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1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(2)abr-jun. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1551543

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes com leucemia linfocítica crônica (LLC) com alto risco têm menores taxas de resposta, curso clínico mais agressivo e resistência à quimioterapia padrão, representando um desafio para o tratamento. Os inibidores da tirosina quinase de Bruton (BTK ­ ibrutinibe e acalabrutinibe) e o inibidor BCL-2 (venetoclax) podem ser utilizados nesses casos. Objetivo: Identificar e avaliar a eficácia e a segurança do uso de ibrutinibe, acalabrutinibe e venetoclax no tratamento de primeira linha em pacientes com LLC de alto risco. Método: Revisão sistemática de ensaios clínicos randomizados que avaliaram pacientes adultos com LLC, portadores de deleção 17p ou mutação TP53 e sem tratamento prévio. Foram pesquisadas as bases PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS e Cochrane Library, e realizadas avaliação do risco de viés pela ferramenta RoB 2 da Cochrane e avaliação da qualidade da evidência pelo GRADE. Resultados: Na meta-análise em rede para sobrevida livre de progressão (SLP), venetoclax + obinutuzumabe (RR: 0,62; IC 95% 0,41-0,95; p = 0,027) e acalabrutinibe + obinutuzumabe (RR: 0,74; IC 95% 0,55-0,99; p = 0,043) apresentaram menor risco de progressão ou óbito, com significância considerada limítrofe. Ibrutinibe + obinutuzumabe (RR: 0,93; IC 95% 0,86-1,00; p = 0,054) não apresentou diferença significativa na SLP para pacientes com LLC de alto risco. Conclusão: O tratamento de primeira linha com inibidores de BTK (ibrutinibe e acalabrutinibe) e o inibidor BCL-2 (venetoclax), associados a agentes monoclonais anti-CD20 ­ especialmente o obinutuzumabe ­, tem sido proposto como padrão para a maioria dos pacientes com LLC. Entretanto, pelos resultados desta revisão com meta-análise em rede, não foi possível confirmar essa recomendação.


Introduction: Patients with high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have lower response rates, a more aggressive clinical course, and resistance to standard chemotherapy, representing a treatment challenge. Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTK ­ ibrutinib and acalabrutinib) and the BCL-2 inhibitor (venetoclax) can be used in these cases. Objective: To identify and evaluate studies on the efficacy and safety of the use of ibrutinib, acalabrutinib and venetoclax in first-line treatment in patients with high-risk CLL. Method:Systematic review of randomized clinical trials that evaluated adult patients with CLL, carriers of 17p deletion or TP53 mutation and without prior treatment. The PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS and Cochrane Library databases were searched, and the risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane RoB 2 tool and the quality of evidence was assessed with GRADE. Results: In the network meta-analysis for progression-free survival (PFS) venetoclax + obinutuzumab (RR: 0.62; 95%CI 0.41-0.95; p value 0.027) and acalabrutinib + obinutuzumab (RR: 0. 74; 95% CI 0.55-0.99; p value 0.043) presented a lower risk of progression or death, with significance considered borderline. Ibrutinib + obinutuzumab (RR: 0.93; 95% CI 0.86-1.00; p value 0.054) did not show a significant difference in PFS for patients with high-risk CLL. Conclusion: First-line treatment with BTK inhibitors (ibrutinib and acalabrutinib) and the BCL-2 inhibitor (venetoclax) associated with anti-CD20 monoclonal agents ­ especially obinutuzumab ­ have been proposed as the standard for most patients with CLL. However, based on the results of this review with network meta-analysis, it was not possible to confirm this recommendation.


Introducción: Los pacientes con leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC) de alto riesgo tienen tasas de respuesta más bajas, un curso clínico más agresivo y resistencia a la quimioterapia estándar, lo que representa un desafío para el tratamiento. En estos casos se pueden utilizar los inhibidores de la tirosina quinasa de Bruton (BTK - ibrutinib y acalabrutinib) y el inhibidor de BCL-2 (venetoclax). Objetivo:Identificar y evaluar estudios sobre la eficacia y seguridad del uso de ibrutinib, acalabrutinib y venetoclax en el tratamiento de primera línea en pacientes con LLC de alto riesgo. Método: Revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos aleatorios que evaluaron pacientes adultos con LLC, portadores de deleción 17p o mutación TP53 y sin tratamiento previo. Se realizaron búsquedas en las bases de datos PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS y Cochrane Library y se evaluó el riesgo de sesgo mediante la herramienta Cochrane RoB 2 y la calidad de la evidencia se evaluó mediante GRADE. Resultados: En el metaanálisis en red para la supervivencia libre de progresión (SSP) venetoclax + obinutuzumab (RR: 0,62; IC 95% 0,41-0,95; valor de p 0,027) y acalabrutinib + obinutuzumab (RR: 0,74; IC 95%). 0,55-0,99; valor de p 0,043) presentaron un menor riesgo de progresión o muerte, con una significación considerada límite. Ibrutinib + obinutuzumab (RR: 0,93; IC del 95 %: 0,86-1,00; valor de p 0,054) no mostró una diferencia significativa en la SSP para pacientes con LLC de alto riesgo. Conclusión: El tratamiento de primera línea con inhibidores de BTK (ibrutinib y acalabrutinib) y el inhibidor de BCL-2 (venetoclax), asociados con agentes monoclonales anti-CD20, especialmente obinutuzumab, se ha propuesto como estándar para la mayoría de los pacientes con LLC. Sin embargo, según los resultados de esta revisión con metaanálisis en red, no fue posible confirmar esta recomendación


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Inhibitors, Tyrosine Kinase , Antineoplastic Protocols , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Review
2.
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 171-188, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426999

ABSTRACT

Different anti-infecthe drugs have been proposedfor the treatment ofpatients with COVID-19. We carried out a network meta-analysis to assess their relath'e efficacy and safety. Methods: We searched relevant databases for all randomized controlled trials that reported the efficacy and or safety ofany anti-infective drugs published up to April 30, 2022 for different outcomes. We did both painvise and network meta-analysis with 95% confidence intervals using afixed-effect model. We assessed studies for quality of evidence using an extension of the standard Grading ofRecommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach considering P

Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trial , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Community Networks , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1652-1663, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970637

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of different Chinese medicine injections combined with conventional western medicine for stable angina pectoris. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and SinoMed were searched to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Chinese medicine injection combined with conventio-nal western medicine in the treatment of stable angina pectoris from the inception of the databases to July 8, 2022. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of bias of the included studies. Stata 15.1 was used for network Meta-analysis. A total of 52 RCTs were included, involving 4 828 patients treated by 9 Chinese medicine injections(Danhong Injection, Salvia Miltiorrhiza Polyphenol Hydrochloride Injection, Tanshinone Sodium Ⅱ_A Sulfonate Injection, Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection, Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection, Puerarin Injection, Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection, Shenmai Injection and Xuesaitong Injection). The network Meta-analysis showed that:(1)in terms of improving the efficacy of angina pectoris, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) followed the order of conventional western medicine combined with Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection>Tanshinone Sodium Ⅱ_A Sulfonate Injection>Danhong Injection>Salvia Miltiorrhiza Polyphenol Hydrochloride Injection>Xuesaitong Injection>Shenmai Injection>Puerarin Injection>Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection>Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection;(2)in terms of improving the efficacy of electrocardiogram(ECG), SUCRA followed the order of conventional western medicine combined with Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection>Puerarin Injection>Danhong Injection>Salvia Miltiorrhiza Polyphenol Hydrochloride Injection>Shenmai Injection>Xuesaitong Injection>Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection>Tanshinone Sodium Ⅱ_A Sulfonate Injection>Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection;(3)in terms of increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), SUCRA followed the order of conventional western medicine combined with Danhong Injection>Shenmai Injection>Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection>Xuesaitong Injection>Tanshinone Sodium Ⅱ_A Sulfonate Injection>Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection;(4)in terms of lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), SUCRA followed the order of conventional western medicine combined with Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection>Danhong Injection>Shenmai Injection>Tanshinone Sodium Ⅱ_A Sulfonate Injection>Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection>Xuesaitong Injection;(5)in terms of safety, the overall adverse reactions of Chinese medicine injection combined with conventional western medicine were less than those of the control group. Current evidence indicated that Chinese medicine injection combined with conventional western medicine could improve the curative effect of stable angina pectoris with higher safety. Limited by the number and quality of included studies, the above conclusion needed to be verified by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina, Stable/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Cholesterol
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1108-1115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970582

ABSTRACT

This study intended to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single Hirudo prescriptions in the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease(ICVD) by frequency network Meta-analysis and traditional Meta-analysis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to collect the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of single Hirudo prescriptions for ICVD from the inception of the databases to May 2022. The quality of the included literature was evaluated by Cochrane risk of bias tool. Finally, 54 RCTs and 3 single Hirudo prescriptions were included. Statistical analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.3 and Stata SE 15. Network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of the clinical effective rate, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) of intervention measures was as follows: Huoxue Tongmai Capsules+conventional treatment>Maixuekang Capsules+conventional treatment>Naoxuekang Capsules+conventional treatment>conventional treatment. Traditional Meta-analysis revealed that in terms of the safety of ICVD treatment, Maixuekang Capsules+conventional treatment had higher safety than conventional treatment alone. According to the network Meta-analysis and traditional Meta-analysis, it was found that conventional treatment combined with single Hirudo prescriptions improved the clinical efficacy of ICVD patients, and compared with that of conventional treatment alone, the incidence of adverse reactions of combined treatment was low and the safety was high. However, the methodological quality of the articles included in this study was generally low and there were large differences in the number of articles on the three combined medication. Therefore, the conclusion of this study needed to be confirmed by subsequent RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Capsules , Network Meta-Analysis , Combined Modality Therapy , Leeches , Prescriptions , Cerebrovascular Disorders
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4215-4230, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008618

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was employed to compare the efficacy of Chinese medicine injections for activating blood and resolving stasis combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke and the effects on platelet aggregation rate, fibrinogen(FIB), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP), with a view to providing evidence-based medicine reference for clinical medication. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and EMbase were searched for randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection, Danhong Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Xueshuantong Injection, Shuxuening Injection, Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection, and Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection combined with conventional western medicine. The retrieval time was from database inception to March 18, 2023. The articles were extracted by two researchers and their quality was evaluated. R 4.2.2 was used for network Meta-analysis. A total of 87 RCTs involving 8 580 patients were included. Network Meta-analysis showed that, in terms of reducing National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) scores, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) showed the order of Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine(88.7%) > Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(73.7%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional western medicine(69.7%) > Shuxuening Injection + conventional western medicine(51.8%) > Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(43.7%) > Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection + conventional western medicine(36.8%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(35.3%) > conventional western medicine(1.7%). In terms of improving clinical total effective rate, SUCRA showed the order of Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(63.0%) > Shuxuening Injection + conventional western medicine(59.0%) > Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(58.9%) > Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection + conventional western medicine(57.1%) > Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine(56.8%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional western medicine(54.6%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(50.5%) > conventional western medicine(0.03%). In terms of improving Barthel index, SUCRA showed the order of Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(84.7%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional western medicine(72.4%) > Safflower Yellow Pigment Injection + conventional western medicine(61.6%) > Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(44.6%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(43.2%) > Shuxuening Injection + conventional western medicine(42.2%) > conventional western medicine(1.4%). In terms of reducing platelet aggregation rate, SUCRA showed the order of Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(82.4%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional western medicine(81.6%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(40.7%) > Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(37.3%) > conventional western medicine(8.0%). In terms of reducing FIB, SUCRA showed the order of Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(81.0%) > Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(71.9%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(70.0%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional western medicine(46.7%) > Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine(22.6%) > conventional western medicine(8.7%). In terms of reducing hs-CRP, SUCRA showed the order of Shuxuening Injection + conventional western medicine(89.9%) > Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine(78.8%) > Ginkgo Diterpene Lactone Meglumine Injection + conventional western medicine(52.4%) > Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine(47.6%) > Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine(43.5%) > Shuxuetong Injection + conventional Western medicine(35.6%) > conventional western medicine(2.3%). The results indicated that Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine, Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine, and Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine ranked the top three. Xueshuantong Injection + conventional western medicine had the best effect on reducing NIHSS scores. Danhong Injection + conventional western medicine showed the best performance of improving clinical total effective rate, improving Barthel index, and reducing FIB in the blood. Salvia Miltiorrhiza Ligustrazine Injection + conventional western medicine had the best effect on reducing platelet aggregation rate in the blood. Shuxuening Injection + conventional western medicine had the best effect on reducing hs-CRP. However, more high-quality RCTs are needed for verification in the future to provide more reliable evidence-based medical reference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , C-Reactive Protein , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Diterpenes , Lactones , Meglumine
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2156-2165, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are standard treatments for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, evidence regarding their relative efficacy and safety is lacking. This study compared the efficacy and safety of all currently available ICI treatments in patients with advanced NSCLC to identify optimal treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to August 8, 2022. The primary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary outcomes included objective response rate (ORR) and adverse events (AEs).@*RESULTS@#Forty RCTs involving 22,526 patients were selected, and a total of 26 treatment regimens were identified. Treatment with anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1) provided superior OS compared with anti-programmed death ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1) treatment. ICIs plus platinum-based chemotherapy (PBC) were superior to ICIs treatment alone, although the addition of PBC increased treatment toxicity. Cemiplimab ranked first for OS and lowest for any-grade AEs in advanced NSCLC patients without PD-L1 selection. Regarding grade ≥3 AEs, the toxicity of ICI monotherapy or ICI-ICI combination was consistently lower than that of the other treatments. For patients without PD-L1 selection, cemiplimab showed the best OS, pembrolizumab plus docetaxel (Pem-DXT) showed the best PFS, and atezolizumab plus bevacizumab and PBC (Atezo-Beva-PBC) showed the best ORR. Pembrolizumab plus PBC and Atezo-Beva-PBC were the most likely optimal treatments for OS and PFS in patients with PD-L1 expression <1%, respectively. In patients with PD-L1 expression ≥1%, treatment regimens containing anti-PD-1 provided superior OS benefits compared with those of anti-PD-L1 treatment, and sintilimab plus PBC (Sint-PBC) provided the best OS benefit; as for PFS, ICI plus PBC consistently showed greater PFS benefits than ICI or PBC alone. For patients with anti-PD-L1 expression of 1-49%, camrelizumab plus PBC provided the best benefit for OS and PFS among included treatment. Durvalumab-tremelimumab-PBC and Atezo-Beva-PBC respectively presented the highest OS and PFS for patients with PD-L1 expression ≥50%. Moreover, cemiplimab and Atezo-Beva-PBC yielded the best OS and PFS benefits as first-line treatments for patients with advanced NSCLC, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although ICI plus PBC likely resulted in superior survival outcomes compared to ICI treatment alone, it did increase toxicity. Cemiplimab presented a well-balanced efficacy and safety profile in advanced NSCLC treatment. Our findings with the current ICIs comparisons will aid future trials for cancer immunotherapy.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO, https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ , CRD42022323879.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1817-1831, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007599

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Despite the advent of innovative knee prosthesis design, a consistent first-option knee implant design in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remained unsettled. This study aimed to compare the clinical effects among posterior-stabilized (PS), cruciate-retaining (CR), bi-cruciate substituting (BCS), and bi-cruciate retaining designs for primary TKA.@*METHODS@#Electronic databases were systematically searched to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies from inception up to July 30, 2021. The primary outcomes were the range of knee motion (ROM), and the secondary outcomes were the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and complication and revision rates. Confidence in evidence was assessed using Confidence in Network Meta-Analysis. The Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed for synthesis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 RCTs and 18 cohort studies involving 3520 knees were included. The heterogeneity and inconsistency were acceptable. There was a significant difference in ROM at the early follow-up when PS was compared with CR (mean difference [MD] = 3.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07, 7.18) and BCS was compared with CR (MD = 9.69, 95% CI 2.18, 17.51). But at the long-term follow-up, there was no significant difference in ROM in any one knee implant compared with the others. No significant increase was found in the PROMs and complication and revision rates at the final follow-up time.@*CONCLUSIONS@#At early follow-up after TKA, PS and BCS knee implants significantly outperform the CR knee implant in ROM. But in the long run, the available evidence suggests different knee prostheses could make no difference in clinical outcomes after TKA with extended follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Network Meta-Analysis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Range of Motion, Articular
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2551-2561, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007566

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The brain is a common metastatic site in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), resulting in a relatively poor prognosis. Systemic therapy with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is recommended as the first-line treatment for EGFR -mutated, advanced NSCLC patients. However, intracranial activity varies in different drugs. Thus, brain metastasis (BM) should be considered when choosing the treatment regimens. We conducted this network meta-analysis to explore the optimal first-line therapeutic schedule for advanced EGFR -mutated NSCLC patients with different BM statuses.@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials focusing on EGFR-TKIs (alone or in combination) in advanced and EGFR -mutant NSCLC patients, who have not received systematic treatment, were systematically searched up to December 2021. We extracted and analyzed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). A network meta-analysis was performed with the Bayesian statistical model to determine the survival outcomes of all included therapy regimens using the R software. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare intervention measures, and overall rankings of therapies were estimated under the Bayesian framework.@*RESULTS@#This analysis included 17 RCTs with 5077 patients and 12 therapies, including osimertinib + bevacizumab, aumolertinib, osimertinib, afatinib, dacomitinib, standards of care (SoC, including gefitinib, erlotinib, or icotinib), SoC + apatinib, SoC + bevacizumab, SoC + ramucirumab, SoC + pemetrexed based chemotherapy (PbCT), PbCT, and pemetrexed free chemotherapy (PfCT). For patients with BM, SoC + PbCT improved PFS compared with SoC (HR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.17-0.95), and osimertinib + bevacizumab was most likely to rank first in PFS, with a cumulative probability of 34.5%, followed by aumolertinib, with a cumulative probability of 28.3%. For patients without BM, osimertinib + bevacizumab, osimertinib, aumolertinib, SoC + PbCT, dacomitinib, SoC + ramucirumab, SoC + bevacizumab, and afatinib showed superior efficacy compared with SoC (HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.20-0.90; HR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.31-0.68; HR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.34-0.77; HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.38-0.66; HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.43-0.89; HR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.44-0.94; HR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.48-0.76; HR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.50-1.00), PbCT (HR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.11-0.74; HR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15-0.62; HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.17-0.69; HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.18-0.64; HR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21-0.82; HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.22-0.87; HR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.22-0.74; HR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.31-0.75), and PfCT (HR = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.32; HR = 0.15, 95% CI: 0.09-0.26; HR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.09-0.29; HR = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.10-0.26; HR = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.12-0.35; HR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.12-0.39; HR = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.12-0.31; HR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.16-0.34) in terms of PFS. And, SoC + apatinib showed relatively superior PFS when compared with PbCT (HR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.22-0.92) and PfCT (HR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.12-0.39), but similar PFS to SoC (HR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.42-1.03). No statistical differences were observed for PFS in patients without BM between PbCT and SoC (HR = 1.49, 95% CI: 0.84-2.64), but both showed favorable PFS when compared with PfCT (PfCT vs. SoC, HR = 3.09, 95% CI: 2.06-4.55; PbCT vs. PfCT, HR = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.32). For patients without BM, osimertinib + bevacizumab was most likely to rank the first, with cumulative probabilities of 47.1%. For OS, SoC + PbCT was most likely to rank first in patients with and without BM, with cumulative probabilities of 46.8%, and 37.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Osimertinib + bevacizumab is most likely to rank first in PFS in advanced EGFR -mutated NSCLC patients with or without BM, and SoC + PbCT is most likely to rank first in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Afatinib/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Bayes Theorem , Network Meta-Analysis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation/genetics
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 234-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970519

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines containing Hirudo in the treatment of atherosclerosis(AS) by network Meta-analysis, and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment of AS. The clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the treatment of atherosclerosis with Chinese patent medicines containing Hirudo were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed and EMbase from the establishment of the databases to July 1, 2022. And data extraction and quality assessment of the included RCT was performed according to the Cochrane standards. Stata 17 and ADDIS 1.16.5 were then used for Bayesian model network Meta-analysis. Finally, 67 RCTs with a total sample size of 6 826 cases were included, 3 569 cases in the experimental group and 3 257 cases in the control group, involving three oral Chinese patent medicines. Network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of reducing intima-media thickness(IMT), the top three Chinese patent medicines were Tongxinluo Capsules+sta-tins>Maixuekang Capsules+statins>Maixuekang Capsules. In terms of reducing plaque area, the top one was Maixuekang Capsules+sta-tins, and the other Chinese patent medicines had similar efficacy. For lowering AS Crouse scores, the top three were Maixuekang Capsules>Tongxinluo Capsules+statins>Naoxintong Capsules. For decreasing plaque number, the top three were Naoxintong Capsules+sta-tins>Tongxinluo Capsules+statins>Tongxinluo Capsules. With regard to adverse reactions/events, Naoxintong Capsules+statins had the lo-west incidence. In conclusion, in Chinese patent medicines containing Hirudo for the treatment of AS, Tongxinluo Capsules+statins, Maixuekang Capsules, Maixuekang Capsules+statins, and Naoxintong Capsules+statins were the primary choices to reduce IMT, AS Crouse scores, plaque area, and plaque number, respectively. The efficacy of Chinese patent medicines containing Hirudo with or without statins was more significant than that of statins alone in the four outcome indexes. Additionally, the treatment of AS should be evaluated comprehensively, and attention should be paid to Chinese patent medicines or their combination with western medicine, to optimize the treatment effect and minimize adverse reactions as the benchmark.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Capsules , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Bayes Theorem , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 24-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970033

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Data on the immunogenicity and safety of heterologous immunization schedules are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of homologous and heterologous immunization schedules.@*METHODS@#Multiple databases with relevant studies were searched with an end date of October 31, 2021, and a website including a series of Coronavirus disease 2019 studies was examined for studies before March 31, 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared different heterologous and homologous regimens among adults that reported immunogenicity and safety outcomes were reviewed. Primary outcomes included neutralizing antibodies against the original strain and serious adverse events (SAEs). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted using a random-effects model.@*RESULTS@#In all, 11 RCTs were included in the systematic review, and nine were ultimately included in the NMA. Among participants who received two doses of CoronaVac, another dose of mRNA or a non-replicating viral vector vaccine resulted in a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than a third CoronaVac 600 sino unit (SU); a dose of BNT162b2 induced the highest geometric mean ratio (GMR) of 15.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.53-24.39. Following one dose of BNT162b2 vaccination, a dose of mRNA-1273 generated a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibody than BNT162b2 alone (GMR = 1.32; 95% CI: 1.06-1.64), NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.16-2.21), or ChAdOx1 (GMR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.25-2.59). Following one dose of ChAdOx1, a dose of mRNA-1273 was also more effective for improving antibody levels than ChAdOx1 (GMR = 11.09; 95% CI: 8.36-14.71) or NVX-CoV2373 (GMR = 2.87; 95% CI: 1.08-3.91). No significant difference in the risk for SAEs was found in any comparisons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Relative to vaccination with two doses of CoronaVac, a dose of BNT162b2 as a booster substantially enhances immunogenicity reactions and has a relatively acceptable risk for SAEs relative to other vaccines. For primary vaccination, schedules including mRNA vaccines induce a greater immune response. However, the comparatively higher risk for local and systemic adverse events introduced by mRNA vaccines should be noted.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ; No. CRD42021278149.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , BNT162 Vaccine , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , Network Meta-Analysis , Immunization Schedule , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Viral Vaccines , mRNA Vaccines , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral
11.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 27-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970005

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Despite promising trials, catheter ablation is still regarded as an adjunct to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of various ablation therapies and AADs.@*METHOD@#Randomised controlled trials or propensity score-matched studies comparing atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence among any combination of ablation modalities or AAD were retrieved. Kaplan-Meier curves and risk tables for this outcome were graphically reconstructed to extract patient-level data. Frequentist network meta-analysis (NMA) using derived hazard ratios (HRs), as well as 2 restricted mean survival time (RMST) NMAs, were conducted. Treatment strategies were ranked using P-scores.@*RESULTS@#Across 24 studies comparing 6 ablation therapies (5,132 patients), Frequentist NMA-derived HRs of atrial fibrillation recurrence compared to AAD were 0.35 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.25-0.48) for cryoballoon ablation (CBA), 0.34 (95% CI=0.25-0.47) for radiofrequency ablation (RFA), 0.14 (95% CI=0.07-0.30) for combined CBA and RFA, 0.20 (95% CI=0.10-0.41) for hot-balloon ablation, 0.43 (95% CI=0.15-1.26) for laser-balloon ablation (LBA), and 0.33 (95% CI=0.18-0.62) for pulmonary vein ablation catheter. RMST-based NMAs similarly showed significant benefit of all ablation therapies over AAD. The combination of CBA + RFA showed promising long-term superiority over CBA and RFA, while LBA showed favourable short-term efficacy.@*CONCLUSION@#The advantage of ablation therapies over AAD in preventing atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence suggests that ablation should be considered as the first-line treatment for PAF in patients fit for the procedure. The promising nature of several specific therapies warrants further trials to elicit their long-term efficacy and perform a cost-benefit analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Heart Atria , Network Meta-Analysis , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3949-3964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981527

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Qi-supplementing and Yin-nourishing Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of early diabetic nephropathy(DN) by network Meta-analysis to explore the Chinese patent medicine with optimal efficacy and provide references for preventing renal deterioration and delaying the progression of early DN. Eight databases, including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, were searched for clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Qi-supplementing and Yin-nourishing Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of early DN. After the literature mee-ting the inclusion criteria was screened, the quality of the literature was evaluated using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, and network Meta-analysis was performed using the BUGSnet package in R 4.2.1. Seventy-two research articles with a sample size of 6 344 cases were included, involving eight Chinese patent medicines and seven outcome indicators. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that(1)in terms of improving urinary albumin excretion rate(UAER), Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional treatment were superior to conventional treatment, and Qiyao Xiaoke Capsules + conventional treatment was optimal.(2)In terms of reducing serum crea-tinine(Scr), Bailing Capsules + conventional treatment had superior efficacy.(3)In terms of reducing 24-hour urine total protein(24hUTP), Shenyan Kangfu Tablets + conventional treatment and Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional treatment had equivalent efficacy, and Shenyan Kangfu Tablets + conventional treatment was superior.(4)In terms of improving fasting blood glucose(FBG), Shenyan Kangfu Tablets + conventional treatment had superior efficacy.(5)In terms of improving total cholesterol(TC), Qiyao Xiaoke Capsules +conventional treatment had superior efficacy.(6)In terms of reducing triglyceride(TG), Bailing Capsules + conventional treatment had superior efficacy.(7)In terms of safety, the occurrence of adverse reactions was reported in seven interventions, but due to the large clinical heterogeneity, the quantitative analysis could not be performed. Overall, Qi-supplementing and Yin-nourishing Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional treatment were superior to conventional treatment alone in the treatment of early DN. The results showed that Qi-supplementing and Yin-nourishing Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional treatment had good clinical efficacy, and they could significantly reduce renal function indicators such as UAER, Scr, and 24hUTP, and reduce blood sugar and blood lipid, which can provide evidence-based support for the treatment of early DN. However, due to the differences in the quantity and quality of the included research articles, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality studies are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Qi , Network Meta-Analysis , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Tablets , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3934-3948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981526

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of various oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of rotavirus gastroenteritis(RVGE) in children based on network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of oral Chinese patent medicine in the adjuvant treatment of RVGE in children was retrieved from the databases such as CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science from database inception to October 22, 2022. The quality of the included RCT was evaluated according to the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, and the data were analyzed by RevMan 5.4 and Stata 16 software. Sixty-three RCTs were included, with 11 oral Chinese patent medicines involved, including Xingpi Yanger Granules, Weichang'an Pills, Qiuxieling Mixture, Erxieting Granules, and Changyanning Granules/Syrup. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of clinical total effective rate, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xiaoer Guangpo Zhixie Oral Liquid, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the anti-diarrheal time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Qiuxieling Mixture, and Shuangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antiemetic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antipyretic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules, and Qiuxieling Mixture combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, the top 3 optimal interventions were Xingpi Yanger Granules, Erxieting Granules, and Cangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing creatine kinase isoenzyme MB(CK-MB) level, the top 3 optimal interventions were Weichang'an Pills, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of adverse reactions, no se-rious adverse reactions were reported in all studies. Oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of children with RVGE have their own advantages, Specifically, Changyanning Granules/Syrup + conventional western medicine focuses on improving the clinical total effective rate and shortening the antiemetic time, Shenling Baizhu Granules + conventional western medicine on shortening the anti-diarrheal time and antipyretic time, Xingpi Yanger Granules + conventional western medicine on improving the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, and Weichang'an Pills + conventional western medicine on reducing the CK-MB level. Limited by the quantity and quality of literature included in this study, the results need to be verified by high-quality RCT with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Antiemetics , Antipyretics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Enteritis/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Rotavirus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3650-3663, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981495

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of different Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy. The relevant randomized controlled trial(RCT) was retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang, and VIP with the time interval from database inception to December 2022. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was employed to evaluate the quality of the included RCT, and Stata 15.0 and GEMTC to perform the Bayesian network Meta-analysis. Finally, 51 RCTs were included, involving 9 Chinese patent medicines and 3 591 patients. The results of network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of the total effective rate and the increase in plasma albumin, the top three interventions were Zhengqing Fengtongning Sustained Release Tablets + conventional western medicine, Bailing Capsules + conventional western medicine, and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets + conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing 24-hour urine total protein, the top three interventions were Zhengqing Fengtongning Sustained Release Tablets + conventional western medicine, Shenfukang Capsules +conventional western medicine, and Huangkui Capsules + conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing serum creatinine, the top three interventions were Shenfukang Capsules + conventional western medicine, Bailing Capsules + conventional western medicine, and Zhengqing Fengtongning Sustained Release Tablets + conventional western medicine. In terms of safety, Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine had fewer adverse reactions than the control group. The results suggest that Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine can improve the therapeutic effect on idiopathic membranous nephropathy, and differentiated medications can be adopted according to the specific symptoms of patients in clinical treatment. Further validation needs to be carried out in the future with multi-center, large-sample, and high-quality RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Network Meta-Analysis , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous/drug therapy , Bayes Theorem , Capsules , Delayed-Action Preparations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Tablets
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3633-3649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981494

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of various Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of inflammatory response in diabetic nephropathy(DN) based on network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of oral Chinese patent medicines for improving inflammatory response in patients with DN was retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, and other databases from database inception to October 2022. All investigators independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated the quality. Stata 16.0 software and RevMan 5.4.1 were used to analyze the data of the literature that met the quality standards. Finally, 53 RCTs were included, involving 6 Chinese patent medicines. The total sample size was 4 891 cases, including 2 449 cases in the test group and 2 442 cases in the control group. The network Meta-analysis showed that(1) in terms of reducing TNF-α, the top 3 optimal interventions according to the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) were Shenshuaining Capsules/Granules/Tablets + conventional western medicine, Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional western medicine, and Niaoduqing Granules + conventional western medicine.(2) In terms of reducing hs-CRP, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Bailing Capsules + conventional western medicine, Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets + conventional western medicine, and Shenshuaining Capsules/Granules/Tablets + conventional western medicine.(3) In terms of reducing IL-6, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Bailing Capsules + conventional western medicine, Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets + conventional western medicine, and Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional western medicine.(4) In terms of reducing UAER, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Shenshuaining Capsules/Granules/Tablets + conventional western medicine, Huangkui Capsules + conventional western medicine, and Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional western medicine.(5) In terms of reducing Scr, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional western medicine, Niaoduqing Granules + conventional wes-tern medicine, and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets + conventional western medicine.(6) In terms of reducing BUN, the first 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Niaoduqing Granules + conventional western medicine, Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets + conventional western medicine, and Huangkui Capsules + conventional western medicine.(7) In terms of improving the clinical total effective rate, the first 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Jinshuibao Capsules + conventional western medicine, Niaoduqing Granu-les + conventional western medicine, and Huangkui Capsules + conventional western medicine. The results showed that the combination of western medicine and Chinese patent medicine could reduce the expression of serum inflammatory factors TNF-α, hs-CRP, and IL-6 and inhibit the inflammatory response. The combination of western medicine and Chinese patent medicine was superior to western medicine alone in reducing Scr, BUN, and UAER, and improving the total effective rate of treatment. Due to the limitation of the quantity and quality of literature included, the above conclusions need to be validated by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , C-Reactive Protein , Capsules , Interleukin-6 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glycosides , Tablets , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3373-3385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981473

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of eight oral Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD) by network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the treatment of AECOPD with eight oral Chinese patent medicines was retrieved from databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from database inception to August 6, 2022. The information was extracted from the included literature and the quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. The data were analyzed using Stata SE 15.1 and ADDIS 1.16.8 software. Finally, 53 RCTs were included, with 5 289 patients involved, including 2 652 patients in the experimental group and 2 637 patients in the control group. Network Meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were optimal in improving clinical effective rate, Shufeng Jiedu Capsules+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1/FVC, Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1%pred, Feilike Mixture(Capsules)+conventional western medicine in improving PaO_2, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine in reducing PaCO_2, and Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in reducing C-reactive protein(CRP). In terms of safety, most of them were gastrointestinal symptoms, and no serious adverse reactions were reported. When the clinical effective rate was taken as the comprehensive index of efficacy evaluation, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were the most likely to be the best treatment for AECOPD. There are some limitations in the conclusion of this study. It only provides references for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Network Meta-Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3097-3109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981440

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ischemic stroke with network Meta-analysis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library were searched from database inception to October 2022 for randomized controlled trial(RCT) on 11 Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ischemic stroke. The risk of bias plot was made by RevMan 5.3, and network Meta-analysis and efficacy ranking were performed by Stata 17. Ninety-two RCTs were included, involving 10 608 patients. According to the network Meta-analysis, in terms of the clinical total effective rate, surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) as followed: Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Zhishe Tongluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoxintong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Tongsaimai Tablets+conventional western medicine>Naoan Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoluotong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Xiaoshuan Changrong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Dengzhan Shengmai Capsules+conventional western medicine=Tongxinluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine. In terms of the improvement in National Institute of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, SUCRA as followed: Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoxintong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Dengzhan Shengmai Capsules+conventional western medicine>Xiaoshuan Changrong Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoluotong Capsules+conventional western medi-cine>Tongxinluo Capsules+conventional western medicine>Naoan Capsules+conventional western medicine>Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine. In terms of safety, the overall adverse reactions/events of Qi-benefiting and blood-activating Chinese patent medicines + conventional western medicine were less than those of the control group. Since Qilong Capsules+conventional western medicine and Zhishe Tongluo Capsules+conventional western medicine were preferred to improve the clinical total effective rate. In the aspect of improving NIHSS score, Longshengzhi Capsules+conventional western medicine and Naomaitai Capsules+conventional western medicine were first options. Due to the lack of direct comparisons between drugs, the overall quality of RCT was not high, so more studies are needed to verify the strength of the evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine , Network Meta-Analysis , Qi
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 788-798, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many nutritional supplements and pharmacological agents have been reported to show preventive effects on colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a network meta-analysis to summarize such evidence and assess the efficacy and safety of these agents.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published in English until October 31, 2021 that fit our inclusion criteria. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to assess the comparative efficacy and safety of candidate agents (low-dose aspirin [Asp], high-dose Asp, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors [coxibs], calcium, vitamin D, folic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid [UDCA], estrogen, and progesterone, alone or in combination) for preventing colorectal adenoma and CRC. Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool was employed to evaluate the quality of each included study.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two randomized controlled trials (278,694 participants) comparing 13 different interventions were included. Coxibs significantly reduced the risk of colorectal adenoma (risk ratio [RR]: 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.44-0.79, six trials involving 5486 participants), advanced adenoma (RR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.92, four trials involving 4723 participants), and metachronous adenoma (RR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.43-0.79, five trials involving 5258 participants) compared with placebo. Coxibs also significantly increased the risk of severe adverse events (RR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.13-1.47, six trials involving 7109 participants). Other interventions, including Asp, folic acid, UDCA, vitamin D, and calcium, did not reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma in the general and high-risk populations compared with placebo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Considering the balance between benefits and harms, regular use of coxibs for prevention of colorectal adenoma was not supported by the current evidence. Benefit of low-dose Asp for chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma still requires further evidence.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO, No. CRD42022296376.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Calcium , Network Meta-Analysis , Vitamins , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemoprevention , Aspirin , Adenoma/prevention & control , Vitamin D
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 843-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980805

ABSTRACT

The efficacy on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable stage treated with different methods of acupuncture and moxibustion was evaluated using network Meta-analysis method. The articles of the randomized controlled trial (RCT) on stable COPD treated with acupuncture and moxibustion were searched electronically in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane library. The search was conducted from the inception of the databases to March 20th, 2022. Data analysis was performed using R4.1.1, Stata16.0 and RevMan5.3 softwares. A total of 48 RCTs were included, involving 15 kinds of acupuncture and moxibustion interventions and a sample size of 3 900 cases. The results of network Meta-analysis showed that: ① For the forced expiratory volume in one second predicted (FEV1%), both the governor vessel moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (G+C therapy) and the yang-supplementing moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (Y+C therapy) obtained the better effect than that of the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the G+C therapy was more effective compared with the thread-embedding therapy combined with conventional treatment (E+C therapy) and warm needling (P<0.05). ② Concerning to COPD assessment test (CAT) score, the results indicated that the Y+C therapy, and the mild moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (M+C therapy) were more effective when compared with the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the effect of the Y+C therapy was better than that of the E+C therapy (P<0.05). ③ Regarding six-minute walking distance (6MWD), the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional treatment (A+C therapy) was better than that of either the E+C therapy or the conventional treatment (P<0.05). The effect of the G+C therapy was optimal for improving FEV1%, the Y+C therapy obtained the best effect for improving CAT score, and A+C therapy was the most effective for improving 6MWD. Due to the limitation of the quality and quantity of included studies, this conclusion needs to be further verified through high-quality RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Network Meta-Analysis , Acupuncture Therapy , Databases, Factual , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 475-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To methodically assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (RTME), laparoscopic-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (laTME), and transanal total rectal mesenteric resection (taTME). Methods: A computer search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Ovid databases to identify English-language reports published between January 2017 and January 2022 that compared the clinical efficacy of the three surgical procedures of RTME, laTME, and taTME. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the NOS and JADAD scales for retrospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials, respectively. Direct meta-analysis and reticulated meta-analysis were performed using Review Manager software and R software, respectively. Results: Twenty-nine publications comprising 8,339 patients with rectal cancer were ultimately included. The direct meta-analysis indicated that the length of hospital stay was longer after RTME than after taTME, whereas according to the reticulated meta-analysis the length of hospital stay was shorter after taTME than after laTME (MD=-0.86, 95%CI: -1.70 to -0.096, P=0.036). Moreover, the incidence of anastomotic leak was lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.39 to 0.91, P=0.018). The incidence of intestinal obstruction was also lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.31 to 0.94, P=0.037). All of these differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three surgical procedures regarding the number of lymph nodes cleared, length of the inferior rectal margin, or rate of positive circumferential margins (all P>0.05). An inconsistency test using nodal analysis revealed no statistically significant differences between the results of direct and indirect comparisons of the six outcome indicators (all P>0.05). Furthermore, we detected no significant overall inconsistency between direct and indirect evidence. Conclusion: taTME has advantages over RTME and laTME, in terms of radical and surgical short-term outcomes in patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Network Meta-Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
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