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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and nephrotic-range proteinuria.@*METHODS@#A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 68 pediatric patients who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and who were diagnosed with HSPN and nephrotic-range proteinuria from August 2016 to November 2019. The patients were randomly divided into two groups:MMF treatment (@*RESULTS@#At months 3, 6, and 12 of treatment, there was no significant difference in the complete remission rate and the response rate between the MMF treament and CTX treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MMF and CTX have similar efficacy and safety in the treatment of HSPN children with nephrotic-range proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Child , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Mycophenolic Acid/adverse effects , Nephritis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Proteinuria/etiology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and mechanism of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) in the adjuvant therapy for children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*METHODS@#Sixty-four HSPN children with moderate proteinuria were divided into a TGP treatment group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy children before treatment, the children with HSPN had higher proportion of Tfh cells and expression levels of IL-21 and IL-4 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGP has a marked clinical effect in the treatment of HSPN and can reduce the inflammatory response of the kidney and exert a protective effect on the kidney by inhibiting the proliferation of Tfh cells and downregulating the expression of IL-21 and IL-4 in plasma.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucosides/therapeutic use , Humans , Nephritis , Paeonia , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy
3.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 05, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Nephritis occurs frequently in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and may worsen disease morbidity and mortality. Knowing all characteristics of this manifestation helps to a prompt recognition and treatment. Aim: To compare the differences in clinical data, serological profile and treatment response of nephritis of early and late onset. Methods: Retrospective study of 71 SLE patients with biopsy proven nephritis divided in early nephritis group (diagnosis of nephritis in the first 5 years of the disease) and late nephritis (diagnosis of nephritis after 5 years). Epidemiological, serological, clinical and treatment data were collected from charts and compared. Results: In this sample, 70. 4% had early onset nephritis and 29.6% had late onset. No differences were noted in epidemiological, clinical, serological profile, SLICC and SLEDAI, except that late onset nephritis patients were older at nephritis diagnosis (p = 0.01). Regarding renal biopsy classification, C3 and C4 levels, serum creatinine, 24 h proteinuria and response rate to treatment the two groups were similar (p = NS). Patients with early onset had lower levels of hemoglobin at nephritis onset than those of late onset (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Most of SLE patients had nephritis in the first 5 years of disease. No major differences were noted when disease profile or treatment outcome of early and late onset nephritis were compared.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Nephritis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Delayed Diagnosis
4.
Biociencias ; 15(1): 59-72, jun.2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1122950

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify if the absence of the GSTM1 and / or GSTT1 genes is correlated with the response to cyclophosphamide and the presence of anti DNA in a patient with SLE. Methodology: An correlational cross study that included 46 patients with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. (LES), who attended the rheumatology clinic of the Venezuelan Institute of Social Security- Central Hospital "Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño ", during the period June 2016 - June 2017. Patients with SLE were classified according to the presence or absence of renal involvement (lupus nephritis). Each individual was extracted 5 mL of peripheral blood, from which the genomic DNA was extracted. The presence or absence of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes was determined using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction method with specific primers. Results: In the studied population (n = 46), 95.7% were women and only 4.3% men. The average age was 31 years, being mostly young women of childbearing age. The treatment of patients included the use of chloroquine (78%), mycophenolate (69.6%) and corticoids (38.7%). The GST genes were present, the GSTM1 gene with a frequency.


Objetivo: Identificar si la ausencia de los genes GSTM1 y/o GSTT1 está correlacionada con la respuesta a ciclofosfamida y con la presencia de anti DNA en paciente con LES. Metodología: Estudio transversal correlacional, que incluyó 46 pacientes con diagnóstico de lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), que acudieron a la consulta de reumatología del Instituto Venezolano del Seguro Sociales- Hospital Central "Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño", durante el período septiembre 2016 ­ junio de 2017. Los pacientes con LES se clasificaron de acuerdo a la presencia o no de afectación renal (nefritis lúpica). A cada individuo se le extrajo 5 mL de sangre periférica, a partir de la cual se extrajo el ADN genómico. La presencia o ausencia de los genes GSTM1 y GSTT1 se determinó utilizando el método de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa múltiplex con iniciadores específicos. Resultados: En la población estudiada (n= 46), 95,7% eran mujeres y sólo 4,3% hombres. La edad media fue de 31 años, siendo en su mayoría mujeres jóvenes en edad fértil. El tratamiento de los pacientes, comprendió el uso de cloroquina (78%), micofenolato (69,6 %) y corticoides (38,7%). Los genes GST estuvieron presentes, el gen GSTM1 con una frecuencia del 100 % y GSTT1 del 93,5%. Solo un 6,5% de los pacientes no presentaron el gen GSTT1. Conclusión: No se observó una correlación entre la presencia y/o ausencia de los genes GSTM1 y GSTT1 con la respuesta al tratamiento con Ciclofosfamida ni a la presencia de anti-DNA


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , DNA , Nephritis
5.
Med. UIS ; 32(1): 33-37, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040393

ABSTRACT

Resumen La apendicitis aguda en pediatría ocurre generalmente en escolares y adolescentes, siendo su principal complicación el absceso intraabdominal. Por su parte, la nefronía lobar aguda es una infección localizada del parénquima renal, de la cual no existen casos reportados de ésta como secundaria a apendicitis no perforada. Se presenta el caso de una preadolescente, quien seis días después de una apendicectomía consulta por dolor abdominal, vómito y fiebre. Ingresa con signos de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica, por lo que se inicia terapia antibiótica, y luego de tres días sin mejoría clínica, se realiza una ecografía abdominal que evidencia una lesión renal derecha sugestiva de nefronía lobar aguda y un absceso hepático del segmento VI y VII. Se inicia terapia antibiótica de amplio espectro con adecuada respuesta clínica. La nefronía lobar aguda debe tenerse en cuenta entre las complicaciones de la apendicitis, dado su comportamiento agresivo, rápida progresión a sepsis y frecuente asociación a cicatrices renales. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(1):33-7.


Abstract Acute appendicitis in pediatrics presented in scholar and adolescent ages have as its main complication an intraabdominal abscess. Moreover, acute lobar nephronia is a localized infection in the renal parenchyma. There are no cases reported about nephronia as a consequence of acute non-perforated appendicitis. This case describes a preadolescent presenting abdominal pain, vomit and fever, six days after acute appendicitis. She was admitted with signs of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, so antibiotic therapy was started. After three days there was no clinical improvement, whereby an abdominal ultrasound was performed, which reported injury in the right kidney suggestive of acute lobar nephronia and an hepatic abscess of VI and VII segments. Broad spectrum of antibiotic therapy was started with adequate clinic response. Acute lobar nephronia should be considered when studying acute appendicitis complications, given it's aggressive behavior, accelerated progression to sepsis and frequent association with renal scarring. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(1):33-7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Nephritis , Pediatrics , Appendectomy , Postoperative Complications , Intraabdominal Infections
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) combined with double pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with severe Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with severe HSPN who were admitted to the hospital from January 2014 to March 2018 were enrolled and were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group (n=30 each). In addition to routine treatment, the children in the control group were given MP+CTX pulse therapy. Those in the observation group were given DFPP treatment in addition to the treatment in the control group, with three courses of treatment in total. After three courses of treatment, the two groups were compared in terms of 24-hour urinary protein, urinary microproteins, renal function parameters, adverse reactions, and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#After three courses of treatment, the observation group had significantly greater reductions in 24-hour urinary protein, urinary albumin, urinary immunoglobulin G, urinary β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen than the control group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with MP+CTX pulse therapy alone in the treatment of severe HSPN in children, DFPP combined with MP+CTX pulse therapy can further alleviate renal injury and improve clinical outcome and does not increase the incidence rate of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Nephritis , Plasmapheresis , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786124

ABSTRACT

Anti–glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis is characterized by circulating anti-GBM antibodies and crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) with deposition of IgG along the GBM. In a limited number of cases, glomerular immune complexes have been identified in anti-GBM nephritis. A 38-year-old female presented azotemia, hematuria, and proteinuria without any pulmonary symptoms. A renal biopsy showed crescentic GN with linear IgG deposition along the GBM and mesangial IgA deposition. The patient was diagnosed as concurrent anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy. Therapies with pulse methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide administration were effective. Concurrent cases of both anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy are rare among cases of anti-GBM diseases with deposition of immune complexes. This rare case of concurrent anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy with literature review is noteworthy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease , Antibodies , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Azotemia , Basement Membrane , Biopsy , Cyclophosphamide , Female , Glomerulonephritis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Hematuria , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Methylprednisolone , Nephritis , Proteinuria
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760199

ABSTRACT

Alport syndrome (ATS) is an inherited glomerular disease caused by mutations in one of the type IV collagen novel chains (α3, α4, and α5). ATS is characterized by persistent microscopic hematuria that starts during infancy, eventually leading to either progressive nephritis or end-stage renal disease. There are 3 known genetic forms of ATS, namely X-linked ATS, autosomal recessive ATS, and autosomal dominant ATS. About 80% of patients with ATS have X-linked ATS, which is caused by mutations in the type IV collagen α5 chain gene, COL4A5. Although an 80% mutation detection rate is observed in men with X-linked ATS, some difficulties do exist in the genetic diagnosis of ATS. Most mutations are point mutations without hotspots in the COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5 genes. Further, there are insufficient data on the detection of COL4A3 and COL4A4 mutations for their comparison between patients with autosomal recessive or dominant ATS. Therefore, diagnosis of ATS in female patients with no apparent family history can be challenging. Therefore, in this study, we used whole-exome sequencing (WES) to identify mutations in type IV collagen in 2 girls with glomerular basement membrane structural changes suspected to be associated with ATS; these patients had no relevant family history. Our results revealed de novo c.4688G>A (p.Arg1563Gln) and c.2714G>A (p.Gly905Asp) mutations in COL4A5. Therefore, we suggest that WES is an effective approach to obtain genetic information in ATS, particularly in female patients without a relevant family history, to detect unexpected DNA variations.


Subject(s)
Child , Collagen Type IV , Diagnosis , DNA , Exome , Female , Glomerular Basement Membrane , Hematuria , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Korea , Male , Nephritis , Nephritis, Hereditary , Point Mutation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763262

ABSTRACT

Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is patchy or diffuse ischemic destruction of the renal cortex caused by significantly reduced renal arterial perfusion. It is a rare cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) and is associated with high mortality. Here, we review the case of RCN in a 15-year-old boy who developed AKI. A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital from a local hospital due to a sharp decrease in his renal function. He presented with acute flank pain, nausea with vomiting, and oliguria for the past two days. He had taken a single dose of antihistamine for nasal congestion. At our hospital, his peak blood pressure was 148/83 mmHg and he had a high body mass index of 32.9 kg/m². The laboratory data showed a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 28.4 mg/dL, a creatinine of 4.26 mg/dL, and a glomerular filtration rate estimated from the serum cystatin C of 20.2 mL/min/1.73m². Proteinuria (spot urine protein to creatinine ratio 1.66) with pyuria was observed. Kidney sonography showed parenchymal swelling and increased renal echogenicity. Due to rapidly progressing nephritis, steroid pulse therapy (750 mg/IV) was done on the second day of his admission and the patient showed complete recovery with normal renal function. However, the kidney biopsy findings revealed renal cortical hemorrhagic necrosis. Multifocal, relatively well-circumscribed, hemorrhagic necrotic areas (about 25%) were detected in the tubulointerstitium. Although RCN is an unusual cause of AKI, especially in children, pediatricians should consider the possibility of RCN when evaluating patients with rapidly decreasing renal function.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Adolescent , Biopsy , Blood Pressure , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Body Mass Index , Child , Creatinine , Cystatin C , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Flank Pain , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Cortex Necrosis , Male , Mortality , Nausea , Necrosis , Nephritis , Obesity , Oliguria , Perfusion , Proteinuria , Pyuria , Vomiting
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(7): e8222, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011591

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) can present with different morphologic features and lead to kidney failure. The Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) that cannot be relieved by treatment with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agents suggests the presence of monoclonal gammopathy in adult patients. The present study reports on a single case of HSPN associated with IgA-κMGRS. The patient who suffered from recurrent skin purpura for 6 months and nephrotic syndrome for 2 months was admitted to our hospital. Bone marrow biopsy showed monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Kidney biopsy indicated a Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN, ISKDC classified as type III) with positive staining with κ-light chain in the glomeruli and renal tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, skin biopsy showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis and negative staining for Congo red and light chain. Given both the renal and cutaneous involvement, the patient was considered to have HSPN associated with IgA-κMGRS. The patient experienced an exacerbation in his purpura-like lesions and clinical status after treatment with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agents. Consequently, the patient was put on a regimen that included dexamethasone (20 mg on the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 11th days of each month, iv) and bortezomib (2.4 mg on the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 11th days of each month, iv). Eight weeks after treatment, he had complete resolution of his cutaneous purpura and his biochemical parameters improved. The latent presence of MGRS in cases of HSPN should be considered in adult patients. Increased cognizance and correct treatment options could improve patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paraproteinemias/etiology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/complications , Nephritis/complications , Paraproteinemias/pathology , Paraproteinemias/drug therapy , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/pathology , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Nephritis/pathology , Nephritis/drug therapy
11.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 21, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088627

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) or IgA vasculitis is the most common vasculitis of childhood and may occur with renal involvement, with hematuria and / or proteinuria, and may cause severe and non-reversible sequelae. Objectives: To establish the profile of patients with renal involvement due to IgA vasculitisand to describe our experience with the use of azathioprine to treat patients with nephritis. Methods: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from medical records of patients with IgA vasculitiswho attended the pediatric rheumatology unit between 1995 and 2017. Patients were separated into two groups based on whether or notthey weretreated with non-glucocorticoid immunosuppressants. Results: From the178 patients with IgA vasculitis, nephritis was found in67 patients (37.6%), 13 of whom receivedtreatment with non-glucocorticoid immunosuppressants. Ten patients responded well to azathioprine and 1 patient to cyclosporine. Forty patients received oral glucocorticoids, whilst 16received intravenous glucocorticoids. Conclusion: Azathioprine may be beneficial in the treatment of IgA vasculitis with renal involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/physiopathology , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Vasculitis/physiopathology , Nephritis/drug therapy , Health Profile
12.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 128-133, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785571

ABSTRACT

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis characterized by purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, and nephritis. Gastrointestinal involvement can manifest as pain, intussusception, intestinal bleeding, and intestinal perforation. We report a case of fulminant HSP at an age of eight in 1994, with multiple complications of intra-thoracic bleeding, massive intestinal perforation, nephritis, and various skin rashes. The brisk bleeding findings of intestinal on Technetium-99m-labeled red blood cell scan (99mTc RBC scan) were well matched to those of the emergency laparotomy and the resected intestine. The patient's abdominal conditions improved gradually but nodular skin eruptions developed newly apart from improving preexisting lower limb rashes and the urine findings continued abnormal, so skin and kidney biopsy were done for the diagnosis. After cyclosporine therapy, skin eruptions and urine findings returned to normal gradually. On a follow-up after 25 years in 2019, the patient is 33-year-old, healthy without any abnormality on blood chemistries and urine examination.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Arthritis , Biopsy , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Emergencies , Erythrocytes , Exanthema , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intestinal Perforation , Intestines , Intussusception , Kidney , Laparotomy , Lower Extremity , Nephritis , Purpura , Skin , Systemic Vasculitis
13.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(4): 312-318, Out.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984585

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Ischemia and reperfusion (IR) is a process inherent to the procedures involved in the transplantation of organs that causes inflammation, cell death and cell injury, and may lead to rejection of the graft. It is possible that the anti-inflammatory properties of the Brazil nuts (BN) can mitigate the renal injury caused by IR. Objective: To investigate whether the previous intake of BN reduces the expression of markers of inflammation, injury, and cell death after renal IR. Methods: Male Wistar rats were distributed into six groups (N = 6/group): SHAM (control), SHAM treated with 75 or 150 mg of BN, IR, and IR treated with 75 or 150 mg of BN. The IR procedure consisted of right nephrectomy and occlusion of the left renal artery with a non-traumatic vascular clamp for 30 min. BN was given daily from day 1 to 7 before surgery (SHAM or IR), and maintained until sacrifice (48 h after surgery). Inflammation was evaluated by renal expression of COX-2 and TGF-β, injury by the expression of vimentin, and cell death by apoptosis through caspase-3 expression (immunohistochemistry). Results: Pretreatment with 75 mg of BN reduced renal expression of the COX-2, TGF-β, vimentin, and caspase-3. The dose of 150 mg caused increased expression of COX-2. Conclusion: In experimental IR, the damage can be minimized with a prior low-dose intake of BN, improving inflammation, injury, and cell death.


RESUMO Introdução: Isquemia e reperfusão (IR) é um processo inerente aos procedimentos envolvidos no transplante de órgãos, que causa inflamação, morte celular e lesão, podendo levar à rejeição do enxerto. É possível que a castanha-do-brasil (CB), por suas propriedades anti-inflamatórias, possa atenuar a lesão renal causada pela IR. Objetivo: Investigar se a ingestão prévia de CB reduz a expressão de marcadores renais de inflamação, lesão e morte celular após a IR. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram distribuídos em seis grupos (N = 6/grupo): SHAM (controle), SHAM tratado com 75 ou 150 mg de CB, IR, e IR tratado com 75 ou 150 mg de CB. O procedimento de IR consistiu na nefrectomia à direita e oclusão da artéria renal esquerda por 30 minutos. A castanha foi administrada diariamente por sete dias antes da cirurgia (SHAM ou IR), e mantida até o sacrifício (48 horas pós-cirurgia). A inflamação foi avaliada pela expressão renal de COX-2 e TGF-β; a lesão pela expressão de vimentina, e a morte celular por apoptose pela expressão de caspase-3, por imuno-histoquímica. Resultados: O pré-tratamento com 75 mg de CB reduziu a expressão renal de COX-2, de TGF-β, de vimentina e de caspase-3. A dose de 150 mg causou elevação da expressão de COX-2. Conclusão: No modelo experimental de IR renal, os danos podem ser minimizados com a ingestão prévia de baixas doses de CB, melhorando a inflamação, a lesão e a morte celular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bertholletia , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Phytotherapy , Nephritis/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Rats, Wistar , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Kidney/blood supply , Nephritis/etiology
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 280-287, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives This study aims to improve laparoscopic nephrectomy techniques for inflammatory renal diseases (IRD) and to reduce complications. Materials and Methods Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for IRD, with a method of outside Gerota fascia dissection and en-bloc ligation and division of the renal pedicle. Operative time, blood loss, complications, analgesia requirement, post-operative recovery of intestinal function and hospital stay were recorded. The degrees of perinephric adhesion were classified based on the observation during operation and post-operative dissection of the specimen, and the association of different types of adhesion with the difficulty of the procedures was examined. Results Among 33 cases, three were converted to hand-assisted laparoscopy, and one was converted to open surgery. Mean operative time was 99.6±29.2min, and blood loss was 75.2±83.5 mL. Postoperative recovery time of intestinal function was 1.6±0.7 days and average hospital stay was 4.8±1.4 days. By classification and comparison of the perinephric adhesions, whether inflammation extending beyond Gerota fascia or involving renal hilum was found to be not only an important factor influencing the operative time and blood loss, but also the main reason for conversion to hand-assisted laparoscopy or open surgery. Conclusions In laparoscopic nephrectomy, outside Gerota fascia dissection of the kidney and en-bloc ligation of the renal pedicle using EndoGIA could reduce the difficulty of procedure and operative time, with satisfactory safety and reliability. Inflammation and adhesion extending beyond Gerota fascia or involving renal hilum is an important predictor of the difficulty related to laparoscopic nephrectomy for IRD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pyelonephritis/surgery , Tuberculosis, Renal/surgery , Pyonephrosis/surgery , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Nephritis/surgery , Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Blood Loss, Surgical , Intestinal Fistula/surgery , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Operative Time , Fistula/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schӧnlein purpura (HSP) is a common vasculitis of childhood. Though HSP is usually self-limiting, severe complications can occur. The management for this condition has not been established yet. Thus, this nationwide study aimed at investigating epidemiological characteristics of children with HSP in Korea. The patterns of clinical practice with regard to the complications of the condition were also investigated. METHODS: This is a national population-based study that used the National Health Insurance Database. Children below 18 years who were diagnosed with HSP in Korea between 2006 and 2015 were enrolled. Data, such as age, sex, yearly and monthly distribution of HSP, hospitalization, re-hospitalization, comorbidities, and interventions were obtained. The use of steroids was also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 56,841 children were enrolled. The annual incidence of HSP was 55.9 per 100,000 children. The peak age was 5 years. Spring was the most prevalent season. Sex (male) and young age (< 9 years) were risk factors of hospitalization. Younger children were more likely to be re-hospitalized and suspected with intussusception, arthritis, and nephritis. Only 4 children received laparotomy. In total, 57% were managed with steroids, and mean durations of medication were 4–5 days. Children who were hospitalized and those with comorbidities used steroids more frequently (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The annual incidence of HSP is 55.9 per 100,000 children which is higher in Korea than that in other countries. Younger children can have a more severe clinical course. This nationwide survey provides valuable information to understand HSP in children and to inspire further research on HSP.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Child , Comorbidity , Epidemiology , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Intussusception , Korea , Laparotomy , National Health Programs , Nephritis , Purpura , Risk Factors , Seasons , Steroids , Vasculitis
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719180

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The representative mucin genes in the human airway are MUC5AC and MUC5B, which are regulated by several inflammatory and anti-inflammatory substances. Triptolide (TPL), udenafil, betulinic acid, changkil saponin, and glucosteroid are some of the many anti-inflammatory substances that exist. TPL is a diterpenoid compound from the thunder god vine, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of immune inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, nephritis and asthma. However, the effects of TPL on mucin expression of human airway epithelial cells have yet to be reported. Hence, this study investigated the effect of TPL on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced MUC5AC and MUC5B expression in human airway epithelial cells. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The NCI-H292 cells and the primary cultures of human nasal epithelial cells were used to investigate the effects of TPL on LPS-induced MUC5AC and MUC5B expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme immunoassay, and Western blot. RESULTS: TPL significantly decreased the LPS-induced MUC5AC and MUC5B mRNA expression and protein production. TPL also significantly decreased the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that TPL down regulates MUC5AC and MUC5B expression via inhibition of NF-kB activation in human airway epithelial cells. This study may provide important information about the biological role of triptolide on mucus-secretion in airway inflammatory diseases and the development of novel therapeutic agents for controlling such diseases.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Asthma , Blotting, Western , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucins , Nephritis , NF-kappa B , Phosphorylation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Saponins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is one of the most common community-acquired bacterial infections. Recent increases of antimicrobial resistance in urinary pathogens might have changed the other epidemiologic characteristics of APN. The objective of this study was to describe the current epidemiology of APN in Korea, using the entire population. METHODS: From the claims database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in Korea, the patients with International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes N10 (acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis) or N12 (tubulo-interstitial nephritis, neither acute nor chronic) as the primary discharge diagnosis during 2010–2014 were analyzed, with two or more claims during a 14-day period considered as a single episode. RESULTS: The annual incidence rate of APN per 10,000 persons was 39.1 and was on the increase year to year (35.6 in 2010; 36.7 in 2011; 38.9 in 2012; 40.1 in 2013; 43.8 in 2014, P = 0.004). The increasing trend was observed in both inpatients (P = 0.014) and outpatients (P = 0.004); in both men (P = 0.042) and women (P = 0.003); and those aged under 55 years (P = 0.014) and 55 years or higher (P = 0.003). Eleven times more women were diagnosed and treated with APN than men (men vs. women, 6.5 vs. 71.3), and one of every 4.1 patients was hospitalized (inpatients vs. outpatients, 9.6 vs. 29.4). The recurrence rate was 15.8%, and the median duration from a sporadic episode (i.e., no episode in the preceding 12 months) to the first recurrence was 44 days. The recurrence probability increased with the number of previous recurrences. The average medical cost per inpatient episode was USD 1,144, which was 12.9 times higher than that per outpatient episode (USD 89). CONCLUSION: The epidemiology of APN in Korea has been changing with an increasing incidence rate.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Inpatients , Insurance, Health , International Classification of Diseases , Korea , Male , National Health Programs , Nephritis , Outpatients , Pyelonephritis , Recurrence
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739187

ABSTRACT

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an interleukin-7-like cytokine that is an important trigger and initiator of many allergic diseases. TSLP promotes a T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokine response that can be pathological. A relationship is formed both at the induction phase of the Th2 response through polarization of dendritic cells to drive Th2 cell differentiation and at the effector phase of the response, by promoting the expansion of activated T cells and their secretion of Th2 cytokines and TSLP. In transgenic mice with TSLP overexpression, it has been reported that TSLP leads to the development of mixed cryoglobulinemic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. In addition, TSLP can play an important role in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy and systemic lupus erythematosus-related nephritis. From our knowledge of the role of TSLP in the kidney, further studies including the discovery of new therapies need to be considered based on the relationship between TSLP and glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Dendritic Cells , Glomerulonephritis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative , Kidney , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Nephritis , T-Lymphocytes , Th2 Cells
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(11): e7338, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951725

ABSTRACT

Hypertensive renal damage generally occurs during the middle and late stages of hypertension, which is typically characterized by proteinuria and renal inflammation. Captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, has been widely used for therapy of arterial hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. However, the protective effects of captopril on hypertension-induced organ damage remain elusive. The present study was designed to explore the renoprotective action of captopril in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The 6-week-old male SHR and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats were randomized into long-term captopril-treated (34 mg/kg) and vehicle-treated groups. The results showed that in SHR there was obvious renal injury characterized by the increased levels of urine albumin, total protein, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, renal inflammation manifested by the increased mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and enhanced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation. Captopril treatment could lower blood pressure, improve renal injury, and suppress renal inflammation and NF-κB activation in SHR rats. In conclusion, captopril ameliorates renal injury and inflammation in SHR possibly via inactivation of NF-κB signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Proteinuria/prevention & control , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Captopril/therapeutic use , NF-kappa B/adverse effects , Hypertension/drug therapy , Nephritis/prevention & control , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Proteinuria/etiology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Signal Transduction , Hypertension/complications , Nephritis/etiology
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