plus 50 ng/ml of VEGF (G2). Teeth were sealed with light-curing glass-ionomer cement and the animals were sacrificed after 60 days. The maxilla was dissected and fixed before obtaining serial sections for histological processing with haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical factor-VIII. Immunohistochemical labelling was evaluated using scores for statistical analysis. Results Immunohistological analysis demonstrated the presence of angiogenesis in both groups, but with higher angiogenic maturation in G2 during the experimental period (p<0.05). HE staining showed connective tissue with absence of odontoblasts in all specimens. Conclusions It can be concluded that it is possible to obtain angiogenesis in mature root canals with or without the use of VEGF, although the latter tends to accelerate blood vessel formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/blood supply , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/pharmacology , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Time Factors , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Bioengineering
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(4): 1191-1196, Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-840865

ABSTRACT

La acción antiangiogénica de los inhibidores del receptor de angiotensina II (ARA II), ha sido documentada previamente, sin embargo, no ha sido descrita la relación entre angiogénesis e inhibidores directos de la renina (DRIs), los cuales participan regulando el sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona (SRAA). El objetivo fue demostrar el efecto antiangiogénico de aliskireno, un DRI, en membranas alantocoriónicas (MAC) de pollo, para lo cual fueron instilados aliskireno y enalapril sobre MAC en distintas concentraciones para realizar su comparación posterior. En secciones histológicas seriadas se registró el número de vasos sanguíneos presentes en 9000 µm2 bajo microscopio de luz a máximo aumento, y se realizó análisis estadístico utilizando ANOVA y el test de Tukey para demostrar posibles diferencias. Los receptores tratados con aliskireno, en ambas concentraciones utilizadas, presentaron menor densidad vascular, en comparación con los controles, siendo ésta estadísticamente significativa a mayor concentración. Aliskireno en concentraciones altas tiene un efecto antiangiogénico en un modelo experimental de MAC. Este hallazgo plantea la necesidad de estudios posteriores, dada la proyección que podría tener el uso inhibidores directos de la renina. A partir de estos resultados, se podría pensar en la factibilidad del uso de aliskireno para la modulación de la angiogénesis en diversas enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles.


Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. Antiangiogenic effect of angiotensin receptor blockers has been reported, however, the relationship between direct renin inhibitors and angiogenesis has not been well described. To assess the antiangiogenic effect of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, on chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. Aliskiren and enalapril were instilled in different concentrations and compared. In serial histological sections, the number of blood vessels per 9000 µm2 area under observation through optical microscope using maximum zoom, was registered. Statistical analysis using Anova and Tukey test in order to show possible differences, was performed. Receptors treated with aliskiren presented lower vascular density, which was statistically significant when a higher concentration was administered. High concentrations of aliskiren have an antiangiogenic effect on CAM assay. This finding means further studies are needed, because of the usefulness direct renin inhibitors could have. These results, also, might enhance the possibility of using aliskiren for regulating angiogenesis in the context of non-transmissible chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amides/pharmacology , Chorioallantoic Membrane/drug effects , Fumarates/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Chick Embryo , Enalapril/pharmacology , Models, Animal , Renin/antagonists & inhibitors
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 320-326, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To compare ileal anastomoses in the immediate postoperative healing period after meloxicam use. METHODS: Forty two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups of 21, COX and control group. To COX meloxicam in combination with morphine was given in 3 days period. Control group received only morphine during the same period. Each group was divided into three sub-groups of 7, which were euthanized at 5, 10, and 21 days postoperatively. Comparison was based in histological evaluation of collagen type I and III using sirius red, immunohistochemical through vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase-9. RESULTS: Healing process in scheduled periods did not show significant differences (p>0.05) between the COX and control groups during any of the periods. CONCLUSION: The use of meloxicam in the postoperative period following ileal anastomosis did not affect healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Thiazines/pharmacology , Thiazoles/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Ileum/surgery , Postoperative Period , Time Factors , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Models, Animal , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/drug effects , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/metabolism , Ileum/blood supply
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(2): 87-92, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782925

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to know the effect of nicotine on angiogenesis and myofibroblast formation in anastomoses of the small bowel of rats. Methods: we randomly divided 60 Wistar rats into the groups Nicotine (N) and control (C), according to the proposed treatment. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups according to the time interval used for the evaluation (7, 14 or 28 days). The N group with 30 animals received nicotine subcutaneously at a dose of 2mg/kg body weight, diluted in 0.3ml of 0.9% saline, twice daily for 28 days prior to the operation, and for more 7, 14 or 28 days, depending on the subgroup. The C group (also 30 animals) received only saline on the same conditions and time intervals. After 28 days we carried out an end-to-end anastomosis 10cm distal to the duodenojejunal flexure in each rat. After 7, 14 or 28 days after surgery, we euthanized ten animals of each group, sent specimens of the anastomosis areas, 1cm proximal to 1cm distal, to counting of blood vessels and myofibroblasts through immunohistochemical staining by the application of monoclonal anti-factor VIII antibodies and anti-smooth muscle alpha-actin. Results: the administration of nicotine led to the decrease in the number of blood vessels measured on the 28th postoperative day and the number of myofibroblasts measured on the seventh day following completion of the anastomoses. Conclusion: administration of nicotine was deleterious on angiogenesis and myofibroblast formation in rats' small intestine anastomoses.


RESUMO Objetivo: conhecer o efeito da nicotina sobre a angiogênese e formação de miofibroblastos em anastomoses do intestino delgado de ratos. Métodos: sessenta ratos Wistar foram divididos de maneira aleatória em grupos Nicotina(N) e Controle (C), conforme o tratamento proposto. Cada grupo foi subdividido em três subgrupos, de acordo com o intervalo de tempo utilizado para a avaliação (7, 14 ou 28 dias). O grupo N, com 30 animais, recebeu nicotina por via subcutânea, na dose de 2mg/Kg de peso, diluída em 0,3ml de solução salina a 0,9%, em duas aplicações diárias, durante 28 dias prévios à operação e por mais 7, 14 ou 28 dias, conforme o subgrupo. O grupo C (igualmente com 30 animais) recebeu somente a solução salina nas mesmas condições e intervalos de tempo. Após 28 dias efetuou-se, em cada rato, anastomose término-terminal a 10cm da flexura duodenojejunal. Após 7, 14 ou 28 dias da cirurgia, os dez animais de cada subgrupo foram eutanasiados, sendo que as áreas anastomosadas, 1cm proximal a 1cm distal, foram encaminhadas para contagem de vasos sanguíneos e miofibroblastos, através de coloração imuno-histoquímica por aplicação dos anticorpos monoclonais antifator VIII e anti-alfa-actina muscular lisa. Resultados: a administração de nicotina levou à diminuição do número de vasos sanguíneos aferidos no 28o dia pós-operatório e do número de miofibroblastos aferidos no sétimo dia após a realização das anastomoses. Conclusão: a administração de nicotina foi deletéria sobre a angiogênese e formação de miofibroblastos em anastomoses do intestino delgado de ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Myofibroblasts/drug effects , Intestine, Small/surgery , Intestine, Small/blood supply , Nicotine/pharmacology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e74, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952057

ABSTRACT

Abstract Revascularization of immature teeth with necrotic pulps traditionally involves the use of triple antibiotic paste, which may sometimes lead to undesirable complications. The objective of this study was to assess tissue repair in immature dog teeth with apical periodontitis subjected to revascularization, comparing two different pastes used for root canal disinfection. Apical periodontitis was induced in 30 dog premolars. Teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups: root canals filled with triple antibiotic paste (n = 10); root canals filled with 1% propolis paste (n = 10); and no medication (n = 10). An additional group (n = 10, no intervention) was used as control. After 7 months, the jaws were histologically evaluated for the following variables: newly formed mineralized tissue (present/absent); vital tissue in the canal space (absent/periodontal ligament-like/pulp-like); apical extension of root (present/absent); and severity of inflammatory process (absent/mild/moderate/severe). There were no statistically significant differences among the experimental groups in new mineralized tissue formation and apical root development. The formation of vital tissue in the canal space, in turn, was statistically different between the triple paste and propolis groups: vital tissues were present in all revascularized teeth disinfected with propolis paste (100%), compared to 71% of those disinfected with the triple paste. Severity of inflammatory process was different between the triple paste and no medication groups. The new tissues formed onto canal walls and in the root canal space showed characteristics of cementum and periodontal ligament, respectively. Propolis may have some advantages over the triple paste for the revascularization of immature teeth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Periapical Periodontitis/drug therapy , Propolis/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Tooth/blood supply , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp Necrosis/drug therapy , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Ointments , Periapical Periodontitis/physiopathology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Propolis/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Dental Pulp Necrosis/physiopathology , Tooth Apex/drug effects , Tooth Apex/physiopathology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dental Pulp/physiopathology , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/physiopathology , Dentin/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 35(2): 127-132, 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-796798

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS) es ampliamente utilizado en el manejo de patología cardiovascular. En modelos "in vitro" el AAS restringe la angiogénesis, atribuyéndose este efecto al bloqueo de ciclooxigenasa-1, manteniendo íntegra la zona adhe-rente endotelial, citotoxicidad directa y otras vías de señalización. Hipótesis: El AAS en concentración terapéutica antiplaquetaria utilizada en humanos ejerce un efecto antiangiogénico en modelo de membrana alantocorió-nica de pollo (MAC). Objetivo: Comparar la capacidad antiangiogénica del AAS en distintas concentraciones en MAC utilizando como punto de comparación la angiogénesis fisiológica de la MAC. Método: Se incubaron 46 huevos fecundados de gallinas White Leghorn, en cámara temperada a 37°C, provenientes del Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile. Mediante procedimiento descrito por Ribatti (2006), se instiló sobre filtro de metilcelulosa 10uL de Dimetilsulfóxido al 0.1% + m199, sin fármaco al control, asociado a AAS y ácido salicílico (AS) a los grupos de estudio en concentraciones 2mM y 5 mM. Posteriormente se fijó y analizó la muestra en forma ciega. Resultados: El promedio de vasos del control fue 21.8. Para el grupo AAS 2mM y 5mM fue 11.3 y 10, siendo para el grupo AS 2mM y 5mM 15.6 y 12.4. El análisis estadístico mediante ANOVA y t-Student muestra que todos los grupos que recibieron fármacos tuvieron una disminución significativa en el numero de vasos sanguíneos en relación al grupo control. No hubo diferencias significativas entre ambo grupos de AAS. El AS demostró tener mayor potencia antiangiogénica dosis dependiente. Discusión: En este estudio se demuestra que el AAS ejerce un efecto antiangiogénico en concentración terapéutica en condiciones fisiológicas de un modelo "in vivo".


Background: Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is widely used in the treatment of various cardiovascular disorders. In vitro, AAS decreases angiogenesis, through cyclo-oxigenase-1 blockade while keeping active the adherent endothelial zone, direct toxicity and other signaling pathways. Hypothesis: AAS at therapeutic anti plaquetary doses exerts an anti-angiogenic effect in the alanto choronic chicken membrane (ACM) Method: 46 fertilized eggs form White Leghorn hens were incubated at 37oC. 10 uL of 0.1% Dimethyl sulfoxide +Ml 19 with no drug were used as control, while experimental groups received ASA and Salicylic acid (SA), 2mM. After fixation, samples were analyzed in a blind fashion Results: The mean number of vessels was 21.8 for controls, 11.3 and 10 for ASA 2mM and ASA 5mM, respectively. Corresponding values for SA 2 and SA 5mM were 15.6 and 12.4, respectively. Thus, a statistically significant (ANOVA and Student's t) decrease in the number of vessels was observed in both ASA groups. SA showed had a greater potential for anti-angiogenesis in a dose dependent way. Conclusion: This study shows that ASA in therapeutic concentrations has an anti-angiogenic effect in a physiologic model in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo , Aspirin/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Chorioallantoic Membrane , Chickens
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(4): 567-573, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate inflammatory reaction, fibrosis and neovascularization in dural repairs in Wistar rats using four techniques: simple suture, bovine collagen membrane, silicon mesh and silicon mesh with suture. Methods Thirty Wistar rats were randomized in five groups: the first was the control group, submitted to dural tear only. The others underwent durotomy and simple suture, bovine collagen membrane, silicon mesh and silicon mesh with suture. Animals were euthanized and the spine was submitted to histological evaluation with a score system (ranging from zero to 3) for inflammation, neovascularization and fibrosis. Results Fibrosis was significantly different between simple suture and silicon mesh (p=0.005) and between simple suture and mesh with suture (p=0.015), showing that fibrosis is more intense when a foreign body is used in the repair. Bovine membrane was significantly different from mesh plus suture (p=0.011) regarding vascularization. Inflammation was significantly different between simple suture and bovine collagen membrane. Conclusion Silicon mesh, compared to other commercial products available, is a possible alternative for dural repair. More studies are necessary to confirm these findings.


RESUMO Objetivo : Avaliar reação inflamatória, fibrose e neovascularização da reparação da lesão dural em ratos Wistar, comparando quatro diferentes técnicas: pontos simples, membrana de colágeno bovino, tela de silicone e tela de silicone associada a pontos simples. Métodos : Trinta ratos Wistar foram randomizados em cinco grupos: o primeiro foi um grupo controle, submetido somente à durotomia. Os outros também foram submetidos à durotomia, porém sofreram sutura simples, reparo com membrana de colágeno bovino, tela de silicone e tela de silicone com sutura. Os animais foram sacrificados, e a coluna foi submetida à avaliação histológica com um escore (variando de zero a 3) para inflamação, neovascularização e fibrose. Resultados : A fibrose foi significativamente diferente, comparando-se sutura simples e tela de silicone (p=0,005) e sutura simples e tela com fio de sutura (p=0,015), demonstrando que a fibrose foi mais intensa quando um corpo estranho foi utilizado na reparação. Membrana bovina foi significativamente diferente da tela mais sutura (p=0,011) em relação à vascularização. A inflamação foi significativamente diferente entre os grupos submetidos à sutura simples e ao reparo com membrana de colágeno bovino. Conclusão : A tela de silicone, comparada com produtos similares com disponibilidade comercial, é uma possível alternativa como protetor de dura-máter. Mais estudos são necessários para comprovar esses resultados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Male , Dura Mater/injuries , Dura Mater/pathology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Surgical Mesh , Silicones/therapeutic use , Wound Healing/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Dura Mater/blood supply , Dura Mater/surgery , Fibrosis , Non-Fibrillar Collagens/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Silicones/pharmacology , Suture Techniques/statistics & numerical data
14.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-13, 2015. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leptin, the cytokine produced by white adipose tissue is known to regulate food energy homeostasis through its hypothalamic receptor. In vitro studies have demonstrated that leptin plays a major role in angiogenesis through binding to the receptor Ob-R present on ECs by stimulating and initiating new capillary like structures from ECs. Various in vivo studies indicate that leptin has diverse effect on angiogenesis. A few reports have showed that leptin exerts pro angiogenic effects while some suggested that it has antiangiogenic potential. It is theoretically highly important to understand the effect of leptin on angiogenesis to use as a therapeutic molecule in various angiogenesis related pathological conditions. Chicken chorio allantoic membrane (CAM) on 9th day of incubation was incubated with 1, 3 and 5 µg concentration of HRL for 72 h using gelatin sponge. Images where taken after every 24 h of incubation and analysed with Angioguant software. The treated area was observed under microscope and histological evaluation was performed for the same. Tissue thickness was calculated morphometrically from haematoxylin and eosin stained cross sections. Reverse transcriptase PCR and immunohistochemistry were also performed to study the gene and protein level expression of angiogenic molecules. RESULTS: HRL has the ability to induce new vessel formation at the treated area and growth of the newly formed vessels and cellular morphological changes occur in a dose dependent manner. Increase in the tissue thickness at the treated area is suggestive of initiation of new capillary like structures. Elevated mRNA and protein level expression of VEGF165 and MMP2 along with the activation of ECs as demonstrated by the presence of CD34 expression supports the neovascularization potential of HRL. CONCLUSION: Angiogenic potential of HRL depends on the concentration and time of incubation and is involved in the activation of ECs along with the major interaction of VEGF 165 and MMP2. It is also observed that 3 µg of HRL exhibits maximum angiogenic potential at 72 h of incubation. Thus our data suggest that dose dependent angiogenic potential HRL could provide a novel role in angiogenic dependent therapeutics such as ischemia and wound healing conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Chick Embryo , Zygote , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Leptin/administration & dosage , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/administration & dosage , Chorioallantoic Membrane/drug effects , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Gelatinases/metabolism , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Chorioallantoic Membrane/enzymology , Chorioallantoic Membrane/blood supply , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Microscopy
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(10): 622-632, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725296

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate experimental cranial vault reconstructions, by combining bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (BMP-2) and different matrices. METHODS: Fourty-nine animals were initially included (seven per group). We designed an experimental, open, prospective and comparative study, divided in seven groups: 1 - BMP-2+calcium phosphate (BT); 2 - BMP-2+acellular dermal matrix (BM); 3 - BMP-2+calcium alginate (BA); 4 - TCP; 5 - MDM; 6 - ALG; 7 - Bone autograft (BAG). A bone failure was created in left parietal bone of adult male mice. At the same procedure reconstruction was performed. After five weeks, animals were sacrificed, and reconstruction area was removed to histological analysis. After exclusion due to death or infection, thirty-eight animals were evaluated (BT=5; BM=6; BA=6; TCP=7; MDM=3; ALG=6; BAG=5). RESULTS: A higher incidence of infection has occurred in MDM group (57%, P=0.037). In cortical fusion, groups BAG, TCP, and BMP-2+TCP (BT) obtained the best scores, comparing to the others (P=0.00846). In new bone formation, groups BT, BAG, and TCP have presented the best scores (P=0.00835). When neovascularization was considered, best groups were BMP-2+MDM (BM), BMP-2+ALG (BA), TCP, and MDM (P=0.001695). BAG group was the best in bone marrow formation, followed by groups BT and TCP (P=0.008317). CONCLUSIONS: Bone morphogenetic protein type 2 increased bone regeneration in experimental skull reconstruction, especially when combined to calcium phosphate. Such association was even comparable to bone autograft, the gold-standard treatment, in some histological criteria. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acellular Dermis , Alginates/therapeutic use , /therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Skull/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Bone Transplantation/methods , Disease Models, Animal , Glucuronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hexuronic Acids/therapeutic use , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Skull/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 96-107, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-714625

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Nicotine is harmful to angiogenesis, osteogenesis and synthesis of collagen. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nicotine on bone remodeling during orthodontic movement in rats. Methods: Eighty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: Group C (control), group CM (with orthodontic movement) and group NM (nicotine with orthodontic movement) groups. The animals comprising groups C and CM received 0.9% saline solution while group NM received nicotine solution (2 mg/kg). A nickel-titanium closed-coil spring was used to induce tooth movement. The animals were euthanized and tissue specimens were processed histologically. We quantified blood vessels, Howship's lacunae and osteoclast-like cells present in the tension and compression areas of periodontal ligaments. The extent of bone formation was evaluated under polarized light to determine the percentage of immature/mature collagen. Results: We observed lower blood vessel densities in the NM group in comparison to the CM group, three (p < 0.001) and seven (p < 0.05) days after force application. Osteoclast-like cells and Howship's lacunae in the NM group presented lower levels of expression in comparison to the CM group, with significant differences on day 7 (p < 0.05 for both variables) and day 14 (p < 0.05 for osteoclast-like cells and p < 0.01 for Howship's lacunae). The percentage of immature collagen increased in the NM group in comparison to the CM group with a statistically significant difference on day 3 (p < 0.05), day 7 (p < 0.001), day 14 (p < 0.001) and day 21 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Nicotine affects bone remodeling during orthodontic movement, reducing angiogenesis, osteoclast-like cells and Howship's lacunae, thereby delaying the collagen maturation process in developed bone matrix. .


Introdução: a nicotina apresenta efeito prejudicial sobre a angiogênese, osteogênese e síntese de colágeno. Objetivo: investigar a ação da nicotina sobre a remodelação óssea durante o movimento dentário induzido em ratos. Métodos: oitenta ratos machos Wistar foram divididos em três grupos: grupo C (sem indução de movimento dentário e sem a ação da nicotina - controle); grupo CM (indução de movimento dentário) e grupo NM (indução de movimento dentário associado à ação da nicotina). Os animais dos grupos C e CM receberam solução salina a 0,9% e os animais do grupo NM receberam nicotina (solução PA a 98% diluída em solução salina a 0,9% estéril) por via subcutânea (2mg/kg). Após a eutanásia dos animais, com 3, 7, 14 e 21 dias de uso da mola ortodôntica, os espécimes teciduais foram processados histologicamente e quantificou-se o número de vasos sanguíneos, lacunas de Howship e células osteoclásticas nos lados de tração e compressão do ligamento periodontal. A neoformação óssea foi avaliada por meio de luz polarizada, para determinar a porcentagem de colágeno maduro e imaturo. Resultados: observou-se que a quantidade de vasos sanguíneos diminuiu no grupo NM, quando comparado ao grupo CM, nos períodos de três (p < 0,001) e sete (p < 0,05) dias. Quanto às células osteoclásticas e lacunas de Howship, o grupo NM apresentou menores níveis de expressão em relação ao grupo CM, com diferença estatisticamente significativa nos períodos de 7 e 14 dias. A porcentagem de colágeno imaturo apresentou-se aumentada no grupo NM, quando comparado ao grupo CM, em todos os períodos analisados, com diferença e...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Nicotine/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Movement Techniques , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Bone Resorption/pathology , Collagen/drug effects , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Cementum/blood supply , Dental Cementum/drug effects , Molar/blood supply , Molar/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Nickel/chemistry , Orthodontic Wires , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament/blood supply , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Stress, Mechanical , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Tooth Root/blood supply , Tooth Root/drug effects
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56433

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of silymarin on experimental liver toxication induced by Fumonisin B1 (FB1) in BALB/c mice. The mice were divided into six groups (n = 15). Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 was the silymarin control (100 mg/kg by gavage). Groups 3 and 4 were treated with FB1 (Group 3, 1.5 mg/kg FB1, intraperitoneally; and Group 4, 4.5 mg/kg FB1). Group 5 received FB1 (1.5 mg/kg) and silymarin (100 mg/kg), and Group 6 was given a higher dose of FB1 (4.5 mg/kg FB1) with silymarin (100 mg/kg). Silymarin treatment significantly decreased (p < 0.0001) the apoptotic rate. FB1 administration significantly increased (p < 0.0001) proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Ki-67 expression. Furthermore, FB1 elevated the levels of caspase-8 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha mediators while silymarin significantly reduced (p < 0.0001) the expression of these factors. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) expressions were significantly elevated in Group 4 (p < 0.0001). Silymarin administration alleviated increased VEGF and FGF-2 expression levels (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, silymarin ameliorated toxic liver damage caused by FB1 in BALB/c mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Fumonisins/toxicity , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Liver/drug effects , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mycotoxins/toxicity , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Silymarin/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(5): 334-339, May 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674152

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the healing effect of carbon dioxide therapy on skin wounds induced on the back of rats. METHODS: Sixteen rats underwent excision of a round dermal-epidermal dorsal skin flap of 2.5 cm in diameter. The animals were divided into two groups, as follows: carbon dioxide group - subcutaneous injections of carbon dioxide on the day of operation and at three, six and nine days postoperatively; control group - no postoperative wound treatment. Wounds were photographed on the day of operation and at six and 14 days postoperatively for analysis of wound area and major diameter. All animals were euthanized on day 14 after surgery. The dorsal skin and the underlying muscle layer containing the wound were resected for histopathological analysis. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between groups in the percentage of wound closure, in histopathological findings, or in the reduction of wound area and major diameter at 14 days postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Under the experimental conditions in which this study was conducted, carbon dioxide therapy had no effects on the healing of acute skin wounds in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carbon Dioxide/therapeutic use , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Skin/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/drug therapy
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(1): 49-54, jan.-fev. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668849

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar se o tratamento com L-arginina influencia a cicatrização de retalhos cutâneos em ratos expostos à nicotina. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 40 ratos Wistar pesando 142,4±10,1g separados em quatro grupos: GC- tratamento com solução tampão fosfatos pH 7,4, confecção de retalho cutâneo, observação por 10 dias; GN- exposição à nicotina por quatro semanas, confecção de retalho cutâneo, observação por dez dias; GA- tratamento com solução tampão fosfatos pH 7,4 por quatro semanas, confecção de retalho cutâneo, tratamento com arginina por dez dias; GAN- exposição à nicotina por quatro semanas, confecção de retalho cutâneo, tratamento com arginina por dez dias. Foram avaliadas as áreas de necrose, re-epitelização, reação inflamatória e formação de tecido de granulação, pela coloração HE, a área de deposição total e a diferenciação de colágenos I e III por histometria com a coloração de picrosirius, e, através da marcação imunoistoquímica com anticorpo monoclonal anti-CD34, a densidade vascular cicatricial. RESULTADOS: As porcentagens de áreas de necrose de GN e GNA foram maiores (p<0,001) do que GC e GA. Nos escores histológicos, a deposição de colágeno e a porcentagem de colágeno tipo I, no GC e GA foram similares (p>0,05) e maiores (p<0,001) do que em GA e em GNA e, nas densidades vasculares, GN e GAN foram menores (p<0,001) do que em GC e em GA. CONCLUSÃO: A exposição à nicotina inibiu os efeitos da arginina, e nos ratos não expostos, induziu melhora na angiogênese e na deposição de colágeno total nos retalhos cutâneos.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether treatment with L-arginine influences the healing of skin flaps in rats exposed to nicotine. METHODS: 40 male Wistar rats weighing 142.4 ± 10.1 g were separated into four groups: GC: treatment with 7.4 pH phosphate buffer, submitted to skin flap and observation for ten days; GN: exposure to nicotine for four weeks, submitted to skin flap and observation for ten days; GA: treatment with 7.4 pH phosphate buffer for four weeks, submitted to skin flap and arginine treatment for ten days; GAN: exposure to nicotine for four weeks, submitted to skin flap and treatment with arginine for ten days. We evaluated: areas of necrosis, re-epithelialization, inflammatory reaction and formation of granulation tissue by HE stain; the total area of deposition and differentiation of collagens I and III by histometry with picrosirius staining; and the scar vascular density by immunohistochemical staining with monoclonal anti-CD34 antibodies. RESULTS: The percentages of necrotic areas in GN and GNA were higher (p <0.001) than in GC and GA. In histological scores, collagen deposition, and the percentage of type I collagen, GA and GC were similar to each other (p> 0.05), but higher (p <0.001) than GA and GNA; as for vascular densities, they were lower in GN and GAN (p <0.001) than in GC and GA. CONCLUSION: Exposure to nicotine inhibited the effects of arginine and in unexposed mice there was induction of angiogenesis and improvement in the total collagen deposition in the skin flaps.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arginine/pharmacology , Nicotine/pharmacology , Surgical Flaps , Skin/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Rats, Wistar
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80576

ABSTRACT

Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein-angiopoietin-1 (COMP-Ang1) is an angiogenic factor for vascular angiogenesis. The aim was to investigate the effect of an intracavernosal injection of COMP-Ang1 on cavernosal angiogenesis in a diabetic rat model. Male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats made up the experimental group (1 yr old) and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats made up the control group. The experimental group was divided into vehicle only, 10 microg COMP-Ang1, and 20 microg COMP-Ang1. COMP-Ang1 was injected into the corpus cavernosum of the penis. After 4 weeks, the penile tissues of the rats were obtained for immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The immunoreactivity of PECAM-1 and VEGF was increased in the COMP-Ang1 group compared with the vehicle only group. Moreover, the expression of PECAM-1 and VEGF was notably augmented in the 20 microg Comp Ang-1 group. In the immunoblotting study, the expression of PECAM-1 and VEGF protein was significantly less in the OLEFT rats than in the control LETO rats. However, this expression was restored to control level after intracavernosal injection of COMP-Ang1. These results show that an intracavernosal injection of COMP-Ang1 enhances cavernous angiogenesis by structurally reinforcing the cavernosal endothelium.


Subject(s)
Angiopoietin-1/genetics , Animals , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Penis/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Long-Evans , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/biosynthesis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
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