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Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1309-1326, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982471


Machine learning approaches are increasingly being applied to neuroimaging data from patients with psychiatric disorders to extract brain-based features for diagnosis and prognosis. The goal of this review is to discuss recent practices for evaluating machine learning applications to obsessive-compulsive and related disorders and to advance a novel strategy of building machine learning models based on a set of core brain regions for better performance, interpretability, and generalizability. Specifically, we argue that a core set of co-altered brain regions (namely 'core regions') comprising areas central to the underlying psychopathology enables the efficient construction of a predictive model to identify distinct symptom dimensions/clusters in individual patients. Hypothesis-driven and data-driven approaches are further introduced showing how core regions are identified from the entire brain. We demonstrate a broadly applicable roadmap for leveraging this core set-based strategy to accelerate the pursuit of neuroimaging-based markers for diagnosis and prognosis in a variety of psychiatric disorders.

Humans , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology , Brain/pathology , Neuroimaging/methods , Machine Learning , Comorbidity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981532


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disease. Neuroimaging based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most intuitive and reliable methods to perform AD screening and diagnosis. Clinical head MRI detection generates multimodal image data, and to solve the problem of multimodal MRI processing and information fusion, this paper proposes a structural and functional MRI feature extraction and fusion method based on generalized convolutional neural networks (gCNN). The method includes a three-dimensional residual U-shaped network based on hybrid attention mechanism (3D HA-ResUNet) for feature representation and classification for structural MRI, and a U-shaped graph convolutional neural network (U-GCN) for node feature representation and classification of brain functional networks for functional MRI. Based on the fusion of the two types of image features, the optimal feature subset is selected based on discrete binary particle swarm optimization, and the prediction results are output by a machine learning classifier. The validation results of multimodal dataset from the AD Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) open-source database show that the proposed models have superior performance in their respective data domains. The gCNN framework combines the advantages of these two models and further improves the performance of the methods using single-modal MRI, improving the classification accuracy and sensitivity by 5.56% and 11.11%, respectively. In conclusion, the gCNN-based multimodal MRI classification method proposed in this paper can provide a technical basis for the auxiliary diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.

Humans , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neural Networks, Computer , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(3): 325-336, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407821


RESUMEN: Introducción: La neuroimagen estructural y funcional en la esquizofrenia ha tomado fuerza en los últimos años, por lo que esta revisión tiene por objetivo describir hallazgos de esta técnica que contribuyen a la fisiopatología, diagnóstico y pronóstico de esta patología. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed/Medline de estudios clínicos que abordan el estudio con neuroimágenes en la esquizofrenia. Resultados: La búsqueda arrojó 2200 resultados, de los cuales fueron incluidos 13 estudios, los que arrojaron hallazgos que se tradujeron en alteraciones neurocognitivas, tales como alteraciones funcionales y estructurales de la amígdala asociada a síntomas negativos, reducción morfométrica de la región frontal, alteraciones en la perfusión del giro del cíngulo anterior y la corteza parietal inferior izquierda, desregulación de la enzima histona deacetilasa, entre otros. Conclusiones: Esta revisión brinda una visión actualizada sobre los hallazgos de la neuroimagenología que pueden aportar a la comprensión de los mecanismos patológicos detrás de este trastorno psicótico, así como su utilidad diagnóstica y potencial contribución al seguimiento de esta enfermedad.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Structural and functional neuroimaging in schizophrenia has gained strength in recent years, so this review aims to describe neuroimaging findings that contribute to the physiopathological understanding, monitoring, and diagnosis of this pathology. Methods: A PubMed/Medline search was conducted for clinical studies addressing neuroimaging in schizophrenia. Results: The search yielded 2200 results, from which 13 studies were included, which provided findings, such as functional and structural alterations of the amygdala, which have shown to be associated with negative symptoms; morphometric reduction of the frontal region, alterations in the perfusion of the anterior cingulate gyrus and the lower-left parietal cortex, deregulation of the histone deacetylase enzyme, among others which translate clinically in neurocognitive deficits. Conclusions: This review provides an updated view on the findings of neuroimaging that can contribute to the understanding of the pathological mechanisms behind this psychotic disorder, its diagnostic usefulness, and its potential contribution to the prognosis and follow-up of this disease.

Humans , Schizophrenia/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 141-148, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386077


OBJECTIVE: To systematically analyze quantitative data about the effects of religion/spirituality and the well-being/quality of life of cancer patients. The second aim was to hypothesize a neurophysiological model of the association between religion/spirituality and the brain. METHODS: This study met the PRISMA Statement and was registered at PROSPERO database. Randomized and Controlled trials investigating religion/spirituality and well-being/quality of life of cancer patients were included. Based on neuroimaging and neurophysiology studies, a neuroanatomical model was developed to hypothesize the relationship between neuroscience and religion/spirituality. RESULTS: A large effect size was found on the improvement of well-being/quality of life (SMD = 3.90 [2.43-5.38], p < 0.01). Heterogeneity was high among studies (I2 = 98%, p < 0.01). Specific regions of the brain, such as the temporal lobes, amygdalae and hippocampus, regions from the limbic system, were hypothesized to take part in the religion/spirituality phenomena and the well-being/quality of life improvement. CONCLUSION: Religion/spirituality intervention, mainly the Islamic, promotes an improvement on wellbeing/quality of life of cancer patients.

OBJETIVO: Analisar sistematicamente dados quantitativos sobre os efeitos da religião/espiritualidade e o bem-estar/qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer. O segundo objetivo foi levantar a hipótese de um modelo neurofisiológico da associação entre religião/espiritualidade e o cérebro. MÉTODOS: Este estudo seguiu as recomendações do PRISMA e foi registrado no PROSPERO. Estudos randomizados e controlados investigando religião/espiritualidade e o bem-estar/qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer foram incluídos. Com base em estudos de neuroimagem e neurofisiologia, um modelo neuroanatômico foi desenvolvido para hipotetizar relações entre neurociência e religião/espiritualidade. RESULTADOS: Um tamanho de efeito grande foi encontrado na melhoria do bem-estar/qualidade de vida (SMD = 3,90 [2,43-5,38], p < 0,01). A heterogeneidade foi alta entre os estudos (I2 = 98%, p < 0,01). Regiões específicas do cérebro, como lobos temporais, amídalas e hipocampo, regiões do sistema límbico, foram hipotetizadas como participantes dos fenômenos religião/espiritualidade e melhoria do bem-estar/qualidade de vida. CONCLUSÃO: A intervenção religiosa/espiritual, principalmente islâmica, promove melhora no bem-estar/qualidade de vida em pacientes com câncer.

Humans , Quality of Life/psychology , Religion and Psychology , Spirituality , Neoplasms/therapy , Complementary Therapies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Neuroimaging/methods , Islam
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32211, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426444


A dor neuropática é causada por uma lesão ou doença do sistema nervoso somatossensitivo. Trata-se de uma manifestação sindrômica que envolve mecanismos inflamatórios e imunes com fisiopatologia ainda pouco esclarecida. O espectro de apresentação da dor neuropática é amplo e, assim, constitui um desafio na prática clínica. Este problema de saúde pública necessita de ampla capacidade técnica dos clínicos generalistas. Torna-se relevante identificar o potencial de cronificação do sintoma e adotar abordagens mitigantes do processo lesivo, estrutural e emocional. Nesse sentido, o diagnóstico adequado da dor neuropática é o primeiro passo na abordagem ao paciente. Diante disso, essa revisão objetiva facilitar a melhor escolha dos métodos diagnósticos no manejo clínico do paciente. Dentre estes, é possível citar a imagem por ressonância magnética funcional, eletroneuromiografia, tomografia por emissão de pósitrons, microneurografia, teste quantitativo sensorial, biópsias de pele, estudos de condução nervosa e de potencial somatossensorial evocado. A dor, por ser um processo sensorial subjetivo, apresenta amplo espectro de manifestações clínicas. Por essa razão, é possível fazer uso de técnicas como métodos de triagem e exames complementares para um diagnóstico mais específico.

Neuropathic pain is caused by an injury or illness of the somatosensory nervous system. It is a syndromic manifestation that involves inflammatory and immune mechanisms, whose pathophysiology is still poorly understood. The spectrum of presentation of neuropathic pain is wide and, therefore, it is a challenge in clinical practice. This public health problem requires the broad technical capacity of general practitioners. It is relevant to identify the potential for chronicity of the symptom and adopt mitigating approaches to the harmful, structural, and emotional process. In this sense, the proper diagnosis of neuropathic pain is the first step in approaching the patient. Therefore, this review aims to facilitate the best choice of diagnostic methods in the clinical management of the patient. Among these, functional magnetic resonance imaging, electroneuromyography, positron emission tomography, microneurography, quantitative sensory testing, skin biopsies, nerve conduction and evoked somatosensory potential studies are possible. Pain, being a subjective sensory process, has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. For this reason, it is possible to make use of techniques such as screening methods and complementary exams for a more specific diagnosis.

Humans , Somatosensory Cortex , Central Nervous System Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Chronic Pain/diagnosis , Nervous System/physiopathology , Parasympathetic Nervous System , Central Nervous System , Triage , Neuroimaging/methods , Nerve Conduction Studies
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 24-28, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342518


Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease understood as a complex syndrome with motor and non-motor symptoms, including sleep-related conditions, such as periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). This paper presents issues regarding Parkinson's disease, motor and non-motor symptoms, sleep physiology, and PLMS. In conclusion, both conditions seem to be correlated through impairment of the dopaminergic system.

A doença de Parkinson é uma doença neurodegenerativa entendida como uma síndrome complexa com sintomas motores e não motores, incluindo condições relacionadas ao sono, como movimentos periódicos dos membros durante o sono (MPMS). Este artigo apresenta questões relacionadas à doença de Parkinson, sintomas motores e não motores, fisiologia do sono e MPMS. Em conclusão, ambas as condições parecem estar correlacionadas por comprometimento do sistema dopaminérgico.

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease/complications , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(2): 8-13, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280767


Dementia is a syndrome characterized by a decline of two or more cognitive functions, affecting social or professional life. Alzheimer's Disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that represents 53% of dementia cases; memory loss, inability to recognize faces, impaired judgement, disorientation and confusion are possible common symptoms. Vascular Dementia is responsible for 42% of dementia cases, due to cerebrovascular pathologies, and the clinical aspects are related to the extension and location of the brain injury. Lewy Bodies Dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder that represents 15% of dementia cases, and its symptoms include visual hallucinations, parkinsonism and fluctuating cognitive decline. Frontotemporal dementia is a group of clinical syndromes, divided in Behavioral-variant, characterized by disinhibition, compulsions, apathy, aberrant sexual behavior and executive dysfunction; and Primary Progressive Aphasia, which is subdivided in Nonfluentvariant and Semantic-variant. Vitamin B12 deficiency is a reversible cause of dementia, with a wide clinical feature, that includes psychiatric symptoms such as depression and irritability, hematological symptoms related to anemia (e.g. dyspnea and fatigue), and neurological symptoms including dementia and neuropathy. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is also reversible, presenting forgetfulness, changes in mood, decline of executive functions, reduced attention, and a lack of interest in daily activities as symptoms. The radiological findings vary depending on the etiology of dementia. For that reason, understanding neuroimaging and clinical aspects is important to diagnose effectively.

A demência é uma síndrome que consiste em um declínio de um ou mais domínios cognitivos, que afeta o desempenho social ou profissional do indivíduo. A Doença de Alzheimer é um transtorno neurocognitivo que representa 53% dos casos de demência; seus sintomas podem incluir perda de memória, incapacidade de reconhecer rostos familiares, julgamento comprometido desorientação e confusão mental. A Demência Vascular é responsável por 42% dos casos de demência e é causada por doenças cerebrovasculares, seus achados clínicos são relacionados com o local e com a extensão do dano cerebral. Já a Demência por Corpos de Lewy é uma doença neurocognitiva que representa 15% dos casos de demência, cujos sintomas incluem alucinações visuais, parkinsonismo e flutuação cognitiva. A Demência Frontotemporal, por sua vez, é um grupo de síndromes, que se dividem em variante comportamental ­ caracterizada por desinibição, compulsão, apatia, hipersexualidade e disfunções executivas ­ e Afasia Progressiva Primária, subdividida em variante não-fluente e variante semântica, que cursam com disfunções da linguagem. Há, ainda, a Deficiência de Vitamina B12, uma causa reversível de demência. Ela possui um quadro clínico variado, que inclui sintomas psiquiátricos, como depressão e irritabilidade, sintomas hematológicos relacionados a anemia, como dispneia e fadiga) e sintomas neurológicos, que incluem demência e neuropatias. Uma outra causa reversível é a Hidrocefalia de Pressão Normal, que se apresenta com esquecimentos, alterações de humor, perda de função executiva e redução da atenção e do interesse nas atividades cotidianas. Os achados de neuroimagem variam dependendo da etiologia da demência. Assim, compreender os aspectos clínicos e radiológicos é importante para um diagnóstico efetivo..

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Dementia, Vascular/diagnosis , Dementia/complications , Dementia/epidemiology , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/epidemiology , Vitamin B 12 Deficiency/etiology , Prevalence , Cerebrum/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure/etiology , Memory Disorders
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(2): 14-17, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280778


The white matter hyperintensities (WMH, leucoaraiosis) represent the most common kind of ischemic vascular lesion of the white matter due to small vessel diseases, and occurs frequently in the elderly. Consequent to the neuroimaging identification arouse the need for their assessment. The group of Fazekas proposed a systematized semi-quantitative visual scale to score such lesions where two parameters were considered, extent and localization. The original scale was further modified, to a simplified version. Although other more complex scales have appeared, researchers remarked that the relatively simple Fazekas scale, in comparison to the complex ones and to volumetric measures, appeared to be sufficient when analyzing relationships between clinical parameters and WMH load in a clinical setting.

As hiperintensidades da substância branca (HSB, leucoaraiose) representam o tipo de lesão isquêmica mais comum da substância branca decorrente de doenças de pequenos vasos e ocorre frequentemente em idosos. Consequente à identificação por neuroimagem surgiu a necessidade de sua avaliação. O grupo de Fazekas propos uma escala visual semiquantitativa sistematizada para pontuar tais lesões, onde foram considerados dois parâmetros, extensão e localização. A escala original foi modificada para constituir uma versão mais simplificada. Embora outras escalas mais complexas tenham aparecido, pesquisadores comentaram que a relativamente simples escala de Fazekas, em comparação às mais complexas e a método volumétrico, mostrou-se suficiente quando é analisada a relação entre parâmetros clínicos e a carga de HSB em um cenário clínico.

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoaraiosis/pathology , Leukoaraiosis/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Aging , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e394, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1144459


En radiología se utilizan varias técnicas imagenológicas para el diagnóstico de enfermedades y la asistencia en intervenciones quirúrgicas con el objetivo de determinar la ubicación y dimensión exacta de un tumor cerebral. Técnicas como la Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y la Resonancia Magnética permiten determinar la naturaleza maligna o benigna de un tumor cerebral y estudiar las estructuras del cerebro con neuroimágenes de alta resolución. Investigadores a nivel internacional han utilizado diferentes técnicas para la fusión de la Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y Resonancia Magnética al permitir la observación de las características fisiológicas en correlación con las estructuras anatómicas. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo elaborar un proceso para la fusión de neuroimágenes de Tomografía por Emisión de Positrones y Resonancia Magnética. Para ello se definieron 5 actividades en el proceso y los algoritmos a utilizar en cada una, lo cual propició identificar los más eficientes para aumentar la calidad en el proceso de fusión. Como resultado se obtuvo un proceso de fusión de neuroimágenes basado en un esquema híbrido Wavelet y Curvelet que garantiza obtener imágenes fusionadas de alta calidad(AU)

In radiology, various imaging techniques are used for the diagnosis of diseases and assistance in surgical interventions with the aim of determining the exact location and dimension of a brain tumor. Techniques such as Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance can determine the malignant or benign nature of a brain tumor and study brain structures with high-resolution neuroimaging. International researchers have used different techniques for the fusion of Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance, allowing the observation of physiological characteristics in correlation with anatomical structures. The present research aims to develop a process for the fusion of neuroimaging of Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Five activities were defined in the process and the algorithms to be used in each one, which led identifying the most efficient ones to increase the quality in the fusion process. As a result, a neuroimaging fusion process was obtained based on a hybrid Wavelet and Curvelet scheme that guarantees high quality merged images(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Wavelet Analysis , Neuroimaging/methods , Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 6-13, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055355


Objective: To test the feasibility and to present preliminary results of a neuroimaging protocol to evaluate adolescent depression in a middle-income setting. Methods: We assessed psychotropic medication-free adolescents (age range 14-16 years) with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). Participants underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation and both structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In this pilot study, a preliminary single-group analysis of resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) data was performed, with a focus on the default mode network (DMN), cognitive control network (CCN), and salience network (SN). Results: The sample included 29 adolescents with MDD (mean age 16.01, SD 0.78) who completed the protocol. Only two participants were excluded due to MRI quality issues (head movement), and were not included in the analyses. The scans showed significant connectivity between the medial prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate cortex (DMN), the ACC and anterior insula (SN), and the lateral prefrontal cortex and dorsal parietal cortex (CCN). Conclusion: We demonstrated the feasibility of implementing a complex neuroimaging protocol in a middle-income country. Further, our preliminary rs-fMRI data revealed patterns of resting-state connectivity consistent with prior research performed in adolescents from high-income countries.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging/methods , Quality Control , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cerebral Cortex/diagnostic imaging , Feasibility Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Depressive Disorder, Major/physiopathology , Neural Pathways , Neuropsychological Tests
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(9): 672-674, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038749


ABSTRACT Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) is a paroxysmal, perceptual, visual and somesthetic disorder that can be found in patients with migraine, epilepsy, cerebrovascular disease or infections. The condition is relatively rare and unique in its hallucinatory characteristics. Objective: To discuss the potential pathways involved in AIWS. Interest in this subject arose from a patient seen at our service, in which dysmetropsia of body image was reported by the patient, when she saw it in her son. Methods: We reviewed and discussed the medical literature on reported patients with AIWS, possible anatomical pathways involved and functional imaging studies. Results: A complex neural network including the right temporoparietal junction, secondary somatosensory cortex, premotor cortex, right posterior insula, and primary and extrastriate visual cortical regions seem to be involved in AIWS to varying degrees. Conclusions: AIWS is a very complex condition that typically has been described as isolated cases or series of cases.

RESUMO Síndrome de Alice no País das Maravilhas (SAPM) é uma condição paroxística visual perceptiva e somestésica que pode ser encontrada em pacientes com enxaqueca, epilepsia, doença cerebrovascular ou infecções. A condição é relativamente rara e tem características alucinatórias peculiares. Objetivo: Discutir as potenciais vias envolvidas na SAPM. O interesse pelo assunto surgiu com um caso de nosso serviço, onde a distropsia da imagem corporal foi relatada pela paciente, que via isto em seu filho. Métodos: Os autores revisaram e discutiram a literatura médica de casos relatados de SAPM, possíveis vias anatômicas envolvidas e estudos de imagem funcional. Resultados: Uma complexa rede neural incluindo junção temporoparietal direita, córtex somatossensitivo secundário, córtex pré-motor, região posterior da ínsula direita, e regiões do córtex visual primário e extra-estriatal têm diferentes graus de envolvimento na SAPM. Conclusão: SAPM é uma condição complexa que tipicamente foi descrita apenas com casos isolados ou séries de casos.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/pathology , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hallucinations/pathology , Hallucinations/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging/methods , Headache/pathology , Headache/diagnostic imaging , Neural Pathways
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(10): 654-662, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973929


ABSTRACT Background: Virtual reality therapy (VRT) is an interactive intervention that induces neuroplasticity. The aim was to evaluate the effects of VRT associated with conventional rehabilitation for an upper limb after stroke, and the neuroimaging predictors of a better response to VRT. Methods: Patients with stroke were selected, and clinical neurological, upper limb function, and quality of life were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using a linear model comparing pre- and post-VRT. Lesions were segmented in the post-stroke computed tomography. A voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping approach was used to investigate the relationship between the lesion and upper limb function. Results: Eighteen patients were studied (55.5 ± 13.9 years of age). Quality of life, functional independence, and dexterity of the upper limb showed improvement after VRT (p < 0.001). Neuroimaging analysis showed negative correlations between the internal capsule lesion and functional recovery. Conclusion: VRT showed benefits for patients with stroke, but when there was an internal capsule lesion, a worse response was observed.

RESUMO Introdução: A realidade virtual (RV) é uma intervenção interativa que induz a neuroplasticidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da RV associado à reabilitação convencional na função do membro superior após o AVC e as características preditores de neuroimagem de melhor resposta a esta terapia. Métodos: os pacientes com AVC foram selecionados, e as características neurológicas, a função do membro superior e a qualidade de vida foram avaliadas. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio de modelo linear geral comparando resultados pré e pós-intervenção. As lesões foram segmentadas na tomografia computadorizada após o AVC. A abordagem de mapeamento da lesão-sintoma baseada em voxel foi utilizada para avaliar a relação entre a lesão e a função do membro superior. Resultados: Foram estudados 18 pacientes (8 mulheres, 55,5 ± 13,9 anos). A qualidade de vida, independência funcional, características funcionais e destreza do membro superior apresentaram melhora após RV (p < 0,001). A análise de imagem mostrou correlações negativas principalmente entre a cápsula interna e a recuperação funcional do membro superior. Conclusão: A RV mostrou benefícios para pacientes com AVC, mas quando houve lesão da cápsula interna apresentaram pior resposta à terapia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neuroimaging/methods , Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy/methods , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Activities of Daily Living , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Internal Capsule/injuries , Stroke/diagnosis , Upper Extremity , Gray Matter/injuries , White Matter/injuries