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1.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 63-71, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348216

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica e torcional de instrumentos rotatórios de níquel-titânio com secções transversais semelhantes e confeccionados com diferentes tipos de tratamentos térmicos: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06), Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) e EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Métodos: O teste de fadiga cíclica avaliou o tempo e o número de ciclos para a fratura (NCF) dos instrumentos em canal artificial com 60° de curvatura e 5mm de raio (n=10). O teste de torção avaliou o torque máximo e a deflexão angular para a fratura dos 3mm da ponta dos instrumentos (n=10). Após o teste de torção e de fadiga cíclica, os instrumentos foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) (n=10). Os dados foram analisados empregando-se os testes ANOVA e de Tukey, sendo selecionado um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: HCM apresentou o maior tempo e NCF entre todos os instrumentos avaliados (p<0,05). O SRF apresentou um tempo semelhante (p>0,05) e menor NCF (p<0,05) do que o VB. Em relação ao teste torcional, o HCM apresentou menor valor de torque e maior deflexão angular entre os grupos avaliados (p<0,05). Não houve diferenças significativas entre VB, SRF e EDF em relação à deflexão angular (p>0,05). Conclusão: O HCM apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica e deflexão angular. Entretanto, o VB apresentou maior resistência torcional para a fratura (AU).


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of Nickel-Titanium rotary instruments with similar cross-sectional design and manufactured by different thermal treatments: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06) Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) and EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Material and Methods: Cyclic fatigue test evaluated the time and number of cycles to failure (NCF) in an artificial stainless steel canal with 60° and 5-mm radius of curvature (n=10). The torsional test (ISO 3630-1) evaluated he maximum torque and distortion angle to failure at 3 mm from the tip (n=10). After the torsional and cyclic fatigue test the instruments were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The HCM presented the longest time and highest NCF to fatigue than all the groups (P<0.05). The SRF presented similar time (P>0.05) and lower NCF (P<0.05) to fatigue than VB. Regarding to the torsional test, HCM presented the lowest torque load and the highest distortion angle of all the groups (P<0.05). No significant difference was found among VB, SRF and EDF regarding the distortion angle (P>0.05). Conclusion: The HCM presented the highest cyclic fatigue resistance and distortion angle to failure. However, the VB showed higher torsional load to failure. (AU).


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Torque , Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Fatigue , Nickel
2.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e212020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249707

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: After debonding, white spot may appear on the area below the bracket, which is the early clinical sign of carious lesion. There is increased caries risk underneath and adjacent to orthodontic bands and brackets, which call for maximum use of caries preventive procedures using various fluoride application methods. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate alterations in the mechanical properties (modulus of elasticity and yield strength) in loading and unloading phases for different orthodontic archwires (nickel-titanium [NiTi] and copper-nickel-titanium [CuNiTi]) when exposed routinely to fluoride prophylactic agents for a predetermined period of time. Methods: Preformed rectangular NiTi and CuNiTi wires were immersed in fluoride solution and artificial saliva (control) for 90 minutes at 37ºC. After immersion, specimens were tested using a 3-point bend test on a universal testing machine. Results: There is a significant reduction in the unloading yield strength when the NiTi and CuNiTi wires were exposed to APF gel. Conclusion: The result suggests that use of topical fluoride agents affect the mechanical properties of the wires, leading to increase in treatment duration. Fluoride prophylactic agents must be used with caution in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Injudicious use of these agents may cause corrosive effects on the orthodontic wire surfaces, with alteration in their mechanical properties.


RESUMO Introdução: Após a remoção dos braquetes, manchas brancas podem aparecer na área embaixo deles, as quais são o sinal clínico inicial da lesão cariosa. Existe um maior risco de cáries embaixo e ao redor das bandas e braquetes ortodônticos, o que exige a máxima utilização de procedimentos preventivos de cárie, usando diferentes métodos com aplicação de flúor. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar alterações nas propriedades mecânicas (módulo de elasticidade e resistência ao escoamento), nas fases de carregamento e descarregamento de diferentes fios ortodônticos (níquel-titânio [NiTi] e níquel-titânio com adição de cobre [CuNiTi]), quando expostos rotineiramente a agentes profiláticos fluoretados, utilizados durante um período de tempo predeterminado. Métodos: Os fios pré-contornados retangulares de NiTi e CuNiTi foram imersos em solução fluoretada e saliva artificial (controle) durante 90 minutos a 37°C. Após a imersão, as amostras foram testadas utilizando-se um teste de flexão em três pontos, em uma máquina universal de testes. Resultados: Houve uma redução significativa na resistência ao escoamento na fase de descarregamento quando os fios de NiTi e CuNiTi foram expostos ao gel fluoretado. Conclusão: O resultado sugere que o uso tópico de agentes fluoretados afeta as propriedades mecânicas dos fios, levando a um aumento na duração do tratamento. Os agentes profiláticos fluoretados devem ser utilizados com cautela em pacientes submetidos a tratamento ortodôntico. O uso indiscriminado desses agentes pode causar efeitos corrosivos na superfície dos fios ortodônticos e consequente alteração das suas propriedades mecânicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Copper , Dental Alloys , Fluorides , Nickel , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Nickel/adverse effects
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155014

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the effect of sprue design on the marginal accuracy of the casting. Material and Methods: It was an experimental in-vitro study. There are forty-four crowns of single sprue group with a forty-four double sprue group that was compared in 6 different locations of the margin. The sections were inspected under a microscope at 50X magnification and took a micrograph. The radius from an actual casting edge to a possibly excellent margin was then documented as marginal discrepancy (d), in µm. The marginal discrepancy was documented for each of the six sections per casting. Thus 264 sections were measured for each group. Data were analysed using (ANOVA) for analysis of variance. For bivariate analyses, Chi-square and Student t test were used. The significance level was set at < 0.05. Results: The marginal discrepancy was greater in the single sprue group of cast crown (43.1 ± 4.74 µm) and in double sprue group of cast crown was less (25.7 ± 4.25 µm). This difference is statistically significant (p<0.05). The correlation between single sprue group of casting with a double sprue group of casting by student's t-test where determination height was 95%. Conclusion: Double sprue design produces a higher accurate margin than single sprue design in the nickel-chromium alloy cast crown.


Subject(s)
Chromium Alloys , Crowns , Dental Alloys , Dental Casting Investment , Dental Materials , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance , Nickel
4.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(3): e28, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1253434

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El propósito del estudio in vitro fue comparar la precisión de la longitud de trabajo de Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III y Raypex 6 utilizando limas de acero inoxidable VDW C-Pilot n.º 15 y de níquel-titanio Maillefer n.º15. Materiales y métodos: Este estudio fue experimental in vitro. La muestra fue de treinta y cinco conductos mesiovestibulares de primeras molares inferiores, con cuatro localizadores apicales electrónicos Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III y Raypex6. La longitud real se determinó con un calibrador Vernier digital y la medición electrónica se realizó utilizando limas de acero inoxidable y de níquel-titanio. Resultados: Al comparar la longitud real y longitud electrónica, no se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Se halló diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar la precisión de Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III y Raypex 6 con limas de acero inoxidable; mientras que la precisión con limas de níquel-titanio no se vio afectada. (AU)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the precision of the working length of Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III and Raypex 6 using VDW C-Pilot No. 15 with Maillefer nickel titanium No. 15 and stainless steel files in mesiovestibular ducts of first lower molars. Materials and methods: This was an experimental in vitro study, including 35 mesiobuccal canals of lower first molars. The real length of 4 electronic apical locators, Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III and Raypex6, was determined with a digital Vernier caliper, and electronic measurements were recorded using stainless steel and nickel titanium files. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the real and the electronic lengths of the different tools studied (p <0.05). Conclusions: Statistically significant differences were obtained when comparing the precision of Root ZX mini, Proper Pixi, Woodpex III and Raypex 6 with stainless steel files, while the precision of nickel titanium files was not affected. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Dental Materials , Molar , Nickel , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 605-610, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132347

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the efficiency of using a single instrument from three different rotary multi-file systems and compared them with that of a reciprocating single-file for endodontic retreatment by means of micro-CT. Sixty extracted canines were prepared using a size F2 ProTaper Universal file and obturated. After 30 days of storage at 37ºC and 100% humidity, the teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=15) based on the type of instrument used to retreatment: ProTaper Next (PTN), ProTaper Gold (PTG), TRUShape 3D (TS), and WaveOne (WO). The canals were retreated using only the size 40 instrument from each system according to the manufacturer's recommendations for torque and speed. The time required to remove the filling material was recorded in seconds. The amount of initial and residual filling material and the quantity of dentin removed were assessed by means of micro-CT. Data were statistically analyzed (ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis) at a 5% significance level. TS instruments required the highest (p<0.05) amount of time (mean, 384.80 ±144.92) compared with the WO (229.67±68.16) and PTG (248.67±64.22) and not so different from PTN instruments (327.67±133.3). No differences in the amount of dentin removed, initial and residual filling volume, and percentages of filling material were observed among the groups. The use of a single rotary instrument from the PTG, TS, and PTN systems was as effective as that of the single-file reciprocating WO system. However, none of the instruments was able to remove the filling materials completely.


Resumo Este estudo laboratorial avaliou por meio de micro-CT a eficiência do uso de um único instrumento de três sistemas rotatórios em retratamentos endodônticos, comparados a um instrumento único reciprocante. Sessenta caninos extraídos foram preparados usando o sistema ProTaper Universal (F2) e obturados. Após 30 dias de armazenamento a 37 ºC e 100% de umidade, os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos (n = 15), de acordo com o instrumento utilizado para remover as obturações endodônticas: ProTaper NEXT (PTN), ProTaper Gold (PTG), TRUShape 3D (TS) e WaveOne (WO). Os canais foram retratados usando apenas o instrumento tamanho 40 de cada sistema, seguindo as recomendações do fabricante para torque e velocidade. O tempo necessário para remover a obturação foi registrado em segundos. A quantidade de material remanescente e o volume de dentina removida foram avaliadas por meio de micro-CT. Análise estatística foi realizada (ANOVA e Kruskal-Wallis), com nível de significância de 5%. O tempo de trabalho no grupo TS foi significativamente maior (p<0.05) (média, 384,80 ± 144,92) comparado a WO (229,67 ± 68,16) e PTG (248,67 ± 64,22), e similar a PTN (327,67 ± 133,3). Não houve diferenças entre os grupos na quantidade de dentina removida e nas porcentagens de material obturador residual. O uso de apenas um instrumento rotatório dos sistemas PTG, TS e PTN foi tão eficaz quanto o do sistema WO reciprocante na remoção do material obturador. No entanto, nenhum dos instrumentos conseguiu remover completamente os materiais obturadores.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Titanium , Root Canal Preparation , Retreatment , Dental Pulp Cavity , Equipment Design , X-Ray Microtomography , Nickel
6.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 60-66, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344589

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica e torcional dos sistemas reciprocantes WFile 25.07 (WF, TDKaFile, Cidade do México, México) e X1 Blue File 25.06 (X1 BF, MK Life, Porto Alegre, Bra- sil) à temperatura corporal. Material e Métodos: Foram utilizados 40 instrumentos reciprocantes WFile 25.07 (WF 25.07) e X1 BF 25.06 (n=20, cada grupo). O teste de fadiga cíclica foi realizada à temperatura corporal (36±1°C). Os instrumentos foram ativados com movimento reciprocante em um canal artificial de aço inoxidável com ângulo de 60o e 5mm de raio de curvatura (n=10). O teste torcional avaliou o torque e o ângulo de rotação necessários para a fratura dos instrumentos (n=10) nos 3mm iniciais da parte ativa do instrumento, de acordo com a norma ISO 3630-1. Os fragmentos fraturados foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e t de Student, sendo utilizado o nível de significância de 5%. Resultado: O X1BF25.06 apresentou maior tempo e número de ciclos para a fratura do que o WF 25.07 (p<0,05). O teste de torção demonstrou que o WF 25.07 apresentou maior torque do que o X1 BF 25.06 (p<0,05). Em relação ao ângulo de rotação, o X1 BF 25.06 apresentou maiores valores do que o WF 25.07 (p<0,05). Conclusão: O X1 BF apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica e maior ângulo para a fratura do que o WF 25.07. Entretanto, o WF 25.07 apresentou maior torque para a fratura do que o X1 BF 25.06 (AU).


Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of reciprocating single-file systems W File 25.07 (WF, TDKaFile, Mexico City, Mexico) and X1 Blue File 25.06 (X1 BF, MK Life, Porto Alegre, Brazil) at body temperature. Materials and Methods: Forty reciprocating instruments of the W File 25.07 (WF 25.07) and X1 BF 25.06 (n=20) were used. Cyclic fatigue tests were performed at body temperature (36° ± 1°C). The instruments were reciprocated until fracture occurred in an artificial stainless steel canal with a 600 angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature (n=10). The torsional test evaluated the torque and angle of rotation at failure of new instruments (n=10) in the portion 3 mm from the tip according to ISO 3630-1. The fractured surface of each fragment was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: X1 BF 25.06 had significantly higher time and NCF to failure than WF 25.07 (P<0.05). The torsional test showed that WF 25.07 had significantly greater torsional strength (p<0.05). In relation to angular rotation, the X1 BF 25.06 showed higher angular rotation values to failure than WF 25.07 (p<0.05). Conclusion: The X1 BF 25.06 had the highest cyclic fatigue resistance and highest angular rotation values to fracture in comparison with WF 25.07. However, WF 25.07 showed higher torsional resistance to fracture than X1 BF 25.06 (AU).


Subject(s)
Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Torsion, Mechanical , Titanium , Fatigue , Nickel
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 51-58, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effect of ZnO nanocoating on mechanical properties of NiTi orthodontic wires and antibacterial activity. Methods: 0.016 x 0.022-in NiTi orthodontic wires were coated with ZnO nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method with three electrodes system in 0.1M Zn(NO3)2. Mechanical properties and frictional resistance of the coated wires were investigated using an universal testing machine. Antibacterial effect of ZnO coating was also investigated. Results: A stable adhered ZnO nanocoating on NiTi wires was obtained. The coated wires have a significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. pyogens and E. coli, and a reduction of frictional forces by 34%. Conclusion: ZnO nanocoating may improve the antibacterial effects of NiTi wires and reduce the frictional resistance. Coating may be implanted in orthodontic practice for faster and safer treatment.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar o efeito do nanorrevestimento de óxido de zinco (ZnO) sobre as propriedades mecânicas e propriedades antibacterianas de fios ortodônticos de NiTi. Métodos: Fios 0,016" x 0,022" de NiTi foram revestidos com nanopartículas de ZnO por meio de um método de deposição eletroquímica com um sistema de três eletrodos a 0,1M Zn(NO3)2. Uma máquina universal de testes foi utilizada para avaliar as propriedades mecânicas e a resistência friccional dos fios revestidos. Além disso, também foram analisadas as propriedades antibacterianas do revestimento de ZnO. Resultados: Obteve-se uma aderência estável das nanopartículas de ZnO sobre os fios NiTi. Os fios revestidos apresentaram atividade antibacteriana significativa contra S. aureus, S. pyogens e E. coli, e apresentaram uma redução de 34% na força de atrito. Conclusão: O revestimento com nanopartículas de óxido de zinco pode melhorar as propriedades antibacterianas e reduzir a resistência friccional dos fios de NiTi. Assim, o revestimento dos fios pode ser utilizado na Ortodontia visando tratamentos mais rápidos e seguros.


Subject(s)
Zinc Oxide/pharmacology , Orthodontic Wires , Staphylococcus aureus , Surface Properties , Titanium/pharmacology , Zinc , Materials Testing , Dental Alloys , Escherichia coli , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nickel
8.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e018, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119296

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las limas rotatorias de níquel-titanio con tratamiento termomecánico se desarrollaron para permitir una mayor flexibilidad al instrumentar los conductos radiculares. Los instrumentos permitieron a los operadores tratar las curvaturas de los conductos con mayor facilidad. Los fabricantes están tratando de producir limas que funcionen de manera más eficiente y segura. Conocer las propiedades de las limas comercializadas es especialmente importante porque ayuda a elegir un sistema de lima apropiado. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la flexibilidad de tres limas diferentes de níquel-titanio (NiTi) con tratamiento termomecánico en dos puntos diferentes. Materiales y métodos: Se midió la flexibilidad de tres limas NiTi con tratamiento termomecánico (ProTaper Gold, 2Shape y V-Taper Fanta Gold). Cada lima fue sujetada a 3 mm y 7 mm (n = 10/longitud/lima) y se utilizó una máquina de ensayo universal para doblarla a una fuerza máxima. Todos los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente por análisis de varianza de una vía y prueba de Tukey post hoc (p = 0,05) para determinar cualquier diferencia significativa. Resultados: Se halló diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05). En general, V-Taper Fanta Gold fue la más rígida, ProTaper Gold mostró los mayores valores de fuerza y su deformación fue significativamente más flexible. Conclusión: Las limas ProTaper Gold mostraron una mayor flexibilidad en comparación con las otras limas estudiadas. (AU)


Background: Nickel-titanium rotary files with thermomechanical treatment were developed to allow greater flexibility when instrumenting the root canals. The instruments allowed operators to deal with duct curvatures more easily. Manufacturers are trying to produce files that work better efficiently and safely. Knowing the properties of marketed files is especially important in helping you choose an appropriate file system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the flexibility of three different nickel-titanium (NiTi) files with thermomechanical treatment at two different points along the file. Materials and methods: The flexibility of three NiTi files with thermomechanical treatment (Protaper Gold, 2Shape and V-Taper Fanta Gold) was measured. Each file was clamped at 3 mm and 7 mm (n = 10 / length / file) and a universal testing machine was used to bend the files to a maximum strength. All data were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey test (P = 0.05) to determine any significant differences. Results: There were statistically significant differences (P <0.05). In general, V-Taper Fanta Gold was the most rigid, Protaper Gold showed the highest values of force and deformation was significantly more flexible. Conclusión: Protaper Gold files showed greater flexibility compared to the other files studied. (AU)


Subject(s)
Titanium , Pliability , Dental Instruments , Alloys , Nickel
9.
Ortodoncia ; 84(168-169): 50-55, jul. 2020 -jun.2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292475

ABSTRACT

La secuencia de arcos en ortodoncia, sobre todo, durante el alineado y nivelado es un tema de gran interés. Para esta etapa se han sugerido fuerzas de 50 gf que no superan la presión hidrostática capilar y no producen reabsorción radicular. El Nitinol es la aleación indicada en sus distintas variantes. Las revisiones sistemáticas no han hallado ventaja de ninguna secuencia de arcos, incluso, equiparando arcos de acero con figuras con el Nitinol termoelástico. La selección de la secuencia de arcos para un paciente depende de las características de la maloclusión(AU)


The sequence of arches in orthodontics especially during alignment and leveling is a subject of great interest. For this stage 50 g forces that do not exceed the capillary hydrostatic pressure and do not produce root resorption have been suggested. Nitinol is the indicated alloy in its different variants. Systematic Reviews have found no advantage of any arch sequence even by matching steel arches with figures with thermoelastic Nitinol. The selection of arch sequence for a patient depends on the characteristics of malocclusion(AU)


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Root Resorption , Titanium , Tooth Movement Techniques , Alloys , Nickel
10.
Ortodoncia ; 84(167): 20-24, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147554

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar el comportamiento de los alambres de aleación de níquel-titanio con y sin propiedades de transformación térmica en la relación carga/deflexión. Materiales y método: Para ello, 30 segmentos de alambres de níquel-titanio con calibre .014" y 30 mm de largo fueron cortados, conformando 10 segmentos de alambre Flexy NiTi de Orthometric®, 10 segmentos Flexy Copper NiTi termoactivado y 10 segmentos CuNiTi de OrmcoTM. Se usó una máquina universal de ensayos Instron® para analizar el comportamiento de carga y deflexión de los segmentos en una prueba de tres puntos, registrando las fuerzas alcanzadas en 0,5 mm: 1 mm, 2 mm y 4 mm de deflexión. Resultados: Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre todos los alambres y entre todas las deflexiones, ya que el alambre Flexy Cooper NiTi presentó la menor carga entre todas las deflexiones analizadas. Conclusión: Se concluye que los alambres termoactivados alcanzan fuerzas más leves, lo que los hace más apropiados para alineaciones iniciales, las cuales requieren un mayor rango de deflexión(AU)


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Titanium/analysis , Pliability , Hot Temperature , Malocclusion , Nickel/analysis , Materials Testing
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135548

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the difference in torsional resistance, angular deflection and fragment length between two new rotary instruments: AF Blue S4 and S-One. These files share all features except cross-sectional design. Material and Methods: A total of 40 new Nickel-Titanium instruments of 25 mm in length were tested in this study and divided in two groups: 20 AF Blue S4, tip 25 and constant 6% taper and 20 AF-Blue S4 tip 25 and constant 6% taper. The torsional test was performed by the use of a torque recording endodontic motor (KaVo, Biberac, Germany). Torque to Fracture (TtF), Angular Deflection (AD) and Fragment Length (FL) was recorded for each instrument. To ensure an immovable block at 3mm of the instrument tip, an auto-polymerizing resin (DuraLay; Reliance Dental Mfg Co, Worth, IL) was used. Each file was rotated clockwise at a speed of 300 rpm until fracture occurred. Results: Group A (AF Blue S4) showed higher TtF and AD than Group B (S-One), and statistical analysis found significant differences between the two instruments (p<0.05). The mean values for FL showed no significant differences (p>0.05) between the two instruments. Conclusion: The AF Blue S4 seems to have a higher resistance to torsional stress in vitro. Clinically, the use of AF Blue S4 could be safer in narrow canals.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , In Vitro Techniques , Torque , Dental Alloys , Torsion, Mechanical , Titanium , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Instruments , Endodontics/instrumentation , Italy/epidemiology , Nickel
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828162

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the safety performance of self-expandable NiTi alloy stents systematically, the dynamic safety factor drawn up by International Organization for Standardization, was used to quantitatively reflect the safety performance of stents. Based on the constitutive model of super-elastic memory alloy material in Abaqus and uniaxial tensile test data of NiTi alloy tube, finite element method and experiments on accelerated fatigue life were carried out to simulate the self-expansion process and the shape change process under the action of high and low blood pressure for three -type stents of 8×30 mm, 10×30 mm, 12×30 mm. By analyzing the changes of stress and strain of self-expanding NiTi alloy stent, the maximum stress and strain, stress concentration position, fatigue strength and possible failure modes were studied, thus the dynamic safety factor of stent was calculated. The results showed that the maximum stress and plastic strain of the stent increased with the increase of grip pressure, but the maximum stress and strain distribution area of the stent had no significant change, which were all concentrated in the inner arc between the support and the connector. The dynamic safety factors of the three stents were 1.31, 1.23 and 1.14, respectively, which indicates that the three stents have better safety and reliability, and can meet the fatigue life requirements of more than 10 years, and safety performance of the three stents decreases with the increase of stent's original diameter.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Finite Element Analysis , Nickel , Reproducibility of Results , Self Expandable Metallic Stents , Stress, Mechanical , Titanium
13.
Odontol. vital ; (31): 31-36, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091425

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Estudio experimental donde se procuró comparar el efecto del sistema manual y del rotatorio sobre la conformación de conductos curvos. Metodología: Una muestra de 40 raíces mesiales de primeras molares inferiores fue aleatorizada en dos grupos iguales: grupos sistema manual de limas K y sistema rotatorio FGK Race®. Se comparó el radio de la curvatura final vs. el inicial mediante el programa Autocat 2015. Se empleó la prueba t con significancia de 0,05. Resultados: El radio de la curvatura varió de manera significativa, tanto para sistema manual como para el rotatorio FGK Race® (p=0,0001 y p=0,0013, respectivamente). Además, el sistema manual produjo mayor variación en el radio de la curvatura al compararlo con el sistema rotatorio 2,23 mm vs. 1,27 mm respectivamente; p=0,13. Conclusiones: Ambos sistemas produjeron modificación en la conformación de los conductos mesiales; sin embargo, en la comparación entre ambos dichas diferencias no fueron significativas.


Abstract Introduction: An experimental study was carried out to compare the effect of the manual system and the rotary system on the conformation of curved conduits. Methodology: A sample of 40 mesial roots of lower first molars was randomized into two equal groups: group manual system of K-files and group rotary system FGK Race®. The radius of the final curvature vs. the initial curvature was compared using the Autocat 2015 program. The t-test with a significance of 0.05 was used. Results: The curvature radius varied significantly for both the manual system and the rotary FGK Race® (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0013, respectively). In addition, the manual system produced greater variation in the radius of the curvature when compared to the rotary system 2.23mm vs. 1.27mm respectively; p = 0.13. Conclusion: Both systems produced modification on the conformation of the conduits of the mesial roots; however, in the comparison between both systems said differences were not significant.


Subject(s)
Stainless Steel/analysis , Titanium/therapeutic use , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity , Molar , Nickel/therapeutic use , Dental Alloys/analysis
14.
Rev. MED ; 27(1): 85-89, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115222

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las reacciones alérgicas al níquel son frecuentes, dados los amplios usos y cualidades que ha demostrado este elemento en la producción industrial; la dermatitis por níquel, aunque afectaba de manera predominante a las mujeres, ha incrementado en los hombres por el uso de accesorios, joyería y bisutería. Las manifestaciones por sensibilización sistémica se conocen como "sarna de níquel" y recuerdan las lesiones de la escabiosis; esta forma clínica ha sido poco notificada en la literatura médica. En este artículo se presenta a una paciente con cuadro clínico típico de dermatitis eczematosa alérgica por contacto al níquel a nivel infra umbilical, con lesiones tales como eritema, edema, vesículas, pápulas, costras hemáticas, li-quenificación por fricción crónica y fisuras. La paciente había presentado un año antes "Sarna de níquel"


Abstract: Allergic reactions to nickel are frequent, given the wide uses and properties that this element has shown in industrial production. Although nickel dermatitis has predominantly affected women, it has increased in men due to the use of accessories and jewelry. Systemic sensitization manifestations are known as "nickel scabies" and resemble scabiosis lesions; this clinical form has been poorly reported by medical literature. This article presents a patient with a typical clinical picture of allergic eczema due to nickel contact at the infra-umbilical level, with lesions such as erythema, edema, blisters, papules, blood scabs, chronic friction lichenification, and fissures. The patient had had "nickel scabies" a year ago.


Resumo: As reações alérgicas ao níquel são frequentes, tendo em vista os amplos usos e qualidades que esse elemento demonstra na produção industrial. A dermatite por níquel, embora afetasse de maneira predominante as mulheres, tem aumentado nos homens pelo uso de acessórios, joias e bijuterias. As manifestações por sensibilização sistémica são conhecidas como "sarna de níquel" e lembram as lesões da escabiose. Essa forma clínica tem sido pouco documentada na literatura médica. Neste artigo, é apresentada uma paciente com quadro clínico típico de dermatite eczematosa alérgica por contato com o níquel em nível infraumbilical, com lesões como eritema, edema, vesículas, pápulas, crostas hemáticas, liquenificação por fricção crónica e fissuras. A paciente tinha apresentado um ano antes a "sarna de níquel".


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Eczema , Erythema , Hypersensitivity , Nickel
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 147-156, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001140

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatoses are common, especially contact dermatitis. Epidemiological studies on these dermatoses are scarce in Brazil and they are necessary as part of the public policy to protect workers' health. OBJECTIVES: To identify sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with occupational contact dermatitis seen between 2000 and 2014 at an occupational dermatology service. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional and retrospective study, based on information obtained from the service's database. RESULTS: Of 560 patients with conclusive patch test, 289 (46.9%) presented occupational dermatoses and 213 occupational contact dermatitis with predominance of the allergic type in relation to the irritative type (149:64 respectively). The odds of occupational dermatoses were higher among men and lower among patients aged 50 years or older and with higher level of education. Regarding the possibility of presenting occupational allergic contact dermatitis, only the gender variable was statistically significant. The professions most seen were cleaners, construction workers, painters, mechanics/metallurgists and cooks. The commonest allergens were nickel sulfate, potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, carba-mix and formaldehyde. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of this study are the fact that it was carried out in a tertiary service of occupational dermatoses and the lack of access to some allergens outside the patch test baseline series. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to identify the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with suspected occupational contact dermatitis seen at the Service, beyond the professional groups and allergens related to a high risk of occupational contact dermatitis in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/epidemiology , Potassium Dichromate/adverse effects , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Caustics/adverse effects , Construction Industry , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Age Factors , Dermatitis, Irritant/etiology , Dermatitis, Irritant/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/etiology , Educational Status , Hand Dermatoses/chemically induced , Hand Dermatoses/epidemiology , Irritants/adverse effects , Nickel/adverse effects
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 51-57, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990064

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El barro dentinario producido durante tratamiento endodóntico puede ser extruido hacia el tejido periradicular junto con el irrigante, produciendo inflamación y dolor postoperatorio. Comparar la cantidad de extrusión apical de barro dentinario e irrigante, producido durante la preparación químico-mecánica, por dos sistemas de instrumentación Rotatoria (Mtwo), y Reciprocante (Reciproc), complementado con irrigación pasiva o activa (Endoactivator). Cuarenta y ocho premolares (48) inferiores, fueron aleatoriamente distribuidos en cuatro grupos de estudio (n=12 dientes), (1) Rotatorio-pasiva, (2) Reciprocante-pasiva, (3) Rotatorio-activa y (4) Reciprocante-activa. Los conductos radiculares fueron instrumentados de acuerdo a las instrucciones del fabricante, e irrigados con hipoclorito de sodio al 5 %. El barro dentinario e irrigante extruido, fueron recolectados en tubos Eppendorf previamente pesados. Se calcularon los valores de extrusión de barro dentinario e irrigante para cada grupo. Los datos fueron analizados con el análisis de varianza ANOVA. En todos los grupos se produjo extrusión apical. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la extrusión apical de barro dentinario, entre los grupos estudiados (P = 0,068), sin embargo, al analizar la extrusión de irrigantes, se evidenció diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos 1 y 4 (P< 0,05), entre los demás grupos no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. (P > 0,05). Bajo las condiciones de este estudio, los sistemas rotarios y reciprocante, extruyen sólido y líquido, siendo el sistema reciprocante el que produce mayor extrusión de líquido, tanto con irrigación activa como pasiva.


ABSTRACT: The smear layer produced during endodontic treatment can be extruded into the periradicular tissue together with the irrigant, producing inflammation and postoperative pain. The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the amount of apical extrusion, produced during the endodontic preparations with two rotary instrumentation systems using passive and active irrigation. Forty-eight (48) mandibular premolars were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n = 12 teeth), (1) Rotatory - passive, (2) Reciprocating passive, (3) Rotatory-active, (4) Reciprocating- active. The root canals were instrumented according to the manufacturer's instructions and irrigated with 5 % sodium hypochlorite. Extruded debris and irrigant were collected in previously weighed Eppendorf tubes. The extrusion values were calculated for each group. The data were analyzed with the ANOVA analysis of variance. Results: Apical extrusion was produced in all groups. No statistically significant differences were found in the apical extrusion of smear layer, between the groups studied (P = 0.068), however, when analyzing the extrusion of irrigants, a statistically significant difference was evidenced between groups 1 and 4 (P <0.05). , among the other groups no statistically significant differences were observed. (P> 0.05). Under the conditions of this study, the reciprocating and rotary systems, extrude solid and liquid, being the reciprocating system the one that produces more extrusion of liquid, with both active and passive irrigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants , Smear Layer , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Titanium/chemistry , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Nickel/chemistry
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4546, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998216

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the levels of nickel and chromium ions in hair and Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) of orthodontic patients and to evaluate the corrosion of orthodontic bracket surfaces. Material and Methods: Nickel and chromium ion concentrations were measured in hair and GCF of 15 patients (9 females and 6 males, aged 16-28 years old) who had fixed orthodontic treatment using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The samples were taken before treatment (baseline), 4, 8, and 16 months later during treatment. Along with ionic sampling, microscopic sampling was done. One of each patient brackets was removed to get 15 brackets per group. Five brackets were taken randomly from each group to be examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data obtained were analyzed using paired t-tests. Results: After 16 months, compared with the baseline, average hair nickel level changed from 0.125 µg/g to 0.956 µg/g with statistically significant difference (p=0.00); average chromium level changed from 0.090 µg/g to 0.295 µg/g but no significant difference (p>0.05); average GCF nickel level changed from 3.335 µg/g to 10.410 µg/g; average chromium level changed from 1.859 µg/g to 9.818 µg/g. Both of these increases were significant (p=0.000). SEM examinations showed that the corrosion on brackets was seen in the fourth month, and more severely visible after 8 and 16 months of uses. Conclusion: After 16 months of treatment, compared with the baseline, the hair nickel level was increased by 7.7 times; while for chromium was by 3.3 times. Gingival crevicular fluid nickel level was increased by 3.1 times and chromium level was by 5.3 times. The longer time of treatment, the more ions released and the more corrosion of brackets will be.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics , Longitudinal Studies , Chromium , Dental Etching/methods , Nickel , Indonesia , Ions
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4990, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998269

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine and compare the corrosion resistance (based on the release of nickel and chromium in artificial saliva) of various brands of stainless steel brackets after thermal recycling by direct flaming. Material and Methods: This research study employed 40 stainlesssteel maxillary premolar brackets from different brands (Ormco, GAC, Versadent, S-Ortho, and Protect), which were divided into 5 groups consisting of 8 brackets. The nickel and chromium content of the metal brackets were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), conducted before immersion. For the first treatment, each group was immersed in artificial saliva without direct flaming (recycling); for the second treatment, each group was immersed in artificial saliva with direct flaming (recycling) for 30 days in a pH-neutral (pH=7) solution. ICP-MS was employed to analyze the nickel and chromium released in saliva. The mean differences were measured with Wilcoxon, Kruskal Wallis test, and Post-Hoc Mann Whitney test. Differences were considered statistically significant when p-value<0.05. Results: The mean corrosion resistance based on the nickel content released by the new brackets was 99.95%, 99.87%, 87.09%, 90.58%, and 90.26% for groups A, B, C, D, and E, respectively. The mean corrosion resistance based on the nickel content released by the recycled brackets was 99.90%, 99.80%, 98.19%, 89.76%, and 72.82%, respectively. There was a significant difference in corrosion resistance among the 5 groups after recycling by direct flaming and between new and recycled brackets in each group. Conclusion: The corrosion resistance of the brackets in groups A (Ormco), B (GAC), D (S-Ortho), and E (Protect) decreased after thermal recycling by direct flaming. The Ormco brackets had the highest corrosion resistance after thermal recycling by direct faming.


Subject(s)
Stainless Steel , Chromium , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Etching , Nickel , Spectrum Analysis/methods , Indonesia
19.
Rev. odontol. Univ. Cid. São Paulo (Online) ; 31(2): 116-124, abr/jun 2019. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1021582

ABSTRACT

Atualmente o uso de instrumentos rotatórios é uma realidade, porém, estes apresentam restos de resíduos na superfície de corte. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), a presença de resíduos na superfície de corte de 20 instrumentos rotatórios de NiTi sem uso. Foram divididos em quatro grupos, a saber: Grupo A - TwistedFile® (n=5), Grupo B - BioRaCe® (n=6), Grupo C - Mtwo® (n=4) e GrupoD - EndoWave® (n=5). As pontas dos instrumentos foram microfotografadas com aumento de 190X a partir do diâmetro inicial para verificar a presença de resíduos. Em seguida, os instrumentos passaram por um rigoroso processo de limpeza e novamente microfotografados com o mesmo padrão de aumento, observando-se a ponta do instrumento e a 5mm da ponta do instrumento. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e submetidos à análise percentual e estatística valendo-se do teste Exato de Fisher e nível de significância de 5%. No que se refere à sujidade ocorreram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre as limas Mtwo® com os outros instrumentos (p<0,05). Concluiu-se que todos os instrumentos estavam sujos, exceto a marca Mtwo® e que após os procedimentos de limpeza a superfície de corte estava isenta de resíduos.


Currently the use of rotary instruments is a reality, however, they have leftover residue on the cut surface. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the presence of residues on the surface of cut 20 NiTi rotary instruments unused. Were divided into four groups as follows: Group A - TwistedFile® (n = 5) Group B - BioRaCe® (n = 6) Group C - Mtwo® (n = 4) Group D - EndoWave® (n = 5). The tip of the instruments was photomicrographed with 190X at magnification from the initial diameter for the presence of residues. Then, instruments passed through a rigorous cleaning and again photomicrographed with the same magnification observing the tip of the instrument and 5mm from the tip of the instrument. Data were tabulated and analyzed statistically percentage and taking advantage of the Fisher exact test and a significance level of 5%. With regard to dirt statistically significant differences between the files Mtwo® with other instruments (p <0.05). It was concluded that all instruments were dirty except Mtwo® brand and after cleaning procedures the cut surface was free of residues.


Subject(s)
Titanium , Microscopy, Electron , Dental Instruments , Nickel
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 62-67, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989683

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aesthetic brackets are routinely combined with metallic wires in fixed orthodontic therapy, mainly due to the disadvantages of the clinical use of aesthetic archwires. The current situation needs to be explored in the literature by considering laypersons' perceptions. Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate laypersons' aesthetic perceptions of metal archwires with and without aesthetic coating. Three age ranges and both sexes were evaluated. Methods: A volunteer using fixed aesthetic orthodontic appliance was photographed wearing the following archwires: stainless steel, nickel-titanium (NiTi), NiTi coated with epoxy resin and NiTi coated with rhodium. Using a 100-mm visual analog scale, 90 laypersons evaluated the photographs. Sex and age ranges (18-30, 31-45, over 46 years of age) were evaluated. The comparisons between the archwires and between age ranges were made using ANOVA and Tukey's test. Genders were compared using Mann-Whitney test. Results: The results showed that the evaluators considered the archwire coated with epoxy resin to be the most aesthetic (60.64 ± 13.04) and the NiTi wire to be the least aesthetic (30.82 ± 7.79) (p< 0.05). Only the range of 31-45 years of age considered the NiTi archwires less aesthetic, when compared with the other age groups. For the other archwires, no statistically significant difference were found between the age groups. No differences between the sexes were detected. Conclusions: The results indicated that the aesthetic coated archwires represent an improvement in the visual aspect of ceramic brackets. The epoxy-coated metal wire was considered the most aesthetic option.


RESUMO Introdução: rotineiramente na terapia ortodôntica fixa, utilizam-se braquetes estéticos combinados com fios metálicos, principalmente devido a algumas desvantagens no uso clínico dos fios estéticos. A percepção estética dos leigos nessa situação precisa ser explorada na literatura. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo transversal foi avaliar a percepção estética dos leigos em relação aos fios ortodônticos metálicos recobertos ou não por materiais estéticos. Três faixas etárias, dos dois sexos, foram avaliadas. Métodos: uma paciente usando aparelho ortodôntico fixo estético foi fotografada com os seguintes fios ortodônticos: aço inoxidável, níquel-titânio (NiTi), NiTi recoberto por resina epóxica e NiTi recoberto por ródio. As fotografias foram avaliadas por 90 leigos, utilizando-se uma escala visual analógica de 100-mm. Ambos os sexos e diferentes faixas etárias (18-30, 31-45 e acima de 46 anos) foram avaliados. As comparações entre os fios e entre as faixas etárias foram realizadas aplicando-se os testes ANOVA e Tukey. Os sexos foram comparados utilizando-se o teste de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: os resultados demonstraram que os avaliadores consideraram o fio recoberto por resina epóxica como o mais estético (60,64 ± 13,04) e o fio de NiTi foi classificado como o menos estético (30,82 ± 7,79) (p< 0,05). Apenas a faixa etária de 31-45 anos considerou o fio de NiTi menos estético, quando comparada às outras faixas etárias; para os outros fios, não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as faixas etárias. Não foi detectada diferença entre os sexos. Conclusões: os resultados indicaram que os fios estéticos recobertos melhoraram o aspecto visual dos braquetes cerâmicos. O fio metálico recoberto por resina epóxica foi considerado a opção mais estética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Wires , Perception , Esthetics, Dental , Stainless Steel , Titanium , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Alloys , Nickel
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