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1.
Medwave ; 21(6): e8315, jul. 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284255

ABSTRACT

Este artículo forma parte de una serie metodológica colaborativa de revisiones narrativas sobre bioestadística y epidemiología clínica. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar conceptos básicos respecto de las revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones múltiples con metanálisis en red. Para las preguntas clínicas en las que hay muchas alternativas terapéuticas que compiten (o se comparan) entre sí. La pregunta central es cómo clasificar u ordenar jerárquicamente su efecto (beneficio y/o daño) para escoger la mejor opción. Los metanálisis en red buscan responder a preguntas relacionadas con la efectividad o seguridad de múltiples tratamientos comparados entre sí, mediante el análisis simultáneo de resultados surgidos tanto de comparaciones directas como de comparaciones indirectas. La geometría de la red (network geometry) es la representación gráfica general de los metanálisis en red y permite comprender e incluso evaluar la fuerza de las comparaciones. Para que un metanálisis de comparaciones múltiples sea válido debe cumplir una serie de supuestos, destacándose el supuesto de transitividad que permite asumir que no hay diferencias sistemáticas entre las comparaciones disponibles, a excepción de las intervenciones comparadas. Así, es posible conocer la efectividad terapéutica relativa entre cualquier par de intervenciones del metanálisis en red y el orden de las intervenciones en términos de su categorización. Se ha propuesto utilizar el modelo Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) modificado en cuanto a las particularidades de los metanálisis en red para valorar la certeza de la evidencia, tanto para cada comparación como para la jerarquización de intervenciones.


This article belongs to a collaborative methodological series of narrative reviews about biostatistics and clinical epidemiology. The goal is to present basics concepts concerning the systematics reviews of multiple treatments comparisons with network meta-analysis. For clinical ques-tions with several therapeutic alternatives to be compared, the central question is how to classify or rank their effectiveness (benefit and harm) to choose the best option. The network meta-analysis aims to answer questions related to the effectiveness and safety of comparing multiple treatments by the simultaneous analysis of results raised from direct and indirect comparisons. The network geometry is the general graphical representation of the network meta-analysis and allows to understand and assess the strength of comparisons. The network meta-analysis should check several assumptions to be valid, especially the transitivity assumption, which allows assuming that there are no systematic differences among the included comparisons, except their compared interventions. Thus, it is possible to know the relative therapeutic effectiveness of each pair of interventions included in the network meta-analysis and their ranking in terms of categorization. It has been proposed to use a modified Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach considering the distinctive features of network meta-analysis to assess the certainty of the evidence for each comparison and the ranking of interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Decision Making
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e004, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is a lack of evidence about the best approach for cavitated caries lesions with the possibility of pulpal involvement in primary teeth. Thus, the present authors aimed to verify the best treatment for deep caries lesions with or without pulp involvement in primary teeth. The search was conducted in MEDLINE/Pubmed and Web of Science databases until May 2020. Studies that compared techniques to manage deep caries lesions with at least 12 months of follow-up were included. The risk of bias was evaluated using the RoB tool. Network meta-analysis and pairwise meta-analyses were conducted considering the treatment clinical success as an outcome, according to the pulp health condition. From 491 potentially eligible studies, 9 were included. For deep caries lesions with pulp vitality, the Hall Technique presented the highest probability of success (78%). In the event of accidental pulp exposure, pulpectomy presented a 76% chance of providing the best clinical results. For pulp necrosis, no difference was observed between a pulpectomy and non-instrumented endodontic treatment (RR = 0.69; 95%CI: 0.21-2.33) Thus, it was concluded that the Hall Technique may be a better option for deep caries lesions with pulp vitality. In cases of accidental pulp exposure of vital teeth during caries removal, a pulpectomy may be considered the best option. However, there are insufficient studies to build up evidence about the best treatment option when irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis is present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Caries/therapy , Pulpectomy , Dental Pulp , Network Meta-Analysis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A network Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) of 4 commonly used acupuncture therapies (electroacupuncture, fire needling, warming acupuncture and filiform needling) for shoulder hand syndrome (SHS) after stroke was performed.@*METHODS@#The RCTs regarding electroacupuncture, fire needling, warming acupuncture and filiform needling for SHS after stroke before March 10, 2020 were searched in databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The included literature was screened and evaluated by Cochrane bias risk assessment tool, and the data analysis was performed by RevMan5.3, Gemtc0.14.3 and Stata14.2.@*RESULTS@#A total of 21 RCTs were included, involving 1508 patients, 814 cases in the observation group and 694 cases in the control group. In term of effective rate and visual analogue scale (VAS) score, warming acupuncture, electroacupuncture and fire needling needling were superior to western medication and rehabilitation (@*CONCLUSION@#The curative effect of 4 acupuncture therapies for SHS after stroke is better than the western medication and rehabilitation, and warming acupuncture has the best clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1920-1929, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health problem and presents an unprecedented challenge. However, no specific drugs were currently proven. This study aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions in patients with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)/SARS-CoV. Random-effects network meta-analysis within the Bayesian framework was performed, followed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system assessing the quality of evidence. The primary outcome of interest includes mortality, cure, viral negative conversion, and overall adverse events (OAEs). Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as the measure of effect size.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-six RCTs with 19,095 patients were included, involving standard of care (SOC), eight different antiviral agents, six different antibiotics, high and low dose chloroquine (CQ_HD, CQ_LD), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), corticosteroids (COR), and other treatments. Compared with SOC, a significant reduction of mortality was observed for TCM (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, moderate quality) and COR (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.75-0.96, low quality) with improved cure rate (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.60-2.91, low quality for TCM; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30, low quality for COR). However, an increased risk of mortality was found for CQ_HD vs. SOC (OR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.18-8.73, low quality). TCM was associated with decreased risk of OAE (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.38-0.70, very low quality) but CQ_HD (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.20-5.24) and interferons (IFN) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.02-7.08) vs. SOC with very low quality were associated with an increased risk.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COR and TCM may reduce mortality and increase cure rate with no increased risk of OAEs compared with standard care. CQ_HD might increase the risk of mortality. CQ, IFN, and other antiviral agents could increase the risk of OAEs. The current evidence is generally uncertain with low-quality and further high-quality trials are needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879195

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different oral Chinese patent medicines combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of primary liver cancer. Randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines for primary liver cancer were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases from inception to May 2020. According to the Cochrane recommendation standard, the quality of the included articles was evaluated, and the data were analyzed by RevMan, R software and GeMTC software. A total of 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 68 RCTs were included. Network Meta-analysis results showed that: as compared with TACE alone, 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with TACE showed advantages in effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence. In the pairwise comparison of oral Chinese patent medicines, the results showed that Cidan Capsules were superior to Jinlong Capsules and Xihuang Pills in 1-year survival rate. According to the probabi-lity ranking results: Shenyi Capsules and Ganfule were more obvious in improving the effective rate; Cidan Capsules and Shenyi Capsules were more effective in improving the 1-year survival rate; Pingxiao Capsules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving 2-year survival rate; Huaier Granules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving the quality of life; Huisheng Oral Liquid and Ganfule were more effective in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions(such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis). The current evidence showed that oral Chinese patent medicine combined with TACE was superior to TACE alone in efficacy and safety. In terms of the effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence, the optimal treatment measures were Shenyi Capsules, Cidan Capsules, Pingxiao Capsules, Huaier Granules and Huisheng Oral Liquid in turn. However, due to the limitations of the research, the current level of evidence is not high, and clear conclusions and evi-dence strength still need to be further verified and improved by high-quality researches.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality of Life
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878994

ABSTRACT

In this study, Honghua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection were compared for their clinical efficacy on chronic renal insufficiency by using the method of network Meta-analysis, with Western medicine as the common reference. The randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Hong-hua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection for the treatment of chronic renal insufficiency were obtained by computer-based retrieval. The literature quality was evaluated by using the method in Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook 5.1 after independent screening of the included literature by two reviewers. The RJAGS package and GEMTC package of RevMan 5.3, GEMTC software, R software were used for statistical analysis to compare and sort the different injections in terms of efficacy. A total of 6 197 patients with chronic renal failure were included in 79 RCTs, involving 8 treatment measures. The effective rates of conventional treatment combined with Shenxiong Injection(OR=3.55, 95%CI[1.98, 6.37], P<0.000 1), Honghua Injection(OR=3.77, 95%CI[2.45, 5.81], P<0.000 01), Shuxuetong Injection(OR=6.71, 95%CI[3.30, 13.65], P<0.000 01) and Shenkang Injection(OR=4.14, 95%CI[3.42, 5.03], P<0.000 01) were all better than that in control group, and the effective rate of Honghua Injection combined with conventional treatment(OR=3.89, 95%CI[1.73, 8.74], P=0.001) was better than that in Danshen Injection combined with conventional treatment, all with statistically significant differences. By comprehensive comparison, Shuxuetong Injection, Honghua Injection and Shenkang Injection combined with Western medicine had good clinical effect on the effective rate, serum creatinine reduction and urea nitrogen reduction in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. However, due to the relatively low quality of the included literature, the conclusion has yet to be verified clinically.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Salvia miltiorrhiza
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878964

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis(KOA) with network Meta-analysis, and provide evidence-based medicine evidences for clinical practice. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM were used to search for clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Chinese patent medicines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis, with a time limit from the establishment of each database to March 2020. The bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane was used to evaluate the quality of the included RCTs. The network Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 14.0 software. A total of 5 788 patients in 58 RCTs were included, involving 9 kinds of Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis indicated that in terms of total effective rate, the top three optimal medication regimens were Jinwu Gutong Capsules + Amino Acid Glucose(AAG), Xianling Gubao + AAG and Biqi Capsules; the top three interventions to reduce the VAS score were Panlongqi Tablets > Xianling Gubao + AAG > Xianling Gubao + non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs); the top three interventions to reduce the total score of WOMAC were Jintiange Capsules+NSAIDs> Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three medication schemes with better curative effect to reduce Lequesnse index were Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three interventions to reduce TNF-α level Xianling Gubao + AAG > Jintiange Capsules > Jintiange Capsules + AAG=Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG. In terms of safety, the top five interventions with the least adverse reactions were Biqi Capsules > Jinwu Gutong Capsules > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules. The combined application of Chinese patent medicine and NSADIs or AAG can improve the clinical treatment effect and reduce adverse reactions in KOA patients.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878897

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to compare the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and other databases were retrieved by computers from the establishment of the databases to June 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of unstable angina pectoris were collected. Two investigators independently screened out the literatures, and extracted data according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the bias risk assessment tool recommended by the Cochrane System Reviewer Manual, and the Stata 13.0 software was used for data analysis and mapping. Through screening, 28 eligible studies were finally included, with the sample size of 2 885 cases, involving 8 Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of total effective rate for angina symptom improvement, the order was as follows: Shenshao Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills > Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of total effective rate for ECG curative effect, the order was as follows: Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills>Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of hypersensitivity-C-reactive protein curative effect, the order was as follows: Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets>Compound Danshen Dropping Pills> Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Naoxintong Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dropping Pills. Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional therapy can improve the clinical efficacy of unstable angina pectoris. Due to the differences in the quantity and quality of the included studies, the order results of Chinese patent medicines need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888156

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy of oral Chinese patent medicines of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in the treatment of primary insomnia by using network Meta-analysis. Nine databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, Medline and Cochrane Library) were systematically and comprehensively undertaken to identify the literatures published from the establishment of each database to August, 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on oral Chinese patent medicine of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in the treatment of primary insomnia, either alone or in combination with conventional sedative hypnotics, were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Literature screening, data extraction and the evaluation of the risk of bias for the included studies were conducted independently by 2 researchers. Traditional Meta-analysis and Bayesian network Meta-analysis were then conducted with use of Stata 15.0 and R software. Finally, a total of 42 RCTs were included, involving 9 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 4 196 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that(1) in terms of improving Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale score, the efficacy of the combination of drugs was significantly superior to that of sedative-hypnotics or most of Chinese patent medicines used alone, and Bailemian Capsules combined with sedative-hypnotics had the best effect; both the efficacy of Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets and Compound Zaoren Anshen Capsules alone were significantly superior to that of conventional sedative-hypnotics treatment, and Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets had the best effect.(2)In terms of safety, single use or combined use of Chinese patent medicine had a certain improvement as compared with conventional sedative-hypnotics treatment. Due to the large clinical heterogeneity, the studies could not be combined quantitatively, and no serious adverse reactions occurred in all patients enrolled in the study. The results showed that Chinese patent medicine of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen combined with conventional sedative-hypnotics could significantly improve the short-term sleep quality of patients with primary insomnia. In the comparison among single use of drugs, Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets had the largest possibility for best effect. However, the lack of evidences for international promotion, the influence of different types of sedative-hypnotics treatment and intervention time on the curative effect, and the patients' different acceptance of combined treatment should be considered before clinical application. Limited by the number and quality of the included studies, the above conclusions need to be further verified by more large sample-size and high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Semen , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888088

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral wes-tern medicine in the treatment of influenza by Bayesian network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) and three English databases(PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library) were retrieved by computer for randomized controlled trials(RCT) about the comparison between the combined administration of traditional Chinese medicine injections with antiviral western medicine(or with placebo) and the single administration of antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza, or the comparison between two different traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to July 2020. Two researchers independently screen out the literatures and extracted the data according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated by the Cochrane 5.1 bias risk assessment tool, and data analysis was conducted by ADDIS 1.16.8 and Stata 14.0. A total of 49 literatures about 5 061 cases were included finally, involving six traditional Chinese medicine injections, namely Reduning Injection, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection, Yanhuning Injection, Qingkailing Injection and Shuanghuanglian Injection. The results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of total effective rate, 6 traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone. In terms of probability sorting, Shuanghuanglian Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first.(2)There was no significant statistical difference in adverse reaction rate among all groups, but Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting, due to the least side effects.(3)In terms of antipyretic time, Yanhuning Injection, Xiyanping Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Xiyanping Injection ranked first in the probability sorting.(4)In terms of cough relief time, Qingkailing Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Qingkailing Injection was superior to Yanhuning Injection. Qingkailing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first in the probability sorting.(5)In terms of the length of hospital stay, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection and Reduning Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was superior to antiviral western medicine alone, and Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting due to the shortest hospital stay. Because of the small quantity and low quality of included studies, the results of this study shall be regarded cautiously and comprehensively. In the future, multi-center, large-sample and clinical randomized controlled trials shall be conducted to verify the results.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888037

ABSTRACT

The effect of oral or nasal feeding with Chinese patent medicine on hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was systematically evaluated by using the method of network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and ClinicalTrials.gov were retrieved through computers. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were screened out according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and Stata 16.0 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. A total of 3 888 literatures were retrieved, and 30 studies involving 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were finally included. The total sample size was 2 758 cases, including 1 401 cases in the treatment group and 1 357 cases in the control group. According to the results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of improving the degree of nerve function defect, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Tongxinluo Capsules>combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>conventional Western medicine;(2)in terms of reducing the amount of residual cerebral hematoma, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(3)in terms of improving ability of daily living, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Shenzhi Huoxue Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(4)in terms of improving total effective rate, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills=combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined Tongxinluo Capsules>conventional Western medicine treatment. The results showed that in addition to conventional Western medicine therapy, the combined use with Chinese patent medicine can improve the clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the differences in the number and quality of various Chinese patent medicines included in the studies, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the ranking results still need to be verified by multi center, large-sample-size randomized double-blind trials in the future, so as to provide more reliable evidence support for clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 503-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Influenza places a heavy public health burden in numerous countries every year. In addition to vaccines, there are some interventions that are effective in preventing influenza.@*OBJECTIVE@#This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventions for influenza prevention.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2020, Issue 1 for relevant Cochrane SRs using the keywords "common cold," "influenza," and "flu."@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Cochrane SRs that investigated the prevention of influenza were included. Participants included the general population without influenza or influenza-like symptoms, who were treated with preventative interventions and compared to individuals receiving no treatment or placebo.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two reviewers independently screened citations against pre-defined inclusion criteria and extracted data. The methodological quality of these SRs was evaluated using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-II (AMSTAR-II) guidelines. The primary outcome of our analysis was the incidence of influenza, and the secondary outcomes were the incidence of influenza-like illness and hospitalization. In addition to the narrative summary of SR findings, we also pooled data from homogeneous trials among these SRs and produced evidence mapping. We conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the effect across interventions and used the Cochrane approach to grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) to assess the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#Eleven Cochrane SRs were included, covering five medications, eleven vaccinations and four complementary therapies. Among these SRs, 73% scored "high" quality on AMSTAR-II rating. We found that eight interventions, including amantadine, garlic, and six different vaccines, were beneficial for reducing the incidence of influenza compared to placebo, while oseltamivir, zanamivir, Ganmao capsule, Echinacea, and another three types of vaccine were probably beneficial. Ganmao capsule ranked highest for influenza prevention in the network meta-analysis, followed by amantadine, garlic, and vaccines of all types. Monovalent inactivated parenteral vaccine was found to be beneficial in reducing the incidence of influenza-like illness. None of the interventions reduced the hospitalization rate.@*CONCLUSION@#High-quality evidence showed that garlic or vaccine had advantages in preventing influenza, and that vitamin C is not effective. The effect of other interventions needs to be further verified with high-quality evidence.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Humans , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Vitamins
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921719

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of 14 oral Chinese patent medicines combined with Azithromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children with network Meta-analysis. Computer retrieval was performed for such databases as CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library to screen out randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with Azithromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children from the time of database establishment to September 2020. The included studies were evaluated by the Cochrane Risk Assessment tool. Stata 14.0 and Review Manager 5.3 software were used for data statistical analysis. A total of 60 RCTs were included in this study, involving 14 oral Chinese patent medicines. The efficacy ranking based on network Meta-analysis was as follows:(1)in terms of total effective rate, top five Chinese patent medicines in surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) were Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liquid, Xiao'er Chiqiao Qingre Granules, Xiao'er Feike Granules, Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid and Lanqin Oral Liquid;(2)in terms of antifebrile time, top five Chinese patent medicines in SUCRA were Huaiqihuang Granules, Xiao'er Magan Granules, Xiao'er Kechuanling Granules/Oral Liquid, Shuanghuang-lian Oral Liquid for children and Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liquid;(3)in terms of cough disappearance time, top five Chinese patent medicines in SUCRA were Xiao'er Magan Granules, Huaiqihuang Granules, Xiao'er Chiqiao Qingre Granules, Xiao'er Feire Kechuan Oral Liquid and Xiao'er Kechuanling Granules/Oral Liquid;(4)in terms of rale disappearance time, top five Chinese patent medicines in SUCRA were Xiao'er Magan Granules, Huaiqihuang Granules, Xiao'er Feire Kechuan Oral Liquid, Shuanghuanglian Oral Liquid for children and Yupingfeng Granules. The results showed that on the basis of the use of Azithromycin, combined administration with oral Chinese patent medicines could improve the overall clinical efficacy in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children. However, due to the large differences in the quality and the number of included studies among various therapeutic measures, the ranking results of SUCRA of Chinese patent medicines need to be verified by high-quality multi-center, large-sample, randomized double-blind trials in the future.


Subject(s)
Azithromycin , Child , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921687

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of insomnia by frequency network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials of Chinese patent medicines for insomnia were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library databases from the time of database establishment to October 2020. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the Cochrane bias risk standard, and the data was analyzed by RevMan 5.3 and Stata/MP 15.1. A total of 11 kinds of Chinese patent medicines in 27 RCTs were included. According to Meta-analysis, in term of the effective rate, Tianmeng Liquid, Zaoren Anshen Capsules, Shumian Capsules, Shensong Yangxin Capsules, Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets, Shugan Jieyu Capsules, Anshen Bunao Liquid and Qiye Anshen Tablets combined with nonbenzodiazepine drugs(NBZDs) were superior to NBZDs alone. In term of the improvement of Pittsburg sleeping quality index(PSQI) score, Tianmeng Liquid, Shumian Capsules, Shensong Yangxin Capsules, Bailemian Capsules, Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets, Shugan Jieyu Capsules, Yangxue Qingnao Granules and Yindan Xinnaotong Capsules combined with NBZDs were superior to NBZDs alone. In terms of the safety, Shumian Capsules, Shensong Yangxin Capsules, Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets and Qiye Anshen Tablets combined with NBZDs were superior to NBZDs alone. In terms of the avoidance of dizziness and headache, Qiye Anshen Tablets combined with NBZDs were superior to NBZDs alone. The results of Network Meta-analysis indicated that in term of the effective rate, top three optimal medication regimens were NBZDs combined with Shugan Jieyu Capsules, combined with Zaoren Anshen Capsules and combined with Shensong Yangxin Capsules in the order from high to low. With the respect of improvement of PSQI score, top three optimal medication regimens were NBZDs combined with Yangxue Qingnao Granules, combined with Tianmeng Liquid and combined with Yindan Xinnaotong Capsules in the order from high to low. In terms of the safety, top three optimal medication regimens were NBZDs combined with Qiye Anshen Tablets, combined with Shensong Yangxin Capsules and combined with Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets in the order from high to low. In terms of the avoidance of dizziness and headache, top three optimal medication regimens were NBZDs combined with Qiye Anshen Tablets, combined with Zaoren Anshen Capsules and combined with Shumian Capsules in the order from high to low. In terms of the avoidance of fatigue, top three optimal medication regimens were NBZDs combined with Shensong Yangxin Capsules, combined with Shumian Capsules and combined with Qiye Anshen Tablets in the order from high to low. In conclusion, Chinese patent medicines combined with NBZDs can effectively alleviate the symptoms of insomnia with a high safety. However, the conclusion of this study needs to be verified by more high-quality studies because of the low methodological quality of the included studies.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1295-1302, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on allergic rhinitis based on the network Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials of acupuncture and moxibustion for allergic rhinitis were retrieved from the databases, starting from the date of establishment to August 17, 2020, i.e. the PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The traditional Meta-analysis and network Meta-analysis were performed by RevMan5.3 and GeMTC0.14.3.@*RESULTS@#A total of 50 RCTs were included, including 4260 patients, involving 5 kinds of acupuncture and moxibustion therapies, such as acupuncture, moxibustion, acupoint application, acupoint thread-embedding and auricular point therapy.①In term of total effective rate, acupuncture, moxibustion and acupoint thread-embedding were superior to western medication and auricular point therapy (@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on allergic rhinitis is better than western medication, and acupoint thread-embedding has the best curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Network Meta-Analysis , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 902-926, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134269

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Various surgical options are available for large proximal ureteral stones, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (LU). However, the best option remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a network meta-analysis comparing various surgical treatments for proximal ureteral stones ≥10mm to address current research deficiencies. Materials and methods We searched PubMed, Ovid, Scopus (up to June 2019), as well as citation lists to identify eligible comparative studies. All clinical studies including patients comparing surgical treatments for proximal ureteral stones ≥10mm were included. A standard network meta-analysis was performed with Stata SE 14 (Stata Corp, College Station, TX, USA) software to generate comparative statistics. The quality was assessed with level of evidence according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine and risk of bias with the Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager (RevMan) 5.3 software. Results A total of 25 studies including 2.888 patients were included in this network meta-analysis. Network meta-analyses indicated that LU and PCNL had better stone-free rates and auxiliary procedures. PCNL could result in major complications and severe bleeding. In initial stone-free rate, final stone-free rate, and auxiliary procedures results, SUCRA ranking was: LU> PCNL> URSL> ESWL. In Clavien Dindo score ≥3 complications, SUCRA ranking was: LU> ESWL> URSL> PCNL. In fever, SUCRA ranking was: ESWL> LU> URSL> PCNL. In transfusion, SUCRA ranking was: LU> URSL> ESWL> PCNL. In Cluster analysis, LU had the highest advantages and acceptable side effects. Considering the traumatic nature of PCNL, it should not be an option over URSL. ESWL had the lowest advantages. Conclusions LU have the potential to be considered as the first treatment choice of proximal ureteral stone ≥10mm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects
19.
Aval. psicol ; 19(2): 142-151, abr.-jun. 2020. il, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1100901

ABSTRACT

O Inventário Abrangente de Prosperidade (IAP) constitui um instrumento que acessa o bem-estar, concebendo o construto numa perspectiva hedônica. Este estudo avaliou as propriedades psicométricas do IAP em 501 adultos brasileiros. A metodologia de análise consistiu em combinação entre análise fatorial confirmatória e análise de redes, incluindo também análise da confiabilidade e validade convergente. Os resultados confirmam a estrutura de 18 fatores de primeira ordem e a de sete fatores de segunda ordem original. O artigo também apresenta uma terceira estrutura com quatro fatores de segunda ordem - χ²/gl = 1,75, CFI = 0,92, TLI = 0,91, RMSEA = 0,042. Foram detectadas diferenças para o ajuste, considerando o sexo dos participantes, em que o modelo obtido tem melhor ajuste para homens. O IAP apresenta validade convergente ao se correlacionar positivamente com felicidade e florescimento no trabalho. Portanto, a versão brasileira do IAP apresenta evidências iniciais de validade para uso em adultos no Brasil. AU


The Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving (CIT) is an instrument that accesses well-being, conceiving the construct from a hedonic perspective. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the IAP in 501 Brazilian adults. The framework of analysis consisted of a combination of confirmatory factor analysis and network analysis, including reliability analysis and convergent validity. The results confirm the structure of 18 first order factors and seven second order factors from the original research. The present study also presents a third structure with four second order factors - χ²/gl=1.75, CFI=.92, TLI=.91, RMSEA=.042. Differences were detected for the fit considering the gender of the participants, where the model obtained presented a better fit for men. The CIT has convergent validity, correlating positively with happiness and flourishing at work. Therefore, the Brazilian version of the CIT presents initial evidence of validity for use with adults in Brazil. AU


El Inventario Integral de la Prosperidad (IIP) constituye un instrumento que accede al bienestar, concibiendo el constructo en una perspectiva hedónica. Este estudio evaluó las propiedades psicométricas del IIP en 501 adultos brasileños. La metodología de análisis consistió en combinación entre el análisis factorial confirmatorio y el análisis de redes, incluyendo también el análisis de la confiabilidad y validez convergente. Los resultados confirman la estructura de dieciocho factores de primer orden y la de siete factores de segundo orden original. El artículo también presenta una tercera estructura con cuatro factores de segundo orden - χ²/gl=1.75, CFI=.92, TLI=.91, RMSEA=.042. Se detectaron diferencias para el ajuste considerando el sexo de los participantes, donde el modelo obtenido tiene mejor ajuste para hombres. El IIP presenta validez convergente al correlacionarse positivamente con felicidad y desarrollo profesional. Por lo tanto, la versión brasileña del IIP presenta evidencias iniciales de validez para uso en adultos en Brasil. AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Personal Satisfaction , Happiness , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Age and Sex Distribution , Network Meta-Analysis
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 771-777, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136296

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Various integrated Chinese and Western medicines might be beneficial for the treatment of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of lung computed tomography (CT) of four integrated Chinese and Western medicines in the treatment of COVID-19 using network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS Multiple databases were consulted to find randomized controlled trials of four different types of integrated Chinese and Western medicines for the treatment of COVID-19. NMA was conducted on the data using Stata (13.0) software. The odds ratio (OR) was calculated. The studies included in this paper were divided into a control group (Western medicine) and an observation group (one of four integrated Chinese and Western medicines). RESULTS 5 eligible publications were identified. A total of 598 cases were included in the study, and the results showed that the four types of integrated Chinese and Western medicines (symptomatic and supportive care with Qingfei Touxie Fuzheng, Lianhua Qingke, and Xuebijing) were significantly superior (P < 0.05) to symptomatic and supportive care alone, except for symptomatic and supportive care with Lianhua Qingwen. The combination of symptomatic and supportive care with Lianhua Qingke had the highest probability of being the most clinically efficacious intervention, with a surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) curve of 85.7. CONCLUSIONS A combination of symptomatic and supportive care with Lianhua Qingke is the best option among the four integrated Chinese and Western medicines considered for the treatment of COVID-19.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Vários medicamentos chineses e ocidentais integrados podem ser benéficos para o tratamento da COVID-19. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a eficácia da tomografia computadorizada (TC) de pulmão de quatro medicamentos chineses e ocidentais integrados para o tratamento da COVID-19 usando uma meta-análise em rede (NMA). MÉTODOS Vários bancos de dados foram consultados para encontrar ensaios clínicos randomizados de quatro tipos diferentes de medicamentos chineses e ocidentais integrados para o tratamento da COVID-19. A NMA foi realizada nos dados usando o software Stata (13.0). O odds ratio (OR) foi calculado. Os estudos incluídos neste artigo foram divididos em um grupo de controle (medicina ocidental) e um grupo de observação (um dos quatro medicamentos chineses e ocidentais integrados). RESULTADOS 5 publicações elegíveis foram identificadas. Um total de 598 casos foram incluídos no estudo, e os resultados mostraram que os quatro tipos de medicamentos chineses e ocidentais integrados (tratamento sintomático e de suporte com Qingfei Touxie Fuzheng, Lianhua Qingke e Xuebijing) foram significativamente superiores (P <0,05) a somente cuidados sintomáticos e de suporte, exceto cuidados sintomáticos e de suporte com Lianhua Qingwen. A combinação de cuidados sintomáticos e de suporte com Lianhua Qingke teve a maior probabilidade de ser a intervenção clinicamente mais eficaz, com uma superfície abaixo da curva de classificação cumulativa (SUCRA) de 85,7. CONCLUSÕES Uma combinação de tratamento sintomático e de suporte com Lianhua Qingke é a melhor opção entre os quatro medicamentos integrados chineses e ocidentais considerados para o tratamento de COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus , Pandemics , China , Coronavirus Infections , Network Meta-Analysis , Betacoronavirus
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