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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 35-39, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528824

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: We aimed to determine the width of the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle (LLSAN) at the level of the nasal ala through cadaveric dissections and ultrasonography (US), to provide essential anatomical information for use during both invasive and noninvasive procedures in the nasal ala region. The LLSAN was investigated in the 40 hemifaces of 20 Korean cadavers, comprising 10 males and 10 females with a mean age of 73.6 years. The LLSAN width of the 40 specimens at the level of the midpoint of the nasal ala was 5.02±2.35 mm (mean±standard deviation), and ranged from 1.45 mm to 10.11 mm. The LLSAN widths were 5.96±2.36 mm and 3.93±1.89 mm in males and females, respectively, with ranges of 2.40-10.11 mm and 1.45-6.96 mm, respectively. The LLSAN widths on the left and right sides were 4.77±2.72 mm and 5.26±1.99 mm, respectively. The proportions of the LLSAN fibers inserting into the nasal ala and upper lip were similar in 13 specimens (32.5 %), while more fibers inserted into the nasal ala in 11 specimens (27.5 %) and more fibers inserted fibers of the LLSAN into the upper lip in 16 specimens (40 %). When clinicians need to target or avoid the LLSAN, the present width and range data can be helpful for ensuring the efficacy and safely of both invasive and noninvasive procedures. In addition, the possibility of asymmetry in the width of the LLSAN in the nasal ala region should be confirmed by US before performing such procedures.


Nuestro objetivo fue determinar el ancho del músculo elevador nasolabial (MENL) a nivel del ala nasal mediante disecciones cadavéricas y ecografía, para proporcionar información anatómica esencial, para su uso durante procedimientos invasivos y no invasivos, en la región del ala nasal. El MENL se estudió en 40 hemicaras de 20 cadáveres coreanos (10 hombres y 10 mujeres) con una edad media de 73,6 años. El ancho de MENL de las 40 muestras a nivel del punto medio del ala nasal fue de 5,02 ± 2,35 mm (media ± desviación estándar) y osciló entre 1,45 mm y 10,11 mm. Los anchos de MENL fueron 5,96 ± 2,36 mm y 3,93 ± 1,89 mm en hombres y mujeres, respectivamente, con rangos de 2,40 a 10,11 mm y 1,45 a 6,96 mm, respec- tivamente. Los anchos de MENL en los lados izquierdo y derecho fueron 4,77 ± 2,72 mm y 5,26 ± 1,99 mm, respectivamente. Las proporciones de fibras de MENL que se insertaban en el ala nasal y en el labio superior fueron similares en 13 muestras (32,5 %), mientras que se insertaron más fibras en el ala nasal en 11 muestras (27,5 %) y además, se insertaron fibras de MENL en el labio superior en 16 ejemplares (40 %). Cuando los médicos necesitan apuntar o evitar el MENL, los datos actuales de ancho y rango pueden ser útiles para garantizar la eficacia y seguridad de los procedimientos, tanto invasivos como no invasivos. Además, la ecografía puede ser utilizada para confirmar una posible asimetría en el ancho del MENL en la región del ala nasal antes de realizar los procedimientos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nose/diagnostic imaging , Facial Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Cadaver , Nose/anatomy & histology , Ultrasonography , Facial Muscles/anatomy & histology
2.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 38-42, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443980

ABSTRACT

As lesões na face decorrentes de mordedura humana estão entre os tipos de trauma causados por violência interpessoal. Injúrias causadas nesta região podem gerar uma série de morbidades como perdas teciduais importantes, infecções, além de cicatrizes irreversíveis quando a ferida é passível de reparo, portanto, os cuidados pós-trauma devem visar à minimização de cura, além da funcionalidade, buscando o máximo de estética possível. Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de mordida humana em região de dorso nasal, com avulsão da ponta nasal, atendida no Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, pelo serviço de Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial. Procedeu-se com reparo primário e antibioticoterapia profilática, no qual o resultado do tratamento foi considerado satisfatório, boa cicatrização tecidual e sem queixas funcionais e estéticas... (AU)


Injuries to the face resulting from human bite are among the types of trauma caused by interpersonal violence. The injuries caused in this region, can generate a series of morbidities such as major tissue loss, infection, and irreversible scarring when the wound is repairable, therefore, posttrauma care should aim to minimize healing, in addition to functionality, seeking maximum aesthetics as possible. This paper aims to report a clinical case of human bite in the nasal dorsum region, with avulsion of the nasal tip, attended at the Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, by the service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. It was proceeded with primary repair and prophylactic antibiotic therapy, in which the result of the treatment was considered satisfactory, good tissue healing and without functional and aesthetic complaints... (AU)


Las lesiones faciales producidas por mordeduras humanas se encuentran entre los tipos de traumatismos causados por la violencia interpersonal. Las lesiones causadas en esta región pueden generar una serie de morbilidades como la pérdida de tejidos importantes, la infección y la cicatrización irreversible cuando la herida es reparable, por lo tanto, los cuidados posttrauma deben tener como objetivo minimizar la cicatrización, además de la funcionalidad, buscando la máxima estética posible. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar un caso clínico de mordedura humana en la región del dorso nasal, con avulsión de la punta nasal, atendido en el Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra, Recife-PE, por el servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial. Se procedió a la reparación primaria y a la terapia antibiótica profiláctica, en la que el resultado del tratamiento se consideró satisfactorio, con buena cicatrización de los tejidos y sin quejas funcionales y estéticas... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Violence , Wound Healing , Nose/injuries , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Facial Injuries
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 881-888, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514314

ABSTRACT

El conocimiento anatómico del canal nasopalatino (CNP) es fundamental para la realización de cirugías en el sector anterior del maxilar y así prever posibles complicaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar y determinar las variaciones anatómicas y dimensionales del CNP según sexo, edad y estado dental. Este estudio transversal analizó un total de 251 imágenes de TCHC obtenidas de la base de datos del Servicio de Imagenología Oral y Maxilofacial de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile. Para evaluar la asociación estadística entre variaciones del CNP con sexo, edad y estado dentario se realizó la prueba T de Student, chi-cuadrado y ANOVA (p0,05). Además, se detectó diferencia significativa entre el estado dentario y la dimensión de la tabla vestibular en relación con el CNP (p<0,01). Se deben considerar las variaciones de CNP para evitar posibles complicaciones durante los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


SUMMARY: Anatomical knowledge of the nasopalatine canal (PNC) is essential for performing surgeries in the anterior sector of the maxilla and thus anticipating possible complications. The objective of this work is to evaluate and determine the anatomical and dimensional variations of the CNP according to sex, age and dental status. This cross-sectional study analyzed a total of 251 CBCT images obtained from the database of the Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging Service of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Andrés Bello University, Viña del Mar, Chile. To evaluate the statistical association between CNP variations with sex, age and dental status, the Student's T test, chi-square and ANOVA (p0.05). In addition, a significant difference was detected between the dental state and the dimension of the vestibular table in relation to the CNP (p<0.01). CNP variations should be considered to avoid potential complications during surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Palate/diagnostic imaging , Nose/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomic Variation , Palate/anatomy & histology , Nose/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Maxilla
4.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 19-23, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428468

ABSTRACT

La estética de la superficie de la nariz y especialmente de la punta nasal se crea mediante ciertas líneas, sombras y reflejos, con proporciones y puntos de ruptura específicos. La evaluación de la estética de la superficie nasal se logra utilizando el concepto de polígonos geométricos como subunidades estéticas, tanto para definir la deformidad existente como los objetivos estéticos. Los principios de los polígonos geométricos permiten al cirujano analizar las deformidades de la nariz, definir un plan operatorio para lograr objetivos específicos y seleccionar la técnica operatoria adecuada


The aesthetics of the surface of the nose and specially of the nasal tip is created through certain lines, shadows and reflections with proportions and specific breaking points. The evaluation of the aesthetics of the nasal surface is achieved using the concept of geometric polygons like aesthetics subunits to define the existing deformity as for the aesthetics objectives. The principles of the geometric polygons allow the surgeon to analyze the deformities of the nose, to define an operating plan to achieve specific objectives and to select the most accurate operating technique


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/surgery , Esthetics
5.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 129-133, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981103

ABSTRACT

Alveolar cleft is one of the key links of cleft lip and palate reconstruction due to its close relationship with tooth and jaw coordination and nasolabial deformity. The alveolar bone graft repairs the hole in the gum ridge and stabilizes the bone arch, providing better support for the base of the nose and new bone for the roots of the developing teeth to grow into. Unfortunately, bone graft failure in the traditional way, even among minor clefts, bony hypoplasia, or absence that affects the nasal base and piriform rim, is common. Two-stage alveolar bone grafting, which has advantages in addressing the underlying skeleton and deficiency, could be an optional surgical procedure for nasal floor reconstruction in adult patients with a broad alveolar cleft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Nose/abnormalities , Bone Transplantation/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 206-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971435

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the internal nasal valve (INV) and to evaluate its key parameters in the established 3D models of nasal cavity space via Mimics from CT images, in order to provide evidence for quantitative diagnosis of nasal valve compromise. Methods: A total of 32 Han adults without nasal diseases who underwent maxillofacial CT test in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively recruited, including 16 males and 16 females, with the age ranged from 20 to 80 years (50% age<50 years old). Maxillofacial CT images were used to create 3D model of nasal cavity space. The INV was identified and the following parameters were measured: the angle between the INV and the nasal bone (θINV-B), unilateral cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV-R, AINV-L), total cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV), unilateral height of the INV (HINV-R, HINV-L), unilateral nasal valve angle (αINV-R, αINV-L), and the sum of nasal valve angle (αINV). The AINV in our study was compared with the results of the previously adopted planes (PlaneC, perpendicular to the hard palate and PlaneB, plane perpendicular to the nasal bone). The parameters above were compared among genders, age and race groups. SPSS 26 and GraphPad Prism 9 software were used for statistical analysis and mapping of data. Results: The AINV in our study was (214.87±52.94) mm², which was significantly less than that of PlaneC (254.97±47.80) mm² and PlaneB (226.07±57.36) mm². The measured parameters were as follows: θINV-B was (82.07±7.06)°; AINV-R was (112.66±31.39) mm²; AINV-L was (102.21±27.14) mm²; AINV was (214.87±52.94) mm²; HINV-R was (24.87±4.62) mm; HINV-L was (24.35±4.86) mm; αINV-R was (20.48±2.99)°; αINV-L was (19.65±3.82)°; αINV was (40.13±6.24)°. The AINV-R was larger than AINV-L (t=2.33, P<0.05); The HINV, AINV-R, AINV-L and AINV of males were more than those of females (t value was 5.77, 3.21, 2.91 and 3.52, respectively, all P<0.01). The AINV of the young group (<50 years) was larger than that of the old group (t=2.83, P<0.01); The θINV-B was different between the Han people and the Caucasian (t=2.92,P<0.01). The αINV of the Han people was larger than that of Caucasians (Z=-6.92, P<0.01), but the HINV was smaller (Z=-3.89, P<0.01). Conclusion: The AINV carried out in 3D models of nasal cavity space is significantly smaller than that obtained by the previous methods of CT evaluation. INV static parameters differ among genders, age and race groups.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , China , Nose , Nasal Bone
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 126-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce a classification of alar retraction, and to discuss the therapeutic strategy of alar retraction with cartilage graft and the satisfaction evaluation of patients after operation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients with alar retraction admitted to the Department of Plastic and Aesthetic (Burn) Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2020, including 20 males and 68 females, aged 20 to 48 years, with an average age of 28.98 years. All patients underwent external rhinoplasty according to a series of treatment plans determined by the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) were used to conduct satisfaction survey before and 12 months after operation. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze patient satisfaction. Results: A total of 88 patients were included in this study. According to the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure, 45 cases were mild, 23 cases were moderate, and 20 cases were severe. There were 16 cases of unilateral and 72 cases of bilateral alar retraction. The patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months, with an average of 13.37 months. The VAS score and ROE score after each type of surgery were higher than those before surgery, with statistically significant (all P<0.05). Among them, the difference in VAS score (6.75±1.29) and in ROE satisfaction (67.70±7.38) of patients with severe alar retraction were the most significant improvement. Conclusion: The classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure in the frontal view can comprehensively evaluate the severity of alar retraction, and makes the treatment algorithms systematic and comprehensive. The satisfaction of patients is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Rhinoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Treatment Outcome , Esthetics , Nose/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970775

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common sleep respiratory disorder characterized by upper respiratory collapse during sleep, with a high prevalence and potentially fatal complications. Currently, maxillary transverse deficiency are considered to be an important pathogenic factor of OSAHS. For patients with poor compliance with positive airway pressure therapy, rapid maxillary expansion can increase the volume and ventilation of the upper respiratory tract, which is an alternative treatment. This paper reviewed the current research on surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion, miniscrew assisted rapid palatal expansion, and distraction osteogenesis maxillary expansion in the treatment of adult OSAHS. By comparing the indications, contraindications, complications, efficacy and long-term stability of the three treatment methods, it provided reference for treatment of patients with OSAHS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Nose , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Syndrome
10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 463-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between nasal resistance and lung function in children with allergic rhinitis(AR), and explore whether AR children with increased nasal resistance are accompanied by potential lower respiratory tract involvement. Methods:A total of 88 children diagnosed with AR from December 2021 to December 2022 were selected as the study group, while 20 normal children were selected as the control group during the same period. Both the study group and the control group children underwent lung function tests, bronchodilator tests, and nasal resistance measurements. Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed on the results of nasal resistance and lung function tests to explore the relationship and influencing factors between the two groups.According to the results of nasal resistance measurement, children with increased nasal resistance and abnormal lung function were divided into a mild increase in nasal resistance with abnormal lung function group and a moderate to severe increase in nasal resistance with abnormal lung function group. The degree of increased nasal resistance was analyzed to determine whether it would affect lung function. Results:The FEF25, FEF50, and FEF75 levels in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). The FEV1of children with moderate to severe increase in AR nasal resistance was significantly lower than that of children with mild increase in AR nasal resistance(P<0.05). There was a correlation between nasal resistance and FEV1/FVC, R20 in AR children, and FEV1/FVC, R20 were the influencing factors of nasal resistance in AR children(P<0.05). There was no correlation between total serum IgE, lung function, and bronchodilation test in AR patients(P>0.05). Conclusion:The nasal ventilation function of AR patients has changed, and there is a downward trend in small airway function. Children with moderate to severe increase in AR nasal resistance have a more significant decrease in lung ventilation function than those with mild increase. The nasal resistance of AR children is influenced by FEV1/FVC and R20, and FEV1/FVC and R20 decrease as the nasal resistance value increases. The improvement rate of lung function and FEV1 are not influencing factors for the elevation of total serum IgE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Nasal Polyps , Respiratory Function Tests , Nose , Immunoglobulin E
11.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 423-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical value of visual analogue scale (VAS), Lebel scale and total nasal symptom scores (TNSS) in evaluating nasal allergen provocation test (NAPT). Methods:A total of 151 patients suspected of allergic rhinitis admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of our hospital from April 2020 to September 2020 were included, of which 76 were positive for house dust mites and 75 were negative for allergens. Nasal airway resistance(NAR) was measured by active anterior nasal manometry. Nasal symptoms were evaluated by VAS, Lebel and TNSS. House dust mite allergen was used for NAPT by spray method. An increase≥40% in NAR was used as the gold standard for objective evaluation of NAPT. ROC curves of VAS, Lebel and TNSS were drawn to compare the evaluation effectiveness of different subjective evaluation methods, and the optimal critical point of each ROC curve was obtained. Results:With NAR increased by ≥40% as the gold standard, the area under ROC curve of VAS was 0.884, and the sensitivity and specificity were 97.75% and 80.65%, respectively. The area under ROC curve of Lebel was 0.773, and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.54% and 75.81%, respectively. The area under ROC curve of TNSS was 0.792, and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.54% and 79.03%, respectively. There was no significant difference between Lebel and TNSS(P>0.05). The VAS differed significantly from Lebel and TNSS(P<0.05). The Kappa values of VAS, Lebel, TNSS and NAR were 0.803, 0.432 and 0.459, respectively. Conclusion:The VAS, Lebel, TNSS subjective scale and NAR are consistent in evaluating the efficacy of NAPT, with the VAS assessment showing highest consistency with NAR. As objective assessment instruments are not widely used in China, subjective assessment method could be adopted to evaluate the efficacy of NAPT in clinical practice, and VAS scale is recommended as a priority.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Allergens , Nasal Provocation Tests/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Nose , Pyroglyphidae
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522105

ABSTRACT

Las características anatómicas de pacientes con nariz mestiza, generalmente, incluyen una nariz aparentemente grande, un dorso convexo con radix bajo y una base nasal ancha. La longitud de la columela y punta nasal se ve disminuida debido a que los cartílagos alares son cortos, débiles y delgados, proporcionando un soporte estructural insuficiente, mala definición y proyección de la punta nasal. La principal dificultad al manejar este tipo de narices es un marco osteocartilaginoso mal estructurado y débil. En los últimos años se han desarrollado técnicas quirúrgicas para mejorar los resultados estéticos y funcionales de la rinoplastía en estos pacientes. Se realizó una revisión exhaustiva de la literatura describiendo las técnicas quirúrgicas utilizadas en este tipo de nariz.


The anatomical characteristics of patients with mestizo nose usually include an apparently large nose, a convex dorsum with a deep radix, and a wide nasal base. The length of the nasal columella and tip is decreased because the alar cartilages are short, weak and thin, providing insufficient structural support, poor definition and nasal tip projection. The main difficulty in managing this type of noses is a poorly structured and weak osteocartilaginous framework. In recent years, surgical techniques have been developed to improve the aesthetic and functional results of rhinoplasty in these patients. A comprehensive literature review was conducted describing the surgical techniques used in this type of nose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/anatomy & histology , Ethnicity , Suture Techniques
13.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 110-116, 20221115.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401561

ABSTRACT

La rinoplastia cerrada es una cirugía que se realiza con el fin de cambiar la estructura de la nariz, con fines cosméticos o reparadores. Se busca realizar pequeños retoques que logren un aspecto natural. Es una de las cirugías estéticas más complejas y representa un reto para el cirujano, pues combina técnica con sensibilidad y ciencia con arte. En este artículo describimos esta técnica con el objetivo de demostrar su eficacia y vigencia, sin compararla con la rinoplastia abierta, pues no es motivo de discusión en este trabajo, por lo que no podemos asegurar que una opción es mejor o peor que la otra. Lo más conveniente es que los cirujanos estén capacitados para realizar cualquiera de estas. Con la rinoplastia cerrada se logran resultados que llenan las expectativas tanto de los pacientes, como de los cirujanos y el post operatorio es breve y prácticamente sin incidentes. Es una propuesta que tiene indicaciones precisas en el marco de una rinoplastia preservadora, que es tendencia a nivel mundial en la actualidad.


Closed rhinoplasty is a surgery that is performed in order to change the structure of the nose, for cosmetic or restorative purposes. It seeks to make small touches that achieve a natural appearance. It is one of the most complex cosmetic surgeries and represents a challenge for the surgeon, as it combines technique with sensitivity and science with art. In this article, we describe this technique in order to demonstrate its effectiveness and validity, without comparing it with open rhinoplasty, since it is not a matter of discussion in this work, so we cannot guarantee that one option is better or worse than the other. It is best if surgeons are trained to perform any of these. With closed rhinoplasty, results are achieved that meet the expectations of both patients and surgeons, and the postoperative period is brief and practically uneventful. It is a proposal that has precise indications within the framework of conservative rhinoplasty, which is currently a worldwide trend.


Subject(s)
Rhinoplasty , Art , Science , Effectiveness , Nose
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441509

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La deformidad nasal asociada con el labio leporino ha sido vista como uno de los problemas reconstructivos más desafiantes en la rinoplastia, hasta el momento no se ha acordado ningún método único para cuantificar el éxito del tratamiento. En el año 2006 se aprobó oficialmente el protocolo para el tratamiento de las deformidades nasales complejas del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", que están incluidas, las deformidades nasales congénitas secundarias en el adulto, no se recogen antecedentes de resultados en este grupo de pacientes basados en mediciones objetivas. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados estéticos de la rinoplastia secundaria en pacientes con fisura labiopalatina. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico a través de mediciones nasales angulares y de áreas, comparadas en fotografías estandarizadas entre el pre y posoperatorio y se determinó el índice de asimetría según la fórmula de Nakamura. Un panel de expertos usó la escala de Asher McDade y realizó la evaluación subjetiva de las imágenes, que permitió calcular el índice estético antes y después del tratamiento. Resultados: Se obtuvo una reducción marcada de todos los índices de asimetría nasal entre el pre y posoperatorio, así como una mejoría del índice estético posoperatorio pasándose de una apariencia pobre a muy buena apariencia. Conclusiones: Con la aplicación del protocolo para el tratamiento de las deformidades nasales del paciente fisurado adulto del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras" se obtienen buenos resultados estéticos(AU)


Introduction: Nasal deformity associated with cleft lip has been seen as one of the most challenging reconstructive problems in rhinoplasty; up to date, no single method has been agreed upon to quantify management success. In 2006, the protocol for managing complex nasal deformities was officially approved by Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, which includes secondary congenital nasal deformities in adults; however, there is no history of outcomes in this group of patients based on objective measurements. Objective: To assess the aesthetic outcomes of secondary rhinoplasty in patients with cleft lip and palate. Methods: An analytical study was carried out through linear and angular nasal measurements, compared in standardized photographs between the pre- and postoperative period; while the asymmetry index was determined according to Nakamura's formula. A panel of experts used the Asher McDade scale and performed the subjective assessment of the images, which allowed calculation of the esthetic index before and after the procedure. Results: A marked reduction was obtained in all nasal asymmetry indexes between the pre- and postoperative periods; as well as an improvement in the postoperative aesthetic index, from a poor appearance to a very good appearance. Conclusions: With the application of the protocol for managing nasal deformities of the adult cleft patient of Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, good esthetic outcomes are obtained(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/abnormalities , Cleft Lip , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods
15.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-10, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427082

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) and various facial measurements in a sample of Sudanese adults. Material and Methods: A total of 113 dental students (33 males and 80 females) with a mean age of 21.7±1.26 years were enrolled in this study. Different facial measurements including (Eye-Mouth, Eye-Eye, Eye-Ear, and Ear Height) were compared with two different measurements of VDO: N-Gn (from the tip of the nose to the tip of the chin), and Sn-Me (from the base of the nose to the bottom of the chin). Pearson's correlation coefficient test was utilized for the correlation between the measured parameters. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant for all analyses. Results: A significant positive correlation was shown between all measured facial distances and both measured VDO distances. Though, the strongest correlation was seen for the eye-mouth distance (r= 0.725, p<0.001), while the weakest was for ear height (r= 0.254, p= 0.007). A paired t-test revealed a significant longer N-Gn distance than Sn-Me distance. Also, it has been shown that there were no significant differences between right and left sides of the face. Conclusion: The distance measured from the outer canthus of the eye to the angle of the mouth can be used to predict Subnasale-Menton (Sn-Me) distance.


Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la correlación entre dimensión vertical oclusal (DVO) y varias medidas faciales en una muestra de adultos sudaneses. Material y Métodos: Un total de 113 estudiantes de odontología (33 hombres y 80 mujeres) con una edad media de 21,7 ± 1,26 años se inscribieron en este estudio. Se compararon diferentes medidas faciales que incluyen (ojo- boca, ojo-ojo, ojo-oído y altura de la oreja) con dos medidas diferentes de DVO: N-Gn (desde la punta de la nariz hasta la punta del mentón) y Sn -Yo (desde la base de la nariz hasta la parte inferior del mentón). Se utilizó la prueba del coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para la correlación entre los parámetros medidos. Un valor de p inferior a 0,05 se consideró significativo para todos los análisis. Resultados: Se mostró una correlación positiva significativa entre todas las distancias faciales medidas y ambas distancias DVO medidas. Sin embargo, la correlación más fuerte se observó para la distancia ojo-boca (r=0,725, p<0,001), mientras que la más débil fue para la altura de las orejas (r=0,254, p=0,007). Una prueba de t pareada reveló una distancia N-Gn significativamente más larga que la distancia subnasal-mentón. Además, se ha demostrado que no hubo diferencias significativas entre los lados derecho e izquierdo de la cara. Conclusión: La distancia medida desde el canto externo del ojo hasta el ángulo de la boca puede utilizarse para predecir la distancia subnasal-mentón.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vertical Dimension , Face/anatomy & histology , Prosthodontics , Sudan/epidemiology , Anthropometry , Nose/anatomy & histology , Chin/anatomy & histology , Dental Occlusion , Eye/anatomy & histology , Maxillofacial Development , Mouth/anatomy & histology
16.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 828, 30 Junio 2022. ilus, tabs, grafs.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400402

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION. Congenital malformations occur in 1 in 5,000 to 40,000 live births. They present as a morphological abnormality of the nasal pyramid or as a picture of moderate to severe nasal obstruction. OBJECTIVE. Evaluate the etiology, associated comorbidities, management and mortality of congenital malformations of the nose in neonates and infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study, 105 medical records were reviewed, of which 26 corresponded to patients with congenital nasal malformations, at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital in Quito - Ecuador, between January 2009 and May 2022; the tabulation and analysis of data was carried out in the Excel program. The patients were classified according to Losee et al. in 4 types: hypoplasia, hyperplasia, clefts and tumors RESULTS. Nasal anomalies occurred in males in 73.07%, all presented nasal obstruction, the diagnosis was made by flexible nasofibroscopy; in 42.3% of the cases, the evaluation was complemented with computed tomography. The most frequent congenital pathology was stenosis - choanal atresia with 53.8%, followed by craniofacial clefts with 15.39%. In 42.3% of the cases there was an association with genetic syndromes, neurological, ocular and intestinal pathology. 69.23% of the patients received clinical treatment with nasal lavages, nasal corticosteroids and positive pressure by cannula, while 30.77% were resolved surgically, being: 2 unilateral choanal atresia, 1 middle fossa stenosis, 4 cleft lip and palate and 1 encephalocele. Mortality was 7.69% CONCLUSION. Hypoplasias and clefts are the predominant pathologies, flexible nasal nasofibroscopy is the diagnostic test of choice. The clinical treatment was successful in the initial management in 69.23% of cases. Surgery was performed for the repair of facial clefts; being the hypoplasias or masses managed by endoscopic approach.


INTRODUCCIÓN. Las malformaciones congénitas se presentan en 1 de cada 5.000 a 40.000 nacidos vivos. Se presentan como una anomalía morfológica de la pirámide nasal o como un cuadro de obstrucción nasal moderada a severo. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la etiología, comorbilidades asociadas, manejo y mortalidad de las malformaciones congénitas de nariz en neonatos y lactantes. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo transversal, se revisaron 105 historias clínicas de las cuales 26 correspondieron a pacientes con malformaciones congénitas nasales, en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito - Ecuador, entre enero de 2009 a mayo de 2022; la tabulación y análisis de datos se realizó en el programa Excel. Los pacientes fueron clasificados según Losee et al. en 4 tipos: hipoplasia, hiperplasia, hendiduras y tumores. RESULTADOS. Las anomalías nasales se presentaron en el sexo masculino en el 73.07%, el motivo de consulta fue la obstrucción nasal, el diagnóstico se realizó mediante nasofibroscopía flexible; en el 42,3% de los casos se complementó la evaluación con tomografía computarizada. La patología congénita más frecuente fue la estenosis - atresia de coana con un 53,8%, seguida de hendiduras craneofaciales con un 15.39%. En el 42.3% de los casos existió asociación con síndromes genéticos, patología neurológica, ocular e intestinal. El 69,23% de los pacientes recibió tratamiento clínico con lavados nasales, corticoides por vía nasal y presión positiva por cánula, mientras que el 30,77% se resolvió quirúrgicamente, siendo: 2 atresia unilateral de coana, 1 estenosis de fosa media, 4 hendiduras labio palatinas y 1 encefalocele. La mortalidad fue del 7,69%. CONCLUSIÓN: Las hipoplasias y las hendiduras son las patologías que predominaron, la nasofibroscopia flexible nasal es el examen diagnóstico de elección. El tratamiento clínico fue exitoso en el manejo inicial en el 69,23% de casos. La cirugía se realizó para la reparación de hendiduras faciales; siendo las hipoplasias o masas manejadas por abordaje endoscópico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Congenital Abnormalities , Infant, Newborn , Nasal Obstruction , Nose Diseases , Choanal Atresia , Endoscopy , Nose , Nose Neoplasms , Constriction, Pathologic , Cranial Fossa, Middle , Ecuador , Encephalocele , Nasal Bone
17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 61-74, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368360

ABSTRACT

Se describen distintos aspectos del rinofima: historia, etiopatogenia, histopatología, epidemiologia, clínica, diagnósticos diferenciales, tratamientos y pronóstico. Se hace hincapié en que es una enfermedad localizada en la nariz asociada a desórdenes generales, y que repercute en las áreas psicológica y social. Se presenta un caso clínico operado con cirugía plástica. Los autores plantean una hipótesis sobre la etiopatogenia y la fisiopatología de la enfermedad; y consideran a los tratamientos de rinofima como paliativos y no curativos


Different aspects of rhinophyma were described: history, etiopathogeny, histopathology, epidemiology, clinical, differential diagnoses, treatments and prognosis. It is emphasized that it is a localized disease in the nose associated to general disorders, and that it brings psychological and social problems. We present a case operated with plastic surgery. The authors present a hypothesis about the etiopathogeny and pathophysiology of the disease and consider rhinophyma treatments as palliative and non-curative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Palliative Care , Rhinophyma/etiology , Rhinophyma/history , Rhinophyma/pathology , Rhinophyma/therapy , Rhinophyma/epidemiology , Nose/anatomy & histology , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(1): 8-12, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392203

ABSTRACT

Durante los últimos años, la cirugía endoscópica transesfenoidal se ha convertido en el procedimiento quirúrgico de elección para el tratamiento de tumores hipofisarios. La técnica de abordaje actual es el resultado de una evolución histórica de vía por craneotomía a vía endonasal con ingreso a través del seno esfenoidal. Aunque la cirugía de tumores hipofisarios vía transesfenoidal endoscópica ha permitido disminuir las complicaciones graves asociadas a los abordajes externos, no está exenta de complicaciones, como la fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo. A nivel del abordaje nasal, hay escasas descripciones de complicaciones y el compromiso del cartílago septal con deformidad en silla de montar no es una complicación documentada. Se presenta un caso de rinodeformidad en silla de montar poscirugía transesfenoidal de hipófisis en una paciente de 32 años a quien se le practicó una reconstrucción nasal con cartílago costal autólogo. En nuestra búsqueda bibliográfica es el primer caso registrado en Iberolatinoamérica


In recent years, transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery has become the surgical procedure of choice for the treatment of pituitary tumors. The current approach technique is the result of an historical evolution from craniotomy surgery to an endonasal procedure with entry through the sphenoid sinus. Although endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery has made it possible to reduce serious complications associated with external approaches, it is not without complications, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistula. At the level of the nasal approach, there are few descriptions of complications and involvement of the septal cartilage with saddle deformity is not a documented complication. We present a case of saddle rhinodeformity after transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in a 32-year-old patient who underwent nasal reconstruction with autologous costal cartilage. In our bibliographic search, it is the first case registered in IberoLatin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pituitary Diseases/complications , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Transplantation, Autologous , Nose/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Costal Cartilage/transplantation
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1088-1093, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405261

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue determinar si la composición corporal es una condición que influye en el efecto del posicionamiento en prono vigil (PPV) en pacientes con COVID-19 conectados a cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF). Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo y se analizaron los resultados terapéuticos de 83 pacientes tratados con CNAF en el servicio de medicina del Hospital El Carmen (HEC), Santiago de Chile. Desde la ficha clínica electrónica (Florence clínico versión 19.3) y registro kinésico, se obtuvo la siguiente información: i) antecedentes del paciente, ii) diagnóstico médico, iii) índice de masa corporal (IMC), iv) características del PPV y v) características del proceso de conexión a CNAF. Se observó que existían diferencias significativas en pacientes con sobrepeso y obesos que usaron el PPV (p=0,001) a través del índice de ROX (IROX) al finalizar el tratamiento con CNAF, ocurriendo de igual manera al evaluar los efectos del PPV y en la PAFI en estos mismos grupos. En conclusión el IMC es un factor más agravante que condiciona la salud de los pacientes con COVID-19, y el IMC elevado puede afectar de manera negativa el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Por otra parte, el uso de PPV y CNAF demostraron ser efectivas en los pacientes con COVID-19.


SUMMARY: The aim of the study was to determine whether body composition is a condition influencing the effect of awake prone positioning (APP) in patients with COVID-19 connected to high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC). We conducted a retrospective observational study and analyzed the therapeutic outcomes of 83 patients treated with HFNC in the medicine department of Hospital El Carmen (HEC), Santiago, Chile. The following information was obtained from the electronic clinical record (Florence clinical version 19.3) and the kinesic registry: i) patient history, ii) medical diagnosis, iii) body mass index (BMI), iv) characteristics of the APP and v) characteristics of the process of connection to CNAF. It was observed that there were significant differences in overweight and obese patients who used the PPV (p=0.001) through the ROX index (IROX) at the end of treatment with CNAF, occurring in the same way when evaluating the effects of the APP and in the PAFI in these same groups. In conclusion, BMI is a further aggravating factor that conditions the health of patients with COVID-19, and elevated BMI can negatively affect the treatment of these patients. On the other hand, the use of APP and CNAF proved to be effective in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Prone Position , Cannula , COVID-19/therapy , Wakefulness , Body Composition , Nose , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies
20.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 123-128, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929014

ABSTRACT

At present, nasal abnormalities is often classified from different perspectives, such as the alar-columella relationship, nasal base width, and the condition of alar hyperplasia. However, due to the impact of race and region, different people may be applied to different classification methods, resulting in different clinical diagnosis and treatments. So far, there is no unified standard for alar deformity classification to guide clinical treatment. In alar-columella relationship, the retracted ala and the hanging columella, hanging ala and retracted columella are easily confused. According to the classification of nasal base width, it is easy to confuse the alar flare with wide alar base. Therefore, the accurate preoperative evaluation of the nasal ala and the selection of appropriate clinical treatments for different abnormalities are beneficial for surgeons to achieve perfect rhinoplasty results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip , Hyperplasia , Nasal Septum/surgery , Nose , Preoperative Care , Rhinoplasty/methods
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