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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 153-160, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Melanocytic lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are an infrequent, broad and diverse group of entities, both benign and malignant, found in all age groups, with imaging findings ranging from well-circumscribed focal lesions to diffuse leptomeningeal involvement. On MRI, they are usually distinguished by a high signal on T1WI sequences, given the paramagnetic effect of melanin, thus making it difficult to differentiate among them. Objective: To describe the imaging and epidemiological characteristics of a retrospective series of CNS melanocytic lesions. Methods: MR images of 23 patients with CNS melanocytic lesions diagnosed between January 2012 and June 2018 were analyzed. Results: Most patients were female (14/23; 61%), with a median age of 47 years (range: 3 weeks to 72 years). The primary melanocytic lesions accounted for 8/19 cases (42.1%), which included neurocutaneous melanosis, meningeal melanocytomas and primary malignant melanomas. Secondary melanocytic lesions (metastatic) accounted for 10/19 cases (52.6%). There was one case of a tumor with secondary melanization, from a melanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy. There were also four cases of primary ocular melanomas. The most frequent findings were the cerebral location, high T1WI signal and marked contrast-enhancement. Conclusions: The present review describes the wide variety of melanocytic lesions that could affect the CNS, emphasizing the MRI characteristics. Knowledge of the imaging, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of CNS melanocytic lesions is essential for their correct interpretation, given the significant overlap between lesion features and the variable prognosis.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: Las lesiones melanocíticas del sistema nervioso central (SNC) corresponden a un grupo infrecuente, amplio y diverso de entidades, tanto benignas como malignas, encontradas en todos los grupos etarios, con hallazgos imagenológicos que van desde lesiones focales bien circunscritas hasta un compromiso leptomeníngeo difuso. A la RM se distinguen por la alta señal en la secuencia T1WI, dado el efecto paramagnético de la melanina, haciendo difícil la diferenciación entre ellas. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas y de de una serie retrospectiva de lesiones melanocíticas del SNC. Métodos: Revisión de imágenes de RM de 23 pacientes con lesiones melanocíticas del SNC diagnosticadas entre enero de 2012 y junio de 2018. Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes fueron mujeres (14/23; 61%), con edades comprendidas entre las 3 semanas de vida hasta los 72 años. Las lesiones melanocíticas primarias representaron 8/19 (42,1%), incluyendo: melanosis neurocutáneas, melanocitomas meníngeos y melanomas malignos primarios. Las lesiones melanocíticas secundarias (metastásicas) representaron 10/19 casos (52,6%). Hubo un caso de tumor con melanización secundaria (tumor neuroectodermico melanocítico de la infancia). Se incluyeron cuatro casos de melanomas oculares primarios. Los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron la localización cerebral, el aumento de señal T1 y el acentuado realce con el gadolinio. Conclusiones: Se describe la amplia variedad de lesiones melanocíticas encontradas en el SNC, enfatizando sus características a la RM. El conocimiento de sus características imagenológicas, clínicas y epidemiológicas es fundamental para su correcta interpretación, dado la notable superposición entre las presentaciones de las lesiones y lo variable de sus pronósticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Melanosis/complications , Melanosis/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/complications , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms , Central Nervous System/pathology , Retrospective Studies
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 351-354, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130885

ABSTRACT

Abstract Secondary osteoma cutis is a phenomenon that may occur in several conditions. When it occurs in a melanocytic nevus it is named osteonevus of Nanta, an event considered uncommon and characterized by the presence of bone formation adjacent or interposed with melanocytic cells. There are reports of its occurrence in various melanocytic lesions, being more frequently associated with intradermal nevus. We report a case of osteonevus of Nanta in combined nevus, possibly the first description of this association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Skin Diseases, Genetic/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/pathology , Ossification, Heterotopic/pathology , Nevus, Intradermal/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Scalp Dermatoses/surgery , Skin Diseases, Genetic/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/surgery , Immunohistochemistry , Ossification, Heterotopic/surgery , Nevus, Intradermal/surgery , Melanocytes/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/surgery
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 455-457, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038310

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Agminated nevus refers to the presence of multiple nevi grouped in a circumscribed skin area; it is rarely reported in the literature. This report presents the case of a 10-year-old female patient with a history of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, who presents multiple nevi in the lumbar and inguinal region. In the histopathological study, an atypical melanocytic nevus was reported. Wood's lamp examination discarded the presence of nevus spilus, and the diagnosis of agminated nevus was reached. The association of this type of nevus with Langerhans cell histiocytosis is rare, and only four cases were found reported in the indexed literature. The reason for this association is unknown, thus a new theory about its origin is presented here.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Dermoscopy , Lumbosacral Region
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 899-901, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973631

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Dermoscopic examination allows visualization of horizontal images on the skin, showing well-defined patterns. The authors propose ex vivo dermoscopic visualization using a vertical view of skin sections. The new image clearly distinguishes the stratum corneum, epidermis, and dermis as well as the anatomical location of the pigment. Will this new approach be useful in dermoscopic diagnosis? Further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Dermoscopy/methods , Melanoma/diagnostic imaging , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Diagnosis, Differential , Melanoma/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 665-670, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949948

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pigmented lesions on acral sites are common; clinical differentiation of nevi and early melanoma can be challenging. In these cases, dermoscopy can provide a more accurate diagnosis. Most dermoscopic patterns on acral skin have been described in Asian and European populations, while there are few studies in Latin American populations. Objectives: To determine the frequency of pigmented lesions in volar skin and their dermoscopic patterns in a Mexican population. Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed in Hispanic patients with the presence of at least one pigmented lesion on acral skin. Clinical and dermoscopic images were obtained. These were subsequently evaluated independently by two dermatologists trained and experienced in dermoscopy. Results: A total of 582 pigmented lesions on volar skin were diagnosed in 321 patients. Overall, prevalence of acral pigmented lesions on volar skin was 6.8%. For both observers, parallel furrows were the most frequent pattern described, but for observer 2, a lattice-like pattern was prevalent on the toes and a homogeneous pattern on the sides of the feet. There was lower inter-observer agreement, with a kappa index of 0.144. Study limitations: The lesions were not biopsied, so clinical-histological correlation could not be performed. The study did not correlate dermoscopic patterns with age. Conclusions. As previously reported by other authors, parallel furrows were the most frequently found dermoscopic pattern on palmoplantar skin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Dermoscopy , Melanoma/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Toes/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Melanoma/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology , Nevus, Pigmented/epidemiology
7.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(3): 105-109, sept. 2018. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022809

ABSTRACT

La dermatoscopia digital es una herramienta que permite el diagnóstico de melanomas en estadios tempranos, por medio del seguimiento de las lesiones pigmentarias a largo plazo. Se comunican tres casos de pacientes con alto riesgo de melanoma, en los cuales ‒a través del seguimiento con dermatoscopia digital‒ se realizó el diagnóstico de la enfermedad mediante la detección de cambios morfológicos, arquitecturales y de pigmentación de las lesiones estudiadas. (AU)


Digital dermoscopy is a tool that allows the early diagnosis of melanomas, through the long-term follow up of pigmentary skin lesions. We report three cases of patients with high-risk of melanoma, in which the diagnosis had been made by morphological, arquitectural and pigmentary changes observed by the digital dermoscopy follow-up. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dermoscopy/trends , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Risk Factors , Dermoscopy/instrumentation , Dermoscopy/methods , Melanoma/prevention & control , Melanoma/diagnostic imaging , Nevus, Pigmented/surgery , Nevus, Pigmented/etiology , Nevus, Pigmented/physiopathology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 531-533, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886997

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Recurrent melanocytic nevus is a proliferation of melanocytes arising from a melanocytic nevus removed partially. Asymmetry and irregular pigmentation may lead to misdiagnosis of melanoma. We report a patient presented with a lesion on the lower abdomen, which was removed by shave excision. Anatomopathological examination revealed an intradermal melanocytic nevus. Two months later, a new irregular hyperpigmented lesion appeared in the surgical scar. Histopathology of the excisional biopsy revealed a recurrent melanocytic nevus. Recurrent melanocytic nevus manifests as a scar with hyper or hypopigmented areas, linear streaking, stippled pigmented halos, and/or diffuse pigmentation patterns. Histologically, the dermoepidermal junction and the superficial dermis show melanocytic proliferation overlying the scarred area. When a pathological report of the previous lesion is not available, complete excision is the gold standard. Otherwise, regular dermoscopic monitoring is a therapeutic option. The present report emphasizes the importance of histopathological examination of the excised material - even in cases of suspected benign lesions - and warns patients about the possibility of recurrence in case of incompletely removed lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy , Dermoscopy , Cell Proliferation , Melanocytes/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/surgery
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(3): 340-344, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886955

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Childhood is a dynamic period regarding nevogenesis. Dermoscopy is a noninvasive technique, recommended for the evaluation of pigmented cutaneous lesions. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe the structures and dermoscopic patterns of melanocytic nevi observed in children and adolescents. Methods: Dermoscopy with photographic documentation was used for nevi located on the face, trunk, and extremities of 38 patients aged from one to 16 years examined at the Pediatric Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo. Results: The study included 201 skin lesions that were diagnosed as nevi during clinic examination. Upon evaluation of the global dermoscopic pattern of the lesions, the most frequently observed nevi were reticular (39.0%), followed by homogeneous (23.9%) and globular nevi (16.4%). During evaluation of the dermoscopic structures, according to the body site, the pigment network was the most observed in the extremities. Study limitations: A limitation to be considered is that the inclusion of small or new lesions may hinder the differentiation between dots and globules. Conclusions: In our study, the most observed pattern was reticular. There was a difference in the predominance of structures dependent on the anatomical location.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/classification , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermoscopy , Nevus, Pigmented/classification
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(3): 379-382, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886971

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of Kamino bodies in Reed nevus, since most studies to date show conflicting data on this issue. This was a retrospective observational study, in which the histopathology of 19 Reed nevus lesions were reviewed. The slides were stained by hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff, with a special focus placed on the identification of Kamino bodies. Some clinical data were also collected. The median patient age was 12 years (range of 2 to 58). The women to men ratio was 5:4. Lesions were located on different parts of the body. Kamino bodies were found in eleven lesions (57.89%). five showed pigmented Kamino bodies (26.31%), four non-pigmented Kamino bodies (21,05%), and 2 (10.52%) had both. Kamino bodies, pigmented or not, are a common histological finding in Reed nevus and may well represent a good marker to differentiate these from malignant melanomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Inclusion Bodies/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Staining and Labeling , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 78-83, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838791

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare measurements of lesions clinically diagnosed as choroidal nevi using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and 10- and 20-MHz ultrasound (US). Methods: This prospective study, which was conducted between May 2011 and December 2011, evaluated eyes diagnosed with choroidal nevus via photographic documentation using 10- or 20-MHz A- and B-mode US (experienced examiner using both the transpalpebral technique and direct contact) or SD-OCT in the enhanced depth imaging mode (performed by a different examiner blinded to the US results). Anteroposterior (AP) and transverse (T) US sections corresponded to sections adjusted perpendicularly on SD-OCT. Results: We evaluated 14 eyes from 12 patients (six males, mean patient age= 64.5 years) diagnosed with choroidal nevus. The choroidal nevi of all samples had a melanocytic profile. Moreover, eight nevi were located at the equator, five nevi were located in the posterior pole (peripapillary in one sample), and one nevus shifted from the equator to the periphery. On SD-OCT, the maximum measurable dimension was 9 mm. The lesions in the posterior pole were easier to evaluate, and image acquisition of lesions located more peripherally was possible depending on patient cooperation. The accurate assessment of height was difficult. Baseline dimensions on 10- and 20-MHz US were larger than those determined via OCT. No significant differences in height were observed between US and SD-OCT. All parameters were statistically similar between 10- and 20-MHz US measurements. Conclusions: No significant difference in the AP and T diameters was observed between 10- and 20-MHz US measurements; however, these measurements (AP and T) were significantly higher than those obtained using OCT. No significant differences in height were observed among the techniques adopted.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as medidas obtidas de lesões diagnosticadas clinicamente como nevus de coroide através da tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Inc.), ultrassonografia com 10 MHz e de 20 MHz. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo realizado entre maio e dezembro de 2011, avaliou olhos com diagnóstico de nevus de coroide, utilizando documentação fotográfica, ultrassonografia com transdutor 10-MHz e 20-MHz A- e B-mode e SD-OCT em modo de EDI, por um examinador diferente para cada técnica. Os cortes realizados perpendiculares entre si, correspondentes ao corte ântero-posterior e latero-lateral à ultrassonografia. Resultados: Foram avaliados 14 olhos de 12 pacientes (6 do sexo masculino), com média de idade média de 64,5 anos. Todos os nevus tinham um perfil melanocítico. Observou-se 8 nevus no equador, 5 no polo posterior (peripapilar em uma amostra), e 1 deslocado a partir do equador para a periferia. Em SD-OCT, a dimensão máxima mensurável foi de 9 mm. As lesões no polo posterior eram mais fáceis de avaliar e aquisição de imagens de lesões mais periféricas era possível, dependendo da colaboração do paciente. A avaliação precisa da altura era difícil. As dimensões usando transdutor 10-MHz e 20-MHz US foram maiores que as encontradas pelo SD-OCT. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas na altura entre métodos SD-OCT e US. Todas as medidas foram estatisticamente semelhantes entre 20-MHz e 10-MHz. Conclusão: Para o parâmetro AP e T não foi detectada diferença entre as medidas utilizando US de 10-MHz e de 20-MHz. Porém estas medidas se mostraram significativamente maiores em relação à medida obtida com OCT. Para a altura, não foram detectadas diferenças estatística em relação à técnica utilizada, US 10-MHz e 20-MHz e SD-OCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Choroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Choroid Neoplasms/pathology , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(2): 231-233, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838047

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Proliferative nodules can occasionally arise on congenital and acquired melanocytic nevi. At first sight their clinical and pathologic features cause alert to both dermatologist and dermatopathologist. However, proliferative nodules are typically benign, regression is common and there is minimum risk of malignization. We present a new case of proliferative nodule in melanocytic nevi with features of deep penetrating nevus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Melanoma/pathology , Nevus/pathology
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 107-109, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838021

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Nevus spilus is a melanocytic cutaneous lesion consisting of a light brown background macule with numerous superimposed darker maculopapular speckles. Melanoma arising from a nevus spilus is rare, with less than 40 cases reported to date. The absolute risk for malignant transformation is not well defined, lacking a standardized management approach. We report a new case of melanoma arising from nevus spilus, with the additional peculiarity of multifocality. We offer our recommendations for the management of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Melanoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Melanocytes/pathology
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 95-97, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887074

ABSTRACT

Abstract Divided nevus, also known as kissing nevus, is a rare variant of congenital melanocytic nevi in which there are two adjacent nevi in areas of the body that undergo embryonic cleavage. The original description of this type of lesion was on the eyelid. The location on the penis is even rarer, with only 17 case reports in the literature so far, and only one of them described the dermoscopic findings. We report the case of a patient with divided nevus of the penis and its clinical, dermoscopic and histopathological features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Penis/pathology , Dermoscopy , Melanocytes/pathology
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 54-56, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837925

ABSTRACT

Abstract Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis is a rare syndrome, defined as the simultaneous presence of vascular nevus and melanocytic nevus in the same patient. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman presented with dermal melanosis and extensive vascular nevus, which match the typical manifestations of phakomatosis pigmetovascularis of cesioflammea type, according to Happle's classification. The rare occurrence of this genodermatosis and the clinical exuberance of the skin lesions motivated this case report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Neurocutaneous Syndromes/pathology , Melanosis/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin/pathology , Port-Wine Stain/pathology , Rare Diseases/pathology
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(1): 58-60, jan.-fev. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771122

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Estudo realizado para descrever um caso da síndrome de Cogan Reese. Paciente do sexo feminino, 55 anos, com diagnóstico de síndrome de Cogan Reese. Melhor acuidade visual de 0,67 em olho direito e 0,2 em olho esquerdo. Pelo exame biomicroscópico não se detectou anormalidades no olho direito. No olho esquerdo haviam nódulos pigmentados na superfície anterior da íris, irregularidades corneanas e buraco iriano (pseudopolicoria). A pressão intra-ocular era 18 mmHg no olho esquerdo e havia atrofia óptica glaucomatosa no disco óptico. A paciente havia sido submetida à trabeculectomia três anos atrás. Recentemente o tratamento medicamentoso possibilitou o controle relativo da pressão intraocular. Gonioscopia revelou sinéquias anteriores periféricas. A microscopia especular eletrônica mostrou ICE-cells e baixa contagem de células. A cirurgia filtrante para tratamento do glaucoma usualmente tem sucesso quando realizada precocemente, mas ela pode falhar devido à endotelização da fístula pela membrana anormal do endotélio corneano. O tratamento medicamentoso foi efetivo apesar da falha na trabeculectomia.


ABSTRACT Study conducted to report a case of Cogan Reese syndrome. Female patient, 55 years old with diagnosis of Cogan Reese syndrome. Best visual acuity of 0.67 in the right eye and 0.2 in the left eye. By biomicroscopic examination there was no abnormalities in the right eye. In the left eye there were pigmented nodules on the anterior surface of the iris, corneal irregularities and iris hole (pseudopolycoria). The intraocular pressure was 18 mmHg in the left eye and there was glaucomatous optic atrophy of the optic disk. The patient had been subjected to trabeculectomy three years ago. Recently medical treatment allowed the relative control of intraocular pressure. Gonioscopy revealed peripheral anterior synechiae. Corneal specular microscopy showed ICE-cells and low cell count. Glaucoma filtering surgery is usually successful when done early, but it may fail due to endothelialization of the fistula by the abnormal corneal endothelium. Medical treatment was effective despite a fail trabeculectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Iris/pathology , Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome/diagnosis , Iris Diseases/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Trabeculectomy , Glaucoma/surgery , Treatment Failure , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Gonioscopy , Intraocular Pressure/physiology
18.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 32(2): 34-37, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-947108

ABSTRACT

El nevo de Becker, es un hamartoma cutáneo benigno de etiología desconocida, que se presenta como una mácula hiperpigmentada de bordes geográficos. Por lo general, se ubica en la región torácica superior y su compromiso tiende a ser unilateral. Ocasionalmente el nevo de Becker se asocia a anomalías en el tejido óseo, muscular o cutáneo, siendo la ictiosis una característica muy infrecuente. La presencia de alguna de estas anomalías asociadas a un Nevo de Becker determina el síndrome del Nevo de Becker. Paciente de sexo masculino de 18 años, que consultó por un cuadro iniciado en la infancia, caracterizado por la aparición de manchas cafés, escamosas, pruriginosas que inicialmente se ubicaron en las extremidades inferiores y con el tiempo fueron apareciendo en tronco, región lumbar y glútea. Mediante la correlación clínico-patológica se llegó al diagnóstico de Nevo de Becker, con características ictiosiformes. Se realizaron estudios complementarios con ecocardiograma Doppler y radiografía de tórax, que resultaron normales y una ecotomografía Doppler color de tórax anterior que mostró una leve ginecomastia bilateral con discreto aumento del botón mamario derecho y una leve hipoplasia del pectoral mayor derecho diagnosticándose Síndrome de Nevo de Becker. La mayoría de los reportes de Síndrome de nevo de Becker describen anomalías como escoliosis o hipoplasia unilateral de la mama, con escasos reportes sobre ictiosis. Se reporta este caso por su presentación atípica con múltiples nevos de Becker, compromiso de hemicuerpo inferior y su asociación ictiosiforme poco descrita en la literatura.


Becker's nevus is a benign cutaneous hamartoma of unknown etiology; it appears as a hyperpigmented macula with geographical borders. Usually it is located in the upper thoracic region, unilaterally. Occasionally Becker nevus is associated with abnormalities in the bony, muscle or skin tissue, being ichthyosis an unusual feature. The presence of some of these anomalies associated with Becker´s nevus determine the Becker´s nevus syndrome. Male patient of 18 years old who had a clinical history that begun in childhood, characterized by the appearance of brown, scaly, itchy patch that initially were located in the lower extremities and eventually were appearing in the trunk, lumbar and gluteal area. The clinical-pathological correlation led us to the diagnosis of Becker´s nevus with ichthyosiform features. Additional studies were performed such as Doppler echocardiography and chest radiograph, both normal. Color Doppler ultrasonography of anterior chest showed a slight bilateral gynecomastia with discrete increase of the right breast and a slight hypoplasia of the right major pectoral, determining a Becker´s nevus syndrome. Most reports of Becker´s nevus syndrome described abnormalities such as scoliosis or unilateral breast hypoplasia, few cases have been reported with ichthyosis. This case is reported for its atypical presentation with multiple Becker´s nevus, compromise of the lower body and its ichthyosiform association, rarely described in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Hamartoma/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnosis , Syndrome , Biopsy , Hamartoma/complications , Hamartoma/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(4): 506-509, Oct.-Dec. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the distribution of larger diameter in the pathological report of cutaneous melanoma patients. Methods Data were obtained from patients seen from 1994 to 2015. Date, sex, age, maximum diameter, histological subtype, primary site, microscopic thickness, mitoses, ulceration, vertical growth phase, and regression were the variables studied. This study was approved by the National Ethics Committee - Brazil Platform. Patients were grouped into smaller diameter (≤6mm) and larger diameter (>6mm). The statistical analysis used the χ2test (p<0.05). Results Of the 292 patients analyzed, 123 were seen between 1994 and 2004, and 169 between 2005 and 2015; in that, 151 women and 141 men, mean age of 52 years. The diameters ranged from 2 to 76mm (mean of 14mm), 81 patients with smaller diameter (≤6mm) and 211 with larger diameter (>6mm). Out of 81 patients with smaller diameter, 29 had invasive melanoma, while 179 of the 211 with larger diameter were invasive. A difference was observed in frequency of vertical growth phase. Conclusion Pigmented skin lesions with diameter smaller than 6mm should not be an excluding factor for biopsies, especially when patients present risk of developing skin cancer.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a distribuição do maior diâmetro reportado no laudo histopatológico de portadores de melanoma cutâneo. Métodos Os dados foram obtidos de pacientes atendidos de 1994 a 2015. Data, sexo, idade, diâmetro máximo, subtipo histopatológico, sítio primário, espessura microscópica, mitoses, ulceração, fase de crescimento e regressão foram as variáveis estudadas. O estudo foi aprovado pela Comissão Nacional de Ética em Pesquisa na Plataforma Brasil. Os pacientes foram agrupados em diâmetro menor (≤6mm) e maior (>6mm). Análise estatística utilizou o teste χ2 (p<0,05). Resultados Dos 292 pacientes analisados, 123 foram atendidos entre 1994 e 2004, e 169 entre 2005 e 2015, sendo 151 mulheres e 141 homens, com média de idade de 52 anos. Os diâmetros variaram de 2 a 76mm (média de 14mm), sendo 81 pacientes com diâmetro menor que 6mm e 211 com diâmetro maior. Dos 81 pacientes com diâmetro menor, 29 apresentavam melanoma invasivo, enquanto 179 dos 211 com diâmetro maior eram invasivos. Houve também diferença de frequência da fase de crescimento vertical. Conclusão Diâmetro de lesões pigmentadas menor que 6mm não deve ser fator excludente para realização de biópsias, especialmente para paciente de risco para câncer de pele.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Early Detection of Cancer/standards , Melanoma/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Tumor Burden , Biopsy , Chi-Square Distribution , Mitotic Index , Melanoma/prevention & control , Neoplasm Invasiveness
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(2): 178-183, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The dermoscopic features of vulvar melanosis lesions are well known. To our knowledge, there are only a few case reports about dermoscopic features of pigmented genital lesions in male patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dermoscopic and clinical characteristics of benign lesions of the genital area in both males and females, and to assess the distinguishing dermoscopic criteria of vulvar melanosis and atypical melanocytic nevi of the genital type. METHODS: 68 patients with pigmented genital lesions were included in this observational study (28 male and 40 female). A punch biopsy was taken from all pigmented lesions and histopathological examination was performed on all specimens. RESULTS: We histopathologically diagnosed: genital melanosis in 40 lesions, atypical melanocytic nevi of the genital type in 15 lesions, melanocytic nevi in 9 lesions, seborrheic keratosis in 4 lesions. The most frequent locations were the glans penis (19 patients, 67.9%) in males and the labia minora (19 patients, 47.5%) in females. The mean age of patients with atypical nevi (28,6 ± 11,36) was significantly lower than the mean age of patients with genital melanosis (47,07 ± 15,33). CONCLUSIONS: Parallel pattern is prominent in genital melanosis, ring-like pattern is only observed in genital melanosis. Most pigmented lesions on the genital area are solitary. Blue-white veil and irregular dots are only observed in AMNGT. According to these results, we propose that histopathological examination is performed, especially if blue-white veil and irregular dots are found by dermoscopy. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Dermoscopy/methods , Melanosis/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Penile Diseases/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin/pathology , Vulvar Diseases/pathology , Age Factors , Biopsy , Keratosis, Seborrheic/pathology , Sex Factors
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