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1.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 24-28, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342518

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease understood as a complex syndrome with motor and non-motor symptoms, including sleep-related conditions, such as periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). This paper presents issues regarding Parkinson's disease, motor and non-motor symptoms, sleep physiology, and PLMS. In conclusion, both conditions seem to be correlated through impairment of the dopaminergic system.


A doença de Parkinson é uma doença neurodegenerativa entendida como uma síndrome complexa com sintomas motores e não motores, incluindo condições relacionadas ao sono, como movimentos periódicos dos membros durante o sono (MPMS). Este artigo apresenta questões relacionadas à doença de Parkinson, sintomas motores e não motores, fisiologia do sono e MPMS. Em conclusão, ambas as condições parecem estar correlacionadas por comprometimento do sistema dopaminérgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease/complications , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
3.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(2): 14-17, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280778

ABSTRACT

The white matter hyperintensities (WMH, leucoaraiosis) represent the most common kind of ischemic vascular lesion of the white matter due to small vessel diseases, and occurs frequently in the elderly. Consequent to the neuroimaging identification arouse the need for their assessment. The group of Fazekas proposed a systematized semi-quantitative visual scale to score such lesions where two parameters were considered, extent and localization. The original scale was further modified, to a simplified version. Although other more complex scales have appeared, researchers remarked that the relatively simple Fazekas scale, in comparison to the complex ones and to volumetric measures, appeared to be sufficient when analyzing relationships between clinical parameters and WMH load in a clinical setting.


As hiperintensidades da substância branca (HSB, leucoaraiose) representam o tipo de lesão isquêmica mais comum da substância branca decorrente de doenças de pequenos vasos e ocorre frequentemente em idosos. Consequente à identificação por neuroimagem surgiu a necessidade de sua avaliação. O grupo de Fazekas propos uma escala visual semiquantitativa sistematizada para pontuar tais lesões, onde foram considerados dois parâmetros, extensão e localização. A escala original foi modificada para constituir uma versão mais simplificada. Embora outras escalas mais complexas tenham aparecido, pesquisadores comentaram que a relativamente simples escala de Fazekas, em comparação às mais complexas e a método volumétrico, mostrou-se suficiente quando é analisada a relação entre parâmetros clínicos e a carga de HSB em um cenário clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoaraiosis/pathology , Leukoaraiosis/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Aging , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods
4.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(2): 8-13, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280767

ABSTRACT

Dementia is a syndrome characterized by a decline of two or more cognitive functions, affecting social or professional life. Alzheimer's Disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that represents 53% of dementia cases; memory loss, inability to recognize faces, impaired judgement, disorientation and confusion are possible common symptoms. Vascular Dementia is responsible for 42% of dementia cases, due to cerebrovascular pathologies, and the clinical aspects are related to the extension and location of the brain injury. Lewy Bodies Dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder that represents 15% of dementia cases, and its symptoms include visual hallucinations, parkinsonism and fluctuating cognitive decline. Frontotemporal dementia is a group of clinical syndromes, divided in Behavioral-variant, characterized by disinhibition, compulsions, apathy, aberrant sexual behavior and executive dysfunction; and Primary Progressive Aphasia, which is subdivided in Nonfluentvariant and Semantic-variant. Vitamin B12 deficiency is a reversible cause of dementia, with a wide clinical feature, that includes psychiatric symptoms such as depression and irritability, hematological symptoms related to anemia (e.g. dyspnea and fatigue), and neurological symptoms including dementia and neuropathy. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is also reversible, presenting forgetfulness, changes in mood, decline of executive functions, reduced attention, and a lack of interest in daily activities as symptoms. The radiological findings vary depending on the etiology of dementia. For that reason, understanding neuroimaging and clinical aspects is important to diagnose effectively.


A demência é uma síndrome que consiste em um declínio de um ou mais domínios cognitivos, que afeta o desempenho social ou profissional do indivíduo. A Doença de Alzheimer é um transtorno neurocognitivo que representa 53% dos casos de demência; seus sintomas podem incluir perda de memória, incapacidade de reconhecer rostos familiares, julgamento comprometido desorientação e confusão mental. A Demência Vascular é responsável por 42% dos casos de demência e é causada por doenças cerebrovasculares, seus achados clínicos são relacionados com o local e com a extensão do dano cerebral. Já a Demência por Corpos de Lewy é uma doença neurocognitiva que representa 15% dos casos de demência, cujos sintomas incluem alucinações visuais, parkinsonismo e flutuação cognitiva. A Demência Frontotemporal, por sua vez, é um grupo de síndromes, que se dividem em variante comportamental ­ caracterizada por desinibição, compulsão, apatia, hipersexualidade e disfunções executivas ­ e Afasia Progressiva Primária, subdividida em variante não-fluente e variante semântica, que cursam com disfunções da linguagem. Há, ainda, a Deficiência de Vitamina B12, uma causa reversível de demência. Ela possui um quadro clínico variado, que inclui sintomas psiquiátricos, como depressão e irritabilidade, sintomas hematológicos relacionados a anemia, como dispneia e fadiga) e sintomas neurológicos, que incluem demência e neuropatias. Uma outra causa reversível é a Hidrocefalia de Pressão Normal, que se apresenta com esquecimentos, alterações de humor, perda de função executiva e redução da atenção e do interesse nas atividades cotidianas. Os achados de neuroimagem variam dependendo da etiologia da demência. Assim, compreender os aspectos clínicos e radiológicos é importante para um diagnóstico efetivo..


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Dementia, Vascular/diagnosis , Dementia/complications , Dementia/epidemiology , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/epidemiology , Vitamin B 12 Deficiency/etiology , Prevalence , Cerebrum/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure/etiology , Memory Disorders
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e142-e148, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152045

ABSTRACT

La gripe se asocia al aparato respiratorio, especialmente en invierno, y puede causar complicaciones neurológicas. Se evaluó a pacientes pediátricos con manifestaciones neurológicas graves por gripe desde septiembre de 2018 hasta febrero de 2019 para determinar características clínicas, neuroimagenología, tratamiento y resultados. El objetivo fue evaluar la encefalitis asociada a la gripe y destacar diferentes manifestaciones neurológicas y cambios de neuroimagenología. El estudio incluyó a 13 pacientes. Los síntomas neurológicos ocurrieron tras los síntomas típicos de la gripe. Los cambios de neuroimagenología incluyen alteraciones de señal de la sustancia blanca cortical y subcortical, edema localizado o generalizado y lesiones multifocales simétricas bilaterales en el tálamo y la médula del cerebelo. Las opciones terapéuticas incluyen metilprednisolona en inyección intravenosa, inmunoglobulina intravenosa, plasmaféresis y oseltamivir. Es fundamental considerar la encefalitis asociada a la gripe en pacientes con convulsiones, la encefalopatía con hallazgos radiológicos compatibles, e iniciar el tratamiento lo antes posible


Influenza is mostly associated with the respiratory tract system, especially in the winter season. Various neurological complications could occur due to influenza infection. Pediatric patients who had severe neurological manifestations due to influenza infection from September 2018 to February 2019 were evaluated for clinical characteristics, neuroimaging studies, treatment, and outcome. We aimed to assess Influenza-associated encephalitis in children, emphasize different neurological manifestations and neuroimaging changes. Thirteen patients were included in the study. Neurological symptoms occurred after flu-like symptoms. Neuroimaging changes of influenza-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy include cortical and subcortical white matter signal alterations, localized or generalized edema, and bilateral symmetrical multifocal lesions on the thalamus and cerebellar medulla. Pulse methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, and oseltamivir are the therapy choices. It is essential to consider influenza-associated encephalitis in patients with seizures, encephalopathy with supporting radiological findings, especially during the influenza season and starting treatment as fast as possible for better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Brain Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Encephalitis/diagnostic imaging , Influenza, Human/complications , Turkey/epidemiology , Brain Diseases/therapy , Encephalitis/therapy , Neuroimaging , Neurologic Manifestations
6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1718-1734, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922670

ABSTRACT

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a popular modulatory technique for the noninvasive diagnosis and therapy of neurological and psychiatric diseases. Unfortunately, current modulation strategies are only modestly effective. The literature provides strong evidence that the modulatory effects of TMS vary depending on device components and stimulation protocols. These differential effects are important when designing precise modulatory strategies for clinical or research applications. Developments in TMS have been accompanied by advances in combining TMS with neuroimaging techniques, including electroencephalography, functional near-infrared spectroscopy, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. Such studies appear particularly promising as they may not only allow us to probe affected brain areas during TMS but also seem to predict underlying research directions that may enable us to precisely target and remodel impaired cortices or circuits. However, few precise modulation strategies are available, and the long-term safety and efficacy of these strategies need to be confirmed. Here, we review the literature on possible technologies for precise modulation to highlight progress along with limitations with the goal of suggesting future directions for this field.


Subject(s)
Brain/diagnostic imaging , Electroencephalography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
7.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 528-540, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888738

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) causes great decrements in health and quality of life with increments in healthcare costs, but the causes and pathogenesis of depression remain largely unknown, which greatly prevent its early detection and effective treatment. With the advancement of neuroimaging approaches, numerous functional and structural alterations in the brain have been detected in MDD and more recently attempts have been made to apply these findings to clinical practice. In this review, we provide an updated summary of the progress in translational application of psychoradiological findings in MDD with a specified focus on potential clinical usage. The foreseeable clinical applications for different MRI modalities were introduced according to their role in disorder classification, subtyping, and prediction. While evidence of cerebral structural and functional changes associated with MDD classification and subtyping was heterogeneous and/or sparse, the ACC and hippocampus have been consistently suggested to be important biomarkers in predicting treatment selection and treatment response. These findings underlined the potential utility of brain biomarkers for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Brain/diagnostic imaging , Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Quality of Life
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888217

ABSTRACT

UK Biobank (UKB) is a forward-looking epidemiological project with over 500, 000 people aged 40 to 69, whose image extension project plans to re-invite 100, 000 participants from UKB to perform multimodal brain magnetic resonance imaging. Large-scale multimodal neuroimaging combined with large amounts of phenotypic and genetic data provides great resources to conduct brain health-related research. This article provides an in-depth overview of UKB in the field of neuroimaging. Firstly, neuroimage collection and imaging-derived phenotypes are summarized. Secondly, typical studies of UKB in neuroimaging areas are introduced, which include cardiovascular risk factors, regulatory factors, brain age prediction, normality, successful and morbid brain aging, environmental and genetic factors, cognitive ability and gender. Lastly, the open challenges and future directions of UKB are discussed. This article has the potential to open up a new research field for the prevention and treatment of neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Biological Specimen Banks , Brain , Neuroimaging , United Kingdom
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 433-445, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887679

ABSTRACT

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by attacks of moderate or severe headache and various neurological symptoms. Acupuncture, as a commonly used non-pharmacological therapy, has the advantage of obvious therapeutic effect and few side effects in the prevention and treatment of migraine. But the underlying mechanism of acupuncture on migraine remains unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have helped to objectively assess the effect of acupuncture on treating migraine and offered new opportunities to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture on treating migraine. In order to better understand the current status of neuroimaging studies on the therapeutic mechanism of acupuncture on migraine and shed light on future research, this review aims to overview the neuroimaging studies in recent 10 years from two aspects: (1) Central mechanism of acupuncture on treating acute migraine attack; (2) Central mechanism of acupuncture on preventing migraine attack.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Neuroimaging
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 423-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887678

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) greatly affects the quality of life and functional activities of patients. It is important to clarify the underlying mechanisms of KOA pain and the analgesic effect of different therapies. Neuroimaging technology has been widely used in the basic and clinical research of pain. In the recent years, neuroimaging technology has played an important role in the basic and clinical research of KOA pain. Increasing evidence demonstrates that chronic pain in KOA includes both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. The neuropathic mechanism involved in KOA pain is complex, which may be caused by peripheral or central sensitization. In this paper, we review the regional changes of brain pathophysiology caused by KOA pain based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalogram (MEG), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and other neuroimaging techniques. We also discuss the central analgesic mechanism of different KOA therapies, with a focus on the latest achievements in the evaluation and prediction of pain. We hope to provide new thoughts for the treatment of KOA pain, especially in the early and middle stages of KOA.


Subject(s)
Chronic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Neuroimaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Quality of Life , Technology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878734

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension,also known as pseudotumor cerebri,is a syndrome characterized by raised intracranial pressure of unknown cause.These patients present normal neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis while increased intracranial pressure and associated symptoms and signs.Delay of treatment can cause severe visual impairment.There are some new understandings of this disease,and we will review the pathogenesis,diagnosis,and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Hypertension , Neuroimaging , Pseudotumor Cerebri/therapy
12.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021280, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249026

ABSTRACT

Invasive aspergillosis is an uncommon infection, which is mainly seen among immunocompromised patients. In recent years, cases of aspergillosis involving immunocompetent hosts are increasingly being reported. Herein, we report the case of a 27-year-old man with fever, productive cough, shortness of breath, and left hemiparesis. He had suffered trauma to his head 25 days prior. Imaging of the chest showed bilateral cavitary lesions in the lungs, and neuroimaging revealed a space-occupying lesion in the right frontoparietal cerebrum. He was suspected of having an abscess or metastasis. He died on day 3 of hospitalization, and an autopsy was performed. The autopsy revealed the cause of death to be invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, with brain dissemination. Invasive aspergillosis is uncommon in apparently immunocompetent individuals, and we discuss the autopsy findings in detail.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Immunocompromised Host , Neuroaspergillosis/pathology , Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis/pathology , Autopsy , Neuroimaging
14.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e394, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144459

ABSTRACT

En radiología se utilizan varias técnicas imagenológicas para el diagnóstico de enfermedades y la asistencia en intervenciones quirúrgicas con el objetivo de determinar la ubicación y dimensión exacta de un tumor cerebral. Técnicas como la Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y la Resonancia Magnética permiten determinar la naturaleza maligna o benigna de un tumor cerebral y estudiar las estructuras del cerebro con neuroimágenes de alta resolución. Investigadores a nivel internacional han utilizado diferentes técnicas para la fusión de la Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y Resonancia Magnética al permitir la observación de las características fisiológicas en correlación con las estructuras anatómicas. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo elaborar un proceso para la fusión de neuroimágenes de Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y Resonancia Magnética. Para ello se definieron 5 actividades en el proceso y los algoritmos a utilizar en cada una, lo cual propició identificar los más eficientes para aumentar la calidad en el proceso de fusión. Como resultado se obtuvo un proceso de fusión de neuroimágenes basado en un esquema híbrido Wavelet y Curvelet que garantiza obtener imágenes fusionadas de alta calidad(AU)


In radiology, various imaging techniques are used for the diagnosis of diseases and assistance in surgical interventions with the aim of determining the exact location and dimension of a brain tumor. Techniques such as Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance can determine the malignant or benign nature of a brain tumor and study brain structures with high-resolution neuroimaging. International researchers have used different techniques for the fusion of Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance, allowing the observation of physiological characteristics in correlation with anatomical structures. The present research aims to develop a process for the fusion of neuroimaging of Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Five activities were defined in the process and the algorithms to be used in each one, which led identifying the most efficient ones to increase the quality in the fusion process. As a result, a neuroimaging fusion process was obtained based on a hybrid Wavelet and Curvelet scheme that guarantees high quality merged images(AU)


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Wavelet Analysis , Neuroimaging/methods , Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 26(3): 105-112, set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138704

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las crecientes cifras mundiales de prevalencia e incidencia de la Enfermedad de Alzheimer exigen el desarrollo de métodos diagnósticos cada vez más precoces. La enfermedad suele diagnosticarse cuando la patología ya está avanzada y poco se puede hacer terapéuticamente, conllevando una gran pérdida de años de vida y altos costos sociales y familiares. Considerando esta patología como una disrupción a gran escala de las redes neuronales del cerebro humano, distintos estudios han propuesto biomarcadores basados en resonancia magnética y tomografía por emisión de positrones. El presente artículo revisa sistemáticamente dichos estudios considerando un abordaje desde la ciencia de redes neuronales.


Abstract: The increased global prevalence and incidence of Alzheimer's Disease demands the development of early diagnostic methods. This disease is usually diagnosed when the pathology is already advanced and therapeutically, there's not much to do, leading to a great loss of years of life, high socials and family costs. Considering this pathology as a large-scale disruption of neural networks of the human brain, different studies have proposed biomarkers based on functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography. This article systematically reviews these studies considering an approach of neural networks science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Positron-Emission Tomography , Neuroimaging
16.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 49(3): 202-207, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149828

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La neurosífilis es una enfermedad infecciosa crónica ocasionada por Treponema pallidum y puede producir una gran variedad de signos y síntomas neuropsiquiátricos, lo que complica su diagnóstico. Descripción del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 40 años que consultó al servicio de urgencias por una convulsión de novo, junto con un cuadro crónico de deterioro cognitivo y psicosis. Se le realizaron los estudios pertinentes para el diagnóstico de neurosífilis y se inició el tratamiento recomendado. El paciente presentó mejoría clínica y fue dado de alta. Discusión: Con resultados de serología VDRL positivos y hallazgos imagenológicos de atrofia cortical marcada, se consideró una neurosífilis parenquimatosa de tipo tardío, junto con franco deterioro cognoscitivo y psicosis. Se le dejó tratamiento con penicilina cristalina, que disminuyó la intensidad de los síntomas del paciente; sin embargo, el poco interés de este en asistir a sus controles disminuye sus probabilidades de una recuperación adecuada. Conclusiones: La neurosífilis se debe sospechar en pacientes con síntomas neurológicos o psiquiátricos clínicamente evidentes. El análisis de la serología de VDRL y los estudios de neuroimagen son importantes como evaluación inicial del paciente, que debe complementarse con pruebas cognitivas o examen mental para determinar el estado de deterioro cognitivo.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Neurosyphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Treponema pallidum that can cause a great variety of neuropsychiatric signs and symptoms, which complicates its diagnosis. Case description: This case occurred in a 40-year-old man who consulted the Emergency Department because of a convulsion (de novo) which was related to a chronic condition of cognitive impairment and psychosis. The appropriate studies were performed for the diagnosis of neurosyphilis and the recommended treatment was initiated. The patient presented clinical improvement and was discharged. Discussion: Positive VDRL serology results and imaging findings of marked cortical atrophy conducted to consider a late-stage parenchymatous neurosyphilis with serious cognitive impairment and associated psychosis. Treatment with crystalline penicillin was formulated, which reduced the intensity of the patient's symptoms; however, the patient's lack of interest to attend the check-ups significantly reduces his chances of an adequate recovery. Conclusions: Neurosyphilis must be suspected in patients with clinically evident neurological or psychiatric symptoms. Analysis of VDRL serology and neuroimaging studies are important as an initial evaluation of the patient and must be complemented with cognitive tests or mental examination to determine the state of cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neurosyphilis , Penicillins , Psychotic Disorders , Treponema pallidum , Communicable Diseases , Neurocognitive Disorders , Emergencies , Neuroimaging
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(6): 370-379, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Individuals with migraine usually complain about lower memory performance. Diagnostic methods such as neuroimaging may help in the understanding of possible morphologic and functional changes related to the memory of those individuals. Therefore, the aim of this review is to analyze the available literature on neuroimaging changes related to memory processing in migraine. Methods: We searched the following databases: Pubmed/Medline, Psycinfo, Science Direct, Cochrane and Web of Science. We used articles without restriction of year of publication. The combination of descriptors used for this systematic review of literature were Neuroimaging OR Imaging OR Brain AND Migraine OR Chronic Migraine AND Memory. Results: Of the 306 articles found, nine were selected and all used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The studies used structural and functional MRI techniques with a predominance of 3 Tesla equipment and T1-weighted images. According to the results obtained reported by these studies, migraine would alter the activity of memory-related structures, such as the hippocampus, insula and frontal, parietal and temporal cortices, thereby suggesting a possible mechanism by which migraine would influence memory, especially in relation to the memory of pain. Conclusions: Migraine is associated to global dysfunction of multisensory integration and memory processing. This condition changes the activity of structures in various regions related to memory of pain, prospective memory, as well as in short- and long-term verbal and visuospatial memories. However, it is necessary to perform studies with larger samples in association with cognitive tests, and without the interference of medications to verify possible alterations and to draw more concrete conclusions.


RESUMO Introdução: Indivíduos com enxaqueca geralmente se queixam de menor desempenho de memória. Métodos de diagnóstico como a neuroimagem podem auxiliar no entendimento de possíveis alterações morfológicas e funcionais relacionadas à memória desses indivíduos. Portanto, o objetivo desta revisão é analisar a literatura disponível sobre alterações de neuroimagem relacionadas a alterações de memória na enxaqueca. Métodos: Pesquisou-se nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed/MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Science Direct, Cochrane e Web of Science. Foram utilizados artigos sem restrição de ano de publicação. A combinação dos descritores utilizados para esta revisão sistemática da literatura foram Neuroimaging OR Imaging OR Brain AND Migraine OR Chronic Migraine AND Memory. Resultados: Dos 306 artigos encontrados, nove foram selecionados e todos utilizaram ressonância magnética (RM). Os estudos utilizaram as técnicas de RM estrutural e funcional com predomínio de equipamentos de 3 Tesla e imagens ponderadas em T1. De acordo com os resultados obtidos nos estudos, a enxaqueca alteraria a atividade de estruturas relacionadas à memória, como o hipocampo, a ínsula e os córtices frontal, parietal e temporal, sugerindo um possível mecanismo pelo qual a enxaqueca influenciaria a memória, especialmente em relação à memória da dor. Conclusões: A enxaqueca está associada à disfunção global da integração multissensorial e processamento de memória. Essa condição altera a atividade de estruturas em várias regiões relacionadas à memória da dor, à memória prospectiva, bem como às memórias verbais e visuais-espaciais de curto e longo prazo. No entanto, é necessário realizar estudos com amostras maiores em associação com testes cognitivos, e sem a interferência de medicamentos para verificar possíveis alterações e tecer conclusões mais concretas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuroimaging , Migraine Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Memory
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