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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility and surgical approach of removing type D trigeminal schwannoma through nasal cavity and nasal sinus under endoscope. Methods: Eleven patients with trigeminal schwannoma who were treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2014 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. There were 7 males and 4 females, aged (47.5±13.5) years (range: 12 to 64 years). The neoplasm involved the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, ethmoidal sinus, sphenoid sinus, cavernous sinus, and middle cranial fossa. The size of tumors were between 1.6 cm×2.0 cm×2.0 cm and 5.7 cm×6.0 cm×6.0 cm. Under general anesthesia, the tumors were resected through the transpterygoid approach in 4 cases, through the prelacrimal recess approach in 4 cases, through the extended prelacrimal recess approach in 2 cases, and through the endoscopic medial maxillectomy approach in 1 case. The nasal endoscopy and imaging examination were conducted to detect whether neoplasm recurred or not, and the main clinical symptoms during follow-up. Results: All the surgical procedures were performed under endonasal endoscope, including Gross total resection in 10 patients. The tumor of a 12-year-old patient was not resected completely due to huge tumor size and limited operation space. One patient was accompanied by two other schwannomas located in the occipital region and the ipsilateral parotid gland region originating from the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve, both of which were removed concurrently. After tumor resection, the dura mater of middle cranial fossa was directly exposed in the nasal sinus in 2 cases, including 1 case accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid leakage which was reconstructed by a free mucosal flap obtained from the middle turbinate, the other case was packed by the autologous fat to protect the dura mater. The operation time was (M(IQR)) 180 (160) minutes (range: 120 to 485 minutes). No complications and deaths were observed. No recurrence was observed in the 10 patients with total tumor resection during a 58 (68) months' (range: 10 to 90 months) follow-up. No obvious change was observed in the facial appearance of all patients during the follow-up. Conclusion: Type D trigeminal schwannoma involving pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa can be removed safely through purely endoscopic endonasal approach by selecting the appropriate approach according to the size and involvement of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(3): 1101211, sept.-dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425698

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El schwannoma es un tumor neuroectodérmi- co benigno de la vaina nerviosa o vaina de mielina formada por células de Schwann. Aproximadamente entre el 25 y el 48% de los casos presentan localización en el territorio cer- vicofacial, especialmente en los tejidos blandos de esta re- gión. Se los puede clasificar como schwannomas periféricos o intraóseos, éstos últimos también denominados centrales. Los schwannomas intraóseos son poco comunes, constituyen menos del 1% de los schwannomas presentes en la región en cuestión y menos del 0,2% de todos los tumores primarios óseos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar un caso clínico de un schwannoma intraóseo mandibular, revi- sando aspectos clínicos, radiográficos y anatomopatológicos. El schwannoma intraóseo es una entidad poco común, o al menos se encuentra en una condición de subregistro en Argen- tina, por lo que este caso constituye una rareza. Caso clínico: Se presentó a la consulta una paciente de 30 años de edad, derivada al servicio de Cirugía y Trau- matología Bucomaxilofacial del Hospital "Parmenio Piñero" de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires por su odontólogo de cabecera, a raíz de un hallazgo radiográfico durante un control de rutina. Se planificó realizar una biopsia incisio- nal, cuyo resultado anatomopatológico fue compatible con el diagnóstico de schwannoma intraóseo. Se procedió a realizar la enucleación completa. Finalmente, la paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones (AU)


Aim: Schwannoma is a benign neuroectodermal tumor of the nerve sheath or myelin sheath formed by Schwann cells. Approximately between 25 and 48% of the cases are located in the cervicofacial territory, especially in the soft tissues of this region. They can be classified into peripheral and intraosseous schwannomas, the last one can also be reported as central. In- traosseous schwannomas are rare, constituting less than 1% of schwannomas present in the region and less than 0.2% of all primary bone tumors. This publication aims to report a clin- ical case of mandibular intraosseous schwannoma, reviewing clinical, radiographic and anatomopathological aspects. In- traosseous schwannoma is a rare entity, or at least is under a condition of underreport in Argentina, so this case is a rarity. Clinical case: A 30-year-old patient, referred to the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology service of the "Parmenio Piñero" Hospital of Ciudad Autónoma de Bue- nos Aires by her dentist, because of a radiographic finding during a routine check. An incisional biopsy was performed, the anatomopathological result of which was compatible with the diagnosis of intraosseous schwannoma. A complete enu- cleation was performed under local anesthesia. Finally, the patient evolved without complications (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Neuroectodermal Tumors , Dental Service, Hospital , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/pathology
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 216-220, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389842

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los schwannomas son neoplasias derivadas de las células de Schwann de la cubierta de los nervios periféricos. Su desarrollo en la región nasosinusal es poco frecuente, especialmente a nivel septal. Su diagnóstico diferencial es variado y debe establecerse con otras causas más habituales de masa nasal unilateral. Su tratamiento es quirúrgico. Describimos el caso de un varón de 47 años con una masa nasal derecha intervenida mediante cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal y con diagnóstico anatomopatológico de schwannoma septal.


Abstract Schwannomas are tumors that proceed from Schwann cells in the cover of peripheral nerves. It is uncommon in the sinonasal area, especially in the nasal septum. The differential diagnosis is extensive and requires contemplating other more frequent causes of unilateral nasal mass. The current treatment of septal schwannoma is surgical. We report a 47-year-old male with a right nasal mass operated by endoscopic sinonasal surgery with an anatomopathological diagnosis of a nasal septal schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nasal Septum/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Schwann Cells/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Nasal Septum/surgery , Nasal Septum/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 90-93, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362095

ABSTRACT

Intramedullary schwanommas are rare, and most cases are reported in cervical region. Less than 20 dorsal intramedullary schwanommas have been reported till date in literature. This is due to their cell of origin, the Schwann cell, which is not normally found within the parenchyma of the brain and spinal cord; therefore it is not surprising that these lesions are rare. We report a rare solitary dorsal intramedullary schwanomma in a young adult patient who presented with paraplegia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Spinal Cord/surgery , Spinal Cord/pathology , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Laminectomy/methods , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
5.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(4): 167-170, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411047

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es el tumor benigno de nervio periférico más frecuente. Su presencia en los nervios de miembros inferiores es excepcional, donde representan el 1% de todos los schwannomas. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de treinta y un años que consulta por dolor en la cara anterior de la rodilla derecha, donde se palpa una masa blanda, dolorosa, de 1 cm aproximadamente y dolor en interlínea externa con signo de McMurray positivo. La RM evidenció una estructura ovoidea de señal quística, superficial al retináculo medial en su tercio proximal, de 10 × 8 × 8 mm y lesión del menisco externo en su tercio medio. Se realizó tratamiento artroscópico de la lesión meniscal externa y por vía abierta la exéresis marginal quirúrgica del tumor de partes blandas, con diagnóstico histopatológico de schwannoma. Los schwannomas de nervio periférico, aunque sean una entidad poco frecuente, deben considerarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de las masas dolorosas de la rodilla. Su tratamiento es la exéresis quirúrgica


Schwannoma is the most common benign peripheral nerve tumor, its presence being exceptional in the nerves of the lower limbs, where it represents 1% of all schwannomas. We present the case of a thirty-one-year-old woman who consulted for anterior knee pain, where a soft, painful mass of approximately 1cm and pain on the lateral joint line was assessed. McMurray's sign was positive. MRI showed an ovoid structure with a cystic signal, superficial and proximal to the medial retinaculum, measuring 10 × 8 × 8 mm and a tear in the body and posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. Arthroscopic treatment for the lateral meniscus tear and open surgical marginal excision of the soft tissue tumor were performed, with pathological diagnosis of schwannoma. Peripheral nerve schwannomas, although a rare entity, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of painful knee masses, their treatment being surgical excision


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/surgery , Knee/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Pain/diagnosis , Arthroscopy , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/pathology , Knee/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
6.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 203-206, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar un caso de schwannoma lingual, así como revisar las características diagnósticas (clínicas, por imágenes e histopatológicas) y terapéuticas de esta patología mediante las publicaciones disponibles. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso de schwannoma in- traoral en un hombre de 26 años de edad con un tumor ubica- do en el tercio anterior de la lengua. Se resolvió mediante un único procedimiento quirúrgico bajo anestesia local sin obser- varse recidivas ni secuelas al menos a 12 meses de seguimien- to a distancia. El schwannoma de la lengua es poco frecuente pero sus características clínico-imagenológicas presentan ras- gos benignos que favorecen la resolución mediante una única biopsia quirúrgica total cuando el tamaño y la ubicación sean propicios para ello (AU)


To describe a case of lingual schwannoma, and through a literature review, to provide data on clinical, imaging and pathological features, as well as treatment methods. Clinical case: A 26-year-old male patient with a swelling in the tip of the tongue was diagnosed as having oral schwannoma. A single surgery was performed, without recurrence or postoperative complications at least during a 12-month follow-up. Lingual schwannoma is a rare entity with benign clinical and imaging characteristics that ena- ble surgical removal without prior biopsy when size and oral location are favorable (AU))


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Tongue/pathology , Biopsy , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 492-496, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356961

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores de la región retrorrectal son lesiones poco frecuentes, con potencial de malignidad e infección. Generalmente cursan asintomáticos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 62 años, con dolor pélvico crónico, cuyos estudios imagenológicos informan lesión ocupante de espacio de 3 cm en región presacra. Se procedió a su resección quirúrgica con diagnostico histopatológico de schwannoma.


ABSTRACT Retrorectal tumors are rare but have potential malignant transformation and risk of infection. Thet are usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain and imaging tests showing a 3-cm space-occupying lesion in the presacral region. The lesion resected and the histopathologic diagnosis was schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Risk , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis , Infections , Neoplasms
8.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 91-96, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362249

ABSTRACT

Schwannomas are the fourth most common primary neoplasms affecting the brain and cranial nerves. Central lesions commonly arise from sensory nerve roots, and a common intracranial site is the vestibular branch of the 8th nerve (>85%). We present the case report of a patient who has a schwannoma extending from the pterygopalatine fossa to the orbit, complaining about facial pain in the trajectory of the trigeminal ophthalmic branch. Schwannomas represent 1 to 2% of all neoplasms of the orbit, and trigeminal schwannomas are extremely rare, accounting for less than 0.5% of all intracranial tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery , Trigeminal Nerve Diseases/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Orbit , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 586-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the minimally invasive surgical method for cervical1-2 epidural neurilemmoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, imaging characteristics and surgical methods of 63 cases of cervical1-2 epidural neurilemmoma from July 2010 to December 2018 were reviewed and analyzed. Pain and numbness in occipitocervical region were the common clinical symptoms. There were 58 cases with pain, 30 cases with numbness, 3 cases with limb weakness and 2 cases with asymptomatic mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the tumors located in the cervical1-2 epidural space with diameter of 1-3 cm. The equal or slightly lower T1 and equal or slightly higher T2 signals were found on MRI. The tumors had obvious enhancement. Individualized laminotomy was performed according to the location and size of the tumors, and axis spinous processes were preserved as far as possible. Resection of tumor was performed strictly within the capsule.@*RESULTS@#Total and subtotal resection of tumor were achieved in 60 and 3 cases respectively, and no vertebral artery injury was found. The operation time ranged from 60 to 180 minutes, with an average of 92.83 minutes. The hospitalization time ranged from 3 to 9 days, with an average of 5.97 days. All tumors were confirmed as neurilemmoma by pathology. There was no postoperative infection or cerebrospinal fluid leakage. There was no new-onset dysfunction except 9 cases of numbness in the nerve innervation area. The period of follow-up ranged from 6 months to 8 years (median: 3 years). All the new-onset dysfunction recovered completely. Pain disappeared in all of the 58 patients with pain. Numbness recovered completely in 27 patients while slight numbness remained in another 3 patients. Three patients with muscle weakness recovered completely. The spinal function of all the patients restored to McCormick grade Ⅰ. No recurrence was found on MRI. No cervical spine instability or deformity was found on X-rays.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to resect cervical1-2 epidural neurilemmoma by full use of the anatomical space between atlas and axis and individual laminotomy. It is helpful to prevent cervical instability or deformity by minimizing the destruction of cervical2 bone and preserving normal muscle attachment to cervical2 spinous process. Strict intracapsular resection can effectively prevent vertebral artery injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidural Space/surgery , Laminectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 629-636, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the epidemiological profile and evolution of 20 patients diagnosed with upper- and lower-limb schwannomas. Methods A group of patients was defined for a retrospective evaluation comprising the period between February 2002 and June 2018, in which we studied and evaluated 20 medical records of patients undergoing surgery due to schwannoma; the diagnosis was confirmed by an anatomopathological examination. Results Male and female patients were equally affected. The average age was 50.85 years, ranging from 12 to 77 years. There was a predominance of the upper limb and of the flexor face. The most affected nerve was the ulnar nerve. In total, 6 (30%) patients had transient postoperative complications. No cases of tumor recurrence were identified. Conclusion Schwannoma is a rare and difficult-to-diagnose lesion. It should always be considered as a hypothesis when facing a soft-tissue tumor affecting the limbs. The Tinel sign should be regarded, given its higher correlation with complications. The patients should be informed of the possible postoperative complications, which are frequent but usually transient.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e a evolução de 20 pacientes diagnosticados com schwannoma nos membros superiores e inferiores. Métodos Definiu-se um grupo de pacientes para avaliação retrospectiva, compreendendo o período entre fevereiro de 2002 e junho de 2018, no qual foram estudados e avaliados 20 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico devido a schwannoma; a confirmação diagnóstica foi feita pelo exame anatomopatológico. Resultados Tanto os pacientes do sexo masculino quanto do feminino foram igualmente acometidos, e a média de idade foi de 50,85 anos, variando de 12 a 77 anos. Houve predomínio do membro superior e da face flexora. O nervo mais acometido foi o ulnar, e 6 (30%) pacientes apresentaram complicações pós-operatórias transitórias. Não foi identificado nenhum caso de recidiva tumoral. Conclusão O schwannoma é uma lesão rara e de difícil diagnóstico. Deve sempre ser considerada como hipótese quando se estiver diante de um tumor de partes moles acometendo os membros. O sinal de Tinel deve ser levado em consideração por conta de sua maior correlação com as complicações. Os pacientes devem ser informados quanto às possíveis complicações pós-operatórias, que são frequentes, mas, geralmente, transitórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/epidemiology , Peripheral Nerves , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Neurilemmoma/epidemiology , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/surgery , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e410-e413, agosto 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1118594

ABSTRACT

El schwannoma es un tumor primario, habitualmente, benigno, procedente de las células de Schwann, productoras de la vaina de mielina que recubre los nervios periféricos. Constituye menos del 10 % de los tumores intracraneales y es infrecuente en la edad pediátrica.Se presenta a un paciente de 6 años y 11 meses de edad, previamente sano, con antecedente de cefalea holocraneana intermitente asociado a proptosis y disminución de la agudeza visual del ojo izquierdo, epífora y estrabismo, con evidencia tomográfica de una masa retroocular. Se realizó la exéresis macroscópicamente completa, con diagnóstico anatomopatológico de schwannoma orbitario


Schwannoma is a usually benign primary tumor. It develops from the Schwann cells, which produce the myelin sheath that surrounds the peripheral nerves. It represents less than 10 % of the intracranial tumors, and it is infrequent in the pediatric age.We hereby present a 6-year-and-11-month-old previously healthy patient, with a history of intermittent generalized cephalea associated with proptosis and a diminished visual acuity of the left eye, epiphora and strabismus, with radiological evidence of retro-ocular mass. A macroscopically complete exeresis was performed, with an anatomopathological diagnosis of orbital schwannoma


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Schwann Cells , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Orbit/injuries , Exophthalmos , Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma/surgery
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 63-66, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125784

ABSTRACT

Los tumores retroperitoneales son lesiones infrecuentes. Las tumoraciones nerviosas benignas como los schwannomas representan menos del 3% de ellos, siendo extremadamente raros los que afectan el nervio obturador. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con importante afectación funcional en miembro inferior izquierdo y dolor pélvico, al que se le diagnosticó neoplasia retroperitoneal. Fue intervenido por vía laparoscópica objetivándose la dependencia de la lesión del nervio obturador. Se llevó a cabo una exéresis completa de la lesión preservando parcialmente el nervio. El paciente tuvo una evolución funcional y álgica muy favorable. La anatomía patología reveló la presencia de schwannoma, del denominado subtipo "anciano", sin datos de malignidad. Consideramos que el informe de un caso como este puede ayudar a conocer una patología muy infrecuente y a tener en consideración algunos puntos clave como la técnica de abordaje y la necesidad de preservación de las estructuras nerviosas.


Retroperitoneal tumors are uncommon; benign tumors originating in the nerve cells as schwannomas represent less than 3%, while schwannomas of the obturator nerve are extremely rare. We report the case of a male patient with significant functional compromise of the left lower limb and pelvic pain who was diagnosed with a retroperitoneal tumor. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery during which the compromise of the obturator nerve was evident. The lesion was completely resected with partial preservation of the nerve. The patient progressed with favorable functional recovery and pain relief. The histopathological examination reported a benign ancient schwannoma. We believe that this case report can help to understand a very rare condition and consider some key points such as the technique of approach and the need for preservation of the nerve structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Obturator Nerve/injuries , Arthroplasty/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Neuralgia/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(4): 308-314, 15/12/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362566

ABSTRACT

Introduction Schwannomas are benign tumors originating from the cells, which wrap around axons that are usually encapsulated and solitary. These tumors usually lead to little or no symptomatology. They are usually the most common peripheral nerve tumors in adults, with their highest incidence between the third and fifth decades of life. Objective To perform a review about schwannoma of the peripheral nerves, presenting its definition, epidemiology, diagnosis, symptomatology and treatment. Methodology This is a descriptive work, based on a review of articles available in the PubMed database with the descriptors schwannoma and peripheral nerves. Results and Discussion Only papers published between 1981 and 2019, describing studies in humans, and that were available as full articles were selected. A total of 391 articles were included; after reading the titles, we noted that 67 articles fit the topic of the present study. Among the articles selected for reading, 33 fit the objectives of the present work, and were considered for the writing of the present article. Conclusion Schwannomas are benign myelin sheath tumors that develop with local symptomatology or asymptomatic and present a good surgical prognosis with generally reduced rates of surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/etiology , Neurilemmoma/physiopathology , Neurilemmoma/epidemiology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
17.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(5): 450-453, oct. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058300

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Presentamos un caso infrecuente de Schwannoma de colon derecho tratado por una colectomía laparoscópica. Caso Clínico: La presentación clínica fue de un tumor subepitelial del colon derecho que cursa con anemia. La resección fue realizada por vía laparoscópica sin incidentes posoperatorios. El diagnóstico fue realizado por la histopatología y la inmunohistoquímica, que mostró una positividad intensa para S100 en las células tumorales con un índice de proliferación KI67 menor al 1%, por lo que se concluye que se trata de una lesión benigna.


Introduction: We present a rare case of right colon Schwannoma treated by laparoscopic colectomy. Case Report: Clinical presentation was a right colon's subepithelial lession and anemia. The resection was performed laparoscopically without postoperative incidents. The diagnosis was by histopathology and immuno histo chemistry that showed an intense positivity for S100 in tumor cells with KI67 proliferation index less than 1%, so concluded a benign lession.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colonoscopy , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy/methods
18.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 360-370, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040029

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are benign tumors originating from differentiated Schwann cells. Being the least common intraoral neoplasm of neural origin, it is rarely seen in the palate. The literature lacks an extensive review of intraoral schwannoma confined to the palate. Objective To review previously reported cases of palatal schwannoma along with an illustrative case, and to provide a better insight regarding clinicopathological and radiological features of this neural tumor in a rare intraoral site. Data Synthesis We present a case of palatal schwannoma in a 16-year-old female. An additional 45 cases were identified in 2 medical database searches (PubMed and Google Scholar) published fromthe year 1985 onwards, and from13 countries, in the 5 continents. The ages of the patients ranged from3 to 84 years old. Palatal schwannoma showed a slight predilection to females, with a male/female ratio of ~ 1:1.81. Hard palate involvement is almost twice greater than soft palate involvement. Surgical excision was employed inalmost all of the cases, and recurrence was reported only once. Conclusion Palatal schwannomas, although rare, have been reported both over the hard and the soft palate. They mostly present as a painless, firm, well-encapsulated, slow-growing solitary lesion over the lateral palatal aspect. Imaging can add to suspicion and can delineate a differential diagnosis, but the diagnosis is confirmed by pathological examination. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is almost always inconclusive. Immunohistochemistry can assist in confirming a diagnosis, but is more important to rule out close differentials. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice, and recurrence or malignant transformation are extremely rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Palatal Neoplasms/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/epidemiology
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 354-359, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040017

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are benign, solitary, encapsulated tumors that may originate at any site of the peripheral nervous system, with the exception of the olfactory and optic nerves. Schwannomas of the base of tongue are very rare, and only sporadic cases are documented. The tongue base represents a challenge for surgeons. Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser might provide an effective surgical option for such lesions because of the easy access to the lesion, the bloodless surgical field and optimum epithelization of wounds. Objective We present an unusual case of pedunculated schwannoma of the tongue base treated via transoral CO2-assisted excision. We also provide a review of the available literature, in English language, on humans. Data synthesis The authors searched the PubMed database and Google up to July 2018. The following search terms were applied: tongue and lingual, combined with schwannoma and neurilemmoma. Titles and abstracts were screened, and, then, only supraglottic (hypopharyngeal) tongue base masses were considered. Fourteen articles were included in this review, reporting 17 cases. The age of the patients ranged from 9 to 39 years, affecting predominantly females. Dysphagia and lump sensations were the most common presenting symptoms, and the mean follow-up period range was 1.5 to 60 months (mean = 13 months). There was no evidence of recurrence in any of the cases. Conclusion We could conclude that tongue base schwannomas are rare. Transoral complete excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice. CO2 laser surgery is a minimally invasive treatment option that has been performed in few reports with no recurrence and with favorable outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Carbon Dioxide/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Neurilemmoma/pathology
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(3): 199-202, 15/09/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362592

ABSTRACT

Orbital schwannomas are rare, presenting a rate of incidence between 1 and 5% of all orbital lesions. Their most common clinical symptoms are promoted by mass effect, such as orbital pain and proptosis. The best complementary exam is the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which shows low signal in T1, high signal in T2, and heterogeneous contrast enhancement. The treatment of choice is surgical, with adjuvant radiotherapy if complete resection is not possible. We report the case of a 24-year-old male patient with orbital pain and proptosis, without previous history of disease. The MRI showed a superior orbital lesion compatible with schwannoma, which was confirmed by biopsy after complete resection using a fronto-orbital approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Neurilemmoma/complications , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Neoplasms , Craniotomy/methods
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