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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 94-100, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368454

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es una patología rara del nervio facial. Su diagnóstico preoperatorio es dificultoso dado que no tiene síntomas ni signos patognomónico de la enfermedad. La disección del nervio facial en su tronco y sus ramas con electroestimulacion es la forma de quirúrgica de sospecharlo intraoperatoriamente. La descompresión parcial o exeresis completa deberá ser considerado de acuerdo a la experiencia del equipo quirúrgico en reconstrucción nerviosa. La reparación del nervio facial como primera opción debe el injerto inmediato o sutura termino terminal. La neurotización es un procedimiento quirúrgico que le provoca al paciente simetría facial con manejo de oclusión ocular y manejo de comisura bucal, debe ser realizado antes del año de la injuria nerviosa. La rehabilitación del nervio facial necesita de un equipo multidisciplinario y la colaboración permanente del paciente para conseguir los objetivos propuestos.


Schwannoma is a rare pathology of the facial nerve. Its preoperative diagnosis is difficult since it has no symptoms or pathognomonic signs of the disease. The dissection of the facial nerve in its trunk and its branches with electrostimulation is the surgical way to suspect it intraoperatively. Partial decompression or complete exeresis should be considered according to the experience of the surgical team in nerve reconstruction. The repair of the facial nerve as a first option should be the immediate graft or end-to-end suture. Neurotization is a surgical procedure that causes the patient facial symmetry with management of ocular occlusion and management of the corner of the mouth, it must be performed within a year of the nerve injury. The rehabilitation of the facial nerve requires a multidisciplinary team and the permanent collaboration of the patient to achieve the proposed objectives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Nerve Transfer/rehabilitation , Hypoglossal Nerve Diseases/surgery , Facial Nerve Diseases/pathology , Preoperative Period , Neurilemmoma/pathology
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 324-329, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362983

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el espacio retrorrectal o presacro pueden desarrollarse lesiones tumorales, tanto benignas como malignas. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos y, cuando presentan síntomas, éstos son inespecíficos. Entre los tumores retrorrectales se destaca el grupo de origen neurogénico, donde el Schwannoma es el más frecuente.Caso clínico. Mujer de 32 años, con tumor retrorrectal, que producía una sintomatología escasa e imprecisa, diagnosticado durante una intervención quirúrgica por mioma uterino, que finalmenteresultó ser un Schawnnoma. Conclusión. La tomografía computarizada y la resonancia magnética son importantes para el diagnóstico y para establecer el nivel de la lesión en relación con el sacro. La piedra angular del tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. El abordaje puede ser anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacro o parasacrococígeo) o combinado, de acuerdo con su localización al nivel S4


Introduction. Both benign and malignant tumors can develop in the retrorectal or presacral space. Most patients are asymptomatic and, when they do present symptoms, they are nonspecific. Among retrorectal tumors, the group of neurogenic origin stand out, where Schwannoma is the most frequent one. Clinical case. A 32-year-old woman with a retrorectal tumor, which present with imprecise symptoms, diagnosed during a surgical procedure due to a uterine myoma, which finally turned out to be a Schawnnoma. Conclusion. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are important for diagnosis and for establishing the level of the lesion in relation to the sacrum. The cornerstone of treatment is surgical resection. The approach can be anterior (abdominal), posterior (perineal, transsacral or parasacrococcygeal), or combined, according to its location at the S4 level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Neurilemmoma , Rectal Neoplasms , Sacrum , Neoplasms
3.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 492-496, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356961

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores de la región retrorrectal son lesiones poco frecuentes, con potencial de malignidad e infección. Generalmente cursan asintomáticos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 62 años, con dolor pélvico crónico, cuyos estudios imagenológicos informan lesión ocupante de espacio de 3 cm en región presacra. Se procedió a su resección quirúrgica con diagnostico histopatológico de schwannoma.


ABSTRACT Retrorectal tumors are rare but have potential malignant transformation and risk of infection. Thet are usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain and imaging tests showing a 3-cm space-occupying lesion in the presacral region. The lesion resected and the histopathologic diagnosis was schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Risk , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis , Infections , Neoplasms
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 358-361, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285075

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a 40-year-old man, with an unremarkable personal and family history, who presented for evaluation of an asymptomatic papule located on his right cheek. Histopathology revealed an encapsulated neoplasm within the dermis; composed by narrow, elongated, and wavy cells with an ill-defined cytoplasm, dense chromatin and tapered ends interspersed with collagen fibers. Pathologic findings were consistent with tissue of Antoni B pattern. The diagnosis was an infraorbital schwannoma. The incidental finding of rare tumors like this, should make clinicians consider a greater spectrum of differential diagnoses for a unilateral skin-colored papule on the cheek of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Cheek , Diagnosis, Differential
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 37-41, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251544

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los schwannomas esofágicos son tumores de elementos perineurales de la vaina nerviosa de la célula de Schwann en los nervios periféricos y representan el 2 % de los tumores primarios de esófago. Su difícil diagnóstico está dado por la baja incidencia que este presenta; sin embargo, es una etiología que debe considerarse debido a que su comportamiento clínico e imagenológico es rápidamente progresivo e inusual, comparado con otros tumores benignos de esófago. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 38 años con cuadro clínico de disfagia de 1 año de evolución, con endoscopia de vías digestivas altas y tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de tórax contrastada que evidencian una masa a nivel del esófago cervical y torácico transmural, que obstruye la luz y ejerce el efecto de masa sobre la tráquea. Se realizó una biopsia que reportó un tumor fusocelular con inmunohistoquímica positiva para el marcador S100, por lo que se diagnosticó un schwannoma esofágico. En la actualidad, la paciente se encuentra en controles periódicos y en espera del concepto por oncología clínica para proponer tratamiento no quirúrgico dado el compromiso adyacente. Conclusión: Ante la sospecha de tumor primario de esófago, la primera impresión diagnóstica según la incidencia será un leiomioma, pero con nuestro reporte de caso de schwannoma esofágico, se resalta que, en un cuadro clínico no usual, este es un diagnóstico diferencial que requiere atención precoz para evitar complicaciones y secuelas en los pacientes.


Abstract Introduction: Esophageal schwannomas are tumors of the perineural components of the Schwann cell nerve sheath in peripheral nerves and account for 2% of primary esophageal tumors. Its low incidence makes diagnosis challenging; however, this etiology should be considered because its clinical and imaging behavior is rapidly progressive and unusual compared to other benign esophageal tumors. Case study: A 38-year-old female patient with a 1-year history of dysphagia underwent upper digestive tract endoscopy and contrast chest CT showing a mass at the cervical and transmural thoracic esophagus level, obstructing the lumen and exerting a mass effect on the trachea. A biopsy revealed a spindle cell tumor with positive immunohistochemistry for the S100 marker, leading to the diagnosis of esophageal Schwannoma. The patient is currently undergoing regular check-ups and is awaiting the advice of a clinical oncologist to recommend non-surgical treatment options due to the involvement of adjacent structures. Conclusion: The first diagnostic impression in the case of a suspected primary esophageal tumor would be a leiomyoma based on its incidence. The present case report of an esophageal schwannoma emphasizes that this is a differential diagnosis that requires timely treatment to avoid complications and sequelae in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Esophageal Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma , Therapeutics , Endoscopy
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 118-120, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288639

ABSTRACT

Abstract Schwannomas are benign slow-growing tumors that constitute 8% of all soft-tissue tumors. The clinical signs and symptoms are often misinterpreted because of the low incidence, and these tumors are often misdiagnosed. A 39-year-old male patient presented with non-traumatic solitary swelling in the posteromedial aspect of the right ankle that gradually increased in size and was associated with pain. Clinically, the swelling was firm, non-fluctuant, and was not associated with sensorimotor impairment. Surgical excision of the swelling was performed without damaging the surrounding vessels and nerves. The histopathological examination of the excised tumor revealed a schwannoma.


Resumo Schwannomas são tumores benignos de crescimento lento, e constituem 8% de todos os tumores de tecido mole. Os sinais clínicos e sintomas são muitas vezes mal interpretados por causa da baixa incidência, e, muitas vezes, esses tumores são mal diagnosticados. Um paciente do sexo masculino de 39 anos apresentou um inchaço solitário não traumático sobre o aspecto posteromedial do tornozelo direito, que aumentou gradualmente de tamanho e estava associado a dor. O inchaço era clinicamente firme, não flutuante, e não associado a qualquer comprometimento sensório-motor. A excisão cirúrgica do inchaço foi feita sem danificar os vasos e os nervos circundantes. O exame histopatológico do tumor excisado revelou schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pain , Signs and Symptoms , Ankle/pathology , Neurilemmoma
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888309

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility and clinical effect of hemi-resection of posterior arch of atlas in the upper cervical spinal dumbbell-shaped schwannomas.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 13 patients with high level cervical dumbbell schwannomas from January 2005 to December 2018, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 19 to 67 years old. The occipital foramen to the C@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in 13 cases of this group. No vertebral artery injury or spinal cord injury occurred during the operation. All 13 patients were followed up for more than 12 months. No local recurrence was found. Both the VAS and the JOA score were significantly improved compared with those before surgery. The ASIA classification before operation was:1 case of grade C, 6 cases of grade D, 6 cases of grade E;the latest follow up was 3 cases of ASIA grade D and 10 cases of E.@*CONCLUSION@#The posterior arch of the atlas hemisection can remove the upper cervical dumbbell schwannoma in one stage. The short-term clinical effect is good, and there are no complications such as cervical instability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neurilemmoma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 629-636, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the epidemiological profile and evolution of 20 patients diagnosed with upper- and lower-limb schwannomas. Methods A group of patients was defined for a retrospective evaluation comprising the period between February 2002 and June 2018, in which we studied and evaluated 20 medical records of patients undergoing surgery due to schwannoma; the diagnosis was confirmed by an anatomopathological examination. Results Male and female patients were equally affected. The average age was 50.85 years, ranging from 12 to 77 years. There was a predominance of the upper limb and of the flexor face. The most affected nerve was the ulnar nerve. In total, 6 (30%) patients had transient postoperative complications. No cases of tumor recurrence were identified. Conclusion Schwannoma is a rare and difficult-to-diagnose lesion. It should always be considered as a hypothesis when facing a soft-tissue tumor affecting the limbs. The Tinel sign should be regarded, given its higher correlation with complications. The patients should be informed of the possible postoperative complications, which are frequent but usually transient.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e a evolução de 20 pacientes diagnosticados com schwannoma nos membros superiores e inferiores. Métodos Definiu-se um grupo de pacientes para avaliação retrospectiva, compreendendo o período entre fevereiro de 2002 e junho de 2018, no qual foram estudados e avaliados 20 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico devido a schwannoma; a confirmação diagnóstica foi feita pelo exame anatomopatológico. Resultados Tanto os pacientes do sexo masculino quanto do feminino foram igualmente acometidos, e a média de idade foi de 50,85 anos, variando de 12 a 77 anos. Houve predomínio do membro superior e da face flexora. O nervo mais acometido foi o ulnar, e 6 (30%) pacientes apresentaram complicações pós-operatórias transitórias. Não foi identificado nenhum caso de recidiva tumoral. Conclusão O schwannoma é uma lesão rara e de difícil diagnóstico. Deve sempre ser considerada como hipótese quando se estiver diante de um tumor de partes moles acometendo os membros. O sinal de Tinel deve ser levado em consideração por conta de sua maior correlação com as complicações. Os pacientes devem ser informados quanto às possíveis complicações pós-operatórias, que são frequentes, mas, geralmente, transitórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/epidemiology , Peripheral Nerves , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Neurilemmoma/epidemiology , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/surgery , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis
11.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 39(144): 12-19, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150803

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El schwannoma (neurinoma o neurilemoma) es un tumor benigno originado en la vaina de mielina de los nervios periféricos a partir de la células de Schwann. En su variedad benigna es el tumor más frecuente dependiente de esta estructuras. Se manifiesta entre la tercera y quinta década de vida, sin distinción de género. La localización axilar es extremadamente infrecuente, constituyendo el 5% de todos los casos reportados. Los schwannomas son tumores bien delimitados y de lento crecimiento. La presentación más frecuente es como masa palpable o por la sintomatología clínica correspondiente al territorio de inervación del nervio afectado. Es importante tener en cuenta que estas lesiones puedes formar parte de cuadros clínicos de base genética más complejos como la neurofibromatosis, entre otros. El método diagnóstico de elección es la resonancia magnética nuclear. El tratamiento consiste en la extirpación de la lesión tratando de preservar la función de la estructura nerviosa afectada. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar el reporte de un caso de lesión compatible con schwannoma axilar y realizar un revisión de la literatura.


Introduction: Schwannoma (neurinoma or neurilemoma) is a benign tumor originated in myelin sheath of peripheral nerves from schwann cells. In its benign variety, it is the most frequent tumor dependent of these structures. It appears between the third and fifth decade of life without distinction of geder. Axillary location is extremely rare, accounting for 5% of all reported cases. Schwqnnomas are well-defide, slow-growing tumors. The most frequent presentation is as palpabel mass or due to the clinical symptoms corresponding to the innervation territory of the affected nerve. It's important to know that these lesions can be part of more complex genetic-based clinical cases such as neurofibromatosis. The diagnostic method of choice is magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment cosists of excising the lesion, trying to preserve the function of the affected nerve structure. Objetive: The aim of this report is to describe our experience with one case of axillary schwannoma diagnosed in our institution and to perform a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Schwann Cells , Peripheral Nerves , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurofibromatoses , Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 342-346, ago. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138720

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los Schwannomas de la vía biliar corresponden a una entidad extremadamente infrecuente, habiéndose reportado solo escasos casos en la literatura. Caso Clínico: El presente paciente corresponde a un hombre de 45 años, a quien durante examen rutinario se le pesquisa una lesión quística hepática. La resonancia magnética confirmó la lesión, y la biopsia de la pieza resecada diagnosticó la existencia de un Schwannoma benigno con marcadores positivos para vimentina y proteína S-100.


Introduction: Bile duct schwannoma is an extremely rare condition. We report a 45 years old male patient in whom during a rutinary ultrasound exam a liver cyst was detected. Magnetic resonance confirmed lesión and the histopathology of the resected specimen was a benign schwannoma proven by positive inmunoreaction to vimentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Ultrasonography , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e410-e413, agosto 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118594

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es un tumor primario, habitualmente, benigno, procedente de las células de Schwann, productoras de la vaina de mielina que recubre los nervios periféricos. Constituye menos del 10 % de los tumores intracraneales y es infrecuente en la edad pediátrica.Se presenta a un paciente de 6 años y 11 meses de edad, previamente sano, con antecedente de cefalea holocraneana intermitente asociado a proptosis y disminución de la agudeza visual del ojo izquierdo, epífora y estrabismo, con evidencia tomográfica de una masa retroocular. Se realizó la exéresis macroscópicamente completa, con diagnóstico anatomopatológico de schwannoma orbitario


Schwannoma is a usually benign primary tumor. It develops from the Schwann cells, which produce the myelin sheath that surrounds the peripheral nerves. It represents less than 10 % of the intracranial tumors, and it is infrequent in the pediatric age.We hereby present a 6-year-and-11-month-old previously healthy patient, with a history of intermittent generalized cephalea associated with proptosis and a diminished visual acuity of the left eye, epiphora and strabismus, with radiological evidence of retro-ocular mass. A macroscopically complete exeresis was performed, with an anatomopathological diagnosis of orbital schwannoma


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Schwann Cells , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Orbit/injuries , Exophthalmos , Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma/surgery
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 258-262, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Schwannoma is a benign neural sheath tumor of the soft tissue, and its intraosseous presentation is very rare. It is estimated that intraosseous schwannomas represent 0.2% of all bone tumors. The tumor may affect any site of the skeleton, including the mandible, the sacrum, vertebral bodies, the ulna, the humerus, the femur, the tibia, the patella, the scapula, the ribs, and small bones of the hand. The involvement of the calcaneus has only been reported four times in the literature. The present study reports the case of a 49-year-old male with right hindfoot pain and a radiological finding of an osteolytic bone lesion in the calcaneus. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological study. The treatment of choice was an intralesional resection with adjuvant local control, and bone defect substitution with polymethylmethacrylate and fixation with two cannulated screws. The patient had a satisfactory postoperative evolution; after 1 year, he is asymptomatic, with good functional response and no evidence of disease. The present case report shows the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of a rare benign bone neoplasm. Moreover, intraosseous schwannoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of osteolytic calcaneal lesions.


Resumo Schwannomas são tumores benignos oriundos de células da bainha neural cuja apresentação intraóssea é rara. Estima-se que os schwannomas intraósseos representem 0,2% de todos os tumores ósseos. Schwannomas podem acometer diferentes ossos do esqueleto, como a mandíbula, o sacro, corpos vertebrais, a ulna, o úmero, o fêmur, a tíbia, a patela, a escápula, costelas e ossos da mão. Apenas quatro casos que acometeram o calcâneo foram descritos na literatura. No presente trabalho, os autores relatam o caso de um paciente masculino de 49 anos com dor no retropé direito e com exames de imagem que evidenciaram lesão osteolítica no calcâneo. O estudo histopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico de Schwannoma intraósseo. O tratamento de escolha foi ressecção intralesional com adjuvância local e substituição por polimetilmetacrilato e fixação com parafusos canulados. O paciente evoluiu de forma satisfatória no pós-operatório e, após 1 ano de evolução, encontra-se assintomático, com boa resposta funcional e sem evidência de doença. Com esse relato, os autores desejam chamar atenção para essa patologia rara, sua apresentação clínica, radiológica e patológica, além de reiterar a importância de incluir o schwannoma intraósseo dentre os diagnósticos diferenciais das lesões osteolíticas do calcâneo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain , Bone Neoplasms , Calcaneus , Carrier State , Affect , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma
15.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 51-54, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125781

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es un tumor neurogénico que se presenta más frecuentemente en el ángulo costovertebral del mediastino posterior, pero también en otras localizaciones dentro del tórax. Habitualmente suele ser una masa única, encapsulada, bien definida, con un tamaño aproximado 2 a 10 cm. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 66 años, derivado a nuestro hospital por una masa de 13 cm localizada en el hemitórax inferior izquierdo. Se realizó una biopsia, y la resonancia magnética corroboró el diagnóstico de un tumor mediastínico gigante de la vaina neural. Se procedió a su resección completa sin complicaciones.


Schwannomas are neurogenic tumors, commonly located in the costovertebral angle of the posterior mediastinum, but with many intrathoracic locations. They usually present as a solitary, well-circumscribed and encapsulated mass with a size between 2 and 10 cm. We report a case of a 66-year-old male, referred to our hospital for a mass located at the left lower hemithorax with 13 cm in size. A percutaneous biopsy was performed, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of a resectable giant mediastinal nerve sheath tumor. Surgery was performed without complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Electrocardiography
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 63-66, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125784

ABSTRACT

Los tumores retroperitoneales son lesiones infrecuentes. Las tumoraciones nerviosas benignas como los schwannomas representan menos del 3% de ellos, siendo extremadamente raros los que afectan el nervio obturador. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con importante afectación funcional en miembro inferior izquierdo y dolor pélvico, al que se le diagnosticó neoplasia retroperitoneal. Fue intervenido por vía laparoscópica objetivándose la dependencia de la lesión del nervio obturador. Se llevó a cabo una exéresis completa de la lesión preservando parcialmente el nervio. El paciente tuvo una evolución funcional y álgica muy favorable. La anatomía patología reveló la presencia de schwannoma, del denominado subtipo "anciano", sin datos de malignidad. Consideramos que el informe de un caso como este puede ayudar a conocer una patología muy infrecuente y a tener en consideración algunos puntos clave como la técnica de abordaje y la necesidad de preservación de las estructuras nerviosas.


Retroperitoneal tumors are uncommon; benign tumors originating in the nerve cells as schwannomas represent less than 3%, while schwannomas of the obturator nerve are extremely rare. We report the case of a male patient with significant functional compromise of the left lower limb and pelvic pain who was diagnosed with a retroperitoneal tumor. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery during which the compromise of the obturator nerve was evident. The lesion was completely resected with partial preservation of the nerve. The patient progressed with favorable functional recovery and pain relief. The histopathological examination reported a benign ancient schwannoma. We believe that this case report can help to understand a very rare condition and consider some key points such as the technique of approach and the need for preservation of the nerve structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Obturator Nerve/injuries , Arthroplasty/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Neuralgia/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
19.
20.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019094, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024293

ABSTRACT

Neurofibrosarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of the head and neck region and accounts for 8% to 16% of all cases. Its origin is varied and may stem from cells of the peripheral nerves, develop de novo, or result from malignant transformation of preexisting neurofibromas. Because the features of neurofibrosarcomas are heterogeneous, the data retrieved during clinical examinations are of great aid for diagnosis. In this case, owing to clinical features and the fact that the patient had neurofibromatosis type 1, the hypothesis of neurofibrosarcoma was promptly established. The final diagnosis was confirmed by associating clinical, imaging, and pathological data. After the treatment, the patient has been followed up for 10 years, with no evidence of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Neurofibrosarcoma/diagnosis , Mandibular Reconstruction , Neurilemmoma
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