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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 855-861, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985604

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate body mass index (BMI) level, identify the main type of nutritional problem, and describe the population distribution characteristics of BMI among Chinese people aged 80 years or above. Methods: The data of 9 481 oldest-old individuals were obtained from the 2017-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Lambda-Mu-Sigma method, weighted estimates of BMI, and comparisons by BMI quintiles were used to describe the BMI level and distribution characteristics among the oldest-old. Results: The average age of the participants was (91.9±7.7) years, with P50 of the weighted BMI at 21.9 (95%CI: 21.8-22.0) kg/m2. The result of BMI level showed a decreasing trend with age, with a rapid decline before age 100, and then the trend became slower. There are about 30% of the oldest-old classified as undernutrition, but the prevalence of overnutrition is only about 10%. The population distribution characteristics by BMI quintiles showed the oldest-old with lower BMI levels were likely to have the following characteristics: sociodemographically, to be older, female, ethnic minority, unmarried/divorced/widowed, rural residents, illiterate, with inadequate living expenses, located in Central, South, or Southwest China; regarding lifestyles, lower BMI levels were observed for participants who were smoking, not exercising, lack of leisure activities, or with poor dietary diversity; considering functional status, participants with lower BMI levels were those who have poor chewing ability, disability in activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, hearing loss, visual impairment, or poor self-rated health status. The oldest-old with higher BMI levels were likely to have heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes. Conclusions: The overall BMI level was low among the Chinese oldest-old and it showed a downward trend with age. Currently, the main nutritional problem among the Chinese oldest-old was undernutrition rather than overweight or obesity. Management of healthy lifestyles, functional status, and diseases would be helpful to reduce the risk of undernutrition among the oldest-old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Body Mass Index , East Asian People , Ethnicity , Malnutrition , Minority Groups , Centenarians , Nonagenarians
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439185

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Según el Ministerio de Salud las muertes por cáncer constituyen un cuarto del total de las defunciones registradas en Uruguay cada año. Objetivo: Conocer el perfíl epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer asistidos en el Hospital Departamental de Soriano. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo que incluyó a los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer asistidos en el Hospital Departamental de Soriano durante el 2022. Se mantuvo el anonimato de los pacientes en el análisis estadístico y se contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética del Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 113 pacientes nuevos; 53.1% fueron hombres, siendo la mediana de edad al diagnóstico de 69 años. Los 4 tumores más frecuentes para ambos sexos reunidos fueron: mama, próstata, pulmón y colo-recto; la distribución por estadio fue la siguiente: E IV 48.6% pacientes; EIII 22.5%; EII 26.5%; y EI 2.6%. En el 79.6% de las pacientes se contaba con la confirmación del diagnóstico mediante anatomía patológica. El tiempo entre el diagnóstico y el primer tratamiento oncológico fue ≤ 3 meses para el 88.2% de los pacientes. El total de los pacientes con EIV fueron contactados con la Unidad de Cuidados Paliativos. Únicamente el 15% de los casos fueron discutidos en Comité de Tumores. Conclusiones: Los datos analizados permitieron caracterizar el perfil epidemiológico del cáncer de los pacientes procedente de Soriano asistidos en el ámbito público y pueden contribuir a la implementación de políticas públicas orientadas a la prevención y por ende a la mejora en la asistencia pacientes asistidos.


Introduction: According to the Ministry of Health, cancer deaths constitute a quarter of the total deaths registered in Uruguay each year. Objective: To identify the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with cancer treated at the Departmental Hospital of Soriano. Materials and Methods: An observational, retrospective and descriptive study that included patients diagnosed with cancer attended at the Departmental Hospital of Soriano during 2022. The anonymity of the patients was maintained in the statistical analysis and approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the Hospital de Clínicas. Results: A total of 113 new patients were included; 53.1% were men, with a median age at diagnosis of 69 years old. The four most frequent tumors for both sexes were: breast, prostate, lung and colorectal; the distribution by stage was as follows: Stage IV 48.6% patients; Stage III 22.5%; Stage II 26.5%; and Stage I 2.6%. In 79.6% of the patients the diagnosis was confirmed by pathological anatomy. The time between diagnosis and first oncological treatment was ≤ 3 months for 88.2% of patients. The total number of patients with Stage IV were contacted by the Palliative Care Unit. Only 15% of the cases were discussed in the Tumor Committee. Conclusions: The data analyzed made it possible to characterize the epidemiological profile of cancer in patients from Soriano assisted in the public sector and may contribute to the implementation of public policies aimed at prevention and, therefore, at improving patient care.


Introdução: Segundo o Ministério da Saúde, as mortes por câncer constituem um quarto de todas as mortes registradas no Uruguai a cada ano. Objetivos: Conhecer o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com câncer atendidos no Hospital Departamental de Soriano. Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo e descritivo que incluiu pacientes diagnosticados com câncer atendidos no Hospital Departamental de Soriano durante o ano de 2022. O anonimato dos pacientes foi mantido na análise estatística e foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética do Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: foram incluídos 113 novos pacientes; 53,1% eram homens, com mediana de idade ao diagnóstico de 69 anos. Os 4 tumores mais frequentes para ambos os sexos combinados foram: mama, próstata, pulmão e colorretal; a distribuição por estágio foi a seguinte: E IV 48,6% pacientes; EIII 22,5%; EII 26,5%; EI 2,6%. Em 79,6% dos pacientes houve confirmação do diagnóstico pela patologia. O tempo entre o diagnóstico e o primeiro tratamento oncológico foi ≤ 3 meses para 88,2% dos pacientes. Todos os doentes com DIV foram contactados com a Unidade de Cuidados Paliativos. Apenas 15% dos casos foram discutidos no Comitê de Tumores. Conclusões: Os dados analisados ​​permitiram caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico do câncer em pacientes de Soriano atendidos na esfera pública e podem contribuir para a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas para a prevenção e, consequentemente, para a melhoria na assistência aos pacientes atendidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Octogenarians , Sociodemographic Factors , Nonagenarians , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology
3.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e202, jul. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones de la litiasis biliar (LB) son una causa importante de morbilidad en nuestro país y en el mundo entero y generan elevados costos en salud. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar, que pacientes con una complicación de su patología litiásica de la vía biliar (colecistitis, colangitis aguda, pancreatitis aguda), fueron previamente asintomáticos, resultando dicha complicación el debut de la enfermedad. Lugar: Sanatorio Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Diseño: Estudio observacional descriptivo, retrospectivo, análisis de historias clínicas. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron 234 casos clínicos. Se constató en este grupo de pacientes, características epidemiológicas, metodología diagnóstica, tratamientos recibidos y complicaciones. Resultados: Del total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46.6%) tenían una litiasis vesicular asintomática (LVA) y la complicación biliar, fue el debut de su enfermedad. La colecistitis aguda fue la complicación más frecuente (68%), en segundo lugar, la colangitis aguda (22%) y en tercer lugar la pancreatitis aguda (10%). La edad promedio de presentación de la enfermedad fue los 59 años. Conclusiones: Casi la mitad de los pacientes (46.6%) que presentaron una complicación de su litiasis biliar eran asintomáticos. Este sería un argumento importante para indicar la colecistectomía laparoscópica con un criterio profiláctico en pacientes con una LVA.


Introduction : Complications of gallstones are an important cause of morbidity in our country and throughout the world and generate high health costs. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine which patients with a complication of their bile duct stone pathology (cholecystitis, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis) were previously asymptomatic, and this complication resulted in the onset of the disease. Place: Sanatorium Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo Uruguay. Design: Descriptive and retrospective observational study with an analysis of medical records. Materials and Methods: 234 clinical cases were analyzed. Epidemiological characteristics, diagnostic methodology, treatments received, and complications were assessed in this group of patients. Results: Of the total number of patients (n=234), 109 (46.6%) had an asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis and the biliary complication was the debut of their disease. Acute cholecystitis was the most frequent complication (68%), followed by acute cholangitis (22%) and third by acute pancreatitis (10%). The average age of presentation of the disease was 59 years. Conclusions: Almost half of the patients (46.6%) who presented a complication of their gallstones were asymptomatic. This would be an important argument to indicate laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a prophylactic criterion in patients with asymptomatic gallbladder lithiasis.


Introdução: As complicações dos cálculos biliares são uma importante causa de morbidade em nosso país e em todo o mundo e geram altos custos de saúde. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar quais pacientes com uma complicação de sua patologia de cálculo do ducto biliar (colecistite, colangite aguda, pancreatite aguda) eram previamente assintomáticos, e essa complicação resultou no aparecimento da doença. Local: Sanatório Asociación Española de Socorros Mutuos, Montevidéu - Uruguai. Desenho: Estudo observacional descritivo, retrospectivo, análise de histórias clínicas. Materiais e Métodos: Foram analisados ​​234 casos clínicos. Características epidemiológicas, metodologia diagnóstica, tratamentos recebidos e complicações foram avaliadas neste grupo de pacientes. Resultados: Do total de pacientes (n=234), 109 (46,6%) apresentavam litíase vesicular assintomática e a complicação biliar foi o início da doença. A colecistite aguda foi a complicação mais frequente (68%), seguida da colangite aguda (22%) e a terceira da pancreatite aguda (10%). A idade média de apresentação da doença foi de 59 anos. Conclusões: Quase metade dos pacientes (46,6%) que apresentaram complicação de seus cálculos biliares eram assintomáticos. Esse seria um argumento importante para indicar a colecistectomia laparoscópica com critério profilático em pacientes com litíase vesicular assintomática.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreatitis/epidemiology , Biliary Tract Diseases/complications , Cholangitis/epidemiology , Cholecystitis, Acute/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Asymptomatic Diseases , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
4.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 21(3): e4710, mayo.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409482

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 afecta principalmente al sistema respiratorio, pero el daño producido por este virus también se extiende a otros sistemas, incluido el sistema nervioso, y los mecanismos de infección neurológica pueden ser directos o indirectos. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre las manifestaciones neurológicas y la severidad de la enfermedad en pacientes sintomáticos positivos a la COVID-19. Hospital San Vicente de Paúl. 2021. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional de corte transversal, empleando el registro de historias clínicas de los pacientes hospitalizados con la COVID-19 y manifestaciones neurológicas, las cuales se clasificaron en manifestaciones del sistema nervioso central y manifestaciones del sistema nervioso periférico. Resultados: 74,1 por ciento pacientes presentaron manifestaciones neurológicas, el mayor porcentaje se concentró en pacientes que desarrollaron enfermedad grave (15 [60 por ciento], SNC; 91 [77,1 por ciento], SNP; 125 [65,4 por ciento], SNC y SNP). La presencia conjunta de manifestaciones neurológicas centrales y periféricas se asoció significativamente con la COVID-19 crítica (P valor= 0,011; OR: 2,005). El índice de mortalidad alcanzó 2,69 por ciento. Conclusiones: Las manifestaciones neurológicas en pacientes hospitalizados con la COVID-19 son muy frecuentes, y la COVID-19 crítica tiene mayor probabilidad de presentar manifestaciones neurológicas(AU)


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 mainly affects the respiratory system, but the damage caused by this virus also extends to other systems, including the nervous system, and the mechanisms of neurological infection can be direct or indirect. Objective: To determine the relationship between neurological manifestations and disease severity in symptomatic COVID-19 positive patients at San Vicente de Paul Hospital in 2021. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted using medical records of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and neurological manifestations, which were classified into manifestations of the central nervous system and manifestations of the peripheral nervous system. Results: The results show that 74,1 percent of patients presented neurological manifestations; the highest percentage was concentrated in patients who developed severe disease (15 [60 percent], CNS; 91 [77,1 percent], PNS; 125 [65,4 percent], CNS and PNS). The joint presence of central and peripheral neurological manifestations was significantly associated with critical COVID-19 (P value= 0,011; OR: 2,005). The mortality rate reached 2,69 percent. Conclusions: Neurological manifestations in hospitalized COVID-19 patients are very common, and critical COVID-19 is more likely to have neurological manifestations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Severity of Illness Index , Central Nervous System Diseases/complications , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/complications , COVID-19/complications , Odds Ratio , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/mortality , Centenarians , Octogenarians , Oxygen Saturation , Nonagenarians
5.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 142-148, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la mortalidad asociada a infarto del miocardio (IM) no solo se debe a complicaciones cardiovasculares, sino también a complicaciones intrahospitalarias no cardiovasculares (CIHNC). El índice leuco-glucémico (ILG) se ha utilizado como un marcador pronóstico para el desarrollo de complicaciones cardiovasculares en el IM. Centramos este estudio en identificar el punto de corte de ILG para el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con infarto de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST). Material y métodos: en este diseño de un solo centro y transversal, incluimos pacientes con IAMCEST. El análisis bioquímico incluyó glucosa y leucocitos; se calculó ILG. Se realizaron análisis univariados y bivariados, curva ROC y análisis multivariado para el desarrollo de IAMCEST. Resultados: incluimos 1294 pacientes, 79.8% hombres y 20.2% mujeres. Las principales comorbilidades fueron: hipertensión arterial sistémica, diabetes mellitus y dislipidemia. Seiscientos cuarenta y cuatro pacientes (49.8%) presentaron CIHNC. El ILG > 1200 con área bajo la curva (AUC) 0.817 predice el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST. Las variables que aumentaron el desarrollo de CIHNC fueron: ILG > 1200, creatinina > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus y edad > 65 años. La neumonía intrahospitalaria y las complicaciones cardiovasculares aumentaron el riesgo de muerte entre los pacientes con IAMCEST. Conclusión: un LGI > 1200 aumentó más de nueve veces el riesgo de desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST.


Background: The myocardial infarction-associated (MI) mortality is not only due cardiovascular complications, but intrahospital non-cardiovascular complications (IHnCVCs). The leuko-glycemic index (LGI) has been used as a prognostic marker for the development of cardiovascular complications in MI. We focused this study on identifying the cut-off point of LGI for the IHnCVCs development in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Material and methods: In this single-center and cross-sectional design, we included patients with STEMI. The biochemical analysis included glucose and leucocytes; with them we calculated the LGI. Receiver operating characteristic curve, univariate and bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis for IHnCVCs development were performed. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: We included 1294 patients, 79.8% were men and 20.2% women. The main comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Six hundred forty-four (49.8%) patients presented IHNCVCs. The LGI > 1200 (AUC 0.817) predict the IHNCVCs development in STEMI patients. The variables that increased the IHNCVCs development were LGI > 1200, creatinine > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus and age > 65 years. Hospital acquired pneumonia and cardiovascular complications increase the risk of death among STEMI patients. Conclusion: A LGI > 1200 increased, just over nine times, the risk of IHnCVC development in STEMI patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Glycemic Index , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nonagenarians , Mexico/epidemiology
6.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373326

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To understand the importance of hand grip strength (HGS) as a survival predictor in nonagenarians and centenarians. Methods: Longitudinal, observational and analytical study, using HGS measurements obtained during a first evaluation performed in 2016. Participants were nonagenarians and centenarians, randomly selected in various neighborhoods of Porto Alegre (RS) and evaluated in their homes. The time elapsed between the first evaluation and the date of death or last contact (for survivors) was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) using survival analysis on simple and adjusted Cox regression models. Results: The sample comprised 212 participants (155 women), of whom 83 (39%) died during follow-up (until August 30, 2019). Using the lowest quartile (25%) for HGS, participants with < 10 kgf for women and 17 kgf for men were considered to have poor HGS performance. In the simple regression model, participants with lower HGS presented a HR of 2.75 (1.76­4.30, p < 0.001) for death. Also in the simple model, participants aged between 90 and 94 years old presented an HR of 0.37 (0.16­0.85, p = 0.019) compared to those aged 100 or older. In the adjusted model, age lost its significance in the presence of HGS. The following were significant predictors in both simple and adjusted models: cognitive performance, calf circumference, ability to participate in social activities, shop, and prepare meals alone, performance in the Timed Up and Go test, and ease to perform activities requiring upper limb strength. Conclusions: HGS was an important independent and modifiable predictor of survival among nonagenarians and centenarians.


Objetivos: Compreender a importância da força de preensão palmar (FPP) como preditor em nonagenários e centenários. Metodologia: Estudo, longitudinal, observacional e analítico, utilizando os resultados da FPP medidos na primeira avaliação realizada em 2016. Os participantes eram nonagenários e centenários, selecionados aleatoriamente em vários bairros de Porto Alegre (RS) e avaliados em suas residências. Os participantes com 10 kgf para mulheres e 17 kgf para homens foram considerados com menor desempenho da FPP. O tempo entre a primeira avaliação e a data do óbito ou último contato (entre sobreviventes) foi calculado para avaliar a Razão de Dano (RD) usando análise de sobrevida por modelos simples e ajustados da Regressão de Cox. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 212 participantes, 155 mulheres, 83 (39%) faleceram durante acompanhamento (até 30 de agosto de 2019). Na regressão simples, os participantes com menor desempenho na FPP apresentaram RD de 2,75 (1,76 ­ 4,30, p < 0,001). No modelo simples, participantes com idade entre 90 e 94 anos, apresentaram RD de 0,37 (0,16 ­ 0,85, p = 0,019) em relação aos centenários. No modelo ajustado, a idade perdeu sua significância na presença da FPP. Foram preditores significativos nos modelos simples e ajustados: desempenho cognitivo, circunferência da panturrilha, ser capaz de participar de atividades sociais e fazer compras e preparar refeições sozinho, desempenho no teste Timed Up and Go, e a facilidade para realizar atividades que exijam membros superiores. Conclusões: Concluímos que a FPP foi um importante preditor independente de sobrevida entre nonagenários e centenários, o que poderia ser melhorado por uma intervenção clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Hand Strength/physiology , Centenarians , Nonagenarians , Longevity , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 38(3): e1934, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408717

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento de la población en la actualidad es uno de los principales problemas a nivel mundial, debido al incremento en la esperanza de vida. Sin embargo, una mayor esperanza de vida no significa una mejor calidad de vida. Objetivo: Valorar el papel que desempeña la familia en la autopercepción de calidad de vida del adulto mayor. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, observacional y transversal en adultos mayores aplicada en sujetos de ambos sexos en la provincia ecuatoriana de El Oro entre enero del 2018 y noviembre del 2019. La muestra quedó conformada por 399 pacientes. Los cuestionarios utilizados fueron: Valoración biopsicosocial del adulto mayor desde un enfoque bioético, y la Escala de Calidad de Vida WHOQOL-BREF. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 73,66 años ± 7,38 con un rango entre los 65 y 98 años. El 78,9 por ciento de los adultos mayores maltratados y el 75,9 por ciento de los adultos mayores con trato familiar regular refieren una calidad de vida deficiente. Solo el 18,3 por ciento de los adultos mayores bien tratados refirieron una calidad de vida deficiente, por lo que se observa una asociación entre el trato familiar y la percepción de la calidad de vida estadísticamente significativa. Se constató maltrato familiar por negligencia en los adultos mayores que refirieron una calidad de vida deficiente. Conclusiones: La familia posee un papel preponderante en la calidad de vida del adulto mayor(AU)


Introduction: Nowadays, population aging is one of the main problems worldwide, due to the increase in life expectancy. However, higher life expectancy does not mean better quality of life. Objective: To assess the role played by the family in the older adult's self-perception of quality of life. Methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study was carried out with older adults of both sexes in the Ecuadorian province of El Oro, between January 2018 and November 2019. The sample consisted of 399 patients. The questionnaires used were the Biopsychosocial Assessment of the Older Adult from a Bioethical Approach and the WHOQoL-BREF Quality of Life Scale. Results: The average age was 73.66 years ± 7.38 years, with a range between 65 and 98 years. A poor quality of life was reported by 78.9 percent of the mistreated older adults and 75.9 percent of the older adults with regular family treatment. Only 18.3 percent of the well-treated older adults reported a poor quality of life, which shows a statistically significant association between family treatment and perception of quality of life. Family mistreatment due to neglect was found in older adults who referred poor quality of life. Conclusions: The family has a preponderant role in the quality of life of the older adult(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perception , Quality of Life , Aged , Family , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Elder Abuse , Observational Study , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
8.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 53-58, abr-jun 2021. il, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363911

ABSTRACT

El granuloma anular maculoso es una variante rara de granuloma anular, que representa un desafío diagnóstico. Su incidencia se desconoce y se presenta con mayor frecuencia en las mujeres de entre 40 y 70 años. Se asocia a las mismas entidades y responde a los mismos tratamientos que las otras variantes clínicas de granuloma anular. Se presentan los casos de 5 mujeres con diagnóstico de granuloma anular maculoso, que recibieron diferentes tratamientos tópicos y sistémicos, con respuestas clínicas variables.


Patch-type granuloma annulare is a rare variant of granuloma annulare, thus which represents diagnostic challenge. It has an unknown incidence and occurs most often in women between 40 and 70 years of age. It presents similar associations and responds to treatment as the clinical variants. We present 5 emale patients with patch-type granuloma annulare, who received different topical and systemic treatments, with variable clinical responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Granuloma Annulare/diagnosis , Phototherapy , Granuloma Annulare/pathology , Granuloma Annulare/drug therapy , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
9.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Since the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality has been poorly studied in nonagenarians and centenarians, this study sought to relate the sleep quality and physical activity in this age group. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the initial assessment of a longitudinal study involving nonagenarians and centenarians in Porto Alegre, Brazil, which included physical activity (yes or no) and sleep quality (altered or normal). The chi-square test, adjusted by logistic regression, was used to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, physical activity, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Among the 233 participants, 26% were physically active and 53% reported altered sleep. Higher frequencies of physical activity and normal sleep occurred in men (36%, p = 0.02 and 54%, p = 0.18), in those living with a caregiver (42%, p = 0.09 and 58, p = 0.51), in those with high school or higher education (33%, p = 0.44 and 58%, p = 0.07), and in those with excellent or good self-perceived health (31%, p = 0.03 and 51%, p = 0.16). Physical activity was lower among those who reported apathy and drowsiness (83%, p = 0.03) and in those who had difficulty falling asleep (66%, p = 0.05). In the adjusted analysis, only education remained significant (p = 0.02, when comparing high school or higher with illiteracy; odds ratio: 3.91 confidence interval 1.18-12.90, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: We observed a low frequency of physical activity and a high prevalence of altered sleep patterns in nonagenarians and centenarians. Factors related greater physical activity were also associated with better sleep quality. High school or higher education was a significant and independent predictor of good sleep quality in nonagenarians and centenarians.


OBJETIVOS: A relação entre atividade física e qualidade do sono é pouco estudada em nonagenários e centenários. Portanto, o presente trabalho busca relacionar a qualidade do sono com a atividade física nessas faixas etárias. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal na linha de base de uma coorte longitudinal envolvendo nonagenários e centenários em Porto Alegre (RS), que incluiu atividade física (realiza ou não) e qualidade de sono (alterado e normal). A relação entre qualidade do sono e atividade física e características sociodemográficas e clínicas foi testada pelo χ2 , com análise ajustada pela regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Entre os 233 participantes, 26% realizavam atividade física e 53% referiam sono alterado. Maiores frequências de atividade física e de sono normal foram vistas em homens (36%, p = 0,02 e 54%, p = 0,18), residindo com cuidador (42%, p = 0,09 e 58%, p = 0,51), com ensino médio ou superior (33%, p = 0,44 e 58%, p = 0,07) e ótima ou boa autopercepção de saúde (31%, p = 0,03 e 51%, p = 0,16). A prática de atividade física foi menor entre os apáticos e sonolentos (83%, p = 0,03) e aqueles com dificuldade de iniciar o sono (66%, p = 0,05). Na análise ajustada, apenas a escolaridade se manteve significativa (razão de chance de 3,91 com intervalo de confiança de 1,18 ­ 12,90, p = 0,02). CONCLUSÕES: Os nonagenários e centenários apresentaram baixa frequência de atividade física e alta prevalência de sono alterado. Fatores relacionados à maior frequência de atividade física também apresentavam melhor qualidade do sono. Ter nível de escolaridade secundário ou superior foi um fator preditivo de boa qualidade do sono em nonagenários e centenários


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Exercise/physiology , Centenarians/physiology , Sleep Quality , Nonagenarians/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies
10.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200156, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340173

ABSTRACT

Abstract The kidneys and ureters are retroperitoneal structures in the upper part of the paravertebral gutters, tilted against the structures on the sides of the lowest two thoracic and upper three lumbar vertebrae, so that their anterior and posterior surfaces face antero-laterally and postero-medially, respectively. Congenital anomalies of the urinary tract are often the underlying cause of renal pathologies; 40% of these pathological conditions are due to variations in location, shape, and size of the kidney(s), calyces, ureter, or bladder. This case report describes the presence of a unilateral non-rotated left kidney with vascular and ureter variations found during routine cadaveric dissection for medical graduates. Alterations in rotation of the kidney and its relation to structures at the hilum have great clinical significance when conducting surgical procedures like partial nephrectomy, nephron sparing surgery, and renal transplantation.


Resumo Os rins e o ureter são estruturas retroperitoneais localizadas na parte superior do sulco paravertebral, inclinados contra as estruturas laterais das duas vértebras torácicas inferiores e das três vértebras lombares superiores. Assim, as superfícies anteriores e posteriores estão nas porções anterolateral e posteromedial, respectivamente. As anomalias congênitas do trato urinário frequentemente são causas subjacentes de patologias renais, e 40% delas ocorrem devido a variações no local, formato e tamanho dos rins, cálices, ureter ou bexiga. Este relato de caso descreve a presença de rim esquerdo unilateral sem rotação com variações vasculares e de ureter encontradas durante uma dissecção de cadáver rotineira com graduandos de Medicina. As alterações na rotação do rim e a sua relação com as estruturas no hilo têm grande importância clínica durante procedimentos cirúrgicos como a nefrectomia parcial, a cirurgia poupadora de néfrons e o transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Congenital Abnormalities , Kidney/abnormalities , Torsion Abnormality , Urinary Tract/abnormalities , Nonagenarians , Nephrectomy
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20200031, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135121

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto As oclusões arteriais agudas (OAA) de membros vêm crescendo paralelemente com a longevidade da população. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar fatores de risco, salvamento de membros e sobrevida dos pacientes com OAA tratados em instituição universitária. Métodos Este é um estudo coorte retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos. Os desfechos incluíram: sucesso técnico, sintomas, comorbidades, categoria Rutherford, artérias acometidas, complicações pós-operatórias, taxa de salvamento de membros em 30 dias e óbitos. Resultados Avaliou-se 105 prontuários, havendo predomínio do sexo masculino (65,7%) e idade entre 46 a 91 anos. As etiologias identificadas foram trombóticas (54,3%), embólicas (35,2%) e indefinidas (10,5%). Cerca de dois terços apresentavam-se nas Categorias II e III de Rutherford. Os sintomas associados encontrados foram dor (97,1%), esfriamento (89,5%), palidez (64,7%), parestesias (44,7%), paralisias (30,5%), anestesias (21,9%), edema (21,9%) e cianose (15,2%); e as comorbidades associadas observadas foram hipertensão (65,0%), tabagismo (59,0%), arritmias (26,6%), dislipidemias (24,0%) e diabetes (23,8%). O segmento femoral superficial-poplíteo-distal foi o mais acometido (80%). A tromboembolectomia com cateter Fogarty foi realizada em 73,3% dos casos (81,0% nas embolias, 71,9% nas tromboses e 54,5% nos indefinidos), sendo isoladamente em 41 pacientes (39,05%), nos quais ocorreram 11 reoclusões, 20 amputações e 14 óbitos. A reoclusão arterial foi mais frequente nas tromboses (12,9%; p = 0,054). Até 30 dias após tratamento, o óbito total foi de 14,6% e a amputação maior foi de 19,8%, sendo menos frequente na Classe I Rutherford (p = 0,0179). Conclusão O tratamento da OAA feito prioritariamente por meio de tromboembolectomia com cateter Fogarty, isolado e/ou associado, proporcionou taxas de amputação e complicações compatíveis com as apresentadas na literatura e progressivamente menores nas categorias Rutherford menos avançadas.


Abstract Background Acute arterial occlusions (AAO) in limbs have been increasing in parallel with population longevity. Objective To assess risk factors, limb salvage rates, and survival of patients with AAO treated at a University Hospital. Methods Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients. Outcomes included: patency, symptoms, comorbidities, Rutherford category, arteries occluded, postoperative complications, and 30-day limb salvage and mortality rates. Results Medical records were evaluated from 105 patients, predominantly males (65.7%), with ages ranging from 46 to 91 years. Etiology: thrombotic (54.3%), embolic (35.2%), and undefined (10.5%). About 2/3 of the patients were assessed as Rutherford category II or III. Associated symptoms: pain (97.1%), coldness (89.5%), pallor (64.7%), sensory loss (44.7%), paralysis (30.5%), anesthesia (21.9%), edema (21.9%), and cyanosis (15.2%). Associated comorbidities: hypertension (65.0%), smoking (59.0%), arrhythmias (26.6%), dyslipidemia (24.0%), and diabetes (23.8%). The distal superficial femoral-popliteal segment was the most affected (80%). Thromboembolectomy with a Fogarty catheter was performed in 73.3% of cases (81.0% of embolic cases, 71.9% of thrombotic cases, and 54.5% of cases with undefined etiology) and was the only treatment used in 41 cases (39.05%), among which there were 11 reocclusion, 20 amputations, and 14 deaths. Arterial reocclusion was more frequent in thrombosis cases (12.9%, p = 0.054). Within 30 days of treatment, total mortality was 14.6%, and 19.8% of cases underwent major amputation, which was less frequent among Rutherford Class I patients (p = 0.0179). Conclusion Treatment of AAO was primarily performed by thromboembolectomy with a Fogarty catheter, either alone or in combination with other treatments, achieving amputation and complication rates compatible with the best results in the literature and were progressively lower in less advanced Rutherford categories.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Ischemia/prevention & control , Ischemia/therapy , Survival , Retrospective Studies , Limb Salvage , Extremities , Balloon Embolectomy , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nonagenarians
12.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(1): 73-81, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100690

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la primera causa de muerte a nivel mundial y en el Ecuador. La atención de un paro cardíaco fuera del hospital (OHCA) continúa siendo un reto, en donde el inicio temprano de compresiones torácicas más desfibrilación precoz incrementa la sobrevida. Objetivo: determinar elementos sociodemográficos y de atención extra hospitalaria de personas sometidas a reanimación cardiopulmonar en la ciudad de Cuenca. Metodología: el presente es un estudio de serie de 15 casos de parada cardio respiratoria, a quienes se realizó reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP). Los casos se obtuvieron del sistema computarizado de registro de pacientes (NOUS) del benemérito cuerpo de bomberos voluntarios de cuenca (BCBVC) Resultados: se realizó un reporte de 15 casos de OHCA sin supervivencia. El 33.3 % fueron extranjeros. El 86.7% fueron hombres, en un 46.7% se utilizó desfibrilador externo automático (DEA) y en un 20% desfibrilación manual. La mayor parte de emergencias cardiovasculares (46.7%) fueron atendidas por bomberos. Conclusiones: de los casos estudiados la mayor parte de pacientes fueron de sexo masculino, se les realizó desfibrilación automática, nunca se utilizó RCP telefónico y se realizó soporte vital avanzado (SVA) a 5 pacientes. Al final del estudio se reportó una taza supervivencia de 0%


Background: cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide and in Ecuador. Cardiac arrest care out of the hospital (OHCA) is still a challenge, where early initiation of chest compressions plus early defibrillation increases survival. Objective: to determine sociodemographic and extrahospitalary care elements of people undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the city of Cuenca. Methodology: this is a serial study of 15 cases of cardio-respiratory arrest, which underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The cases were obtained from the computerized patient registration system (NOUS) of the well-known volunteer fire department from Cuenca. (BCBVC) Results: a report of 15 cases of OHCA without survival was made. A total of 33.3% were foreigners. The 86.7% were men, 46.7% used an external automatic defibrillator (AED) and 20% manual defibrillation. Most cardiovascular emergencies (46.7%) were attended by firefighters. Conclusions: of the studied cases, most of the patients were male, they underwent automatic defibrillation, telephone CPR was never used, and advanced life support (VAS) was performed in 5 patients. At the end of the study a survival rate of 0% was reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Prehospital Care/statistics & numerical data , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Firefighters , Ecuador , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians
13.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 30(6): 614-620, Nov.-Dez. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-885915

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Identificar a relação entre fragilidade, características sociodemográficos e vulnerabilidade social de idosos cadastrados em um serviço de atendimento primário. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, comparativo e transversal, com abordagem quantitativa de investigação realizado com 247 idosos cadastrados em um serviço de atendimento primário, em um município do interior paulista. Utilizou-se questionário para caracterização sócio demográfica dos participantes e Escala de Fragilidade de Edmonton, para avaliar a fragilidade. A vulnerabilidade foi classificada segundo Índice Paulista de Vulnerabilidade Social. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial. Todas as recomendações éticas foram respeitadas. Resultados: Houve prevalência de idosos frágeis pertencentes ao gênero feminino, com média de idade de 68,5 (dp=7,3) anos, baixa escolaridade e aposentados. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre fragilidade e número de doenças relatadas (p<0,001). A fragilidade se correlacionou negativamente com a vulnerabilidade social (r=-0,043). Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados devem suscitar atenção aos gestores públicos para a necessidade de conhecer a fragilidade de idosos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social.


Abstract Objective: To identify the relationship between frailty, sociodemographic characteristics, and social vulnerability of the elderly enrolled in a primary care service. Methods: This was an exploratory, comparative, and cross-sectional study with a quantitative research approach performed with 247 elderly people enrolled in a primary care service, in a city in the interior of São Paulo. A questionnaire was used for socio-demographic characterization of the participants, and the Edmonton Frail Scale was used to evaluate frailty. Vulnerability was classified according to the Paulista Index of Social Vulnerability. Data were analyzed in a descriptive and inferential manner. All ethical recommendations were met. Results: There was a prevalence of frail elderly women, with a mean age of 68.5 (SD=7.3) years, low education, who were retirees. There was a statistically significant difference between frailty and the number of diseases reported (p<0.001). Frailty correlated negatively with social vulnerability (r=-0.043). Conclusion: These results should receive attention from public administrators to understand frailty of the elderly in a context of social vulnerability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Frail Elderly , Social Vulnerability , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Octogenarians , Nonagenarians , Statistical Inference
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