Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 46
Filter
1.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 121-131, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740304

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The significance of neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) in gastric carcinoma (GC) is controversial, leading to ambiguous concepts in traditional classifications. This study aimed to determine the prognostic threshold of meaningful NED in GC and clarify its unclear features in existing classifications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and neural cell adhesion molecule was performed for 945 GC specimens. Survival analysis was performed using the log-rank test and univariate/multivariate models with percentages of NED (PNED) and demographic and clinicopathological parameters. RESULTS: In total, 275 (29.1%) cases were immunoreactive to at least 1 neuroendocrine (NE) marker. GC-NED was more common in the upper third of the stomach. PNED, and Borrmann's classification and tumor, lymph node, metastasis stages were independent prognostic factors. The cutoff PNED was 10%, beyond which patients had significantly worse outcomes, although the risk did not increase with higher PNED. Tumors with ≥10% NED tended to manifest as Borrmann type III lesion with mixed/diffuse morphology and poorer histological differentiation; the NE components in this population mainly grew in insulae/nests, which differed from the predominant growth pattern (glandular/acinar) in GC with <10% NED. CONCLUSIONS: GC with ≥10% NED should be classified as a distinct subtype because of its worse prognosis, and more attention should be paid to the necessity of additional therapeutics for NE components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Chromogranin A , Classification , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Prognosis , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Synaptophysin
3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 727-732, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia (SZ) has been associated with the inflammatory-related and immunological pathogenesis. This study investigates the aberration of cytokines in patients with SZ. METHODS: Thirty patients with SZ without antipsychotic treatment for at least two weeks participated. We measured the serum levels of fourteen cytokines at hospital admission and after 8-week antipsychotic treatment. Severity was measured by expanded version of 24-items brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS-E). Repeated measure analyses of variance were conducted. RESULTS: The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was significantly decreased after 8-week antipsychotic treatment than those of before antipsychotic treatment (F=12.15, df=1/30, p=0.002). Neural cell adhesion molecule 1/CD56 (NCAM-1/CD56) was significantly decreased (F=6.61, df=1/30, p=0.016) among those with second-generation antipsychotics but not first-generation antipsychotics treatment. The changes of BPRS-E-manic and BPRS-E-anxiety scores correlated with the baseline IL-1ra (r=-0.393), IL-6 (r=-0.407), and insulin like growth factor binding protein 3 (r=-0.446). Additionally, the changes of BPRS-E and BPRS-E-negative scores correlated with the changes of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (r=0.372) and interferon-gamma (r=0.375). CONCLUSION: Our study supports that IL-1ra and NCAM-1/CD56 may be considered as markers of developing SZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Carrier Proteins , Cytokines , Insulin , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Schizophrenia
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(2): e6808, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889020

ABSTRACT

Pituitary adenomas account for 10-15% of primary intracranial tumors. Growth hormone (GH)-secreting adenomas account for 13% of all pituitary adenomas and cause acromegaly. These tumors can be aggressive, invade surrounding structures and are highly recurrent. The objective of this study was to evaluate E-cadherin, Slug and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) expression in GH-secreting pituitary adenomas and its relationship to tumor invasiveness. A cross-sectional study of patients who underwent hypophysectomy due to GH-secreting pituitary adenoma from April 2007 to December 2014 was carried out. The medical records were reviewed to collect clinical data. Immediately after surgery, tumor samples were frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored in a biofreezer at -80°C for assessment of E-cadherin 1 (CDH1), SLUG (SNAI2), and NCAM (NCAM1) by real-time PCR. The samples were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin for immunohistochemical analysis of E-cadherin and NCAM. Thirty-five patients with acromegaly were included in the study. Of these, 65.7% had invasive tumors. Immunohistochemically, E-cadherin was expressed in 96.7% of patients, and NCAM in 80% of patients. There was no statistically significant relationship between tumor grade or invasiveness and immunohistochemical expression of these markers. Regarding gene expression, 50% of cases expressed CDH1, none expressed SNAI2, and 53.3% expressed NCAM1. There was no statistically significant relationship between tumor grade or invasiveness and gene expression of CDH1, SNAI2, and NCAM1. The absence of Slug overexpression and of E-cadherin and NCAM suppression suggests that expression of these markers is not associated with tumor invasiveness in GH-secreting pituitary adenomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Acromegaly/pathology , Adenoma/pathology , Cadherins/analysis , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/analysis , Snail Family Transcription Factors/analysis , Acromegaly/genetics , Acromegaly/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Adenoma/genetics , Adenoma/chemistry , Gene Expression , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neoplasm Grading
5.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 417-423, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Repair of sensorial nerve defect is an important issue on peripheric nerve surgery. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of sensory-motor nerve bridging on the denervated dermatomal area, in rats with sensory nerve defects, using a neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). METHODS: We compared the efficacy of end-to-side (ETS) coaptation of the tibial nerve for sural nerve defect repair, in 32 Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were assigned to 1 of 4 groups: group A was the sham operated group, group B rats had sural nerves sectioned and buried in neighboring muscles, group C experienced nerve sectioning and end-to-end (ETE) anastomosis, and group D had sural nerves sectioned and ETS anastomosis was performed using atibial nerve bridge. Neurological evaluation included the skin pinch test and histological evaluation was performed by assessing NCAM expression in nerve terminals. RESULTS: Rats in the denervated group yielded negative results for the skin pinch tests, while animals in the surgical intervention groups (group C and D) demonstrated positive results. As predicted, there were no positively stained skin specimens in the denervated group (group B); however, the surgery groups demonstrated significant staining. NCAM expression was also significantly higher in the surgery groups. However, the mean NCAM values were not significantly different between group C and group D. CONCLUSION: Previous research indicates that ETE nerve repair is the gold standard for peripheral nerve defect repair. However, ETS repair is an effective alternative method in cases of sensorial nerve defect when ETE repair is not possible.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Methods , Muscles , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Peripheral Nerves , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin , Sural Nerve , Tibial Nerve
6.
Salud colect ; 11(1): 99-114, ene.-mar. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-746687

ABSTRACT

El Consejo Federal de Medicina de Brasil (CFM) -órgano normativo y fiscalizador del ejercicio ético de la medicina- prohibió, en 2008, la participación de médicos brasileños en investigaciones que utilizaran placebo para enfermedades con tratamiento eficaz y efectivo, en contraposición a la Declaración de Helsinki, que permite su uso en condiciones metodológicamente justificadas. Con el objetivo de verificar si la normativa ética del CFM modificó el uso de placebo en ensayos clínicos de fase III en Brasil, se analizaron varias características de sus registros en el ClinicalTrials.gov, en los períodos de 2003 a 2007 y de 2009 a 2013. Se concluye que: a) la normativa promulgada por el CFM en 2008 fue ineficaz y prevaleció la posición adoptada por la Declaración de Helsinki; b) el patrocinio de ensayos con placebo por parte de la industria farmacéutica multinacional fue significativo; c) predominaron las investigaciones de fármacos para enfermedades crónicas, y fueron poco significativas para las enfermedades postergadas, de importancia para Brasil.


In 2008, Brazil's Federal Council of Medicine [Conselho Federal de Medicina] (CFM) - regulatory and supervisory agency on the ethical practice of medicine - banned the participation of Brazilian doctors in studies using placebos for diseases with efficient and effective treatment. This position differs with the Helsinki Declaration, which allows the use of placebos in methodologically justified conditions. To ascertain whether the CMF's ethical regulation modified the use of placebos in phase III clinical trials in Brazil, characteristics of the records in ClinicalTrials.gov were researched in the periods from 2003 to 2007 and from 2009 to 2013. The conclusions reached were: a) the regulations issued by the CFM in 2008 were ineffective and the position adopted by the Helsinki Declaration prevails; b) there was significant sponsorship by the multinational pharmaceutical industry of trials with placebos; c) the research was predominantly on new drugs for chronic diseases, with little study done of the neglected diseases which are of great importance to Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/genetics , Heme/deficiency , Nerve Degeneration/genetics , Neurons/metabolism , Porphyrias/complications , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspases/drug effects , Caspases/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/genetics , Collagen Type XI/drug effects , Collagen Type XI/metabolism , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/drug effects , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/genetics , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Down-Regulation/physiology , Enzyme Inhibitors , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects , Heme/biosynthesis , Heptanoates , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/physiopathology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/drug effects , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/drug effects , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Neurons/drug effects , Neurons/pathology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Porphyrias/metabolism , Porphyrias/physiopathology , RNA, Messenger/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , SMN Complex Proteins , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Up-Regulation/physiology , Vesicular Transport Proteins/drug effects , Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics , Vesicular Transport Proteins/metabolism
7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 313-318, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Antidepressants Modulate Neuronal Plasticity. Tianeptine, An Atypical Antidepressant, Might Be Involved In The Restoration Of Neuronal Plasticity; It Primarily Enhances The Synaptic Reuptake Of Serotonin. Ncam140 Is Involved In Neuronal Development Processes, Synaptogenesis And Synaptic Plasticity. We Investigated The Effect Of Tianeptine On The Expression Of Ncam140 And Its Downstream Signaling Molecule In The Human Neuroblastoma Cell Line Sh-sy5y. METHODS: NCAM protein expression was measured in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells that were cultivated in serum-free media and treated with 0, 10, or 20 microM tianeptine for 6, 24, or 72 hours. NCAM140 expression in the tianeptine treatment group was confirmed by Western blot, and quantified through measurement of band intensity by absorbance. CREB and pCREB expression was identified after treatment with 20 microM tianeptine for 6, 24, and 72 hours by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared to cells treated for 6 hours, cells treated with 0 or 10 microM tianeptine for 72 hours showed a significant increase in NCAM140 expression and cells treated with 20 microM tianeptine showed a significant increase after 24 and 72 hours. The pCREB level in cells treated with 20 microM tianeptine increased in time-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that the tianeptine antidepressant effect may occur by induction of NCAM140 expression and CREB phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antidepressive Agents , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neuroblastoma , Neuronal Plasticity , Neurons , Phosphorylation , Plastics , Serotonin
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 962-971, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279456

ABSTRACT

Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a glycoprotein expressing on the surface of neurons, glial cells, bone cells and natural killer cells. NCAM plays an important role in the process of cell - cell adhesion and cell migration, and is also a model protein to study polysialic acid. In this paper, NCAM gene from mouse mammary gland cells (NMuMG) was cloned into eukaryotic expression vectors pcDNA3.1(+) and transfected into mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells ldlD-14. The stable transfection over-expressing NCAM was obtained through the G418 selection and confirmed by Western blotting. Due to unique characters of ldlD-14 cells, carbohydrate chain of NCAM molecule can be easily manipulated with or without adding galactose in the serum free medium, and this modification can provide the basis for further studies on the effect of glycosylation on NCAM molecular function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Female , Mice , CHO Cells , Cloning, Molecular , Cricetulus , Galactose , Glycosylation , Mammary Glands, Animal , Cell Biology , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Sialic Acids , Chemistry , Transfection
9.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 55-59, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727595

ABSTRACT

Dehydroevodiamine.HCl (DHED) has been reported to prevent memory impairment and neuronal cell loss in a rat model with cognitive disturbance. We investigated the effect of DHED on memory impairment and behavioral abnormality caused by stress. We demonstrated that DHED can improve stress-induced memory impairments and depression-like behaviors by using open-field test, Y-maze test and forced swimming test. DHED treatment significantly recovered the decreases in the levels of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) proteins caused by stress and the decreases in cell viability. Our results suggested that DHED is a potential drug candidate for neuronal death, memory impairment and depression induced by stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Survival , Depression , Fluoxetine , Memory , Models, Animal , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neurons , Physical Exertion
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 246-252, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cell transplantation of myelin-producing exogenous cells is being extensively explored as a means of remyelinating axons in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. We determined whether 3,3',5-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) overexpresses the ABCD2 gene in the polysialylated (PSA) form of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-positive cells and promotes cell proliferation and favors oligodendrocyte lineage differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PSA-NCAM+ cells from newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were grown for five days on uncoated dishes in defined medium with or without supplementation of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and/or T3. Then, PSA-NCAM+ spheres were prepared in single cells and transferred to polyornithine/fibronectin-coated glass coverslips for five days to determine the fate of the cells according to the supplementation of these molecules. T3 responsiveness of ABCD2 was analyzed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, the growth and fate of cells were determined using 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine incorporation and immunocytochemistry, respectively. RESULTS: Results demonstrated that T3 induces overexpression of the ABCD2 gene in PSA-NCAM+ cells, and can enhance PSA-NCAM+ cell growth in the presence of bFGF, favoring an oligodendrocyte fate. CONCLUSION: These results may provide new insights into investigation of PSA-NCAM+ cells for therapeutic application to X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/metabolism , Adrenoleukodystrophy/genetics , Animals, Newborn , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Differentiation , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/pharmacology , Fibronectins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sialic Acids/metabolism , Stem Cells , Thyroid Hormones/metabolism , Triiodothyronine/pharmacology
11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 180-186, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Dysfunction of neural plasticity in the brain is known to alter neural networks, resulting in depression. To understand how fluoxetine regulates molecules involved in neural plasticity, the expression levels of NCAM, NCAM140, CREB and pCREB, in rat C6 glioma cells after fluoxetine treatment were examined. METHODS: C6 cells were cultured after 20 min or after 6, 24 or 72 h treatments with 10 microM fluoxetine. Immunocytochemistry was used to determine the effect of fluoxetine on the expression of NCAM. Western blot analysis was used to measure the expression levels of NCAM140 and CREB and the induction of pCREB after fluoxetine treatment. RESULTS: NCAM expression following 72-h fluoxetine treatment was significantly increased around cell membranes compared to control cells. Cells treated with fluoxetine for 6 and 72 h showed a significant increase in NCAM140 expression compared to cells treated for 20 min. The level of pCREB in the cells treated with fluoxetine for 72 h not only increased more than 60%, but was also significantly different when compared with the other treatment times. The 72-h fluoxetine treatment led to the increase of NCAM140 and the phosphorylation of CREB in C6 cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that fluoxetine treatment regulates neuronal plasticity and neurite outgrowth by phosphorylating and activating CREB via the NCAM140 homophilic interaction-induced activation of the Ras-MAPK pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Blotting, Western , Brain , Cell Membrane , Depression , Fluoxetine , Glioma , Immunohistochemistry , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neurites , Neuronal Plasticity , Phosphorylation , Plastics
12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 373-377, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358738

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of astragalan (AG) on the expression of the neural cell adhesion molecule(NCAM) and c-fos of hippocampus CA1 region after the ischemic brain injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred male Wistar rats (180-220 g) were divided into ten groups randomly, they were sham operated group (SOG, n = 10), three model group(MG-ld, 3d, 7d, n = 10), as well as three low and high dose astragalan treatment groups (L/H-AGTG-1d, 3d, 7d, n = 10), respectively. And then, middle cerebral artery of MG and AGTG were intercepted by operation inducing brain injured. Their cerebral blood vessel were reperfused on 1, 2, 3 d, respectively, after the L/H-AGTG were treated with the AG (5 mg/kg and 15 mg/kg, ip). After neurologic impairment(NIP) was scored, animals were decapitated to take out hippocampus for counting apoptosis , determining the expression of the NCAM and c-fos by immunohistochemistry method and RT-PCR semiquantitative analysis, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The NIP scores and apoptotic cell of the L-AGTG and H-AGTG were significantly lower than MG (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The expression of NCAM and c-fos were significantly higher than the MG (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Astragalan could improve significantly neural function of ischemia brain injury in rats,the mechanism concerned probably with blocking or reversing apoptosis of hippocampus by promoting the expression of the NCAM and c-fos of hippocampus CA1 region.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Pathology , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Cell Biology , Kaempferols , Pharmacology , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Rats, Wistar
13.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 25-33, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Given the ability of mood stabilizers and antipsychotics to promote cell proliferation, we wanted to determine the effects of these drugs on neuronal markers previously reported to be altered in subjects with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Male Sprauge-Dawley rats were treated with vehicle (ethanol), lithium (25.5 mg per day), haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), olanzapine (1.0 mg/kg) or a combination of lithium and either of the antipsychotic drugs for 28 days. Levels of cortical synaptic (synaptosomal associated protein-25, synaptophysin, vesicle associated protein and syntaxin) and structural (neural cell adhesion molecule and alpha-synuclein) proteins were determined in each treatment group using Western blots. RESULTS: Compared to the vehicle treated group; animals treated with haloperidol had greater levels of synaptosomal associated protein-25 (p<0.01) and neural cell adhesion molecule (p<0.05), those treated with olanzapine had greater levels of synaptophysin (p<0.01) and syntaxin (p<0.01). Treatment with lithium alone did not affect the levels of any of the proteins. Combining lithium and haloperidol resulted in greater levels of synaptophysin (p<0.01), synaptosomal associated protein-25 (p<0.01) and neural cell adhesion molecule (p<0.01). The combination of lithium and olanzapine produced greater levels of synaptophysin (p<0.01) and alpha-synuclein (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Lithium alone had no effect on the neuronal markers. However, haloperidol and olanzapine affected different presynaptic markers. Combining lithium with olanzapine additionally increased alpha-synuclein. These drug effects need to be taken into account by future studies examining presynaptic and neuronal markers in tissue from subjects with psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , alpha-Synuclein , Antipsychotic Agents , Benzodiazepines , Cell Adhesion , Cell Proliferation , Haloperidol , Lithium , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neurons , Neurotransmitter Agents , Proteins , Qa-SNARE Proteins , SNARE Proteins , Synaptophysin
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1023-1030, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100580

ABSTRACT

Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (combined HCC-CC) is a rare subtype of primary liver cancer. We investigated the histopathologic features of transitional or intermediate areas in 21 combined HCC-CCs and immunophenotypes using different hepatic progenitor cell markers (CK7, CK19, c-kit, NCAM, and EpCAM). Major histologic findings of transitional or intermediate areas of 21 combined HCC-CCs included strands/trabeculae of small, uniform, oval-shaped cells with scant cytoplasm and hyperchromatic nuclei embedded within an abundant stroma, small cells with an antler-like anastomosing pattern, and solid nests of intermediate hepatocyte-like cells surrounded by small cells in periphery, in order of frequency. The intermediate area of one tumor was composed predominantly of spindle cells arranged in short fascicles. Immunophenotype of tumor cells with intermediate morphology suggested a progenitor cell origin for this tumor. Clinical findings of combined HCC-CC showed a closer resemblance with those of HCC than those of CC. In univariate analysis, tumor size, TNM stage, and serum alpha-fetoprotein levels showed a significant association with poor patient survival. Serum alpha-fetoprotein level was an independent prognostic indicator in multivariate analysis. In conclusion, an awareness of the clinicopathologic features, specifically the various morphologic features of intermediate areas in this tumor, is essential for prevention of potential misdiagnosis as another tumor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Immunophenotyping , Keratin-19/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 428-431, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study explored the effects of levetiracetam (LEV) on the expression of nerve cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) and growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) mRNA in the hippocampus of rats with epilepsy induced by lithium-pilocarpine (Li-PILO) in order to provide a basis for investigating the antiepileptic mechanism of LEV and its doseresponse.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control, a Li-PILO model and two LEV treatment groups (LEV: 150 and 300 mg/kg) (n=12 each). The LEV treatment groups received LEV by intragastric administration 6 hrs after status epilepticus (once daily for 2 two weeks). The expressions of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA in the hippocampus was determined by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA in the Li-PILO model group was significantly higher than in the normal control group (P<0.05). LEV treatment of 150 and 300 mg/kg significantly decreased the expression of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA compared with the Li-PILO model group (P<0.05). The LEV treatment group at the dose of 300 mg/kg showed significantly lower expression of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA than the 150 mg/kg LEV treatment group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Li-PILO can up-regulate the expressions of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA in the hippocampus of rats with epilepsy. LEV can inhibit the expression of NCAM and GAP-43 mRNA and the effect is associated with the dose of LEV.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anticonvulsants , Therapeutic Uses , Epilepsy , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , GAP-43 Protein , Genetics , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Genetics , Piracetam , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Wistar
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 208-213, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266189

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of flutamide (Flu) on the development of testicular germocytes in SD rats, and to establish a rat model for further researches on the maldevelopment of cryptorchidism gonocytes (Go).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pregnant SD rats were subcutaneously injected with Flu from gestational day (GD) 12 to 21 to establish a model of cryptorchidism. The testes of the newborns were harvested on postnatal day (PD) 1, 10, 20 and 80 for observation of their morphological and histological changes by HE staining and detection of the expression of neural cell adhesion molecules (NCAM) by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Flu induced 43.9% (29/66) of cryptorchidism in the exposed rats. Significant differences were found in the testicular weight and organ coefficient between the Flu and the control groups on PD 20 and 80. Gos remained in the center of seminiferous tubules of the Flu-induced testis on PD 10, and in the center of seminiferous tubules in the cryptorchids' testicular tissues on PD 20 and 80. Immunohistochemistry showed the expression of NCAM on the membrane of the remaining Gos, and RT-PCR revealed significantly up-regulated expression of NCAM mRNA in the Flu-induced testes on PD 10 and 20 as compared with the controls (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A rat model of Flu-induced cryptorchidism with remaining Gos was successfully established, which could be used to study the mechanism and management of the maldevelopment of cryptorchidism gonocytes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , Cryptorchidism , Pathology , Flutamide , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 33(2): 118-123, 2010. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-637422

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño (SAOS), consiste en la aparición repetida de episodios de obstrucción faríngea durante el sueño como consecuencia de un colapso de la vía respiratoria. La respuesta fisiológica a la hipoxia intermitente crónica es la generación de una respuesta inflamatoria local y sistémica. Se han evidenciado cambios importantes a nivel cardiovascular en pacientes con SAOS; sin embargo, se desconocen cuáles marcadores séricos y genéticos pudieran ser de utilidad. En el presente estudio, se presentan 15 marcadores séricos y 3 genéticos (IL-6, IL-1β y TNF-α) en un grupo de cinco pacientes para determinar cuáles pueden ser los marcadores de interés en la aparición y en el desarrollo de esta patología respiratoria. Se proponen como marcadores los niveles séricos: proteína C reactiva, TNFα, IL-6, el receptor soluble de TNF I, sCD62, sCD154, nitrotirosina y anti-oxLDL. Los niveles de IL-1 β, el receptor de TNF soluble II, sCD25, sCD54, nitritos y nitratos no parecieran ser buenos marcadores en SAOS. Los estudios genéticos no fueron concluyentes.


Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a repeated sequences of pharynx obstruction during sleep as a consequence of airway collapse. The physiological response to the desaturation is the generation of a local and systemic inflammatory immune response. Important changes at cardiovascular levels in patients with OSAS have been observed; however, it is not know which serum or genetic parameters could be useful. In the present study, we present 15 serum and 3 genetic (IL-6, IL-1β y TNF-α) markers in a group of five patients in order to determine which marker could be useful to study the genesis and progression of this respiratory pathology. The proposed serum markers are C reactive proteín, TNFα, IL-6, soluble de TNF receptor I, sCD62, sCD154, nitrotirosine and anti-oxLDL. The levels of IL-1 β, soluble TNF receptor II, sCD25, sCD54, nitrite y nitrate do not seem to be good markers for OSAS. The genetic studies were not conclusive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/blood , Cytokines/immunology , Genetic Markers/immunology , /methods , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Immunologic Tests/methods , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/blood
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 5-14, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Most of the mechanisms reported for antidepressant drugs are the enhancement of neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival in the rat hippocampus. Neural cell adhesion molecule 140(NCAM140) has been implicated as having a role in cell-cell adhesion, neurite outgrowth, and synaptic plasticity. In this report, we have performed to elucidate a correlation among chronic antidepressant treatments, NCAM140 expression, and activation of phosphorylated cyclicAMP responsive element binding protein(pCREB) which is a downstream molecule of NCAM140-mediated intracellular signaling pathway in the rat hippocampus. METHODS: Fluoxetine(10mg/kg) was injected acutely(daily injection for 5days) or chronically(daily injection for 14days) in adult rats. RNA and protein were extracted from the rat hippocampus, respectively. Real-time RTPCR was performed to analyze the expression pattern of NCAM140 gene and western blot analyses for the activation of the phosphorylation ratio of CREB. RESULTS: Chronic fluoxetine treatments increased NCAM140 expression 1.3 times higher than control in rat hippocampus. pCREB immunoreactivity in the rat hippocampus with chronic fluoxetine treatment was increased 4.0 times higher than that of control. CONCLUSION: Chronic fluoxetine treatment increased NCAM140 expression and pCREB activity in the rat hippo-campus. Our data suggest that NCAM140 and pCREB may play a role in the clinical efficacy of antidepressants promoting the neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Rats , Antidepressive Agents , Blotting, Western , Fluoxetine , Hippocampus , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neurites , Neurons , Phosphorylation , Plastics , RNA
19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 129-133, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-656981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To make stem cell therapy successful as one of treatment options for sensorineural hearing loss, it is essential to culture and obtain sufficient amounts of adult neural stem cells, as well as separating them from adult auditory organs. This study was designed to investigate the proportion of cultured adult neural stem cells and its differentiated cells from guinea pig spiral ganglion. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The spiral ganglions from guinea pigs of 3-6 month age were obtained. The tissues were digested with 0.25 % trypsin and 10 mg/mL of DNase I, cells were then cultured with neurobasal medium (DMEM/F12 containing B27 supplement, L-glutamin, gentamycin) and added with 20 ng/mL of epidermal growth factor and 10 ng/mL of fibroblast growth factor. After 3 passages of culture, neural stem cells and differentiated cells were analyzed with the flow cytometric method. RESULTS: We concluded that neural stem cells were successfully cultured from spiral ganglions and these cells were in process of differentiation into neurons and Schwann cells. The results of flow cytometric analysis of cells in culture medium showed that 1.7% of cells (cell count of 24,300) expressed nestin, 3.45% polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule, 7.19% (cell count of 66,300) neural cell adhesion molecule, and 3.57% beta III tubulin. CONCLUSION: Though obtaining adult neural stem cells from adult spiral ganglion was successful, the cell count was small. Further studies on the subject of making proper culture medium are needed to obtain adequate amounts of adult neural stem cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Cell Count , Deoxyribonuclease I , Epidermal Growth Factor , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Flow Cytometry , Guinea , Guinea Pigs , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Intermediate Filament Proteins , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Neural Stem Cells , Neurons , Schwann Cells , Spiral Ganglion , Stem Cells , Trypsin , Tubulin
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 669-673, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301629

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influences of the restoration of neural adhesion molecule NECL1 on the morphology, migration, and invasion of NECL1-deficient glioma cell lines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Scratch and Transwell assays were used to observe the cell migration and invasion, the activities of extracellular metalloproteinases were measured, and the cell morphology was observed. Astrocytes marker glial fibrillary acidic protein was detected by Western blot after the restoration of NECL1 in glioma U251 cell line.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In NECL1-deficient U251 glioma cell lines, migration and invasion were inhibited. The U251 cells was differentiated potentially to astrocytes, and glial fibrillary acidic protein was up-regulated after the restoration of the NECL1 expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As a potential tumor repressor, the neural adhesion molecule NECL1 can inhibit the migration and invasion of glioma cell and induces its differentiation.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL