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2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(5): 215-218, 20230000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523807

ABSTRACT

El Schwannoma se origina de la vaina perineural de Schwannoma, se detecta con frecuencia incidentalmente en estudios imagenológicos siendo el principal método diagnóstico la Tomografía Computada. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica con márgenes libres. Se presenta una paciente femenina de 49 años, en control por oncología por enfermedad de base, cáncer de mama izquierda, se identifica por TAC y PECT/TC imagen voluminosa en retroperitoneo situación lateroaórtica izquierda de configuración no quística e hipermetabólica, solicita biopsia percutánea, ante la falta de ventana, se decide exeresis completa de masa. Diagnóstico definitivo patológico Schwannoma. Sin indicación de tratamiento adyuvante, cursa buena evolución postoperatoria sin recidiva.


Schwannoma, a benign tumor that arises from Schwann cells of the perineural nerve sheath, is often incidentally detected in imaging tests and mainly diagnosed by CT scan. Treatment consists of surgical resection with clear margins. We present the case of a 49-year-old female patient subject to Oncology Department follow-up due to an underlying disease, left breast cancer. A large, hypermetabolic, noncystic mass in the retroperitoneal region is identified by CT and PECT/CT scan in the left lateral aortic area. A percutaneous biopsy is requested. Due to the limited acoustic window, complete resection of the mass is decided. Final histopathology diagnosis of Schwannoma. No adjuvant treatment indication; undergoing favorable postoperative progress, without recurrence


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/therapy
3.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(2): 195-201, 14 de agosto del 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451590

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los Schwannomas son tumores derivados de las células de Schwann que se pueden presentar en cualquier lugar de la economía corporal, siendo poco usual su localización en la pelvis (1 a 3 %). Con presentación tórpida y sintomatología variada en relación con el sitio que ocupan. Su tratamiento se basa en la resección quirúrgica. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de un hombre joven de 21 años presentando dolor pélvico por 4 meses. Taller diagnóstico: en imágenes se evidencia una masa que ocupa toda la pelvis, esta es extirpada y revela como diagnóstico histopatológico. Neoplasia mesénquimal compatible con schwannoma. Conclusión: En conclusión, estos tumores son raros, y la localización pélvica es muy poco frecuente, su extirpación se vuelve curativa y debe realizarse de manera oportuna.


Introduction: Schwannomas are tumors derived from Schwann cells that can occur anywhere in the body economy, and their location is unusual in the pelvis (1 to 3%). With torpid presentation and varied symptoms about the site they occupy. Its treatment is based on surgical resection. Clinical case: We present the case of a 21-year-old man with pelvic pain for four months. Diagnostic workshop: Images show a mass that occupies the entire pelvis; this is removed and revealed as a histopathological diagnosis. Mesenchymal neoplasm compatible with schwannoma. Conclusion: In conclusion, these tumors are rare, and the pelvic location is very infrequent; their removal becomes curative and must be performed promptly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Neurilemma , Neurilemmoma , Schwann Cells , Surgical Oncology
4.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 59-65, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1513180

ABSTRACT

El Schwannoma o Neurilemoma es un tumor benigno de derivación neuroectodérmica que se origina en las células de Schwann, que constituyen la envoltura de los nervios. Es el tumor benigno más común de los nervios periféricos, tiene predisposición a originarse a partir de nervios periféricos sensoriales y puede presentarse como tumores en tejidos blandos. La presentación intraósea del Schwannoma es rara y corresponde al 0,2% de los tumores óseos primarios. Se presenta caso clínico de paciente masculino de 36 años de edad con tumor en cóndilo femoral medial de rodilla derecha de 4 años de evolución, cursando con dolor intermitente moderado a quien se le practicó el protocolo oncológico, imagenológico e histológico, de la Unidad de Oncología Ortopédica del estado Monagas. Se diagnosticó Schwannoma intraóseo, se procedió a realizar resección marginal y reconstrucción con alloinjerto y fijación con placa y tornillos con excelente evolución postoperatoria. El Schwannoma intraóseo es extraordinariamente raro y su ubicación en el fémur lo es aún más. El objetivo del presente trabajo es reportar un caso de Schwannoma Intraóseo, mostrar las estrategias para su diagnóstico y los tratamientos aplicados, así como la revisión de los datos al respecto existentes en la literatura(AU)


Schwannoma or Neurilemoma is a benign tumor of neuroectodermal derivation that originates in Schwann cells, which constitute the nerve sheath. It is the most common benign tumor of the peripheral nerves, has a predisposition to originate from peripheral sensory nerves, and can present as soft tissue tumors. The intraosseous presentation of Schwannoma is rare and corresponds to 0,2% of primary bone tumors. A clinical case of a 36-yearold male patient with a tumor in the medial femoral condyle of the right knee of 4 years of evolution is presented, presenting with moderate intermittent pain who underwent the oncological, imaging and histological protocol of the Oncology Unit. Monagas State Orthopedic. Intraosseous Schwannoma was diagnosed, marginal resection and allograft reconstruction and plate and screw fixation were performed with excellent postoperative evolution. Intraosseous Schwannoma is extraordinarily rare and its location in the femur is even more so. The objective of this paper is to report a case of Intraosseous Schwannoma, show the strategies for its diagnosis and the treatments applied, as well as the review of the existing data in the literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peripheral Nerves/pathology , Bone Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma
5.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 54-57, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984276

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To present a rare case of nasal tip schwannoma and describe its resection and reconstruction using combined cartilage grafts.@*Methods@#Design: Case Report Setting: Tertiary Government Training Hospital Patient: One@*Results@#A 13-year-old boy presented with a progressively enlarging nasal tip and severe left nasal obstruction causing breathing difficulties and psychosocial distress. There was a bulging septal mass obstructing 90% of the left nasal cavity. Septal incision biopsy revealed schwannoma and definitive surgery via open rhinoplasty approach was done. The non-encapsulated schwannoma extended from the subcutaneous nasal tip to the left septal mucosa. There was no evidence of skin or cartilage invasion, but prolonged pressure from the expansile schwannoma caused severe lower lateral cartilage and anterior septal atrophy leading to a collapsed and expanded nasal tip after resection. To correct this, a total reconstruction of the anterior tip complex was done using combined ear cartilage seagull wing graft, shield graft and septal extension graft. @*Conclusion@#Nasal tip and septal schwannoma is rare and can cause significant nasal obstruction and deformity. Complete excision is vital to avoid recurrence. Total reconstruction of the lower lateral cartilages using autologous septal and ear cartilage grafts may be a safe and effective technique that yields acceptable aesthetic results.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Nasal Septum , Neurilemmoma , Ear Cartilage , Rhinoplasty , Nasal Cartilages , Esthetics , Neurilemmoma
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 683-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast myofibroblastoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 15 patients with breast myofibroblastoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China from 2014 to 2022 were collected. Their clinical characteristics, histological subtypes, immunophenotypes and molecular characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients, ranging in age from 18 to 78 years, with a median and average age of 52 years. There were 6 cases in the left breast and 9 cases in the right breast, including 12 cases in outer upper quadrant, 2 cases in inner upper quadrant and 1 case in outer lower quadrant. Most of the cases showed a well-defined nodule grossly, including pushing growth under the microscope in 13 cases, being completely separated from the surrounding breast tissue in 1 case, and infiltrating growth in 1 case. Among them, 12 cases were classic subtype and composed of occasional spindle cells with varying intervals of collagen fiber bundles; eight cases had a small amount of fat; one case had focal cartilage differentiation; one case was epithelioid subtype, in which epithelioid tumor cells were scattered in single filing or small clusters; one case was schwannoma-like subtype, and the tumor cells were arranged in a significant palisade shape, resembling schwannoma, and one case was invasive leiomyoma-like subtype, in which the tumor cells had eosinophilic cytoplasm and were arranged in bundles, and infiltrating into the surrounding mammary lobules like leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cells expressed desmin (14/15) and CD34 (14/15), as well as ER (15/15) and PR (15/15). Three cases with histologic subtypes of epithelioid subtype, schwannoma-like subtype and infiltrating leiomyoma-like subtype showed RB1 negative immunohistochemistry. Then FISH was performed to detect RB1/13q14 gene deletion, and identified RB1 gene deletion in all three cases. Fifteen cases were followed up for 2-100 months, and no recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Myofibroblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. In addition to the classic type, there are many histological variants, among which the epithelioid subtype is easily confused with invasive lobular carcinoma. The schwannoma-like subtype is similar to schwannoma, while the invasive subtype is easily misdiagnosed as fibromatosis-like or spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma. Therefore, it is important to recognize the various histological subtypes and clinicopathological features of the tumor for making correct pathological diagnosis and rational clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/pathology , Neurilemmoma
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility and surgical approach of removing type D trigeminal schwannoma through nasal cavity and nasal sinus under endoscope. Methods: Eleven patients with trigeminal schwannoma who were treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2014 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. There were 7 males and 4 females, aged (47.5±13.5) years (range: 12 to 64 years). The neoplasm involved the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, ethmoidal sinus, sphenoid sinus, cavernous sinus, and middle cranial fossa. The size of tumors were between 1.6 cm×2.0 cm×2.0 cm and 5.7 cm×6.0 cm×6.0 cm. Under general anesthesia, the tumors were resected through the transpterygoid approach in 4 cases, through the prelacrimal recess approach in 4 cases, through the extended prelacrimal recess approach in 2 cases, and through the endoscopic medial maxillectomy approach in 1 case. The nasal endoscopy and imaging examination were conducted to detect whether neoplasm recurred or not, and the main clinical symptoms during follow-up. Results: All the surgical procedures were performed under endonasal endoscope, including Gross total resection in 10 patients. The tumor of a 12-year-old patient was not resected completely due to huge tumor size and limited operation space. One patient was accompanied by two other schwannomas located in the occipital region and the ipsilateral parotid gland region originating from the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve, both of which were removed concurrently. After tumor resection, the dura mater of middle cranial fossa was directly exposed in the nasal sinus in 2 cases, including 1 case accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid leakage which was reconstructed by a free mucosal flap obtained from the middle turbinate, the other case was packed by the autologous fat to protect the dura mater. The operation time was (M(IQR)) 180 (160) minutes (range: 120 to 485 minutes). No complications and deaths were observed. No recurrence was observed in the 10 patients with total tumor resection during a 58 (68) months' (range: 10 to 90 months) follow-up. No obvious change was observed in the facial appearance of all patients during the follow-up. Conclusion: Type D trigeminal schwannoma involving pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa can be removed safely through purely endoscopic endonasal approach by selecting the appropriate approach according to the size and involvement of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(3): 1101211, sept.-dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425698

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El schwannoma es un tumor neuroectodérmi- co benigno de la vaina nerviosa o vaina de mielina formada por células de Schwann. Aproximadamente entre el 25 y el 48% de los casos presentan localización en el territorio cer- vicofacial, especialmente en los tejidos blandos de esta re- gión. Se los puede clasificar como schwannomas periféricos o intraóseos, éstos últimos también denominados centrales. Los schwannomas intraóseos son poco comunes, constituyen menos del 1% de los schwannomas presentes en la región en cuestión y menos del 0,2% de todos los tumores primarios óseos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar un caso clínico de un schwannoma intraóseo mandibular, revi- sando aspectos clínicos, radiográficos y anatomopatológicos. El schwannoma intraóseo es una entidad poco común, o al menos se encuentra en una condición de subregistro en Argen- tina, por lo que este caso constituye una rareza. Caso clínico: Se presentó a la consulta una paciente de 30 años de edad, derivada al servicio de Cirugía y Trau- matología Bucomaxilofacial del Hospital "Parmenio Piñero" de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires por su odontólogo de cabecera, a raíz de un hallazgo radiográfico durante un control de rutina. Se planificó realizar una biopsia incisio- nal, cuyo resultado anatomopatológico fue compatible con el diagnóstico de schwannoma intraóseo. Se procedió a realizar la enucleación completa. Finalmente, la paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones (AU)


Aim: Schwannoma is a benign neuroectodermal tumor of the nerve sheath or myelin sheath formed by Schwann cells. Approximately between 25 and 48% of the cases are located in the cervicofacial territory, especially in the soft tissues of this region. They can be classified into peripheral and intraosseous schwannomas, the last one can also be reported as central. In- traosseous schwannomas are rare, constituting less than 1% of schwannomas present in the region and less than 0.2% of all primary bone tumors. This publication aims to report a clin- ical case of mandibular intraosseous schwannoma, reviewing clinical, radiographic and anatomopathological aspects. In- traosseous schwannoma is a rare entity, or at least is under a condition of underreport in Argentina, so this case is a rarity. Clinical case: A 30-year-old patient, referred to the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology service of the "Parmenio Piñero" Hospital of Ciudad Autónoma de Bue- nos Aires by her dentist, because of a radiographic finding during a routine check. An incisional biopsy was performed, the anatomopathological result of which was compatible with the diagnosis of intraosseous schwannoma. A complete enu- cleation was performed under local anesthesia. Finally, the patient evolved without complications (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Neuroectodermal Tumors , Dental Service, Hospital , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/pathology
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 216-220, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389842

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los schwannomas son neoplasias derivadas de las células de Schwann de la cubierta de los nervios periféricos. Su desarrollo en la región nasosinusal es poco frecuente, especialmente a nivel septal. Su diagnóstico diferencial es variado y debe establecerse con otras causas más habituales de masa nasal unilateral. Su tratamiento es quirúrgico. Describimos el caso de un varón de 47 años con una masa nasal derecha intervenida mediante cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal y con diagnóstico anatomopatológico de schwannoma septal.


Abstract Schwannomas are tumors that proceed from Schwann cells in the cover of peripheral nerves. It is uncommon in the sinonasal area, especially in the nasal septum. The differential diagnosis is extensive and requires contemplating other more frequent causes of unilateral nasal mass. The current treatment of septal schwannoma is surgical. We report a 47-year-old male with a right nasal mass operated by endoscopic sinonasal surgery with an anatomopathological diagnosis of a nasal septal schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nasal Septum/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Schwann Cells/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Nasal Septum/surgery , Nasal Septum/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 94-100, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368454

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es una patología rara del nervio facial. Su diagnóstico preoperatorio es dificultoso dado que no tiene síntomas ni signos patognomónico de la enfermedad. La disección del nervio facial en su tronco y sus ramas con electroestimulacion es la forma de quirúrgica de sospecharlo intraoperatoriamente. La descompresión parcial o exeresis completa deberá ser considerado de acuerdo a la experiencia del equipo quirúrgico en reconstrucción nerviosa. La reparación del nervio facial como primera opción debe el injerto inmediato o sutura termino terminal. La neurotización es un procedimiento quirúrgico que le provoca al paciente simetría facial con manejo de oclusión ocular y manejo de comisura bucal, debe ser realizado antes del año de la injuria nerviosa. La rehabilitación del nervio facial necesita de un equipo multidisciplinario y la colaboración permanente del paciente para conseguir los objetivos propuestos.


Schwannoma is a rare pathology of the facial nerve. Its preoperative diagnosis is difficult since it has no symptoms or pathognomonic signs of the disease. The dissection of the facial nerve in its trunk and its branches with electrostimulation is the surgical way to suspect it intraoperatively. Partial decompression or complete exeresis should be considered according to the experience of the surgical team in nerve reconstruction. The repair of the facial nerve as a first option should be the immediate graft or end-to-end suture. Neurotization is a surgical procedure that causes the patient facial symmetry with management of ocular occlusion and management of the corner of the mouth, it must be performed within a year of the nerve injury. The rehabilitation of the facial nerve requires a multidisciplinary team and the permanent collaboration of the patient to achieve the proposed objectives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Nerve Transfer/rehabilitation , Hypoglossal Nerve Diseases/surgery , Facial Nerve Diseases/pathology , Preoperative Period , Neurilemmoma/pathology
11.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 90-93, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362095

ABSTRACT

Intramedullary schwanommas are rare, and most cases are reported in cervical region. Less than 20 dorsal intramedullary schwanommas have been reported till date in literature. This is due to their cell of origin, the Schwann cell, which is not normally found within the parenchyma of the brain and spinal cord; therefore it is not surprising that these lesions are rare. We report a rare solitary dorsal intramedullary schwanomma in a young adult patient who presented with paraplegia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Spinal Cord/surgery , Spinal Cord/pathology , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Laminectomy/methods , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
12.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 313-316, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961152

ABSTRACT

Background@#Neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome that typically presents with hearing loss, tinnitus, or weakness associated with few subcutaneous nodules. In contrast to neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1), NF2 presents clinically with more central lesions rather than peripheral lesions. The presence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas through imaging studies distinguishes NF2 from other neurocutaneous syndromes.@*Case@#This is a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with lower paraparesis with associated hearing loss, cataract, and a few subcutaneous nodules. Centrally located lesions were suspected, thus brain and spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were done revealing bilateral vestibular schwannomas and spine neurofibromas. The patient and family were advised for tumor surveillance, and apprised of surgical intervention once with brainstem compression symptoms.@*Conclusion@#NF2 is a rare debilitating disease that may lead to multiple neurologic deficits. The absence of recommended medical treatment and the multifocality of the tumors leave surgical resection a high-risk treatment option. Early recognition by tumor surveillance may give patients with NF2 a better prognosis and survivability.


Subject(s)
Neurofibromatoses , Neurilemmoma , Neurofibroma , Paraparesis , Bevacizumab
13.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(4): 167-170, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411047

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es el tumor benigno de nervio periférico más frecuente. Su presencia en los nervios de miembros inferiores es excepcional, donde representan el 1% de todos los schwannomas. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de treinta y un años que consulta por dolor en la cara anterior de la rodilla derecha, donde se palpa una masa blanda, dolorosa, de 1 cm aproximadamente y dolor en interlínea externa con signo de McMurray positivo. La RM evidenció una estructura ovoidea de señal quística, superficial al retináculo medial en su tercio proximal, de 10 × 8 × 8 mm y lesión del menisco externo en su tercio medio. Se realizó tratamiento artroscópico de la lesión meniscal externa y por vía abierta la exéresis marginal quirúrgica del tumor de partes blandas, con diagnóstico histopatológico de schwannoma. Los schwannomas de nervio periférico, aunque sean una entidad poco frecuente, deben considerarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de las masas dolorosas de la rodilla. Su tratamiento es la exéresis quirúrgica


Schwannoma is the most common benign peripheral nerve tumor, its presence being exceptional in the nerves of the lower limbs, where it represents 1% of all schwannomas. We present the case of a thirty-one-year-old woman who consulted for anterior knee pain, where a soft, painful mass of approximately 1cm and pain on the lateral joint line was assessed. McMurray's sign was positive. MRI showed an ovoid structure with a cystic signal, superficial and proximal to the medial retinaculum, measuring 10 × 8 × 8 mm and a tear in the body and posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. Arthroscopic treatment for the lateral meniscus tear and open surgical marginal excision of the soft tissue tumor were performed, with pathological diagnosis of schwannoma. Peripheral nerve schwannomas, although a rare entity, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of painful knee masses, their treatment being surgical excision


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/surgery , Knee/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Pain/diagnosis , Arthroscopy , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/pathology , Knee/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
14.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 109-124, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391812

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se ha descrito que los pacientes con hipoacusia asimétrica cursan en un 2% con lesiones retrococleares. La conducta de escrutinio se ha basado en la audiometría. Existen varias definiciones de asimetría audiométrica descritas en la literatura, pero sin llegar a un consenso. Aunque la prueba de oro para el diagnóstico de schwannoma vestibular es la resonancia magnética con gadolíneo, la sospecha clínica se hace en base a la asimetría audiométrica. Objetivo: hacemos una revisión de los trabajos publicados al respecto en la literatu-ra y comentamos nuestra experiencia. Reflexión: queremos enfatizar en la importancia de estudiar a los pacientes con hipoacusia asimétrica con el fin de descartar patología retrococlear. Conclusión: a pesar de que no existe un consenso claro en la definición de hi-poacusia asimétrica, la sospecha clínica de un schwannoma vestibular se basa en la audiometría


Background: It is described that 2% of patients with asymmetric hearing loss have retrocochlear lesions. The scrutiny behavior has been based on audiometry. There are several definitions of audiometric asymmetry described in the literature, but without reaching a consensus. Although the gold standard for the diagnosis of vestibular schwannoma is gadolinium magnetic resonance imaging, the clinical sus-picion is based on audiometric asymmetry. Objective: we review the results published in this regard in the literature and com-ment on our own experience. Reflection: we want to emphasize the importance of studying asymmetric hearing loss patients in order to rule out retrocochlear etiology. Conclusions: although there is no clear consensus on the definition of asym-metric hearing loss, the clinical suspicion of a vestibular schwannoma is based on the audiometry.


Subject(s)
Audiometry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Patients , Neuroma, Acoustic , Diagnosis , Gadolinium , Hearing , Neurilemmoma
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 324-329, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362983

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el espacio retrorrectal o presacro pueden desarrollarse lesiones tumorales, tanto benignas como malignas. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos y, cuando presentan síntomas, éstos son inespecíficos. Entre los tumores retrorrectales se destaca el grupo de origen neurogénico, donde el Schwannoma es el más frecuente.Caso clínico. Mujer de 32 años, con tumor retrorrectal, que producía una sintomatología escasa e imprecisa, diagnosticado durante una intervención quirúrgica por mioma uterino, que finalmenteresultó ser un Schawnnoma. Conclusión. La tomografía computarizada y la resonancia magnética son importantes para el diagnóstico y para establecer el nivel de la lesión en relación con el sacro. La piedra angular del tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. El abordaje puede ser anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacro o parasacrococígeo) o combinado, de acuerdo con su localización al nivel S4


Introduction. Both benign and malignant tumors can develop in the retrorectal or presacral space. Most patients are asymptomatic and, when they do present symptoms, they are nonspecific. Among retrorectal tumors, the group of neurogenic origin stand out, where Schwannoma is the most frequent one. Clinical case. A 32-year-old woman with a retrorectal tumor, which present with imprecise symptoms, diagnosed during a surgical procedure due to a uterine myoma, which finally turned out to be a Schawnnoma. Conclusion. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are important for diagnosis and for establishing the level of the lesion in relation to the sacrum. The cornerstone of treatment is surgical resection. The approach can be anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacral or parasacrococcygeal), or combined, according to its location at the S4 level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Neurilemmoma , Rectal Neoplasms , Sacrum , Neoplasms
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 492-496, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356961

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores de la región retrorrectal son lesiones poco frecuentes, con potencial de malignidad e infección. Generalmente cursan asintomáticos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 62 años, con dolor pélvico crónico, cuyos estudios imagenológicos informan lesión ocupante de espacio de 3 cm en región presacra. Se procedió a su resección quirúrgica con diagnostico histopatológico de schwannoma.


ABSTRACT Retrorectal tumors are rare but have potential malignant transformation and risk of infection. Thet are usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain and imaging tests showing a 3-cm space-occupying lesion in the presacral region. The lesion resected and the histopathologic diagnosis was schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Risk , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis , Infections , Neoplasms
17.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 203-206, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar un caso de schwannoma lingual, así como revisar las características diagnósticas (clínicas, por imágenes e histopatológicas) y terapéuticas de esta patología mediante las publicaciones disponibles. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso de schwannoma in- traoral en un hombre de 26 años de edad con un tumor ubica- do en el tercio anterior de la lengua. Se resolvió mediante un único procedimiento quirúrgico bajo anestesia local sin obser- varse recidivas ni secuelas al menos a 12 meses de seguimien- to a distancia. El schwannoma de la lengua es poco frecuente pero sus características clínico-imagenológicas presentan ras- gos benignos que favorecen la resolución mediante una única biopsia quirúrgica total cuando el tamaño y la ubicación sean propicios para ello (AU)


To describe a case of lingual schwannoma, and through a literature review, to provide data on clinical, imaging and pathological features, as well as treatment methods. Clinical case: A 26-year-old male patient with a swelling in the tip of the tongue was diagnosed as having oral schwannoma. A single surgery was performed, without recurrence or postoperative complications at least during a 12-month follow-up. Lingual schwannoma is a rare entity with benign clinical and imaging characteristics that ena- ble surgical removal without prior biopsy when size and oral location are favorable (AU))


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Tongue/pathology , Biopsy , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 358-361, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285075

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a 40-year-old man, with an unremarkable personal and family history, who presented for evaluation of an asymptomatic papule located on his right cheek. Histopathology revealed an encapsulated neoplasm within the dermis; composed by narrow, elongated, and wavy cells with an ill-defined cytoplasm, dense chromatin and tapered ends interspersed with collagen fibers. Pathologic findings were consistent with tissue of Antoni B pattern. The diagnosis was an infraorbital schwannoma. The incidental finding of rare tumors like this, should make clinicians consider a greater spectrum of differential diagnoses for a unilateral skin-colored papule on the cheek of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Cheek , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 91-96, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362249

ABSTRACT

Schwannomas are the fourth most common primary neoplasms affecting the brain and cranial nerves. Central lesions commonly arise from sensory nerve roots, and a common intracranial site is the vestibular branch of the 8th nerve (>85%). We present the case report of a patient who has a schwannoma extending from the pterygopalatine fossa to the orbit, complaining about facial pain in the trajectory of the trigeminal ophthalmic branch. Schwannomas represent 1 to 2% of all neoplasms of the orbit, and trigeminal schwannomas are extremely rare, accounting for less than 0.5% of all intracranial tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery , Trigeminal Nerve Diseases/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Orbit , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 37-41, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251544

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los schwannomas esofágicos son tumores de elementos perineurales de la vaina nerviosa de la célula de Schwann en los nervios periféricos y representan el 2 % de los tumores primarios de esófago. Su difícil diagnóstico está dado por la baja incidencia que este presenta; sin embargo, es una etiología que debe considerarse debido a que su comportamiento clínico e imagenológico es rápidamente progresivo e inusual, comparado con otros tumores benignos de esófago. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 38 años con cuadro clínico de disfagia de 1 año de evolución, con endoscopia de vías digestivas altas y tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de tórax contrastada que evidencian una masa a nivel del esófago cervical y torácico transmural, que obstruye la luz y ejerce el efecto de masa sobre la tráquea. Se realizó una biopsia que reportó un tumor fusocelular con inmunohistoquímica positiva para el marcador S100, por lo que se diagnosticó un schwannoma esofágico. En la actualidad, la paciente se encuentra en controles periódicos y en espera del concepto por oncología clínica para proponer tratamiento no quirúrgico dado el compromiso adyacente. Conclusión: Ante la sospecha de tumor primario de esófago, la primera impresión diagnóstica según la incidencia será un leiomioma, pero con nuestro reporte de caso de schwannoma esofágico, se resalta que, en un cuadro clínico no usual, este es un diagnóstico diferencial que requiere atención precoz para evitar complicaciones y secuelas en los pacientes.


Abstract Introduction: Esophageal schwannomas are tumors of the perineural components of the Schwann cell nerve sheath in peripheral nerves and account for 2% of primary esophageal tumors. Its low incidence makes diagnosis challenging; however, this etiology should be considered because its clinical and imaging behavior is rapidly progressive and unusual compared to other benign esophageal tumors. Case study: A 38-year-old female patient with a 1-year history of dysphagia underwent upper digestive tract endoscopy and contrast chest CT showing a mass at the cervical and transmural thoracic esophagus level, obstructing the lumen and exerting a mass effect on the trachea. A biopsy revealed a spindle cell tumor with positive immunohistochemistry for the S100 marker, leading to the diagnosis of esophageal Schwannoma. The patient is currently undergoing regular check-ups and is awaiting the advice of a clinical oncologist to recommend non-surgical treatment options due to the involvement of adjacent structures. Conclusion: The first diagnostic impression in the case of a suspected primary esophageal tumor would be a leiomyoma based on its incidence. The present case report of an esophageal schwannoma emphasizes that this is a differential diagnosis that requires timely treatment to avoid complications and sequelae in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Esophageal Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma , Therapeutics , Endoscopy
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